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Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094234/association-between-preterm-labor-and-genitourinary-tract-infections-caused-by-trichomonas-vaginalis-mycoplasma-hominis-gram-negative-bacilli-and-coryneforms
#1
Alaa El-Dien M S Hosny, Waleed El-Khayat, Mona T Kashef, Mohsen N Fakhry
BACKGROUND: Preterm labor (PTL) is responsible for most cases of neonatal death. In most of these cases, the causes of PTL have not been established although several risk factors have been described. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate risk factors for PTL before 37 gestational weeks among Egyptian women. METHODS: In this case-control study, 117 pregnant women without risk factors for PTL were chosen. The control group (n=45) had term labor (gestational weeks≥37 weeks), and the case group (n=72) had PTL (gestational weeks < 37 weeks)...
January 13, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094233/association-between-the-mthfr-c677t-polymorphism-blood-folate-and-vitamin-b12-deficiency-and-elevated-serum-total-homocysteine-in-healthy-individuals-in-yunnan-province-china
#2
Juan Ni, Ling Zhang, Tao Zhou, Wei-Jiang Xu, Jing-Lun Xue, Neng Cao, Xu Wang
BACKGROUND: An increased serum total homocysteine (tHcy) concentration is typically associated with genetic defects involved in Hcy metabolism or related nutritional deficiencies. In this study, the combined effects of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T polymorphism and folate and vitamin B12 deficiency on serum total Hcy (tHcy) levels were evaluated in a healthy Chinese population in Yunnan Province, China. METHODS: The MTHFR C677T polymorphism was genotyped in 330 volunteers (164 men and 166 women) using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis...
January 13, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094232/comparative-evaluation-of-shear-bond-strength-of-metallic-brackets-bonded-with-two-different-bonding-agents-under-dry-conditions-and-with-saliva-contamination
#3
Mashallah Khanehmasjedi, Mohammad Ali Naseri, Samaneh Khanehmasjedi, Leila Basir
BACKGROUND: This study compared the shear bond strength of metallic brackets bonded with Single Bond and Assure bonding agents under dry and saliva-contamination conditions. METHODS: Sixty sound premolar teeth were selected, and stainless-steel brackets were bonded on enamel surfaces with Single Bond and Assure bonding agents under dry condition or with saliva contamination. Shear bond strength values of brackets were measured in a universal testing machine. The adhesive remnant index scores were determined after debonding of the brackets under a stereomicroscope...
January 13, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089545/the-risk-factors-and-prognostic-factors-of-intrahepatic-cholangiocarcinoma
#4
EDITORIAL
Xi-Hsuan Lin, Jiing-Chyuan Luo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089544/effects-of-delivery-mode-and-sociodemographic-factors-on-postpartum-stress-urinary-incontinency-in-primipara-women-a-prospective-cohort-study
#5
Roya Kokabi, Dorna Yazdanpanah
BACKGROUND: To determine the frequency of postpartum stress urinary incontinence (SUI) in women undergoing vaginal delivery or elective cesarean section and to investigate the sociodemographic determinants of SUI in a sample of Iranian patients. METHODS: This prospective cohort study was performed during a 1-year period from 2014 to 2015 including 286 healthy nulliparous women in the third trimester of pregnancy without prepregnancy urinary incontinence. Participants were categorized based on the mode of delivery, i...
January 12, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040411/emergency-department-critical-care-unit-for-critically-ill-cardiovascular-patients-an-observation-study
#6
Ken-Hui Fu, Yin-Ru Chen, Ju-Shin Fan, Yen-Chia Chen, Hsien-Hao Huang, Chorng-Kuang How, David Hung-Tsang Yen, Si-An Chen, Mu-Shun Huang
BACKGROUND: We investigated an intensive care model for acute critically cardiovascular emergency patients in the emergency department (ED) as compared with those in the coronary care unit (CCU) after ED visits. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort analysis of patients with acute cardiovascular emergency admitted to the intensive care unit in the ED (EICU) or CCU from January 1, 2010 to March 31, 2011 in an university-affiliated medical center. All clinical characteristics or predictors possibly related to in-hospital mortality were documented, completed, and measured via electronic medical records review...
December 28, 2016: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038909/beta-lactamase-producing-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-phenotypic-characteristics-and-molecular-identification-of-virulence-genes
#7
Waheed Ullah, Muhammad Qasim, Hazir Rahman, Yan Jie, Noor Muhammad
BACKGROUND: Pseudomonas aeruginosa causes common infections in immunocompromised and cystic fibrosis patients. However, drug resistance capability and release of virulence factors play a key role in bacterial pathogenicity. METHODS: Beta-lactamase-producing clinical isolates of P. aeruginosa were screened for biofilm formation and pigment production. Subsequently, all the isolates were subjected to the detection of six virulence genes (OprI, OprL, LasB, PlcH, ExoS, and ToxA)...
