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Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30325574/retrospective-characterization-of-coma-and-stupor-in-dogs-and-cats-presenting-to-a-multicenter-out-of-hours-service-2012-2015-386-animals
#1
Christopher A Parratt, Ava M Firth, Amanda K Boag, Gavin F Allison, Søren R Boysen
OBJECTIVE: To describe the signalment, etiology, and short-term outcome of dogs and cats presenting in a coma or stupor. DESIGN: Retrospective study conducted between May 2012 and February 2015. SETTING: Multicenter out-of-hours emergency service provider. ANIMALS: Three hundred eighty-six patients presenting in a coma or stupor to a multicenter out-of-hours emergency care provider. INTERVENTIONS: None...
October 16, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30320489/retrospective-characterization-of-canine-coagulopathies-using-the-turbidimetric-acl-top-300-analyzer-2014-2015-forty-seven-dogs
#2
Rae Richardson, Jeffrey M Todd, Leslie C Sharkey, Robert J Washabau, Kevin D Williams, Kim J Little, Aaron Rendahl
OBJECTIVE: To characterize disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), liver failure (LF), post-hepatic cholestasis (PHC), and anticoagulant rodenticide intoxication (ROD) in dogs using an immunoturbidimetric coagulation analyzer and to characterize the relationship between clinical bleeding and bleeding parameters. DESIGN: Retrospective study (August 2014-July 2015). SETTING: University teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Forty-seven client-owned dogs diagnosed with DIC (n = 24), LF (n = 9), PHC (n = 5), or ROD (n = 9) based on history, clinical pathology, cytology, histopathology...
October 15, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30303616/a-pilot-study-documenting-increased-thrombin-generation-following-abrupt-withdrawal-of-heparin-therapy-in-healthy-dogs
#3
Erin M Mays, David C Dorman, Colleen McKendry, Rita M Hanel
OBJECTIVE: To document if a transient hypercoagulable state occurs in healthy dogs following abrupt cessation of unfractionated heparin (UFH) therapy. DESIGN: Prospective experimental pilot study. SETTING: University research facility. ANIMALS: Seven adult random-source male dogs. INTERVENTION: Thromboelastography (TEG) and thrombin-antithrombin (TAT) complex formation were used to assess coagulation status in healthy dogs...
October 10, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30302935/retrospective-evaluation-of-4-methods-for-outcome-prediction-in-overt-disseminated-intravascular-coagulation-in-dogs-2009-2014-804-cases
#4
Robert Goggs, Alicia Mastrocco, Marjory B Brooks
OBJECTIVE: The clinical diagnosis of disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) in dogs is challenging. It was hypothesized that dogs with laboratory abnormalities consistent with overt DIC have increased mortality and hence survival could be used to evaluate the performance of DIC scoring systems. Four DIC scoring systems were compared in clinically ill dogs: The International Society of Thrombosis and Haemostasis (ISTH) score; a previously published veterinary DIC score; a system using in-house reference intervals (RIs) for coagulation assays; and the published veterinary DIC score modified by use of in-house RI values...
October 9, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30302921/retrospective-evaluation-of-the-effect-of-intravenous-fluid-administration-on-development-of-postoperative-reflux-in-horses-with-colic-2004-2012-194-horses
#5
Elizabeth L Hoaglund, Ann M Hess, Diana M Hassel
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of intravenous fluid volume and electrolyte supplementation on the development of postoperative reflux (POR) in horses undergoing celiotomy for colic. DESIGN: Case-control study spanning 2004-2012 for horses undergoing celiotomy for colic. SETTING: University teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Sixty-seven client-owned horses >1 year of age with POR were each matched to 2 controls with similar surgical lesions that did not demonstrate POR...
October 9, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30302906/emphysematous-gastritis-in-a-cat
#6
Kathryn E Rhue, Allison A Biddick, Kelly M Foltz, Robert C Cole, Joseph C Newton, Lenore A Bacek
OBJECTIVE: To describe the presentation, diagnosis, treatment, and outcome of a case of emphysematous gastritis (EG) in a cat. CASE SERIES SUMMARY: A 15-year-old female neutered domestic short-hair cat presented for a 4-month history of weight loss and intermittent vomiting. Clinicopathologic and imaging findings suggested an underlying primary gastrointestinal (GI) disease, as well as possible hepatobiliary disease. Two days following exploratory laparotomy to obtain GI and liver biopsies, the patient became septic and intracellular bacteria were present on cytology of peritoneal effusion...
October 9, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30302896/a-preliminary-investigation-into-the-prognostic-relevance-of-symmetric-dimethylarginine-in-critically-ill-dogs
#7
Liza Sally Köster, Andrea Peda, Trellor Fraites, Fortune Sithole
OBJECTIVE: To determine if there is an association between the concentration of symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA) in dogs measured at the time of admission with the severity of critical illness and short-term mortality. DESIGN: This prospective observational study recruited critically ill dogs with heterogeneous diagnoses and then classified their disease severity using the acute patient physiologic and laboratory evaluation complete score as having either a good (<30) or poor (≥30) prognosis...
October 9, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30299571/in-vitro-hemolysis-of-stored-units-of-canine-packed-red-blood-cells
#8
Rui R F Ferreira, Rita M C Graça, Inês M Cardoso, Rafael R Gopegui, Augusto J F de Matos
BACKGROUND: Hemolysis is an important quality parameter of packed red blood cells (pRBCs) that is used to assess the cellular integrity of stored blood units. According to human standards, hemolysis at the end of storage must not exceed 1%, as otherwise it may be responsible for decreased transfusion effectiveness and acute life-threatening reactions. OBJECTIVES: This prospective study was designed to evaluate the hemolysis of canine pRBCs stored in an additive solution containing adenine, dextrose, mannitol, and sodium chloride, and to assess its associations with storage time, duration of the collection process, collection disturbances, and with the final volume and PCV of the pRBCs units...
