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Health Research Policy and Systems

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912780/the-influence-of-cost-per-daly-information-in-health-prioritisation-and-desirable-features-for-a-registry-a-survey-of-health-policy-experts-in-vietnam-india-and-bangladesh
#1
Yot Teerawattananon, Sripen Tantivess, Inthira Yamabhai, Nattha Tritasavit, Damian G Walker, Joshua T Cohen, Peter J Neumann
BACKGROUND: Economic evaluation has been implemented to inform policy in many areas, including coverage decisions, technology pricing, and the development of clinical practice guidelines. However, there are barriers to evidence-based policy in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) that include limited stakeholder awareness, resources and data availability, as well as the lack of capacity to conduct country-specific economic evaluations. This study aims to survey health policy experts' opinions on barriers to use of cost-effectiveness data in these settings and to obtain their advice on how to make a new cost-per-DALY database being developed by Tufts Medical Center more relevant to LMICs...
December 3, 2016: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905937/impact-of-tailored-blogs-and-content-on-usage-of-web-cipher-an-online-platform-to-help-policymakers-better-engage-with-evidence-from-research
#2
Steve R Makkar, Megan Howe, Anna Williamson, Frances Gilham
BACKGROUND: There is a need to develop innovations that can help bridge the gap between research and policy. Web CIPHER is an online tool designed to help policymakers better engage with research in order to increase its use in health policymaking. The aim of the present study was to test interventions in order to increase policymakers' usage of Web CIPHER. Namely, the impact of posting articles and blogs on topics relevant to the missions and scope of selected policy agencies in the Web CIPHER community...
December 1, 2016: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887613/enhancing-evidence-use-in-public-health-nutrition-policymaking-theoretical-insights-from-a-new-zealand-case-study
#3
P Field, R Gauld, M Lawrence
BACKGROUND: Enhancing the use of evidence in policymaking is critical to addressing the global burden of nutrition-related disease. Whilst the public health nutrition community has embraced evidence-informed policymaking, their approach of defining relevant evidence and evaluating policy has not brought about major shifts in policymaking. This article uses a public health nutrition case study to refine a novel theory-informed framework for enhancing the use of evidence in government public health nutrition policymaking...
November 25, 2016: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884208/what-are-the-best-methodologies-for-rapid-reviews-of-the-research-evidence-for-evidence-informed-decision-making-in-health-policy-and-practice-a-rapid-review
#4
REVIEW
Michelle M Haby, Evelina Chapman, Rachel Clark, Jorge Barreto, Ludovic Reveiz, John N Lavis
BACKGROUND: Rapid reviews have the potential to overcome a key barrier to the use of research evidence in decision making, namely that of the lack of timely and relevant research. This rapid review of systematic reviews and primary studies sought to answer the question: What are the best methodologies to enable a rapid review of research evidence for evidence-informed decision making in health policy and practice? METHODS: This rapid review utilised systematic review methods and was conducted according to a pre-defined protocol including clear inclusion criteria (PROSPERO registration: CRD42015015998)...
November 25, 2016: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835964/a-systematic-review-on-current-status-of-health-technology-reassessment-insights-for-south-korea
#5
REVIEW
Hyun-Ju Seo, Ji Jeong Park, Seon Heui Lee
BACKGROUND: To systematically investigate the current status and methodology of health technology reassessment (HTR) in various countries to draw insights for the healthcare system in South Korea. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted on the articles published between January 2000 and February 2015 on Medline, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, CINAHL, and PubMed. The titles and abstracts of retrieved records were screened and selected by two independent reviewers...
November 11, 2016: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832776/mapping-genetic-research-in-non-communicable-disease-publications-in-selected-arab-countries-first-step-towards-a-guided-research-agenda
#6
REVIEW
Zeina Jamaluddine, Abla Mehio Sibai, Shahd Othman, Soha Yazbek
BACKGROUND: In the Arab world, intervention and policy response to non-communicable diseases (NCD) has been weak despite extensive epidemiological evidence highlighting the alarmingly increased prevalence of chronic diseases. Generating genetic information is one key component to promote efficient disease management strategies. This study undertook a scoping review to generate the profile of the undertaken research on genetics of NCD publications in selected Arab countries. An analysis of the research produced examined the extent, range, nature, topic and methods of published research...
November 10, 2016: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825383/dengue-research-networks-building-evidence-for-policy-and-planning-in-brazil
#7
Bruna de Paula Fonseca E Fonseca, Fabio Zicker
BACKGROUND: The analysis of scientific networks has been applied in health research to map and measure relationships between researchers and institutions, describing collaboration structures, individual roles, and research outputs, and helping the identification of knowledge gaps and cooperation opportunities. Driven by dengue continued expansion in Brazil, we explore the contribution, dynamics and consolidation of dengue scientific networks that could ultimately inform the prioritisation of research, financial investments and health policy...
