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Reproductive Biology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262444/highly-potent-stem-cells-from-full-term-amniotic-fluid-a-realistic-perspective
#1
REVIEW
Adila A Hamid, Muhammad Khair Joharry, Hoo Mun-Fun, Siti Nurusaadah Hamzah, Zulida Rejali, Mohd Nazri Yazid, Thilakavathy Karuppiah, Dr Norshariza Nordin
Amniotic fluid (AF) is now known to harbor highly potent stem cells, making it an excellent source for cell therapy. However, most of the stem cells isolated are from AF of mid-term pregnancies in which the collection procedure involves an invasive technique termed amniocentesis. This has limited the access in getting the fluid as the technique imposes certain level of risks to the mother as well as to the fetus. Alternatively, getting AF from full-term pregnancies or during deliveries would be a better resolution...
March 2, 2017: Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215489/the-role-of-estrogen-receptor-subtypes-for-induction-of-delayed-effects-on-the-estrous-cycle-and-female-reproductive-organs-in-rats
#2
Miwa Takahashi, Ryohei Ichimura, Kaoru Inoue, Tomomi Morikawa, Kazunori Kuwata, Gen Watanabe, Midori Yoshida
It has been reported that neonatal exposure to estrogens at relatively low doses can induce early onset anovulation as a delayed effect in female rats. Dysfunction of kisspeptin neurons in the anteroventral periventricular nucleus (AVPV) was proposed to be a trigger for this effect. To determine the roles of estrogen receptor (ER) subtypes in the induction of delayed effects, we conducted a series of experiments using Donryu rats to examine whether neonatal injection of an ERα agonist (PPT), an ERβ agonist (DPN) or an ERα antagonist (ICI) could induce delayed effects...
February 16, 2017: Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215488/gonadotropin-releasing-hormone-agonist-gnrha-trigger-state-of-the-art
#3
REVIEW
C Dosouto, T Haahr, P Humaidan
GnRH agonist (GnRHa) trigger for final oocyte maturation in GnRH antagonist co-treated IVF/ICSI cycles significantly reduces the risk of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS). GnRHa trigger followed by modifications of the standard luteal phase support (modified luteal phase support) secures fresh transfer in the majority of patients with excellent reproductive outcomes. In freeze all cycles (segmented cycles) GnRHa trigger allows oocyte retrieval with a minimal risk of early onset OHSS and good reproductive outcomes in subsequent frozen thaw cycles...
February 16, 2017: Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215431/global-decrease-in-the-expression-of-signalling-pathways-genes-in-murine-uterus-during-preimplantation-pregnancy
#4
Katarzyna Buska, Anna Ewa Kedzierska, Anna Slawek, Anna Chelmonska-Soyta
Early preimplantation embryo-maternal communication is crucial for the establishment and development of pregnancy. Though the involvement of several candidate genes and proteins in this complex event has been described, the hierarchy of molecular networks governing this communication remains unknown. The primary objective of this study was to determine whether the presence of embryos in the uterine lumen stimulated or inhibited gene expression in the uterine tissue on day 3.5 post coitum. To answer this question, we investigated the gene expression of dedicated signal transduction pathways in the uterus of CD-1 mice during the preimplantation stage of pregnancy and compared this expression to mice with induced pseudopregnancy...
February 15, 2017: Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173995/gnrh-antagonist-and-letrozole-co-treatment-in-diminished-ovarian-reserve-patients-a-proof-of-concept-study
#5
Safak Olgan, Peter Humaidan
The current study aimed to investigate the effects of luteal gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) antagonist pretreatment on the outcomes of diminished ovarian reserve (DOR) patients who were treated using a FSH/letrozole/GnRH antagonist (FLA) protocol. Thus, patients who had luteal GnRH antagonist pretreatment (AFLA) prior to stimulation were compared to patients who had the FLA protocol, only. An electronic database was used to identify patients and stimulation characteristics. Women who had a total antral follicle count (AFC) of <7 were included in the analysis...
