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International Journal of Dental Hygiene

Sabha Mahmoud Alshatrat, Rasha Alotaibi, Michele Sirois, Zain Malkawi
OBJECTIVE: To identify the effect of immersive virtual reality (VR) on pain perception during scaling and root planing procedures (SRP) in dental hygiene clinic. METHODS: Participants were recruited based on inclusion and exclusion criteria. Within-subject/split-mouth design was used in this study.The participants received a full mouth SRP. The participants were divided into two treatment conditions: (1)without VR condition or (2)with VR condition. Blood pressure (BP) and pulse rate (PR) were measured...
September 14, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
Vera Josephina Nicole Verploegen, Annemarie Adriana Schuller
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to learn more about levels of knowledge relating to erosive tooth wear and about the most desirable way of disseminating dental information among young adults. METHODS: The research was a cross-sectional study of 331 young adults (20-25 years old) attending 25 dental care practices. Participants were asked to fill out a questionnaire with questions about their background, knowledge relating to erosive tooth wear and the preferred way of acquiring information about erosive tooth wear...
September 14, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
Katrin M Jaedicke, Susan M Bissett, Tracy Finch, Jared Thornton, Philip M Preshaw
OBJECTIVE: Exploring the feasibility to understand changes in oral hygiene behaviour using the Health Action Process Approach (HAPA) model applied to qualitative research interviews in patients with diabetes and periodontitis undergoing standard periodontitis treatment. METHODS: Patients with type 1/2 diabetes and chronic periodontitis (n=8) received standard non-surgical periodontal treatment accompanied with personalised oral hygiene instructions by a dental hygienist...
September 5, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
C Valkenburg, G A Van der Weijden, D E Slot
The aim of this systematic review was to establish in studies with human participants the effect of a regular fluoride dentifrice compared to water or saline on dental plaque inhibition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MEDLINE-PubMed, Cochrane-CENTRAL, EMBASE and other electronic databases were searched, up to April 2018. The inclusion criteria were controlled clinical trials among participants aged ≥18 years with good general health. Papers that evaluated the effect of dentifrice slurry compared with water or saline on plaque regrowth during a 4-day non-brushing period were included...
August 31, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
Luana Dias da Cunha, Daiane Cristina Peruzzo, Luciana Artioli Costa, Alex Luiz Pozzobon Pereira, Bruno Braga Benatti
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of a single-tufted toothbrush combined or not with a conventional toothbrush to control dental biofilm in healthy orthodontic patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty orthodontic patients were randomly assigned to receive three different treatments: Group 1-conventional toothbrush; Group 2-single-tufted toothbrush and Group 3-combination of single-tufted and conventional toothbrushes. Stained plaque index (SPI), visible plaque index (VPI) and gingival bleeding index (GBI) were recorded...
August 20, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
Reham Albabtain, Latifa Ibrahim, Sumeet Bhangra, Alexandra Rosengren, Anders Gustafsson
OBJECTIVE: The chewing sticks are widely used in many regions of Asia and Africa as a traditional tool to maintain oral hygiene. Salvadora persica L. (S. persica), also known as Arak or Miswak, a member of the salvadoraceae family. Chewing sticks, made up from S. persica, have chemical antibacterial properties and mechanical effects. The study aimed to investigate possible chemical effects of S. persica on dental plaque, sub-gingival microbiota and gingival inflammation. In order to achieve this, we inactivated some sticks through boiling to be used as inactive, but mechanically comparable control sticks...
August 17, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
Annica Almståhl, Jessica Skoogh Andersson, Torgny Alstad, Bodil Fagerberg-Mohlin, Caterina Finizia
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyse quality of life (QoL) pretreatment and up to 24 months post radiation therapy (RT) in patients with head and neck (H&N) cancer. METHODS: 29 patients (19 men and 10 women) with a mean age of 59±8 years were included. The stimulated salivary secretion was measured and the patients completed the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life questionnaires (EORTC QLQ-C30 and H&N35) and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale (HADS) pretreatment and at 6, 12 and 24 months post RT...
August 16, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
Hatem W Amer, Hend M Waguih, Dalia H El-Rouby
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the changes that occur in the oral mucosa of shisha smokers and compare them to cigarette smokers, non-smokers and smokers of both shisha and cigarettes and to detect whether these changes could be detected biochemically in saliva. METHODS: Four groups of subjects were included in our study (16 in each group); cigarette smokers, shisha smokers, non-smokers and smokers of both. A salivary sample and a mucosal biopsy were obtained from each subject...
August 16, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
Leonardo Trombelli, Anna Simonelli, Mattia Pramstraller, Maria Elena Guarnelli, Chiara Fabbri, Elisa Maietti, Roberto Farina
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the postsurgery gingival healing as well as plaque, gingival inflammation and staining levels following the use of a 0.2% chlorhexidine (CHX) solution with or without antidiscoloration system (ADS) and 0.2% hyaluronic acid (HA). METHODS: Patients undergoing flap surgery at sites with an intact or reduced but healthy periodontium participated in a parallel-arm RCT. After surgery, patients used the assigned mouthrinse (CHX + HA + ADS or CHX) for 21 days...
August 12, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
E van der Sluijs, D E Slot, N L Hennequin-Hoenderdos, G A van der Weijden
OBJECTIVE: This article is a secondary analysis comparing the effects on plaque removal of brushing with a dry toothbrush and brushing with a prewetted toothbrush. METHODS: The participants had been included in two previous experiments involving single-brushing exercises. The 46 non-dental participants were systemically healthy and ≥18 years of age. In the first experiment, the control intervention was brushing with a prewetted toothbrush, while during the second experiment it was brushing with a dry toothbrush...
