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Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530007/preventive-effect-of-cpp-acpf-paste-and-fluoride-toothpastes-against-erosion-and-erosion-plus-abrasion-%C3%A2-in-vitro-a-3d-profilometric-analysis
#1
Genaina Guimarães Soares, Pâmela Amorim Magalhães, Ana Beatriz Monteiro Fonseca, Monica Almeida Tostes, Eduardo Moreira da Silva, Thereza Christina Lopes Coutinho
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of CPP-ACPF paste and fluoride toothpastes on enamel subjected to erosion and erosion plus abrasion in vitro. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 220 human enamel blocks were divided into eleven groups (n = 20): CPP-ACPF paste (MPP), potassium nitrate/sodium fluoride toothpaste (PE), sodium fluoride toothpaste (FD), fluoride-free toothpaste (SO) and control (erosion only with no paste or toothpastes; CO) according to the experimental design: erosion or erosion plus abrasion immediately after erosion (ERO+I-ABR) or 30 min after erosion (ERO+30min-ABR)...
May 19, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530006/kindergarten-elementary-school-teachers-and-web-based-oral-health-related-resources-an-exploration
#2
Marita Rohr Inglehart, Gabrielle A Zuzo, Joshua J Wilson
PURPOSE: The percentage of U.S. children with poor oral health continues to be high. Kindergarten/elementary school educators could play an important role in teaching students about oral health promotion. The objectives were to assess which oral health-related web-based resources teachers consider most helpful and how teachers' attitudes, knowledge, and behavioural intentions concerning oral health-related teaching change between before and after having access to a resource website. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Web-based survey data were collected from 95 kindergarten/elementary school educators before and after they accessed a website with oral health-related information for teachers (web-link: http://media...
May 19, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530005/can-inspection-of-the-mouth-help-clinicians-diagnose-crohn-s-disease-a-review
#3
Giuseppe Troiano, Mario Dioguardi, Luisa Limongelli, Angela Tempesta, Gianfranco Favia, Michele Giuliani, Francesca Sanguedolce, Lorenzo Lo Muzio
PURPOSE: Crohn's disease (CD) is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease characterised by localised areas of nonspecific, noncaseating granulomas. Approximately 1/3 of CD patients develop extraintestinal manifestations in the course of their disease. This review focuses on oral manifestations of CD to understand if oral lesions could help clinicians in the diagnosis of systemic CD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Literature for the review was retrieved using PubMed Medline, Ebsco Library and Web of Science...
May 19, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322366/the-efficacy-of-xylitol-xylitol-probiotic-and-fluoride-dentifrices-in-plaque-reduction-and-gingival-inflammation-in-children-a-randomised-controlled-clinical-trial
#4
Eda Arat Maden, Ceyhan Altun, Cengizhan Açikel
PURPOSE: The present prospective, randomised, placebo-controlled, clinical trial was designed to evaluate the clinical effects of a commercially available dentifrice containing fluoride, xylitol or xylitol-probiotic on the decrease of plaque and gingival inflammation in children between 13 and 15 years of age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-eight adolescents were randomly grouped into three groups of n = 16 each: study group A received xylitol (Xyliwhite) toothpaste; study group B received xylitol-probiotic (Periobiotic) toothpaste; and the control group C received fluoride (Colgate Max Fresh) toothpaste...
March 20, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322365/influence-of-body-mass-index-and-other-periodontitis-associated-risk-factors-and-risk-indicators-on-the-periodontal-treatment-needs-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Georgios S Chatzopoulos, Lazaros Tsalikis, Georgios Menexes
PURPOSE: To record periodontal treatment needs in a randomised sample and evaluate the association between body mass index (BMI) and periodontal treatment needs, as well as the association between diabetes, smoking, BMI and periodontal treatment needs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study sample comprised 633 patients aged 18 to 85 years visiting an outpatient clinic. Body mass index (BMI) and periodontal status were recorded. Demographic data including gender, year of birth, smoking habits and medical history were collected from each patient...
March 20, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322364/marginal-bone-loss-after-ten-years-in-an-adult-danish-population-a-radiographic-study
#6
Golnosh Bahrami, Michael Vaeth, Ann Wenzel, Flemming Isidor
PURPOSE: To evaluate marginal bone loss over a 10-year period in individuals and in tooth groups in relation to age and level of marginal bone. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 1997, 616 randomly selected individuals (mean age: 42 years, range: 21-63 years) underwent a full-mouth radiographic survey. In 2008, the survey was repeated in 362 of the same individuals (182 women and 180 men). The marginal bone level of each tooth was measured in mm from the cementoenamel junction to the marginal bone...
