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Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30050274/aplasia-cutis-congenita-in-a-newborn-a-rare-case
#1
Aditya Pratap Singh, Arun Kumar Gupta, Rajlaxmi Pardeshi, Arvind Kumar Shukla
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30050273/acquired-ileal-atresia-in-a-3-year-old-patient-a-rare-case
#2
Dileep Garg, Aditya Pratap Singh, Arun Kumar Gupta, Arvind Kumar Shukla
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30050272/needle-insertion-in-a-child-a-rare-form-of-child-abuse
#3
Archika Gupta, Om Prakash Purbey, Kanoujia Sunil, Anand Pandey, Shiv Narain Kureel
Needle insertion is a rare form of child abuse that, though prevalent in the society as an attempted infanticide/homicide, remains undiagnosed and underreported. One should have strong suspicion for occurrence of child abuse in a child with history of needle injury. Here, we report an unusual case of 3-month-old boy with history of hypodermic needle extrusion from multiple sites of body and suspicion of possible child abuse.
July 2018: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30050271/amyand-s-hernia-appendicitis-and-undescended-testis-the-amyand-s-triad
#4
Vembar Dhanasekarapandian, Vivek Shanmugam, Muthukumaran Jagannathan
Inguinal hernia with appendix as content, classically called as Amyand's Hernia has been well documented in children. Undescended testis with an associated hernia is also not uncommon and is an indication for early orchidopexy. We report a case of undescended testis which presented as an irreducible right inguinal hernia, which on exploration was found to have an inflamed appendix.
July 2018: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30050270/penile-cutaneous-horn-in-a-22-month-old-child-a-rare-case-report
#5
Girish Prabhakar, Akshita Bhat
Cutaneous horn is a horn-like hyperkeratotic lesion. Its presence over penis is unusual and rare. Herein, we report a case of horn of penis in a 22-month-old child.
July 2018: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30050269/congenital-midline-cervical-cleft-with-respiratory-epithelium-a-rare-association
#6
Jyoti Manakchand Bothra, Harish Jayaram, Mainak Deb, Michelle D E Padua
Congenital midline cervical cleft is a rare anomaly and is clinically apparent at birth. Histology of this defect is consistent with the presence of stratified squamous epithelium. However, we present a case of 1-year-old boy with chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis associated with two cysts and presence of focal respiratory epithelium. We attempt to discuss the presentation, the histological differences, and the optimal surgical treatment for the same.
July 2018: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30050268/a-rare-case-of-a-common-hepatic-duct-stricture-secondary-to-an-anteriorly-crossing-right-hepatic-artery-in-an-infant
#7
Aureen D'Cunha, B S S Ravi Kishore, Isaac Tharu Varghese
A 1-year-old male child presented with progressive jaundice. Investigations were suggestive of an obstructive pathology with a suspected choledochal cyst on imaging. Intraoperative cholangiogram demonstrated runoff of contrast from the cystic duct into the common bile duct with no opacification of the biliary system proximal to this. Intraoperatively, the right hepatic artery was found anteriorly crossing the common hepatic duct (CHD) causing extrinsic compression leading to complete obstruction. Following stricture excision and anastomosis of the dilated bulbous CHD to a Roux-en-Y jejunal loop, the child recovered completely...
July 2018: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30050267/posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-after-augmentation-cystoplasty-in-a-child-with-neurogenic-bladder
#8
Mudasir Ahmad Magray, Gowhar Nazir Mufti, Nisar Ahmad Bhat, Aejaz Ahsan Baba, Mudasir Hamid Buch, Faheem Ul Hasan, Shahid Bashir Banday
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) or leukoencephalopathy syndrome was introduced into clinical practice in 1996 by Hinchey et al ., to describe unique syndrome, clinically expressed during hypertensive and uremic encephalopathy, eclampsia, and immunosuppressive therapy. Hyperperfusion with resultant disruption of the blood-brain barrier results in vasogenic edema, but not infarction, most commonly in the parieto-occipital regions. The severity of this clinical symptom varies. For example, the visual disturbance can manifest as blurred vision, homonymous hemianopsia, or even cortical blindness...
July 2018: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30050266/littoral-cell-angioma-a-rare-cause-of-pediatric-thrombocytopenia
#9
Mitul Jasani, Anirudh Shah, Amar Shah
Littoral cell angioma is a rare primary splenic vascular tumor, originating from the littoral cells lining the red pulp sinuses of the spleen, with variable presentation. Here, we present the case of a 2-year-old male child presenting with chronic thrombocytopenia which resolved after splenectomy.
July 2018: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30050265/chest-wall-fibromatosis-with-congenital-muscular-torticollis-two-forms-of-deep-fibromatosis-in-a-child
#10
Sachit Anand, Anjan K Dhua, Veereshwar Bhatnagar, Devasenathipathy Kandasamy, Sudheer Arava
Desmoid tumors (fibromatosis) are intermediate grade, locally aggressive soft-tissue tumors. A rare case of chest wall fibromatosis in a girl with congenital muscular torticollis is being reported. This report also highlights the need for long-term surveillance in such cases, despite being a benign pathology.
July 2018: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30050264/revision-surgery-in-the-management-of-anorectal-malformations-experience-from-a-tertiary-center-of-india
#11
Basant Kumar, Vijai Dutta Upadhyaya, Manish Kumar Gupta, Srinivasa Kishore, J B Nijagal Mutt, Rajanikant Yadav, Sheo Kumar
Aim and Objectives: Despite the significant advancements in the management of anorectal malformations (ARMs), there are various surgical and functional complications reported. Complications are closely related with the surgical techniques adopted and the types of malformations. In this article, we present our experiences with ARM patients who required reoperation after unsuccessful previous surgeries or who had developed complications related to the previous surgical techniques. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed clinical and electronic records of all the patients with ARM who were operated for ARMs in our institute from June 2010 to May 2016...
