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Nutrition Journal

Shihan Zhen, Yanan Ma, Zhongyi Zhao, Xuelian Yang, Deliang Wen
BACKGROUND: Associations of dietary patterns in Chinese adolescents and children with later obesity have not previously been investigated. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the associations between dietary patterns and the risk of obesity in Chinese adolescents and children by using a longitudinal design. METHODS: Data from the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS), a nationally representative survey, were used for our analysis. 489 participants 6-14 years of age were followed from 2006 to 2011...
July 11, 2018: Nutrition Journal
Zach Conrad, Susan Raatz, Lisa Jahns
BACKGROUND: The 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGA) provides specific intake recommendations for vegetable variety and amount in order to protect against chronic disease. However, to the best of our knowledge, no studies have examined the link between DGA recommended vegetable variety and cardiometabolic disease. To address this research gap, our aim was to estimate the relationship between vegetable variety, vegetable amount, and prevalent cardiometabolic disease subtypes, and to assess potential determinants of vegetable variety...
July 10, 2018: Nutrition Journal
Helen Eyles, Yannan Jiang, Tony Blakely, Bruce Neal, Jennifer Crowley, Christine Cleghorn, Cliona Ni Mhurchu
BACKGROUND: The nutritional composition of foods and beverages consumed away from the home has important implications for population health. Our objective was to determine if the serve size, energy, and sodium contents of fast foods sold at chain restaurants in New Zealand (NZ) changed between 2012 and 2016. METHODS: Serve size and nutrient data were collected in annual cross-sectional surveys of all products sold at 10 major fast food chains. Changes over time may occur due to alterations in product availability or individual product reformulation...
July 9, 2018: Nutrition Journal
Michel Coutinho Dos Santos, Ana Paula Cicci de Castro Coutinho, Mônica de Souza Dantas, Letícia Ayran Medina Yabunaka, Dartagnan Pinto Guedes, Silvia Aparecida Oesterreich
BACKGROUND: Findings available in literature indicate that metabolic syndrome (MetS) diagnosed in young ages tends to remain in adulthood. The aim of the study was to identify demographic, nutritional, anthropometric and behavioral correlates of MetS in a sample of adolescents from Dourados, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. METHODOLOGY: This is a cross-sectional school-based study involving 274 participants aged 12-18 years (186 girls and 88 boys). Anthropometric measurements were performed and a questionnaire with structured questions was applied for data collection...
July 6, 2018: Nutrition Journal
Gina L Ambrosini, Ivonne Solis-Trapala, Amy L Ahern, Nicholas R Fuller, Christina Holzapfel, Hans Hauner, Ian D Caterson, Susan A Jebb
BACKGROUND: Relatively little is known about dietary changes and their relationships with weight change during behavioural weight loss interventions. In a secondary analysis of data from a multicentre RCT, we investigated whether greater improvements in diet would be achieved by overweight adults following a 12 month group-based commercial weight loss programme (CP) than those receiving standard care (SC) in primary practice, and if these dietary changes were associated with greater weight loss...
July 4, 2018: Nutrition Journal
Lorena T F Cheung, Ruth S M Chan, Gary T C Ko, Eric S H Lau, Francis C C Chow, Alice P S Kong
BACKGROUND: Diet quality has been linked to obesity, but this relationship remains unclear in individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2D). The aim of this study is to examine the association between diet quality and obesity in Chinese adults with T2D. METHODS: Between April and November 2016, a total of 211 Chinese T2D adults who underwent assessment of diabetes-related treatment goals and metabolic control were recruited into two groups based on their body mass index (BMI): obese group (BMI ≥30 kg/m2 ) and non-obese group (BMI = 18...
July 3, 2018: Nutrition Journal
Nerylee Ann Watson, Kathryn Ann Dyer, Jonathan David Buckley, Grant David Brinkworth, Alison Mary Coates, Gaynor Parfitt, Peter Ranald Charles Howe, Manny Noakes, Karen Joy Murphy
BACKGROUND: Although higher-protein diets (HP) can assist with weight loss and glycemic control, their effect on psychological wellbeing has not been established. The objective of this study was to compare the effects of a HP and a higher-carbohydrate diet (HC), combined with regular exercise, on psychological wellbeing both during weight loss (WL) and weight maintenance phases (WM). METHODS: In a parallel RCT, 61 adults with T2D (mean ± SD: BMI 34.3 ± 5...
