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Journal of Dentistry for Children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387191/multifocal-epithelial-hyperplasia
#1
Caitlin Agnew, Sherene Alexander, Neeta Prabhu
Multifocal epithelial hyperplasia is a rare disease associated with human papilloma virus types 13 and 32. Diagnosis is based on clinical and histopathological findings, and most lesions are asymptomatic and regress spontaneously with time. The purpose of this paper is to describe a five-year-old girl who presented with multiple intraoral lesions on the buccal mucosa and tongue, which regressed spontaneously in 15 months.
January 15, 2017: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387190/a-rare-case-of-gingival-cyst-in-a-child
#2
Jennifer C Park, Wa Sham Cheung, Karen M Campbell
Gingival cysts, which are more frequently reported as gingival cysts of adults (GCA), are soft tissue cystic lesions of odontogenic origin that are infrequently seen, especially in children. These lesions usually appear as localized firm elevations on the facial gingiva in the anterior segment of the mandible. The purpose of this paper is to present a rare case of a gingival cyst discovered on the palatal aspect of the posterior maxilla in a four-year-old child. The lesion was treated with excisional biopsy...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387189/enamel-pit-defects-and-taurodontism-in-a-patient-with-ring-chromosome-14-and-47-xxx
#3
Janice A Townsend, Letitia Lacour, Angela E Scheuerle
The purpose of this paper is to describe the clinical findings and management of a case involving a patient with co-occurring ring chromosome 14 syndrome and 47,XXX presenting with enamel pit defects and taurodontism. Ring chromosome 14 syndrome is an unusual condition with uncontrolled seizure disorder as its most significant finding; 47,XXX (trisomy X; triple X) is a more common condition and has characteristic physical and behavioral findings. Neither condition has been associated with enamel pit defects...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387188/deep-sedation-technique-for-dental-rehabilitation-of-a-patient-with-klippel-feil-syndrome
#4
Halima Abukabbos, Michael Mahla, Abi O Adewumi
Klippel-Feil syndrome (KFS) is a congenital anomaly characterized by a defect in the formation or segmentation of the cervical vertebrae, resulting in their fusion. The clinical triad of the syndrome consists of short neck, low posterior hairline, and limited neck movement, although fewer than 50 percent of patients demonstrate all three clinical features. The short neck and its immobility and instability present a significant challenge for endotracheal intubation. The purpose of this paper is to describe the management of a 13-year-old patient with KFS, extensive dental caries, and restricted mouth opening using a deep sedation technique in the operating room, which allowed successful completion of dental treatment...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387187/the-impact-of-non-nutritive-sucking-on-the-risk-for-sleep-disordered-breathing-in-children
#5
Tanya Al-Talib, Lorne D Koroluk, William F Vann, Ceib Phillips
PURPOSE: Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is not uncommon in children. The purposes of this study were to investigate the relationship between non-nutritive sucking (NNS) and the risk of SDB in children as well as assess the effect of infant feeding practices on SDB. METHODS: Eighty-four healthy four- to 12-year-old children were categorized either as high or low risk for SDB based on the Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire (PSQ). NNS and feeding practices were determined using a customized caregiver questionnaire...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387186/efficacy-of-10-percent-carbamide-peroxide-as-an-intracoronal-bleaching-agent-in-nonvital-discolored-primary-teeth-an-in-vitro-study
#6
Miram Abd El Magied Shaheen, Mona Abdallah Elkateb, Niveen Samir Bakry, Omar Abd El Sadek El Meligy
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate, in vitro, the efficacy of 10 percent carbamide peroxide used as an intracoronal bleaching agent in blood-stained primary teeth. METHODS: Thirty extracted primary canines were stained using rabbit blood and randomly divided into two groups of 15 teeth each. Stained teeth in the test group were bleached intracoronally using 10 percent carbamide peroxide for 21 days. The bleaching agent was replaced at days seven and 14...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387185/influence-of-caregiver-s-sociodemographic-background-on-the-oral-health-status-and-care-of-hiv-infected-children
#7
Marina Alvine de Jesus, Apoena de Aguiar Ribeiro, Paula Moraes Lima, Thomaz Chianca, Ivete Pomarico Ribeiro de Souza, Gloria Fernanda Barbosa de Araujo Castro
