journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102296/sacral-neuromodulation-for-faecal-incontinence-10-years-experience-at-a-scottish-tertiary-centre
#1
Hoey Koh, Stephen McSorley, Sarah Hunt, Martha Quinn, Graham MacKay, John Anderson
INTRODUCTION: Sacral nerve stimulation (SNS) is increasingly popular in the management of faecal incontinence. This paper reports the first 10-year experience of SNS in the management of faecal incontinence at a tertiary referral centre. Data was collected in a prospectively maintained database. RESULTS: In total 130 patients were referred. The majority were women (94%) under 75-year-old (98%). Seven patients were found to have full-thickness rectal prolapse at the initial work-up and proceeded to rectopexy...
October 25, 2017: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102295/which-factors-predict-success-in-the-mandatory-uk-postgraduate-surgical-exam-the-intercollegiate-membership-of-the-royal-college-of-surgeons-mrcs
#2
D S G Scrimgeour, J Cleland, A J Lee, P A Brennan
BACKGROUND: The Membership of the Royal College of Surgeons examination (MRCS, Parts A and B) is one of the largest postgraduate surgical exams in the world, but little is known about the factors that affect candidate performance. We describe the relationship between both parts of MRCS and several independent predictors of MRCS success. METHODS: Pearson correlation coefficients were used to examine the linear relationship between MRCS Part A and B and logistic regression analysis to identify potential independent predictors of MRCS success...
October 25, 2017: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056477/biliary-complications-among-live-donors-following-live-donor-liver-transplantation
#3
Johns Shaji Mathew, K Manikandan, K Y Santosh Kumar, S T Binoj, Dinesh Balakrishnan, Unnikrishnan Gopalakrishnan, Ramachandran Narayana Menon, Puneet Dhar, O V Sudheer, S Aneesh, Surendran Sudhindran
INTRODUCTION: In live donor liver transplantation (LDLT), bile duct division is a critical step in donor hepatectomy. Biliary complications hence are a feared sequelae even among donors. Long term data on biliary complications in donors from India are sparse. METHODS: Prospective evaluation of 452 live donors over 10 years was performed to ascertain the incidence & risk factors of clinically significant biliary complications. RESULTS: Of the 452 donor hepatectomies (M: F = 114:338, median age = 38), 66...
October 19, 2017: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988618/hospital-burden-of-long-term-genitourinary-and-gastrointestinal-toxicity-after-radical-radiotherapy-for-prostate-cancer
#4
Elaine J Redmond, Katelyn S Dolbec, Aisling S Fawaz, Hugh D Flood, Subhasis K Giri
INTRODUCTION: Treatment options for prostate cancer (PCa) include radical radiotherapy (RT) and radical prostatectomy, both of which have comparable oncological outcomes. The aim of this study was to investigate the hospital burden of long-term genitourinary and gastrointestinal toxicity among patients with PCa who were treated with radiotherapy at our institution. METHODS: The radiotherapy department database was used retrospectively to identify all patients who underwent radiotherapy for PCa from January 2006 to January 2008...
October 4, 2017: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943099/a-systematic-review-of-the-effects-of-platelet-rich-plasma-on-outcomes-for-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis-and-following-total-knee-arthroplasty
#5
REVIEW
Tendai Aswad Muchedzi, Simon B Roberts
INTRODUCTION: Platelet rich plasma (PRP) has been suggested to be effective in the management of knee osteoarthritis. Review of current literature reveals conflicting evidence regarding the benefits of PRP in treating knee OA. Preclinical evidence supports the use of PRP injections to promote a favorable environment for joint tissue healing, targeting not only cartilage but also synovial and meniscal tissues which has a positive effect on delaying the progression of OA. Growth factors found in platelet granules are postulated to influence outcomes in knee OA and after total knee arthroplasty (TKA)...
