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Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry

Marina Perić, Selena Toma, Jérôme Frédéric Lasserre, Michel Brecx
PURPOSE: The aim of this literature review and case report was to point out the relationship between Cowden Syndrome (CS) and severe periodontitis. CS is a rare autosomal dominant disorder characterised by skin and oral hamartomas, and is associated with an increased risk of cancer development. CASE REPORT: The case of a 43-year old male patient affected by Cowden syndrome and presenting severe periodontitis was reported. RESULTS: It can be suggested that the specific gingival morphology of the patient with CS might be a risk factor for the development of periodontal disease, as described in the present case report...
June 26, 2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Katalin Károlyházy, Zsuzsanna Arányi, Péter Hermann, Ildikó Vastagh, Krisztina Márton
PURPOSE: Stroke is a leading cause of death in developed countries. Recently, its connection with oral health has been a focus of the medical literature. The aim of this study was therefore to statistically examine the oral health of subjects who previously suffered from stroke and provide a guide for the dental treatment of these patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Stroke patients at least one year after the stroke episode and age- and sex-matched healthy controls were examined: dental and medical stroke histories were recorded, followed by a detailed orofacial examination...
June 26, 2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Roxana Tristiu, Stefan Vesa, Raluca B Dumitru, Nicole B Arweiler, Rodica M Cosgarea, Liana Lascu, Simona Rednic, Sigrun Eick, Anton Sculean, Raluca Cosgarea
AIM: The aim of the present study was to determine the impact of oral health related quality of life (OHRQoL) on general health in patients suffering of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ninty-one patients with RA (mean age 52.82±11 years, 75.82% female, 20.87% smoker) and 30 systemically healthy patients (control) were evaluated for their OHRQoL by means of Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI) and Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP)-14 questionnaires...
June 26, 2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Bakhtinur Oybutaevich Khudanov, Jakhongir Ravshanovich Abdullaev, Peter Bottenberg, Andreas Gerhard Schulte
PURPOSE: To evaluate the fluoride release from different fissure sealants sold mainly in non-Western countries via a curve-fitting method, and to investigate the ability of these materials to be recharged with fluoride. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four different fissure sealants which the manufacturers claim to release F- were tested; glass-ionomer cement Argecem (AC), the composite resins Fisskhim (FK), Fissulight (FL), Helioseal F (HF). Helioseal (HS), a composite resin not declared to release F, was used as a negative control...
March 22, 2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Marcos Ximenes, Rafael Dutra de Armas, Thaisa Cezária Triches, Mariane Cardoso, Ricardo de Souza Vieira
PURPOSE: To characterise in vivo the structure of bacterial communities in decayed and sound primary teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Samples of biofilms were collected from three groups of patients with complete and exclusively primary dentition (n = 45): G1: sound teeth (n = 15); G2: enamel lesion (n = 15); G3: dentin lesion (n = 15). DNA was extracted (CTAB 2%) from the biofilm, the partial 16S rRNA gene was amplified with Bacteria Universal Primers (BA338fGC - UN518r) and subjected to DGGE (denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis)...
