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Journal of Oleo Science

Shigeo Nakajima, Marie Takai, Chieko Hayashi, Takuo Tsuno, Yasushi Endo
Effects of rice bran oil on the oxidative and flavor stability of fish oil were investigated by the gas liquid chromatography-head space method. When fish oil blending with different ratio of rice bran oils was oxidized at room temperature in the dark, volatile compounds produced during autoxidation was measured by gas liquid chromatography. The amounts of volatile compounds were decreased with increased the ratio of blended rice bran oil as well as peroxide value. The level of propanal and acrolein which gave unpleasant flavor was also decreased with increased the ratio of blended rice bran oil...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Oleo Science
Phumon Sookwong, Sugunya Mahatheeranont
Rice bran is a good source of nutrients that have large amounts of phytochemicals and antioxidants. Conventional rice bran oil production requires many processes that may deteriorate and degrade these valuable substances. Supercritical CO2 extraction is a green alternative method for producing rice bran oil. This work reviews production of rice bran oil by supercritical carbon dioxide (SC-CO2) extraction. In addition, the usefulness and advantages of SC-CO2 extracted rice bran oil for edible oil and health purpose is also described...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Oleo Science
Sukanya Mingyai, Aikkarach Kettawan, Khongsak Srikaeo, Riantong Singanusong
This study investigated the physicochemical and antioxidant properties of rice bran oil (RBO) produced from the bran of three rice varities; Khao Dawk Mali 105 (white rice), Red Jasmine rice (red rice) and Hom-nin rice (black rice) using three extraction methods including cold-press extraction (CPE), solvent extraction (SE) and supercritical CO2 extraction (SC-CO2). Yields, color, acid value (AV), free fatty acid (FFA), peroxide value (PV), iodine value (IV), total phenolic compound (TPC), γ-oryzanol, α-tocopherol and fatty acid profile were analyzed...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Oleo Science
Yoshio Tsujino
Zhenjiang fragrant vinegar (Kozu) is a black rice vinegar that has been used as a traditional Chinese medicine and has various health benefits, including anti-obesity effects. In the present study, using luciferase reporter assays of PPARγ promoter activity, a novel ingredient from 8-year-old Kozu, 5-hydroxy-4-phenyl-butenolide, was isolated. The newly found agonist was named as "Fraglide-1". Moreover, in subsequent experiments, it was confirmed that fraglide-1 was an PPARγ agonist and it could increase expression level of the uncoupling protein (UCP)-1...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Oleo Science
Junko Kuwahara, Tetsuya Marume, Hajime Mita
In the present research, we prepared an acidic liposome as a cell model and used confocal laser microscopy to evaluate its interaction with oligopeptides that had high membrane permeability or affinity. The results showed that, for short peptides of about ten residues, the positive charge peptides interacted with the acidic liposome strongly. For peptides that interacted with the liposome, no difference was found between linear-chain and branched-chain peptides due to their structure.
May 17, 2017: Journal of Oleo Science
Shun Sato, Dai Kitamoto, Hiroshi Habe
Some acetic acid bacteria produce large amounts of glyceric acid (GA) from glycerol in culture broth. However, methanol, which is a major contaminant of raw glycerol derived from the biodiesel fuel industry, sharply decreases cell growth and GA production [AMB Express, 3, 20, 2013]. Thus, we evaluated the methylotrophic acetic acid bacterium Acidomonas methanolica NBRC104435 for its ability to produce GA from glycerol containing methanol. This strain accumulated GA in its culture broth when 1-3 wt% glycerol was available as a carbon source...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Oleo Science
Yating Zhang, Lingbiao Gu, Fei Wang, Lingjun Kong, Huili Pang, Guangyong Qin
We specially carried out the subcritical butane extraction to separate abamectin from tea leaves. Four parameters, such as extraction temperature, extraction time, number of extraction cycles, and solid-liquid ratio were studied and optimized through the response surface methodology with design matrix developed by Box-Behnken. Seventeen experiments with three various factors and three variable levels were employed to investigate the effect of these parameters on the extraction of abamectin. Besides, catechins, theanine, caffeine, and aroma components were determined by both high-performance liquid chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry to evaluate the tea quality before and after the extraction...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Oleo Science
