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Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry

Tejasi Avasare, John Warren, Fang Qian, Teresa Marshall, Karin Weber-Gasparoni, David Drake
PURPOSE: To assess the role of sociodemographic, dietary, and clinical factors in early mutans streptococci (MS) colonization in children aged 6 to 24 months who were followed for 18 months. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety-four children (mean age: 11.5 ± 4.99 months at baseline) were enrolled in the study from the Women, Infants and Children Supplemental Nutrition Program during 2003-2004. Salivary MS levels of the children were determined at baseline and at 18 months using a semi-quantitative method...
November 7, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Araya Phonghanyudh, Chayathorn Ruangdit, Suchaya Pornprasertsuk-D Amrongsri, Prathip Phanthumvanit
PURPOSE: To assess the one-year outcome of glass-ionomer cement (GIC) restorations with partial carious dentin removal in primary molars using digital subtraction radiographs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Children ages 6-8 years were recruited. Forty-nine primary molars with deep carious lesions were studied. The carious dentin was removed at the dentoenamel junction (DEJ) and restored with GIC. Digital radiographs were taken immediately after restoration, and at 6 and 12 months after restoration...
September 21, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Ewa Dolińska, Anna Skurska, Violetta Dymicka-Piekarska, Robert Milewski, Jan Pietruski, Małgorzata Pietruska, Anton Sculean
PURPOSE: To assess the presence of HNP1-3 in the gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) of patients suffering from aggressive periodontitis before and after nonsurgical periodontal therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty patients, each with generalised aggressive periodontitis (GAP) were included in the study. After periodontal examination, one site with a probing depth (PD) ≥ 4 mm was selected. Patients received nonsurgical treatment (scaling and root planing [SRP]) with additional administration of systemic antibiotic therapy (amoxicillin 375 mg three times daily + metronidazole 250 mg three times daily for 7 days)...
September 21, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Ling Sun, Hai Ming Wong, Colman P McGrath
PURPOSE: To investigate the impact of untreated malocclusion on different aspects of oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: All relevant literature published up to February 18, 2016 was collected from nine electronic databases. To make studies comparable, studies that used the dental aesthetic index (DAI), index of orthodontic treatment need (IOTN), or index of complexity, outcome and need (ICON) to measure malocclusion and oral health impact profile (OHIP) to measure OHRQoL were selected for systematic review...
September 21, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Rodrigo A Giacaman, Constanza Fernández, Cecilia Muñoz-Sandoval, Nathaly Fuentes
PURPOSE: Widely used in caries prevention, fluoridated varnish (FV) is also capable of remineralising carious lesions. However, the retention time of FV needed on enamel to ensure the maximum benefit is unclear. This study aimed to determine whether an increase in the retention time of 5% sodium fluoride (NaF) varnishes on enamel carious lesions enhances remineralisation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Carious lesions were generated on bovine enamel slabs and treated with one of three 5% NaF commercial varnishes: Duraphat, Durashield or FlorOpal...
August 7, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Mehmet Bani, Alev Alaçam, Çağdaş Çınar
PURPOSE: To assess the responsiveness of the Family Impact Scale (FIS) to describe changes in quality of life (QoL) after traumatic dental injury (TDI), and compare the efficacy of subscales. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Parents of 110 children aged 7-15 admitted to the Gazi University Faculty of Dentistry Department of Paediatric Dentistry for dental trauma were included in this study. A three-part questionnaire was distributed to the participants: questions regarding personal information, TDI and QoL...
July 4, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Roberto Ferro, Alberto Besostri, Armando Olivieri
PURPOSE: To describe dental caries experience by age and gender among preschool children in a health district in northeast Italy and to plot a trend of primary-dentition dental caries prevalence and severity over a 27-year time span (1984-2011). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a cross-sectional survey, 27 out of 88 kindergartens were randomly selected with a sample of 2603 preschoolers drawn from a population of 8328 3-, 4- and 5-year-old children. Dental caries (d3 t) experience according to the criteria of the British Association for the Study of Community Dentistry was evaluated by two calibrated examiners at schools in 1960 (75...
2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Alexander Geidel, Monika Krüger, Wieland Schrödl, Holger Jentsch
PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy of an herbal toothpaste with two other chemically active toothpastes regarding plaque and gingivitis control. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-six (27 females and 49 males, mean age 47.8 years, range 40-58 years) of 84 initial participants with slight and moderate chronic periodontitis used standardised manual toothbrushes and their usual technique for daily manual mechanical plaque control for 24 weeks of supportive periodontal therapy...
2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Moritz Kebschull
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Mario A Bassetti, Renzo G Bassetti, Anton Sculean, Giovanni E Salvi, Michael M Bornstein, Christoph A Ramseier
PURPOSE: To evaluate the awareness of cigarette smoking as a risk factor for chronic periodontitis in patients either undergoing active periodontal treatment (APT) or enrolled in supportive periodontal therapy (SPT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Comprehensive tobacco use history was collected with a questionnaire in 50 patients before and after APT (test) and in 50 patients (control) enrolled in SPT at the School of Dental Medicine, University of Bern. Carbon monoxide (CO) exhalation levels were measured in both APT and SPT patients...
