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Natural Product Research

Leonardo Sulas, Giacomo L Petretto, Giorgio Pintore, Giovanna Piluzza
Chrysanthemum coronarium L. (garland) is an herbaceous plant rich in bioactive compounds. The chemical composition, bioactive compounds and antioxidant properties of a Mediterranean garland population were investigated in different organs at two phenological stages. Antioxidant capacity varied from 7.9 (vegetative) to 14.4 (flowering) mmol Trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity 100 g(-1) dry weight (DW). A significant correlation between antioxidant capacity and total phenolics and total flavonoids was found at flowering stage...
March 17, 2017: Natural Product Research
Ye Fei, Juan Wang, Bing Peng, Jiangnan Peng, Jing-Hong Hu, Zu-Ping Zeng, Jing Chen, Qi-En Li, Zeng-Ping Gao, Xing-Li Yan
Although the rhizomes of Rheum nobile Hook. f. et Thoms (Polygonaceae) are widely used in Tibetan medicine, no previous investigations regarding the biological activities and rarely chemical constituents of this plant have been reported. As part of an ongoing search for novel bioactive agents, a phytochemical investigation of R. nobile led to the isolation of two new compounds Rheumone B (1) and piceatannol-4'-O-β-D-(6″-O-acetyl)-glucoside (2), together with 15 known compounds by gel filtration over Sephadex LH-20 and preparative HPLC...
March 17, 2017: Natural Product Research
Abdullah Muzi Marpaung, Nuri Andarwulan, Purwiyatno Hariyadi, Didah Nur Faridah
A spectroscopic study was conducted to evaluate the colour degradation mechanism of anthocyanin-rich extract from butterfly pea petal. The extract was diluted in four different solvent systems, which were buffer solution pH 7 (AQ7) and the mixture of organic solvent with buffer solution pH 7 (4:1 v/v). The organic cosolvent involved were methanol (ME7), ethanol (ET7) and acetone (AC7). The samples were stored in containers with 0% and 50% headspace, and their colour intensity, total anthocyanin and hypsochromic shift were evaluated periodically...
March 17, 2017: Natural Product Research
Huaming Tao, Xiaoyi Wei, Xiuping Lin, Xuefeng Zhou, Junde Dong, Bin Yang
Two new xanthone derivatives, penixanthones A (1) and B (2), together with three known compounds, aspenicillide (3), 1,5-dihydroxy-3-methoxy-7-methyl-anthracene-9,10-dione (4) and 1,2-indandiol (5), were isolated from the ethyl acetate extract of a culture of the fungus Penicillium sp. SYFz-1, which was separated from a mangrove soil sample. The structures of these compounds were elucidated by spectroscopic methods including NMR and mass spectrometry. The absolute configurations of penixanthones A (1) and B (2) were determined on the basis of electronic circular dichroism (ECD) data analysis...
March 16, 2017: Natural Product Research
Cui-Ping Zhang, Xiao-Ge Shen, Jia-Wei Chen, Xia-Sen Jiang, Kai Wang, Fu-Liang Hu
As commercialisation of Brazilian green propolis is going on, quality evaluation and authenticity are important. The result demonstrated that artepillin C found by far in Brazilian green propolis by HPLC-ESI-MS/MS analysis, while a small interferent may be mistaken as artepillin C in some propolis from China. A new HPLC quality control method as artepillin C for marker was developed, which is the primary assessment criteria for quality control of Brazilian green propolis.
March 16, 2017: Natural Product Research
Hosam O Elansary, Mohamed Z M Salem, Nader A Ashmawy, Kowiyou Yessoufou, Ahmed A A El-Settawy
The crude methanolic extracts from leaves of Eucalyptus camaldulensis L., E. camaldulensis var obtusa and E. gomphocephala grown in Egypt were investigated to explore their chemical composition as well as their antibacterial, antifungal and antioxidant activities. Major phenolics found were ellagic acid, quercetin 3-O-rhamnoside, quercetin 3-O-b-D-glucuronide, caffeic acid and chlorogenic acid. The antioxidant activities were examined by the 2,2'-diphenypicrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and β-Carotene-linoleic acid assays...