July 25, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
A Al-Alimi, E Halboub, A K Al-Sharabi, T Taiyeb-Ali, N Jaafar, N N Al-Hebshi
OBJECTIVES: The relative importance of risk factors of periodontitis varies from one population to another. In this study, we sought to identify independent risk factors of periodontitis in a Yemeni population. METHODS: One hundred and fifty periodontitis cases and 150 healthy controls, all Yemeni adults 30-60 years old, were recruited. Sociodemographic data and history of oral hygiene practices and oral habits were obtained. Plaque index (PI) was measured on index teeth...
July 2, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
N Patiño-Marín, N V Zavala-Alonso, G A Martínez-Castañón, J A Alegría-Torres, C E Medina-Solís, M A Laredo-Naranjo, J E Orellana-Centeno, O Lemus-Rojero
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between dental hygiene, gingivitis and overweight or the risk of overweight according to body mass index (BMI). METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed with 1527 preschoolers. The children were divided into 4 groups: (i) absence of visible plaque and normal weight; (ii) absence of visible plaque and risk of overweight or overweight; (iii) presence of visible plaque and normal weight; and (iv) presence of visible plaque and risk of overweight or overweight...
August 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
M Eichenberger, P Perrin, K R Sieber, A Lussi
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was (i) to evaluate the visual performance of dental hygienists in their clinical environment and (ii) to analyse the relationship between self-assessed and objectively measured visual acuity. METHODS: The near visual acuity of 191 dental hygienists and dental hygiene students was self-assessed with a visual analogue scale and objectively measured with miniaturized visual tests in a simulated clinical setting. The visual acuity was also measured with magnification aids if they were part of the individual clinical equipment...
August 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
J H Vermaire
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to establish the effect of a non-operative caries treatment programme (the Nexø method) in a general dental practice on dental caries, oral hygiene and self-reported motivational factors for a 6-year period. METHODS: A randomized clinical controlled trial study on caries-preventive measures in 6- to 12-year-old children was performed among 3 groups of children: (i) care as usual (dental check-ups twice a year, accompanied by a professional fluoride application and the placement of occlusal sealants on a routine basis) (CONTROL); (ii) care as usual plus 2 extra professional fluoride applications (IPFA); or (iii) a non-operative caries treatment programme based on the Nexø method in which recall interval and caries-preventive measures were individualized based on caries activity, eruption stage and motivation of the parent (NOCTP)...
August 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
K Hisano, K Tanaka, C Nagata, M Arakawa, Y Miyake
OBJECTIVE: We determined the prevalence of dental caries in 3-year-old Japanese children in a cross-sectional study and analysed its associations with birthweight, gestational age and birthweight for gestational age among the study subjects. METHODS: Study subjects were 6327 children. Their parents or guardians completed our study questionnaire with information on birth conditions and oral examinations taken from their Maternal and Child Health Handbooks, as documented by medical personnel at the hospital, clinic or public health centre...
August 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
A I Joufi, R S Wilder, A E Curran, J L Brame
AIM: To assess the opinions of dental hygienists in Saudi Arabia regarding the establishment of a professional association including the role it should have to meet their professional needs. METHODS: A cross-sectional electronic survey using Qualtrics was utilized. IRB exemption was obtained prior to distribution. Although there are 298 licensed Saudi dental hygienists in Saudi Arabia, email addresses were only available for 101 respondents: those obtained previously by direct contact for the purpose of initiation of a professional association and those referred by the direct contacts...
August 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
I Moodley, S Singh
BACKGROUND: Community-based education (CBE) is a learning strategy that provides meaningful opportunities for students to apply theory learnt in a larger social and cultural context in various community settings. Although the benefits of CBE to health professional students are well documented, to date, there is little evidence describing dental therapy students' experiences. OBJECTIVES: To describe the experience of CBE by undergraduate dental therapy students in the School of Health Sciences at the University of KwaZulu-Natal...
August 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
T O'Hehir
OBJECTIVE: Despite expansion of the scope of practice and clinical responsibilities of dental hygienists since 1945, the degrees granted for dental hygiene remain the same. The majority of dental hygienists complete 4 or even 5 years of college to receive an associate's degree while a few earn a baccalaureate degree. The aim of this study was to determine whether an associate's degree appropriately matches the current level of dental hygiene education. METHODOLOGY: This retrospective, analytical pilot study compared contact hours required for dental hygiene programmes in 1945 and three community college dental hygiene programmes and one university programme in Arizona currently...
August 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
Z Kanji, D M Laronde
BACKGROUND: There is a scarcity of studies on Canadian baccalaureate dental hygienists. As discussions about baccalaureate education for dental hygiene continue on a national level, examining outcomes of earning a dental hygiene degree is paramount. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the motivating reasons and ability-based outcomes of earning a Bachelor of Dental Science in Dental Hygiene (BDSc) degree from the University of British Columbia (UBC), Canada. METHODS: UBC dental hygiene entry-to-practice (ETP) and degree-completion (DC) graduates (n = 116; 32%) from 1994 to 2016 participated in an online mixed-methods survey...
August 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
A Liss, A Y Alian, J L Wennström, K H Abrahamsson
OBJECTIVES: To analyse dental hygienists' (DHs) views on professional competencies and behavioural interventions in the treatment of periodontitis patients, perceived work-related support and work satisfaction. METHODS: A Web-based questionnaire was distributed to all DHs employed at the public dental service in the county of Västra Götaland, Sweden. 302 (83%) responded to the questionnaire; 291 of these DHs stated that they on regular basis treated periodontitis patients and thus constituted the sample for analyses...
August 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
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