Kazuo Koyama, Kinuko Miyazaki, Kousuke Abe, Yoshitsugu Egawa, Toru Fukazawa, Tadashi Kitta, Takashi Miyashita, Toru Nezu, Hidenori Nohara, Takashi Sano, Yukinari Takahashi, Hideji Taniguchi, Hiroshi Yada, Kumiko Yamazaki, Yomi Watanabe
An indirect enzymatic analysis method for the quantification of fatty acid esters of 2-/3-monochloro-1,2-propanediol (2/3-MCPD) and glycidol was developed, using the deuterated internal standard of each free-form component. A statistical method for calibration and quantification of 2-MCPD-d5, which is difficult to obtain, is substituted by 3-MCPD-d5 used for calculation of 3-MCPD. Using data from a previous collaborative study, the current method for the determination of 2-MCPD content using 2-MCPD-d5 was compared to three alternative new methods using 3-MCPD-d5...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Oleo Science
Takao Sanaki, Erika Kasai-Yamamoto, Takeshi Yoshioka, Shota Sakai, Kohei Yuyama, Takuji Fujiwara, Yoshito Numata, Yasuyuki Igarashi
Arachidonic acid (AA) plays a pivotal role in the development of edema via its oxidized metabolites derived from cyclooxygenase (COX) and lipoxygenase (LOX), and is recently recognized as an activator of TRPV3. However, it is not clear whether AA plays some TRPV3-mediated pathological roles in the development of edema. Pharmacological and histological studies using ICR(TRPV3+/+) and ICR(TRPV3-/-) mice indicated that higher ear edema responses to topical application of AA were observed in ICR(TRPV3+/+) mice compared with ICR(TRPV3-/-) mice...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Oleo Science
Saki Hayasaka, Fumiko Kimura, Shunji Kato, Naoki Shimizu, Junya Ito, Oki Higuchi, Katsuhiro Izumisawa, Teruo Miyazawa, Kiyotaka Nakagawa
Phospholipid peroxidation is considered to be involved in the pathophysiology of various diseases. While dietary antioxidants are believed to help prevent these diseases via inhibition of phospholipid peroxidation, further evaluation is needed to prove this hypothesis. For this, it is crucial to establish an animal model with accelerated phospholipid peroxidation. In this study, we hypothesized that a combination of aging and high-fat diet feeding may accelerate phospholipid peroxidation in vivo. High-fat diets were fed to mature and juvenile Fischer 344 rats for 12 weeks...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Oleo Science
Takashi Maoka, Wataru Sato, Hidetada Nagai, Toshiyuki Takahashi
This study investigated the carotenoids occurring in the integument of Plectropomus leopardus, the coral trout. For a red specimen, the major carotenoids included astaxanthin diester and monoester, as well as α-cryptoxanthin ester, tunaxanthin diester, adonixanthin diester, adonirubin ester, and adonirubin; for brown and black specimens, tunaxanthin diester was the main carotenoid. (1)H-NMR and MS spectral analyses showed that docosahexaenoic acid was the sole fatty acid esterified with xanthophylls in the coral trout...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Oleo Science
Chiemi Satou, Hirofumi Goto, Yuya Yamazaki, Katsuyoshi Saitou, Shoji Matsumoto, Ou Takahashi, Yosuke Miyazaki, Keiichi Ikuta, Yosuke Yajima
Monoacylglycerol (MAG) and diacylglycerol (DAG) are minor components of edible fats and oils, and they relate to the quality of these foods. The AOCS official method Cd 11b-91 has been used to determine MAG and DAG contents in fats and oils. There are, however, difficulties in the determination of MAG and DAG using this analytical procedure. Therefore, we improved this method by modifying the trimethylsilyl derivatization procedure and replacing the internal standard (IS) material. In our modified method, TMS-HT (mixture of hexamethyldisilazane and trimethylchlorosilane) was used for derivatization of MAG and DAG, which was followed by liquid-liquid extraction with water and n-hexane solution containing the IS, tricaprin...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Oleo Science
Koki Takahashi, Kyoichi Osada
We previously showed that xanthohumol-rich hop extract (XRHE, ~18% xanthohumol) exerts anti-obesity effects in rats fed a high-fat diet through regulation of fatty acid metabolism. In this study, we examined the effects of dietary purified xanthohumol from XRHE (PX, ~91.9% xanthohumol) in KK-Ay mice in order to understand the anti-obesity effects of xanthohumol alone because XRHE contains 82% unknown compounds. Dietary consumption of PX significantly inhibited an increase in the visceral fat weight of mice compared to those fed control diet without PX...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Oleo Science
Yoshiko Moriyama, Kunio Takeda
The secondary structural changes of human serum albumin with the intact 17 disulfide bridges (HSA) and the disulfide bridges-cleaved human serum albumin (RCM-HSA) in thermal denaturation were examined. Most of the helical structures of HSA, whose original helicity was 66%, were sharply disrupted between 50 and 100°C. However, 14% helicity remained even at 130°C. The temperature dependence of the degree of disrupted helical structures of HSA was discussed in connection with questions about a general protein denaturation model...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Oleo Science
