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International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757580/comparison-of-renal-function-after-robot-assisted-laparoscopic-radical-prostatectomy-versus-retropubic-radical-prostatectomy
#1
Giray Ergin, Omer Gokhan Doluoglu, Mustafa Kıraç, Muhammet Fatih Kilinc, Burak Köprü, Bugra Bilge Keseroglu, Mustafa Burak Hoscan
PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of robot assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALP) and open retropubic radical prostatectomy (RRP) on early renal function in this study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Preoperative and postoperative urea, creatinine, Hb, eGFR values of patients who had undergone RALP and RRP with prostate cancer (PCa) diagnosis were recorded in our clinic. The percentages of change in these values are calculated. Preoperative and postoperative urea, creatinine, Hb and eGFR changes were compared with each other...
May 10, 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757578/seasonal-variations-in-urinary-calcium-volume-and-vitamin-d-in-kidney-stone-formers
#2
Kyrollis Attalla, Shubha De, Carl Sarkissian, Manoj Monga
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the seasonal variations in urinary calcium, serum vitamin D, and urinary volume in patients with a history of nephrolithiasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients included were those who completed a 24-hour urine metabolic evaluation on two occasions; one in summer (June-Aug) and one in winter (Nov-Jan), and who had not started any medications or been instructed on dietary modifications in the interval between the two tests that may have impacted the results...
May 10, 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757574/penile-refracture-a-preliminary-report
#3
Rodrigo Barros, Matheus Guimarães, César Nascimento, Luis Rogério Araújo, Leandro Koifman, Luciano Alves Favorito
OBJECTIVE: To report our institutional experience with penile refracture, including demographic data, recurrence time, etiology and operative findings in the first and second episodes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 1982 and September 2017, 281 patients underwent surgical treatment for penile fracture (PF) at our institution. Demographic data, clinical presentation, besides operative findings and follow-up of patients with relapsed PF were retrospectively assessed by reviewing medical records...
May 10, 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757575/prognostic-role-of-preoperative-albumin-to-globulin-ratio-in-predicting-survival-of-clear-cell-renal-cell-carcinoma
#4
Murat Yavuz Koparal, Fazli Polat, Serhat Çetin, Ender Cem Bulut, Tevfik Sinan Sözen
PURPOSE: To investigate the prognostic role of preoperative albumin/globulin ratio (AGR) in predicting disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) in localized and locally advanced clear cell renal cell carcinoma (RCC) patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 162 patients who met the criteria specified were included in the study. The DFS and OS ratios were determined using the Kaplan-Meier method. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were performed to determine the prognostic factors affecting DFS and OS...
May 5, 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757572/comparison-of-the-kelly-s-plication-and-tot-simultaneously-with-vaginal-hysterectomy-on-the-incontinence-and-sexual-functions
#5
Neslihan Bayramoglu Tepe, Omer Bayrak, Huseyin Caglayan Ozcan, Mete Gurol Ugur, Ilker Seckiner
PURPOSE: To compare the effect of vaginal hysterectomy-anterior/posterior colporrhaphy with Kelly's plication(VH-KP), versus vaginal hysterectomy-anterior/posterior colporrhaphy-transobturator tape(VH-TOT) surgeries on incontinence, quality of life, and sexual functions in patients with pelvic organ prolapse(POP), and concurrent obvious stress urinary incontinence(SUI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 2013 and 2017, fifty patients treated with VH-KP(n = 25), and VH-TOT(n = 25) due to POP and SUI, were evaluated prospective consecutively...
May 5, 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757579/isolated-low-grade-prenatally-detected-unilateral-hydronephrosis-do-we-need-long-term-follow-up
#6
Osama M Sarhan, Ahmed El Helaly, Abdulhakim Al Otay, Mustafa Al Ghanbar, Ziad Nakshabandi
PURPOSE: To assess the need for postnatal evaluation and the medium term outcome in patients with isolated unilateral low grade prenatally detected hydronephrosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We prospectively selected 424 patients (690 kidney units) with a prenatal diagnosis of urinary tract dilatation between 2010 and 2013. We included only those patients with isolated unilateral low-grade hydronephrosis who underwent at least 2 postnatal ultrasound examinations. The Society for Fetal Urology (SFU) grading system was utilized for assessment of the hydronephrosis...
April 30, 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757577/supposed-pituitary-production-of-human-chorionic-gonadotropin-induced-by-androgen-deprivation-therapy
#7
Koji Yoshimura, Yoshiharu Nakashima, Kyohei Sugiyama, Naoki Kohei, Akitoshi Takizawa
INTRODUCTION: The main cause of slightly elevated human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) after successful treatment of male germ cell tumors is considered to be pituitary-derived HCG. It is well known that pituitary-derived HCG is frequently detected in postmenopausal women. We evaluated the status of serum HCG in men with elevated gonadotropins, which were induced by androgen deprivation therapy, using commercially available assays. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We enrolled 44 patients with prostate cancer, who underwent luteinizing-hormone releasing hormone agonist treatment...
