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Journal of Chiropractic Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276468/erratum-to-a-guideline-of-selecting-and-reporting-intraclass-correlation-coefficients-for-reliability-research-j-chiropr-med-2016-15-2-155-163
#1
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1016/j.jcm.2016.02.012.].
December 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276467/chiropractic-management-using-multimodal-therapies-on-2-pediatric-patients-with-constipation
#2
Madhu Mia Iyer, Evangelia Skokos, Denise Piombo
Objective: The purpose of this case report is to describe chiropractic management of 7-month-old male twins who had had constipation since birth. Clinical Features: Identical male twins presented with the chief complaint of constipation and bloating. Both patients were born premature after 29 weeks of gestation and had invasive abdominal surgeries in the right lower quadrant resulting in healed postsurgical scars. Patient A underwent ileostomy for a perforation in his ileum...
December 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276466/rehabilitative-principles-in-the-management-of-thoracolumbar-syndrome-a-case-report
#3
Mathew E DiMond
Objective: The purpose of this case report was to describe the chiropractic management of thoracolumbar syndrome using multimodal therapies. Clinical Features: A 33-year-old woman with 3 weeks of back pain presented to a chiropractic clinic. Nerve tension tests and local tenderness were present in a pattern described by Maigne, and she was diagnosed with thoracolumbar syndrome (Maigne syndrome) at her initial visit. Intervention and Outcomes: The Oswestry Disability Index for low back pain (62%), STarT low back screen tool for clinical outcomes (6 points total, with a 2-point subscale), numeric pain rating scale (6/10 constant, 10/10 with provocation), and test-retest exercise audits were outcome measures...
December 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276465/a-case-report-of-osteochondritis-dissecans-in-a-rare-location-the-lateral-femoral-trochlea
#4
Federico Villafañe, Nathaniel Holloway, Norman Kettner
Objective: The purpose of this case report is to describe a rare location for knee osteochondritis dissecans (OCD). Clinical Features: A 28-year-old man presented to a chiropractic clinic with left posterolateral knee pain and swelling with joint locking after falling asleep with knees bent. A history of knee locking was reported by the patient. At presentation, he demonstrated the inability to straighten his left knee. On a pain scale of 1 to 10, he experienced level-8 stabbing pain during all knee ranges of motion with radiation to the foot...
December 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276464/reliability-of-the-upper-trapezius-muscle-and-fascia-thickness-and-strain-ratio-measures-by-ultrasonography-and-sonoelastography-in-participants-with-myofascial-pain-syndrome
#5
Mahyar Salavati, Behnam Akhbari, Ismail Ebrahimi Takamjani, Kamran Ezzati, Hamidreza Haghighatkhah
Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess the intra- and interexaminer reliability of the upper trapezius muscle and fascia thickness measured by ultrasonography imaging and strain ratio by sonoelastography in participants with myofascial pain syndrome. Methods: Thirty-two upper trapezius muscles were assessed. Two examiners measured the upper trapezius thickness and strain ratio 3 times by ultrasonography and sonoelastography independently in the test session...
December 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276463/conservative-management-of-possible-meniscal-derangement-using-the-mulligan-concept-a-case-report
#6
Belinda J Sanchez, Russell T Baker
Objective: The purpose of this case study was to report on the immediate effects of the combined use of mobilizations with movement and the "squeeze" technique on a patient with knee stiffness, popping, and swelling. Clinical Features: The patient presented with right knee stiffness, swelling, and a popping sensation of insidious onset. Clinical examination revealed pain with terminal knee extension and flexion, joint line tenderness, a positive Apley's compression test, and a positive Thessaly's test at 20° of knee flexion...
December 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276462/chiropractic-care-in-the-management-of-inactive-ankylosing-spondylitis-a-case-series
#7
Stacey M Cornelson, David Beavers, Allison Harvey, William Hogarth, Norman W Kettner
Objective: This report describes chiropractic management for 3 cases of inactive ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Clinical Features: A 25-year-old woman presented with chronic, mechanical neck pain and stiffness that was ultimately diagnosed as AS. A 23-year-old man presented with chronic low back and left hip pain that was diagnosed as AS. A 31-year-old man with low back pain presented with a known diagnosis of AS. Physical examination in 2 cases failed to identify systemic findings associated with AS...
