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Nutrition Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754133/determinants-of-eating-patterns-and-nutrient-intake-among-adolescent-athletes-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Matias Noll, Carolina Rodrigues de Mendonça, Lorena Pereira de Souza Rosa, Erika Aparecida Silveira
BACKGROUND: This review aims to update the influences of sport modalities, sport performance, and non-exercise-related determinant, on eating patterns and nutrient intake outcomes among adolescent competitive athletes. METHODS: The PubMed and Scopus databases were searched for the last 20 years. Observational and intervention studies of all languages on eating patterns and nutrient intake in adolescent (10- to 19-year-old) competitive athletes were included. Study quality and risk of bias were assessed using a Downs and Black instrument...
July 28, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747181/advancing-the-evidence-to-improve-the-nutrition-of-populations-a-refreshed-vision-and-scope-for-nutrition-journal
#2
EDITORIAL
Sharon I Kirkpatrick, Clare E Collins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 26, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705254/correlates-of-whole-blood-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-among-young-children-with-moderate-acute-malnutrition
#3
C W Yaméogo, B Cichon, C Fabiansen, M J H Rytter, D Faurholt-Jepsen, K D Stark, A Briend, S Shepherd, A S Traoré, V B Christensen, K F Michaelsen, H Friis, L Lauritzen
BACKGROUND: Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) has been associated with low polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) status. However, investigations regarding PUFA status and correlates in children with moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) from low-income countries are scarce. The aim of this study was to describe whole-blood PUFA levels in children with moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) and to identify correlates of PUFAs. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study using baseline data from a prospective nutritional intervention trial among 1609 children with MAM aged 6-23 months in Burkina Faso,West Africa...
July 13, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701162/does-the-ingestion-of-a-24%C3%A2-hour-low-glycaemic-index-asian-mixed-meal-diet-improve-glycaemic-response-and-promote-fat-oxidation-a-controlled-randomized-cross-over-study
#4
Stefan Gerardus Camps, Bhupinder Kaur, Rina Yu Chin Quek, Christiani Jeyakumar Henry
BACKGROUND: The health benefits of consuming a low glycaemic index (GI) diet to reduce the risk of type 2 Diabetes are well recognized. In recent years the GI values of various foods have been determined. Their efficacy in constructing and consuming a low GI diet over 24 h in modulating glycaemic response has not been fully documented. The translation of using single-point GI values of foods to develop a 24 h mixed meal diet can provide valuable information to consumers, researchers and dietitians to optimize food choice for glycaemic control...
July 12, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676052/comparison-of-different-feeding-regimes-after-pancreatoduodenectomy-a-retrospective-cohort-analysis
#5
Théophile Guilbaud, David Jérémie Birnbaum, Sandrine Loubière, Julien Bonnet, Sophie Chopinet, Emilie Grégoire, Stéphane Berdah, Jean Hardwigsen, Vincent Moutardier
BACKGROUND: Delayed gastric emptying (DGE) is the most frequent pancreatic specific complication (PSC) after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). Several gastric decompression systems exist to manage DGE. Patients with a pancreatic tumor require prolonged nutrition; however, controversies exist concerning nutrition protocol after PD. The aim of the study was to assess the safety and efficacy of nasogastric (NG), gastrostomy (GT), and gastrojejunostomy (GJ) tubes with different feeding systems on postoperative courses...
July 4, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673301/effects-of-deployment-on-diet-quality-and-nutritional-status-markers-of-elite-u-s-army-special-operations-forces-soldiers
#6
Emily K Farina, Jonathan C Taylor, Gary E Means, Nancy E Murphy, Stefan M Pasiakos, Harris R Lieberman, James P McClung
BACKGROUND: Special Operations Forces (SOF) Soldiers deploy frequently and require high levels of physical and cognitive performance. Nutritional status is linked to cognitive and physical performance. Studies evaluating dietary intake and nutritional status in deployed environments are lacking. Therefore, this study assessed the effects of combat deployment on diet quality and serum concentrations of nutritional status markers, including iron, vitamin D, parathyroid hormone (PTH), glucose, and lipids, among elite United States (U...
