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Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960891/retrospective-evaluation-of-155-adult-equids-and-21-foals-with-tetanus-from-western-northern-and-central-europe-2000-2014-part-2-prognostic-assessment
#1
Gaby van Galen, Joke Rijckaert, Tim Mair, Helene Amory, Lara Armengou, Barbora Bezdekova, Inge Durie, Rikke Findshøj Delany, Nathalie Fouché, Laura Haley, Michael Hewetson, Rene van den Hoven, Anna Kendall, Fernando Malalana, Jessika Muller Cavalleri, Tresemiek Picavet, Katja Roscher, Denis Verwilghen, Cornélie Westermann, Claude Saegerman
OBJECTIVE: To identify prognostic variables for adult equids and foals with tetanus. DESIGN: Multicenter retrospective study (2000-2014). SETTING: Twenty Western, Northern, and Central European university teaching hospitals and private referral centers. ANIMALS: One hundred fifty-five adult equids and 21 foals with tetanus. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Variables from history and clinical examination were statistically compared between survivors and nonsurvivors (adults: 49 survivors, 85 nonsurvivors; foals: 7 survivors, 10 nonsurvivors)...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960717/retrospective-evaluation-of-155-adult-equids-and-21-foals-with-tetanus-in-western-northern-and-central-europe-2000-2014-part-1-description-of-history-and-clinical-evolution
#2
Gaby van Galen, Claude Saegerman, Joke Rijckaert, Helene Amory, Lara Armengou, Barbora Bezdekova, Inge Durie, Rikke Findshøj Delany, Nathalie Fouché, Laura Haley, Michael Hewetson, Rene van den Hoven, Anna Kendall, Fernando Malalana, Jessika Muller Cavalleri, Tresemiek Picavet, Katja Roscher, Denis Verwilghen, Meret Wehrli Eser, Cornélie Westermann, Tim Mair
OBJECTIVE: To describe clinical data of hospitalized adult equids and foals with tetanus. DESIGN: Multicenter retrospective study (2000-2014). SETTING: Twenty Western, Northern, and Central European university teaching hospitals and private referral centers. ANIMALS: One hundred fifty-five adult equids (>6 months) and 21 foals (<6 months) with tetanus. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Information on geographic, annual and seasonal data, demographic- and management-related data, clinical history, clinical examination and blood analysis on admission, complications, treatments, and outcomes were described and statistically compared between adults and foals...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960715/evaluation-of-echocardiography-and-cardiac-biomarker-concentrations-in-dogs-with-gastric-dilatation-volvulus
#3
Brent D Aona, John E Rush, Elizabeth A Rozanski, Suzanne M Cunningham, Claire R Sharp, Lisa M Freeman
OBJECTIVE: To assess abnormalities in concentrations of cardiac troponin I (cTnI), lactate, and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) in relation to arrhythmias, echocardiographic measurements, and survival in dogs with gastric dilatation volvulus (GDV). DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: University hospital. ANIMALS: Twenty-two dogs with naturally occurring GDV. SAMPLES: Concentrations of cTnI, plasma lactate, and NT-proBNP were recorded at presentation to the emergency room, the time closest to echocardiography, and the highest recorded concentrations during hospitalization...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950423/use-of-urinary-bladder-measurements-from-a-point-of-care-cysto-colic-ultrasonographic-view-to-estimate-urinary-bladder-volume-in-dogs-and-cats
#4
Gregory R Lisciandro, Geoffrey T Fosgate
OBJECTIVE: To develop a point-of-care ultrasound-derived formula to estimate urinary bladder volume noninvasively in dogs and cats. DESIGN: Prospective case series. SETTING: Private 24-hour veterinary emergency center. ANIMALS: Client-owned dogs and cats requiring urethral catheterization. INTERVENTIONS: Ultrasound measurements of length, width, and height of balloons filled with known water volumes were used to develop a formula to estimate urinary bladder volume using linear regression...
September 26, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873275/retrospective-evaluation-of-the-prevalence-risk-factors-management-outcome-and-necropsy-findings-of-acute-lung-injury-and-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-in-dogs-and-cats-29-cases-2011-2013
#5
Anusha Balakrishnan, Kenneth J Drobatz, Deborah C Silverstein
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and risk factors for veterinary acute lung injury (VetALI) and veterinary acute respiratory distress syndrome (VetARDS), assess mechanical ventilation settings and patient outcomes, and to evaluate the relationship of clinical diagnoses with necropsy findings. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: University teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Twenty-four dogs and 5 cats with a clinical diagnosis of VetALI or VetARDS...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853243/retrospective-evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-of-xylazine-for-inducing-emesis-in-cats-48-cats-2011-2015
#6
Margaret Thies, Kiko Bracker, Virginia Sinnott
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of xylazine for the induction of emesis in cats that were suspected of ingesting potentially toxic substances or foreign objects. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Private emergency and specialty referral hospital. ANIMALS: Forty-eight client-owned cats that were administered xylazine to induce emesis for decontamination of a toxic substance or expulsion of an ingested foreign object...
