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Health Research Policy and Systems

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420381/operations-research-in-global-health-a-scoping-review-with-a-focus-on-the-themes-of-health-equity-and-impact
#1
REVIEW
Beverly D Bradley, Tiffany Jung, Ananya Tandon-Verma, Bassem Khoury, Timothy C Y Chan, Yu-Ling Cheng
BACKGROUND: Operations research (OR) is a discipline that uses advanced analytical methods (e.g. simulation, optimisation, decision analysis) to better understand complex systems and aid in decision-making. Herein, we present a scoping review of the use of OR to analyse issues in global health, with an emphasis on health equity and research impact. A systematic search of five databases was designed to identify relevant published literature. A global overview of 1099 studies highlights the geographic distribution of OR and common OR methods used...
April 18, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412937/understanding-relevance-of-health-research-considerations-in-the-context-of-research-impact-assessment
#2
EDITORIAL
Mark J Dobrow, Fiona A Miller, Cy Frank, Adalsteinn D Brown
BACKGROUND: With massive investment in health-related research, above and beyond investments in the management and delivery of healthcare and public health services, there has been increasing focus on the impact of health research to explore and explain the consequences of these investments and inform strategic planning. Relevance is reflected by increased attention to the usability and impact of health research, with research funders increasingly engaging in relevance assessment as an input to decision processes...
April 17, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376904/academic-research-productivity-of-post-graduate-students-at-makerere-university-college-of-health-sciences-uganda-from-1996-to-2010-a-retrospective-review
#3
E A Obuku, J N Lavis, A Kinengyere, D K Mafigiri, F Sengooba, C Karamagi, N K Sewankambo
BACKGROUND: Research is a core business of universities globally, and is crucial in the scientific process as a precursor for knowledge uptake and use. We aimed to assess the academic productivity of post-graduate students in a university located in a low-income country. METHODS: This is an observational retrospective documentary analysis using hand searching archives, Google Scholar and PubMed electronic databases. The setting is Makerere University College of Health Sciences, Uganda...
April 4, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372567/erratum-to-the-concept-of-vulnerability-in-research-ethics-an-in-depth-analysis-of-policies-and-guidelines
#4
Dearbhail Bracken-Roche, Emily Bell, Mary Ellen Macdonald, Eric Racine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 3, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359338/development-of-the-good-health-research-practice-course-ensuring-quality-across-all-health-research-in-humans
#5
Patricia Henley, Varalakshmi Elango, Olaf Horstick, Riris Andono Ahmad, Christine Maure, Pascal Launois, Corinne Merle, Jamila Nabieva, Yodi Mahendradhata
Quality and ethics need to be embedded into all areas of research with human participants. Good Clinical Practice (GCP) guidelines are international ethical and scientific quality standards for designing, conducting, recording and reporting trials involving human participants. Compliance with GCP is expected to provide public assurance that the rights, safety and wellbeing of participants are protected and that the clinical research data are credible. However, whilst GCP guidelines, particularly their principles, are recommended across all research types, it is difficult for non-clinical trial research to fit in with the exacting requirements of GCP...
March 31, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356145/adoption-of-innovative-and-evidence-based-practices-for-children-and-adolescents-in-state-supported-mental-health-clinics-a-qualitative-study
#6
Lawrence A Palinkas, Mee Young Um, Chung Hyeon Jeong, Ka Ho Brian Chor, Serene Olin, Sarah M Horwitz, Kimberly E Hoagwood
BACKGROUND: This study examined how mental health clinic administrators decided whether or not to adopt evidence-based and other innovative practices by exploring their views of implementation barriers and facilitators and operation of these views in assessment of implementation costs and benefits. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 75 agency chief executive officers and program directors of 34 New York State-licensed mental health clinics serving children and adolescents...
March 29, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351391/the-impact-on-healthcare-policy-and-practice-from-36-multi-project-research-programmes-findings-from-two-reviews
#7
Steve Hanney, Trisha Greenhalgh, Amanda Blatch-Jones, Matthew Glover, James Raftery
BACKGROUND: We sought to analyse the impacts found, and the methods used, in a series of assessments of programmes and portfolios of health research consisting of multiple projects. METHODS: We analysed a sample of 36 impact studies of multi-project research programmes, selected from a wider sample of impact studies included in two narrative systematic reviews published in 2007 and 2016. We included impact studies in which the individual projects in a programme had been assessed for wider impact, especially on policy or practice, and where findings had been described in such a way that allowed them to be collated and compared...
