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Nutrition Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431559/effects-of-whole-grain-rye-with-and-without-resistant-starch-type-2-supplementation-on-glucose-tolerance-gut-hormones-inflammation-and-appetite-regulation-in-an-11-14-5%C3%A2-hour-perspective-a-randomized-controlled-study-in-healthy-subjects
#1
Jonna C Sandberg, Inger M E Björck, Anne C Nilsson
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of obesity is increasing worldwide and prevention is needed. Whole grain has shown potential to lower the risk of obesity, cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. One possible mechanism behind the benefits of whole grain is the gut fermentation of dietary fiber (DF), e.g. non-starch polysaccharides and resistant starch (RS), in whole grain. The purpose of the study is to investigate the effect of whole grain rye-based products on glucose- and appetite regulation...
April 21, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427403/preoperative-carbohydrate-load-and-intraoperatively-infused-omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-positively-impact-nosocomial-morbidity-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-a-double-blind-controlled-randomized-trial
#2
Gibran Roder Feguri, Paulo Ruiz Lúcio de Lima, Danilo de Cerqueira Borges, Laura Ramos Toledo, Larissa Nadaf Batista, Thaís Carvalho E Silva, Neuber José Segri, José Eduardo de Aguilar-Nascimento
BACKGROUND: A strategy of limited preoperative fasting, with carbohydrate (CHO) loading and intraoperative infusion of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω-3 PUFA), has seldom been tried in cardiovascular surgery. Brief fasting, followed by CHO intake 2 h before anesthesia, may improve recovery from CABG procedures and lower perioperative vasoactive drug requirements. Infusion of ω-3 PUFA may reduce occurrences of postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) and shorten hospital stays...
April 20, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420388/association-between-maternal-intake-of-n-6-to-n-3-fatty-acid-ratio-during-pregnancy-and-infant-neurodevelopment-at-6-months-of-age-results-of-the-moceh-cohort-study
#3
Hyejin Kim, Hyesook Kim, Eunjung Lee, Yeni Kim, Eun-Hee Ha, Namsoo Chang
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFAs) are essential for infant neurodevelopment. The nutritional adequacy of dietary LC-PUFAs depends not only on the LC-PUFAs intake but also on the n-6 to n-3 fatty acid ratio (n-6/n-3 PUFAs). This study aimed to identify the association between the maternal dietary n-6/n-3 PUFAs and motor and cognitive development of infants at 6 months of age. METHODS: We used data from 960 participants in the Mothers and Children's Environmental Health (MOCEH) study, which is a multi-center prospective cohort study...
April 18, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388919/scope-and-quality-of-cochrane-reviews-of-nutrition-interventions-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Celeste E Naude, Solange Durao, Abigail Harper, Jimmy Volmink
BACKGROUND: All countries face significant challenges from complex manifestations of malnutrition, which affects one in three people globally. Systematic reviews provide ready-to-use syntheses of quality-appraised evidence to inform decision-making for actions. To enhance the utility and quality of future Cochrane nutrition evidence, we described the scope and quality of all nutrition systematic reviews in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (CDSR). METHODS: We screened all active CDSR records (31 July 2015) to identify reviews and protocols using pre-specified eligibility criteria and definitions...
April 7, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376792/dietary-inflammatory-index-and-risk-of-first-myocardial-infarction-a-prospective-population-based-study
#5
Stina Bodén, Maria Wennberg, Bethany Van Guelpen, Ingegerd Johansson, Bernt Lindahl, Jonas Andersson, Nitin Shivappa, James R Hebert, Lena Maria Nilsson
BACKGROUND: Chronic, low-grade inflammation is an established risk factor for cardiovascular disease. The inflammatory impact of diet can be reflected by concentrations of inflammatory markers in the bloodstream and the inflammatory potential of diet can be estimated by the dietary inflammatory index (DII(TM)), which has been associated with cardiovascular disease risk in some previous studies. We aimed to examine the association between the DII and the risk of first myocardial infarction (MI) in a population-based study with long follow-up...
April 4, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351404/longitudinal-10-year-changes-in-dietary-intake-and-associations-with-cardio-metabolic-risk-factors-in-the-northern-sweden-health-and-disease-study
#6
Anna Winkvist, Sofia Klingberg, Lena Maria Nilsson, Maria Wennberg, Frida Renström, Göran Hallmans, Kurt Boman, Ingegerd Johansson
BACKGROUND: Dietary risks today constitute the largest proportion of disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) globally and in Sweden. An increasing number of people today consume highly processed foods high in saturated fat, refined sugar and salt and low in dietary fiber, vitamins and minerals. It is important that dietary trends over time are monitored to predict changes in disease risk. METHODS: In total, 15,995 individuals with two visits 10 (±1) years apart in the population-based Västerbotten Intervention Programme 1996-2014 were included...
