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Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430867/rheopheresis-for-adjuvant-treatment-in-resistant-calciphylaxis
#1
LETTER
Elise Bouderlique, François Provot, Arnaud Lionet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 11, 2018: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29418067/effects-of-bioreactor-oxygenation-during-extracorporeal-granulocytes-treatment-in-septic-patients
#2
Martin Sauer, Georg Richter, Jens Altrichter, Thomas Wild, Fanny Doß, Thomas Mencke, Sandra Doß, Stephanie Koch, Anton Schubert, Gabriele Nöldge-Schomburg, Steffen R Mitzner
A granulocyte bioreactor for the extracorporeal treatment was developed to enhance the immune cell function in patients with severe sepsis. The influence of oxygenation on the used cells was tested in a prospective clinical study. Ten patients with severe sepsis were treated twice with the granulocyte bioreactor. The used cells were screened for functionality; values of blood gases, glucose and lactate were obtained from the recirculating bioreactor circuit. Five patients were treated with an oxygenator setup (Oxy group), five without oxygenator (Non-Oxy group)...
February 8, 2018: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417731/super-high-flux-continuous-venovenous-hemodialysis-using-regional-citrate-anticoagulation-long-term-stability-of-middle-molecule-clearance
#3
Martin Siebeck, Thomas Dimski, Timo Brandenburger, Torsten Slowinski, Detlef Kindgen-Milles
Continuous renal replacement therapy is a standard treatment in critically ill patients with acute kidney injury. All CRRT techniques provide a high low-molecular weight clearance but even with hemofiltration, clearance of middle molecules is low. We investigated whether a new super high-flux hemofilter provides effective and sustained middle molecule clearance during citrate-anticoagulated continuous venovenous hemodialysis for up to 72 h. We included 14 critically ill patients with AKI-KDIGO-III in a prospective observational trial...
February 8, 2018: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405657/risk-factors-for-carotid-artery-disease-and-chronic-kidney-disease-same-or-unique
#4
LETTER
Marijan Bosevski, Lily Stojanovska
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 6, 2018: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377609/use-of-the-fractional-excretion-of-urea-in-an-azotemic-nonoliguric-state-type-1-cardiorenal-syndrome
#5
James B Diskin, Christopher Brandon Walker, Michael D Oberle, Charles J Diskin
The fractional excretion of urea is a useful tool to evaluate renal function in oliguric states; however, it remains unexplored in nonoliguric states. We evaluated its use to predict responses in patients with type 1 cardiorenal syndrome. This was a prospective observational study of 116 patients with type 1 cardiorenal syndrome referred over a 4-year period. Fractional excretion of urea and sodium, ejection fraction, mean arterial pressure, age, sex, diabetes, brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), serum sodium and blood urea nitrogen were analyzed for effects upon serum creatinine and survival...
January 26, 2018: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377513/unusual-cause-of-peritonitis-in-peritoneal-dialysis-streptococcus-vestibularis
#6
LETTER
Efe Kasıkcı, Murat Y Tas, Mevlut Ceri, Belda Dursun
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 26, 2018: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368426/serum-endocan-levels-are-associated-with-paraoxonase-1-concentration-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#7
Elisabeth Samouilidou, Eirini Bountou, Fotini Papandroulaki, Manolis Papamanolis, Dimitris Papakostas, Eirini Grapsa
Endocan is a soluble proteoglycan released by the vascular endothelium. The increase of its serum levels is associated with inflammation, endothelial dysfunction and cardiovascular events in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). We studied the association of serum endocan with the lipid profile of 105 CKD patients with dyslipidemia, divided in two groups, non-dialyzed (CKD, N = 57) and hemodialysis (HD, N = 48) in comparison with 30 normal controls (NC). We also analyzed endocan in relation with the concentration of two serum HDL-linked members of the paraoxonase (PON) family, PON1 and PON3, which have been previously found to have antiatherogenic properties...
January 25, 2018: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349919/analysis-of-follow-up-methods-of-vascular-access-and-patient-outcomes-in-hemodialysis-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-china
#8
Ying Zhang, Xianglei Kong, Lijun Tang, Yong Wei, Dongmei Xu
Arteriovenous fistula is the preferred option for vascular access in hemodialysis patients. The aim of this study was to assess different follow-up methods for hemodialysis patients in our hemodialysis center in China. A cohort of 124 patients with stage 3 chronic kidney disease was recruited and double-blind randomly assigned into two groups. Patients in Group A received phone calls to schedule their next consultation a week in advance. Patients in Group B scheduled their next appointment at the end of each visit...
