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Health and Quality of Life Outcomes

Julia Quitmann, Anja Rohenkohl, Rachel Sommer, Monika Bullinger, Neuza Silva
BACKGROUND: In the context of health-related quality of life (HrQoL) assessment in pediatric short stature, the present study aimed to examine the levels of agreement/disagreement between parents' and children's reports of generic and condition-specific HrQoL, and to identify socio-demographic, clinical and psychosocial variables associated with the extent and direction of parent-child discrepancies. METHODS: This study was part of the retest phase of the QoLISSY project, which was a multicenter study conducted simultaneously in France, Germany, Spain, Sweden and UK...
October 21, 2016: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
Wan-Chun Lu, Nian-Sheng Tzeng, Yu-Chen Kao, Chin-Bin Yeh, Terry B J Kuo, Chuan-Chia Chang, Hsin-An Chang
BACKGROUND: Reduced health-related quality of life in the physical domain (HRQOLphysical) has been reported to increase risks for cardiovascular disease (CVD); however, the mechanism underlying this phenomenon is still unclear. The autonomic nervous system (ANS) that connects the body and mind is a biologically plausible candidate to investigate this mechanism. The aim of our study is to examine whether the HRQOLphysical independently contributes to heart rate variability (HRV), which reflects ANS activity...
October 21, 2016: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
Savino Spadaro, Maurizia Capuzzo, Giorgia Valpiani, Sara Bertacchini, Riccardo Ragazzi, Francesca Dalla Corte, Simona Terranova, Elisabetta Marangoni, Carlo Alberto Volta
BACKGROUND: Fatigue has not been investigated in long-term Intensive Care Unit (ICU) survivors. This study aimed to assess fatigue through a specific instrument, namely the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy Fatigue (FACIT-F) scale, in ICU survivors one year after hospital discharge. A secondary aim was to compare the findings of FACIT-F with those of the Vitality domain (VT) of the 36-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36). METHODS: This prospective cohort study was performed on 56 adult patients with a Length Of Stay (LOS) in ICU longer than 72 h...
October 18, 2016: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
Kalliopi Vrotsou, Ricardo Cuéllar, Félix Silió, Miguel Ángel Rodriguez, Daniel Garay, Gorka Busto, Ziortza Trancho, Antonio Escobar
BACKGROUND: The aim of the current study was to validate the self-report section of the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons questionnaire (ASES-p) into Spanish. METHODS: Shoulder pathology patients were recruited and followed up to 6 months post treatment. The ASES-p, Constant, SF-36 and Barthel scales were filled-in pre and post treatment. Reliability was tested with Cronbach's alpha, convergent validity with Spearman's correlations coefficients. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and the Rasch model were implemented for assessing structural validity and unidimensionality of the scale...
October 18, 2016: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
Sujeong Mun, Kihyun Park, Younghwa Baek, Siwoo Lee, Jong-Hyang Yoo
BACKGROUND: Because the world population is aging, it has become increasingly important to focus on and meet the healthcare needs of elderly individuals. This study aims to evaluate the relationships among common symptoms experienced by the elderly, including fatigue, pain, sleep disturbance, indigestion, and depression/anger/anxiety, and to assess how these symptoms affect health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in the elderly population after adjusting for sociodemographic characteristics and diagnosed diseases...
October 13, 2016: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
Elisabeth M P Laurenssen, Hester V Eeren, Martijn J Kikkert, Jaap Peen, Dieuwertje Westra, Jack J M Dekker, Jan J V Busschbach
BACKGROUND: Mentalization-Based Treatment (MBT) is a promising, though expensive treatment for severely ill patients with Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD). A high burden of disease in terms of quality of life (QoL) and life years lost can be a reason to prioritize mental health interventions, and specifically for BPD patients. Moreover, when the societal costs of the illness are high, spending resources on high treatment costs would be more easily legitimized. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to calculate the burden of disease of BPD patients eligible for MBT...
