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Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886333/association-between-the-polymorphisms-in-the-atp-binding-cassette-genes-abcb1-and-abcc2-and-the-risk-of-drug-resistant-epilepsy-in-a-chinese-han-population
#1
T Xue, Z N Lu
Epilepsy is a common disease of the nervous system; approximately 20-30% of all patients with epilepsy are reported resistant to antiepileptic drugs. ABCB1 and ABCC2 are members of ATP-binding cassette transporter (ABC) family that is involved in the excretion of antiepileptic drugs. In this case-control study, we have investigated the role of ABCB1 rs1045642 and rs2032582 and ABCC2 rs2273697 and rs717620 single nucleotide polymorphisms in antiepileptic drug-resistance in patients with epilepsy. A total of 254 patients with epilepsy (104 drug-resistant and 150 drug-responsive) were recruited from the People's Hospital of Wuhan University between March 2013 and April 2014...
November 25, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886349/development-of-polymorphic-microsatellites-for-sillago-sihama-based-on-next-generation-sequencing-and-transferability-to-sillago-japonica
#2
R X Wu, H R Zhang, S F Niu, Y Zhai, X F Liu
Sillago sihama (Forsskål, 1775), a commercially important marine fishery species in the Indo-West Pacific, is being developed as a target species for aquaculture and stock enhancement in China. However, due to the limitations of traditional isolation methods, the available microsatellite loci, or simple sequence repeats (SSRs), of S. sihama lack diversity. We used a stepwise approach including Illumina sequencing, primer screening, and SSR marker validation to develop diverse SSRs for S. sihama. A total of 853...
November 21, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886348/sample-sizes-to-estimate-mean-values-for-tassel-traits-in-maize-genotypes
#3
C A Wartha, A Cargnelutti Filho, A D Lúcio, D N Follmann, J A Kleinpaul, F M Simões
Tassel traits are important in maize breeding programs aiming to reduce the size and number of branches and maintain satisfactory pollen production in order to increase grain yield. The objectives of this study were to determine the sample size (number of tassels) required to estimate the mean values for tassel traits in maize genotypes and to verify the variability of sample size among genotypes. Twenty maize genotypes were evaluated in an experiment carried out in a randomized block design with three replicates...
November 21, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886347/genetic-variability-of-myzus-persicae-nicotianae-densovirus-based-on-partial-ns-and-vp-gene-sequences
#4
X R Song, S H Tang, Z Q Tang, X M Yang, X W Wang, X F Wang, P J Xu, G W Ren
We previously described a novel densovirus [Myzus persicae nicotianae densovirus (MpnDV)] infecting M. persicae nicotianae (Hemiptera: Aphididae) with 34% prevalence. This single-stranded DNA virus has a 5480-nucleotide ambisense genome and belongs to the Densovirinae subfamily within the family Parvoviridae. In the present study, we estimated the genetic diversity of MpnDV using partial nonstructural protein (NS) and capsid protein (VP) gene sequences from 10 locations in China. First, we identified MpnDV-positive samples by amplifying a 445-bp fragment with primers MpDVF/MpDVR...
November 21, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886346/simultaneous-selection-in-beans-for-stability-and-high-agronomic-performance
#5
N D Ribeiro, C R Casagrande, H C Mezzomo, M T D F Possobom, S de M Steckling, G R Kläsener
The objective of this study was to select common bean cultivars based on their stability for flowering, cycle, insertion of the first pod, grain yield, and high agronomic performance. Twenty experiments were carried out between 2000 and 2014, during two growing seasons, in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. The Eberhart and Russel, and Lin and Binns methods, as well as the additive main effect and multiplicative interaction (AMMI) method, were used to evaluate the stability of flowering, cycle, insertion of the first pod, and grain yield of 10 common cultivars in all experiments...
November 21, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886345/estimation-of-genetic-parameters-and-selection-of-high-yielding-upright-common-bean-lines-with-slow-seed-coat-darkening
#6
R C Alvares, F C Silva, L C Melo, P G S Melo, H S Pereira
Slow seed coat darkening is desirable in common bean cultivars and genetic parameters are important to define breeding strategies. The aims of this study were to estimate genetic parameters for plant architecture, grain yield, grain size, and seed-coat darkening in common bean; identify any genetic association among these traits; and select lines that associate desirable phenotypes for these traits. Three experiments were set up in the winter 2012 growing season, in Santo Antônio de Goiás and Brasília, Brazil, including 220 lines obtained from four segregating populations and five parents...
November 21, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886344/genetic-diversity-among-coffee-tree-progenies-big-coffee-vl-based-on-growth-traits-and-production
#7
J A Silva, S P Carvalho, A T Bruzi, R J Guimarães, L L Oliveira, L C Simões
In a coffee plantation of a coffee 'Acaiá' cultivar (Coffea arabica), on the Midwest of Minas Gerais in Capitólio city, a different kind of coffee tree was found (1989), possibly due to a mutation. It presented larger leaves and grains than those of conventional coffee trees and was named as "Big Coffee VL." The aim of this study was to estimate the genetic diversity of Big Coffee VL progenies cultivated at Universidade Federal de Lavras, by evaluating growth and production traits, based on genetic distances and clusters...
