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Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry

Katharina Morant Holanda de Oliveira, Mariana Alencar Nemezio, Priscilla Coutinho Romualdo, Raquel Assed Bezerra da Silva, Francisco Wanderley Garcia de Paula E Silva, Erika Calvano Küchler
PURPOSE: To evaluate in a systematic review whether the use of dental floss in primary teeth is associated with a reduction in incidence of proximal caries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Searches were performed using the following databases: PubMed MEDLINE, Web of Science, Bireme, Scopus and The Cochrane Library. Only 5 studies were eligible for inclusion. The quality assessment and bias control of the studies were carried out based on the Fowkes and Fulton Guideline. The study concept was first registered in the international prospective register of systematic reviews (PROSPERO)...
August 7, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Manikandan Ekambaram, Siti N B Mohd Said, Cynthia K Y Yiu
PURPOSE: Along with calcium and phosphate ions, fluoride ions promote remineralisation of noncavitated carious lesions to form fluorapatite. However, the supply of calcium and phosphate ions from saliva may not be adequate for effective remineralisation in patients with high caries risk. Therefore, an additional supply of calcium and phosphate ions is mandatory to enhance effective remineralisation with fluoride ions. Several calcium- and phosphate-based remineralisation agents are available for clinical use...
August 7, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Rodrigo Giacaman, Constanza Fernández, Cecilia Muñoz-Sandoval, Nathaly Fuentes
PURPOSE: Widely used in caries prevention, fluoridated varnish (FV) is also capable of remineralising carious lesions. However, the retention time of FV needed on enamel to ensure the maximum benefit is unclear. This study aimed to determine whether an increase in the retention time of 5% sodium fluoride (NaF) varnishes on enamel carious lesions enhances remineralisation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Carious lesions were generated on bovine enamel slabs and treated with one of three 5% NaF commercial varnishes: Duraphat, Durashield or FlorOpal...
August 7, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Tina I Chang, Nona Aghazadehsanai, Renna Hazboun, Katsumi K Kawakami, Arthur H Friedlander
PURPOSE: To determine the extent of dental disease and associated treatment costs designed to mitigate the risk of medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaws (MRONJ) among older, socially disadvantaged veterans prior to physician's administration of antiresorptive medication for osteoporosis or malignant bone disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective study based on over seven years (2008-2015) of data describes the type and volume of disease, treatment, work-load measures, and costs using Veterans Affairs databases...
August 7, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
T Vanishree, Ganesh Shenoy Panchmal, Rekha Shenoy, Praveen Jodalli, Laxminarayan Sonde, Nagaraj Kundapur
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the changes of salivary flow rate, pH, buffering capacity, total antioxidant capacity and changes in streptococci and lactobacilli counts at baseline, 1 month and 6 months of fixed orthodontic treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An unstimulated salivary sample was collected from 30 out of 43 patients who were in need of fixed orthodontic treatment (mean age 17.8 ± 5.01 years). Salivary samples were collected from the patients before the placement of fixed orthodontic appliance (Gemini MBT 0223M) at 1 month and 6 months following start of the treatment...
August 7, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Gustavo Moncada, Eduardo Fernandez, Katherine Mena, Patricio Vildosola, Juan Estay, Osmir B de Oliveira, Javier Martin, Ivar A Mjör, Valeria V Gordan
PURPOSE: This prospective, blinded clinical trial assessed the performance of amalgam restorations that were refurbished, replaced, or not treated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-three patients were included, ages 18-80 years, with 63 amalgam restorations that had one or more defects in their clinical features, such as defective anatomic form, roughness and/or luster according to United State Public Health Service (USPHS) criteria. Restorations were randomly assigned to either refurbishment (A: n = 21), replacement (B: n = 21) or untreated (C: n = 21) groups...
