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Cardiovascular Ultrasound

Hongmin Zhang, Xiaoting Wang, Xiukai Chen, Qing Zhang, Dawei Liu
BACKGROUND: The tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) is commonly recommended for estimating the right ventricular systolic function. The central venous pressure (CVP), which is determined by venous return and right heart function, was found to be associated with right ventricular outflow fractional shortening. This study thus aimed to investigate the relationship between the TAPSE and CVP in mechanically ventilated critically ill patients. METHODS: This is a prospective observational study...
August 7, 2018: Cardiovascular Ultrasound
Bożena Targońska-Stępniak, Mariusz Piotrowski, Robert Zwolak, Anna Drelich-Zbroja, Maria Majdan
BACKGROUND: The study presents a prospective follow-up assessment of cardiovascular (CV) risk parameters in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in comparison with control subjects. METHODS: The study group consisted of 41 RA patients. The following parameters were assessed at subsequent visits [initial (T0), follow-up after 6 years (T6)]: traditional CV risk factors, carotid intima media thickness (cIMT), QTc duration, serum concentration of amino-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP)...
August 1, 2018: Cardiovascular Ultrasound
William A Teeter, Bianca M Conti, Phil J Wasicek, Jonathan J Morrison, Dawn Parsell, Bryan Gamble, Melanie R Hoehn, Thomas M Scalea, Samuel M Galvagno
BACKGROUND: There are numerous studies in the cardiovascular literature that have employed transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) in swine models, but data regarding the use of basic TEE in swine models is limited. The primary aim of this study is to describe an echocardiographic method that can be used with relative ease to qualitatively assess cardiovascular function in a porcine hemorrhagic shock model using resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA). METHODS: Multiplane basic TEE exams were performed in 15 during an experimental hemorrhage model using REBOA...
July 16, 2018: Cardiovascular Ultrasound
Jana Grune, Annelie Blumrich, Sarah Brix, Sarah Jeuthe, Cathleen Drescher, Tilman Grune, Anna Foryst-Ludwig, Daniel Messroghli, Wolfgang M Kuebler, Christiane Ott, Ulrich Kintscher
BACKGROUND: The assessment of ventricular volumes using conventional echocardiography methods is limited with regards to the need of geometrical assumptions. In the present study, we aimed to evaluate a novel commercial system for three-dimensional echocardiography (3DE) in preclinical models by direct comparison with conventional 1D- and 2D-echocardiography (1DE; 2DE) and the gold-standard technique magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Further, we provide a standard operating protocol for image acquisition and analysis with 3DE...
July 3, 2018: Cardiovascular Ultrasound
Giorgio Faganello, Giovanni Cioffi, Maurizio Rossini, Federica Ognibeni, Alessandro Giollo, Maurizio Fisicaro, Giulia Russo, Concetta Di Nora, Sara Doimo, Luigi Tarantini, Carmine Mazzone, Antonella Cherubini, Biancamaria D'Agata Mottolesi, Claudio Pandullo, Andrea Di Lenarda, Gianfranco Sinagra, Ombretta Viapiana
BACKGROUND: Patients who underwent a successful repair of the aortic coarctation (CoA) show high risk for cardiovascular (CV) events. Mechanical and structural abnormalities in the ascending aorta (Ao) might have a role in the prognosis of CoA patients. We analyzed the elastic properties of Ao measured as aortic stiffness index (AoSI) in CoA patients in the long-term period and we compared AoSI with a cohort of 38 patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and 38 non-RA matched controls...
June 26, 2018: Cardiovascular Ultrasound
Ayse Selcan Koc, Hilmi Erdem Sumbul
BACKGROUND: Carotid intima media thickness (C-IMT) and aortic IMT (A-IMT) increase in adult and pediatric patients with diabetes mellitus (DM), respectively. In both age groups IMT is used for early detection of macrovascular complications. In adult DM patients, A-IMT is still not a routine examination and is not used frequently. We aimed to determine whether there is an increase in A-IMT values measured from abdominal aorta besides traditional C-IMT in patients with type II DM and to determine parameters closely related to A-IMT in the same patient group...
June 12, 2018: Cardiovascular Ultrasound
Lingyun Kong, Ziwang Li, Jingrui Wang, Xiuzhang Lv
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the echocardiographic characteristics of primary malignant pericardial mesothelioma (PPM) due to its rarity. The aim of this study was to explore the sex-specific echocardiographic patterns of PPM and risk factors for in-hospital mortality. METHODS: A retrospective information retrieval was conducted for cases of PPM reported from China during 1981 and 2015. The diagnosis was made by histopathological examinations and only cases with echocardiographic descriptions were included...
