Read by QxMD icon Read

Journal of Pharmacological Sciences

Daiju Yamazaki, Takashi Kitaguchi, Masakazu Ishimura, Tomohiko Taniguchi, Atsuhiro Yamanishi, Daisuke Saji, Etsushi Takahashi, Masao Oguchi, Yuta Moriyama, Sanae Maeda, Kaori Miyamoto, Kaoru Morimura, Hiroki Ohnaka, Hiroyuki Tashibu, Yuko Sekino, Norimasa Miyamoto, Yasunari Kanda
Human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (hiPSC-CMs) are expected to become a useful tool for proarrhythmia risk prediction in the non-clinical drug development phase. Several features including electrophysiological properties, ion channel expression profile and drug responses were investigated using commercially available hiPSC-CMs, such as iCell-CMs and Cor.4U-CMs. Although drug-induced arrhythmia has been extensively examined by microelectrode array (MEA) assays in iCell-CMs, it has not been fully understood an availability of Cor...
March 3, 2018: Journal of Pharmacological Sciences
Yuqiu Zheng, Wenli Fang, Shengnuo Fan, Wang Liao, Ying Xiong, Shaowei Liao, Yi Li, Songhua Xiao, Jun Liu
Neurotropin (NTP) is a widely used drug in China and Japan mainly for the treatment of chronic pain and peripheral inflammation. Nevertheless, the effects of NTP on neuroinflammation have not been explored. In this study, we investigated the anti-inflammatory effects of NTP in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated BV-2 microglial cells and its underlying mechanisms. BV-2 cells were pretreated with NTP for 12 h before exposure to LPS. The expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines (TNF-α and IL-6) were detected by RT-PCR and EILSA at mRNA and protein levels, respectively...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Pharmacological Sciences
Kaori Takahashi, Daisuke Nishizawa, Shinya Kasai, Yoshihiko Koukita, Ken-Ichi Fukuda, Tatsuya Ichinohe, Kazutaka Ikeda
Opioid analgesics are widely used for the treatment of moderate to severe pain. The analgesic effects of opioids are well known to vary among individuals. The present study focused on the genetic factors that are associated with interindividual differences in pain and opioid sensitivity. We conducted a multistage genome-wide association study in subjects who were scheduled to undergo mandibular sagittal split ramus osteotomy and were not medicated until they received fentanyl for the induction of anesthesia...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Pharmacological Sciences
Jia Hu, Xuedan Guo, Lijia Yang
Melanoma is one of the most malignant skin tumors with high mortality rate. Morin has been reported to treat several cancers. However, whether or how Morin affects melanoma progression is still poorly understood. Either Morin treatment or miR-216a overexpression reduced cell viability, sphere formation ability and expressions of stem cell marker genes CD20, CD44, CD133 and Wnt-3A. MiR-216a was induced by Morin treatment in CD133+ melanoma cells. Melanoma xenograft model treated by Morin showed reduced tumor size, weight as well as expressions of stemness markers and Wnt-3A...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Pharmacological Sciences
Jifang Ma, Lei Zhang, Jianbing Hao, Naqi Li, Jie Tang, Lirong Hao
TGF-β1-induced excessive deposition of ECM and EMT process of tubular epithelial cells play critical roles in the development and progression of fibrosis in diabetic nephropathy (DN). Orai1 has been demonstrated to be involved in TGF-β1-induced EMT via TGF-β/Smad3 pathway. We are aimed to explore the effects of miR-93 on TGF-β1-induced EMT process in HK2 cells. In this study, our data showed that miR-93 was dramatically decreased in renal tissues of patients with DN and TGF-β1-stimulated HK2 cells. Moreover, the decreased level of miR-93 was closely associated with the increased expression of Orai1...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Pharmacological Sciences
Qiang Wang, Yongjian Zhao, Nannan Sha, Yan Zhang, Chenguang Li, Hao Zhang, Dezhi Tang, Sheng Lu, Qi Shi, Yongjun Wang, Bing Shu, Dongfeng Zhao
Primary osteoporosis (POP), which is caused by unbalanced bone remodeling, leads to significant economic and societal burdens globally. Gushukang (GSK) granule serves as one commonly used prescription for POP in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM). The present study aimed to clarify the exact roles of GSK in bone remodeling with in vivo and in vitro assays. Here we showed that GSK prevented bone loss and the alternations of osteoporotic bone parameters as well as the decreased density of osteoclast in ovariectomized (OVX) mice...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Pharmacological Sciences
Shinya Yamamoto, Kazuhiko Matsuo, Daisuke Nagakubo, Shintaro Higashiyama, Keiji Nishiwaki, Naoki Oiso, Akira Kawada, Osamu Yoshie, Takashi Nakayama
CCR4 is a major chemokine receptor expressed by Treg cells that downregulate immune responses. Here, we investigated the role of CCR4-mediated Treg cell recruitment in antigen-specific immune responses. CCR4-deficient mice immunized intramuscularly with ovalbumin (OVA) showed enhanced OVA-specific IgG responses. Furthermore, intramuscular administration of OVA induced the expression of MDC/CCL22, a ligand for CCR4, in macrophages of the muscle tissues, and enhanced the recruitment of CCR4+ Treg cells in wild-type mice, whereas this recruitment of Treg cells was severely impaired in CCR4-deficient mice...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Pharmacological Sciences
