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Nutrition Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329542/relative-validity-of-a-web-based-food-frequency-questionnaire-for-danish-adolescents
#1
Anne A Bjerregaard, Thorhallur I Halldorsson, Freja B Kampmann, Sjurdur F Olsen, Inge Tetens
BACKGROUND: With increased focus on dietary intake among youth and risk of diseases later in life, it is of importance, prior to assessing diet-disease relationships, to examine the validity of the dietary assessment tool. This study's objective was to evaluate the relative validity of a self-administered web-based FFQ among Danish children aged 12 to 15 years. METHODS: From a nested sub-cohort within the Danish National Birth Cohort, 124 adolescents participated...
January 12, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329536/dietary-flavonoid-intake-in-older-adults-how-many-days-of-dietary-assessment-are-required-and-what-is-the-impact-of-seasonality
#2
Katherine Kent, Karen E Charlton, Simone Lee, Jonathon Mond, Joanna Russell, Paul Mitchell, Victoria M Flood
BACKGROUND: Within- and between-person variation in nutrient intake is well established, but little is known about variability in dietary flavonoid intake, including the effect of seasonality. METHODS: Within- and between-individual variability of flavonoid intake, and intake of flavonoid subclasses was examined in older adults (n = 79; mean age 70.1 y (range: 60y-80y)), using three separate 4-day weighed food records (WFR) collected approximately 4 months apart...
January 12, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329533/nutritional-status-of-in-school-children-and-its-associated-factors-in-denkyembour-district-eastern-region-ghana-comparing-schools-with-feeding-and-non-school-feeding-policies
#3
Mavis Pearl Kwabla, Charlotte Gyan, Francis Zotor
BACKGROUND: Childhood malnutrition still remains a major public health problem impacting negatively on the academic aptitude of school-aged children (SAC) particularly in limited resource countries. The Government of Ghana in collaboration with the Dutch Government introduced the school feeding programme (SFP) to boost the nutritional status of SAC in the country. This study sought to compare the nutritional status of SAC enrolled in schools with the SFP and SAC enrolled in schools without the SFP in place for the purpose of identifying which group has the higher rate of malnutrition...
January 12, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316931/nutritional-adequacy-of-a-novel-human-milk-fortifier-from-donkey-milk-in-feeding-preterm-infants-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#4
Alessandra Coscia, Enrico Bertino, Paola Tonetto, Chiara Peila, Francesco Cresi, Sertac Arslanoglu, Guido E Moro, Elena Spada, Silvano Milani, Marzia Giribaldi, Sara Antoniazzi, Amedeo Conti, Laura Cavallarin
BACKGROUND: Fortification of human milk is a standard practice for feeding very low birth weight infants. However, preterm infants often still experience suboptimal growth and feeding intolerance. New fortification strategies and different commercially available fortifiers have been developed. Commercially available fortifiers are constituted by a blend of ingredients from different sources, including plant oils and bovine milk proteins, thus presenting remarkable differences in the quality of macronutrients with respect to human milk...
January 9, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316930/feasibility-of-a-commercial-smartphone-application-for-dietary-assessment-in-epidemiological-research-and-comparison-with-24-h-dietary-recalls
#5
Gina L Ambrosini, Miriam Hurworth, Roslyn Giglia, Gina Trapp, Penelope Strauss
BACKGROUND: Dietary assessment methods that can provide high quality data while limiting participant burden and resource requirements in epidemiological research are highly sought after and continue to evolve. The use of mobile phone technology in research has increased rapidly over the last decade and offers multiple advantages to the researcher over traditional data collection methods. This study tested the acceptability and relative validity of a commercial smart phone application (app) for use as an epidemiological dietary assessment tool, compared with a traditional dietary assessment method...
January 9, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310653/effect-of-soy-lecithin-on-fatigue-and-menopausal-symptoms-in-middle-aged-women-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#6
Asuka Hirose, Masakazu Terauchi, Yurika Osaka, Mihoko Akiyoshi, Kiyoko Kato, Naoyuki Miyasaka
BACKGROUND: Lecithin is a complex mixture of phospholipids which compose lipid bilayer cell membranes. Lipid replacement therapy, or administration of phospholipids for the purpose of repairing the dmaged cell membranes, had been shown to alleviate fatigue. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of soy lecithin on fatigue in middle-aged women, as well as other menopausal symptoms and various health parameters. METHODS: This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study included 96 women aged 40 to 60 years who complained of fatigue...
January 8, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306332/world-wide-research-architecture-of-vitamin-d-research-density-equalizing-mapping-studies-and-socio-economic-analysis
#7
Dörthe Brüggmann, Annahita Alafi, Jenny Jaque, Doris Klingelhöfer, Michael H Bendels, Daniela Ohlendorf, David Quarcoo, Frank Louwen, Sue A Ingles, Eileen M Wanke, David A Groneberg
BACKGROUND: Despite the numerous associations of vitamin D with health and disease, vitamin D deficiency is still common from a global perspective. While basic research, clinical and preventive activities grow constantly in vitamin D research, there is no in-depth analysis of the related global scientific productivity available so far. METHODS: Density equalizing mapping procedures (DEMP) were combined with socioeconomic benchmarks using the NewQIS platform. RESULTS: A total of 25,992 vitamin D-related research articles were identified between 1900 to 2014 with a significant increase (r2 = ...
