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Journal of Dentistry for Children

Adesh Kakade, Mugdha S Raut, Anitha Santosh, Saurabh Nagar, Shivani Bansal, Rajiv S Desai
Localized gingival enlargement associated with vitamin C deficiency (scurvy) is rarely encountered in the modern era. The purpose of this paper is to report a case of extensive inflammatory gingival enlargement in the mandibular anterior region associated with vitamin C deficiency in a 10 year-old boy. There was a significant improvement of the gingival enlargement seven days after starting oral vitamin C supplementation. Vitamin C deficiency should be included in the differential diagnosis of any gingival enlargement, especially in children...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Dentistry for Children
Persis P Dastoor, Raju Umaji Patil, Rashmi Singh Chauhan, Sangeeta J Palaskar, Darshana Rajesh Shah
Lipoma is very common benign tumor of adipose tissue, but its presence in the oral cavity is rare. Fibrolipoma is a histological variant of lipoma that affects the buccal mucosa and nasal septum in the orofacial region and causes functional and cosmetic issues. However, this lesion has not been reported on the upper lip and may be confused with other soft tissue lesions of children. Hence, accurate histopathological examination of lipomas is important for a correct treatment plan. The purpose of this report is to describe the case of an 11-year-old boy with fibrolipoma of the upper lip...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Dentistry for Children
Gabriela Meyge de Brito, Diana Simões, André Wilson Machado
The purpose of this case report is to present the management of an impacted permanent mandibular left central incisor using a removable appliance. A minor surgery was done to expose the tooth crown and bond an orthodontic button. The removable appliance was used to apply extrusion forces to the impacted tooth. Over a course of six months, the tooth was fully erupted. To recover the lost space of the primary canine, a fixed appliance was bonded on the mandibular arch and retention was placed until the permanent canine erupted...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Dentistry for Children
Richard E Campbell, Heather T Morris, Kyle T Reynolds, Elizabeth S Gosnell
A 13-year-old female presented with traumatized maxillary central incisors that had been endodontically treated. Five years later, at a different dental office, she had the clinical crowns removed, leaving subgingival margins. From the patient's history and our initial assessment, it seemed as if the teeth had been fractured and luxated but not avulsed. Endodontic posts with spot-welded orthodontic brackets were temporarily cemented to enable orthodontic extrusion. Once access to restorable margins was obtained, the temporary posts were removed and conventional fiber posts with interim composite crowns were placed...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Dentistry for Children
Ivan Lima Oliveira-Filho, Cristiane Tomaz Rocha, Alinne Késsia Almeida de Menezes, Marcelo Ferraro Bezerra, Beatriz Gonçalves Neves
Proliferative periostitis is a rare condition that can affect children and adolescents. It is characterized by the successive deposition of layers of bone caused by low-virulence infection or chronic inflammatory stimulation. The purpose of this paper is to report a case of proliferative periostitis in a pediatric patient, emphasizing the clinical and radiographic aspects as well as the therapeutic management.
January 15, 2018: Journal of Dentistry for Children
Martha Holland, Caroline Carrico, Tiffany Williams
PURPOSE: To assess pediatric dentists' choice for restoring Class II carious lesions in primary molars. METHODS: A survey with eight cases of class II carious lesions was emailed to American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry members, who were asked to choose either a stainless steel crown (SSC) or composite resin as a final restoration, or no treatment. Treatment decisions were compared to evidence-based treatment recommendations. Repeated measures logistic regression was used to determine factors associated with treatment decisions...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Dentistry for Children
Nili Tickotsky, Sarit Faibis, Geula Gellman, Michael Shoshani, Yael Kutiner, Moti Moskovitz
PURPOSE: To examine the rate of adherence of Israeli dentists who treat children and their rate of adherence, in 2010-2011 and in 2016, to changes made to the 2008 American Heart Association (AHA) guidelines for endocarditis prevention. METHODS: A questionnaire on adherence to AHA guidelines was handed out in two consecutive continuing education courses in 2010-2011 and again in 2016. Data were analyzed using student's t test, chi-square, and analysis of variance...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Dentistry for Children
Ana Carolina Bosco Mendes, Manuel Restrepo, Elcilaine Rizzato Azevedo, Rita De Cássia Loiola Cordeiro, Lourdes Santos-Pinto, Angela Cristina Cilense Zuanon
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of two molar clamps on artificially demineralized enamel of permanent teeth after three periods of isolation. METHODS: Twenty extracted third molars were immersed in a biological solution for development of artificial white spot lesions and then were equally divided into two groups according to the clamp being placed (Group G205: clamp no. 205; Group G26: clamp no. 26). The loss of fluorescence and lesion area of demineralized surface after each isolation were assessed by quantitative light-induced fluorescence...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Dentistry for Children
Joe C Ontiveros
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 15, 2018: Journal of Dentistry for Children
Thais Rodrigues Campos Soares, Luciana Pereira da Silva, Patrícia de Andrade Risso, Lucianne Cople Maia, Laura Guimarães Primo
This is a case report on the management of a vital lateral incisor with a radiolucent cervical area associated with the presence of necrotic pulp due to a dens invaginatus (DI) type III. A nine-year-old boy presented to a university pediatric dental clinic with dental trauma. The examination showed poor oral hygiene, an uncomplicated fracture in the permanent maxillary left central incisor, and a fistula near the permanent maxillary right lateral incisor. A radiograph showed that the right lateral incisor had incomplete root development and a type III DI...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Dentistry for Children
John K Brooks, Kashif Poshni, Zaid H Khoury, John R Basile
