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Journal of Dentistry for Children

Ademir Franco, André V K Segato, Soraya A B Couto, Aline Cristina Batista Rodrigues Johann, Arthur H Friedlander, Paulo H Couto Souza
A central giant cell granuloma (CGCG) is typically regarded as a benign lesion with osteoclastic activity. Treatment often involves surgical procedures that may cause deformities; however, minimally invasive approaches have been suggested for treating pediatric patients. We report a case of CGCG of the mandible in a 13-year-old boy who presented with a well-defined radiolucent area in the anterior mandible that was initially detected in a radiographic examination for orthodontic purposes. An incisional biopsy was performed and diagnosed histologically as a CGCG...
2016: Journal of Dentistry for Children
Mehmet Ali Altay, Beste Ozgur, Zafer C Cehreli
Odontomas are the most common benign odontogenic tumors of the oral cavity; however, their occurrence in the primary dentition is an extremely rare condition. When associated with primary teeth, odontomas may lead to disturbances in tooth eruption, which often requires a multidisciplinary treatment approach. The purpose of this paper is to review the literature on odontomas of the primary dentition and discuss the management of a compound odontoma in a pediatric patient.
2016: Journal of Dentistry for Children
Niharika Puppala, Jaya Kiran Madala, Ajay Reddy Mareddy, Rakesh Kumar Dumpala
The central odontogenic fibroma (COF) is a benign odontogenic tumor of mesenchymal tissue such as the periodontal ligament, dental papilla or dental follicle. It is an extremely rare tumor, accounting less than five percent of all odontogenic tumors. In this report, we describe the case of an eight year old girl who presented with a painless swelling of the left mandible. Radiographic evaluation revealed a well-defined unilocular radiolucency extending from the distal aspect of the displaced mandibular left premolar to the ascending ramus of the mandible...
2016: Journal of Dentistry for Children
Fares S Al-Sehaibany, Hazem M Marzouk, Fouad S Salama
A mesiodens is the most common type of supernumerary teeth. The purpose of this report is to present a rare occurrence of non-syndromic impacted inverted mesiodentes in an 8.5-year-old boy who presented with a chief complaint of delayed eruption of his permanent maxillary left central incisor. Occlusal and panoramic radiographs, as well as cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) with a three-dimensional (3-D) reconstruction image, confirmed that one supernumerary tooth had perforated the nasal fossa floor and the other was in close approximation to the to the same site...
2016: Journal of Dentistry for Children
Kelebogile A Mothupi, Cathrine B Nqcobo, Veerasamy Yengopal
PURPOSES: (1) To determine the prevalence of dental caries among preschool children in the metropolitan area of Johannesburg; (2) to determine the dental caries status and unmet treatment needs of four- to six-year-old children; (3) to compare their dmft/DMFT scores with the significant caries index (SiC) for similar age cohorts; and (4) to compare their dental caries prevalence with those of similar age cohorts, as reported in the National Children's Oral Health Survey (NCOHS). METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 10 preschools...
2016: Journal of Dentistry for Children
Arthur J Nowak, Amy S Kim, Jo Anna M Scott, Joel H Berg
PURPOSES: Pacifiers are the most common device used by children to satisfy their sucking needs. Because of their design, reports of anterior open bite and increased overjet are common. The purposes of this pilot study were to measure the effects of a unique pacifier in toddlers who have existing open bites and increased overjets; and secondly to determine the feasibility of recruiting and retaining toddlers for a six-month study. METHODS: Toddlers with existing open bite and increased overjet currently using a conventional pacifier were recruited from a university pediatric dental clinic...
2016: Journal of Dentistry for Children
Travis M Nelson, Colleen E Huebner, Amy S Kim, JoAnna M Scott
PURPOSE: Although typically not painful, preventive dental care can be distressing to young children. A greater understanding of how adults perceive child distress may enable clinicians to improve the patient/parent experience through alignment of values and facilitation of shared decision-making. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between parent, dentist, and independent observer (IO) ratings of child distress during preventive dental procedures. METHODS: Sixty-five children younger than three years were seen for preventive dental care at a university dental clinic...
