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Journal of Oleo Science

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238032/influence-of-fruit-ripening-on-color-organic-acid-contents-capsaicinoids-aroma-compounds-and-antioxidant-capacity-of-shimatogarashi-capsicum-frutescens
#1
Manikharda Manikharda, Makoto Takahashi, Mika Arakaki, Kaoru Yonamine, Fumio Hashimoto, Kensaku Takara, Koji Wada
Shimatogarashi (Capsicum frutescens) is a typical chili pepper domesticated in southern Japan. Important traits of Shimatogarashi peppers, such as color; proportion of organic acids, capsaicinoids, and aromatic compounds; and antioxidant activity in three stages of maturity (green (immature), orange (turning), and red (mature) stages) were characterized. The results indicated that the concentration of organic acids, including ascorbic, citric, and malic acid, increased during ripening. In addition, the amount of capsaicinoids, which are responsible for the pungent taste of chili peppers, increased as the fruit matured to the orange and red stages...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Oleo Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238031/preparation-of-artificial-skin-that-mimics-human-skin-surface-and-mechanical-properties
#2
Rana Shimizu, Yoshimune Nonomura
We have developed an artificial skin that mimics the morphological and mechanical properties of human skin. The artificial skin comprises a polyurethane block possessing a microscopically rough surface. We evaluated the tactile sensations when skin-care cream was applied to the artificial skin. Many subjects perceived smooth, moist, and soft feels during the application process. Cluster analysis showed that these characteristic tactile feels are similar to those when skin-care cream is applied to real human skin...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Oleo Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238030/a-new-synthetic-tool-the-pseudo-intramolecular-process
#3
Nagatoshi Nishiwaki
An efficient synthetic protocol based on a new concept named "the pseudo-intramolecular process" is developed. Substrates are brought closed to each other by forming a salt, and this spatial proximity facilitates an efficient reaction like an intramolecular process, despite actually proceeding via an intermolecular pathway. This concept can be widely applied in organic synthesis. For instance, α-aryl-β-keto esters undergo a transacylation with amines accompanied by high efficiency, regioselectivity, and chemoselectivity...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Oleo Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238029/characterization-of-konjac-ceramide-kcer-binding-to-sema3a-receptor-nrp1
#4
Seigo Usuki, Noriko Tamura, Tomohiro Tamura, Katsuyuki Mukai, Yasuyuki Igarashi
Konjac ceramide (kCer) can be prepared by a chemoenzymatic method as previously published (Usuki, S.; Tamura, N.; Sakai, S.; Tamura, T.; Mukai, K.; Igarashi, Y. Biochem. Biophys. Rep. 5, 160-167 (2016)). Thus prepared kCer showed an activation effect on Sema3A signaling pathway to induce phosphorylation of CRMP2 and microtubule depolymerizaion, resulting in opposing NGF-induced neurite outgrowth. In the present study, we have shown that kCer is a potential Sema3A-like ligand that has a competitive effect on Sema3A binding to a cell surface receptor Nrp1, but animal-type ceramides have no effect on Sema3A binding to Nrp1...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Oleo Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238028/konjac-ceramide-kcer-regulates-ngf-induced-neurite-outgrowth-via-the-sema3a-signaling-pathway
#5
Seigo Usuki, Noriko Tamura, Kohei Yuyama, Tomohiro Tamura, Katsuyuki Mukai, Yasuyuki Igarashi
The tuber of the konjac plant is a source enriched with GlcCer (kGlcCer), and has been used as a dietary supplement to improve the dry skin and itching that are caused by a deficiency of epidermal ceramide. Previously, we showed chemoenzymatically prepared konjac ceramide has a neurite-outgrowth inhibitory effect that is very similar to that of Sema3A and is not seen with animal-type ceramides. While, it has been unclear whether kCer may act on Sema3A or TrkA signaling pathway. In the present study, we showed kCer induces phosphorylation of CRMP2 and microtubules depolymerization via Sema3A signaling pathway not TrkA...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Oleo Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238027/viscous-flow-behaviour-of-karanja-oil-based-biolubricant-base-oil
