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Journal of Integrative Neuroscience

Photios Anninos, Athanasios Chatzimichael, Adam Adamopoulos, Athanasia Kotini, Nicolaos Tsagas
Magnetoencephalographic (MEG) recordings from the brain of 10 children with autism (6 boys and 4 girls, with ages range from 5-12 years, mean[Formula: see text][Formula: see text][Formula: see text]SD: 8.3[Formula: see text][Formula: see text][Formula: see text]2.1) were obtained using a whole-head 122-channel MEG system in a magnetically shielded room of low magnetic noise. A double-blind experimental design was used in order to look for possible effect of external pico-Tesla Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (pT-TMS)...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Integrative Neuroscience
Sun-Hee Kim, Christos Faloutsos, Hyung-Jeong Yang, Seong-Whan Lee
We propose a nonlinear dynamic model for an invasive electroencephalogram analysis that learns the optimal parameters of the neural population model via the Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm. We introduce the crucial windows where the estimated parameters present patterns before seizure onset. The optimal parameters minimizes the error between the observed signal and the generated signal by the model. The proposed approach effectively discriminates between healthy signals and epileptic seizure signals. We evaluate the proposed method using an electroencephalogram dataset with normal and epileptic seizure sequences...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Integrative Neuroscience
Yuanhua Qiao, Xiaojie Liu, Jun Miao, Lijuan Duan
In this paper, a two-layer network is built to simulate the mechanism of visual selection and shifting based on the mapping dynamic model for instantaneous frequency. Unlike the differential equation model using limit cycle to simulate neuron oscillation, we build an instantaneous frequency mapping dynamic model to describe the change of the neuron frequency to avoid the difficulty of generating limit cycle. The activity of the neuron is rebuilt based on the instantaneous frequency and in this work, we use the first layer of neurons to implement image segmentation and the second layer of neurons to act as visual selector...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Integrative Neuroscience
Özlem Kirazlı, Bilgehan Solmaz, Safiye Çavdar
The dorsal column tracts (fasciculus gracilis and fasciculus cuneatus) are concerned with discriminative qualities of sensation. There are controversial descriptions related to the relations of dorsal column tracts with the dorsal horn laminae in text-books. The present study aims to define the laminae of the dorsal horn of the spinal cord that contribute fibers to the dorsal column tracts in the cervical, thoracic and lumbar spinal level. Series paraffin spinal cords sections of six formalin-embalmed adult human cadavers were evaluated...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Integrative Neuroscience
Xiao Li, Qi Xu, Yuanyuan Wang, Fang Chen, Jiping He
Peripheral nerve injury requires a physical bridge across the lesion, which is limited by the insufficient supply of donor nerves. Here, we developed a new miniaturized bioreactor system for axon stretch growth. Dorsal root ganglia explants were first placed on two adjoining substrates and formed new synaptic connections. The axon bundles across the border between the top and bottom membranes were then stretched in a stepwise fashion by a microstepper motor system. After several days of stretch, the axon tracts could reach lengths that could develop into living nervous tissue constructs...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Integrative Neuroscience
Zhonghai Wei, Qingguo Wei
Common spatial pattern (CSP) is a powerful algorithm for extracting discriminative brain patterns in motor imagery-based brain-computer interfaces (BCIs). However, its performance depends largely on the subject-specific frequency band and time segment. Accurate selection of most responsive frequency band and time segment remains a crucial problem. A novel evolutionary algorithm, the backtracking search optimization algorithm is used to find the optimal frequency band and the optimal combination of frequency band and time segment...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Integrative Neuroscience
Faramarz Faghihi, Ahmed A Moustafa
The separation of input patterns received from the entorhinal cortex (EC) by the dentate gyrus (DG) is a well-known critical step of information processing in the hippocampus. Although the role of interneurons in separation pattern efficiency of the DG has been theoretically known, the balance of neurogenesis of excitatory neurons and interneurons as well as its potential role in information processing in the DG is not fully understood. In this work, we study separation efficiency of the DG for different rates of neurogenesis of interneurons and excitatory neurons using a novel computational model in which we assume an increase in the synaptic efficacy between excitatory neurons and interneurons and then its decay over time...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Integrative Neuroscience
Kwangmin Ryu, Youngjin Choi, Jingu Kim, Yujin Kim, Sungmook Chio
The present study investigated psychophysiological differences between cognitive and motor tasks. Participants were 16 university students (male[Formula: see text][Formula: see text][Formula: see text]10, female[Formula: see text][Formula: see text][Formula: see text]6) aged between 24 to 31 years (mean[Formula: see text][Formula: see text][Formula: see text]27.6 years, SD[Formula: see text][Formula: see text] [Formula: see text] years). They were instructed to perform cognitive and motor tasks while their brain activity was simultaneously recorded using electroencephalography (EEG)...
