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Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA

Junko Yokota, Shojiro Kyotani
BACKGROUND: This study aims to evaluate the influence of nanoparticle size on the in vitro percutaneous penetration and retention and in vivo anti-inflammatory efficacy of percutaneously delivered non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. METHODS: Indomethacin, ketoprofen and piroxicam were incorporated into nanoparticles. The nanoparticles, or the bulk-drug equivalents, were suspended in a hydrophilic ointment and compared for their ability to facilitate percutaneous drug penetration and retention in vitro...
March 16, 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
Ziyao Liu, Yun Tang, Rongrong Zhou, Xiaosa Shi, Hongmei Zhang, Tengfei Liu, Zenglin Lian, Xinyuan Shi
BACKGROUND: The bi-directional solid fermentation product extract of Trametes robiniophila Murr (Huaier) with Radix Isatidis (TIF) has been shown to have good anti-tumor activity. However, the mechanisms of this activity are still unknown. In the present study, we aimed to investigate its inhibitory effect on both SK-BR-3 and MDA-MB-231 cells, and explore the possible mechanisms of its anti-cancer effect in vitro. METHODS: The experiment comprised a control group, Radix Isatidis group, Huaier group, and TIF group...
March 15, 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
Guangli Yin, Ruiqin Xie, Ling You, Hongning Yin, Yucui Sun, Jinglan Wu, Yansha Zhao, Xue Geng, Yanan Zhang
BACKGROUND: The conversion of atrial fibrillation (AF) to sinus rhythm is associated with transient dysfunction of the left atrium (LA). This study aimed to investigate the time course of LA function and inflammation after radiofrequency (RF) ablation for paroxysmal AF. METHODS: Fifty-three patients with paroxysmal AF undergoing RF ablation were recruited. White blood cells were counted and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), fibrinogen, and D-dimer levels were measured...
March 15, 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
Po-Hui Lee, Tu-Lai Yew, Yu-Lin Lai, Shyh-Yuan Lee, Hen-Li Chen
BACKGROUND: Gene-activated matrix (GAM) induces sustained local production of growth factors to promote tissue regeneration. GAM contains a plasmid DNA (pDNA) encoding target proteins that is physically entrapped within a biodegradable matrix carrier. GAM with a pDNA encoding the first 34 amino acids of parathyroid hormone (PTH 1-34) and a collagen matrix enhances bone regeneration in long bone defects. Demineralized freeze-dried bone allograft (DFDBA) is a widely used osteoinductive bone graft...
March 15, 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
Shih-Yen Lu, Hsiao-Jen Chung, Eric Yi-Hsiu Huang, Tzu-Pin Lin, Alex T L Lin
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the perioperative outcomes between renal hilar tumors and non-hilar tumors after robotic-assisted partial nephrectomy (RAPN). METHODS: A retrospective review of consecutive patients who underwent RAPN from December 2009 to September 2015 at our institution was recruited. Perioperative outcomes including demographic characteristics, perioperative, pathological and renal function outcomes were compared between the hilar group (n = 30) and non-hilar group (n = 170)...
March 15, 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
Chang-Ching Wei, Ji-Nan Sheu, Jung-Tung Liu, Sheng-Hui Yang, I-Ching Chou, Jeng-Dau Tsai
BACKGROUND: Seizures in tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) tend to be intractable over time and become a subsequent psychological burden for the patients. The purpose of the current study was to describe the onset, phenotype, and factors associated with seizure remission in patients with TSC. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with TSC between 2009 and 2015 completed a questionnaire interview and underwent a systematic evaluation, including a medical review of their epilepsy history and neurobehavioral disorder assessment...
March 15, 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
Muhammad Atif, Muhammad Azeem, Muhammad Rehan Sarwar, Iram Malik, Wajiha Ahmad, Fariha Hassan, Ayesha Rehman, Mahjabeen Rana
BACKGROUND: Appropriate use of medicines is important to provide quality health. The aim of this study was to assess the prescribing practices and prescription errors in the private clinic practices of Bahawalpur, Pakistan. METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study was performed in March 2015 to assess the prescribing practices and prescription errors in the private clinical practices of Bahawalpur, Pakistan. We used the standard World Health Organization (WHO) methodology to achieve the study objectives...
