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Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890309/pupillary-response-to-nitrous-oxide-administration-in-cataract-surgery-under-general-anesthesia
#1
Mansoor Masjedi, Alireza Ghanbari, Hossein Haddad Bakhodaei, Tahere Jowkar, Vahhab Hosseni, Mahnaz Rakhshan
BACKGROUND: Despite recent innovations in cataract surgery, pupillary diameter is one of the most important affecting factors in outcome of this surgery. As cataract surgery is performed ideally when the pupil is sufficiently dilated, anesthesia may contribute significantly in success or failure of this operation. This study was performed to evaluate the effect of nitrous oxide on pupillary diameter in cataract surgery under general anesthesia. METHODS: Forty patients with cataract, scheduled for operation under general anesthesia, were randomly allocated into two groups...
September 7, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882732/mesenchymal-stem-cells-and-their-conditioned-medium-can-enhance-the-repair-of-uterine-defects-in-a-rat-model
#2
Chi-Hong Ho, Chen-Wei Lan, Chen-Yi Liao, Shih-Chieh Hung, Hsin-Yang Li, Yen-Jen Sung
BACKGROUND: Our aim was to examine the roles of mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) transplantation in the repair of large uterine defects. METHODS: Uterine defects were created in both uterine horns of female rats by a punch instrument, and bone marrow-derived MSCs, MSC-conditioned medium (MSC-CM) or vehicle were injected into the myometrium around the defect. The rate of uterine defect repair was monitored on day 2 and 4 after operation. Cytokine array of MSC-CM was performed, followed by neutralizing antibody experiments to clarify the exact cytokine participating in the MSC-CM-enhanced wound repair...
September 4, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882731/danggui-buxue-decoction-promotes-angiogenesis-by-up-regulation-of-vegfr1-2-expressions-and-down-regulation-of-svegfr1-2-expression-in-myocardial-infarction-rat
#3
Guanying Hu, Peng Yang, Yu Zeng, Sanyin Zhang, Jiage Song
BACKGROUND: The traditional herbal compound Danggui Buxue decoction (DBD), has long been used for the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases, however, the underlying molecular mechanism for its effect remains still unknown. So this study would to investigate the effect of DBD on cardiac damage induced by myocardial infarction (MI) challenge. METHODS: SD Rats with ligation of left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery were randomly divided into MI, MI plus Betaloc Zok, MI plus DBD high dose, and MI plus DBD low dose group, together with sham-operated group...
September 4, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882730/complete-genome-sequence-of-the-first-human-parechovirus-type-3-isolated-in-taiwan
#4
Jenn-Tzong Chang, Chih-Shiang Yang, Bao-Chen Chen, Yao-Shen Chen, Tsung-Hsien Chang
The first human parechovirus 3 (HPeV3 VGHKS-2007) in Taiwan was identified from a clinical specimen from a male infant. The entire genome of the HPeV3 isolate was sequenced and compared to known HPeV3 sequences. Genome alignment data showed that HPeV3 VGHKS-2007 shares the highest nucleotide identity, 99%, with the Japanese strain of HPeV3 1361K-162589-Yamagata-2008. All HPeV3 isolates possess at least 97% amino acid identity. The analysis of the genome sequence of HPeV3 VGHKS-2007 will facilitate future investigations of the epidemiology and pathogenicity of HPeV3 infection...
September 4, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882729/tumor-markers-and-mature-cystic-teratoma-of-the-ovary
#5
EDITORIAL
Fa-Kung Lee, Huann-Cheng Horng, Peng-Hui Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 4, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844484/tlr2-arg677trp-but-not-tlr2-196-to-174-ins-del-and-arg753gln-polymorphism-alter-the-risk-of-peptic-ulcer-in-north-of-iran
#6
Maryam Habibzadeh, Mehdi Tourani, Javad Shokri-Shirvani, Amrollah Mostafazadeh, Soraya Khafri, Hamid Reza Nouri
BACKGROUND: Most polymorphisms that occur in TLR-2 are associated with gastrointestinal disorders such as peptic ulcer disease (PUD). Hence, in current study, association between TLR2-196 to -174 ins/del, Arg753Gln and Arg677Trp polymorphisms and risk of PUD development in north of Iran was evaluated. METHODS: This case-control study included 50 patients with PUD as cases and 50 people without peptic ulcer as control group. Blood and endoscopic biopsies were collected...