November 8, 2016: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782856/systems-science-for-caribbean-health-the-development-and-piloting-of-a-model-for-guiding-policy-on-diabetes-in-the-caribbean
#8
L Guariguata, C Guell, T A Samuels, E A J A Rouwette, J Woodcock, I R Hambleton, N Unwin
BACKGROUND: Diabetes is highly prevalent in the Caribbean, associated with a high morbidity and mortality and is a recognised threat to economic and social development. Heads of Government in the Caribbean Community came together in 2007 and declared their commitment to reducing the burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs), including diabetes, by calling for a multi-sectoral, systemic response. To facilitate the development of effective policies, policymakers are being engaged in the development and use of a system dynamics (SD) model of diabetes for Caribbean countries...
October 26, 2016: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756401/the-use-of-a-policy-dialogue-to-facilitate-evidence-informed-policy-development-for-improved-access-to-care-the-case-of-the-winnipeg-central-intake-service-wcis
#9
Zaheed Damani, Gail MacKean, Eric Bohm, Brie DeMone, Brock Wright, Tom Noseworthy, Jayna Holroyd-Leduc, Deborah A Marshall
BACKGROUND: Policy dialogues are critical for developing responsive, effective, sustainable, evidence-informed policy. Our multidisciplinary team, including researchers, physicians and senior decision-makers, comprehensively evaluated The Winnipeg Central Intake Service, a single-entry model in Winnipeg, Manitoba, to improve patient access to hip/knee replacement surgery. We used the evaluation findings to develop five evidence-informed policy directions to help improve access to scheduled clinical services across Manitoba...
October 18, 2016: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27724961/integrating-and-evaluating-sex-and-gender-in-health-research
#10
Suzanne Day, Robin Mason, Stephanie Lagosky, Paula A Rochon
Both sex (biological factors) and gender (socio-cultural factors) shape health. To produce the best possible health research evidence, it is essential to integrate sex and gender considerations throughout the research process. Despite growing recognition of the importance of these factors, progress towards sex and gender integration as standard practice has been both slow and uneven in health research. In this commentary, we examine the challenges of integrating sex and gender from the research perspective, as well as strategies that can be used by researchers, funders and journal editors to address these challenges...
October 10, 2016: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27724953/mapping-south-african-allied-health-primary-care-clinical-guideline-activity-establishing-a-stakeholder-reference-sample
#11
Janine Margarita Dizon, Karen Grimmer, Shingai Machingaidze, Pam McLaren, Quinette Louw
BACKGROUND: Little is known about allied health (AH) clinical practice guideline (CPG) activity in South Africa, and particularly in relation to primary health care (PHC). This paper reports on a scoping study undertaken to establish a reference framework, from which a comprehensive maximum variation sample could be selected. This was required to underpin robust sampling for a qualitative study aimed at understanding South African primary care AH therapy CPG activities. This paper builds on findings from the South African Guidelines Evaluation (Project SAGE) Flagship grant...
October 10, 2016: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27724907/global-health-equity-in-united-kingdom-university-research-a-landscape-of-current-policies-and-practices
#12
Dzintars Gotham, Jonathan Meldrum, Vaitehi Nageshwaran, Christopher Counts, Nina Kumari, Manuel Martin, Ben Beattie, Nathan Post
BACKGROUND: Universities are significant contributors to research and technologies in health; however, the health needs of the world's poor are historically neglected in research. Medical discoveries are frequently licensed exclusively to one producer, allowing a monopoly and inequitable pricing. Similarly, research is often published in ways that make it inaccessible. Universities can adopt policies and practices to overcome neglect and ensure equitable access to research and its products...
October 10, 2016: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716275/enhancing-implementation-science-by-applying-best-principles-of-systems-science
#13
Mary E Northridge, Sara S Metcalf
BACKGROUND: Implementation science holds promise for better ensuring that research is translated into evidence-based policy and practice, but interventions often fail or even worsen the problems they are intended to solve due to a lack of understanding of real world structures and dynamic complexity. While systems science alone cannot possibly solve the major challenges in public health, systems-based approaches may contribute to changing the language and methods for conceptualising and acting within complex systems...
October 4, 2016: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681517/applied-statistical-training-to-strengthen-analysis-and-health-research-capacity-in-rwanda
#14
Dana R Thomson, Muhammed Semakula, Lisa R Hirschhorn, Megan Murray, Vedaste Ndahindwa, Anatole Manzi, Assumpta Mukabutera, Corine Karema, Jeanine Condo, Bethany Hedt-Gauthier
BACKGROUND: To guide efficient investment of limited health resources in sub-Saharan Africa, local researchers need to be involved in, and guide, health system and policy research. While extensive survey and census data are available to health researchers and program officers in resource-limited countries, local involvement and leadership in research is limited due to inadequate experience, lack of dedicated research time and weak interagency connections, among other challenges. Many research-strengthening initiatives host prolonged fellowships out-of-country, yet their approaches have not been evaluated for effectiveness in involvement and development of local leadership in research...