March 13, 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
Qiao-Yu Jiang, Jue Li, Liang Zheng, Guang-Hua Wang, Jing Wang
BACKGROUND: This study investigates the constitution of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) among women who want to be pregnant in one year and explores factors related to TCM constitution. METHODS: This study was conducted on women who participated in free preconception check-ups provided by the Zhabei District Maternity and Child Care Center in Shanghai, China. The information regarding the female demographic characteristics, physical condition, history of pregnancy and childbearing, diet and behavior, and social psychological factors was collected, and TCM constitution assessment was performed...
March 1, 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
Tzung-Jiun Tsai, Chiun-Ku Lin, Kwok-Hung Lai, Hoi-Hung Chan, E-Ming Wang, Wei-Lun Tsai, Jin-Shiung Cheng, Hsien-Chung Yu, Wen-Chi Chen, Ping-I Hsu
BACKGROUND: Whether preserving sphincter of Oddi (SO) function by endoscopic papillary balloon dilation (EPBD) is beneficial for preventing recurrent common bile duct stone disease (CBDS) is controversial. The aim of this study was to measure sphincter of Oddi (SO) function by using SO manometry, and to evaluate the association with recurrent CBDS. METHODS: Patients with suspected CBDS who underwent successful EPBD were included. These patients underwent SO manometry at two months after EPBD with bile duct clearance...
February 27, 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
Samaneh Abbasi, Manoochehr Makvandi, Ali Teimoori, Alireza Samarbaf-Zadeh
BACKGROUND: Echovirus 6 (E6), is one of the main enteroviral serotypes, was initially isolated from patients with aseptic meningitis (AM) and is a major cause of hospitalization among children and adults worldwide. METHODS: A cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) sample was collected from patient with clinically suspected aseptic meningitis (AM) in August 2011. Following detection of a virus and subsequent virus serotyping, the whole genome sequence was determined. The sequence of the VP1 region of the isolated strain E6 RA/E6/Ahvaz/Iran/2011 showed 79% (>75%) nucleotide and 94% (>85%) amino acid homology with prototype strain D'Amori...
February 20, 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
Chia-Hung Wu, Yukun Luo, Xiang Fei, Yi-Hong Chou, Hong-Jen Chiou, Hsin-Kai Wang, Yi-Chen Lai, Yung-Hui Lin, Chui-Mei Tiu, Jane Wang
Ultrasound is a frequently used diagnostic tool for gallbladder diseases. Polypoid lesions are commonly depicted at routine abdominal ultrasonography (US). The characteristics of these lesions vary. Since most early malignant tumors in the gallbladder are asymptomatic, differentiation between malignancy and benignity is crucial. Knowledge of gallbladder polypoid lesions is important so that they can be appropriately included in the differential diagnosis in patients presenting with intra-gallbladder nodules on US...
February 20, 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
Yiu-Tai Li, Peng-Hui Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 16, 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
Hung-Yen Chin, Huang-Hui Chen, Ching-Hui Chen, Chi-Hsin Chiang, Chin-Jung Wang
BACKGROUND: To explore the relationship between overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms and paravaginal defects (PVDs), and to identify the necessity of PVD repair by transvaginal mesh (TVM) for the treatment of OAB symptoms. METHODS: A retrospective clinical study of 30 women with advanced cystocele with limited apical and posterior vaginal wall prolapse was conducted to identify any changes in OAB symptoms following a single Perigee procedure. Prolapse was assessed using the pelvic organ prolapse quantification (POP-Q) system, and paravaginal defects were identified by sonography...
February 16, 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
Giun-Yi Hung, Li-Yih Lin, Ting-Yen Yu, Chih-Ying Lee, Hsiu-Ju Yen, Jiun-Lin Horng
BACKGROUND: The incidence of hepatoblastoma is not well known in Taiwan. The goal of this study was to investigate the incidence rates of hepatoblastoma by age and sex. METHODS: The data of patients with hepatoblastoma diagnosed from 1995 to 2012 were obtained from the population-based Taiwan Cancer Registry. Incidence rates of hepatoblastoma according to sex and age were analyzed. This study employed the published methods of International Agency for Research on Cancer to calculate the age-standardized incidence rates (ASIRs), standard errors, 95% confidence intervals (CIs), and standardized incidence rate ratios (SIRRs)...