January 15, 2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Joanna Mystkowska, Halina Car, Jan Ryszard Dąbrowski, Justyna Romanowska, Marcin Klekotka, Anna Justyna Milewska
PURPOSE: To create and investigate artificial mucin-based saliva substitutes with properties similar to natural saliva. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Natural saliva and six saliva preparations were tested. Saliva substitutes were made using phosphate buffered saline (PBS) prepared in deionised water or plasma-treated water (PBSPT) with addition of porcine gastric mucin and guar gum or poloxamer 407. A wide range of properties were characterised: physicochemical (changes of pH, conductivity and surface tension over time: 1, 24, 96, 168 h after mixing ingredients), rheological (viscosity and viscoelasticity), tribological (coefficient of friction for titanium alloy Ti-6Al-7Nb kinematic couple) and corrosive (open circuit potential, corrosion potential, polarisation resistance)...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Nicole Birgit Arweiler, Friederike Grelle, Anton Sculean, Christian Heumann, Thorsten M Auschill
PURPOSE: This double-blind, clinical, cross-over study evaluated the antibacterial effect of three toothpastes (ASF, HTP and STP) and a chlorhexidine mouthrinse (0.2%; CHX; positive control) after a single application on established biofilm over a period of 24 h (substantivity). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-four subjects refrained from all oral hygiene measures for a period of 72 h. After 48 h, a baseline biofilm sample was taken and vitality of the biofilm flora was examined (baseline, VF0)...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Vinej Somaraj, Rekha P Shenoy, Ganesh Shenoy Panchmal, Praveen S Jodalli, Laxminarayan Sonde, Kundapur Nagaraj
PURPOSE: To assess and compare the salivary pH reversal phenomenon and calcium concentration in subjects consuming paneer and cheese after an acidogenic challenge and also to compare the salivary pH measurements using pH strips and a portable pen-type pH meter. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty caries free undergraduate students were randomly selected and divided into two group: 1. paneer; 2. cheese. After determining the resting salivary pH using pH strips and a pen-type pH meter, participants were subjected to an acidogenic challenge (10% sucrose)...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Eliane Traebert, Luiz Gustavo Teixeira Martins, Keila Cristina Raush Pereira, Simone Xavier Silva Costa, Sandra Espíndola Lunardelli, Abelardo Nunes Lunardelli, Jefferson Traebert
PURPOSE: To estimate the prevalence and severity of malocclusion and test a possible association with negative impacts on quality of life of schoolchildren in Tubarão, Brazil. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on a representative sample (n = 389) of schoolchildren. Data on oral health-related quality of life were obtained through the Oral Impacts on Daily Performance (OIDP) scale. The malocclusion indicator was the Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI)...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Minh Son Nguyen, Triin Jagomägi, Ülle Voog-Oras, Toai Nguyen, Mare Saag
PURPOSE: To describe oral health behaviours and problems among elderly Vietnamese as well as determine their prevalence of caries and periodontal disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study examined 258 elderly persons aged 65-74 years living in Danang, Vietnam. All subjects self-reported oral health behaviour and problems. Dental caries was assessed using the DMFT index. Periodontal status was evaluated with the modified Community Periodontal Index, whereby all teeth were examined for gingival bleeding and periodontal pocket depth (PPD), and the index teeth were assessed for clinical attachment loss (CAL)...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Alice Moreira Neves Pedrão, Leslie Andrews Portes, Everton Padilha Gomes, Fernanda Cristina Figueira Teixeira, Alexandre da Costa Pereira, Natalia Cristina de Oliveira
PURPOSE: Evidence exists which suggests that a vegetarian diet is a predisposing factor to erosive tooth wear. The aim of this study was to assess the influence of dietary pattern (vegetarian, lacto-ovo vegetarian and omnivore) on erosive tooth wear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred seven subjects (29 vegetarians, 96 lacto-ovo vegetarians and 82 omnivores) underwent an oral assessment and were asked to answer questionnaires about diet and oral care. RESULTS: Individuals who followed vegetarian and lacto-ovo vegetarian diets had statistically significantly more erosive tooth wear than did omnivores (p = 0...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Nándor Práger, Gabriella Kiss, Hajnalka Orvos, Tibor Novák, Katalin Virág, István Gorzó, Márta Radnai
PURPOSE: To examine the caries status of pregnant women in southeast Hungary and compare the results with a similar study completed in the same region ten years earlier to determine whether any improvement has taken place in the past decade. Another objective was to assess the effects of age, socioeconomic status and number of pregnancies on oral health. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The dental examination of 130 pregnant women was carried out at the Dental Clinic of University of Szeged, Faculty of Dentistry in 2011-2013 (group 1)...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Renato Duarte de Carvalho, Camila de Oliveira Picado Nogueira, Alexandre Pires da Silva, Janaina Almeida Mesquita, Karla Haila Cortez Salgado, Maria Cristina Dos Santos Medeiros, Bruno César de Vasconcelos Gurgel
