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Health Research Policy and Systems

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494770/exploring-linkages-between-research-policy-and-practice-in-the-netherlands-perspectives-on-sexual-and-reproductive-health-and-rights-knowledge-flows
#1
Billie de Haas, Anke van der Kwaak
BACKGROUND: The attention to and demand for stronger linkages between research, policy and practice are increasing, especially in fields concerned with sensitive and challenging issues such as sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR). The study described in this article was conducted in the Netherlands among actors working in international development, especially the domain of SRHR. It explores the perceived flow of knowledge between research, policy and practice, the perceived impeding factors, and suggested strategies for improvement...
May 12, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476127/research-capacity-building-through-north-south-south-networking-towards-true-partnership-an-exploratory-study-of-a-network-for-scientific-support-in-the-field-of-sexual-and-reproductive-health
#2
K Van der Veken, L Belaid, T Delvaux, V De Brouwere
BACKGROUND: We explored the perceptions of members of the Network for Scientific Support in the field of Sexual and Reproductive Health (NetSRH) on North-South-South networking and on constraints and perspectives for South-led research. METHODS: An exploratory qualitative study was conducted 18 months after the network was launched. In-depth interviews were carried out with NetSRH members (n = 15) affiliated to southern research institutions. A thematic analysis was done and N-Vivo 10 software used...
May 5, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472952/the-role-of-ngos-service-delivery-experience-in-developing-relevant-research-agendas-experience-and-challenges-among-ngos-in-malawi
#3
Kate Gooding
BACKGROUND: There has been growing interest in the contribution of non-governmental organisations (NGOs) to international health research. One strength that NGOs may bring to research involves the potential value of service delivery experience for indicating relevant research questions, namely through their involvement in service delivery, NGO staff may be aware of frontline knowledge gaps, allowing these staff to identify questions that lead to research with immediate relevance. However, there is little empirical evidence on research agendas within NGOs to assess whether their service delivery experience does lead to relevant research or conditions that affect this...
May 4, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468683/policymaker-experiences-with-rapid-response-briefs-to-address-health-system-and-technology-questions-in-uganda
#4
Rhona Mijumbi-Deve, Sarah E Rosenbaum, Andrew D Oxman, John N Lavis, Nelson K Sewankambo
BACKGROUND: Health service and systems researchers have developed knowledge translation strategies to facilitate the use of reliable evidence for policy, including rapid response briefs as timely and responsive tools supporting decision making. However, little is known about users' experience with these newer formats for presenting evidence. We sought to explore Ugandan policymakers' experience with rapid response briefs in order to develop a format acceptable for policymakers. METHODS: We used existing research regarding evidence formats for policymakers to inform the initial version of rapid response brief format...
May 3, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464954/determinants-analysis-of-outpatient-service-utilisation-in-georgia-can-the-approach-help-inform-benefit-package-design
#5
George Gotsadze, Wenze Tang, Natia Shengelia, Akaki Zoidze
BACKGROUND: The healthcare financing reforms initiated by the Government of Georgia in 2007 have positively affected inpatient service utilisation and enhanced financial protection, especially for the poor, but they have failed to facilitate outpatient service use among chronic patients. Non-communicable diseases significantly affect Georgia's ageing population. Consequently, in this paper, we look at the evidence emerging from determinants analysis of outpatient service utilisation and if the finding can help identify possible policy choices in Georgia, especially regarding benefit package design for individuals with chronic conditions...
May 2, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446185/evidence-based-policymaking-is-not-like-evidence-based-medicine-so-how-far-should-you-go-to-bridge-the-divide-between-evidence-and-policy
#6
EDITORIAL
Paul Cairney, Kathryn Oliver
There is extensive health and public health literature on the 'evidence-policy gap', exploring the frustrating experiences of scientists trying to secure a response to the problems and solutions they raise and identifying the need for better evidence to reduce policymaker uncertainty. We offer a new perspective by using policy theory to propose research with greater impact, identifying the need to use persuasion to reduce ambiguity, and to adapt to multi-level policymaking systems.We identify insights from secondary data, namely systematic reviews, critical analysis and policy theories relevant to evidence-based policymaking...
April 26, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438177/responding-to-non-communicable-diseases-in-zambia-a-policy-analysis
#7
Mulenga M Mukanu, Joseph Mumba Zulu, Chrispin Mweemba, Wilbroad Mutale
BACKGROUND: Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are an emerging global health concern. Reports have shown that, in Zambia, NCDs are also an emerging problem and the government has begun initiating a policy response. The present study explores the policy response to NCDs by the Ministry of Health in Zambia using the policy triangle framework of Walt and Gilson. METHODS: A qualitative approach was used for the study. Data collected through key informant interviews with stakeholders who were involved in the NCD health policy development process as well as review of key planning and policy documents were analysed using thematic analysis...