August 22, 2016: Journal of Integrative Neuroscience
F M Gafarov, V R Gafarova
The connectivity structure in cortical networks defines how information is transmitted and processed, and it is a source of the complex spatiotemporal patterns of network's development, and the process of creation and deletion of connections is continuous in the whole life of the organism. In this paper, we study how neural activity influences to the growth process in neural networks. By using a two-dimensional activity-dependent growth model we demonstrated the neural network growth process from disconnected neurons to fully connected networks...
August 10, 2016: Journal of Integrative Neuroscience
M Thilaga, R Vijayalakshmi, R Nadarajan, D Nandagopal
The complex nature of neuronal interactions of the human brain has posed many challenges to the research community. To explore the underlying mechanisms of neuronal activity of cohesive brain regions during different cognitive activities, many innovative mathematical and computational models are required. This paper presents a novel Common Functional Pattern Mining approach to demonstrate the similar patterns of interactions due to common behavior of certain brain regions. The electrode sites of EEG-based functional brain network are modeled as a set of transactions and node-based complex network measures as itemsets...
June 2016: Journal of Integrative Neuroscience
D I Stephanova, A Kossev
The present study investigates action potential abnormalities in previously simulated cases of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, termed as ALS1, ALS2 and ALS3, respectively, when the temperature is changed from 20[Formula: see text]C to 42[Formula: see text]C. These ALS cases are modeled as three progressively severe axonal abnormalities. The effects of temperature on the kinetics of currents, defining action potentials in the normal and abnormal cases, are also given and discussed. These computations use our temperature-dependent multi-layered model of human motor nerve fibers...
June 2016: Journal of Integrative Neuroscience
Ricardo Zavala-Yoe, Ricardo A Ramirez-Mendoza, Luz M Cordero
Doose and Lennox-Gastaut (syndromes) are rare generalized electroclinical affections of early infancy of variable prognosis which manifest with very diverse kinds of seizures. Very frequently, these types of epilepsy become drug resistant and finding reliable treatment results is very difficult. As a result of this, fighting against these syndromes becomes a long term (or endless) event for the little patient, the neurologist and the parents. A lot of Electroencephalographic (EEG) records are so accumulated during the child's life in order to monitor evolution and correlate it with medications...
June 2016: Journal of Integrative Neuroscience
Dawei Sun, Rui Zhou, Anbing Dong, Wenhai Sun, Hongmei Zhang, Limin Tang
It was suggested that muscarinic, and nicotinic receptors increase free Ca[Formula: see text] levels in the facial nerve nucleus via various channels following facial nerve injury. However, intracellular Ca[Formula: see text] overload can trigger either necrotic or apoptotic cell death. It is assumed that, following facial nerve injury, the interactions of nicotinic and muscarinic acetylcholine receptors in facial nerve nucleus may negatively regulate free Ca[Formula: see text] concentrations in the facial nerve nucleus, which provide important information for the repair and regeneration of the facial nerve...
June 2016: Journal of Integrative Neuroscience
Dan-Dan Wang, Jia Li, Li-Peng Yu, Mei-Na Wu, Li-Na Sun, Jin-Shun Qi
Aggregation of amyloid [Formula: see text] protein (A[Formula: see text] and progressive loss of memory are the main characteristics of Alzheimer's disease (AD). It is noteworthy that approximately 40% of AD patients have depressive symptom. The close correlation between cognitive deficits and mental depression suggests a possibility that antidepression treatment might be beneficial to cognitive improvement in AD. The present study, by using tail-suspension test (TST), forced swimming, alternative electro-stimulus Y maze test and immunohistochemistry, examined the neuroprotective effects of desipramine, a newer generation tricyclic antidepressants (TCA), and investigated its possible molecular mechanism...