March 20, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322363/the-potential-of-self-assembling-peptides-for-enhancement-of-in-vitro-remineralisation-of-white-spot-lesions-as-measured-by-quantitative-laser-fluorescence
#7
Luca Golland, Patrick R Schmidlin, Marc Schätzle
PURPOSE: To test the remineralisation potential of a single application of self-assembling peptides or acidic fluoride solution using quantitative light-induced fluorescence (QLF) in vitro. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Bovine enamel disks were prepared, and white spot lesions were created on one half of the disk with an acidic buffer solution. After demineralisation, disks were allocated into three groups of 11 specimens each. Group A served as a control group and received no treatment...
March 20, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322362/immunopathogenic-oral-diseases-%C3%A2-an-overview-focusing-on-pemphigus-vulgaris-and-mucous-membrane-pemphigoid
#8
Liviu Feller, Raoul Ballyram, Razia Ag Khammissa, Mario Altini, Johan Lemmer
Pemphigus vulgaris, mucosal pemphigoid (mucous membrane pemphigoid), lichen planus, discoid lupus erythematosus and erythema multiforme are a group of immune-mediated mucocutaneous disorders characterised clinically by the formation of blisters, erosions or ulcers. The oral mucosa is often affected, and sometimes the disease is limited to the mouth. The target antigens, autoreactive immune responses, microscopic features, treatment and prognosis vary from one disease to the other. Treatment aims to eliminate exogenous risk factors, suppress the pathogenic immuno-inflammatory reactions, promote healing and prevent infection...
March 20, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322361/effect-of-fluoride-treatments-on-bleached-enamel-microhardness-and-surface-morphology
#9
Dimitrios Dionysopoulos, Eugenia Koliniotou-Koumpia, Kosmas Tolidis, Paris Gerasimou
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of three different fluoride treatments on the surface microhardness and morphology of human enamel exposed to two different bleaching agents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-three extracted human third molars were sectioned to obtain 90 enamel fragments, mounted on acrylic resin supports, polished and randomly divided into 9 groups (n = 10). The specimens were exposed to a combination of two bleaching agents (22% carbamide peroxide [CP] and 38% hydrogent peroxide [HP]) and three fluoride treatments (0...
March 20, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322360/the-effect-of-casein-phosphopeptide-amorphous-calcium-phosphate-on-molar-incisor-hypomineralisation-%C3%A2-a-pilot-study
#10
Meltem Bakkal, Zerrin Abbasoglu, Betul Kargul
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) and casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium fluoride phosphate (CPP-ACFP) application on noncarious MIH (molar-incisor hypomineralisation) lesions by using a DIAGNOdent device (KaVo), which measures laser fluorescence within the mineral structure of the tooth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 461 subjects age 7-12 (mean ± SD was 9.9 ± 1.6) years were examined. Fifty four children were diagnosed with MIH and divided into 2 groups...
March 20, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322359/clinical-evaluation-of-a-fissure-sealant-placed-by-acid-etching-or-er-yag-laser-combined-with-acid-etching
#11
Basak Durmus, Figen Giray, Sertac Peker, Betul Kargul
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of conventional acid etching alone (acid etching) and Er:YAG laser combined with acid etching (laser + acid etching) on fissure sealant (FS) retention of first permanent molars (FPMs) after 18 months. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using a split-mouth design in 51 children, a total of 204 FPMs were sealed with acid etching alone or laser plus acid etching (laser+acid). The retention of sealants and occurrence of caries were evaluated at 3, 6, 12, and 18 months...
March 20, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322358/inhibitory-effects-of-nitrite-on-acid-%C3%A2-production-in-dental-plaque-in-children
#12
Yuji Yamamoto, Jumpei Washio, Koichi Shimizu, Koei Igarashi, Nobuhiro Takahashi
PURPOSE: To assess the inhibitory effects of nitrite on plaque acidogenicity and its relationship with caries experience. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Plaque (2 μl) was collected from 76 children (age 5.8 = 2.6 years, dmft = 2.9 = 3.5, DMTF = 0.6 = 1.4) and mixed with nitrite solution (final concentration = 0.63 mM) or distilled water (control). The initial pH (pH-0) of each sample was measured using a portable pH meter. The samples were incubated for 10 min, then their pH (pH-1) was measured again...
