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Natural Product Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917678/traditional-mediterranean-plants-characterization-and-use-of-an-essential-oils-mixture-to-treat-malassezia-otitis-externa-in-atopic-dogs
#1
Simona Nardoni, Luisa Pistelli, Ilenia Baronti, Basma Najar, Francesca Pisseri, Rose Vanessa Bandeira Reidel, Roberto Papini, Stefania Perrucci, Francesca Mancianti
Several plants extracts from Mediterranean countries are traditionally employed in skin troubles both in humans and in animals. Malassezia pachydermatis is a lipophylic yeast responsible for otitis externa and dermatitis in dogs and for cutaneous and systemic disease in humans. Five mixtures of essential oils obtained from Mediterranean plants (Citrus paradisi, Salvia sclarea, Ocimum basilicum, Rosmarinus officinalis, Citrus limon, Anthemis nobilis, Lavandula hybrida and Thymus vulgaris) provided with antifungal and/or anti-inflammatory action assayed in vitro, were tested in vivo versus M...
December 5, 2016: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917660/phytochemical-investigations-on-artemisia-alba-turra-growing-in-the-north-east-of-italy
#2
Gregorio Peron, Valeria Baldan, Stefania Sut, Marta Faggian, Lorenzo Roccabruna, Daniele Zanini, Paolo Manzini, Filippo Maggi, Stefano Dall'Acqua
Artemisia alba Turra (Asteraceae) is an Euro-Mediterranean plant used in Veneto (North-East of Italy) as traditional medicine for the treatment of various diseases. A. alba is a taxonomically problematic species, characterised by common polymorphism leading to a quite high variability in secondary metabolites content. Nonetheless, the phytochemical knowledge on its phytoconstituents, especially non-volatile components, is limited. In the present paper, the phytochemical composition of a tincture obtained from the aerial parts of A...
December 5, 2016: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917659/bioactive-phenyl-ether-derivatives-from-the-marine-derived-fungus-aspergillus-carneus
#3
Lan-Lan Xu, Can-Can Zhang, Xin-Yue Zhu, Fei Cao, Hua-Jie Zhu
A new phenyl ether derivative, 3-hydroxy-5-(3-hydroxy-5-methylphenoxy)-4-methoxybenzoic acid (1), along with two known analogues, 3,4-dihydroxy-5-(3-hydroxy-5-methylphenoxy)benzoic acid (2) and 3-hydroxy-5-(3-hydroxy-5-methylphenoxy)benzoic acid (3), were isolated from the fungus Aspergillus carneus collected from South China Sea. The structure elucidation of 1 was determined based on extensive NMR and MS spectroscopic analyses. Compound 2 showed a strong antioxidant activity with an IC50 value of 19.3 μM which was close to the positive control ascorbic acid (IC50 = 15...
December 5, 2016: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917658/cytotoxic-coumaronochromones-from-the-inflorescences-of-celosia-cristata
#4
He Yan, Gonghai Zhang
Investigation on the MeOH extracts of the inflorescences of Celosia cristata led to the isolation of two new coumaronochromones, cristatone I (1) and cristatone II (2), along with three known flavones (3-5). Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic analyses. Compounds 1-5 were tested for their cytotoxic activity against HeLa and BGC-823 cancer cell lines, of which cristatone II (2) showed interesting activity with the IC50 value of 23.82 μM.
December 5, 2016: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917657/two-new-phenylpropanoids-from-swertia-atroviolacea-and-their-anti-5%C3%AE-reductase-activity
#5
Hai-Yan Wu, Xue-Qing Kan, Yu Sheng, Lin-Yun Mou, Qing-Song Yang, Qiu-Feng Hu, Gan-Peng Li
Two new phenylpropanoids (1-2), together with two known lignans (3-4), were isolated from whole herb of Swertia atroviolacea. The structures of the new metabolites were established on the basis of detailed spectroscopic analysis. Compounds 1 and 2 were evaluated for their anti-5α-reductase activity. The results revealed that 1 and 2 showed weak activity with reductase inhibitions of 45.6 ± 2.8% and 38.4 ± 2.5%, respectively.
