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Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology: Official Journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561318/https-journals-lww-com-cogbehavneurol-fulltext-2005-03000-impaired__affective_theory_of_mind__is_associated-7-aspx-affective-theory-of-mind-and-the-function-of-the-ventral-medial-prefrontal-cortex
#1
Heather L Kosakowski, Rebecca Saxe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology: Official Journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561317/https-journals-lww-com-cogbehavneurol-fulltext-2001-10000-behavioral_changes_in_huntington_disease-4-aspx-behavioral-changes-in-huntington-disease
#2
Jason Brandt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology: Official Journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561316/factors-contributing-to-the-failure-to-replicate-findings-of-tdcs-induced-enhancement-of-verbal-fluency-a-response-to-cattaneo-et-al-2016
#3
Tracy D Vannorsdall, J Jason van Steenburgh, David J Schretlen, Rasika Jayatillake, Richard L Skolasky, Barry Gordon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology: Official Journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561315/a-degenerative-form-of-mixed-transcortical-aphasia
#4
Leila Saadatpour, Usama Tariq, Alicia Parker, Leilani Doty, Kenneth M Heilman
Mixed transcortical aphasia (MTA) is characterized by decreased spontaneous speech, impaired naming, and poor comprehension, but with intact repetition. MTA has been reported to be the sequela of left hemisphere watershed infarction that isolates Wernicke's perisylvian arc. We report a 55-year-old right-handed woman who began having word-finding difficulty and then gradually developed impaired spontaneous speech, comprehension, and naming, but with intact repetition. Magnetic resonance imaging showed atrophy in the left frontal, parietal, and temporal lobes...
March 2018: Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology: Official Journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561314/neuropsychological-profile-of-a-girl-with-wiskott-aldrich-syndrome
#5
Andrea M Byrne, Tal Schechter, Robyn Westmacott
We report the neuropsychological profile of a 6-year-old girl with Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome, a rare X-linked immunodeficiency disorder associated with thrombocytopenia, eczema, recurrent infections, and malignancy. Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome occurs almost exclusively in males and is extremely rare in females, with no known research focused on cognitive and academic functioning in this population. Our patient was referred due to concerns about her memory and academic functioning. She had a history of progressive thrombocytopenia and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation at age 15 months...
March 2018: Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology: Official Journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561313/implicit-behavioral-change-in-response-to-cognitive-tasks-in-alzheimer-disease
#6
Iris Bomilcar, Robin G Morris, Richard G Brown, Daniel C Mograbi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Lack of awareness about impairments is commonly found in Alzheimer disease (AD), but recent evidence suggests that patients may respond to the experience of illness despite limited awareness. In this study, we explored whether implicit emotional responses to experiences of failure in cognitive tasks would result in longer-term change in behavior. METHODS: Twenty-two patients with AD were seen 1 week after a previous session in which they performed computer tasks that had been manipulated to be either too difficult (failure condition) or very easy (success condition) for them...
March 2018: Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology: Official Journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561312/celebrating-30-years-of-cbn
#7
Barry Gordon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology: Official Journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29256913/leftward-bias-of-visual-attention-in-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease-receiving-dialysis-a-neglected-phenomenon
#8
Aleksandra Mańkowska, Kenneth M Heilman, John B Williamson, Bogdan Biedunkiewicz, Alicja Dębska-Ślizień, Michał Harciarek
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) who are receiving dialysis often have cognitive and behavioral changes, including impairments in sustained attention. Impairments in sustained attention appear to be the consequence of right hemisphere dysfunction. Right hemisphere brain networks are also important for the allocation of spatial attention. Therefore, the objective of this study was to learn whether patients with ESRD receiving dialysis might also have a spatial attentional bias...
December 2017: Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology: Official Journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29256912/apathy-and-cognitive-deficits-in-patients-with-transient-global-ischemia-after-cardiac-arrest
#9
Stefan Frisch, Friederike Thiel, Matthias L Schroeter, Regina Tina Jentzsch
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Despite the extensive literature on cognitive deficits in the course of transient global ischemia after cardiac arrest with delayed resuscitation, apathy has been studied less frequently and systematically. We aimed to evaluate the frequency of apathy, defined as changes in drive or lack of motivation, and its relation to cognition as well as depression in people with transient global ischemia after cardiac arrest. METHODS: In a retrospective study using the clinical data of 38 cardiac arrest survivors, we analyzed the frequency and severity of deficits in four cognitive domains (attention, memory spans, long-term memory, and executive functions) as well as apathy...
