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Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27351737/assessment-of-prognosis-and-periodontal-treatment-goals-among-general-dental-practitioners-and-dental-hygienists
#1
Aleksandar Milosavljevic, Bengt Götrick, Hadar Hallström, Andreas Stavropoulos, Kerstin Knutsson
PURPOSE: To evaluate general dental practitioners' (GDPs) and dental hygienists' (DHs) assessment of prognosis, suggested treatment goals, and estimated number of treatment sessions in patients with varying severity of periodontal disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-seven GDPs and fifty DHs in a Swedish county participated in a questionnaire study, based on three patient cases: a patient with generalised bone loss but no clinical signs of inflammation (well-maintained); a patient with clinical signs of inflammation and generalised bone loss (periodontitis); and a patient with clinical signs of inflammation but no bone loss (gingivitis)...
June 27, 2016: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27351736/oral-cancer-an-evaluation-of-knowledge-and-awareness-in-undergraduate-dental-students-and-the-general-public
#2
Mahmoud M Bakr, Emma Skerman, Usman Khan, Roy George
PURPOSE: To evaluate the knowledge of signs, symptoms and risk factors associated with oral cancer amongst undergraduate dental students and members of the general public. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was open for a period of six months (Jan-June, 2013) to all undergraduate dental students in the 4th and 5th year of the dental science programme and dental patients attending the School of Dentistry, Griffith University, Australia. The survey evaluated the knowledge and awareness of clinical signs and symptoms and risk factors of oral cancers...
June 27, 2016: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27351735/total-and-differential-leukocyte-counts-in-the-peripheral-blood-of-patients-with-generalised-aggressive-periodontitis
#3
Pradeep S Anand, Deepak Kumar Sagar, Supriya Mishra, Sumit Narang, Kavitha P Kamath, Sukumaran Anil
PURPOSE: To compare the total and differential leukocyte counts in the peripheral blood of generalised aggressive periodontitis patients with that of periodontally healthy subjects in a central Indian population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-five patients with generalised aggressive periodontitis and 63 periodontally healthy subjects were enrolled for the purpose of the study. All participants received a full-mouth periodontal examination in which probing depth and clinical attachment level were recorded...
June 27, 2016: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27351734/possible-association-between-the-mallampati-score-of-the-oropharynx-and-measures-of-tongue-coating-oral-hygiene-and-periodontal-status
#4
Santosh Goud, Rampalli Viswa Chandra, Aileni Amarender Reddy, Bavigadda Harish Reddy, Sripriya Nagarajan, Anumala Naveen
PURPOSE: To assess oral hygiene and the gingival and periodontal disease status in subjects scored under the modified Mallampati classification (MMC) of the oropharynx. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The clinical parameters included recording MMC scores, simplified oral hygiene index (OHI-S), modified gingival index (MGI), tongue coating index (TCI) and periodontal status of the subjects. Eight additional parameters, which included percentage of sites with bleeding on probing (BOP), sites with probing depth (PD) ≥ 5 mm, tooth loss, attachment loss (AL):age ratio, diabetic status, smoking, the interplay of dental status and systemic factors (DS-SFI), and background characteristics (socioeconomic status and stress) were also assessed...
June 27, 2016: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27351732/factors-associated-with-receipt-of-pre-pregnancy-preventive-dental-care-among-women-in-west-virginia-pregnancy-risk-assessment-monitoring-system-prams-survey-2009-2010
#5
Amna Umer, Zelalem Teka Haile, Halima Ahmadi-Montecalvo, Ilana R Azulay Chertok
PURPOSE: To examine the association between sociodemographic, economic and health-related lifestyle factors and receipt of pre-pregnancy dental cleaning in West Virginia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A population-based secondary data analysis was conducted using the 2009-2010 West Virginia Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS) dataset. The study population consisted of 3050 women who answered the survey question about pre-pregnancy dental cleaning. RESULTS: Approximately 47% of the participants visited a dentist during the 12 months before pregnancy...