August 22, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827032/effect-of-tai-chi-on-bone-mineral-density-in-postmenopausal-women-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-control-trials
#7
Fenghu Liu, Shen Wang
BACKGROUND: This meta-analysis of relative randomized control trials (RCTs) aimed to investigate whether Tai Chi exercise is able to alleviate bone mineral density (BMD) loss in postmenopausal women. METHODS: Electronic databases including PubMed, Embase, Springer link, Cochrane library, Wanfang and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKIi) were used to search the eligible literature up to January 28, 2016. The pooled weighted mean difference (WMD) method combined with 95% confidence interval (CI) was used as the effect size of BMD values...
August 18, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826726/age-stratified-analysis-of-tumor-markers-and-tumor-characteristics-in-adolescents-and-young-women-with-mature-cystic-teratoma
#8
Huseyin Yesilyurt, Berna Seckin, Ayla Aktulay, Sebnem Ozyer
BACKGROUND: Serum tumor markers are widely used for the preoperative evaluation of an adnexal mass. Elevations of cancer antigen (CA) 125 and CA 19-9 have been reported in patients with mature cystic teratoma (MCT). The aim of the study is to investigate the relation of serum tumor markers with tumor characteristics in young women with MCT. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of 157 patients under the age of 35 who underwent laparoscopic surgery for ovarian MCT...
August 17, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807625/role-of-urodynamics-in-management-of-urethral-diverticulum-in-females
#9
Kuan-Jung Lin, Yu-Hua Fan, Alex Tong-Long Lin
BACKGROUND: Few studies have focused on the urodynamic findings of urethral diverticula (UD). We characterized the symptoms and urodynamic findings in women with UD. METHODS: A retrospective review of all women in a single center having surgical treatment for symptomatic UD between May 2004 and September 2014 was done. Lower urinary tract symptoms were evaluated with International Prostate Symptom Score and Overactive Bladder Symptom Score questionnaires. All patients underwent magnetic resonance imaging and videourodynamic study (VUDS) prior to surgery, and postoperative evaluation with VUDS...
August 11, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807624/a-new-chapter-of-jcma-on-the-go
#10
EDITORIAL
Fa-Yauh Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 11, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803892/acoustic-radiation-force-imaging-arfi-a-new-powerful-tool-of-ultrasound
#11
EDITORIAL
Chang-Chin Yeh, Huann-Cheng Horng, Peng-Hui Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 10, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803891/cholecystectomy-decreased-the-recurrent-cholangitis-after-clearance-of-bile-duct-stones-by-ercp-in-patients-with-gallstone-related-cholangitis
#12
Tseng-Shing Chen, Xi-Hsuan Lin, Yen-Ling Peng, Jiing-Chyuan Luo, Yung-Tai Chen, Ming-Chih Hou, Fa-Yauh Lee
BACKGROUND: This study assessed whether cholecystectomy can decrease recurrent cholangitis and all-cause mortality in patients who received endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) with sphincterotomy and successful clearance of bile duct (BD) stones after gallstone-related cholangitis. METHODS: We analyzed data from the National Health Insurance research database of Taiwan. Patients who had gallstone-related cholangitis and underwent successful endoscopic clearance of BD stones were eligible for enrollment...
August 10, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802985/clinical-analysis-of-48-h-emergency-department-visit-post-outpatient-extracorporeal-shock-wave-lithotripsy-for-urolithiasis
#13
Chin-Heng Lu, Junne-Yih Kuo, Tzu-Ping Lin, Yi-Hsiu Huang, Hsiao-Jen Chung, William J S Huang, Howard H H Wu, Yen-Hwa Chang, Alex T L Lin, Kuang-Kuo Chen
BACKGROUND: Patients suffering from renal or ureteral stones can undergo significant discomfort, even when timely diagnosed and treated. The aim of this study was to assess the risk factors and safety of outpatient Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL) in the management of patients with renal or ureteral stones. METHODS: In this study, our cohort consisted of 844 outpatients who underwent outpatient ESWL treated between February 2012 and November 2014 at Taipei Veterans General Hospital...
