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Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322366/the-efficacy-of-xylitol-xylitol-probiotic-and-fluoride-dentifrices-in-plaque-reduction-and-gingival-inflammation-in-children-a-randomised-controlled-clinical-trial
#1
Eda Arat Maden, Ceyhan Altun, Cengizhan Açikel
PURPOSE: The present prospective, randomised, placebo-controlled, clinical trial was designed to evaluate the clinical effects of a commercially available dentifrice containing fluoride, xylitol or xylitol-probiotic on the decrease of plaque and gingival inflammation in children between 13 and 15 years of age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-eight adolescents were randomly grouped into three groups of n = 16 each: study group A received xylitol (Xyliwhite) toothpaste; study group B received xylitol-probiotic (Periobiotic) toothpaste; and the control group C received fluoride (Colgate Max Fresh) toothpaste...
March 20, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322365/influence-of-body-mass-index-and-other-periodontitis-associated-risk-factors-and-risk-indicators-on-the-periodontal-treatment-needs-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Georgios S Chatzopoulos, Lazaros Tsalikis, Georgios Menexes
PURPOSE: To record periodontal treatment needs in a randomised sample and evaluate the association between body mass index (BMI) and periodontal treatment needs, as well as the association between diabetes, smoking, BMI and periodontal treatment needs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study sample comprised 633 patients aged 18 to 85 years visiting an outpatient clinic. Body mass index (BMI) and periodontal status were recorded. Demographic data including gender, year of birth, smoking habits and medical history were collected from each patient...
March 20, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322364/marginal-bone-loss-after-ten-years-in-an-adult-danish-population-a-radiographic-study
#3
Golnosh Bahrami, Michael Vaeth, Ann Wenzel, Flemming Isidor
PURPOSE: To evaluate marginal bone loss over a 10-year period in individuals and in tooth groups in relation to age and level of marginal bone. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 1997, 616 randomly selected individuals (mean age: 42 years, range: 21-63 years) underwent a full-mouth radiographic survey. In 2008, the survey was repeated in 362 of the same individuals (182 women and 180 men). The marginal bone level of each tooth was measured in mm from the cementoenamel junction to the marginal bone...
March 20, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322363/the-potential-of-self-assembling-peptides-for-enhancement-of-in-vitro-remineralisation-of-white-spot-lesions-as-measured-by-quantitative-laser-fluorescence
#4
Luca Golland, Patrick R Schmidlin, Marc Schätzle
PURPOSE: To test the remineralisation potential of a single application of self-assembling peptides or acidic fluoride solution using quantitative light-induced fluorescence (QLF) in vitro. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Bovine enamel disks were prepared, and white spot lesions were created on one half of the disk with an acidic buffer solution. After demineralisation, disks were allocated into three groups of 11 specimens each. Group A served as a control group and received no treatment...
March 20, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322362/immunopathogenic-oral-diseases-%C3%A2-an-overview-focusing-on-pemphigus-vulgaris-and-mucous-membrane-pemphigoid
#5
Liviu Feller, Raoul Ballyram, Razia Ag Khammissa, Mario Altini, Johan Lemmer
Pemphigus vulgaris, mucosal pemphigoid (mucous membrane pemphigoid), lichen planus, discoid lupus erythematosus and erythema multiforme are a group of immune-mediated mucocutaneous disorders characterised clinically by the formation of blisters, erosions or ulcers. The oral mucosa is often affected, and sometimes the disease is limited to the mouth. The target antigens, autoreactive immune responses, microscopic features, treatment and prognosis vary from one disease to the other. Treatment aims to eliminate exogenous risk factors, suppress the pathogenic immuno-inflammatory reactions, promote healing and prevent infection...
March 20, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322361/effect-of-fluoride-treatments-on-bleached-enamel-microhardness-and-surface-morphology
#6
Dimitrios Dionysopoulos, Eugenia Koliniotou-Koumpia, Kosmas Tolidis, Paris Gerasimou
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of three different fluoride treatments on the surface microhardness and morphology of human enamel exposed to two different bleaching agents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-three extracted human third molars were sectioned to obtain 90 enamel fragments, mounted on acrylic resin supports, polished and randomly divided into 9 groups (n = 10). The specimens were exposed to a combination of two bleaching agents (22% carbamide peroxide [CP] and 38% hydrogent peroxide [HP]) and three fluoride treatments (0...
