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Journal of Women's Health

Rebeca Reyes-Garcia, Nicolas Mendoza, Santiago Palacios, Nancy Salas, Miguel Quesada-Charneco, Antonia Garcia-Martin, Juristo Fonolla, Federico Lara-Villoslada, Manuel Muñoz-Torres
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of the daily intake of calcium and vitamin D-enriched milk (with or without fructooligosaccharides [FOS]) on vitamin D, bone metabolism, and cardiovascular risk factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two-year randomized controlled study, including 500 healthy postmenopausal women, assigned to 500 mL/day of skimmed milk to one of three groups: Low-dose (L): (120 mg/100 mL calcium, vitamin D3 30 UI/100 mL), group A: calcium and vitamin D (180 mg/100 mL and 120 UI/100 mL), and group B: calcium and vitamin D (180 mg/100 mL and 120 UI/100 mL) and FOS (5 g/L)...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
Sahar S Abdelmoneim, Caroline A Ball, Francesca Mantovani, Mary E Hagen, Susan Eifert-Rain, Susan Wilansky, Ramon Castello, Patricia A Pellikka, Patricia J M Best, Sharon L Mulvagh
BACKGROUND: In women with low to intermediate risk of coronary artery disease (CAD), prognostic detection strategies have been controversial. We present the follow-up data of the SMART trial in peri/postmenopausal women at low to intermediate risk of CAD. OBJECTIVES: To determine the value of contrast stress echocardiography (CSE), stress electrocardiogram (sECG), and serum biomarkers for prediction of cardiovascular events (CE) in peri/postmenopausal women at low to intermediate risk of CAD...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 10, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
Haralampos Gouveris, Katharina Bahr, Christoph Jahn, Christoph Matthias, Perikles Simon
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that sleep-related respiratory and related metabolic compromise may vary between females and males with sleep-disordered breathing (SDB). Our purpose was to elucidate possible gender differences in sleep-associated respiratory and inflammatory parameters in patients with SDB. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A consecutive number of SDB patients (46 females and 167 males) who underwent polysomnography were retrospectively reviewed. Fibrinogen and C-reactive protein (CRP) concentration, apnea index (ApnI), hypopnea index (HypI), apnea-hypopnea index (AHI), average and minimal SpO2 , duration of snoring, age, and body mass index (BMI) were compared between sexes...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
Madeleine Heller, Sarah T Roberts, Linnet Masese, Jacquiline Ngina, Neha Chohan, Vrasha Chohan, Juma Shafi, R Scott McClelland, Eleanor Brindle, Susan M Graham
BACKGROUND: Female sex workers (FSWs) are at high risk for gender-based violence (GBV) and HIV infection. This study aimed to identify associations between GBV exposure in the past 12 months and biomarkers of physiologic stress and inflammation that may play a role in increased HIV risk among Kenyan FSWs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participating women responded to a detailed questionnaire on GBV and mental health. Plasma was collected for assessment of systemic C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
Charlan D Kroelinger, Ekwutosi M Okoroh, Sheree L Boulet, Christine K Olson, Cheryl L Robbins
In 2006, the Preconception Care (PCC) Work Group and the Select Panel on PCC published 10 recommendations promoting preconception health (PCH) and healthcare for women of reproductive age. In the years following the recommendations, much research focused on specific PCH behaviors, clinical provision of care, and care financing, but no comprehensive, well-defined set of indicators was identified. In 2011, seven states developed a set of 45 PCH indicators; however, to date, no one publication has assessed the usefulness of all 45 indicators in addressing PCH...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
Mohamed A Bedaiwy, Mohamed Y Abdel-Rahman, Justin Tan, Faten F AbdelHafez, Amr O Abdelkareem, Drisana Henry, Sarka Lisonkova, William W Hurd, James H Liu
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrinopathy in reproductive age women, yet its clinical presentation shares similarities with several other endocrine disorders such as thyroid disease. Hence, the objective of this study was to further evaluate this association by investigating the clinical, hormonal, and metabolic parameters between subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) and PCOS. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study conducted in a tertiary care clinic at Cleveland, Ohio, USA...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
Hannah Porter, Delia S West, Mario A Cleves, Marie E Saylors, Aline Andres, Rebecca A Krukowski
BACKGROUND: Understanding the role of home food environment on gestational weight gain (GWG) may provide a useful weight management strategy to help reduce excessive GWG. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pregnant women recruited between 2011 and 2014 (N = 165; normal weight N = 65, overweight N = 62, obese N = 38) in Arkansas completed measures of high-fat food availability, low-fat food availability, and food storage practices at baseline (4-10 weeks) and 30 weeks gestation...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
Amy H Farkas, Rachel Vanderberg, Melissa McNeil, Scott Rothenberger, Erin Contratto, Brigid M Dolan, Sarah Tilstra
BACKGROUND: Women's health residency tracks within several internal medicine residencies provide gender-specific education to residents. The impact of these programs has not been evaluated. The objective of this study was to determine the impact that women's health residency tracks have on career outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The participants in the study were women's health track (WHT) graduates from three different programs. To account for the impact of gender, we also surveyed female graduates who did not participate in WHT from the same programs, paired by year of graduation (non-WHT)...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
Sara H Bares, Laura M Smeaton, Ai Xu, Catherine Godfrey, Grace A McComsey
BACKGROUND: Obesity is prevalent among HIV-infected individuals on antiretroviral therapy (ART). Cross-sectional studies have suggested that HIV-infected women are more likely to be overweight than men, but observational studies evaluating sex differences in body mass index (BMI) increases following ART initiation are conflicting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We pooled data from three randomized clinical trials of ART initiation in persons with HIV in the United States...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
