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Nutrition Journal

Beth Gilham, Ramon Hall, Julie L Woods
BACKGROUND: Despite the health benefits of regular vegetable and legume consumption, on average Australians are consuming only half of the recommended daily intake. The reasons for this low consumption are complex, and are particularly driven by societal shifts towards convenient and ready-to-eat meal options. It is currently unknown how legumes and vegetables are being utilised in food products within the Australian context, and the nutritional value or level of processing of these products...
November 9, 2018: Nutrition Journal
Jonna C Sandberg, Inger M E Björck, Anne C Nilsson
BACKGROUND: Whole grain (WG) intake is associated with reduced risk of obesity, type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease, whereas type 2 diabetes increases the risk of cognitive decline and dementia. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of short-term intervention with WG rye on cognitive functions, mood and cardiometabolic risk markers in middle-aged test subjects. METHOD: Rye-based breads were provided to 38 healthy test subjects (aged 52-70y) during three consecutive days in a crossover study design, using white wheat flour bread (WWB) as a reference...
November 6, 2018: Nutrition Journal
Semira Ahmed, Kalkidan Hassen, Tolassa Wakayo
BACKGROUND: Low birth weight remains a major public health problem affecting developing countries. Evidence shows that low birth weight has long lasting negative health consequences through its contribution to stunting, mental impairment and non-communicable chronic diseases in later life. Thus, it is worth investigating the role of nutritional factors as determinants of low birth weight to suggest nutritional interventions to curb its negative health outcomes. This study aimed to investigate the determinants of low birth weight with main focus on the role of nutritional factors in Ethiopia...
November 6, 2018: Nutrition Journal
Elena Raptou, Georgios Papastefanou
BACKGROUND: This study explored the influence of cigarette smoking and food consumption patterns on BMI after adjusting for various socio-demographic characteristics. Since weight-based stereotypes may have an impact on smoking behaviour and both obesity and smoking have been associated with detrimental health effects, an interdependency between them is quite possible. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were collected via a formal standardized questionnaire administered in personal interviews and two additional self-completion questionnaires from a random sample of 3471 German adults...
November 5, 2018: Nutrition Journal
Amélie Keller, Maria Stougård, Peder Frederiksen, Fanney Thorsteinsdottir, Allan Vaag, Peter Damm, Ramune Jacobsen, Berit L Heitmann
BACKGROUND: The primary aim of this study was to assess whether exposure during fetal life to extra vitamin D from food fortification was associated with a reduction in the risk of subsequently developing gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Furthermore, we examined whether the effect of the vitamin D from fortification differed by women's season of birth. METHODS: This semi-ecological study is based on the cancellation in 1985 of the mandatory policy to fortify margarine with vitamin D in Denmark, with inclusion of entire national adjacent birth cohorts either exposed or unexposed to extra vitamin D in utero...
November 2, 2018: Nutrition Journal
Bowen Zheng, Hui Shen, Hedong Han, Ting Han, Yonghong Qin
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies regarding the association between dietary fiber intake and ovarian cancer risk are still inconsistent. We aimed to review the available evidence and conduct a dose-response meta-analysis to investigate the relationship between dietary fiber intake and ovarian cancer risk. METHODS: Relevant studies were identified by searching PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library databases before August 2017. Studies that reported relative risk (RR) estimates with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the association between dietary fiber intake and risk of ovarian cancer were included...
October 30, 2018: Nutrition Journal
Shigeo Suzuki, Takahiro Yamazaki, Chika Takahashi, Yuji Kaneko, Yumie Morimoto-Kobayashi, Mikio Katayama
BACKGROUND: We recently reported that successive ingestion of matured hop extract (MHE), produced by oxidation of hops, results in a reduction of body fat in healthy overweight participants. A combined effect of MHE and physical activity on body fat has not been investigated. Thus, we re-analyzed data from the previous study to explore the relationship between the effect of MHE and walking as an index of physical activity. METHODS: This analysis uses existing data from a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled parallel group study in which MHE (active) or placebo was given for 12 w to 200 healthy overweight Japanese, from May to December 2014...
