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Rural and Remote Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893947/challenges-in-the-uptake-of-telemedicine-in-dentistry
#1
Mohamed Estai, Estie Kruger, Marc Tennant, Stuart Bunt, Yogesan Kanagasingam
With the availability of oral care services very unevenly distributed in rural or remote areas, underserved people seek oral care from non-dental care providers. Against this backdrop, and coupled with the decreasing cost of and innovations in technology, there is a growing interest in the adoption of telemedicine services. Regardless of the lack of good-quality evidence supporting the cost-effectiveness of telemedicine, evidence already indicates that telemedicine, even with extra costs, helps in reducing the inequalities in the provision of primary health care...
October 2016: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884057/patient-perceptions-of-a-virtual-health-room-installation-in-rural-sweden
#2
Simon Näverlo, Dean B Carson, Anette Edin-Liljegren, Mirjam Ekstedt
INTRODUCTION: The Virtual Health Room (VHR) is an ehealth initiative in the village of Slussfors in northern Sweden. Construction of VHRs in other locations is taking place, and the Centre for Rural Medicine in the Västerbotten County Council primary care department has implemented a VHR evaluation framework. This research focuses on evaluation of patient perceptions of the usability of the VHR and its contribution to their health care. METHODS: Nineteen of the 25 unique users of the VHR during 2014/15 completed a survey asking about their attitudes to their own health (using the 13-question version of the Patient Activation Measure (PAM)), their demographic attributes, and their satisfaction with their visit to the VHR...
October 2016: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884056/community-assets-and-capabilities-to-recruit-and-retain-gps-the-community-apgar-questionnaire-in-rural-victoria
#3
Daniel R Terry, Ed Baker, David F Schmitz
INTRODUCTION: Rural communities continue to experience significant challenges recruiting and retaining physicians. The Community Apgar Questionnaire (CAQ) was developed in Idaho in the USA to comprehensively assess the characteristics associated with successful recruitment and retention of rural physicians. The CAQ has been utilised and validated across the USA; however, its value in rural Australia has not been examined. The objective of this study was to use the CAQ in rural Australia to examine its utility and develop a greater understanding of the community factors that impact general practitioner (GP) recruitment and retention...
October 2016: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871180/prescription-opioid-prescribing-use-misuse-harms-and-treatment-among-aboriginal-people-in-canada-a-narrative-review-of-available-data-and-indicators
#4
Cayley Russell, Michelle Firestone, Len Kelly, Christopher Mushquash, Benedikt Fischer
INTRODUCTION: Prescription opioid (PO) misuse and related harms are high in Canada, and a major public health challenge. In Canada, 1.4 million individuals (4.3% of the total population) self-identify as Aboriginal, among whom substance use and related harms are elevated. While there are reports of PO use and associated problems among Aboriginal groups, no comprehensive data review currently exists. METHODS: A review of available data sources (ie journal publications, public reports and 'grey' literature) was conducted following principles of a scoping review...
October 2016: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871179/validating-competencies-for-an-undergraduate-training-program-in-rural-medicine-using-the-delphi-technique
#5
Eneline Ah Gouveia, Taciana D Braga, Sandra A Heráclio, Bruno Henrique S Pessoa
INTRODUCTION: Worldwide,<b> </b>half the population lives in rural or remote areas; however, less than 25% of doctors work in such regions. Despite the continental dimensions of Brazil and its enormous cultural diversity, only some medical schools in this country offer students the opportunity to acquire work experience focused on medicine in rural or remote areas. The objective of the present study was to develop a framework of competencies for a longitudinal medical training program in rural medicine as an integrated part of medical training in Brazil...
October 2016: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865212/changes-in-the-oral-health-of-the-children-of-dili-timor-leste-between-2002-and-2014
#6
Lucio F Babo Soares, Penny L Allen, Jenna Kingi, Kaye Roberts-Thomson, Silvana Bettiol, Leonard Crocombe
INTRODUCTION: This research compared the oral health status of school children in Dili (the capital of Timor Leste) in 2002 and 2014. METHODS: The 2014 oral health survey of Dili's children replicated the methods of an AusAID-supported oral health survey conducted in 2002. Equal numbers of children were invited to participate from four age groups (6-8, 9-11, 12-14 and 15-17 years). For the 2014 survey, the subdistricts of Dom Aleixo, Cristo Rei, Metinaro and Vera Cruz were randomly selected for inclusion...
