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Journal of Women's Health

Kim Elmore, Erin L P Bradley, Ashley C Lima, George M Khalil, Estella Obi-Tabot, Zanetta Gant, Hazel D Dean, Donna Hubbard McCree
BACKGROUND: HIV diagnoses among females in the United States declined 22% from 2010 to 2015, including a 27% decline in diagnoses among black females. Despite this progress, disparities persist. Black females accounted for 60% of new HIV diagnoses among females in 2015. Geographic disparities also exist. This article describes geographic differences in HIV diagnoses among black females in the United States, from 2010 to 2015. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We examined HIV surveillance data from 2010 to 2015 to determine in which geographic areas decreases or increases in HIV diagnoses occurred...
December 8, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
Clare Oliver-Williams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 8, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
Sheeva Rajaei, Joseph Rigdon, Susan Crowe, Jennifer Tremmel, Sandra Tsai, Themistocles L Assimes
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested that prolonged breastfeeding has beneficial effects on the health of the mother including the reduction of long-term risk of coronary artery disease (CAD). The mechanism of this association remains unclear. METHODS: We surveyed 643 women aged 40-65 years receiving outpatient care at Stanford University Hospital on their reproductive/lactation history, including 137 women (cases) with clinically confirmed CAD. Survey data were supplemented with traditional risk factor data for CAD obtained from the participant's medical record...
December 5, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
Yamnia I Cortés, Nisha Parikh, Matthew A Allison, Michael H Criqui, Natalie Suder, Emma Barinas-Mitchell, Christina L Wassel
OBJECTIVE: Reproductive events have been linked with increased cardiovascular risk in women, but whether they are associated with pre-clinical peripheral arterial disease (PAD) has been understudied. We evaluated associations between reproductive factors and later-life ankle-brachial index (ABI), femoral artery intima-media thickness (fIMT), and femoral plaques. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of 707 multiethnic women who participated in a follow-up exam of the San Diego Population Study in 2007-2011...
December 1, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
Heather L Rogers, Levent Dumenci, Ronald M Epstein, Laura A Siminoff
BACKGROUND: Patient gender and race, and physician-patient communication are associated with clinical outcomes. AIM: To understand the role of these factors in the diagnosis of colorectal cancer (CRC) during primary care visits as measured by appropriate outcome. METHODS: Caucasian and African American unannounced standardized patients (USPs) of both genders presented to 207 primary care physicians (PCPs) from community and academic practices in Ohio and Virginia as new patients with CRC symptoms...
November 29, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
Sara K Redd, Kelli Stidham Hall
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of state Medicaid family planning (FP) programs transitioning from a Section 1115 waiver to a State Plan Amendment (SPA) on reproductive health outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were from the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System on 75,082 women who had a live birth between 2007 and 2013 and were living in one of nine states. We performed a difference-in-differences analysis to quantify the effect of the transition on postpartum contraceptive (PPC) use and unintended births (UBs)...
November 28, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
Jaya M Mehta, Rebecca C Chester, Juliana M Kling
The risks and benefits of menopausal hormonal therapy (HT) have been evaluated extensively over the past three decades. While the efficacy of HT for management of menopausal symptoms, including vasomotor symptoms and vaginal dryness is well established, its relationship to cardiovascular outcomes is complex. The timing hypothesis, which posits that the cardiovascular effects of HT depend on the timing of initiation of HT in relation to menopause, has helped shape our understanding of the cardiovascular outcomes related to HT...
November 28, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
Ginger D Constantine, Grant Kessler, Shelli Graham, Steven R Goldstein
BACKGROUND: The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Result (SEER) database shows a variable increase in endometrial cancer incidence over time. The objective of this review was to examine published endometrial cancer rates and potential etiologies. METHODS: Endometrial cancer incidence was obtained from the SEER Program database from 1975 through 2014, and a test for trend in incidence was calculated. Changes in risk factors thought to be associated with endometrial cancer, including age, obesity, diabetes, diet and exercise, reproductive factors, and medications (hormone therapy [HT] including Food and Drug Administration [FDA]-approved and non-FDA-approved [compounded] estrogens and progestogens, tamoxifen, and hormonal contraceptives) were found through PubMed searches...
November 28, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
Rongrong Tan, Danhua Pu, Jinxiang Cao, Huan Ge, Xiaoxia Chang, Guihua Ye, Jie Wu
BACKGROUND: To determine the prevalence of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and associated factors in women with premature ovarian insufficiency (POI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 149 patients with POI and 303 control women without POI. Age, body mass index (BMI), gestational history, time since onset of POI, and status of hormone therapy (HT) for POI were recorded. RESULTS: There was no statistical difference in the mean age, BMI, and parity between the two groups...
November 28, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
Jasmin A Tiro, Andrea C Betts, Kilian Kimbel, Diana S M Buist, Constance Mao, Hongyuan Gao, Lisa Shulman, Colin Malone, Tara Beatty, John Lin, Chris Thayer, Diana L Miglioretti, Rachel L Winer
OBJECTIVE: We explored patient perspectives after a positive human papillomavirus (HPV) self-sampling result to describe experiences and information needs for this home-based screening modality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We recruited women who tested high-risk (hr) HPV positive during a pragmatic trial evaluating mailed hrHPV self-sampling kits as an outreach strategy for women overdue for Pap screening in a U.S. integrated health care system. Telephone interviews were conducted from 2014 to 2017...
