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Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210488/acute-polyneuromyopathy-with-respiratory-failure-secondary-to-monensin-intoxication-in-a-dog
#1
Luis Bosch, Alexa M Bersenas, Shane Bateman
OBJECTIVE: To describe a successfully managed case of polyneuropathy and respiratory failure secondary to presumed monensin intoxication. CASE SUMMARY: A 9-month-old Australian Shepherd was evaluated for progressive generalized weakness and respiratory distress. Several days preceding presentation, the dog was seen playing with a monensin capsule, and had free access to a barn where the product was stored and where chewed capsules were subsequently found. The dog was presented with flaccid tetraparesis, hyperthermia, and severe respiratory distress...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171933/transpalpebral-ultrasonographic-measurement-of-the-optic-nerve-sheath-diameter-in-healthy-dogs
#2
Joshua J Smith, Daniel J Fletcher, Stacy D Cooley, Margret S Thompson
OBJECTIVE: To develop a reference range for ultrasonographically measured optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD-US) in dogs. We hypothesized that ONSD-US can be measured reliably and is associated with weight but not age, sex, or body condition score (BCS), and that the relationship between weight and ONSD-US in dogs is allometric due to canine size variations. DESIGN: Prospective, observational study. SETTING: University teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Seventy-eight healthy adult dogs...
November 24, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171709/the-influence-of-inflammation-and-hematocrit-on-clot-strength-in-canine-thromboelastographic-hypercoagulability
#3
Clara B Marschner, Bo Wiinberg, Inge Tarnow, Bo Markussen, Line Kühnel, Louise Bochsen, Annemarie T Kristensen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate parameters causing canine thromboelastographic hypercoagulability and to investigate whether thromboelastography (TEG) with Cytochalasin D (Cyt D) added is related to parameters of platelet activity. DESIGN: Prospective observational study on hemostatic and inflammatory parameters. Data were collected between November 2012 and July 2013. SETTING: University teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Twenty-eight dogs suffering from diseases predisposing to thrombosis and 19 clinically healthy dogs...
November 24, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165910/retrospective-evaluation-of-the-prognostic-utility-of-plasma-lactate-concentration-base-deficit-ph-and-anion-gap-in-canine-and-feline-emergency-patients
#4
Casey J Kohen, Kate Hopper, Philip H Kass, Steven E Epstein
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association of plasma lactate concentration, pH, base deficit (BD), and anion gap (AG) in dogs and cats on presentation to an emergency room with outcome, and to compare the prognostic significance of hyperlactatemia with a concurrent metabolic acidosis with that of hyperlactatemia and a normal metabolic acid-base balance. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: University teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Five hundred sixty-six dogs and 185 cats that had venous blood gas analysis performed...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068553/serum-alpha1-proteinase-inhibitor-concentrations-in-dogs-with-systemic-inflammatory-response-syndrome-or-sepsis
#5
Romy M Heilmann, Niels Grützner, Brittany E Thames, Jörg M Steiner, James W Barr
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the concentration of serum canine alpha1 -proteinase inhibitor (cα1 -PI) has diagnostic or prognostic utility in dogs with sepsis or noninfectious systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS). DESIGN: Prospective, observational study from May to December 2010. SETTING: University teaching hospital ICU. ANIMALS: Sixty-nine client-owned dogs: 19 dogs with SIRS or sepsis and 50 healthy control dogs...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064153/comparison-of-albumin-colloid-osmotic-pressure-von-willebrand-factor-and-coagulation-factors-in-canine-cryopoor-plasma-cryoprecipitate-and-fresh-frozen-plasma
#6
Christine A Culler, Cristina Iazbik, Julien Guillaumin
