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Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599053/tacmed-updates-k9-tactical-emergency-casualty-care-direct-threat-care-guidelines
#1
Lee E Palmer, Allen Yee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599052/tccc-updates-two-decades-of-saving-lives-on-the-battlefield-tactical-combat-casualty-care-turns-20
#2
Frank K Butler
BACKGROUND: Twenty years ago, the original Tactical Combat Casualty Care (TCCC) article was published in this journal. Since TCCC is essentially a set of bestpractice prehospital trauma care guidelines customized for use on the battlefield, the presence of a journal with a specific focus on military medicine was a profound benefit to the initial presentation of TCCC to the US Military. METHODS: In the two ensuing decades, which included the longest continuous period of armed conflict in our nation's history, TCCC steadily evolved as the prehospital trauma care evidence base was augmented and as feedback from user medics, corpsmen, and pararescuemen was obtained...
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599051/maggot-therapy-for-wound-care-in-austere-environments
#3
Ronald A Sherman, Michael R Hetzler
The past 25 years have seen an increase in use of maggot therapy for wound care. Maggot therapy is very effective in wound debridement; it is simple to apply and requires very little in the way of resources, costs, or skilled personnel. These characteristics make it well suited for use in austere environments. The use of medical-grade maggots makes maggot therapy nearly risk free, but medical grade maggots may not always be available, especially in the wilderness or in resource-limited communities. By understanding myiasis and fly biology, it should be possible even for the nonentomologist to obtain maggots from the wild and apply them therapeutically, with minimal risks...
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599050/introduction-to-the-unconventional-medicine-series
#4
Michael R Hetzler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599049/an-interview-with-soma-president-steven-viola-socm-atp-nremt-p
#5
Andre Pennardt
Interviewed by COL (Ret) Andre Pennardt, MD.
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599048/easy-scan-and-easy-fix-for-the-shoulder-injury-in-a-difficult-environment
#6
Mariusz Urbaniak, Katarzyna Kasia Hampton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599047/acute-traumatic-wound-management-in-the-prolonged-field-care-setting
#7
Justin Rapp, Timothy P Plackett, Jonathan Crane, Jonathan Lu, Andrew Hall, David Hardin, Paul E Loos, Rick Kelly, Clinton K Murray, Sean Keenan, Stacy Shackelford
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599046/prolonged-field-care-for-the-summer-2017-edition
#8
Sean Keenan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599045/stress-fractures-etiology-epidemiology-diagnosis-treatment-and-prevention
#9
Joseph J Knapik, Katy Reynolds, Kyle L Hoedebecke
Stress fractures are part of a continuum of changes in healthy bones in response to repeated mechanical deformation from physical activity. If the activity produces excessive repetitive stress, osteoclastic processes in the bone may proceed at a faster pace than osteoblastic processes, thus weakening the bone and augmenting susceptibility to stress fractures. Overall stress fracture incidence is about three cases per 1,000 in active duty Servicemembers, but it is much higher among Army basic trainees: 19 per 1,000 for men and 80 per 1,000 for women...
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599044/mumps
#10
Mark W Burnett
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599043/ketones-and-human-performance
#11
Jonathan M Scott, Patricia A Deuster
Everyone is seeking nutritional strategies that might benefit performance. One approach receiving much attention is ketones, or ketosis. Ketones are very simple compounds made of hydrogen, carbon, and oxygen, and ketosis is a metabolic state whereby the body uses predominantly ketones. Ketosis can be achieved by fasting for longer than 72 hours or by following a very lowcarbohydrate, high-fat diet (ketogenic diet) for several days to weeks. Alternatively, ketone supplements purportedly induce ketosis rapidly and do not require strict adherence to any specific type of diet; however, much of the touted benefits are anecdotal...
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599042/headache
#12
Joshua Banting, Tony Meriano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599041/quikclot%C3%A2-combat-gauze%C3%A2-use-by-ground-forces-in-afghanistan-the-prehospital-trauma-registry-experience
#13
Steven G Schauer, Michael D April, Jason F Naylor, Andrew D Fisher, Cord W Cunningham, Kathy L Ryan, Krista C Thomas, Daniel B Brillhart, Jessie Renee D Fernandez, Mark A Antonacci
BACKGROUND: QuikClot® Combat Gauze® (QCCG) was fielded in 2008 to replace previous generations of hemostatic products. To the best of our knowledge, despite nearly a decade of use, there are no published data on use among US combatant forces. We describe the use of QCCG by ground forces in Afghanistan and compare patients who received QCCG compared with the remaining population in the database who did not receive QCCG. METHODS: Data were obtained from the Prehospital Trauma Registry (PHTR)...
