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Nephron. Clinical Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26189220/proceedings-of-the-5th-annual-uab-ucsd-o-brien-center-symposium-march-4-san-diego-california
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2014: Nephron. Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26189219/proceedings-of-the-19th-international-conference-on-continuous-renal-replacement-therapies-march-2-3-2014-san-diego-california-usa
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2014: Nephron. Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25614182/chronic-kidney-disease-in-disadvantaged-populations
#3
REVIEW
Guillermo Garcia-Garcia, Vivekand Jha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2014: Nephron. Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25592836/differential-membrane-expression-of-toll-like-receptors-and-intracellular-cytokine-induction-in-peripheral-blood-monocytes-of-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-and-diabetic-nephropathy
#4
Xanthi Zikou, Constantinos C Tellis, Kleopatra Rousouli, Evangelia Dounousi, Kostas C Siamopoulos, Alexandros D Tselepis
BACKGROUND: Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are key players in the innate immune system whose activation leads to an inflammatory response. Inflammation plays an important role in the pathogenesis of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and diabetes mellitus. The aim of our study was to assess the proinflammatory state of nondialysis CKD patients by evaluating the membrane expression of TLR2 and TLR4 and the intracellular IL-1β and IL-6 production in response to the ligand Pam3Cys-Ser-(Lys)4 (Pam3CSK4)...
2014: Nephron. Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25592652/correction-of-hyper-and-hyponatraemia-during-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy
#5
Carole Dangoisse, Helen Dickie, Linda Tovey, Marlies Ostermann
BACKGROUND: Severe hyper- and hyponatraemia is associated with significant risks, yet its correction can also have serious consequences when implemented too fast or inadequately. The safe correction of serum sodium levels is particularly challenging when renal replacement therapy (RRT) is required. METHODS: Using 2 case scenarios, we aim to illustrate a simple method of correcting hyper- and hyponatraemia safely by step-wise manipulation of the dialysate/replacement fluid...
2014: Nephron. Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25592475/ectopic-expression-of-fatty-acid-binding-protein-4-in-the-glomerulus-is-associated-with-proteinuria-and-renal-dysfunction
#6
Marenao Tanaka, Masato Furuhashi, Yusuke Okazaki, Tomohiro Mita, Takahiro Fuseya, Kohei Ohno, Shutaro Ishimura, Hideaki Yoshida, Tetsuji Miura
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Fatty acid-binding proteins (FABPs) are a family of intracellular lipid chaperones. Among FABPs, FABP1 (liver FABP) is expressed in proximal tubular epithelial cells in the kidney, and urinary FABP1 has been reported to reflect damage of proximal tubular epithelial cells. However, roles of other FABP isoforms in renal pathologies have not been reported. Recently, FABP4 (adipocyte FABP/aP2) was reported to be expressed in peritubular capillaries (PTCs), but not in glomerular capillaries in the normal kidney...
2014: Nephron. Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25591812/association-of-de-novo-dipstick-albuminuria-with-severe-acute-kidney-injury-in-critically-ill-septic-patients
#7
Javier A Neyra, John Manllo, Xilong Li, Gordon Jacobsen, Jerry Yee, Lenar Yessayan
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) occurs frequently in septic patients. Albuminuria may play a role as an early marker of septic AKI. The potential association between de novo dipstick albuminuria (DA) and septic AKI has not been examined. METHODS: We conducted a single-center observational cohort study of 423 critically ill septic patients without chronic kidney disease (CKD) or prior positive DA within 3 months before admission. The association between de novo DA within the first 24 h of presentation and AKI at 72 h was examined...
2014: Nephron. Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25573484/therapeutic-advances-in-the-treatment-of-polycystic-kidney-disease
#8
REVIEW
Cristian Riella, Peter G Czarnecki, Theodore I Steinman
The spectrum of polycystic kidney disease (PKD) comprises a family of inherited syndromes defined by renal cyst formation and growth, progressive renal function loss and variable extrarenal manifestations. The most common form, autosomal-dominant PKD is caused by mutations in one of two genes, PKD1 or PKD2. Recent developments in genomic and proteomic medicine have resulted in the discovery of novel genes implicated in the wide variety of less frequent, recessive PKD syndromes. Cysts are the disease, and overall cystic burden, measured by MRI as total kidney volume, is being established as the best available biomarker of disease progression...
