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Health Research Policy and Systems

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327199/measuring-research-impact-in-australia-s-medical-research-institutes-a-scoping-literature-review-of-the-objectives-for-and-an-assessment-of-the-capabilities-of-research-impact-assessment-frameworks
#1
REVIEW
Simon Deeming, Andrew Searles, Penny Reeves, Michael Nilsson
BACKGROUND: Realising the economic potential of research institutions, including medical research institutes, represents a policy imperative for many Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development nations. The assessment of research impact has consequently drawn increasing attention. Research impact assessment frameworks (RIAFs) provide a structure to assess research translation, but minimal research has examined whether alternative RIAFs realise the intended policy outcomes. This paper examines the objectives presented for RIAFs in light of economic imperatives to justify ongoing support for health and medical research investment, leverage productivity via commercialisation and outcome-efficiency gains in health systems, and ensure that translation and impact considerations are embedded into the research process...
March 21, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327164/international-consultation-on-long-term-global-health-research-priorities-research-capacity-and-research-uptake-in-developing-countries
#2
David Mc Conalogue, Sue Kinn, Jo-Ann Mulligan, Malcolm McNeil
BACKGROUND: In recognition of the need for long-term planning for global health research, and to inform future global health research priorities, the United Kingdom Department for International Development (DfID) carried out a public consultation between May and June 2015. The consultation aimed to elicit views on the (1) the long-term future global health research priorities; (2) areas likely to be less important over time; (3) how to improve research uptake in low-income countries; and (4) how to build research capacity in low-income countries...
March 21, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327150/research-impact-of-systems-level-long-term-care-research-a-multiple-case-study
#3
Anita Kothari, Nedra Peter, Melissa Donskov, Tracy Luciani
BACKGROUND: Traditional reporting of research outcomes and impacts, which tends to focus on research product publications and grant success, does not capture the value, some contributions, or the complexity of research projects. The purpose of this study was to understand the contributions of five systems-level research projects as they were unfolding at the Bruyère Centre for Learning, Research and Innovation (CLRI) in long-term care (LTC) in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. The research questions were, (1) How are partnerships with research end-users (policymakers, administrators and other public/private organisations) characterised? (2) How have interactions with the CLRI Management Committee and Steering Committee influenced the development of research products? (3) In what way have other activities, processes, unlinked actors or organisations been influenced by the research project activities? METHODS: The study was guided by Kok and Schuit's concept of research impacts, using a multiple case study design...
March 21, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320397/a-30-year-bibliometric-analysis-of-research-coverage-on-hiv-and-aids-in-lesotho
#4
REVIEW
Eltony Mugomeri, Bisrat S Bekele, Mamajoin Mafaesa, Charles Maibvise, Clemence Tarirai, Sunny E Aiyuk
BACKGROUND: Given the well documented undesired impacts of HIV/AIDS globally, there is a need to create a statistical inventory of research output on HIV/AIDS. This need is particularly important for a country such as Lesotho, whose HIV/AIDS prevalence is one of the highest globally. Research on HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa continues to trail behind that of other regions, especially those of the developed countries. Lesotho, a sub-Saharan country, is a developing country with lower research output in this area when longitudinally compared to other countries...
March 21, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320403/incorporating-sex-gender-and-vulnerable-populations-in-a-large-multisite-health-research-programme-the-ontario-pharmacy-evidence-network-as-a-case-study
#5
Martin Cooke, Nancy Waite, Katie Cook, Emily Milne, Feng Chang, Lisa McCarthy, Beth Sproule
BACKGROUND: Funders now frequently require that sex and gender be considered in research programmes, but provide little guidance about how this can be accomplished, especially in large research programmes. The purpose of this study is to present and evaluate a model for promoting sex- and gender-based analysis (SGBA) in a large health service research programme, the Ontario Pharmacy Evidence Network (OPEN). METHODS: A mixed method study incorporating (1) team members' critical reflection, (2) surveys (n = 37) and interviews (n = 23) at programme midpoint, and (3) an end-of-study survey in 2016 with OPEN research project teams (n = 6)...
March 20, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288695/expanding-the-knowledge-translation-metaphor
#6
Eivind Engebretsen, Tony Joakim Sandset, John Ødemark
BACKGROUND: Knowledge translation (KT) is a buzzword in modern medical science. However, there has been little theoretical reflection on translation as a process of meaning production in KT. In this paper, we argue that KT will benefit from the incorporation of a more theoretical notion of translation as an entangled material, textual and cultural process. DISCUSSION: We discuss and challenge fundamental assumptions in KT, drawing on theories of translation from the human sciences...