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599040/intubation-of-the-right-atrium-during-an-attempted-modified-surgical-airway-in-a-pig
#14
Jason Bowman, Andrew Juergens, Matthew McClure, Dave Spear
In modern medicine, the surgical cricothyrotomy is an airway procedure of last resort. In austere environments, however, its simplicity may make it a more feasible option than carrying a full complement of laryngoscopes. To create a Transportation Security Agency-compliant compact first-response bag, we attempted to establish a surgical cricothyrotomy in a pig, using trauma shears, basic medical scissors, a pocket bougie, and an endotracheal tube. Bougies can provide tactile feedback via the "tracheal ring sign" and "stop sign" to indicate positive tracheal placement during orotracheal intubation...
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599039/manikin-human-patient-simulator-training
#15
Gregory T Horn
BACKGROUND: Human-patient simulators (HPSs) may help enhance medical education. Manikin HPS devices respond to common field medical interventions, such as cricothyroidotomy, and have realistic feedback features, such as respirations and pulses. This study surveys Special Operations Medics for evaluations of HPS features. METHODS: Of 518 subjects, 376 completed testing and surveys with valid responses. A total of 102 variables were divided into three categories-general characteristics, procedures, and injuries-and assessed on a fivepoint Likert scale...
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599038/albumin-for-prehospital-fluid-resuscitation-of-hemorrhagic-shock-in-tactical-combat-casualty-care
#16
Nicholas M Studer, Michael D April, F Bowling, Paul D Danielson, Andrew P Cap
Optimal fluid resuscitation on the battlefield in the absence of blood products remains unclear. Contemporary Combat medics are generally limited to hydroxyethyl starch or crystalloid solutions, both of which present significant drawbacks. Obtaining US Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved freeze-dried plasma (FDP) is a top casualty care research priority for the US Military. Interest in this agent reflects a desire to simultaneously expand intravascular volume and address coagulopathy. The history of FDP dates to the Second World War, when American expeditionary forces used this agent frequently...
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599037/the-sole-provider-preparation-for-deployment-to-a-medically-austere-theater
#17
Paul Corso, Cristobal Mandry, Steven Reynolds
The combat focus of the US Military over the past 15 years has primarily centered on the Iraq and Afghanistan areas of operation (AOs). Thus, much human and financial capital has been dedicated to the creation of a robust medical infrastructure to support those operations. However, Special Operation Forces (SOF) are often called upon to deploy in much more medically austere AOs. SOF medical providers operating in such environments face significant challenges due to the diversity of medical threats, extremely limited access to medical resupply, a material shortage of casualty evacuation platforms, lack of medical facilities, and limited access to higher-level care providers...
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599036/the-role-i-resuscitation-team-and-resuscitative-endovascular-balloon-occlusion-of-the-aorta
#18
Andrew D Fisher, William A Teeter, Christopher B Cordova, Megan L Brenner, Michael P Szczepanski, Ethan A Miles, Joseph M Galante, Joseph J DuBose, Todd E Rasmussen
The medical advancements made during the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan have resulted in an unprecedented survival rate, yet there is still a significant number of deaths that were potentially survivable. Additionally, the ability to deliver casualties to definitive surgical care within the "golden hour" is diminishing in many areas of conflict. Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) has been implemented successfully in the hospital setting. REBOA may be a possible adjunct for the Role I and point-of-injury (POI) care to provide temporary control of noncompressible torso hemorrhage (NCTH) and junctional hemorrhage...
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599035/rapid-vision-correction-by-special-operations-forces
#19
Mark E Reynolds
BACKGROUND: This report describes a rapid method of vision correction used by Special Operations Medics in multiple operational engagements. METHODS: Between 2011 and 2015, Special Operations Medics used an algorithm- driven refraction technique. A standard block of instruction was provided to the medics, along with a packaged kit. The technique was used in multiple operational engagements with host nation military and civilians. Data collected for program evaluation were later analyzed to assess the utility of the technique...
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599034/a-prospective-randomized-controlled-two-arm-clinical-study-evaluating-the-efficacy-of-a-bioelectric-dressing-system-for-blister-management-in-us-army-ranger-recruits
#20
Greggory J Housler, Sue Cross, Vanessa Marcel, Daniel O Kennedy, Michael Husband, Andrew Register, Thomas Roberts, Seth Grubbs, Douglas Dudewicz, Nathan Setka, Curt Bay, Martin E Wendelken, Mina J Izadjoo
This study focused on a clinically relevant healthcare problem in the military: acute soft tissue wounds, or blisters. The trial was a prospective, controlled, randomized two-arm study evaluating the efficacy of a bioelectric dressing, Procellera®, applied topically two to three times per week for 2 weeks to blisters developed in Ranger trainees during training at Fort Benning, Georgia. A total of 80 US Army Ranger recruits with blister wounds below the knee were randomly assigned to one of two treatment groups (n = 40/group)...
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
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