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Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry

Ying-Ying Jiang
PURPOSE: To assess the prevalence of early childhood caries (ECC) in 2- to 5-year-old preschool children in Weifang City, China, and to investigate the factors related to this condition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out among 2829 children (2-5 years old, including 1601 boys and 1228 girls) in twenty kindergartens in Weifang City, China, in 2014. These children were selected via cluster sampling. First, the percentages of ECC and severe ECC (S-ECC) as well as the mean dmft were compared between different genders and ages, and the tooth distribution pattern of ECC was analysed...
2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Florian Wegehaupt, Fabiana Jorge, Thomas Attin, Tobias Tauböck
PURPOSE: To determine whether reducing the light-curing time of resin-based surface sealants influences their potential to prevent erosion, as well as their mechanical stability and degree of conversion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 240 bovine dentin samples were randomly divided into 10 groups (1-10). The 24 samples of one group remained unsealed and served as control. Three groups were sealed with Seal&Protect, another three groups with K-0184 (experimental sealant), and the remaining three groups with Syntac Classic...
2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Carine W Pires, Sara Fraga, Aline C O Beck, Kátia O Braun, Paulo E C Peres
PURPOSE: To investigate the antimicrobial efficacy of different chemical agents used for denture cleaning. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Biofilm samples collected from 10 removable dentures were subjected to 10 disinfection protocols: distilled water for 30 min (negative control); 1% sodium hypochlorite for 10 min (positive control); diluted sodium hypochlorite for 10 min; vinegar for 20 min; 0.2% peracetic acid for 5 min; alkaline peroxide solution for 5 min; alkaline peroxide solution for 30 min; 0...
2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Sakeenabi Basha, Roshan Noor Mohamed, Hiremath Shivalinga Swamy, Priyadrshini Hesaragatta Ramamurthy, Vrinda Sexena
PURPOSE: To determine the incidence of caries in a 3-year follow-up of obese adolescents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seven-hundred eighty five 13-year-old school children were selected randomly. Caries was recorded according to WHO criteria and body mass index was assessed in a medical evaluation. With appropriate sample weighting, relationships between caries and other variables were assessed using the chi-squared test, Kruskal-Wallis H-test, and multivariable logistic regression...
2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Ana Andrade, Adriana Amorim, Stênio Queiroz, Manuel Gordón-Núñez, Roseana Freitas, Hébel Galvão
PURPOSE: To evaluate and compare the quality of life and oral health indicators in patients undergoing haemodialysis considering the influence treatment duration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred patients were divided into two groups according to the duration of haemodialysis: (1) < 4 years (n = 60) and (2) ≥ 4 years (n = 40). Clinical examination of the oral cavity was performed and QoL was assessed using a validated questionnaire. RESULTS: In comparison with group 2, statistically significantly higher mean scores were observed in group 1 in the quality of life domains of psychological (p = 0...
2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Mary McGeown, Patricia Fitzpatrick
PURPOSE: To assess the relationship between high risk oral cancer patients - age ≥45 years, male gender, smoking, higher alcohol consumption - and dental attendance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were analysed from the SLÁN 2007 dataset of 10,364 adults living in Ireland. Binary logistic regression was used to determine the odds ratios for identified risk factors for oral cancer and attendance at a dental professional within the preceding 12 months. RESULTS: Males, those ≥45 years of age, and current smokers were less likely to have attended for a dental check-up within 12 months (p < 0...
2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Karina Duarte Vilella, Fabian Calixto Fraiz, Elaine Machado Benelli, Luciana Reichert da Silva Assunção
PURPOSE: This study evaluated the effect of oral health literacy (OHL) on the retention of health information in pregnant women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 175 pregnant women were randomly assigned to standard oral (spoken), written and control intervention groups. With the exception of the control group, the interventions investigated the eating habits and oral hygiene among children under 2 years of age. The participants' answers before the interventions (pre-test), 15 min after the interventions (post-test) and 4 weeks after the interventions (follow-up test) were used to estimate the knowledge score (KS)...
2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Marc Schätzle, Luca Golland, Raphael Patcas, Valerie Ronay, Beatrice Sener, Thomas Attin, Timo Peltomäki, Patrick R Schmidlin
PURPOSE: To test the cleaning efficacy of different manual toothbrushes in orthodontic patients in a single-blind randomised clinical trial. The brushes tested were selected based on previous in vitro tests. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-five regular orthodontic patients with a minimum of six bonded brackets on the maxillary anterior teeth were randomly assigned to three experimental groups: staged (2-level) (Candida Parodin, 12 patients) and V-shaped (Oral-B Ortho, 12 patients) toothbrush head designs were compared in a two-phase study to planar control brushes (Paro M 43, 11 patients)...
2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Edwin X J Goh, Lum Peng Lim
PURPOSE: To answer the question of whether powered toothbrushing is more effective than manual toothbrushing, this paper reviews various aspects of powered toothbrushes in terms of efficacy, safety, acceptability and special considerations for certain patient groups. Future research directions and gaps in the current knowledge are also discussed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The literature review was conducted using PubMed. A hand search of the references of the retrieved articles was also performed...
