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Nutrition Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646871/coffee-and-caffeine-intake-and-male-infertility-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Elena Ricci, Paola Viganò, Sonia Cipriani, Edgardo Somigliana, Francesca Chiaffarino, Alessandro Bulfoni, Fabio Parazzini
BACKGROUND: Semen quality, a predictor of male fertility, has been suggested declining worldwide. Among other life style factors, male coffee/caffeine consumption was hypothesized to influence semen parameters, but also sperm DNA integrity. To summarize available evidence, we performed a systematic review of observational studies on the relation between coffee/caffeine intake and parameters of male fertility including sperm ploidy, sperm DNA integrity, semen quality and time to pregnancy...
June 24, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599665/omega-3-supplementation-on-inflammatory-markers-in-patients-with-chronic-chagas-cardiomyopathy-a-randomized-clinical-study
#2
Paula Simplício da Silva, Mauro Felippe Felix Mediano, Gilberto Marcelo Sperandio da Silva, Patricia Dias de Brito, Claudia Santos de Aguiar Cardoso, Cristiane Fonseca de Almeida, Luiz Henrique Conde Sangenis, Roberta Olmo Pinheiro, Alejandro Marcel Hasslocher-Moreno, Pedro Emmanuel Alvarenga Americano do Brasil, Andrea Silvestre de Sousa
BACKGROUND: Several studies have been focusing on the effect of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids on modulation of inflammatory markers in several cardiopathies. Although immunoregulatory dysfunction has been associated to the chronic cardiac involvement in Chagas disease, there is no study examining the effects of omega-3 supplementation in these patients. We investigated the effects of omega-3 PUFAs on markers of inflammation and lipid profile in chronic Chagas cardiomyopathy patients...
June 9, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545589/gastrointestinal-tolerance-of-low-fodmap-oral-nutrition-supplements-in-healthy-human-subjects-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Jennifer Erickson, Renee Korczak, Qi Wang, Joanne Slavin
BACKGROUND: There has been increasing interest in utilizing a diet low in fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides and polyols (FODMAPs) for the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), a functional gastrointestinal disease. While studies have indicated that this diet can be effective at symptom reduction, it is a restrictive diet and patients may find it challenging to find low FODMAP products to meet their nutrient needs. The primary objective of this study was to assess the gastrointestinal (GI) tolerance of three low FODMAP oral nutrition supplements (ONS) in healthy adults...
May 25, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545455/the-effect-of-weight-loss-on-hdl-subfractions-and-lcat-activity-in-two-genotypes-of-apoa-ii-265t-c-polymorphism
#4
Masoumeh Moradi, Maryam Mahmoudi, Ahmad Saedisomeolia, Roxana Zahirihashemi, Fariba Koohdani
BACKGROUND: People may have different responses to the same environmental changes. It has been reported that genome variations may be responsible for these differences. Also, HDL subfractions may be influenced by different genetic variations. The aim of the present study was to determine gene-diet interactions and to evaluate the influence of weight loss on HDL subfractions between two genotypes of -265 T>C APOA-II polymorphism. METHODS: In the present study, 56 overweight and obese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus were selected from 697 genotype-specified subjects...
May 25, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535777/plasma-phospholipid-fatty-acid-profile-confirms-compliance-to-a-novel-saturated-fat-reduced-monounsaturated-fat-enriched-dairy-product-intervention-in-adults-at-moderate-cardiovascular-risk-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Oonagh Markey, Dafni Vasilopoulou, Kirsty E Kliem, Albert Koulman, Colette C Fagan, Keith Summerhill, Laura Y Wang, Alistair S Grandison, David J Humphries, Susan Todd, Kim G Jackson, David I Givens, Julie A Lovegrove
BACKGROUND: Dairy products are a major contributor to dietary SFA. Partial replacement of milk SFA with unsaturated fatty acids (FAs) is possible through oleic-acid rich supplementation of the dairy cow diet. To assess adherence to the intervention of SFA-reduced, MUFA-enriched dairy product consumption in the RESET (REplacement of SaturatEd fat in dairy on Total cholesterol) study using 4-d weighed dietary records, in addition to plasma phospholipid FA (PL-FA) status. METHODS: In a randomised, controlled, crossover design, free-living UK participants identified as moderate risk for CVD (n = 54) were required to replace habitually consumed dairy foods (milk, cheese and butter), with study products with a FA profile typical of retail products (control) or SFA-reduced, MUFA-enriched profile (modified), for two 12-week periods, separated by an 8-week washout period...
May 23, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532473/erratum-to-standardized-serum-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-concentrations-are-inversely-associated-with-cardiometabolic-disease-in-u-s-adults-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-nhanes-2001-2010
#6
Banaz Al-Khalidi, Samantha M Kimball, Michael A Rotondi, Chris I Ardern
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 22, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532405/red-meat-and-chicken-consumption-and-its-association-with-high-blood-pressure-and-obesity-in-south-korean-children-and-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-kshes-2011-2015
#7
Geum Hee Kim, Sang Won Shin, Juneyoung Lee, Jun Hyun Hwang, Soon-Woo Park, Jin Soo Moon, Hyun Jung Kim, Hyeong Sik Ahn
BACKGROUND: The impact of meat consumption on high blood pressure (HBP) and obesity in children and adolescents is a subject of debate. The aim of this study was thus to evaluate the association between meat consumption and both HBP and obesity in this group. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional analysis using nationally representative samples of children and adolescents aged 9, 12, and 15 years old (n = 136,739) who were included in the Korea School Health Examination Survey (KSHES) for the 2011-2015 period...
