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Health Research Policy and Systems

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789001/dissemination-and-use-of-who-family-planning-guidance-and-tools-a-qualitative-assessment
#1
Joan Marie Kraft, Titilope Oduyebo, Tara C Jatlaoui, Kathryn M Curtis, Maura K Whiteman, Lauren B Zapata, Mary Eluned Gaffield
BACKGROUND: As countries continue to improve their family planning (FP) programmes, they may draw on WHO's evidence-based FP guidance and tools (i.e. materials) that support the provision of quality FP services. METHODS: To better understand the use and perceived impact of the materials and ways to strengthen their use by countries, we conducted qualitative interviews with WHO regional advisors, and with stakeholders in Ethiopia and Senegal who use WHO materials...
May 22, 2018: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776412/the-aging-initiative-experience-a-call-for-sustained-support-for-team-science-networks
#2
LETTER
Tullika Garg, Kathryn Anzuoni, Valentina Landyn, Alexandra Hajduk, Stephen Waring, Leah R Hanson, Heather E Whitson
Team science, defined as collaborative research efforts that leverage the expertise of diverse disciplines, is recognised as a critical means to address complex healthcare challenges, but the practical implementation of team science can be difficult. Our objective is to describe the barriers, solutions and lessons learned from our team science experience as applied to the complex and growing challenge of multiple chronic conditions (MCC). MCC is the presence of two or more chronic conditions that have a collective adverse effect on health status, function or quality of life, and that require complex healthcare management, decision-making or coordination...
May 18, 2018: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751764/challenges-to-decision-making-processes-in-the-national-hta-agency-in-brazil-operational-procedures-evidence-use-and-recommendations
#3
Tania Yuka Yuba, Hillegonda Maria Dutilh Novaes, Patrícia Coelho de Soárez
BACKGROUND: The quality of the evidence used in health technology assessment (HTA) agency reports has been considered essential for decision-making processes and their legitimacy. In Brazil, CONITEC is the agency responsible for defining data mandatory for the submission of proposals for the incorporation of new technologies. The objective of this study was to analyse CONITEC recommendation reports, the type of scientific evidence used in them and their compliance with operational procedures...
May 11, 2018: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743112/changing-roles-of-universities-in-the-era-of-sdgs-rising-up-to-the-global-challenge-through-institutionalising-partnerships-with-governments-and-communities
#4
LETTER
Fadi El-Jardali, Nour Ataya, Racha Fadlallah
The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development covers a wide range of interrelated goals, including poverty eradication and economic growth, social inclusion, environmental sustainability and peace for all people by 2030. Policy decisions to meet the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) need to be informed by policy-relevant evidence co-designed and co-produced with the pertinent stakeholders, taking into consideration local and political contexts. Universities are uniquely placed to lead the cross-sectoral implementation of the SDGs and advance the 2030 agenda...
May 9, 2018: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743088/measuring-research-impact-a-large-cancer-research-funding-programme-in-australia
#5
Jacqueline A Bowden, Nicole Sargent, Steve Wesselingh, Lincoln Size, Claire Donovan, Caroline L Miller
BACKGROUND: Measuring research impact is of critical interest to philanthropic and government funding agencies interested in ensuring that the research they fund is both scientifically excellent and has meaningful impact into health and other outcomes. The Beat Cancer Project (BCP) is a AUD $34 m cancer research funding scheme that commenced in 2011. It was initiated by an Australian charity (Cancer Council SA), and supported by the South Australian Government and the state's major universities...
May 9, 2018: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724235/how-can-the-use-of-data-within-the-immunisation-programme-be-increased-in-order-to-improve-data-quality-and-ensure-greater-accountability-in-the-health-system-a-protocol-for-implementation-science-study
#6
Binyam Tilahun, Alemayehu Teklu, Arielle Mancuso, Zeleke Abebaw, Kassahun Dessie, Desalegn Zegeye
BACKGROUND: Immunisation remains one of the most important and cost-effective interventions to reduce vaccine-preventable child morbidity, disability and mortality. Health programmes like the Expanded Program of Immunization rely on complex decision-making and strong local level evidence is important to effectively and efficiently utilise limited resources. Lack of data use for decision-making at each level of the health system remains the main challenge in most developing countries. While there is much evidence on data quality and how to improve it, there is a lack of sufficient evidence on why the use of data for decision-making at each level of the health system is low...
May 3, 2018: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716606/the-impact-of-orthopaedic-research-evidence-on-health-financing-in-australia
#7
Martin Hua, Daniel Myers, Lachlan Host
BACKGROUND: In Australia, approval by the Medical Services Advisory Committee (MSAC) is an important step in the implementation of new health technologies. The MSAC considers health technology assessments (HTA) when submitting a recommendation to the Minister of Health on a new technology's suitability for public funding. Despite being such a critical tool in formulating policy, there has been little scrutiny on the impact of limited evidence on the performance of a national HTA agency's mandate...