February 4, 2017: Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163019/interrelationships-between-ovarian-follicles-grown-in-culture-and-possible-mediators
#6
Alexander V Sirotkin, Iveta Florkovičová Koničková, Hans-Jorg Schaeffer, Jozef Laurincik, Abdel Halim Harrath
Dominance or cooperation between ovarian follicles can determine the number of ovulations and fecundity, but interrelationships between follicles in mono- and poly-ovulatory species and their mechanisms are poorly understood. The goals of this work were to determine the existence and compare the character of mutual influence of cultured ovarian follicles from a mono-ovulatory species (cow) with established follicular dominance with those from a poly-ovulatory species (pig), in which interrelationship between follicles remain unknown, and to examine the role of ovarian cell proliferation, the insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I)- oxytocin (OT) system, and steroid hormones in mediating interrelationships among ovarian follicles...
February 2, 2017: Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132758/specific-ranges-of-anti-mullerian-hormone-and-antral-follicle-count-correlate-to-provide-a-prognostic-indicator-for-ivf-outcome
#7
K N Keane, V F Cruzat, S R Wagle, N G Chaudhary, P Newsholme, J L Yovich
Advanced female age correlates with reduced ovarian reserve (OR) and is the primary factor underlying the limitation of success rates in Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART). Currently, predicted ovarian response to gonadotrophin stimulation is determined using transvaginal ultrasound to measure antral follicle count (AFC), an indirect measure of OR. However, assessing the level of anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) has more recently been shown to correlate with OR, and its application has been adopted widely. This retrospective study was designed to determine the relationship between novel ranges of AMH and AFC in patients undergoing ART...
January 26, 2017: Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28082104/transcriptome-sequencing-analysis-of-porcine-granulosa-cells-treated-with-an-anti-inhibin-antibody
#8
Mingming Lei, Liuping Cai, Hui Li, Zhen Chen, Zhendan Shi
Inhibin can regulate granulosa cell proliferation and function via direct action on granulosa cells, or indirectly through stimulation of pituitary follicle-stimulating hormone secretion. Thus far, it has not been possible to unravel or formulate the chain of molecular events that lead to enhanced granulosa cell proliferation and function using conventional gene expression analysis. The aim of this study was to examine the biological effects of immuno-neutralization of inhibin bioactivity in porcine granulosa cells using transcriptome profiling by the RNA-seq technology...
January 9, 2017: Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077244/the-catsper-channel-modulates-boar-sperm-motility-during-capacitation
#9
Alejandro Vicente-Carrillo, Manuel Álvarez-Rodríguez, Heriberto Rodríguez-Martínez
The cation channel of sperm (CatSper) comprises four transmembrane subunits specifically expressed in human, equine, murine and ovine spermatozoa, apparently implicated in capacitation, hyperactivation and acrosome exocytosis. Western blotting and immunocytochemistry showed hereby that CatSper subunits are also present in boar spermatozoa, primarily over the sperm neck, tail and cytoplasmic droplets; albeit CatSper -1 presented in addition some distribution over the membrane of the acrosome and CatSper -2 and -4 over the membrane of the post-acrosome...
January 8, 2017: Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063736/brilliant-cresyl-blue-staining-does-not-present-cytotoxic-effects-on-human-luteinized-follicular-cells-according-to-gene-protein-expression-as-well-as-to-cytotoxicity-tests
#10
Diego Duarte Alcoba, Júlia Schneider, Letícia Arruda, Patrícia Borba Martiny, Edison Capp, Helena von Eye Corleta, Ilma Simoni Brum
In vitro oocyte maturation presents many advantages and its success is related to the selection of fully grown oocytes. In animal models, staining of cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) with Brilliant Cresyl Blue (BCB) is widely used for this selection. However, a lack of information about the safety of BCB makes its applicability in humans questionable. Because granulosa and cumulus cells have a close relationship with the oocyte and taking into account that follicular cells are also exposed to BCB when this pre-selection method is applied, we aimed to evaluate the effects of BCB on human follicular cells exposed to BCB...
