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Thrombosis Journal

Eyob Alemayehu Gebreyohannes, Akshaya Srikanth Bhagavathula, Henok Getachew Tegegn
Background: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a major risk factor for stroke as it increases the incidence of stroke nearly fivefold. Antithrombotic treatment is recommended for the prevention of stroke in AF patients. However, majorly due to fear of risk of bleeding, adherence to recommendations is not observed. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of antithrombotic undertreatment, on ischemic stroke and/or all-cause mortality in patients with AF. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted from January 7, 2017 to April 30 2017 using medical records of patients with AF attending Gondar University Hospital (GUH) between November 2012 and September 2016...
2018: Thrombosis Journal
Alexander T Cohen, Anthony Maraveyas, Jan Beyer-Westendorf, Agnes Y Y Lee, Lorenzo G Mantovani, Miriam Bach
Background: Around 20% of venous thromboembolism (VTE) cases occur in patients with cancer. Current guidelines recommend low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) as the preferred anticoagulant for VTE treatment. However, some guidelines state that vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) and direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) are acceptable alternatives for long-term therapy in some patients if LMWHs are not available. LMWHs and VKAs have a number of drawbacks that can increase the burden on patients...
2018: Thrombosis Journal
Abeer Berry, George Degheim, Souheil Saba
Background: Anticoagulation therapy for mechanical prosthetic valves is limited to vitamin K antagonists, unfractionated heparin and low-molecular-weight-heparin. Other forms of anticoagulation are either contraindicated or have not been well studied. Hence, anticoagulation for preexisting mechanical valves is controversial if vitamin K antagonists are contraindicated. We present a case involving an end-stage-renal disease patient with both mitral and aortic mechanical valves who developed warfarin-induced calciphylaxis...
2018: Thrombosis Journal
Takahiro Kato, Katsuhiko Matsuura
Background: Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) is associated with high mortality in patients with sepsis. Several studies reporting that recombinant human soluble thrombomodulin (rhTM) reduced mortality in sepsis patients. This retrospective cohort study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of rhTM for patients with mild coagulopathy compared with those with severe coagulopathy. Methods: We evaluated about 90-day mortality and SOFA score. SOFA score was also evaluated for the following components: respiratory, cardiovascular, hepatic, renal and coagulation...
2018: Thrombosis Journal
Jae C Chang
TTP is characterized by microangiopathic hemolytic anemia and thrombocytopenia associated with brain and kidney dysfunction. It occurs due to ADAMTS13 deficiency. TTP-like syndrome occurs in critically ill patients with the similar hematologic changes and additional organ dysfunction syndromes. Vascular microthrombotic disease (VMTD) includes both TTP and TTP-like syndrome because their underlying pathology is the same disseminated intravascular microthrombosis (DIT). Microthrombi are composed of platelet-unusually large von Willebrand factor multimers (ULVWF) complexes...
2018: Thrombosis Journal
Hironori Matsumoto, Jun Takeba, Kensuke Umakoshi, Satoshi Kikuchi, Muneaki Ohshita, Suguru Annen, Naoki Moriyama, Yuki Nakabayashi, Norio Sato, Mayuki Aibiki
Background: We conducted a prospective observational study for investigating coagulofibrinolytic changes and mechanisms of antithrombin (AT) alternations in trauma. Methods: Trauma patients hospitalized for more than seven days were analyzed for coagulofibrinolytic biomarkers. The patients were stratified into two groups according to AT activity level on admission (day 0), comprising normal AT and low AT patients. Results: Thirty-nine patients (median Injury Severity Score 20) exhibited initial coagulatory activation and triphasic fibrinolytic changes...
2018: Thrombosis Journal
Masresha Seyoum, Bamlaku Enawgaw, Mulugeta Melku
Platelets are small non-nucleated cell fragments and the second most abundant cell that play crucial role in managing vascular integrity and regulating hemostasis. Recent finding shows, beyond its hemostatic function platelets also play a main role in fighting against pathogen including viruses. With their receptors, platelet interacts with viral pathogen and this interaction between platelets and viral pathogens result in activation of platelets. Activated platelet releases different molecules that have antiviral activity including kinocidins and other platelet microbicidal peptides...
