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Nutrition Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078780/the-effect-of-an-apple-polyphenol-extract-rich-in-epicatechin-and-flavan-3-ol-oligomers-on-brachial-artery-flow-mediated-vasodilatory-function-in-volunteers-with-elevated-blood-pressure
#1
Maria Saarenhovi, Pia Salo, Mika Scheinin, Jussi Lehto, Zsófia Lovró, Kirsti Tiihonen, Markus J Lehtinen, Jouni Junnila, Oliver Hasselwander, Anneli Tarpila, Olli T Raitakari
BACKGROUND: The primary aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that an orally ingested apple polyphenol extract rich in epicatechin and flavan-3-ol oligomers improves endothelium-dependent brachial artery flow-mediated vasodilatation (FMD) in volunteers with borderline hypertension. The secondary aim of the study was to test whether the investigational product would improve endothelium-independent nitrate-mediated vasodilatation (NMD). METHODS: This was a single centre, repeated-dose, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study in 60 otherwise healthy subjects (26 men, 34 women; aged 40-65 years) with borderline hypertension (blood pressure 130-139/85-89 mmHg) or unmedicated mild hypertension (blood pressure 140-165/90-95 mmHg)...
October 27, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070042/effects-of-cow-s-milk-beta-casein-variants-on-symptoms-of-milk-intolerance-in-chinese-adults-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-study
#2
Mei He, Jianqin Sun, Zhuo Qin Jiang, Yue Xin Yang
BACKGROUND: A major protein component of cow's milk is β-casein. The most frequent variants in dairy herds are A1 and A2. Recent studies showed that milk containing A1 β-casein promoted intestinal inflammation and exacerbated gastrointestinal symptoms. However, the acute gastrointestinal effects of A1 β-casein have not been investigated. This study compared the gastrointestinal effects of milk containing A1 and A2 β-casein versus A2 β-casein alone in Chinese adults with self-reported lactose intolerance...
October 25, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061183/the-effects-of-epa-and-dha-enriched-fish-oil-on-nutritional-and-immunological-markers-of-treatment-na%C3%A3-ve-breast-cancer-patients-a-randomized-double-blind-controlled-trial
#3
Elemárcia Martins da Silva Paixão, Ana Carolina de M Oliveira, Nathalia Pizato, Maria Imaculada Muniz-Junqueira, Kelly G Magalhães, Eduardo Yoshio Nakano, Marina K Ito
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the effects of eicosapentaenoic (EPA) and docosahexaenoic (DHA) acids enriched fish oil (FO) on nutritional and immunological parameters of treatment naïve breast cancer patients. METHODS: In a randomized double blind controlled trial, the FO group (FG) patients were supplemented with 2 g/ day of FO concentrate containing 1.8 g of n-3 fatty acids during 30 days. The placebo group (PG) received 2 g/ day of mineral oil. At baseline and after the intervention, plasma levels of n-3 fatty acids, dietary intake, weight, body composition, biochemical and immunological markers were assessed...
October 23, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061179/effect-of-whey-protein-supplementation-on-levels-of-endocannabinoids-and-some-of-metabolic-risk-factors-in-obese-women-on-a-weight-loss-diet-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Fatemeh Haidari, Vahideh Aghamohammadi, Majid Mohammadshahi, Kambiz Ahmadi-Angali
BACKGROUND: Besides the effects of dietary long chain PUFA on circulating endocannabinoids concentrations, the impact of other nutrients on these system is not known and, whether changes in plasma endocannabinoids levels correlated with changes in body composition and biochemical metabolic risk factors in obese individuals, however, still remains to be characterized. METHODS: We will conduct a 2 months' open label, parallel-group, randomized controlled trial to determine the effect of whey protein supplementation on levels of endocannabinoids, glycemic and lipid profile, inflammatory factors, adipocytokines and body composition in 60 premenopausal obese women on a weight-loss diet...
