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Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214287/association-of-warfarin-with-congestive-heart-failure-and-peripheral-artery-occlusive-disease-in-hemodialysis-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation
#1
Kuo-Hua Lee, Szu-Yuan Li, Jin-Sin Liu, Chi-Ting Huang, Ying-Ying Chen, Yao-Ping Lin, Chih-Cheng Hsu, Der-Cherng Tarng
BACKGROUND: The effect of warfarin on the risk of cardiovascular (CV) disease is unknown among chronic hemodialysis patients with atrial fibrillation (HD-AF). METHODS: Population-based propensity score and prescription time-distribution matched cohort study including 6719 HD-AF patients with CHA2DS2-VASc score ≥ 2 were divided into warfarin users and nonusers and followed-up for CV events and death. RESULTS: Warfarin treatment in HD-AF patients with AF preceding HD was associated with higher risks of developing congestive heart failure [hazard ratio (HR)=1...
February 14, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202339/smoking-behavioral-changes-and-subsequent-mortality-during-a-18-year-follow-up-in-kinmen-taiwan
#2
Yen-Huai Lin, Po-Wen Ku, Pesus Chou
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to examine the changes in smoking behavior over 6 years and to relate these changes to mortality risk during 18 years' follow-up. METHODS: We followed a cohort for 6 years (1991-1997) to assess changes in smoking behavior and then for an additional 12 years (1997-2008) to relate these findings to mortality in 4986 Chinese individuals. Participants were classified as never smokers, long-term quitters, new smokers, new quitters, and continuing smokers...
February 13, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202341/what-can-we-learn-from-the-dissemination-of-carbapenem-resistant-acinetobacter-baumannii-in-patients-with-burn-injury
#3
EDITORIAL
Yi-Tsung Lin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 12, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202340/association-between-sociodemographic-psychosocial-lifestyle-factors-and-self-reported-health-among-migrant-laborers-in-china
#4
Cheng-Cheng Li, Xue-Hui Meng, Jing-Ru Wang, Hong-Jun Ma, Chun Chen, Yuan-Qing Liu
BACKGROUND: There were 245 million migrants in China in 2013, the majority of whom migrated from rural to urban areas. Thus, the purpose of this study was to investigate the association between sociodemographic, psychosocial, and lifestyle factors, and self-reported health (SRH) in Chinese migrant laborers. METHODS: This study was conducted based on data from the China Labor-force Dynamics Survey 2012. SRH was measured in a single item, although there were other risk factors from three different groups: sociodemographic, psychosocial, and lifestyle factors...
February 12, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202338/a-new-strategy-for-emergency-department-crowding-high-turnover-utility-bed-intervention
#5
I-Hsin Lee, Chung-Ting Chen, Yi-Tzu Lee, Yueh-Shuang Hsu, Chia-Ling Lu, Hsien-Hao Huang, Teh-Fu Hsu, Chorng-Kuang How, David Hung-Tsang Yen, Ueng-Cheng Yang
BACKGROUND: This study applied a new strategy, termed high-turnover utility bed intervention, to offer early admission chances for emergency department (ED) patients and alleviate ED crowding. METHODS: This before-and-after observational cohort study was conducted at the ED of an urban tertiary hospital. On January 1, 2012, 14 utility beds were prepared exclusively for ED patient use. A strict 48-hour course limit for each patient was formulated to govern these high-turnover beds...
February 12, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202337/ticagrelor-safety-profile-in-real-life-setting-of-acute-coronary-syndrome-patients
#6
LETTER
Niccolò Lombardi, Giada Crescioli, Ersilia Lucenteforte, Alessandro Mugelli, Alfredo Vannacci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 12, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188097/study-of-the-association-between-five-polymorphisms-and-risk-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-a-meta-analysis
#7
Jia-Yun Yu, Fan Hu, Wei Du, Xue-Lei Ma, Kun Yuan
BACKGROUND: Recently, several studies have investigated the association between polymorphisms in miR-146a rs2910164, miR-196a2 rs11614913, miR-499 rs3746444, miR-149 rs229283, miR-34b/c rs4938723, and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), which showed inconclusive results. METHODS: A publication search was performed in PubMed, ExcerptaMedica Database, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, and Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure to collect relevant medical data published through February 2016...