December 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276461/dietary-fiber-is-beneficial-for-the-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease-an-umbrella-review-of-meta-analyses
#8
Marc P McRae
Objective: The purpose of this study was to review previously published meta-analyses on the effectiveness of dietary fiber on cardiovascular disease. Methods: An umbrella review of all published meta-analyses was performed. A PubMed search from January 1, 1980, to January 31, 2017, was conducted using the following search strategy: (fiber OR glucan OR psyllium OR fructans) AND (meta-analysis OR systematic review). Only English-language publications that provided quantitative statistical analysis on cardiovascular disease, lipid concentrations, or blood pressure were retrieved...
December 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276460/management-of-chronic-lateral-epicondylitis-with-manual-therapy-and-local-cryostimulation-a-pilot-study
#9
Nadia Richer, Andrée-Anne Marchand, Martin Descarreaux
Objective: The purpose of this pilot study was to evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of adding cryostimulation to manual therapy in patients with chronic lateral epicondylitis. Methods: The control group (n = 19) was treated with manual therapy consisting of soft-tissue therapy and radial head mobilizations. The experimental group (n = 18) received cryostimulation in addition to manual therapy care similar to that for the control group. Both protocols consisted of 8 treatments over a 4-week period...
December 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276459/immediate-effect-of-lumbar-mobilization-on-activity-of-erector-spinae-and-lumbar-multifidus-muscles
#10
Fahed Mehyar, Marcio Santos, Sara E Wilson, Vincent S Staggs, Neena K Sharma
Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of grade IV lumbar mobilization on the activity/contraction of erector spinae (ES) and lumbar multifidus (LM) muscles in healthy people. Methods: A randomized, repeated-measures design was used. Sixteen healthy subjects attended 3 testing sessions with a different intervention in each session (no intervention, grade IV central lumbar mobilization at L4, and placebo/light touch). Lying in a prone position, subjects lifted a light weight with their right arm while ultrasound images of LM and surface electromyography signals of ES were captured before and immediately after application of the intervention in the session...
December 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276458/association-of-venous-leg-ulcers-with-ankle-range-of-motion-in-people-attending-chiropractic-mobile-clinics-in-the-dominican-republic
#11
Patricia A Tavares, Victoria Landsman, Nathalie Gomez, Ariel Ferreiras, Ramon A Lopez
Objective: The goal of the study was to determine if there was an association between chronic venous disorders (CVDs), particularly venous leg ulcers, and ankle range of motion (ROM) in the Dominican Republic. Methods: Chronic venous disorders were classified using the clinical manifestations portion (C) of the CEAP (clinical manifestations, etiology, anatomy, pathophysiology) method. The legs of participants attending mobile chiropractic clinics in rural, low-income areas in the Dominican Republic were assessed for clinical signs of CVD and venous ulcers...
December 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097958/unresolved-congenital-torticollis-and-its-consequences-a-report-of-2-cases
#12
Mette Hobaek Siegenthaler
Objective: The purpose of this report was to describe the clinical presentation and case management of 2 children with congenital torticollis. Clinical Features: Two male children (ages 6 and 10 years) presented to a chiropractic clinic with a history of congenital torticollis. They showed signs and symptoms of postural deficiency and developmental delay: posterior plagiocephaly, facial scoliosis, head tilt, compensatory thoracic scoliosis, decreased range of motion in the cervical spine, palpable decreased segmental motion of the upper cervical spine, and an age-related delay in throwing and catching a ball and in one-leg standing...
September 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097957/conservative-care-of-pediatric-acquired-torticollis-a-report-of-2-cases
#13
Morgan D Young, Jessie L Young
Objective: The purpose of this case report is to describe the conservative management of 2 cases of acquired torticollis in children under 3 years of age. Clinical Features: Both patients awoke with painful, stiff, twisted necks the day after play in a bouncy house. Range of motion was limited, and hypertonic muscles were palpated. Their neurologic and physical evaluation was consistent with a diagnosis of acquired torticollis of musculoskeletal origin. Intervention and Outcomes: Both children were treated with chiropractic care that consisted of light myofascial release, use of an Activator instrument, and home stretching...
