Read by QxMD icon Read

Drugs of Today

P D'Souza
During the second quarter of 2018, Cortellis Competitive Intelligence registered 985 new deals (excluding mergers and acquisitions) with a total disclosed deal value of USD 19.5 billion as part of its ongoing coverage of licensing activity in the life sciences sector compared to 964 and USD 35.6 billion in the first quarter and 1,104 and USD 13.6 billion in the second quarter of 2017. Total deal value in the second quarter did not quite reach the peak of 2014 (paced by Novartis' USD 16 billion purchase of GlaxoSmithKline's oncology portfolio) but eclipsed the previous quarter primarily due to Allogene's USD 2...
October 2018: Drugs of Today
L Ielasi, V Sansone, A Granito, F Benevento, S De Lorenzo, F Tovoli
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains among the neoplastic diseases with the most unfavorable prognosis. Historically, systemic treatments for HCC have been scarce. In particular, sorafenib was the only registered drug for the treatment of unresectable HCC until 2017. Last year, regorafenib was approved by the global regulatory agencies as second-line therapy. Since then, further randomized, controlled trials have been successful in this patient population. This paper deals with the most recent data concerning cabozantinib and ramucirumab, the two drugs that have recently demonstrated efficacy in phase III, randomized, controlled trials in HCC patients who failed previous treatment with sorafenib...
October 2018: Drugs of Today
A Cases, J L Gorriz
Hyperkalemia is one of the most common electrolyte disturbances, especially among some groups of patients, such as in those with chronic kidney disease, diabetes or heart failure. Hyperkalemia has been associated with increased risks of mortality, arrhythmias, hospitalization and costs, as well as the need to down titrate/discontinue renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitors (RAASIs), despite their well-known cardiovascular and nephroprotective benefits. Current potassium binders have limitations (slow onset of action, limited selectivity for potassium binding, risk of drug interactions or gastrointestinal intolerance)...
October 2018: Drugs of Today
M Díaz-Ricart, I M Isola, G Escolar
Hemophilia A is an X-linked bleeding disorder caused by defects in the gene encoding factor VIII (FVIII). Routine prophylaxis with exogenous FVIII requires frequent intravenous injections. One of the most challenging issues in the treatment of hemophilia A is the development of alloantibodies against infused FVIII. Presence of inhibitors results in an ineffective factor replacement therapy and increases the risk of morbidity and mortality in these patients. Therefore, there is growing interest in the development of new strategies for the prophylaxis and prevention of bleeding in patients with hemophilia to circumvent these drawbacks...
October 2018: Drugs of Today
R Hauke
Patients with recurrent, nonmetastatic prostate cancer after curative intent therapy can experience a heterogeneous clinical course ranging from indolent disease that can be observed for years to a rapidly progressive disease that is metastatic in a relatively short time. Patients with short prostate-specific antigen (PSA) doubling times are at risk for early development of metastatic disease and are frequently placed on androgen deprivation therapy. Although castration-resistant disease inevitably occurs in these patients, most therapies for castration-resistant disease have shown benefit in the metastatic setting...
October 2018: Drugs of Today
M Schanz, S Schricker, F Pfister, M D Alscher, M Kimmel
Cancer patients often exhibit preexisting renal impairment and are simultaneously at risk for developing further kidney injury due to direct or indirect complications of oncological therapies. The nature of kidney injury is highly dependent on the therapy regimen used, and the spectrum of possible kidney stressors has widened as a result of the development of new therapeutic modalities such as molecular therapy or immunotherapy. Indirect renal complications are often due to volume depletion or other therapy-related side effects...
September 2018: Drugs of Today
A M Sørensen, M B Christensen
Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a common and severe chronic metabolic disease, which confers increased risk of cardiovascular disease and mortality. During the last decade a large number of new drugs within the classes dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP-4) inhibitors (DPP-4Is), glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) receptor agonists (GLP-1RAs) and sodium/glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors (SGLT-2Is) have been developed and tested in nine large-scale cardiovascular outcome trials (CVOTs). Here we review the evidence behind antihyperglycemic treatment of patients with type 2 diabetes with a particular focus on compiling and summarizing the evidence of hard clinical endpoints stemming from these large CVOTs...
September 2018: Drugs of Today
V R Agrawal, G Jodon, R Mushtaq, D W Bowles
Curative therapies for radioiodine-refractory differentiated thyroid cancer remain lacking. However, oral multikinase inhibitors often allow for disease control and improved progression-free survival. Two agents, lenvatinib and sorafenib, have been approved for radioiodine-refractory differentiated thyroid cancer on the basis of phase III clinical trials showing marked response rates and improved progression-free survival over placebo. Several other multikinase inhibitors, including apatinib, axitinib, cabozantinib, pazopanib, sunitinib and vandetanib, have also been studied in phase II clinical trials, with varying response rates and comparable progression-free survival...
September 2018: Drugs of Today
E Poch, L Rodas, M Blasco, A Molina, L Quintana
Tolvaptan is an orally active antagonist of vasopressin (antidiuretic hormone [ADH]) V2 receptors. By blocking water reabsorption in kidney collecting ducts, it prompts renal free-water excretion and has been used for the treatment of hyponatremia, both euvolemic due to the syndrome of inappropriate ADH secretion, and hypervolemic due to liver cirrhosis and congestive heart failure. In the past few years, it has been shown that vasopressin and its second messenger cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) play an important role in the pathogenesis of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD)...
September 2018: Drugs of Today
M W McCarthy
In June 2018, the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved plazomicin, a novel neoglycoside, for the treatment of adults with complicated urinary tract infections who have limited or no alternative treatment options. This approval was based on substantial preclinical and clinical work, and marks an important advance in the treatment of multidrug-resistant bacterial pathogens. This manuscript reviews the in vivo and in vitro work that led to the approval of plazomicin and examines how the drug may be used in the years ahead to treat patients with aggressive and life-threatening infections...