October 23, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025418/food-purchase-patterns-empirical-identification-and-analysis-of-their-association-with-diet-quality-socio-economic-factors-and-attitudes
#5
Silke Thiele, Jonas Peltner, Almut Richter, Gert B M Mensink
BACKGROUND: Empirically derived food purchase patterns provide information about which combinations of foods were purchased from households. The objective of this study was to identify what kinds of patterns exist, which level of diet quality they represent and which factors are associated with the patterns. METHODS: The study made use of representative German consumption data in which approximately 12 million food purchases from 13,125 households are recorded. In accordance with healthy diet criteria the food purchases were assigned to 18 food groups of the German Food Pyramid...
October 12, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020971/efficacy-and-safety-of-turmeric-and-curcumin-in-lowering-blood-lipid-levels-in-patients-with-cardiovascular-risk-factors-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#6
REVIEW
Si Qin, Lifan Huang, Jiaojiao Gong, Shasha Shen, Juan Huang, Hong Ren, Huaidong Hu
BACKGROUND: Dyslipidemia is an important and common cardiovascular risk factor in the general population. The lipid-lowering effects of turmeric and curcumin are unconfirmed. We performed a meta-analysis to assess the efficacy and safety of turmeric and curcumin in lowering blood lipids in patients at risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was conducted on PubMed, Embase, Ovid, Medline and Cochrane Library databases to identify randomized controlled trials (published as of November 2016) that assessed the effect of turmeric and curcumin on blood lipid levels including total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and triglycerides (TG)...
October 11, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985741/lack-of-efficacy-of-pomegranate-supplementation-for-glucose-management-insulin-levels-and-sensitivity-evidence-from-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Haohai Huang, Dan Liao, Guangzhao Chen, Honglang Chen, Yongkun Zhu
BACKGROUND: The potential glucose-lowering effects of pomegranate have been reported in animal and observational studies, but intervention studies in humans have generated mixed results. In this paper, we aimed to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to evaluate the precise effects of pomegranate supplementation on measures of glucose control, insulin levels and insulin sensitivity in humans. METHODS: Comprehensive electronic searches were conducted in PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library...
October 6, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978317/effects-of-cyclic-parenteral-nutrition-on-parenteral-associated-liver-dysfunction-parameters
#8
Jose J Arenas Villafranca, Miriam Nieto Guindo, Elena Álvaro Sanz, Manuela Moreno Santamaria, Marga Garrido Siles, Jimena Abilés
INTRODUCTION: One of the most common complications of parenteral nutrition (PN) is liver dysfunction (LD). Therapeutic approaches for LD include, among others, administering cyclic parenteral nutrition (cPN), allowing some hours for metabolic rest. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of cPN in treating PN-associated LD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective observational study was carried out at the Costa del Sol Hospital in Spain between 2013 and 2014...
October 4, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974206/weekday-snacking-prevalence-frequency-and-energy-contribution-have-increased-while-foods-consumed-during-snacking-have-shifted-among-australian-children-and-adolescents-1995-2007-and-2011-12-national-nutrition-surveys
#9
Flávia Fayet-Moore, Véronique Peters, Andrew McConnell, Peter Petocz, Alison L Eldridge
BACKGROUND: There are limited data on the evolution of eating habits, including snacking, in Australia. This study aimed to understand snacking trends among Australian children over three previous National Nutrition Surveys. METHODS: Data were analysed from a single weekday 24-h recall in the National Nutrition Surveys 1995, 2007, 2011-12 among children 2-16y (n = 8258). A snacking occasion was defined as an eating occasion that occurred between meals based on time of day...
October 3, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969711/fatty-fish-intake-and-attention-performance-in-14-15%C3%A2-year-old-adolescents-fins-teens-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Katina Handeland, Jannike Øyen, Siv Skotheim, Ingvild E Graff, Valborg Baste, Marian Kjellevold, Livar Frøyland, Øyvind Lie, Lisbeth Dahl, Kjell M Stormark
BACKGROUND: Fatty fish is the dominant dietary source of n-3 LCPUFAs but it also contains other micronutrients considered important for brain development and function. To our knowledge, the effect of fatty fish intake on cognitive function in adolescents has not been investigated in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) previously. The aim of the present trial was to investigate whether consumption of fatty fish meals three times per week for 12 weeks could alter attention performance in adolescents compared to similar meals with meat or n-3 LCPUFA supplements...
