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Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry

Ana Carolina Mendes, Manuel Restrepo, Diego Bussaneli, Angela Cristina Zuanon
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) in the remineralisation of white-spot lesions in 80 anterior teeth of children aged 5-13 years enrolled in public schools of the city of Botucatu, São Paulo, Brazil. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study sample consisted of 36 individuals divided into 4 groups: G1. control (placebo paste); G2. fluoride gel; G3. CPP-ACP; G4: CPP-ACP + fluoride. Each product was applied twice by a calibrated examiner with a week of interval between...
January 25, 2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Astha Chauhan, Sandesh Nagarajappa, Pralhad L Dasar, Prashant Mishra
PURPOSE: To determine and compare oral health status, knowledge and attitude among siblings of mentally disabled with siblings of normal healthy children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 240 study subjects consisting of 120 each of siblings of mentally disabled and normal, healthy children (control group) matched for age and gender were selected by convenience sampling. Oral health was assessed using the WHO-1997 proforma. A pretested questionnaire (30 items) was used for oral health knowledge and attitude assessment...
January 25, 2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Marcos Ximenes, Rafael Dutra de Armas, Thaisa Cezária Triches, Mariane Cardoso, Ricardo de Souza Vieira
PURPOSE: To characterise in vivo the structure of bacterial communities in decayed and sound primary teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Samples of biofilms were collected from three groups of patients with complete and exclusively primary dentition (n = 45): G1: sound teeth (n = 15); G2: enamel lesion (n = 15); G3: dentin lesion (n = 15). DNA was extracted (CTAB 2%) from the biofilm, the partial 16S rRNA gene was amplified with Bacteria Universal Primers (BA338fGC - UN518r) and subjected to DGGE (denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis)...
January 15, 2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Joachim Enax, Matthias Epple
PURPOSE: Human tooth enamel consists mostly of minerals, primarily hydroxyapatite, Ca10(PO4)6(OH)2, and thus synthetic hydroxyapatite can be used as a biomimetic oral care agent. This review describes the synthesis and characterization of hydroxyapatite from a chemist's perspective and provides an overview of its current use in oral care, with a focus on dentin hypersensitivity, caries, biofilm management, erosion, and enamel lesions. SOURCES: Reviews and original research papers published in English and German were included...
January 15, 2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Flávia Isaia Vieira, Fabio Zovico Maxnuck Soares, Rachel de Oliveira Rocha
PURPOSE: This study evaluated the colour changes of demineralized enamel after treatment with coloured fluoride gel. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Enamel blocks obtained from bovine incisors were submitted to artificial caries induction by pH cycling followed by fluoride gel applications (2% sodium fluoride, pH 6.8) using a colourless gel (control group), pink or blue gels. The enamel optical properties were evaluated by spectrophotometry, using the CIE L*a*b* system at baseline (sound enamel), after artificial caries induction (demineralised enamel) and after each of the five fluoride gel applications (weekly intervals)...
January 15, 2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Janet-Ofelia Guevara-Canales, Rafael Morales-Vadillo, Sonia-Julia Sacsaquispe-Contreras, Dora-Erika Alberca-Ramos, Hans Morgenstern-Orezzoli, Carlos-Enrique Cava-Vergiú
PURPOSE: To determine whether self-perceived oral health impact and satisfaction measure oral health in the same way as do clinical indicators in adults and older adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The population consisted of adult patients aged 20 to 59 years receiving care at "Juan Pablo II" Health Care Centre and older adult patients aged 60 or more years from the home for the elderly "Virgen del Amor Hermoso", Lima, Peru. The indices Oral Impacts on Daily Performance (OIDP) and Oral Satisfaction Scale of 0-10 (OSS 0-10) were used to evaluate perceived impact of and satisfaction with oral health...
January 15, 2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Leonardo Victor Galvão-Moreira, Cláudia Monteiro de Andrade, Jéssica Francisca Fernandes de Oliveira, Maria Rosa Quaresma Bomfim, Patricia de Maria Silva Figueiredo, Luciana Salles Branco-de-Almeida
PURPOSE: To investigate salivary parameters of caries susceptibility in men and women in order to identify potential variations due to sexual dimorphism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 46 female and 24 male patients, aged 18-40 years, participated in this study. Unstimulated saliva was collected for the evaluation of flow rate, pH, secretory IgA, Snyder test scores, and Streptococcus mutans counts (confirmed by PCR assay). Statistical analysis included the Mann-Whitney, Kruskal-Wallis and Bonferroni tests, one-way ANOVA, and the Spearman correlation at a 5% significance level, followed by a general linear model and multiple linear regressions...