2014: Nephron. Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25572670/effects-of-sleepiness-on-survival-in-japanese-hemodialysis-patients-j-dopps-study
#9
Kunitoshi Iseki, Kazuhiko Tsuruya, Eiichiro Kanda, Takanobu Nomura, Hideki Hirakata
Sleep disorder and poor sleep quality are common in chronic hemodialysis (HD) patients. They have been claimed as a cause of morbidity and mortality. The relationship between the degree of sleepiness and survival has not been studied. We studied the degree of sleepiness in 1,252 adult HD patients (age ≥20 years) recruited into the Dialysis Outcomes Practice Pattern Study in Japan (J-DOPPS III), using the Japanese version of the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (JESS) questionnaire. Demographic data were presented for three subgroups: low, intermediate, and high JESS score...
2014: Nephron. Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25572273/predictors-of-hyperkalemia-risk-after-hypertension-control-with-aldosterone-blockade-according-to-the-presence-or-absence-of-chronic-kidney-disease
#10
Sangeon Gwoo, Ye Na Kim, Ho Sik Shin, Yeon Soon Jung, Hark Rim
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Aldosterone antagonists have been proven to be efficient in the management of hypertension and the reduction of proteinuria; however, they are not widely used because of the risk of hyperkalemia. We assessed the predictors of hyperkalemia risk following hypertension control using aldosterone blockade in the presence or absence of chronic kidney disease (CKD). METHODS: A total of 6,575 patients with hypertension treated between January 1, 2000, and November 30, 2012, were evaluated for the safety of an aldosterone-blocking agent (spironolactone) added to preexisting blood pressure-lowering regimens...
2014: Nephron. Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25572110/compared-decline-of-residual-kidney-function-in-patients-treated-with-automated-peritoneal-dialysis-and-continuous-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis-a-multicenter-study
#11
MULTICENTER STUDY
Miguel Pérez Fontán, César Remón Rodríguez, Mercè Borràs Sans, Emilio Sánchez Álvarez, Marta da Cunha Naveira, Pedro Quirós Ganga, Beatriz López-Calviño, Carmen Rodríguez Suárez, Ana Rodriguez-Carmona
BACKGROUND: There is controversy concerning the compared rates of decline of residual kidney function (RKF) in patients treated with continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) and automated peritoneal dialysis (APD). OBJECTIVES AND METHOD: Following an observational, multicenter design, we studied 493 patients initiating peritoneal dialysis (PD) in four different Spanish units. We explored the effect of the PD modality on the rate of decline of RKF and the probability of anuria during follow-up...
2014: Nephron. Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25571980/the-99m-tc-dtpa-urinary-clearance-method-may-be-preferable-to-the-plasma-disappearance-method-for-assessing-glomerular-filtration-rate-in-diabetic-nephropathy
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Shih-Han S Huang, Misha Eliasziw, J David Spence, Guido Filler, William C Vezina, David N Churchill, Daniel C Cattran, Bonnie Richardson, Andrew A House
BACKGROUND: Isotopic glomerular filtration rate (iGFR) measurement is comparable to the inulin method. In this study, we compared urinary and plasma iGFR methodologies in patients with diabetic nephropathy. METHODS: A total of 147 patients from 3 sites in the Diabetic Intervention with Vitamins to Improve Nephropathy (DIVINe) trial provided 213 sets of urine and blood collections, at baseline, 18 and 36 months. RESULTS: The mean (with standard deviation) plasma iGFR of 60...
2014: Nephron. Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25531752/safety-and-effectiveness-of-a-2009-h1n1-vaccine-in-chronic-kidney-disease-children
#13
Osman Donmez, Okan Akaci, Nurhan Albayrak, Ayse Altas
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Influenza vaccination is the most effective method for preventing influenza infection and its complications. The risk groups are children with chronic kidney diseases (CKDs) such as children on peritoneal dialysis (PD) and hemodialysis (HD), predialysis CKD (pCKD) and renal transplant (RTx) patients and immunosuppressed children. The aim of the present study was to assess the safety and immunogenicity of a single administration of a monovalent inactivated pandemic (H1N1) 2009 vaccine in children with CKD...