January 4, 2017: Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041717/the-effect-of-cholesterol-loaded-cyclodextrins-on-post-thawing-quality-of-buffalo-semen-in-relation-to-sperm-dna-damage-and-ultrastructure
#11
M F Abouelezz, A E Montaser, M S Hussein, A M Eldesouky, M R Badr, A O Hegab, A Z Balboula, S M Zaabel
The cryopreservation of germ cells is a major tool for the propagation of animals with desired genetic traits. Although cryopreservation of spermatozoa in some animals is effective, its effectiveness is variable. For example, cryopreservation efficiency of buffalo bull spermatozoa remains very poor. In this study, we evaluated sperm DNA damage and ultrastructure in buffalo bull spermatozoa vitrified in the presence or absence of cholesterol-loaded cyclodextrins (CLC). Our results showed that cryopreserved buffalo spermatozoa had elevated levels of deteriorated plasma and mitochondrial membranes, which are the likely causes of DNA damage after vitrification...
December 29, 2016: Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040471/developmental-effects-of-imatinib-mesylate-on-follicle-assembly-and-early-activation-of-primordial-follicle-pool-in-postnatal-rat-ovary
#12
Babak Asadi-Azarbaijani, Regiane R Santos, Kirsi Jahnukainen, Saskia Braber, Majorie B M van Duursen, Jorma Toppari, Ola D Saugstad, Mirja Nurmio, Irma C Oskam
Imatinib mesylate is an anti-cancer agent that competitively inhibits several receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs). RTKs play important roles in the regulation of primordial follicle formation, the recruitment of primordial follicles into the pool of growing follicles and maturation of the follicles. In the present study, we investigated the effects of the tyrosine kinase inhibitor imatinib on primordial follicle assembly and early folliculogenesis in postnatal rats. Female Sprague-Dawley rats were treated with either imatinib (150mg/kg) or placebo (water) on postnatal days 2-4...
December 28, 2016: Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27964842/live-birth-rates-are-satisfactory-following-multiple-ivf-treatment-cycles-in-poor-prognosis-patients
#13
Kamarul B Mustafa, Kevin N Keane, Nikita L Walz, Katarina I Mitrovic, Peter M Hinchliffe, John L Yovich
This seven-year retrospective study analysed the live birth rate (LBR) for women undergoing IVF treatment with various antral follicle counts (AFC). The LBR decreased with lower AFC ratings, and in 290 treatment cycles for women in the poorest AFC category, ≤4 follicles (group E), the LBR was the lowest at 10.7%. The pregnancy loss rate (PLR) significantly increased with poorer AFC categories, from 21.8% in AFC group A (≥20 follicles), to 54.4% in AFC group E (p<0.0001). This trend was repeated with advancing age, from 21...
December 7, 2016: Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843090/superovulation-at-a-specific-stage-of-the-estrous-cycle-determines-the-reproductive-performance-in-mice
#14
Wilasinee Inyawilert, Yu-Jing Liao, Pin-Chi Tang
Inconsistent reproductive performance has been reported in superovulated mice. Hence, the aim of this study was to analyze the effect and possible mechanism of superovulation timing on mouse reproductive performance. The results showed that mice superovulated at the metestrous (23.08±6.08%) and diestrous stages (33.33±11.45%) presented significantly lower pregnancy rates compared with those superovulated at the estrous stage (66.67±9.20%). After superovulation at the proestrous and estrous stages, mucin 1 (MUC1) and let-7a/let-7b microRNA (miRNA) expression levels were significantly attenuated and enhanced on embryonic day 3...
December 2016: Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27840064/ameliorating-effects-of-green-tea-extract-on-cadmium-induced-reproductive-injury-in-male-wistar-rats-with-respect-to-androgen-receptors-and-caspase-3
#15
Heba M A Abdelrazek, Seham A Helmy, Doaa H Elsayed, Hala M Ebaid, Racha M Mohamed
Cadmium is one of the potent environmental endocrine disruptors that has adverse effects on male fertility. This study was conducted to investigate the protective role of green tea extract (GTE) on cadmium chloride (CdCl2) induced reproductive toxicities in male Wistar rats. Thirty-six male Wistar rats were divided to 4 groups, each one contained 9 rats. Control group, they were gavaged distilled water, meanwhile the treated groups gavaged CdCl2 (3mg/kg), GTE (70mg/kg) and CdCl2+GTE (3mg/kg and 70mg/kg) for 63days...