March 28, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330481/diverse-characteristics-of-the-urinary-excretion-of-amino-acids-in-humans-and-the-use-of-amino-acid-supplementation-to-reduce-fatigue-and-sub-health-in-adults
#7
R H Dunstan, D L Sparkes, M M Macdonald, X Janse De Jonge, B J Dascombe, J Gottfries, C-G Gottfries, T K Roberts
BACKGROUND: The excretion of amino acids in urine represents an important avenue for the loss of key nutrients. Some amino acids such as glycine and histidine are lost in higher abundance than others. These two amino acids perform important physiological functions and are required for the synthesis of key proteins such as haemoglobin and collagen. METHODS: Stage 1 of this study involved healthy subjects (n = 151) who provided first of the morning urine samples and completed symptom questionnaires...
March 23, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315635/behaviors-of-consumers-physicians-and-pharmacists-in-response-to-adverse-events-associated-with-dietary-supplement-use
#8
Tsuyoshi Chiba, Yoko Sato, Etsuko Kobayashi, Kazuki Ide, Hiroshi Yamada, Keizo Umegaki
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of dietary supplements has increased in Japan, and, as a consequence, the adverse events associated with dietary supplement use have become more prominent. Severe adverse events must be reported to the Japanese government via public health centers. However, the number of cases reported to the Japanese government is limited. To clarify this discrepancy, we conducted an internet questionnaire, and surveyed how consumers, physicians and pharmacists acted when they or their patients developed adverse events due to dietary supplement use...
March 18, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270158/replacing-american-snacks-with-tree-nuts-increases-consumption-of-key-nutrients-among-us-children-and-adults-results-of-an-nhanes-modeling-study
#9
Colin D Rehm, Adam Drewnowski
BACKGROUND: Replacing typical American snacks with tree nuts may be an effective way to improve diet quality and compliance with the 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGAs). OBJECTIVE: To assess and quantify the impact of replacing typical snacks with composite tree nuts or almonds on diet metrics, including empty calories (i.e., added sugars and solid fats), individual fatty acids, macronutrients, nutrients of public health concern, including sodium, fiber and potassium, and summary measures of diet quality...
March 7, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241878/standardized-serum-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-concentrations-are-inversely-associated-with-cardiometabolic-disease-in-u-s-adults-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-nhanes-2001-2010
#10
Banaz Al-Khalidi, Samantha M Kimball, Michael A Rotondi, Chris I Ardern
BACKGROUND: Previously reported associations between vitamin D status, as measured by serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations, and cardiometabolic risk factors were largely limited by variability in 25(OH)D assay performance. In accordance with the Vitamin D Standardization Program, serum 25(OH)D measurement was recently standardized in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) to reduce laboratory and method related differences in serum 25(OH)D results...
February 28, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231807/comparison-of-direct-measures-of-adiposity-with-indirect-measures-for-assessing-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-preadolescent-girls
#11
Megan Hetherington-Rauth, Jennifer W Bea, Vinson R Lee, Robert M Blew, Janet Funk, Timothy G Lohman, Scott B Going
BACKGROUND: Childhood overweight and obesity remains high, contributing to cardiometabolic risk factors at younger ages. It is unclear which measures of adiposity serve as the best proxies for identifying children at metabolic risk. This study assessed whether DXA-derived direct measures of adiposity are more strongly related to cardiometabolic risk factors in children than indirect measures. METHODS: Anthropometric and DXA measures of adiposity and a comprehensive assessment of cardiometabolic risk factors were obtained in 288, 9-12 year old girls, most being of Hispanic ethnicity...
February 23, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222742/resistant-starch-lowers-postprandial-glucose-and-leptin-in-overweight-adults-consuming-a-moderate-to-high-fat-diet-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Mindy Patterson Maziarz, Sara Preisendanz, Shanil Juma, Victorine Imrhan, Chandan Prasad, Parakat Vijayagopal
BACKGROUND: High-amylose maize resistant starch type 2 (HAM-RS2) stimulates gut-derived satiety peptides and reduces adiposity in animals. Human studies have not supported these findings despite improvements in glucose homeostasis and insulin sensitivity after HAM-RS2 intake which can lower adiposity-related disease risk. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of HAM-RS2 consumption on blood glucose homeostasis in overweight, healthy adults. We also examined changes in biomarkers of satiety (glucagon-like peptide-1 [GLP-1], peptide YY [PYY], and leptin) and body composition determined by anthropometrics and dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry, dietary intake, and subjective satiety measured by a visual analogue scale following HAM-RS2 consumption...
February 21, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219433/several-grain-dietary-patterns-are-associated-with-better-diet-quality-and-improved-shortfall-nutrient-intakes-in-us-children-and-adolescents-a-study-focusing-on-the-2015-2020-dietary-guidelines-for-americans
#13
Yanni Papanikolaou, Julie Miller Jones, Victor L Fulgoni
BACKGROUND: The present study identified the most commonly consumed grain food patterns in US children and adolescents (2-18 years-old; N = 8,367) relative to those not consuming grains and compared diet quality and nutrient intakes, with focus on 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans (2015-2020 DGA) shortfall nutrients. METHODS: Cluster analysis using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2005-2010, identified 8 unique grain food patterns: a) no consumption of main grain groups, b) cakes, cookies and pies, c) yeast bread and rolls, d) cereals, e) pasta, cooked cereals and rice, f) crackers and salty snacks, g) pancakes, waffles and French toast and other grains, and h) quick breads...