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between socio-demographic characteristics of caregivers and the oral health of their children infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV+) compared to a group of HIV-children and their caregivers. METHODS: One hundred forty HIV+ and 140 healthy two- to five-year-old children and their caregivers who sought care at hospitals in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, participated. Caregivers were interviewed for sociodemographic characteristics, and knowledge and attitudes regarding oral health...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387184/trauma-in-permanent-teeth-factors-associated-with-adverse-outcomes-in-a-university-pediatric-dental-clinic
#8
Ahmed H Rozi, JoAnna M Scott, Ana Lucia Seminario
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine variables associated with adverse outcomes among traumatized permanent teeth in a university pediatric dental clinic. METHODS: Electronic charts of children treated at a university-based dental clinic for trauma in permanent teeth were analyzed. Variables evaluated included demographics (age, sex, American Society of Anesthesiologists classification, and insurance type), affected tooth location, trauma characteristics, type of dental trauma, elapsed time between trauma and initial treatment, elapsed time between the initial and final treatment, initial treatment type, and initial and final restoration type...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387183/periodontal-disease-and-body-weight-assessment-in-children
#9
Elizangela Partata Zuza, Laura Alves Machado Nascimento, Sabrina Luzia Caetano, Eliane Marçon Barroso, Benedicto Egbert Corrêa de Toledo, Elizabeth Pimentel Rosetti, Juliana Rico Pires
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess body weight and periodontal disease development in obese and normal weight children. METHODS: Eighty-eight 5- to 10-year-old children participated in this study. Periodontal measurements included the visible plaque index (VPI), community periodontal index (CPI), and bleeding on probing (BOP). Complete periodontal examinations were performed in some children with CPI codes three and four. Anthropometric examination consisted of body mass index (BMI, kg/m2), which was adjusted by age according to percentiles...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327269/2016-index
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2016: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327268/combined-surgical-removal-of-a-supernumerary-tooth-and-orthodontic-traction-of-an-impacted-maxillary-central-incisor
#11
Leopoldo Cosme-Silva, Lidiane Lucas Costa E Silva, Marina Azevedo Junqueira, Nayara Nery de Oliveira Dias, Ana Beatriz da Silveira Moretti, Vivien Thiemy Sakai
Impaction of permanent maxillary central incisors is a rare condition that can affect esthetics and oral function. The etiology of impaction is multifactorial and may be related to embryologic reasons, hereditary factors, mechanical obstacles, and pathologic elements, such as the presence of supernumerary teeth. The purpose of this report is to discuss the case of a 10-year-old patient who presented an impacted permanent maxillary right central incisor due to a supernumerary tooth. Surgical removal of the supernumerary tooth and orthodontic traction of the impacted central incisor by the closed eruption technique were performed...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327267/a-modified-nance-palatal-arch-for-the-treatment-of-ectopically-erupting-permanent-first-molars
#12
Fábio Lourenço Romano, Juliana Arid, Alexandra Mussolino de Queiroz, Raquel Assed Bezerra Segato, Paulo Nelson Filho
Permanent teeth that remain impacted could lead to the early loss of primary teeth and cause space problems in dental arches. We present two cases of ectopic eruption of the permanent maxillary first molars treated with soft distal movements using a modified Nance palatal arch (NPAm). The wire was soldered to the band and positioned distally to serve as support for the elastic chain, which was attached to a bonded button on the occlusal surface. After a few months, the ectopic eruption was corrected, preserving the adjacent primary teeth and restoring the occlusion...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327266/milk-sweetened-with-xylitol-a-proof-of-principle-caries-prevention-randomized-clinical-trial
#13
Donald L Chi, Graciela Zegarra, Elsa C Vasquez Huerta, Jorge L Castillo, Peter Milgrom, Marilyn C Roberts, Ailin R Cabrera-Matta, Ana P Merino
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of xylitol-sweetened milk as a caries-preventive strategy. METHODS: In this nine-month prospective proof-of-principle trial, Peruvian schoolchildren were randomized to one of five different milk groups: (1) eight g of xylitol per 200 mL milk once per day; (2) four g of xylitol per 100 mL milk twice per day; (3) eight g of sorbitol per 200 mL milk once per day; (4) four g of sorbitol per 100 mL milk twice per day; or (5) eight g of sucrose per 200 mL milk once per day...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327265/association-between-body-mass-index-and-caries-experience-in-brazilian-children-and-adolescents
#14
Raquel Assed Bezerra da Silva, Driely Barreiros, Sara Oliveira, Lea Assed Bezerra da Silva, Paulo Nelson-Filho, Erika Calvano Küchler
