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Natural Product Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540745/uvaria-angolensis-as-a-promising-source-of-inhibitors-of-hiv-1-rt-associated-rna-dependent-dna-polymerase-and-rnase-h-functions
#1
Alvine Ngoutane Mfopa, Angela Corona, Kodjo Eloh, Enzo Tramontano, Aldo Frau, Fabrice Fekam Boyom, Pierluigi Caboni, Graziella Tocco
Reverse transcriptase (RT)-associated DNA polymerase (RDDP) and ribonucleaser H (RNase H) functions are both essential for HIV-1 genome replication, and the identification of new inhibitors to block both of them is a goal actively pursued by the scientific community. In this field, natural extracts have shown a great potential as source of new antivirals. In the present work, we investigated the effect of Uvaria angolensis extracts on the HIV-1 reverse transcriptase-associated DNA polymerase and ribonuclease H activities...
May 25, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540744/production-of-single-cell-protein-scp-from-food-and-agricultural-waste-by-using-saccharomyces-cerevisiae
#2
Teresa Gervasi, Vito Pellizzeri, Giorgio Calabrese, Giuseppa Di Bella, Nicola Cicero, Giacomo Dugo
Food waste is the single-largest component of the waste stream, in order to protect and safeguard the public health, useful and innovative recycling methods are investigated. The conversion of food wastes in value-added products is becoming a more economically viable and interesting practice. Food waste, collected in the distribution sector and citrus industries, was characterised for its potential as a raw material to use in fermentation processes. In this study, the production of single-cell protein (SCP) using food waste as a substrate was investigated...
May 25, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539062/two-new-flavonoids-from-artemisia-argyi-with-their-anticoagulation-activities
#3
Jie-Li Lv, Zhen-Zhen Li, Lai-Bin Zhang
A new flavone glycoside, eupatilin 7-O-β-d-glucopyranoside (1) and a new flavone, 5,6,2',4'-tetrahydroxy-7,5'-dimethoxyflavone (2), were isolated from Artemisia argyi. Their structures were unambiguously elucidated by extensive spectroscopic analysis. Both flavonoids were evaluated for in vitro anticoagulation activities. Compound 1 significantly extended thrombin time. Compound 2 had obvious effect in increasing prothrombin time.
May 25, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539061/chemical-composition-and-%C3%AE-amylase-inhibitory-activity-of-the-essential-oil-from-sabina-chinensis-cv-kaizuca-leaves
#4
Dongyu Gu, Chen Fang, Jiao Yang, Minjing Li, Hengming Liu, Yi Yang
Sabina chinensis cv. Kaizuca (SCK) is a variant of S. chinensis L. The essential oil from its leaves exhibited α-amylase inhibitory activity in vitro and the IC50 value was 187.08 ± 0.56 μg/mL. Nineteen compounds were identified from this essential oil by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis. The major compounds identified were bornyl acetate (42.6%), elemol (20.5%), β-myrcene (13.7%) and β-linalool (4.0%). In order to study the reason of the α-amylase inhibitory activity of this essential oil, the identified compounds were docked with α-amylase by molecular docking individually...
May 25, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539059/phenolics-from-castanea-sativa-leaves-and-their-effects-on-uvb-induced-damage
#5
Antonietta Cerulli, Milena Masullo, Angela Mari, Anna Balato, Rosanna Filosa, Serena Lembo, Assunta Napolitano, Sonia Piacente
The phytochemical investigation of the methanol extract of the leaves of Castanea sativa Mill., source of the Italian PGI (Protected Geographical Indication) product 'Marrone di Roccadaspide' (Campania region) afforded as main compounds crenatin (1), chestanin (2), gallic acid (3), cretanin (4), 5-O-p-coumaroylquinic acid (5), p-methylgallic acid (6) and quercetin-3-O-glucoside (7). To quantify the isolated compounds a LC-ESI(QqQ)MS method working with a very sensitive and selective mass tandem experiment called Multiple Reaction Monitoring (MRM) has been developed...
