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Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914715/prostate-cancer-in-young-adults-seventeen-year-clinical-experience-of-a-single-center
#1
Tzu-Hao Huang, Junne-Yih Kuo, Yi-Hsiu Huang, Hsiao-Jen Chung, William J S Huang, Howard H H Wu, Yen-Hwa Chang, Alex T L Lin, Kuang-Kuo Chen
BACKGROUND: In the general population, prostate adenocarcinoma affects predominately older men. If fact, most current guidelines suggest that males over the age of 50 years should undergo prostate cancer screening. However, the clinical behavior and prognosis of prostate cancer in young adults is not well defined. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical behavior, pathological characteristics, and prognosis of prostate cancer in young adults. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of young patients (age, ≤50 years) in our hospital with prostate adenocarcinoma between 1997 and 2013...
November 30, 2016: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889460/evaluation-of-time-lapse-for-establishing-distal-tubal-occlusion-diagnosis-during-hysterosalpingography-procedure-performed-by-using-water-soluble-contrast-media
#2
Serkan Kahyaoglu, Omer Hamid Yumusak, Inci Kahyaoglu, Gokce Naz Kucukbas, Alev Esercan, Yasemin Tasci
BACKGROUND: Hysterosalpingography (HSG) is the most frequently used diagnostic measure for simultaneously determining uterine abnormalities and tubal status among subfertile women. Despite several broader advantages such as availability and increased experience, the subjectivity involved during administration of the HSG procedure itself, and necessary imaging review, decreases the reliability and accuracy of HSG. In this study, we evaluated the time intervals between X-ray imaging during HSG procedure to establish the presence of distal tubal occlusion...
November 24, 2016: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889462/maternal-and-umbilical-cord-blood-levels-of-mercury-manganese-iron-and-copper-in-southern-taiwan-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Shih-Hui Huang, Ken-Pen Weng, Ching-Chiang Lin, Chung-Cheng Wang, Charles Tzu-Chi Lee, Luo-Ping Ger, Ming-Tsang Wu
BACKGROUND: The effect of maternal exposure to essential minerals and heavy metals on fetus is an important issue, which affects women around the world. Few data are available on the concentration of both essential minerals and heavy metals in maternal/fetal medicine. The aims of this study were to (1) assess the correlation of mercury (Hg), manganese (Mn), iron (Fe), and copper (Cu) in paired maternal/fetal blood samples, and (2) study potential confounding factors during pregnancy. METHODS: Our study recruited 145 healthy pregnant women with a mean age of 28...
November 23, 2016: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889461/intralesional-curettage-of-central-low-grade-chondrosarcoma-a-midterm-follow-up-study
#4
Yi-Chou Chen, Po-Kuei Wu, Cheng-Fong Chen, Wei-Ming Chen
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to review the experience of surgical treatment of low-grade chondrosarcoma and to assess the long-term oncological and functional outcomes between intralesional curettage and wide excision. METHODS: We included 11 patients with central low-grade chondrosarcoma lesions treated with intralesional curettage or wide excision from 1998 to 2013. Seven patients were treated with intralesional curettage and local adjuvant treatment (Group A), and four patients were treated with wide excision and reconstructive surgery (Group B)...
November 23, 2016: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889459/effect-of-music-on-level-of-anxiety-in-patients-undergoing-colonoscopy-without-sedation
#5
Chia-Hui Ko, Yi-Yu Chen, Kuan-Ta Wu, Shu-Chi Wang, Jeng-Fu Yang, Yu-Yin Lin, Chia-I Lin, Hsiang-Ju Kuo, Chia-Yen Dai, Meng-Hsuan Hsieh
BACKGROUND: Listening to music can be a noninvasive method for reducing the anxiety level without any adverse effects. The aim of this study was to explore whether music can reduce anxiety and to compare two different styles of music, informal classical music and light music, to ascertain the more effective style of music in reducing anxiety in patients undergoing colonoscopy without sedation. METHODS: This study enrolled 138 patients who underwent colonoscopy without sedation during a general health examination from February 2009 to January 2015...
November 23, 2016: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889458/transcatheter-device-closure-of-postmyocardial-infarction-ventricular-septal-defect
#6
You-Lin Nie, Ming-Chih Lin, Wei-Wen Lin, Chung-Chi Wang, Ching-Pei Chen, Chia-Hsun Lin, Tsung-Cheng Shyu, Yeak-Wun Quek, Sheng-Ling Jan, Yun-Ching Fu
BACKGROUND: Transcatheter device closure of postmyocardial infarction ventricular septal defect (PMIVSD) is less invasive than surgical repair. However, its feasibility, timing, outcome, and prognostic factors remain unclear. METHODS: This was a multicenter, retrospective cohort study. Between February 2012 and July 2015, a total of 10 (8 male and 2 female) patients with PMIVSD undergoing attempted device closure were enrolled retrospectively. The procedures were performed under general anesthesia with fluoroscopic and transesophageal echocardiographic guidance...
