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International Journal of Dental Hygiene

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29963753/independent-determinants-of-periodontitis-in-yemeni-adults-a-case-control-study
#1
A Al-Alimi, E Halboub, A K Al-Sharabi, T Taiyeb-Ali, N Jaafar, N N Al-Hebshi
OBJECTIVES: The relative importance of risk factors of periodontitis varies from one population to another. In this study, we sought to identify independent risk factors of periodontitis in a Yemeni population. METHODS: One hundred and fifty periodontitis cases and 150 healthy controls, all Yemeni adults 30-60 years old, were recruited. Sociodemographic data and history of oral hygiene practices and oral habits were obtained. Plaque index (PI) was measured on index teeth...
July 2, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911356/risk-indicators-for-prevalence-extent-and-severity-of-periodontitis-among-rural-indian-population-aged-35-54-years
#2
M Bhat, L G Do, K Roberts-Thomson
AIMS: This study aimed to identify risk indicators associated with periodontitis and the contribution of each of the indicators towards the prevalence, extent and severity of periodontitis in a rural Indian population. METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was used to collect data according to National Survey of Adult Oral Health Australia guidelines. A multistage stratified random sampling was followed to select 1401 participants, who were in the age group of 35-54 years...
June 17, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900658/the-association-between-periodontal-disease-severity-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-vietnamese-patients
#3
Tav Pham
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between periodontal disease severity and metabolic syndrome (MetS) in a group of Vietnamese patients. METHODS: A total of 412 participants (114 males, 298 females, average age 57.8 ± 5.7 years) including 206 patients with MetS and 206 participants without MetS were selected for this study. Information on sociodemographic characteristics, dental behaviours and smoking status was collected from a self-administrated questionnaire...
June 14, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29797806/root-surface-alterations-following-manual-and-mechanical-scaling-a-comparative-study
#4
M Maritato, L Orazi, D Laurito, G Formisano, E Serra, M Lollobrigida, A Molinari, A De Biase
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the morphological and surface roughness changes in dental root samples following periodontal scaling by hand curette, piezoelectric ultrasonic devices or a combination of these. METHODS: Twenty-four monoradicular teeth extracted as a result of periodontal disease were divided into 4 groups: Group A was treated by piezoelectric ultrasonic scaler Piezon® Master 400; Group P by piezoelectric ultrasonic scaler PiezoSmart® ; Group C using Gracey curette 7/8; Group AC by a combined technique of piezoelectric ultrasonic scaler Piezon® Master 400 and Gracey curette 7/8...
May 25, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29797436/effects-of-different-periodontal-treatments-in-changing-the-prevalence-and-levels-of-archaea-present-in-the-subgingival-biofilm-of-subjects-with-periodontitis-a-secondary-analysis-from-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#5
F S Ramiro, Eag de Lira, Gms Soares, B Retamal-Valdes, M Feres, L C Figueiredo, M Faveri
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this randomized double-blind and placebo-controlled study was to assess if periodontal treatment with or without systemic antibiotic would change the mean level of Archaea. METHODS: Fifty-nine (59) subjects were randomly assigned to receive scaling and root planing (SRP) alone or combined with metronidazole (MTZ; 400 mg/TID) or either with MTZ and amoxicillin (AMX; 500 mg/TID) for 14 days. Clinical and microbiological examinations were performed at baseline and at 6 months post-SRP...
May 23, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766652/mucosal-microflora-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients
#6
A Almståhl, C Finizia, A Carlén, B Fagerberg-Mohlin, T Alstad
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the tongue and buccal microflora prospectively in head and neck cancer patients treated with radiation therapy (RT). METHODS: In 33 dentate patients, microbial samples from the tongue and buccal mucosa were collected pretreatment, during treatment, and 6 months, 1 year and 2 years post-treatment. Microorganisms associated with oral health and oral disorders were analysed using cultivation technique. Oral mucositis was scored at the appointment during treatment...
May 15, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749033/potential-risk-factors-for-dental-caries-in-type-2-diabetic-patients
#7
M A Almusawi, I Gosadi, R Abidia, M Almasawi, H A Khan
BACKGROUND: Diabetic patients are known to be at higher risk for dental caries. However, the role of potential risk factors such as blood glucose, salivary glucose and glycaemic control in the occurrence of dental caries in type 2 diabetes (T2D) is not clearly understood so far, and therefore, it was evaluated in this study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 100 T2D patients from Saudi Arabia. The caries risk assessment was evaluated using the guidelines of Caries Management by Risk Assessment (CAMBRA)...
