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Health Research Policy and Systems

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231801/tracking-implementation-strategies-a-description-of-a-practical-approach-and-early-findings
#1
Alicia C Bunger, Byron J Powell, Hillary A Robertson, Hannah MacDowell, Sarah A Birken, Christopher Shea
BACKGROUND: Published descriptions of implementation strategies often lack precision and consistency, limiting replicability and slowing accumulation of knowledge. Recent publication guidelines for implementation strategies call for improved description of the activities, dose, rationale and expected outcome(s) of strategies. However, capturing implementation strategies with this level of detail can be challenging, as responsibility for implementation is often diffuse and strategies may be flexibly applied as barriers and challenges emerge...
February 23, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231792/global-toxocariasis-research-trends-from-1932-to-2015-a-bibliometric-analysis
#2
Sa'ed H Zyoud
BACKGROUND: Toxocariasis is a highly prevalent parasitic disease in the tropical regions of the world, with its impact on public health being typically underestimated. To better recognise the trends and characteristics of toxocariasis research, this study is a bibliometric analysis of the global toxocariasis research. METHODS: Searches were completed on April 5, 2016, using the Scopus database. A search without any language restriction was performed to extract publications dealing with toxocariasis...
February 23, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228133/is-there-enough-research-output-of-eu-projects-available-to-assess-and-improve-health-system-performance-an-attempt-to-understand-and-categorise-the-output-of-eu-projects-conducted-between-2002-and-2012
#3
Britta Zander, Reinhard Busse
BACKGROUND: Adequate performance assessment benefits from the use of disaggregated data to allow a proper evaluation of health systems. Since routinely collected data are usually not disaggregated enough to allow stratified analyses of healthcare needs, utilisation, cost and quality across different sectors, international research projects could fill this gap by exploring means to data collection or even providing individual-level data. The aim of this paper is therefore to (1) study the availability and accessibility of relevant European-funded health projects, and (2) to analyse their contents and methodologies...
February 22, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222735/advancing-gender-equality-through-the-athena-swan-charter-for-women-in-science-an-exploratory-study-of-women-s-and-men-s-perceptions
#4
Pavel V Ovseiko, Alison Chapple, Laurel D Edmunds, Sue Ziebland
BACKGROUND: While in the United Kingdom, Ireland, and Australia, higher education and research institutions are widely engaged with the Athena SWAN Charter for Women in Science to advance gender equality, empirical research on this process and its impact is rare. This study combined two data sets (free- text comments from a survey and qualitative interviews) to explore the range of experiences and perceptions of participation in Athena SWAN in medical science departments of a research-intensive university in Oxford, United Kingdom...
February 21, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202078/examples-of-sex-gender-sensitivity-in-epidemiological-research-results-of-an-evaluation-of-original-articles-published-in-jech-2006-2014
#5
Ingeborg Jahn, Claudia Börnhorst, Frauke Günther, Tilman Brand
BACKGROUND: During the last decades, sex and gender biases have been identified in various areas of biomedical and public health research, leading to compromised validity of research findings. As a response, methodological requirements were developed but these are rarely translated into research practice. The aim of this study is to provide good practice examples of sex/gender sensitive health research. METHODS: We conducted a systematic search of research articles published in JECH between 2006 and 2014...
February 15, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193230/analysis-of-the-policymaking-process-in-burkina-faso-s-health-sector-case-studies-of-the-creation-of-two-health-system-support-units
#6
Andre Zida, John N Lavis, Nelson K Sewankambo, Bocar Kouyate, Kaelan Moat, Jessica Shearer
BACKGROUND: Burkina Faso has made a number of health system policy decisions to improve performance on health indicators and strengthen responsiveness to health-related challenges. These included the creation of a General Directorate of Health Information and Statistics (DGISS) and a technical unit to coordinate performance-based financing (CT-FBR). We analysed the policymaking processes associated with the establishment of these units, and documented the factors that influenced this process...
February 13, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187772/integrating-consumer-engagement-in-health-and-medical-research-an-australian-framework
#7
Caroline L Miller, Kathy Mott, Michael Cousins, Stephanie Miller, Anne Johnson, Tony Lawson, Steve Wesselingh
BACKGROUND: Quality practice of consumer engagement is still in its infancy in many sectors of medical research. The South Australian Health and Medical Research Institute (SAHMRI) identified, early in its development, the opportunity to integrate evidence-driven consumer and community engagement into its operations. PROCESS: SAHMRI partnered with Health Consumers Alliance and consumers in evidence generation. A Partnership Steering Committee of researchers and consumers was formed for the project...