#6
Umesh Chandra Sharma, Sadhana Sachan, Rakesh Kumar Trivedi
Karanja oil (KO) is widely used for synthesis of bio-fuel karanja oil methyl ester (KOME) due to its competitive price, good energy values and environmentally friendly combustion properties. Bio-lubricant is another value added product that can be synthesized from KO via chemical modification. In this work karanja oil trimethylolpropane ester (KOTMPE) bio-lubricant was synthesized and evaluated for its viscous flow behaviour. A comparison of viscous flow behaviours of natural KO and synthesized bio-fuel KOME and bio-lubricant KOTMPE was also made...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Oleo Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238026/multi-objective-optimization-of-molecular-distillation-conditions-for-oleic-acid-from-a-rich-in-fatty-acid-model-mixture
#7
Onur Ketenoğlu, Ferruh Erdoğdu, Aziz Tekin
Oleic acid is a commercially valuable compound and has many positive health effects. Determining optimum conditions in a physical separation process is an industrially significant point due to environmental and health related concerns. Molecular distillation avoids the use of chemicals and adverse effects of high temperature application. The objective of this study was to determine the molecular distillation conditions for oleic acid to increase its purity and distillation yield in a model fatty acid mixture...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Oleo Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238025/analytical-methods-to-evaluate-the-quality-of-edible-fats-and-oils-the-jocs-standard-methods-for-analysis-of-fats-oils-and-related-materials-2013-and-advanced-methods
#8
Yasushi Endo
Edible fats and oils are among the basic components of the human diet, along with carbohydrates and proteins, and they are the source of high energy and essential fatty acids such as linoleic and linolenic acids. Edible fats and oils are used in for pan- and deep-frying, and in salad dressing, mayonnaise and processed foods such as chocolates and cream. The physical and chemical properties of edible fats and oils can affect the quality of oil foods and hence must be evaluated in detail. The physical characteristics of edible fats and oils include color, specific gravity, refractive index, melting point, congeal point, smoke point, flash point, fire point, and viscosity, while the chemical characteristics include acid value, saponification value, iodine value, fatty acid composition, trans isomers, triacylglycerol composition, unsaponifiable matters (sterols, tocopherols) and minor components (phospholipids, chlorophyll pigments, glycidyl fatty acid esters)...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Oleo Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238024/preparation-of-margarine-stock-rich-in-naturally-bioactive-components-by-enzymatic-interesterification
#9
Dianyu Yu, Xiaofen Qi, Yang Jiang, Dezhi Zou, Liqi Wang, Lianzhou Jiang, Lanxia Qin
Fully hydrogenated expanded press soybean oil (FHEPSO) rich in naturally bioactive components was prepared using Palladium on Carbon (Pd/C) catalyst. Interesterified fat was prepared from binary blends of FHEPSO and cold press corn oil (CPCO) with FHEPSO/CPCO mass ratios of 50:50, 40:60 and 30:70. Lipozyme RM IM (6 wt% of total substrate) was used in a supercritical CO2 system to catalyze the transesterification. The fatty acid compositions had no significant changes in the fats before and after interesterification, and trans-fatty acid (TFA) was not detected...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Oleo Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238023/study-of-cationic-and-nonionic-mixed-micelles-with-nabr-and-3-5-cl2c6h3co2na-by-use-of-probe-nucleophilic-reaction-of-piperidine-with-ionized-phenyl-salicylate
#10
Ibrahim Isah Fagge, Khalisanni Khalid, Muhammad Azri Mohd Noh, Nor Saadah Muhammad Yusof, Sharifuddin Md Zain, Mohammad Niyaz Khan
Behaviors of cationic and nonionic mixed micelles in the form of hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide (HDABr) and hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide-Polyethylene glycol hexadecyl ether (C16E20), in the presence of inert salts (NaBr and 3,5-dichlorosodium benzoate), by the use of reaction probe between Pp and ionized PhSH (Pp = piperidine and PhSH = phenyl salicylate), has been reported in this work. The values of RXBr (RXBr denotes ion exchange constants obtained in the presence of micelles of different structural features) or KXBr (KXBr denotes ion exchange constants obtained in the presence of micelles of the same structural features) for 3,5-Cl2C6H3CO2- were almost the same at three different [HDABr]T (0...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Oleo Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129902/quantification-of-fraglide-1-a-new-functional-ingredient-in-vinegars
