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Journal of Chiropractic Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628812/exercise-therapy-for-a-patient-with-parkinson-disease-and-back-pain-a-case-report
#1
Christina L Rosarion
Objective: The purpose of this report is to describe an exercise intervention for an elderly patient with Parkinson disease with a chief complaint of lower back pain. Clinical Features: The patient was an 85-year-old man who had been diagnosed with Parkinson disease and kyphosis. Back pain was preventing him from carrying out activities of daily living. He was referred for physical therapy for treatment to reduce lower back pain and increase function. An initial examination consisted of testing flexibility and range of motion and administering a pain severity scale and a Lower Extremity Functional Index (LEFI); the patient's initial LEFI score was 14/80...
March 2018: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628811/isolated-stieda-process-fracture-of-talus-a-case-study
#2
William L Moore, Beverly L Harger
Objective: The purpose of this case report is to describe a patient with a fracture of the Stieda process. Clinical Features: A 39-year-old woman presented with pain and swelling of her left ankle immediately following a boogie boarding accident a few days earlier. Her clinical presentation was similar to that of an ankle sprain. Intervention and Outcome: Radiographs were ordered, and a fracture of a normal variant, the Stieda process, was identified...
March 2018: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628810/rehabilitation-of-tibial-plateau-fracture-following-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-case-report
#3
Ali Rabatsky, John D Lockenour
Objective: The purpose of this case report was to describe the management of a tibial plateau fracture in a patient who had undergone anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction 3.5 years earlier. Clinical Features: A 36-year-old man presented with pain and edema following a fall from a height of approximately 2 m while skateboarding. The patient reported having undergone arthroscopic ACL reconstruction with allograft and bioabsorbable screws 3.5 years earlier...
March 2018: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628809/cytokine-involvement-in-biological-inflammation-related-to-degenerative-disorders-of-the-intervertebral-disk-a-narrative-review
#4
REVIEW
Christopher M De Geer
Objective: The purpose of this narrative literature review is to discuss the literature regarding the potential role that cytokines play in degenerative disk disease. Methods: The inclusion criteria were studies that used inflammatory mediators in advancing disk disease processes. Research studies were limited to the last 3 decades that had free full-text available online in English. Exclusion criteria were review articles and articles pertaining to temporomandibular joints and other joints of the body other than the intervertebral disk...
March 2018: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628808/dietary-fiber-intake-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-an-umbrella-review-of-meta-analyses
#5
REVIEW
Marc P McRae
Objective: The purpose of this study was to review previously published meta-analyses on the effectiveness of dietary fiber on type 2 diabetes. Methods: An umbrella review of all published meta-analyses was performed. A PubMed search from January 1, 1980, to April 30, 2017, was conducted using the following search strategy: (fiber OR glucan OR psyllium) AND (meta-analysis OR systematic review). Only English-language publications that provided quantitative statistical analysis on type 2 diabetes, fasting blood glucose concentrations, or glycosylated hemoglobin were retrieved...
March 2018: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628807/sensitivity-and-specificity-of-modified-bragard-test-in-patients-with-lumbosacral-radiculopathy-using-electrodiagnosis-as-a-reference-standard
#6
Kaynoosh Homayouni, Seyedeh Halimeh Jafari, Hossein Yari
Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess the diagnostic accuracy of a modified Bragard test compared with the straight leg raise (SLR) test in patients presenting with electrodiagnostic evidence of L5 and S1 nerve root compression. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted on 506 consecutive patients with signs and symptoms consistent with lumbosacral radiculopathy confirmed by electrodiagnostic study. Patients were evaluated from September 2013 to September 2015 in the physical medicine and rehabilitation outpatient clinic of Shahid Faghihi Teaching Hospital, Shiraz, Iran...
March 2018: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628806/reliability-of-infrared-thermography-images-in-the-analysis-of-the-plantar-surface-temperature-in-diabetes-mellitus
#7
Natália C M Silva, Hirlaine A Castro, Leonardo C Carvalho, Érika C L Chaves, Ludmila O Ruela, Denise H Iunes
Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the intraexaminer and interexaminer reliability of image assessment of infrared thermography of the plantar surface of people with diabetes mellitus. Methods: Fifty-one participants with diabetes were included. The interexaminer reliability (test) consisted of measuring the temperature of the plantar surface by 2 evaluators who separately performed the analysis of thermographic images. The intraexaminer reliability (retest) consisted of the revaluation of the images by a single evaluator 10 days after the first analysis...