October 2016: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865211/the-time-is-now-setting-a-rural-health-research-agenda
#7
EDITORIAL
Judith Kulig
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854470/effect-of-medical-student-preference-on-rural-clinical-school-experience-and-rural-career-intentions
#8
Lucie Walters, Alexa Seal, Joe McGirr, Ruth Stewart, Dawn DeWitt, Denese Playford
INTRODUCTON: The key parameter for rural clinical schools (RCSs) is to provide at least 1 year of clinical training in rural areas for 25% of Australian Commonwealth supported medical students with the intent to influence future rural medical workforce outcomes. The objective of this study was to describe the association between a medical student's selection preference and their RCS experience and rural career intent. METHODS: Medical students completing an RCS placement in 2012 and 2013 were encouraged to complete a survey regarding their experience and future career intent...
October 2016: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846361/early-elective-delivery-and-vaginal-birth-after-cesarean-in-rural-us-maternity-hospitals
#9
Demetra Heinrich, Rachel I Vogel, Katy B Kozhimannil
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to describe policies on early elective delivery (EED) and vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC) in rural US maternity hospitals and to measure whether hospital policies differ by staffing, facilities, or birth volume. METHODS: Data came from a telephone survey, conducted among all rural maternity hospitals in nine US states from November 2013 to March 2014, to report on EED and VBAC at the hospital level. The associations between EED and VBAC and hospital characteristics were analyzed using χ2 and Fisher's exact tests...
October 2016: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817199/telehealth-services-in-rural-and-remote-australia-a-systematic-review-of-models-of-care-and-factors-influencing-success-and-sustainability
#10
Narelle K Bradford, Liam J Caffery, Anthony C Smith
INTRODUCTION: With the escalating costs of health care, issues with recruitment and retention of health practitioners in rural areas, and poor economies of scale, the question of delivering people to services or services to people is a dilemma for health authorities around the world. People living in rural areas have poorer health outcomes compared to their urban counterparts, and the problem of how to provide health care and deliver services in rural locations is an ongoing challenge...
October 2016: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817198/heart-of-the-tropics-delivering-evidence-based-care-for-acute-coronary-syndromes-in-northern-australia
#11
Greg Starmer, Ryan Schrale
Acute coronary syndromes (ACS) are life-threatening medical emergencies that require urgent treatment, posing particular challenges for systems of health care in regional and remote parts of the world characterised by large distances and widely dispersed populations and healthcare facilities. Northern Australia is such an environment. The prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors, coronary artery disease and ACS (myocardial infarction and unstable angina) in northern Australia is amongst the highest in Australia...
October 2016: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814451/community-adaptations-to-an-impending-food-desert-in-rural-appalachia-usa
#12
Wayne C Miller, Denver Rogalla, Dustin Spencer, Nida Zia, Brian N Griffith, Haylee B Heinsberg
INTRODUCTION: The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) describes a food desert as an urban neighborhood or rural town without ready access to fresh, healthy, and affordable food. An estimated 2.3 million rural Americans live in food deserts. One goal of the USDA is to eliminate food deserts. However, at a time when some food deserts are being eliminated, hundreds of grocery stores are closing, causing other food deserts to arise. The literature is scarce on how a community adapts to an impending food desert...
October 2016: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814450/assessing-disaster-preparedness-and-mental-health-of-community-members-in-aceh-indonesia-a-community-based-descriptive-household-survey-of-a-national-program
#13
Nizam Ismail, Nawarat Suwannapong, Nopporn Howteerakul, Mathuros Tipayamongkholgul, Suporn Apinuntavech
INTRODUCTON: Disaster preparedness of the community is an essential disaster-mitigation strategy to protect human life and to prevent injuries and property damage. This study aimed to assess the knowledge of disaster, and the disaster preparedness of community members in Aceh, Indonesia. METHODS: A community-based descriptive household survey was conducted in 40 villages of three tsunami-affected districts in Aceh State, Indonesia. In total, 827 randomly selected community members were interviewed with structured questionnaires during the period September-October 2014...
October 2016: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776418/twenty-five-years-on-outcomes-of-a-longitudinal-evaluation-of-the-nsw-rural-resident-medical-officer-cadetship-program
#14
Melanie J Lewis, Rose Ellis, Sunil K Adusumilli, Ian Cameron
INTRODUCTION: The New South Wales Rural Resident Medical Officer Cadetship Program began in 1988 as a strategy to increase the numbers of junior doctors in rural hospitals. This article outlines the results of an evaluation undertaken in 2014. Specifically, it will look at where former cadets who entered the program between 1989 and 2010 were working in 2014, what training programs they chose and their attitudes toward the program. METHOD: Data were collected using a semi-structured questionnaire sent to all the former cadets who entered the program from 1989 until 2010...