March 20, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322360/the-effect-of-casein-phosphopeptide-amorphous-calcium-phosphate-on-molar-incisor-hypomineralisation-%C3%A2-a-pilot-study
#7
Meltem Bakkal, Zerrin Abbasoglu, Betul Kargul
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) and casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium fluoride phosphate (CPP-ACFP) application on noncarious MIH (molar-incisor hypomineralisation) lesions by using a DIAGNOdent device (KaVo), which measures laser fluorescence within the mineral structure of the tooth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 461 subjects age 7-12 (mean ± SD was 9.9 ± 1.6) years were examined. Fifty four children were diagnosed with MIH and divided into 2 groups...
March 20, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322359/clinical-evaluation-of-a-fissure-sealant-placed-by-acid-etching-or-er-yag-laser-combined-with-acid-etching
#8
Basak Durmus, Figen Giray, Sertac Peker, Betul Kargul
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of conventional acid etching alone (acid etching) and Er:YAG laser combined with acid etching (laser + acid etching) on fissure sealant (FS) retention of first permanent molars (FPMs) after 18 months. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using a split-mouth design in 51 children, a total of 204 FPMs were sealed with acid etching alone or laser plus acid etching (laser+acid). The retention of sealants and occurrence of caries were evaluated at 3, 6, 12, and 18 months...
March 20, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322358/inhibitory-effects-of-nitrite-on-acid-%C3%A2-production-in-dental-plaque-in-children
#9
Yuji Yamamoto, Jumpei Washio, Koichi Shimizu, Koei Igarashi, Nobuhiro Takahashi
PURPOSE: To assess the inhibitory effects of nitrite on plaque acidogenicity and its relationship with caries experience. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Plaque (2 μl) was collected from 76 children (age 5.8 = 2.6 years, dmft = 2.9 = 3.5, DMTF = 0.6 = 1.4) and mixed with nitrite solution (final concentration = 0.63 mM) or distilled water (control). The initial pH (pH-0) of each sample was measured using a portable pH meter. The samples were incubated for 10 min, then their pH (pH-1) was measured again...
March 20, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322357/assessment-of-dental-caries-experience-and-periodontal-health-status-among-children-with-haemophilia-in-new-delhi-india-a-case-control-study
#10
Mridula Goswami, Babita Jangra
PURPOSE: To assess the caries experience and periodontal health status among children with haemophilia in New Delhi. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This case control study was conducted in New Delhi over a 14-month period. Data were collected from 110 children, of which 55 children had haemophilia and 55 were healthy. Caries was assessed in terms of decayed, missing and filled teeth, according to WHO criteria, while periodontal health status was assessed regarding plaque present, and recorded by utilising the Silness and Löe plaque index...
March 20, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322356/efficacy-of-motivational-interviewing-in-conjunction-with-caries-risk-assessment-micra-programmes-in-improving-the-dental-health-status-of-preschool-children-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
Saruta Saengtipbovorn
PURPOSE: To assess the efficacy of motivational interviewing in conjuction with a caries risk assessment (MICRA) programme to improve the dental health status of preschool children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A randomised controlled trial was conducted among 214 parents or caregivers and their children at Health Centre 54, Bangkok, Thailand, from September 2015 to February 2016. The participants were randomised to the intervention and the control groups (107 participants per group)...
March 20, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322355/restorative-treatment-decisions-in-posterior-teeth-a-systematic-review
#12
Juliana Jobim Jardim, Sandra Henz, Berenice Barbachan E Silva
PURPOSE: To determine the stage of caries in posterior permanent teeth at which dentists decide to intervene invasively. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A search of the literature from January 1980 to November 2015 available in MEDLINEPubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library was conducted. The main search terms used were decision-making, restorative treatment, dental caries lesion, occlusal surface, and approximal surface. The inclusion criterion was studies including dentists only...
March 20, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28232979/prevalence-of-early-childhood-caries-among-2-to-5-year-old-preschoolers-in-kindergartens-of-weifang-city-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Ying-Ying Jiang
PURPOSE: To assess the prevalence of early childhood caries (ECC) in 2- to 5-year-old preschool children in Weifang City, China, and to investigate the factors related to this condition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out among 2829 children (2-5 years old, including 1601 boys and 1228 girls) in twenty kindergartens in Weifang City, China, in 2014. These children were selected via cluster sampling. First, the percentages of ECC and severe ECC (S-ECC) as well as the mean dmft were compared between different genders and ages, and the tooth distribution pattern of ECC was analysed...
2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28232978/influence-of-shortened-light-curing-duration-on-the-potential-of-resin-based-surface-sealants-to-prevent-erosion
#14
Florian Wegehaupt, Fabiana Jorge, Thomas Attin, Tobias Tauböck
PURPOSE: To determine whether reducing the light-curing time of resin-based surface sealants influences their potential to prevent erosion, as well as their mechanical stability and degree of conversion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 240 bovine dentin samples were randomly divided into 10 groups (1-10). The 24 samples of one group remained unsealed and served as control. Three groups were sealed with Seal&Protect, another three groups with K-0184 (experimental sealant), and the remaining three groups with Syntac Classic...
