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International Journal of Dental Hygiene

M García-Gargallo, M Zurlohe, E Montero, B Alonso, J Serrano, M Sanz, D Herrera
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of two newly formulated chlorhexidine (CHX) and cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC) mouthrinses after scaling and root planing (SRP) in terms of clinical, microbiological, patient-based variables and adverse events, with a positive control with the same active components, already marketed and tested. METHODS: A pilot, randomized clinical trial, double-blind, parallel design with 1-month follow-up was conducted. Chronic periodontitis patients requiring non-surgical periodontal therapy were enrolled and randomly assigned to: (i) SRP and test-1 (new reformulation: 0...
October 20, 2016: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
A Molina, M García-Gargallo, E Montero, A Tobías, M Sanz, C Martín
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aimed to evaluate the scientific evidence on the efficacy of desensitizing mouthwashes for the treatment of dentin hypersensitivity (DH) and root sensitivity (RS). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A thorough search in MEDLINE, PubMed and Cochrane Plus Library was conducted up to February 2015. Randomized clinical trials, parallel, double-blinded and placebo-controlled, with a follow-up of at least 6 weeks, reporting changes on response to tactile stimuli, thermal/evaporative stimuli or patients' subjective assessment of the pain experienced during their daily life after the home use of desensitizing mouthwashes were considered for inclusion...
October 20, 2016: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
D S Araujo, McS Marquezin, T S Barbosa, Fla Fonseca, C Fegadolli, P M Castelo
PURPOSE: This study evaluated the association between excess weight and quality of life (QoL), symptoms of anxiety, caries experience and socio-economic factors in a representative sample of 8- to 10-year-old children from three public schools of Piracicaba (SP, Brazil). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Autoquestionnaire Qualité de Vie Enfant Image was applied to explore family and social relations, activities, health, body functions and separation domains, and, by means of the Multidimensional Anxiety Scale for Children, symptoms of anxiety were screened...
October 4, 2016: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
H-X Lu, X-L Chen, McM Wong, C Zhu, W Ye
OBJECTIVES: To compare differences in oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) between halitosis and non-halitosis patients and to explore relationships between halitosis and OHRQoL. METHODS: Patients who visited the halitosis clinic at the Ninth People's Hospital and were diagnosed with halitosis were included in the halitosis group. The control group consisted of patients without halitosis. All participants were assessed for halitosis (volatile sulphur compound measurements with a portable sulphide monitor, Oral Chroma and organoleptic tests), underwent a clinical oral examination (dental caries status and periodontal condition) and completed a questionnaire...
August 11, 2016: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
M Anaya-Morales, M C Villanueva-Vilchis, J Aleksejūnienė, J De la Fuente Hernández
OBJECTIVES: To (i) test the validity of the Spanish Self-Efficacy Scale for Maternal Oral Care (SESMO), (ii) compare SESMO scores among socio-demographic groups and (iii) relate mothers' SESMO to children's dental status. METHODS: A limited census sample included 130 children and their mothers. The SESMO was applied through an interview, and the children's DMFT/dmft (number of decayed, missing and filled teeth) and OHI-S (oral hygiene score) were assessed through clinical examinations...
August 11, 2016: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
R Tano, S Takaku, T Ozaki
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate whether having dental hygiene students monitor video recordings of their dental explorer skills is an effective means of proper self-evaluation in dental hygiene education. METHODS: The study participants comprised students of a dental hygiene training school who had completed a module on explorer skills using models, and a dental hygiene instructor who was in charge of lessons. Questions regarding 'posture', 'grip', 'finger rest' and 'operation' were set to evaluate explorer skills...
August 11, 2016: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
M Zellmer, L Gahnberg, P Ramberg
OBJECTIVES: Halitosis is a concern for many people, but has sparsely been studied in elderly living in nursing homes. The aim of this investigation was to study the prevalence of halitosis in this particular group and factors that could be associated with this condition. METHOD AND MATERIALS: One hundred and twenty-four residents at three different nursing homes were included in the study. The level of halitosis was assessed using an organoleptic method based on a 6-graded scale...
August 1, 2016: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
Robyn Watson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
Kerstin Öhrn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
J P Wallace, J Mohammadi, L G Wallace, J A Taylor
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine whether a qualified dental hygienist could improve oral health outcomes for residents living in residential aged care facilities on the Central Coast of New South Wales, Australia. METHODS: A qualified dental hygienist undertook a 24-week oral hygiene intervention in five residential aged care facilities to test the Senior Smiles, oral health model of care. The facilities were invited to take part in the research, which was funded by a grant from NSW Medicare Local, Erina...