Jinghui Zhang, Chenchang Liu, Guofeng You
Human organic anion transporter-3 (hOAT3) is richly expressed in the kidney, where it plays critical roles in the secretion of clinically important drugs, including anti-viral therapeutics, anti-cancer drugs, antibiotics, antihypertensives, and anti-inflammatories. In the current study, we examined the role of AG490, a specific inhibitor of the Janus tyrosine kinase 2 (JAK2), in hOAT3 transport activity in the kidney COS-7 cells. AG490 induced a time- and concentration-dependent inhibition of hOAT3-mediated uptake of estrone sulfate, a prototypical substrate for the transporter...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Pharmacological Sciences
Daichi Utsumi, Kenjiro Matsumoto, Takuya Tsukahara, Kikuko Amagase, Makoto Tominaga, Shinichi Kato
Transient receptor potential (TRP) vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) and TRP ankyrin 1 (TRPA1), which are non-selective cation channels, play important roles in the sensation of pain. This study investigated the roles of TRPV1 and TRPA1 in dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced murine colitis. DSS (2%) administered for 7 days caused severe colitis that was significantly less severe in TRPV1-deficient (TRPV1KO) and TRPA1-deficient (TRPA1KO) mice than that in wild-type (WT) mice. Similar colitis attenuations were observed in TRPV1KO and TRPA1KO mice but not in WT mice that had been transplanted with bone marrow cells from WT, TRPA1KO, or TRPV1KO mice...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Pharmacological Sciences
Nobuaki Egashira, Yuki Akiyoshi, Hikari Iba, Takashi Arai, Izzettin Hatip-Al-Khatib, Kenichi Mishima, Katsunori Iwasaki
Previously, we reported that ovariectomy (OVX) combined with β-amyloid peptide (Aβ) impaired spatial memory by decreasing extracellular acetylcholine (ACh) levels in the dorsal hippocampus. Here, we investigated the effect of tokishakuyakusan (TSS), a Kampo medicine, on the impairment of spatial memory induced by OVX combined with Aβ in rats. Repeated administration of TSS (300 mg/kg, p.o.) significantly decreased the number of errors in the eight-arm radial maze test. Though TSS had no effect on extracellular ACh levels at baseline, TSS significantly increased extracellular ACh levels in the dorsal hippocampus...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Pharmacological Sciences
Xiaowen Jiang, Lin Liu, Lu Qiao, Binqing Zhang, Xuewei Wang, Yuwen Han, Wenhui Yu
In recent years, plant-derived extracts are increasing interest from researchers worldwide due to good efficacy and lower side effects. Among the different plant extracts, Dracorhodin perchlorate (DP) is originated from Dragon's blood which has long been used as a natural medicine with various pharmacological activities. In the present study, we have explored the potential regulation of DP on fibroblast proliferation which promotes wound healing both in vitro and in vivo. DP at treatment of 12-24 h significantly induced fibroblast proliferation which is associated with increasing level of phosphorylated-extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Pharmacological Sciences
Fayin Tang, Kefeng Fan, Kunli Wang, Chuanzhou Bian
Acute lung injury (ALI) arises from uncontrolled pulmonary inflammation with high mortality rates. Atractylodin (Atr) is a polyethylene alkynes and has been reported to possess anti-inflammation effect. Thus, we aimed to investigate the protective effect of Atr on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammatory responses ALI. The results indicated that Atr treatment not only significantly attenuated LPS-stimulated histopathological changes but also lessened the myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity, the wet-to-dry weight ratio of the lungs, protein leakage and infiltration of inflammatory cells...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Pharmacological Sciences
Risako Kato, Masanori Yamanaka, Masayuki Kobayashi
General anesthetics decrease the frequency and density of spike firing. This effect makes it difficult to detect spike regularity. To overcome this problem, we developed a method utilizing the unfolding transformation which analyzes the energy level statistics in the random matrix theory. We regarded the energy axis as time axis of neuron spike and analyzed the time series of cortical neural firing in vivo. Unfolding transformation detected regularities of neural firing while changes in firing densities were associated with pentobarbital...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Pharmacological Sciences
Haitao Sun, Guanxin Chen, Bin Wen, Jialing Sun, Haiyan An, Jie Pang, Wei Xu, Xuemei Yang, Songqi He
Oligo-peptide I-C-F-6 is a Carapax trionycis extract component that has an effect on hepatic fibrosis, however, its mechanism of action is still unclear. This study investigated whether oligo-peptide I-C-F-6 could inhibit liver fibrosis by suppressing NF-κB and Wnt/β-catenin signaling, which are important in liver fibrosis. HSC-T6 cells were treated with oligo-peptide I-C-F-6, and rats were divided randomly into five groups: control (saline), CCl4 , CCl4 plus oligo-peptide I-C-F-6 (0.12 and 0.24 mg/kg), and CCl4 plus colchicine (0...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Pharmacological Sciences
