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Natural Product Research

Abrar Ahmed, Wei Li, Jun-Sheng Zhang, Pek-Ha Sam, Yi-Hong Zou, Gui-Hua Tang, Sheng Yin
Phytochemical investigation of Cephalotaxus sinensis has led to the isolation of a new bisabolane sesquiterpenoid (1), a new abietane diterpenoid (2), and 13 known compounds (3-15). Their structures were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic analysis (MS, UV, IR, and NMR).
June 20, 2017: Natural Product Research
Akbar Karami, Hassan Esmaeili, Donya Shahbazian
The chemical composition of the essential oil (EO) obtained from the aerial parts of Rydingia michauxii (Briq.) Scheen & V.A. Albert was analysed by gas chromatography and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). Eighty components were identified in the oil with caryophyllene oxide (20.1%), trans-verbenol (10.2%), linalool (5.3%) and humulene epoxide II (4.6%) as main constituents. We reported here the chemical compositions of R. michauxii EOs from southern Zagros of Iran with a distinct chemical profile for the first time...
June 20, 2017: Natural Product Research
Qinglin Dong, Rongzhen Dong, Xiangying Xing, Yukuan Li
The culture broth of the cyanobacterium-symbiotic fungus Simplicillium lanosoniveum var. Tianjinienss Q. L. Dong exhibited unanticipated antibacterial activities against the Gram-positive bacteria, particularly the pathogenic bacterium Staphylococcus aureus, indicating the secretion of antibiotic-like metabolite, for which the modified Sabouraud medium was the suitable medium. The antibiotic-like metabolite was separated with macroporous resins CT-12 (absorption) and 95% ethanol (desorption), purified by ion-exchange resins D301T and displayed a characteristic absorption peak at 228 nm, suggesting the presence of nitrogen...
June 19, 2017: Natural Product Research
Dinara Satmbekova, Radhakrishnan Srivedavyasasri, Yerkebulan Orazbekov, Roza Omarova, Ubaidilla Datkhayev, Samir A Ross
Cichorium intybus L. (Asteraceae family) is a world-wide grown plant known as chicory. In traditional medicine, this plant is used as diuretic, anti-inflammatory, digestive, cardiotonic and liver tonic. Chromatographic purification of the supercritical fluid extract of aerial parts of C. intybus on silica gel column led to isolation of three compounds: new compound, 28β-hydroxytaraxasterol (I), and two known compounds usnic acid (II) and β-sitosterol (III). Purification of the ethanolic extract of aerial parts of this plant on silica gel column chromatography yielded four compounds: 1,3-dioleylglycerate (IV), sitoindoside II (V), 11β-13-dihydrolactucin (VI) and β-sitosterol-3-O-glucoside (VII)...
June 19, 2017: Natural Product Research
Violeta D Mitic, Marija D Ilic, Vesna P Stankov-Jovanovic, Gordana S Stojanovic, Marija V Dimitrijevic
The essential oil isolated from Erica spiculifolia Salisb. by hydrodistillation was analysed by GC-MS. One hundred compounds representing 92.6% of total oil were identified. Among the detected compounds 38 were monoterpenoids (46.2%), 30 were sesquiterpenoids (31.7%), 2 diterpene (0.4%) and 30 compounds (14.3%) were with various non-terpenoid structures. Oxygenated monoerpenes were by far the main class (45.3%) with α-terpineol (7.5%) endo-borneol (7.2%), pinocarveol (5.9%) and thymol (3.7%) as the major compounds...
June 19, 2017: Natural Product Research
Feng Xiaobin, Qian Xiaodong, Han Shuwen, Yao Chong, Yuan Yumei, Zhou Guifen
Saffron is a kind of expensive spice and therapeutic agent. In order to establish a set of methods to evaluate the quality of saffron, High Performance Liquid Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry (HPLC/MS) were used to identify the apocarotenoids extracted from saffron stigmas. TOPSIS method was applied to evaluate the qualities of saffron. The conditions of HPLC/MS and chemical fingerprints of saffron had been established. The 14 chromatographic peaks and 13 main apocarotenoids of saffron with high reproducibility, stability and specificity were confirmed...
June 19, 2017: Natural Product Research
Barbara Kot, Kamila Wierzchowska, Agata Grużewska, Dzmitry Lohinau
The aim of this study was to evaluate the ability of 0.1% thyme oil (TO), trans-cinnamaldehyde (TC), ferulic acid (FA), p-coumaric acid (p-CA), caffeic acid (CA), lavender essential oil (LO), geranium essential oil (GO) and tee tree oil (TTO) to control biofilms formed by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains. Depending on the strains, TO reduced 59.7-85% of biofilm mass, while TC 52.9-82.4% after 48 h of treatment. Reduction of metabolic activity of biofilms in ranges 79.3-86% and 85...
