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Research in Sports Medicine

Liane E Hunter, Chloe Ifrah, Molly E Zimmerman, Mimi Kim, Richard B Lipton, Walter F Stewart, Michael L Lipton
The effects of soccer-related head impacts, beyond overt concussions, on Patient Reported Outcomes (PROs) have not been explored to date. Generalized estimating equations were employed to determine the association between soccer-related head impacts (headers in the prior 2 weeks, unintentional head impacts in the prior 2 weeks, headers in the prior 12 months and lifetime concussions) on PROs including depression, anxiety, sleep disturbance and sleep impairment. Compared to players with no unintentional head impacts in the prior 2 weeks, players with one unintentional exposure reported more symptoms of anxiety (p = 0...
July 13, 2018: Research in Sports Medicine
Chloe Xiaoyun Chan, Keng Lin Wong, Shi Jie Toh, Lingaraj Krishna
We conducted an epidemiological study to identify the demographics and pre-operative characteristics of patients undergoing primary anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction in a multi-ethnic Asian population. A retrospective study was performed on 696 patients who registered in our ACL reconstruction registry from January 2013 to August 2016. Important inter-ethnic differences were found. Indian patients were significantly older compared to Malay and Chinese patients. Malay and Indian patients were more likely to be male, overweight, and obese compared to Chinese patients...
July 9, 2018: Research in Sports Medicine
Vincenzo Rago, João Silva, Magni Mohr, Morten Randers, Daniel Barreira, Peter Krustrup, António Rebelo
We examined the influence of competitive standard of the opponent on activity profile and fatigue during preseason friendly soccer matches. Time motion analysis was performed in a male professional soccer team (N = 14) during six friendly games played against professional, semi-professional and amateur-level opponents (PL, SPL and AL). The reference team covered higher acceleration distance, acceleration and deceleration > 2 m· s-2 distance against PL than AL (ES = 0.77 to 0.91). Acceleration and deceleration distance > 2 m· s-2 was also higher (ES = 0...
July 9, 2018: Research in Sports Medicine
Rémy Hurdiel, Samantha M Riedy, Gregoire P Millet, Benoit Mauvieux, Thierry Pezé, Charlotte Elsworth-Edelsten, Dudoignon Martin, Gauntier Zunquin, Grégory Dupont
Ninety-two runners completed the study during a 168 km mountain ultramarathon (MUM). Sleepiness, self-reported sleep duration, and cognitive performance were assessed the day before the race and up to eight checkpoints during the race. Sleepiness was assessed using the Karolinska Sleepiness Scale. Cognitive performance was also assessed using the Digital Symbol Substitution Task (DSST). Runner reported 23.40 ± 22.20 minutes of sleep (mean ± SD) during the race (race time: 29.38 to 46.20 hours). Sleepiness and cognitive performance decrements increased across this race, and this was modulated by time-of-day with higher sleepiness and greater performance decrements occurring during the early morning hours...
July 4, 2018: Research in Sports Medicine
Jacopo Antonino Vitale, Valerio Povìa, Nicolò Danilo Vitale, Tito Bassani, Giovanni Lombardi, Luca Giacomelli, Giuseppe Banfi, Antonio La Torre
There is not enough evidence on the impact of different speed endurance training regimes on footballers' ability to perform multiple shuttle run performance. This study examined the effect of 4 weeks of speed endurance maintenance (SEM) and speed endurance production (SEP) training on the 5-meter multiple shuttle run test (5-m MST) performance in young elite soccer players. A parallel two-groups, longitudinal design was used. Fifteen players were divided to either SEM (8 repetitions of 20-s all-out sprint interspersed with 40 s of recovery) or SEP (8 repetitions of 20-s all-out bout interspersed with 120 s of recovery) training group...