OBJECTIVE: To compare albumin concentrations, coagulation factors activity, and colloid osmotic pressure (COP) of cryoprecipitate (CRYO) and cryopoor plasma (CPP) to that of source fresh frozen plasma (FFP). DESIGN: Prospective in vitro study. SETTING: University teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Ten healthy, non-Greyhound dogs enrolled in an academic teaching hospital blood donor program. INTERVENTIONS: Fresh blood was obtained from canine blood donors and separated into FFP and packed red blood cells...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960891/retrospective-evaluation-of-155-adult-equids-and-21-foals-with-tetanus-from-western-northern-and-central-europe-2000-2014-part-2-prognostic-assessment
#7
Gaby van Galen, Joke Rijckaert, Tim Mair, Helene Amory, Lara Armengou, Barbora Bezdekova, Inge Durie, Rikke Findshøj Delany, Nathalie Fouché, Laura Haley, Michael Hewetson, Rene van den Hoven, Anna Kendall, Fernando Malalana, Jessika Muller Cavalleri, Tresemiek Picavet, Katja Roscher, Denis Verwilghen, Cornélie Westermann, Claude Saegerman
OBJECTIVE: To identify prognostic variables for adult equids and foals with tetanus. DESIGN: Multicenter retrospective study (2000-2014). SETTING: Twenty Western, Northern, and Central European university teaching hospitals and private referral centers. ANIMALS: One hundred fifty-five adult equids and 21 foals with tetanus. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Variables from history and clinical examination were statistically compared between survivors and nonsurvivors (adults: 49 survivors, 85 nonsurvivors; foals: 7 survivors, 10 nonsurvivors)...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960717/retrospective-evaluation-of-155-adult-equids-and-21-foals-with-tetanus-in-western-northern-and-central-europe-2000-2014-part-1-description-of-history-and-clinical-evolution
#8
Gaby van Galen, Claude Saegerman, Joke Rijckaert, Helene Amory, Lara Armengou, Barbora Bezdekova, Inge Durie, Rikke Findshøj Delany, Nathalie Fouché, Laura Haley, Michael Hewetson, Rene van den Hoven, Anna Kendall, Fernando Malalana, Jessika Muller Cavalleri, Tresemiek Picavet, Katja Roscher, Denis Verwilghen, Meret Wehrli Eser, Cornélie Westermann, Tim Mair
OBJECTIVE: To describe clinical data of hospitalized adult equids and foals with tetanus. DESIGN: Multicenter retrospective study (2000-2014). SETTING: Twenty Western, Northern, and Central European university teaching hospitals and private referral centers. ANIMALS: One hundred fifty-five adult equids (>6 months) and 21 foals (<6 months) with tetanus. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Information on geographic, annual and seasonal data, demographic- and management-related data, clinical history, clinical examination and blood analysis on admission, complications, treatments, and outcomes were described and statistically compared between adults and foals...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960715/evaluation-of-echocardiography-and-cardiac-biomarker-concentrations-in-dogs-with-gastric-dilatation-volvulus
#9
Brent D Aona, John E Rush, Elizabeth A Rozanski, Suzanne M Cunningham, Claire R Sharp, Lisa M Freeman
OBJECTIVE: To assess abnormalities in concentrations of cardiac troponin I (cTnI), lactate, and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) in relation to arrhythmias, echocardiographic measurements, and survival in dogs with gastric dilatation volvulus (GDV). DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: University hospital. ANIMALS: Twenty-two dogs with naturally occurring GDV. SAMPLES: Concentrations of cTnI, plasma lactate, and NT-proBNP were recorded at presentation to the emergency room, the time closest to echocardiography, and the highest recorded concentrations during hospitalization...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950423/use-of-urinary-bladder-measurements-from-a-point-of-care-cysto-colic-ultrasonographic-view-to-estimate-urinary-bladder-volume-in-dogs-and-cats
#10
Gregory R Lisciandro, Geoffrey T Fosgate
OBJECTIVE: To develop a point-of-care ultrasound-derived formula to estimate urinary bladder volume noninvasively in dogs and cats. DESIGN: Prospective case series. SETTING: Private 24-hour veterinary emergency center. ANIMALS: Client-owned dogs and cats requiring urethral catheterization. INTERVENTIONS: Ultrasound measurements of length, width, and height of balloons filled with known water volumes were used to develop a formula to estimate urinary bladder volume using linear regression...