February 7, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188096/reply
#8
LETTER
Jasim N Al-Asadi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 7, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169209/place-of-death-for-hospice-cared-terminal-patients-with-cancer-a-nationwide-retrospective-study-in-taiwan
#9
Heng-Yi Lin, Shih-Chao Kang, Yu-Chun Cheng, Yin-Chieh Chang, Wei-Shu Wang, Su-Shun Lo
BACKGROUND: Hospice care has been part of the Taiwan health-care system for 20 years. Detailed information on the place of death for terminal cancer patients is lacking. Impending death discharge (IDD) is unique in Taiwan, and our study aims to compare IDD with in-hospice death among terminal cancer patients under hospice care. METHODS: This retrospective study used claims data of decedents of cancer from the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan from 2007 to 2010...
February 3, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169208/evaluation-of-prognostic-factors-and-implication-of-lymph-node-dissection-in-intrahepatic-cholangiocarcinoma-10-year-experience-at-a-tertiary-referral-center
#10
Miao-Erh Chang, Hao-Jan Lei, Ming-Huang Chen, Yi-Chen Yeh, Chung-Pin Li, Yi-Ping Hung, Cheng-Yuan Hsia, Chieu-An Liu, Gar-Yang Chau, Yee Chao
BACKGROUND: Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) is the second most common primary liver malignancy, and surgical resection remains the only potentially curative treatment. However, the existing literature indicates that those prognostic factors associated with outcome after surgery remain poorly defined. METHODS: Data were retrospectively collected from 103 patients with ICC who underwent surgical resection between 2005 and 2014. The patients were divided into two groups: one with (D1) and one without (D0) lymph node dissection of hepatic hilum according to the surgery performed...
February 3, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169207/serum-in-the-past-or-at-present
#11
LETTER
Kuan-Chin Wang, Wen-Ling Lee, Peng-Hui Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 3, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159489/atorvastatin-from-target-screening-attenuates-endothelial-cell-tube-formation-and-migration-by-regulating-urokinase-receptor-related-signaling-pathway-and-f-g-actin
#12
Li Wei, Jin-Shuen Chen, Hsin-Ting Lin, Chung-Ze Wu, Cai-Mei Zheng, Yu-Ching Chang, Li-Chien Chang, Yuh-Feng Lin
BACKGROUND: Angiogenesis and cytoskeletal transformation are common denominators of many pathological developments. The relationship between angiogenesis, urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR) signaling pathway, and cytoskeletal transformation is still unknown. In this study, a pGL3-uPAR promoter reporter system combined with Bio-Plex mRNA analysis was established for discovering uPAR modulators to analyze this interconnection. METHODS: After screening a set of clinically used drugs, atorvastatin (Ator) was found to significantly affect uPAR expression and its ideal dose, 1 μM, was determined for cell study...
January 31, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100415/a-10-year-trend-of-dental-treatments-under-general-anesthesia-of-children-in-taipei-veterans-general-hospital
#13
Yung-Pan Chen, Chun-Yi Hsieh, Wen-Ting Hsu, Fu-Ya Wu, Wen-Yu Shih
BACKGROUND: General anesthesia (GA) as a pediatric dental procedure is a well-established method of behavior management. However, studies of pediatric dentistry under GA have mostly focused on handicapped patients, and various retrospective studies in Taiwan have mainly reviewed only a limited number of years. The purpose of the present study was to report trends in pediatric dental treatment performed under GA over the past 10 years. METHODS: A retrospective review of the hospital records of patients receiving dental treatment under GA from 2006 until 2015 was performed...
January 16, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094234/association-between-preterm-labor-and-genitourinary-tract-infections-caused-by-trichomonas-vaginalis-mycoplasma-hominis-gram-negative-bacilli-and-coryneforms
#14
Alaa El-Dien M S Hosny, Waleed El-Khayat, Mona T Kashef, Mohsen N Fakhry
BACKGROUND: Preterm labor (PTL) is responsible for most cases of neonatal death. In most of these cases, the causes of PTL have not been established although several risk factors have been described. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate risk factors for PTL before 37 gestational weeks among Egyptian women. METHODS: In this case-control study, 117 pregnant women without risk factors for PTL were chosen. The control group (n=45) had term labor (gestational weeks≥37 weeks), and the case group (n=72) had PTL (gestational weeks < 37 weeks)...