March 16, 2017: Natural Product Research
Mohammad Reza Morshedloo, Luana Quassinti, Massimo Bramucci, Giulio Lupidi, Filippo Maggi
Magnolia grandiflora (Magnoliaceae) is an evergreen tree with fragrant and showy flowers native to southeastern USA but widely cultivated all over the world and used in cosmetics industry in treatment of skin diseases. Here, we report on the chemical analysis of the essential oil obtained from flowers of plants cultivated in Iran, together with the evaluation of its antioxidant and cytotoxic activities. The essential oil composition was dominated by bioactive sesquiterpenes, namely β-elemene, bicyclogermacrene, germacrene D and (E)-caryophyllene...
March 16, 2017: Natural Product Research
I Zribi, H Sbai, N Ghezal, G Richard, D Trisman, M L Fauconnier, R Haouala
The present study was conducted to assess the phytotoxic potential and the phytochemical composition of Cassia absus. Aqueous extracts caused significant reduction in root growth of Lactuca sativa. Seed extract was more effective than aerial part extract. Successive extractions of this plant were performed using solvents with increasing polarities. The methanolic seed extract exerted strong phytotoxic effect on seedling growth, followed by petroleum ether extract of the aerial part. The phytochemical investigation showed that among the organic extracts, methanol extracts of seeds and aerial parts contained the highest amounts of total phenolics and proanthocyanidins...
March 15, 2017: Natural Product Research
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 14, 2017: Natural Product Research
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 14, 2017: Natural Product Research
Hameed Shah, Ashfaq Ahmad Khan
The project was intended to the phytochemical characterisation from the rudimentary methanolic extract of Chenopodium ambrosioides Linn., which escorts to the isolation of stigmasterol (1), β-sitosterol (2), octadecanoic acid (3), scopoletin (4) and 1-piperoylpiperidine (5). Literature validates the medicinal authentication of these compounds extorted from other sources, while our previous findings regarding microbial activities of different solvent systems fractions are favouring the presence of medicinally important compounds in this species...
March 14, 2017: Natural Product Research
Feng Zhu, Jie-Sen Li, Wu-Cheng Xie, Jun-Jun Shi, Feng Xu, Zhao-Feng Song, Yi-Lu Liu
The structure of aspergicin (1), an antibacterial alkaloid produced by co-culture of two marine-derived mangrove epiphytic fungi, were revised by the co-occurring isomer named as aspergicine (2), whose structure was determined on the basis of spectroscopic analysis and X-ray crystallography.
March 13, 2017: Natural Product Research
Zeynep Kalaycıoğlu, Işıl Gazioğlu, F Bedia Erim
Antioxidant, anticholinesterase and antidiabetic activities of three curcuminoids isolated from the Curcuma longa were simultaneously tested and compared in this study. The highest antioxidant power was detected for curcumin with the applied methods. The drug potentials of curcuminoids for Alzheimer's disease were controlled. Bisdemethoxycurcumin (BDMC) showed substantial inhibitory activity. The activity of demethoxycurcumin (DMC) followed BDMC, whereas curcumin showed very little acetylcholinesterase inhibition activity...
March 13, 2017: Natural Product Research
Ya Nan Sun, Wei Li, Sang Hyun Lee, Hae Dong Jang, Jin Yeul Ma, Young Ho Kim
In this study, 25 known anthraquinones and related compounds were isolated from aqueous dissolved Aloe exudates. The antioxidant and anti-osteoporotic activities of the isolated compounds were then investigated. Compounds 8, 11, 20, and 23 showed good antioxidant activity based on peroxyl radical-scavenging and reducing capacity assays at a concentration of 10.0 μM. Additionally, compounds 7, 9, 15-16, 18, 21-22 and 24-25 showed potent peroxyl radical-scavenging activities with values ranging from 5.28 to 14...