June 27, 2016: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27351731/epidemiology-of-caries-in-12-year-olds-in-slovenia-1987-2013
#6
Vito Vrbič, Martina Vrbič
PURPOSE: The first large-scale epidemiological survey on dental caries in the Republic of Slovenia was conducted in 1987 and repeated in 1993, 1998, 2003, 2008 and 2013, using the same methodology. The aim of the study was to describe the trend of caries in 12-year-olds in Slovenia from 1987 to 2013. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The method applied in all six surveys was the National Oral Pathfinder Survey using WHO combined oral health and treatment need assessment forms...
June 27, 2016: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27351730/effect-of-whitening-toothpastes-on-dentin-abrasion-an-in-vitro-study
#7
Gustavo Henrique Apolinario Vieira, Marcia Bessa Nogueira, Eduardo Jose Gaio, Cassiano Kuchenbecker Rosing, Sergio Lima Santiago, Rodrigo Otavio Rego
PURPOSE: To compare the effect of toothbrushing abrasion with hydrated silica-based whitening and regular toothpastes on root dentin using contact profilometry. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety dentin specimens (4 x 4 x 2 mm) were randomly divided into five experimental groups (n = 18) according to the toothpaste: three whitening (W1, W2 and W3) and two regular toothpastes (R1 and R2) produced by two different manufacturers. Using a brushing machine, each specimen was brushed with a constant load of 300 g for 2500 cycles (4...
June 27, 2016: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27351729/acceptance-of-minimally-invasive-dentistry-among-us-dentists-in-public-health-practices
#8
Deise Cruz Oliveira, John J Warren, Steven M Levy, Justine Kolker, Fang Qian, Clifton Carey
PURPOSE: Little is known about use or acceptance of minimally invasive dentistry (MID) in the USA, particularly in public health settings. The purpose of this study was to assess opinions concerning MID among dentists in public-health practices. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the views of dentists in public-health practices concerning MID using an online survey instrument among National Network for Oral Health Access (NNOHA) and American Association of Community Dental Programs (AACDP) members...
June 27, 2016: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27175445/oral-health-related-quality-of-life-in-children-and-preadolescents-with-caries-malocclusions-or-temporomandibular-disorders
#9
Taís de Souza Barbosa, Maria Beatriz Duarte Gavião, Marina Severi Leme, Paula Midori Castelo
PURPOSE: To compare the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of children (8- to 10-year-olds) and preadolescents (11- to 14-year-olds) with different oral conditions and to identify concepts associated with their perceptions of oral health (OH) and overall well being (OWB). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 264 students who were distributed into four groups: caries, with the sum of the decayed, missing and filled teeth in the primary (dmft) and permanent dentitions (DMFT) ≥ 1 (n = 72); malocclusion, with the Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI) ≥ 26 (n = 40); temporomandibular disorders (TMD) with at least one sign and one symptom of TMD (n = 89); control, with dmft/DMFT = 0, DAI < 26 and without signs and symptoms of TMD (n = 63)...
May 12, 2016: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827470/cross-sectional-study-of-dental-trauma-and-associated-factors-among-9-to-14-year-old-schoolchildren-in-isfahan-iran
#10
Faezeh Eslamipour, Pedram Iranmanesh, Ali Borzabadi-Farahani
PURPOSE: To assess the prevalence of dental trauma (DT) and its associated factors in 9- to 14-year-olds. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was carried out through clinical examination of the permanent incisors and canines of 907 schoolchildren (9 to 14 years old, average age = 11 ± 0.5 [SD] years, 55% female and 45% male) enrolled in 20 public schools in Isfahan, Iran. The demographic data, history and cause of trauma were recorded during patient interviews and with a structured questionnaire filled in by their parents...
2016: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827469/editorial-dental-curriculum-renewal-quo-vadis
#11
Liran Levin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27508274/impact-of-chlorhexidine-pretreatment-followed-by-probiotic-streptococcus-salivarius-strain-k12-on-halitosis-in-children-a-randomised-controlled-clinical-trial
#12
Zahra Jamali, Naser Asl Aminabadi, Mohammad Samiei, Alireza Sighari Deljavan, Marzieh Shokravi, Sajjad Shirazi
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine the effect of chlorhexidine disinfection, as a chemical method of oral hygiene practice, and subsequent use of probiotics on halitosis in children. The effects of mechanical and chemical oral hygiene practice methods on the severity of halitosis were also assessed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 208 children with organoleptic test (OLT) scores of 2 or more were randomly assigned to four groups: A: conventional oral hygiene practices (COH) including toothbrushing and flossing; B: COH + tongue scraping (TS); C: COH + TS + chlorhexidine; D: COH + TS + chlorhexidine + probiotics...