January 6, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304866/update-on-the-integrated-nutrition-pathway-for-acute-care-inpac-post-implementation-tailoring-and-toolkit-to-support-practice-improvements
#8
Heather Keller, Celia Laur, Marlis Atkins, Paule Bernier, Donna Butterworth, Bridget Davidson, Brenda Hotson, Roseann Nasser, Manon Laporte, Chelsa Marcell, Sumantra Ray, Jack Bell
The Integrated Nutrition Pathway for Acute Care (INPAC) is an evidence and consensus based pathway developed to guide health care professionals in the prevention, detection, and treatment of malnutrition in medical and surgical patients. From 2015 to 2017, the More-2-Eat implementation project (M2E) used a participatory action research approach to determine the feasibility, and evaluate the implementation of INPAC in 5 hospital units across Canada. Based on the findings of M2E and consensus with M2E stakeholders, updates have been made to INPAC to enhance feasibility in Canadian hospitals...
January 5, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304811/association-between-time-perspective-and-organic-food-consumption-in-a-large-sample-of-adults
#9
Marc Bénard, Julia Baudry, Caroline Méjean, Denis Lairon, Kelly Virecoulon Giudici, Fabrice Etilé, Gérard Reach, Serge Hercberg, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot, Sandrine Péneau
BACKGROUND: Organic food intake has risen in many countries during the past decades. Even though motivations associated with such choice have been studied, psychological traits preceding these motivations have rarely been explored. Consideration of future consequences (CFC) represents the extent to which individuals consider future versus immediate consequences of their current behaviors. Consequently, a future oriented personality may be an important characteristic of organic food consumers...
January 5, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282082/associations-between-dietary-factors-and-obesity-related-biomarkers%C3%A2-in-healthy-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Jennifer Hilger-Kolb, Catherin Bosle, Irina Motoc, Kristina Hoffmann
BACKGROUND: The obesity prevalence in children and adolescents has increased worldwide during the past 30 years. Although diet has been identified as one risk factor for developing obesity in this age group, the role of specific dietary factors is still unclear. One way to gain insight into the role of these factors might be to detect biomarkers that reflect metabolic health and to identify the associations between dietary factors and these biomarkers. This would enable nutrition-related metabolic changes to be detected early in life, which might be a promising strategy to prevent childhood obesity...
December 28, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273039/including-pork-in-the-mediterranean-diet-for-an-australian-population-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial-assessing-cardiovascular-risk-and-cognitive-function
#11
Alexandra T Wade, Courtney R Davis, Kathryn A Dyer, Jonathan M Hodgson, Richard J Woodman, Hannah A D Keage, Karen J Murphy
BACKGROUND: The Mediterranean diet is characterised by the high consumption of extra virgin olive oil, fruits, vegetables, grains, legumes and nuts; moderate consumption of fish, poultry, eggs and dairy; and low consumption of red meat and sweets. Cross sectional, longitudinal and intervention studies indicate that a Mediterranean diet may be effective for the prevention of cardiovascular disease and dementia. However, previous research suggests that an Australian population may find red meat restrictions difficult, which could affect long term sustainability of the diet...
December 22, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29262827/examining-the-validity-and-utility-of-two-secondary-sources-of-food-environment-data-against-street-audits-in-england
#12
Emma L Wilkins, Duncan Radley, Michelle A Morris, Claire Griffiths
BACKGROUND: Secondary data containing the locations of food outlets is increasingly used in nutrition and obesity research and policy. However, evidence evaluating these data is limited. This study validates two sources of secondary food environment data: Ordnance Survey Points of Interest data (POI) and food hygiene data from the Food Standards Agency (FSA), against street audits in England and appraises the utility of these data. METHODS: Audits were conducted across 52 Lower Super Output Areas in England...
December 20, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29262811/nutrition-and-culinary-in-the-kitchen-program-a-randomized-controlled-intervention-to-promote-cooking-skills-and-healthy-eating-in-university-students-study-protocol
#13
Greyce Luci Bernardo, Manuela Mika Jomori, Ana Carolina Fernandes, Claudia Flemming Colussi, Margaret D Condrasky, Rossana Pacheco da Costa Proença
BACKGROUND: Community-based intervention studies that aim at developing cooking skills have increased in the scientific literature and are related to healthier food practices. However, methodological limitations are observed and only a few studies have university students as the target. The university entrance period has been related to negative changes in eating habits among young people and it represents an important period for developing interventions for health promotion. This study describes the study protocol and the evaluation framework for the Nutrition and Culinary in the Kitchen program...
