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Human Resources for Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077148/linking-communities-to-formal-health-care-providers-through-village-health-teams-in-rural-uganda-lessons-from-linking-social-capital
#1
Laban Kashaija Musinguzi, Emmanueil Benon Turinawe, Jude T Rwemisisi, Daniel H de Vries, David K Mafigiri, Denis Muhangi, Marije de Groot, Achilles Katamba, Robert Pool
BACKGROUND: Community-based programmes, particularly community health workers (CHWs), have been portrayed as a cost-effective alternative to the shortage of health workers in low-income countries. Usually, literature emphasises how easily CHWs link and connect communities to formal health care services. There is little evidence in Uganda to support or dispute such claims. Drawing from linking social capital framework, this paper examines the claim that village health teams (VHTs), as an example of CHWs, link and connect communities with formal health care services...
January 11, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061894/reasons-why-specialist-doctors-undertake-rural-outreach-services-an-australian-cross-sectional-study
#2
Belinda G O'Sullivan, Matthew R McGrail, Johannes U Stoelwinder
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study is to explore the reasons why specialist doctors travel to provide regular rural outreach services, and whether reasons relate to (1) salaried or private fee-for-service practice and (2) providing rural outreach services in more remote locations. METHODS: A national cross-sectional study of specialist doctors from the Medicine in Australia: Balancing Employment and Life (MABEL) survey in 2014 was implemented. Specialists providing rural outreach services self-reported on a 5-point scale their level of agreement with five reasons for participating...
January 7, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061790/closing-the-gender-leadership-gap-a-multi-centre-cross-country-comparison-of-women-in-management-and-leadership-in-academic-health-centres-in-the-european-union
#3
Ellen Kuhlmann, Pavel V Ovseiko, Christine Kurmeyer, Karin Gutiérrez-Lobos, Sandra Steinböck, Mia von Knorring, Alastair M Buchan, Mats Brommels
BACKGROUND: Women's participation in medicine and the need for gender equality in healthcare are increasingly recognised, yet little attention is paid to leadership and management positions in large publicly funded academic health centres. This study illustrates such a need, taking the case of four large European centres: Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin (Germany), Karolinska Institutet (Sweden), Medizinische Universität Wien (Austria), and Oxford Academic Health Science Centre (United Kingdom)...
January 6, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056998/factors-associated-with-occupancy-of-pharmacist-positions-in-public-sector-hospitals-in-uganda-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Thomas Ocwa Obua, Richard Odoi Adome, Paul Kutyabami, Freddy Eric Kitutu, Pakoyo Fadhiru Kamba
BACKGROUND: Pharmacists are invaluable resources in health care. Their expertise in pharmacotherapy and medicine management both ensures that medicines of appropriate quality are available in health facilities at the right cost and are used appropriately. Unfortunately, some countries like Uganda have shortage of pharmacists in public health facilities, the dominant providers of care. This study investigated the factors that affect the occupancy of pharmacist positions in Uganda's public hospitals, including hiring patterns and job attraction and retention...
January 5, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955669/simulating-future-supply-of-and-requirements-for-human-resources-for-health-in-high-income-oecd-countries
#5
Gail Tomblin Murphy, Stephen Birch, Adrian MacKenzie, Janet Rigby
BACKGROUND: As part of efforts to inform the development of a global human resources for health (HRH) strategy, a comprehensive methodology for estimating HRH supply and requirements was described in a companion paper. The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate the application of that methodology, using data publicly available online, to simulate the supply of and requirements for midwives, nurses, and physicians in the 32 high-income member countries of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) up to 2030...
December 12, 2016: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927220/e-learning-for-research-capacity-strengthening-in-sexual-and-reproductive-health-the-experience-of-the-geneva-foundation-for-medical-education-and-research-and-the-department-of-reproductive-health-and-research-world-health-organization
#6
Karim Abawi, Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli, Igor Toskin, Mario Philip Festin, Lynn Gertiser, Raqibat Idris, Hanan Hamamy, Moazzam Ali, Ameyo Masakhwe Bonventure, Marleen Temmerman, Aldo Campana
: Technological advancement has resulted in the increasing use of e-learning and online education, initially in high-income countries and increasingly in low- and middle-income countries. BACKGROUND: In 2010, the Geneva Foundation for Medical Education and Research, in collaboration with the World Health Organization and partner institutions, developed an online postgraduate course "From Research to Practice: Training Course in Sexual and Reproductive Health Research"...
December 7, 2016: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923402/physicians-job-satisfaction-and-motivation-in-a-public-academic-hospital
#7
Paulo de Oliveira Vasconcelos Filho, Miriam Regina de Souza, Paulo Eduardo Mangeon Elias, Ana Luiza D'Ávila Viana
BACKGROUND: Physician shortage is a global issue that concerns Brazil's authorities. The organizational structure and the environment of a medical institution can hide a low-quality life of a physician. This study examines the relationship between the hospital work environment and physicians' job satisfaction and motivation when working in a large public academic hospital. METHODS: The study was restricted to one large, multispecialty Brazil's hospital. Six hundred hospital physicians were invited to participate by e-mail...