October 12, 2016: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
Jangsup Moon, Do-Yong Kim, Jung-Ick Byun, Jun-Sang Sunwoo, Jung-Ah Lim, Tae-Joon Kim, Jung-Won Shin, Woo-Jin Lee, Han Sang Lee, Jin-Sun Jun, Kyung-Il Park, Keun-Hwa Jung, Soon-Tae Lee, Ki-Young Jung, Kon Chu, Sang Kun Lee
BACKGROUND: Patients with postural tachycardia syndrome often appear depressive and report diminished quality of life (QOL). In the current study, we first evaluated if the maximal heart rate (HR) increment after standing is associated with the clinical symptoms in patients with excessive orthostatic tachycardia (OT). Next, we investigated the correlations among the symptoms of orthostatic intolerance (OI), depression, and health-related QOL in these patients. Finally we assessed if patients with minimal OI symptoms suffer from depression or diminished QOL...
October 12, 2016: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
Sally Mannix, Anne Skalicky, Dawn C Buse, Pooja Desai, Sandhya Sapra, Brian Ortmeier, Katherine Widnell, Asha Hareendran
BACKGROUND: Migraine is characterized by headache with symptoms such as intense pain, nausea, vomiting, photophobia, and phonophobia that significantly impact individuals' lives. The objective of this study was to develop a strategy to measure outcomes from the patients' perspectives for use in evaluating preventive treatments for migraine. METHODS: This study used a multi-stage process. The first stage included concept identification research through literature review, patient-reported outcome (PRO) instrument content review, and clinician interviews, and resulted in a list of concepts relevant to understand the migraine experience...
October 6, 2016: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
Ying Chang, Yanhui Luo, Yuchen Zhou, Ruixin Wang, Na Song, Guanghua Zhu, Bin Wang, Maoquan Qin, Jun Yang, Yuan Sun, Chunfu Li, Xuan Zhou
BACKGROUND: Long-term health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of pediatric patients after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is increasingly studied worldwide. However, few studies have been performed in China, where no uniform scale is available; the PedsQL™ Cancer Module 3.0 Chinese Mandarin version has been used to evaluate HRQoL of patients after HSCT in China. This study aimed to assess the reliability and validity of the Chinese Mandarin version of PedsQL™ 3.0 Transplant Module...
October 5, 2016: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
Aliasghar A Kiadaliri, Martin Englund
BACKGROUND: The use of mapping algorithms have been suggested as a solution to predict health utilities when no preference-based measure is included in the study. However, validity and predictive performance of these algorithms are highly variable and hence assessing the accuracy and validity of algorithms before use them in a new setting is of importance. The aim of the current study was to assess the predictive accuracy of three mapping algorithms to estimate the EQ-5D-3L from the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) among Swedish people with knee disorders...
October 4, 2016: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
Ryan Richard Ruff, Lacey Sischo, Hillary L Broder
BACKGROUND: The Child Oral Health Impact Profile (COHIP) is an instrument designed to measure the self-reported oral health-related quality of life of children between the ages of 8 and 15, including domains for oral health, functional well-being, social-emotional well-being, school environment and self-image. The purpose of this study was to estimate the minimally important difference (MID) of the COHIP for patients with cleft lip/palate. METHODS: Data from a 6-year, prospective, longitudinal cohort study of children with cleft lip/palate were analyzed to estimate the MID...
October 3, 2016: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
Samaneh Kabul, Robert C Hood, Ran Duan, Amy M DeLozier, Julie Settles
BACKGROUND: Initiation and titration of human regular U-500 insulin (U-500R) with a dosing algorithm of either thrice daily (TID) or twice daily (BID) improved glycemic control with fewer injections in patients with type 2 diabetes treated with high-dose, high-volume U-100 insulin. The objective of this analysis was to compare patient-reported outcomes between U-500R TID and BID treatment groups in this titration-to-target randomized, clinical trial. METHODS: In this 24-week, open-label, parallel trial, 325 patients were randomized to TID (n = 162) or BID (n = 163) U-500R after a 4-week lead-in period (screening)...
