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Eye & Contact Lens

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079590/the-evaluation-of-corneal-fragility-after-uva-riboflavin-crosslinking
#1
Zhiwei Li, Yumeng Wang, Yanyun Xu, Vishal Jhanji, Chunxiao Zhang, Guoying Mu
PURPOSE: To evaluate the fragility of cornea after UVA/riboflavin crosslinking (CXL). METHODS: Sixty New Zealand rabbits received UVA/riboflavin crosslinking treatment (wavelength 365 nm, irradiance 3.0 mW/cm, and total dose 5.4 J/cm) on right eyes. Animals were sacrificed before and immediately after treatment (day 0), day 1, 3, 7, and 28 after treatment. A 4×10 mm corneal strip for biomechanical evaluation was harvested after sacrifice. The corneal fragility was evaluated by measurement of elongation rate, whereby the elongation rate equals elongation length/baseline length...
January 10, 2017: Eye & Contact Lens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060146/combined-effect-of-ocular-and-multifocal-contact-lens-induced-aberrations-on-visual-performance-center-distance-versus-center-near-design
#2
Daniela Lopes-Ferreira, Paulo Fernandes, António Queirós, José M González-Meijome
PURPOSE: To evaluate the combined effects of inherent ocular aberrations and induced aberrations with a multifocal soft contact lens (MFCL) after 15 days of lens wear in presbyopic participants and their influence on visual performance at distance and near under high and low contrast conditions. METHODS: Forty presbyopic participants (mean age, 48.7±3.4) presenting a mean addition of 1.53±0.58 D were fitted with Biofinity Multifocal (CooperVision) and included in the study...
January 4, 2017: Eye & Contact Lens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060145/corneal-endothelial-cell-density-and-morphology-in-different-trimesters-of-pregnancy
#3
Nurgül Örnek, Zeynep Özcan Dağ, Kemal Örnek
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate corneal endothelial cell density (CD) and morphology in different trimesters of pregnancy. METHODS: This prospective study included 66 (66 eyes) pregnant women. The patient group was divided into three subgroups comprised of 22 women in the first, second, and third trimesters of pregnancy. An age-matched group of 22 (22 eyes) volunteers served as controls. Corneal measurements were performed using specular microscopy (Noncon Robo SP8000, Konan Medical)...
January 4, 2017: Eye & Contact Lens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060144/effect-of-overnight-wear-orthokeratology-lenses-on-corneal-shape-and-tears
#4
Jian Li, Ping Dong, Hu Liu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the effects of the overnight wear orthokeratology (OK) lenses on corneal shape and tear film stability. METHODS: Forty patients with myopia aged between 11 and 18 years who wore OK lens continuously for more than 1 year were selected. Refractive error (D), corneal curvature, corneal surface regularity index (SRI), tear breakup time (TBUT), Schirmer I test score, and corneal staining were measured at the following time points: 1 week before wearing the OK lens (T0) and 1 week (T1), 1 month (T2), 3 months (T3), 6 months (T4), and 12 months (T5) after wear...
January 4, 2017: Eye & Contact Lens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060143/comparison-of-hospital-cornea-retrieval-and-voluntary-eye-donation-program-in-eye-banking
#5
Namrata Sharma, Nikhil Agrawal, Prafulla K Maharana, Tushar Agarwal, Murugesan Vanathi, Rasik B Vajpayee
OBJECTIVES: Comparison of demographic, clinical, microbiological, and utility profile of the corneas obtained through hospital corneal retrieval program (HCRP) and voluntary eye donation (VED) program. METHODS: Donor corneas retrieved during a 14 months period at National eye bank, India were included in the study. The donor cornea grading was done according to the cornea donor study. The corneal swabs were taken from the donor eyes and were sent for microbiological evaluation...
January 4, 2017: Eye & Contact Lens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002092/treatment-practices-and-outcomes-of-meibomian-gland-dysfunction-at-a-tertiary-center-in-southern-india
#6
Ling Lee, Qian Garrett, Judith L Flanagan, Pravin K Vaddavalli, Eric B Papas
OBJECTIVE: To describe the current treatment practices for meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) at a tertiary eye center, together with the subjective outcomes and compliance behaviors of patients. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study reviewed medical records for MGD severity grading, treatment prescribed, and follow-up schedule. In addition, participants were surveyed to gauge subjective outcomes and treatment adherence. RESULTS: Eight hundred ten patients were diagnosed with "MGD" or "meibomitis" and had a total of 14 different treatment combinations prescribed...