2016: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27508273/editorial-preventive-strategies-in-geriatric-dental-medicine
#13
EDITORIAL
Martin Schimmel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27351733/dental-fear-and-avoidance-in-treatment-seekers-at-a-large-urban-dental-clinic
#14
Richard E Heyman, Amy M Smith Slep, Mandi White-Ajmani, Lisanne Bulling, Hana F Zickgraf, Martin E Franklin, Mark S Wolff
PURPOSE: The prevalence and correlates of dental fear have been studied in representative population studies, but not in patients presenting for dental treatment. We hypothesized that dental fear among patients presenting at a large, urban college of dentistry would be similar to that of the population (e.g. 11% high dental fear, 17% to 35% moderate or higher fear) and that fear would be associated with avoidance of routine dental care, increased use of urgent dental care and poor oral health...
2016: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27257632/errata
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27257631/professional-oral-care-needs-further-evidence-on-health-behaviour-change-outcomes
#16
EDITORIAL
Christoph Ramseier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27175449/xylitol-chewing-gums-on-the-market-do-they-prevent-caries
#17
Abrar Alanzi, Eva Soderling, Anisha Varghese, Eino Honkala
PURPOSE: To measure the xylitol content in sugar-free chewing gums available on the market in Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries in the Middle East, in order to identify those products that can provide the recommended daily dose of xylitol for caries prevention (6-7 g). Acid production from chewing gums was also measured in vitro and in vivo. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-one chewing gums containing xylitol were identified and collected from the GCC market (Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, UAE and Oman)...
2016: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27175448/green-tea-intake-as-an-adjunct-to-mechanical-periodontal-therapy-for-the-management-of-mild-to-moderate-chronic-periodontitis-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#18
Aditi Chopra, Betsy S Thomas, Karthik Sivaraman, Hemanth K Prasad, Shoba U Kamath
PURPOSE: To evaluate and compare the beneficial effects of green tea intake on the total antioxidant capacity of gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and plasma, and to examine its role as an adjunct to nonsurgical periodontal therapy for the management of chronic periodontitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 120 subjects with mild to moderate chronic periodontitis were divided equally into two groups. After scaling and root planing in all subjects, green tea supplements were given to the case group and a placebo to the control group...
2016: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27175447/daily-intake-of-heat-killed-lactobacillus-plantarum-l-137-decreases-the-probing-depth-in-patients-undergoing-supportive-periodontal-therapy
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Kazuto Iwasaki, Kenta Maeda, Kouki Hidaka, Kenji Nemoto, Yoshitaka Hirose, Shinji Deguchi
PURPOSE: Heat-killed Lactobacillus plantarum L-137 (HK L-137) has been shown to activate innate and acquired immunity in humans. The aim of this randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial was to examine the effects of the oral administration of HK L-137 on the outcome of periodontal therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-nine patients undergoing supportive periodontal therapy (SPT) were randomly assigned to receive a capsule containing 10 mg of HK L-137 or a placebo capsule daily for 12 weeks...
2016: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27175446/investigation-of-intra-and-inter-individual-variations-of-mineralisation-in-healthy-permanent-human-enamel-by-raman-spectroscopy
#20
Anna Akkus, Ozan Akkus, Renato Roperto, Lisa Lang
PURPOSE: To systematically examine mineralisation of healthy human enamel using Raman spectroscopy and provide an understanding of baseline variations that may be inherent in the healthy enamel from individual to individual as well as variations within a tooth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Human teeth were obtained in compliance with the NIH guidelines. The teeth were collected fresh within the date of the extraction and kept moist at all times with wet tissue paper without any additional disinfecting treatment...
2016: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
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