December 27, 2016: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025027/catheter-directed-thrombolysis-and-pharmacomechanical-thrombectomy-improve-midterm-outcome-in-acute-iliofemoral-deep-vein-thrombosis
#8
Tzu-Ting Kuo, Chun-Yang Huang, Chiao-Po Hsu, Chiu-Yang Lee
BACKGROUND: Aggressive and early thrombus removal strategy has been widely used as a treatment for iliofemoral deep vein thrombosis (DVT). We compared the long-tem venous outcome, including postthrombotic syndrome (PTS), in patients undergoing catheter-directed thrombolysis (CDT) and pharmacomechanical thrombectomy (PMT). METHODS: From January 2009 to December 2013, 61 patients with acute proximal DVT were enrolled in this prospective study. Thirty-one patients underwent CDT and 30 patients underwent PMT, and each patient was followed for at least 2 years after treatment...
December 23, 2016: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017689/is-hysterosalpingography-a-good-tool-to-confirm-the-patency-of%C3%A2-tubes
#9
EDITORIAL
Fa-Kung Lee, Wen-Ling Lee, Peng-Hui Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 22, 2016: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017688/effect-of-position-on-the-residual-heart-rate-variability-in-patients-after-orthotopic-heart-transplantation
#10
Yi-Ying Lin, Wan-An Lu, Yuan-Chen Hsieh, Hsiao-Huang Chang, Chun-Che Shih, Mei-Jy Jeng, Cheng-Deng Kuo
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the effects of position on heart rate variability (HRV) in patients some years after orthotopic heart transplantation (OHT) surgery. METHODS: Spectral HRV analysis was performed on 15 patients after OHT and 16 patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). HRV measures were compared between OHT and CAD patients in four randomly ordered positions [supine, right lateral decubitus (RLD), left lateral decubitus (LLD), and upright]. Multivariable linear regression analysis was used to identify the factors associated with cardiac function and HRV of OHT patients in supine position, and the factors associated with the outcome (OHT or CAD) of the patients...
December 22, 2016: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889460/evaluation-of-time-lapse-for-establishing-distal-tubal-occlusion-diagnosis-during-hysterosalpingography-procedure-performed-by-using-water-soluble-contrast-media
#11
Serkan Kahyaoglu, Omer Hamid Yumusak, Inci Kahyaoglu, Gokce Naz Kucukbas, Alev Esercan, Yasemin Tasci
BACKGROUND: Hysterosalpingography (HSG) is the most frequently used diagnostic measure for simultaneously determining uterine abnormalities and tubal status among subfertile women. Despite several broader advantages such as availability and increased experience, the subjectivity involved during administration of the HSG procedure itself, and necessary imaging review, decreases the reliability and accuracy of HSG. In this study, we evaluated the time intervals between X-ray imaging during HSG procedure to establish the presence of distal tubal occlusion...
November 24, 2016: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889462/maternal-and-umbilical-cord-blood-levels-of-mercury-manganese-iron-and-copper-in-southern-taiwan-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Shih-Hui Huang, Ken-Pen Weng, Ching-Chiang Lin, Chung-Cheng Wang, Charles Tzu-Chi Lee, Luo-Ping Ger, Ming-Tsang Wu
BACKGROUND: The effect of maternal exposure to essential minerals and heavy metals on fetus is an important issue, which affects women around the world. Few data are available on the concentration of both essential minerals and heavy metals in maternal/fetal medicine. The aims of this study were to (1) assess the correlation of mercury (Hg), manganese (Mn), iron (Fe), and copper (Cu) in paired maternal/fetal blood samples, and (2) study potential confounding factors during pregnancy. METHODS: Our study recruited 145 healthy pregnant women with a mean age of 28...
November 23, 2016: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889461/intralesional-curettage-of-central-low-grade-chondrosarcoma-a-midterm-follow-up-study
#13
Yi-Chou Chen, Po-Kuei Wu, Cheng-Fong Chen, Wei-Ming Chen
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to review the experience of surgical treatment of low-grade chondrosarcoma and to assess the long-term oncological and functional outcomes between intralesional curettage and wide excision. METHODS: We included 11 patients with central low-grade chondrosarcoma lesions treated with intralesional curettage or wide excision from 1998 to 2013. Seven patients were treated with intralesional curettage and local adjuvant treatment (Group A), and four patients were treated with wide excision and reconstructive surgery (Group B)...
