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Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30268641/agreement-of-post-lasik-corneal-power-and-corneal-thickness-measurements-by-pentacam-and-galilei-corneal-tomography-systems
#1
Yun-Hsiu Hsieh, Tzu-Heng Weng, Yu-Ching Chou, Kuan-Liang Wu, Chang-Min Liang, Ming-Cheng Tai
BACKGROUND: Post-LASIK corneal conditions cannot be accurately measured by traditional optometric approaches. Therefore, we aimed to analyze the agreement of two rotating Scheimpflug cameras in corneal assessment. METHODS: Fifty otherwise healthy volunteers who had undergone LASIK were recruited in this study. The values of mean and central total corneal power (TCP), including TCP1, TCP2, and TCP-IOL, were measured by GALILEI Scheimpflug camera. The values of total corneal refractive power (TCRP) readings at both 2 mm ring and 3 and 4 mm zones were detected by Pentacam Scheimpflug camera...
September 26, 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30201189/huperzine-a-response-to-cognitive-impairment-and-task-switching-deficits-in-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#2
Amara Gul, Jehan Bakht, Farah Mehmood
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's Disease (AD) is associated with cognitive decline due to various pathological mechanisms. There are several acetylcholinesterase inhibitor compounds which can improve cognition, but Huperzine-A is a natural sesquiterpene alkaloid extracted from Chinese herb (Huperzia Serrata) which has rapid action. METHODS: Double blind study was conducted. Participants included 50 patients with AD and 50 healthy individuals. Patients were recruited from Civil and BV hospital Bahawalpur and Nishter hospital Multan, Pakistan during May 2017 until February 2018 who were stable on Huperzine-A medication...
September 7, 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30201188/correlation-between-lower-uterine-wall-thickness-measured-by-transabdominal-ultrasonography-and-cervical-length-measured-by-transvaginal-ultrasonography-in-thai-pregnant-women
#3
Wanitchar Woraboot, Prapat Wanitpongpan, Amprapha Phaophan
BACKGROUND: Preterm labor is one of major obstetric challenges and can be predicted by cervical length at mid-trimester. In some settings, transvaginal ultrasound is not available and the screening and prevention of preterm labor will be suboptimal. We hope to find a correlation between other marker i.e. lower uterine wall thickness measured by transabdominal ultrasonography and cervical length measured by transvaginal ultrasonography in Thai pregnant women during 16-32 weeks of gestation...
September 7, 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30201187/does-continued-aspirin-mono-therapy-lead-to-a-higher-bleeding-risk-after-total-knee-arthroplasty
#4
Cheng-Fong Chen, Shang-Wen Tsai, Po-Kuei Wu, Chao-Ming Chen, Wei-Ming Chen
BACKGROUND: Evidence about the risk of bleeding and thromboembolism because of aspirin mono-therapy in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is scant. We wanted to validate the risks of bleeding and thromboembolism with continued aspirin mono-therapy in unilateral and simultaneous bilateral TKA. METHODS: We enrolled a series of 1655 patients who underwent unilateral or simultaneous bilateral TKA between December 2010 and December 2012. Drainage amount, postoperative hemoglobin level, change in hemoglobin, calculated blood loss, incidence and the amount of blood transfused, and the proportion of thromboembolic events were compared between patients who were and patients who were not on continued aspirin mono-therapy...
September 7, 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30197115/effect-of-ivabradine-a-funny-current-inhibitor-on-portal-hypertensive-rats
#5
Ching-Chih Chang, Wen-Shin Lee, Chiao-Lin Chuang, I-Fang Hsin, Shao-Jung Hsu, Hui-Chun Huang, Fa-Yauh Lee, Shou-Dong Lee
BACKGROUND: Ivabradine is a funny current inhibitor which is administered to patients with congestive heart failure to reduce their heart rate (HR) and attenuate oxidative stress. Chronic liver diseases are characterized by portal hypertension and hyperdynamic circulation with tachycardia. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of ivabradine on portal hypertension. METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats received partial portal vein ligation (PVL) to induce portal hypertension...
September 6, 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30197113/the-use-of-time-domain-analysis-on-the-choice-of-measurement-location-for-pulse-diagnosis-research-a-pilot-study
#6
Yun-Ning Tsai, Yu-Hsin Chang, Yi-Chia Huang, Sunny Jui-Shan Lin, Shen-Ming Lee, Yung-Yen Cheng, Yi-Chang Su
BACKGROUND: Pulse diagnosis researches acquiring pulse waves from the wrist radial artery has not yet addressed the issue of whether this information is affected by differences in the hemodynamic characteristics of pressure waves derived from different locations. This study aimed to clarify whether the blood dynamic states are identical with regard to the "three positions and nine indicators" () listed in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). METHODS: A total of 37 participants of CAD group and 20 participants of healthy group were recruited, and pressure pulse waves were measured at 18 locations on both hands...