June 15, 2018: Nutrition Journal
Khaoula El Kinany, Vanessa Garcia-Larsen, Mohamed Khalis, Meimouna Mint Sidi Deoula, Abdelilah Benslimane, Amran Ibrahim, Mohamed Chakib Benjelloun, Karima El Rhazi
BACKGROUND: To date, no culture-specific food frequency questionnaires (FFQ) are available in North Africa. The aim of this study was to adapt and examine the reproducibility and validity of an FFQ or use in the Moroccan population. METHODS: The European Global Asthma and Allergy Network (GA2 LEN) FFQ was used to assess its applicability in Morocco. The GA2 LEN FFQ is comprised of 32 food sections and 200 food items. Using scientific published literature, as well as local resources, we identified and added foods that were representative of the Moroccan diet...
June 12, 2018: Nutrition Journal
Wenwen Du, Huijun Wang, Zhihong Wang, Jiguo Zhang, Chang Su, Xiaofang Jia, Ji Zhang, Hongru Jiang, Feifei Huang, Yifei Ouyang, Yun Wang, Li Li, Bing Zhang
BACKGROUND: Vitamin A plays an important role in human functions, which mainly come from foods. This study aims to examine dietary vitamin A intake and major food sources of Chinese adults. METHODS: We analyzed the cross-sectional data from 12,246 adult aged 18 to 64 years old in 2015 China Nutritional Transition Cohort Study. Three consecutive 24-h dietary recalls combined with household weighing method were used to assess dietary vitamin A intake. RESULTS: The average dietary vitamin A intakes were 480...
June 11, 2018: Nutrition Journal
Marcus Maringer, Pieter Van't Veer, Naomi Klepacz, Muriel C D Verain, Anne Normann, Suzanne Ekman, Lada Timotijevic, Monique M Raats, Anouk Geelen
BACKGROUND: The need for a better understanding of food consumption behaviour within its behavioural context has sparked the interest of nutrition researchers for user-documented food consumption data collected outside the research context using publicly available nutrition apps. The study aims to characterize the scientific, technical, legal and ethical features of this data in order to identify the opportunities and challenges associated with using this data for nutrition research. METHOD: A search for apps collecting food consumption data was conducted in October 2016 against UK Google Play and iTunes storefronts...
June 9, 2018: Nutrition Journal
Vijay Ganji, Bernadette Martineau, William Edmund Van Fleit
BACKGROUND: Because children have been advised on the dangers of sun exposure, diet is an important contributor of serum 25 hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations. Aim of this study was to determine whether serum 25(OH)D concentrations were associated with any specific dietary patterns in US children. METHODS: Data from 2 cycles of National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2003-2004 and 2005-2006 for individuals aged 2 to ≤19 y, were used to study relation between dietary patterns and serum 25(OH)D...
June 4, 2018: Nutrition Journal
HuaiSheng Chen, Su Wang, Ying Zhao, YuTian Luo, HuaSheng Tong, Lei Su
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the possible effect of omega-3 fatty acids on reducing the mortality of sepsis and sepsis-induced acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in adults. METHODS: Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) database, WangFang database, and Chinese BioMedical Literature Database from their inception to March 6, 2017, were searched using systematic review researching methods. Five factors were analyzed to investigate the correlation between omega-3 fatty acids (either parenteral or enteral supplementation) and mortality rate...
May 31, 2018: Nutrition Journal
Stein Harald Johnsen, Bjarne K Jacobsen, Sigrid K Brækkan, John-Bjarne Hansen, Ellisiv B Mathiesen
BACKGROUND: Whether long-chain n-3 PUFAs of marine origin have an anti-atherogenic effect in the general population has hardly been studied. In this population-based study, we hypothesized that fatty fish and fish oil intake protect against development of novel atherosclerotic plaques and is associated with reduced plaque size. METHODS: We obtained questionnaire-based information on fish consumption and carotid ultrasonography from 3900 persons aged 45-74 years...