September 26, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105315/academy-of-veterinary-emergency-and-critical-care-technicians
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105314/23rd-international-veterinary-emergency-and-critical-care-symposium
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068561/the-effect-of-fasting-on-gastrointestinal-motility-in-healthy-dogs-as-assessed-by-sonography
#13
Jillian J Sanderson, Søren R Boysen, Jantina M McMurray, Albert Lee, Jenefer R Stillion
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of fasting on gastrointestinal (GI) motility in healthy dogs, as detected by 2D ultrasound. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: University Distributed Veterinary Learning Community. ANIMALS: Ten healthy client-owned dogs. INTERVENTIONS: Dogs were fasted 24 hours following regular feeding. After this first feeding and during the 24 hour fasting period, 2D ultrasound was performed to detect sonographically visible GI contractions of the stomach, duodenum, and jejunum/ileum at T = 30 minutes, 6 hours, 12 hours, and 24 hours...
November 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064159/influence-of-catecholamines-at-different-dosages-on-the-function-of-the-lidco-sensor-in-isoflurane-anesthetized-horses
#14
Klaus Hopster, Tamas D Ambrisko, Sabine B R Kästner
OBJECTIVE: To compare the lithium dilution method for cardiac output (LiDCO) and bolus-thermo-dilution (BTD) measurements before and during infusion of dobutamine, dopamine, phenylephrine, or noradrenaline at 2 different doses in anesthetized horses and to examine the correlation between sensor voltages (saline-blood exposed) and possible measurement errors. DESIGN: Prospective experimental study. SETTING: University teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Nine Warmblood horses...
November 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873275/retrospective-evaluation-of-the-prevalence-risk-factors-management-outcome-and-necropsy-findings-of-acute-lung-injury-and-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-in-dogs-and-cats-29-cases-2011-2013
#15
Anusha Balakrishnan, Kenneth J Drobatz, Deborah C Silverstein
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and risk factors for veterinary acute lung injury (VetALI) and veterinary acute respiratory distress syndrome (VetARDS), assess mechanical ventilation settings and patient outcomes, and to evaluate the relationship of clinical diagnoses with necropsy findings. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: University teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Twenty-four dogs and 5 cats with a clinical diagnosis of VetALI or VetARDS...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877418/ecvecc-news
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877416/veterinary-emergency-critical-care-society-2017-membership-application
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877414/evaluation-of-the-analgesic-and-pharmacokinetic-properties-of-transdermally-administered-fentanyl-in-goats
#18
Megan J Burke, Lawrence R Soma, Raymond C Boston, Jeffery A Rudy, Thomas P Schaer
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the analgesic properties and pharmacokinetics of transdermal fentanyl patches (TFPs) in goats. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized study. SETTING: Preclinical Testing Facility at a University Teaching Hospital. ANIMALS: Thirty-four adult female Boer-cross goats. INTERVENTIONS: Goats underwent surgery as part of a concurrent orthopedic research study. Twelve hours prior to surgery, each goat received a TFP (target dosage of 2...
September 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834108/influence-of-hang-time-and-location-on-bacterial-contamination-of-intravenous-bags-in-a-veterinary-emergency-and-critical-care-setting
#19
Julien Guillaumin, Nichole M Olp, Karissa D Magnusson, Amy L Butler, Joshua B Daniels
OBJECTIVE: To assess the rate of bacterial contamination of fluid and ports in intravenous bags in a veterinary emergency room (ER) and intensive care unit (ICU). DESIGN: Experimental model. SETTING: Ninety intravenous fluid bags of lactated balanced-electrolytes solution (1 L) hung in a university hospital. INTERVENTIONS: Bags were hung in 2 different locations in the ER (sink and bins) and one location in the ICU (sink) for 11 days...
September 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806492/evaluation-of-gastric-and-bladder-tonometry-as-indicators-of-tissue-perfusion-in-induced-hypotension-in-dogs
#20
Juan Morgaz, Lidia Espigares-Rodríguez, Pilar Muñoz-Rascón, Rocío Navarrete, Jose Andrés Fernández-Sarmiento, María Del Mar Granados Machuca
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the use of gastric (PgCO2 ) and bladder (PbCO2 ) tonometry for assessing tissue hypoperfusion in dogs during sevoflurane-induced hypotension, and to compare these measurements with delivery of oxygen, arterial oxygen content, and plasma lactate concentration. DESIGN: Prospective experimental trial. SETTING: University veterinary teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Fourteen adult Beagle dogs. INTERVENTIONS: Anesthetic induction was performed by mask with sevoflurane and oxygen...
September 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
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