May 25, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539058/the-role-of-chalcones-helichrysetin-xanthohumol-and-flavokawin-c-in-promoting-neurite-outgrowth-in-pc12-adh-cells
#6
Chia-Wei Phan, Vikineswary Sabaratnam, Wai-Kuan Yong, Sri Nurestri Abd Malek
Chalcones are a group of compounds widely distributed in plant kingdom. The aim of this study was to assess the neurite outgrowth stimulatory activity of selected chalcones, namely helichrysetin, xanthohumol and flavokawin-C. Using adherent rat pheochromocytoma (PC12 Adh) cells, the chalcones were subjected to neurite outgrowth assay and the extracellular nerve growth factor (NGF) levels were determined. Xanthohumol (10 μg/mL) displayed the highest (p < 0.05) percentage of neurite-bearing PC12 Adh cells and the highest (p < 0...
May 25, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539055/phytochemical-screening-antioxidant-activity-total-phenolic-and-total-flavonoid-contents-of-seven-local-varieties-of-rosa-indica-l
#7
Kiran Zahid, Maqsood Ahmed, Farah Khan
Rosa indica symbol of godness and beauty known for various healing power, has astringent, sedative, anti-inflammatory and antidepressant qualities. Standard methods were used for qualitative detection of phyto-compounds, and quantitative detection of antioxidants was done using DPPH radical scavenging assay, total phenolics and total flavonoids content were expressed in mg GAE/g dry weight and mg QE/g dry weight. Results revealed phyto-compounds presence in all varieties under study however maximum % inhibition was observed by R...
May 25, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539051/a-new-diarylheptanoid-from-alpinia-officinarum-promotes-the-differentiation-of-3t3-l1-preadipocytes
#8
Xuguang Zhang, Xiaopo Zhang, Yong Wang, Feng Chen, Youbin Li, Yonghui Li, Yinfeng Tan, Jingwen Gong, Xia Zhong, Hailong Li, Junqing Zhang
A new diarylheptanoid, namely trans-(4R,5S)-epoxy-1,7-diphenyl-3-heptanone (1), and a new natural product, 7-(4″-hydroxy-3″-methoxyphenyl)-1-phenyl-hepta-4E,6E-dien-3-one (2), were obtained from the aqueous extract of Alpinia officinarum Hance, together with three other diarylheptanoids, 5-hydroxy-1,7-diphenyl-3-heptanone (3), 1,7-diphenyl-4E-en-3-heptanone (4) and 5-methoxy-1,7-diphenyl-3-heptanone (5). The structures were characterised mainly by analysing their physical data including IR, NMR and HRMS...
May 25, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532258/fumigant-and-repellent-activities-of-essential-oil-extracted-from-artemisia-dubia-and-its-main-compounds-against-two-stored-product-pests
#9
Jun-Yu Liang, Shan-Shan Guo, Wen-Juan Zhang, Zhu-Feng Geng, Zhi-Wei Deng, Shu-Shan Du, Ji Zhang
The major chemical constituents of the essential oil extracted from Artemisia dubia wall. ex Bess. (Family: Asteraceae) were found as terpinolene (19.02%), limonene (17.40%), 2,5-etheno[4.2.2]propella-3,7,9-triene (11.29%), isoelemicin (11.05%) and p-cymene-8-ol (5.93%). Terpinolene and limonene were separated as main components from the essential oil. The essential oil showed fumigant toxicity against Tribolium castaneum and Liposcelis bostrychophila with LC50 values of 49.54 and 0.74 mg/L, respectively. The essential oil and isolated compounds of A...
May 22, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532171/secondary-metabolites-from-fungal-endophytes-of-solanum-nigrum
#10
Seham S El-Hawary, Ahmed M Sayed, Mostafa E Rateb, Walid Bakeer, Sameh F AbouZid, Rabab Mohammed
Three endophytic fungi, Aspergillus sp. (SNFSt), Aspergillus sp. (SNFL) and Lasiodiplodia theobromae (SNFF) were isolated from stems, leaves and fruits of Solanum nigrum L, respectively. The static fermentation of the three fungal strains led to the characterization of nine known metabolites (1-9) using HRESIMS and NMR analyses.