July 3, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673286/diet-quality-and-carotid-atherosclerosis-in-intermediate-cardiovascular-risk-individuals
#7
Jose I Recio-Rodriguez, Irene A Garcia-Yu, Rosario Alonso-Dominguez, José A Maderuelo-Fernandez, Maria C Patino-Alonso, Cristina Agudo-Conde, Natalia Sanchez-Aguadero, Rafel Ramos, Ruth Marti, Emiliano Rodriguez-Sanchez, Manuel A Gómez-Marcos, Luis Garcia-Ortiz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 3, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662676/effects-of-bifidobacterium-animalis-subsp-lactis-bb-12-%C3%A2-on-the-lipid-lipoprotein-profile-and-short-chain-fatty-acids-in-healthy-young-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Yujin Lee, Zhaoyong Ba, Robert F Roberts, Connie J Rogers, Jennifer A Fleming, Huicui Meng, Emily J Furumoto, Penny M Kris-Etherton
BACKGROUND: Some probiotics have hypocholesterolemic effects in animal studies, which are mediated, in part, by increases in fecal short chain fatty acids (SCFAs). Clinical trials of probiotics on lipids/lipoproteins are inconsistent. OBJECTIVE: We examined the effects of Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis BB-12(®) (BB-12(®)) (3.16 × 10(9) CFUs/day) on lipids and lipoproteins and fecal excretion of SCFAs in healthy adults. METHODS: In a randomized, partially blinded, 4-period, crossover study, 30 adults (11 men, 19 women) aged 18-40 years were randomly assigned to: 1) yogurt smoothie with no BB-12(®) (YS), 2) yogurt smoothie with BB-12(®) added pre-fermentation (PRE), 3) yogurt smoothie with BB-12(®) added post-fermentation (POST), 4) BB-12(®) containing capsule (CAP)...
June 29, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651584/gender-and-social-mobility-modify-the-effect-of-birth-weight-on-total-and-central-obesity
#9
Juliana Rombaldi Bernardi, Marcelo Zubaran Goldani, Tanara Vogel Pinheiro, Luciano Santos Pinto Guimarães, Heloisa Bettiol, Antônio Augusto Moura da Silva, Marco Antônio Barbieri
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the interaction between gender and low birth weight (LBW) and lifelong social mobility as an explanation of the etiology of obesity. The aim of the present study was to evaluate total and central obesity according to gender, LBW and social mobility, within the context of the epidemiological transition in middle-income countries. We hypothesize that there are more pronounced metabolic consequences of social mobility for women born with LBW. METHODS: We used data from a birth cohort study conducted in Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, Brazil...
June 26, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646871/coffee-and-caffeine-intake-and-male-infertility-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Elena Ricci, Paola Viganò, Sonia Cipriani, Edgardo Somigliana, Francesca Chiaffarino, Alessandro Bulfoni, Fabio Parazzini
BACKGROUND: Semen quality, a predictor of male fertility, has been suggested declining worldwide. Among other life style factors, male coffee/caffeine consumption was hypothesized to influence semen parameters, but also sperm DNA integrity. To summarize available evidence, we performed a systematic review of observational studies on the relation between coffee/caffeine intake and parameters of male fertility including sperm ploidy, sperm DNA integrity, semen quality and time to pregnancy...
June 24, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599665/omega-3-supplementation-on-inflammatory-markers-in-patients-with-chronic-chagas-cardiomyopathy-a-randomized-clinical-study
#11
Paula Simplício da Silva, Mauro Felippe Felix Mediano, Gilberto Marcelo Sperandio da Silva, Patricia Dias de Brito, Claudia Santos de Aguiar Cardoso, Cristiane Fonseca de Almeida, Luiz Henrique Conde Sangenis, Roberta Olmo Pinheiro, Alejandro Marcel Hasslocher-Moreno, Pedro Emmanuel Alvarenga Americano do Brasil, Andrea Silvestre de Sousa
BACKGROUND: Several studies have been focusing on the effect of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids on modulation of inflammatory markers in several cardiopathies. Although immunoregulatory dysfunction has been associated to the chronic cardiac involvement in Chagas disease, there is no study examining the effects of omega-3 supplementation in these patients. We investigated the effects of omega-3 PUFAs on markers of inflammation and lipid profile in chronic Chagas cardiomyopathy patients...
June 9, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545589/gastrointestinal-tolerance-of-low-fodmap-oral-nutrition-supplements-in-healthy-human-subjects-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Jennifer Erickson, Renee Korczak, Qi Wang, Joanne Slavin
BACKGROUND: There has been increasing interest in utilizing a diet low in fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides and polyols (FODMAPs) for the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), a functional gastrointestinal disease. While studies have indicated that this diet can be effective at symptom reduction, it is a restrictive diet and patients may find it challenging to find low FODMAP products to meet their nutrient needs. The primary objective of this study was to assess the gastrointestinal (GI) tolerance of three low FODMAP oral nutrition supplements (ONS) in healthy adults...
May 25, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545455/the-effect-of-weight-loss-on-hdl-subfractions-and-lcat-activity-in-two-genotypes-of-apoa-ii-265t-c-polymorphism
#13
Masoumeh Moradi, Maryam Mahmoudi, Ahmad Saedisomeolia, Roxana Zahirihashemi, Fariba Koohdani
BACKGROUND: People may have different responses to the same environmental changes. It has been reported that genome variations may be responsible for these differences. Also, HDL subfractions may be influenced by different genetic variations. The aim of the present study was to determine gene-diet interactions and to evaluate the influence of weight loss on HDL subfractions between two genotypes of -265 T>C APOA-II polymorphism. METHODS: In the present study, 56 overweight and obese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus were selected from 697 genotype-specified subjects...