2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Srinivas Sulugodu Ramachandra, José Dopico, Nikos Donos, Luigi Nibali
Major advances in the knowledge about the aetiopathogenesis of aggressive periodontitis (AgP) have been achieved. An ever increasing number of scientific articles related to AgP are published every year contributing significantly to the knowledge of this unique and complex disease. AgP has been classified into localised and generalised forms based on their extent and disease progression with distinct clinical and radiological features. A classification of AgP based on severity (mild, moderate and severe) exists; however, it is not easily applicable...
2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Camilla Vieira da Silva, Jessica Laporta Nazello, Patricia Moreira de Freitas
PURPOSE: To evaluate whether increasing the frequency of its use can enhance the protective effect of AmF/NaF/SnCl2 solution against dental erosion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty human enamel samples were obtained from sound human third molars, and after the formation of incipient erosive lesions (1% citric acid, pH 4.0, for 3 min), they were divided into five treatment groups (n = 12): G1 - deionised water (negative control); G2 - NaF solution (positive control) once a day; G3 - NaF solution (positive control) twice a day; G4 - AmF/NaF/SnCl2 solution once a day; G5 - AmF/NaF/SnCl2 solution twice a day...
2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Chengjia Xie, Lu Wang, Pishan Yang, Shaohua Ge
PURPOSE: To present four different cases with a diagnosed cemental tear. The differences in aetiology, clinical diagnosis and treatment of cemental tears are described and discussed in order to provide guidance for clinical practice. CASES: Four patients of different ages presented with gingival swelling and other different complaints. Clinically, localised deep periodontal pockets and inflammation were noted on affected aspects in four cases. Radiographic examination revealed a prickly or flakey structure and bone loss on the affected side of the involved tooth...
2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Norbert Cionca
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Katharina Morant Holanda de Oliveira, Mariana Alencar Nemezio, Priscilla Coutinho Romualdo, Raquel Assed Bezerra da Silva, Francisco Wanderley Garcia de Paula E Silva, Erika Calvano Küchler
PURPOSE: To evaluate in a systematic review whether the use of dental floss in primary teeth is associated with a reduction in incidence of proximal caries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Searches were performed using the following databases: PubMed MEDLINE, Web of Science, Bireme, Scopus and The Cochrane Library. Only 5 studies were eligible for inclusion. The quality assessment and bias control of the studies were carried out based on the Fowkes and Fulton Guideline. The study concept was first registered in the international prospective register of systematic reviews (PROSPERO)...
2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Manikandan Ekambaram, Siti N B Mohd Said, Cynthia K Y Yiu
PURPOSE: Along with calcium and phosphate ions, fluoride ions promote remineralisation of noncavitated carious lesions to form fluorapatite. However, the supply of calcium and phosphate ions from saliva may not be adequate for effective remineralisation in patients with high caries risk. Therefore, an additional supply of calcium and phosphate ions is mandatory to enhance effective remineralisation with fluoride ions. Several calcium- and phosphate-based remineralisation agents are available for clinical use...
2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Tina I Chang, Nona Aghazadehsanai, Renna Hazboun, Katsumi K Kawakami, Arthur H Friedlander
PURPOSE: To determine the extent of dental disease and associated treatment costs designed to mitigate the risk of medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaws (MRONJ) among older, socially disadvantaged veterans prior to physician's administration of antiresorptive medication for osteoporosis or malignant bone disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective study based on over seven years (2008-2015) of data describes the type and volume of disease, treatment, work-load measures, and costs using Veterans Affairs databases...
2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
T Vanishree, Ganesh Shenoy Panchmal, Rekha Shenoy, Praveen Jodalli, Laxminarayan Sonde, Nagaraj Kundapur
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the changes of salivary flow rate, pH, buffering capacity, total antioxidant capacity and changes in streptococci and lactobacilli counts at baseline, 1 month and 6 months of fixed orthodontic treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An unstimulated salivary sample was collected from 30 out of 43 patients who were in need of fixed orthodontic treatment (mean age 17.8 ± 5.01 years). Salivary samples were collected from the patients before the placement of fixed orthodontic appliance (Gemini MBT 0223M) at 1 month and 6 months following start of the treatment...
2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Gustavo Moncada, Eduardo Fernandez, Katherine Mena, Patricio Vildosola, Juan Estay, Osmir B de Oliveira, Javier Martin, Ivar A Mjör, Valeria V Gordan
PURPOSE: This prospective, blinded clinical trial assessed the performance of amalgam restorations that were refurbished, replaced, or not treated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-three patients were included, ages 18-80 years, with 63 amalgam restorations that had one or more defects in their clinical features, such as defective anatomic form, roughness and/or luster according to United State Public Health Service (USPHS) criteria. Restorations were randomly assigned to either refurbishment (A: n = 21), replacement (B: n = 21) or untreated (C: n = 21) groups...
2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Si-Mook Kang, Seung-Hwa Jeong, Hee-Eun Kim, Baek-Il Kim
PURPOSE: To confirm that the quantitative light-induced fluorescence-digital (QLF-D) system is an adequate tool for monitoring changes in the mineral contents of white spot lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-three anterior teeth from five orthodontic patients were selected for the samples. Initial fluorescent images were taken with the QLF-D system immediately after removing the fixed orthodontic appliances, and the white spot lesions were visualised in the fluorescent images that were selected...
2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
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