September 2018: Drugs of Today
G Cross
The joint 24th Medicines for Europe and 21st International Generic and Biosimilars Association (IGBA) Annual Conference brought together key industry leaders and more than 200 participants in Budapest, Hungary, to discuss both challenges and opportunities for the global generic, biosimilar and value added medicines industries. Challenges relating to sustainability were debated with key experts, who shared perspectives on topics such as medicines shortages, use of data, Brexit, international regulatory cooperation, the E...
August 2018: Drugs of Today
M S Salahudeen
In the aging population, the process of medication prescribing and management is likely to be complex and challenging. Polypharmacy and inappropriate medication use are more prevalent among older people and are associated with geriatric syndromes, reduced cognitive and functional outcomes, and increased mortality. Deprescribing is the process of planned and supervised tapering or safe withdrawal of potentially inappropriate medication that can cause harm, or is no longer indicated or beneficial to the current therapy...
August 2018: Drugs of Today
Roma Srivastava, Y Lebowicz, M O Jamil
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide and is the second most common cancer in both sexes. The small cell lung cancer (SCLC) subtype constitutes about 13% to 15% of all diagnosed lung cancers with an expected 5-year mortality of about 90%. In the past decades, various strategies used to treat newly diagnosed, relapsed or refractory SCLC have shown no significant improvement in clinical outcomes. In the genomic era of oncology, with a better understanding of tumor biology and pathway specific investigations, multiple investigational agents have been studied with the aim to improve clinical outcomes...
August 2018: Drugs of Today
C C Kopczynski, T Heah
Once-daily (p.m.) netarsudil ophthalmic solution 0.02% (Rhopressa) is approved in the United States for lowering elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) in patients with open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension. Netarsudil, a Rho kinase (ROCK) inhibitor that lowers IOP primarily by increasing trabecular outflow, produces statistically and clinically significant reductions in mean IOP from baseline, with comparable effects on nocturnal and diurnal IOP. In three phase III trials of patients with elevated IOP, the ocular hypotensive efficacy of once-daily netarsudil 0...
August 2018: Drugs of Today
E Guadalupe, H A Deshpande, S M Stein
Carcinoid tumors are rare and usually slow-growing. Some patients with advanced metastatic disease however can develop symptoms of carcinoid syndrome, which results in debilitating diarrhea and flushing. Many treatments including chemotherapy were tried unsuccessfully in the past to treat this syndrome. The symptoms of carcinoid syndrome are thought to be related to the ability of the tumors to produce serotonin. The discovery that the production of this hormone can be inhibited by somatostatin led to the development of somatostatin analogues octreotide and lanreotide, which differ from native somatostatin in that they have a longer half-life...
August 2018: Drugs of Today
L Chu
The 9th Annual Biosimilar Asia, an event hosted by ICB Asia, was held at the Hilton Shanghai Hongqiao from May 16 to 17. It was held simultaneously with Biomanufacturing Asia, and Cell Line Development and Engineering Asia. These three events formed Biopharma Development and Production (BDP) 2018. The BDP 2018 event had more than 60 sessions, over 70 speakers and more than 300 companies from around the world.
July 2018: Drugs of Today
D M Paton
Tildrakizumab is a monoclonal antibody that binds to the p19 subunit of interleukin (IL)-23. Studies examining affected skin in psoriatic patients showed significant changes in the cellular, cytokine and gene expression profiles of psoriatic lesions as a result of treatment with tildrakizumab, as well as significant changes in clinical measures of disease activity. These studies demonstrated significant clinical responses in psoriasis with significant improvements found in the percentage of patients achieving a Physician Global Assessment score of 0 or 1, and a 75%, 90% or 100% improvement in the Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI 75, PASI 90, PASI 100)...
July 2018: Drugs of Today
P M Kasi
Telotristat ethyl (Xermelo), developed by Lexicon Pharmaceuticals, is an oral tryptophan hydroxylase inhibitor blocking peripheral conversion of tryptophan to serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine [5-HT]). It was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in February 2017 and by the European Commission in September 2017 for patients with carcinoid syndrome in whom diarrhea is not adequately controlled by somatostatin analogues (SSAs). Diarrhea, secondary to the release of serotonin, is the predominant gastrointestinal symptom in patients with carcinoid syndrome and has a significant impact on patients' quality of life...
July 2018: Drugs of Today
V Nehra, S A Rizza, Z Temesgen
The fixed-dose combination of glecaprevir (GLE), a nonstructural protein 3/4A (NS3/4A) protease inhibitor, and pibrentasvir (PIB), an NS5A inhibitor, was recently approved for the treatment of adult patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotypes 1-6 (GT-1-6) without cirrhosis or with compensated cirrhosis, and for the treatment of HCV GT-1 patients who have failed treatment with either NS5A inhibitors or NS3/4A protease inhibitors, but not both. This combination, administered over 8 or 12 weeks, has resulted in high cure rates in all six HCV genotypes, including patients with HIV coinfection...
July 2018: Drugs of Today
L M Splawn, C A Bailey, J P Medina, J C Cho
The prevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infections is a worldwide issue that can lead to both acute and chronic complications with increased morbidity and mortality in affected individuals. Current methods of preventing HBV infections primarily include building patient immunity through administration of hepatitis B vaccinations starting at birth. Certain at-risk individuals, including those with occupational exposure to pathogenic bodily fluids, those who are sexually active or intravenous drug users, are recommended to receive some form of hepatitis B vaccination...
July 2018: Drugs of Today
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"