February 10, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173859/the-concept-of-vulnerability-in-research-ethics-an-in-depth-analysis-of-policies-and-guidelines
#8
Dearbhail Bracken-Roche, Emily Bell, Mary Ellen Macdonald, Eric Racine
BACKGROUND: The concept of vulnerability has held a central place in research ethics guidance since its introduction in the United States Belmont Report in 1979. It signals mindfulness for researchers and research ethics boards to the possibility that some participants may be at higher risk of harm or wrong. Despite its important intended purpose and widespread use, there is considerable disagreement in the scholarly literature about the meaning and delineation of vulnerability, stemming from a perceived lack of guidance within research ethics standards...
February 7, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166817/allied-health-research-positions-a-qualitative-evaluation-of-their-impact
#9
Rachel J Wenke, Elizabeth C Ward, Ingrid Hickman, Julie Hulcombe, Rachel Phillips, Sharon Mickan
BACKGROUND: Research positions embedded within healthcare settings have been identified as an enabler to allied health professional (AHP) research capacity; however, there is currently limited research formally evaluating their impact. In 2008, a Health Practitioner industrial agreement funded a research capacity building initiative within Queensland Health, Australia, which included 15 new allied health research positions. The present project used a qualitative and realist approach to explore the impact of these research positions, as well as the mechanisms which facilitated or hindered their success within their respective organisations...
February 6, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166798/identifying-and-characterising-health-policy-and-system-relevant-documents-in-uganda-a-scoping-review-to-develop-a-framework-for-the-development-of-a-one-stop-shop
#10
Boniface Mutatina, Robert Basaza, Ekwaro Obuku, John N Lavis, Nelson Sewankambo
BACKGROUND: Health policymakers in low- and middle-income countries continue to face difficulties in accessing and using research evidence for decision-making. This study aimed to identify and provide a refined categorisation of the policy documents necessary for building the content of a one-stop shop for documents relevant to health policy and systems in Uganda. The on-line resource is to facilitate timely access to well-packaged evidence for decision-making. METHODS: We conducted a scoping review of Uganda-specific, health policy, and systems-relevant documents produced between 2000 and 2014...
February 6, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159008/unravelling-networks-in-local-public-health-policymaking-in-three-european-countries-a-systems-analysis
#11
Hilde P E M Spitters, Cathrine J Lau, Petru Sandu, Marcel Quanjel, Diana Dulf, Charlotte Glümer, Hans A M van Oers, Ien A M van de Goor
BACKGROUND: Facilitating and enhancing interaction between stakeholders involved in the policymaking process to stimulate collaboration and use of evidence, is important to foster the development of effective Health Enhancing Physical Activity (HEPA) policies. Performing an analysis of real-world policymaking processes will help reveal the complexity of a network of stakeholders. Therefore, the main objectives were to unravel the stakeholder network in the policy process by conducting three systems analyses, and to increase insight into the similarities and differences in the policy processes of these European country cases...
February 3, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153020/what-do-we-think-we-are-doing-how-might-a-clinical-information-network-be-promoting-implementation-of-recommended-paediatric-care-practices-in-kenyan-hospitals
#12
Mike English, Philip Ayieko, Rachel Nyamai, Fred Were, David Githanga, Grace Irimu
BACKGROUND: The creation of a clinical network was proposed as a means to promote implementation of a set of recommended clinical practices targeting inpatient paediatric care in Kenya. The rationale for selecting a network as a strategy has been previously described. Here, we aim to describe network activities actually conducted over its first 2.5 years, deconstruct its implementation into specific components and provide our 'insider' interpretation of how the network is functioning as an intervention...
February 2, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148292/economies-of-scale-and-scope-in-publicly-funded-biomedical-and-health-research-evidence-from-the-literature
#13
REVIEW
Karla Hernandez-Villafuerte, Jon Sussex, Enora Robin, Sue Guthrie, Steve Wooding
BACKGROUND: Publicly funded biomedical and health research is expected to achieve the best return possible for taxpayers and for society generally. It is therefore important to know whether such research is more productive if concentrated into a small number of 'research groups' or dispersed across many. METHODS: We undertook a systematic rapid evidence assessment focused on the research question: do economies of scale and scope exist in biomedical and health research? In other words, is that research more productive per unit of cost if more of it, or a wider variety of it, is done in one location? We reviewed English language literature without date restriction to the end of 2014...
February 2, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109282/does-a-biomedical-research-centre-affect-patient-care-in-local-hospitals
#14
Catherine A Lichten, Grace Marsden, Alexandra Pollitt, Vasiliki Kiparoglou, Keith M Channon, Jon Sussex
BACKGROUND: Biomedical research can have impacts on patient care at research-active hospitals. We qualitatively evaluated the impact of the Oxford Biomedical Research Centre (Oxford BRC), a university-hospital partnership, on the effectiveness and efficiency of healthcare in local hospitals. Effectiveness and efficiency are conceptualised in terms of impacts perceived by clinicians on the quality, quantity and costs of patient care they deliver. METHODS: First, we reviewed documentation from Oxford BRC and literature on the impact of research activity on patient care...