December 7, 2016: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923394/an-economic-research-based-approach-to-calculate-community-health-staffing-requirements-in-xicheng-district-beijing
#8
Delu Yin, Tao Yin, Huiming Yang, Qianqian Xin, Lihong Wang, Ninyan Li, Xiaoyan Ding, Bowen Chen
BACKGROUND: A shortage of community health professionals has been a crucial issue hindering the development of CHS. Various methods have been established to calculate health workforce requirements. This study aimed to use an economic-research-based approach to calculate the number of community health professionals required to provide community health services in the Xicheng District of Beijing and then assess current staffing levels against this ideal. METHODS: Using questionnaires, we collected relevant data from 14 community health centers in the Xicheng District, including resident population, number of different health services provided, and service volumes...
December 7, 2016: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903297/variability-of-staffing-and-staff-mix-across-acute-care-units-in-alberta-canada
#9
Krishna Sharma, Stephanie E Hastings, Esther Suter, Judy Bloom
BACKGROUND: The health workforce has a crucial position in healthcare, and effective distribution of the workforce is one of the critical areas for healthcare improvement. This requires a proper understanding of the allocation of healthcare providers including staffing levels and staffing variability within a healthcare system. High variability may imply significant differences in outcomes and greater opportunity to better distribute staffing and improve patient outcomes. The objective of this study was to examine staffing variation across acute care units in a large and integrated healthcare system...
December 1, 2016: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903294/transformational-leadership-empowerment-and-job-satisfaction-the-mediating-role-of-employee-empowerment
#10
Sang Long Choi, Chin Fei Goh, Muhammad Badrull Hisyam Adam, Owee Kowang Tan
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have revealed that nursing staff turnover remains a major problem in emerging economies. In particular, nursing staff turnover in Malaysia remains high due to a lack of job satisfaction. Despite a shortage of healthcare staff, the Malaysian government plans to create 181 000 new healthcare jobs by 2020 through the Economic Transformation Programme (ETP). This study investigated the causal relationships among perceived transformational leadership, empowerment, and job satisfaction among nurses and medical assistants in two selected large private and public hospitals in Malaysia...
December 1, 2016: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899109/challenges-for-strengthening-the-health-workforce-in-the-lao-people-s-democratic-republic-perspectives-from-key-stakeholders
#11
Yi Qian, Fei Yan, Wei Wang, Shayna Clancy, Kongsap Akkhavong, Manithong Vonglokham, Somphou Outhensackda, Truls Østbye
BACKGROUND: The Lao People's Democratic Republic is facing a critical shortage and maldistribution of health workers. Strengthening of the health workforce has been adopted as one of the five priorities of the National Health Sector Strategy (2013-2025). This study aims to identify, explore, and better understand the key challenges for strengthening the Laotian health workforce. METHODS: This study applied exploratory and descriptive qualitative methods and adapted a working life-span framework...
November 29, 2016: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894307/regional-health-workforce-monitoring-as-governance-innovation-a-german-model-to-coordinate-sectoral-demand-skill-mix-and-mobility
#12
E Kuhlmann, O Lauxen, C Larsen
BACKGROUND: As health workforce policy is gaining momentum, data sources and monitoring systems have significantly improved in the European Union and internationally. Yet data remain poorly connected to policy-making and implementation and often do not adequately support integrated approaches. This brings the importance of governance and the need for innovation into play. CASE: The present case study introduces a regional health workforce monitor in the German Federal State of Rhineland-Palatinate and seeks to explore the capacity of monitoring to innovate health workforce governance...
November 28, 2016: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863499/what-do-health-workers-in-timor-leste-want-know-and-do-findings-from-a-national-health-labour-market-survey
#13
Xiaohui Hou, Sophie Witter, Rashid U Zaman, Kay Engelhardt, Firdaus Hafidz, Fernanda Julia, Christophe Lemiere, Eileen B Sullivan, Estanislau Saldanha, Toomas Palu, Tomas Lievens
BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study were to understand the labour market dynamics among health workers, including their preferences and concerns, and to assess the skills, competence and performance (i.e. the 'know-do gap') of doctors working in Timor-Leste. METHODS: This cross-sectional survey was implemented in all 13 districts of Timor-Leste in 2014. We surveyed 443 health workers, including 175 doctors, 150 nurses and 118 midwives (about 20% of the health workers in the country)...
November 18, 2016: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852268/contribution-of-health-workforce-to-health-outcomes-empirical-evidence-from-vietnam
#14
Mai Phuong Nguyen, Tolib Mirzoev, Thi Minh Le
BACKGROUND: In Vietnam, a lower-middle income country, while the overall skill- and knowledge-based quality of health workforce is improving, health workers are disproportionately distributed across different economic regions. A similar trend appears to be in relation to health outcomes between those regions. It is unclear, however, whether there is any relationship between the distribution of health workers and the achievement of health outcomes in the context of Vietnam. This study examines the statistical relationship between the availability of health workers and health outcomes across the different economic regions in Vietnam...
