journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162908/does-bacterial-translocation-influence-the-postoperative-infections-in-splenectomized-patients-after-abdominal-trauma
#1
Mario Schietroma, Beatrice Pessia, Sara Colozzi, Francesco Carlei, Gianfranco Amicucci
BACKGROUND: Some studies suggested that after abdominal trauma, postoperative infections are associated with bacterial translocation, whereas others have not replicated these findings. We have assessed the bacterial translocation and postoperative infections in patients undergoing splenectomy after abdominal trauma, using a very homogeneous study population. METHODS: We consecutively studied, in a prospective observational clinical study, 125 patients who required urgent surgical treatment (splenectomy) following blunt abdominal trauma...
February 2, 2017: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139371/a-comparison-of-outcomes-in-morbidly-obese-obese-and-non-obese-patients-undergoing-primary-total-knee-and-total-hip-arthroplasty
#2
Angela H Deakin, Aghimien Iyayi-Igbinovia, Gavin J Love
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a growing public health issue with the prevalence of morbid obesity, (Body Mass Index (BMI) ≥ 40 kg/m(2)) increasing. There is some evidence these patients have more peri- and post-operative complications and poorer outcomes when undergoing arthroplasty procedures. This audit aimed to determine and compare the outcomes of non-obese, obese and morbidly obese patients undergoing arthroplasty at our institution. METHOD: This was a retrospective audit of patients from our institution who had undergone total knee (TKA) or total hip arthroplasty (THA) in 2009...
January 27, 2017: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108269/are-hemoglobin-levels-really-lower-in-faecal-immunochemical-test-positive-patients-with-colorectal-cancer
#3
Jing Yu Ng, Ian Jse-Wei Tan, Ker-Kan Tan
INTRODUCTION: Faecal immunochemical test (FIT) is advocated in many colorectal cancer-screening programs. A positive FIT translates to the need for a colonoscopy. However, waiting times for diagnostic colonoscopy is long. The aim of our study is to determine the correlation of hemoglobin levels in patients with a positive FIT who were subsequently diagnosed with colorectal cancer, and to compare them with patients with only colonic adenomas and those with normal colonoscopy with the intention of determining if hemoglobin levels could be used to stratify the urgency of colonoscopy...
January 17, 2017: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034631/emergency-endovascular-management-of-acute-thoracic-aortic-pathology-a-safe-and-feasible-option
#4
Z Ahmed, S M McHugh, A Elmallah, M P Colgan, A O'Callaghan, S M O'Neill, P Madhavan, Z Martin
Endovascular repair has revolutionised the emergency treatment of thoracic aortic disease. We report our 10 year experience using this treatment in emergency cases. A prospectively maintained vascular database was analysed. Patients' medical records and CT images stored on the hospital PACS system were also reviewed. Statistical analysis was done using IBM SPSS V21. There were a total of 59 thoracic aortic stenting procedures of which 33 (60% males with a mean age of 58 yrs) were performed for emergency thoracic pathologies: traumatic transection (n = 10), ruptured aneurysm (n = 6), non-traumatic dissection (n = 8) and penetrating aortic ulcer (n = 9)...
December 27, 2016: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017691/cultural-background-non-therapeutic-circumcision-and-the-risk-of-meatal-stenosis-and-other-urethral-stricture-disease-two-nationwide-register-based-cohort-studies-in-denmark-1977-2013
#5
Morten Frisch, Jacob Simonsen
BACKGROUND: Meatal stenosis is markedly more common in circumcised than genitally intact males, affecting 5-20 per cent of circumcised boys. However, no population-based study has estimated the relative risk of meatal stenosis and other urethral stricture diseases (USDs) or the population attributable fraction (AFp) associated with non-therapeutic circumcision. METHODS: In two nationwide cohort studies (comprising 4.0 million males of all ages and 810 719 non-Muslim males aged 0-36 years, respectively), we compared hospital contact rates for USD during 1977-2013 between circumcised and intact Danish males...
December 22, 2016: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012704/tomosynthesis-a-new-radiologic-technique-for%C3%A2-rapid-diagnosis-of-scaphoid-fractures
#6
N Compton, L Murphy, F Lyons, J Jones, P MacMahon, J Cashman
Scaphoid fractures constitute 71% of all carpal bone fractures.(1) Early diagnosis and treatment has significant bearing on fracture union rates and better clinical outcomes. While displaced fractures can be readily seen on plain radiograph, undisplaced fractures can require advanced imaging modalities to confirm that diagnosis. Advanced imaging such as Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Computerised tomography (CT) and bone scintigraphy are routinely used for the diagnosis of scaphoid fractures but require significant radiation exposure, increased cost and can be difficult to access...
