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Clinical Medicine & Research

Trever M Koester, Jennifer K Meece, Thomas R Fritsche, Holly M Frost
Lyme disease and infectious mononucleosis are common illnesses that share similar clinical presentations. Significant cross-reactivity is known to occur between Lyme and EBV serologic assays complicating the diagnosis. To date, no prior cases of concurrent acute Lyme and EBV infections have been reported. We describe the clinical presentation of two children with confirmed early Lyme disease and features suggestive of infectious mononucleosis, including one case of probable Lyme and EBV co-infection.
August 30, 2018: Clinical Medicine & Research
Vaibhav Rastogi, Devina Singh, Halil Tekiner, Fan Ye, Nataliya Kirchenko, Joseph J Mazza, Steven H Yale
BACKGROUND: Abdominal palpation is a difficult skill to master in the physical examination. It is through the tactile sensation of touch that abdominal tenderness is detected and expressed through pain. Its findings can be used to detect peritonitis and other acute and subtle abnormalities of the abdomen. Some techniques, recognized as signs or medical eponyms, assist clinicians in detecting disease and differentiating other conditions based on location and response to palpation. Described in this paper are medical eponyms associated with abdominal palpation from the period 1890 to 1917...
August 30, 2018: Clinical Medicine & Research
Muaid Ithman, Kunal Malhotra, Meelie Bordoloi, Garima Singh
Bipolar affective disorder type I imparts significant morbidity and disease burden in the population. It is characterized by occurrence of one or more manic episodes which may be preceded or followed by a depressive or hypomanic phase. About half of these manic episodes are characterized by the presence of psychotic features. The condition is further complicated when the patient has multiple comorbid conditions. We report here the case of a Caucasian woman, aged 66 years, previously diagnosed with Bipolar disorder who developed treatment refractory mania with psychotic feature after being on the immunosuppressive agent, tacrolimus, after kidney transplantation...
June 2018: Clinical Medicine & Research
Mohammad Mehdi Mohammadi, Ali Akbar Vaisi Raygani, Akram Ghobadi, Soheila Samadzadeh, Nader Salari
INTRODUCTION: Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a common disorder in hemodialysis patients. The present study was conducted to determine the effect of near-infrared (NIR) light therapy given to acupoints on the severity of RLS in patients undergoing hemodialysis. METHODS: This single-blind, randomized controlled trial was performed on 60 hemodialysis patients with RLS. Participants who met the inclusion criteria were randomly assigned to an intervention group (n = 30) or a control group (n = 30)...
June 2018: Clinical Medicine & Research
Gieljam Johannes Roode, Kurt-Wilhelm Bütow
OBJECTIVES: Chlorhexidine is seen as the golden standard of disinfectants. It is widely used to clean surgical sites; however, many studies indicate resistance of pathogens to chlorhexidine. One study indicated that pathogenic microorganisms were isolated from the soft palate cleft region in 57% of patients with facial clefts. The objectives of our study were to determine (1) if chlorhexidine application is effective in removing pathogens from the surgical site in these patients, and (2) if any pathogens are isolated, determine if they are resistant to other antimicrobials...
June 2018: Clinical Medicine & Research
Vaibhav Rastogi, Devina Singh, Joseph J Mazza, Dipendra Parajuli, Steven H Yale
Flushing disorders with involvement of the gastrointestinal tract represent a heterogeneous group of conditions. In part 1 of this review series, neuroendocrine tumors (NET), mast cell activation disorders (MCAD), and hyperbasophilia were discussed. In this section we discuss the remaining flushing disorders which primarily or secondarily involve the gastrointestinal tract. This includes dumping syndrome, mesenteric traction syndrome, rosacea, hyperthyroidism and thyroid storm, anaphylaxis, panic disorders, paroxysmal extreme pain disorder, and food, alcohol and medications...
June 2018: Clinical Medicine & Research
Vaibhav Rastogi, Devina Singh, Joseph J Mazza, Dipendra Parajuli, Steven H Yale
Flushing is the subjective sensation of warmth accompanied by visible cutaneous erythema occurring throughout the body with a predilection for the face, neck, pinnae, and upper trunk where the skin is thinnest and cutaneous vessels are superficially located and in greatest numbers. Flushing can be present in either a wet or dry form depending upon whether neural-mediated mechanisms are involved. Activation of the sympathetic nervous system results in wet flushing, accompanied by diaphoresis, due to concomitant stimulation of eccrine sweat glands...
