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Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763987/hemodialysis-catheter-associated-fibrin-sheath-in-a-dog
#1
Cathy E Langston, Adam E Eatroff
OBJECTIVE: To describe an intravascular fibrin sheath associated with a hemodialysis catheter in a dog. CASE SUMMARY: A 4-year-old dog presented for hemodialysis to treat acute kidney injury. Hemodialysis catheter dysfunction during the course of treatment was temporarily alleviated using a tissue plasminogen activator. A thrombus composed of fibrin and granulation tissue creating a sheath around the catheter and focally adherent to the vessel wall was identified on postmortem evaluation...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687945/severe-lactic-acidosis-and-hypoglycemia-due-to-acute-metformin-intoxication-in-a-dog
#2
Yu Ueda, Christine Wong, Angela Borchers
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of severe lactic acidosis and hypoglycemia due to acute metformin intoxication in a dog. CASE SUMMARY: A female neutered Rat Terrier was presented for an acute onset of seizure-like episodes, weakness, and vomiting approximately 14 hours after ingestion of 198 mg/kg of metformin. The dog was found to be laterally recumbent, paddling, and unresponsive shortly before presentation. On physical exam, the dog was in hypovolemic shock and hypothermic...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687940/performance-evaluation-and-validation-of-the-animal-trauma-triage-score-and-modified-glasgow-coma-scale-with-suggested-category-adjustment-in-dogs-a-vetcot-registry-study
#3
Kristian Ash, Galina M Hayes, Robert Goggs, Julia P Sumner
OBJECTIVE: To examine the animal trauma triage (ATT) and modified Glasgow Coma Scale (mGCS) scores as predictors of mortality outcome (death or euthanasia) in injured dogs. DESIGN: Observational cohort study conducted from September 2013 to March 2015 with follow-up until death or hospital discharge. SETTING: Nine veterinary hospitals including private referral and veterinary teaching hospitals. ANIMALS: Consecutive sample of 3,599 dogs with complete data entries recruited into the Veterinary Committee on Trauma patient registry...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659117/evaluation-of-the-relationship-between-peripheral-pulse-palpation-and-doppler-systolic-blood-pressure-in-dogs-presenting-to-an-emergency-service
#4
Laura B Ateca, Erica L Reineke, Kenneth J Drobatz
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between peripheral pulse palpation and Doppler-derived systolic blood pressure (SBP) measurement in dogs presenting to an emergency service. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: University veterinary teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Ninety-three dogs that were presented to the emergency service. Dogs were eligible for inclusion in the study if a physical examination and a SBP measurement were performed prior to any interventions...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29645400/evaluation-of-a-new-chest-physiotherapy-technique-in-dogs-with-airway-fluid-accumulation-hospitalized-in-an-intensive-care-unit
#5
Céline Pouzot-Nevoret, Isabelle Goy-Thollot, Didier Billet, Anthony Barthélemy, Maïlys Blesch, Aurélie Pin, Kate Hopper
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility, benefits, and adverse effects of prolonged slow expiration (PSE) and assisted cough (AC) as chest physiotherapy (CP) techniques in dogs with airway fluid accumulation. DESIGN: Prospective interventional study. SETTINGS: University teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Intervention group of 30 client-owned dogs and retrospective control group of 71 client-owned dogs. INTERVENTIONS: PSE was performed on dogs with evidence of airway fluid accumulation, identified based on physical examination and thoracic radiographs...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29631333/a-commercial-soy-based-phospholipid-emulsion-accelerates-clot-formation-in-normal-canine-whole-blood-and-induces-hemolysis-in-whole-blood-from-normal-and-dogs-with-inflammatory-leukograms
#6
Erica L Behling-Kelly, Joseph Wakshlag
OBJECTIVE: To compare lipid emulsion-induced hemolysis in blood from dogs with inflammatory leukograms to blood from healthy dogs, and determine the impact of a prototypical soy-based phospholipid emulsion on coagulation in whole blood from healthy dogs. DESIGN: Ex vivo study using EDTA and citrated whole blood from healthy dogs and EDTA anticoagulated whole blood from dogs with inflammatory leukograms. SETTING: University research laboratory...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29631327/analysis-of-the-first-time-pass-rate-of-the-american-college-of-veterinary-emergency-and-critical-care-certifying-examination-2010-2015
#7
Karl E Jandrey, Robert Goggs, Marie Kerl, Julien Guillaumin, Michael S Kent
OBJECTIVES: To disseminate information regarding the annual pass rates for the American College of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care (ACVECC) certifying examination. To compare the first-time pass rates (FTPR) of ACVECC residents trained in academic and private practice settings. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: ACVECC examination. ANIMALS: None. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Anonymized ACVECC examination performance data from 2010-2015 inclusive were analyzed...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608243/impact-of-bacterial-translocation-in-calves-with-atresia-coli
#8
Semih Altan, Yılmaz Koç, Fahrettin Alkan, Zafer Sayın, Muharrem Erol
OBJECTIVE: To identify whether enteric bacteria pass into the mesenteric lymph nodes (MLNs) and peritoneal cavity in calves with atresia coli and to evaluate whether the presence of bacterial translocation (BT) has an impact on the success of surgical treatment. DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. ANIMALS: Twenty-six client-owned calves. INTERVENTIONS: During laparotomy, swab samples were collected from the peritoneal cavity and MLNs using a sterile swab stick and were submitted for microbiological analysis...