September 29, 2016: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27507300/an-approach-to-measuring-and-encouraging-research-translation-and-research-impact
#15
Andrew Searles, Chris Doran, John Attia, Darryl Knight, John Wiggers, Simon Deeming, Joerg Mattes, Brad Webb, Steve Hannan, Rod Ling, Kim Edmunds, Penny Reeves, Michael Nilsson
BACKGROUND: Research translation, particularly in the biomedical area, is often discussed but there are few methods that are routinely used to measure it or its impact. Of the impact measurement methods that are used, most aim to provide accountability - to measure and explain what was generated as a consequence of funding research. This case study reports on the development of a novel, conceptual framework that goes beyond measurement. The Framework To Assess the Impact from Translational health research, or FAIT, is a platform designed to prospectively measure and encourage research translation and research impact...
August 9, 2016: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27450553/developing-the-african-national-health-research-systems-barometer
#16
Joses Muthuri Kirigia, Martin Okechukwu Ota, Flavia Senkubuge, Charles Shey Wiysonge, Bongani M Mayosi
BACKGROUND: A functional national health research system (NHRS) is crucial in strengthening a country's health system to promote, restore and maintain the health status of its population. Progress towards the goal of universal health coverage in the post-2015 sustainable development agenda will be difficult for African countries without strengthening of their NHRS to yield the required evidence for decision-making. This study aims to develop a barometer to facilitate monitoring of the development and performance of NHRSs in the African Region of WHO...
July 22, 2016: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27146327/applying-a-system-dynamics-modelling-approach-to-explore-policy-options-for-improving-neonatal-health-in-uganda
#17
Agnes Rwashana Semwanga, Sarah Nakubulwa, Taghreed Adam
BACKGROUND: The most recent reports on global trends in neonatal mortality continue to show alarmingly slow progress on improvements in neonatal mortality rates, with sub-Saharan Africa still lagging behind. This emphasised the urgent need to innovatively employ alternative solutions that take into account the intricate complexities of neonatal health and the health systems in which the various strategies operate. METHODS: In our first paper, we empirically explored the causes of the stagnating neonatal mortality in Uganda using a dynamic synthesis methodology (DSM) approach...
May 4, 2016: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27138279/co-authorship-network-analysis-in-health-research-method-and-potential-use
#18
REVIEW
Bruna de Paula Fonseca E Fonseca, Ricardo Barros Sampaio, Marcus Vinicius de Ara├║jo Fonseca, Fabio Zicker
Scientific collaboration networks are a hallmark of contemporary academic research. Researchers are no longer independent players, but members of teams that bring together complementary skills and multidisciplinary approaches around common goals. Social network analysis and co-authorship networks are increasingly used as powerful tools to assess collaboration trends and to identify leading scientists and organizations. The analysis reveals the social structure of the networks by identifying actors and their connections...
April 30, 2016: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27009326/health-and-medical-research-funding-agencies-promotion-of-public-engagement-within-research-a-qualitative-interview-study-exploring-the-united-kingdom-context
#19
Jennifer E van Bekkum, Gillian M Fergie, Shona Hilton
BACKGROUND: Public engagement (PE) has become a common feature of many liberal governmental agendas worldwide. Since the turn of this century there has been a succession of United Kingdom policy initiatives to encourage research funding agencies, universities and researchers to reconsider how they engage with citizens and communities. Although most funding agencies now explicitly promote PE within research, little empirical work has been carried out in this area. In this study, we explored why and how health and medical research funding agencies in the United Kingdom have interpreted and implemented their role to promote PE within research...
March 24, 2016: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26983405/enhancing-evidence-informed-policymaking-in-complex-health-systems-lessons-from-multi-site-collaborative-approaches
#20
Etienne V Langlois, Victor Becerril Montekio, Taryn Young, Kayla Song, Jacqueline Alcalde-Rabanal, Nhan Tran
BACKGROUND: There is an increasing interest worldwide to ensure evidence-informed health policymaking as a means to improve health systems performance. There is a need to engage policymakers in collaborative approaches to generate and use knowledge in real world settings. To address this gap, we implemented two interventions based on iterative exchanges between researchers and policymakers/implementers. This article aims to reflect on the implementation and impact of these multi-site evidence-to-policy approaches implemented in low-resource settings...
March 17, 2016: Health Research Policy and Systems
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