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Nutrition Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103873/masquelier-s-grape-seed-extract-from-basic-flavonoid-research-to-a-well-characterized-food-supplement-with-health-benefits
#1
REVIEW
Antje R Weseler, Aalt Bast
Careful characterization and standardization of the composition of plant-derived food supplements is essential to establish a cause-effect relationship between the intake of that product and its health effect. In this review we follow a specific grape seed extract containing monomeric and oligomeric flavan-3-ols from its creation by Jack Masquelier in 1947 towards a botanical remedy and nutraceutical with proven health benefits. The preparation's research history parallels the advancing insights in the fields of molecular biology, medicine, plant and nutritional sciences during the last 70 years...
January 19, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088234/stability-based-validation-of-dietary-patterns-obtained-by-cluster-analysis
#2
Nicolas Sauvageot, Anna Schritz, Sonia Leite, Ala'a Alkerwi, Saverio Stranges, Faiez Zannad, Sylvie Streel, Axelle Hoge, Anne-Françoise Donneau, Adelin Albert, Michèle Guillaume
BACKGROUND: Cluster analysis is a data-driven method used to create clusters of individuals sharing similar dietary habits. However, this method requires specific choices from the user which have an influence on the results. Therefore, there is a need of an objective methodology helping researchers in their decisions during cluster analysis. The objective of this study was to use such a methodology based on stability of clustering solutions to select the most appropriate clustering method and number of clusters for describing dietary patterns in the NESCAV study (Nutrition, Environment and Cardiovascular Health), a large population-based cross-sectional study in the Greater Region (N = 2298)...
January 14, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088200/vitamin-d-status-among-the-elderly-chinese-population-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-2010-2013-china-national-nutrition-and-health-survey-cnnhs
#3
Jing Chen, Chunfeng Yun, Yuna He, Jianhua Piao, Lichen Yang, Xiaoguang Yang
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D inadequacy is common among the elderly, especially within the Asian population. The vitamin D status among healthy adults in the elderly Chinese population was evaluated. METHODS: A total of 6014 healthy adults aged 60 years or older (2948 men, 3066 women) participated in this descriptive cross-sectional analysis. Possible predictors of vitamin D inadequacy were evaluated via multiple logistic regression analyses. RESULTS: The median serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels were 61...
January 14, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086890/feasibility-and-preliminary-efficacy-of-the-heyman-healthy-lifestyle-program-for-young-men-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
Lee M Ashton, Philip J Morgan, Melinda J Hutchesson, Megan E Rollo, Clare E Collins
BACKGROUND: In young men, unhealthy lifestyle behaviours can be detrimental to their physical and/or mental health and set them on a negative health trajectory into adulthood. Despite this, there is a lack of evidence to guide development of effective health behaviour change interventions for young men. This study assessed the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of the 'HEYMAN' (Harnessing Ehealth to enhance Young men's Mental health, Activity and Nutrition) healthy lifestyle program for young men...
January 13, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077138/fish-intake-and-the-risk-of-brain-tumor-a-meta-analysis-with-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Wei Lian, Renzhi Wang, Bing Xing, Yong Yao
BACKGROUND: Fish, rich in ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, has been found to be associated with lower risk of several types of cancer risk, and beneficial for brain development. However, the association between fish intake and brain tumor risk is still inconsistent. Therefore, we conducted a meta-analysis to clarify the association. METHODS: Relevant studies were identified from PubMed and EMBASE databases. The pooled relative risks were obtained by the fixed-effects model when no substantial heterogeneity was observed...
January 11, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031026/acute-caffeine-ingestion-reduces-insulin-sensitivity-in-healthy-subjects-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Xiuqin Shi, Wenhua Xue, Shuhong Liang, Jie Zhao, Xiaojian Zhang
BACKGROUND: According to previous meta-analyses, coffee consumption reduces the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus. However, the underlying mechanism remains unknown. Whether caffeine, the key ingredient in coffee, has a beneficial effect on the glycemic homeostasis and the anti-diabetic effect is particularly controversial. The aim of this study was to summarize the effect of acute caffeine ingestion on insulin sensitivity in healthy men. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search for papers published before April 2016 was conducted in EMBASE, PubMed, and Cochrane Library databases...
December 28, 2016: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955646/association-between-homocysteine-and-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-chinese-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Haijiang Dai, Weijun Wang, Xiaohong Tang, Ruifang Chen, Zhiheng Chen, Yao Lu, Hong Yuan
BACKGROUND: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common liver disease worldwide, and its prevalence is likely to rise even further. To help understand the pathogenesis and early prevention of progressive NAFLD, this large-scale study was designed to explore the potential association between homocysteine and the prevalence of NAFLD. METHODS: A total of 7203 subjects aged 18 years or older were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. The association of homocysteine with the prevalence of NAFLD, in the total sample and stratified by subgroups, was examined using multiple logistic regression analyses...