January 13, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094233/association-between-the-mthfr-c677t-polymorphism-blood-folate-and-vitamin-b12-deficiency-and-elevated-serum-total-homocysteine-in-healthy-individuals-in-yunnan-province-china
#15
Juan Ni, Ling Zhang, Tao Zhou, Wei-Jiang Xu, Jing-Lun Xue, Neng Cao, Xu Wang
BACKGROUND: An increased serum total homocysteine (tHcy) concentration is typically associated with genetic defects involved in Hcy metabolism or related nutritional deficiencies. In this study, the combined effects of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T polymorphism and folate and vitamin B12 deficiency on serum total Hcy (tHcy) levels were evaluated in a healthy Chinese population in Yunnan Province, China. METHODS: The MTHFR C677T polymorphism was genotyped in 330 volunteers (164 men and 166 women) using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis...
January 13, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094232/comparative-evaluation-of-shear-bond-strength-of-metallic-brackets-bonded-with-two-different-bonding-agents-under-dry-conditions-and-with-saliva-contamination
#16
Mashallah Khanehmasjedi, Mohammad Ali Naseri, Samaneh Khanehmasjedi, Leila Basir
BACKGROUND: This study compared the shear bond strength of metallic brackets bonded with Single Bond and Assure bonding agents under dry and saliva-contamination conditions. METHODS: Sixty sound premolar teeth were selected, and stainless-steel brackets were bonded on enamel surfaces with Single Bond and Assure bonding agents under dry condition or with saliva contamination. Shear bond strength values of brackets were measured in a universal testing machine. The adhesive remnant index scores were determined after debonding of the brackets under a stereomicroscope...
January 13, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089545/the-risk-factors-and-prognostic-factors-of-intrahepatic-cholangiocarcinoma
#17
EDITORIAL
Xi-Hsuan Lin, Jiing-Chyuan Luo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089544/effects-of-delivery-mode-and-sociodemographic-factors-on-postpartum-stress-urinary-incontinency-in-primipara-women-a-prospective-cohort-study
#18
Roya Kokabi, Dorna Yazdanpanah
BACKGROUND: To determine the frequency of postpartum stress urinary incontinence (SUI) in women undergoing vaginal delivery or elective cesarean section and to investigate the sociodemographic determinants of SUI in a sample of Iranian patients. METHODS: This prospective cohort study was performed during a 1-year period from 2014 to 2015 including 286 healthy nulliparous women in the third trimester of pregnancy without prepregnancy urinary incontinence. Participants were categorized based on the mode of delivery, i...
January 12, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040411/emergency-department-critical-care-unit-for-critically-ill-cardiovascular-patients-an-observation-study
#19
Ken-Hui Fu, Yin-Ru Chen, Ju-Shin Fan, Yen-Chia Chen, Hsien-Hao Huang, Chorng-Kuang How, David Hung-Tsang Yen, Si-An Chen, Mu-Shun Huang
BACKGROUND: We investigated an intensive care model for acute critically cardiovascular emergency patients in the emergency department (ED) as compared with those in the coronary care unit (CCU) after ED visits. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort analysis of patients with acute cardiovascular emergency admitted to the intensive care unit in the ED (EICU) or CCU from January 1, 2010 to March 31, 2011 in an university-affiliated medical center. All clinical characteristics or predictors possibly related to in-hospital mortality were documented, completed, and measured via electronic medical records review...
December 28, 2016: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038909/beta-lactamase-producing-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-phenotypic-characteristics-and-molecular-identification-of-virulence-genes
#20
Waheed Ullah, Muhammad Qasim, Hazir Rahman, Yan Jie, Noor Muhammad
BACKGROUND: Pseudomonas aeruginosa causes common infections in immunocompromised and cystic fibrosis patients. However, drug resistance capability and release of virulence factors play a key role in bacterial pathogenicity. METHODS: Beta-lactamase-producing clinical isolates of P. aeruginosa were screened for biofilm formation and pigment production. Subsequently, all the isolates were subjected to the detection of six virulence genes (OprI, OprL, LasB, PlcH, ExoS, and ToxA)...
December 27, 2016: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
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