July 4, 2018: Research in Sports Medicine
Dirk-Wouter Smits, Frank Backx, Henk Van Der Worp, Marienke Van Middelkoop, Fred Hartgens, Evert Verhagen, Bas Kluitenberg, Bionka Huisstede
This study examined the criterion validity of self-reported running-related injuries (RRI) by novice runners. Fifty-eight participants (41 females; age 46 ± 11 yrs) of the "Start-to-Run" program provided self-reports on their RRIs using an online questionnaire. Subsequently, they attended injury consultations with sports medicine physicians who provided physician-reports (blinded for the self-reports) as a reference standard. Self-reports and physician-reports included information on injury location (i...
July 3, 2018: Research in Sports Medicine
Bruno Mendes, Jose M Palao, André Silvério, Adam Owen, Sandro Carriço, Francisco Calvete, Filipe Manuel Clemente
The study aimed to assess the changes in the perceived internal load and wellness status of volleyball players in preparatory, regular (i.e. uncongested), and congested weeks during a full season. Thirteen elite volleyball players were studied (237 training sessions and 37 official matches). Session-RPE, muscle soreness, stress, fatigue, sleep quality, and the Hooper Index were measured daily using questionnaires. Training sessions were classified based on the number of matches per week and the days before or after a match: preparatory (no match), regular (one match), and congested weeks (two or more matches)...
July 3, 2018: Research in Sports Medicine
Okba Selmi, Hamza Marzouki, Ibrahim Ouergui, Wissam BenKhalifa, Anissa Bouassida
The study investigated the effect of intense training cycle (IT) of early season preparation period (SPP) and psychological status on technical and physiological parameters during small-sided games (SSG) and the relationships between these variables. Sixteen professional soccer players participated in the study (mean±SD: age: 24.5±4.1). Training load (TL), Total quality recovery (TQR) and well-being indices were performed daily. TL increased progressively (%TL=31.56 [AU]). Physiological variables did not change after IT and were not influenced by well-being indices and TQR...
July 3, 2018: Research in Sports Medicine
Sebastian Möck, René Hartmann, Klaus Wirth, Gregor Rosenkranz, Christoph Mickel
Sprinting represents a result-relevant task in many sports. The correlation of sprinting performance and one-repetition maximum (1RM) in a squat has been assumed as assured. Results of the correlation with 1RM of the plantar flexors are still pending. Assuming an increasing relevance of the reactive working capacity with increasing distance, a decrease of the influence of maximum strength of the calves is conceivable. We investigated the correlation of 1RM in a calf raise and sprint performance in consecutive sections up to 30 meters...
July 2, 2018: Research in Sports Medicine
Athos Trecroci, Luca Cavaggioni, Michele Lastella, Marco Broggi, Enrico Perri, F Marcello Iaia, Giampietro Alberti
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of 12-week balance and slackline training programs on physical performance and perceived enjoyment scale in young soccer players. Forty-one preadolescent soccer players were assigned to two experimental groups performing traditional balance (BLT) or slackline training (SLT), and a control group. Pre-post assessment encompassed Balance Error Scoring System (BESS), Star Excursion Balance test (SEBT), sprint with 90° turns (S90), and countermovement jump (CMJ)...
July 2, 2018: Research in Sports Medicine
Scott C Pinfold, Michael C Harnett, Darryl J Cochrane
It has been purported that the mechanism for muscular improvement after a gluteal warm-up protocol is likely to occur from neural activation. However, little is known about whether changes in muscular performance are due to changes in muscle activity. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine whether a lower-limb warm-up that targets the gluteal muscle group would improve countermovement jump and short-distance sprinting through increased muscle activity. Ten semi-professional rugby union players (age 25...
June 30, 2018: Research in Sports Medicine
Tracy B Høeg, G Kim Corrigan, Martin D Hoffman
Significant visual impairment occurs in a small percentage of ultramarathon participants and is thought to be due to corneal edema. Yet, the usual effects of prolonged exercise on the eye have not been previously reported. Eight study volunteers who completed the 161-km Western States Endurance Run underwent pre-race and post-race binocular and monocular visual acuity, intraocular pressure, and corneal thickness measurements. None was symptomatic with visual impairment during the race and they demonstrated no changes from pre-race to post-race in visual acuity (p = 0...