November 23, 2016: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889457/a-study-of-oxidative-stress-and-the-newer-antiepileptic-drugs-in-epilepsy-associated-with-severe-motor-and-intellectual-disabilities
#7
Masahito Morimoto, Shigeko Satomura, Toshiaki Hashimoto, Shojiro Kyotani
BACKGROUND: Patients with severe motor and intellectual disabilities (SMID) are those who have both severe intellectual disabilities and severe physical disabilities. Intractable epilepsy is often associated with SMID. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the relationship between epilepsy associated with SMID and oxidative stress, and to clarify the safety and efficacy of the newer antiepileptic drugs (newer AEDs), lamotrigine and levetiracetam. METHODS: This study was conducted in 27 SMID patients with epilepsy who were treated with the newer AEDs...
November 23, 2016: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866917/prkag3-polymorphisms-associated-with-sporadic-wolff-parkinson-white-syndrome-among-a-taiwanese-population
#8
Ken-Pen Weng, Yeong-Seng Yuh, Shih-Hui Huang, Hsiang-Chiang Hsiao, Huang-Wei Wu, Jen-Hung Chien, Bo-Hau Chen, Shih-Ming Huang, Kuang-Jen Chien, Luo-Ping Ger
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate whether mutation in AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) subunit genes (PRKAG3-230) is associated with sporadic, isolated Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome. METHODS: This study consisted of 87 patients with symptomatic WPW syndrome and 93 healthy controls. PRKAG3-230 genotypes were determined using real-time polymerase chain reaction assay. Genotype and allele frequencies of PRKAG3-230 between patients with WPW syndrome and healthy controls were ascertained using chi-square test or Fisher exact test when appropriate...
November 17, 2016: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27839956/lunocapitate-fusion-with-scaphoid-excision-for-the-treatment-of-scaphoid-nonunion-advanced-collapse-or-scapho-lunate-advanced-collapse-wrist
#9
Yu-Cheng Yao, Yi-Chao Huang, Jung-Pan Wang, Tung-Fu Huang, Ming-Chau Chang
BACKGROUND: Four-corner fusion is an effective procedure to treat advanced degenerative osteoarthritis of scaphoid nonunion advanced collapse or scapho-lunate advanced collapse wrists. However, lunocapitate fusion, an alternative procedure, shows benefits including less dissection of the soft tissue and also a shorter operation time. We reviewed 10 cases to reveal the complication rates and clinical outcomes of this procedure. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 10 patients with symptomatic scaphoid nonunion advanced collapse or scapho-lunate advanced collapse wrists who had received lunocapitate fusion with scaphoid excision...
November 10, 2016: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27839955/clinical-presentations-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-east-meets-west
#10
EDITORIAL
Ching-Liang Lu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 10, 2016: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27838292/gastrointestinal-complications-and-extraintestinal-manifestations-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-in-taiwan-a-population-based-study
#11
Yung-Cheng Hsu, Tzee-Chung Wu, Yu-Cheng Lo, Li-Shu Wang
BACKGROUND: Despite a rising incidence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in Taiwan, the clinical presentation of IBDs in this population has yet to be well characterized. Therefore, the aim of our study was to identify and describe the clinical features of gastrointestinal (GI) complications and extraintestinal manifestations (EIMs) of IBDs in the Taiwanese population. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study between 1998 and 2011, with relevant medical information extracted from the National Health Insurance Research Database...