April 26, 2018: Cardiovascular Ultrasound
O A E Salden, W M van Everdingen, R Spee, P A Doevendans, M J Cramer
BACKGROUND: Stress echocardiography (SE) has recently regained momentum as an important diagnostic tool for the assessment of both ischemic and non-ischemic heart disease. Performing SE during physical exercise is challenging due to a suboptimal patient position and vigorous movements of the patient's chest. This hampers a stable ultrasound position and reduces the diagnostic performance of SE. A stable ultrasound probe position would facilitate producing high quality images during continuous measurements...
March 27, 2018: Cardiovascular Ultrasound
Min-Kyung Kang, Boyoung Joung, Chi Young Shim, In Jeong Cho, Woo-In Yang, Jeonggeun Moon, Yangsoo Jang, Namsik Chung, Byung-Chul Chang, Jong-Won Ha
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) can occur even after the correction of mitral valve (MV) pathology in patients who have pre-operative sinus rhythm and undergo MV surgery. However, the factors associated with the occurrence of AF after MV surgery are still unclear. The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate the factors determining the occurrence of permanent AF after MV surgery in patients with preoperative sinus rhythm who underwent MV surgery. METHODS: Four hundred and forty-two patients (mean age 46 ± 12, 190 men) who underwent MV surgery and sinus rhythm were investigated retrospectively...
March 9, 2018: Cardiovascular Ultrasound
Matteo Dal Ferro, Davide Stolfo, Valerio De Paris, Pierluigi Lesizza, Renata Korcova, Dario Collia, Giovanni Tonti, Gianfranco Sinagra, Gianni Pedrizzetti
Cardiac function is about creating and sustaining blood in motion. This is achieved through a proper sequence of myocardial deformation whose final goal is that of creating flow. Deformation imaging provided valuable contributions to understanding cardiac mechanics; more recently, several studies evidenced the existence of an intimate relationship between cardiac function and intra-ventricular fluid dynamics. This paper summarizes the recent advances in cardiac flow evaluations, highlighting its relationship with heart wall mechanics assessed through the newest techniques of deformation imaging and finally providing an opinion of the most promising clinical perspectives of this emerging field...
February 20, 2018: Cardiovascular Ultrasound
Nicola Gaibazzi, Guido Pastorini, Andrea Biagi, Francesco Tafuni, Claudia Buffa, Silvia Garibaldi, Francesca Boffetti, Giorgio Benatti
BACKGROUND: Imaging stress tests are not ideally accurate to predict anatomically obstructive CAD, leading to a non-trivial rate of unnecessary iCA. This may depend on the threshold used to indicate iCA, and maybe CTA or, one step earlier, CT calcium score could spare most unnecessary iCA in only mildly positive cSE. We assessed the diagnostic accuracy of contrast stress-echocardiography (cSE) in comparison with invasive coronary angiography (iCA), and CT angiography (CTA) only in case of equivocal tests, to find hints helping reduce falsely positive cSE in the suspicion of coronary artery disease (CAD)...
February 6, 2018: Cardiovascular Ultrasound
Lina Sun, Haiyan Feng, Lujia Ni, Hui Wang, Dongmei Gao
BACKGROUND: Study on automated three-dimensional (3D) quantification of left heart parameters by using Heartmodel software is still in the early stage and fully automatic analysis was not clearly achieved. The aim of our study was to evaluate the performance of this new technology in measuring left ventricular (LV) volume and ejection fraction (EF) in patients with a variety of heart diseases on the basis of rationally determining the default endocardial border values. METHODS: Subjects with a variety of heart diseases were included prospectively...
January 23, 2018: Cardiovascular Ultrasound
Alexander Dietl, Christine Prieschenk, Franziska Eckert, Christoph Birner, Andreas Luchner, Lars S Maier, Stefan Buchner
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous mitral valve repair (PMVR) is increasingly performed in patients with severe mitral regurgitation (MR). Post-procedural MR grading is challenging and an unsettled issue. We hypothesised that the direct planimetry of vena contracta area (VCA) by 3D-transoesophageal echocardiography allows quantifying post-procedural MR and implies further prognostic relevance missed by the usual ordinal scale (grade I-IV). METHODS: Based on a single-centre PMVR registry containing 102 patients, the association of VCA reduction and patients' functional capacity measured as six-minute walk distance (6 MW) was evaluated...