June 18, 2017: Natural Product Research
Marisa C Gaspar, Diogo A Fonseca, Manuel J Antunes, Christian Frigerio, Nelson G M Gomes, M Vieira, Armanda E Santos, Maria T Cruz, Maria D Cotrim, Maria G Campos
The present work is focused on the characterisation of the polyphenolic content of an Oxalis pes-caprae L. leaf extract and on the evaluation of its bioactivity with particular interest on its vascular activity and antioxidant potential. The polyphenolic content was characterised by HPLC-DAD and LC-MS/MS. The vascular activity was evaluated according to the influence on the serotonergic and adrenergic systems of the human internal mammary artery (HIMA). Antioxidant and neuroprotective studies were also conducted...
June 18, 2017: Natural Product Research
Aikaterini Pagoni, Stamatia Vassiliou
Phenolic acids, a sub-class of polyphenols, are widely studied. By contrary, 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid is scarcely studied. For this purpose, a series of 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid ester and amide derivatives/conjugates were synthesised for the first time. A systematic study has been performed to quantitatively identify the functional groups present in these compounds using different techniques such as (1)H NMR, (13)C NMR and ESI MS. The synthesised compounds were evaluated for their in vitro antioxidant activity by a DPPH radical-scavenging assay...
June 18, 2017: Natural Product Research
Xinxin Zhang, Dandan Li, Xuanji Xue, Yan Zhang, Jie Zhang, Chen Huang, Zengjun Guo, Nigatu Tadesse
A concise total synthesis of a naturally occurring 3-isopropyl-tetrahydropyrrolo[1, 2-a]pyrimidine-2, 4(1H, 3H)-dione (ITPD) isolated from Aconitum taipeicum with a three-step approach was depicted in this study for the first time. Two key intermediates, diethyl isopropylmalonate (2) and pyrrolidin-2-amine (3), being synthsesised separately from initial diethyl malonate (4) and 3, 4-dihydro-2H-pyrrol-5-amine (5), were utilised to obtain the compound entitled ITPD. ITPD showed a promising anticancer activity in vitro on SMMC-7721 cell lines...
June 18, 2017: Natural Product Research
B N Manjunath, Suvarna Shenvi, A Raja, G Chandrasekara Reddy
Though several glycosides of various triterpenes are known, but surprisingly no boswellic acid glycosides are reported so far. With a view to make water soluble boswellic acids, prepared glycosides of 11-keto boswellic acid for the first time. Naturally occurring boswellic acids which are anti-inflammatory agents are lipophylic in nature and thus, become a limiting factor in terms of their bioavailability. Among boswellic acids, 11-keto-β-boswellic acid is found to exhibit superior biological activity and hence successfully prepared its glucosyl and maltosyl derivatives viz...
June 18, 2017: Natural Product Research
Firdose R Kolar, Chaya L Gogi, Mairunisabegum M Khudavand, Meera S Choudhari, Sindhu B Patil
In this study, the antioxidant activity of aqueous and ethanol extracts of four plants from the genus Cassia were evaluated by various antioxidant assays, including ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP), DPPH free radical scavenging, metal chelating activity, phosphomolybdenum reducing power, hydrogen peroxide radical scavenging, hydroxyl radical scavenging, deoxyribose degradation and β-carotene bleaching assay. The various antioxidant activities were compared to standard antioxidant such as ascorbic acid...
June 18, 2017: Natural Product Research
Sarmad Siddique, Shamsa Nawaz, Faqir Muhammad, Bushra Akhtar, Bilal Aslam
Aqueous, absolute and 80% ethanolic extract of fruit peels of Musa sapientum and Carica papaya were investigated for their antibacterial activity, measured by disc diffusion method and antioxidant activity, measured by four different methods. Papaya and banana peels were found to contain terpenoids, tannins, alkaloids, saponins steroid, phenols, fixed oils and fats. 80% ethanolic extract of banana peel was found to contain highest total phenolic content (TPC), total flavonoid content (TFC) and antioxidant activity but in papaya peel, highest TPC and reducing activity was shown by water extract while, TFC and radical scavenging activity was given by 80% ethanolic extract...