November 9, 2016: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815132/connecting-science-past-and-future
#12
EDITORIAL
Fred M Cowan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806909/does-vitamin-supplement-use-reduce-serum-levels-of-some-heavy-metals-and-or-trace-inorganic-elements-in-pregnant-women
#13
EDITORIAL
Yiu-Tai Li, Wen-Ling Lee, Peng-Hui Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 30, 2016: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806908/urinary-incontinence-is-vaginal-delivery-a-cause
#14
EDITORIAL
Huann-Cheng Horng, Yi-Jen Chen, Peng-Hui Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 30, 2016: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789249/ang-1-7-inhibited-mitochondrial-fission-in-high-glucose-induced-podocytes-by-upregulation-of-mir-30a-and-downregulation-of-drp1-and-p53
#15
Lianhuan Ma, Chunlei Han, Tao Peng, Naie Li, Bei Zhang, Xiaowen Zhen, Xiangdong Yang
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the possible effects of angiotensin-(1-7) [Ang-(1-7)] on podocytes and the mitochondrial signaling pathway in a high-glucose (HG) environment. METHODS: We established a model of HG-induced podocytes by incubating podocytes in RPMI 1640 containing 33mM glucose. The cells were divided into the following groups: (1) normal glucose group as control incubated in Roswell Park Memorial Institute (RPMI) 1640 containing 5mM glucose; (2) Ang-(1-7), 10nM, incubated in RPMI 1640 containing 5mM glucose; (3) the HG group incubated in RPMI 1640 containing 33mM glucose; and (4) Ang-(1-7), 10nM, incubated in HG group incubated in RPMI 1640 containing 33mM glucose...
October 24, 2016: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756532/association-of-metabolic-syndrome-with-erosive-esophagitis-and-barrett-s-esophagus-in-a-chinese-population
#16
Shou-Wu Lee, Han-Chung Lien, Chi-Sen Chang, Teng-Yu Lee, Yen-Chun Peng, Hong-Zen Yeh
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome has been highlighted as a risk factor for several gastrointestinal diseases, including gastroesophageal reflux disease and Barrett's esophagus (BE). The aim of this study was to investigate the association of metabolic syndrome with erosive esophagitis (EE) and BE. METHODS: Data were retrospectively collected from patients who visited the Medical Screening Center at Taichung Veterans General Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan from January 2006 to December 2009...
October 15, 2016: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751758/in%C3%A2-vitro-antimicrobial-activities-of-metabolites-from-vaginal-lactobacillus-strains-against-clostridium-perfringens-isolated-from-a-woman-s-vagina
#17
Mansour Amin, Parastoo Moradi Choghakabodi, Mohammad Alhassan Hamidi, Mahin Najafian, Ahmad Farajzadeh Sheikh
BACKGROUND: More than 50 different species of bacteria may live in a woman's vagina, with lactobacilli being the predominant microorganism found in healthy adult females. Lactobacilli are relevant as a barrier to infection and are important in the impairment of colonization by pathogens, owing to competitive adherence to adhesion sites in the vaginal epithelium and their capacity to produce antimicrobial compounds. METHODS: The aim of the present study was to demonstrate the inhibitory capability of Lactobacillus metabolites against Clostridium perfringens, an anaerobic Gram-positive bacterium...
October 14, 2016: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743810/patterns-of-cerebrospinal-fluid-csf-distribution-in-patients-with-spontaneous-intracranial-hypotension-assessed-with-magnetic-resonance-myelography
#18
Chuan-Han Chen, Jeon-Hor Chen, Hung-Chieh Chen, Jyh-Wen Chai, Po-Lin Chen, Clayton Chi-Cheng Chen
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH) relies on the ability of medical staff to recognize cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage at the spine. However, difficulties with interobserver discrepancy sometimes occurred while reading magnetic resonance myelography (MRM) because clear image definition was lacking. In this study, we tried to determine which pattern of CSF distribution is more reliable for diagnosis of CSF leakage by using MRM. METHODS: From January 2012 to August 2014, 19 SIH patients and 27 healthy controls (HC) were recruited into our study; 10 of the 19 patients were recovered (SIH-R) after treatment...
October 12, 2016: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27745800/prostaglandin-e2-induction-of-labor-and-cervical-ripening-for-term-isolated-oligohydramnios-in-pregnant-women-with-bishop-score%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-5
#19
Hatice Kansu-Celik, Ozlem Gun-Eryılmaz, Nasuh Utku Dogan, Seval Haktankaçmaz, Mehmet Cinar, Saynur Sarici Yilmaz, Cavidan Gülerman
BACKGROUND: We aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of dinoprostone for cervical ripening and labor induction in patients with term oligohydramnios and Bishop score ≤ 5. METHODS: This was a prospective case-control study, which included 104 consecutive women with a Bishop score≤5. Participants were divided into two groups. Women with term isolated oligohydramnios and Bishop score≤5 underwent induction of labor with a vaginal insert containing 10-mg timed-release dinoprostone (prostaglandin E2; Group A, n=40)...
October 10, 2016: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733239/metabolic-syndrome-and-gastrointestinal-hepatobiliary-diseases
#20
Xi-Hsuan Lin, Jiing-Chyuan Luo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 10, 2016: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
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