October 9, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30299568/determining-prognosis-in-canine-sepsis-by-bedside-measurement-of-cell-free-dna-and-nucleosomes
#9
Jo-Annie Letendre, Robert Goggs
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the use of plasma cell-free DNA (cfDNA) and nucleosome concentrations as prognostic biomarkers in canine sepsis. DESIGN: Prospective, observational cohort study conducted from June 2015 to February 2016. SETTING: University teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Forty-five dogs with sepsis, 10 dogs with nonseptic systemic inflammatory response syndrome (nSIRS), and 15 healthy controls were consecutively enrolled and followed to hospital discharge...
October 9, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30299567/nonsurgical-management-of-traumatic-pneumoperitoneum-in-a-cat
#10
Helen S Philp, Gawain J C Hammond
OBJECTIVE: To describe the nonsurgical management of a cat with traumatic pneumoperitoneum. CASE SERIES SUMMARY: A 4-year-old cat was presented following vehicular polytrauma. Thoracic radiographs revealed 4 rib fractures, a scapular fracture, and pneumothorax. Abdominal ultrasound revealed a small volume of free abdominal fluid. Computed tomography showed a mild pneumoretroperitoneum and a pneumoperitoneum in the region of the porta hepatis. The cat was managed conservatively with close monitoring...
October 9, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30299566/ex-vivo-evaluation-of-the-efficacy-of-canine-fresh-frozen-plasma-thawed-using-a-microwave-plasma-defroster
#11
Matthew Alfred Turner, Louisa Jane Rahilly, Shana Katheryn O'Marra
BACKGROUND: Commercial microwave plasma defrosters (MPDs) are used globally in human medicine to safely thaw fresh-frozen plasma (FFP), but this technology has never been tested in a veterinary setting. This study was undertaken to assess the efficacy of a commercial MPD for the rapid thawing of canine FFP. STUDY DESIGN: Twenty-three units (twelve 120 mL and eleven 240 mL) of canine FFP were thawed using an MPD. Time-to-thaw and pre- and postthawing temperatures of the units were measured...
October 9, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30294908/anticoagulant-rodenticide-toxicosis-causing-tracheal-collapse-in-4-small-breed-dogs
#12
Amanda J Thomer, Kari A Santoro Beer
OBJECTIVE: To describe 4 cases of tracheal narrowing attributed to tracheal mucosal hemorrhage caused by anticoagulant rodenticide toxicity in breeds predisposed to tracheal collapse. CASE SUMMARY: Over the years 2005-2014, 4 dogs were presented for respiratory distress secondary to diffuse tracheal narrowing. All dogs had possible anticoagulant rodenticide ingestion and prolonged prothrombin time. All dogs received fresh-frozen plasma transfusions, vitamin K1 supplementation, and supportive care...
October 7, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30294857/assessment-of-plasma-lactate-and-core-peripheral-temperature-gradient-in-association-with-stages-of-naturally-occurring-myxomatous-mitral-valve-disease-in-dogs
#13
Felipe B Soares, Gláucia B Pereira-Neto, Rodrigo C Rabelo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate plasma lactate concentrations and core-peripheral temperature gradients as perfusion parameters in dogs with heart failure caused by myxomatous mitral valve disease (MMVD) and to determine whether the above perfusion parameters are correlated with disease stages. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: University teaching hospital. ANIMALS: After excluding 129 dogs because of exclusion criteria, 7 dogs with heart failure classified as stage B2 and 10 dogs classified as stage C according to the American Heart Association (AHA)/American College of Cardiology (ACC) were included in the study...
October 7, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30294853/ultrasound-guided-catheterization-of-the-femoral-artery-in-a-canine-model-of-acute-hemorrhagic-shock
#14
Noah D Pavlisko, João Henrique N Soares, Natalia P Henao-Guerrero, Allan J Williamson
OBJECTIVE: To describe a technique for gaining ultrasound-guided access to the femoral artery in an experimental model of acute hemorrhagic shock in anesthetized dogs. CASE SERIES SUMMARY: Five healthy, purpose-bred adult male intact Beagles were enrolled in a respiratory mechanics study under general anesthesia. Upon completion of the primary study a hypovolemic state was induced by blood removal to achieve a mean arterial pressure ≤ 55 mm Hg. Dogs were positioned in dorsal recumbency with the hind limb extended caudally...
October 7, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30222253/acute-kidney-injury-secondary-to-traumatic-rhabdomyolysis-in-a-dog
#15
Hilla Chen, Itamar Aroch, Gilad Segev
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical course and successful management of a dog with crush syndrome, rhabdomyolysis, myoglobinuria, and associated acute kidney injury (AKI). CASE SUMMARY: An 8-year-old female, neutered, mixed-breed dog was referred to the Veterinary Teaching Hospital due to crush injury and suspected AKI. Blood tests and urinalysis showed markedly increased serum creatine kinase activity, myoglobinuria, and AKI. The dog was managed successfully with intermittent hemodialysis, and completely recovered...
September 17, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30412358/ecvecc-news
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30412357/veterinary-emergency-critical-care-society-2018-membership-application
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30412355/iveccs-2018-a-sell-out-over-4000-attendees
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30412354/eveccs-travel-grant
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30412352/scil-evecc-research-grant-available-for-2019-announcement-proposals-solicited
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
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