May 11, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708654/adult-periodontitis-treated-with-a-new-device-for-subgingival-lavage-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial-using-a-split-mouth-design
#8
L J Van Dijk, M A Lie, E R Van den Heuvel, G A Van der Weijden
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate in patients with untreated adult periodontitis, the effect of treatment with a novel pocket irrigator/evacuator device (IED) compared to conventional subgingival debridement (CPT), both provided during the initial phase of active periodontal therapy. METHODS: This study was an examiner-blind, randomized controlled clinical trial using a split-mouth design. Systemically healthy patients with adult periodontitis were selected. Full-mouth probing pocket depth (PPD), gingival bleeding on pocket probing scores (BOPP), gingival recession (REC) and dental plaque (PI) were assessed at baseline...
April 30, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687632/association-between-dental-hygiene-gingivitis-and-overweight-or-the-risk-of-overweight-in-primary-teeth-of-4-and-5-year-old-preschoolers-in-m%C3%A3-xico
#9
N Patiño-Marín, N V Zavala-Alonso, G A Martínez-Castañón, J A Alegría-Torres, C E Medina-Solís, M A Laredo-Naranjo, J E Orellana-Centeno, O Lemus-Rojero
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between dental hygiene, gingivitis and overweight or the risk of overweight according to body mass index (BMI). METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed with 1527 preschoolers. The children were divided into 4 groups: (i) absence of visible plaque and normal weight; (ii) absence of visible plaque and risk of overweight or overweight; (iii) presence of visible plaque and normal weight; and (iv) presence of visible plaque and risk of overweight or overweight...
April 24, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532597/effects-of-ultrasonic-instrumentation-on-enamel-surfaces-with-various-defects
#10
S-Y Kim, M-K Kang, S-M Kang, H-E Kim
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyse the enamel damage caused by ultrasonic scaling of teeth with various enamel conditions that are difficult to identify by visual inspection, such as enamel cracks, early caries and resin restorations. METHODS: In total, 120 tooth surfaces were divided into 4 experimental groups using a quantitative light-induced fluorescence-digital system: sound enamel group, enamel cracks group, early caries group and resin restoration group...
May 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457353/effect-of-bristle-stiffness-of-manual-toothbrushes-on-normal-and-demineralized-human-enamel-an-in-vitro-profilometric-study
#11
A H AlShehab, A A AlHazoom, M H Alowa, H A AlAli, A A Abdulmohsen, I Farooq
OBJECTIVE: To compare the brushing abrasion carried out by manual toothbrushes with different bristle types (hard and soft) on normal and demineralized human enamel. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty enamel blocks (N = 30) were prepared and were randomly divided into three main groups: A, teeth kept in artificial saliva with no brushing (control, n = 2); B, teeth brushed with toothbrushes with hard bristles (n = 14); and C, teeth brushed with toothbrushes with soft bristles (n = 14)...
May 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327449/clinical-microbiological-and-cytomorphometric-evaluation-of-low-level-laser-therapy-as-an-adjunct-to-periodontal-therapy-in-patients-with-chronic-periodontitis
#12
M S Petrović, I Y Kannosh, J M Milašin, D S Mihailović, R R Obradović, S R Bubanj, L G Kesić
OBJECTIVE: A clinical prospective study was designed to evaluate microbiological, cytomorphometric and clinical efficacy of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) as an adjunct to periodontal therapy in the treatment of chronic periodontitis. METHODS: Sixty subjects were included and randomly assigned into 2 groups: SRP (scaling root planning) group (n = 30) and LLLT + SRP group (n = 30). Clinical parameters were measured before intervention, after the fifth treatment, and after a month...
May 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235237/community-based-preventive-activities-in-the-public-dental-service-in-norway
#13
E Widström, A Tillberg, L I Byrkjeflot, L Stein, R Skudutyte-Rysstad
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to describe community-based preventive interventions undertaken by the dental team outside the dental clinics in Norway, from the dental hygienists' and the dentists' perspective, with the main focus on target groups and existing guidelines and routines for these activities. A secondary aim was to identify the personnel responsible for developing the local guidelines and the knowledge sources for the guidelines. METHODS: With the assistance of the Chief Dental Officers in 15 Public Dental Service (PDS) regions, questionnaires were emailed to the local clinics (n = 421)...