#11
Aydan H Yatmaz, Tetsuaki Kinoshita, Akio Miyazato, Masahiro Takagi, Yoshio Tsujino, Fumiaki Beppu, Naohiro Gotoh
Vinegar is a widely used condiment in the world, and is produced from ethanol by acetic acid fermentation. Different fruits, vegetables, cereals, and wines can be used as ingredients for vinegar production. It is known that vinegar has many nutrient components such as organic acids, polyphenols, and aromatic compounds. Because of these bioactive components, it has many health benefits. China has a long history of producing vinegar and has been using it for health products and as medicine. Chinese aromatic Zhenjiang vinegar (Kozu) is produced from sticky rice...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Oleo Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129901/the-inhibitory-effects-of-anthocyanin-rich-sunrouge-tea-on-pancreatic-lipase-activity
#12
Nobuya Shirai
This study investigated the in vitro and in vivo effects of Sunrouge (SR), which is an anthocyaninrich green tea. Hot and cold water extracts (CWEX) of Yabukita (YK; regular green tea), SR second crop (SR2), and SR third crop (SR3) were prepared. The 50% inhibitory concentrations for YK, SR2, and SR3 CWEXs against pancreatic lipase in vitro were 12.3±2.8, 6.2±0.3, and 4.0±1.1 mg/mL, respectively. Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) accounted for 4.3%, 6.0%, and 6.3% of YK, SR2, and SR3 CWEXs, respectively. SR2 had the highest anthocyanin content of these three samples...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Oleo Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129900/homochiral-asymmetric-triacylglycerol-isomers-in-egg-yolk
#13
Toshiharu Nagai, Keiko Ishikawa, Kazuaki Yoshinaga, Akihiko Yoshida, Fumiaki Beppu, Naohiro Gotoh
The composition of triacylglycerol (TAG) positional isomer (-PI) and enantiomer (-E) in immature chicken egg yolk, mature chicken yolk, and chicken meat was examined. POO (consisting of one palmitic acid (P) and two oleic acids (Os)), PPO (consisting of two Ps and one O), and PPL (consisting of two Ps and one linoleic acid (L)) were treated as representative TAG molecular species in all the analytical samples because P, O, and L were the major fatty acids comprising egg and chicken meat. sn-POO (binding P at sn-1 position) was predominant in egg yolks, while sn-OOP and sn-OPO were present in chicken meat...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Oleo Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129899/selective-production-of-acid-form-sophorolipids-from-glycerol-by-candida-floricola
#14
Masaaki Konishi, Tomotake Morita, Tokuma Fukuoka, Tomohiro Imura, Shingo Uemura, Hiroyuki Iwabuchi, Dai Kitamoto
Biosurfactants (BSs) are produced in abundance from various feedstocks by diverse microorganisms, and are used in various applications. In this paper, we describe a new yeast isolate that produces glycolipid-BSs from glycerol, with the aim of enhancing the utilization of the surplus glycerol produced by the oleo-chemical industry. As a result of the screening, strain ZM1502 was obtained as a potential producer of BS from glycerol. Based on TLC analysis, the strain produced glycolipid BSs. According to structural analyses (NMR, MALDI-TOF MS, and GC-MS), the main component of the glycolipids was 6',6"-di-O-acetylated acid-form sophorolipid (SL)...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Oleo Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129898/aggregation-behavior-of-disulfide-linked-gemini-surfactants-compared-to-that-of-double-tailed-surfactants
#15
Yukina Takano, Tsuyoshi Asakawa, Mayumi Inai, Akio Ohta, Hitoshi Asakawa
Disulfide linked gemini surfactant having a long spacer chain, [C10H21N(CH3)2(CH2)11SS(CH2)11N (CH3)2C10H21]2Br (2C1011SS), was prepared by the hydrolysis and oxidation process of thioester group for [C10H21N(CH3)2(CH2)11SCOCH3]Br. The critical vesicle concentrations of double tailed surfactants such as dialkyldimethylammonium bromide were observed by the conductivity and light scattering methods. The disulfide bonds of gemini surfactant, [C12H25N(CH3)2CH2CH2SSCH2CH2N(CH3)2C12H25]2Br (2C12SS), were rapidly cleaved by the addition of water-soluble dithiothreitol...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Oleo Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129897/production-of-phytosteryl-ester-from-echium-oil-in-a-recirculating-packed-bed-reactor-using-an-immobilized-lipase