February 16, 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
Ying-Xiu Dai, Tzeng-Ji Chen, Yun-Ting Chang
BACKGROUND: Skin diseases are among the most common public health problems and cause a significant burden. For policymakers and clinicians, comprehensive and detailed information is necessary to better allocate resources needed to care for skin diseases. This study was conducted to characterize the ambulatory practice of dermatologists in Taiwan. METHODS: The study data were drawn from the datasets of Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database for 2013, with 623,614 records of ambulatory care visits representing 1/500 of all the claims in Taiwan for 2013...
February 16, 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
Chern-En Chiang, Shih-Yi Lin, Tsung-Hsien Lin, Tzung-Dau Wang, Hung-I Yeh, Jung-Fu Chen, Chia-Ti Tsai, Yi-Jen Hung, Yi-Heng Li, Ping-Yen Liu, Kuan-Cheng Chang, Kang-Ling Wang, Ting-Hsing Chao, Kou-Gi Shyu, Wei-Shiung Yang, Kwo-Chang Ueng, Pao-Hsien Chu, Wei-Hsian Yin, Yen-Wen Wu, Hao-Min Cheng, Shyi-Jang Shin, Chien-Ning Huang, Lee-Ming Chuang, Shing-Jong Lin, San-Jou Yeh, Wayne Huey-Herng Sheu, Jiunn-Lee Lin
The global incidence and prevalence of type 2 diabetes have been escalating in recent decades. Patients with type 2 diabetes have an increased risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). About two-thirds of death in type 2 diabetes are due to ASCVD, including 40% from coronary heart disease (CHD), 15% from heart failure (HF), and 10% from stroke. The association between hyperglycemia and elevated CV risk has been demonstrated in multiple cohort studies. However, clinical trials of intensive glucose reduction did not significantly reduce macrovascular outcomes...
February 13, 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
Shang-Wen Tsai, Cheng-Fong Chen, Po-Kuei Wu, Chao-Ming Chen, Wei-Ming Chen
BACKGROUND: Subsidence remains a common complication after revision hip arthroplasty which may lead to prolonged weight-bearing restrictions, leg-length discrepancies or considerable loss of function. We evaluated the effectiveness of cement augmentation in the proximal femoral metaphysis during a revision of femoral components to prevent post-operative stem subsidence. METHODS: Forty patients were enrolled. Follow-up averaged 67.7 months (range: 24-149). Twenty-seven patients had a Paprosky type II defect and 13 had a type IIIa defect...
February 7, 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
An-Suey Shiao, Chin-Lung Kuo, Mao-Che Wang, Chia-Huei Chu
BACKGROUND: The author (Dr. Shiao) modified traditional stapes surgery (TSS) specifically for patients with otosclerosis. The proposed technique, referred to as minimally traumatic stapes surgery (MTSS), reduces the risk of subjective discomfort (i.e. vertigo and tinnitus) following surgery. This paper compares the effectiveness of MTSS with that of TSS. METHODS: The medical records of patients with otosclerosis after stapes surgery (TSS or MTSS) were analyzed. Outcome variables included post-operative vertigo, tinnitus, and hearing success...
February 7, 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
Yun-Chen Chen, Yu-Bai Chou, Cheng-Kuan Lin, Chia-Chen Tsai, Tsui-Kang Hsu, Yu-Fan Chang, Hsiao-Ming Chao, Tao-Hsin Tung, Shih-Jen Chen, Jorn-Hon Liu
BACKGROUND: To investigate the clinical manifestations and imaging features of near-infrared autofluorescence (NIA), infrared reflectance (IR), fundus autofluorescence (FAF), indocyanine green angiography (ICGA) and fluorescein angiography (FAG) in the detection of patients with focal choroidal excavation (FCE) identified by cross-sectional spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). METHODS: This retrospective cross-sectional study included 12 eyes of 10 Taiwanese patients with FCE diagnosed by SD-OCT...
February 7, 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
Gulsum Uysal, Fulya Cagli, Hatice Akkaya, Hakan Nazik, Cigdem Karakukcu, Serap Sutbeyaz, Esra S Yilmaz
BACKGROUND: Hyperemesis gravidarum (HG), related to protracted vomiting and nausea, is a common cause of hospitalization during the first trimester of pregnancy. It can be accompanied by ketonuria, dehydration, and weight loss. Our aim was to investigate bone loss in patients with HG. METHODS: In our study, we investigated decreased bone mineral density (BMD)in a total of 79 patients (40 HG and 39 control) by means of dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) measurements and laboratory parameters related to HG...
February 1, 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
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