May 25, 2018: Nutrition Journal
Ishor Sharma, Barbara Roebothan, Yun Zhu, Jennifer Woodrow, Patrick S Parfrey, John R Mclaughlin, Peter Peizhong Wang
BACKGROUND: Dietary patterns are commonly used in epidemiological research, yet there have been few studies assessing if and how research results may vary across dietary patterns. This study aimed to estimate the risk of mortality/recurrence/metastasis using different dietary patterns and comparison amongst the patterns. METHODS: Dietary patterns were identified by Cluster Analysis (CA), Principal Component Analysis (PCA), Alternate Mediterranean Diet score (altMED), Recommended Food Score (RFS) and Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII) scores using a 169-item food frequency questionnaire...
May 25, 2018: Nutrition Journal
Matthieu Maillot, Colin D Rehm, Florent Vieux, Chelsea M Rose, Adam Drewnowski
BACKGROUND: Patterns of beverage consumption among children and adolescents can be indicative of food choices and total diet quality. METHODS: Analyses of beverage consumption patterns among 8119 children aged 4-19 y were based on the first 24-h recall of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2009-14 NHANES). Four pre-defined beverage patterns were: 1) milk pattern; 2) 100% juice pattern; 3) milk and 100% juice pattern; and 4) other caloric beverages...
May 24, 2018: Nutrition Journal
Zach Conrad, LuAnn K Johnson, James N Roemmich, WenYen Juan, Lisa Jahns
BACKGROUND: Diet quality among federal food assistance program participants remains low, and little research has assessed the diet quality of food insecure non-participants. Further research is needed to assess the extent to which food substitutions can improve the nutritional status of these vulnerable populations. Substituting egg dishes for other commonly consumed dishes at certain eating occasions may be an effective strategy for improving the daily nutrient intake among these groups...
May 17, 2018: Nutrition Journal
Mirza Bojić, Andrea Antolić, Maja Tomičić, Željko Debeljak, Željan Maleš
BACKGROUND: Propolis is a well-known bee product containing more than 2000 identified compounds. It has many beneficial effects on human health that include antibacterial, antiviral, anticancer and hepatoprotective justifying its use as a dietary supplement. Platelet aggregation plays crucial role in thrombus formation that can cause stroke or heart attacks. As cardiovascular diseases, including those caused by thrombus formation, are related to 50% of deaths of Western population, the objective of this study was to determine antiaggregatory activity of propolis on platelet aggregation on the whole blood samples...
May 14, 2018: Nutrition Journal
Sarah Catharina Grünert, Stefanie Rosenbaum-Fabian, Anke Schumann, Karl Otfried Schwab, Nadja Mingirulli, Ute Spiekerkoetter
BACKGROUND: Maple syrup urine disease (MSUD) is an autosomal recessive disorder of branched-chain amino acid metabolism. Patients with MSUD are at risk of life-threatening metabolic decompensations with ketoacidosis and encephalopathy. These episodes are often triggered by physiological stress. Only few cases of pregnancies in MSUD mothers have been reported so far. CASE PRESENTATION: We present the favorable outcome of a pregnancy in a woman with classical MSUD...
May 12, 2018: Nutrition Journal
Jing Wang, Linsheng Yang, Hairong Li, Yonghua Li, Binggan Wei
BACKGROUND: Selenium (Se) is essential for humans, with many critical roles in physiological and pathophysiological processes. Fish, eggs and meats are usually the rich food sources of Se. To improve the nutritional status of population, a new version of balanced dietary pattern in the form of the Chinese Food Pagoda (2016) was proclaimed. This study aimed to evaluate the contribution of this balanced dietary pattern to daily Se intake, and to assess Se intake status of Chinese residents under this Food Pagoda scenario...
May 9, 2018: Nutrition Journal
Jacqueline Tereza da Silva, Ângela Cristine Bersch-Ferreira, Camila Ragne Torreglosa, Bernardete Weber, Renata Bertazzi Levy
BACKGROUND: The diet of the Brazilian Cardioprotective Nutritional Program (BALANCE) classifies food into four groups and sets the daily amount to be consumed. The dietary approach of BALANCE is different from other dietary recommendations; therefore, it is not possible to use existing dietary indexes (DI) to assess patient's adequacy to BALANCE diet. For this reason, it is important to develop a specific dietary index based on BALANCE diet. This study aims to describe the development of the BALANCE DI, evaluate its internal consistency, construct and content validity and population characteristics associated with the index...
May 4, 2018: Nutrition Journal
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