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Journal of Dentistry for Children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814371/dental-management-considerations-in-a-pediatric-patient-with-moyamoya-disease
#1
Htet Bo, David Avenetti, Evelina Kratunova
Moyamoya disease is a rare progressive cerebral arteriopathy associated with risk of ischemic and hemorrhagic brain complications. The dental care of affected individuals should be performed in a pain- and stress-free manner to decrease the chance of occurrence of episodes of hypocapnia, hypercapnia, hypotension, hypovolemia, and hypothermia. Dental treatment may be provided in an outpatient dental setting or in a hospital setting, but both venues require interdisciplinary collaboration to ensure safe delivery of patient care...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814370/unusual-case-of-graphite-tattoo-in-a-pediatric-patient-clinical-presentation-and-differential-diagnosis
#2
Paulo de Camargo Moraes, Victor Angelo Martins Montalli, José Luiz Cintra Junqueira, Francine Kühl Panzarella, Luciana Butini Oliveira
Graphite tattoo, a rare finding in children, is characterized by a localized blue-grey macule of variable sizes and shapes. Intraoral graphite implantation may cause this pigmentation through accidental injury with a graphite pencil. The purpose of this paper is to report an unusual case of graphite tattoo involving the anterior palate region in a seven-year-old girl. A diagnosis was made based on clinical and radiographic examinations and histopathology features. This report also highlights the importance of differential diagnosis and management of oral benign and malignant pigmented lesions in children...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814369/intraosseous-leiomyoma-of-the-jaw-in-an-adolescent
#3
Adaia Valls-Ontañón, Laura Pozuelo-Arquimbau, Gemma Mateu-Esquerda, Carlos Arranz-Obispo, Sílvia Cuscó-Albors, Mireia Melero-Luque, Arnaud Morla, Antoni Marí-Roig
Leiomyoma is a benign tumor of the smooth muscle that rarely occurs in the mouth as an intraosseous lesion. The purposes of this paper are to: (1) present a case of an intraosseous solid leiomyoma of the mandible in a 13-year-old child, who presented with a well-defined unilocular radiolucency in the right mandible incidentally discovered during a routine dental radiographic examination; and (2) conduct a review of the literature to describe clinicopathological features and management of intraosseous jaw leiomyoma (IJL)...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814368/uncommon-occurrence-of-lip-squamous-cell-carcinoma-in-a-pediatric-patient
#4
Saygo Tomo, Ingrid da Silva Santos, Aline Reis Stefanini, Guilherme de Oliveira Cucolicchio, Glauco Issamu Miyahara, Luciana Estevam Simonato
Although head and neck squamous cell carcinoma represents one of the most common cancers among adults, it is rare in pediatric patients. The purpose of this report is to discuss the case of a 15-year-old male patient referred by his dentist due to a three-month old ulcer in his lower lip. The patient denied tobacco smoking and drinking alcohol, and confirmed that he performed manual labor in a brick yard, being exposed daily to the sun without protection. Clinical examination revealed an exophytic rounded ulcer in the right lower lip, measuring 1...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814367/relationship-between-salivary-cortisol-levels-and-children-s-behavior-during-a-dental-examination
#5
Wanessa Botega Curcio, Lucas Guimarães Abreu, Camila Faria Carrada, Flávia Almeida Ribeiro Scalioni, Rosangela Almeida Ribeiro
PURPOSE: To correlate the salivary cortisol levels in children attending a university dental clinic with their behavior during the dental appointment. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted with 43 seven- to 10-year-old children whose behavior during the dental appointment was assessed using the Frankl scale. Participants were divided into two groups: (1) cooperative children; and (2) uncooperative children. All children had four saliva samples collected as follows: prior to the dental examination (S1); shortly after the dental examination (S2); 30 minutes after waking up in the morning after the day of the appointment (S3); and in the afternoon, 24 hours after the dental appointment (S4)...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814366/porphyromonas-gingivalis-and-igg1-and-igg2-subclass-antibodies-in-patients-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#6
Consuelo Romero-Sánchez, Clara Malagón, Camilo Vargas, María Fernanda Torres, Lorena Chila Moreno, Constanza Rodríguez, Diana Marcela Castillo, Juliette De Avila, Ángela Catalina Mosquera, Gloria Inés Lafaurie
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the periodontal status and the presence and concentration of Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis) and immunoglobulin G (IgG) subclass against P. gingivalis in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) and its association with rheumatic clinical activity parameters. METHODS: Rheumatologic conditions and periodontal status were clinically assessed in 51 patients with JIA. P. gingivalis, IgG1 and IgG2, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, rheumatoid factor (RF), anti-citrullinated protein antibodies (ACPAs), and human leukocyte antigen B27 were also evaluated...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814365/pediatric-admissions-after-dental-care-under-general-anesthesia-a-retrospective-study-at-a-tertiary-care-center