June 2018: Clinical Medicine & Research
Rahul Sehgal, Erik J Stratman, Jonathan E Cutlan
Biologic agents are regarded as an effective treatment for a variety of autoimmune diseases. These drugs have an acceptable safety and tolerability profile, although an increasing number of autoimmune conditions have been reported with their use. Additionally, a variety of cutaneous diseases have been associated with their use. Here we report our experience of adverse cutaneous events with the use of biologic agents. An alternative explanation for patients presenting with adverse cutaneous events including drug interactions must be carefully investigated...
June 2018: Clinical Medicine & Research
Clarissa de Albuquerque Botura, Luiz Eduardo Bersani-Amado, Antônio Rubens Zacarias-Júnior, Sueli Donizete Boreli, Naiene Gomes Gordo Stecca, Bruno Ambrósio da Rocha, Roberto Kenji Nakamura Cuman, Ciomar Aparecida Bersani-Amado
We report the case of a woman who was diagnosed with a pulmonary artery aneurysm that was caused by Behçet's disease. The patient was initially diagnosed with community-acquired pneumonia and then pulmonary thromboembolism and aneurysm of the right pulmonary artery segmental branch was confirmed. The initial treatment consisted of anticoagulant drugs. After analysis of the family history and a positive pathergy test, the patient was diagnosed with Behçet's disease. Oral pharmacological treatment began with corticosteroids, cyclophosphamide, and anticoagulant suspension...
June 2018: Clinical Medicine & Research
Amit Acharya, Dixie Schroeder, Kelsey Schwei, Po-Huang Chyou
This study sought to re-characterize trends and factors affecting electronic dental record (EDR) and technologies adoption by dental practices and the impact of the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health (HITECH) act on adoption rates through 2012. A 39-question survey was disseminated nationally over 3 months using a novel, statistically-modeled approach informed by early response rates to achieve a predetermined sample. EDR adoption rate for clinical support was 52%. Adoption rates were higher among: (1) younger dentists; (2) dentists ≤ 15 years in practice; (3) females; and (4) group practices...
December 2017: Clinical Medicine & Research
Schandra Purnamawati, Niken Indrastuti, Retno Danarti, Tatan Saefudin
Moisturizer is a major component of basic daily skin care, particularly in presence of epidermal barrier alteration and reduced epidermal water content. It is an important part of a dermatologist's strategy to maintain skin health as well as treating various dermatoses which co-exist with skin dryness and are linked to impaired skin barrier function, such as in atopic disorders as well as other types of dermatitis. Mastering the knowledge regarding mechanism of action, application, dosage, adverse effects as well as specific clinical usage of moisturizers is a must for a dermatologist in order to support their use, particularly for evidence-based, therapeutic purposes...
December 2017: Clinical Medicine & Research
Rahul Sehgal, Syed M Sajjad, Jiwan K Thapa
Renal involvement in primary Sjogren's syndrome (pSS) varies in severity and prevalence. Although previously felt to be uncommon, kidneys can be involved in 25% to 30% of pSS patients. Fibrillary glomerulonephritis (FGN) is a rare primary glomerular disease that can occur in association with another autoimmune condition or malignancy. The diagnosis relies on renal biopsy findings of haphazardly arranged fibrils in all glomerular compartments and distinction from other forms of fibrillary glomerulopathies such as renal amyloidosis and immunotactoid glomerulopathy...
December 2017: Clinical Medicine & Research
Mahir Gachabayov, Kubach Kubachev, Sergey Mityushin, Nonna Zarkua
Hemobilia is a potentially life-threatening clinical issue, the etiology of which iatrogenesis is playing increasingly more prominent role. Nowadays the most frequent etiology of hemobilia has shifted toward iatrogenesis owing to increasingly more frequent performance of liver procedures, either open or minimally invasive. Here we report a rare case of recurrent hemobilia after transarterial embolization. A man, aged 57 years, presented with Quincke's triad after cholecystectomy. Computed tomography imaging revealed a pseudoaneurysm of the right hepatic artery...