February 20, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187767/erratum-to-effects-of-7%C3%A2-days-on-an-ad-libitum-low-fat-vegan-diet-the-mcdougall-program-cohort
#14
John McDougall, Laurie E Thomas, Craig McDougall, Gavin Moloney, Bradley Saul, John S Finnell, Kelly Richardson, Katelin Mae Petersen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183318/comparison-of-multi-modal-early-oral-nutrition-for-the-tolerance-of-oral-nutrition-with-conventional-care-after-major-abdominal-surgery-a-prospective-randomized-single-blind-trial
#15
Da-Li Sun, Wei-Ming Li, Shu-Min Li, Yun-Yun Cen, Qing-Wen Xu, Yi-Jun Li, Yan-Bo Sun, Yu-Xing Qi, Yue-Ying Lin, Ting Yang, Qi-Ping Lu, Peng-Yuan Xu
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Early oral nutrition (EON) has been shown to improve recovery of gastrointestinal function, length of stay and mortality after abdominal surgery; however, early oral nutrition often fails during the first week after surgery. Here, a multi-modal early oral nutrition program is introduced to promote recovery of gastrointestinal function and tolerance of oral nutrition. METHODS: Consecutive patients scheduled for abdominal surgery were randomized to the multimodal EON group or a group receiving conventional care...
February 10, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166780/effect-of-a-high-protein-diet-and-or-resistance-exercise-on-the-preservation-of-fat-free-mass-during-weight-loss-in-overweight-and-obese-older-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Amely M Verreijen, Mariëlle F Engberink, Robert G Memelink, Suzanne E van der Plas, Marjolein Visser, Peter J M Weijs
BACKGROUND: Intentional weight loss in obese older adults is a risk factor for accelerated muscle mass loss. We investigated whether a high protein diet and/or resistance exercise preserves fat free mass (FFM) during weight loss in overweight and obese older adults. METHODS: We included 100 overweight and obese adults (55-80 year) in a randomized controlled trial (RCT) with a 2 × 2 factorial design and intention-to-treat analysis. During a 10-week weight loss program all subjects followed a hypocaloric diet...
February 6, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166771/glycemic-insulinemic-and-incretin-responses-after-oral-trehalose-ingestion-in-healthy-subjects
#17
Chiyo Yoshizane, Akiko Mizote, Mika Yamada, Norie Arai, Shigeyuki Arai, Kazuhiko Maruta, Hitoshi Mitsuzumi, Toshio Ariyasu, Shimpei Ushio, Shigeharu Fukuda
BACKGROUND: Trehalose is hydrolyzed by a specific intestinal brush-border disaccharidase (trehalase) into two glucose molecules. In animal studies, trehalose has been shown to prevent adipocyte hypertrophy and mitigate insulin resistance in mice fed a high-fat diet. Recently, we found that trehalose improved glucose tolerance in human subjects. However, the underlying metabolic responses after trehalose ingestion in humans are not well understood. Therefore, we examined the glycemic, insulinemic and incretin responses after trehalose ingestion in healthy Japanese volunteers...
February 6, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148270/erratum-to-nutritional-management-of-a-patient-with-obesity-and-pulmonary-embolism-a-case-report
#18
Marria Luisa Fonte, Lauren Fiechner, Matteo Manuelli, Hellas Cena
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143499/relationship-between-coffee-consumption-and-stroke-risk-in-korean-population-the-health-examinees-hexa-study
#19
Jeeyoo Lee, Ji-Eun Lee, Yuri Kim
BACKGROUND: Although coffee consumption is increasing rapidly, the results of previous studies regarding the association between coffee consumption and stroke risk have been conflicting. This was a multi-center cross-sectional study that aimed to evaluate the relationship between coffee consumption and stroke risk in Korean population. METHODS: Data were obtained from the Health Examinees (HEXA) Study, which involved 146,830 individuals aged 40-69 years. Coffee consumption was categorized as none, < 1 cup/day, 1 to < 3 cups/day, and ≥ 3 cups/day...
January 31, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109280/a-review-of-total-added-sugar-intakes-and-dietary-sources-in-europe
#20
REVIEW
Véronique Azaïs-Braesco, Diewertje Sluik, Matthieu Maillot, Frans Kok, Luis A Moreno
Public health policies, including in Europe, are considering measures and recommendations to limit the intake of added or free sugars. For such policies to be efficient and monitored, a precise knowledge of the current situation regarding sugar intake in Europe is needed. This review summarizes published or re-analyzed data from 11 representative surveys in Belgium, France, Denmark, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Norway, The Netherlands, Spain and the UK. Relative intakes were higher in children than in adults: total sugars ranged between 15 and 21% of energy intake in adults and between 16 and 26% in children...
January 21, 2017: Nutrition Journal
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