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Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology: Official Journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927802/empathy-in-frontotemporal-dementia
#1
Julie S Snowden
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology: Official Journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927801/vagus-nerve-stimulation-a-treatment-in-evolution
#2
Venkat Bhat, Sidney H Kennedy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology: Official Journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927800/transient-capgras-syndrome-secondary-to-bilateral-ischemic-stroke-a-case-report
#3
Manveer Garcha, Keithan Sivakumar, Megan Leary, Hussam A Yacoub
Capgras syndrome is one of a variety of delusional misidentification syndromes that can be associated with acute ischemic stroke, neurodegenerative disease, or metabolic conditions. Most cases reported in the literature are associated with frontal and/or parietal lobe involvement. Transient Capgras syndrome is rare but has been reported. We present a case of transient Capgras syndrome following bilateral cerebral ischemic infarcts in the frontal, parietal, and temporal regions, and involving the right prefrontal cortex...
June 2018: Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology: Official Journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927799/central-visual-oscillopsia-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#4
Wallace Jones, William Silkworth, Nathaniel Dusto, Victoria S Pelak, Jean Berliner, Isabelle Buard, Benzi Kluger
Here we present a patient with persistent central visual oscillopsia, review the literature on this condition, and report results from an experimental intervention using repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation. A 57-year-old man reported persistent visual oscillopsia after a traumatic brain injury suffered 20 years earlier. Symptoms were presumed to be of cortical origin given his normal eye movements, eye stability, and peripheral vestibular function. Furthermore, he reported oscillopsia with visual imagery during eye closure...
June 2018: Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology: Official Journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927798/influence-of-serotonin-transporter-slc6a4-genotype-on-the-effect-of-psychosocial-stress-on-cognitive-performance-an-exploratory-pilot-study
#5
David Q Beversdorf, Allen L Carpenter, Jessica K Alexander, Neil T Jenkins, Michael R Tilley, Catherine A White, Ashleigh J Hillier, Ryan M Smith, Howard H Gu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Previous research has shown an effect of various psychosocial stressors on unconstrained cognitive flexibility, such as searching through a large set of potential solutions in the lexical-semantic network during verbal problem-solving. Functional magnetic resonance imaging has shown that the presence of the short (S) allele (lacking a 43-base pair repeat) of the promoter region of the gene (SLC6A4) encoding the serotonin transporter (5-HTT) protein is associated with a greater amygdalar response to emotional stimuli and a greater response to stressors...
June 2018: Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology: Official Journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927797/auditory-brainstem-pathology-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-review
#6
Joseph P Pillion, Dana Boatman-Reich, Barry Gordon
Atypical responses to sound are common in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and growing evidence suggests an underlying auditory brainstem pathology. This review of the literature provides a comprehensive account of the structural and functional evidence for auditory brainstem abnormalities in ASD. The studies reviewed were published between 1975 and 2016 and were sourced from multiple online databases. Indices of both the quantity and quality of the studies reviewed are considered. Findings show converging evidence for auditory brainstem pathology in ASD, although the specific functions and anatomical structures involved remain equivocal...
June 2018: Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology: Official Journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561318/https-journals-lww-com-cogbehavneurol-fulltext-2005-03000-impaired__affective_theory_of_mind__is_associated-7-aspx-affective-theory-of-mind-and-the-function-of-the-ventral-medial-prefrontal-cortex
#7
Heather L Kosakowski, Rebecca Saxe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology: Official Journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561317/https-journals-lww-com-cogbehavneurol-fulltext-2001-10000-behavioral_changes_in_huntington_disease-4-aspx-behavioral-changes-in-huntington-disease
#8
Jason Brandt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology: Official Journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561316/factors-contributing-to-the-failure-to-replicate-findings-of-tdcs-induced-enhancement-of-verbal-fluency-a-response-to-cattaneo-et-al-2016
#9
Tracy D Vannorsdall, J Jason van Steenburgh, David J Schretlen, Rasika Jayatillake, Richard L Skolasky, Barry Gordon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology: Official Journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561315/a-degenerative-form-of-mixed-transcortical-aphasia
#10
Leila Saadatpour, Usama Tariq, Alicia Parker, Leilani Doty, Kenneth M Heilman
Mixed transcortical aphasia (MTA) is characterized by decreased spontaneous speech, impaired naming, and poor comprehension, but with intact repetition. MTA has been reported to be the sequela of left hemisphere watershed infarction that isolates Wernicke's perisylvian arc. We report a 55-year-old right-handed woman who began having word-finding difficulty and then gradually developed impaired spontaneous speech, comprehension, and naming, but with intact repetition. Magnetic resonance imaging showed atrophy in the left frontal, parietal, and temporal lobes...
March 2018: Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology: Official Journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561314/neuropsychological-profile-of-a-girl-with-wiskott-aldrich-syndrome
#11
Andrea M Byrne, Tal Schechter, Robyn Westmacott
We report the neuropsychological profile of a 6-year-old girl with Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome, a rare X-linked immunodeficiency disorder associated with thrombocytopenia, eczema, recurrent infections, and malignancy. Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome occurs almost exclusively in males and is extremely rare in females, with no known research focused on cognitive and academic functioning in this population. Our patient was referred due to concerns about her memory and academic functioning. She had a history of progressive thrombocytopenia and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation at age 15 months...
March 2018: Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology: Official Journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561313/implicit-behavioral-change-in-response-to-cognitive-tasks-in-alzheimer-disease
#12
Iris Bomilcar, Robin G Morris, Richard G Brown, Daniel C Mograbi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Lack of awareness about impairments is commonly found in Alzheimer disease (AD), but recent evidence suggests that patients may respond to the experience of illness despite limited awareness. In this study, we explored whether implicit emotional responses to experiences of failure in cognitive tasks would result in longer-term change in behavior. METHODS: Twenty-two patients with AD were seen 1 week after a previous session in which they performed computer tasks that had been manipulated to be either too difficult (failure condition) or very easy (success condition) for them...