May 22, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526025/the-effect-of-replacing-saturated-fat-with-mostly-n-6-polyunsaturated-fat-on-coronary-heart-disease-a-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#8
REVIEW
Steven Hamley
BACKGROUND: A cornerstone of conventional dietary advice is the recommendation to replace saturated fatty acids (SFA) with mostly n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) to reduce the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD). Many clinical trials aimed to test this advice and have had their results pooled in several meta-analyses. However, earlier meta-analyses did not sufficiently account for major confounding variables that were present in some of those trials. Therefore, the aim of the study was to account for the major confounding variables in the diet heart trials, and emphasise the results from those trials that most accurately test the effect of replacing SFA with mostly n-6 PUFA...
May 19, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499426/erratum-to-oral-intake-of-a-combination-of-glucosyl-hesperidin-and-caffeine-elicits-an-antiobesity-effect-in-healthy-moderately-obese-subjects-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#9
Tatsuya Ohara, Koutarou Muroyama, Yoshihiro Yamamoto, Shinji Murosaki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 12, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499379/diet-with-a-combination-of-high-protein-and-high-total-antioxidant-capacity-is-strongly-associated-with-low-prevalence-of-frailty-among-old-japanese-women-a-multicenter-cross-sectional-study
#10
Satomi Kobayashi, Hitomi Suga, Satoshi Sasaki
BACKGROUND: The intake of protein and antioxidants has been inversely associated with frailty, individually. However, to our knowledge, no study has evaluated these associations in considering antioxidants or protein intakes as respective confounders. Further, the cooperative effect of dietary protein and antioxidants on frailty has not been investigated. Therefore, we examined the association of high protein and high dietary total antioxidant capacity (TAC) with frailty under the adjustment for dietary TAC or protein intake, respectively...
May 12, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494764/possible-benefits-of-tomato-juice-consumption-a-pilot-study-on-irradiated-human-lymphocytes-from-healthy-donors
#11
Ayumi Nakamura, Chieko Itaki, Ayako Saito, Toko Yonezawa, Koichi Aizawa, Ayumi Hirai, Hiroyuki Suganuma, Tomisato Miura, Yasushi Mariya, Siamak Haghdoost
BACKGROUND: Reactive oxygen species (ROS) mediate much of the DNA damage caused by ionizing radiation. Among carotenoids, lycopene and β-carotene, present in tomato juice, are known to be strong radical scavengers. The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of tomato juice intake on the levels of DNA damage and oxidative stress in human whole blood induced by in vitro exposure to X-rays. METHODS: Ten healthy adults were asked to drink 190 g of tomato juice, containing 17 mg lycopene and 0...
May 12, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476161/dose-response-relationship-between-dietary-magnesium-intake-serum-magnesium-concentration-and-risk-of-hypertension-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-prospective-cohort-studies
#12
Hedong Han, Xin Fang, Xin Wei, Yuzhou Liu, Zhicao Jin, Qi Chen, Zhongjie Fan, Jan Aaseth, Ayako Hiyoshi, Jia He, Yang Cao
BACKGROUND: The findings of prospective cohort studies are inconsistent regarding the association between dietary magnesium intake and serum magnesium concentration and the risk of hypertension. We aimed to review the evidence from prospective cohort studies and perform a dose-response meta-analysis to investigate the relationship between dietary magnesium intake and serum magnesium concentrations and the risk of hypertension. METHODS: We searched systematically PubMed, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library databases from October 1951 through June 2016...
May 5, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431559/effects-of-whole-grain-rye-with-and-without-resistant-starch-type-2-supplementation-on-glucose-tolerance-gut-hormones-inflammation-and-appetite-regulation-in-an-11-14-5%C3%A2-hour-perspective-a-randomized-controlled-study-in-healthy-subjects
#13
Jonna C Sandberg, Inger M E Björck, Anne C Nilsson
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of obesity is increasing worldwide and prevention is needed. Whole grain has shown potential to lower the risk of obesity, cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. One possible mechanism behind the benefits of whole grain is the gut fermentation of dietary fiber (DF), e.g. non-starch polysaccharides and resistant starch (RS), in whole grain. The purpose of the study is to investigate the effect of whole grain rye-based products on glucose- and appetite regulation...