March 28, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351366/the-translation-of-sports-injury-prevention-and-safety-promotion-knowledge-insights-from-key-intermediary-organisations
#8
Sheree Bekker, Penny Paliadelis, Caroline F Finch
BACKGROUND: A recognised research-to-practice gap exists in the health research field of sports injury prevention and safety promotion. There is a need for improved insight into increasing the relevancy, accessibility and legitimacy of injury prevention and safety promotion research knowledge for sport settings. The role of key organisations as intermediaries in the process of health knowledge translation for sports settings remains under-explored, and this paper aims to determine, and describe, the processes of knowledge translation undertaken by a set of key organisations in developing and distributing injury prevention and safety promotion resources...
March 28, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327199/measuring-research-impact-in-australia-s-medical-research-institutes-a-scoping-literature-review-of-the-objectives-for-and-an-assessment-of-the-capabilities-of-research-impact-assessment-frameworks
#9
REVIEW
Simon Deeming, Andrew Searles, Penny Reeves, Michael Nilsson
BACKGROUND: Realising the economic potential of research institutions, including medical research institutes, represents a policy imperative for many Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development nations. The assessment of research impact has consequently drawn increasing attention. Research impact assessment frameworks (RIAFs) provide a structure to assess research translation, but minimal research has examined whether alternative RIAFs realise the intended policy outcomes. This paper examines the objectives presented for RIAFs in light of economic imperatives to justify ongoing support for health and medical research investment, leverage productivity via commercialisation and outcome-efficiency gains in health systems, and ensure that translation and impact considerations are embedded into the research process...
March 21, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327164/international-consultation-on-long-term-global-health-research-priorities-research-capacity-and-research-uptake-in-developing-countries
#10
David Mc Conalogue, Sue Kinn, Jo-Ann Mulligan, Malcolm McNeil
BACKGROUND: In recognition of the need for long-term planning for global health research, and to inform future global health research priorities, the United Kingdom Department for International Development (DfID) carried out a public consultation between May and June 2015. The consultation aimed to elicit views on the (1) the long-term future global health research priorities; (2) areas likely to be less important over time; (3) how to improve research uptake in low-income countries; and (4) how to build research capacity in low-income countries...
March 21, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327150/research-impact-of-systems-level-long-term-care-research-a-multiple-case-study
#11
Anita Kothari, Nedra Peter, Melissa Donskov, Tracy Luciani
BACKGROUND: Traditional reporting of research outcomes and impacts, which tends to focus on research product publications and grant success, does not capture the value, some contributions, or the complexity of research projects. The purpose of this study was to understand the contributions of five systems-level research projects as they were unfolding at the Bruyère Centre for Learning, Research and Innovation (CLRI) in long-term care (LTC) in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. The research questions were, (1) How are partnerships with research end-users (policymakers, administrators and other public/private organisations) characterised? (2) How have interactions with the CLRI Management Committee and Steering Committee influenced the development of research products? (3) In what way have other activities, processes, unlinked actors or organisations been influenced by the research project activities? METHODS: The study was guided by Kok and Schuit's concept of research impacts, using a multiple case study design...
March 21, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320397/a-30-year-bibliometric-analysis-of-research-coverage-on-hiv-and-aids-in-lesotho
#12
REVIEW
Eltony Mugomeri, Bisrat S Bekele, Mamajoin Mafaesa, Charles Maibvise, Clemence Tarirai, Sunny E Aiyuk
BACKGROUND: Given the well documented undesired impacts of HIV/AIDS globally, there is a need to create a statistical inventory of research output on HIV/AIDS. This need is particularly important for a country such as Lesotho, whose HIV/AIDS prevalence is one of the highest globally. Research on HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa continues to trail behind that of other regions, especially those of the developed countries. Lesotho, a sub-Saharan country, is a developing country with lower research output in this area when longitudinally compared to other countries...
March 21, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320403/incorporating-sex-gender-and-vulnerable-populations-in-a-large-multisite-health-research-programme-the-ontario-pharmacy-evidence-network-as-a-case-study
#13
Martin Cooke, Nancy Waite, Katie Cook, Emily Milne, Feng Chang, Lisa McCarthy, Beth Sproule
BACKGROUND: Funders now frequently require that sex and gender be considered in research programmes, but provide little guidance about how this can be accomplished, especially in large research programmes. The purpose of this study is to present and evaluate a model for promoting sex- and gender-based analysis (SGBA) in a large health service research programme, the Ontario Pharmacy Evidence Network (OPEN). METHODS: A mixed method study incorporating (1) team members' critical reflection, (2) surveys (n = 37) and interviews (n = 23) at programme midpoint, and (3) an end-of-study survey in 2016 with OPEN research project teams (n = 6)...