November 21, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886343/resistance-of-soybean-genotypes-to-sclerotinia-sclerotiorum-isolates-in-different-incubation-environments
#8
L H S Castro, A A Figueiró, A P O Nogueira, S J Clough, F C Juliatti
Sclerotinia sclerotiorum is an important soybean pathogen. The objectives of this study were to evaluate levels of resistance of soybean genotypes to the fungus, and to determine the effects of different incubation environments on host resistance and pathogen aggressiveness. Two experiments were conducted using 103 genotypes from the seed collection of Laboratório de Desenvolvimento de Germoplasma, Universidade Federal de Uberlândia (LAGER-UFU). The first experiment was conducted in a greenhouse, and the second in a growth chamber...
November 21, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886342/genetic-variability-in-three-populations-of-hypostomus-hermanni-teleostei-loricariidae-found-in-the-basins-of-iva%C3%A3-river-tiet%C3%A3%C2%AA-river-and-sapuca%C3%A3-mirim-river-of-brazil
#9
R S Vieira, E Renesto
The genetic variability in three populations of Hypostomus hermanni from the tributaries of the rivers Ivaí (Keller), Tietê (Piracicaba), and Sapucaí (Sapucaí-Mirim) was determined using electrophoresis on starch gel. The variability in the genes for eight enzymes, namely, aspartate aminotransferase (EC 2.6.1.1), glucose-6-phosphate isomerase (EC 5.3.1.9), glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (EC 1.1.1.8), isocitrate dehydrogenase (EC 1.1.1.42), -lactate dehydrogenase (EC 1.1.1.27), malate dehydrogenase (EC 1...
November 21, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886341/clinical-efficacy-of-therapeutic-intervention-for-subclinical-hypothyroidism-during-pregnancy
#10
R Ju, L Lin, Y Long, J Zhang, J Huang
This study explored the effects of levothyroxine (L-T4) replacement therapy on pregnancy outcomes in patients with subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH). We analyzed the effects on pregnancy outcomes with respect to gestational week when the desired thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) level was reached as well as the length of time required to reach the target level during L-T4 treatment. This study enrolled 457 patients diagnosed with SCH upon initial thyroid function screening. Subjects were assigned to the treatment group (N = 184), and the control group (N = 273)...
November 21, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886340/genetic-divergence-in-a-soybean-glycine-max-diversity-panel-based-on-agro-morphological-traits
#11
M B Marconato, E M Pereira, F M Silva, E H Bizari, J B Pinheiro, A O Mauro, S H Unêda-Trevisoli
Owing to the narrow genetic basis of soybean (Glycine max), the incorporation of new sources of germplasm is indispensable when searching for alleles that contribute to a greater diversity of varieties. The alternative is plant introduction, which may increase genetic variability within breeding programs. Multivariate techniques are important tools to study genetic diversity and allow the precise elucidation of variability in a set of genotypes of interest. The agro-morphological traits of 93 soybean accessions from various continents were analyzed in order to assess the genetic diversity present, and to highlight important traits...
November 21, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886339/hypoxia-enhances-periodontal-ligament-stem-cell-proliferation-via-the-mapk-signaling-pathway
#12
Y He, C X Jian, H Y Zhang, Y Zhou, X Wu, G Zhang, Y H Tan
There is high incidence of periodontal disease in high-altitude environments; hypoxia may influence the proliferation and clone-forming ability of periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs). The MAPK signaling pathway is closely correlated with cell proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis. Thus, we isolated and cultured PDLSCs under hypoxic conditions to clarify the impact of hypoxia on PDLSC proliferation and the underlying mechanism. PDLSCs were separated and purified by the limiting dilution method and identified by flow cytometry...
November 21, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886338/frequency-of-the-val1016ile-mutation-on-the-kdr-gene-in-aedes-aegypti-diptera-culicidae-in-south-brazil
#13
M L Collet, C Frizzo, E Orlandin, L D P Rona, J C Nascimento, M A E Montano, G A Müller, G Wagner
Recently, the number of Aedes aegypti foci has increased in west of Santa Catarina, south Brazil, which has increased concern regarding mosquito-borne disease outbreaks such as dengue fever, Zika virus, and chikungunya. Therefore, it is important to monitor genetic resistance to insecticides through "knockdown resistance". Homozygosity (Ile/Ile) at position 1016 in the coding region of a voltage-dependent sodium channel gene (Nav) may induce resistance to pyrethroid insecticides. We evaluated the frequency of these alleles in A...