May 2, 2018: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695248/use-of-the-self-organising-map-network-somnet-as-a-decision-support-system-for-regional-mental-health-planning
#8
Younjin Chung, Luis Salvador-Carulla, José A Salinas-Pérez, Jose J Uriarte-Uriarte, Alvaro Iruin-Sanz, Carlos R García-Alonso
BACKGROUND: Decision-making in mental health systems should be supported by the evidence-informed knowledge transfer of data. Since mental health systems are inherently complex, involving interactions between its structures, processes and outcomes, decision support systems (DSS) need to be developed using advanced computational methods and visual tools to allow full system analysis, whilst incorporating domain experts in the analysis process. In this study, we use a DSS model developed for interactive data mining and domain expert collaboration in the analysis of complex mental health systems to improve system knowledge and evidence-informed policy planning...
April 25, 2018: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673362/problems-maintaining-collaborative-approaches-with-excluded-populations-in-a-randomised-control-trial-lessons-learned-implementing-housing-first-in-france
#9
Pauline Rhenter, Aurélie Tinland, Julien Grard, Christian Laval, Jean Mantovani, Delphine Moreau, Benjamin Vidaud, Tim Greacen, Pascal Auquier, Vincent Girard
BACKGROUND: In 2006, a local collective combating homelessness set up an 'experimental squat' in an abandoned building in Marseille, France's second largest city. They envisioned the squat as an alternative to conventional health and social services for individuals experiencing long-term homelessness and severe psychiatric disorders. Building on what they learned from the squat, some then joined a larger coalition that succeeded in convincing national government decision-makers to develop a scientific, intervention-based programme based on the Housing First model...
April 19, 2018: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673346/elements-for-harnessing-participatory-action-research-to-strengthen-health-managers-capacity-a-critical-interpretative-synthesis
#10
REVIEW
Moses Tetui, Joseph Mumba Zulu, Anna-Karin Hurtig, Elizabeth Ekirapa-Kiracho, Suzanne N Kiwanuka, Anna-Britt Coe
BACKGROUND: Health managers play a key role in ensuring that health services are responsive to the needs of the population. Participatory action research (PAR) is one of the approaches that have been used to strengthen managers' capacity. However, collated knowledge on elements for harnessing PAR to strengthen managers' capacity is missing. This paper bridges this gap by reviewing existing literature on the subject matter. METHODS: A critical interpretive synthesis method was used to interrogate eight selected articles...
April 19, 2018: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665809/generating-evidence-for-health-policy-in-challenging-settings-lessons-learned-from-four-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv-implementation-research-studies-in-nigeria
#11
Nadia A Sam-Agudu, Muktar H Aliyu, Olusegun A Adeyemi, Frank Oronsaye, Bolanle Oyeledun, Amaka G Ogidi, Echezona E Ezeanolue
BACKGROUND: Implementation research (IR) facilitates health systems strengthening and optimal patient outcomes by generating evidence for scale-up of efficacious strategies in context. Thus, difficulties in generating IR evidence, particularly in limited-resource settings with wide disease prevention and treatment gaps, need to be anticipated and addressed. Nigeria is a priority country for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT). This paper analyses the experiences of four PMTCT IR studies in Nigeria, and proffers solutions to major challenges encountered during implementation...
April 17, 2018: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29631606/what-can-we-learn-from-interventions-that-aim-to-increase-policy-makers-capacity-to-use-research-a-realist-scoping-review
#12
REVIEW
Abby Haynes, Samantha J Rowbotham, Sally Redman, Sue Brennan, Anna Williamson, Gabriel Moore
BACKGROUND: Health policy-making can benefit from more effective use of research. In many policy settings there is scope to increase capacity for using research individually and organisationally, but little is known about what strategies work best in which circumstances. This review addresses the question: What causal mechanisms can best explain the observed outcomes of interventions that aim to increase policy-makers' capacity to use research in their work? METHODS: Articles were identified from three available reviews and two databases (PAIS and WoS; 1999-2016)...
April 10, 2018: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587777/an-evaluation-of-south-africa-s-public-private-partnership-for-the-localisation-of-vaccine-research-manufacture-and-distribution
#13
David R Walwyn, Adolph T Nkolele
BACKGROUND: Public-private partnerships (PPPs), widely used as a means of leveraging the skills, expertise and resources of the private sector to mutual advantage, were similarly adopted by South Africa to support public sector delivery. This study has evaluated one such partnership, namely the Biovac Institute, which was established in 2003 to cover vaccine research and development, manufacturing, and supply. The initiative was highly unusual given that it attempted to combine all three aspects in a single PPP...
