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Rural and Remote Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502184/promoting-community-malaria-control-in-rural-myanmar-through-an-active-community-participation-program-using-the-participatory-learning-approach
#1
Chan Nyein Maung, Than Tun Sein, Thaung Hlaing, Kamolnetr Okanurak, Tassanee Silawan, Jaranit Kaewkungwal
INTRODUCTION: Malaria is prevalent in more than 80% of townships in Myanmar. The National Malaria Control Programme (NMCP) has been implementing community-based malaria control programs nationwide. However, these programs are mostly developed and directed by health authorities, while communities are passively involved. This study aimed to increase community participation in malaria control and promote community malaria control knowledge and practice in rural Myanmar. METHODS: A community-based study, which employed a mixed method approach, collecting data quantitatively and qualitatively, was conducted in two rural villages...
April 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460530/measuring-the-attractiveness-of-rural-communities-in-accounting-for-differences-of-rural-primary-care-workforce-supply
#2
Matthew R McGrail, Peter M Wingrove, Stephen M Petterson, John S Humphreys, Deborah J Russell, Andrew W Bazemore
INTRODUCTION: Many rural communities continue to experience an undersupply of primary care doctor services. While key professional factors relating to difficulties of recruitment and retention of rural primary care doctors are widely identified, less attention has been given to the role of community and place aspects on supply. Place-related attributes contribute to a community's overall amenity or attractiveness, which arguably influence both rural recruitment and retention relocation decisions of doctors...
April 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441877/health-justice-partnerships-initial-insights-into-the-delivery-of-an-integrated-health-and-legal-service-for-youth-in-regional-victoria
#3
Alison Ollerenshaw, Margaret Camilleri
INTRODUCTION: This article presents interim findings from research examining the implementation of a health justice partnership (HJP) focusing on the legal and health needs of regional young people. HJPs provide an innovative service model offering an integrated health and legal service for the community. HJPs are a relatively new service model for Australia, yet the program is well suited to meet the needs of particular population cohorts, including young people and those in regional locations experiencing complex legal issues...
April 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415846/is-urban-rural-location-associated-with-weight-status-in-school-children-an-examination-of-42-small-and-rural-californian-counties
#4
Ron Strochlic, Lauren E Au, Lorrene Ritchie
INTRODUCTON: Studies have identified geographic variation in overweight and obesity rates among children, with higher rates of overweight and obesity often found among children living in rural compared to urban areas. A small number of studies have explored differences in overweight and obesity based on more nuanced gradations along the urban-rural continuum. The purpose of the present study was to identify differences in overweight and obesity based on gradations along the urban-rural continuum among children in 42 Californian counties with populations less than 500 000...
April 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415845/what-does-rural-return-mean-rural-origin-medical-graduates-do-not-go-home
#5
Robert Buttner, Nathan Blakely, Sam Curtin, Ben Wall, Sue Pougnault, Tessa Burkitt, Denese Playford
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411404/patients-use-of-and-attitudes-towards-self-medication-in-rural-and-remote-slovenian-family-medicine-practices-a-cross-sectional-multicentre-study
#6
Zalika Klemenc-Ketis, Danijela Mitrovic
INTRODUCTION: Self-medication is very common in the general population, but its prevalence can differ according to the place of residence. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of self-medication in patients attending rural and remote family physicians, and to detect the important factors that are associated with it. METHODS: A cross-sectional multicentre study was performed in 24 rural and remote family medicine practices in Slovenia was performed...
April 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376629/relevance-of-the-aboriginal-children-s-health-and-well-being-measure-beyond-wiikwemkoong
#7
Nancy L Young, Mary Jo Wabano, Shannon Blight, Karen Baker-Anderson, Roger Beaudin, Leslie F McGregor, Lorrilee E McGregor, Tricia A Burke
INTRODUCTION: Aboriginal children in Canada experience significant disparities in health in comparison to their mainstream peers. As Aboriginal communities and agencies strive to improve health, it is important to measure the impact of new programs and services. Since many Aboriginal children live in rural and remote communities, it is important that communities have access to measurement tools that are relevant and feasible to implement in these contexts.<b> </b>The Aboriginal Children's Health and Well-being Measure (ACHWM) was developed to meet the need for a culturally relevant measure of health and wellbeing for Aboriginal children (ages 8-18 years) in Canada...