September 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097956/thoracic-spondylodiscitis-epidural-abscess-in-an-afebrile-navy-veteran-a-case-report
#14
Zachary A Cupler, Michael T Anderson, Thomas J Stancik
Objective: The purpose of this case study was to describe the differential diagnosis of a thoracic epidural abscess in a Navy veteran who presented to a chiropractic clinic for evaluation and management with acupuncture within a Veterans Affairs Medical Center. Clinical Features: An afebrile 59-year-old man with acute thoracic spine pain and chronic low back pain presented to the chiropractic clinic at a Veterans Affairs Medical Center for consideration for acupuncture treatment...
September 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097955/thoracic-schwannoma-in-an-adult-male-presenting-with-thoracic-pain-a-case-report
#15
Andrew M Rodgers, Kim B Khauv
Objective: The purpose of this case report was to describe a patient presenting with back pain subsequently diagnosed with thoracic schwannoma. Clinical Features: A 45-year-old male presented to a chiropractic practice with mid-back, low back, and sacroiliac pain. Orthopedic examination revealed joint dysfunction in the thoracic-sacroiliac region with normal findings on neurologic examination. An initial diagnosis of thoracic spinal pain and sacroiliac sprain and strain was made...
September 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097954/redundant-nerve-root-in-a-patient-with-chronic-lumbar-degenerative-canal-stenosis
#16
Federico E Villafañe, Allison Harvey, Norman Kettner
Objective: The purpose of this case report is to describe the diagnostic imaging features of redundant nerve roots caused by chronic lumbar degenerative canal stenosis (CLDCS). Clinical Features: A 56-year-old male presented with severe low back pain. He experienced pain during minimal active lumbar range of motion. The patient demonstrated weakness of the right iliopsoas and hypoesthesia of the L-2 dermatome. A working diagnosis of CLDCS was established. The patient's worsening severe low back pain warranted magnetic resonance imaging of the lumbar spine, which was performed for further evaluation...
September 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097953/a-young-female-athlete-with-acute-low-back-pain-caused-by-stage-iv-breast-cancer
#17
Evan A Kahn
Objective: The purpose of this case report is to describe the case of a young female athlete with low back pain caused by metastatic breast cancer. Clinical Features: A 27-year-old woman presented with low back pain after striking a ball during kickball 3 days earlier. Because of the mechanism of injury and onset, the patient was originally diagnosed with a lumbar spine sprain/strain. Intervention/Outcome: After radiographs were obtained and were read as unremarkable, a 2-week trial of care was initiated that included soft-tissue mobilizations, anti-inflammatory medications from her primary care physician, and therapeutic rehabilitation exercises...
September 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097952/association-between-forward-head-rounded-shoulders-and-increased-thoracic-kyphosis-a-review-of-the-literature
#18
Deepika Singla, Zubia Veqar
Objective: The purpose of this review was to explore the association between forward head posture, rounded shoulders, and increased thoracic kyphosis. Methods: The PubMed, ERIC, and Cochrane databases were searched using the key words posture, head, shoulder, forward scapular posture, and thoracic kyphosis through December 2016. Results: Our initial search yielded 6840 research studies, 6769 of which were excluded because they either were duplicates or did not satisfy the inclusion criteria...
September 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097951/effect-of-foot-manipulation-on-pregnancy-related-pelvic-girdle-pain-a-feasibility-study
#19
Camilla Melkersson, Salmir Nasic, Karin Starzmann, Kristina Bengtsson Boström
Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate if the research process to evaluate the effect of foot manipulation on pregnancy-related pelvic girdle pain (PPGP) is feasible. Methods: A randomized, single-blind (patients and evaluators) pilot trial was performed to compare foot manipulation to a comparative group at 6-weekly treatment sessions at 5 physiotherapy outpatient clinics in Skaraborg primary care (Skövde, Sweden). Women at 12 to 31 weeks of pregnancy with well-defined PPGP (n = 97) and joint dysfunction or decreased range of movement in the feet were included...
September 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097950/a-proposed-mathematical-method-to-quantify-y-axis-pelvic-rotation-on-the-anteroposterior-radiograph
#20
Roger R Coleman, Mark A Lopes, Derek A Lopes
Objective: Researchers have identified potential errors in the Gonstead method's analysis of pelvic alignment resulting from y-axis rotation of the pelvis on the anteroposterior (A-P) radiograph. The purpose of this article is to propose a method that can be used to determine the magnitude of y-axis rotation of the pelvis present on the A-P radiograph. Methods: In this proposed method, measurements are obtained from the patient and from the lateral and A-P radiographs...
September 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
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