January 15, 2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Sravani A Ambati, Suhas Kulkarni, Dolar Doshi, M Padma Reddy, Srikanth Reddy
PURPOSE: Dental caries is the primary pathological cause of early tooth loss in children, which may lead to malnutrition and other health problems. Identification of patients with active carious lesions and at high risk for caries can help to dramatically decrease the disease prevalence. Thus, recognising the importance of early diagnosis of caries, the present study was carried out to correlate caries with oral microflora using Oratest among 12- to 15-year-old schoolchildren. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 100 children were divided into control and test groups (n = 50) according to their DMFT scores...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Alessandro Ugolini, Simona Salamone, Paola Agostino, Enrica Sardi, Armando Silvestrini-Biavati
PURPOSE: To evaluate the prevalence of early childhood caries (ECC) and severe ECC (S-ECC) among Italian preschool children and its predictors regarding children's lifestyle. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out involving 563 preschool children. A questionnaire for children's parents and clinical examinations were conducted by calibrated, blinded examiners. The odds ratios (OR) for ECC or S-ECC and co-presence of risk factors were calculated using univariate and multivariate models...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Tatjana Kanjevac, Borivoj Bijelic, Denis Brajkovic, Miroslav Vasovic, Radojica Stolic
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has become a worldwide public health problem. It is estimated that nearly 90% of patients with chronic renal failure manifest some symptoms of oral disease. With advances in medical treatment, CKD patients are living longer and require oral care. Chronic kidney disease is often accompanied by disturbances in mineral metabolism which are classified as their own clinical entity known as CKD-mineral and bone disorder (CKD-MBD). CKD-MBD affects all aspects of bone physiology: bone volume, bone turnover and bone mineralization...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Amit Rekhi, Charu Mohan Marya, Ruchi Nagpal, Sukhvinder Singh Oberoi
PURPOSE: To assess the oral health related quality of life (OHRQoL) among older people residing in old-age homes in Delhi, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Oral health related quality of life was measured by using the Hindi version of Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI) which was tested for its reliability and validity. Sociodemographic data were collected and questions regarding the self-perception of general health, oral health and perceived need for dental treatment were put forward...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Ana Luna, Monalisa Gomes, Ana Granville-Garcia, Valdenice Menezes
PURPOSE: To evaluate the perception of treatment needs and the use of dental services for children/adolescents with sickle cell disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 250 children/adolescents with sickle cell disease at a reference center in the city of Recife, Brazil. Data on the use of dental services were collected using a 13-item questionnaire administered to parents/guardians. The examiner in charge of determining l caries and periodontal status had previously undergone a training and calibration exercise...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Hussam Milly, Avijit Banerjee
PURPOSE: To clinically examine the effect of the type of ight-curing unit on the light intensity output and to assess different operator variables which affect light curing of photo-initiated restorative dental materials, in Damascus, Syria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 185 private dental practices in the Damascus area were visited to invite the clinicians to participate in this study. The intensity of 163 light-curing units (LCUs) was assessed by radiometry in a standard protocol...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Danielle Clark, Liran Levin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Tejasi Avasare, John Warren, Fang Qian, Teresa Marshall, Karin Weber-Gasparoni, David Drake
PURPOSE: To assess the role of sociodemographic, dietary, and clinical factors in early mutans streptococci (MS) colonization in children aged 6 to 24 months who were followed for 18 months. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety-four children (mean age: 11.5 ± 4.99 months at baseline) were enrolled in the study from the Women, Infants and Children Supplemental Nutrition Program during 2003-2004. Salivary MS levels of the children were determined at baseline and at 18 months using a semi-quantitative method...
November 7, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Araya Phonghanyudh, Chayathorn Ruangdit, Suchaya Pornprasertsuk-D Amrongsri, Prathip Phanthumvanit
PURPOSE: To assess the one-year outcome of glass-ionomer cement (GIC) restorations with partial carious dentin removal in primary molars using digital subtraction radiographs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Children ages 6-8 years were recruited. Forty-nine primary molars with deep carious lesions were studied. The carious dentin was removed at the dentoenamel junction (DEJ) and restored with GIC. Digital radiographs were taken immediately after restoration, and at 6 and 12 months after restoration...
September 21, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Ewa Dolińska, Anna Skurska, Violetta Dymicka-Piekarska, Robert Milewski, Jan Pietruski, Małgorzata Pietruska, Anton Sculean
PURPOSE: To assess the presence of HNP1-3 in the gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) of patients suffering from aggressive periodontitis before and after nonsurgical periodontal therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty patients, each with generalised aggressive periodontitis (GAP) were included in the study. After periodontal examination, one site with a probing depth (PD) ≥ 4 mm was selected. Patients received nonsurgical treatment (scaling and root planing [SRP]) with additional administration of systemic antibiotic therapy (amoxicillin 375 mg three times daily + metronidazole 250 mg three times daily for 7 days)...
September 21, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Ling Sun, Hai Ming Wong, Colman P McGrath
PURPOSE: To investigate the impact of untreated malocclusion on different aspects of oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: All relevant literature published up to February 18, 2016 was collected from nine electronic databases. To make studies comparable, studies that used the dental aesthetic index (DAI), index of orthodontic treatment need (IOTN), or index of complexity, outcome and need (ICON) to measure malocclusion and oral health impact profile (OHIP) to measure OHRQoL were selected for systematic review...
September 21, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Rodrigo A Giacaman, Constanza Fernández, Cecilia Muñoz-Sandoval, Nathaly Fuentes
PURPOSE: Widely used in caries prevention, fluoridated varnish (FV) is also capable of remineralising carious lesions. However, the retention time of FV needed on enamel to ensure the maximum benefit is unclear. This study aimed to determine whether an increase in the retention time of 5% sodium fluoride (NaF) varnishes on enamel carious lesions enhances remineralisation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Carious lesions were generated on bovine enamel slabs and treated with one of three 5% NaF commercial varnishes: Duraphat, Durashield or FlorOpal...
August 7, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Mehmet Bani, Alev Alaçam, Çağdaş Çınar
PURPOSE: To assess the responsiveness of the Family Impact Scale (FIS) to describe changes in quality of life (QoL) after traumatic dental injury (TDI), and compare the efficacy of subscales. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Parents of 110 children aged 7-15 admitted to the Gazi University Faculty of Dentistry Department of Paediatric Dentistry for dental trauma were included in this study. A three-part questionnaire was distributed to the participants: questions regarding personal information, TDI and QoL...
July 4, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
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