April 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355879/developing-a-grounded-theory-for-interprofessional-collaboration-acquisition-using-facilitator-and-actor-perspectives-in-simulated-wilderness-medical-emergencies
#8
Heather A Smith, Maurianne Reade, Marion Marr, Nicholas Jeeves
CONTEXT: Interprofessional collaboration is a complex process that has the potential to transform patient care for the better in urban, rural and remote healthcare settings. Simulation has been found to improve participants' interprofessional competencies, but the mechanisms by which interprofessionalism is learned have yet to be understood. A rural wilderness medicine conference (WildER Med) in northern Ontario, Canada with simulated medical scenarios has been demonstrated to be effective in improving participants' collaboration without formal interprofessional education (IPE) curriculum...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355878/promoting-colorectal-cancer-screening-through-a-new-model-of-delivering-rural-primary-care-in-the-usa-a-qualitative-study
#9
Jungyoon Kim, Lufei Young, Sarbinaz Bekmuratova, Daniel J Schober, Hongmei Wang, Shreya Roy, Soumitra S Bhuyan, Alice Schumaker, Li-Wu Chen
INTRODUCTION: Despite the known benefits of colorectal cancer (CRC) screening, rural areas have consistently reported lower screening rates than their urban counterparts. Alternative healthcare delivery models, such as accountable care organizations (ACOs), have the potential to increase CRC rates through collaboration among healthcare providers with the aim of improving quality and decreasing cost. However, researchers have not sufficiently explored how this innovative model could influence the promotion of cancer screening...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342441/building-a-community-of-practice-in-rural-medical-education-growing-our-own-together
#10
Randall L Longenecker, David Schmitz
CONTEXT: This article chronicles the rise, decline, and recent resurgence of rural training track residency programs (RTTs) in the USA over the past 30 years and the emergence of a healthy community of practice in rural medical education. This has occurred during a time in the USA when federal and state funding of graduate medical education has been relatively stagnant and the rules around finance and accreditation of rural programs have been challenging. ISSUE: Many of the early family residency programs developed in the 1970s included a curricular focus on rural practice...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328232/learning-by-doing-the-md-pa-interprofessional-education-rural-rotation
#11
Ryan T Palmer, Curt Stilp
While much investment has gone into developing interprofessional education (IPE) curriculum for healthcare professional students, many of these efforts have focused on classroom rather than clinical environments. Implementing robust IPE experiences into clinical training is often complicated by obstacles such as differing rotating schedules and differing curricular requirements. The Combined Medical-Physician Assistant Student Rural Rotation (Med-PARR) at the Oregon Health and Science University takes a practical approach to these challenges...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328231/use-of-cell-phones-and-computers-for-health-promotion-and-tobacco-cessation-by-american-indian-college-students-in-montana
#12
Jo Ann W Dotson, Lonnie A Nelson, Sara L Young, Dedra Buchwald, John Roll
INTRODUCTION: Cell phones and personal computers have become popular mechanisms for delivering and monitoring health information and education, including the delivery of tobacco cessation education and support. Tobacco smoking is prevalent among American Indians (AIs) and Alaska Natives (ANs), with 26% AI/AN adult men smoking compared to 19% of Caucasian adult males and 22% of African American adult males. Smoking is even more prevalent in Northern Plains AI populations, with 42% of men <i>and</i> women reporting current smoking...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320207/examination-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-and-rurality-in-appalachian-children
#13
Christa L Lilly, Amna Umer, Lesley Cottrell, Lee Pyles, William Neal
INTRODUCTOIN: The prevalence of childhood cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors often increases in more rural geographic regions in the USA. However, research on the topic often has conflicting results. Researchers note differences in definitions of rurality and other factors that would lead to differences in inference, including appropriate use of statistical clustering analysis, representative data, and inclusion of individual-level covariates. The present study's objective was to examine CVD risk factors during childhood by geographic distribution in the US Appalachian region as a first step towards understanding the health disparities in this area...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298129/a-rural-shelter-in-ontario-adapting-to-address-the-changing-needs-of-women-who-have-experienced-intimate-partner-violence-a-qualitative-case-study