2018: Thrombosis Journal
Hideo Wada, Takeshi Matsumoto, Kei Suzuki, Hiroshi Imai, Naoyuki Katayama, Toshiaki Iba, Masanori Matsumoto
Introduction: Both disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) and thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) cause microvascular thrombosis associated with thrombocytopenia, bleeding tendency and organ failure. Reports and discussion: The frequency of DIC is higher than that of thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP). Many patients with TMA are diagnosed with DIC, but only about 15% of DIC patients are diagnosed with TMA. Hyperfibrinolysis is observed in most patients with DIC, and microangiopathic hemolytic anemia is observed in most patients with TMA...
2018: Thrombosis Journal
Richard G Jung, Pouya Motazedian, F Daniel Ramirez, Trevor Simard, Pietro Di Santo, Sarah Visintini, Mohammad Ali Faraz, Alisha Labinaz, Young Jung, Benjamin Hibbert
Background: Small studies have implicated plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) as a predictor of cardiovascular events; however, these findings have been inconsistent.We sought out to examine the potential role of PAI-1 as a marker for major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE). Methods: We systematically reviewed all indexed studies examining the association between PAI-1 and MACE (defined as death, myocardial infarction, or cerebrovascular accident) or restenosis...
2018: Thrombosis Journal
Sally Temraz, Hani Tamim, Aurelie Mailhac, Ali Taher
Background: Hyponatremia is common among patients with pulmonary embolism, while hypernatremia increases the risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE). Our objective was to evaluate the association between sodium imbalances and the incidence of VTE and other selected perioperative outcomes. Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS NSQIP) and identified 1,108,704 patients undergoing major surgery from 2008 to 2012...
2018: Thrombosis Journal
Satoshi Gando, Toshihiko Mayumi, Tomohiko Ukai
Background: The pathophysiological mechanisms of acute coagulopathy of trauma-shock (ACOTS) are reported to include activated protein C-mediated suppression of thrombin generation via the proteolytic inactivation of activated Factor V (FVa) and FVIIIa; an increased fibrinolysis via neutralization of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) by activated protein C. The aims of this study are to review the evidences for the role of activated protein C in thrombin generation and fibrinolysis and to validate the diagnosis of ACOTS based on the activated protein C dynamics...
2018: Thrombosis Journal
Alexander T Cohen, Cihan Ay, Philippe Hainaut, Hervé Décousus, Ulrich Hoffmann, Sean Gaine, Michiel Coppens, Pedro Marques da Silva, David Jimenez, Beatrice Amann-Vesti, Bernd Brüggenjürgen, Pierre Levy, Julio Lopez Bastida, Eric Vicaut, Petra Laeis, Eva-Maria Fronk, Wolfgang Zierhut, Thomas Malzer, Peter Bramlage, Giancarlo Agnelli
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s12959-018-0163-7.].
2018: Thrombosis Journal
Saartje Bloemen, Hilde Kelchtermans, H Coenraad Hemker
Accurate thrombin generation determination by calibrated automated thrombinography can be sustained when reducing the plasma and reagent volumes up to half, but not for higher reductions or plasma dilutions.
2018: Thrombosis Journal
Alexander T Cohen, Cihan Ay, Philippe Hainaut, Hervé Décousus, Ulrich Hoffmann, Sean Gaine, Michiel Coppens, Pedro Marques da Silva, David Jimenez Castro, Beatrice Amann-Vesti, Bernd Brüggenjürgen, Pierre Levy, Julio Lopez Bastida, Eric Vicaut, Petra Laeis, Eva-Maria Fronk, Wolfgang Zierhut, Thomas Malzer, Peter Bramlage, Giancarlo Agnelli
Background: Venous thromboembolism (VTE, including deep vein thrombosis [DVT] and pulmonary embolism [PE]) has an annual incidence rate of 104-183 per 100,000 person-years. After a VTE episode, the two-year recurrence rate is about 17%. Consequently, effective and safe anticoagulation is paramount. Edoxaban is a direct oral anticoagulant (DOAC) approved VTE treatment. Current safety and efficacy data are derived from clinical trials, and information about treatment durations beyond 12 months are not available...