Molly Fox, Zaneta M Thayer, Isabel F Ramos, Sarah J Meskal, Pathik D Wadhwa
BACKGROUND: Hispanic Americans consistently exhibit an intergenerational increase in the prevalence of many noncommunicable chronic physical and mental disorders. METHODS: We review and synthesize evidence suggesting that a constellation of prenatal and postnatal factors may play crucial roles in explaining this trend. We draw from relevant literature across several disciplines, including epidemiology, anthropology, psychology, medicine (obstetrics, neonatology), and developmental biology...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
Valery A Danilack, E Christine Brousseau, Maureen G Phipps
BACKGROUND: Weight retention after pregnancy is a concern for adolescents who may be entering adulthood at unhealthy weights. METHODS: We studied associations between each of three measures: prepregnancy body mass index (BMI), gestational weight gain (GWG), and postpregnancy BMI in a longitudinal follow-up of an adolescent pregnancy study cohort. BMI and GWG were compared using t-tests and linear regression. RESULTS: Among 91 adolescents, mean prepregnancy BMI was 24...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
Caroline A Arout, Mehmet Sofuoglu, Lori A Bastian, Robert A Rosenheck
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia is a poorly understood, chronically disabling pain syndrome. While research has focused on its clinical presentation and treatment, less is known about fibromyalgia's clinical epidemiology in real-world healthcare systems. Gender differences have been difficult to study because relatively few males are diagnosed with fibromyalgia. METHODS: Veterans Health Administration (VHA) patients diagnosed with fibromyalgia nationwide in FY 2012 were compared to Veterans with other pain diagnoses on sociodemographic characteristics, medical and psychiatric diagnoses, health service use, and opioid and psychotropic prescription fills...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
Jonathan Favre, Michaël Rochoy, Thibaut Raginel, Marine Pelletier, Nassir Messaadi, Valérie Deken-Delannoy, Alain Duhamel, Christophe Berkhout
PURPOSE: Cervical cancer screening reduces the incidence and specific mortality rate of cervical neoplasms. In most cases screening by means of Pap smears is performed in France by gynecologists. The primary objective of this study was to confirm whether the participation rate is increased when general practitioners (GPs) carry out the smears themselves. The secondary objective was to evaluate other independent characteristics of GPs predicting participation rates in women. METHODS: The population of 347 GPs, including their relevant characteristics and their 90,094 female patients eligible for screening over 2 years (2013-2014), was derived from the SIAM claim database of the Flanders Healthcare Insurance Fund (CPAM)...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
Nelson B Watts
In postmenopausal women, osteoporotic fractures are more common than stroke, myocardial infarction, and breast cancer combined, and fractures can be costly and result in disability or death. Because there are no signs or symptoms of osteoporosis other than fracture, risk assessment is necessary to identify those at higher risk for clinical events. For women, a clinical fracture risk assessment (FRAX) is appropriate at menopause. Bone mineral density (BMD) measurement is recommended for women at age 65, and earlier for those who have risk factors...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
Harmony R Reynolds, Anais Hausvater, Kerrilynn Carney
Ischemic heart disease (IHD) is the leading cause of death and disability among women in the United States. Identifying IHD in women presenting with stable symptoms and stratifying their risk for an IHD event can be challenging for providers, with several different tests available. This article is meant to serve as a practical guide for clinicians treating women with potentially ischemic symptoms. Evidence and American Heart Association (AHA) recommendations regarding test selection are reviewed, with a focus on the information to be gained from each test...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
Eliot A Brinton, Christie M Ballantyne, John R Guyton, Sephy Philip, Ralph T Doyle, Rebecca A Juliano, Lori Mosca
BACKGROUND: High triglycerides (TG) and diabetes mellitus type 2 (DM2) are stronger predictors of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in women than in men, but few randomized, controlled clinical trials have investigated lipid-lowering interventions in women and none have reported results specifically in women with high TG and DM2. Icosapent ethyl (Vascepa) is pure prescription eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) ethyl ester approved at 4 g/day as an adjunct to diet to reduce TG ≥500 mg/dL. METHODS: The 12-week ANCHOR trial randomized 702 statin-treated patients (73% with DM; 39% women) at increased CVD risk with TG 200-499 mg/dL despite controlled low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C; 40-99 mg/dL) to receive icosapent ethyl 2 g/day, 4 g/day, or placebo...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
Janet M Bronstein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 27, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
Lydi-Anne Vézina-Im, Theresa A Nicklas, Tom Baranowski
BACKGROUND: Women of childbearing age (18-44 years) present an important group for understanding sleep, but few studies have focused on this population. No study has investigated the associations among sleep, overweight/obesity, and risk of type 2 diabetes among childbearing-age women in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). METHODS: Data were from NHANES, 2005-2008. The study population consisted of 18-44 year old women. Pregnant women and those diagnosed with sleep disorders were excluded...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
Clare Brown, Adrienne Nevola, Bradley C Martin
BACKGROUND: In November 2009, the United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) changed their mammography screening guidelines from recommending a screen every 1-2 years for women older than 40 years. The revised guideline recommends against regular screening for women aged 40-49 and recommends biennial screening for women aged 50-74. RESEARCH DESIGN: We used autoregressive integrated moving-average (ARIMA) time series modeling to estimate the effect of the USPSTF 2009 guidelines on trends in screening rates...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
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