#14
Tara Mantler, Barat Wolfe
INTRODUCTION: Intimate partner violence is a significant public health problem, with shelters offering the predominant community-based solution. Shelters in Canada are mandated to provide a safe place, protection planning, advocacy and counseling among other services. Recently it has been noted the role of the shelter was shifting from an inpatient to outpatient model with a focus on increased integration of health and social services. This changing role of the shelter is amplified within the rural context where resources and cultural norms may be limited or incompatible with help-seeking behaviors...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292190/residing-in-economically-distressed-rural-appalachia-is-independently-associated-with-excess-body-weight-in-college-students
#15
Demetrius A Abshire, Terry A Lennie, Gia T Mudd-Martin, Debra K Moser
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of obesity is greater among adults living in rural compared to urban areas of the USA. Greater obesity risk among rural adults persists after adjusting for obesity-related behaviors and sociodemographic factors. With the rural-urban obesity disparity greatest among younger adults, it is important to examine the complexity of factors that may increase the risk for excess body weight in this population so that effective preventive interventions can be implemented...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292189/translating-agricultural-health-and-medicine-education-across-the-pacific-a-united-states-and-australian-comparison-study
#16
Susan A Brumby, Josie Ruldolphi, Diane Rohlman, Kelley J Donham
BACKGROUND: Populations in agricultural communities require<b> </b>health care that is interdisciplinary and cross-sectoral to address the high rate of workplace deaths, preventable injuries and illness. These rates are compounded by limited access to services and the distinctive personal values and culture of farming populations, which both health and rural practitioners must be aware of to reduce the gap between rural and urban population health outcomes. To address the unique health and medical characteristics of agricultural populations, education in agricultural medicine was established through the College of Medicine and the College of Public Health at the University of Iowa in the USA...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274125/training-generalist-doctors-for-rural-practice-in-new-zealand
#17
Garry Nixon, Katharina Blattner, Martyn Williamson, Patrick McHugh, James Reid
Targeted postgraduate training increases the likelihood young doctors will take up careers in rural generalist medicine. This article describes the postgraduate pathways that have evolved for these doctors in New Zealand. The Cairns consensus statement 2014 defined rural medical generalism as a scope of practice that encompasses primary care, hospital or secondary care, emergency care, advanced skill sets and a population-based approach to the health needs of rural communities. Even as work goes on to define this role different jurisdictions have developed their own training pathways for these important members of the rural healthcare workforce...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259116/developing-a-medical-workforce-for-an-australian-regional-island-state
#18
Richard B Hays, Allison Turnock, Emma Warnecke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257613/indigenous-clients-intersecting-with-mainstream-nursing-a-reflection
#19
Scott Trueman
CONTEXT: Mental health care for Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people living in rural and remote locations is delivered primarily by nurses. Culturally safe therapeutic interventions can promote understanding and improve care. Reflective knowledge thinking, writing and practice can support nurses to practice cultural safety. ISSUES: Two instances of mental health care for Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander clients are described in this reflective piece of writing...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257612/health-care-in-high-school-athletics-in-west-virginia
#20
Kyle Schneider, Wesley Meeteer, Jill A Nolan, H David Campbell
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to determine the level of implementation of emergency preparedness procedures and administrative procedures to provide appropriate medical coverage to high school athletics in the predominantly rural US state of West Virginia. Particular attention was given to determine the extent to which the schools provided the recommendations for best practice in the National Athletic Trainers Association consensus statement outlining appropriate medical coverage for high school athletics...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
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