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Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908542/health-literacy-and-the-perception-of-risk-in-a-breast-cancer-family-history-clinic
#1
E J Rutherford, J Kelly, E A Lehane, V Livingstone, B Cotter, A Butt, M J O'Sullivan, F O Connell, H P Redmond, M A Corrigan
BACKGROUND: Informed consent is an essential component of medical practice, and especially so in procedural based specialties which entail varying degrees of risk. Breast cancer is one of the most common cancers in women, and as such is the focus of extensive research and significant media attention. Despite this, considerable misperception exists regarding the risk of developing breast cancer. AIMS: This study aims to examine the accuracy of risk perception of women attending a breast cancer family history clinic, and to explore the relationship between risk perception accuracy and health literacy...
November 28, 2016: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881288/internal-anal-sphincter-clinical-perspective
#2
REVIEW
Lalit Kumar, Anton Emmanuel
OBJECTIVE: To summarise current knowledge of Internal anal sphincter. BACKGROUND: The internal anal sphincter (IAS) is the involuntary ring of smooth muscle in the anal canal and is the major contributor to the resting pressure in the anus. Structural injury or functional weakness of the muscle results in passive incontinence of faeces and flatus. With advent of new assessment and treatment modalities IAS has become an important topic for surgeons. This review was undertaken to summarise our current knowledge of internal anal sphincter and highlight the areas that need further research...
November 20, 2016: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856161/safety-of-dorsal-wrist-arthroscopy-portals-a-magnetic-resonance-study
#3
Umile Giuseppe Longo, Mattia Loppini, Riccardo Del Vescovo, Luigi Cazzato, Bruno Beomonte Zobel, Nicola Maffulli, Vincenzo Denaro
: In wrist arthroscopy, the standard dorsal portals are the most commonly used. However, their placement can be associated with injuries to the neurovascular structures of the radiocarpal joint. The present study assessed and compared the distance of commonly used dorsal portals to radial and ulnar neurovascular structures. Forty patients (20 males, 20 females) were evaluated with T1-weighted spin-echo (SE) magnetic resonance (MR) sequences. We measured the distance between 1-2 and 3-4 portals and radial vascular bundle and the nearest branch of the superficial branch of radial nerve (SBRN)...
November 14, 2016: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27838234/management-of-pulmonary-nodules-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients-our-experience-and-interpretation-of-the-british-thoracic-society-guidelines
#4
REVIEW
Richard Green, Matthew King, Helen Reid, John T Murchison, Andrew Evans, Iain J Nixon
BACKGROUND: and purpose of the study: The frequency of lung nodules in the head and neck cancer population is unknown, currently the only guidance available recommends following local policy. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of pulmonary nodules in our head and neck cancer group and interpret the recently updated British Thoracic Society (BTS) Lung Nodule Guidelines in a head and neck cancer setting. METHODS: 100 patients were diagnosed with head and neck cancer between July 2013-March 2014, clinico-pathological, demographic and radiological data was extracted from the electronic records...
November 9, 2016: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815046/the-impact-of-the-biomolecular-era-on-breast-cancer-surgery
#5
REVIEW
T P McVeigh, M R Boland, A J Lowery
Surgery has always played a central role in the management of breast cancer, with local control via complete tumour resection long established as the cornerstone of effective breast cancer therapy. While extensive surgical resection in the form of the Halstead radical mastectomy dominated treatment up until at least the 1970s, the advent of adjuvant loco-regional and systemic therapies has resulted in a decrease in the magnitude of surgical intervention in recent decades. The Biomolecular or "-omics" era initiated with the discovery of the DNA double helix in 1953 and intensified by the completion of the human genome project in 2003 has seen an unprecedented expansion in our understanding of the molecular and genetic heterogeneity of cancer...
November 1, 2016: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810224/the-utility-of-adipose-derived-stem-cells-and-stromal-vascular-fraction-for-oncologic-soft-tissue-reconstruction-is-it-safe-a-matter-for-debate
#6
Shaun S Tan, Weiliang Loh
Autologous free-fat grafting (AFG) has emerged as an attractive proposition for soft-tissue reconstruction of various contour defects because it obviates more complex reconstructive options and reduces operative times and donor-site morbidity. Nonetheless, a common complication of this procedure is the resorption of the engrafted fat. Cell-assisted lipotransfer (CAL) is now a well-regarded technique where adipose-derived stem cell (ASC)-rich stromal vascular fraction is admixed with lipoaspirate, increasing the volumetric outcome of fat grafts in light of its potent angiogenic and adipogenic properties...