May 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604163/multicenter-in-vitro-thromboelastography-and-thromboelastometry-standardization
#9
Robert Goggs, Antonio Borrelli, Benjamin M Brainard, Daniel L Chan, Armelle de Laforcade, Isabelle Goy-Thollot, Karl E Jandrey, Annemarie T Kristensen, Annette Kutter, Clara B Marschner, Benoît Rannou, Nadja Sigrist, Catherine Wagg
OBJECTIVE: To establish and compare the repeatability and reproducibility of activated thromboelastography (TEG) and thromboelastometry (ROTEM) assays. DESIGN: Multicenter in vitro test standardization. SETTING: Veterinary academic centers. ANIMALS: Test samples were obtained from normal, healthy dogs. Sixty identical 5 mL aliquots of canine platelet-rich plasma collected by apheresis, frozen in 6% dimethyl sulfoxide, were tested initially...
March 31, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727528/a-prospective-evaluation-of-oral-yunnan-baiyao-therapy-on-thromboleastographic-parameters-in-apparently-healthy-dogs
#10
Colleen Tansey, Melissa L Wiebe, Gabrielle C Hybki, Jeffrey E Patlogar, Lisa A Murphy, Domenico Bianco, Reid K Nakamura
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of Yunnan Baiyao (YB) on hemostatic parameters measured by thromboelastography (TEG) in healthy dogs administered 1 capsule of YB orally twice daily for 1 week. DESIGN: Prospective study of client-owned dogs at a small animal specialty hospital. SETTING: Private referral center. ANIMALS: Eighteen client-owned adult dogs weighing at least 15 kg. INTERVENTIONS: Dogs had a baseline TEG performed and then each dog was administered 1 capsule of YB twice daily by mouth for 1 week and the TEG was reevaluated...
May 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727527/veterinary-emergency-critical-care-society-2018-membership-application
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727526/incidence-of-hypochloremic-metabolic-alkalosis-in-dogs-and-cats-with-and-without-nasogastric-tubes-over-a-period-of-up-to-36-hours-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#12
Annie Chih, Elke Rudloff, Cheryl Waldner, Andrew K J Linklater
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the incidence of hypochloremic metabolic alkalosis (HCMA) in dogs and cats in the ICU that had intermittent nasogastric tube (NGT) aspiration for up to 36 hours. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study (December 2013 to October 2014). SETTING: Privately owned emergency and referral teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Forty-nine client-owned dogs and 16 client-owned cats. INTERVENTIONS: Patients wherein NGT placement was recommended and client consent was obtained were included in the interventional group...
May 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727524/use-of-charcoal-hemoperfusion-and-hemodialysis-in-the-treatment-of-methotrexate-toxicosis-in-a-dog
#13
Mariana Pardo, Travis Lanaux, Rachel Davy, Carsten Bandt
OBJECTIVE: To describe the successful use of charcoal hemoperfusion (HP) and hemodialysis (HD) in a dog in the treatment of methotrexate (MTX) toxicosis. CASE SUMMARY: An American Pit Bull Terrier accidentally ingested 56.8 mg/m2 of MTX. The patient's initial serum MTX concentration was 0.11 μmol/L. At this dosage, myelosuppression and gastrointestinal epithelial necrosis have been reported. Charcoal HP and HD in series were used to enhance elimination of MTX...