2014: Nephron. Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25531673/uremic-toxins-and-their-effects-on-multiple-organ-systems
#14
REVIEW
Barbara Lisowska-Myjak
Nearly all body organs and systems are affected by the toxicity of uremic compounds retained in the course of renal dysfunction. Knowledge about the origin, chemical structure and composition of the retained endogenous substances responsible for these symptoms is far from complete. Organic retention solutes present a great variety of properties which makes their accurate classification extremely difficult. Their potential toxicity remains to be elucidated with meticulous observation of clearly formulated rules guiding the process...
2014: Nephron. Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25531587/complete-low-intensity-endurance-training-programme-in-haemodialysis-patients-improving-the-care-of-renal-patients
#15
Vicent Esteve Simó, Anna Junqué, Miquel Fulquet, Verónica Duarte, Anna Saurina, Mónica Pou, Fátima Moreno, Jose Carneiro, Manel Ramírez de Arellano
BACKGROUND: Patients on haemodialysis (HD) have a decreased physical and functional capacity. Several studies have reported the beneficial effects of exercise on the physical, functional and psychological functioning of HD patients. Despite these results, exercise programmes on HD are not commonplace. OBJECTIVE: To analyse the effect of an intradialysis endurance training programme on muscular strength and functional capacity in our HD patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A 6-month single-centre prospective study...
2014: Nephron. Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25531428/biologic-treatment-in-glomerular-disease
#16
David Jayne, Vladimir Tesar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2014: Nephron. Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25531146/a-low-salt-diet-increases-the-estimated-net-endogenous-acid-production-in-nondiabetic-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-treated-with-angiotensin-receptor-blockade
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Seon Ha Baek, Sejoong Kim, Dong Ki Kim, Jung Hwan Park, Sung Joon Shin, Sang Ho Lee, Bum Soon Choi, Ho Jun Chin, Suhnggwon Kim, Chun Soo Lim
BACKGROUND/AIMS: An acid-base imbalance precedes renal disease progression in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Little is known about the effects of a low-salt diet (LSD) on net endogenous acid production (NEAP) levels in CKD patients using angiotensin receptor blockade. METHODS: We enrolled a total of 202 nondiabetic CKD patients who underwent an 8-week treatment with olmesartan from the original trial [Effects of Low Sodium Intake on the Antiproteinuric Efficacy of Olmesartan in Hypertensive Patients with Albuminuria (ESPECIAL) trial: NCT01552954]...
2014: Nephron. Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25503585/mortality-and-cardiovascular-morbidity-associated-with-haemoglobin-levels-a-pooled-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#18
Francesco Locatelli, Angel de Francisco, Gilbert Deray, Danilo Fliser, Gillian Armstrong, Frank C Dougherty, Patricia Ehrhard
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Several randomised controlled trials (RCTs) have raised concerns about potential harm associated with erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) in chronic kidney disease patients, especially when haemoglobin (Hb) levels above 13 g/dl were targeted. We report the relationship between Hb levels and outcomes in the methoxy polyethylene glycol-epoetin beta RCT programme. METHODS: We assessed the association between Hb and a composite end point, as well as its components [all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction (MI) or cerebrovascular events (CVE)], in multiple post hoc analyses of 9 prospective RCTs (3,405 chronic kidney disease patients)...
2014: Nephron. Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25502577/sex-dependent-association-between-heart-rate-variability-and-pulse-pressure-in-haemodialysis-patients
#19
Dimitrios Poulikakos, Marek Malik, Debasish Banerjee
AIMS: Increased pulse pressure (PP) is associated with increased cardiovascular mortality in haemodialysis (HD) patients. Autonomic imbalance is common in HD patients and predisposes to sudden cardiac death, but its relationship to PP is unknown. We investigated the relationship between cardiac autonomic modulation assessed by heart rate variability (HRV) and PP in HD patients. METHODS: Continuous electrocardiograms recorded during HD sessions were repeated 5 times at 2-week intervals in stable HD patients...
2014: Nephron. Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25502337/chronic-kidney-disease-and-the-ageing-population
#20
REVIEW
Marcello Tonelli, Miguel Riella
Due to improvements in socioeconomic development and increased life expectancy, the proportion of older people in the general population is increasing worldwide. While this trend is something to celebrate, it also brings with it challenges for health care systems. One particular challenge is an increase in chronic kidney disease, the prevalence of which is higher in older people. This article reviews the key links between kidney function, age, health and illness, and discusses the implications of the ageing population for the care of people with chronic kidney disease...
2014: Nephron. Clinical Practice
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