March 27, 2018: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562939/frameworks-for-embedding-a-research-culture-in-allied-health-practice-a-rapid-review
#14
REVIEW
Susan C Slade, Kathleen Philip, Meg E Morris
BACKGROUND: Although allied health clinicians play a key role in the provision of healthcare, embedding a culture of research within public and private health systems remains a challenge. In this rapid review we critically evaluate frameworks for embedding research into routine allied health practice, as the basis for high quality, safe, efficient and consumer-focused care. METHODS: A rapid review (PROSPERO: CRD42017075699) was conducted to evaluate frameworks designed to create and embed research in the health sector...
March 21, 2018: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548331/measuring-research-impact-in-medical-research-institutes-a-qualitative-study-of-the-attitudes-and-opinions-of-australian-medical-research-institutes-towards-research-impact-assessment-frameworks
#15
Simon Deeming, Penny Reeves, Shanthi Ramanathan, John Attia, Michael Nilsson, Andrew Searles
BACKGROUND: The question of how to measure, assess and optimise the returns from investment in health and medical research (HMR) is a highly policy-relevant issue. Research Impact Assessment Frameworks (RIAFs) provide a conceptual measurement framework to assess the impact from HMR. The aims of this study were (1) to elicit the views of Medical Research Institutes (MRIs) regarding objectives, definitions, methods, barriers, potential scope and attitudes towards RIAFs, and (2) to investigate whether an assessment framework should represent a retrospective reflection of research impact or a prospective approach integrated into the research process...
March 16, 2018: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544510/a-comparative-evaluation-of-pdq-evidence
#16
Marit Johansen, Gabriel Rada, Sarah Rosenbaum, Elizabeth Paulsen, Nkengafac Villyen Motaze, Newton Opiyo, Charles S Wiysonge, Yunpeng Ding, Fidele K Mukinda, Andrew D Oxman
BACKGROUND: A strategy for minimising the time and obstacles to accessing systematic reviews of health system evidence is to collect them in a freely available database and make them easy to find through a simple 'Google-style' search interface. PDQ-Evidence was developed in this way. The objective of this study was to compare PDQ-Evidence to six other databases, namely Cochrane Library, EVIPNet VHL, Google Scholar, Health Systems Evidence, PubMed and Trip. METHODS: We recruited healthcare policy-makers, managers and health researchers in low-, middle- and high-income countries...
March 15, 2018: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544498/a-comparison-between-health-research-output-and-burden-of-disease-in-arab-countries-evidence-from-palestine
#17
Loai Albarqouni, Khamis Elessi, Niveen M E Abu-Rmeileh
BACKGROUND: Research conducted on conditions responsible for the greatest disease burden should be given the highest priority, particularly in resource-limited settings. The present study aimed to assess the research output in relation to disease burden in Palestine and to identify the conditions which are under- or over-investigated, if any. METHODS: We searched PubMed and Scopus for reports of original research relevant to human health or healthcare authored by researchers affiliated with Palestinian institutions and published between January 2000 and December 2015...
March 15, 2018: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544496/the-implementation-of-health-in-all-policies-initiatives-a-systems-framework-for-government-action
#18
Ketan Shankardass, Carles Muntaner, Lauri Kokkinen, Faraz Vahid Shahidi, Alix Freiler, Goldameir Oneka, Ahmed M Bayoumi, Patricia O'Campo
BACKGROUND: There has been a renewed interest in broadening the research agenda in health promotion to include action on the structural determinants of health, including a focus on the implementation of Health in All Policies (HiAP). Governments that use HiAP face the challenge of instituting governance structures and processes to facilitate policy coordination in an evidence-informed manner. Due to the complexity of government institutions and the policy process, systems theory has been proposed as a tool for evaluating the implementation of HiAP...
March 15, 2018: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540216/the-potential-role-of-cost-utility-analysis-in-the-decision-to-implement-major-system-change-in-acute-stroke-services-in-metropolitan-areas-in-england
#19
Rachael M Hunter, Naomi J Fulop, Ruth J Boaden, Christopher McKevitt, Catherine Perry, Angus I G Ramsay, Anthony G Rudd, Simon J Turner, Pippa J Tyrrell, Charles D A Wolfe, Stephen Morris
BACKGROUND: The economic implications of major system change are an important component of the decision to implement health service reconfigurations. Little is known about how best to report the results of economic evaluations of major system change to inform decision-makers. Reconfiguration of acute stroke care in two metropolitan areas in England, namely London and Greater Manchester (GM), was used to analyse the economic implications of two different implementation strategies for major system change...
March 14, 2018: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540188/correction-to-patient-engagement-in-canada-a-scoping-review-of-the-how-and-what-of-patient-engagement-in-health-research
#20
Elizabeth Manafo, Lisa Petermann, Ping Mason-Lai, Virginia Vandall-Walker
It has been highlighted that the original manuscript [1] contains a typesetting error in the surname of Virginia Vandall-Walker. This was incorrectly captured as Virgnia Vandall-Walker in the original manuscript which has since been updated.
March 14, 2018: Health Research Policy and Systems
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