August 9, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774739/are-there-any-differences-between-antagonist-administration-on-days-6-and-%C3%A2-6-of-coh-on-assisted-reproductive-technique-outcomes
#14
Zeynep Ozturk Inal, Nafiye Yilmaz, Hasan Ali Inal, Necati Hancerliogullari, Bugra Coskun
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the cost-effectiveness of antagonist administration on stimulation on days <6 and ≥6 of COH on assisted reproductive technique (ART) outcomes. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, 412 patients who were admitted to the ART Department were evaluated. In group 1 (203 patients), antagonist administration was provided on days <6 of COH. For group 2 (209 patients), antagonist administration was provided on days ≥6 of COH...
July 31, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765016/a-novel-biomarker-and-hepato-protector-for-acetaminophen-induced-liver-injury
#15
EDITORIAL
Yi-Shin Huang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 29, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757173/are-patients-with-bladder-oversensitivity-different-from-those-with-urodynamically-proven-detrusor-overactivity-in-female-overactive-bladder-syndrome
#16
Sung-Lang Chen, Soo-Cheen Ng, Yu-Hui Huang, Gin-Den Chen
BACKGROUND: To determine if there are clinical and urodynamic (UD) differences between female overactive bladder (OAB) patients with bladder oversensitivity (BO) and detrusor overactivity (DO) via a much lower filling rate. METHODS: In total, 205 patients with OAB symptoms were recruited for this study. During filling cystometry, the bladder was filled at a more "physiological" rate of 20 ml/min. All patients underwent a complete urogynecological evaluation including detailed history, physical examination, urinalysis, pad test for quantification of urine leakage, 3-day frequency-volume chart (FVC) documentation, and completion of a UD study...
July 27, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754369/reply
#17
LETTER
Li-Hua Li
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 25, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751167/volume-staged-gamma-knife-surgery-for-the-treatment-of-large-skull-base-meningioma-surrounding-the-optical-apparatus-a-snowman-shape-design
#18
Chain-Fa Su, Dai-Wei Liu, Cheng-Chia Lee, Tsung-Lang Chiu
BACKGROUND: In cases of meningioma surrounding the optical apparatus, this study sought to reduce the incidence of radiation-induced optical neuropathy resulting from gamma knife surgery (GKS) by dividing the treatment volume into 2 or 3 fractions. METHODS: Four patients with a large skull base meningioma (1 male and 3 females; median age: 42 years; range: 33-43 yrs) were treated using volume-staged GKS. In stage I, the large basal part of the tumor (13.2 mL; range: 3...
July 24, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751166/clinical-and-demographic-characteristics-among-patients-with-urothelial-carcinomas-of-the-upper-urinary-tract-and-bladder-in-taiwan
#19
Cheng-Huang Shen, Hung-Yi Chiou, Min-Che Tung, Chia-Chang Wu, Wei-Tang Kao, Yuan-Hung Wang, Guang-Dar Juang
BACKGROUND: Urothelial carcinoma (UC) is derived from the urothelium of the urinary tract, and includes cancers of the bladder, renal pelvis and ureter. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical and demographic features among patients with bladder cancer and urothelial carcinoma of the upper urinary tract (UTUC) in Taiwan. METHODS: The present study recruited a total of 736 histopathologically confirmed UC cases, which consisted of 470 bladder cancer and 266 UTUC between September 1998 and December 2009...
July 24, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729069/the-powerful-hemostatic-devices-are-one-of-the-milestones-for-successful-laparoscopic-surgery
#20
EDITORIAL
Huann-Cheng Horng, Kuan-Hao Tsui, Peng-Hui Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 17, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
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