April 24, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431554/a-need-to-accelerate-health-research-productivity-in-an-african-university-the-case-of-makerere-university-college-of-health-sciences
#8
Damalie Nakanjako, Dickens Akena, Dan K Kaye, James Tumwine, Elialilia Okello, Annettee Nakimuli, Andrew Kambugu, Hazel McCullough, Harriet Mayanja-Kizza, Moses R Kamya, Nelson K Sewankambo
BACKGROUND: In the last decade, Makerere University College of Health Sciences (MakCHS) has taken strides in research and training to improve healthcare through collaborative training and research programs. However, there is limited data on the trends of MakCHS faculty contributions to research and on faculty growth to take leading roles in health research. This paper reviews MakCHS faculty research publications over 15.5 years and outlines possible strategies to enhance faculty research outputs...
April 21, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420381/operations-research-in-global-health-a-scoping-review-with-a-focus-on-the-themes-of-health-equity-and-impact
#9
REVIEW
Beverly D Bradley, Tiffany Jung, Ananya Tandon-Verma, Bassem Khoury, Timothy C Y Chan, Yu-Ling Cheng
BACKGROUND: Operations research (OR) is a discipline that uses advanced analytical methods (e.g. simulation, optimisation, decision analysis) to better understand complex systems and aid in decision-making. Herein, we present a scoping review of the use of OR to analyse issues in global health, with an emphasis on health equity and research impact. A systematic search of five databases was designed to identify relevant published literature. A global overview of 1099 studies highlights the geographic distribution of OR and common OR methods used...
April 18, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412937/understanding-relevance-of-health-research-considerations-in-the-context-of-research-impact-assessment
#10
EDITORIAL
Mark J Dobrow, Fiona A Miller, Cy Frank, Adalsteinn D Brown
BACKGROUND: With massive investment in health-related research, above and beyond investments in the management and delivery of healthcare and public health services, there has been increasing focus on the impact of health research to explore and explain the consequences of these investments and inform strategic planning. Relevance is reflected by increased attention to the usability and impact of health research, with research funders increasingly engaging in relevance assessment as an input to decision processes...
April 17, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376904/academic-research-productivity-of-post-graduate-students-at-makerere-university-college-of-health-sciences-uganda-from-1996-to-2010-a-retrospective-review
#11
E A Obuku, J N Lavis, A Kinengyere, D K Mafigiri, F Sengooba, C Karamagi, N K Sewankambo
BACKGROUND: Research is a core business of universities globally, and is crucial in the scientific process as a precursor for knowledge uptake and use. We aimed to assess the academic productivity of post-graduate students in a university located in a low-income country. METHODS: This is an observational retrospective documentary analysis using hand searching archives, Google Scholar and PubMed electronic databases. The setting is Makerere University College of Health Sciences, Uganda...
April 4, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372567/erratum-to-the-concept-of-vulnerability-in-research-ethics-an-in-depth-analysis-of-policies-and-guidelines
#12
Dearbhail Bracken-Roche, Emily Bell, Mary Ellen Macdonald, Eric Racine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 3, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359338/development-of-the-good-health-research-practice-course-ensuring-quality-across-all-health-research-in-humans
#13
Patricia Henley, Varalakshmi Elango, Olaf Horstick, Riris Andono Ahmad, Christine Maure, Pascal Launois, Corinne Merle, Jamila Nabieva, Yodi Mahendradhata
Quality and ethics need to be embedded into all areas of research with human participants. Good Clinical Practice (GCP) guidelines are international ethical and scientific quality standards for designing, conducting, recording and reporting trials involving human participants. Compliance with GCP is expected to provide public assurance that the rights, safety and wellbeing of participants are protected and that the clinical research data are credible. However, whilst GCP guidelines, particularly their principles, are recommended across all research types, it is difficult for non-clinical trial research to fit in with the exacting requirements of GCP...
March 31, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356145/adoption-of-innovative-and-evidence-based-practices-for-children-and-adolescents-in-state-supported-mental-health-clinics-a-qualitative-study
#14
Lawrence A Palinkas, Mee Young Um, Chung Hyeon Jeong, Ka Ho Brian Chor, Serene Olin, Sarah M Horwitz, Kimberly E Hoagwood
BACKGROUND: This study examined how mental health clinic administrators decided whether or not to adopt evidence-based and other innovative practices by exploring their views of implementation barriers and facilitators and operation of these views in assessment of implementation costs and benefits. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 75 agency chief executive officers and program directors of 34 New York State-licensed mental health clinics serving children and adolescents...