May 25, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535777/plasma-phospholipid-fatty-acid-profile-confirms-compliance-to-a-novel-saturated-fat-reduced-monounsaturated-fat-enriched-dairy-product-intervention-in-adults-at-moderate-cardiovascular-risk-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Oonagh Markey, Dafni Vasilopoulou, Kirsty E Kliem, Albert Koulman, Colette C Fagan, Keith Summerhill, Laura Y Wang, Alistair S Grandison, David J Humphries, Susan Todd, Kim G Jackson, David I Givens, Julie A Lovegrove
BACKGROUND: Dairy products are a major contributor to dietary SFA. Partial replacement of milk SFA with unsaturated fatty acids (FAs) is possible through oleic-acid rich supplementation of the dairy cow diet. To assess adherence to the intervention of SFA-reduced, MUFA-enriched dairy product consumption in the RESET (REplacement of SaturatEd fat in dairy on Total cholesterol) study using 4-d weighed dietary records, in addition to plasma phospholipid FA (PL-FA) status. METHODS: In a randomised, controlled, crossover design, free-living UK participants identified as moderate risk for CVD (n = 54) were required to replace habitually consumed dairy foods (milk, cheese and butter), with study products with a FA profile typical of retail products (control) or SFA-reduced, MUFA-enriched profile (modified), for two 12-week periods, separated by an 8-week washout period...
May 23, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532473/erratum-to-standardized-serum-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-concentrations-are-inversely-associated-with-cardiometabolic-disease-in-u-s-adults-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-nhanes-2001-2010
#15
Banaz Al-Khalidi, Samantha M Kimball, Michael A Rotondi, Chris I Ardern
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 22, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532405/red-meat-and-chicken-consumption-and-its-association-with-high-blood-pressure-and-obesity-in-south-korean-children-and-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-kshes-2011-2015
#16
Geum Hee Kim, Sang Won Shin, Juneyoung Lee, Jun Hyun Hwang, Soon-Woo Park, Jin Soo Moon, Hyun Jung Kim, Hyeong Sik Ahn
BACKGROUND: The impact of meat consumption on high blood pressure (HBP) and obesity in children and adolescents is a subject of debate. The aim of this study was thus to evaluate the association between meat consumption and both HBP and obesity in this group. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional analysis using nationally representative samples of children and adolescents aged 9, 12, and 15 years old (n = 136,739) who were included in the Korea School Health Examination Survey (KSHES) for the 2011-2015 period...
May 22, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526025/the-effect-of-replacing-saturated-fat-with-mostly-n-6-polyunsaturated-fat-on-coronary-heart-disease-a-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#17
REVIEW
Steven Hamley
BACKGROUND: A cornerstone of conventional dietary advice is the recommendation to replace saturated fatty acids (SFA) with mostly n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) to reduce the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD). Many clinical trials aimed to test this advice and have had their results pooled in several meta-analyses. However, earlier meta-analyses did not sufficiently account for major confounding variables that were present in some of those trials. Therefore, the aim of the study was to account for the major confounding variables in the diet heart trials, and emphasise the results from those trials that most accurately test the effect of replacing SFA with mostly n-6 PUFA...
May 19, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499426/erratum-to-oral-intake-of-a-combination-of-glucosyl-hesperidin-and-caffeine-elicits-an-antiobesity-effect-in-healthy-moderately-obese-subjects-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#18
Tatsuya Ohara, Koutarou Muroyama, Yoshihiro Yamamoto, Shinji Murosaki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 12, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499379/diet-with-a-combination-of-high-protein-and-high-total-antioxidant-capacity-is-strongly-associated-with-low-prevalence-of-frailty-among-old-japanese-women-a-multicenter-cross-sectional-study
#19
Satomi Kobayashi, Hitomi Suga, Satoshi Sasaki
BACKGROUND: The intake of protein and antioxidants has been inversely associated with frailty, individually. However, to our knowledge, no study has evaluated these associations in considering antioxidants or protein intakes as respective confounders. Further, the cooperative effect of dietary protein and antioxidants on frailty has not been investigated. Therefore, we examined the association of high protein and high dietary total antioxidant capacity (TAC) with frailty under the adjustment for dietary TAC or protein intake, respectively...
May 12, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494764/possible-benefits-of-tomato-juice-consumption-a-pilot-study-on-irradiated-human-lymphocytes-from-healthy-donors
#20
Ayumi Nakamura, Chieko Itaki, Ayako Saito, Toko Yonezawa, Koichi Aizawa, Ayumi Hirai, Hiroyuki Suganuma, Tomisato Miura, Yasushi Mariya, Siamak Haghdoost
BACKGROUND: Reactive oxygen species (ROS) mediate much of the DNA damage caused by ionizing radiation. Among carotenoids, lycopene and β-carotene, present in tomato juice, are known to be strong radical scavengers. The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of tomato juice intake on the levels of DNA damage and oxidative stress in human whole blood induced by in vitro exposure to X-rays. METHODS: Ten healthy adults were asked to drink 190 g of tomato juice, containing 17 mg lycopene and 0...
May 12, 2017: Nutrition Journal
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