January 19, 2018: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318742/extracellular-water-excess-and-increased-self-reported-fatigue-in-chronic-hemodialysis-patients
#9
Kamonwan Tangvoraphonkchai, Andrew Davenport
Hemodialysis patients (HD) commonly report fatigue. Muscle wasting (sarcopenia) and extracellular water (ECW) excess have been reported to be associated with fatigue in other conditions. We wished to determine whether muscle loss and ECW excess were associated with fatigue in HD patients. Patients completed the Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory (MFI), Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II), Patient Health Questionnaires (PHQ-9) and recorded their post-dialysis recovery time. Sessional dialysis data were recorded along with pre- and post-dialysis multi-frequency bioimpedance assessments (MFBIA)...
January 10, 2018: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318737/involvement-of-p38mapk-in-impaired-neutrophil-bactericidal-activity-of-hemodialysis-patients
#10
Yasutaka Kamikawa, Norihiko Sakai, Taito Miyake, Akihiro Sagara, Yasuyuki Shinozaki, Shinji Kitajima, Tadashi Toyama, Akinori Hara, Yasunori Iwata, Miho Shimizu, Kengo Furuichi, Ryu Imamura, Takashi Suda, Shuichi Kaneko, Takashi Wada
Mortality from infections has been reported to be higher in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Although dysfunction of neutrophils against bacterial infection was reported in HD patients, the precise mechanism remains to be clarified. We therefore examined the impacts of neutrophil inflammatory signaling on bactericidal activity in HD patients. Comprehensive analyses of intracellular signalings were performed in whole blood of HD patients and control using a microarray system. To confirm the contribution of the signaling to bactericidal activity in neutrophils, we examined the phosphorylation, bacterial killing function, reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, and myeloperoxidase (MPO) release in neutrophils against Staphylococcus aureus...
January 10, 2018: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318729/validation-of-modelflow-estimates-of-cardiac-output-in-hemodialysis-patients
#11
Clare MacEwen, Sheera Sutherland, Jonathan Daly, Christopher Pugh, Lionel Tarassenko
Volume-clamp technology (e.g. Finometer) has become a popular method of collecting continuous, non-invasive, hemodynamic information during hemodialysis. There is minimal data validating the technique in this patient group. A gold standard cardiac output measurement can be obtained using ultrasound dilution in patients with arterio-venous fistulae. Continuous cardiac output was measured in 124 hemodialysis sessions in 27 patients using a volume-clamp device (Finometer PRO). Ultrasound dilution measurement was first taken at baseline (Transonic HD03), then used to calibrate the Finometer...
January 10, 2018: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318775/granulocyte-monocyte-adsorption-apheresis-as-a-novel-therapeutic-approach-in-the-treatment-of-an-impetigo-herpetiformis-case
#12
LETTER
Aya Iwasaki, Hiroshi Kawakami, Yukari Okubo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2018: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316262/author-s-reply-to-oka-and-colleagues
#13
LETTER
Kojiro Nagai, Kenji Tsuchida, Noriyuki Ishihara, Naoto Minagawa, Go Ichien, Satoshi Yamada, Daisuke Hirose, Hiroyuki Michiwaki, Hiro-Omi Kanayama, Toshio Doi, Jun Minakuchi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2018: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316258/characterization-of-fractionation-membranes-in-an-animal-model-of-double-filtration-lipoprotein-apheresis
#14
Detlef H Krieter, Florian Lange, Horst-Dieter Lemke, Florian Bonn, Christoph Wanner
Technical problems during clinical lipid apheresis interfere with fractionator performance. Therefore, a large animal model was established to characterize a new plasma fractionation membrane. Four sheep were randomized, controlled, and crossover subjected to double ofiltration lipoprotein apheresis with three specimens of FractioPESR having slightly different HDL sieving coefficients (SK ) (FPESa, 0.30, FPESb, 0.26, and FPESc, 0.22) versus a control fractionator (EVAL). SK and reduction ratios were determined for LDL, HDL, fibrinogen, IgG, and albumin...
