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Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889976/a-new-standard-for-battlefield-trauma-care-in-the-us-military
#1
Frank K Butler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889975/competing-to-increase-capability-the-team-from-the-land-down-under-s-experience-at-the-national-tactical-medicine-competition-2018
#2
Timothy Makrides, Benjamin Davoren
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889974/re-tourniquet-effectiveness-when-placed-over-the-joint-service-lightweight-integrated-suit-technology
#3
Christopher T Picard, Matthew J Douma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889973/ether-anesthesia-in-the-austere-environment-an-exposure-and-education
#4
L Brad Morgans, Nicholas Graham
Medical services in the austere and limited environment often require therapeutics and practices uncommon in modern times due to a lack of availability, affordability, or expertise in remote areas. In this setting, diethyl ether, or simply ether anesthesia, still serves a role today as an effective inhalation agent. An understanding of ether as an anesthetic not only illustrates the evolution in surgical anesthesia but also demonstrates ether's surviving function and durable use as a practical agent in developing nations...
2018: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889972/intelligent-exam-for-crucial-intelligence
#5
Christopher Dare, Katarzyna Kasia Hampton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889971/arthropod-borne-and-zoonotic-infections-among-military-personnel-in-georgia
#6
Nazibrola Chitadze, Nino Gureshidze, Nino Rostiaschvili, Nargiza Danelia, Ketevan Dalakishvili, Liana Durglishvili, Revas Kuchukhidze, Paata Imnadze, Rusudan Chlikadze, Medea Betashvili, Tinatin Kuchuloria, Nino Akhvlediani, Robert Rivard, Mikeljon Nikolich, Christian T Bautista, Michael A Washington, Nino Akhvlediani
Military personnel are at an increased risk for exposure to arthropod- borne and zoonotic pathogens. The prevalence of these pathogens has not been adequately described in the country of Georgia. As the Georgian military moves toward an increased level of capability and the adoption of European Union and North Atlantic Treaty Organization standards, international field exercises will become more frequent and will likely involve an increasing number of international partners. This study was undertaken with the goal of defining the arthropod-borne and zoonotic pathogen threat in Georgia so force health protection planning can proceed in a rational and data-driven manner...
2018: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889970/what-s-in-a-rash-viral-exanthem-versus-cbrne-exposure-teleconsultation-support-for-two-special-forces-soldiers-with-diffuse-rash-in-an-austere-environment
#7
Howard D Lee, Samuel Butterfield, Joseph Maddry, Douglas Powell, William N Vasios, Heather Yun, David Ferraro, Jeremy C Pamplin
Review clinical thought process and key principles for diagnosing weaponized chemical and biologic injuries. Clinical Context: Special Operation Forces (SOF) team deployed in an undisclosed, austere environment. Organic Expertise: Two SOF Soldiers with civilian EMT-Basic certification. Closest Medical Support: Mobile Forward Surgical Team (2 hours away); medical consults available by e-mail, phone, or video-teleconsultation. Earliest Evacuation: Earliest military evacuation from country 12-24 hours. With teleconsultation, patients departed to Germany as originally scheduled without need for Medical Evacuation...
2018: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889969/nursing-interventions-in-prolonged-field-care
#8
Dawn Ostberg, Paul E Loos, Elizabeth A Mann-Salinas, Cody Creson, Douglas Powell, Jamie C Riesberg, Sean Keenan, Stacy Shackelford
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889968/epidemiologic-evidence-and-possible-mechanisms-for-the-association-between-cigarette-smoking-and-injuries-part-2-is-the-relationship-between-smoking-and-injuries-causal
#9
Joseph J Knapik, Sheryl A Bedno
Part 1 of this series reviewed the epidemiologic evidence for the association between cigarette smoking and injuries and possible biological and psychosocial mechanisms to account for this relationship. In the present article, nine criteria are explored to determine if smoking is a direct cause of injuries (i.e., a causal relationship). There is substantial evidence that individuals who smoked in the past have a higher subsequent risk of injury. A recent meta-analysis found that smokers in the military were 1...
2018: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889967/ascaris
#10
Mark W Burnett
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889966/dietary-supplements-for-musculoskeletal-pain-science-versus-claims
#11
Cindy Crawford, Leila Saldanha, Rebecca Costello, Patricia A Deuster
Special Operations Forces (SOF) face unique challenges that manifest themselves both mentally and physically. The extremes of training and combat can affect the readiness to perform at peak levels, especially when confronted with musculoskeletal pain. Many SOF Operators turn to dietary supplements in hopes of gaining an edge. Although some supplements are now being marketed for pain, decisions to use these products need to be driven by information that is evidence based. We describe SOF-specific evidence-based recommendations for the use of dietary ingredients for pain that emerged from a rigorous scientific evaluation...
2018: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889965/picture-this-management-of-canine-pyotraumatic-dermatitis-a-k-a-hot-spot
#12
Lee E Palmer
Pyotraumatic dermatitis (a.k.a., hot spot) is a rapidly developing, superficial, moist, exudative dermatitis commonly induced by self-inflicted trauma. Although not acutely life threatening, these lesions are extremely pruritic and distracting and significantly interfere with the canine's operational effectiveness and ability to stay on task. The review discusses a case, including clinical presentation, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis.
2018: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889964/methods-for-early-control-of-abdominal-hemorrhage-an-assessment-of-potential-benefit
#13
Paul M Cantle, Matthew J Hurley, Michael D Swartz, John B Holcomb
BACKGROUND: Noncompressible truncal hemorrhage (NCTH) after injury is associated with a mortality increase that is unchanged during the past 20 years. Current treatment consists of rapid transport and emergent intervention. Three early hemorrhage control interventions that may improve survival are placement of a resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA), injection of intracavitary self-expanding foam, and application of the Abdominal Aortic Junctional Tourniquet (AAJT™)...
