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International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30620160/prospective-comparison-of-the-novel-visual-prostate-symptom-score-vpss-versus-the-international-prostate-symptom-score-ipss-and-assessment-of-patient-pain-perception-with-regard-to-transrectal-ultrasound-guided-prostate-biopsy
#1
M Els, C Heyns, A van der Merwe, A Zarrabi
OBJECTIVE: To compare the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) and novel Visual Prostate Symptom Score (VPSS) in patients with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), to correlate scores with uroflowmetry and prostate volume and assess patient perceptions regarding pain prior to, and after prostate biopsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with LUTS who had an indication for transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) biopsy were included. Patients completed the IPSS-, VPSS- and prostate biopsy pain assessment questionnaires...
January 5, 2019: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30620158/re-hpv-vaccination-for-penile-cancer-eradication-cost-effectiveness-view
#2
LETTER
Beuy Joob, Viroj Wiwanitkti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 5, 2019: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30620157/comparison-of-retrograde-flexible-ureteroscopy-and-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-in-treating-intermediatesize-renal-stones-2-3cm-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Zhu Zewu, Yu Cui, Zeng Feng, Li Yang, Hequn Chen
PURPOSE: To systematically assess the effectiveness and safety of retrograde flexible ureteroscopy (FURS) versus percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) in treating intermediate-size renal stones (2-3cm). MATERIALS AND METHODS: PubMed, Ovid MEDLINE, Web of Science, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) and EMBASE were researched to identify relevant studies up to May 2018. Article selection was performed through the search strategy based on Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses criteria...
January 5, 2019: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30620156/study-of-the-renal-parenchymal-volume-during-the-human-fetal-period
#4
Andre L Lima Diniz, Nadia C Pinheiro Rodrigues, Francisco J B Sampaio, Luciano A Favorito
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the renal parenchymal area in human fetuses, providing a descriptive analysis on the renal area development by demographic factors during the second gestational trimester. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We analyzed 84 fetuses (44 males and 40 females), for a total of 168 renal units evaluated in terms of longitudinal length, superior pole width, inferior pole width and thickness. Renal volume was calculated by ellipsoid formula. After renal pelvis dissection, length and width were evaluated; as pelvis is free of urine, we considered thickness as 1mm...
January 5, 2019: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30648824/role-of-adiponectin-in-prostate-cancer
#5
REVIEW
Xiaobo Hu, Cong Hu, Caiping Zhang, Min Zhang, Shiyin Long, Zhaohui Cao
Obesity is defined as a chronic and excessive growth of adipose tissue. It has been associated with a high risk for development and progression of obesity-associated malignancies, while adipokines may mediate this association. Adiponectin is an adipose tissue-derived adipokines, with significant anti-diabetic, anti-inflammatory, anti-atherosclerotic and anti-proliferative properties. Plasma adiponectin levels are decreased in obese individuals, and this feature is closely correlated with development of several metabolic, immunological and neoplastic diseases...
January 3, 2019: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30648825/a-very-easy-technique-of-stenting-for-laparoscopic-pyeloplasty-penbegul-intravenous-cannula-pica-technique
#6
Necmettin Penbegul, Murat Atar, Cem Alan, Yasar Bozkurt, Namik Kemal Hatipoglu
INTRODUCTION: Double-J stent insertion during laparoscopic pyeloplasty is a difficult and time-consuming process and several techniques were defined to perform a double-J stent with an antegrade approach. In this study we present the technique (PICA) of antegrade double-J placement during laparoscopic pyeloplasty by using 14 gauge intravenous cannula. Surgıcal technıque: After we complete the suturing of the posterior wall of the anastomosis during laparoscopic pyeloplasty, we first puncture the abdominal wall with a 14-gauge "intravenous cannula" from a location that provides most suitable angle for inserting the double-J stent into the ureter...
December 15, 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30556993/effect-of-a-high-fat-diet-on-the-rat-bladder-wall-and-bioactive-action-of-brazil-nut-oil
#7
Aline Costa de Souza, Carla Braga Mano Gallo, Magna Cottini da Fonseca Passos, Carolina Croccia, Glauciane Lacerda Miranda, Francisco José Barcellos Sampaio, Bianca Martins Gregório
High-fat diet-induced obesity is associated with metabolic disorders. The Brazil nut has bioactive substances and has been used to control the damage caused by obesity in several organs. The work intended to show the damage caused by high-fat diet in the bladder wall and if the Brazil nut oil added to the diet could ameliorate or reverse this effect. Sixty-day-old rats were divided into two groups: C (control, n = 30) and HF (high-fat, n = 30) diets. At 90 days, 10 animals of each group were sacrificed. The others were divided into 4 groups: C and HF (animals that maintained their previous diet, n = 10 for each group) and C / Bno and HF / Bno (animals whose control or high-fat diet was supplemented by Brazil nut oil, n = 10 for each group)...
