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International Journal of Dental Hygiene

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766652/mucosal-microflora-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients
#1
A Almståhl, C Finizia, A Carlén, B Fagerberg-Mohlin, T Alstad
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the tongue and buccal microflora prospectively in head and neck cancer patients treated with radiation therapy (RT). METHODS: In 33 dentate patients, microbial samples from the tongue and buccal mucosa were collected pretreatment, during treatment, and 6 months, 1 year and 2 years post-treatment. Microorganisms associated with oral health and oral disorders were analysed using cultivation technique. Oral mucositis was scored at the appointment during treatment...
May 15, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749033/potential-risk-factors-for-dental-caries-in-type-2-diabetic-patients
#2
M A Almusawi, I Gosadi, R Abidia, M Almasawi, H A Khan
BACKGROUND: Diabetic patients are known to be at higher risk for dental caries. However, the role of potential risk factors such as blood glucose, salivary glucose and glycaemic control in the occurrence of dental caries in type 2 diabetes (T2D) is not clearly understood so far, and therefore, it was evaluated in this study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 100 T2D patients from Saudi Arabia. The caries risk assessment was evaluated using the guidelines of Caries Management by Risk Assessment (CAMBRA)...
May 11, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708654/adult-periodontitis-treated-with-a-new-device-for-subgingival-lavage-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial-using-a-split-mouth-design
#3
L J Van Dijk, M A Lie, E R Van den Heuvel, G A Van der Weijden
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate in patients with untreated adult periodontitis, the effect of treatment with a novel pocket irrigator/evacuator device (IED) compared to conventional subgingival debridement (CPT), both provided during the initial phase of active periodontal therapy. METHODS: This study was an examiner-blind, randomized controlled clinical trial using a split-mouth design. Systemically healthy patients with adult periodontitis were selected. Full-mouth probing pocket depth (PPD), gingival bleeding on pocket probing scores (BOPP), gingival recession (REC) and dental plaque (PI) were assessed at baseline...
April 30, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687632/association-between-dental-hygiene-gingivitis-and-overweight-or-the-risk-of-overweight-in-primary-teeth-of-4-and-5-year-old-preschoolers-in-m%C3%A3-xico
#4
N Patiño-Marín, N V Zavala-Alonso, G A Martínez-Castañón, J A Alegría-Torres, C E Medina-Solís, M A Laredo-Naranjo, J E Orellana-Centeno, O Lemus-Rojero
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between dental hygiene, gingivitis and overweight or the risk of overweight according to body mass index (BMI). METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed with 1527 preschoolers. The children were divided into 4 groups: (i) absence of visible plaque and normal weight; (ii) absence of visible plaque and risk of overweight or overweight; (iii) presence of visible plaque and normal weight; and (iv) presence of visible plaque and risk of overweight or overweight...
April 24, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651816/theoretical-and-hands-on-guidance-from-dental-hygienists-promotes-good-oral-health-in-elderly-people-living-in-nursing-homes-a-pilot-study
#5
B Seleskog, L Lindqvist, I Wårdh, A Engström, I von Bültzingslöwen
OBJECTIVES: Oral health in nursing homes for elderly is often unsatisfactory, and oral health education to nursing staff has not shown sufficient results why there is need for novel approaches. The aim of the study was to trial a new oral healthcare educational programme and to evaluate the effects on residents' oral health. In addition, attitudes among the nursing staff in the intervention nursing home were explored. METHODS: In a controlled clinical trial, two comparable nursing homes were randomly assigned for intervention or control...
April 12, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608039/evaluation-of-substantivity-of-hypochlorous-acid-as-an-antiplaque-agent-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
G I Lafaurie, C Zaror, D Díaz-Báez, D M Castillo, J De Ávila, T G Trujillo, J Calderón-Mendoza
BACKGROUND: Hypochlorous acid (HOCl) is a non-antibiotic antimicrobial substance with significant effects on pathogenic oral micro-organisms. The effects of HOCl as an antiplaque agent have not been studied. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the substantivity of HOCl mouthwashes compared with chlorhexidine (CHX) rinses and a placebo. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A double-blind randomized controlled trial with 75 participants was conducted...
April 2, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603638/near-visual-acuity-of-dental-hygienists-with-and-without-magnification
#7
M Eichenberger, P Perrin, K R Sieber, A Lussi
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was (i) to evaluate the visual performance of dental hygienists in their clinical environment and (ii) to analyse the relationship between self-assessed and objectively measured visual acuity. METHODS: The near visual acuity of 191 dental hygienists and dental hygiene students was self-assessed with a visual analogue scale and objectively measured with miniaturized visual tests in a simulated clinical setting. The visual acuity was also measured with magnification aids if they were part of the individual clinical equipment...
