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Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA

Yi-Heng Li, Hung-I Yeh, Jiann-Shing Jeng, Min-Ji Charng
Dyslipidemia is a major contributor in initiation, development and progression of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). Most lipid guidelines are from Europe and America and centered on the reduction of atherogenic lipids levels through lifestyle intervention and pharmacotherapy. Recently, the 2017 Taiwan Lipid Guidelines for High Risk Patients was published to facilitate the control of dyslipidemia in patients that are highly susceptible to ASCVD, including patients with preexisting ASCVD, diabetes, chronic kidney disease and familial hypercholesterolemia...
July 3, 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
Chi-Hsien Peng, Lin-Chunh Woung, Kai-Hsi Lu, Ching-Yao Tsai, Shou-Dong Lee, Chi-Shan Huang, Tai-Chi Lin, Ke-Hung Chien, De-Kuang Hwang
BACKGROUNDS: The plasticity of retinal stem cells (RSCs), a type of cells that can differentiate into neuron cells and photoreceptor cells, endows them with potential therapeutic properties that can be applied to regenerative medicine. Gene modification of these stem cells before trans-differentiation and transplantation enhances their survival and increases their therapeutic function. The different ways to effectively deliver gene into RSCs are still discussed. This study aimed to use the acoustic waves to improve the efficacy of gene delivery for RSCs...
June 22, 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
Yen-Fu Cheng, Yuan-Chia Chu, Tzong-Yang Tu, An-Suey Shiao, Shang-Liang Wu, Wen-Huei Liao
BACKGROUND: Sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) is an emergency clinical otology condition defined as hearing loss greater than 30 dB over three consecutive frequencies within 72 h. We aimed to integrate pretreatment hearing grades with reports of treatment recovery outcomes of SSNHL using the modified Siegel's criteria. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study comprising 110 patients with SSNHL seen between January 2014 and January 2015. The patients were treated with combined systemic and intra-tympanic steroid therapy...
June 18, 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
Muhammad Javed Iqbal, Muhammad Wasim, Umer Rashid, Nadia Zeeshan, Rizwan Ali, Sawera Nayyab, Sahrish Habib, Bushra Manzoor, Nouman Zahid
BACKGROUND: Epilepsy is a multifaceted and multistep disorder that disrupts the proper functioning of neurons. It is becoming increasingly clear that the responsiveness of neurons depends on the appropriate trafficking of ions across the channels in the membrane of neurons. In line with this notion, impairment among these ion channels due to mutations has gain increasing attention in molecular neuroscience. METHODS: Mutation analysis of the coding exons (exon 3, 5 and 9) was performed by sequencing GABRG2 to identify any complex biological entities among two different types of epilepsies...
June 18, 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
Aleksandar Kostić, Ivo Kehayov, Nebojša Stojanović, Vesna Nikolov, Borislav Kitov, Predrag Milošević, Emina Kostić, Hristo Zhelyazkov
BACKGROUND: The risk factors implicated in the genesis of chronic subdural hematomas include old age, alcoholism, diabetes mellitus, arachnoid cysts, coagulopathy, anticoagulant (ACTh) and antiplatelet drugs. However, no study has reported an association between arterial hypertension (HTA) and chronic subdural hematomas. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate whether HTA is a risk factor for spontaneous chronic subdural hematomas (SCSDHs). METHODS: This multicenter study included patients aged over 60 years and was conducted from January 2009 to the end of 2015...
June 18, 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
Rebeka Amin, Kunichika Matsumoto, Hiroka Hosaka, Takefumi Kitazawa, Shigeru Fujita, Kanako Seto, Tomonori Hasegawa
BACKGROUND: Leukemia is a deadly hematological malignancy that usually affects all age groups and imposes significant burden on public funds and society. The objective of this study was to analyze the cost of illness (COI) of leukemia, and to mark out the underlying driving factors, in Japan. METHODS: COI method was applied to the data from government statistics. We first summed up the direct and indirect costs from 1996 to 2014; then future COI for the year 2017-2029 was projected...
June 18, 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
Yih-Ru Chen, Fang-I Hsieh, Chi-Ching Chang, Nai-Fang Chi, Hsin-Chiao Wu, Hung-Yi Chiou
BACKGROUND: Only a few studies have investigated the affect of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) on the risk of cerebrovascular disease (CVD)/coronary artery disease (CAD) in young adults. This study, therefore, examined the association between RA and the risk of CVD/CAD in young adults and the interaction effects between cardiovascular risk factors and RA on the risk of CVD/CAD. METHODS: Data regarding 52,840 subjects (10,568 patients with RA and 42,272 age-, sex-, urbanization-, and income-matched non-RA controls) were collected from the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) in 2006...