November 16, 2016: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846852/a-systematic-review-of-physician-retirement-planning
#15
Michelle Pannor Silver, Angela D Hamilton, Aviroop Biswas, Natalie Irene Warrick
BACKGROUND: Physician retirement planning and timing have important implications for patients, hospitals, and healthcare systems. Unplanned early or late physician retirement can have dire consequences in terms of both patient safety and human resource allocations. This systematic review examined existing evidence on the timing and process of retirement of physicians. Four questions were addressed: (1) When do physicians retire? (2) Why do some physicians retire early? (3) Why do some physicians delay their retirement? (4) What strategies facilitate physician retention and/or retirement planning? METHODS: English-language studies were searched in electronic databases MEDLINE, Web of Science, Scopus, CINAHL, AgeLine, Embase, HealthSTAR, ASSA, and PsycINFO, from inception up to and including March 2016...
November 15, 2016: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814734/esip-sa%C3%A3%C2%BAde-mozambique-s-novel-approach-for-a-sustainable-human-resources-for-health-information-system
#16
Keith P Waters, Moises Ernesto Mazivila, Martinho Dgedge, Edgar Necochea, Devan Manharlal, Alexandra Zuber, Beatriz de Faria Leão, Debora Bossemeyer, Alfredo E Vergara
INTRODUCTION: Over the past decade, governments and international partners have responded to calls for health workforce data with ambitious investments in human resources information systems (HRIS). However, documentation of country experiences in the use of HRIS to improve strategic planning and management has been lacking. The purpose of this case presentation is to document for the first time Mozambique's novel approach to HRIS, sharing key success factors and contributing to the scant global knowledge base on HRIS...
November 5, 2016: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784298/the-global-pendulum-swing-towards-community-health-workers-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-scoping-review-of-trends-geographical-distribution-and-programmatic-orientations-2005-to-2014
#17
REVIEW
Helen Schneider, Dickson Okello, Uta Lehmann
BACKGROUND: There has been a substantial increase in publications and interest in community health workers (CHWs) in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) over the last years. This paper examines the growth, geographical distribution and programmatic orientations of the indexed literature on CHWs in LMIC over a 10-year period. METHODS: A scoping review of publications on CHWs from 2005 to 2014 was conducted. Using an inclusive list of terms, we searched seven databases (including MEDLINE, CINAHL, Cochrane) for all English-language publications on CHWs in LMIC...
October 26, 2016: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769312/community-health-worker-in-hard-to-reach-rural-areas-of-myanmar-filling-primary-health-care-service-gaps
#18
Angkana Sommanustweechai, Weerasak Putthasri, Mya Lay Nwe, Saw Thetlya Aung, Mya Min Theint, Viroj Tangcharoensathien, San Shway Wynn
BACKGROUND: Myanmar is classified as critical shortage of health workforce. In responses to limited number of trained health workforce in the hard-to-reach and remote areas, the MOH trained the Community Health Worker (CHW) as health volunteers serving these communities on a pro bono basis. This study aimed to assess the socio-economic profiles, contributions of CHW to primary health care services and their needs for supports to maintain their quality contributions in rural hard to reach areas in Myanmar...
October 21, 2016: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756428/human-resources-for-health-strategies-adopted-by-providers-in-resource-limited-settings-to-sustain-long-term-delivery-of-art-a-mixed-methods-study-from-uganda
#19
Henry Zakumumpa, Modupe Oladunni Taiwo, Alex Muganzi, Freddie Ssengooba
BACKGROUND: Human resources for health (HRH) constraints are a major barrier to the sustainability of antiretroviral therapy (ART) scale-up programs in Sub-Saharan Africa. Many prior approaches to HRH constraints have taken a top-down trend of generalized global strategies and policy guidelines. The objective of the study was to examine the human resources for health strategies adopted by front-line providers in Uganda to sustain ART delivery beyond the initial ART scale-up phase between 2004 and 2009...
October 19, 2016: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737659/factors-associated-with-less-than-full-time-working-in-medical-practice-results-of-surveys-of-five-cohorts-of-uk-doctors-10%C3%A2-years-after-graduation
#20
Shelly Lachish, Elena Svirko, Michael J Goldacre, Trevor Lambert
BACKGROUND: The greater participation of women in medicine in recent years, and recent trends showing that doctors of both sexes work fewer hours than in the past, present challenges for medical workforce planning. In this study, we provide a detailed analysis of the characteristics of doctors who choose to work less-than-full-time (LTFT). We aimed to determine the influence of these characteristics on the probability of working LTFT. METHODS: We used data on working patterns obtained from long-term surveys of 10,866 UK-trained doctors...
October 13, 2016: Human Resources for Health
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