May 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687942/evaluation-of-the-placement-and-maintenance-of-central-venous-jugular-catheters-in-critically-ill-dogs-and-cats
#14
Christin L Reminga, Deborah C Silverstein, Kenneth J Drobatz, Dana L Clarke
OBJECTIVE: To describe problems noted during central venous jugular catheter (CVJC) placement, conditions associated with unsuccessful catheterization, and CVJC maintenance complications. DESIGN: Prospective observational study from September 2014 to September 2015. SETTING: University veterinary teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Twenty-seven dogs and 20 cats hospitalized in a veterinary ICU. Patients were excluded if previously hospitalized with a CVJC or lacked sufficient data...
May 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533517/clinical-use-of-plasma-lactate-concentration-part-2-prognostic-and-diagnostic-utility-and-the-clinical-management-of-hyperlactatemia
#15
Patricia G Rosenstein, Brett S Tennent-Brown, Dez Hughes
OBJECTIVE: To review the current literature pertaining to the use of lactate as a prognostic indicator and therapeutic guide, the utility of measuring lactate concentrations in body fluids other than blood or plasma, and the clinical management of hyperlactatemia in dogs, cats, and horses. DATA SOURCES: Articles were retrieved without date restrictions primarily via PubMed, Scopus, and CAB Abstracts as well as by manual selection. HUMAN AND VETERINARY DATA SYNTHESIS: Increased plasma lactate concentrations are associated with increased morbidity and mortality...
March 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533516/veterinary-emergency-critical-care-society-2018-membership-application
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533512/clinical-use-of-plasma-lactate-concentration-part-1-physiology-pathophysiology-and-measurement
#17
Patricia G Rosenstein, Brett S Tennent-Brown, Dez Hughes
OBJECTIVE: To review the current literature with respect to the physiology, pathophysiology, and measurement of lactate. DATA SOURCES: Data were sourced from veterinary and human clinical trials, retrospective studies, experimental studies, and review articles. Articles were retrieved without date restrictions and were sourced primarily via PubMed, Scopus, and CAB Abstracts as well as by manual selection. HUMAN AND VETERINARY DATA SYNTHESIS: Lactate is an important energy storage molecule, the production of which preserves cellular energy production and mitigates the acidosis from ATP hydrolysis...
March 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509322/epidemiology-clinical-management-and-outcomes-of-dogs-involved-in-road-traffic-accidents-in-the-united-kingdom-2009-2014
#18
Georgina L Harris, David Brodbelt, David Church, Karen Humm, Paul D McGreevy, Peter C Thomson, Dan O'Neill
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence and risk factors for road traffic accidents (RTA) in dogs and describe the management and outcome of these dogs attending primary-care veterinary practices in the United Kingdom. DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional study. SETTING: Primary-care veterinary practices in the United Kingdom. ANIMALS: The study population included 199,464 dogs attending 115 primary-care clinics across the United Kingdom...
March 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489054/retrospective-evaluation-of-plasma-cholesterol-concentration-in-septic-dogs-and-its-association-with-morbidity-and-mortality-51-cases-2005-2015
#19
Jack P Hardy, Elizabeth M Streeter, Rhonda R DeCook
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether plasma cholesterol concentrations in dogs with sepsis is associated with morbidity or in-hospital mortality. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study from 2005-2015. SETTING: Two private referral centers. ANIMALS: Fifty-one dogs diagnosed with sepsis. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Dogs were classified as septic if they displayed ≥2 criteria of the systemic inflammatory response syndrome in conjunction with a documented underlying infectious cause...
March 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485722/in-vitro-assessment-of-the-effect-of-acidemia-on-coagulation-in-dogs
#20
Andrew G Burton, Julie Burges, Angela Borchers, Kate Hopper
OBJECTIVE: Minimal data are available assessing the effect of acidemia on coagulation in dogs. The objective of this study was to assess the effect of in vitro acidification of canine blood on coagulation as measured via thromboelastography (TEG) and traditional tests of coagulation. We hypothesized that worsening acidemia would lead to progressive impairment on coagulation. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: University teaching hospital...
March 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
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