October 2, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969694/serum-phospholipid-fatty-acids-dietary-patterns-and-type-2-diabetes-among-urban-ghanaians
#11
Franziska Jannasch, George Bedu-Addo, Matthias B Schulze, Frank P Mockenhaupt, Ina Danquah
BACKGROUND: Previously, a "purchase" pattern (rich in vegetable oil, manufactured foods, red meat and poultry, fruits, and vegetables) was identified among adults in urban Ghana and was inversely associated with T2D, while a "traditional" pattern (rich in fish, palm oil, plantain, green-leafy vegetables, beans, garden egg, fermented maize products,) increased the odds of T2D. To investigate, if specific fatty acids (FAs), partly reflecting the intakes of certain food groups and cooking methods, might explain the observed diet-disease relationships, serum phospholipid fatty acid profiles were characterized and their relationships with blood lipids that are common risk factors for T2D were analyzed...
October 2, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931416/social-disparities-in-food-preparation-behaviours-a-dedipac-study
#12
Caroline Méjean, Wendy Si Hassen, Séverine Gojard, Pauline Ducrot, Aurélie Lampuré, Hans Brug, Nanna Lien, Mary Nicolaou, Michelle Holdsworth, Laura Terragni, Serge Hercberg, Katia Castetbon
BACKGROUND: The specific role of major socio-economic indicators in influencing food preparation behaviours could reveal distinct socio-economic patterns, thus enabling mechanisms to be understood that contribute to social inequalities in health. This study investigated whether there was an independent association of each socio-economic indicator (education, occupation, income) with food preparation behaviours. METHODS: A total of 62,373 adults participating in the web-based NutriNet-Santé cohort study were included in our cross-sectional analyses...
September 20, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927411/circulating-magnesium-levels-and-incidence-of-coronary-heart-diseases-hypertension-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-meta-analysis-of-prospective-cohort-studies
#13
REVIEW
Jiang Wu, Pengcheng Xun, Qingya Tang, Wei Cai, Ka He
BACKGROUND: Data on the associations between circulating magnesium (Mg) levels and incidence of coronary heart diseases (CHD), hypertension, and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are inconsistent and inconclusive. The aim of this study was to examine circulating Mg levels in relation to incidence of CHD, hypertension, and T2DM. METHODS: Prospective cohort studies published before May 2017 were searched through PubMed, EmBase, SCOPUS, and Google Scholar. A total of 11 studies that reported multivariable-adjusted associations of interest were identified...
September 19, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927404/food-intake-patterns-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-japanese-adults-analyses-from-the-2012-national-health-and-nutrition-survey-japan
#14
Nay Chi Htun, Hitomi Suga, Shino Imai, Wakana Shimizu, Hidemi Takimoto
BACKGROUND: There is an increasing global interest in the role of Japanese diet as a possible explanation for the nation's healthy diet, which contributes to the world's highest life-expectancy enjoyed in Japan. However, nationwide studies on current food intake status among general Japanese population have not been established yet. This study examined the association between food intake patterns and cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF) such as waist circumference (WC), body mass index (BMI), blood pressure (SBP, DBP), HbA1c and blood lipid profiles among general Japanese adults...
September 19, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923107/food-choice-motives-including-sustainability-during-purchasing-are-associated-with-a-healthy-dietary-pattern-in-french-adults
#15
B Allès, S Péneau, E Kesse-Guyot, J Baudry, S Hercberg, C Méjean
BACKGROUND: Sustainability has become a greater concern among consumers that may influence their dietary intake. Only a few studies investigated the relationship between sustainable food choice motives and diet and they focused on specific food groups. OBJECTIVE: This cross-sectional study aimed to assess the associations between food choice motives during purchasing, with a focus on sustainability, and dietary patterns in a large sample of French adults. DESIGN: Food choice motives were collected in 31,842 adults from the NutriNet-Santé study, using a validated 63 items questionnaire gathered into 9 dimension scores: ethics and environment, traditional and local production, taste, price, environmental limitation (i...
