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Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342813/anxiety-can-be-reduced-by-music-during-colonoscopy-examination-but-the-effect-may-be-varied-by-musical-styles
#1
LETTER
Kuan-Chin Wang, Wen-Ling Lee, Peng-Hui Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 23, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330678/acute-macular-edema-and-peripapillary-soft-exudate-after-pancreas-transplantation-with-accelerated-progression-of-diabetic-retinopathy
#2
Fang-Yi Tsai, Ling-Ing Lau, An-Fei Li, Shih-Jen Chen, Shin-E Wang, Fenq-Lih Lee, Catherine Jiu-Lin Liu, Yi-Ming Shyr
BACKGROUND: The effect of pancreas transplantation on diabetic retinopathy remains inconclusive. Herein, we report six patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM) who underwent pancreas transplantation and developed acute macular edema and peripapillary soft exudate with rapid progression to proliferative diabetic retinopathy. METHODS: In this retrospective observational study, diabetic patients who underwent pancreas transplantation in a single medical center and developed symptomatic acute macular edema and peripapillary soft exudate within 3 months after the operation were enrolled...
March 18, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330677/drinks-to-alleviate-liver-fibrosis
#3
EDITORIAL
Hui-Chun Huang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 18, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325576/raman-spectroscopy-in-quality-control-of-chinese-herbal-medicine
#4
Dan-Dan Chen, Xiao-Fang Xie, Hui Ao, Ji-Lei Liu, Cheng Peng
BACKGROUND: Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) is of noteworthy international interest due to its potential impact on healthcare and manifests numerous opportunities for new drug development. However, solid scientific evidence is still lacking regarding the safety, efficacy, and quality of CHM-derived medicines. Success in the modernization and globalization of CHM is heavily dependent on the achievements in advanced analytical techniques for in-line checks of CHM quality. Raman spectroscopy has become increasingly valued as an analytical technique in the pharmaceutical sector because it can provide a detailed chemical fingerprint...
March 16, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325575/infection-and-preterm-birth
#5
EDITORIAL
Chang-Chin Yeh, Chih-Yao Chen, Peng-Hui Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 16, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325574/decoy-receptor-3-analogous-supplement-protects-steatotic-rat-liver-from-ischemia-reperfusion-injury
#6
Tzu-Hao Li, Chih-Wei Liu, Pei-Chang Lee, Chia-Chang Huang, Kuei-Chuan Lee, Yun-Cheng Hsieh, Ying-Ying Yang, Shie-Liang Hsieh, Han-Chieh Lin, Chang-Youh Tsai
BACKGROUND: For steatotic livers, pharmacological approaches to minimize the hepatic neutrophil and macrophage infiltration, and cytokine and chemokine release in ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury are still limited. Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α superfamily-stimulated pathogenic cascades and M1 macrophage/Kupffer cells (KC) polarization from Th1 cytokines are important in the pathogenesis of IR liver injury with hepatic steatosis (HS). Conversely, anti-inflammatory M2 macrophages produce Th2 cytokine (interleukin-4), which reciprocally enhances M2 polarization...
March 16, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314596/on-treatment-hbv-dna-level-could-predict-hbeag-seroclearance-in-patients-with-hbeag-positive-chronic-hepatitis-b-with-entecavir-therapy
#7
Yi-Jie Huang, Chi-Sen Chang, Yen-Chun Peng, Hong-Zen Yeh, Sheng-Shun Yang
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) status is associated with clinical outcomes, and seroconversion of HBeAg is one of the treatment goals. In this study, we determined the association of on-treatment serum hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA levels in HBeAg-positive chronic hepatitis B patients who were receiving entecavir (ETV) treatment. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted involving 135 (78 male and 57 female; mean age, 42.3 ± 13 years) patients with HBeAg-positive chronic hepatitis B (CHB)...
