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Nutrition Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330481/diverse-characteristics-of-the-urinary-excretion-of-amino-acids-in-humans-and-the-use-of-amino-acid-supplementation-to-reduce-fatigue-and-sub-health-in-adults
#1
R H Dunstan, D L Sparkes, M M Macdonald, X Janse De Jonge, B J Dascombe, J Gottfries, C-G Gottfries, T K Roberts
BACKGROUND: The excretion of amino acids in urine represents an important avenue for the loss of key nutrients. Some amino acids such as glycine and histidine are lost in higher abundance than others. These two amino acids perform important physiological functions and are required for the synthesis of key proteins such as haemoglobin and collagen. METHODS: Stage 1 of this study involved healthy subjects (n = 151) who provided first of the morning urine samples and completed symptom questionnaires...
March 23, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315635/behaviors-of-consumers-physicians-and-pharmacists-in-response-to-adverse-events-associated-with-dietary-supplement-use
#2
Tsuyoshi Chiba, Yoko Sato, Etsuko Kobayashi, Kazuki Ide, Hiroshi Yamada, Keizo Umegaki
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of dietary supplements has increased in Japan, and, as a consequence, the adverse events associated with dietary supplement use have become more prominent. Severe adverse events must be reported to the Japanese government via public health centers. However, the number of cases reported to the Japanese government is limited. To clarify this discrepancy, we conducted an internet questionnaire, and surveyed how consumers, physicians and pharmacists acted when they or their patients developed adverse events due to dietary supplement use...
March 18, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270158/replacing-american-snacks-with-tree-nuts-increases-consumption-of-key-nutrients-among-us-children-and-adults-results-of-an-nhanes-modeling-study
#3
Colin D Rehm, Adam Drewnowski
BACKGROUND: Replacing typical American snacks with tree nuts may be an effective way to improve diet quality and compliance with the 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGAs). OBJECTIVE: To assess and quantify the impact of replacing typical snacks with composite tree nuts or almonds on diet metrics, including empty calories (i.e., added sugars and solid fats), individual fatty acids, macronutrients, nutrients of public health concern, including sodium, fiber and potassium, and summary measures of diet quality...
March 7, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241878/standardized-serum-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-concentrations-are-inversely-associated-with-cardiometabolic-disease-in-u-s-adults-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-nhanes-2001-2010
#4
Banaz Al-Khalidi, Samantha M Kimball, Michael A Rotondi, Chris I Ardern
BACKGROUND: Previously reported associations between vitamin D status, as measured by serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations, and cardiometabolic risk factors were largely limited by variability in 25(OH)D assay performance. In accordance with the Vitamin D Standardization Program, serum 25(OH)D measurement was recently standardized in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) to reduce laboratory and method related differences in serum 25(OH)D results...
February 28, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231807/comparison-of-direct-measures-of-adiposity-with-indirect-measures-for-assessing-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-preadolescent-girls
#5
Megan Hetherington-Rauth, Jennifer W Bea, Vinson R Lee, Robert M Blew, Janet Funk, Timothy G Lohman, Scott B Going
BACKGROUND: Childhood overweight and obesity remains high, contributing to cardiometabolic risk factors at younger ages. It is unclear which measures of adiposity serve as the best proxies for identifying children at metabolic risk. This study assessed whether DXA-derived direct measures of adiposity are more strongly related to cardiometabolic risk factors in children than indirect measures. METHODS: Anthropometric and DXA measures of adiposity and a comprehensive assessment of cardiometabolic risk factors were obtained in 288, 9-12 year old girls, most being of Hispanic ethnicity...
February 23, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222742/resistant-starch-lowers-postprandial-glucose-and-leptin-in-overweight-adults-consuming-a-moderate-to-high-fat-diet-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Mindy Patterson Maziarz, Sara Preisendanz, Shanil Juma, Victorine Imrhan, Chandan Prasad, Parakat Vijayagopal
BACKGROUND: High-amylose maize resistant starch type 2 (HAM-RS2) stimulates gut-derived satiety peptides and reduces adiposity in animals. Human studies have not supported these findings despite improvements in glucose homeostasis and insulin sensitivity after HAM-RS2 intake which can lower adiposity-related disease risk. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of HAM-RS2 consumption on blood glucose homeostasis in overweight, healthy adults. We also examined changes in biomarkers of satiety (glucagon-like peptide-1 [GLP-1], peptide YY [PYY], and leptin) and body composition determined by anthropometrics and dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry, dietary intake, and subjective satiety measured by a visual analogue scale following HAM-RS2 consumption...