November 21, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886337/determination-of-the-optimal-number-of-markers-and-individuals-in-a-training-population-necessary-for-maximum-prediction-accuracy-in-f2-populations-by-using-genomic-selection-models
#14
L A Peixoto, L L Bhering, C D Cruz
Genomic selection is a useful technique to assist breeders in selecting the best genotypes accurately. Phenotypic selection in the F2 generation presents with low accuracy as each genotype is represented by one individual; thus, genomic selection can increase selection accuracy at this stage of the breeding program. This study aimed to establish the optimal number of individuals required to compose the training population and to establish the amount of markers necessary to obtain the maximum accuracy by genomic selection methods in F2 populations...
November 21, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886336/comparative-transcriptome-analysis-reveals-three-potential-antiviral-signaling-pathways-in-lymph-organ-tissue-of-the-red-swamp-crayfish-procambarus-clarkii
#15
Z-Q Du
The red swamp crayfish (Procambarus clarkii) is one of the most economically important farmed aquatic species in China. Compared with its relatively well-known antibacterial and antifungal mechanisms, the antiviral mechanism is still unclear. We used Illumina-based RNA sequencing and bioinformatic technology to obtain high-quality sequence reads from the crayfish lymph organ. A total of 5933 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified between normal and white spot syndrome virus-challenged samples...
November 21, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886335/microrna-421-induces-apoptosis-of-c-33a-cervical-cancer-cells-via-down-regulation-of-bcl-xl
#16
X J Lai, X Y Cheng, L D Hu
Cervical cancer is a life-threatening condition. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) can promote or inhibit cell death and proliferation. The present study investigated the effect of miRNA 421 on the growth and apoptosis of cervical cancer cells. miRNA 421 and control miRNA were synthesized and transfected into c-33a cervical cancer cells. A thiazolyl blue tetrazolium bromide assay, caspase-3 activity, and flow cytometry were used to study the effects of miRNA 421 on c-33a cell growth, and apoptosis. Small interfering RNA targeting Bcl-xL was synthesized and transfected into c-33a cells along with miRNA 421...
November 21, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886334/microsatellite-loci-and-genetic-structure-of-artificial-populations-of-cotesia-flavipes-hymenoptera-braconidae
#17
L O S Anjos, R F Peixoto, D M S Chanquinie, L R Pinto, S A Creste, L L Dinardo-Miranda, M G A Landell, E V Tambarussi, R Vencovsky
Cotesia flavipes (Cameron) is a parasitoid wasp used in the biological control of the sugarcane borer (Diatraea saccharalis) (Fabr., 1794). Studies on the genetic diversity of C. flavipes are hampered by the lack of highly polymorphic molecular markers. In this report, a set of 11 microsatellite loci were developed from an enriched library of C. flavipes. Four microsatellite loci were polymorphic and were screened in 212 C. flavipes individuals (183 females and 29 males) that were randomly sampled from seven rearing laboratory populations...
November 21, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886332/differential-interactions-between-curtobacterium-flaccumfaciens-pv-flaccumfaciens-and-common-bean
#18
S C D Valdo, A Wendland, L G Araújo, L C Melo, H S Pereira, P G Melo, L C Faria
Bacterial wilt of common bean caused by Curtobacterium flaccumfaciens pv. flaccumfaciens is an important disease in terms of economic importance. It reduces grain yield by colonizing xylem vessels, subsequently impeding the translocation of water and nutrients to the superior plant parts. The existence of physiological races in C. flaccumfaciens pv. flaccumfaciens has not so far been reported. The objective of the present investigation was to identify physiological races, evaluate differential interaction, and select resistant genotypes of common bean...
November 21, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886331/effect-of-fragmentation-on-the-natural-genetic-diversity-of-theobroma-speciosum-willd-ex-spreng-populations
#19
T L Varella, A A B Rossi, J F E Dardengo, G F Silveira, M D A Souza, M L S Carvalho
Forest fragmentation reduces the effective size of natural populations, isolates individuals in the landscape, and, consequently, changes species' mating systems by increasing the degree of relatedness between individuals and inbreeding. Investigating the impact of habitat degradation on forest fragments helps to assess the genetic and ecological consequences of these changes, and allows the development of effective and sustainable conservation strategies to manage the genetic resources of species living in degraded landscapes...
November 21, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886330/genetic-gains-from-selection-for-fiber-traits-in-gossypium-hirsutum-l
#20
G M P de Faria, C F B Sanchez, L P de Carvalho, M da Silva Oliveira, C D Cruz
Brazil is among the five largest producers of cotton in the world, cultivating the species Gossypium hirsutum L. r. latifolium Hutch. The cultivars should have good fiber quality as well as yield. Genetic improvement of fiber traits requires the study of the genetic structure of the populations under improvement, leading to the identification of promising parent plants. To this end, it is important to acquire some information, such as estimates of genetic variance components and heritability coefficients, which will support the appropriate choice of the breeding strategy to be employed as well as enable the estimation of gains from selection...
November 21, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
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