Andréa Madalena Maciel Guedes, Rosemar Antoniassi, Melicia Cintia Galdeano, Renato Grimaldi, Mario Geraldo de Carvalho, Allan Eduardo Wilhelm, Alejandro Gregorio Marangoni
Pequi fruit (Caryocar brasiliense Camb) is considered important since its pulp has a high content of oil and carotenoids. The oil's triacylglycerols (TAGs) contain mainly oleic (~57%) and palmitic (~36%) fatty acids, distributed primarily among POO, POP/PPO, and OOO TAGs. It displays a tendency to fractionate upon storage and has a relatively low melting temperature (SFC of 4% at 25°C). Pequi oil was modified through chemical interesterification, which increased the PPP content to ~6%. This caused a flattening in the SFC-temperature profile, raising the end of melt temperature significantly (SFC of 4% at 39°C)...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Oleo Science
María Benito de Valle-Prieto, Jonathan Delgado-Adámez, Ma Victoria Gil, Sara Martillanes, Ma Nieves Franco, Daniel Martín-Vertedor
The aim of this work consists of developing a technological process for elaborating a virgin olive oil enriched in lutein-zeaxanthin extracted from spinach, studying different parameters like temperature, time of extraction and different ratios (spinach-oil). It was observed that the amount of carotenoids extracted increased up to a maximum after 24 hours and decreased as the maceration time progressed up to 60 hours, resulting of biological degradation. It was also observed that as more spinach we added, as more lutein-zeaxanthin in the enriched virgin olive oil was obtained...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Oleo Science
Hirona Kugo, Nobuhiro Zaima, Hiroki Tanaka, Keisuke Hashimoto, Chie Miyamoto, Ayaka Sawaragi, Tetsumei Urano, Naoki Unno, Tatsuya Moriyama
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a vascular disease that results in the gradual dilation of the abdominal aorta and has a high rupture-related mortality rate. However, the mechanism of AAA rupture remains unknown. In our previous study, we established a novel AAA animal model (hypoperfusion-induced AAA rat model) with spontaneous AAA rupture. Using the hypoperfusion-induced AAA rat model, we demonstrated that the abnormal appearance of adipocytes in the vascular wall is associated with AAA rupture. However, pathological analysis of the rupture area has not been performed because it is particularly difficult to identify the rupture point...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Oleo Science
Asma Chaari, Soumaya Bouguerra Neji, Mouhamed Hedi Frikha
The production of fatty acid esters from stearic, oleic, and palmitic acids and polyols (ethylene glycol and glycerol) was investigated in this work. A series of montmorillonite-based clays catalysts (KSF, KSF/0, KP10, and K10), having different physicochemical properties, were used as acidic catalysts. The influence of the specific surface area and the acidity of the catalysts on the esterification rate were explored. The best catalytic activities were obtained with KSF catalyst. The optimization of various factors on the reaction was also studied, including catalyst concentration, reaction temperature and molar ratio (polyol /fatty acid)...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Oleo Science
Riku Kato, Hiromichi Nakahara, Osamu Shibata
The interfacial behavior of binary monolayers of 1,1'-(1,ω-alkanediyl)-bispyridinium perfluorotetradecanecarboxylate (CnBP(FC14)2, n = 2, 6, or 10) and dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) was studied using surface pressure (π)-area (A) and surface potential (ΔV)-A isotherm measurements and morphological observations. In a previous study, we showed that the spacer moieties of C2BP(FC14)2 and C6BP(FC14)2 are completely dissociated after spreading on 0.15 M NaCl, whereas the C10BP(FC14)2 spacer moieties do not dissociate in the monolayer state...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Oleo Science
Wesam R Kadhum, Shohei Sekiguchi, Ichiro Hijikuro, Hiroaki Todo, Kenji Sugibayashi
Transdermal administration of drugs represents an excellent alternative to conventional pharmaceutical dosage forms. However, insufficient penetration of the active pharmaceutical substance through the skin is a common problem. Thus, in the present study we evaluated the skin permeation enhancing ability of liquid crystal (LC) topical formulations. A recently developed LC-forming lipid, C17-monoglycerol ester (MGE), was evaluated and compared with glycerol monoolate (GMO), which is considered as the gold standard for LC formulations...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Oleo Science
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