May 22, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532167/how-the-marine-biotoxins-affect-human-health
#11
Silvia Morabito, Serena Silvestro, Caterina Faggio
Several marine microalgae produce dangerous toxins very damaging to human health, aquatic ecosystems and coastal resources. These Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs) in recent decades seem greatly increased regarding frequency, severity and biogeographical level, causing serious health risks as a consequence of the consumption of contaminated seafood. Toxins can cause various clinically described syndromes, characterised by a wide range of symptoms: amnesic (ASP), diarrhoetic (DSP), azaspirazid (AZP), neurotoxic (NSP) and paralytic (PSP) shellfish poisonings and ciguatera fish poisoning...
May 22, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521570/two-novel-compounds-from-the-root-bark-of-morus-alba-l
#12
Ming Li, Xuewei Wu, Xiaoning Wang, Tao Shen, Dongmei Ren
Chemical investigation of the root bark of Morus alba led to the isolation of a new flavone, dioxycudraflavone A (1) and a new 2-arylbenzofuran, 5-hydroxyethyl moracin M (2), together with seven known compounds namely sanggenon V (3), morusin (4), morusignin L (5), licoflavone C (6), moracin C (7), alfafuran (8) and mulberrofuran G (9). The structure elucidation of these compounds was based on analyses of spectroscopic data including 1D, 2D NMR and HR-ESI-MS. All compounds were evaluated for the α-glucosidase inhibitory and cytotoxic activities...
May 19, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521555/a-new-isoflavone-from-the-roots-of-ficus-auriculata
#13
Cui-Cui Qi, Yan-Hui Fu, Wen-Hao Chen, Guang-Ying Chen, Chun-Yan Dai, Xiao-Ping Song, Chang-Ri Han
A new isoflavone, 5,7,4'-trihydroxy-3'-hydroxymethylisoflavone (1), together with three known isoflavones, 3'-formyl-5,4'-dihydroxy-7-methoxyisoflavone (2), ficuisoflavone (3) and alpinumisoflavone (4), were isolated from the roots of Ficus auriculata. Among them, 1 is a rare isoflavone containing 16 carbon atoms on the carbon skeleton. The structure of 1 was elucidated by extensive spectroscopic methods and the known compounds were identified by comparisons with data reported in the literature. All compounds were evaluated for their antibacterial activities against five terrestrial pathogenic bacteria in vitro...
May 19, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521524/a-first-glance-into-the-nutritional-properties-of-the-sea-cucumber-parastichopus-regalis-from-the-mediterranean-sea-se-spain
#14
Christina C Roggatz, Mercedes González-Wangüemert, Hugo Pereira, Catarina Vizetto-Duarte, Maria João Rodrigues, Luísa Barreira, Manuela Moreira da Silva, João Varela, Luísa Custódio
This work reports for the first time the nutritional profile, including proximate chemical composition, amino acids, fatty acids and minerals of Parastichopus regalis from the Mediterranean Sea (SE Spain). The studied species had a high moisture content, moderate protein and low lipid levels. The most abundant amino acids were glutamic acid, arginine and tyrosine. Polyunsaturated fatty acids, especially arachidonic acid, dominated the fatty acid profile. Iron, sodium, calcium and zinc were the most abundant mine rals...
May 19, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514868/phytochemical-composition-and-in-vitro-screening-of-the-antimicrobial-activity-of-essential-oils-on-oral-pathogenic-bacteria
#15
Roberta Tardugno, Federica Pellati, Ramona Iseppi, Moreno Bondi, Giacomo Bruzzesi, Stefania Benvenuti
In this study, the activity of essential oils (EOs) against microorganisms involved in oral diseases was evaluated. Fourteen EOs were selected and subjected to gas chromatographic analysis, including Illicium verum, Eucaliptus globulus, Eugenia caryophyllata, Leptospermum scoparium, Mentha arvensis, Mentha piperita, Myrtus communis, Salvia officinalis, Melaleuca alternifolia, Rosmarinus officinalis, Lavandula x intermedia, Thymus capitatus and Thymus vulgaris. These EOs were tested for their antimicrobial activity on Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus species clinically isolated from dental surgery patients...