2018: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889963/are-the-king-lts-laryngeal-tube-and-the-ambu-auraonce-laryngeal-mask-useful-airway-adjuncts-for-military-medics
#14
Danny Regner, Peter Frykholm
BACKGROUND: Airway management is a critical skill that may be essential in the battlefield. The aim of this study was to determine if combat life savers and medics with no or limited clinical experience could provide airway control using the disposable laryngeal suction tube (LTS-D) and the Ambu® AuraOnce ™ disposable laryngeal mask (LMA). METHODS: Eight military medics with limited clinical experience and no airway management experience secured the airway on 19 intrahospital anesthetized patients using the LTS-D and the LMA...
2018: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889962/the-role-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-optimizing-injury-management-in-air-force-pararescuemen-combat-rescue-officers-and-survival-specialists
#15
Stephen C Rush, Christopher Foresto, Christopher W Hewitt, Marc G Grossman, Christopher D Petersen, Isabelle Gallo, Brian P Staak, Jessica T Rush
Operators perform physically demanding jobs associated with a variety of overuse and acute musculoskeletal injuries. The current management of musculoskeletal complaints in the Air Force includes plane radiographs and 6 weeks of physical therapy (PT) before consideration of orthopedic consultation and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI); however, MRI shows a clear advantage compared with plane radiographs. We conducted a performance improvement project and conclude that (1) MRI allowed for definitive diagnosis as well as definitive triage for care in a timely manner, (2) guidelines for ordering lumbosacral MRIs should be followed and not ordered for pain that is not progressive and severe or not associated with a neurological finding, and (3) because of the risk of X-ray exposure in patients in their 20 and 30s, X-rays should be avoided in this setting unless definitely indicated...
2018: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889961/survey-of-casualty-evacuation-missions-conducted-by-the-160th-special-operations-aviation-regiment-during-the-afghanistan-conflict
#16
Theodore T Redman, Kevin E Mayberry, Alejandra G Mora, Brock A Benedict, Elliot M Ross, Julian G Mapp, Russ S Kotwal
BACKGROUND: Historically, documentation of prehospital combat casualty care has been relatively nonexistent. Without documentation, performance improvement of prehospital care and evacuation through data collection, consolidation, and scientific analyses cannot be adequately accomplished. During recent conflicts, prehospital documentation has received increased attention for point-of-injury care as well as for care provided en route on medical evacuation platforms. However, documentation on casualty evacuation (CASEVAC) platforms is still lacking...
2018: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889960/optimizing-tactical-medical-performance-the-effect-of-light-hue-on-vision-testing
#17
J Preston Van Buren, Jeffrey Wake, Jared McLaughlin, Anthony J LaPorta, Robert W Enzenauer, Christopher J Calvano
BACKGROUND: Red and blue are the historical tactical lighting hues of choice to ensure light discipline and to preserve dark adaptation. As yet, no scientifically ideal hue for use in Special Operations medicine has been identified. We propose red/green polychromatic light as a superior choice that preserves visual function for tactical medical tasks in austere settings. METHODS: Thirty participants were enrolled in this institutional review board-approved study...
2018: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889959/junctional-tourniquet-use-during-combat-operations-in-afghanistan-the-prehospital-trauma-registry-experience
#18
Steven G Schauer, Michael D April, Andrew D Fisher, Cord W Cunningham, Jennifer Gurney
BACKGROUND: Hemorrhage is the leading cause of potentially preventable death on the battlefield. Although the resurgence of limb tourniquets revolutionized hemorrhage control in combat casualties in the recent conflicts, the mortality rate for patients with junctional hemorrhage is still high. Junctional tourniquets (JTQs) offer a mechanism to address the high mortality rate. The success of these devices in the combat setting is unclear given a dearth of existing data. METHODS: From the Prehospital Trauma Registry (PHTR) and the Department of Defense Trauma Registry, we extracted cases of JTQ use in Afghanistan...
2018: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889958/surgery-at-sea-the-effect-of-simulated-high-sea-states-on-surgical-performance
#19
Eric Pierce, Renato Rapada, Penelope Anne Herder, Anthony J LaPorta, Tuan N Hoang, Mathew Pena, Jeff Blankenship, Jeff Kiser, Sarah Ashley Catlin
BACKGROUND: The US Navy initiated design concepts for a Medical Mission Module Support Container (M3SC), a mobile operating room capable of rapid installation aboard maneuverable ships within proximity of active combat units. The M3SC provides an alternative echelon of care in the current trauma system by decreasing the time between point of injury, arrival, and surgical intervention. The mobile ships used as M3SC platforms, however, are more susceptible to oceanic conditions that can induce detrimental physiologic motion sickness in medical personnel and patients aboard the vessels...
2018: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889957/old-tricks-for-new-dogs-john-caddy-and-the-victorian-origins-of-tccc
#20
Penny S Reynolds
The success of Tactical Combat Casualty Care (TCCC) in reducing potentially preventable combat deaths may rely on both specific interventions (such as tourniquets) and the systematized application of immediate care. Essential elements of a combat care system include clear specification of immediate care priorities, standardized methodology, and inclusion and training of all nonmedical personnel in early response. Although TCCC is fairly recent, the construct is similar to that first suggested during the mid-nineteenth century by John Turner Caddy (1822-1902), a British Royal Navy staff surgeon...
2018: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
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