February 21, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219433/several-grain-dietary-patterns-are-associated-with-better-diet-quality-and-improved-shortfall-nutrient-intakes-in-us-children-and-adolescents-a-study-focusing-on-the-2015-2020-dietary-guidelines-for-americans
#7
Yanni Papanikolaou, Julie Miller Jones, Victor L Fulgoni
BACKGROUND: The present study identified the most commonly consumed grain food patterns in US children and adolescents (2-18 years-old; N = 8,367) relative to those not consuming grains and compared diet quality and nutrient intakes, with focus on 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans (2015-2020 DGA) shortfall nutrients. METHODS: Cluster analysis using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2005-2010, identified 8 unique grain food patterns: a) no consumption of main grain groups, b) cakes, cookies and pies, c) yeast bread and rolls, d) cereals, e) pasta, cooked cereals and rice, f) crackers and salty snacks, g) pancakes, waffles and French toast and other grains, and h) quick breads...
February 20, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187767/erratum-to-effects-of-7%C3%A2-days-on-an-ad-libitum-low-fat-vegan-diet-the-mcdougall-program-cohort
#8
John McDougall, Laurie E Thomas, Craig McDougall, Gavin Moloney, Bradley Saul, John S Finnell, Kelly Richardson, Katelin Mae Petersen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183318/comparison-of-multi-modal-early-oral-nutrition-for-the-tolerance-of-oral-nutrition-with-conventional-care-after-major-abdominal-surgery-a-prospective-randomized-single-blind-trial
#9
Da-Li Sun, Wei-Ming Li, Shu-Min Li, Yun-Yun Cen, Qing-Wen Xu, Yi-Jun Li, Yan-Bo Sun, Yu-Xing Qi, Yue-Ying Lin, Ting Yang, Qi-Ping Lu, Peng-Yuan Xu
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Early oral nutrition (EON) has been shown to improve recovery of gastrointestinal function, length of stay and mortality after abdominal surgery; however, early oral nutrition often fails during the first week after surgery. Here, a multi-modal early oral nutrition program is introduced to promote recovery of gastrointestinal function and tolerance of oral nutrition. METHODS: Consecutive patients scheduled for abdominal surgery were randomized to the multimodal EON group or a group receiving conventional care...
February 10, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166780/effect-of-a-high-protein-diet-and-or-resistance-exercise-on-the-preservation-of-fat-free-mass-during-weight-loss-in-overweight-and-obese-older-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Amely M Verreijen, Mariëlle F Engberink, Robert G Memelink, Suzanne E van der Plas, Marjolein Visser, Peter J M Weijs
BACKGROUND: Intentional weight loss in obese older adults is a risk factor for accelerated muscle mass loss. We investigated whether a high protein diet and/or resistance exercise preserves fat free mass (FFM) during weight loss in overweight and obese older adults. METHODS: We included 100 overweight and obese adults (55-80 year) in a randomized controlled trial (RCT) with a 2 × 2 factorial design and intention-to-treat analysis. During a 10-week weight loss program all subjects followed a hypocaloric diet...
February 6, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166771/glycemic-insulinemic-and-incretin-responses-after-oral-trehalose-ingestion-in-healthy-subjects
#11
Chiyo Yoshizane, Akiko Mizote, Mika Yamada, Norie Arai, Shigeyuki Arai, Kazuhiko Maruta, Hitoshi Mitsuzumi, Toshio Ariyasu, Shimpei Ushio, Shigeharu Fukuda
BACKGROUND: Trehalose is hydrolyzed by a specific intestinal brush-border disaccharidase (trehalase) into two glucose molecules. In animal studies, trehalose has been shown to prevent adipocyte hypertrophy and mitigate insulin resistance in mice fed a high-fat diet. Recently, we found that trehalose improved glucose tolerance in human subjects. However, the underlying metabolic responses after trehalose ingestion in humans are not well understood. Therefore, we examined the glycemic, insulinemic and incretin responses after trehalose ingestion in healthy Japanese volunteers...
February 6, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148270/erratum-to-nutritional-management-of-a-patient-with-obesity-and-pulmonary-embolism-a-case-report
#12
Marria Luisa Fonte, Lauren Fiechner, Matteo Manuelli, Hellas Cena
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143499/relationship-between-coffee-consumption-and-stroke-risk-in-korean-population-the-health-examinees-hexa-study
#13
Jeeyoo Lee, Ji-Eun Lee, Yuri Kim
BACKGROUND: Although coffee consumption is increasing rapidly, the results of previous studies regarding the association between coffee consumption and stroke risk have been conflicting. This was a multi-center cross-sectional study that aimed to evaluate the relationship between coffee consumption and stroke risk in Korean population. METHODS: Data were obtained from the Health Examinees (HEXA) Study, which involved 146,830 individuals aged 40-69 years. Coffee consumption was categorized as none, < 1 cup/day, 1 to < 3 cups/day, and ≥ 3 cups/day...