August 7, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Si-Mook Kang, Seung-Hwa Jeong, Hee-Eun Kim, Baek-Il Kim
PURPOSE: To confirm that the quantitative light-induced fluorescence-digital (QLF-D) system is an adequate tool for monitoring changes in the mineral contents of white spot lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-three anterior teeth from five orthodontic patients were selected for the samples. Initial fluorescent images were taken with the QLF-D system immediately after removing the fixed orthodontic appliances, and the white spot lesions were visualised in the fluorescent images that were selected...
August 7, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
James Dufty, Nikolaos Gkranias, Nikos Donos
PURPOSE: The literature surrounding necrotising ulcerative gingivitis (NUG) is extensive, yet the rare nature of this disease means that there is a lack of good quality research available. This paper aims to scrutinise the literature and provide an up-to-date summary of the available information. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature search was performed electronically using the Cochrane Library, Ovid Medline, Embase, PubMed Clinical Queries and Google Scholar. Keyword searches were carried out, utilising MeSH terms and free text...
July 31, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Taís Mantilla, Thayanne Ramos-Oliveira, Camila Silva, Maria Cersosimo, Cecilia Turssi, Patricia Freitas
PURPOSE: To evaluate the preventive effect of titanium fluoride (TiF4) gel and solution, in different concentrations, on dentin erosion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Of 140 root dentin slabs (3 x 3 x 1 mm) cut from 70 freshly extracted human third molars, 70 with intermediate Knoop microhardness and lowest surface curvature were selected and randomly divided into 7 groups (n = 10): G1: negative control (no treatment); G2: positive control (AmF/NaF/SnCl2 solution); G3: placebo gel (no fluoride); G4: 1% TiF4 solution; G5: 1% TiF4 gel; G6: 4% TiF4 solution; G7: 4% TiF4 gel...
July 31, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Shaul Lin, Malka Ashkenazi, Munir Karawan, Sorin T Teich, Zvi Gutmacher
Ankylotic root resorption is a serious complication following traumatic dental injuries. The aetiology of root resorption includes acute injury to the cementum and periodontal ligament, and subsequent biological processes that propagate the harm. The aim of the present paper is to present a structured treatment protocol for teeth that have experienced trauma and are at risk of developing ankylotic root resorption, followed by a decoronation protocol for situations in which ankylotic root resorption developed...
July 31, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Pınar Gümüş, Nejat Nizam, Ayşe Nalbantsoy, Özgün Özçaka, Nurcan Buduneli
PURPOSE: This cross-sectional study aims to evaluate saliva, serum levels of interleukin-21 (IL-21), IL-33, and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) in patients with generalised chronic periodontitis or aggressive periodontitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Before initiation of any periodontal treatment, saliva and serum samples were collected and clinical periodontal measurements were recorded from 94 participants (25 aggressive periodontitis patients, 25 chronic periodontitis patients, 44 periodontally healthy individuals)...
July 27, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Gerhild Knöfler, Katrin Friedl, Sylvia Fresmann, Rainer F Mausberg, Rainer Haak, Dirk Ziebolz
PURPOSE: The aim of this survey-based cross-sectional study was to analyse the oral health behaviour of dental professionals and persons without professional dental knowledge (layperson group) regarding the use and selection of tools for their personal dental hygiene. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 356 persons participated in the survey (dental professional group: 160; layperson group: 196). Information regarding dental hygiene habits, such as toothbrush use, toothbrushing habits, and the use of additional dental hygiene tools was determined using a standardised questionnaire...
July 27, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Johnys Nóbrega, Eugênia Dantas, Julio Cesar Ferreira-Filho, Nayara Limão, Ana Carolina Rodrigues-de-Melo, Ane Polline Protásio, Ana Maria Valença, Bianca Santiago
PURPOSE: This systematic review sought to determine whether there is consistent evidence of the association between contextual social inequities and the occurrence of dental caries in adolescents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An electronic survey in ISI Web of Science, SCOPUS, MEDLINE, LILACS, Cochrane Library, and SciELO databases was performed, establishing a specific search strategy in each of them. Only analytical articles in which social indicators were measured at the contextual level published up to December 2015 were included...