March 13, 2017: Natural Product Research
Cheng Cheng, Srikkanth Balasubramanian, Agnes Fekete, Markus Krischke, Martin J Mueller, Ute Hentschel, Tobias A Oelschlaeger, Usama Ramadan Abdelmohsen
The production of shiga toxin (Stx) is a critical step in the establishment and progress of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) infections. The possible release of Stx from dead and dying bacteria, and the risk of resistance development have restricted the usage of antibiotics against EHEC. The chlorinated quaternary ammonium compound, strepthonium A, was isolated from the culture of Streptomyces sp. SBT345 that was cultivated from the Mediterranean sponge Agelas oroides. The structure was elucidated and confirmed by spectroscopic analyses including 1D and 2D NMR, ESI-HRMS, as well as ESI-HRMS(2)...
March 13, 2017: Natural Product Research
Mc Jesus Kinyok, Susan Bonnet, Olivier Placide Noté, Joséphine Ngo Mbing, Eutrophe Ledoux Kamto, Jan Hendrik Van der Westhuizen, Dieudonné Emmanuel Pegnyemb
Two new compounds a flavanolignan (1), and an alkane (2) along with four known compounds including two fatty acid esters (3-4) and two isocoumarins (5-6) were isolated from the methanolic extract of the stem bark of Newtonia griffoniana. Their structures were elucidated using spectroscopic methods including extensive 1-D and 2-D NMR experiments.
March 13, 2017: Natural Product Research
Xiao-Bao Li, Guang-Ying Chen, Rui-Jie Liu, Cai-Juan Zheng, Xin-Ming Song, Chang-Ri Han
A new biphenyl derivative 5,5'-dimethoxybiphenyl-2,2'-diol (1), together with five known compounds (2-5), was isolated from the mangrove endophytic fungus Phomopsis longicolla HL-2232. The structures of these compounds were elucidated using comprehensive spectroscopic methods. The absolute configuration of 4 was determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction for the first time. The inhibitory activities of all compounds against two Vibrio bacteria were evaluated.
March 13, 2017: Natural Product Research
Ying Peng, Yuqing Jian, Ali Zulfiqar, Bin Li, Kaiqiang Zhang, Fei Long, Caiyun Peng, Xiong Cai, Ikhlas A Khan, Wei Wang
Two new sesquiterpene lactone glycosides, namely melitensin 15-O-β-D-glucoside (1) and 11β,13-dihydrosalonitenolide 15-O-β-D-glucoside (2), along with eight known compounds (3-10) were isolated from the aerial part of Cnicus benedictus L. Their structures were elucidated from analyses of extensive spectroscopic data. Compounds 1-6 all possessed an α-methyl-γ-lactone moiety. Moreover, compound 5 exhibited moderate activity against the growth of Aspergillus fumigatus, with IC50 values of 17.67 μg mL(-1)...
March 13, 2017: Natural Product Research
Xu-Lu Luo, Han-Long Dan, Na Li, Yong-He Li, Ying-Jun Zhang, Ping Zhao
A new catechin derivative named as sterilin A (1), and three known compounds, (+)-catechin (2), kaji-ichigoside F1 (3) and 2α,3α,19α-trihydroxyurs-12-en-28-oic acid-28-O-β-D-xylopyranosyl-(1 → 2)-β-D-glucopyranoside (4), was isolated from the fresh fruits of Rosa sterilis. Their structures were elucidated by means of extensive spectroscopic analysis and by comparison with data reported in the literatures.
March 13, 2017: Natural Product Research
Zohreh Jelodarian, Yalda Shokoohinia, Maryam Rashidi, Nastaran Ghiasvand, Leila Hosseinzadeh, Mehrdad Iranshahi
Echinophora cinerea aerial parts are used in folk medicine to cure gastric diseases and as a food seasoning in cheese and yogurt. Besides several pharmacological effects have been assigned to Echinophora spp., there is no phytochemical investigation on this genus other than our previous publication on flavonoids. An acetone extract of E. cinerea afforded three new (1-3) polyacetylenes, one rare monoterpenoid glycoside as verbenone-5-O-β-D-glycopyranoside (4) and one prenylated coumarin as osthol (5). The structures of all new compounds were elucidated using modern spectroscopic methods, including 2D NMR and mass analyses...
March 10, 2017: Natural Product Research
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