November 23, 2016: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889459/effect-of-music-on-level-of-anxiety-in-patients-undergoing-colonoscopy-without-sedation
#14
Chia-Hui Ko, Yi-Yu Chen, Kuan-Ta Wu, Shu-Chi Wang, Jeng-Fu Yang, Yu-Yin Lin, Chia-I Lin, Hsiang-Ju Kuo, Chia-Yen Dai, Meng-Hsuan Hsieh
BACKGROUND: Listening to music can be a noninvasive method for reducing the anxiety level without any adverse effects. The aim of this study was to explore whether music can reduce anxiety and to compare two different styles of music, informal classical music and light music, to ascertain the more effective style of music in reducing anxiety in patients undergoing colonoscopy without sedation. METHODS: This study enrolled 138 patients who underwent colonoscopy without sedation during a general health examination from February 2009 to January 2015...
November 23, 2016: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889458/transcatheter-device-closure-of-postmyocardial-infarction-ventricular-septal-defect
#15
You-Lin Nie, Ming-Chih Lin, Wei-Wen Lin, Chung-Chi Wang, Ching-Pei Chen, Chia-Hsun Lin, Tsung-Cheng Shyu, Yeak-Wun Quek, Sheng-Ling Jan, Yun-Ching Fu
BACKGROUND: Transcatheter device closure of postmyocardial infarction ventricular septal defect (PMIVSD) is less invasive than surgical repair. However, its feasibility, timing, outcome, and prognostic factors remain unclear. METHODS: This was a multicenter, retrospective cohort study. Between February 2012 and July 2015, a total of 10 (8 male and 2 female) patients with PMIVSD undergoing attempted device closure were enrolled retrospectively. The procedures were performed under general anesthesia with fluoroscopic and transesophageal echocardiographic guidance...
November 23, 2016: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889457/a-study-of-oxidative-stress-and-the-newer-antiepileptic-drugs-in-epilepsy-associated-with-severe-motor-and-intellectual-disabilities
#16
Masahito Morimoto, Shigeko Satomura, Toshiaki Hashimoto, Shojiro Kyotani
BACKGROUND: Patients with severe motor and intellectual disabilities (SMID) are those who have both severe intellectual disabilities and severe physical disabilities. Intractable epilepsy is often associated with SMID. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the relationship between epilepsy associated with SMID and oxidative stress, and to clarify the safety and efficacy of the newer antiepileptic drugs (newer AEDs), lamotrigine and levetiracetam. METHODS: This study was conducted in 27 SMID patients with epilepsy who were treated with the newer AEDs...
November 23, 2016: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27839956/lunocapitate-fusion-with-scaphoid-excision-for-the-treatment-of-scaphoid-nonunion-advanced-collapse-or-scapho-lunate-advanced-collapse-wrist
#17
Yu-Cheng Yao, Yi-Chao Huang, Jung-Pan Wang, Tung-Fu Huang, Ming-Chau Chang
BACKGROUND: Four-corner fusion is an effective procedure to treat advanced degenerative osteoarthritis of scaphoid nonunion advanced collapse or scapho-lunate advanced collapse wrists. However, lunocapitate fusion, an alternative procedure, shows benefits including less dissection of the soft tissue and also a shorter operation time. We reviewed 10 cases to reveal the complication rates and clinical outcomes of this procedure. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 10 patients with symptomatic scaphoid nonunion advanced collapse or scapho-lunate advanced collapse wrists who had received lunocapitate fusion with scaphoid excision...
November 10, 2016: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27839955/clinical-presentations-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-east-meets-west
#18
EDITORIAL
Ching-Liang Lu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 10, 2016: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27838292/gastrointestinal-complications-and-extraintestinal-manifestations-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-in-taiwan-a-population-based-study
#19
Yung-Cheng Hsu, Tzee-Chung Wu, Yu-Cheng Lo, Li-Shu Wang
BACKGROUND: Despite a rising incidence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in Taiwan, the clinical presentation of IBDs in this population has yet to be well characterized. Therefore, the aim of our study was to identify and describe the clinical features of gastrointestinal (GI) complications and extraintestinal manifestations (EIMs) of IBDs in the Taiwanese population. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study between 1998 and 2011, with relevant medical information extracted from the National Health Insurance Research Database...
November 9, 2016: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815132/connecting-science-past-and-future
#20
EDITORIAL
Fred M Cowan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
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