December 2017: Clinical Medicine & Research
Lin Chen, Joseph C Yeung, Dennis R Anderson
A woman, aged 70 years, developed anisocoria after applying homeopathic eye drops (Similasan Pink Eye Relief) to her left eye. Her pupil was dilated for two weeks and did not respond to light or near stimuli for one week. Both 0.1% and 1% pilocarpine failed to constrict her left pupil, and magnetic resonance imaging of her brain did not reveal any abnormality. The eye drops she had used contain belladonna extracts which have a natural atropine component. This case demonstrates the importance, when evaluating a patient presenting with anisocoria, of knowing the chemical ingredients of the homeopathic eye drops, which often are not listed...
December 2017: Clinical Medicine & Research
Rachel B Kang, Devin C Simonson, Sarah E Stoner, Sarah R Hughes, William A Agger
Subcutaneous phaeohyphomycosis is a chronic fungal infection usually found on the lower extremity and feet of agricultural workers in the tropics. It can present with various skin manifestations, verrucous to nodular plaques, and is caused by multiple species of fungi. Laboratory confirmation requires skin samples for pathology and fungal cultures. Cure, often difficult in resource-poor countries, requires months of antifungal therapy. We describe the cases of three men from Ethiopia who were seen and are being treated by American doctors who traveled there on a medical mission...
December 2017: Clinical Medicine & Research
Sanguansak Rerksuppaphol, Lakkana Rerksuppaphol
BACKGROUND: In resource-poor settings, anthropometric parameters are evaluated as potential alternatives to the body mass index (BMI) for detecting overweight and obesity in children. To this end, the mid-upper-arm circumference (MUAC) and the mid-upper-arm circumference-to-height ratio (AHtR) were evaluated as proxies to BMI in Thai school-age children. STUDY DESIGN: An observational, cross-sectional study was performed on school-aged children. PARTICIPANTS: Children in grades 1 through 6 at all public elementary schools in the Ongkharak district, Nakhon Nayok, Thailand during May and June 2013 were included...
December 2017: Clinical Medicine & Research
Akanksha Joshi, Jason Hong, Chokkalingam Siva
We present the case of a patient with primary APS who had a recurrence of thrombotic event while on treatment with rivaroxaban and had to be restarted on warfarin. The current literature on recurrence of thrombotic events in patients with antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) treated with newer oral anticoagulants (NOAC) is also reviewed. Relevant case reports and case series were identified by searching the Medline database using the key words antiphospholipid syndrome, anticoagulants and names of the NOACs, and data on individual patients was abstracted...
June 2017: Clinical Medicine & Research
Ralph Yachoui, Mazen Kreidy, Brian J Parker
Sternocostoclavicular hyperostosis (SCCH) is an infrequent chronic inflammatory disorder of the axial skeleton of unknown origin. SCCH goes often unrecognized due to a low level of awareness for the disorder. It typically presents with relapsing and remitting pain in the shoulder, neck, and anterior chest wall area with occasional swelling and tenderness of the sternoclavicular area. The diagnosis is confirmed radiologically by sclerosis and hyperostosis of the sternoclavicular joints. There have been several reports in which intravenous bisphosphonates and tumor necrosis factor-inhibitors have shown reasonable efficacy in the treatment of this disorder...
June 2017: Clinical Medicine & Research
Ralph Yachoui, Chady Leon, Kajal Sitwala, Mazen Kreidy
To describe clinical features and outcomes of seven patients with pulmonary mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma in the setting of underlying primary Sjögren's syndrome from a single center, we reviewed medical records of consecutive patients with pulmonary MALT lymphoma evaluated at our facility from January 1, 1999 to December 31, 2015 for clinical features, laboratory, pathologic and radiographic findings, management, and outcomes. Out of 13 patients with pulmonary MALT lymphoma, 7 (54 %) met the criteria for Sjögren's syndrome...
June 2017: Clinical Medicine & Research
Karim Ladak, Laurence Rubin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Clinical Medicine & Research
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