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International Journal of Dental Hygiene

Arwa Ameen Talakey, Eduardo Bernabé
OBJECTIVE: To explore the association between long-term pattern of dental attendance and tooth retention among British adults. METHODS: This study analyzed data from 2970 dentate adults who participated in the Adult Dental Health Survey. Data were collected through home interviews and clinical examinations. Individuals' were categorized into four trajectories according to their responses to three questions on dental attendance over their life span. The four trajectories were always, current, former and never regular attenders...
November 1, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
Renzo Alberto Ccahuana-Vasquez, Ralf Adam, Erinn Conde, Julie M Grender, Pamela Cunningham, C Ram Goyal, Jimmy Qaqish
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of an oscillating-rotating (O-R) electric rechargeable toothbrush with a novel round brush head comprised of regular and tapered bristles in reducing plaque and gingivitis versus a manual toothbrush. METHODS: This was a randomized, examiner-blind, parallel group, five-week study. Participants with mild-to-moderate plaque and gingivitis received an oral examination and were evaluated for baseline plaque (Rustogi Modified Navy Index), gingivitis (Modified Gingival Index), and gingival bleeding (Gingival Bleeding Index)...
October 29, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
Fabrizio Guerra, Debora Pasqualotto, Francesca Rinaldo, Marta Mazur, Denise Corridore, Italo Nofroni, Livia Ottolenghi, Gianna Maria Nardi
OBJECTIVES: To compare 3 mouthwashes: 0.20%chlorhexidine-CHX- with Anti-Discoloration-System-ADS, 0.20%CHX, 0.12%CHX with 0.05%cetylpyridinium chloride-CPC, in terms of reduction of plaque and gingival bleeding and side effects. METHODS: Mild-gingivitis patients were randomly divided into three groups: they underwent professional oral hygiene and received instructions: oral rinse with 10 ml for 1', twice a day, 30' after tooth brushing, for 14 days. Primary outcomes were plaque and gingival bleeding, assessed with Plaque Control Record and Gingival Bleeding index...
October 29, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
M P C Van Leeuwen, G A Van der Weijden, D E Slot, N A M Rosema
OBJECTIVE: To investigate to what extent the degree of toothbrush wear of 3-month-old manual toothbrushes influence plaque scores. MATERIAL & METHODS: During a recently published study with a follow-up of one year all participants performed a similar basic home-based oral hygiene regimen. Hence, they were instructed to brush for two minutes twice daily according to the Bass method technique and using a standard dentifrice containing sodium fluoride. Toothbrushes were turned in every 3-month and the degree of wear was scored...
October 16, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
Sabha Mahmoud Alshatrat, Rasha Alotaibi, Michele Sirois, Zain Malkawi
OBJECTIVE: To identify the effect of immersive virtual reality (VR) on pain perception during scaling and root planing procedures (SRP) in dental hygiene clinic. METHODS: Participants were recruited based on inclusion and exclusion criteria. Within-subject/split-mouth design was used in this study.The participants received a full mouth SRP. The participants were divided into two treatment conditions: (1)without VR condition or (2)with VR condition. Blood pressure (BP) and pulse rate (PR) were measured...
September 14, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
Vera Josephina Nicole Verploegen, Annemarie Adriana Schuller
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to learn more about levels of knowledge relating to erosive tooth wear and about the most desirable way of disseminating dental information among young adults. METHODS: The research was a cross-sectional study of 331 young adults (20-25 years old) attending 25 dental care practices. Participants were asked to fill out a questionnaire with questions about their background, knowledge relating to erosive tooth wear and the preferred way of acquiring information about erosive tooth wear...
September 14, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
Katrin M Jaedicke, Susan M Bissett, Tracy Finch, Jared Thornton, Philip M Preshaw
OBJECTIVE: Exploring the feasibility to understand changes in oral hygiene behaviour using the Health Action Process Approach (HAPA) model applied to qualitative research interviews in patients with diabetes and periodontitis undergoing standard periodontitis treatment. METHODS: Patients with type 1/2 diabetes and chronic periodontitis (n=8) received standard non-surgical periodontal treatment accompanied with personalised oral hygiene instructions by a dental hygienist...
September 5, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
C Valkenburg, G A Van der Weijden, D E Slot
The aim of this systematic review was to establish in studies with human participants the effect of a regular fluoride dentifrice compared to water or saline on dental plaque inhibition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MEDLINE-PubMed, Cochrane-CENTRAL, EMBASE and other electronic databases were searched, up to April 2018. The inclusion criteria were controlled clinical trials among participants aged ≥18 years with good general health. Papers that evaluated the effect of dentifrice slurry compared with water or saline on plaque regrowth during a 4-day non-brushing period were included...
August 31, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
Luana Dias da Cunha, Daiane Cristina Peruzzo, Luciana Artioli Costa, Alex Luiz Pozzobon Pereira, Bruno Braga Benatti
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of a single-tufted toothbrush combined or not with a conventional toothbrush to control dental biofilm in healthy orthodontic patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty orthodontic patients were randomly assigned to receive three different treatments: Group 1-conventional toothbrush; Group 2-single-tufted toothbrush and Group 3-combination of single-tufted and conventional toothbrushes. Stained plaque index (SPI), visible plaque index (VPI) and gingival bleeding index (GBI) were recorded...