December 5, 2016: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910702/a-new-isoquinolone-alkaloid-from-an-endophytic-fungus-r22-of-nerium-indicum
#6
Yang-Min Ma, Ke Qiao, Yang Kong, Meng-Yun Li, Lin-Xin Guo, Zhi Miao, Chao Fan
A new isoquinolone alkaloid named 5-hydroxy-8-methoxy-4-phenylisoquinolin-1(2H)-one (3), together with two known quinolinone alkaloids 3-O-methylviridicatin (1) and viridicatol (2) were isolated from the fermentation of an endophytic fungus Penicillium sp. R22 in Nerium indicum. Their structures were elucidated by NMR, IR and MS data, and were also confirmed by comparing with the reported data in the literature. Meanwhile, the antibacterial and antifungal activities of all compounds were tested, and the results showed that three compounds had strong antifungal activity...
December 2, 2016: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905221/antioxidant-potentiality-of-three-herbal-teas-consumed-in-bandundu-rural-areas-of-congo
#7
Paulin Mutwale Kapepula, Patricia Mbombo Mungitshi, Thierry Franck, Ange Mouithys-Mickalad, Dieudonné Mumba Ngoyi, Pascal Dibungi T Kalenda, Nadege Kabamba Ngombe, Didier Serteyn, Monique Tits, Michel Frédérich, Jean-Jacques Tamfum Muyembe
The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the cellular antioxidant activities of Lantana montevidensis, Lippia multiflora, and Ocimum gratissimum leaves often consumed as herbal teas in a rural area of Bandundu severely affected by konzo, which is related to oxidative damage. Consequently, dietary supplements with proven antioxidant potentialities could be of real interest to promote in this area. Phytochemical screening by TLC and HPLC-DAD of extracts revealed the presence of verbascoside as a major phenolic compound...
December 1, 2016: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905215/corrigendum
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2016: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900883/radioactivity-of-natural-medicinal-preparations-contained-extracts-from-peat-mud-available-in-retail-trade-used-externally
#9
Maria Karpińska, Jacek Kapała, Agnieszka Raciborska, Grzegorz Kulesza, Anna Milewska, Stanisław Mnich
In this work were identified and measured the activity of radioactive isotopes present in medicinal preparations from peat mud and estimated the doses obtained from them during therapy. Radioactivity of 22 preparations from peat mud and 20 water samples from water of the North-East region of Poland was studied. The median of the total activity was 24.8 Bq kg(-1). Total maximal isotope activity was observed in the Iwonicka Cube 146 Bq kg(-1) while considerable amounts of isotopes were found in the Kolobrzeska Peat Mud Paste 112 Bq kg(-1)...
November 30, 2016: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897055/novel-brominated-metabolites-from-bryozoa-a-functional-analysis
#10
Arina L Maltseva, Olga N Kotenko, Vladimir A Kutyumov, Darya A Matvienko, Alexey L Shavarda, Michael K Winson, Andrew N Ostrovsky
Marine invertebrates are a promising source of novel natural products with biological activities. The phylum Bryozoa is relatively under-investigated in this context, although a number of compounds with medical potential has been discovered in recent years. Here, we report on the novel group of brominated metabolites from the bryozoan Terminoflustra membranaceatruncata, including analysis of biological activities of the tribrominated terminoflustrindole A (Cm-1) and the structures of the related dibrominated variants terminoflustrindoles B and C...
November 29, 2016: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892691/a-new-sulfonylated-flavonoid-and-other-bioactive-compounds-isolated-from-the-aerial-parts-of-cotula-anthemoides-l
#11
Wafa Tadrent, Abdulmagid Alabdul Magid, Ahmed Kabouche, Dominique Harakat, Laurence Voutquenne-Nazabadioko, Zahia Kabouche
A new sulfonyl flavonol glucoside, 5,7,4',5'-tetrahydoxyflavonol 2'-[propanoic acid-(2″'-acetoxy-1″'-sulfonyl)]-5'-O-β-d-glucopyranoside (1) was isolated from the aerial parts of Cotula anthemoides L. in addition to 15 known compounds (2-16). The structure elucidation of these compounds was based on analyses of spectroscopic data including 1D-, 2D-NMR and HR-ESI-MS techniques and by comparing their NMR data with those reported in the literature. These compounds were evaluated for their DPPH radical scavenging and tyrosinase inhibitory activity...