September 21, 2017: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865847/time-to-acknowledge-the-obvious
#6
LETTER
Robert Van Howe, Michelle R Storms
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 30, 2017: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864156/an-evidence-based-approach-to-the-surgical-interventions-for-severe-pancreatic-fistula-after-pancreatoduodenectomy
#7
REVIEW
Yan-Ming Zhou, Xin Zhou, Tao Wan, Dong Xu, Xiao-Ying Si
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To assess the safety and therapeutic outcome of different surgical interventions for severe pancreatic fistula after pancreatoduodenectomy. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed in PubMed database for relevant articles published between 1990 and March 2017. Descriptive statistics were performed and data are expressed as mean. RESULTS: Twenty-four studies involving 370 patients undergoing surgical interventions for severe pancreatic fistula after pancreatoduodenectomy were included...
August 29, 2017: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869139/re-cultural-background-non-therapeutic-circumcision-and-the-risk-of-meatal-stenosis-and-other-urethral-stricture-disease-two-nationwide-register-based-cohort-studies-in-denmark-1977-2013
#8
LETTER
Brian J Morris, John N Krieger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 28, 2017: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157883/as-the-guard-changed-so-it-changes
#9
EDITORIAL
Austin Leahy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284517/antibiotics-first-strategy-for-uncomplicated-acute-appendicitis-in-adults-is-associated-with-increased-rates-of-peritonitis-at-surgery-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials-comparing-appendectomy-and-non-operative-management
#10
REVIEW
Mauro Podda, Nicola Cillara, Salomone Di Saverio, Antonio Lai, Francesco Feroci, Gianluigi Luridiana, Ferdinando Agresta, Nereo Vettoretto
BACKGROUND: Acute appendicitis is the most common surgical diagnosis in young patients, with lifetime prevalence of about 7%. Debate remains on whether uncomplicated AA should be operated or not. Aim of this meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials was to assess current evidence on antibiotic treatment for uncomplicated AA compared to standard surgical treatment. METHODS: Systematic literature search was performed using PubMed, EMBASE, Medline, Google Scholar and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases for randomized controlled trials comparing antibiotic therapy (AT) and surgical therapy-appendectomy (ST) for uncomplicated AA...
October 2017: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844726/cycling-and-spinal-trauma-a-worrying-trend-in-referrals-to-a-national-spine-centre
#11
M P Broe, J C Kelly, P J Groarke, K Synnott, S Morris
INTRODUCTION: Cycling has seen a large increase in popularity worldwide over the last number of years. This has been linked to an increase in the number of road traffic accidents involving cyclists. Participation in cycling as part of competitive sport and endurance events has seen particular growth. AIM: To examine patients referred with spinal trauma related to cycling and to assess whether the growing popularity of cycling and particularly competitive cycling is linked to an increase in spinal trauma...
August 22, 2017: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811169/tissue-engineered-extracellular-matrices-ecms-in-urology-evolution-and-future-directions
#12
REVIEW
N F Davis, E M Cunnane, F J O'Brien, J J Mulvihill, M T Walsh
Autologous gastrointestinal tissue has remained the gold-standard reconstructive biomaterial in urology for >100 years. Mucus-secreting epithelium is associated with lifelong metabolic and neuromechanical complications when implanted into the urinary tract. Therefore, the availability of biocompatible tissue-engineered biomaterials such as extracellular matrix (ECM) scaffolds may provide an attractive alternative for urologists. ECMs are decellularised, biodegradable membranes that have shown promise for repairing defective urinary tract segments in vitro and in vivo by inducing a host-derived tissue remodelling response after implantation...
August 12, 2017: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807571/radiofrequency-ablation-for-osteoid-osteoma-recurrence-rates-and-predictive-factors
#13
David W Shields, Sadaf Sohrabi, Evan O Crane, Chris Nicholas, Ashish Mahendra
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Osteoid osteoma is an infrequent but debilitating benign bone lesion which can be successfully managed by percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (RFA). There are few studies investigating the efficacy and follow-up of this treatment. An arbitrary upper limit of 15 mm has been used to differentiate between osteoid osteoma and osteoblastoma with surgery used for lesions above this limit. We aimed to analyse the cases identified from our prospectively maintained database over a ten year period since adoption of this technique in our unit...
