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Health Research Policy and Systems

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629438/an-output-evaluation-of-a-health-research-foundation-s-enhanced-grant-review-process-for-new-investigators
#1
Gregory W Hammond, Mê-Linh Lê, Tannis Novotny, Stephanie P B Caligiuri, Grant N Pierce, John Wade
BACKGROUND: We assessed the ability of the Manitoba Medical Service Foundation (MMSF, a small not-for-profit foundation affiliated with Manitoba Blue Cross) to determine the best candidates for selection to receive research funding support among new researchers applying to the Research Operating Grants Programme (ROGP). METHODS: Using bibliometric and grants funding analyses, we retrospectively compared indices of academic outputs from five cohorts of MMSF-funded and not MMSF-funded applicants to the annual MMSF ROGP over 2008 to 2012, from 1 to 5 years after having received evaluation decisions from the MMSF enhanced grant review process...
June 19, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623933/transferring-research-from-a-university-to-the-united-kingdom-national-health-service-the-implications-for-impact
#2
Helen Payne
The aim of this article is to inform readers of the author's reflections on the experience of transferring university-based research into the commercial sector, and of the processes and strategies employed when preparing for impact in so doing. Concepts for the transfer are illustrated by the author's reflection on aspects that arose during the birthing and subsequent start-up of a university spin-off, Pathways2Wellbeing, a form of reflection-on-action. This is the vehicle for the adaption required to transfer research into the delivery of a specialised clinic in the United Kingdom National Health Service for people with medically unexplained, persistent, bodily symptoms such as fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue and chronic pain...
June 17, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610616/underutilisation-of-routinely-collected-data-in-the-hiv-programme-in-zambia-a-review-of-quantitatively-analysed-peer-reviewed-articles
#3
REVIEW
Tendai Munthali, Patrick Musonda, Paul Mee, Sehlulekile Gumede, Ab Schaap, Alwyn Mwinga, Caroline Phiri, Nathan Kapata, Charles Michelo, Jim Todd
BACKGROUND: The extent to which routinely collected HIV data from Zambia has been used in peer-reviewed published articles remains unexplored. This paper is an analysis of peer-reviewed articles that utilised routinely collected HIV data from Zambia within six programme areas from 2004 to 2014. METHODS: Articles on HIV, published in English, listed in the Directory of open access journals, African Journals Online, Google scholar, and PubMed were reviewed. Only articles from peer-reviewed journals, that utilised routinely collected data and included quantitative data analysis methods were included...
June 13, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599658/-holding-the-line-a-qualitative-study-of-the-role-of-evidence-in-early-phase-decision-making-in-the-reconfiguration-of-stroke-services-in-london
#4
Alec Fraser, Juan I Baeza, Annette Boaz
BACKGROUND: Health service reconfigurations are of international interest but remain poorly understood. This article focuses on the use of evidence by senior managerial decision-makers involved in the reconfiguration of stroke services in London 2008-2012. Recent work comparing stroke service reconfiguration in London and Manchester emphasises the ability of senior managerial decision-makers in London to 'hold the line' in the crucial early phases of the stroke reconfiguration programme...
June 9, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592283/health-systems-research-in-fragile-and-conflict-affected-states-a-qualitative-study-of-associated-challenges
#5
Tim Martineau, Aniek Woodward, Kate Sheahan, Egbert Sondorp
BACKGROUND: High quality health systems research (HSR) in fragile and conflict-affected states (FCAS) is essential to guiding the policies and programmes that will improve access to health services and, ultimately, health outcomes. Yet, conducting HSR in FCAS is challenging. An understanding of these challenges is essential to tackling them and to supporting research conducted in these complex environments. Led by the Thematic Working Group on Health Systems in FCAS, the primary aim of this study was to develop a research agenda on HSR in FCAS...
June 7, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577560/research-dissemination-workshops-observations-and-implications-based-on-an-experience-in-burkina-faso
#6
Esther Mc Sween-Cadieux, Christian Dagenais, Paul-André Somé, Valéry Ridde
BACKGROUND: In Burkina Faso, malaria remains the primary cause of healthcare use, morbidity and child mortality. Therefore, efforts are needed to support the knowledge transfer and application of the results of numerous studies to better formulate and implement programs in the fight against the malaria pandemic. To this end, a 2-day dissemination workshop was held to share the most recent results produced by a multidisciplinary research team. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the workshop and the policy briefs distributed there, the effects these produced on research results use and the processes that facilitated, or not, the application of the knowledge transmitted...