November 28, 2016: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892688/secondary-metabolites-from-colletotrichum-capsici-an-endophytic-fungus-derived-from-siegesbeckia-pubescens-makino
#12
Fuqian Wang, Haoran Ma, Zhengxi Hu, Jie Jiang, Hucheng Zhu, Lu Cheng, Quanwei Yang, Hong Zhang, Geng Zhang, Yonghui Zhang
A rare new tremulane sesquiterpenoid analogue, 11,12-epoxy-5,6-seco-1,6(13)-tremuladien-5,12-olide (1), together with five known altenuene derivatives (2-6) was isolated from the cultures of Colletotrichum capsici, which was isolated as an endophytic fungus from fresh leaves of Siegesbeckia pubescens Makino (Compositae). Their structures were elucidated by means of spectroscopic methods and comparison with literature data. All compounds isolated were reported for the first time from the fungus C. capsici.
November 28, 2016: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879146/chemical-composition-and-antifungal-activity-of-essential-oils-from-medicinal-plants-of-kazakhstan
#13
Diego A Sampietro, Analía de Los A Gomez, Cristina M Jimenez, Emilio F Lizarraga, Zharkyn A Ibatayev, Yerlan M Suleimen, Cesar A Catalán
The composition of essential oils from leaves of Kazakhstan medicinal plants was analysed by GC-MS. The major compounds identified were 1,8-cineole (34.2%), myrcene (19.1%) and α-pinene (9.4%) in Ajania fruticulosa; 1,8-cineole (21.0%), β-thujone (11.0%), camphor (8.5%), borneol (7.3%) and α-thujone (6.5%), in Achillea nobilis; camphor (47.3%), 1,8-cineole (23.9%), camphene (9.8%) and β-thujone (6.0%) in Artemisia terrae-albae; 1,8-cineole(55.8%) and β-pinene (6.2%) in Hyssopus ambiguus; α-thuyene(46...
November 23, 2016: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876424/surface-and-volume-non-invasive-methods-for-the-structural-monitoring-of-the-bass-relief-madonna-con-bambino-gorizia-northern-italy
#14
Maria Francesca Alberghina, Andrea Macchia, Patrizia Capizzi, Salvatore Schiavone, Silvestro Antonio Ruffolo, Valeria Comite, Marianna Barberio, Mauro Francesco La Russa
Structural analysis of marble statues, carried out by non-invasive and in situ methods, is crucial to define the state of conservation of the artworks and to identify the deterioration phenomena that can affect them. In this work, we combined in situ non-destructive techniques, ultrasonic tomography (US), ultraviolet-induced visible fluorescence (UV-IF) and X-ray fluorescence (XRF) to study the bass-relief 'Madonna con Bambino' (Gorizia, Italy). The US revealed the presence of some metallic pivots, associated with areas of high sound velocity; moreover, a more degraded area has been identified in the lower part of the bass-relief...
November 23, 2016: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871189/determination-of-1-2-1-3-diglycerides-in-sicilian-extra-virgin-olive-oils-by-1-h-nmr-over-a-one-year-storage-period
#15
Andrea Salvo, Archimede Rotondo, Giovanna Loredana La Torre, Nicola Cicero, Giacomo Dugo
This study is aimed to monitor by (1)H NMR spectroscopy the effect of a 12-month storage period on the 1,2-diglycerides over 1,3-diglycerides ratio for five mono-cultivar 'extra virgin olive oils' (EVOO) (Arbequina, Arbosana, Cerasuola, Nocellara and FS17) and one blend of two different cultivars (Nocellara + Biancolilla) preserved in the dark and at room temperature. These quantifications, at 500 MHz, are readily extracted through a specific and original integration difference method. Albeit it was known that the isomerisation rate is affected by the free acidity, we here demonstrate that it also depends on the presence of specific macromolecules (lipases), indeed, different EVOO cultivars with similar free acidity, show different isomerisation rate...