August 20, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
Robyn Watson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
F Rabello, V E Araújo, Sms Magalhães
OBJECTIVE: To summarize evidence regarding the effectiveness of using chlorhexidine for oral healthcare on patients in the intensive care unit for the prevention of nosocomial pneumonia and ventilator-associated pneumonia. METHODS: This overview of systematic reviews was developed using articles found in PUBMED, Cochrane Library, LILACS, CRD, CINHAL, manual search and grey literature. RESULTS: Of the total 16 systematic reviews, 14 included meta-analysis...
November 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
Reham Albabtain, Latifa Ibrahim, Sumeet Bhangra, Alexandra Rosengren, Anders Gustafsson
OBJECTIVE: The chewing sticks are widely used in many regions of Asia and Africa as a traditional tool to maintain oral hygiene. Salvadora persica L. (S. persica), also known as Arak or Miswak, a member of the salvadoraceae family. Chewing sticks, made up from S. persica, have chemical antibacterial properties and mechanical effects. The study aimed to investigate possible chemical effects of S. persica on dental plaque, sub-gingival microbiota and gingival inflammation. In order to achieve this, we inactivated some sticks through boiling to be used as inactive, but mechanically comparable control sticks...
August 17, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
Annica Almståhl, Jessica Skoogh Andersson, Torgny Alstad, Bodil Fagerberg-Mohlin, Caterina Finizia
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyse quality of life (QoL) pretreatment and up to 24 months post radiation therapy (RT) in patients with head and neck (H&N) cancer. METHODS: Twenty-nine patients (19 men and 10 women) with a mean age of 59 ± 8 years were included. The stimulated salivary secretion was measured and the patients completed the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life questionnaires (EORTC QLQ-C30 and H&N35) and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale (HADS) pretreatment and at 6, 12 and 24 months post RT...
August 16, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
Hatem W Amer, Hend M Waguih, Dalia H El-Rouby
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the changes that occur in the oral mucosa of shisha smokers and compare them to cigarette smokers, nonsmokers and smokers of both shisha and cigarettes and to detect whether these changes could be detected biochemically in saliva. METHODS: Four groups of subjects were included in our study (16 in each group); cigarette smokers, shisha smokers, nonsmokers and smokers of both. A salivary sample and a mucosal biopsy were obtained from each subject...
August 16, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
Leonardo Trombelli, Anna Simonelli, Mattia Pramstraller, Maria Elena Guarnelli, Chiara Fabbri, Elisa Maietti, Roberto Farina
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the postsurgery gingival healing as well as plaque, gingival inflammation and staining levels following the use of a 0.2% chlorhexidine (CHX) solution with or without antidiscoloration system (ADS) and 0.2% hyaluronic acid (HA). METHODS: Patients undergoing flap surgery at sites with an intact or reduced but healthy periodontium participated in a parallel-arm RCT. After surgery, patients used the assigned mouthrinse (CHX + HA + ADS or CHX) for 21 days...
August 12, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
N Patiño-Marín, N V Zavala-Alonso, G A Martínez-Castañón, J A Alegría-Torres, C E Medina-Solís, M A Laredo-Naranjo, J E Orellana-Centeno, O Lemus-Rojero
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between dental hygiene, gingivitis and overweight or the risk of overweight according to body mass index (BMI). METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed with 1527 preschoolers. The children were divided into 4 groups: (i) absence of visible plaque and normal weight; (ii) absence of visible plaque and risk of overweight or overweight; (iii) presence of visible plaque and normal weight; and (iv) presence of visible plaque and risk of overweight or overweight...
August 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
M Eichenberger, P Perrin, K R Sieber, A Lussi
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was (i) to evaluate the visual performance of dental hygienists in their clinical environment and (ii) to analyse the relationship between self-assessed and objectively measured visual acuity. METHODS: The near visual acuity of 191 dental hygienists and dental hygiene students was self-assessed with a visual analogue scale and objectively measured with miniaturized visual tests in a simulated clinical setting. The visual acuity was also measured with magnification aids if they were part of the individual clinical equipment...
August 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
J H Vermaire
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to establish the effect of a non-operative caries treatment programme (the Nexø method) in a general dental practice on dental caries, oral hygiene and self-reported motivational factors for a 6-year period. METHODS: A randomized clinical controlled trial study on caries-preventive measures in 6- to 12-year-old children was performed among 3 groups of children: (i) care as usual (dental check-ups twice a year, accompanied by a professional fluoride application and the placement of occlusal sealants on a routine basis) (CONTROL); (ii) care as usual plus 2 extra professional fluoride applications (IPFA); or (iii) a non-operative caries treatment programme based on the Nexø method in which recall interval and caries-preventive measures were individualized based on caries activity, eruption stage and motivation of the parent (NOCTP)...
August 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
K Hisano, K Tanaka, C Nagata, M Arakawa, Y Miyake
OBJECTIVE: We determined the prevalence of dental caries in 3-year-old Japanese children in a cross-sectional study and analysed its associations with birthweight, gestational age and birthweight for gestational age among the study subjects. METHODS: Study subjects were 6327 children. Their parents or guardians completed our study questionnaire with information on birth conditions and oral examinations taken from their Maternal and Child Health Handbooks, as documented by medical personnel at the hospital, clinic or public health centre...
August 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
A I Joufi, R S Wilder, A E Curran, J L Brame
AIM: To assess the opinions of dental hygienists in Saudi Arabia regarding the establishment of a professional association including the role it should have to meet their professional needs. METHODS: A cross-sectional electronic survey using Qualtrics was utilized. IRB exemption was obtained prior to distribution. Although there are 298 licensed Saudi dental hygienists in Saudi Arabia, email addresses were only available for 101 respondents: those obtained previously by direct contact for the purpose of initiation of a professional association and those referred by the direct contacts...
August 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
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