March 30, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582543/application-of-the-nex%C3%A3-method-in-a-general-dental-practice-in-the-netherlands-6-year-results-of-a-rct
#8
J H Vermaire
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to establish the effect of a non-operative caries treatment programme (the Nexø method) in a general dental practice on dental caries, oral hygiene and self-reported motivational factors for a 6-year period. METHODS: A randomized clinical controlled trial study on caries-preventive measures in 6- to 12-year-old children was performed among 3 groups of children: (i) care as usual (dental check-ups twice a year, accompanied by a professional fluoride application and the placement of occlusal sealants on a routine basis) (CONTROL); (ii) care as usual plus 2 extra professional fluoride applications (IPFA); or (iii) a non-operative caries treatment programme based on the Nexø method in which recall interval and caries-preventive measures were individualized based on caries activity, eruption stage and motivation of the parent (NOCTP)...
March 26, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532596/high-birthweight-is-associated-with-increased-prevalence-of-dental-caries-in-japanese-children
#9
K Hisano, K Tanaka, C Nagata, M Arakawa, Y Miyake
OBJECTIVE: We determined the prevalence of dental caries in 3-year-old Japanese children in a cross-sectional study and analysed its associations with birthweight, gestational age and birthweight for gestational age among the study subjects. METHODS: Study subjects were 6327 children. Their parents or guardians completed our study questionnaire with information on birth conditions and oral examinations taken from their Maternal and Child Health Handbooks, as documented by medical personnel at the hospital, clinic or public health centre...
March 13, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532594/explorative-study-on-mucosal-and-major-salivary-secretion-rates-caries-and-plaque-microflora-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients
#10
A Almståhl, C Finizia, A Carlén, B Fagerberg-Mohlin, T Alstad
OBJECTIVE: To analyse mucosal and major salivary secretion rates, caries and plaque microflora in connection with treatment for cancer in the head and neck region. METHODS: Thirty-three patients were included and the number of teeth, filled surfaces and caries lesions registered. The labial and buccal gland secretion and stimulated whole salivary secretion rates were determined. Supragingival plaque microflora was analysed using cultivation technique. Data were collected pretreatment, during treatment and 6 months, 1 year and 2 years post-treatment...
March 13, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29512317/will-a-chlorhexidine-fluoride-mouthwash-reduce-plaque-and-gingivitis
#11
REVIEW
T A Elkerbout, D E Slot, C Van Loveren, G A Van der Weijden
FOCUS QUESTION: What is the efficacy of a chlorhexidine (CHX) mouthwash (MW) containing sodium fluoride (NaF) compared to a CHX - MW alone on the parameters of plaque, gingivitis and discoloration? MATERIAL AND METHODS: MEDLINE-PubMed, Cochrane-CENTRAL, and EMBASE were searched for papers from inception to December 2017. The inclusion criteria were (randomized) controlled clinical trials conducted in human subjects with good general health and without removable prosthesis...
March 7, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29493078/saudi-dental-hygienists-opinions-regarding-establishing-a-professional-association
#12
A I Joufi, R S Wilder, A E Curran, J L Brame
AIM: To assess the opinions of dental hygienists in Saudi Arabia regarding the establishment of a professional association including the role it should have to meet their professional needs. METHODS: A cross-sectional electronic survey using Qualtrics was utilized. IRB exemption was obtained prior to distribution. Although there are 298 licensed Saudi dental hygienists in Saudi Arabia, email addresses were only available for 101 respondents: those obtained previously by direct contact for the purpose of initiation of a professional association and those referred by the direct contacts...
February 28, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488324/community-based-education-experiences-of-undergraduate-dental-therapy-students-at-the-university-of-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#13
I Moodley, S Singh
BACKGROUND: Community-based education (CBE) is a learning strategy that provides meaningful opportunities for students to apply theory learnt in a larger social and cultural context in various community settings. Although the benefits of CBE to health professional students are well documented, to date, there is little evidence describing dental therapy students' experiences. OBJECTIVES: To describe the experience of CBE by undergraduate dental therapy students in the School of Health Sciences at the University of KwaZulu-Natal...