March 14, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314595/smoking-cessation-changing-the-mortality-risk
#8
EDITORIAL
Vincent Yi-Fong Su, Kuang-Yao Yang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 14, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302372/experiences-during-newborn-screening-for-glutaric-aciduria-type-1-diagnosis-treatment-genotype-phenotype-and-outcomes
#9
Fang-Chih Tsai, Han-Jui Lee, An-Guor Wang, Shu-Chen Hsieh, Yung-Hsiu Lu, Ming-Che Lee, Ju-Shan Pai, Tzu-Hung Chu, Chia-Feng Yang, Ting-Rong Hsu, Chih-Jou Lai, Ming-Tzu Tsai, Ping-Hsun Ho, Min-Chieh Lin, Ling-Yee Cheng, Ya-Chin Chuang, Dau-Ming Niu
BACKGROUND: Glutaric aciduria type 1 (GA-1) is an organic acidemia with potentially severe neurological sequelae. In Taiwan, newborn screening (NBS) for GA-1 began in 2001, but large-scale reporting is lacking. This study describes Taiwan's largest newborn screening population to date. METHODS: Between 2001 and 2015, 1,490,636 newborns were screened for GA-1. Confirmatory examinations included the carnitine loading test. Confirmed patients were treated with a low lysine diet, carnitine, and high-energy intake during illness...
March 13, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286058/molecular-detection-and-antimicrobial-resistance-profile-of-zoonotic-salmonella-enteritidis-isolated-from-broiler-chickens-in-kohat-pakistan
#10
Muhammad Asif, Hazir Rahman, Muhammad Qasim, Taj Ali Khan, Waheed Ullah, Yan Jie
BACKGROUND: Salmonella enteritidis infection is a frequently encountered zoonotic problem, occurring with concerning regularity in recent years on a worldwide basis. The study that we undertook for the first time detected S. enteritidis and associated antimicrobial resistance pattern in broiler chickens. METHODS: A total of 150 different poultry samples were first enriched and grown on selective media, and then processed for molecular detection of S. enteritidis by amplification of the spvb gene...
March 9, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268175/dissemination-of-carbapenem-resistant-acinetobacter-baumannii-in-patients-with-burn-injuries
#11
Saeed Shoja, Mojtaba Moosavian, Soodabeh Rostami, Abbas Farahani, Amir Peymani, Khadijeh Ahmadi, Nasim Ebrahimifard
BACKGROUND: Carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii has emerged as an important cause of infection in burn patients. This study aimed to characterize the antimicrobial susceptibility pattern, determine the prevalence of oxacillinase and metallo-beta-lactamase (MBL) genes, and type the A. baumannii isolates obtained from burn patients. METHODS: During a 1-year period, a total of 40 nonduplicated isolates of A. baumannii were obtained from burn patients who were hospitalized in the Taleghani Burn Hospital in Ahvaz, in the southwest of Iran...
March 3, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268174/hepatoprotective-effects-of-naturally-fermented-noni-juice-against-thioacetamide-induced-liver-fibrosis-in-rats
#12
Yi-Ling Lin, Hui-Wen Lin, Yi-Chen Chen, Deng-Jye Yang, Chien-Chun Li, Yuan-Yen Chang
BACKGROUND: Excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS) can result in inflammation and cytokine secretion in the liver, and then activate hepatic stellate cells that cause the accumulation of extracellular matrix proteins, especially collagen, in liver tissue. Naturally fermented noni juice (NJ; Morinda citrifolia) has been used for decades as a nutraceutical in humans. In this study, we intended to examine if NJ can ameliorate ROS-induced liver fibrosis via a thioacetamide (TAA)-induced rat model...
March 3, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268173/improvement-of-osteoporosis-by-lycium-chinense-administration-in-ovariectomized-mice
#13
Mi Hye Kim, Ji Eun Lee, Jae Sung Lee, Woong Mo Yang
BACKGROUND: The fruit of Lycium chinense (LC), one of the most popular natural materials, has been used to counter the effects of musculoskeletal diseases in oriental medicine. In particular, this fruit is known to have antiaging effects, which is of significant interest to the research community. The purpose of our investigation was to observe and confirm the ameliorative effect of LC on osteoporosis, which was verified in this in vivo study. METHODS: Female ICR mice aged 5 weeks were surgically ovariectomized (OVX) to induce osteoporosis...
March 3, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262384/influence-of-seafood-and-vitamin-supplementation-on-maternal-and-umbilical-cord-blood-mercury-concentration
#14
Shih-Hui Huang, Ken-Pen Weng, Luo-Ping Ger, Huei Han Liou, Ching-Chiang Lin, Chung-Cheng Wang, Charles Tzu-Chi Lee, Ming-Tsang Wu
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of maternal seafood consumption and vitamin supplementation during pregnancy on maternal and umbilical cord blood mercury (Hg) concentration. METHODS: In this study of 145 healthy pregnant women (mean age 28.1±5.2 years), we administered questionnaires, collected paired maternal/umbilical cord blood samples, and measured the anthropometrics of newborns. Blood Hg concentration was assayed by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry...
