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Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry

Fayez Hussain Niazi, Muhammed Abdullah Kamran, Mustafa Naseem, Ibrahim AlShahrani, Tayab Raza Fraz, Mervyn Hosein
PURPOSE: The present study compared the antiplaque effects of two herbal mouthwashes containing Salvadora persica and Azadirachta indica, respectively, with two synthetic mouthwashes containing either chlorhexidine or cetylpyridinium. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this triple-blind, randomised controlled trial, 100 patients undergoing orthodontic treatment underwent scaling and polishing at baseline to obtain a plaque score of zero. In the first phase, they were given oral hygiene instructions and were provided with a standard toothpaste to be used twice daily for a period of three weeks...
August 21, 2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Bakhtinur Oybutaevich Khudanov, Jakhongir Ravshanovich Abdullaev, Peter Bottenberg, Andreas Gerhard Schulte
PURPOSE: To evaluate the fluoride release from different fissure sealants sold mainly in non-Western countries via a curve-fitting method, and to investigate the ability of these materials to be recharged with fluoride. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four different fissure sealants which the manufacturers claim to release F- were tested; glass-ionomer cement Argecem (AC), the composite resins Fisskhim (FK), Fissulight (FL), Helioseal F (HF). Helioseal (HS), a composite resin not declared to release F, was used as a negative control...
March 22, 2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Mai E Khalaf, Muawia Qudeimat, Qasem D Alomari, Yacoub Al-Tarakmeh, Eino Honkala
PURPOSE: This study aimed to assess the impact of using magnifying loupes on interexaminer agreement in the detection of noncavitated occlusal carious lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 155 permanent molars with no frank cavitation were selected for the study. Five examiners with different specialties and experience each examined the occlusal surfaces twice using International Caries Assessment and Detection System (ICDAS) criteria. The first examination used no magnification...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Agata Rataj-Kulmacz, Karolina Gerreth, Maria Borysewicz-Lewicka
PURPOSE: To evaluate caries among nursery-school children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical examination was carried out in 1123 children (568 girls and 555 boys), aged 6-47 months, who attended 33 nursery schools located in a large city (Poznan, Poland). The research was done by experienced dentists in accordance with the criteria set by the World Health Organization for epidemiological studies. The obtained data determined the frequency of caries and the number and surfaces of teeth with carious lesions...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Zülfikar Zahit Çiftçi, Zuhal Kırzıoglu, Esra Çiftçi
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of Wi-Fi and lactic acid bacteria on salivary mutans streptococci and caries formation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Wistar rats and their offspring were equally divided into two main groups and seven subgroups. Experimental groups were exposed to Wi-Fi during pregnancy and lactation. Subgroups were divided according the administration of the beneficial bacteria L. plantarum 167.P6.5 and L. rhamnosus M17-10.2. In the 8-week experimental period after weaning at 21 days, Mutans streptococci counts and the number of carious lesions were determined...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Svante Twetman, Christina Stecksén-Blicks
PURPOSE: To assess urinary fluoride excretion after topical application of a commercial fluoride varnish in preschool children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twelve healthy children, 2.5-6.0 years of age, were enrolled in a placebo-controlled cross-over trial. After a 5-day run-in period, the morning urine was collected as baseline. One hour after breakfast, 0.1 ml of the active (Fluor Protector S; 7,700 ppm F) or the placebo varnish was applied with a microbrush on the buccal surfaces of the primary teeth...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Cara Wiewiora, Paul Armbruster, Thomas Lallier, Richard Ballard
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness of Vanish XT in preventing white spot lesions (WSLs) when placed around orthodontic brackets. The efficacy of Vanish XT was compared with that of Pro Seal, a commercially available product already proven in preventing demineralization. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty extracted human canine teeth were divided into three groups (n = 20). The two experimental groups were treated with either Vanish XT or Pro Seal. A third group received no treatment (control)...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Mayara Terenzi, Tayná Gomes Botan, Guilherme José Pimentel Lopes de Oliveira, Daniela Leal Zandim-Barcelos, José Eduardo Cezar Sampaio
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of Clinpro XT in reducing dentin permeability and the stability of this effect after different acid challenges. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-five roots of extracted human third molars were used. From each tooth, one dentin specimen was prepared and connected to a fluid filtration system to measure the dentin permeability after each of the following steps: sample preparation; treatment with 37% phosphoric acid; application of Clinpro XT; three acid challenges...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Carrigan L Parish, Anthony J Santella
PURPOSE: Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer (LGBTQ) cultural competency and awareness in healthcare settings have been recognized for minimizing health disparities, yet their integration within the oral health community has been minimal. Furthermore, despite evidence showing the compatibility of rapid HIV testing (RHT) in the oral health setting, actual uptake by dentists has been limited. The purpose of this qualitative study was to document New York State dental directors' perspectives and attitudes regarding issues relevant to the LGBTQ patient care and RHT...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Enas Ahmed Elgendy, Hazem Hussein Kazem