May 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210172/experience-of-dental-care-knowledge-and-attitudes-of-older-immigrants-in-sweden-a-qualitative-study
#14
E Olerud, M-L Hagman-Gustavsson, P Gabre
OBJECTIVES: Knowledge about the oral health and dental care habits of older immigrants is limited. The aim of this study was to explore dental service utilization, oral care habits, and attitudes to and knowledge about oral diseases and their prevention among older immigrants in Sweden. METHODS: A qualitative research method was used, and data were collected in individual interviews to gain a deeper understanding of the immigrants' views. Thirteen immigrants, seven women and six men, recruited from meeting places for older immigrants, participated, all aged between 59 and 88 (median 72 years)...
May 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120113/hygiene-practices-in-removable-prosthodontics-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
S Papadiochou, G Polyzois
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the recent scientific evidence about the hygiene practices of removable prostheses relative to the effectiveness, colour and dimensional stability. This review aimed also to identify patients' attitudes and habits towards denture hygiene. METHODS: Three electronic databases (MEDLINE/PubMed, Scopus and Cochrane Library) were screened, in English language, between January 1995 and December 2016. A supplementary hand search in the reference list of the identified articles was also performed...
May 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120096/the-association-between-oral-health-status-and-respiratory-pathogen-colonization-with-pneumonia-risk-in-institutionalized-adults
#16
Chl Hong, M M Aung, K Kanagasabai, C A Lim, S Liang, K S Tan
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the oral health and the prevalence of pre-existing oral colonization with respiratory pathogens in dependent elderly, and whether these factors influence pneumonia development. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants residing in a long-term care facility received bedside oral examinations, and information on their oral health (caries status, calculus index and debris index) was obtained. Samples from the tongue and teeth were collected at baseline and at time of pneumonia development...
May 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984068/dental-visiting-behaviours-among-primary-schoolchildren-application-of-the-health-belief-model
#17
C-Y Lee, C-C Ting, J-H Wu, K-T Lee, H-S Chen, Y-Y Chang
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to develop and validate a new instrument based on the health belief model and to use the instrument to investigate the determinants of regular dental attendance among primary schoolchildren. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted using a newly developed measurement scale based on the HBM, 4 health-promoting schools participated in the study and 958 students studying in grades 4-6 completed the questionnaire. The psychometric properties of the instrument were analysed, and a path analysis model was used to identify the determinants of regular dental attendance...
May 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984027/influence-of-a-preschool-preventive-dental-programme-on-caries-prevalence-oral-care-and-secretory-immunity-to-streptococcus-mutans-in-young-adults
#18
K L Aida, S de Paula Ramos, G F Seixas, A Bozza, R S Couto de Almeida, C C Dezan Garbelini
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate oral hygiene habits, decayed, missing and filled teeth (DMFT) and surfaces (DMFS), dental care, dietetic habits and anti-Streptococcus mutans salivary secretory Immunoglobulin A (SIgA) in young adults who attended a preventive programme during preschool age. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study group (Baby Clinic) comprised 72 patients, aged 18-25 years, who had participated in the Baby Clinic preventive programme. The control group was age- and gender-matched...
May 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925034/a-randomized-clinical-trial-on-the-efficacy-of-a-new-oxalate-containing-sensitivity-relief-strip-following-professional-vs-self-application
#19
M A Drake, P A Lenton, S A Lunos
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of 3.14% dipotassium oxalate monohydrate-containing strip on the relief of dentinal hypersensitivity (DH). A second objective was to determine whether there was a difference in DH levels when the strip was self-applied vs applied by a dental professional. METHODS: Sixty subjects were randomized into self-applied, professionally applied or placebo-strip groups. Dentinal hypersensitivity was evaluated by a blinded examiner, using the Schiff Air Scale (SAS)...
May 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840636/an-evaluation-of-a-school-based-dental-sealant-programme
#20
R Williams, E J Rogo, J R Gurenlian, K M Portillo
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of Bengal Smiles, a school-based dental sealant programme and assess outcomes related to the U.S. Healthy People 2020 oral health objectives. METHODS: A needs assessment identified high caries prevalence in Idaho children and supported the need for a school-based dental sealant programme at a local Title 1 school. Children (n=54) ages 6-12 were screened by dental hygiene students for suspected dental caries, sealant placement and need for referral for dental treatment...
May 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
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