PURPOSE: To assess periodontal parameters of noncarious cervical lesions (NCCLs) restored with glass-ionomer cement (RM-GIC) and composite resin at baseline, three and six months. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighteen patients with bilateral lesions were included in the study. Lesions (1 mm in depth) were randomly restored with each type of restorative material. Probing depth (PD), relative gingival recession (rGR), relative clinical attachment level (rCAL), visible plaque index (VPI) and gingival bleeding index (GBI) were measured...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Deise Osmari, Sara Fraga, Ana Carolina de Oliveira Ferreira, Carlos de Paula Eduardo, Marcela Marquezan, Bruno Lopes da Silveira
PURPOSE: To assess the effectiveness of four in-office therapies used for the treatment of dentin hypersensitiviy (DH) after one single application. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A randomised, controlled, split-mouth clinical trial was designed to evaluate the following treatments: 5% sodium fluoride varnish (positive control); 3% potassium oxalate; two-step self-etching adhesive; high power diode laser. Nineteen patients were selected and one tooth per quadrant was included in the study...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Poul Erik Petersen, Hiroshi Ogawa
PURPOSE: This report intends to review the global burden of oral disease among older people and to examine their oral health needs. The evidence on the inter-relationships between poor oral health conditions of older people, general health and quality of life is highlighted. Finally, WHO strategies to improve oral health of older people are reviewed. METHODS: The information relevant to this review was extracted from the WHO Global Oral Health Data Bank, the PubMed database, and the Cochrane Library...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Chizuru Mukouyama, Yuji Koike, Toshie Hirohara
PURPOSE: To elucidate the efficacy of strategies for preventing dental caries in Japanese children by examining trends over time in the prevalence of dental caries, the number of decayed, missing, or filled teeth (the DMFT index), and their association with factors affecting oral hygiene. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Several national surveys performed between 1955 and 2015 were reviewed. The prevalence of dental caries in children aged 5-15 years, the DMFT index in children aged 9 or 14 years, individual consumption of added sugars and snacks, the number of dentists in Japan, and the percentage of children who received fluoride varnish were analysed...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Anton Sculean, Poul-Erik Petersen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Sravani A Ambati, Suhas Kulkarni, Dolar Doshi, M Padma Reddy, Srikanth Reddy
PURPOSE: Dental caries is the primary pathological cause of early tooth loss in children, which may lead to malnutrition and other health problems. Identification of patients with active carious lesions and at high risk for caries can help to dramatically decrease the disease prevalence. Thus, recognising the importance of early diagnosis of caries, the present study was carried out to correlate caries with oral microflora using Oratest among 12- to 15-year-old schoolchildren. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 100 children were divided into control and test groups (n = 50) according to their DMFT scores...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Alessandro Ugolini, Simona Salamone, Paola Agostino, Enrica Sardi, Armando Silvestrini-Biavati
PURPOSE: To evaluate the prevalence of early childhood caries (ECC) and severe ECC (S-ECC) among Italian preschool children and its predictors regarding children's lifestyle. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out involving 563 preschool children. A questionnaire for children's parents and clinical examinations were conducted by calibrated, blinded examiners. The odds ratios (OR) for ECC or S-ECC and co-presence of risk factors were calculated using univariate and multivariate models...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Tatjana Kanjevac, Borivoj Bijelic, Denis Brajkovic, Miroslav Vasovic, Radojica Stolic
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has become a worldwide public health problem. It is estimated that nearly 90% of patients with chronic renal failure manifest some symptoms of oral disease. With advances in medical treatment, CKD patients are living longer and require oral care. Chronic kidney disease is often accompanied by disturbances in mineral metabolism which are classified as their own clinical entity known as CKD-mineral and bone disorder (CKD-MBD). CKD-MBD affects all aspects of bone physiology: bone volume, bone turnover and bone mineralization...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
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