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Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098944/validation-of-a-smartphone-based-point-of-care-hemoglobin-assay-for-use-in-dogs
#1
Kate S Farrell, Phillip L Chapman, Lauren A Sullivan
OBJECTIVE: To validate a smartphone-based spectrophotometric assay for point-of-care (POC) measurement of hemoglobin (Hgb) concentration against the standard measurement method in dogs without increases in serum lipemia, hemolysis, or bilirubin. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: University teaching hospital. ANIMALS: One hundred thirty-nine dogs that had a CBC and corresponding biochemical profile submitted to the clinical pathology laboratory...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079972/prevalence-of-vomiting-in-dogs-with-pericardial-effusion
#2
Rachel Fahey, Elizabeth Rozanski, April Paul, John E Rush
BACKGROUND: Pericardial effusion (PE) is common in dogs. Clinical signs may be vague until cardiac tamponade and associated cardiovascular decompensation develops. Vomiting has previously been identified in some dogs, but the actual prevalence of vomiting in dogs with PE is unknown. The purpose of this study is to report the prevalence of vomiting associated with PE, and to determine if vomiting is associated with the underlying cause of effusion, presenting plasma lactate concentration, or volume of PE removed...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079960/successful-medical-management-of-a-domestic-longhair-cat-with-subdural-intracranial-empyema-and-multifocal-pneumonia
#3
Thomas J A Cardy, Richard Lam, Laureen M Peters, Philippa J McLaren, Màrian Matas Riera, Steven De Decker
OBJECTIVE: To describe a case of successful medical management of subdural intracranial empyema and multifocal pneumonia in a domestic longhaired cat. CASE SUMMARY: A 7-year-and-8-month-old male neutered domestic longhair cat presented with tachypnea, respiratory compromise, vestibular ataxia, obtundation, left-sided head tilt, and multiple cranial nerve deficits. Neuroanatomical localization was multifocal with central vestibular involvement. Magnetic resonance imaging of the head indicated diffuse subdural empyema, mainly affecting the middle cranial fossa and the right cerebrum...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072500/ultrasound-guided-intracardiac-xenotransfusion-of-canine-packed-red-blood-cells-and-epinephrine-to-the-left-ventricle-of-a-severely-anemic-cat-during-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation
#4
Liron Oron, Yaron Bruchim, Sigal Klainbart, Efrat Kelmer
OBJECTIVE: To describe the use of an ultrasound-guided intracardiac xenotransfusion of canine packed red blood cells (pRBC) to the left ventricle of a severely anemic cat during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). CASE SUMMARY: An 8-year-old previously healthy neutered female cat was presented with severe weakness after she had disappeared for 1 month. On presentation, the cat was in hypovolemic shock, laterally recumbent, and severely anemic with massive flea infestation...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072491/paradoxical-bradycardia-during-surgical-caudal-vena-cava-occlusion-in-an-anesthetized-dog
#5
Jennifer Davis, Anthea L Raisis, Hildegriet Haitjema, Eleanor A Drynan, Giselle L Hosgood
OBJECTIVE: To describe the anesthetic management of a dog undergoing caudal vena cava (CVC) occlusion during adrenalectomy, and to discuss a reflex bradycardia that was observed during the procedure. CASE SUMMARY: General anesthesia of a 10-year-old Rhodesian ridgeback for excision of an adrenal mass and associated CVC tumor thrombus was performed. The dog was premedicated with IV methadone and anesthesia was induced with IV alfaxalone and maintained with isoflurane in 100% oxygen...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002635/heparinase-modified-thromboelastography-in-cats
#6
Benoît Cuq, Marilyn E Dunn, Christian Bédard
BACKGROUND: Evaluation of underlying hemostatic function is challenging when feline patients are receiving an anticoagulant medication. Discontinuing the anticoagulant to obtain accurate results for hemostatic testing may lead to thrombotic complications. The addition of heparinase to blood samples may mitigate the effects of exogenous heparin and allow hemostatic testing. METHODS: Tissue factor (TF)-activated thromboelastography (TEG) was performed using citrated whole blood from 19 cats...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992655/use-of-20-intravenous-lipid-emulsion-for-the-treatment-of-loperamide-toxicosis-in-a-collie-homozygous-for-the-abcb1-1%C3%A2-mutation
#7
Whitney M Long, Virginia B Sinnott, Kiko Bracker, Danielle Thomas
OBJECTIVE: To describe the successful treatment of loperamide toxicosis in a dog using intravenous lipid emulsion (ILE). CASE SUMMARY: An 8-month-old male neutered Rough Collie weighing 20.0 kg was given a total dose of 0.75 mg/kg loperamide over 3 days as treatment for diarrhea. The dog was subsequently evaluated for signs of dull mentation, anxiety, ptyalism and ataxia, thought to be a result of loperamide intoxication. The dog was treated with a 1.5 mL/kg IV bolus of 20% ILE solution followed by 0...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984669/the-influence-of-ringer-s-lactate-or-hes-130-0-4-administration-on-the-integrity-of-the-small-intestinal-mucosa-in-a-pig-hemorrhagic-shock-model-under-general-anesthesia
#8
Ana Liza Ortiz, Helena Vala, Carlos Venâncio, João Mesquita, Aura Silva, Jose Manuel Gonzalo-Orden, David Ferreira