2016: Journal of Dentistry for Children
Sara Karlin, Ellen Karlin, Timothy Meiller, Nasir Bashirelahi
Celiac disease (CD) is the world's most common genetic food intolerance disorder. Children with celiac disease cannot tolerate gluten, a storage protein in wheat, rye, and barley. The first recognizable symptom in children is often an oral manifestation, rather than the typical gastrointestinal symptoms. The purpose of this paper is to review the oral and dental manifestations of CD to help pediatric dentists identify and refer atypically symptomatic patients to their pediatricians.
2016: Journal of Dentistry for Children
Dustin M Davis, Shahrbanoo Fadavi, Linda M Kaste, Rodney Vergotine, Robert Rada
PURPOSE: To assess acceptance and use of protective stabilization devices (PSD) by Pediatric Dentistry Diplomates. METHODS: Surveys were electronically mailed in 2013 to 2922 members of the American Board of Pediatric Dentistry's (ABPD) College of Diplomates. Bivariate (assessing provider personal and practice characteristics) and multivariate analyses were performed on reported acceptance and use of PSD. RESULTS: Response rate was 28 percent...
2016: Journal of Dentistry for Children
Cinthia Gonçalves Barbosa de Castro Piau, Tatiana Degani Paes Leme Azevedo, Adriano Gonçalves Barbosa de Castro Piau, Alexandre Franco Miranda, Jefferson Augusto Piemonte Pinheiro, Ana Cristina Barreto Bezerra
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess oral microbial colonization before and after the implementation of an oral hygiene protocol in children admitted to a pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) using nonhospitalized healthy children as a control group. METHODS: Two groups were analyzed in this clinical study: Group G1 (dentate children admitted to the PICU); and Group G2 (nonhospitalized, healthy, dentate children). The G1 group underwent oral assessments before (G1i) and after (G1f) a three-day oral hygiene protocol using 0...
2016: Journal of Dentistry for Children
Natalie M Stinton, Karen A Uston, Courtney D Davis
The purpose of this report is to describe the diagnosis and dental treatment of a medically complex 14-year-old boy with X-linked hypophosphatemic rickets who presented with a pre-eruptive abscess on a mandibular molar and facial swelling.
2016: Journal of Dentistry for Children
Janice A Townsend, Ronald Curran
Battery exposure has the potential for severe morbidity and possible mortality. Accidental exposure is rising with the increased use of button batteries, and young children and older adults are at highest risk for accidental exposure. The purpose of this paper is to report a case of mouth exposure to a lithium ion battery in a boy. A review of the current literature on incidence, diagnosis, and outcomes of battery exposure is presented. When symptoms such as diarrhea, vomiting, and abdominal distress of non-specific origin are present, battery ingestion should be included in the differential diagnosis...
2016: Journal of Dentistry for Children
Aikaterini Sfakianou, Dimitris E Emmanouil, Konstantinos I Tosios, Alexandra Sklavounou
The purpose of this report is to describe a peripheral tumor on the mandibular alveolar ridge of a seven-month-old Caucasian boy, consisting of ectomesencymal odontogenic tissues, in particular osteodentin and cementum-like material, in a cellular or loose vascular connective tissue stroma. This case may be considered either a peripheral odontogenic hamartoma or a peripheral odontoma.
2016: Journal of Dentistry for Children
Chanel McCreedy, Hila Robbins, Adele Newell, Sanjay M Mallya
Molar-incisor malformation (MIM) is a recently described dental developmental anomaly with marked manifestations in the primary second molars and permanent first molars and sometimes the permanent maxillary central incisors. To date, there are only two known manuscripts that present this anomaly. The major manifestations are severe coronal cervical constriction of the affected molars and significant under-development of one or more roots. These abnormalities may be detected during routine radiographic examination or present as altered or ectopic eruption or early exfoliation...