September 30, 2016: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
Chi-Wen Kao, Miao-Yi Chen, Ting-Yu Chen, Pai-Hui Lin
BACKGROUND: Implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD) were developed for primary and secondary prevention of sudden cardiac death. However, ICD recipients' mortality is significantly predicted by their quality of life (QOL). The aim of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the effects of psycho-educational interventions on QOL in patients with ICDs. METHODS: We systematically searched PubMed, Medline, Cochrane Library, and CINAHL through April 2015 and references of relevant articles...
September 30, 2016: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
Ying Liang, Lei Wang, Xican Yin
BACKGROUND: The 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) is a commonly used screening instrument for measuring mental disorders. However, few studies have measured the mental health of Chinese professionals or explored the factor structure of the GHQ-12 through investigations of young Chinese civil servants. METHOD: This study analyses the factor structure of the GHQ-12 on young Chinese civil servants. Respondents include 1051 participants from six cities in eastern China...
September 26, 2016: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
Huang-Tz Ou, Pei-Chi Chen, Meng-Hsing Wu, Chung-Ying Lin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
Nikki McCaffrey, Billingsley Kaambwa, David C Currow, Julie Ratcliffe
BACKGROUND: Although a five level version of the widely-used EuroQol 5 dimensions (EQ-5D) instrument has been developed, population norms are not yet available for Australia to inform the future valuation of health in economic evaluations. The aim of this study was to estimate HrQOL normative values for the EQ-5D-5L preference-based measure in a large, randomly selected, community sample in South Australia. METHODS: The EQ-5D-5L instrument was included in the 2013 South Australian Health Omnibus Survey, an interviewer-administered, face-to-face, cross-sectional survey...
2016: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
Thomas Bertelmann, Nicolas Feltgen, Martin Scheffler, Ulrich Hufenbach, Annette Wiedon, Helmut Wilhelm, Focke Ziemssen
BACKGROUND: Vision-related quality of life (vrQoL) is advancing more and more into the focus of interest in ophthalmological clinical research. However, to date only little information is available about vrQoL from large non-interventional studies in terms of "real-world evidence". The purpose of this investigation was to describe baseline VFQ-25 visual function scores, to evaluate whether they differ from previous phase III clinical trials, to determine which contributing factors (e...
2016: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
Marie Lindkvist, Inna Feldman
BACKGROUND: Many intervention-based studies aiming to improve mental health do not include a multi-attribute utility instrument (MAUI) that produces quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) and it limits the applicability of the health economic analyses. This study aims to develop 'crosswalk' transformation algorithm between a measure for psychological distress General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) and MAUI EuroQoL (EQ-5D-3L). METHODS: The study is based on a survey questionnaire sent to a random sample in four counties in Sweden in 2012...
2016: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
Berend Terluin, Niels Smits, Evelien P M Brouwers, Henrica C W de Vet
BACKGROUND: The Four-Dimensional Symptom Questionnaire (4DSQ) is a self-report questionnaire measuring distress, depression, anxiety and somatization with separate scales. The 4DSQ has extensively been validated in clinical samples, especially from primary care settings. Information about measurement properties and normative data in the general population was lacking. In a Dutch general population sample we examined the 4DSQ scales' structure, the scales' reliability and measurement invariance with respect to gender, age and education, the scales' score distributions across demographic categories, and normative data...
2016: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
Ingela Wiklund, Milena Anatchkova, Hafiz Oko-Osi, Robyn von Maltzahn, Dina Chau, Fady I Malik, Donald L Patrick, John Spertus, John R Teerlink
BACKGROUND: Patient-reported outcome (PRO) measures can be used to support label claims if they adhere to US Food & Drug Administration guidance. The process of developing a new PRO measure is expensive and time-consuming. We report the results of qualitative studies to develop new PRO measures for use in clinical trials of omecamtiv mecarbil (a selective, small molecule activator of cardiac myosin) for patients with heart failure (HF), as well as the lessons learned from the development process...
2016: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
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