December 19, 2016: Eye & Contact Lens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002091/vector-analysis-of-1-year-astigmatic-outcomes-from-a-randomized-fellow-eye-comparison-of-photorefractive-keratectomy-using-2-excimer-laser-platforms
#7
Brian C Toy, Edward E Manche
OBJECTIVE: To compare the astigmatic outcomes of photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) with a wavefront-guided (WFG) and a wavefront-optimized (WFO) excimer laser performed on two different platforms. METHODS: Setting: institutional. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, fellow eye comparison clinical trial. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 142 eyes of 71 patients with myopia of 12 diopters (D) or less and astigmatism of 3D or less were enrolled at the Byers Eye Institute at Stanford between April 2009 and March 2011...
December 19, 2016: Eye & Contact Lens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902509/paecilomyces-lilacinus-keratitis-in-a-soft-contact-lens-wearer
#8
Rosa Monno, Giovanni Alessio, Silvana Guerriero, Carmen Capolongo, Carla Calia, Luciana Fumarola, Carlo Pazzani, Anna Di Taranto, Giuseppe Miragliotta
We describe a case of keratitis caused by Paecilomyces lilacinus in a contact lens wearer with a history of diabetes.
November 29, 2016: Eye & Contact Lens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898517/comparision-of-optical-low-coherence-reflectometry-versus-ultrasonic-biometry-in-high-hypermetropia
#9
Rukiye Aydin, Sevil Karaman Erdur, Kubra Serefoglu Cabuk, Eyyup Karahan, Suleyman Kaynak
PURPOSE: To compare anterior chamber depth (ACD), axial length (AL), and lens thickness (LT) measurements obtained by the Lenstar LS 900 (Haag-Streit AG) optical low-coherence reflectometry with those obtained by the A-scan contact ultrasound among patients with moderate and high hypermetropia. METHODS: Fifty-two eyes of 52 patients with moderate and high hypermetropia (spherical equivalent of +4 D or more) were examined in this study measurements of ACD, AL, and LT obtained by Lenstar were compared with those obtained by applanation A-scan ultrasound...
November 24, 2016: Eye & Contact Lens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898516/clinical-evaluation-of-large-diameter-rigid-gas-permeable-versus-soft-toric-contact-lenses-for-the-correction-of-refractive-astigmatism-a-multicenter-study
#10
Langis Michaud, Edward S Bennett, Stephanie L Woo, Renee Reeder, Bruce W Morgan, Amy Dinardo, Jennifer S Harthan
PURPOSE: This study aims to address the clinical performance of a large diameter rigid gas permeable lens (LRGP) in a group of subjects with low-to-moderate (0.75-2.75 D) refractive astigmatism. An additional goal was to determine whether soft toric or LRGP contact lenses performed better objectively in the correction of astigmatism and to determine which modality is preferred by subjects. METHODS: This was a multisite prospective cross-over clinical study. Ten asymptomatic contact lens wearers per site (four university clinics) were recruited and randomly assigned to group A or group B...
November 24, 2016: Eye & Contact Lens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861262/tear-film-osmolarity-in-response-to-long-term-orthokeratology-treatment
#11
Amelia Nieto-Bona, María Nombela-Palomo, Gema Felipe-Márquez, Miguel A Teus
PURPOSE: To compare tear film osmolarity (TFO) measurements in non-contact lens (CL) wearers and wearers of hydrogel or overnight orthokeratology (OK) CLs, and to assess possible effects of long-term OK on TFO. METHODS: Overall, 108 subjects with moderate myopia participated in 2 experiments, and TFO was measured using the TearLab osmolarity system. In experiment 1, TFO measurements were made in 77 right eyes of 23 non-CL wearers, 26 hydrogel wearers, and 28 OK wearers...
November 16, 2016: Eye & Contact Lens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930395/excimer-laser-versus-phakic-intraocular-lenses-for-myopia-and-astigmatism-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#12
Haiting Chen, Yu Liu, Guangzeng Niu, Ma Jingxue
OBJECTIVE: Meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) which compared excimer laser refractive surgery and phakic intraocular lenses (PIOLs) for the treatment of myopia and astigmatism. METHODS: An electronic literature search was performed using the PubMed, EBSCO, CNKI, and Cochrane Library database to identify prospective RCTs which compared excimer laser refractive surgery and PIOL with a follow-up time of at least 12 months. Efficacy, accuracy, safety outcomes, and complications were analyzed by standardized mean difference, risk ratio, and the pooled estimates according to a fixed effect model or random effect model...