April 30, 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757573/low-serum-melatonin-levels-are-associated-with-erectile-dysfunction
#8
Aliseydi Bozkurt, Mehmet Karabakan, Binhan Kagan Aktas, Murat Gunay, Ercüment Keskin, Erkan Hirik
OBJECTIVE: Melatonin is a hormone secreted from the pineal gland and has anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory effects. Oxidative stress is considered as an important factor in the etiology of erectile dysfunction (ED), and in many experimental models, positive results have been obtained with melatonin treatment. This study aimed to measure serum melatonin levels in ED patients and to investigate the possible relationship between ED and melatonin levels. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-two patients diagnosed with mild, moderate or severe ED according to the five-item International Erectile Function Index (IIEF-5) and 22 healthy individuals were included in the study...
April 30, 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757571/localized-chromophobe-renal-cell-carcinoma-preoperative-imaging-judgment-and-laparoscopic-simple-enucleation-for-treatment
#9
Wenbiao Ren, Bichen Xue, Jiandong Qu, Longfei Liu, Chao Li, Xiongbing Zu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the preoperative imaging manifestation and therapeutic effect of laparoscopic simple enucleation (SE) for localized chromophobe renal cell carcinoma (chRCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical data of 36 patients who underwent laparoscopic SE of localized chRCC at our institute were retrospectively analyzed. All patients underwent preoperative renal protocol CT (unenhanced, arterial, venous, and delayed images). CT scan characteristics were evaluated...
April 30, 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757570/incidence-and-treatment-of-malignant-tumors-of-the-genitourinary-tract-in-renal-transplant-recipients
#10
Juan Manuel Ochoa-López, Bernardo Gabilondo-Pliego, Sylvain Collura-Merlier, Jaime O Herrera-Cáceres, Mariano Sotomayor de Zavaleta, Francisco Tomás Rodríguez-Covarrubias, Guillermo Feria-Bernal, Fernando Gabilondo-Navarro, Ricardo Alonso Castillejos-Molina
PURPOSE: To provide data of the incidence and management of common urological malignancies in renal transplant recipients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of a prospective database from August 1967 to August 2015. A descriptive analysis of the sample was performed. RESULTS: Among 1256 consecutive RTR a total of 88 patients developed malignancies (7%). There were 18 genitourinary tumors in the 16 patients (20.45% of all malignant neoplasms), incidence of 1...
April 30, 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757569/pro-inflammatory-cytokines-and-metalloproteinase-activation-in-polypropylene-mesh-implant-in-rat-subcutaneous-tissue
#11
Elaine Bronzatto, Cássio Luis Zanettini Riccetto
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Polypropylene meshes have been increasingly adopted for correction of pelvic organ prolapse due to its lower recurrence rate when compared to surgeries without meshes. The study of the interaction of these materials with the host tissue may contribute to the development of materials with best biocompatibility and, consequently, less complication rates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study compares the inflammatory reaction of standard-weight (SW) and lightweight (LW) meshes (72 g/m216g/m2 respectively), implanted in the abdomen of 20 adult rats, which were euthanized in four or 30 days...
April 30, 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697937/the-preoperative-stratification-of-patients-based-on-renal-scan-data-is-unable-to-predict-the-functional-outcome-after-partial-nephrectomy
#12
Riccardo Bertolo, Cristian Fiori, Federico Piramide, Daniele Amparore, Francesco Porpiglia
INTRODUCTION: eGFR-categories are used to predict functional outcome after partial nephrectomy (PN); no study categorized patients according to preoperative renal scan (RS) data. Aim of the study was to evaluate if stratification of patients according to RS is a reliable method to predict minor/major loss of renal function after PN. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We considered patients who underwent PN and RS pre-/post-PN for T1 tumor in our Institution (2007-2017). Demographics, perioperative and specifically functional data were analysed...
April 15, 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697935/encrusted-cystitis-caused-by-corynebacterium-urealyticum-a-case-report-with-novel-treatment-strategy-of-intravesical-dimethyl-sulfoxide
#13
Tayyar Alp Ozkan, Mustafa Savas Yalcin, Ozdal Dillioglugil, Ibrahim Cevik
Encrusted cystitis (EC) was first described as chronic cystitis with mucosal calcification in 1914 (1). It is a very rare chronic inflammatory disease presenting with dysuria, pelvic pain and gross hematuria. Voided urine contains mucus or calcified mucopurulent stone like particles. Urinalysis always reveals alkaline pH. It may be present in healthy individuals with no predisposing etiological factors (2-4). Etiologically, previous urological diseases, immunosuppression, urinary infection with urea splitting bacteria, or urological interventions resulting in bladder mucosa trauma may also be present (5, 6)...