June 2016: Journal of Integrative Neuroscience
Rachida Belaïch, Saïd Boujraf, Mohammed Benzagmout, Mustapha Maaroufi, Abdelkhalek Housni, Fatima Batta, Siham Tizniti, Rabia Magoul, Tarik Sqalli
This work purpose was to estimate the implication of suspected adrenal function deficiencies, which was influenced by oxidative stress (OS) that are generating brain plasticity, and reorganization of the functional control. This phenomenon was revealed in two-hemodialysis patients described in this paper. Blood oxygenation level dependent functional magnetic resonance imaging (BOLD-fMRI) revealed a significant activation of the motor cortex. Hemodialysis seems to originate an inflammatory state of the cerebral tissue reflected by increased OS, while expected to decrease since hemodialysis eliminates free radicals responsible for OS...
June 2016: Journal of Integrative Neuroscience
Roghaiyeh Safari, Reza Salimi, Zeliha Tunca, Aysegul Ozerdem, Deniz Ceylan, Meral Sakizli
Calcium signaling is important for synaptic plasticity, generation of brain rhythms, regulating neuronal excitability, data processing and cognition. Impairment in calcium homeostasis contributed to the development of psychiatric disorders such as bipolar disorder (BP). MCU is the most important calcium transporter in mitochondria inner membrane responsible for influx of Ca[Formula: see text]. MICU1 is linked with MCU and has two canonical EF hands that are vital for its activity and regulates MCU-mediated Ca[Formula: see text] influx...
June 2016: Journal of Integrative Neuroscience
Photios Anninos, Adam Adamopoulos, Athanasia Kotini, Nicolaos Tsagas
Magnetoencephalographic (MEG) recordings of the brain in Parkinson's disease were obtained in order to look for possible effect of pico-Tesla transcranial magnetic stimulation (pT-TMS). We found a significant effect of an increase of frequencies in the range of 2-7 Hz across subjects. In addition, we observed the mean peak frequency difference within the 2-7 Hz band towards frequencies of less or equal to those frequencies of the alpha frequency range (8-13 Hz).
June 2016: Journal of Integrative Neuroscience
Vladimir M Pokrovskii, Lily V Polischuk
The proposed method of quantitative estimation of regulatory and adaptive status (RAS) of human organism is based on complex responses of two major vegetative functions - breath and heart rates under organism exposure to a number of factors and diseases. It has been evidenced that during the follicular menstruation stage and during optimum readiness of female organism for childbirth RAS increases, however, stress impact can also cause RAS set off to decrease. Likewise, the possibility of quantitative organism stress resistance estimation is also presented...
March 2016: Journal of Integrative Neuroscience
Valery N Kiroy, Elena V Aslanyan, Dmitry M Lazurenko, Nadezhda R Minyaeva, Oleg M Bakhtin
Spectral power (SP) of EEG alpha and beta-2 frequencies in different cortical areas has been used for neurofeedback training to control a graphic interface in different scenarios. The results show that frequency range and brain cortical areas are associated with high or low efficiency of voluntary control. Overall, EEG phenomena observed in the course of training are largely general changes involving extensive brain areas and frequency bands. Finally, we have demonstrated EEG patterns that dynamically switch with a specific feature in different tasks within one training, after a relatively short period of training...
March 2016: Journal of Integrative Neuroscience
Louise E Curley, Robert R Kydd, Ian J Kirk, Bruce R Russell
RATIONALE: Benzylpiperazine (BZP) has been found to increase neural activation in the dorsal striatum when compared to placebo in response to a Stroop paradigm, in addition, subjective effects have been compared to dexamphetamine (DEX). Despite their similarities, the two have not been directly compared in respect to their effects on selective attention and inhibition. OBJECTIVES: To use a double-blind placebo-controlled crossover study to compare the acute effects of BZP and DEX on executive function using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and an event-related Stroop task...
March 2016: Journal of Integrative Neuroscience
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