December 2016: Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27839674/a-weekly-postpartum-pgf2%C3%AE-protocol-enhances-uterine-health-in-dairy-cows
#16
Guang-Min Yu, Jia-Hua Bai, Yan Liu, Teruo Maeda, Shen-Ming Zeng
Postpartum uterine health in dairy cows is crucial for the maintenance of good reproductive performance. In order to improve uterine health and reduce puerperal intrauterine infection, 608 Holstein cows received a weekly PGF2α protocol (3 i.m. injections of PGF2α at 7, 14 and 21 d postpartum). For comparison, 593 cows in the control group received injections of sterile saline at the same time. Uterine score at 14 d postpartum, the prevalence of endometritis at 21-27 d postpartum, and subsequent reproduction performance was evaluated...
December 2016: Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802914/expression-of-interferon-stimulated-gene-isg15-and-ubiquitination-enzymes-is-upregulated-in-peripheral-blood-monocyte-during-early-pregnancy-in-dairy-cattle
#17
Ihtesham Ul Haq, Ying Han, Tariq Ali, Yingzheng Wang, Hui Gao, Lu Lin, Yi Wu, Shuaishuai Wu, Shenming Zeng
Pregnancy recognition is associated with the upregulation of the great number of genes in ruminants. One of these genes is interferon-stimulatory gene (ISG15), an ubiquitin-like protein that mediates the conjugation of different proteins through its ISGylation enzymes UBE1L and UBCH8. We demonstrate that ISG15 and its ISGlyation enzymes UBE1L and UBCH8 are differentially regulated in pregnant and non-pregnant cows. The mRNA and/or protein levels of ISG15, UBE1L and UBCH8 increased significantly (p<0.05) after treatment of PBMCs with different concentrations of interferon-tau (IFN-τ)...
December 2016: Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802913/proteomic-analysis-of-human-saliva-an-approach-to-find-the-marker-protein-for-ovulation
#18
Ganesan Saibaba, Durairaj Rajesh, Subramanian Muthukumar, Ganesan Sathiyanarayanan, Parasuraman Padmanabhan, Mohammad Abdulkader Akbarsha, Balázs Gulyás, Govindaraju Archunan
Human saliva contains numerous molecules that play a variety of roles. Among them there are proteins which serve as biomarkers of various physiological and/or pathological conditions. Compared to other body fluids, saliva is the most convenient material for investigations, and especially for monitoring the disease conditions. Presently, there is an increasing need to develop a noninvasive method to identify the time of ovulation in humans to ensure successful fertilization, and for evolving strategies for family planning...
December 2016: Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777018/successful-derivation-of-xeno-free-mesenchymal-stem-cell-lines-from-endometrium-of-infertile-women
#19
Tatsanee Phermthai, Kittima Tungprasertpol, Suphakde Julavijitphong, Puttachart Pokathikorn, Sasiprapa Thongbopit, Suparat Wichitwiengrat
Transplantation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) can effectively repair endometrial deficiencies, including infertile patients with a problem of inadequate endometrium thickness. Although, MSC derived from different organ sources have a similarity of MSC specific characteristics, endometrial stem cells (EMSC) are temporally regulated throughout the menstrual cycle in a micro-environmental niche found only in endometrial tissue. Given the micro-environment niche, developing treatments for endometrial disorders with EMSC should be a top priority...
December 2016: Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765486/tauroursodeoxycholic-acid-improves-pre-implantation-development-of-porcine-scnt-embryo-by-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-inhibition
#20
Tao Lin, Jae Eun Lee, Reza K Oqani, So Yeon Kim, Eun Seok Cho, Yong Dae Jeong, Jun Jong Baek, Dong Il Jin
The aim of this study is to investigate whether endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress attenuation could improve porcine somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) embryo developmental competence. We treated porcine SCNT embryos with TUDCA (tauroursodeoxycholic acid, an inhibitor of ER stress) and/or TM (tunicamycin, an ER stress inducer), and examined embryonic developmental potential, embryo quality, the levels of ER stress markers (XBP1 protein and mRNA) and apoptosis-related-genes (BAX and BCL2 mRNA). Immunostaining detected X-box-binding protein (XBP1), a key gene regulator during ER stress, at all stages of SCNT embryo development...
December 2016: Reproductive Biology
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