November 1, 2016: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769856/the-impact-of-helipad-designation-on-meeting-the-best-practice-tariff-for-fractured-neck-of-femur-cases-in-a-major-trauma-centre
#7
John Dabis, Aliyah Hussein, Mark Rickman
Hip fractures represent a significant burden to the NHS: the cost for all UK hip fractures is approximately £2 billion and in 2013, 64 838 people were admitted to hospital with a fractured neck of femur (FNOF). In April 2010 St George's NHS Hospital was designated one of four Major Trauma Centres (MTC) in London. Following MTC designation, in April 2014 St George's Hospital opened a helipad. This study aimed to assess the impact of the helipad designation on the Trust's ability to meet the Best Practice Tariff (BPT) criteria for FNOF patients...
October 18, 2016: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742406/role-of-transoral-robotic-surgery-in-current-head%C3%A2-%C3%A2-neck-practice
#8
REVIEW
David Hamilton, Vinidh Paleri
Morbidity and mortality associated with increasingly radical doses of chemoradiotherapy have led many to question the current standard of care in head and neck cancer. Recently, surgeons have developed minimally invasive, transoral techniques which have demonstrated excellent survival and favourable functional outcomes. Transoral robotic surgery (TORS) is the most recent, cutting edge in the evolution of transoral techniques; TORS allows surgeons unprecedented access to and visualisation of the upper aerodigestive tract...
October 11, 2016: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729210/reply-trauma-networks-and-rural-trauma
#9
Jan O Jansen, Jonathan J Morrison
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 8, 2016: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720666/primary-repair-of-the-anterior-cruciate-ligament-a-paradigm-shift
#10
Jelle P van der List, Gregory S DiFelice
Over the last century, many surgical treatments have been developed in the orthopedic field, including treatments of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries. These treatments ideally evolve in a process of trial and error with prospective comparison of new treatments to the current treatment standard. However, these evolutions are sometimes not linear and periodically undergo paradigm shifts. In this article, we review the evolution of ACL treatment and explain how it underwent a paradigm shift. Open primary ACL repair was the most common treatment in the 1970s and 1980s, but because multiple studies noted deterioration of outcomes at mid-term follow-up, in addition to several randomized clinical trials (RCTs) that noted better outcomes following ACL reconstruction, the open primary repair technique was abandoned...
October 6, 2016: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720374/trauma-networks-and-rural-trauma
#11
Andrew Inglis, John S Abraham, Peter W Johnston
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 5, 2016: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720167/coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-for-left-main-disease-and-the-risk-of-stroke-incidence-aetiology-and-prevention
#12
Ana-Catarina Pinho-Gomes, David P Taggart
This review explores the association between left main disease and the increased risk of perioperative stroke following coronary artery bypass grafting, specifically addressing the potential underlying mechanisms and its potential prevention. In particular, this correlation appears stronger for patients with left main disease when compared to patients with isolated triple vessel disease. Even though evidence on this topic is limited and of modest quality, there appears to be a significant association between ascending aorta atherosclerosis and coronary artery disease...
October 3, 2016: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658664/role-of-compression-therapy-in-pathophysiology-of-the-venous-system-in-lower-limbs
#13
Adam Hague, Arun Pherwani, Sriram Rajagopalan
The management of varicose veins and their sequelae are estimated to cost the NHS approximately £400-600 m annually. Along with interventional procedures, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) also recommends the use of compression therapy. With the vast array of different compression therapies available, prescribing the correct method can be challenging, with patients receiving incorrect compression being a matter of concern. This review summarises the key principles underpinning the management of these patients with particular emphasis on the pathophysiology and different classes of compression...