September 6, 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30190236/can-imaging-distinguish-between-low-grade-and-dedifferentiated-parosteal-osteosarcoma
#7
Han-Ying Lin, Hung-Ta Hondar Wu, Po-Kuei Wu, Ching-Lan Wu, Paul Chih-Hsueh Chen, Wei-Ming Chen, Wan-Yuo Guo
BACKGROUND: Most instances of the parosteal osteosarcoma (OGS) are low-grade tumors. However, some parosteal OGSs undergo dedifferentiated transformation. Dedifferentiated parosteal OGS can cause distant metastasis and poor survival, and preoperative chemotherapy may be warranted. This study provides imaging clues for dedifferentiated parosteal OGS before treatment. METHODS: The study retrospectively enrolled 23 patients with histologically proven parosteal OGS, including 69...
September 3, 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30145058/evaluation-of-peripheral-blood-nk-cell-subsets-and-cytokines-in-unexplained-recurrent-miscarriage
#8
Hajar Adib Rad, Zahra Basirat, Amrollah Mostafazadeh, Mahbobeh Faramarzi, Ali Bijani, Hamid Reza Nouri, Shima Soleimani Amiri
BACKGROUND: Recurrent miscarriage is considered as one of the main problems in women's reproductive health. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the natural killer cells (NK cells) and cytokines in unexplained recurrent miscarriage and fertile women. METHODS: In this case-control study, 40 women with unexplained recurrent miscarriage were assigned to the case group and 40 fertile women were assigned to the control group. NK cell subsets (CD56+ CD16+ /CD56+ CD16- ) and cytokines (IL-2/IL-12) levels in the peripheral blood (PB) were used for assessing immunologic problems...
August 22, 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30143430/correlations-between-serum-hepatitis-b-surface-antigen-and-hepatitis-b-core-antibody-titers-and-liver-fibrosis-in-treatment-na%C3%A3-ve-chb-patients
#9
Min-Ran Li, Huan-Wei Zheng, Shun-Mao Ma, Yun-Yan Liu, Lan-Xia Qie, Jun-Qing Li, De-Hua Wang, Xing-Li Sun, Gui-Fang Ren, Yan-Hua Zheng, Yu-Ling Wang, Er-Hei Dai
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have revealed that quantitative hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) or hepatitis B core antibody (qAnti-HBc) levels can be used as predictors of treatment response in both interferon-α and nucleoside analogue therapies. Few data have been published regarding the relationship between quantitative HBsAg or Anti-HBc levels and liver fibrosis stages in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB). METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of treatment-naïve CHB patients...
August 22, 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30139672/albi-grade-as-a-new-player-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#10
EDITORIAL
Teh-Ia Huo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 20, 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30131295/patient-response-prediction-with-logistic-regression-in-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-under-midazolam-alfentanil-sedation-performed-as-well-as-response-surface-model
#11
Mei-Yung Tsou, Jing-Yang Liou, Chien-Kun Ting, Shih-Pin Lin
BACKGROUND: Researchers have used logistic regression (LR) and non-linear response surface models (RSMs) to predict patient responses to sedation. The reduced Greco and hierarchy RSMs have proven to be more appropriate than other RSMs in gastrointestinal endoscopies using midazolam and alfentanil. In this study, we evaluate the performance of a simpler model, LR, and compared it with that of RSM. METHODS: Thirty-three patients who received esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) and colonoscopy sedation with midazolam and alfentanil were enrolled in the study...
August 18, 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30369404/accuracy-of-implant-placement-with-a-computer-aided-fabricated-surgical-template-with-guided-parallel-pins-a-pilot-study
#12
Rai-Jei Chang, Hui-Ling Chen, Liang-Gie Huang, Yong-Kie Wong
BACKGROUND: A precise positioning for dental implant placement is important for further prosthesis fabrication and maintenance. Computer-aided surgery has been developed to transfer digitally planned implant positioning to the patient over the past decades. This study aimed to evaluate the accuracy of a computer-aided laboratory-fabricated surgical template. A further objective was to compare the accuracy between in vivo and in vitro groups. METHODS: A total of 20 implants were placed in the posterior tooth region through the aid of surgical templates on 17 partially edentulous patients in the in vivo group...