December 15, 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30556992/ct-guided-minimally-invasive-penile-fracture-repair
#8
Cui Yan, Bing-Xue Liang, Hai-Bin Huang, Bi-Rong Liang, Zheng Zhou, Ling-Jun Wang, Zhong-Qi Yang, Shao-Xiang Xian
We present the case of a 28 year old patient with an incomplete tear of the tunica albuginea occurred after having sexual intercourse in the female superior position. The diagnostic assessment was performed first clinically, then with CT, owing to its high resolution, allowed to exactly detect the tear location leading to precise preoperative planning. After adequate diagnosis through imaging and proper planning, the patient was performed a selective minimally invasive surgical approach to repair the lesion...
December 15, 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30648827/can-expressed-prostatic-secretions-effect-prostate-biopsy-decision-of-urologist
#9
Osman Ergun, Erdem Capar, Yunus Emre Goger, Ayse Gul Ergun
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the frequency of NIH category IV prostatitis, and the use of expressed prostatic secretions tests in an effort to improve the reliability of prostate specific antigen as an indicator, to avoid unnecessary prostate biopsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 178 expressed prostatic secretion positive patients with serum prostate specific antigen levels of ≥ 2.5 ng / mL were included in present prospective study. The diagnostic evaluation included detailed history and physical examination, digital rectal examination, urine analysis, urine culture, and expressed prostatic secretions tests...
December 10, 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30620155/inpatient-interventions-that-may-preclude-outpatient-open-pyeloplasty-in-infants
#10
M İrfan Dönmez, Alonso Carrasco, Amanda F Saltzman, Duncan T Wilcox
OBJECTIVE: In the majority of published series, children undergoing open pyeloplasty are admitted for at least one night. We hypothesized that it would be possible in the majority of infants to perform open pyeloplasty as an outpatient procedure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients who underwent open pyeloplasty by a single surgeon between 2008 and 2016 were retrospectively reviewed. Demographic data (age at surgery, gender, pre- and postoperative imaging studies, laterality, type of local anesthesia), operative time, duration of hospital stay, need for narcotic analgesics, complications, readmission within 1-month after surgery and need for additional procedures were abstracted...
December 5, 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30648826/the-tnm-8th-edition-validation-of-the-proposal-for-organ-confined-pt2-prostate-cancer
#11
Athanase Billis, Leandro L L Freitas, Larissa B E Costa, Icleia S Barreto, Luis A Magna, Wagner E Matheus, Ubirajara Ferreira
PURPOSE: The 8th edition of the TNM has been updated and improved in order to ensure a high degree of clinical relevance. A major change in prostate includes pathologically organ - confined disease to be considered pT2 and no longer subclassified by extent of involvement or laterality. The aim of this study was to validate this major change. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prostates were step - sectioned from 196 patients submitted to radical prostatectomy with organ confined disease (pT2) and negative surgical margins...
November 30, 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30620159/percutaneous-resection-of-metastatic-renal-cell-carcinoma
#12
Amir Toussi, Deepak Agarwal, Bradley Leibovich, Aaron Potretzke
INTRODUCTION: Metastasis-directed therapy of small solitary foci of metastatic renal cell carcinoma has been associated with improved survival. Percutaneous resection of tumors in the upper tract urinary system has been widely used for treatment of localized urothelial carcinoma, however, its role in renal cell carcinoma has not been described. Herein, we present the first case of patient undergoing percutaneous resection of renal cell carcinoma in the contralateral renal pelvis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a case report describing the diagnosis, management and surgical approach to renal cell carcinoma recurrence in the contralateral renal pelvis...
November 30, 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30521176/immunohistochemical-expressionof-sodium-dependent-glucose-transporter-2-sglt-2-in-clear-cell-renal-carcinoma-possible-prognostic-implications
#13
Minoru Kobayashi, Toshitaka Uematsu, Yuumi Tokura, Kohei Takei, Kazumasa Sakamoto, Takahiro Narimatsu, Akinori Nukui, Takao Kamai
PURPOSE: Glucose is a major energy resource for tumor cell survival and growth, and its influx into cells is mainly carried out by facilitative glucose transporters (GLUTs). Sodium - dependent glucose transporters (SGLTs) have been highlighted as playing important roles in diabetic treatment. However, their potential roles in cancer remain unclear. We examined expression patterns of SGLTs in tumor tissues together with conventional pathological variables to determine prognostic significance in patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC)...
October 30, 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30521175/implant-of-atoms%C3%A2-system-for-the-treatment-of-postoperative-male-stress-urinary-incontinence-results-of-a-single-centre
#14
Alessandro Giammò, Enrico Ammirati, Annarita Tullio, Gianni Bodo, Alberto Manassero, Paolo Gontero, Roberto Carone
PURPOSE: The aim of our study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of ATOMS® system for the treatment of postoperative male stress urinary incontinence (SUI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated all patients treated at our institution for postoperative male SUI with ATOMS® implant. We excluded patients with low bladder compliance (< 20 mL / cmH2O), uncontrolled detrusor overactivity, detrusor underactivity (BCI < 100), urethral or bladder neck stricture and low cystometric capacity (< 200 mL)...