March 13, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274244/where-is-students-research-in-evidence-informed-decision-making-in-health-assessing-productivity-and-use-of-postgraduate-students-research-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#7
E A Obuku, J N Lavis, A Kinengyere, D K Mafigiri, F Sengooba, C Karamagi, N K Sewankambo
BACKGROUND: Investing in research that is not accessible or used is a waste of resources and an injustice to human subject participants. Post-graduate students' research in institutions of higher learning involves considerable time, effort and money, warranting evaluation of the return on investment. Although individual studies addressing research productivity of post-graduate students are available, a synthesis of these results in low-income settings has not been undertaken. Our first aim is to identify the types of approaches that increase productivity and those that increase the application of medical post-graduate students' research and to assess their effectiveness...
March 9, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253903/pathways-to-research-impact-in-primary-healthcare-what-do-australian-primary-healthcare-researchers-believe-works-best-to-facilitate-the-use-of-their-research-findings
#8
Richard L Reed, Ellen McIntyre, Eleanor Jackson-Bowers, Libby Kalucy
BACKGROUND: Primary healthcare researchers are under increasing pressure to demonstrate measurable and lasting improvement in clinical practice and healthcare policy as a result of their work. It is therefore important to understand the effectiveness of the research dissemination strategies used. The aim of this paper is to describe the pathways for research impact that have been achieved across several government-funded primary healthcare projects, and the effectiveness of these methods as perceived by their Chief Investigators...
March 2, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249608/scoping-literature-review-on-the-learning-organisation-concept-as-applied-to-the-health-system
#9
REVIEW
E Akhnif, J Macq, M O Idrissi Fakhreddine, B Meessen
ᅟ: There is growing interest in the use of the management concept of a 'learning organisation'. The objective of this review is to explore work undertaken towards the application of this concept to the health sector in general and to reach the goal of universal health coverage in particular. Of interest are the exploration of evaluation frameworks and their application in health. METHOD: We used a scoping literature review based on the York methodology. We conducted an online search using selected keywords on some of the main databases on health science, selected websites and main reference books on learning organisations...
March 1, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231801/tracking-implementation-strategies-a-description-of-a-practical-approach-and-early-findings
#10
Alicia C Bunger, Byron J Powell, Hillary A Robertson, Hannah MacDowell, Sarah A Birken, Christopher Shea
BACKGROUND: Published descriptions of implementation strategies often lack precision and consistency, limiting replicability and slowing accumulation of knowledge. Recent publication guidelines for implementation strategies call for improved description of the activities, dose, rationale and expected outcome(s) of strategies. However, capturing implementation strategies with this level of detail can be challenging, as responsibility for implementation is often diffuse and strategies may be flexibly applied as barriers and challenges emerge...
February 23, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231792/global-toxocariasis-research-trends-from-1932-to-2015-a-bibliometric-analysis
#11
Sa'ed H Zyoud
BACKGROUND: Toxocariasis is a highly prevalent parasitic disease in the tropical regions of the world, with its impact on public health being typically underestimated. To better recognise the trends and characteristics of toxocariasis research, this study is a bibliometric analysis of the global toxocariasis research. METHODS: Searches were completed on April 5, 2016, using the Scopus database. A search without any language restriction was performed to extract publications dealing with toxocariasis...
February 23, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228133/is-there-enough-research-output-of-eu-projects-available-to-assess-and-improve-health-system-performance-an-attempt-to-understand-and-categorise-the-output-of-eu-projects-conducted-between-2002-and-2012
#12
Britta Zander, Reinhard Busse
BACKGROUND: Adequate performance assessment benefits from the use of disaggregated data to allow a proper evaluation of health systems. Since routinely collected data are usually not disaggregated enough to allow stratified analyses of healthcare needs, utilisation, cost and quality across different sectors, international research projects could fill this gap by exploring means to data collection or even providing individual-level data. The aim of this paper is therefore to (1) study the availability and accessibility of relevant European-funded health projects, and (2) to analyse their contents and methodologies...
February 22, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222735/advancing-gender-equality-through-the-athena-swan-charter-for-women-in-science-an-exploratory-study-of-women-s-and-men-s-perceptions
#13
Pavel V Ovseiko, Alison Chapple, Laurel D Edmunds, Sue Ziebland
BACKGROUND: While in the United Kingdom, Ireland, and Australia, higher education and research institutions are widely engaged with the Athena SWAN Charter for Women in Science to advance gender equality, empirical research on this process and its impact is rare. This study combined two data sets (free- text comments from a survey and qualitative interviews) to explore the range of experiences and perceptions of participation in Athena SWAN in medical science departments of a research-intensive university in Oxford, United Kingdom...