December 20, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237454/dietary-patterns-are-associated-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-among-middle-aged-adults-in-zhejiang-province-china
#14
Long Shu, Xiao-Ming Shen, Chun Li, Xiao-Yan Zhang, Pei-Fen Zheng
BACKGROUND: Although some studies have shown the associations between dietary patterns and the risk T2DM in a general population, the associations in middle-aged Chinese have been rarely studied to date. In this study, we aimed to characterize dietary patterns in Chinese adults aged 45-59y (n = 1918) and to evaluate the relationship between dietary patterns and the risk of T2DM. METHODS: The study population was a part of the population-based the Nutrition and Health Study conducted in the city of Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, China...
December 13, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228963/the-influence-of-frequently-consumed-beverages-and-snacks-on-dental-erosion-among-preschool-children-in-saudi-arabia
#15
Yousef H Al-Dlaigan, Laila A Al-Meedania, Sukumaran Anil
BACKGROUND: To determine the prevalence of dental erosion and its association to commonly used beverages and snacks among 3 to 5 year old preschool children in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. METHODS: Three hundred eighty-eight preschool children between 3 and 5 years old were selected from 10 different schools using a cluster random sample selection; there were 184 (47%) boys and 204 (53%) girls. The surfaces of each tooth were examined for erosion, and the level of tooth wear was recorded...
December 11, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228946/a-school-based-intervention-improved-dietary-intake-outcomes-and-reduced-waist-circumference-in-adolescents-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Angélica Ochoa-Avilés, Roosmarijn Verstraeten, Lieven Huybregts, Susana Andrade, John Van Camp, Silvana Donoso, Patricia Liliana Ramírez, Carl Lachat, Lea Maes, Patrick Kolsteren
BACKGROUND: In Ecuador, adolescents' food intake does not comply with guidelines for a healthy diet. Together with abdominal obesity adolescent's inadequate diets are risk factors for non-communicable diseases. We report the effectiveness of a school-based intervention on the dietary intake and waist circumference among Ecuadorian adolescents. METHODS: A pair-matched cluster randomized controlled trial including 1430 adolescents (12-14 years old) was conducted...
December 11, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208001/factors-associated-with-infants-and-young-children-s-6-23%C3%A2-months-dietary-diversity-in-pakistan-evidence-from-the-demographic-and-health-survey-2012-13
#17
Sarosh Iqbal, Rubeena Zakar, Muhammad Zakria Zakar, Florian Fischer
BACKGROUND: Optimum nutrition and good feeding practices amongst infants and young children are the key determinants of growth for a healthy life. Dietary diversity is considered to be a reliable and easy-to-measure proxy variable to assess young children's feeding practices for dietary adequacy and nutritional intake. This research aims to examine the current practices of dietary diversity amongst infants and young children aged 6-23 months in Pakistan and the various associated factors at child, maternal, household and community levels...
December 6, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202844/associations-between-fruit-and-vegetable-and-antioxidant-nutrient-intake-and-age-related-macular-degeneration-by-smoking-status-in-elderly-korean-men
#18
Eun-Kyung Kim, Hyesook Kim, Aswathy Vijayakumar, Oran Kwon, Namsoo Chang
BACKGROUND: Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is one of the major causes of irreversible blindness. The objective of this study was to determine whether there is any relationship between dietary intake of fruits and vegetables (F&V) and antioxidant nutrients including carotenoids and AMD according to smoking status in elderly men. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional analysis using nationally representative samples of elderly aged ≥ 65 years (n = 1414) from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES, 2010-2012)...
December 4, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202751/walnut-consumption-in-a-weight-reduction-intervention-effects-on-body-weight-biological-measures-blood-pressure-and-satiety
#19
Cheryl L Rock, Shirley W Flatt, Hava-Shoshana Barkai, Bilge Pakiz, Dennis D Heath
BACKGROUND: Dietary strategies that help patients adhere to a weight reduction diet may increase the likelihood of weight loss maintenance and improved long-term health outcomes. Regular nut consumption has been associated with better weight management and less adiposity. The objective of this study was to compare the effects of a walnut-enriched reduced-energy diet to a standard reduced-energy-density diet on weight, cardiovascular disease risk factors, and satiety. METHODS: Overweight and obese men and women (n = 100) were randomly assigned to a standard reduced-energy-density diet or a walnut-enriched (15% of energy) reduced-energy diet in the context of a behavioral weight loss intervention...
December 4, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183324/novel-essential-amino-acid-supplements-enriched-with-l-leucine-facilitate-increased-protein-and-energy-intakes-in-older-women-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Theocharis Ispoglou, Kevin Deighton, Roderick Fgj King, Helen White, Matthew Lees
BACKGROUND: Inadequate protein intake (PI), containing a sub-optimal source of essential amino acids (EAAs), and reduced appetite are contributing factors to age-related sarcopenia. The satiating effects of dietary protein per se may negatively affect energy intake (EI), thus there is a need to explore alternative strategies to facilitate PI without compromising appetite and subsequent EI. METHODS: Older women completed two experiments (EXP1 and EXP2) where they consumed either a Bar (565 kJ), a Gel (477 kJ), both rich in EAAs (7...
November 28, 2017: Nutrition Journal
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