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Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry

Aleksandar Milosavljevic, Bengt Götrick, Hadar Hallström, Andreas Stavropoulos, Kerstin Knutsson
PURPOSE: To evaluate general dental practitioners' (GDPs) and dental hygienists' (DHs) assessment of prognosis, suggested treatment goals, and estimated number of treatment sessions in patients with varying severity of periodontal disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-seven GDPs and fifty DHs in a Swedish county participated in a questionnaire study, based on three patient cases: a patient with generalised bone loss but no clinical signs of inflammation (well-maintained); a patient with clinical signs of inflammation and generalised bone loss (periodontitis); and a patient with clinical signs of inflammation but no bone loss (gingivitis)...
June 27, 2016: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Mahmoud M Bakr, Emma Skerman, Usman Khan, Roy George
PURPOSE: To evaluate the knowledge of signs, symptoms and risk factors associated with oral cancer amongst undergraduate dental students and members of the general public. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was open for a period of six months (Jan-June, 2013) to all undergraduate dental students in the 4th and 5th year of the dental science programme and dental patients attending the School of Dentistry, Griffith University, Australia. The survey evaluated the knowledge and awareness of clinical signs and symptoms and risk factors of oral cancers...
June 27, 2016: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Pradeep S Anand, Deepak Kumar Sagar, Supriya Mishra, Sumit Narang, Kavitha P Kamath, Sukumaran Anil
PURPOSE: To compare the total and differential leukocyte counts in the peripheral blood of generalised aggressive periodontitis patients with that of periodontally healthy subjects in a central Indian population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-five patients with generalised aggressive periodontitis and 63 periodontally healthy subjects were enrolled for the purpose of the study. All participants received a full-mouth periodontal examination in which probing depth and clinical attachment level were recorded...
June 27, 2016: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Santosh Goud, Rampalli Viswa Chandra, Aileni Amarender Reddy, Bavigadda Harish Reddy, Sripriya Nagarajan, Anumala Naveen
PURPOSE: To assess oral hygiene and the gingival and periodontal disease status in subjects scored under the modified Mallampati classification (MMC) of the oropharynx. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The clinical parameters included recording MMC scores, simplified oral hygiene index (OHI-S), modified gingival index (MGI), tongue coating index (TCI) and periodontal status of the subjects. Eight additional parameters, which included percentage of sites with bleeding on probing (BOP), sites with probing depth (PD) ≥ 5 mm, tooth loss, attachment loss (AL):age ratio, diabetic status, smoking, the interplay of dental status and systemic factors (DS-SFI), and background characteristics (socioeconomic status and stress) were also assessed...
June 27, 2016: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Amna Umer, Zelalem Teka Haile, Halima Ahmadi-Montecalvo, Ilana R Azulay Chertok
PURPOSE: To examine the association between sociodemographic, economic and health-related lifestyle factors and receipt of pre-pregnancy dental cleaning in West Virginia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A population-based secondary data analysis was conducted using the 2009-2010 West Virginia Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS) dataset. The study population consisted of 3050 women who answered the survey question about pre-pregnancy dental cleaning. RESULTS: Approximately 47% of the participants visited a dentist during the 12 months before pregnancy...
June 27, 2016: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Vito Vrbič, Martina Vrbič
PURPOSE: The first large-scale epidemiological survey on dental caries in the Republic of Slovenia was conducted in 1987 and repeated in 1993, 1998, 2003, 2008 and 2013, using the same methodology. The aim of the study was to describe the trend of caries in 12-year-olds in Slovenia from 1987 to 2013. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The method applied in all six surveys was the National Oral Pathfinder Survey using WHO combined oral health and treatment need assessment forms...
June 27, 2016: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Gustavo Henrique Apolinario Vieira, Marcia Bessa Nogueira, Eduardo Jose Gaio, Cassiano Kuchenbecker Rosing, Sergio Lima Santiago, Rodrigo Otavio Rego
PURPOSE: To compare the effect of toothbrushing abrasion with hydrated silica-based whitening and regular toothpastes on root dentin using contact profilometry. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety dentin specimens (4 x 4 x 2 mm) were randomly divided into five experimental groups (n = 18) according to the toothpaste: three whitening (W1, W2 and W3) and two regular toothpastes (R1 and R2) produced by two different manufacturers. Using a brushing machine, each specimen was brushed with a constant load of 300 g for 2500 cycles (4...
June 27, 2016: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Deise Cruz Oliveira, John J Warren, Steven M Levy, Justine Kolker, Fang Qian, Clifton Carey
PURPOSE: Little is known about use or acceptance of minimally invasive dentistry (MID) in the USA, particularly in public health settings. The purpose of this study was to assess opinions concerning MID among dentists in public-health practices. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the views of dentists in public-health practices concerning MID using an online survey instrument among National Network for Oral Health Access (NNOHA) and American Association of Community Dental Programs (AACDP) members...
June 27, 2016: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Juan Manuel Guizar, Nathalie Muñoz, Norma Amador, Gabriela Garcia
PURPOSE: To determine the association between types of food consumed, nutritional status (BMI) and caries in schoolchildren. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed with 224 schoolchildren 6 to 12 years of age. DMFT/ dmft indices, level of oral hygiene, nutritional status as quantified by BMI and types of food consumed were determined in all participants. Data were analysed using multiple linear regression with significance set at p < 0.05...