#7
Anna L Lucy, Roopa P Gandhi, Lilyana Gross, Bryan McNair
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify factors associated with planned and unplanned pediatric hospital admissions following dental treatment under general anesthesia (DGA) in a tertiary care center. METHODS: Dental and medical records of 100 subjects one to 20 years of age, with a known history of admission after DGA, were reviewed retrospectively for patient-, procedure-, and anesthesia-related factors as well as adverse events following DGA. RESULTS: During the review period (December 3, 2011 to June 30, 2015), 10,371 subjects underwent DGA, of which 100 subjects (less than one percent) required admission...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814364/effect-of-cured-versus-uncured-adhesive-inclusion-on-the-microtensile-bond-strength-of-sealants
#8
Austin McMurphy, Xiaoming Xu, Suzanne Fournier, Zafer C Cehreli, Kramer Sherman, Courtney Tremmel, Qingzhao Yu, Janice Townsend
PURPOSE: To determine the impact of light curing of bonding agents on the microtensile bond strength (MTBS) of sealants on extracted teeth. METHODS: Flat enamel surfaces were created on 54 extracted, sound human molars by sequential grinding. Three different sealants- Clinpro (3M ESPE), Ultraseal XT Hydro (Ultradent), and Fluorshield VLC (Dentsply)- were placed after acid etching without a bonding agent (control) or with three different bonding agents - Adper Single Bond Plus (3M ESPE), Peak Universal Bond (Ultradent), and Prime&Bond Elect (Dentsply)- each in both light-cured and uncured form...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814363/fluoride-availability-and-stability-in-children-s-toothpastes-in-uruguay
#9
Licet Alvarez Loureiro, Anunzziatta Fabruccini Fager, Maurício José Santos Moreira, Marisa Maltz, Lina Naomi Hashizume
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the availability and stability of fluoride in children's toothpastes in Uruguay. METHODS: Six commercial brands of children's toothpaste available in Uruguay were tested. Analyses were made when the dentifrices were purchased (fresh samples) and after one year of storage (aged samples). Total fluoride (TF) and total soluble fluoride (TSF) concentrations were determined using an ion specific electrode. RESULTS: Four of the children's dentifrices showed TF concentration similar to that specified on the package...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387191/multifocal-epithelial-hyperplasia
#10
Caitlin Agnew, Sherene Alexander, Neeta Prabhu
Multifocal epithelial hyperplasia is a rare disease associated with human papilloma virus types 13 and 32. Diagnosis is based on clinical and histopathological findings, and most lesions are asymptomatic and regress spontaneously with time. The purpose of this paper is to describe a five-year-old girl who presented with multiple intraoral lesions on the buccal mucosa and tongue, which regressed spontaneously in 15 months.
January 15, 2017: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387190/a-rare-case-of-gingival-cyst-in-a-child
#11
Jennifer C Park, Wa Sham Cheung, Karen M Campbell
Gingival cysts, which are more frequently reported as gingival cysts of adults (GCA), are soft tissue cystic lesions of odontogenic origin that are infrequently seen, especially in children. These lesions usually appear as localized firm elevations on the facial gingiva in the anterior segment of the mandible. The purpose of this paper is to present a rare case of a gingival cyst discovered on the palatal aspect of the posterior maxilla in a four-year-old child. The lesion was treated with excisional biopsy...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387189/enamel-pit-defects-and-taurodontism-in-a-patient-with-ring-chromosome-14-and-47-xxx
#12
Janice A Townsend, Letitia Lacour, Angela E Scheuerle
The purpose of this paper is to describe the clinical findings and management of a case involving a patient with co-occurring ring chromosome 14 syndrome and 47,XXX presenting with enamel pit defects and taurodontism. Ring chromosome 14 syndrome is an unusual condition with uncontrolled seizure disorder as its most significant finding; 47,XXX (trisomy X; triple X) is a more common condition and has characteristic physical and behavioral findings. Neither condition has been associated with enamel pit defects...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387188/deep-sedation-technique-for-dental-rehabilitation-of-a-patient-with-klippel-feil-syndrome
#13
Halima Abukabbos, Michael Mahla, Abi O Adewumi
Klippel-Feil syndrome (KFS) is a congenital anomaly characterized by a defect in the formation or segmentation of the cervical vertebrae, resulting in their fusion. The clinical triad of the syndrome consists of short neck, low posterior hairline, and limited neck movement, although fewer than 50 percent of patients demonstrate all three clinical features. The short neck and its immobility and instability present a significant challenge for endotracheal intubation. The purpose of this paper is to describe the management of a 13-year-old patient with KFS, extensive dental caries, and restricted mouth opening using a deep sedation technique in the operating room, which allowed successful completion of dental treatment...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387187/the-impact-of-non-nutritive-sucking-on-the-risk-for-sleep-disordered-breathing-in-children