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between caries and body mass index (BMI) deviations in Brazilian schoolchildren and adolescents. METHODS: A total of 237 three- to 15-year-old children, all undergoing treatment in a university pediatric dental clinic, was evaluated. Caretakers answered a questionnaire on sociodemographic, ethnicity, oral hygiene, and dietary information. The children's height was measured in centimeters, the weight in kilograms, and BMIs were calculated...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327264/association-of-candida-species-isolated-from-the-dental-plaque-of-hiv-infected-children-and-prevalence-of-early-carious-lesions
#15
Cristiana Aroeira Rosa Oliveira, Senda Charone, Rosangela Maria de Araújo Soares, Maristela Barbosa Portela, Gloria Fernanda Barbosa de Aráujo Castro
PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to: (1) quantify and identify Candida species (spp.) in the dental plaque of children infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and compare with noninfected children; and (2) determine the association of Candida spp. with the presence of caries. METHODS: Seventy HIV-infected and 55 non-HIV-infected three- to 12-year-old children were examined to determine caries prevalence. After a visual inspection, supragingival plaque was collected from the cervical region using standard dental curettes...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327263/pit-and-fissure-sealant-retention-following-air-abrasion-preparation-with-bioactive-glass-and-aluminum-oxide-particles
#16
Maryam Khoroushi, Alireza Eshghi, Fatemeh Naderibeni
PURPOSE: Alumina air abrasion is an alternative for acid-etch technique for tooth preparation before placement of a fissure sealant. The aim of this study was to compare the retention of sealants placed subsequent to air abrasion with alumina and bioactive glass (BAG) particles. METHODS: Sixty-two 6-12 year old children were included in this study. Using a halfmouth design, the fissures were prepared using air abrasion with alumina particles on randomly assigned permanent mandibular or/and maxillary first molars on one side of the mouth (Group 1) and air abrasion with BAG on the contralateral side of the mouth (Group 2)...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327262/clinical-performance-of-pedo-jacket-crowns-in-maxillary-anterior-primary-teeth
#17
Aimee Castro, Sherine B Y Badr, Wafa El-Badrawy, Gajanan Kulkarni
PURPOSES: To assess the clinical performance of Pedo Jacket crowns for restoration of carious primary anterior teeth. METHODS: A total of 129 carious primary incisors and canines of 48 children younger than 71 months of age- were restored with Pedo Jacket crowns and resin-modified glass ionomer cementation. They were assessed for: ease of use; presence of recurrent decay; wear; partial or complete loss of the crown; color stability; gingival health; and overall clinical success over a 12-month follow-up...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327261/sex-differences-in-pediatric-dental-pain-perception
#18
Gabriela F Almeida, Daniele L Longo, Mariana Trevizan, Fabrício K de Carvalho, Paulo Nelson-Filho, Erika C Küchler, Alexandra M Queiroz
PURPOSE: To evaluate sex-related differences in dental pain perception in children. METHODS: Fifty-two children who received a dental procedure with local anesthesia were selected to participate. Pain perception levels were assessed with the Wong-Baker FACES Pain Rating Scale. Twenty-four and 48 hours following the procedure, the parents were contacted by phone for a verbal survey to assess their child's postoperative pain. Age, type of dental procedure, and behavior were also evaluated as covariables...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327260/vitamin-d-and-dental-caries-in-primary-dentition
#19
Ana Lucia Seminario, Elizabet Velan
Traditionally classified as a vitamin, vitamin D represents a group of fat-soluble secosteroids with D2 (ergocalciferol) and D3 (cholecalciferol) being the most relevant of the group. The importance of this prohormone exceeds its known ability to maintain intra- and extracellular calcium and phosphate concentrations, thereby preserving essential metabolic functions such as the promotion of mineralization and maintenance and remodeling of the bone. Current observational research recognizes the potential antiproliferative, prodifferentiative, and immunomodulatory effects of vitamin D and its metabolites in the human body...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327259/prevalence-of-enamel-developmental-defects-and-relationship-with-early-childhood-caries-in-trinidad
#20
Rahul S Naidu, June H Nunn
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe the prevalence of developmental defects of enamel (DDE) and their relationship with early childhood caries (ECC) among preschool children in Trinidad. METHODS: A cross-sectional oral health survey of 251 three- to five-year-old preschool children was undertaken in central Trinidad. The decayed, missing, and filled primary teeth (dmft) index and the DDE index were used to measure visible caries experience and enamel developmental defects, respectively...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Dentistry for Children
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