April 15, 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697933/comparison-of-inflammatory-markers-between-brucella-and-non-brucella-epididymo-orchitis
#14
Ali Cift, Mehmet Ozgur Yucel
OBJECTIVES: Brucellosis is a multi-system infectious disease that is associated with inflammation, which causes an increase in acute phase reactants. Hematological inflammatory markers of brucellosis include mean platelet volume (MPV), red cell distribution width (RDW), neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR), and platelet/lymphocyte ratio (PLR). In this study, we aimed to evaluate the diagnostic value of hematological inflammatory markers in Brucella epididymo-orchitis (BEO), and to investigate the utility of these markers for differential diagnosis from non-Brucella epididymo-orchitis (non-BEO)...
April 15, 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697934/5-alpha-reductase-inhibitors-and-risk-of-male-breast-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Jiamin Wang, Shankun Zhao, Lianmin Luo, Ermao Li, Xiaohang Li, ZhiGang Zhao
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship between 5α-reductase inhibitors (5ARIs) and the risk of male breast cancer (MBC). MATERIAL AND METHODS: We systematically searched Medline via PubMed, Embase and the Cochrane Library Central Register up to May 2017 to identify published articles related to 5ARIs and the risk of MBC. RESULTS: Summary effect estimates were calculated by a random-effect model, and tests for multivariable-unadjusted pooled risk ratios (RR) and heterogeneity, as well as the sensitivity analyses were conducted to assess publication bias...
April 10, 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697932/reply-to-the-authors-re-endourologic-strategies-for-a-minimally-invasive-management-of-urinary-tract-stones-in-patients-with-urinary-diversion
#16
LETTER
FangLing Zhong, Gurioli Alberto, GuangMing Chen, Wei Zhu, FuCai Tang, Guohua Zeng, Ming Lei
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 10, 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697931/re-endourologic-strategies-for-a-minimally-invasive-management-of-urinary-tract-stones-in-patients-with-urinary-diversion
#17
LETTER
Ines Mendes Pina, Michael S Floyd, Simon R Stubington
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 10, 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697929/impact-of-psa-density-of-transition-zone-as-a-potential-parameter-in-reducing-the-number-of-unnecessary-prostate-biopsies-in-patients-with-psa-levels-between-2-6-and-10-0-ng-ml
#18
Hugo A Socrates Castro, Wagner Iared, José Eduardo Mourão Santos, Raphael Sandes Solha, David Carlos Shigueoka, Sergio Aron Ajzen
PURPOSE: To assess the accuracy of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) adjusted for the transition zone volume (PSATZ) in predicting prostate cancer by comparing the ability of several PSA parameters in predicting prostate cancer in men with intermediate PSA levels of 2.6 - 10.0 ng/mL and its ability to reduce unnecessary biopsies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included 656 patients referred for prostate biopsy who had a serum PSA of 2.6 - 10.0 ng/mL. Total prostate and transition zone volumes were measured by transrectal ultrasound using the prolate ellipsoid method...
April 10, 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697930/the-lithocatch-tm-by-boston-scientific-how-to-use-it-and-how-to-solve-a-common-problem
#19
Giuseppe Giusti, Marco Lucci Chiarissi, Antonello De Lisa
INTRODUCTION: The Lithocatch (TM) basket is a immobilization device commercialized by Boston Scientific. It allows to collect multiple stone fragments from the ureter. The ability of the basket to capture a large number of stone fragments, is however responsible for a problem connected to its usage: the entrapment of the basket inside the ureter. In this video we explain how to use it and how to solve this problem. MATERIAL AND METHODS: After positioning the Lithocatch (TM) over the fragments, the basket is opened and it is rotated through a special handle to collect stones...
April 5, 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697927/robotic-excision-of-complex-adrenal-mass-with-retrocaval-extension-and-encasement-of-renal-hilum-with-renal-preservation
#20
Vishnu Raveendran, Ramaprasad Manasseri Koduveli, Kishore Thekke Adiyat
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this video is to present robotic excision of a complex adrenal mass with retrocaval extension and encasement of renal hilum in a 16 year old boy. Biochemical screening was negative for metabolically active component. Computerized tomographic scan with contrast revealed a homogenous mass of approximately 10.8 cm x 6.2 cm x 4.2 cm in the suprarenal area on right side that was extend-ing behind inferior vena cava and encasing renal hilar vessels. Imaging findings were that of a classical ganglioneuroma...
April 5, 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
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