March 2018: Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology: Official Journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561312/celebrating-30-years-of-cbn
#13
Barry Gordon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology: Official Journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29256913/leftward-bias-of-visual-attention-in-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease-receiving-dialysis-a-neglected-phenomenon
#14
Aleksandra Mańkowska, Kenneth M Heilman, John B Williamson, Bogdan Biedunkiewicz, Alicja Dębska-Ślizień, Michał Harciarek
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) who are receiving dialysis often have cognitive and behavioral changes, including impairments in sustained attention. Impairments in sustained attention appear to be the consequence of right hemisphere dysfunction. Right hemisphere brain networks are also important for the allocation of spatial attention. Therefore, the objective of this study was to learn whether patients with ESRD receiving dialysis might also have a spatial attentional bias...
December 2017: Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology: Official Journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29256912/apathy-and-cognitive-deficits-in-patients-with-transient-global-ischemia-after-cardiac-arrest
#15
Stefan Frisch, Friederike Thiel, Matthias L Schroeter, Regina Tina Jentzsch
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Despite the extensive literature on cognitive deficits in the course of transient global ischemia after cardiac arrest with delayed resuscitation, apathy has been studied less frequently and systematically. We aimed to evaluate the frequency of apathy, defined as changes in drive or lack of motivation, and its relation to cognition as well as depression in people with transient global ischemia after cardiac arrest. METHODS: In a retrospective study using the clinical data of 38 cardiac arrest survivors, we analyzed the frequency and severity of deficits in four cognitive domains (attention, memory spans, long-term memory, and executive functions) as well as apathy...
December 2017: Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology: Official Journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29256911/semantic-feature-disturbance-in-alzheimer-disease-evidence-from-an-object-decision-task
#16
Kieran J Flanagan, David A Copland, Helen J Chenery, Gerard J Byrne, Anthony J Angwin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: It is widely held that semantic disturbance in Alzheimer disease (AD) involves the loss of distinctive features but the relative sparing of nondistinctive features. Many previous studies of semantic feature disturbance have used cognitively challenging tasks with verbal stimuli that allow for potential cognitive confounds. Our objective was to use a task with lower memory demands to investigate distinctive feature disturbance in AD. METHODS: We used an object decision task to compare the processing of distinctive and nondistinctive semantic features in people with AD and age-matched controls...
December 2017: Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology: Official Journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29256910/cerad-neuropsychological-battery-arabic-version-regression-based-and-stratified-normative-data-and-effects-of-demographic-variables-on-cognitive-performance-in-older-omanis
#17
Ammar Alobaidy, Hamed Al-Sinawi, Abdullah Al-Asmi, Samir Al-Adawi, Musthafa Mohamed Essa, Mohamed El-Okl, Lakshmanan Jeyaseelan, Lamees Alsawafi, Malak Almawali, Balqees Alabri, Hajer Alhamrashdi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Normative data on cognitive performance for the Omani population are scarce. In this study, we tested a sample of older (≥50 years) community-dwelling Omanis on the Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer's Disease neuropsychological battery-Arabic version (CERAD-ArNB). We analyzed the participants' cognitive performance and how it was affected by their sex, age, and level of education. METHODS: We enrolled 150 older Arabic-speaking Omanis from March 2014 to June 2015...
December 2017: Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology: Official Journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29256909/comparison-of-two-versions-of-the-hospital-anxiety-and-depression-scale-in-assessing-depression-in-a-neurologic-setting
#18
Viral P Patel, Anthony Feinstein
BACKGROUND: The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale-Depression Subscale (HADS-D) is widely used to assess depression in people with multiple sclerosis (MS). Developed specifically for use in a medical setting, the scale has one item, "I feel as if I am slowed down," that might represent a significant somatic confounder, possibly biasing the assessment. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine whether inclusion or exclusion of the "slowed down" item in the HADS-D affects the detection of depression and the scale's associations with impaired cognition, fatigue, and employment status...
December 2017: Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology: Official Journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29256908/functional-reorganization-of-right-prefrontal-cortex-underlies-sustained-naming-improvements-in-chronic-aphasia-via-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation
#19
Denise Y Harvey, Jamie Podell, Peter E Turkeltaub, Olufunsho Faseyitan, H Branch Coslett, Roy H Hamilton
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: While noninvasive brain stimulation techniques show promise for language recovery after stroke, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. We applied inhibitory repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) to regions of interest in the right inferior frontal gyrus of patients with chronic poststroke aphasia and examined changes in picture naming performance and cortical activation. METHODS: Nine patients received 10 days of 1-Hz rTMS (Monday through Friday for 2 weeks)...
December 2017: Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology: Official Journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926420/seronegative-paraneoplastic-limbic-encephalitis-associated-with-thymoma
#20
Jaime Toro, David Cuellar-Giraldo, Alejandra Duque, Karla Minota, Jorge Patiño, Manuel García
Paraneoplastic limbic encephalitis is an autoimmune syndrome characterized by the acute or subacute onset of encephalopathy, memory loss, confusion, temporal lobe seizures, and behavioral and mood changes. Although most patients with paraneoplastic limbic encephalitis have antineuronal antibodies, advances in the field now permit the diagnosis without autoantibody test results. In this case illustrating the new diagnostic criteria, we report a 70-year-old woman who was brought to the emergency room after the acute onset of cognitive impairment, altered mental status, and choreoathetoid movements...
September 2017: Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology: Official Journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology
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