Haoxun Wang, Chenchang Liu, Guofeng You
Human organic anion transporter-3 (hOAT3) is richly expressed in the kidney, where it plays critical roles in the secretion, from the blood to urine, of clinically important drugs, such as anti-viral therapeutics, anti-cancer drugs, antibiotics, antihypertensives, and anti-inflammatories. In the current study, we examined the role of dexamethasone in hOAT3 transport activity in the kidney HEK293 cells. Cis-inhibition study showed that dexamethasone exhibited a concentration-dependent inhibition of hOAT3-mediated uptake of estrone sulfate, a prototypical substrate for the transporter, with IC50 value of 49...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Pharmacological Sciences
Ryoko Tsukahara, Shinji Yamamoto, Keisuke Yoshikawa, Mari Gotoh, Tamotsu Tsukahara, Hiroyuki Neyama, Satoshi Ishii, Noriyuki Akahoshi, Keisuke Yanagida, Hayakazu Sumida, Masatake Araki, Kimi Araki, Ken-Ichi Yamamura, Kimiko Murakami-Murofushi, Hiroshi Ueda
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) and LPA1 receptor signaling play a crucial role in the initiation of peripheral nerve injury-induced neuropathic pain through the alternation of pain-related genes/proteins expression and demyelination. However, LPA and its signaling in the brain are still poorly understood. In the present study, we revealed that the LPA5 receptor expression in corpus callosum elevated after the initiation of demyelination, and the hyperalgesia through Aδ-fibers following cuprizone-induced demyelination was mediated by LPA5 signaling...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Pharmacological Sciences
Kentaro Ando, Akira Takahara, Yuji Nakamura, Takeshi Wada, Koki Chiba, Ai Goto, Nur Jaharat Lubna, Mihoko Hagiwara-Nagasawa, Hiroko Izumi-Nakaseko, Kiyotaka Hoshiai, Yasuki Akie, Atsuhiko T Naito, Atsushi Sugiyama
Microminipigs are expected as a novel animal model for cardiovascular pharmacological experiments. Since inherent vulnerability of coronary circulation of microminipigs has not been characterized, we performed dipyridamole-stress test to both microminipigs and beagle dogs, and compared the results. Dipyridamole in doses of 0.056 and 0.56 mg/kg were intravenously infused over 10 min (n = 4 for each animal). Dipyridamole decreased the systolic/diastolic blood pressures and double product in dogs as well as in microminipigs; but it did not significantly alter the heart rate or the global balance between the myocardial oxygen demand and supply in either animal...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Pharmacological Sciences
Xin Cao, Megumi Aimoto, Marie Fukumoto, Yoshinobu Nagasawa, Hikaru Tanaka, Akira Takahara
Whereas molecular mechanisms of atrial fibrillation (AF) have been widely investigated, there is limited information regarding interrelation between chronic volume overload and parasympathetic nervous system in the pathophysiology of AF. In this study, we investigated the influence of abdominal aorto-venocaval shunt (AVS)-induced atrial remodeling on electrophysiological responses to cholinergic receptor stimulation in the isolated rat atria. Interstitial fibrosis, cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and atrial enlargement, known as structural arrhythmogenic substrates for AF, took place after one month of AVS operation...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Pharmacological Sciences
Kazuya Kabei, Yu Tateishi, Masakazu Nozaki, Masako Tanaka, Masayuki Shiota, Mayuko Osada-Oka, Shunji Nishide, Junji Uchida, Tatsuya Nakatani, Shuhei Tomita, Katsuyuki Miura
The aim of the study is to clarify the role of hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) in the development of renal fibrosis in mouse obstructive nephropathy. We used mice with floxed HIF-1α alleles and tamoxifen-inducible Cre/ERT2 recombinase under ubiquitin C promoter to induce global HIF-1α deletion. Following tamoxifen administration, mice were subjected to unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO). At 3, 7 and 14 days after UUO, renal gene expression profiles and interstitial fibrosis were assessed. HIF-1 dependent up-regulation of prolyl hydroxylase 3 and glucose transporter-1 was observed in the obstructed kidney at 3 and 7 days but not at 14 days after UUO...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Pharmacological Sciences
Kanawut Kotawong, Wanna Chaijaroenkul, Phunuch Muhamad, Kesara Na-Bangchang
Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is the cancer of bile duct with high mortality rate particularly in Thailand. The clinical efficacy of the standard chemotherapeutics remains unsatisfactory, and therefore, discovery and development of the new alternative drugs with high efficacy and tolerability is needed. The aim of the study was to investigate cytotoxic activity as well as the underlying mechanisms through which atractylodin and β-eudesmol exert their activities on CCA cell growth inhibition, cell cycle arrest, and cell apoptosis...
February 2018: Journal of Pharmacological Sciences
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"