March 29, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351391/the-impact-on-healthcare-policy-and-practice-from-36-multi-project-research-programmes-findings-from-two-reviews
#15
Steve Hanney, Trisha Greenhalgh, Amanda Blatch-Jones, Matthew Glover, James Raftery
BACKGROUND: We sought to analyse the impacts found, and the methods used, in a series of assessments of programmes and portfolios of health research consisting of multiple projects. METHODS: We analysed a sample of 36 impact studies of multi-project research programmes, selected from a wider sample of impact studies included in two narrative systematic reviews published in 2007 and 2016. We included impact studies in which the individual projects in a programme had been assessed for wider impact, especially on policy or practice, and where findings had been described in such a way that allowed them to be collated and compared...
March 28, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351366/the-translation-of-sports-injury-prevention-and-safety-promotion-knowledge-insights-from-key-intermediary-organisations
#16
Sheree Bekker, Penny Paliadelis, Caroline F Finch
BACKGROUND: A recognised research-to-practice gap exists in the health research field of sports injury prevention and safety promotion. There is a need for improved insight into increasing the relevancy, accessibility and legitimacy of injury prevention and safety promotion research knowledge for sport settings. The role of key organisations as intermediaries in the process of health knowledge translation for sports settings remains under-explored, and this paper aims to determine, and describe, the processes of knowledge translation undertaken by a set of key organisations in developing and distributing injury prevention and safety promotion resources...
March 28, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327199/measuring-research-impact-in-australia-s-medical-research-institutes-a-scoping-literature-review-of-the-objectives-for-and-an-assessment-of-the-capabilities-of-research-impact-assessment-frameworks
#17
REVIEW
Simon Deeming, Andrew Searles, Penny Reeves, Michael Nilsson
BACKGROUND: Realising the economic potential of research institutions, including medical research institutes, represents a policy imperative for many Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development nations. The assessment of research impact has consequently drawn increasing attention. Research impact assessment frameworks (RIAFs) provide a structure to assess research translation, but minimal research has examined whether alternative RIAFs realise the intended policy outcomes. This paper examines the objectives presented for RIAFs in light of economic imperatives to justify ongoing support for health and medical research investment, leverage productivity via commercialisation and outcome-efficiency gains in health systems, and ensure that translation and impact considerations are embedded into the research process...
March 21, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327164/international-consultation-on-long-term-global-health-research-priorities-research-capacity-and-research-uptake-in-developing-countries
#18
David Mc Conalogue, Sue Kinn, Jo-Ann Mulligan, Malcolm McNeil
BACKGROUND: In recognition of the need for long-term planning for global health research, and to inform future global health research priorities, the United Kingdom Department for International Development (DfID) carried out a public consultation between May and June 2015. The consultation aimed to elicit views on the (1) the long-term future global health research priorities; (2) areas likely to be less important over time; (3) how to improve research uptake in low-income countries; and (4) how to build research capacity in low-income countries...
March 21, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327150/research-impact-of-systems-level-long-term-care-research-a-multiple-case-study
#19
Anita Kothari, Nedra Peter, Melissa Donskov, Tracy Luciani
BACKGROUND: Traditional reporting of research outcomes and impacts, which tends to focus on research product publications and grant success, does not capture the value, some contributions, or the complexity of research projects. The purpose of this study was to understand the contributions of five systems-level research projects as they were unfolding at the Bruyère Centre for Learning, Research and Innovation (CLRI) in long-term care (LTC) in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. The research questions were, (1) How are partnerships with research end-users (policymakers, administrators and other public/private organisations) characterised? (2) How have interactions with the CLRI Management Committee and Steering Committee influenced the development of research products? (3) In what way have other activities, processes, unlinked actors or organisations been influenced by the research project activities? METHODS: The study was guided by Kok and Schuit's concept of research impacts, using a multiple case study design...
March 21, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320397/a-30-year-bibliometric-analysis-of-research-coverage-on-hiv-and-aids-in-lesotho
#20
REVIEW
Eltony Mugomeri, Bisrat S Bekele, Mamajoin Mafaesa, Charles Maibvise, Clemence Tarirai, Sunny E Aiyuk
BACKGROUND: Given the well documented undesired impacts of HIV/AIDS globally, there is a need to create a statistical inventory of research output on HIV/AIDS. This need is particularly important for a country such as Lesotho, whose HIV/AIDS prevalence is one of the highest globally. Research on HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa continues to trail behind that of other regions, especially those of the developed countries. Lesotho, a sub-Saharan country, is a developing country with lower research output in this area when longitudinally compared to other countries...
March 21, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
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