August 11, 2017: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807570/albumin-bilirubin-grade-predicts-the-outcomes-of-liver-resection-versus-radiofrequency-ablation-for-very-early-early-stage-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#14
Charing Ching-Ning Chong, Anthony Wing-Hung Chan, John Wong, Cheuk-Man Chu, Stephen Lam Chan, Kit-Fai Lee, Simon Chun-Ho Yu, Ka-Fai To, Philip Johnson, Paul Bo-San Lai
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Whether liver resection or ablation should be the first-line treatment for very early/early hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in patients who are candidates for both remains controversial. The aim of this study was to determine if the newly-developed Albumin-Bilirubin (ALBI) grade might help in treatment selections and to evaluate the survival of patients treated with liver resection and radiofrequency ablation (RFA). METHODS: Patients with BCLC stage 0/A HCC who were treated with curative liver resection and RFA from 2003 to 2013 were included...
August 11, 2017: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601343/troublesome-throat-awareness-tta-as-a-contemporary-alternative-to-globus-pharyngeus
#15
EDITORIAL
J Doody, J E Fenton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27838234/management-of-pulmonary-nodules-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients-our-experience-and-interpretation-of-the-british-thoracic-society-guidelines
#16
REVIEW
Richard Green, Matthew King, Helen Reid, John T Murchison, Andrew Evans, Iain J Nixon
BACKGROUND: and purpose of the study: The frequency of lung nodules in the head and neck cancer population is unknown, currently the only guidance available recommends following local policy. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of pulmonary nodules in our head and neck cancer group and interpret the recently updated British Thoracic Society (BTS) Lung Nodule Guidelines in a head and neck cancer setting. METHODS: 100 patients were diagnosed with head and neck cancer between July 2013-March 2014, clinico-pathological, demographic and radiological data was extracted from the electronic records...
August 2017: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26791395/a-national-evaluation-of-the-management-practices-of-acute-diverticulitis
#17
D Z Khan, M E Kelly, J O'Reilly, W Khan, R Waldron, K Barry, I Z Khan
INTRODUCTION: Diverticulitis is a common surgical admission that presents with a wide range of symptoms and severity. Overall there has been a shift to conservative management practices, including the consideration of non-antibiotic treatment approaches in select cases. METHODS: A national survey of all consultant surgeons evaluating their practices was performed. Reasons for changes in management, use of radiological imaging, role of non-antibiotic treatment approaches and indications for elective surgical management were evaluated...
August 2017: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756064/ct-versus-mri-based-patient-specific-instrumentation-for-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Xiang-Dong Wu, Bing-Yan Xiang, Martijn G M Schotanus, Zun-Han Liu, Yu Chen, Wei Huang
BACKGROUND: To determine whether computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is more suitable for the patient-specific instrumentation (PSI) systems for total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library were searched from inception to June 2016 for prospective comparative trials that compared CT- versus MRI-based PSI systems for TKA. Our predefined primary outcome was the outliers incidence of coronal overall limb alignment...
July 26, 2017: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716368/surgeons-and-surgical-trainees-acute-stress-in-real-operations-or-simulation-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Konstantinos Georgiou, Andreas Larentzakis, Athanasios G Papavassiliou
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Acute stress in surgery is ubiquitous and has an immediate impact on surgical performance and patient safety. Surgeons react with several coping strategies; however, they recognise the necessity of formal stress management training. Thus, stress assessment is a direct need. Surgical simulation is a validated standardised training milieu designed to replicate real-life situations. It replicates stress, prevents biases, and provides objective metrics. The complexity of stress mechanisms makes stress measurement difficult to quantify and interpret...
July 14, 2017: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684167/sarcopaenia-in-surgical-populations-a-review
#20
REVIEW
Rachel S M Heard, George Ramsay, Diane R Hildebrand
Sarcopaenia, or decreased muscle mass, has been the subject of a large quantity of recent literature in both medical and surgical disciplines. It has been shown, as outlined below, to be of great prognostic importance, and also may be used in certain circumstances to guide treatment. The greatest volume of research into this topic is in oncological surgical populations, in whom the prevalence of sarcopaenia has been shown to be high. However it is being increasingly studied in other patient groups. Interest in using sarcopaenia as an objective and potentially modifiable marker of frailty is increasing, especially with regards to pre-operative risk stratification and amelioration...
July 3, 2017: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
journal
journal
40395
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"