October 25, 2016: Eye & Contact Lens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768615/daily-wear-contact-lenses-manufactured-in-etafilcon-a-are-noninferior-to-two-silicone-hydrogel-lens-types-with-respect-to-hypoxic-stress
#13
Loretta B Szczotka-Flynn, Sara Debanne, Beth Ann Benetz, Tawnya Wilson, Noel Brennan
PURPOSE: This study hypothesized that a traditional high-water contact lens of moderate oxygen transmissibility (Dk/t) is noninferior to common silicone hydrogel (SH) lenses worn for daily wear with respect to measures of hypoxic stress. METHODS: Thirty-six habitual contact lens wearers completed wear of three lens types worn in a randomized order: etafilcon A (ACUVUE 2, control), lotrafilcon B (Air Optix Aqua), and comfilcon A (Biofinity). Central corneal thickness (CT) and limbal hyperemia were measured >2 hr after waking and after 6 to 8 hr of wear on days 1 and 7...
October 20, 2016: Eye & Contact Lens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768614/irregular-corneas-improve-visual-function-with-scleral-contact-lenses
#14
Beatriz de Luis Eguileor, Jaime Etxebarria Ecenarro, Alaitz Santamaria Carro, Raquel Feijoo Lera
OBJECTIVES: To assess visual function in patients with irregular cornea who do not tolerate gas permeable (GP) corneal contact lenses and are fitted with GP scleral contact lenses (Rose K2 XL). METHODS: In this prospective study, we analyzed 15 eyes of 15 patients who did not tolerate GP corneal contact lenses and were fitted with scleral contact lenses (Rose K2 XL). We assessed visual function using visual acuity and the visual function index (VF-14); we used the VF-14 as an indicator of patient satisfaction...
October 20, 2016: Eye & Contact Lens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763910/short-term-and-long-term-changes-in-corneal-power-are-not-correlated-with-axial-elongation-of-the-eye-induced-by-orthokeratology-in-children
#15
Jacinto Santodomingo-Rubido, César Villa-Collar, Bernard Gilmartin, Ramón Gutiérrez-Ortega
PURPOSE: To assess the relationship between short-term and long-term changes in power at different corneal locations relative to the change in central corneal power and the 2-year change in axial elongation relative to baseline in children fitted with orthokeratology contact lenses (OK). METHODS: Thirty-one white European subjects 6 to 12 years of age and with myopia -0.75 to -4.00 DS and astigmatism ≤1.00 DC were fitted with OK. Differences in refractive power 3 and 24 months post-OK in comparison with baseline and relative to the change in central corneal power were determined from corneal topography data in eight different corneal regions (i...
October 19, 2016: Eye & Contact Lens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002225/impact-of-contact-lens-material-design-and-fitting-on-discomfort
#16
Fiona Stapleton, Jacqueline Tan
OBJECTIVE: To review the effect of contact lens (CL) material, design, and fitting characteristics on CL discomfort. METHODS: A PubMed search identified publications describing subjective comfort and CL material, fitting, and design parameters. The review included clinical signs associated with discomfort that may be a consequence of these parameters. RESULTS: Reduced lens movement or more CL tightness were associated with improved comfort...
January 2017: Eye & Contact Lens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002224/meibomian-gland-dysfunction-and-contact-lens-discomfort
#17
Reiko Arita, Shima Fukuoka, Naoyuki Morishige
Meibomian glands are located in the eyelids and secrete meibum, which gives rise to the lipid layer of the tear film. Changes to these glands can lead to the development of meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD), which is associated with various ocular symptoms such as fatigue, dryness, burning sensation, and heavy sensation. The diagnosis of MGD thus relies on evaluation of ocular symptoms, meibum condition, and lid margin abnormalities. The recent development of noninvasive meibography and tear interferometry has provided important insight into meibomian gland structure and function, respectively...
January 2017: Eye & Contact Lens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002223/is-there-a-role-for-inflammation-in-contact-lens-discomfort
#18
Mark D P Willcox
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine the literature with respect to inflammation of the ocular surface and the presence of inflammatory mediators in the tear film during contact lens wear. METHODS: The literature on contact lens discomfort that relates to signs of inflammation was searched. Reference was paid to the cardinal signs of inflammation (pain, heat, redness, and swelling) as well as the appearance of inflammatory mediators in the tear film during contact lens wear...
January 2017: Eye & Contact Lens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002222/contact-lens-discomfort-can-we-prevent-dropout
#19
Penny A Asbell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Eye & Contact Lens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941360/food-and-drug-administration-efforts-to-mitigate-contact-lens-discomfort
#20
Denise Hampton, Joffre Angelo Green, Marc Robboy, Malvina Eydelman
The premarket review of contact lenses and accessories by the FDA involves the assessment of nonclinical and clinical information in support of clearance or approval of marketing applications. The review process for these medical devices, including attributes, which may contribute to comfort for lens wearers, is summarized, as are mechanisms by which FDA continues to assess and improve recommendations through the review process and through collaboration with external entities.
January 2017: Eye & Contact Lens
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