December 12, 2016: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919271/prospective-associations-of-meat-consumption-during-childhood-with-measures-of-body-composition-during-adolescence-results-from-the-giniplus-and-lisaplus-birth-cohorts
#8
Carla Harris, Anette Buyken, Andrea von Berg, Dietrich Berdel, Irina Lehmann, Barbara Hoffmann, Sibylle Koletzko, Berthold Koletzko, Joachim Heinrich, Marie Standl
BACKGROUND: Higher meat and protein intakes have been associated with increased body weight in adults, but studies evaluating body composition are scarce. Furthermore, our knowledge in adolescents is limited. This study aimed to investigate the prospective associations of intakes of different meat types, and their respective protein contents during childhood, with body composition during adolescence. METHODS: Dietary (using food frequency questionnaires) and body composition (measured by bioelectrical impedance) data were collected from the 10- and 15-year follow-up assessments respectively, of the GINIplus and LISAplus birth cohort studies...
December 5, 2016: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903298/meal-rich-in-carbohydrate-but-not-protein-or-fat-reveals-adverse-immunometabolic-responses-associated-with-obesity
#9
Ehsan Parvaresh Rizi, Sonia Baig, Muhammad Shabeer, Yvonne Teo, Shao Feng Mok, Tze Ping Loh, Faidon Magkos, Sam Virtue, Antonio Vidal-Puig, E Shyong Tai, Chin Meng Khoo, Sue-Anne Toh
BACKGROUND: Obesity-related insulin resistance is linked to inflammation. Immunometabolic function differs between lean and obese subjects, but whether macronutrient composition of ingested meals affects these responses is not well known. We examined the effects of a single meal rich in fat, protein, or carbohydrate on immunometabolic responses. METHODS: Nine lean insulin sensitive (LIS) men and 9 obese insulin resistant (OIR) men ingested high-carbohydrate (HC), high-fat (HF) or high-protein (HP) mixed meals in random order...
December 1, 2016: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903278/an-overview-on-the-role-of-dietary-phenolics-for-the-treatment-of-cancers
#10
REVIEW
Preethi G Anantharaju, Prathima C Gowda, Manjunatha G Vimalambike, SubbaRao V Madhunapantula
Plant derived phenolic compounds have been shown to inhibit the initiation and progression of cancers by modulating genes regulating key processes such as: (a) oncogenic transformation of normal cells; (b) growth and development of tumors; and (c) angiogenesis and metastasis. Recent studies focusing on identifying the molecular basis of plant phenolics-induced cancer cell death have demonstrated down-regulation of: (a) oncogenic survival kinases such as PI3K and Akt; (b) cell proliferation regulators that include Erk1/2, D-type Cyclins, and Cyclin Dependent Kinases (CDKs); (c) transcription factors such as NF-kβ, NRF2 and STATs; (d) histone deacetylases HDAC1 and HDAC2; and (e) angiogenic factors VEGF, FGFR1 and MIC-1...
December 1, 2016: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852254/fish-consumption-and-risk-of-stroke-a-second-prospective-case-control-study-from-northern-sweden
#11
Maria Wennberg, Jan-Håkan Jansson, Margareta Norberg, Staffan Skerfving, Ulf Strömberg, Per-Gunnar Wiklund, Ingvar A Bergdahl
BACKGROUND: Fish consumption has been concluded to be associated with decreased risk of stroke in several reviews. However, among men, but not women, an increased risk of stroke was previously found at high fish consumption (>3 meals/week) in northern Sweden. This study investigates if previous results on elevated stroke risk with high fish consumption in men in northern Sweden can be confirmed in a larger study with new cases in the same population. METHODS: A prospective nested case-control study was performed within the population-based Northern Sweden Health and Disease Study cohort...
November 16, 2016: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852245/two-ghrelin-receptor-agonists-for-adults-with-malnutrition-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Jianhua Su, Jin Geng, Jisheng Bao, Yin Tang, Menglan Liu, Haibin Yu, Yi Han, Wei Huang, Suming Zhou
BACKGROUND: Ghrelin receptor agonists have been established to be important in ameliorating the nutritional conditions in patients with malnutrition. However, some studies have reported inconsistent results. We aimed to coalesce the available evidence on the efficacy of ghrelin receptor agonists for the treatment of malnutrition. METHODS: We searched PubMed, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and EMBASE for relevant articles published through March 2016...
November 16, 2016: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829438/development-of-a-standardized-measure-to-assess-food-quality-a-proof-of-concept
#13
L H Jomaa, N C Hwalla, J M Zidek
BACKGROUND: Food-based dietary guidelines are promoted to improve diet quality. In applying dietary recommendations, such as the MyPlate, the number of servings in a food group is the unit of measure used to make food selections. However, within each food group, different foods can vary greatly in their nutritional quality despite often having similar energy (caloric) values. This study aimed to develop a novel unit of measure that accounts for both the quantity of energy and the quality of nutrients, as defined by caloric and micronutrient density, respectively, in foods and to demonstrate its usability in identifying high quality foods within a food group...