October 30, 2018: Nutrition Journal
Angela C B Trude, Pamela J Surkan, Lawrence J Cheskin, Joel Gittelsohn
BACKGROUND: Consumption of foods and beverages rich in sugar remains high across all races and ages in the United States. Interventions to address childhood obesity and decrease sugar intake are needed, particularly in low-income settings. METHODS: B'more Healthy Communities for Kids (BHCK) was a group-randomized, controlled trial implemented among 9-15-year olds in 30 low-income areas of Baltimore. We increased access to low-sugar foods and beverages at wholesalers and small food stores...
October 29, 2018: Nutrition Journal
Huiqing Shi, Xiaodong Yang, Dan Wu, Xiulian Wang, Tingting Li, Honghua Liu, Chong Guo, Jian Wang, Xiangying Hu, Guangjun Yu, Jinjin Chen
BACKGROUND: Too fast or slow weight gain in infancy is bad for health in later life. In this study, we aim to investigate the optimal weight gain pattern during the first 2 y of life for term small-for-gestational-age (SGA) infants. METHOD: We employed data from a longitudinal, community-based cohort study on the growth and development of SGAs collected between 2004 and 2010 in Shanghai, China. Latent class growth analysis (LCGA) was applied to identify weight gain patterns among 3004 SGAs...
October 29, 2018: Nutrition Journal
Claire Elizabeth Pulker, Georgina S A Trapp, Frances Foulkes-Taylor, Jane Anne Scott, Christina Mary Pollard
BACKGROUND: While public health experts have identified food environments as a driver of poor diet, they also hold great potential to reduce obesity, non-communicable diseases, and their inequalities. Supermarkets are the dominant retail food environment in many developed countries including Australia. The contribution of supermarket own brands to the healthfulness of retail food environments has not yet been explored. The aim of this protocol is to describe the methods developed to examine the availability, nutritional quality, price, placement and promotion of supermarket own brand foods within Australian supermarkets...
October 25, 2018: Nutrition Journal
Sonja H Brunvoll, Inger Thune, Hanne Frydenberg, Vidar G Flote, Gro F Bertheussen, Ellen Schlichting, Kristian S Bjerve, Anette Hjartåker
BACKGROUND: The role of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) in breast cancer is not clear and under debate. To explore this relationship it is important to have proper validated dietary assessment methods for measuring the intake of n-3 PUFAs. The aim of the current study is to validate two different methods used to assess the intake of selected n-3 PUFAs as well as food sources of long-chained n-3 PUFAs. Also, we aim to study how stable the intake of fatty acids is during breast cancer treatment...
October 17, 2018: Nutrition Journal
Anna Brytek-Matera, Kamila Czepczor-Bernat, Dominik Olejniczak
BACKGROUND: Emotional eating is a factor associated with a negative body image and other problematic eating behaviours. In this context little is known about differences between individuals with overweight and obesity and those with normal body weight. The main aim of the study was to evaluate the role of emotional eating in the relationship between the desire to consume chocolate and the wish to avoid social situations related to food and body exposures. For this purpose, we tested the direct, indirect and buffer effects...
October 16, 2018: Nutrition Journal
Mikko Pänkäläinen, Mikael Fogelholm, Raisa Valve, Olli Kampman, Markku Kauppi, Erja Lappalainen, Jukka Hintikka
BACKGROUND: Dietary habits have a great influence on physiological health. Even though this fact is generally recognized, people do not eat as healthily as they know they should. The factors that support a healthy diet, on the other hand, are not well known. It is supposed that there is a link between personal traits and dietary habits. Personal traits may also partially explain why some people manage to make healthy dietary changes while some fail to do so or are not able to try to make changes even when they desire to do so...
October 15, 2018: Nutrition Journal
Joachim Gæde, Trine Nielsen, Mia L Madsen, Ulla Toft, Torben Jørgensen, Kim Overvad, Anne Tjønneland, Torben Hansen, Kristine H Allin, Oluf Pedersen
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that the acidity of the diet may be related to increased risk of type 2 diabetes. To investigate this hypothesis, we tested if the acidity of the diet, measured as the Potential Renal Acid Load (PRAL) score, was associated with incident diabetes and diabetes-related intermediary traits. METHODS: A total of 54,651 individuals from the Danish Diet, Cancer and Health (DCH) cohort were included in the prospective cox regression analyses of incident diabetes over a 15 years follow-up period...