January 31, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109280/a-review-of-total-added-sugar-intakes-and-dietary-sources-in-europe
#14
REVIEW
Véronique Azaïs-Braesco, Diewertje Sluik, Matthieu Maillot, Frans Kok, Luis A Moreno
Public health policies, including in Europe, are considering measures and recommendations to limit the intake of added or free sugars. For such policies to be efficient and monitored, a precise knowledge of the current situation regarding sugar intake in Europe is needed. This review summarizes published or re-analyzed data from 11 representative surveys in Belgium, France, Denmark, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Norway, The Netherlands, Spain and the UK. Relative intakes were higher in children than in adults: total sugars ranged between 15 and 21% of energy intake in adults and between 16 and 26% in children...
January 21, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103873/masquelier-s-grape-seed-extract-from-basic-flavonoid-research-to-a-well-characterized-food-supplement-with-health-benefits
#15
REVIEW
Antje R Weseler, Aalt Bast
Careful characterization and standardization of the composition of plant-derived food supplements is essential to establish a cause-effect relationship between the intake of that product and its health effect. In this review we follow a specific grape seed extract containing monomeric and oligomeric flavan-3-ols from its creation by Jack Masquelier in 1947 towards a botanical remedy and nutraceutical with proven health benefits. The preparation's research history parallels the advancing insights in the fields of molecular biology, medicine, plant and nutritional sciences during the last 70 years...
January 19, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088234/stability-based-validation-of-dietary-patterns-obtained-by-cluster-analysis
#16
Nicolas Sauvageot, Anna Schritz, Sonia Leite, Ala'a Alkerwi, Saverio Stranges, Faiez Zannad, Sylvie Streel, Axelle Hoge, Anne-Françoise Donneau, Adelin Albert, Michèle Guillaume
BACKGROUND: Cluster analysis is a data-driven method used to create clusters of individuals sharing similar dietary habits. However, this method requires specific choices from the user which have an influence on the results. Therefore, there is a need of an objective methodology helping researchers in their decisions during cluster analysis. The objective of this study was to use such a methodology based on stability of clustering solutions to select the most appropriate clustering method and number of clusters for describing dietary patterns in the NESCAV study (Nutrition, Environment and Cardiovascular Health), a large population-based cross-sectional study in the Greater Region (N = 2298)...
January 14, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088200/vitamin-d-status-among-the-elderly-chinese-population-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-2010-2013-china-national-nutrition-and-health-survey-cnnhs
#17
Jing Chen, Chunfeng Yun, Yuna He, Jianhua Piao, Lichen Yang, Xiaoguang Yang
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D inadequacy is common among the elderly, especially within the Asian population. The vitamin D status among healthy adults in the elderly Chinese population was evaluated. METHODS: A total of 6014 healthy adults aged 60 years or older (2948 men, 3066 women) participated in this descriptive cross-sectional analysis. Possible predictors of vitamin D inadequacy were evaluated via multiple logistic regression analyses. RESULTS: The median serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels were 61...
January 14, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086890/feasibility-and-preliminary-efficacy-of-the-heyman-healthy-lifestyle-program-for-young-men-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
Lee M Ashton, Philip J Morgan, Melinda J Hutchesson, Megan E Rollo, Clare E Collins
BACKGROUND: In young men, unhealthy lifestyle behaviours can be detrimental to their physical and/or mental health and set them on a negative health trajectory into adulthood. Despite this, there is a lack of evidence to guide development of effective health behaviour change interventions for young men. This study assessed the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of the 'HEYMAN' (Harnessing Ehealth to enhance Young men's Mental health, Activity and Nutrition) healthy lifestyle program for young men...
January 13, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077138/fish-intake-and-the-risk-of-brain-tumor-a-meta-analysis-with-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Wei Lian, Renzhi Wang, Bing Xing, Yong Yao
BACKGROUND: Fish, rich in ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, has been found to be associated with lower risk of several types of cancer risk, and beneficial for brain development. However, the association between fish intake and brain tumor risk is still inconsistent. Therefore, we conducted a meta-analysis to clarify the association. METHODS: Relevant studies were identified from PubMed and EMBASE databases. The pooled relative risks were obtained by the fixed-effects model when no substantial heterogeneity was observed...
January 11, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031026/acute-caffeine-ingestion-reduces-insulin-sensitivity-in-healthy-subjects-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Xiuqin Shi, Wenhua Xue, Shuhong Liang, Jie Zhao, Xiaojian Zhang
BACKGROUND: According to previous meta-analyses, coffee consumption reduces the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus. However, the underlying mechanism remains unknown. Whether caffeine, the key ingredient in coffee, has a beneficial effect on the glycemic homeostasis and the anti-diabetic effect is particularly controversial. The aim of this study was to summarize the effect of acute caffeine ingestion on insulin sensitivity in healthy men. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search for papers published before April 2016 was conducted in EMBASE, PubMed, and Cochrane Library databases...
December 28, 2016: Nutrition Journal
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