November 9, 2016: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809850/the-association-and-significance-of-h3k27me3-and-a-folate-metabolic-gene-acat2-in-neural-tube-defects
#14
Sifan Zhai, Mingzuo Zhao, Changcheng Zhou, Fenggang Lu, Huankai Zhang, Li Na, Shanshan Feng, Xiaoxin Qiang, Yong Du
AIM: To study the association between the expression of H3K27me3 and ACat2 (a folate metabolic protein), in order to elucidate the protective mechanism of folic acid (FA) in neural tube defects (NTDs). METHODS: Eighteen female SD rats were randomly divided into normal, NTD and FA group. NTD group was induced by all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) at E10d. FA group was fed with FA supplementation since 2 weeks before pregnancy, followed by ATRA induction. At E15d, FA level in the embryonic neural tube was determined by ELISA...
November 3, 2016: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793207/serum-selenium-level-and-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Fei-Juan Kong, Lei-Lei Ma, Shu-Ping Chen, Ge Li, Jia-Qiang Zhou
BACKGROUND: The association between serum selenium level and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is controversial. The aim of our study was to systematically review available literature linking selenium to GDM for a comprehensive understanding of the relationship between serum selenium level and GDM in human. METHODS: PubMed, The Cochrane Library and Medline were searched for studies published up to August 2016. Manual searches of references of the relevant original studies were carried out...
October 28, 2016: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793203/the-use-of-probiotic-l-fermentum-me-3-containing-reg-activ-cholesterol-supplement-for-4%C3%A2-weeks-has-a-positive-influence-on-blood-lipoprotein-profiles-and-inflammatory-cytokines-an-open-label-preliminary-study
#16
Tiiu Kullisaar, Kersti Zilmer, Tiit Salum, Aune Rehema, Mihkel Zilmer
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases continue to be a challenge and burden to heath. The incidence of type 2 diabetes is increasing. Modifying the (common) risk factors of them is the key of longterm success. The aim of the study was to establish if the special composition of innovative food supplement Reg'Activ Cholesterol (RAC) has a positive influence to the human body cardiovascular-inflammatory and diabetic parameters. METHODS: Forty-five clinically asymptomatic participants consumed an RAC containing an antioxidative and antiatherogenic probiotic Lactobacillus fermentum ME-3 (LFME-3) for 4 weeks...
October 28, 2016: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769274/impact-of-imposed-exercise-on-energy-intake-in-children-at-risk-for-overweight
#17
S Nicole Fearnbach, Travis D Masterson, Haley A Schlechter, Amanda J Ross, Michael J Rykaczewski, Eric Loken, Danielle S Downs, David Thivel, Kathleen L Keller
BACKGROUND: Exercise not only has a direct effect on energy balance through energy expenditure (EE), but also has an indirect effect through its impact on energy intake (EI). This study examined the effects of acute exercise on daily ad libitum EI in children at risk for becoming overweight due to family history. METHODS: Twenty healthy-weight children (ages 9-12 years, 12 male/8 female) with at least one overweight biological parent (body mass index ≥ 25 kg/m(2)) participated...
October 21, 2016: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765039/dairy-products-intake-and-cancer-mortality-risk-a-meta-analysis-of-11-population-based-cohort-studies
#18
Wei Lu, Hanwen Chen, Yuequn Niu, Han Wu, Dajing Xia, Yihua Wu
BACKGROUND: Dairy products are major components of daily diet and the association between consumption of dairy products and public health issues has captured great attention. In this study, we conducted a meta-analysis to investigate the association between dairy products intake and cancer mortality risk. METHODS: After a literature search in PubMed and EMBASE, 11 population-based cohort studies involving 778,929 individuals were considered eligible and included in the analyses...
October 21, 2016: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756309/nutritional-management-of-a-patient-with-obesity-and-pulmonary-embolism-a-case-report
#19
Maria Luisa Fonte, Lauren Fietchner, Matteo Manuelli, Hellas Cena
BACKGROUND: The aim of this case report is to discuss the issue of nutritional therapy in patients taking warfarin. Patients are often prescribed vitamin K free diets without nutritional counseling, leading to possible health consequences. CASE PRESENTATION: A 52-year-old woman with obesity and hypertension was prescribed a low calorie diet by her family doctor in an effort to promote weight loss. After a pulmonary embolism, she was placed on anticoagulant therapy and on hospital discharge she was prescribed a vitamin K free diet to avoid interactions...
October 19, 2016: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756385/dietary-glycemic-index-and-retinal-microvasculature-in-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Natalia Sanchez-Aguadero, Rosario Alonso-Dominguez, Jose I Recio-Rodriguez, Maria C Patino-Alonso, Manuel A Gomez-Marcos, Carlos Martin-Cantera, Yolanda Schmolling-Guinovart, Luis Garcia-Ortiz
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the relationship between dietary glycemic index (GI) and retinal microvasculature in adults. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of 300 subjects from the EVIDENT II study. Dietary GI was calculated using a validated, semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire. Retinal photographs were digitized, temporal vessels were measured in an area 0.5-1 disc diameter from the optic disc and arteriolar-venular index (AVI) was estimated with semi-automated software...
October 18, 2016: Nutrition Journal
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