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International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757580/comparison-of-renal-function-after-robot-assisted-laparoscopic-radical-prostatectomy-versus-retropubic-radical-prostatectomy
#1
Giray Ergin, Omer Gokhan Doluoglu, Mustafa Kıraç, Muhammet Fatih Kilinc, Burak Köprü, Bugra Bilge Keseroglu, Mustafa Burak Hoscan
PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of robot assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALP) and open retropubic radical prostatectomy (RRP) on early renal function in this study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Preoperative and postoperative urea, creatinine, Hb, eGFR values of patients who had undergone RALP and RRP with prostate cancer (PCa) diagnosis were recorded in our clinic. The percentages of change in these values are calculated. Preoperative and postoperative urea, creatinine, Hb and eGFR changes were compared with each other...
May 10, 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757578/seasonal-variations-in-urinary-calcium-volume-and-vitamin-d-in-kidney-stone-formers
#2
Kyrollis Attalla, Shubha De, Carl Sarkissian, Manoj Monga
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the seasonal variations in urinary calcium, serum vitamin D, and urinary volume in patients with a history of nephrolithiasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients included were those who completed a 24-hour urine metabolic evaluation on two occasions; one in summer (June-Aug) and one in winter (Nov-Jan), and who had not started any medications or been instructed on dietary modifications in the interval between the two tests that may have impacted the results...
May 10, 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757574/penile-refracture-a-preliminary-report
#3
Rodrigo Barros, Matheus Guimarães, César Nascimento, Luis Rogério Araújo, Leandro Koifman, Luciano Alves Favorito
OBJECTIVE: To report our institutional experience with penile refracture, including demographic data, recurrence time, etiology and operative findings in the first and second episodes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 1982 and September 2017, 281 patients underwent surgical treatment for penile fracture (PF) at our institution. Demographic data, clinical presentation, besides operative findings and follow-up of patients with relapsed PF were retrospectively assessed by reviewing medical records...
May 10, 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757575/prognostic-role-of-preoperative-albumin-to-globulin-ratio-in-predicting-survival-of-clear-cell-renal-cell-carcinoma
#4
Murat Yavuz Koparal, Fazli Polat, Serhat Çetin, Ender Cem Bulut, Tevfik Sinan Sözen
PURPOSE: To investigate the prognostic role of preoperative albumin/globulin ratio (AGR) in predicting disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) in localized and locally advanced clear cell renal cell carcinoma (RCC) patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 162 patients who met the criteria specified were included in the study. The DFS and OS ratios were determined using the Kaplan-Meier method. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were performed to determine the prognostic factors affecting DFS and OS...
May 5, 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757572/comparison-of-the-kelly-s-plication-and-tot-simultaneously-with-vaginal-hysterectomy-on-the-incontinence-and-sexual-functions
#5
Neslihan Bayramoglu Tepe, Omer Bayrak, Huseyin Caglayan Ozcan, Mete Gurol Ugur, Ilker Seckiner
PURPOSE: To compare the effect of vaginal hysterectomy-anterior/posterior colporrhaphy with Kelly's plication(VH-KP), versus vaginal hysterectomy-anterior/posterior colporrhaphy-transobturator tape(VH-TOT) surgeries on incontinence, quality of life, and sexual functions in patients with pelvic organ prolapse(POP), and concurrent obvious stress urinary incontinence(SUI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 2013 and 2017, fifty patients treated with VH-KP(n = 25), and VH-TOT(n = 25) due to POP and SUI, were evaluated prospective consecutively...
May 5, 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757579/isolated-low-grade-prenatally-detected-unilateral-hydronephrosis-do-we-need-long-term-follow-up
#6
Osama M Sarhan, Ahmed El Helaly, Abdulhakim Al Otay, Mustafa Al Ghanbar, Ziad Nakshabandi
PURPOSE: To assess the need for postnatal evaluation and the medium term outcome in patients with isolated unilateral low grade prenatally detected hydronephrosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We prospectively selected 424 patients (690 kidney units) with a prenatal diagnosis of urinary tract dilatation between 2010 and 2013. We included only those patients with isolated unilateral low-grade hydronephrosis who underwent at least 2 postnatal ultrasound examinations. The Society for Fetal Urology (SFU) grading system was utilized for assessment of the hydronephrosis...
April 30, 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757577/supposed-pituitary-production-of-human-chorionic-gonadotropin-induced-by-androgen-deprivation-therapy
#7
Koji Yoshimura, Yoshiharu Nakashima, Kyohei Sugiyama, Naoki Kohei, Akitoshi Takizawa
INTRODUCTION: The main cause of slightly elevated human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) after successful treatment of male germ cell tumors is considered to be pituitary-derived HCG. It is well known that pituitary-derived HCG is frequently detected in postmenopausal women. We evaluated the status of serum HCG in men with elevated gonadotropins, which were induced by androgen deprivation therapy, using commercially available assays. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We enrolled 44 patients with prostate cancer, who underwent luteinizing-hormone releasing hormone agonist treatment...
April 30, 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757573/low-serum-melatonin-levels-are-associated-with-erectile-dysfunction
#8
Aliseydi Bozkurt, Mehmet Karabakan, Binhan Kagan Aktas, Murat Gunay, Ercüment Keskin, Erkan Hirik
OBJECTIVE: Melatonin is a hormone secreted from the pineal gland and has anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory effects. Oxidative stress is considered as an important factor in the etiology of erectile dysfunction (ED), and in many experimental models, positive results have been obtained with melatonin treatment. This study aimed to measure serum melatonin levels in ED patients and to investigate the possible relationship between ED and melatonin levels. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-two patients diagnosed with mild, moderate or severe ED according to the five-item International Erectile Function Index (IIEF-5) and 22 healthy individuals were included in the study...