Gingival squamous papilloma (SP) is a mucocutanous, benign proliferation rarely seen in the pediatric population. The majority of publications of affected younger patients have been confined to datasets from clinicopathologic investigations. A limited number of case reports in this age group have appeared in the literature, usually featuring primary gingival lesions. Recognition of recurrent gingival SPs in pediatric patients has been underappreciated. The purpose of this report is to present the case of a four-year-old boy with a gingival SP that recurred twice within 18 months and to increase awareness of this entity in children...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Dentistry for Children
Joshua Westphal, Elizabeth Berry, Caroline Carrico, Bhavna Shroff, Tegwyn Brickhouse
PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to: (1) assess children's preferences for their pediatric dentist's attire; (2) assess guardians' preferences for their child's pediatric dentist's attire; and (3) determine which attributes are associated with different types of attire. This was a cross-sectional descriptive study using survey methodology with patients and parents who attended the pediatric dental clinic at Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Va., USA. METHODS: A total sample of 100 guardians and 97 pediatric patients completed the computer-based questionnaire...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Dentistry for Children
Clarissa Lopes Drumond, Ednele Primo Miranda, Débora Souto Souza, Leandro Silva Marques, Maria Letícia Ramos-Jorge, Joana Ramos-Jorge
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate associations between traumatic dental injury (TDI) and maternal stress and demographic, behavioral, and clinical characteristics of schoolchildren. METHODS: A cross-sectional investigation was conducted involving 396 eight- to 11- year-old schoolchildren in the city of Diamantina, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Maternal stress and demographic and behavioral (breastfeeding and non-nutritive sucking habits) factors were evaluated using a questionnaire...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Dentistry for Children
Jéssica Copetti Barasuol, Luciana Reichert da Silva Assunção, Fabian Calixto Fraiz, José Vitor Nogara Borges Menezes
PURPOSE: The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the association between parents' dental anxiety (DA) and independent variables. METHODS: One hundred sixty-eight dyads of parents and six- to 12-year-old children who were undergoing treatment at a university pediatric dentistry clinic were recruited. Two examiners evaluated parents' DA and oral health literacy (OHL) using the Brazilian version of Corah's dental anxiety scale and the Brazilian Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Dentistry (BREALD-30), respectively...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Dentistry for Children
Suher Baker, Marc Thomas
PURPOSE: To describe pediatric dental residents education as it pertains to children with special healthcare needs (CSHCN). METHODS: A web-based survey was administered to 80 program directors of pediatric dental residencies recognized by the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (AAPD). The survey identified demographic data and education and training methods pertaining to CSHCN. RESULTS: Forty surveys (50 percent) were received from programs in all six AAPD regions...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Dentistry for Children
Adrien L Theriot, Gary N Frey, Joe C Ontiveros, Gary Badger
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine gloss and surface roughness (Ra) of pediatric anterior zirconia crowns. METHODS: Gloss of labial and lingual surfaces of pediatric anterior zirconia crowns from three manufacturers was measured on 20 specimens using a small area gloss meter on each. Ra (μm) was measured using a contact-type surface profilometer. Data were evaluated by analysis of variance and pair-wise comparison at the 0.05 level of significance...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Dentistry for Children
LaQuia A Vinson, Amy K Goodlett, Ruijie Huang, George J Eckert, Richard L Gregory
PURPOSE: Sports and energy drinks are being increasingly consumed and contain large amounts of sugars, which are known to increase Streptococcus mutans biofilm formation and metabolic activity. The purpose of this in vitro study was to investigate the effects of sports and energy drinks on S. mutans biofilm formation and metabolic activity. METHODS: S. mutans UA159 was cultured with and without a dilution (1:3 ratio) of a variety of sports and energy drinks in bacterial media for 24 hours...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Dentistry for Children
Htet Bo, David Avenetti, Evelina Kratunova
Moyamoya disease is a rare progressive cerebral arteriopathy associated with risk of ischemic and hemorrhagic brain complications. The dental care of affected individuals should be performed in a pain- and stress-free manner to decrease the chance of occurrence of episodes of hypocapnia, hypercapnia, hypotension, hypovolemia, and hypothermia. Dental treatment may be provided in an outpatient dental setting or in a hospital setting, but both venues require interdisciplinary collaboration to ensure safe delivery of patient care...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Dentistry for Children
Paulo de Camargo Moraes, Victor Angelo Martins Montalli, José Luiz Cintra Junqueira, Francine Kühl Panzarella, Luciana Butini Oliveira
Graphite tattoo, a rare finding in children, is characterized by a localized blue-grey macule of variable sizes and shapes. Intraoral graphite implantation may cause this pigmentation through accidental injury with a graphite pencil. The purpose of this paper is to report an unusual case of graphite tattoo involving the anterior palate region in a seven-year-old girl. A diagnosis was made based on clinical and radiographic examinations and histopathology features. This report also highlights the importance of differential diagnosis and management of oral benign and malignant pigmented lesions in children...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Dentistry for Children
Adaia Valls-Ontañón, Laura Pozuelo-Arquimbau, Gemma Mateu-Esquerda, Carlos Arranz-Obispo, Sílvia Cuscó-Albors, Mireia Melero-Luque, Arnaud Morla, Antoni Marí-Roig
Leiomyoma is a benign tumor of the smooth muscle that rarely occurs in the mouth as an intraosseous lesion. The purposes of this paper are to: (1) present a case of an intraosseous solid leiomyoma of the mandible in a 13-year-old child, who presented with a well-defined unilocular radiolucency in the right mandible incidentally discovered during a routine dental radiographic examination; and (2) conduct a review of the literature to describe clinicopathological features and management of intraosseous jaw leiomyoma (IJL)...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Dentistry for Children
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