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Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30222253/acute-kidney-injury-secondary-to-traumatic-rhabdomyolysis-in-a-dog
#1
Hilla Chen, Itamar Aroch, Gilad Segev
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical course and successful management of a dog with crush syndrome, rhabdomyolysis, myoglobinuria, and associated acute kidney injury (AKI). CASE SUMMARY: An 8-year-old female, neutered, mixed-breed dog was referred to the Veterinary Teaching Hospital due to crush injury and suspected AKI. Blood tests and urinalysis showed markedly increased serum creatine kinase activity, myoglobinuria, and AKI. The dog was managed successfully with intermittent hemodialysis, and completely recovered...
September 17, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30180296/veterinary-emergency-critical-care-society-2018-membership-application
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30129699/retrospective-evaluation-of-feline-rodenticide-exposure-and-gastrointestinal-decontamination-146-cases-2000-2010
#3
Karie L Walton, Cynthia M Otto
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of rodenticide exposure in cats, describe the use of gastrointestinal decontamination (GID) after rodenticide exposure, and examine the efficacy of GID following exposure to anticoagulant rodenticides (ACR). DESIGN: Retrospective study from 2000-2010. SETTING: Emergency service of an urban university teaching hospital. ANIMALS: One hundred forty-six cats presented for rodenticide exposure...
September 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30126065/medical-management-of-esophageal-perforation-secondary-to-esophageal-foreign-bodies-in-5-dogs
#4
Helsa Teh, Lisa Winters, Fleur James, Peter Irwin, Catherine Beck, Caroline Mansfield
OBJECTIVE: To describe 5 cases of conservative management of substantial esophageal perforation in dogs. SERIES SUMMARY: Five dogs presented with an esophageal foreign body (EFB) and resultant esophageal perforation. Clinical signs at presentation included tachycardia, tachypnea, and increased respiratory effort. Thoracic radiography was performed in all cases, and in each case, pleural and mediastinal effusion was present, suggesting esophageal perforation prior to endoscope-guided removal...
September 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30117723/evaluation-of-end-tidal-carbon-dioxide-as-a-predictor-of-return-of-spontaneous-circulation-in-dogs-and-cats-undergoing-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation
#5
Talli Hogen, Steven G Cole, Kenneth J Drobatz
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the partial pressure of end-tidal carbon dioxide (PetCO2 ) could predict return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) in patients with cardiopulmonary arrest (CPA) undergoing CPR. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: Two private specialty referral hospitals. ANIMALS: Thirty-five client-owned dogs and cats in CPA in which CPR was performed and pertinent data recorded on a purpose-made form...
September 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30117666/tissue-oxygen-saturation-in-dogs-with-acute-hemorrhage
#6
Sarah L Gray, Kelly E Hall, Lisa L Powell, Julie Schildt, Ann M Brearley, Greg J Beilman
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate initial tissue hemoglobin oxygen saturation (StO2 ) in dogs presenting to an emergency room (ER) for acute hemorrhage. DESIGN: Prospective, observational study. SETTING: University veterinary teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Thirty-eight dogs with acute hemorrhage were enrolled between July 2009 and October 2010. Seventy-eight normal dogs from a previous observational study were included to represent healthy controls ("no shock")...
September 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30117659/a-pilot-study-evaluating-adaptive-closed-loop-fluid-resuscitation-during-states-of-absolute-and-relative-hypovolemia-in-dogs
#7
Behnood Gholami, Wassim M Haddad, James M Bailey, Beth Geist, Yukie Ueyama, William W Muir
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and determine the performance of a partially automated as well as a fully automated closed-loop fluid resuscitation system during states of absolute and relative hypovolemia. DESIGN: Prospective experimental trial. SETTING: Research laboratory. ANIMALS: Five adult Beagle dogs. METHODS: Isoflurane anesthetized mechanically ventilated dogs were subjected to absolute hypovolemia (controlled: 2 trials; uncontrolled: 3 trials), relative hypovolemia (2 trials), and the combination of relative and absolute controlled hypovolemia (2 trials)...