December 21, 2016: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955972/the-importance-of-the-mesofascial-interface-in-complete-mesocolic-excision
#7
REVIEW
Luca Maria Siani, Gianluca Garulli
Complete mesocolic excision (CME) with Central Vascular Ligation (CVL) is progressively gaining acceptance as the most updated surgical treatment in the multimodal management of colonic cancer. The concept is based on excision of the affected organ with its related primitive dorsal mesenterium as an intact package to maximize local clearance, and high tie ligation to boost regional control, translating the original concept of Total Mesorectal Excision proposed by Heald for rectal cancer. Aim of this review is to analyze the modern concept of the mesenteric organ, with particular regard to the interfaces between its single components and the importance of the meso-fascial interface as the correct plane of separation...
December 9, 2016: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27964825/carbon-dioxide-laser-treatment-of-penile-intraepithelial-neoplasia
#8
Abdullah Zreik, Matthew Rewhorn, Ross Vint, Rehan Khan, David Hendry
INTRODUCTION & OBJECTIVE: The non-invasive nature of penile intraepithelial neoplasia (PeIN) allows for curative penile sparing therapy and is recommended, in their guidelines, by the European Association of Urology (EAU). Treatment options include topical chemotherapy, immunotherapy, laser treatment, photodynamic therapy and surgical excision. Our primary aim was to evaluate the outcome of carbon dioxide (CO2) laser treatment of penile intraepithelial neoplasia. METHODS: A retrospective review of 47 patients who underwent CO2 laser ablation of PeIN, from May 2008 to June 2015, in our tertiary referral centre was performed...
December 7, 2016: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908542/health-literacy-and-the-perception-of-risk-in-a-breast-cancer-family-history-clinic
#9
E J Rutherford, J Kelly, E A Lehane, V Livingstone, B Cotter, A Butt, M J O'Sullivan, F O Connell, H P Redmond, M A Corrigan
BACKGROUND: Informed consent is an essential component of medical practice, and especially so in procedural based specialties which entail varying degrees of risk. Breast cancer is one of the most common cancers in women, and as such is the focus of extensive research and significant media attention. Despite this, considerable misperception exists regarding the risk of developing breast cancer. AIMS: This study aims to examine the accuracy of risk perception of women attending a breast cancer family history clinic, and to explore the relationship between risk perception accuracy and health literacy...
November 28, 2016: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27374183/pancreatic-cancer-actionable-genes-in-precision-medicine-and-personalized-surgery
#10
REVIEW
Juehua Yu, Shi-He Liu, Robbi Sanchez, John Nemunaitis, Enrique Rozengurt, F Charles Brunicardi
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is a deadly cancer with an overall 5-year survival rate less than 5% due to the poor early diagnosis and lack of effective therapeutic options. The most effective therapy remains surgery, however post-operative survival could be enhanced with effective adjuvant therapy. The massive information gained from Omics techniques on PDAC at the beginning of the 21st century is a remarkable accomplishment. However, the information gained from the omics data, including next generation sequencing data, has yet to successfully affect care of patients suffering with PDAC...
February 2017: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26993759/a-systematic-review-of-new-treatments-for-cryptoglandular-fistula-in-ano
#11
REVIEW
Sunil K Narang, Kenneth Keogh, Nasra N Alam, Samir Pathak, Ian R Daniels, Neil J Smart
AIM: In 2007 the ACPGBI published a position statement on the management of cryptoglandular fistula in ano. Over the last seven years a number of new treatments have been developed and the aim of this systematic review was to assess their effectiveness. METHOD: A systematic review of all English language literature relevant to novel treatment strategies for cryptoglandular fistula in ano, published between 1 January 2007 and 31 Dec 2014 was carried out using MEDLINE (PubMed and Ovid), EMBASE (Ovid) and the Cochrane Library of Systematic Reviews/Controlled Trials for relevant literature...
February 2017: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26895656/local-anaesthesia-versus-spinal-anaesthesia-in-inguinal-hernia-repair-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Deepali Prakash, Leonie Heskin, Sally Doherty, Rose Galvin
BACKGROUND: Inguinal hernias are a significant cause of morbidity. The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to determine the totality of evidence regarding the effectiveness of local anaesthesia when compared to spinal anaesthesia in individuals undergoing open inguinal hernia repair. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted. Inclusion criteria were randomised controlled trials (RCTs) comparing spinal and local anaesthesia on clinical and self-reported outcomes, in patients undergoing open inguinal hernia repairs...
February 2017: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26464072/using-a-multimedia-presentation-to-improve-patient-understanding-and-satisfaction-with-informed-consent-for-minimally-invasive-vascular-procedures
#13
N Bowers, E Eisenberg, J Montbriand, J Jaskolka, G Roche-Nagle
OBJECTIVE: As vascular procedures become more complex, patient understanding of their treatment(s) can become more difficult. We wished to evaluate the utility of multimedia presentations (MPs) to improve patient understanding of their vascular interventions. METHODS: Patients undergoing endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR), peripheral angioplasty, Hickman catheter and peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) insertion were randomized into a control group receiving traditional verbal consent, and a MP group that were shown a two minute simplified video of their procedure on an iPad™ computer in addition to the traditional verbal consent...