July 2018: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30050263/comparison-of-anatomical-landmarks-and-dimensions-in-a-hypospadiac-glans-with-those-of-a-normal-glans
#12
Anjan Kumar Dhua, Sachit Anand, Sandeep Agarwala, Veereshwar Bhatnagar
Aim of the Study: The aim of this study is to establish ventral glans length (VGL), meatus (M) size, and their ratio VGL/M (R) in normal Indian boys and to compare these with the respective equivalent dimensions in boys with distal and mid-penile hypospadias using anatomic landmarks. Methods: Normal boys were designated as Group A ( n = 108), and the boys with hypospadias were designated as Group B ( n = 81). The anatomical landmarks marked on the glans were measured using a digital camera and appropriate software...
July 2018: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30050262/the-modified-multilayer-coverage-of-urethroplasty-for-distal-hypospadias
#13
Mohamed Oulad Saiad
Purpose: Our purpose is to present the modified multilayer coverage to prevent fistula and to present also the glans dissection respecting the continuity between glans and corpus spongiosum. We think an important factor for glans vascularization that prevents glans disruption for patients with distal hypospadias and report the follow-up. Introduction: Fistula and glans disruption are still the most frequent complications of hypospadias surgery. Neourethral coverage is a mandatory step in this challenging surgery; it reduces the rate of fistula...
July 2018: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30050261/a-clinical-study-on-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia-in-neonates-our-institutional-experience
#14
Jayalaxmi Shripati Aihole, Aruna Gowdra, Deepak Javaregowda, Vinay Jadhav, M Narendra Babu, Ravidra Sahadev
Background: Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a complex developmental defect having a multifactorial etiology; i majority of cases (~80%), the cause is not known. Survival rates for patients with CDH have increased over the past decade with early prenatal detection and better postnatal management including surgery. Clinical profile and the outcome of 83 CDH neonates were studied and analyzed over a period of 12 years in our institute. Aims and Objectives: The clinical study was to analyze the clinical profile and outcome of CDH among the neonates in a tertiary care referral neonatal and pediatric center in Karnataka, India...
July 2018: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30050260/positioning-the-umbilicus-in-african-newborns-with-large-anterior-abdominal-wall-defects
#15
Olakayode Olaolu Ogundoyin, Dare Isaac Olulana, Taiwo Akeem Lawal
Objective: We tried to determine the normal position of the umbilicus in African newborns with a potential application in aesthetically acceptable umbilical reconstruction. Subjects and Methods: The study involves a cross-sectional study of 896 healthy neonates who underwent clinical abdominal examination and measurement of the distances between the xiphoid process and the umbilicus (XU), xiphoid process and the pubis (XP), umbilicus and the pubis (UP), umbilicus and the anterior superior iliac spine (UASIS), abdominal girth (AG), and inter anterior superior iliac spines (IASIS) distance...
July 2018: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30050259/pelviureteric-junction-obstruction-with-crossing-lower-polar-vessel-indicators-of-preoperative-diagnosis
#16
Alisha Gupta, Anjan Dhua, Sandeep Agarwala, Veereshwar Bhatnagar
Introduction: A crossing lower polar vessel (CLPV) is found in 11%-20% of children of pelviureteric junction obstruction (PUJO). Preoperative imaging (Doppler or magnetic resonance angiography (MRA)) may help but does not form a part of routine diagnostic workup. An attempt has been made here to evaluate clinical and imaging features (ultrasound and renal dynamic scan [RDS]) in children of PUJO with CLPV and define variables that could provide a diagnostic clue to its presence. Materials and Methods: Records of children having PUJO with CLPV over 10 years (2006-2015) were reviewed retrospectively...
July 2018: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30050258/spontaneous-pneumoperitoneum-in-pediatric-patients-dilemmas-in-management
#17
Rahul Gupta
Context: Pneumoperitoneum is typically a surgical emergency, particularly in neonates. However, pneumoperitoneum can rarely present without gastrointestinal perforation which is known as spontaneous pneumoperitoneum. Aims: This study aims to analyze the outcome of pediatric patients with spontaneous pneumoperitoneum and describe our experience. Settings and Design: A retrospective study performed from January 2014 to May 2017. Materials and Methods: The study included all pediatric patients admitted in a tertiary care institute...
July 2018: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30050257/biliary-atresia-changing-trends-in-management-outlook-of-a-pediatric-liver-transplant-surgeon
#18
EDITORIAL
T Renu Kumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681706/esophageal-lung-clinical-images
#19
Vivek Kumar Singh, Anjan Kumar Dhua, Manisha Jana, Veereshwar Bhatnagar
Esophageal lung (EL) is a highly rare anomaly, wherein the bronchus of a lung connects directly with the esophagus. Repeated lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI) is the hallmark of this condition. We present the clinical images of a 5-month-old boy who presented with repeated LRTI since birth. On evaluation, EL was diagnosed. Excision of the lung with abnormally communicating bronchus and primary repair of the esophagus was curative.
April 2018: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681705/cloacal-malformation-variant-in-a-male-neonate
#20
Rahul Gupta, Pramila Sharma, Arvind Kumar Shukla, Manisha Goyal, Ashok Gupta
Cloacal malformation is a rare entity and is invariably referred only to females. We are reporting a very rare case of cloacal malformation variant in a 6-day-old male neonate who presented with absent anal opening along with passage of urine and meconium from an abnormal opening in the perineum.
April 2018: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
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