September 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30102015/spontaneous-hemoperitoneum-and-anaphylactic-shock-associated-with-hymenoptera-envenomation-in-a-dog
#8
Dana J Caldwell, Kaelyn E Petras, Brandi L Mattison, Raegan J Wells, Victoria L Heffelman
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical presentation of a dog with spontaneous hemoperitoneum associated with anaphylactic shock from Hymenoptera envenomation. CASE SUMMARY: An 8-year-old female neutered Beagle presented as an emergency for acute onset of collapse, hematemesis, and hematochezia. The dog was tachycardic, tachypneic, and hypotensive. Initial assessment revealed a hemoperitoneum with documentation of a nonclotting sanguineous peritoneal effusion with PCV 81% and total protein concentration 65 g/L (6...
September 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30088861/successful-treatment-of-canine-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-secondary-to-inhalant-toxin-exposure
#9
Thomas D Greensmith, Stefano Cortellini
OBJECTIVE: To describe the successful management of a dog with acute respiratory distress syndrome secondary to inhalant toxin exposure. CASE SUMMARY: An 8-year-old male neutered Greyhound was referred with severe respiratory distress 56 hours after exposure to an aerosol toxicant. The patient developed respiratory difficulties requiring veterinary attention within 12 hours of initial exposure. Treatment at the referral hospital included mechanical ventilation and supportive care...
September 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30075063/distribution-of-alveolar-interstitial-syndrome-in-dogs-and-cats-with-respiratory-distress-as-assessed-by-lung-ultrasound-versus-thoracic-radiographs
#10
Jessica L Ward, Gregory R Lisciandro, Teresa C DeFrancesco
OBJECTIVE: To assess distribution of alveolar-interstitial syndrome (AIS) detected by lung ultrasound (LUS) compared to thoracic radiographs (TXR). DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: University teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Seventy-six dogs and 24 cats with acute respiratory distress or tachypnea. INTERVENTIONS: Patients underwent LUS and TXR within 6 hours. Lung ultrasound images were scored for presence and quantity of B-lines in 4 lung quadrants (right cranial, right caudal, left cranial, left caudal)...
September 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30074662/effects-of-esmolol-on-systemic-hemodynamics-and-heart-rate-variability-measured-using-the-analgesia-nociception-index-in-resuscitated-piglets-with-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-septic-shock
#11
Emmanuel Boselli, Matthias Jacquet-Lagrèze, Jean-Yves Ayoub, Lionel Bouvet, Olivier Dauwalder, Christelle Mansour, Thomas Margez, Christian Paquet, Damien Restagno, Bernard Allaouchiche, Jeanne-Marie Bonnet-Garin, Stéphane Junot
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of esmolol on hemodynamics and heart rate variability (HRV) in the early stage of sepsis. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, controlled, parallel trial. SETTINGS: Veterinary research laboratory. ANIMALS: Ten anesthetized piglets. INTERVENTIONS: Septic shock was induced by infusing a suspension of live Pseudomonas aeruginosa IV in 10 anesthetized piglets. The piglets were resuscitated according to a standardized protocol using Ringer's lactate solution, norepinephrine, and milrinone...
September 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30071148/venous-oxygen-saturation-in-critical-illness
#12
Rebecca A L Walton, Bernie D Hansen
OBJECTIVE: To review clinically relevant features of systemic oxygen delivery and consumption and the technique and use of venous oxygenation monitoring in human and veterinary medicine. DATA SOURCES: Veterinary and human peer-reviewed medical literature including scientific reviews, clinical and laboratory research articles, and authors' clinical research experience. SUMMARY: Measurement of venous hemoglobin oxygen saturation (venous oxygenation) provides insight into the balance between oxygen supply and tissue demand...
September 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901282/evaluation-of-the-agreement-between-focused-assessment-with-sonography-for-trauma-afast-tfast-and-computed-tomography-in-dogs-and-cats-with-recent-trauma
#13
Andrea M Walters, Mauria A O'Brien, Laura E Selmic, Sue Hartman, Maureen McMichael, Robert T O'Brien
OBJECTIVE: To determine the agreement between focused assessment with sonography for trauma (FAST) exams and computed tomography (CT) for the detection of pleural and peritoneal fluid and pneumothorax in animals that have sustained recent trauma. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: University Teaching Hospital. ANIMALS: Thirteen dogs and 2 cats were enrolled into the study, with 10 having sustained blunt force trauma and 5 penetrating trauma...