February 28, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488313/dental-hygiene-education-exceeds-the-degrees-granted-a-pilot-study
#14
T O'Hehir
OBJECTIVE: Despite expansion of the scope of practice and clinical responsibilities of dental hygienists since 1945, the degrees granted for dental hygiene remain the same. The majority of dental hygienists complete 4 or even 5 years of college to receive an associate's degree while a few earn a baccalaureate degree. The aim of this study was to determine whether an associate's degree appropriately matches the current level of dental hygiene education. METHODOLOGY: This retrospective, analytical pilot study compared contact hours required for dental hygiene programmes in 1945 and three community college dental hygiene programmes and one university programme in Arizona currently...
February 28, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532597/effects-of-ultrasonic-instrumentation-on-enamel-surfaces-with-various-defects
#15
S-Y Kim, M-K Kang, S-M Kang, H-E Kim
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyse the enamel damage caused by ultrasonic scaling of teeth with various enamel conditions that are difficult to identify by visual inspection, such as enamel cracks, early caries and resin restorations. METHODS: In total, 120 tooth surfaces were divided into 4 experimental groups using a quantitative light-induced fluorescence-digital system: sound enamel group, enamel cracks group, early caries group and resin restoration group...
May 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457353/effect-of-bristle-stiffness-of-manual-toothbrushes-on-normal-and-demineralized-human-enamel-an-in-vitro-profilometric-study
#16
A H AlShehab, A A AlHazoom, M H Alowa, H A AlAli, A A Abdulmohsen, I Farooq
OBJECTIVE: To compare the brushing abrasion carried out by manual toothbrushes with different bristle types (hard and soft) on normal and demineralized human enamel. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty enamel blocks (N = 30) were prepared and were randomly divided into three main groups: A, teeth kept in artificial saliva with no brushing (control, n = 2); B, teeth brushed with toothbrushes with hard bristles (n = 14); and C, teeth brushed with toothbrushes with soft bristles (n = 14)...
May 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473687/effectiveness-of-oral-chlorhexidine-for-the-prevention-of-nosocomial-pneumonia-and-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-in-intensive-care-units-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#17
REVIEW
F Rabello, V E Araújo, Sms Magalhães
OBJECTIVE: To summarize evidence regarding the effectiveness of using chlorhexidine for oral healthcare on patients in the intensive care unit for the prevention of nosocomial pneumonia and ventilator-associated pneumonia. METHODS: This overview of systematic reviews was developed using articles found in PUBMED, Cochrane Library, LILACS, CRD, CINHAL, manual search and grey literature. RESULTS: Of the total 16 systematic reviews, 14 included meta-analysis...
February 23, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405627/the-effect-of-antiseptic-oral-sprays-on-dental-plaque-and-gingival-inflammation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
J Zhang, N Ab Malik, C McGrath, Olt Lam
AIM: To review the effectiveness of antiseptic oral sprays on oral health. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Three electronic databases (PubMed, Cochrane Library and Web of Science) were systematically searched to identify relevant studies. Only randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing the effect of oral sprays to placebo/control spray or mouthrinse on dental plaque and gingival inflammation were included. RESULTS: Among a total of 996 papers, 20 effective studies fulfilled the selection criteria, and 8 studies were suitable for inclusion in meta-analyses...
February 6, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836347/oral-health-education-and-promotion-programmes-meta-analysis-of-17-year-intervention
#19
REVIEW
M Ghaffari, S Rakhshanderou, A Ramezankhani, M Noroozi, B Armoon
OBJECTIVES: Oral Health Education and Promotion Interventions (OHEPIs) focus on improving knowledge, to adopt favourable oral health behaviours that can enhance oral health and clinical oral health. However, no meta-analyses exist that evaluate the effectiveness of OHEPI programmes. The aim of this meta-analysis was to determine the effectiveness of oral health education and promotion programmes. METHODS: The PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane and ScienceDirect databases from years 2000 to 2016 were searched...
February 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836329/the-effect-of-professional-tooth-cleaning-or-non-surgical-periodontal-therapy-on-oral-halitosis-in-patients-with-periodontal-diseases-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Hcd Deutscher, Shm Derman, A G Barbe, R Seemann, M J Noack
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review was to give the best available evidence on the impact of professional tooth cleaning (PTC) and scaling and root planing (SRP) on oral halitosis in patients with periodontal diseases. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Three databases were screened for relevant studies. Only randomized controlled trials (RCTs) or controlled clinical trials (CCT) were included. The primary outcome in all included studies was volatile sulphur compounds (VSC) measured by Halimeter or OralChroma and organoleptic scores as secondary outcome...
February 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
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