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Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133160/the-changes-of-red-blood-cell-viscoelasticity-and-sports-anemia-in-male-24-hr-ultra-marathoners
#1
Che-Hung Liu, Yen-Fang Tseng, Jiun-I Lai, Yin-Quan Chen, Shih-Hao Wang, Wei-Fong Kao, Li-Hua Li, Yu-Hui Chiu, Chorng-Kuang How, Wen-Han Chang
BACKGROUND: In endurance sports, stress, dehydration and release of chemical factors have been associated with red blood cell (RBC) alterations of structure and function, which may contribute to sports anemia, a well-observed phenomenon during long-distance running. Until now, the investigation of the changes of viscoelastic properties of RBC membrane, a decisive factor of RBC deformability to avoid hemolysis, is lacking, especially in an Oriental population. METHODS: nineteen runners were prospectively recruited into our study...
November 10, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129518/breast-cancer-screening-with-digital-breast-tomosynthesis-4-year-experience-and-comparison-with-national-data
#2
Huay-Ben Pan, Kam-Fai Wong, Anthony Yao, Giu-Cheng Hsu, Chen-Pin Chou, Huei-Lung Liang, Jer-Shyung Huang, Hung-Ju Li, Shu-Chin Wang, Tsung-Lung Yang
BACKGROUND: To determine if mammography combined with tomosynthesis (DBT) leads to superior performance in screening for breast cancer compared to digital mammography alone. METHODS: We retrospectively collected data from A) the results of population-based mammography-screening provided by the National Cancer Registry in Taiwan, and B) the results from all screening mammography performed with DBT from 2012 through 2015 at Veterans General Hospital Kaohsiung (VGHKS) since the institution of DBT at the end of 2011...
November 9, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129517/comparison-of-three-different-hemostatic-devices-in-laparoscopic-myomectomy
#3
Hui-Yu Huang, Yu-Cheng Liu, Yi-Chieh Li, Hsin-Hong Kuo, Chin-Jung Wang
BACKGROUND: To compare conventional electrosurgery, LigaSure (Valleylab, Boulder, CO), and Harmonic scalpel (Ethicon Endosurgery, Cincinnati, OH) in terms of perioperative and postoperative outcomes during laparoscopic myomectomy (LM). METHODS: We retrospectively studied 817 women with symptomatic fibroids who underwent LM between January 1997 and September 2015. Three different instruments were used separately during surgery. The number and weight of removed fibroids, blood loss, operative time, postoperative decrease in the hemoglobin level, and length of hospital stay were measured for statistical analysis...
November 9, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129516/is-there-a-potential-link-between-vitamin-d-and-pulmonary-morbidities-in-preterm-infants
#4
Yang Yang, Yun Feng, Xu Chen, Xiao-Nan Mao, Jing-Han Zhang, Li Zhao, You-Yan Zhao, Rui Cheng
BACKGROUND: There hasn't been conclusive proof about the association between vitamin D and pulmonary morbidities of prematurity. METHODS: 106 preterm infants were retrospectively included into this study. Clinical data and blood samples of all the patients were collected within 24 h of admission. RESULTS: (1) Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) patients were mainly concentrated in "≤30 weeks" stage when compared with other two gestational age groups...
November 9, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129515/amygdalin-improves-microcirculatory-disturbance-and-attenuates-pancreatic-fibrosis-by-regulating-the-expression-of-endothelin-1-and-calcitonin-gene-related-peptide-in-rats
#5
Xiangqun Zhang, Jiangong Hu, Yuzhen Zhuo, Lihua Cui, Caixia Li, Naiqiang Cui, Shukun Zhang
BACKGROUND: The pathogenesis of chronic pancreatitis (CP) is a complex process of interaction between tissue injury and repair, which involves microcirculatory disturbance. Amygdalin, an effective component extracted from Semen Persicae (a kind of Chinese herbal medicine), can decrease blood viscosity and improve microcirculation. In this study, we investigated the therapeutic effects of amygdalin on pancreatic fibrosis in rats with CP. METHODS: The rat CP model was induced by injecting dibutyltin dichloride (DBTC) into the right caudal vein...
November 9, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126719/the-effectiveness-of-school-educating-program-for-betel-quid-chewing-a-pilot-study-in-papua-new-guinea
#6
Gene Chen, Ming-Yu Hsieh, Andy Wei-Ge Chen, Nina Hsiao-Ling Kao, Mu-Kuan Chen
BACKGROUND: To investigate the effectiveness of educating program among primary and secondary school students in Papua New Guinea, where has the highest incidence of oral cancer all over the world. METHODS: A cross-sectional school based survey was arranged in primary and secondary school in Papua New Guinea in June, 2015. A self-administrated questionnaire was administered before and after education done by health experts from Taiwan. The subjects were chosen by random...