August 29, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834579/topical-flurbiprofen-toxicosis-in-a-cat
#7
Elizabeth M Yi, Elizabeth Leech
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical presentation and treatment of a cat with flurbiprofen toxicosis due to topical cream exposure. CASE SUMMARY: A 3-year-old castrated male domestic shorthair cat presented to an emergency and referral center for acute lethargy, hematemesis, and anemia. Severe azotemia was observed on serum biochemistry panel. The patient's anemia was treated with packed RBC transfusion, and treatment with crystalloid fluids, famotidine, pantoprazole, ampicillin, and sucralfate were begun on presentation...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877418/ecvecc-news
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877416/veterinary-emergency-critical-care-society-2017-membership-application
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877414/evaluation-of-the-analgesic-and-pharmacokinetic-properties-of-transdermally-administered-fentanyl-in-goats
#10
Megan J Burke, Lawrence R Soma, Raymond C Boston, Jeffery A Rudy, Thomas P Schaer
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the analgesic properties and pharmacokinetics of transdermal fentanyl patches (TFPs) in goats. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized study. SETTING: Preclinical Testing Facility at a University Teaching Hospital. ANIMALS: Thirty-four adult female Boer-cross goats. INTERVENTIONS: Goats underwent surgery as part of a concurrent orthopedic research study. Twelve hours prior to surgery, each goat received a TFP (target dosage of 2...
September 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834108/influence-of-hang-time-and-location-on-bacterial-contamination-of-intravenous-bags-in-a-veterinary-emergency-and-critical-care-setting
#11
Julien Guillaumin, Nichole M Olp, Karissa D Magnusson, Amy L Butler, Joshua B Daniels
OBJECTIVE: To assess the rate of bacterial contamination of fluid and ports in intravenous bags in a veterinary emergency room (ER) and intensive care unit (ICU). DESIGN: Experimental model. SETTING: Ninety intravenous fluid bags of lactated balanced-electrolytes solution (1 L) hung in a university hospital. INTERVENTIONS: Bags were hung in 2 different locations in the ER (sink and bins) and one location in the ICU (sink) for 11 days...
September 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806492/evaluation-of-gastric-and-bladder-tonometry-as-indicators-of-tissue-perfusion-in-induced-hypotension-in-dogs
#12
Juan Morgaz, Lidia Espigares-Rodríguez, Pilar Muñoz-Rascón, Rocío Navarrete, Jose Andrés Fernández-Sarmiento, María Del Mar Granados Machuca
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the use of gastric (PgCO2 ) and bladder (PbCO2 ) tonometry for assessing tissue hypoperfusion in dogs during sevoflurane-induced hypotension, and to compare these measurements with delivery of oxygen, arterial oxygen content, and plasma lactate concentration. DESIGN: Prospective experimental trial. SETTING: University veterinary teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Fourteen adult Beagle dogs. INTERVENTIONS: Anesthetic induction was performed by mask with sevoflurane and oxygen...
September 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799698/retrospective-evaluation-of-cats-with-elapid-snake-envenomation-associated-neurotoxicity-requiring-mechanical-ventilation-12-cases-2005-2014
#13
Hui Mei Ong, Kylie Kelers, Dez Hughes, Manuel Boller
OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively determine the population and outcome characteristics of a cohort of Australian elapid snake envenomed cats requiring mechanical ventilation (MV). DESIGN: Retrospective observational study (2005-2014). SETTING: Academic veterinary emergency and critical care service. ANIMALS: Twelve cats undergoing MV for elapid snake envenomation. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: The medical records were searched to identify cats requiring MV as part of treatment for elapid snake envenomation...
September 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796429/comparison-of-time-to-obtain-intraosseous-versus-jugular-venous-catheterization-on-canine-cadavers
#14
Alison R Allukian, Amanda L Abelson, Jonathan Babyak, Elizabeth A Rozanski
OBJECTIVE: To compare the time required and the success rate of personnel with 4 different levels of experience to place a humeral intraosseous (IO) catheter versus a jugular venous catheter (IV) in cadaver dogs. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Veterinary university teaching hospital. INTERVENTIONS: Canine cadavers from recently euthanized dogs were obtained from the cadaver donation program between May and December 2014...