December 2017: Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology: Official Journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29256911/semantic-feature-disturbance-in-alzheimer-disease-evidence-from-an-object-decision-task
#10
Kieran J Flanagan, David A Copland, Helen J Chenery, Gerard J Byrne, Anthony J Angwin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: It is widely held that semantic disturbance in Alzheimer disease (AD) involves the loss of distinctive features but the relative sparing of nondistinctive features. Many previous studies of semantic feature disturbance have used cognitively challenging tasks with verbal stimuli that allow for potential cognitive confounds. Our objective was to use a task with lower memory demands to investigate distinctive feature disturbance in AD. METHODS: We used an object decision task to compare the processing of distinctive and nondistinctive semantic features in people with AD and age-matched controls...
December 2017: Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology: Official Journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29256910/cerad-neuropsychological-battery-arabic-version-regression-based-and-stratified-normative-data-and-effects-of-demographic-variables-on-cognitive-performance-in-older-omanis
#11
Ammar Alobaidy, Hamed Al-Sinawi, Abdullah Al-Asmi, Samir Al-Adawi, Musthafa Mohamed Essa, Mohamed El-Okl, Lakshmanan Jeyaseelan, Lamees Alsawafi, Malak Almawali, Balqees Alabri, Hajer Alhamrashdi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Normative data on cognitive performance for the Omani population are scarce. In this study, we tested a sample of older (≥50 years) community-dwelling Omanis on the Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer's Disease neuropsychological battery-Arabic version (CERAD-ArNB). We analyzed the participants' cognitive performance and how it was affected by their sex, age, and level of education. METHODS: We enrolled 150 older Arabic-speaking Omanis from March 2014 to June 2015...
December 2017: Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology: Official Journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29256909/comparison-of-two-versions-of-the-hospital-anxiety-and-depression-scale-in-assessing-depression-in-a-neurologic-setting
#12
Viral P Patel, Anthony Feinstein
BACKGROUND: The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale-Depression Subscale (HADS-D) is widely used to assess depression in people with multiple sclerosis (MS). Developed specifically for use in a medical setting, the scale has one item, "I feel as if I am slowed down," that might represent a significant somatic confounder, possibly biasing the assessment. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine whether inclusion or exclusion of the "slowed down" item in the HADS-D affects the detection of depression and the scale's associations with impaired cognition, fatigue, and employment status...
December 2017: Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology: Official Journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29256908/functional-reorganization-of-right-prefrontal-cortex-underlies-sustained-naming-improvements-in-chronic-aphasia-via-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation
#13
Denise Y Harvey, Jamie Podell, Peter E Turkeltaub, Olufunsho Faseyitan, H Branch Coslett, Roy H Hamilton
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: While noninvasive brain stimulation techniques show promise for language recovery after stroke, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. We applied inhibitory repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) to regions of interest in the right inferior frontal gyrus of patients with chronic poststroke aphasia and examined changes in picture naming performance and cortical activation. METHODS: Nine patients received 10 days of 1-Hz rTMS (Monday through Friday for 2 weeks)...
December 2017: Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology: Official Journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926420/seronegative-paraneoplastic-limbic-encephalitis-associated-with-thymoma
#14
Jaime Toro, David Cuellar-Giraldo, Alejandra Duque, Karla Minota, Jorge Patiño, Manuel García
Paraneoplastic limbic encephalitis is an autoimmune syndrome characterized by the acute or subacute onset of encephalopathy, memory loss, confusion, temporal lobe seizures, and behavioral and mood changes. Although most patients with paraneoplastic limbic encephalitis have antineuronal antibodies, advances in the field now permit the diagnosis without autoantibody test results. In this case illustrating the new diagnostic criteria, we report a 70-year-old woman who was brought to the emergency room after the acute onset of cognitive impairment, altered mental status, and choreoathetoid movements...