February 21, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202078/examples-of-sex-gender-sensitivity-in-epidemiological-research-results-of-an-evaluation-of-original-articles-published-in-jech-2006-2014
#14
Ingeborg Jahn, Claudia Börnhorst, Frauke Günther, Tilman Brand
BACKGROUND: During the last decades, sex and gender biases have been identified in various areas of biomedical and public health research, leading to compromised validity of research findings. As a response, methodological requirements were developed but these are rarely translated into research practice. The aim of this study is to provide good practice examples of sex/gender sensitive health research. METHODS: We conducted a systematic search of research articles published in JECH between 2006 and 2014...
February 15, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193230/analysis-of-the-policymaking-process-in-burkina-faso-s-health-sector-case-studies-of-the-creation-of-two-health-system-support-units
#15
Andre Zida, John N Lavis, Nelson K Sewankambo, Bocar Kouyate, Kaelan Moat, Jessica Shearer
BACKGROUND: Burkina Faso has made a number of health system policy decisions to improve performance on health indicators and strengthen responsiveness to health-related challenges. These included the creation of a General Directorate of Health Information and Statistics (DGISS) and a technical unit to coordinate performance-based financing (CT-FBR). We analysed the policymaking processes associated with the establishment of these units, and documented the factors that influenced this process...
February 13, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187772/integrating-consumer-engagement-in-health-and-medical-research-an-australian-framework
#16
Caroline L Miller, Kathy Mott, Michael Cousins, Stephanie Miller, Anne Johnson, Tony Lawson, Steve Wesselingh
BACKGROUND: Quality practice of consumer engagement is still in its infancy in many sectors of medical research. The South Australian Health and Medical Research Institute (SAHMRI) identified, early in its development, the opportunity to integrate evidence-driven consumer and community engagement into its operations. PROCESS: SAHMRI partnered with Health Consumers Alliance and consumers in evidence generation. A Partnership Steering Committee of researchers and consumers was formed for the project...
February 10, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173859/the-concept-of-vulnerability-in-research-ethics-an-in-depth-analysis-of-policies-and-guidelines
#17
Dearbhail Bracken-Roche, Emily Bell, Mary Ellen Macdonald, Eric Racine
BACKGROUND: The concept of vulnerability has held a central place in research ethics guidance since its introduction in the United States Belmont Report in 1979. It signals mindfulness for researchers and research ethics boards to the possibility that some participants may be at higher risk of harm or wrong. Despite its important intended purpose and widespread use, there is considerable disagreement in the scholarly literature about the meaning and delineation of vulnerability, stemming from a perceived lack of guidance within research ethics standards...
February 7, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166817/allied-health-research-positions-a-qualitative-evaluation-of-their-impact
#18
Rachel J Wenke, Elizabeth C Ward, Ingrid Hickman, Julie Hulcombe, Rachel Phillips, Sharon Mickan
BACKGROUND: Research positions embedded within healthcare settings have been identified as an enabler to allied health professional (AHP) research capacity; however, there is currently limited research formally evaluating their impact. In 2008, a Health Practitioner industrial agreement funded a research capacity building initiative within Queensland Health, Australia, which included 15 new allied health research positions. The present project used a qualitative and realist approach to explore the impact of these research positions, as well as the mechanisms which facilitated or hindered their success within their respective organisations...
February 6, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166798/identifying-and-characterising-health-policy-and-system-relevant-documents-in-uganda-a-scoping-review-to-develop-a-framework-for-the-development-of-a-one-stop-shop
#19
Boniface Mutatina, Robert Basaza, Ekwaro Obuku, John N Lavis, Nelson Sewankambo
BACKGROUND: Health policymakers in low- and middle-income countries continue to face difficulties in accessing and using research evidence for decision-making. This study aimed to identify and provide a refined categorisation of the policy documents necessary for building the content of a one-stop shop for documents relevant to health policy and systems in Uganda. The on-line resource is to facilitate timely access to well-packaged evidence for decision-making. METHODS: We conducted a scoping review of Uganda-specific, health policy, and systems-relevant documents produced between 2000 and 2014...
February 6, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159008/unravelling-networks-in-local-public-health-policymaking-in-three-european-countries-a-systems-analysis
#20
Hilde P E M Spitters, Cathrine J Lau, Petru Sandu, Marcel Quanjel, Diana Dulf, Charlotte Glümer, Hans A M van Oers, Ien A M van de Goor
BACKGROUND: Facilitating and enhancing interaction between stakeholders involved in the policymaking process to stimulate collaboration and use of evidence, is important to foster the development of effective Health Enhancing Physical Activity (HEPA) policies. Performing an analysis of real-world policymaking processes will help reveal the complexity of a network of stakeholders. Therefore, the main objectives were to unravel the stakeholder network in the policy process by conducting three systems analyses, and to increase insight into the similarities and differences in the policy processes of these European country cases...
February 3, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
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