2016: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Wen Zhang, Colman McGrath, Edward C M Lo
PURPOSE: The purpose of this clinical research was to analyze the effectiveness of DIAGNOdent in detecting root caries without dental scaling. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The status of 750 exposed, unfilled root surfaces was assessed by visual-tactile examination and DIAGNOdent before and after root scaling. The sensitivity and specificity of different cut-off DIAGNOdent values in diagnosing root caries with reference to visual-tactile criteria were evaluated on those root surfaces without visible plaque/calculus...
2016: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Irma Arpalahti, Mirkka Järvinen, Hanna-Mari Kommonen, Mimmi Tolvanen, Kaisu Pienihäkkinen
PURPOSE: To study new programmes in health promotion of 6- to 36-month-old children included in the public dental service (PDS) of Vantaa and compare them with the previously used programme by assessing parents' opinions on the oral health counselling and their readiness to make changes in oral health habits. An additional aim was to study parents' readiness to change their child's health habits in relation to the child's MS colonisation, health habits and parents' education. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The subjects consisted of the parents of first-born children examined at age two (n = 647)...
2016: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Serpil Djemal, Adam Rumjon, Iain C Macdougall, Parmjit Singh, Saman Warnakulasuriya
PURPOSE: To compare the oral health status of renal patients attending a dialysis unit at a London teaching hospital with an age- and sex-matched sample from the Adult Dental Health Survey UK (ADHS) 2009. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Questions adapted from the ADHS 2009 national survey were used to interview renal dialysis patients about their oral health, oral hygiene and dental visits. Any significant differences between the two groups were statistically analysed using the chi-squared (χ2) test...
2016: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Aishah Alsumait, Mohamed ElSalhy, Eman Almunezaa, Jitendra Ariga, Sabiha Al-Mutawa, Maryam Amin
PURPOSE: To measure oral health (OH) knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) of primary school teachers and to evaluate the relationship between these measures and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 1013 school teachers from all regions of Kuwait were randomly selected in this cross-sectional study. A questionnaire on demographics, knowledge, attitude, practices and OHRQoL was used. Frequencies and means (SD) were used for data description...
2016: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Akram Karimi-Shahanjarini, Zeinab Makvandi, Javad Faradmal, Saeid Bashirian, Mohammad M Hazavehei
PURPOSE: The present study sought to apply the expanded theory of planned behaviour (TPB) to the prediction of mothers' intention to brush their children's teeth and examine the mediating role of the variables of the TPB on the relationship between past behaviour and the intention. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out among 211 mothers with children ages 2 to 5 years. Participants completed measures of the TPB (i.e. attitude, subjective norm, perceived control and intention) and past behaviour in relation to brushing...
2016: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Aditi Chopra, Betsy S Thomas, Kishan Mohan, Karthik Sivaraman
PURPOSE: To evaluate the negative auditory and non-auditory effects developed immediately after using ultrasonic scalers and their potential role in the development of permanent hearing loss. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The auditory functions of 60 dental clinicians were evaluated with the pure tone audiometry test (PTA), tympanogram and the otoacoustic emission test (OAE) before and immediately after using ultrasonic scalers. The paired t-test was used to evaluate the difference in the pre- and post-exposure recordings for all three tests...
2016: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Anna Turska-Szybka, Dariusz Gozdowski, Elżbieta Mierzwińska-Nastalska, Dorota Olczak-Kowalczyk
PURPOSE: To clinically evaluate the effectiveness of resin infiltration in conjunction with fluoride varnish treatment vs fluoride varnish treatment alone on facial smooth-surface caries lesions in deciduous teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomised clinical trial was conducted in 419 children aged 18-71 months with at least two active smooth-surface caries lesions in deciduous teeth (ICDAS II score 2). Eighty-one participants met the inclusion criteria and were allocated to one of the two treatment groups: resin infiltration and fluoride varnish (RI+FV) (n = 41) and fluoride varnish only (FV) (n = 40)...
2016: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Liran Levin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Faezeh Eslamipour, Pedram Iranmanesh, Ali Borzabadi-Farahani
PURPOSE: To assess the prevalence of dental trauma (DT) and its associated factors in 9- to 14-year-olds. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was carried out through clinical examination of the permanent incisors and canines of 907 schoolchildren (9 to 14 years old, average age = 11 ± 0.5 [SD] years, 55% female and 45% male) enrolled in 20 public schools in Isfahan, Iran. The demographic data, history and cause of trauma were recorded during patient interviews and with a structured questionnaire filled in by their parents...
2016: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Liran Levin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Zahra Jamali, Naser Asl Aminabadi, Mohammad Samiei, Alireza Sighari Deljavan, Marzieh Shokravi, Sajjad Shirazi
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine the effect of chlorhexidine disinfection, as a chemical method of oral hygiene practice, and subsequent use of probiotics on halitosis in children. The effects of mechanical and chemical oral hygiene practice methods on the severity of halitosis were also assessed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 208 children with organoleptic test (OLT) scores of 2 or more were randomly assigned to four groups: A: conventional oral hygiene practices (COH) including toothbrushing and flossing; B: COH + tongue scraping (TS); C: COH + TS + chlorhexidine; D: COH + TS + chlorhexidine + probiotics...
2016: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
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