November 7, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122538/mixed-simulation-course-increases-participants-positive-stress-coping-abilities
#7
Chia-Chang Huang, Fa-Yauh Lee, Ling-Yu Yang, Ying-Ying Yang, Chen-Huan Chen, Jen-Feng Liang, Hao-Min Cheng, Chin-Chou Huang, Shinn-Jang Hwang
BACKGROUND: Lack of health professional awareness of interprofessional collaborative practice (IPCP) often results in stress and conflicts between team members in the medical system. Our study aimed to compare the effectiveness of mixed simulation-interprofessional education (IPE) courses to enhance coping strategies for IPCP-associated stress. METHODS: Participants (n = 54) from the disciplines of physicians (n = 12), nurses (n = 28) and pharmacists (n = 14) were enrolled...
November 6, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122537/a-coil-placement-technique-to-treat-intracranial-aneurysm-with-incorporated-artery
#8
Chao-Bao Luo, Feng-Chi Chang, Chung-Jung Lin, Wan-Yuo Guo
BACKGROUND: Endovascular coil embolization is an accepted treatment option for intracranial aneurysms. However, the coiling of aneurysms with an incorporated artery (IA) poses a high risk of IA occlusion. Here we report our experience of endovascular coil placement using a technique that avoids IA occlusion in aneurysms with IAs. METHODS: Over a 6-year period, 185 patients harboring 206 intracranial aneurysms underwent endosaccular coiling. Forty-two of these patients with 45 aneurysms were treated by coil placement to avoid IAs occlusion...
November 6, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107606/anti-atherosclerotic-effect-of-fermentum-rubrum-and-gynostemma-pentaphyllum-mixture-in-high-fat-emulsion-and-vitamin-d3-induced-atherosclerotic-rats
#9
San-Hu Gou, Bei-Jun Liu, Xiu-Feng Han, Li Wang, Chao Zhong, Shan Liang, Hui Liu, Yin Qiang, Yun Zhang, Jing-Man Ni
BACKGROUND: The mixture of Hongqu and gypenosides (HG) is composed of Fermentum Rubrum (Hongqu, in Chinese) and total saponins of Gynostemma pentaphyllum (Thunb.) Makino (Jiaogulan, in Chinese) in a 3.6:1 weight ratio. Both Hongqu and Jiaogulan are considered valuable traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs); they have been commonly used in China for the treatment of hyperlipidemia and related diseases for centuries. The aim of the current study was assess the anti-atherosclerotic effect of HG...
October 26, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079117/the-value-of-medical-student-radiology-education-a-comparison-of-1-week-2-week-electives-and-compulsories
#10
Sornsupha Limchareon, Sutasinee Kongprompsuk
BACKGROUND: Basic radiology interpretive skill is essential for all physicians. We developed a vertical type of radiology education, including basic radiology in the students' first clinical year and added the other 1-week or 2-week dedicated radiology rotation in the later clinical year. The objective of this study was to present a valuable radiology education to undergraduate medical students. METHODS: At academic year 2014-2015, there were three different groups of the clinical-year students took a radiology rotation...
October 24, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079116/a-frequently-asked-question-is-it-normal-not-to-feel-my-baby-s-movements-yet
#11
Hatice Akkaya, Barış Büke
BACKGROUND: This study aims to investigate average gestational week in which mothers feel their baby's movements for the first time, and the maternal-fetal factors affecting this time. METHODS: A total of 423 pregnant women between 11 and 25 weeks of gestation were included in this prospective study. The patient cohort was divided into three subgroups according to the gestational week in which fetal movements were felt for the first time by the pregnant women. The women who felt the first movement before 25th percentile value constituted Group 1; between 25th and 75th percentile value constituted Group 2; and beyond 75th percentile value constituted Group 3...
October 24, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079115/molecular-characterization-of-glycopeptide-and-macrolide-resistance-genes-among-multidrug-resistant-enterococcus-faecalis-strains
#12
Asieh Taji, Hadi Sedigh Ebrahim-Saraie, Hossein Kazemian, Hamid Heidari
BACKGROUND: Multiple-drug-resistant enterococci and vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) are major cause of healthcare associated infections due to their antibiotic resistance traits. Among the enterococci, Enterococcus faecalis is an important opportunistic pathogen causing various hospital-acquired infections. METHODS: A total of 51 E. faecalis strains were isolated from urinary tract infections (UTIs), bloodstream infections, respiratory tract infections, abdominal infections, and eye infection...
October 24, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079114/distinguishing-non-obstructive-azoospermia-from-obstructive-azoospermia-in-taiwanese-patients-by-hormone-profile-and-testis-size
#13
I-Shen Huang, William J Huang, Alex T Lin
BACKGROUND: An accurate diagnosis of the etiology of azoospermia is crucial, as sperm retrieval methods differ between patients with non-obstructive azoospermia (NOA) and obstructive azoospermia (OA). The aim of this study was to determine hormone and testes size cutoff values to identify the cause of azoospermia in Taiwanese patients. METHODS: The medical records of azoospermic patients were retrospectively collected from April 2008 to July 2016, including hormone profile, physical examination findings, and testes size...