September 20, 2016: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658665/cognitive-training-how-can-it-be-adapted-for-surgical-education
#14
Lauren Wallace, Nicholas Raison, Faisal Ghumman, Aidan Moran, Prokar Dasgupta, Kamran Ahmed
BACKGROUND: There is a need for new approaches to surgical training in order to cope with the increasing time pressures, ethical constraints, and legal limitations being placed on trainees. One of the most interesting of these new approaches is "cognitive training" or the use of psychological processes to enhance performance of skilled behaviour. Its ability to effectively improve motor skills in sport has raised the question as to whether it could also be used to improve surgical performance...
September 19, 2016: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26148761/the-role-of-simulation-in-urological-training-a-quantitative-study-of-practice-and-opinions
#15
Abdullatif Aydin, Kamran Ahmed, Ahmed M A Shafi, Muhammad Shamim Khan, Prokar Dasgupta
INTRODUCTION: Over the past few decades, simulation-based training has rapidly been adopted by many centres for effective technical and non-technical skills training, as a supplementary method to traditional operating room experience. The aim of this study is to assess the current practice in training and seek opinion regarding the future role of simulation in urological training. METHODS: A cross sectional survey was designed and distributed amongst expert and trainee urological surgeons...
December 2016: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25765561/the-role-of-biodegradable-stents-in-the-management-of-benign-and-malignant-oesophageal-strictures-a-cohort-study
#16
Stephen McCain, Scott McCain, Barry Quinn, Ronan Gray, Joan Morton, Paul Rice
BACKGROUND: Oesophageal strictures can be caused by benign or malignant processes. Up to 10% of patients with a benign stricture are refractory to pneumatic dilatation and may benefit from biodegradable stent (BD) insertion. Biodegradable stents also have a role in malignant oesophageal strictures to facilitate enteral nutrition while staging or neo-adjuvant treatment is completed. The aim of this study was to review the safety and efficacy of BD stents in the management of benign or malignant oesophageal strictures...
December 2016: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25744636/surgical-and-endoscopic-management-of-high-grade-dysplasia-and-early-oesophageal-adenocarcinoma
#17
Philip A Le Page, Pras P Velu, Ian D Penman, Graeme W Couper, Simon Paterson-Brown, Peter J Lamb
BACKGROUND: The introduction of endoscopic techniques has led to debate about optimal management of early oesophageal adenocarcinoma. The aim was to evaluate patient selection and outcomes for endoscopic or surgical treatment at a tertiary referral centre. METHODS: A prospectively collected database of consecutive patients staged with high-grade dysplasia (HGD) or T1 oesophageal adenocarcinoma treated with curative intent between 2005 and 2013 was undertaken. All patients were discussed at the multidisciplinary team meeting...
December 2016: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25636362/consultation-audio-recording-reduces-long-term-decision-regret-after-prostate-cancer-treatment-a-non-randomised-comparative-cohort-study
#18
Daniel W Good, Harry Delaney, Alexander Laird, Belinda Hacking, Grant D Stewart, S Alan McNeill
INTRODUCTION: The life expectancy of prostate patients is long and patients will spend many years carrying the burdens & benefits of the treatment decisions they have made, therefore, it is vital that decisions on treatments are shared between patient and physician. The objective was to determine if consultation audio-recording improves quality of life, reduces regret or improves patient satisfaction in comparison to standard counselling. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In 2012 we initiated consultation audio-recordings, where patients are given a CD of their consultation to keep and replay at home...
December 2016: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27066715/trauma-care-in-scotland-the-role-of-major-trauma-centres-trauma-units-and-local-emergency-hospitals
#19
Jan O Jansen, Robbie A Lendrum, Jonathan J Morrison
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26988630/arteriovenous-fistula-in-dialysis-patients-factors-implicated-in-early-and-late-avf-maturation-failure
#20
Khalid Bashar, Peter J Conlon, Elrasheid A H Kheirelseid, Thomas Aherne, Stewart R Walsh, Austin Leahy
Increasing numbers of patients are being diagnosed with end-stage renal disease (ESRD), and the demand for on haemodialysis (HD) is rising. Arteriovenous fistulae (AVFs) remain the best conduit for adequate HD, with fewer complications associated with long-term use compared to bypass grafts and central venous catheters. However, it is known that many newly formed fistulae do not mature to provide useful HD access. The paper provides a narrative overview of factors influencing the process of AVF maturation failure...
October 2016: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
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