September 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29989326/veterinary-emergency-critical-care-society-2018-membership-application
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29936707/evaluation-of-a-prognostic-scoring-system-for-dogs-managed-with-hemodialysis
#15
Francesca Perondi, Ilaria Lippi, Gianila Ceccherini, Veronica Marchetti, Lucrezia Bernicchi, Grazia Guidi
OBJECTIVE: To investigate prognostic models in a cohort of dogs with acute kidney injury (AKI) and acute on chronic kidney disease (AKI/CKD) managed by hemodialysis. DESIGN: Retrospective study from July 2011 to November 2014. SETTING: University Veterinary Teaching Hospital. ANIMALS: Forty dogs with historical, clinical, imaging, and laboratory findings consistent with AKI or AKI/CKD managed with intermittent hemodialysis were included...
July 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920913/variability-of-tissue-factor-activated-thromboelastography-and-whole-blood-impedance-platelet-aggregometry-in-healthy-dogs
#16
Sarah B Shropshire, Christine S Olver, Michael R Lappin
OBJECTIVE: To assess interindividual (CVG ) and intraindividual (CVI ) variability over time for results of thromboelastography (TEG) and whole-blood impedance platelet aggregometry in healthy dogs. ANIMALS: Six healthy Beagle dogs. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Tissue factor (TF)-activated TEG and adenosine diphosphate (ADP) and arachidonic acid (AA)-induced whole blood impedance platelet aggregometry were performed at 3 different time points (days 1, 4, and 6)...
July 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906334/spontaneous-gastric-dilatation-volvulus-in-two-cats
#17
Meredith L Leary, Virginia Sinnott-Stutzman
OBJECTIVES: To describe 2 cases of gastric dilatation-volvulus (GDV) in cats. To describe 2 unique clinical settings in which the disease occurs in cats, and to highlight the differences between GDV in cats and dogs. CASE SERIES SUMMARY: Two neutered female Persian cats were presented for evaluation of respiratory distress. Initial physical examination revealed tachypnea, dyspnea, and a markedly distended and painful abdomen in both cats. Radiographs revealed a gas-dilated stomach and gastrointestinal (GI) tract in both cats but were only diagnostic for GDV in 1 case...
July 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901847/performance-characteristics-of-the-turbidimetric-acl-top-cts-300-coagulation-analyzer-in-dogs-and-cats
#18
Leslie C Sharkey, Kim J Little, Kevin D Williams, Jeffrey M Todd, Rae Richardson, Angela D Gwynn, Aaron Rendahl
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the technical performance of the turbidimetric ACL-TOP CTS 300 coagulation analyzer (IL) in dogs and cats and to create reference intervals for standard and novel parameters. DESIGN: Coagulation testing results from dogs and cats generated by the IL were prospectively compared with another mechanical clot detection system. Precision was documented and reference intervals were created for prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time, and Clauss fibrinogen and D-dimer values, as well as for the quantitative clot curve parameters (high and low amplitude, delta, and first and second derivative curves)...
July 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898249/treatment-of-acute-kidney-injury-secondary-to-oak-intoxication-with-hemodialysis-in-a-miniature-zebu
#19
Rachel B Davy-Moyle, Leo Londoño, Elizabeth A Nelson, Carsten Bandt
OBJECTIVE: To describe the successful management of acute kidney injury (AKI) secondary to oak intoxication using hemodialysis in a miniature zebu. CASE SUMMARY: A 1-year-old male intact miniature zebu was presented for evaluation of a 2-day history of lethargy, anorexia, decreased urine production, and dry, firm stool. Initial diagnostics revealed severe azotemia and the bull was presumptively diagnosed with AKI secondary to oak intoxication due to free access to oak trees in the pasture...
July 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898248/serum-myoglobin-creatine-kinase-and-cell-free-dna-in-endurance-sled-dogs-and-sled-dogs-with-clinical-rhabdomyolysis
#20
Veronica C Devall, Robert Goggs, Christina Hansen, Christopher W Frye, Jo-Annie Letendre, Joseph J Wakshlag
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether cell-free DNA (cfDNA) concentrations are increased in dogs with exertional rhabdomyolysis and whether concentrations are correlated with serum myoglobin concentration and creatine kinase activity. DESIGN: Observational cohort study. SETTING: Yukon Quest 1,000-mile International Sled Dog Race 2015. ANIMALS: Twelve normal competitive sled dogs; 5 dogs with rhabdomyolysis. INTERVENTIONS: None...
July 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
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