April 21, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427403/preoperative-carbohydrate-load-and-intraoperatively-infused-omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-positively-impact-nosocomial-morbidity-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-a-double-blind-controlled-randomized-trial
#14
Gibran Roder Feguri, Paulo Ruiz Lúcio de Lima, Danilo de Cerqueira Borges, Laura Ramos Toledo, Larissa Nadaf Batista, Thaís Carvalho E Silva, Neuber José Segri, José Eduardo de Aguilar-Nascimento
BACKGROUND: A strategy of limited preoperative fasting, with carbohydrate (CHO) loading and intraoperative infusion of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω-3 PUFA), has seldom been tried in cardiovascular surgery. Brief fasting, followed by CHO intake 2 h before anesthesia, may improve recovery from CABG procedures and lower perioperative vasoactive drug requirements. Infusion of ω-3 PUFA may reduce occurrences of postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) and shorten hospital stays...
April 20, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420388/association-between-maternal-intake-of-n-6-to-n-3-fatty-acid-ratio-during-pregnancy-and-infant-neurodevelopment-at-6-months-of-age-results-of-the-moceh-cohort-study
#15
Hyejin Kim, Hyesook Kim, Eunjung Lee, Yeni Kim, Eun-Hee Ha, Namsoo Chang
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFAs) are essential for infant neurodevelopment. The nutritional adequacy of dietary LC-PUFAs depends not only on the LC-PUFAs intake but also on the n-6 to n-3 fatty acid ratio (n-6/n-3 PUFAs). This study aimed to identify the association between the maternal dietary n-6/n-3 PUFAs and motor and cognitive development of infants at 6 months of age. METHODS: We used data from 960 participants in the Mothers and Children's Environmental Health (MOCEH) study, which is a multi-center prospective cohort study...
April 18, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388919/scope-and-quality-of-cochrane-reviews-of-nutrition-interventions-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Celeste E Naude, Solange Durao, Abigail Harper, Jimmy Volmink
BACKGROUND: All countries face significant challenges from complex manifestations of malnutrition, which affects one in three people globally. Systematic reviews provide ready-to-use syntheses of quality-appraised evidence to inform decision-making for actions. To enhance the utility and quality of future Cochrane nutrition evidence, we described the scope and quality of all nutrition systematic reviews in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (CDSR). METHODS: We screened all active CDSR records (31 July 2015) to identify reviews and protocols using pre-specified eligibility criteria and definitions...
April 7, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376792/dietary-inflammatory-index-and-risk-of-first-myocardial-infarction-a-prospective-population-based-study
#17
Stina Bodén, Maria Wennberg, Bethany Van Guelpen, Ingegerd Johansson, Bernt Lindahl, Jonas Andersson, Nitin Shivappa, James R Hebert, Lena Maria Nilsson
BACKGROUND: Chronic, low-grade inflammation is an established risk factor for cardiovascular disease. The inflammatory impact of diet can be reflected by concentrations of inflammatory markers in the bloodstream and the inflammatory potential of diet can be estimated by the dietary inflammatory index (DII(TM)), which has been associated with cardiovascular disease risk in some previous studies. We aimed to examine the association between the DII and the risk of first myocardial infarction (MI) in a population-based study with long follow-up...
April 4, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351404/longitudinal-10-year-changes-in-dietary-intake-and-associations-with-cardio-metabolic-risk-factors-in-the-northern-sweden-health-and-disease-study
#18
Anna Winkvist, Sofia Klingberg, Lena Maria Nilsson, Maria Wennberg, Frida Renström, Göran Hallmans, Kurt Boman, Ingegerd Johansson
BACKGROUND: Dietary risks today constitute the largest proportion of disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) globally and in Sweden. An increasing number of people today consume highly processed foods high in saturated fat, refined sugar and salt and low in dietary fiber, vitamins and minerals. It is important that dietary trends over time are monitored to predict changes in disease risk. METHODS: In total, 15,995 individuals with two visits 10 (±1) years apart in the population-based Västerbotten Intervention Programme 1996-2014 were included...
March 28, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330481/diverse-characteristics-of-the-urinary-excretion-of-amino-acids-in-humans-and-the-use-of-amino-acid-supplementation-to-reduce-fatigue-and-sub-health-in-adults
#19
R H Dunstan, D L Sparkes, M M Macdonald, X Janse De Jonge, B J Dascombe, J Gottfries, C-G Gottfries, T K Roberts
BACKGROUND: The excretion of amino acids in urine represents an important avenue for the loss of key nutrients. Some amino acids such as glycine and histidine are lost in higher abundance than others. These two amino acids perform important physiological functions and are required for the synthesis of key proteins such as haemoglobin and collagen. METHODS: Stage 1 of this study involved healthy subjects (n = 151) who provided first of the morning urine samples and completed symptom questionnaires...
March 23, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315635/behaviors-of-consumers-physicians-and-pharmacists-in-response-to-adverse-events-associated-with-dietary-supplement-use
#20
Tsuyoshi Chiba, Yoko Sato, Etsuko Kobayashi, Kazuki Ide, Hiroshi Yamada, Keizo Umegaki
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of dietary supplements has increased in Japan, and, as a consequence, the adverse events associated with dietary supplement use have become more prominent. Severe adverse events must be reported to the Japanese government via public health centers. However, the number of cases reported to the Japanese government is limited. To clarify this discrepancy, we conducted an internet questionnaire, and surveyed how consumers, physicians and pharmacists acted when they or their patients developed adverse events due to dietary supplement use...
March 18, 2017: Nutrition Journal
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