March 20, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322357/assessment-of-dental-caries-experience-and-periodontal-health-status-among-children-with-haemophilia-in-new-delhi-india-a-case-control-study
#13
Mridula Goswami, Babita Jangra
PURPOSE: To assess the caries experience and periodontal health status among children with haemophilia in New Delhi. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This case control study was conducted in New Delhi over a 14-month period. Data were collected from 110 children, of which 55 children had haemophilia and 55 were healthy. Caries was assessed in terms of decayed, missing and filled teeth, according to WHO criteria, while periodontal health status was assessed regarding plaque present, and recorded by utilising the Silness and Löe plaque index...
March 20, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322356/efficacy-of-motivational-interviewing-in-conjunction-with-caries-risk-assessment-micra-programmes-in-improving-the-dental-health-status-of-preschool-children-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
Saruta Saengtipbovorn
PURPOSE: To assess the efficacy of motivational interviewing in conjuction with a caries risk assessment (MICRA) programme to improve the dental health status of preschool children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A randomised controlled trial was conducted among 214 parents or caregivers and their children at Health Centre 54, Bangkok, Thailand, from September 2015 to February 2016. The participants were randomised to the intervention and the control groups (107 participants per group)...
March 20, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439581/lower-educational-level-is-a-risk-factor-for-tooth-loss-analysis-of-a-swiss-population-krebs-project
#15
Fabiola-Regina Rodriguez, Nadine Paganoni, Roland Weiger, Clemens Walter
PURPOSE: To analyse risk factors for tooth loss in women and men seeking treatment at the University of Basel, Switzerland. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Records of patients from the pool of patients at the department were consecutively screened between January 2009 and October 2011. Gender, smoking habits, education, profession, general health status and dental variables were recorded. Tooth loss was assessed on full-mouth periapical radiographs. Gender-nested logistic regression models were applied for statistical analysis...
2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439580/editorial-oral-health-promotion-not-just-lip-service
#16
Liran Levin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322355/restorative-treatment-decisions-in-posterior-teeth-a-systematic-review
#17
Juliana Jobim Jardim, Sandra Henz, Berenice Barbachan E Silva
PURPOSE: To determine the stage of caries in posterior permanent teeth at which dentists decide to intervene invasively. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A search of the literature from January 1980 to November 2015 available in MEDLINE-PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library was conducted. The main search terms used were decision-making, restorative treatment, dental caries lesion, occlusal surface, and approximal surface. The inclusion criterion was studies including dentists only...
2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28232979/prevalence-of-early-childhood-caries-among-2-to-5-year-old-preschoolers-in-kindergartens-of-weifang-city-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Ying-Ying Jiang
PURPOSE: To assess the prevalence of early childhood caries (ECC) in 2- to 5-year-old preschool children in Weifang City, China, and to investigate the factors related to this condition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out among 2829 children (2-5 years old, including 1601 boys and 1228 girls) in twenty kindergartens in Weifang City, China, in 2014. These children were selected via cluster sampling. First, the percentages of ECC and severe ECC (S-ECC) as well as the mean dmft were compared between different genders and ages, and the tooth distribution pattern of ECC was analysed...
2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28232978/influence-of-shortened-light-curing-duration-on-the-potential-of-resin-based-surface-sealants-to-prevent-erosion
#19
Florian Wegehaupt, Fabiana Jorge, Thomas Attin, Tobias Tauböck
PURPOSE: To determine whether reducing the light-curing time of resin-based surface sealants influences their potential to prevent erosion, as well as their mechanical stability and degree of conversion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 240 bovine dentin samples were randomly divided into 10 groups (1-10). The 24 samples of one group remained unsealed and served as control. Three groups were sealed with Seal&Protect, another three groups with K-0184 (experimental sealant), and the remaining three groups with Syntac Classic...
2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28232977/chemical-methods-for-cleaning-conventional-dentures-what-is-the-best-antimicrobial-option-an-in-vitro-study
#20
Carine W Pires, Sara Fraga, Aline C O Beck, Kátia O Braun, Paulo E C Peres
PURPOSE: To investigate the antimicrobial efficacy of different chemical agents used for denture cleaning. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Biofilm samples collected from 10 removable dentures were subjected to 10 disinfection protocols: distilled water for 30 min (negative control); 1% sodium hypochlorite for 10 min (positive control); diluted sodium hypochlorite for 10 min; vinegar for 20 min; 0.2% peracetic acid for 5 min; alkaline peroxide solution for 5 min; alkaline peroxide solution for 30 min; 0...
2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
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