October 2016: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764952/young-people-and-snowmobiling-in-northern-norway-accidents-injury-prevention-and-safety-strategies
#15
Grete Mehus, Alf Gunnar Mehus, Sidsel Germeten, Nils Henriksen
INTRODUCTION: Snowmobiling among young people in Scandinavia frequently leads to accidents and injuries. Systematic studies of accidents exist, but few studies have addressed young drivers' experiences. The aim of this article is to reveal how young people experience and interpret accidents, and to outline a prevention strategy. METHODS: Thirty-one girls and 50 boys aged 16-23 years from secondary schools in Northern Norway and on Svalbard, a Norwegian archipelago in the Arctic Ocean, participated in 17 focus groups segregated by gender...
October 2016: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764951/unintentional-injury-prevention-and-the-role-of-occupational-therapy-in-the-solomon-islands-an-integrative-review
#16
Barbara U Daufanamae, Richard C Franklin, Jackie Eagers
INTRODUCTION: Unintentional injuries (injuries for which there is no evidence of a predetermined intent) are one of the leading causes of death worldwide, particularly in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Although evidence demonstrates unintentional injuries are preventable it is a public health challenge for many LMICs such as the Solomon Islands. Occupational therapists are well placed to contribute to injury prevention, as they have specialised skills to analyse the accessibility and safety of the environments within which people conduct their daily occupations...
October 2016: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764950/experiences-of-vision-impairment-in-papua-new-guinea-implications-for-blindness-prevention-programs
#17
Anthea Burnett, Aryati Yashadhana, Maria Cabrera Aguas, Yvonne Hanni, Mitasha Yu
INTRODUCTION: A person's capability to access services and achieve good eye health is influenced by their behaviours, perceptions, beliefs and experiences. As evidence from Papua New Guinea (PNG) about people's lived experience with vision impairment is limited, the purpose of the present study was to better understand the beliefs, perceptions and emotional responses to vision impairment in PNG. METHODS: A qualitative study, using both purposive and convenience sampling, was undertaken to explore common beliefs and perceptions about vision impairment, as well as the emotional responses to vision impairment...
October 2016: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744708/telehealth-services-in-rural-and-remote-australia-a-systematic-review-of-models-of-care-and-factors-influencing-success-and-sustainability
#18
Natalie K Bradford, Liam J Caffery, Anthony C Smith
INTRODUCTION: With the escalating costs of health care, issues with recruitment and retention of health practitioners in rural areas, and poor economies of scale, the question of delivering people to services or services to people is a dilemma for health authorities around the world. People living in rural areas have poorer health outcomes compared to their urban counterparts, and the problem of how to provide health care and deliver services in rural locations is an ongoing challenge...
October 2016: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701890/contribution-of-military-psychology-in-supporting-those-in-rural-and-remote-work-environments
#19
Carolyn L Deans, Emma L Little
CONTEXT: This article explores the relevance of the body of military psychology knowledge to the management and support of those living and working in rural/remote industries and locations, particularly within Australia. ISSUES: For those who live and work in rural/remote settings, there are social, occupational, health and environmental challenges. Some of these are shared with families and individuals who are associated with military life. The published literature on the shared attributes between military and rural/remote work environments rarely makes a direct link...
October 2016: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27690516/off-the-rails-in-rural-south-carolina-a-qualitative-study-of-healthcare-provider-perspectives-on-the-long-term-health-impact-of-the-graniteville-train-disaster
#20
Lucy Annang Ingram, Chiwoneso B Tinago, Robin Estrada, Sacoby Wilson, Louisiana Wright Sanders, Tina Bevington, Bethany Carlos, Evangeline Cornelius, Erik R Svendsen, Julia Ball
INTRODUCTION: In 2005, a train derailment and subsequent chlorine spill ravaged the rural town of Graniteville in South Carolina, resulting in one of the worst chlorine gas exposures in US. HISTORY: Significant health and economic challenges persist in the community more than a decade later. Healthcare providers offered healthcare services to community members in the immediate aftermath of the disaster, and many still live in the community and continue to provide healthcare services...
July 2016: Rural and Remote Health
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