October 24, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079113/laparoscopic-versus-open-hepatectomy-approach-for-regional-hepatolithiasis-a-meta-analysis
#14
Hui Jiang, Ou Jiang, Xianming Xia, Song Su, Bo Li
BACKGROUND: In the present study, we aimed to compare laparoscopic hepatectomy (LH) with open hepatectomy (OH) approach in patients with regional hepatolithiasis (RHL) using meta-analytical techniques. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was performed to identify studies comparing LH and OH in the management of RHL. Operative parameters, postoperative outcomes, and postoperative complications were evaluated. Meta-analysis was performed using Review Manage Version 5...
October 24, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066057/the-impact-of-pathological-complete-response-after-neoadjuvant-chemoradiotherapy-in-locally-advanced-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-esophagus
#15
Jing-Wei Lin, Chung-Ping Hsu, Hui-Ling Yeh, Cheng-Yen Chuang, Chih-Hung Lin
BACKGROUND: The impact of pathological complete response after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy on survival of patients with squamous cell carcinoma of esophagus is still controversial. We retrospectively investigated the survival outcome in this group of patients. METHODS: Ninety-eight patients with locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of esophagus, who received neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy were included in this retrospective analysis. Treatment protocols were radiotherapy with standard dose 50...
October 20, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056486/angiographic-assessment-of-atherosclerotic-load-at-the-lower-extremity-in-patients-with-diabetic-foot-and-charcot-neuro-arthropathy
#16
Mehmet B Çildağ, Bülent M Ertuğrul, Ömer Fk Köseoğlu, Songül Çildağ, David G Armstrong
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate atherosclerotic load at the lower extremity in patients with diabetic foot and charcot neuro-arthropathy and compare them with patients with diabetic foot without charcot neuro-arthropathy. METHODS: This retrospective study consists of 78 patients with diabetic foot who had lower extremity angiography with antegrade approach. All patients were classified into two groups; neuro ischemic wounds with charcot neuro-arthropathy (30/78) and without charcot neuro-arthropathy (48/78)...
October 19, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054343/aster-yomena-extract-ameliorates-pro-inflammatory-immune-response-by-suppressing-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-activation-in-raw-264-7-cells
#17
Kyung-A Hwang, Yu-Jin Hwang, Jin Song
BACKGROUND: Aster yomena, an edible vegetable, is a perennial herb found in Korea, China, Japan, and Siberia. It is used as folk medicine to treat cough, bronchial asthma, and insect bites. A. yomena was recently shown to have antioxidant and anti-asthmatic activities. Studies have not yet evaluated the anti-inflammatory effects of the various solvent fractions of A. yomena. We investigated the anti-inflammatory activity of various solvent fractions (hexane, dichloromethane, ethyl acetate, and butanol) from ethanol extract of A...
October 18, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050728/sirt1-acts-as-a-potential-tumor-suppressor-in-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#18
Yuan-Yuan Kang, Fu-Li Sun, Ying Zhang, Zhe Wang
BACKGROUND: Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is the most common malignant tumor in oral cancer, however, the mechanism underlying OSCC tumorigenesis is unknown. SIRT1, has been considered a prominent tumor-suppressing/promoting gene in various solid tumors, although the precise role of SIRT1 in OSCC progression remains unknown. METHODS: SIRT1 expression was assessed in surgically resected specimens from patients with OSCC for histopathologic factors. SIRT1 levels in OSCC were determined, SIRT1 overexpression was achieved on transfecting OSCC cells with a SIRT1-containing plasmid, followed by evaluation of proliferative ability and invasiveness of these cells...
October 16, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050727/surgical-treatment-of-active-native-mitral-infective-endocarditis-a%C3%A2-meta-analysis-of-current-evidence
#19
Jian-Zhou Liu, Xiao-Feng Li, Qi Miao, Chao-Ji Zhang
BACKGROUND: The native mitral lesion of active infective endocarditis implies a poor prognosis and is associated with adverse short- or long-term results without surgical treatment. Both mitral valvuloplasty (MVP) and mitral valve replacement (MVR) have been performed in the treatment of active native mitral infective endocarditis (ANMIE). However, the outcomes of the two approaches remain unclear. The aim of this study was to systematically review the two procedures with mortality and survival as the primary endpoints...
October 16, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042186/bacterial-biofilm-and-associated-infections
#20
REVIEW
Muhsin Jamal, Wisal Ahmad, Saadia Andleeb, Fazal Jalil, Muhammad Imran, Muhammad Asif Nawaz, Tahir Hussain, Muhammad Ali, Muhammad Rafiq, Muhammad Atif Kamil
Microscopic entities, microorganisms that drastically affect human health need to be thoroughly investigated. A biofilm is an architectural colony of microorganisms, within a matrix of extracellular polymeric substance that they produce. Biofilm contains microbial cells adherent to one-another and to a static surface (living or non-living). Bacterial biofilms are usually pathogenic in nature and can cause nosocomial infections. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) revealed that among all microbial and chronic infections, 65% and 80%, respectively, are associated with biofilm formation...
October 14, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
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