July 27, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Weiwei Zhang, Xi Chen, Mingwen Fan, Jan Mulder, Jo E Frencken
PURPOSE: To test the hypotheses: 1) cumulative survival rates of fully and partially retained high-viscosity glass-ionomer (HVGIC) ART sealants with heat application and glass-carbomer sealants on occlusal and free-smooth surfaces are both higher than that of resin sealants; 2) cumulative survival rate of fully and partially retained high-viscosity glass-ionomer ART sealant with heat application on occlusal and free-smooth surfaces is higher than that of comparable ART sealants without heat application...
July 27, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Daniel De Pedro, Rosario Puglisi, Paul Levi, Andrés Pascual, José Nart
PURPOSE: To determine whether chemical and thermal stress as well as sharpening are aspects that must be considered to determine when a curette has become too weak to be used safely without the threat of breakage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total sample of 35 curette blades was divided into 2 principal groups, control (groups 1 to 3) and experimental (groups 4 to 6). The control group was divided into 3 colour-coded groups of 19 similar curette blades and was only subjected to progressive sharpening wear (not sterilised)...
July 25, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Yuichi Kitasako, Yoshiyuk Sasaki, Tomohiro Takagaki, Alireza Sadr, Junji Tagami
PURPOSE: To evaluate the prevalence of erosive tooth wear on buccal, incisal/occlusal and palatal/lingual surfaces in a wide age range of Japanese adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included a total of 1108 adults aged 15 to 89 years in Tokyo, Japan. The subjects were asked to complete a self-administered nutrition-related questionnaire. Two examiners evaluated tooth wear on the buccal, occlusal/incisal and palatal/lingual surfaces in a full-mouth recording, using a modified Smith and Knight tooth-wear index...
July 25, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Yvonne Wagner, Roswitha Heinrich-Weltzien
PURPOSE: To determine the caries prevalence and experience in Thuringian infants and to assess their caries risk. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The subjects were participants in a regional preventive programme, a birth cohort study with the aim of preventing caries. In the first year of life, children were invited to a dental examination at the Jena University Hospital. Dental caries was scored using WHO diagnostic criteria at the d1-level without radiography. Children were categorised as being of low, moderate or high risk for caries according to the caries-risk assessment tool of the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (AAPD)...
July 25, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Giuseppe Troiano, Mario Dioguardi, Armando Cocco, Luigi Laino, Gabriele Cervino, Marco Cicciu, Domenico Ciavarella, Lorenzo Lo Muzio
PURPOSE: To examine whether a difference exists in the relapse rate between the conservative and radical approaches after the treatment of solid/multicystic ameloblastoma (SMA), a systematic review of the literature based on evidence of the last decade was performed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The search strategy incorporated examinations of electronic databases, supplemented by hand searches. A search of four electronic databases, including Ovid MEDLINE, PubMed, EMBASE and Web of Science, was carried out for relevant studies published in the English language from January 2005 to September 2015...
July 25, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Mehmet Bani, Alev Alaçam, Çağdaş Çınar
PURPOSE: To assess the responsiveness of the Family Impact Scale (FIS) to describe changes in quality of life (QoL) after traumatic dental injury (TDI), and compare the efficacy of subscales. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Parents of 110 children aged 7-15 admitted to the Gazi University Faculty of Dentistry Department of Paediatric Dentistry for dental trauma were included in this study. A three-part questionnaire was distributed to the participants: questions regarding personal information, TDI and QoL...
July 4, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Akhil Pallepati, Puja C Yavagal, D J Veeresh
PURPOSE: To assess the effect of consuming tea with stevia on salivary pH. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomised controlled trial employed a Latin square design. Twenty-four male students aged 20-23 years were randomly allocated to 4 different groups, 3 experimental with tea sweetened by sucrose, jaggery or stevia, and one unsweetened control. Salivary pH assessments were performed at baseline and 1 min, 20 and 60 min after consumption of the respective tea. One-way ANOVA and repeated measures ANOVA followed by Tukey's post-hoc tests were employed to analyse the data...
July 4, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
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