November 27, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
Elizabeth H Ellinas, Kristina Kaljo, Teresa N Patitucci, Jutta Novalija, Angela Byars-Winston, Nadya A Fouad
INTRODUCTION: The gender gap in professorship and leadership roles persists in academic medicine, whereas reasons for these disparities remain unclear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Open-ended text responses to a 2013 faculty engagement survey were analyzed by using the grounded theory and consensual qualitative analysis techniques. The authors grouped 491 faculty's text responses into descriptive codes and three themes: (1) No Obstacles, (2) Barriers to Success, and (3) Concerns Regarding Processes...
November 27, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
Rachel P Goossen, Karen M Summers, Ginny L Ryan, Michelle A Mengeling, Brenda M Booth, James C Torner, Craig H Syrop, Anne G Sadler
BACKGROUND: In the general population, infertility is increasingly prevalent in ethnic minority women; these women suffer longer and are less likely to access care. There is a paucity of data regarding the issue of race and infertility in the growing female military veteran population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional observational study involved computer-assisted telephone interviews of 1,004 Veterans Administration (VA)-enrolled women aged ≤52 years...
November 27, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
Clare Oliver-Williams, Catherine J Vladutiu, Laura R Loehr, Wayne D Rosamond, Alison M Stuebe
BACKGROUND: Previous studies are inconclusive on the relationship between parity and cardiovascular disease (CVD), with few evaluating multiple cardiovascular outcomes. It is also unclear if any relationship between parity and CVD is independent of breastfeeding. We examined the associations between parity and cardiovascular outcomes, including breastfeeding adjustment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were from 8,583 White and African American women, 45-64 years of age, in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study...
November 27, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
Kristin E Rojas, Nicole Bilbro, Donna-Marie Manasseh, Patrick I Borgen
The incidence of pregnancy-associated breast cancer (PABC) increases as more women choose to delay childbearing and the population-based incidence of breast cancer rises. Reliably and safely staging PABC is necessary to choose between starting with local or systemic therapy. With regard to local therapy, both lumpectomy and mastectomy can be considered depending on gestational age and the stage at diagnosis. By mirroring nonpregnant treatment regimens as much as possible, chemotherapy may improve long-term oncologic outcomes while allowing for surgical downstaging during pregnancy...
November 27, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
Eon Chul Han, Ji Won Park, Yoon-Hye Kwon, Inho Song, Ji Sun Kim, Seung-Bum Ryoo, Seung-Yong Jeong, Kyu Joo Park
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to compare the surgical and oncological outcomes between young and older women with colorectal cancer (CRC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 1815 women with CRC between 2010 and 2014. Participants were divided into a young group (under the age of 65 years) and an old group (65 years and older). The surgical and oncological outcomes were compared between the two groups using univariate and multivariate analyses...
November 27, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
Louisa Gilbert, Aaron L Sarvet, Melanie Wall, Kate Walsh, Leigh Reardon, Patrick Wilson, John Santelli, Shamus Khan, Martie Thompson, Jennifer S Hirsch, Claude A Mellins
BACKGROUND: Research has documented multilevel risk factors associated with experiencing incapacitated sexual assault among undergraduate women. Less is known about multilevel risk factors associated with nonincapacitated sexual assault. This study examines and compares the different settings, coercion methods, and relationships in which incapacitated and nonincapacitated sexual assaults occur among undergraduate women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our sample included 253 undergraduate women who reported experiencing sexual assault during college on a population-based survey of randomly selected students at two colleges in New York City in 2016 (N = 1671, response rate = 67%)...
November 27, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
Elisabeth F Beaber, Brian L Sprague, Anna N A Tosteson, Jennifer S Haas, Tracy Onega, Marilyn M Schapira, Anne Marie McCarthy, Christopher I Li, Sally D Herschorn, Constance D Lehman, Karen J Wernli, William E Barlow
BACKGROUND: U.S. women of ages 50-74 years are recommended to receive screening mammography at least biennially. Our objective was to evaluate multilevel predictors of nonadherence among screened women, as these are not well known. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cohort study was conducted among women of ages 50-74 years with a screening mammogram in 2011 with a negative finding (Breast Imaging-Reporting and Data System 1 or 2) within Population-based Research Optimizing Screening through Personalized Regimens (PROSPR) consortium research centers...
November 27, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
Gabrielle G Snyder, Claudia Holzman, Tao Sun, Bertha Bullen, Marnie Bertolet, Janet M Catov
BACKGROUND: Abdominal obesity is an important indicator of cardiometabolic dysfunction in later life. Prior studies have observed an inverse association between breastfeeding and maternal waist circumference (WC) in the years after pregnancy, but this may be due to bias resulting from systematic differences in women who do and do not breastfeed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 678 women enrolled in the Pregnancy Outcomes and Community Health (POUCH) cohort also participated in the POUCHmoms Study 7-15 years after delivery...
November 27, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
Elliot Montgomery Sklar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 27, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
Patricia G Moorman, Nadine J Barrett, Frances Wang, J Anthony Alberg, Elisa V Bandera, J B Barnholtz-Sloan, Melissa Bondy, Michele L Cote, Ellen Funkhouser, Linda E Kelemen, Lauren C Peres, Edwards S Peters, A G Schwartz, Paul D Terry, Sydnee Crankshaw, Sarah E Abbott, Joellen M Schildkraut
BACKGROUND: Certain cultural, folk, and religious beliefs that are more common among African Americans (AAs) have been associated with later-stage breast cancer. It is unknown if these beliefs are similarly associated with delays in diagnosis of ovarian cancer. METHODS: Data from a multicenter case-control study of ovarian cancer in AA women were used to examine associations between cultural/folk beliefs and religious practices and stage at diagnosis and symptom duration before diagnosis...
November 27, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
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