March 20, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288695/expanding-the-knowledge-translation-metaphor
#14
Eivind Engebretsen, Tony Joakim Sandset, John Ødemark
BACKGROUND: Knowledge translation (KT) is a buzzword in modern medical science. However, there has been little theoretical reflection on translation as a process of meaning production in KT. In this paper, we argue that KT will benefit from the incorporation of a more theoretical notion of translation as an entangled material, textual and cultural process. DISCUSSION: We discuss and challenge fundamental assumptions in KT, drawing on theories of translation from the human sciences...
March 13, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274244/where-is-students-research-in-evidence-informed-decision-making-in-health-assessing-productivity-and-use-of-postgraduate-students-research-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#15
E A Obuku, J N Lavis, A Kinengyere, D K Mafigiri, F Sengooba, C Karamagi, N K Sewankambo
BACKGROUND: Investing in research that is not accessible or used is a waste of resources and an injustice to human subject participants. Post-graduate students' research in institutions of higher learning involves considerable time, effort and money, warranting evaluation of the return on investment. Although individual studies addressing research productivity of post-graduate students are available, a synthesis of these results in low-income settings has not been undertaken. Our first aim is to identify the types of approaches that increase productivity and those that increase the application of medical post-graduate students' research and to assess their effectiveness...
March 9, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253903/pathways-to-research-impact-in-primary-healthcare-what-do-australian-primary-healthcare-researchers-believe-works-best-to-facilitate-the-use-of-their-research-findings
#16
Richard L Reed, Ellen McIntyre, Eleanor Jackson-Bowers, Libby Kalucy
BACKGROUND: Primary healthcare researchers are under increasing pressure to demonstrate measurable and lasting improvement in clinical practice and healthcare policy as a result of their work. It is therefore important to understand the effectiveness of the research dissemination strategies used. The aim of this paper is to describe the pathways for research impact that have been achieved across several government-funded primary healthcare projects, and the effectiveness of these methods as perceived by their Chief Investigators...
March 2, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249608/scoping-literature-review-on-the-learning-organisation-concept-as-applied-to-the-health-system
#17
REVIEW
E Akhnif, J Macq, M O Idrissi Fakhreddine, B Meessen
ᅟ: There is growing interest in the use of the management concept of a 'learning organisation'. The objective of this review is to explore work undertaken towards the application of this concept to the health sector in general and to reach the goal of universal health coverage in particular. Of interest are the exploration of evaluation frameworks and their application in health. METHOD: We used a scoping literature review based on the York methodology. We conducted an online search using selected keywords on some of the main databases on health science, selected websites and main reference books on learning organisations...
March 1, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231801/tracking-implementation-strategies-a-description-of-a-practical-approach-and-early-findings
#18
Alicia C Bunger, Byron J Powell, Hillary A Robertson, Hannah MacDowell, Sarah A Birken, Christopher Shea
BACKGROUND: Published descriptions of implementation strategies often lack precision and consistency, limiting replicability and slowing accumulation of knowledge. Recent publication guidelines for implementation strategies call for improved description of the activities, dose, rationale and expected outcome(s) of strategies. However, capturing implementation strategies with this level of detail can be challenging, as responsibility for implementation is often diffuse and strategies may be flexibly applied as barriers and challenges emerge...
February 23, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231792/global-toxocariasis-research-trends-from-1932-to-2015-a-bibliometric-analysis
#19
Sa'ed H Zyoud
BACKGROUND: Toxocariasis is a highly prevalent parasitic disease in the tropical regions of the world, with its impact on public health being typically underestimated. To better recognise the trends and characteristics of toxocariasis research, this study is a bibliometric analysis of the global toxocariasis research. METHODS: Searches were completed on April 5, 2016, using the Scopus database. A search without any language restriction was performed to extract publications dealing with toxocariasis...
February 23, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228133/is-there-enough-research-output-of-eu-projects-available-to-assess-and-improve-health-system-performance-an-attempt-to-understand-and-categorise-the-output-of-eu-projects-conducted-between-2002-and-2012
#20
Britta Zander, Reinhard Busse
BACKGROUND: Adequate performance assessment benefits from the use of disaggregated data to allow a proper evaluation of health systems. Since routinely collected data are usually not disaggregated enough to allow stratified analyses of healthcare needs, utilisation, cost and quality across different sectors, international research projects could fill this gap by exploring means to data collection or even providing individual-level data. The aim of this paper is therefore to (1) study the availability and accessibility of relevant European-funded health projects, and (2) to analyse their contents and methodologies...
February 22, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
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