May 31, 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
Yu-Ting Lin, Yu-Sheng Lee, Mei-Jy Jeng, Wei-Yu Chen, Pei-Chen Tsao, I-Ching Chan, Wen-Jue Soong
BACKGROUND: Extubation failure (EF) in acute pediatric cases causes high morbidity and prolonged hospitalization, some of which might encounter EF repeatedly. This study aims to investigate flexible bronchoscopic findings of airway problems associated with repeated EF (REF) in children. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of intubated children from 2005 to 2013 and enrolled those with EF (reintubated within 48 h after extubation) and receiving flexible bronchoscopy (FB) examinations...
May 31, 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
Cheng-Chieh Hsu, Christine Sheng, Ching-Yin Ho
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of sinus ultrasound for acute and subacute maxillary sinusitis (ASMS) by investigating the agreement between different tools. We also proposed a confirmatory tool directed protocol for adult acute sinusitis, to enhance diagnostic accuracy. METHODS: This prospective cohort study enrolled patients who were older than 18 years, with a diagnosis of maxillary sinusitis. The duration of symptoms was confined to less than 12 weeks...
May 17, 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
Yi-Wen Hung, Hui-Ling Chen, Li-Tsu Lee, Kwong-Chung Tung, Da-Tain Bau, Yong-Kie Wong
BACKGROUND: In this study, we investigated the effects of treating dental implants made from titanium with argon based non-thermal plasma, immediately before insertion on implant stability and bone formation. Biodegradable sandblasting and acid etching had been previously used to modify the surface of the implants. METHODS: To obtain data for 4-time points in triplicate with references, a total of 36 dental implants were divided into 2 groups; 18 implants served as the experimental group and received a spray containing non-thermal plasma, while the other 18 implants served as controls...
May 16, 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
Nazim Bozan, Halit Demir, Tülay Gürsoy, Hüseyin Özkan, Ufuk Düzenli, Eren Sarıkaya, Mahfuz Turan, Ahmet Faruk Kiroglu, Hakan Çankaya
BACKGROUND: Data describing how laryngeal cancer affects oxidative stress markers and antioxidants are limited. This study investigated serum antioxidant enzyme activities and oxidative stress markers before and after laryngectomies in patients with laryngeal cancer. METHODS: A total of 29 patients with laryngeal cancer and 25 healthy control subjects were enrolled. Serum malondialdehyde (MDA) levels and superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSHPx), catalase (CAT), paraoxonase (PON), and arylesterase activities were measured spectrophotometrically...
May 16, 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
Shou-Wu Lee, Han-Chung Lien, Chi-Sen Chang, Chung-Hsin Chang, Chung-Wang Ko, Hong-Zen Yeh
BACKGROUND: Barrett's esophagus (BE) is a disorder more often found in obese men. Differences between the two genders are not known in the Asian countries. Here, we studied their gender differences in the Taiwanese population in terms of risk factors and clinical presentations. METHODS: Data from Taichung Veteran General Hospital were prospectively collected during an approximately two year-period (October 2012 to December 2014). Patients all underwent endoscopic surveillance, and BE was diagnosed based on the typical pattern of intestinal metaplasia...
May 16, 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
Po-Hsiang Ting, Xi-Hsuan Lin, Jeng-Kai Jiang, Jiing-Chyuan Luo, Ping-Hsien Chen, Yen-Po Wang, I-Fang Hsin, Chin Lin Perng, Ming-Chih Hou, Fa-Yauh Lee
BACKGROUND: The immunochemical fecal occult blood test (iFOBT) is an alternative method to colonoscopy that can be used for colorectal cancer (CRC) screening. If the iFOBT result is positive, a colonoscopy is recommended. In this retrospective study, we identify factors associated with negative colonoscopy and positive iFOBT results obtained during CRC screening. METHODS: We collected data for subjects who received a colonoscopy at Taipei Veterans General Hospital after receiving a positive iFOBT result during CRC screening from January 2015 to December 2015...