2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Eik Schiegnitz, Peer Kämmerer, Bilal Al-Nawas
PURPOSE: To examine the methodological quality of systematic reviews (SR) and meta-analyses on biomarkers in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) using validated checklists. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed to identify SR and meta-analyses focusing on biomarkers in OSCC published between January 1990 and March 2014. Details of the relevant aspects of methodology as reported in these SR were extracted from the full text publications...
2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Puttu Ganesh, Ramalingam Karthikeyan, Arunachalam Muthukumaraswamy, Joseph Anand
Periodontitis, the chronic inflammatory disease of the supporting tissues of the teeth, has now been implicated in a variety of disparate systemic infections of various organs such as the lungs, heart, kidneys and brain. This review examines various associations involving chronic inflammatory processes arising from the periodontium and Alzheimer's disease, a progressive dementia of the brain with an as yet unknown origin. Causal pathways are also reviewed, e.g. the direct invasion of oral pathogens such as T...
2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Anton Sculean
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Juan Manuel Guizar, Nathalie Muñoz, Norma Amador, Gabriela Garcia
PURPOSE: To determine the association between types of food consumed, nutritional status (BMI) and caries in schoolchildren. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed with 224 schoolchildren 6 to 12 years of age. DMFT/ dmft indices, level of oral hygiene, nutritional status as quantified by BMI and types of food consumed were determined in all participants. Data were analysed using multiple linear regression with significance set at p < 0.05...
2016: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Wen Zhang, Colman McGrath, Edward C M Lo
PURPOSE: The purpose of this clinical research was to analyze the effectiveness of DIAGNOdent in detecting root caries without dental scaling. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The status of 750 exposed, unfilled root surfaces was assessed by visual-tactile examination and DIAGNOdent before and after root scaling. The sensitivity and specificity of different cut-off DIAGNOdent values in diagnosing root caries with reference to visual-tactile criteria were evaluated on those root surfaces without visible plaque/calculus...
2016: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Irma Arpalahti, Mirkka Järvinen, Hanna-Mari Kommonen, Mimmi Tolvanen, Kaisu Pienihäkkinen
PURPOSE: To study new programmes in health promotion of 6- to 36-month-old children included in the public dental service (PDS) of Vantaa and compare them with the previously used programme by assessing parents' opinions on the oral health counselling and their readiness to make changes in oral health habits. An additional aim was to study parents' readiness to change their child's health habits in relation to the child's MS colonisation, health habits and parents' education. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The subjects consisted of the parents of first-born children examined at age two (n = 647)...
2016: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Serpil Djemal, Adam Rumjon, Iain C Macdougall, Parmjit Singh, Saman Warnakulasuriya
PURPOSE: To compare the oral health status of renal patients attending a dialysis unit at a London teaching hospital with an age- and sex-matched sample from the Adult Dental Health Survey UK (ADHS) 2009. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Questions adapted from the ADHS 2009 national survey were used to interview renal dialysis patients about their oral health, oral hygiene and dental visits. Any significant differences between the two groups were statistically analysed using the chi-squared (χ2) test...
2016: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Aishah Alsumait, Mohamed ElSalhy, Eman Almunezaa, Jitendra Ariga, Sabiha Al-Mutawa, Maryam Amin
PURPOSE: To measure oral health (OH) knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) of primary school teachers and to evaluate the relationship between these measures and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 1013 school teachers from all regions of Kuwait were randomly selected in this cross-sectional study. A questionnaire on demographics, knowledge, attitude, practices and OHRQoL was used. Frequencies and means (SD) were used for data description...
2016: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Akram Karimi-Shahanjarini, Zeinab Makvandi, Javad Faradmal, Saeid Bashirian, Mohammad M Hazavehei
PURPOSE: The present study sought to apply the expanded theory of planned behaviour (TPB) to the prediction of mothers' intention to brush their children's teeth and examine the mediating role of the variables of the TPB on the relationship between past behaviour and the intention. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out among 211 mothers with children ages 2 to 5 years. Participants completed measures of the TPB (i.e. attitude, subjective norm, perceived control and intention) and past behaviour in relation to brushing...
2016: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Aditi Chopra, Betsy S Thomas, Kishan Mohan, Karthik Sivaraman
PURPOSE: To evaluate the negative auditory and non-auditory effects developed immediately after using ultrasonic scalers and their potential role in the development of permanent hearing loss. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The auditory functions of 60 dental clinicians were evaluated with the pure tone audiometry test (PTA), tympanogram and the otoacoustic emission test (OAE) before and immediately after using ultrasonic scalers. The paired t-test was used to evaluate the difference in the pre- and post-exposure recordings for all three tests...
2016: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Anna Turska-Szybka, Dariusz Gozdowski, Elżbieta Mierzwińska-Nastalska, Dorota Olczak-Kowalczyk
PURPOSE: To clinically evaluate the effectiveness of resin infiltration in conjunction with fluoride varnish treatment vs fluoride varnish treatment alone on facial smooth-surface caries lesions in deciduous teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomised clinical trial was conducted in 419 children aged 18-71 months with at least two active smooth-surface caries lesions in deciduous teeth (ICDAS II score 2). Eighty-one participants met the inclusion criteria and were allocated to one of the two treatment groups: resin infiltration and fluoride varnish (RI+FV) (n = 41) and fluoride varnish only (FV) (n = 40)...
2016: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
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