October 6, 2018: Nutrition Journal
E F Sprake, J M Russell, J E Cecil, R J Cooper, P Grabowski, L K Pourshahidi, M E Barker
BACKGROUND: University represents a key transition into adulthood for many adolescents but there are associated concerns about health and behaviours. One important aspect relates to diet and there is emerging evidence that university students may consume poor quality diets, with potential implications for body weight and long-term health. This research aimed to characterise dietary patterns of university students in the UK and their sociodemographic and lifestyle antecedents. METHODS: An online, cross-sectional survey was undertaken with a convenience sample of 1448 university students from five UK universities (King's College London, Universities of St Andrews, Southampton and Sheffield, and Ulster University)...
October 5, 2018: Nutrition Journal
Carol S Johnston, Courtney Bliss, Jessica R Knurick, Cameron Scholtz
The Healthy Eating Index-2010 is a measure of diet quality as portrayed by the Dietary Guidelines for Americans; however, computing the Healthy Eating Index score is time consuming and requires trained personnel. The Rapid Eating Assessment for Participants [shortened version] is a simple measure that quickly, in less than 10 min, assesses diet quality in a clinical or research setting. This research evaluated the degree of correlation between these two methods of scoring diet quality, as well as between these methods and other indicators of diet quality, including the nutrient density of the diet, the dietary potential renal acid load, urine pH, and plasma vitamin C concentrations...
September 28, 2018: Nutrition Journal
Amanda J Lee, Sarah Kane, Meron Lewis, Elizabeth Good, Christina M Pollard, Timothy J Landrigan, Mathew Dick
BACKGROUND: This paper describes the rationale, development and final protocol of the Healthy Diets Australian Standardised Affordability and Pricing (ASAP) method which aims to assess, compare and monitor the price, price differential and affordability of healthy (recommended) and current (unhealthy) diets in Australia. The protocol is consistent with the International Network for Food and Obesity / non-communicable Diseases Research, Monitoring and Action Support's (INFORMAS) optimal approach to monitor food price and affordability globally...
September 27, 2018: Nutrition Journal
Yunjun Xiao, Yuebin Ke, Shuang Wu, Suli Huang, Siguo Li, Ziquan Lv, Eng-Kiong Yeoh, Xiangqian Lao, Samuel Wong, Jean Hee Kim, Graham A Colditz, Rulla M Tamimi, Xuefen Su
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies have found that high whole grain intake may be associated with a reduced risk of breast cancer. However, the evidence has not been consistent. We conducted a meta-analysis to quantitatively assess the association between whole grain intake and breast cancer risk. METHODS: Relevant observational studies were identified by searching PubMed, Embase, Cochrane library databases, and Google Scholar through April 2017. Summary relative risk (RR) estimates were calculated using random-effects meta-analysis...
September 21, 2018: Nutrition Journal
Sunil Sazawal, Usha Dhingra, Pratibha Dhingra, Arup Dutta, Saikat Deb, Jitendra Kumar, Prabhabati Devi, Ashish Prakash
BACKGROUND: Biofortification of staple food crops with zinc (Zn) can be one of the cost-effective and sustainable strategies to combat zinc deficiency and prevent morbidity among the target population. Agronomic approaches such as application of Zn fertilizers to soil and/or foliar spray seem to be a practical tool for Zn biofortification of wheat. However, there is a need to evaluate its efficacy from randomized controlled trials. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of zinc biofortified wheat flour on zinc status and its impact on morbidity among children aged 4-6 years and non-pregnant non lactating woman of child bearing age (WCBA) in Delhi, India...
September 15, 2018: Nutrition Journal
Emmanuel Grellety, Michael H Golden
BACKGROUND: According to WHO childhood severe acute malnutrition (SAM) is diagnosed when the weight-for-height Z-score (WHZ) is <-3Z of the WHO2006 standards, the mid-upper-arm circumference (MUAC) is < 115 mm, there is nutritional oedema or any combination of these parameters. Recently there has been a move to eliminate WHZ as a diagnostic criterion on the assertion that children meeting the WHZ criterion are healthy, that MUAC is universally a superior prognostic indicator of mortality and that adding WHZ to the assessment does not improve the prediction; these assertions have lead to a controversy concerning the role of WHZ in the diagnosis of SAM...
September 15, 2018: Nutrition Journal
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