June 18, 2017: Natural Product Research
Bing Tian Zhao, Tae In Kim, Young Ho Kim, Jong Seong Kang, Byung Sun Min, Jong Keun Son, Mi Hee Woo
We have developed a new method to simultaneously determine five marker compounds in Menthae Herba via HPLC/PDA - including hesperidin (1), rosmarinic acid (2), diosmin (3), didymin (4) and buddleoside (5). The newly developed method was successfully used to analyse for two species (Mentha arvensis L. and Mentha haplocalyx Briq.) of Menthae Herba, and the satisfactory results were obtained from the validation of developed method. The pattern analysis could greatly discriminate between M. arvensis L. and M. haplocalyx Briq...
June 18, 2017: Natural Product Research
Divya Lakshmanan, Jishudas Nanda, K Jeevaratnam
Bacterial drug resistance is a challenge in clinical settings, especially in countries like India. Hence, discovery of novel alternative therapeutics has become a necessity in the fight against drug resistance. Compounds that inhibit bacterial virulence properties form new therapeutic alternatives. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an opportunistic, nosocomial pathogen that infects immune-compromised patients. Swarming motility is an important virulence property of Pseudomonas which aids it in reaching host cells under nutrient limiting conditions...
June 15, 2017: Natural Product Research
Zhi-Gang Wang, Jie Mi, Xin-Rui Wang, Ya-Yu Huo, Ya-Jie Peng, Hai-Min Zhang, Yang Gao, Hai-Long Zhang
From the roots of Heracleum dissectum Lebb., one new cinnamic acid glycoside derivative named dissectumoside (1), together with eight known compounds including three phenolics, three phenolic glycosides and two phenylpropanoic glycoside were isolated using various chromatographic methods. Among them compound 2-9 was isolated from the plant for the first time. Their structures were elucidated and identified on the basis of their physicochemical properties and by extensive analyses of NMR spectroscopy and high-resolution mass spectrometry...
June 15, 2017: Natural Product Research
Stefania Garzoli, Mijat Božović, Anna Baldisserotto, Manuela Sabatino, Stefania Cesa, Federico Pepi, Chiara Beatrice Vicentini, Stefano Manfredini, Rino Ragno
A comprehensive study on essential oil samples of Foeniculum vulgare Miller from Tarquinia (Italy) is reported. A 24-h systematic steam distillation was performed on different harvested samples applying different extraction times. The GC-MS analysis of the residue outcome showed o-cymene, α-phellandrene, α-pinene and estragole as the major constituents. The predominance and continued presence of o-cymene makes this fennel oil a rather unique chemotype. An evident correlation between the antifungal activity and phenological stage is demonstrated...
June 15, 2017: Natural Product Research
Hao-Ran Liu, Xue Men, Xiao-Hui Gao, Lin-Bo Liu, Hao-Qun Fan, Xin-Hua Xia, Qiu-An Wang
Naringin, as a component universal existing in the peel of some fruits or medicinal plants, was usually selected as the material to synthesise bioactive derivates since it was easy to gain with low cost. In present investigation, eight new acacetin-7-O-methyl ether Mannich base derivatives (1-8) were synthesised from naringin. The bioactivity evaluation revealed that most of them exhibited moderate or potent acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitory activity. Among them, compound 7 (IC50 for AChE = 0.82 ± 0...
June 15, 2017: Natural Product Research
Caiyun Gao, Ruijun Li, Miaomiao Zhou, Yanwei Yang, Lingyi Kong, Jun Luo
A new withanolide (1), physagulide P, together with five known withanolides (2-6), was isolated from the aerial parts of Physalis angulata L. The structure of new compound was elucidated on the basis of extensive spectroscopic techniques, including 1D, 2D NMR and HRESIMS. The activity screening indicated that compound 1 showed significant cytotoxicities against the human osteosarcoma cell line MG-63, HepG-2 hepatoma cells and breast cancer cells MDA-MB-231 with the IC50 value of 3.50, 4.22 and 15.74 μM.
June 15, 2017: Natural Product Research
Yaling Song, Jianming Zhou, Xuejing Wang, Xue Xie, Yiwu Zhao, Fuyong Ni, Wenzhe Huang, Zhenzhong Wang, Wei Xiao
A new ferulic acid ester, 6-feruloyloxyhexanoic acid (1), was isolated along with 10 known ones (2-11), from the concentrated water extract of Rhodiola wallichiana var. cholaensis. Their chemical structures were elucidated on the basis of extensive spectroscopic methods including Two-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance (2D NMR) experiments. Compound 3 was isolated from this plant for the first time. The protective effects against H2O2-induced myocardial cell injury in cultured H9c2 cells were also evaluated...
June 14, 2017: Natural Product Research
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