2018: Thrombosis Journal
J M van den Heuvel, A M Hövels, H R Büller, A K Mantel-Teeuwisse, A de Boer, A H Maitland-van der Zee
Background: In 2012, around 400.000 patients in the Netherlands were treated with Vitamin K Antagonists (VKA) for thromboembolic diseases. Since 2011, non-VKA oral anticoagulants (NOACs) are available. NOACs do not require frequent INR monitoring which benefits patients, but also imposes a risk of reduced therapy adherence. The objective of this study is to describe uptake and patient adherence of NOACs in The Netherlands until October 2016. Methods: Prescription data for 247...
2018: Thrombosis Journal
George Bozas, Natalie Jeffery, Deiva Ramanujam-Venkatachala, Ged Avery, Andrew Stephens, Hilary Moss, June Palmer, Mandi Elliott, Anthony Maraveyas
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s12959-017-0157-x.].
2018: Thrombosis Journal
S Le Quellec, A Desjonqueres, L Rugeri, H Desmurs Clavel, F Farhat, L Mechtouff, Y Dargaud
Background: Patients with congenital afibrinogenemia suffer from spontaneous recurrent severe bleeding. While fibrinogen concentrates are known to effectively treat bleeding episodes, thrombotic complications often occur upon replacement therapy, rendering clinical management highly challenging. Case Presentation: We hereby report a case of combined afibrinogenemia and congenital antithrombin deficiency manifested by recurrent life-threatening bleeding, as well as spontaneous severe arterial occlusion, such as acute coronary syndrome and stroke, and venous thromboses like pulmonary embolism...
2018: Thrombosis Journal
Satoshi Niijima, Tsukasa Ohmori, Kazuomi Kario
Background: Although prasugrel exerts stronger antiplatelet effects compared with clopidogrel, the factors affecting platelet reactivity under prasugrel have not been fully determined. This study aimed to find the novel mechanistic differences between two thienopyridines and identify the factor that influence platelet reactivity to each drug. Methods: Forty patients with stable angina who underwent elective percutaneous coronary intervention were randomly assigned to receive either prasugrel (20 mg) or clopidogrel (300 mg) as a loading dose...
2018: Thrombosis Journal
Hikmat Abdel-Razeq, Asem Mansour, Hazem Abdulelah, Anas Al-Shwayat, Mohammad Makoseh, Mohammad Ibrahim, Mahmoud Abunasser, Dalia Rimawi, Abeer Al-Rabaiah, Rozan Alfar, Alaa' Abufara, Alaa Ibrahim, Anas Bawaliz, Yousef Ismael
Background: The risk of thromboembolic events is higher among cancer patients, especially in patients undergoing chemotherapy. Cisplatin-based regimens claim to be associated with a very high thromboembolic rate. In this study, we report on our own experience with thrombosis among patients on active cisplatin-based chemotherapy. Methods: Medical records and hospital databases were searched for all the patients treated with any cisplatin-based regimen for any kind of cancer...
2018: Thrombosis Journal
George Bozas, Natalie Jeffery, Deiva Ramanujam-Venkatachala, Ged Avery, Andrew Stephens, Hilary Moss, June Palmer, Mandi Elliott, Anthony Maraveyas
Background: An incidental/unsuspected diagnosis of pulmonary embolism (IPE) in cancer patients is a frequent occurrence. This single-institution analysis of uniformly managed patients investigates short and long-term outcomes and proposes a prognostic risk score, aiming to assist clinical decision-making. Methods: Data from a prospectively recorded cohort of 234 consecutive cancer patients with IPE were analysed. Multivariate logistic regression and the Cox regression survival methods were used to identify factors with independent association with early (30-day, 3-month, 6-month) mortality and survival...
2018: Thrombosis Journal
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