March 2, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254348/microrna-21-promotes-perineural-invasion-and-impacts-survival-in-patients-with-oral-carcinoma
#15
En-Hao Yu, Hsi-Feng Tu, Cheng-Hsien Wu, Cheng-Chieh Yang, Kuo-Wei Chang
BACKGROUND: Perineural invasion is a pathological feature that may affect cancer cell progression and thus can result in prognostic impacts, especially in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). However, factors regulating perineural invasion during OSCC remain obscure. METHODS: Expression of miR-21 and phosphatase and tensin homolog was checked in surgical specimens from cases of OSCC. The results were analyzed for histopathologic factors, including perineural invasion and clinical prognosis...
February 26, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242358/staged-protocol-for-the-treatment-of-chronic-femoral-shaft-osteomyelitis-with-ilizarov-s-technique-followed-by-the-use-of-intramedullary-locked-nail
#16
Po-Hsin Chou, Hsi-Hsien Lin, Yu-Pin Su, Chao-Ching Chiang, Ming-Chau Chang, Chuan-Mu Chen
BACKGROUND: Infected nonunion of the femoral shaft is uncommon, and usually presents with challenging therapeutic and reconstructive problems. There are still controversies over treating infected nonunion of the femoral shaft. The purposes of this retrospective study were to review the treatment outcomes and describe a staged protocol for spontaneous wound healing. METHODS: Six patients with chronic femoral shaft infected-nonunion from October 2002 to September 2010 were included in this retrospective study...
February 24, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238629/apolipoprotein-a1-rs5070-a-g-polymorphism-with-stroke-subtypes-in-taiwan
#17
Li-Chi Hsu, Tsong-Hai Lee
BACKGROUND: Apolipoprotein A1 (ApoA1) is a structural protein of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; ApoA1 is involved in lipid and cholesterol metabolism. This study evaluated the association of ApoA1 polymorphism (rs5070) with different stroke subtypes in Taiwanese individuals. METHODS: A total of 2139 cases, including 614 controls and 708 large artery atherosclerosis (LAA), 377 small-vessel occlusion, and 440 hypertensive intracranial hemorrhage cases, were enrolled in this study...
February 23, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214287/association-of-warfarin-with-congestive-heart-failure-and-peripheral-artery-occlusive-disease-in-hemodialysis-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation
#18
Kuo-Hua Lee, Szu-Yuan Li, Jin-Sin Liu, Chi-Ting Huang, Ying-Ying Chen, Yao-Ping Lin, Chih-Cheng Hsu, Der-Cherng Tarng
BACKGROUND: The effect of warfarin on the risk of cardiovascular (CV) disease is unknown among chronic hemodialysis patients with atrial fibrillation (HD-AF). METHODS: Population-based propensity score and prescription time-distribution matched cohort study including 6719 HD-AF patients with CHA2DS2-VASc score ≥ 2 were divided into warfarin users and nonusers and followed-up for CV events and death. RESULTS: Warfarin treatment in HD-AF patients with AF preceding HD was associated with higher risks of developing congestive heart failure [hazard ratio (HR)=1...
February 14, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202339/smoking-behavioral-changes-and-subsequent-mortality-during-a-18-year-follow-up-in-kinmen-taiwan
#19
Yen-Huai Lin, Po-Wen Ku, Pesus Chou
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to examine the changes in smoking behavior over 6 years and to relate these changes to mortality risk during 18 years' follow-up. METHODS: We followed a cohort for 6 years (1991-1997) to assess changes in smoking behavior and then for an additional 12 years (1997-2008) to relate these findings to mortality in 4986 Chinese individuals. Participants were classified as never smokers, long-term quitters, new smokers, new quitters, and continuing smokers...
February 13, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202341/what-can-we-learn-from-the-dissemination-of-carbapenem-resistant-acinetobacter-baumannii-in-patients-with-burn-injury
#20
EDITORIAL
Yi-Tsung Lin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 12, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
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