April 30, 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757571/localized-chromophobe-renal-cell-carcinoma-preoperative-imaging-judgment-and-laparoscopic-simple-enucleation-for-treatment
#9
Wenbiao Ren, Bichen Xue, Jiandong Qu, Longfei Liu, Chao Li, Xiongbing Zu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the preoperative imaging manifestation and therapeutic effect of laparoscopic simple enucleation (SE) for localized chromophobe renal cell carcinoma (chRCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical data of 36 patients who underwent laparoscopic SE of localized chRCC at our institute were retrospectively analyzed. All patients underwent preoperative renal protocol CT (unenhanced, arterial, venous, and delayed images). CT scan characteristics were evaluated...
April 30, 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757570/incidence-and-treatment-of-malignant-tumors-of-the-genitourinary-tract-in-renal-transplant-recipients
#10
Juan Manuel Ochoa-López, Bernardo Gabilondo-Pliego, Sylvain Collura-Merlier, Jaime O Herrera-Cáceres, Mariano Sotomayor de Zavaleta, Francisco Tomás Rodríguez-Covarrubias, Guillermo Feria-Bernal, Fernando Gabilondo-Navarro, Ricardo Alonso Castillejos-Molina
PURPOSE: To provide data of the incidence and management of common urological malignancies in renal transplant recipients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of a prospective database from August 1967 to August 2015. A descriptive analysis of the sample was performed. RESULTS: Among 1256 consecutive RTR a total of 88 patients developed malignancies (7%). There were 18 genitourinary tumors in the 16 patients (20.45% of all malignant neoplasms), incidence of 1...
April 30, 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757569/pro-inflammatory-cytokines-and-metalloproteinase-activation-in-polypropylene-mesh-implant-in-rat-subcutaneous-tissue
#11
Elaine Bronzatto, Cássio Luis Zanettini Riccetto
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Polypropylene meshes have been increasingly adopted for correction of pelvic organ prolapse due to its lower recurrence rate when compared to surgeries without meshes. The study of the interaction of these materials with the host tissue may contribute to the development of materials with best biocompatibility and, consequently, less complication rates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study compares the inflammatory reaction of standard-weight (SW) and lightweight (LW) meshes (72 g/m216g/m2 respectively), implanted in the abdomen of 20 adult rats, which were euthanized in four or 30 days...
April 30, 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792653/editorial-comment-the-protective-effect-of-papaverine-and-alprostadil-in-rat-testes-after-ischemia-and-reperfusion-injury
#12
EDITORIAL
Fernando Lorenzini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792652/prostate-cancer-local-treatment-after-radiorecurrence-salvage-cryoablation
#13
EDITORIAL
Rodrigo Donalisio da Silva, Fernando J Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792651/prostate-cancer-local-treatment-after-radiorecurrence-surgery-back-to-the-future
#14
EDITORIAL
Leonardo O Reis, Paul L Nguyen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792650/prostate-cancer-local-treatment-after-radiorecurrence-hifu-high-intensity-focused-ultrasound
#15
EDITORIAL
Stenio de Cassio Zequi, Thiago Camelo Mourão, Gustavo Cardoso Guimarães
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792649/network-meta-analysis-a-new-statistical-technique-at-urologists-disposal-to-improve-decision-making
#16
EDITORIAL
Herney Andres Garcia-Perdomo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792648/urological-myriad
#17
EDITORIAL
Stenio de Cassio Zequi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617084/functional-outcomes-and-quality-of-life-after-transobturatory-slings-hand-made-vs-commercial-slings
#18
Danilo Budib Lourenço, Fernando Korkes, José Eduardo Vetorazzo, Silvia da Silva Carramão, Antônio Pedro Flores Auge, Luis Gustavo Morato de Toledo
Surgical correction is the most efficient treatment for stress urinary incontinence (SUI), and transobturator sling (TO) has optimal results. The high cost of commercially available sling kits makes it difficult the access in most Brazilian public health services. Hand-made polypropylene slings, on the other hand, have been previously reported. The aim of the present study was to compare the effectiveness and safety of commercial vs. hand-made polypropylene mesh slings. Data from 57 women who underwent consecutive TO sling surgery to treat SUI were pros-pectively collected between 2012 and 2014, and divided in two groups for further comparison...
May 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617082/evaluation-of-apoptosis-indexes-in-currently-used-oral-alpha-blockers-in-prostate-a-pilot-study
#19
Mehmet Demir, Yigit Akin, Kubra Asena Kapakin Terim, Mehmet Gulum, Evren Buyukfirat, Halil Ciftci, Ercan Yeni
OBJECTIVES: Apoptosis effect of oral alpha-blockers is known in the prostate. Apoptosis index of silodosin has not been proved, yet. Aims are to present apoptosis index of silodosin in prostate and to compare this with other currently used alpha-blocker's apoptosis indexes together with their clinical effects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) patients were enrolled among those admitted to urology outpatient clinic between June 2014 and June 2015...
May 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617080/the-protective-effect-of-papaverine-and-alprostadil-in-rat-testes-after-ischemia-and-reperfusion-injury
#20
Mehmet Ali Karagoz, Omer Gokhan Doluoglu, Hatice Ünverdi, Berkan Resorlu, Mehmet Melih Sunay, Arif Demirbas, Tolga Karakan, Arif Aydin
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of papaverine and alprostadil on testicular torsion-detorsion injury in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 40 male Wistar-Albino rats were used in this study. Four hours of right testicular torsion was applied to each group, excluding sham operated group. The torsion-detorsion (T/D), T/D + papaverine and T/D + alprostadil groups received saline, papaverine and alprostadil at the same time as surgical detorsion, respectively...
May 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
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