June 2, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558838/towards-understanding-the-drivers-of-policy-change-a-case-study-of-infection-control-policies-for-multi-drug-resistant-tuberculosis-in-south-africa
#7
Trust Saidi, Faatiema Salie, Tania S Douglas
BACKGROUND: Explaining policy change is one of the central tasks of contemporary policy analysis. In this article, we examine the changes in infection control policies for multi-drug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in South Africa from the time the country made the transition to democracy in 1994, until 2015. We focus on MDR-TB infection control and refer to decentralised management as a form of infection control. Using Kingdon's theoretical framework of policy streams, we explore the temporal ordering of policy framework changes...
May 30, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558737/improving-active-case-finding-for-tuberculosis-in-south-africa-informing-innovative-implementation-approaches-in-the-context-of-the-kharitode-trial-through-formative-research
#8
Deanna Kerrigan, Nora West, Carrie Tudor, Colleen F Hanrahan, Limakatso Lebina, Reginah Msandiwa, Lesego Mmolawa, Neil Martinson, David Dowdy
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) is the leading infectious killer worldwide, with approximately 1.8 million deaths in 2015. While effective treatment exists, implementation of active case finding (ACF) methods to identify persons with active TB in a timely and cost-effective manner continues to be a major challenge in resource-constrained settings. Limited qualitative work has been conducted to gain an in-depth understanding of implementation barriers. METHODS: Qualitative research was conducted to inform the development of three ACF strategies for TB to be evaluated as part of the Kharitode cluster-randomised trial being conducted in a rural province of South Africa...
May 30, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494770/exploring-linkages-between-research-policy-and-practice-in-the-netherlands-perspectives-on-sexual-and-reproductive-health-and-rights-knowledge-flows
#9
Billie de Haas, Anke van der Kwaak
BACKGROUND: The attention to and demand for stronger linkages between research, policy and practice are increasing, especially in fields concerned with sensitive and challenging issues such as sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR). The study described in this article was conducted in the Netherlands among actors working in international development, especially the domain of SRHR. It explores the perceived flow of knowledge between research, policy and practice, the perceived impeding factors, and suggested strategies for improvement...
May 12, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476127/research-capacity-building-through-north-south-south-networking-towards-true-partnership-an-exploratory-study-of-a-network-for-scientific-support-in-the-field-of-sexual-and-reproductive-health
#10
K Van der Veken, L Belaid, T Delvaux, V De Brouwere
BACKGROUND: We explored the perceptions of members of the Network for Scientific Support in the field of Sexual and Reproductive Health (NetSRH) on North-South-South networking and on constraints and perspectives for South-led research. METHODS: An exploratory qualitative study was conducted 18 months after the network was launched. In-depth interviews were carried out with NetSRH members (n = 15) affiliated to southern research institutions. A thematic analysis was done and N-Vivo 10 software used...
May 5, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472952/the-role-of-ngos-service-delivery-experience-in-developing-relevant-research-agendas-experience-and-challenges-among-ngos-in-malawi
#11
Kate Gooding
BACKGROUND: There has been growing interest in the contribution of non-governmental organisations (NGOs) to international health research. One strength that NGOs may bring to research involves the potential value of service delivery experience for indicating relevant research questions, namely through their involvement in service delivery, NGO staff may be aware of frontline knowledge gaps, allowing these staff to identify questions that lead to research with immediate relevance. However, there is little empirical evidence on research agendas within NGOs to assess whether their service delivery experience does lead to relevant research or conditions that affect this...
May 4, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468683/policymaker-experiences-with-rapid-response-briefs-to-address-health-system-and-technology-questions-in-uganda
#12
Rhona Mijumbi-Deve, Sarah E Rosenbaum, Andrew D Oxman, John N Lavis, Nelson K Sewankambo
BACKGROUND: Health service and systems researchers have developed knowledge translation strategies to facilitate the use of reliable evidence for policy, including rapid response briefs as timely and responsive tools supporting decision making. However, little is known about users' experience with these newer formats for presenting evidence. We sought to explore Ugandan policymakers' experience with rapid response briefs in order to develop a format acceptable for policymakers. METHODS: We used existing research regarding evidence formats for policymakers to inform the initial version of rapid response brief format...
May 3, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464954/determinants-analysis-of-outpatient-service-utilisation-in-georgia-can-the-approach-help-inform-benefit-package-design
#13
George Gotsadze, Wenze Tang, Natia Shengelia, Akaki Zoidze
BACKGROUND: The healthcare financing reforms initiated by the Government of Georgia in 2007 have positively affected inpatient service utilisation and enhanced financial protection, especially for the poor, but they have failed to facilitate outpatient service use among chronic patients. Non-communicable diseases significantly affect Georgia's ageing population. Consequently, in this paper, we look at the evidence emerging from determinants analysis of outpatient service utilisation and if the finding can help identify possible policy choices in Georgia, especially regarding benefit package design for individuals with chronic conditions...