January 21, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095915/development-and-validation-of-seer-seeking-engaging-with-and-evaluating-research-a-measure-of-policymakers-capacity-to-engage-with-and-use-research
#15
Sue E Brennan, Joanne E McKenzie, Tari Turner, Sally Redman, Steve Makkar, Anna Williamson, Abby Haynes, Sally E Green
BACKGROUND: Capacity building strategies are widely used to increase the use of research in policy development. However, a lack of well-validated measures for policy contexts has hampered efforts to identify priorities for capacity building and to evaluate the impact of strategies. We aimed to address this gap by developing SEER (Seeking, Engaging with and Evaluating Research), a self-report measure of individual policymakers' capacity to engage with and use research. METHODS: We used the SPIRIT Action Framework to identify pertinent domains and guide development of items for measuring each domain...
January 17, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031041/building-health-research-systems-who-is-generating-global-perspectives-and-who-s-celebrating-national-successes
#16
EDITORIAL
Stephen R Hanney, Miguel A González-Block
In 2016, England's National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) celebrated its tenth anniversary as an innovative national health research system with a focus on meeting patients' needs. This provides a good opportunity to reflect on how the creation of the NIHR has greatly enhanced important work, started in 1991, to develop a health research system in England that is embedded in the National Health Service.In 2004, WHO identified a range of functions that a national health research system should undertake to improve the health of populations...
December 28, 2016: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993140/post-doctoral-research-fellowship-as-a-health-policy-and-systems-research-capacity-development-intervention-a-case-of-the-chesai-initiative
#17
Martina Lembani, Gina Teddy, Dintle Molosiwa, Boroto Hwabamungu
BACKGROUND: Building capacity in health policy and systems research (HPSR), especially in low- and middle-income countries, remains a challenge. Various approaches have been suggested and implemented by scholars and institutions using various forms of capacity building to address challenges regarding HPSR development. The Collaboration for Health Systems Analysis and Innovation (CHESAI) - a collaborative effort between the Universities of Cape Town and the Western Cape Schools of Public Health - has employed a non-research based post-doctoral research fellowship (PDRF) as a way of building African capacity in the field of HPSR by recruiting four post-docs...
December 20, 2016: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993138/scaling-up-complex-interventions-insights-from-a-realist-synthesis
#18
REVIEW
Cameron D Willis, Barbara L Riley, Lisa Stockton, Aneta Abramowicz, Dana Zummach, Geoff Wong, Kerry L Robinson, Allan Best
Preventing chronic diseases, such as cancer, cardiovascular disease and diabetes, requires complex interventions, involving multi-component and multi-level efforts that are tailored to the contexts in which they are delivered. Despite an increasing number of complex interventions in public health, many fail to be 'scaled up'. This study aimed to increase understanding of how and under what conditions complex public health interventions may be scaled up to benefit more people and populations.A realist synthesis was conducted and discussed at an in-person workshop involving practitioners responsible for scaling up activities...
December 19, 2016: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986084/harmonisation-and-standardisation-of-health-sector-and-programme-reviews-and-evaluations-how-can-they-better-inform-health-policy-dialogue
#19
Juliet Nabyonga-Orem, Prosper Tumusiime, Jennifer Nyoni, Aku Kwamie
BACKGROUND: Health sector and programme performance assessments provide a rich source of contextual data directly linked to implementation of programmes and can inform health policy dialogue, planning and resource allocation. In seeking to maximise this opportunity, there are challenges to overcome. A meeting convened by the World Health Organization African Region discussed the strengths, weaknesses and challenges to harmonising and standardising health sector and programme performance assessments, as well as use of evidence from such processes in decision making...
December 16, 2016: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912780/the-influence-of-cost-per-daly-information-in-health-prioritisation-and-desirable-features-for-a-registry-a-survey-of-health-policy-experts-in-vietnam-india-and-bangladesh
#20
Yot Teerawattananon, Sripen Tantivess, Inthira Yamabhai, Nattha Tritasavit, Damian G Walker, Joshua T Cohen, Peter J Neumann
BACKGROUND: Economic evaluation has been implemented to inform policy in many areas, including coverage decisions, technology pricing, and the development of clinical practice guidelines. However, there are barriers to evidence-based policy in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) that include limited stakeholder awareness, resources and data availability, as well as the lack of capacity to conduct country-specific economic evaluations. This study aims to survey health policy experts' opinions on barriers to use of cost-effectiveness data in these settings and to obtain their advice on how to make a new cost-per-DALY database being developed by Tufts Medical Center more relevant to LMICs...
December 3, 2016: Health Research Policy and Systems
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