May 17, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511613/antimicrobial-activity-and-molecular-docking-studies-of-a-novel-anthraquinone-from-a-marine-derived-fungus-aspergillus-versicolor
#16
Weiyi Wang, Ruixuan Chen, Zhuhua Luo, Wei Wang, Jianming Chen
A novel anthraquinone, 2-(dimethoxymethyl)-1-hydroxyanthracene-9,10-dione (1), together with nine known compounds (2-10), were isolated from the fermentation of Aspergillus versicolor derived from deep sea sediment. Their structures were established through spectroscopic methods. Compound 1 exhibited strong inhibitory activities against MRSA ATCC 43300 and MRSA CGMCC 1.12409 (with MIC values of 3.9 and 7.8 μg/mL respectively) and moderate activities against tested strains of Vibrio (with MIC values ranging from 15...
May 16, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511566/polar-steroid-derivatives-from-the-vietnamese-starfish-astropecten-polyacanthus
#17
Le Thi Vien, Tran Thi Hong Hanh, Pham Thi Hong, Nguyen Van Thanh, Tran Thu Huong, Nguyen Xuan Cuong, Nguyen Hoai Nam, Do Cong Thung, Phan Van Kiem, Chau Van Minh
Five polar steroid derivatives, including one new glycosylated polyhydroxysteroid namely polyacanthoside A (1), were isolated from the water-soluble materials from the MeOH extract of the Vietnamese starfish Astropecten polyacanthus using various chromatographic separations. The structure elucidation was confirmed by spectroscopic experiments such as HR-ESI-MS, 1D and 2D NMR. Among the isolated compounds, (20R,24S)-3β,6α,8,15β,24-pentahydroxy-5α-cholestane (3) showed significant cytotoxic effect against five human cancer cell lines as HepG2, KB, LNCaP, MCF7 and SK-Mel2 with the IC50 values from 18...
May 16, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511560/synthesis-and-in-vitro-antitumour-activities-of-lupeol-derivatives
#18
Weijie Li, Yeyu Xiao
Nine lupeol derivatives were synthesised and assayed in vitro for their antitumour activities against three human tumour cells lines, A549, LAC and HepG2. Of lupeol derivaties, six were new compounds, and five compounds against A549 cells, four compounds against HepG2 cells and three compounds against LAC cells were effective in reducing viability, and the most promising compounds 5, 6 and 9 exhibited high activities against lung and liver cancer cells, even higher activities than those of adriamycin.
May 16, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508719/kahweol-inhibits-adipogenesis-of-3t3-l1-adipocytes-through-downregulation-of-ppar%C3%AE
#19
Jin Soo Kim, Seul Gi Lee, Young Jin Kang, Taeg Kyu Kwon, Ju-Ock Nam
Kahweol, a compound from Coffea arabica, possesses antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antitumour properties. However, an anti-adipogenic effect has not yet been reported. In this study, we have shown that kahweol has an anti-adipogenic effect on 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Kahweol significantly inhibited the differentiation of intracellular lipid accumulation in 3T3-L1 adipocytes, without being cytotoxic. It also downregulated the expression of adipogenesis-related gene, including an adipocytokine, adiponectin. This anti-adipogenic effect stems from an ability to inhibit key adipogenic regulators, including PPARγ and C/EBPα...
May 16, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508671/chemometric-profile-antioxidant-and-tyrosinase-inhibitory-activity-of-camel-s-foot-creeper-leaves-bauhinia-vahlii
#20
Pritipadma Panda, Priyanka Dash, Goutam Ghosh
The present study is the first effort to a comprehensive evaluation of antityrosinase activity and chemometric analysis of Bauhinia vahlii. The experimental results revealed that the methanol extract of Bauhinia vahlii (BVM) possesses higher polyphenolic compounds and total antioxidant activity than those reported elsewhere for other more conventionally and geographically different varieties. The BVM contain saturated fatty acids such as hexadecanoic acid (10.15%), octadecanoic acid (1.97%), oleic acid (0.61%) and cis-vaccenic acid (2...
May 16, 2017: Natural Product Research
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