May 2, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446185/evidence-based-policymaking-is-not-like-evidence-based-medicine-so-how-far-should-you-go-to-bridge-the-divide-between-evidence-and-policy
#14
EDITORIAL
Paul Cairney, Kathryn Oliver
There is extensive health and public health literature on the 'evidence-policy gap', exploring the frustrating experiences of scientists trying to secure a response to the problems and solutions they raise and identifying the need for better evidence to reduce policymaker uncertainty. We offer a new perspective by using policy theory to propose research with greater impact, identifying the need to use persuasion to reduce ambiguity, and to adapt to multi-level policymaking systems.We identify insights from secondary data, namely systematic reviews, critical analysis and policy theories relevant to evidence-based policymaking...
April 26, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438177/responding-to-non-communicable-diseases-in-zambia-a-policy-analysis
#15
Mulenga M Mukanu, Joseph Mumba Zulu, Chrispin Mweemba, Wilbroad Mutale
BACKGROUND: Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are an emerging global health concern. Reports have shown that, in Zambia, NCDs are also an emerging problem and the government has begun initiating a policy response. The present study explores the policy response to NCDs by the Ministry of Health in Zambia using the policy triangle framework of Walt and Gilson. METHODS: A qualitative approach was used for the study. Data collected through key informant interviews with stakeholders who were involved in the NCD health policy development process as well as review of key planning and policy documents were analysed using thematic analysis...
April 24, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431554/a-need-to-accelerate-health-research-productivity-in-an-african-university-the-case-of-makerere-university-college-of-health-sciences
#16
Damalie Nakanjako, Dickens Akena, Dan K Kaye, James Tumwine, Elialilia Okello, Annettee Nakimuli, Andrew Kambugu, Hazel McCullough, Harriet Mayanja-Kizza, Moses R Kamya, Nelson K Sewankambo
BACKGROUND: In the last decade, Makerere University College of Health Sciences (MakCHS) has taken strides in research and training to improve healthcare through collaborative training and research programs. However, there is limited data on the trends of MakCHS faculty contributions to research and on faculty growth to take leading roles in health research. This paper reviews MakCHS faculty research publications over 15.5 years and outlines possible strategies to enhance faculty research outputs...
April 21, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420381/operations-research-in-global-health-a-scoping-review-with-a-focus-on-the-themes-of-health-equity-and-impact
#17
REVIEW
Beverly D Bradley, Tiffany Jung, Ananya Tandon-Verma, Bassem Khoury, Timothy C Y Chan, Yu-Ling Cheng
BACKGROUND: Operations research (OR) is a discipline that uses advanced analytical methods (e.g. simulation, optimisation, decision analysis) to better understand complex systems and aid in decision-making. Herein, we present a scoping review of the use of OR to analyse issues in global health, with an emphasis on health equity and research impact. A systematic search of five databases was designed to identify relevant published literature. A global overview of 1099 studies highlights the geographic distribution of OR and common OR methods used...
April 18, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412937/understanding-relevance-of-health-research-considerations-in-the-context-of-research-impact-assessment
#18
EDITORIAL
Mark J Dobrow, Fiona A Miller, Cy Frank, Adalsteinn D Brown
BACKGROUND: With massive investment in health-related research, above and beyond investments in the management and delivery of healthcare and public health services, there has been increasing focus on the impact of health research to explore and explain the consequences of these investments and inform strategic planning. Relevance is reflected by increased attention to the usability and impact of health research, with research funders increasingly engaging in relevance assessment as an input to decision processes...
April 17, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376904/academic-research-productivity-of-post-graduate-students-at-makerere-university-college-of-health-sciences-uganda-from-1996-to-2010-a-retrospective-review
#19
E A Obuku, J N Lavis, A Kinengyere, D K Mafigiri, F Sengooba, C Karamagi, N K Sewankambo
BACKGROUND: Research is a core business of universities globally, and is crucial in the scientific process as a precursor for knowledge uptake and use. We aimed to assess the academic productivity of post-graduate students in a university located in a low-income country. METHODS: This is an observational retrospective documentary analysis using hand searching archives, Google Scholar and PubMed electronic databases. The setting is Makerere University College of Health Sciences, Uganda...
April 4, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372567/erratum-to-the-concept-of-vulnerability-in-research-ethics-an-in-depth-analysis-of-policies-and-guidelines
#20
Dearbhail Bracken-Roche, Emily Bell, Mary Ellen Macdonald, Eric Racine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 3, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
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