February 2017: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26409623/refinement-of-myotome-values-in-the-upper-limb-evidence-from-brachial-plexus-injuries
#14
S W Bell, M J C Brown, T J Hems
PURPOSE: We reviewed patients with partial supraclavicular brachial plexus injuries in order to refine the myotome values of the upper limb. METHODS: Forty-two patients with defined partial injuries to the supraclavicular brachial plexus were reviewed from a prospective database. The injuries patterns covered C5, C5-6, C5-7, C5-8, C7-T1 and C8-T1 roots. Upper plexus injuries were classified on the basis of surgical exploration and intraoperative stimulation and lower plexus injuries from MRI...
February 2017: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26279202/patient-awareness-and-sun-protection-behaviour-following-excision-of-basal-cell-carcinoma
#15
Catherine de Blacam, Clodagh Mc Dermott, Conor Sugrue, Darren Kilmartin, Jack Kelly
BACKGROUND: Limited information is available regarding disease awareness and sun protection behaviour in patients previously treated for non-melanoma skin cancer. METHODS: Using a telephone-administered questionnaire, we investigated these characteristics in 250 patients in the west of Ireland who had undergone excision of basal cell carcinomas between January 2011 and December 2012. RESULTS: Only 28.8% of respondents knew that the lesion they had excised was a BCC and understood that there was a significant chance of developing another similar lesion in the next 3 years...
February 2017: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26279201/isolated-roux-en-y-reconstruction-versus-conventional-reconstruction-after-pancreaticoduodenectomy
#16
De-Bang Li, Chen Chai, Long Cao, Yan-Ming Zhou
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic fistula (PF) is the major cause for morbidity and mortality following pancreaticoduodenectomy. The primary aim of this study was to compare the occurrence rate of postoperative PF between isolated Roux-en-Y reconstruction (RYR) and conventional reconstruction (CR) after pancreaticoduodenectomy. METHODS: Data of 43 patients who underwent RYC were compared with those of a pair-matched equal number of patients undergoing CR. We also performed a meta-analysis of comparative studies of the two procedures...
February 2017: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27395014/routine-extra-hepatic-bile-duct-resection-in-gallbladder-cancer-patients-without-bile-duct-infiltration-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Giuseppe Nigri, Giammauro Berardi, Chiara Mattana, Livia Mangogna, Niccolò Petrucciani, Andrea Sagnotta, Paolo Aurello, Francesco D'Angelo, Giovanni Ramacciato
AIM: The optimal treatment for advanced gallbladder cancer, in particular T2 stage cancer, is unclear. The use of "radical cholecystectomy" or more extended procedures with extra-hepatic bile duct resection are matter of debate. Due to the lack of consensus regarding the oncological significance of routine extra-hepatic bile duct (EBD) resection for gallbladder carcinoma, we decided to perform a systematic review investigating the real benefit of this procedure focusing on the primary outcomes of overall survival and disease-free survival...
December 2016: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27091391/the-100-most-influential-manuscripts-in-colorectal-cancer-a-bibliometric-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Paula F Wrafter, Tara M Connelly, Jody Khan, Liam Devane, John Kelly, William P Joyce
PURPOSE: Bibliometric analysis highlights the key topics and studies which have led to the current understanding and treatment of a disease of interest. In this original article we analyze the 100 most cited manuscripts in the field of colorectal cancer (CRC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Thomson Reuters Web of Science database with the search terms 'colorectal cancer,' 'colorectal cancer surgery,' 'colon cancer,' 'rectal cancer,' 'colorectal carcinoma,' 'colon carcinoma,' 'rectal carcinoma' and/or 'colonoscopy' was used to identify the manuscripts for the study...
December 2016: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26805473/the-management-of-osteomyelitis-in-the-adult
#19
REVIEW
N Maffulli, R Papalia, B Zampogna, G Torre, E Albo, V Denaro
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Osteomyelitis (OM) is considered one of the most challenging medical conditions an orthopaedic surgeon has to face. Much debate is present concerning diagnosis and treatment, especially about differences between acute and chronic forms of the condition. The main aim of the present work is to show the key points where research should be implemented. METHODS: Online database were searched to find evidence about the clinical management of osteomyelitis...
December 2016: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26148761/the-role-of-simulation-in-urological-training-a-quantitative-study-of-practice-and-opinions
#20
Abdullatif Aydin, Kamran Ahmed, Ahmed M A Shafi, Muhammad Shamim Khan, Prokar Dasgupta
INTRODUCTION: Over the past few decades, simulation-based training has rapidly been adopted by many centres for effective technical and non-technical skills training, as a supplementary method to traditional operating room experience. The aim of this study is to assess the current practice in training and seek opinion regarding the future role of simulation in urological training. METHODS: A cross sectional survey was designed and distributed amongst expert and trainee urological surgeons...
December 2016: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
journal
journal
40395
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"