November 22, 2016: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871187/hepatoprotective-triterpenoids-and-lignans-from-the-stems-of-schisandra-pubescens
#16
Guo-Wei Wang, Li-Qing Deng, You-Ping Luo, Zhi-Hua Liao, Min Chen
One new triterpenoid (1) and 13 known compounds (2-14) were isolated from Schisandra pubescens stems. The structure of the new compound was established on the basis of 1D/2D NMR and HRESIMS spectroscopic analyses. The isolated compounds were evaluated for their hepatoprotective activities against D-GalN-induced cell injury in QSG7701 cells. Compounds 1, 13 and 14 at 10 μM showed hepatoprotective activities, with survival rates of 60.5, 50.4 and 48.9%, respectively.
November 21, 2016: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871182/chemometric-analysis-of-minerals-and-trace-elements-in-sicilian-wines-from-two-different-grape-cultivars
#17
Angela Giorgia Potortί, Vincenzo Lo Turco, Marcello Saitta, Giuseppe Daniel Bua, Alessia Tropea, Giacomo Dugo, Giuseppa Di Bella
Chemometric analysis are used for food authenticity evaluation, correlating botanical and geographical origins with food chemical composition. This research was carried out in order to prove that it is possible linked red wines to Nero d'Avola and Syrah cultivars of Vitis vinifera according to their mineral content, while the values of the physical and chemical parameters do not affect relevantly this discrimination. The levels of mineral elements were determined by ICP-OES and ICP-MS. Samples from cv Nero d'Avola had the highest content of Zn, Cr, Ni, As and Cd, whereas the highest mineral concentration in cv Syrah samples was represented by K, Mg, Cu, and Sb...
November 21, 2016: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871181/iron-stains-on-paper-can-electrophoretic-removal-become-an-effective-alternative-to-chemical-cleaning
#18
Emanuele Dell'Aglio, Susanne Heidi Plattner, Maria Pia Sammartino, Giovanni Visco, Luigi Campanella
Research in restoration and conservation is directed vs. more sustainable working materials, methods and technologies. Electrophoretic removal, from porous material, of undesired stains due to charged species is theoretically an interesting alternative to chemical cleaning methods, but the lack of specific and comprehensive research work leads to controversial opinions about the efficiency and the needed harmfulness for the treated objects. In this work paper, samples with artificial rust stains were subjected to electrophoretic cleaning treatments in mineral water as electrolyte...
November 21, 2016: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868445/acetone-and-methanol-fruit-extracts-of-terminalia-paniculata-inhibit-hiv-1-infection-in-vitro
#19
Ankita Durge, Pratiksha Jadaun, Ashish Wadhwani, Ashish A Chinchansure, Madhukar Said, H V Thulasiram, Swati P Joshi, Smita S Kulkarni
In this study, we report the in vitro anti-HIV1 activity of acetone and methanol extracts of fruit of Terminalia paniculata. Cytotoxicity tests were conducted on TZM-bl cells and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC), the CC50 values of both the extracts were ≥260 μg/mL. Using TZM-bl cells, the extracts were tested for their ability to inhibit replication of two primary isolates HIV-1 (X4, Subtype D) and HIV-1 (R5, Subtype C). The activity against HIV-1 primary isolate (R5, Subtype C) was confirmed using activated PBMC and by quantification of HIV-1 p24 antigen...
November 20, 2016: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868430/a-new-oleanolic-type-triterpene-glycoside-from-anchusa-italica
#20
Kui-Kui Chen, Zhou-Jian Xie, Wei Dai, Qi Wang
A new oleanolic-type triterpene glycoside, (3β,21β)-21-[(β-d-glucopyranosyl-(1→2)-β-d-glucopyranosyl)oxy]-3-hydroxyolean-12-en-28-oic acid (1), together with five analogues, oleanazuroside 1 (2), oleanazuroside 2 (3), 24-hydroxytormentic acid ester glucoside (4), 24-epi-pinfaensin (5), and oleanolic acid 3-O-α-l-arabinoside (6) were isolated from the n-butyl alcohol extract of Anchusa italica. Their structures were determined spectroscopically and compared with previously reported spectral data. Compounds 3-4 and 6 were evaluated for their cytotoxic activities against five human cancer cell lines, but only compound 6 showed moderate cytotoxicity...
November 20, 2016: Natural Product Research
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