September 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795786/necroulcerative-hemorrhagic-gastritis-in-a-cat-secondary-to-the-administration-of-3-hydrogen-peroxide-as-an-emetic-agent
#15
Teresa D Obr, Joanna K Fry, Justine A Lee, Heidi A Hottinger
OBJECTIVE: To describe a case of necroulcerative gastritis in a cat secondary to administration of 3% hydrogen peroxide as an emetic agent. CASE SUMMARY: A 10-year-old neutered male domestic shorthair was evaluated for hematemesis less than 24 hours following ingestion of a piece of foam. The pet owner had administered 2 doses of 0.5-1.0 tablespoons (7.5-15 mL) of 3% hydrogen peroxide in an attempt to induce emesis at home; emesis was achieved and produced the foam foreign body...
September 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795784/retrospective-evaluation-of-unexpected-events-during-collection-of-blood-donations-performed-with-and-without-sedation-in-cats-2010-2013
#16
Kerry S Doolin, Daniel L Chan, Sophie Adamantos, Karen Humm
OBJECTIVES: Describe unexpected events (UEs) that occurred during blood donation in cats with and without sedation. DESIGN: Retrospective observational study (2010-2013). SETTING: University teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Client-owned healthy cats enrolled in a blood donation program. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Blood collection for transfusion was performed 115 times from 32 cats...
September 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795781/evaluation-of-the-use-of-shock-index-in-identifying-acute-blood-loss-in-healthy-blood-donor-dogs
#17
Erin E McGowan, Kimberly Marryott, Kenneth J Drobatz, Erica L Reineke
OBJECTIVE: To determine if shock index (SI) would increase following blood donation and if it would be a more sensitive assessment of acute blood loss as compared with heart rate (HR), blood pressure, and plasma lactate. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: University teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Twenty client-owned clinically normal dogs. INTERVENTIONS: Peripheral venous blood measurements and blood donation...
September 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771910/fecal-markers-of-inflammation-protein-loss-and-microbial-changes-in-dogs-with-the-acute-hemorrhagic-diarrhea-syndrome-ahds
#18
Romy M Heilmann, Melissa M Guard, Jörg M Steiner, Jan S Suchodolski, Stefan Unterer
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic acute hemorrhagic diarrhea syndrome (AHDS) is characterized by acute onset of bloody diarrhea, severe dehydration, and increased vascular and intestinal mucosal permeability. Markers of gastrointestinal inflammation, protein loss, and changes in the intestinal microbiota have not been studied extensively in dogs with AHDS. KEY FINDINGS: For 3 consecutive days, feces were collected from dogs with AHDS, and assayed for calprotectin and S100A12 (both markers of inflammation), α1 -proteinase inhibitor (a marker of gastrointestinal protein loss), and the presence of selected species of bacteria...
September 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767202/effects-of-parenteral-fish-oil-on-plasma-nonesterified-fatty-acids-and-systemic-inflammatory-mediators-in-dogs-following-ovariohysterectomy
#19
Kaoru Tsuruta, Robert C Backus, Amy E DeClue, Kevin L Fritsche, Fred A Mann
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of intravenous (IV) infusion of fish oil (FO) emulsion following ovariohysterectomy (OVH) on inflammatory mediators and plasma omega-3 nonesterified fatty acids (NEFA) concentrations in dogs. DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. SETTING: University teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Twenty-nine privately owned dogs undergoing routine OVH. INTERVENTIONS: Postoperative 3-hour IV infusion of saline (n = 9), FO (Omegaven, n = 10), or soybean oil (SO, intralipid, n = 10) emulsion and blood collected before, 5 and 24 hours following OVH for plasma NEFA and RBC membrane fatty acids (FAs) concentrations, leukocyte cytokine production capacity, and C-reactive protein (CRP) measurement...
September 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763158/frequency-and-number-of-b-lines-using-a-regionally-based-lung-ultrasound-examination-in-cats-with-radiographically-normal-lungs-compared-to-cats-with-left-sided-congestive-heart-failure
#20
Gregory R Lisciandro, Robert M Fulton, Geoffrey T Fosgate, Kelly A Mann
OBJECTIVE: To establish a baseline lung ultrasound (LUS) artifact profile using a regionally based protocol in cats without clinical signs of respiratory disease and with radiographically normal lungs compared to a cohort of cats with left-sided congestive heart failure (CHF). DESIGN: Prospective case series. ANIMALS: Forty-nine cats without clinical signs of respiratory disease and with radiographically normal lungs and 7 cats with radiographic evidence of left-sided CHF...
September 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
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