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of fluid resuscitation with 2 different physiological solutions, Ringer's lactate (RL) and hydroxyethyl starch (HES) 130/0.4, on histological lesions of the small intestinal mucosa in anesthetized pigs subjected to severe acute bleeding. DESIGN: Prospective experimental study. SETTING: University teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Twenty-eight healthy Large White pigs, 3 months of age. INTERVENTIONS: Pigs were subjected to severe acute bleeding (30 mL/kg) under total intravenous anesthesia with propofol and remifentanil...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973761/effects-of-oral-3-hydrogen-peroxide-used-as-an-emetic-on-the-gastroduodenal-mucosa-of-healthy-dogs
#9
Alicia H Niedzwecki, Bradley P Book, Kristin M Lewis, J Scot Estep, Joseph Hagan
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the extent of mucosal injury on the upper gastrointestinal tract following oral administration of 3% hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2 ) to induce emesis in normal dogs. DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. SETTING: Specialty referral hospital. ANIMALS: Seven staff-owned, healthy, adult dogs. INTERVENTIONS: Six dogs were assigned to the H2 O2 group and 1 dog was assigned as the apomorphine control...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973760/evaluation-of-the-lactate-plus-monitor-for-plasma-lactate-concentration-measurement-in-dogs
#10
Carolyn J Nye, Sarah E Musulin, Rita M Hanel, Christopher L Mariani
OBJECTIVE: To compare the Lactate Plus handheld monitor to a reference blood gas analyzer for determining plasma lactate concentrations in canine whole blood. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: University teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Ninety-four dogs hospitalized or admitted through the emergency service provided 125 blood samples. Only dogs that required a venous or arterial blood gas evaluation as a part of their diagnostic assessment or ongoing management were included...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926787/comparison-of-the-effects-of-a-balanced-crystalloid-based-and-a-saline-based-tetrastarch-solution-on-canine-whole-blood-coagulation-and-platelet-function
#11
Annina Reuteler, Shannon Axiak-Flammer, Judith Howard, Katja-Nicole Adamik
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of a 6% hydroxyethyl starch (130/0.42) solution in either a buffered, electrolyte-balanced (HES-BAL), or a saline (HES-SAL) carrier solution on canine platelet function and whole blood coagulation. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized study. SETTING: University teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Thirty-seven client-owned dogs undergoing general anesthesia for arthroscopy or imaging studies. INTERVENTIONS: Dogs received a 15 mL/kg intravenous bolus of HES-SAL (n = 13), HES-BAL (n = 14), or a modified Ringer's solution (n = 10) over 30-40 minutes...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918639/evaluation-of-an-outpatient-protocol-in-the-treatment-of-canine-parvoviral-enteritis
#12
Emilee C Venn, Karolina Preisner, Pedro L Boscan, David C Twedt, Lauren A Sullivan
OBJECTIVE: To compare 2 treatment protocols (standard in-hospital versus modified outpatient) in affecting the duration of treatment or survival of dogs with parvoviral enteritis. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized study. SETTING: University teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Client-owned dogs with naturally acquired parvovirus were randomized to receive either an inpatient (n = 20) or outpatient (n = 20) treatment protocol. INTERVENTIONS: Both groups received intravenous (IV) fluid resuscitation and correction of hypoglycemia at hospital admission...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779821/aortic-thrombosis-in-dogs
#13
Trevor P E Williams, Scott Shaw, Adam Porter, Larry Berkwitt
OBJECTIVE: To review information regarding etiology, pathophysiology, and treatment options for aortic thrombotic disease in dogs. ETIOLOGY: Diseases resulting in hypercoagulable states can cause thrombus formation in the distal aorta, and account for the majority of cases of aortic thrombosis (ATh) in dogs, although a substantial number of cases have no identifiable underlying cause. Aortic thromboembolism (ATE) also occurs but appears to be much less frequently documented...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079994/veccs-merchandise-order-form
#14
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January 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079993/upcoming-veccs-ce-programs
#15
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079992/reviewer-acknowledgments
#16
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January 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079991/acvecc-news
#17
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January 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079990/avecct-news
#18
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January 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079989/veterinary-emergency-critical-care-society-2017-membership-application
#19
(no author information available yet)
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January 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079988/veccs-news
#20
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
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