October 30, 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30521174/predictors-of-surgical-complications-of-nephrectomy-for-urolithiasis
#15
Alexandre Danilovic, Thiago Augusto Cunha Ferreira, Gilvan Vinícius de Azevedo Maia, Fabio Cesar Miranda Torricelli, Eduardo Mazzucchi, William Carlosa Nahas, Miguel Srougi
OBJECTIVES: Nephrectomy due to stone disease may be a challenging procedure owing to the presence of significant inflammation and infection, involving high complication rate. The objective of our study was to identify predictors for complications of nephrectomy for urolithiasis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of 149 consecutive patients > 18y submitted to simple nephrectomy for urolithiasis from January 2006 to July 2012 was performed. Clinical data, computed tomography findings and pathology report were analyzed...
October 30, 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30521173/prognosis-of-patients-with-prostate-cancer-and-middle-range-prostate-specific-antigen-levels-of-20-100-ng-ml
#16
Hiroaki Iwamoto, Kouji Izumi, Yoshifumi Kadono, Atsushi Mizokami
INTRODUCTION: Prostate - specific antigen (PSA) is a useful biomarker for detection of prostate cancer (PCa) and for risk classification in addition to TNM classification and Gleason score (GS). We reported the role of PSA in patients with low (< 20 ng / mL) and extremely high (≥ 100 ng / mL) PSA levels. However, it is unclear whether a correlation exists between middle range PSA levels (20 - 100 ng / mL) at diagnosis and prognosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 2000 and December 2014, 1873 patients underwent prostate biopsy at Kanazawa University Hospital...
October 30, 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30521170/micro-ureteroscopy-for-treatment-of-pelvic-ureteral-stone-in-pediatric-patient
#17
Diogo Nunes-Carneiro, João Ferreira Cabral, Avelino Fraga, Vítor Cavadas
INTRODUCTION: During the last years there has been an effort in miniaturizing the endoscopic devices. The video presents an alternative for the management of distal ureteral stone, using a ureteral access of 4.85 Fr and 27 cm of length, previously described as micro-ureteroscopy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This procedure was performed through a 3-part all-seeing needle, consisting of micro-optics 0.9 mm in diameter with a 120-degree angle of view, an irrigation channel and an integrated light...
October 30, 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30521168/comparative-study-of-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-performed-in-the-traditional-prone-position-and-in-three-different-supine-positions
#18
Petronio Augusto de Souza Melo, Fabio Carvalho Vicentini, Rodrigo Perrella, Claudio Bovolenta Murta, Joaquim Francisco de Almeida Claro
PURPOSE: To compare the outcomes of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) performed in the prone position (PRON) and in three variations of the supine position. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of patients that underwent PCNL at our institution from June 2011 to October 2016 in PRON and in three variations of the supine position: complete supine (COMPSUP), original Valdivia (VALD), and Galdakao - modified Valdivia (GALD). All patients had a complete pre - operative evaluation, including computed tomography (CT)...
October 30, 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30521167/dramatic-polarization-in-genitourinary-expert-opinions-regarding-the-clinical-utility-of-positron-emission-tomography-pet-imaging-in-prostate-cancer
#19
Kiri A Sandler, Shearwood McClelland, Catherine Degnin, Yiyi Chen, Timur Mitin
OBJECTIVES: To ascertain the opinions of North American genitourinary (GU) experts regarding inclusion of technologies such as prostate - specific membrane antigen (PSMA) and C - 11 choline positron emission tomography (PET) into routine practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A survey was distributed to North American GU experts. Questions pertained to the role of PSMA and C - 11 PET in PCa management. Participants were categorized as "supporters" or "opponents" of incorporation of novel imaging techniques...
October 30, 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30521166/the-effect-of-urethroplasty-surgery-on-erectile-and-orgasmic-functions-a-prospective-study
#20
Ahmet Urkmez, Ozgur H Yuksel, Emrah Ozsoy, Ramazan Topaktas, Aytac Sahin, Orhan Koca, Metin I Ozturk
OBJECTIVES: to examine the effects of urethroplasty surgery on sexual functions by taking into account age, location of stenosis, length of stenosis and surgical technique parameters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The prospective study was conducted between January 2015 and August 2017 with 60 cases. Patients were categorized according to age groups (19-65 / 65-75 years), surgery technique and stricture localization and length. Before the urethroplasty operation and postoperative 6th month follow-up, the international index of erectile function (IIEF) form (15 questions), was filled, the relevant domains of sexual function; erectile function (Q1,2,3,4,5,15), orgasmic function (Q9,10) and overall satisfaction (Q13,14) were assessed...
October 30, 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
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