2016: Journal of Dentistry for Children
Fabrício Kitazono de Carvalho, Juliana Arid, Andiara De Rossi, Francisco W G Paula-Silva, Paulo Nelson-Filho
A solitary median maxillary central incisor (SMMCI) is rare and affected individuals may carry a potentially serious condition known as SMMCI syndrome. However, many of these cases do not receive proper attention because they are misdiagnosed as agenesis of the maxillary central incisor. The purpose of this manuscript is to report two cases of children with only one maxillary central incisor and draw diagnostic differences between the entities. A correct diagnosis is very important because if an SMMCI is confirmed, the patient should be referred for genetic counseling...
2016: Journal of Dentistry for Children
Sapna Hegde, Ateet Kakti, Dinesh Rao Bolar, Shubha Arehalli Bhaskar
PURPOSE: The removal of dentinal caries using the rotary method of excavation is most often associated with pain and anxiety in children. Chemo-mechanical caries removal may eliminate some of the drawbacks of the rotary technique and improve patient comfort. The purpose of this study was to compare the efficiency of the rotary, Carisolv, and Papacarie methods for caries removal in primary teeth, length of time needed, influence on child behavior, pain perception, and treatment preference of the child...
2016: Journal of Dentistry for Children
Jehan AlHumaid, David Tesini, Matthew Finkelman, Cheen Y Loo
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of the D-TERMINED Program with standard behavior guidance techniques (SBGTs) used for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in a private dental setting. METHODS: A retrospective data analysis was performed from records of children with ASD who received treatment using either the D-TERMINED program or SBGTs at two private dental practices. Data were analyzed using chi-square, Fisher's exact, Wilcoxon Signed Rank, and Mann-Whitney U tests and logistic regression...
2016: Journal of Dentistry for Children
Alexandra Mussolino de Queiroz, Juliana Arid, Paulo Nelson-Filho, Marília Pacífico Lucisano, Raquel Assed Bezerra Silva, Carlos Arterio Sorgi, Lúcia Helena Faccioli, Lea Assed Bezerra Silva
PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were (1) to assess the endotoxin levels in root canals of primary teeth with necrotic pulps and periapical lesions; and (2) to evaluate the correlation of endotoxin levels with the periapical lesion size. METHODS: Twenty primary molars with necrotic pulps and periapical lesions were selected. Standardized radiographs were obtained and the lesions were measured. Material from each root canal was collected to quantify the bacterial endotoxin...
2016: Journal of Dentistry for Children
Hossein Afshar, Mehdi Ghandehari, Afshin Khorsand, Ghassem Ansari, Azam Nahvi, Zahra Baniameri
PURPOSE: Clinical experience shows that formation of calculus is a very rare phenomenon in primary teeth, but it increases as the permanent teeth erupt. The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between dental calculus, dental anatomy, and salivary factors in primary and mixed dentition stages. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out to determine the buccolingual dimensions of the most concave and the most convex surfaces of the lingual aspect of mandibular central incisor crowns in a sample group of 120 three- to five-old children and 120 eight- to 10-year old children...
2016: Journal of Dentistry for Children
Adriana Lemos Mori Ubaldini, Maria Cecília Caldas Giorgi, Ariany Borges Carvalho, Fernanda Miori Pascon, Débora Alves Nunes Leite Lima, Gisele Maria Marchi Baron, Luís Alexandre Maffei Sartini Paulillo, Flávio Henrique Baggio Aguiar
Loss of tooth structure is the main sequela of dentinogenesis imperfecta (DI). Due to severe enamel attrition, patients with DI often present with esthetic, occlusal, endodontic, and speech complications. Therefore, an interdisciplinary approach, divided into separate clinical steps, should be developed to provide comprehensive dental rehabilitation. The purpose of this case report is to discuss the use of composite resin restorations as a transitional treatment step for the anterior teeth of an eight-year-old boy with DI until his bone and dental development permit orthodontic and orthognatic surgery...
September 2015: Journal of Dentistry for Children
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