#14
Tanya Al-Talib, Lorne D Koroluk, William F Vann, Ceib Phillips
PURPOSE: Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is not uncommon in children. The purposes of this study were to investigate the relationship between non-nutritive sucking (NNS) and the risk of SDB in children as well as assess the effect of infant feeding practices on SDB. METHODS: Eighty-four healthy four- to 12-year-old children were categorized either as high or low risk for SDB based on the Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire (PSQ). NNS and feeding practices were determined using a customized caregiver questionnaire...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387186/efficacy-of-10-percent-carbamide-peroxide-as-an-intracoronal-bleaching-agent-in-nonvital-discolored-primary-teeth-an-in-vitro-study
#15
Miram Abd El Magied Shaheen, Mona Abdallah Elkateb, Niveen Samir Bakry, Omar Abd El Sadek El Meligy
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate, in vitro, the efficacy of 10 percent carbamide peroxide used as an intracoronal bleaching agent in blood-stained primary teeth. METHODS: Thirty extracted primary canines were stained using rabbit blood and randomly divided into two groups of 15 teeth each. Stained teeth in the test group were bleached intracoronally using 10 percent carbamide peroxide for 21 days. The bleaching agent was replaced at days seven and 14...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387185/influence-of-caregiver-s-sociodemographic-background-on-the-oral-health-status-and-care-of-hiv-infected-children
#16
Marina Alvine de Jesus, Apoena de Aguiar Ribeiro, Paula Moraes Lima, Thomaz Chianca, Ivete Pomarico Ribeiro de Souza, Gloria Fernanda Barbosa de Araujo Castro
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between socio-demographic characteristics of caregivers and the oral health of their children infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV+) compared to a group of HIV-children and their caregivers. METHODS: One hundred forty HIV+ and 140 healthy two- to five-year-old children and their caregivers who sought care at hospitals in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, participated. Caregivers were interviewed for sociodemographic characteristics, and knowledge and attitudes regarding oral health...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387184/trauma-in-permanent-teeth-factors-associated-with-adverse-outcomes-in-a-university-pediatric-dental-clinic
#17
Ahmed H Rozi, JoAnna M Scott, Ana Lucia Seminario
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine variables associated with adverse outcomes among traumatized permanent teeth in a university pediatric dental clinic. METHODS: Electronic charts of children treated at a university-based dental clinic for trauma in permanent teeth were analyzed. Variables evaluated included demographics (age, sex, American Society of Anesthesiologists classification, and insurance type), affected tooth location, trauma characteristics, type of dental trauma, elapsed time between trauma and initial treatment, elapsed time between the initial and final treatment, initial treatment type, and initial and final restoration type...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387183/periodontal-disease-and-body-weight-assessment-in-children
#18
Elizangela Partata Zuza, Laura Alves Machado Nascimento, Sabrina Luzia Caetano, Eliane Marçon Barroso, Benedicto Egbert Corrêa de Toledo, Elizabeth Pimentel Rosetti, Juliana Rico Pires
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess body weight and periodontal disease development in obese and normal weight children. METHODS: Eighty-eight 5- to 10-year-old children participated in this study. Periodontal measurements included the visible plaque index (VPI), community periodontal index (CPI), and bleeding on probing (BOP). Complete periodontal examinations were performed in some children with CPI codes three and four. Anthropometric examination consisted of body mass index (BMI, kg/m2), which was adjusted by age according to percentiles...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327269/2016-index
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2016: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327268/combined-surgical-removal-of-a-supernumerary-tooth-and-orthodontic-traction-of-an-impacted-maxillary-central-incisor
#20
Leopoldo Cosme-Silva, Lidiane Lucas Costa E Silva, Marina Azevedo Junqueira, Nayara Nery de Oliveira Dias, Ana Beatriz da Silveira Moretti, Vivien Thiemy Sakai
Impaction of permanent maxillary central incisors is a rare condition that can affect esthetics and oral function. The etiology of impaction is multifactorial and may be related to embryologic reasons, hereditary factors, mechanical obstacles, and pathologic elements, such as the presence of supernumerary teeth. The purpose of this report is to discuss the case of a 10-year-old patient who presented an impacted permanent maxillary right central incisor due to a supernumerary tooth. Surgical removal of the supernumerary tooth and orthodontic traction of the impacted central incisor by the closed eruption technique were performed...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Dentistry for Children
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