2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28232977/chemical-methods-for-cleaning-conventional-dentures-what-is-the-best-antimicrobial-option-an-in-vitro-study
#15
Carine W Pires, Sara Fraga, Aline C O Beck, Kátia O Braun, Paulo E C Peres
PURPOSE: To investigate the antimicrobial efficacy of different chemical agents used for denture cleaning. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Biofilm samples collected from 10 removable dentures were subjected to 10 disinfection protocols: distilled water for 30 min (negative control); 1% sodium hypochlorite for 10 min (positive control); diluted sodium hypochlorite for 10 min; vinegar for 20 min; 0.2% peracetic acid for 5 min; alkaline peroxide solution for 5 min; alkaline peroxide solution for 30 min; 0...
2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28232976/caries-incidence-among-obese-adolescents-%C3%A2-a-3-year-prospective-study
#16
Sakeenabi Basha, Roshan Noor Mohamed, Hiremath Shivalinga Swamy, Priyadrshini Hesaragatta Ramamurthy, Vrinda Sexena
PURPOSE: To determine the incidence of caries in a 3-year follow-up of obese adolescents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seven-hundred eighty five 13-year-old school children were selected randomly. Caries was recorded according to WHO criteria and body mass index was assessed in a medical evaluation. With appropriate sample weighting, relationships between caries and other variables were assessed using the chi-squared test, Kruskal-Wallis H-test, and multivariable logistic regression...
2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28232975/comparison-of-oral-health-status-and-the-quality-of-life-in-haemodialysis-patients-with-less-and-more-than-four-years-of-treatment
#17
Ana Andrade, Adriana Amorim, Stênio Queiroz, Manuel Gordón-Núñez, Roseana Freitas, Hébel Galvão
PURPOSE: To evaluate and compare the quality of life and oral health indicators in patients undergoing haemodialysis considering the influence treatment duration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred patients were divided into two groups according to the duration of haemodialysis: (1) < 4 years (n = 60) and (2) ≥ 4 years (n = 40). Clinical examination of the oral cavity was performed and QoL was assessed using a validated questionnaire. RESULTS: In comparison with group 2, statistically significantly higher mean scores were observed in group 1 in the quality of life domains of psychological (p = 0...
2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28232974/dental-attendance-among-adults-at-high-risk-for-oral-cancer
#18
Mary McGeown, Patricia Fitzpatrick
PURPOSE: To assess the relationship between high risk oral cancer patients - age ≥45 years, male gender, smoking, higher alcohol consumption - and dental attendance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were analysed from the SLÁN 2007 dataset of 10,364 adults living in Ireland. Binary logistic regression was used to determine the odds ratios for identified risk factors for oral cancer and attendance at a dental professional within the preceding 12 months. RESULTS: Males, those ≥45 years of age, and current smokers were less likely to have attended for a dental check-up within 12 months (p < 0...
2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28232973/oral-health-literacy-and-retention-of-health-information-among-pregnant-women-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Karina Duarte Vilella, Fabian Calixto Fraiz, Elaine Machado Benelli, Luciana Reichert da Silva Assunção
PURPOSE: This study evaluated the effect of oral health literacy (OHL) on the retention of health information in pregnant women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 175 pregnant women were randomly assigned to standard oral (spoken), written and control intervention groups. With the exception of the control group, the interventions investigated the eating habits and oral hygiene among children under 2 years of age. The participants' answers before the interventions (pre-test), 15 min after the interventions (post-test) and 4 weeks after the interventions (follow-up test) were used to estimate the knowledge score (KS)...
2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28232972/cleaning-efficacy-of-manual-toothbrushes-around-brackets-a-pilot-randomised-control-trial
#20
Marc Schätzle, Luca Golland, Raphael Patcas, Valerie Ronay, Beatrice Sener, Thomas Attin, Timo Peltomäki, Patrick R Schmidlin
PURPOSE: To test the cleaning efficacy of different manual toothbrushes in orthodontic patients in a single-blind randomised clinical trial. The brushes tested were selected based on previous in vitro tests. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-five regular orthodontic patients with a minimum of six bonded brackets on the maxillary anterior teeth were randomly assigned to three experimental groups: staged (2-level) (Candida Parodin, 12 patients) and V-shaped (Oral-B Ortho, 12 patients) toothbrush head designs were compared in a two-phase study to planar control brushes (Paro M 43, 11 patients)...
2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
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