September 2017: Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology: Official Journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926419/peduncular-hallucinosis-and-autonomic-dysfunction-in-anti-aquaporin-4-antibody-syndrome
#15
Renee Berry, Peter K Panegyres
Neuromyelitis optica is a rare, severe inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system, previously described as affecting only the optic nerve and spinal cord. Since the discovery of a highly specific autoantibody, anti-aquaporin-4, lesions are now recognized outside these regions. We report a man with severe, debilitating symptoms resulting from a symptomatic lesion within the diencephalon, manifesting with abnormal circadian rhythms, autonomic dysfunction, behavioral disturbance, and complex visual hallucinations...
September 2017: Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology: Official Journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926418/hemispheric-dominance-for-stereognosis-in-a-patient-with-an-infarct-of-the-left-postcentral-sensory-hand-area
#16
Jorge Moll, Ricardo de Oliveira-Souza
The concept of left hemispheric dominance for praxis, speech, and language has been one of the pillars of neurology since the mid-19th century. In 1906, Hermann Oppenheim reported a patient with bilateral stereoagnosia (astereognosis) caused by a left parietal lobe tumor and proposed that the left hemisphere was also dominant for stereognosis. Surprisingly, few cases of bilateral stereoagnosia caused by a unilateral cerebral lesion have been documented in the literature since then. Here we report a 75-year-old right-handed man who developed bilateral stereoagnosia after suffering a small infarct in the crown of the left postcentral gyrus...
September 2017: Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology: Official Journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926417/the-reading-the-mind-in-the-eyes-test-validity-and-reliability-of-the-thai-version
#17
Thammanard Charernboon, Tiraya Lerthattasilp
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Until now there has not been a validated measure of theory of mind available in the Thai language. Our goal in this study was to assess the validity and reliability of our Thai-language translation of the Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test (the "Eyes Test"). METHODS: We gave our Thai version of the Eyes Test to 70 participants: 30 people with schizophrenia and 40 normal controls. We also gave Thai versions of the Faces Test and the Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination to assess convergent validity...
September 2017: Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology: Official Journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926416/blood-pressure-variability-and-cognitive-function-among-older-african-americans-introducing-a-new-blood-pressure-variability-measure
#18
Siny Tsang, Scott A Sperling, Moon Ho Park, Ira M Helenius, Ishan C Williams, Carol Manning
BACKGROUND: Although blood pressure (BP) variability has been reported to be associated with cognitive impairment, whether this relationship affects African Americans has been unclear. We sought correlations between systolic and diastolic BP variability and cognitive function in community-dwelling older African Americans, and introduced a new BP variability measure that can be applied to BP data collected in clinical practice. METHODS: We assessed cognitive function in 94 cognitively normal older African Americans using the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and the Computer Assessment of Mild Cognitive Impairment (CAMCI)...
September 2017: Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology: Official Journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926415/semantic-memory-in-the-clinical-progression-of-alzheimer-disease
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Christophe T Tchakoute, Kristin L Sainani, Victor W Henderson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Semantic memory measures may be useful in tracking and predicting progression of Alzheimer disease. We investigated relationships among semantic memory tasks and their 1-year predictive value in women with Alzheimer disease. METHODS: We conducted secondary analyses of a randomized clinical trial of raloxifene in 42 women with late-onset mild-to-moderate Alzheimer disease. We assessed semantic memory with tests of oral confrontation naming, category fluency, semantic recognition and semantic naming, and semantic density in written narrative discourse...
September 2017: Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology: Official Journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632525/clozapine-safety-and-efficacy-for-interictal-psychotic-disorder-in-pharmacoresistant-epilepsy
#20
Vincent Jetté Pomerleau, François Dubeau, Simon Ducharme
Since the middle of the 19th century, both neurologists and psychiatrists have linked psychosis and epilepsy. Clozapine, the most effective antipsychotic drug, alters electroencephalographic activity and carries a significant risk of causing seizures. Unfortunately, this risk limits the drug's potential use in treating pharmacoresistant psychosis in patients with epilepsy. We present a unique case in which we used clozapine successfully as a last resort treatment for chronic interictal psychosis in a 43-year-old woman with severe pharmacoresistant epilepsy and recurrent status epilepticus...
June 2017: Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology: Official Journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology
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