#16
Nakyung Choi, Heejin Kim, Byung Hee Kim, Junsoo Lee, In-Hwan Kim
The synthesis of phytosteryl ester via the lipase-catalyzed esterification of phytosterol with fatty acid from echium oil was performed in a recirculating packed bed reactor. A commercial lipase from Candida rugosa was immobilized and then used to optimize the reaction conditions for the synthesis of the phytosteryl ester. The parameters investigated were temperature, molar ratio of phytosterol to fatty acid, retention time, and amount of solvent. The optimum conditions were determined as the temperature of 40°C, the molar ratio of 1:3 (phytosterol to fatty acid), the retention time of 3 min, and the solvent amount of 40 mL...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Oleo Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129896/extraction-and-the-fatty-acid-profile-ofrosa-acicularis-seed-oil
#17
Huanan Du, Xu Zhang, Ruchun Zhang, Lu Zhang, Dianyu Yu, Lianzhou Jiang
Rosa acicularis seed oil was extracted from Rosa acicularis seeds by the ultrasonic-assisted aqueous enzymatic method using cellulase and protease. Based on a single experiment, Plackett-Burman design was applied to ultrasonic-assisted aqueous enzymatic extraction of wild rose seed oil. The effects of enzyme amount, hydrolysis temperature and initial pH on total extraction rate of wild rose seed oil was studied by using Box-Behnken optimize methodology. Chemical characteristics of a sample of Rosa acicularis seeds and Rosa acicularis seed oil were characterized in this work...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Oleo Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311524/effects-of-water-addition-to-prevent-deterioration-of-soybean-oil-by-calcium-silicate-adsorbent
#18
Fumihiko Ogata, Mikako Obayashi, Eri Nagahashi, Takehiro Nakamura, Naohito Kawasaki
In this study, we prepared calcium silicate at different molar ratios (Ca:Si=1:3, 1:6, and 1:9 refer to CAS-30S, CAS-60S, and CAS-90S, respectively) with water addition. The adsorbent characteristics (specific surface area, pore volume, mean pore diameter, and elemental analysis) were measured and the effect of water addition on the adsorbent surface for the prevention of deterioration was evaluated. In addition, the deterioration of soybean oil (SO) subjected to heating and aeration was investigated based on the acid value (AV) and carbonyl value (CV)...
2018: Journal of Oleo Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311523/effect-of-dialkyl-ammonium-cationic-surfactants-on-the-microfluidity-of-membranes-containing-raft-domains
#19
Makoto Uyama, Kaori Inoue, Koichi Kinoshita, Reiji Miyahara, Hirokazu Yokoyama, Minoru Nakano
It has been reported that a lot of receptors localize in lipid raft domains and that the microfluidity of these domains regulates the activation of these receptors. In this study, we focused on the lipid raft and in order to evaluate the physicochemical effects of surfactants on microfluidity of lipid membranes, we used liposomes comprising of egg-yolk L-α-phosphatidylcholine, egg-yolk sphingomyelin, and cholesterol as a model of cell membranes containing raft domains. The microfluidity of the domains was characterized by fluorescence spectrometry using 1,6-diphenyl-1,3,5-hexatriene and 2-dimethylamino-6-lauroylnaphthalene...
2018: Journal of Oleo Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311522/effect-of-the-harvest-time-on-oil-yield-fatty-acid-tocopherol-and-sterol-contents-of-developing-almond-and-walnut-kernels
#20
Bertrand Matthäus, Mehmet Musa Özcan, Fahad Al Juhaimi, Oladipupu Q Adiamo, Omer N Alsawmahi, Kashif Ghafoor, Elfadıl E Babiker
Oil content and bioactive properties of almond and walnut kernels were investigated in developing almond and walnut kernels at 10 days intervals. The oil contents of almond and walnuts after the first harvest (1.H) stage changed between 46.2% and 55.0% to 39.1% and 70.5%, respectively (p<0.05). Oleic acid contents of almond and walnut oils ranged from 71.98% (1.H) to 78.68% (5.H) and 10.51% (1.H) to 16.78% (2.H) depending on harvest (H) times, respectively (p<0.05). In addition, linolenic acid contents of walnut and almond oils were found between 62...
2018: Journal of Oleo Science
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