November 2016: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
W Papaioannou, S Vassilopoulos, I Vrotsos, V Margaritis, V Panis
OBJECTIVES: To compare the clinical efficacy of two formulations (alcohol and alcohol free) of 0.2% chlorhexidine (CHX) rinses on plaque, gingivitis and discoloration of teeth. METHODS: This double-blind crossover study consisted of one group of 10 volunteer dental students that followed two 21-day experimental gingivitis test periods. During these periods, the subjects abstained from oral hygiene except for the oral rinse provided. The study started after an initial two-week preparation programme that included a professional prophylaxis and repeated oral hygiene instructions...
November 2016: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
J I Virtanen, E Pellikka, S Singh, E Widström
OBJECTIVES: To assess the role and envisioned professional identity of the dental hygienist in the eyes of their educators at the Finnish training institutes and to determine the need for any changes and improvements. METHODS: A cross-sectional explorative study used as its main method interviews conducted in 2012-2013 among educators of dental hygienists in Finland. Leading representatives of dental hygienist training at all vocational health institutes, dental schools and centres of health education were asked to participate in the study...
August 2016: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
A-M Lundgren, K Öhrn, B Jönsson
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to evaluate the association between circadian rhythm and the risk of caries in adolescents, as well as their dietary and toothbrushing habits. METHODS: A group of 196 adolescents (15 and 16 years old) were divided into two equal groups based on caries risk (case = high risk; and control = low risk). Before their dental examinations, they were asked to complete a questionnaire. The questionnaire included questions on circadian rhythm, dietary and oral self-care habits, and demographic variables...
August 2016: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
J Pratten, J Wiecek, N Mordan, A Lomax, N Patel, D Spratt, A M Middleton
OBJECTIVES: Sodium bicarbonate has been shown clinically to be efficacious at removing dental plaque; however, its effect of mechanism against biofilms has not been evaluated in vitro. Here, we used a well-established in vitro plaque biofilm model to investigate the disruption of dental plaque biofilms. METHODS: Biofilms were grown in a constant depth film fermentor for up to 14 days. The fermentor was inoculated with pooled human saliva and growth maintained with artificial saliva...
August 2016: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
A Tawse-Smith, M A Atieh, G Tompkins, W J Duncan, M R Reid, C H Stirling
AIM: To evaluate in vitro topographical and composition changes by piezoelectric ultrasonic instrumentation with metallic and plastic tips on machined and moderately roughened titanium surfaces. METHODS: Twenty machined and moderately roughened laser-marked titanium discs were ultrasonically instrumented with metallic and plastic tips. Surface instrumentation was carried out with controlled pressure for 20 and 30 seconds at two power settings. For each time and power setting, instrumentation was repeated four times with one instrumentation per disc quadrant...
August 2016: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
G Hänsel Petersson, E Ericson, S Twetman
OBJECTIVES: To study preventive care provided to young adults in relation to their estimated risk category over a 3-year period. METHODS: The amount and type of preventive treatment during 3 years was extracted from the digital dental records of 982 patients attending eight public dental clinics. The baseline caries risk assessment was carried out by the patient's regular team in four classes according to a predetermined model, and the team was responsible for all treatment decisions...
August 2016: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
L Mendes, J Coimbra, A L Pereira, M Resende, M G Pinto
AIM: The aims of this study were to compare the volatile sulphur compounds (VSC)-reducing effect of two commercial mouthrinses using a morning bad breath model and to assess the role of mechanical plaque control (MPC) when performed previously to mouthrinse use. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eleven volunteers with good oral health were enrolled in a double-blind, randomized, six-step crossover design study with a 7-day washout period. Two commercial mouthrinses were tested using a saline solution (NaCl 0...
August 2016: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
A Monje, A R Kramp, E Criado, F Suárez-López Del Amo, C Garaicoa-Pazmiño, J Gargallo-Albiol, H-L Wang
BACKGROUND: Periodontal dressing has been advocated and showed some positive outcomes for placing over the surgical site after periodontal surgery. However, little is known about its effect on non-surgical therapy. PURPOSE: The aim of this review was to assess the clinical effect of periodontal dressing when used after non-surgical therapy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two examiners performed an electronic search in several databases for relevant articles published in English up to November 2013...
August 2016: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
Gjpl Oliveira, P D Macedo, J N Tsurumaki, J E Sampaio, Rac Marcantonio
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the influence of variations in the working angle of the piezoelectric ultrasonic scaler (PUS) on root surfaces. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifty-five uniradicular bovine teeth were used, of which 25 teeth were used for the analysis of the roughness and root wear, while the remaining 30 teeth were used for the analysis of morphology (MRS) and the attachment of blood components (ABC). The teeth were randomly divided into five groups according to the type of treatment (G1-G5: piezoelectric ultrasonic scaler; G6: manual curette) and to the PUS working angle applied (G1: 0°; G2: 30°; G3: 45°; G4: 60°; G5: 90°)...
August 2016: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
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