January 9, 2018: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314740/authors-should-pay-attention-to-the-confounding-by-indication-of-observational-study-using-propensity-score
#15
LETTER
Yoshinari Oka, Hiroaki Matsuda, Masashi Miyazaki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 4, 2018: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314721/peritoneal-protein-losses-depend-on-more-than-just-peritoneal-dialysis-modality-and-peritoneal-membrane-transporter-status
#16
Suree Yoowannakul, Lauren S Harris, Andrew Davenport
Peritoneal protein clearance (PPCl) depends upon vascular supply and size selective permeability. Some previous reports suggested PPCl can distinguish fast peritoneal membrane transport due to local or systemic inflammation. However, as studies have been discordant, we wished to determine factors associated with an increased PPCl. Consecutive patients starting peritoneal dialysis (PD) who were peritonitis-free were studied. Data included a baseline peritoneal equilibration test (PET), measurement of dialysis adequacy, 24-h dialysate PPCl and body composition measured by multifrequency bioimpedance...
January 4, 2018: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282900/barriers-to-effective-case-management-for-disabled-patients-on-hemodialysis
#17
Hidehiro Sugisawa, Yumiko Shimizu, Tamaki Kumagai, Hiroaki Sugisaki, Seiji Ohira, Toshio Shinoda
The present study examined the performance level and its related factors on the process of case management for disabled patients on hemodialysis. Case management performance was evaluated at three stages: patient assessment, making a care plan, and monitoring/evaluation. Candidates for targeting the factors relating to performance included four dimensions: nursing care level, physical malfunction, cognitive malfunction, and barriers to service were used as patient factors; the period of case management for the patient and the knowledge of dialysis emerged as case manager factors; work load was included as an organizational factor; and community resources for these services and communication with surrounding persons were included as system factors...
December 28, 2017: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29271576/effects-of-omega-3-fatty-acids-on-markers-of-inflammation-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-a-controversial-issue
#18
Chun Hu, Ming Yang, Xuejing Zhu, Peng Gao, Shikun Yang, Yachun Han, Xianghui Chen, Li Xiao, Shuguang Yuan, Fuyou Liu, Yashpal S Kanwar, Lin Sun
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a global problem which contributes to a significant morbidity and mortality in China. Concomitant inflammatory state further boosts the mortality due to cardiovascular events in patients with CKD undergoing dialysis. There is a general notion that Omega-3 fatty acids including docosahexaenoic acids (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic (EPA) have certain health benefits perhaps via the regulation of inflammation. However, the anti-inflammatory effect of omega-3 fatty acids in patients with CKD is controversial...
December 22, 2017: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29271574/aldosterone-and-insulin-resistance-vicious-combination-in-patients-on-maintenance-hemodialysis
#19
Shu Wakino, Hitoshi Minakuchi, Keiko Miya, Norimichi Takamatsu, Hiroaki Tada, Erina Tani, Hajime Inamoto, Jun Minakuchi, Shu Kawashima, Hiroshi Itoh
Recently, we demonstrated that plasma aldosterone contributed to insulin resistance in chronic kidney disease. The aim of this study is the clinical impact of this relationship in hemodialysis patients. In a cross section study using a total of 128 hemodialysis patients, multiple regression analysis revealed that plasma aldosterone levels were independently associated with HOMA-IR, insulin resistance index. This association was found to be more stringent in diabetic patients than in non-diabetic patients. Aldosterone levels were associated with cardiac hypertrophy and carotid artery stenosis...
December 22, 2017: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29266788/targeting-albumin-binding-function-as-a-therapy-goal-in-liver-failure-development-of-a-novel-adsorbent-for-albumin-dialysis
#20
Adrian Dominik, Jan Stange, Anja K Baumann, Claudia Pfensig, Matthias Suraj, Badr Ibrahim, Martin Eggert
Liver failure results in impaired hepatic detoxification combined with diminished albumin synthesis and is associated with secondary organ failure. The accumulation of liver toxins has shown to saturate albumin binding sites. This was previously demonstrated by an in vitro test for albumin binding capacity (ABiC) that has shown to inversely correlate with the established MELD (Model for End-Stage Liver Disease) score. In this study, we introduced a new adsorbent material for albumin dialysis treatments that improves albumin binding capacity...
December 20, 2017: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
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