PURPOSE: To investigate changes in periodontal parameters and superoxide dismutase activity after root surface debridement with and without omega-3 fatty acid (omega-3 FA) supplementation in postmenopausal women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty postmenopausal women with chronic periodontitis were divided randomly into two groups. Group 1 (control group, n = 25) patients were provided with periodontal treatment in the form of scaling and root planing (SRP) plus soft gelatinous capsules containing only some olive oil, while group 2 (n = 25) received SRP along with systemic administration of omega-3 FAs in the same soft gelatinous capsules...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Abhinav Singh, Bharathi M Purohit
PURPOSE: To determine the efficacy of high-fluoride toothpastes (≥ 2500 ppm) as compared to standard fluoride toothpastes (≤ 1500 ppm) in preventing dental caries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and cluster-randomised trials comparing high-fluoride dentifrices (≥ 2500 ppm) with lower-concentration fluoride dentifrices (≤ 1500 ppm) with a follow-up period of at least 6 months were included. A random effects model was used to assess the mean differences in caries increment between the two types of dentifrices used...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Hendrik Meyer-Lueckel, Nairn Wilson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Adepu Srilatha, Dolar Doshi, Suhas Kulkarni, Madupu Padma Reddy, Bandari Srikanth Reddy, Dantala Satyanarayana
PURPOSE: To determine and compare the dermatoglyphic patterns and salivary Streptococcus mutans counts, as well as its correlation with dental caries among 3- to 6-year-old children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Children 3 to 6 years old who had decayed/extracted/filled teeth (def) ≥ 5 were selected as the study group (n = 50) and those who had def = 0 were selected as controls (n = 50). Dermatoglyphics was recorded using the ink stamp-pad method. Salivary S. mutans levels were estimated by microbial culture of the collected salivary samples; for further confirmation, optochin and bacitracin antibiotic sensitivity tests were done...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Aisah Ahmad, Zeyad Nazar, Dasan Swaminathan
PURPOSE: To investigate the association between plasma CRP levels and periodontal disease during pregnancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-six pregnant women attending the Antenatal Clinic, UMMC for their first antenatal check-up consented and were recruited for this study: 28 subjects with diseased periodontium (test group) and 28 subjects with healthy periodontium (control). The test group underwent nonsurgical periodontal therapy and the control group was given oral hygiene education...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Somayyeh Azimi, Jamileh Bigom Taheri, Marc Tennant, Estie Kruger, Hanifa Molaei, Zahra Ghorbani
PURPOSE: To examine the relationship between mothers' knowledge, attitude and dental caries status and their young children's dental caries status. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 153 2- to 6-year old children old and their mothers were dentally examined. Mothers' decayed, missing or filled teeth (DMFT) and children's decayed, missing or filled teeth (dmft) were recorded. A validated questionnaire was used to examine maternal knowledge and attitudes regarding the importance for the oral health of their children...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Pilla Padmaja, Suhas Kulkarni, Dolar Doshi, Srikanth Reddy, Padma Reddy, K Sahithi Reddy
PURPOSE: To assess the relationship between health locus of control and oral health status among Information Technology (IT) professionals in Hyderabad, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire study was carried out among IT employees in Hyderabad city. The behaviour, attitude and perceptions of individuals towards health were assessed using the multidimensional health locus of control scale. Oral health status was evaluated clinically utilising the simplified oral hygiene index, community periodontal index, and loss of attachment index...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
M Saleh Samer, Tara Taiyeb Ali, Hadijah Abdullah
PURPOSE: To investigate the clinical performance and clinical survival rate of lithium disilicate-based core ceramic (IPS e.max Press) utilised in single crowns and to the accompanying periodontal health status. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 47 patients with 88 IPS e.max Press single crowns were examined at the Faculty of Dentistry, University of Malaya, using modified United States Public Health Service evaluation criteria (USPHS). These 88 crowned teeth included 19 vital and 69 nonvital teeth that were restored with different post and core materials...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Liliana Teixeira, Maria-Conceição Manso, Patrícia Manarte-Monteiro
PURPOSE: To assess the self-reported Oral Health Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) among institutionalised patients in an alcoholic detoxification programme in northern Portugal. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This analytical cross-sectional study using the Oral Health Impact Profile-49 (OHIP-49) was carried out in 300 individuals institutionalised for alcohol detoxification in withdrawal units. The seven OHIP-49 domain scores and three summary indicators were examined: 'Prevalence' (percentage of people reporting one or more of 49 items at least 'fairly often'), 'Extent' (number of impacts [items] reported at least 'fairly often') and 'Severity' (mean sum of the participants' OHIP score)...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Ling Sun, Hai Ming Wong, Colman P J McGrath
PURPOSE: To assess whether different levels of malocclusion have different effects on the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) and which domains of OHRQoL could be affected. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nine electronic databases were searched. To make studies comparable, studies using the Child Perceptions Questionnaire (CPQ) to measure OHRQoL, and the Dental Aesthetic Index, Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need, and Index of Complexity, Outcome and Need to measure malocclusion were selected for systematic review...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Tali Chackartchi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
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