March 2018: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628805/accuracy-of-motion-palpation-flexion-extension-test-in-identifying-the-seventh-cervical-spinal-process
#8
Luciana C Póvoa, Ana P A Ferreira, José F C Zanier, Julio G Silva
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of a motion palpation procedure, the flexion-extension test, in localizing the spinous process of the seventh cervical vertebra (C7). Methods: We analyzed 101 adult participants with metal markers that permitted the identification of the C7 spinous process. This analysis occurred during a flexion-extension test and was confirmed by radiography. Data sample characteristics were analyzed by descriptive statistics, and the relationship between independent variables (weight, height, sex, age, and body mass index [BMI]) and dependent variables (coincidence between the most prominent vertebra and the stationary vertebra, as determined by the flexion-extension test) was determined via logistic regression...
March 2018: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628804/a-preliminary-study-of-chiropractors-beliefs-about-biomedical-and-biopsychosocial-pain-a-survey-of-university-of-western-states-alumni
#9
Suzanne D Lady, Mitchell Haas, Ryan Takagi, Leslie Takaki
Objective: The purpose of this preliminary study was to investigate differences between doctors of chiropractic with respect to their preference for the biomedical or biopsychosocial attitude and belief models. Methods: Alumni of the University of Western States doctor of chiropractic program were asked to complete an online survey that included the Pain Attitudes and Beliefs Scale for Physiotherapists. This scale yields a biomedical score (10-60 scale) and a biopsychosocial score (9-54 scale)...
March 2018: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628803/lower-body-strength-training-versus-proprioceptive-exercises-on-vertical-jump-capacity-a-feasibility-study
#10
Charles Son, Adam Stewart, John Ward, Kimary Farrar
Objective: The purpose of this study was to test the feasibility of completing a study comparing the impact of lower body strength training to proprioceptive exercises on vertical jump capacity. Methods: Thirty-nine college students (age 27.9 ± 6.4 y, height 1.69 ± 0.10 m, body mass 73.4 ± 15.9 kg: mean ± standard deviation) underwent baseline and post-testing of their vertical jump capacity using a Vertical Challenger and VICON motion analysis system. Participants were randomly assigned to 3 interventional groups between testing sessions: (1) lower body strength training, (2) lower body proprioceptive training, and (3) a no training control...
March 2018: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628802/relationship-between-radiographic-lumbosacral-spine-mensuration-and-chronic-low-back-pain-intensity-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Savannah K Shortz, Mitchell Haas
Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate correlative factors affecting chronic low back pain (CLBP), with special emphasis on the radiographic postural findings in the sagittal lumbosacral spine. Methods: A cross-sectional study alongside a randomized trial was conducted. Standing lateral lumbar spine radiographs from 352 patients with CLBP enrolled in a randomized trial were analyzed and radiographic mensuration of lumbar lordosis, lumbosacral disc angle, and sacral inclination performed...
March 2018: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276468/erratum-to-a-guideline-of-selecting-and-reporting-intraclass-correlation-coefficients-for-reliability-research-j-chiropr-med-2016-15-2-155-163
#12
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1016/j.jcm.2016.02.012.].
December 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276467/chiropractic-management-using-multimodal-therapies-on-2-pediatric-patients-with-constipation
#13
Madhu Mia Iyer, Evangelia Skokos, Denise Piombo
Objective: The purpose of this case report is to describe chiropractic management of 7-month-old male twins who had had constipation since birth. Clinical Features: Identical male twins presented with the chief complaint of constipation and bloating. Both patients were born premature after 29 weeks of gestation and had invasive abdominal surgeries in the right lower quadrant resulting in healed postsurgical scars. Patient A underwent ileostomy for a perforation in his ileum...
December 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276466/rehabilitative-principles-in-the-management-of-thoracolumbar-syndrome-a-case-report
#14
Mathew E DiMond
Objective: The purpose of this case report was to describe the chiropractic management of thoracolumbar syndrome using multimodal therapies. Clinical Features: A 33-year-old woman with 3 weeks of back pain presented to a chiropractic clinic. Nerve tension tests and local tenderness were present in a pattern described by Maigne, and she was diagnosed with thoracolumbar syndrome (Maigne syndrome) at her initial visit. Intervention and Outcomes: The Oswestry Disability Index for low back pain (62%), STarT low back screen tool for clinical outcomes (6 points total, with a 2-point subscale), numeric pain rating scale (6/10 constant, 10/10 with provocation), and test-retest exercise audits were outcome measures...