January 9, 2018: Cardiovascular Ultrasound
Mao Kinoshita, Koichi Akiyama, Keiichi Itatani, Ayahiro Yamashita, Maki Ishii, Atsushi Kainuma, Yoshinobu Maeda, Takako Miyazaki, Masaaki Yamagishi, Teiji Sawa
BACKGROUND: Staged palliative surgery markedly shifts the balance of volume load on a single ventricle and pulmonary vascular bed. Blalock-Taussig shunt necessitates a single ventricle eject blood to both the systemic and pulmonary circulation. On the contrary, bidirectional cavopulmonary shunt release the single ventricle from pulmonary circulation. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of tricuspid atresia patient who underwent first palliative surgery and second palliative surgery...
December 14, 2017: Cardiovascular Ultrasound
Yun Cheng, Chenying Lu, Kan Liu
BACKGROUND: Integrated bedside and sophisticated cardiac imaging techniques help characterize the discrepancy between myocardial injury and mechanic dysfunction in acute myocardial infarction. CASE PRESENTATION: A 57 year-old woman presented with sudden onset chest pain and ventricular fibrillation after hearing of her brother's death. The electrocardiography indicated "anterior wall ST segment elevation myocardial infarction". Coronary angiography ruled out obstructive lesion in the major coronary arteries, but revealed fibromuscular dysplasia of the distal left anterior descending artery...
November 30, 2017: Cardiovascular Ultrasound
Wouter M van Everdingen, Alexander H Maass, Kevin Vernooy, Mathias Meine, Cornelis P Allaart, Frederik J De Lange, Arco J Teske, Bastiaan Geelhoed, Michiel Rienstra, Isabelle C Van Gelder, Marc A Vos, Maarten J Cramer
BACKGROUND: Although mechanical dyssynchrony parameters derived by speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) may predict response to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT), comparability of parameters derived with different STE vendors is unknown. METHODS: In the MARC study, echocardiographic images of heart failure patients obtained before CRT implantation were prospectively analysed with vendor specific STE software (GE EchoPac and Philips QLAB) and vendor-independent software (TomTec 2DCPA)...
October 18, 2017: Cardiovascular Ultrasound
Rafał Hładij, Renata Rajtar-Salwa, Paweł Petkow Dimitrow
BACKGROUND: Sudden cardiac death (SCD) risk stratification is the most important preventive action in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). The identification of the ischemia biomarker high sensitive troponin I (hs-TnI) role for this arrhythmic disease may provide additional information for SCD risk stratification. The aim of the study was to compare echocardiographic parameters (prognostic for risk stratification of SCD in HCM) among two subgroups of HCM patients: with elevated hs-TnI versus non-elevated hs-TnI level...
September 13, 2017: Cardiovascular Ultrasound
Etrusca Brogi, Elena Bignami, Anna Sidoti, Mohammed Shawar, Luna Gargani, Luigi Vetrugno, Giovanni Volpicelli, Francesco Forfori
BACKGROUND: Lung ultrasound can be used as an alternative to chest radiography (CXR) for the diagnosis and follow-up of various lung diseases in the intensive care unit (ICU). Our aim was to evaluate the influence that introducing a routine daily use of lung ultrasound in critically ill patients may have on the number of CXRs and as a consequence, on medical costs and radiation exposure. METHODS: Data were collected by conducting a retrospective evaluation of the medical records of adult patients who needed thoracic imaging and were admitted to our academic polyvalent ICU...
September 13, 2017: Cardiovascular Ultrasound
Hyo-Suk Ahn, Yong-Kyun Kim, Ho Chul Song, Euy Jin Choi, Gee-Hee Kim, Jung Sun Cho, Sang-Hyun Ihm, Hee-Yeol Kim, Chan Seok Park, Ho-Joong Youn
BACKGROUND: Strain analysis is feasible using three-dimensional (3D) echocardiography. This approach provides various parameters based on speckle tracking analysis from one full-volume image of the left ventricle; however, evidence for its volume independence is still lacking. METHODS: Fifty-eight subjects who were examined by transthoracic echocardiography immediately before and after hemodialysis (HD) were enrolled. Real-time full-volume 3D echocardiographic images were acquired and analyzed using dedicated software...
September 12, 2017: Cardiovascular Ultrasound
Zahraa Alsafi, Andreas Malmgren, Petri Gudmundsson, Martin Stagmo, Magnus Dencker
BACKGROUND: Long-term intensive training leads to morphological and mechanical changes in the heart generally known as "athlete's heart". Previous studies have suggested that the diastolic and systolic function of the ventricles is unaltered in athletes compared to sedentary. The purpose of this study was to investigate myocardial performance index (MPI) by pulsed wave Doppler (PWD) and by tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) in female elite athletes compared to sedentary controls. METHODS: The study consisted of 32 athletes (mean age 20 ± 2 years) and 34 sedentary controls (mean age 23 ± 2 years)...
September 11, 2017: Cardiovascular Ultrasound
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