May 16, 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
Tsung-Hsing Chen, Chen-Ming Hsu, Hao-Tsai Cheng, Yin-Yi Chu, Ming-Yao Su, Jun-Te Hsu, Ta-Sen Yeh, Chang-Fu Kuo, Cheng-Tang Chiu
BACKGROUND: Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) is a standard tool for detection of mucosal and submucosal lesions. However, identification of Helicobacter pylori (H. P) infection using EGD alone is limited in accuracy. Linked color imaging (LCI) is a novel tool to capture real-time image with sufficient contrast to observe mucosal microstructure. METHODS: This study aims to evaluate the applicability of LCI in the identification of H. pylori infection. Consecutive 122 patients scheduled for EGD were included...
May 16, 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
Xi-Hsuan Lin, Chung-Chi Lin, Yuan-Jen Wang, Jiing-Chyuan Luo, Shih-Hao Young, Ping-Hsien Chen, Ming-Chih Hou, Fa-Yauh Lee
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that uremia patients under hemodialysis (HD) have a significantly higher occurrence of peptic ulcer bleeding (PUB) than healthy controls and that elderly patients remain at high risk of peptic ulcer disease (PUD) and PUB. Here we aimed to identify the risk factors for PUB in aging (≥65-years-old) uremic patients under regular HD. METHODS: Using data from the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan, we compared 18,252 aging regular HD patients and 17,883 age-, gender-, and medication-matched patients without kidney disease (control group)...
May 16, 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
Pei-Chien Tsai, Ta-Wei Liu, Chung-Feng Huang, Ming-Lun Yeh, Chia-Yen Dai, Wan-Long Chuang, Jee-Fu Huang, Ming-Lung Yu
BACKGROUND: A direct-acting antiviral (DAA) era in hepatitis C virus (HCV) treatment is fast approaching; unfortunately, the availability and affordability of DAAs in Asia-Pacific areas vary, making it difficult to develop universal HCV practice guidelines appropriate for the all Asian populations. This study aimed to evaluate the real-world cost-effectiveness of IFN-based therapy according to the current strategies with PegIFN/RBV for "easy-to-treat" to provide a reference for application of future DAA development for IFN-eligible, treatment naïve HCV patients...
August 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
Ching-Wen Huang, I-Hsuan Hwang, Young-Hee Yun, Bo-Hyoung Jang, Fang-Pey Chen, Shinn-Jang Hwang, Seong-Gyu Ko
BACKGROUND: As the number of people seeking to use traditional medicine to treat common diseases is increasing worldwide, the quantity of information that needs to be analyzed is also increasing. Traditional medicine is commonly used in South Korea and Taiwan for treating allergic rhinitis and is covered by the National Health Insurance in both countries. To date, there has been no nationwide comparison of traditional medicine used to treat patients with allergic rhinitis between these two countries...
August 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
Mau-Sheng Lin, Chun-Chi Lin, Chen-Chang Yang, Shu-Chuan Weng, Shun-Mu Wang, Chuan-Yu Chen, Nicole Huang, Yuan-Hwa Chou
BACKGROUND: Carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning has recently become a serious health problem in some Asian countries, including Taiwan. The aims of this study are to evaluate the changing trend of CO poisoning and to demonstrate the association between myocardial injury and neurological sequelae of CO poisoning in Taiwan between 1990 and 2011. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included all eligible patients with acute CO poisoning reported to the Taiwan National Poison Control Center during the study period...
August 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
Chia-Chang Huang, Hui-Chi Hsu, Ling-Yu Yang, Chen-Huan Chen, Ying-Ying Yang, Ching-Chih Chang, Chiao-Lin Chuang, Wei-Shin Lee, Fa-Yauh Lee, Shinn-Jang Hwang
BACKGROUND: Failure to transfer procedural skills learned in a laboratory to the bedside is commonly due to a lack of peer support/stimulation. A digital platform (Facebook) allows new clinical clerks to share experiences and tips that help augment their procedural skills in a peer-assisted learning/teaching method. This study aims to investigate the effectiveness of the innovation of using the digital platform to support the transfer of laboratory-trained procedural skills in the clinical units...
August 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
Weiwei Shi, Ling Guo, Guangyi Liu, Tao Peng, Hongyu Li, Tingting Xie, Dengren Li, Junhui Zhen, Yan Wang, Huimin Yang, Xiangdong Yang
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a major global public health issue. Uncontrolled hypertension leads to organ damage, especially renal damage. Calcitriol is used to treat osteoporosis, promote bone formation, and increase bone mass. Previous studies have demonstrated that 1,25(OH)2D3, in addition to its classic role, also has multiple immune regulation and renoprotective functions and inhibits the activity of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RASS). The aim of the current study was to investigate the renoprotective effects of calcitriol in a spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) model...
August 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
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