December 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276465/a-case-report-of-osteochondritis-dissecans-in-a-rare-location-the-lateral-femoral-trochlea
#15
Federico Villafañe, Nathaniel Holloway, Norman Kettner
Objective: The purpose of this case report is to describe a rare location for knee osteochondritis dissecans (OCD). Clinical Features: A 28-year-old man presented to a chiropractic clinic with left posterolateral knee pain and swelling with joint locking after falling asleep with knees bent. A history of knee locking was reported by the patient. At presentation, he demonstrated the inability to straighten his left knee. On a pain scale of 1 to 10, he experienced level-8 stabbing pain during all knee ranges of motion with radiation to the foot...
December 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276464/reliability-of-the-upper-trapezius-muscle-and-fascia-thickness-and-strain-ratio-measures-by-ultrasonography-and-sonoelastography-in-participants-with-myofascial-pain-syndrome
#16
Mahyar Salavati, Behnam Akhbari, Ismail Ebrahimi Takamjani, Kamran Ezzati, Hamidreza Haghighatkhah
Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess the intra- and interexaminer reliability of the upper trapezius muscle and fascia thickness measured by ultrasonography imaging and strain ratio by sonoelastography in participants with myofascial pain syndrome. Methods: Thirty-two upper trapezius muscles were assessed. Two examiners measured the upper trapezius thickness and strain ratio 3 times by ultrasonography and sonoelastography independently in the test session...
December 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276463/conservative-management-of-possible-meniscal-derangement-using-the-mulligan-concept-a-case-report
#17
Belinda J Sanchez, Russell T Baker
Objective: The purpose of this case study was to report on the immediate effects of the combined use of mobilizations with movement and the "squeeze" technique on a patient with knee stiffness, popping, and swelling. Clinical Features: The patient presented with right knee stiffness, swelling, and a popping sensation of insidious onset. Clinical examination revealed pain with terminal knee extension and flexion, joint line tenderness, a positive Apley's compression test, and a positive Thessaly's test at 20° of knee flexion...
December 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276462/chiropractic-care-in-the-management-of-inactive-ankylosing-spondylitis-a-case-series
#18
Stacey M Cornelson, David Beavers, Allison Harvey, William Hogarth, Norman W Kettner
Objective: This report describes chiropractic management for 3 cases of inactive ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Clinical Features: A 25-year-old woman presented with chronic, mechanical neck pain and stiffness that was ultimately diagnosed as AS. A 23-year-old man presented with chronic low back and left hip pain that was diagnosed as AS. A 31-year-old man with low back pain presented with a known diagnosis of AS. Physical examination in 2 cases failed to identify systemic findings associated with AS...
December 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276461/dietary-fiber-is-beneficial-for-the-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease-an-umbrella-review-of-meta-analyses
#19
Marc P McRae
Objective: The purpose of this study was to review previously published meta-analyses on the effectiveness of dietary fiber on cardiovascular disease. Methods: An umbrella review of all published meta-analyses was performed. A PubMed search from January 1, 1980, to January 31, 2017, was conducted using the following search strategy: (fiber OR glucan OR psyllium OR fructans) AND (meta-analysis OR systematic review). Only English-language publications that provided quantitative statistical analysis on cardiovascular disease, lipid concentrations, or blood pressure were retrieved...
December 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276460/management-of-chronic-lateral-epicondylitis-with-manual-therapy-and-local-cryostimulation-a-pilot-study
#20
Nadia Richer, Andrée-Anne Marchand, Martin Descarreaux
Objective: The purpose of this pilot study was to evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of adding cryostimulation to manual therapy in patients with chronic lateral epicondylitis. Methods: The control group (n = 19) was treated with manual therapy consisting of soft-tissue therapy and radial head mobilizations. The experimental group (n = 18) received cryostimulation in addition to manual therapy care similar to that for the control group. Both protocols consisted of 8 treatments over a 4-week period...
December 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
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