June 29, 2018: Research in Sports Medicine
Evangelos Bekris, Ioannis Gissis, Stylianos Kounalakis
The present study examined the construct validity and reliability of a new dribbling agility test (DAT) that incorporates reactive agility and multiple change of direction. To check its' validity, (a) DAT was performed by four groups (under 10, under 12, under 14 and under 16 yrs) of young soccer players (n = 125 in each group) and (b) a regression analysis was conducted to define the best DAT predictors. The reliability of DAT was assessed with repeated measurements. This test can differentiate the dribbling skill between groups (p < 0...
June 28, 2018: Research in Sports Medicine
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April 2018: Research in Sports Medicine
Estibaliz Romaratezabala, Fábio Yuzo Nakamura, Daniel Castillo, Ilargi Gorostegi-Anduaga, Javier Yanci
The purpose of the study was to analyse the effect of two warm-up protocols of different duration on physical performance, perceived load and perception of being ready for a match in handball players. Eighteen handball players were randomly divided into two groups (Wup34min , warm-up protocol of 34 min, Wup17min , warm-up protocol of 17 min). Before and after the warm-up protocols, they performed a battery of physical tests and recorded their perception of feeling ready for a match. At the end of the warm-up protocols, all the players evaluated their differentiated perceived effort (dRPE)...
April 2018: Research in Sports Medicine
Gai Yang, Anthony S Leicht, Carlos Lago, Miguel-Ángel Gómez
The aim of this study was to identify the key physical and technical performance variables related to team quality in the Chinese Super League (CSL). Teams' performance variables were collected from 240 matches and analysed via analysis of variance between end-of-season-ranked groups and multinomial logistic regression. Significant physical performance differences between groups were identified for sprinting (top-ranked group vs. upper-middle-ranked group) and total distance covered without possession (upper and upper-middle-ranked groups and lower-ranked group)...
April 2018: Research in Sports Medicine
Martin D Hoffman, Rhonna Krouse
Participants in the Ultrarunners Longitudinal TRAcking (ULTRA) Study were asked to answer "yes" or "no" to the question "If you were to learn, with absolute certainty, that ultramarathon running is bad for your health, would you stop your ultramarathon training and participation?" Among the 1349 runners, 74.1% answered "no". Compared with those answering "yes", they were younger (p < 0.0001), less likely to be married (p = 0.019), had less children (p = 0...
April 2018: Research in Sports Medicine
Okba Selmi, Bruno Gonçalves, Ibrahim Ouergui, Jaime Sampaio, Anissa Bouassida
This study aimed to assess the effects of the total quality of recovery and well-being indices (self-ratings of sleep during the preceding night, stress, fatigue and delayed onset muscle soreness) on rating of perceived exertion (RPE) and physical enjoyment (PE) during small-sided games. A total of 20 professional soccer players (25 ± 0.8 years) completed four 5-a-side game sessions of 25-min duration each (4 × 4 min work with 3-min passive recovery in-between). All variables were collected before each game session with the exception of RPE and Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale that were collected after...
April 2018: Research in Sports Medicine
James R Churilla, Tammie M Johnson, M Ryan Richardson, Bethany D Williams, Brandi S Rariden, Adrian J Boltz
Body mass index (BMI) continues to be used as a marker of health due its strong correlation with adiposity and health. Physical activity (PA) has been shown to be favourably associated with a desirable BMI. Few studies have examined mode of PA participation across BMI indices with a mutually exclusive underweight BMI range. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between modes of PA and BMI. Data from the 2015 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System was analysed. Underweight, overweight, and obese BMI categories possessed 35, 20, and 46% lower odds of meeting current PA guidelines...
April 2018: Research in Sports Medicine
Alexandra Harriss, David M Walton, James P Dickey
In soccer, heading may be related to subsequent neurological impairment. Accurate measures of heading exposure are therefore important. This study evaluated whether 12 female youth players accurately recalled their average number of headers over an entire soccer season (20 games total). Their self-reported average number of headers per game was multiplied by the number of games that they participated in, and were compared to actual number of headers extracted from game video. All players overestimated the number of headers compared to game video...
April 2018: Research in Sports Medicine
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