September 18, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923060/vitamin-d-status-and-neurodevelopment-and-growth-in-young-north-indian-children-a-secondary-data-analysis
#16
Ranadip Chowdhury, Sunita Taneja, Nita Bhandari, Ingrid Kvestad, Tor A Strand, Maharaj Kishan Bhan
BACKGROUND: Vitamin-D deficiency has been linked with impaired development in animal studies; however, the evidence from human studies is scanty. Evidence as to whether vitamin-D deficiency during early childhood affects growth is also limited and conflicting. We examined the extent to which vitamin-D deficiency (<10 ng/ml) is associated with neurodevelopment and physical growth in young children. METHODS: We used data from a randomized controlled trial (RCT) of daily folic acid and/ or vitamin B12 supplementation for six months in children aged 6 to 30 months conducted in Delhi, India...
September 18, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903773/nutritional-quality-of-meals-and-snacks-assessed-by-the-food-standards-agency-nutrient-profiling-system-in-relation-to-overall-diet-quality-body-mass-index-and-waist-circumference-in-british-adults
#17
Kentaro Murakami
BACKGROUND: Studies examining meal and snack eating behaviors in relation to overall diet and health markers are limited, at least partly because there is no definitive consensus about what constitutes a snack, a meal, or an eating occasion. This cross-sectional study examined how nutritional quality of meals and snacks is associated with overall diet quality, body mass index (BMI), and waist circumference. METHODS: Based on 7-d weighed dietary record data, all eating occasions were divided into meals or snacks based on time (meals: 0600-1000, 1200-1500, and 1800-2100 h; snacks: others) or contribution to energy intake (EI) (meals: ≥15%; snacks: <15%) in 1451 British adults aged 19-64 years participating in the National Diet and Nutrition Survey...
September 13, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893250/association-between-dietary-patterns-and-cognitive-function-among-70-year-old-japanese-elderly-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-sonic-study
#18
Hitomi Okubo, Hiroki Inagaki, Yasuyuki Gondo, Kei Kamide, Kazunori Ikebe, Yukie Masui, Yasumichi Arai, Tatsuro Ishizaki, Satoshi Sasaki, Takeshi Nakagawa, Mai Kabayama, Ken Sugimoto, Hiromi Rakugi, Yoshinobu Maeda
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of studies in Western countries have shown that healthy dietary patterns may have a protective effect against cognitive decline and dementia. However, information on this relationship among non-Western populations with different cultural settings is extremely limited. We aim to examine the relationship between dietary patterns and cognitive function among older Japanese people. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 635 community-dwelling people aged 69-71 years who participated in the prospective cohort study titled Septuagenarians, Octogenarians, Nonagenarians Investigation with Centenarians (SONIC)...
September 11, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886707/health-outcomes-of-non-nutritive-sweeteners-analysis-of-the-research-landscape
#19
REVIEW
Szimonetta Lohner, Ingrid Toews, Joerg J Meerpohl
BACKGROUND: Food products containing non-nutritive sweeteners (NNSs) instead of sugar have become increasingly popular in the last decades. Their appeal is obviously related to their calorie-free sweet taste. However, with the dramatic increase in their consumption, it is reasonable and timely to evaluate their potential health benefits and, more importantly, potential adverse effects. The main aim of this scoping review was to map the evidence about health outcomes possibly associated with regular NNS consumption by examining the extent, range, and nature of research activity in this area...
September 8, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870252/change-in-serum-level-of-vitamin-d-and-associated-factors-at-early-phase-of-bone-healing-among-fractured-adult-patients-at-university-of-gondar-teaching-hospital-northwest-ethiopia-a-prospective-follow-up-study
#20
Yalelet Fentaw, Haile Woldie, Solomon Mekonnen, Adino Tesfahun Tsegaye
INTRODUCTION: Currently, Vitamin D deficiency is a major public health problem and it affects more than one billion people worldwide. Vitamin D is crucial for bone mineralization and ossification. Patients with fractures need Vitamin D for the healing of their fractured bone. The current study was carried out to determine if there is change in the serum level of Vitamin-D associated with factors at early phase of fractured bone healing (ossification) process among adult fractured patients at University of Gondar teaching hospital, Northwest Ethiopia...
September 5, 2017: Nutrition Journal
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