November 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30366589/assisted-reproductive-technology-and-adverse-pregnancy-outcome-focus-on-maternal-death
#13
EDITORIAL
Fa-Kung Lee, Huann-Cheng Horng, Peng-Hui Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30228078/impact-of-hypoxic-and-mesopic-environments-on-visual-acuity-contrast-sensitivity-and-accommodation-in-subjects-with-lasik-surgery-and-aircrew-candidate
#14
Hsin-Ting Lin, Hui-Ju Chan, Cheng-Wen Ho, Ming-Cheng Tai, Jiann-Torng Chen, Chang-Min Liang
BACKGROUND: The safety of Laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) in aircrew was unclear, in addition, LASIK was not yet approved for aircrew of Taiwan Air Force. This study was aimed to evaluate visual performance in LASIK eyes in hypoxic and twilight environment. METHODS: 48 myopic eyes of 24 subjects enrolled in this study were divided into LASIK group and control group. Subjects were exposed in hypoxic (15% O2 ) and mesopic (3 cd/m2 ) environment. Visual performance was evaluated using the Early Treatment of Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) visual chart, and Functional Acuity Contrast Test (FACT) before and after the expirement...
November 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30201190/reply
#15
LETTER
Nafiye Yılmaz, Banu Seven, Hakan Timur, Ayçağ Yorgancı, Hasan Ali İnal, Müberra Namlı Kalem, Ziya Kalem, Özge Han, Banu Bilezikçi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30201186/fertility-enhancing-agents
#16
LETTER
Fa-Kung Lee, Peng-Hui Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30197114/impact-of-code-stroke-on-thrombolytic-therapy-in-patients-with-acute-ischemic-stroke-at-a-secondary-referral-hospital-in-taiwan
#17
Cheng-Lun Hsiao, Yu-Chin Su, Fu-Yi Yang, Chih-Yang Liu, Han-Lin Chiang, Guei-Chiuan Chen, Po-Jen Hsu, Pei-Ya Chen, Shinn-Kuang Lin
BACKGROUND: Efficacy of thrombolytic therapy decreases with time elapsed from symptom onset. We sought to identify the impact of code stroke on the thrombolytic therapy. METHODS: Code stroke is activated by the emergency physician when a patient is eligible for thrombolytic therapy. We retrospectively reviewed patients with acute ischemic stroke between January 2011 and December 2014. RESULTS: In total, 1809 patients were enrolled. Code stroke was activated in 233 of 351 patients arriving at the emergency room (ER) within 3 h of symptom onset, and in 21 patients arriving >3 h...
November 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30177489/situation-of-seven-day-service-among-family-medicine-clinics-in-taiwan-a-nationwide-survey
#18
Wei-Ting Chang, Yi-Jen Wang, Hsin-I Leu, Tzeng-Ji Chen, Shinn-Jang Hwang, Li-Fang Chou, Ming-Hwai Lin
BACKGROUND: General medicine practices in England are required to provide services from 8am to 8pm on weekdays and to also open on Saturdays and Sundays. Internationally, however, the literature regarding the temporal availability of primary health care on national levels is scarce. METHODS: To provide such information regarding Taiwan, in this study, all family medicine clinics within Taiwan's National Health Insurance system were stratified by urbanization level, and the opening hours of the clinics were then analyzed...
November 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30146457/evaluating-cerebral-hemodynamics-using-quantitative-digital-subtraction-angiography-and-flat-detector-computed-tomography-perfusion-imaging-a-comparative-study-in-patients-with-carotid-stenosis
#19
Liang-Wei Chen, Chung-Jung Lin, Wan-Yuo Guo, Sheng-Che Hung, Han-Jui Lee, Ko-Kung Chen, Feng-Chi Chang, Chao-Bao Luo, Wei-Fa Chu
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of both quantitative digital subtraction angiography (QDSA) and flat-detector computed tomography perfusion (FD-CTP) is equivalent to that of magnetic resonance perfusion (MRP) in assessing perfusion deficits in carotid stenosis. This study evaluated the feasibility of using FD-CTP to monitor cerebral hemodynamics during carotid stenting. METHODS: Thirteen patients with extracranial carotid stenosis (>70%) were included. Both QDSA and two FD-CTP sessions were performed before and after carotid stenting...
November 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30139671/baicalein-attenuates-neuropathic-pain-and-improves-sciatic-nerve-function-recovery-in-rats-with-partial-sciatic-nerve-transection
#20
Hou-Chuan Lai, Chueng-He Lu, Chih-Shung Wong, Bo-Feng Lin, Shun-Ming Chan, Chan-Yang Kuo, Zhi-Fu Wu
BACKGROUND: Modulating the inflammatory response to nerve injury may provide therapeutic opportunities by aborting the neurobiological alterations that support the development of persistent pain. Baicalein, a 12-lipoxygenase inhibitor, has anti-inflammation properties. It also demonstrates anti-inflammatory functions by inhibiting lipopolysaccharide-induced barrier disruption, expression of cell adhesion molecules, and adhesion and migration of leukocytes. The aim of the present study was to assess the possibility of early treatment of neuropathic pain via the systemic injection of baicalein in rats with left partial sciatic nerve transection (PST)...
November 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
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