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Nutrition Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30219062/efficacy-of-high-zinc-biofortified-wheat-in-improvement-of-micronutrient-status-and-prevention-of-morbidity-among-preschool-children-and-women-a-double-masked-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Sunil Sazawal, Usha Dhingra, Pratibha Dhingra, Arup Dutta, Saikat Deb, Jitendra Kumar, Prabhabati Devi, Ashish Prakash
BACKGROUND: Biofortification of staple food crops with zinc (Zn) can be one of the cost-effective and sustainable strategies to combat zinc deficiency and prevent morbidity among the target population. Agronomic approaches such as application of Zn fertilizers to soil and/or foliar spray seem to be a practical tool for Zn biofortification of wheat. However, there is a need to evaluate its efficacy from randomized controlled trials. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of zinc biofortified wheat flour on zinc status and its impact on morbidity among children aged 4-6 years and non-pregnant non lactating woman of child bearing age (WCBA) in Delhi, India...
September 15, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30217205/severely-malnourished-children-with-a-low-weight-for-height-have-a-higher-mortality-than-those-with-a-low-mid-upper-arm-circumference-i-empirical-data-demonstrates-simpson-s-paradox
#2
Emmanuel Grellety, Michael H Golden
BACKGROUND: According to WHO childhood severe acute malnutrition (SAM) is diagnosed when the weight-for-height Z-score (WHZ) is <-3Z of the WHO2006 standards, the mid-upper-arm circumference (MUAC) is < 115 mm, there is nutritional oedema or any combination of these parameters. Recently there has been a move to eliminate WHZ as a diagnostic criterion on the assertion that children meeting the WHZ criterion are healthy, that MUAC is universally a superior prognostic indicator of mortality and that adding WHZ to the assessment does not improve the prediction; these assertions have lead to a controversy concerning the role of WHZ in the diagnosis of SAM...
September 15, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30217202/identifying-children-at-risk-of-malnutrition
#3
EDITORIAL
Alan A Jackson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30217201/severely-malnourished-children-with-a-low-weight-for-height-have-a-higher-mortality-than-those-with-a-low-mid-upper-arm-circumference-iii-effect-of-case-load-on-malnutrition-related-mortality-policy-implications
#4
Emmanuel Grellety, Michael H Golden
BACKGROUND: Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) is diagnosed when the weight-for-height Z-score (WHZ) is <-3Z of the WHO2006 standards, or a mid-upper-arm circumference (MUAC) of < 115 mm or there is nutritional oedema. Although there has been a move to eliminate WHZ as a diagnostic criterion we have shown that children with a low WHZ have at least as high a mortality risk as those with a low MUAC. Here we take the estimated case fatality rates and published case-loads to estimate the proportion of total SAM related deaths occurring in children that would be excluded from treatment with a MUAC-only policy...
September 15, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30217196/severely-malnourished-children-with-a-low-weight-for-height-have-similar-mortality-to-those-with-a-low-mid-upper-arm-circumference-ii-systematic-literature-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Emmanuel Grellety, Michael H Golden
BACKGROUND: The WHO recommended criteria for diagnosis of sever acute malnutrition (SAM) are weight-for-height/length Z-score (WHZ) of <- 3Z of the WHO2006 standards, a mid-upper-arm circumference (MUAC) of < 115 mm, nutritional oedema or any combination of these parameters. A move to eliminate WHZ as a diagnostic criterion has been made on the assertion that children with a low WHZ are healthy, that MUAC is a "superior" prognostic indicator of mortality and that adding WHZ to the assessment does not improve the prediction of death...
September 15, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30208898/environmental-footprints-of-food-consumption-and-dietary-patterns-among-lebanese-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Farah Naja, Lamis Jomaa, Leila Itani, Jeremy Zidek, Sibelle El Labban, Abla Mehio Sibai, Nahla Hwalla
BACKGROUND: Following the release of the Sustainable Development Goals, dietary patterns and guidelines are being revised for their effect on the environment in addition to their health implications. The objective of this study was to evaluate and compare the Environmental Footprints (EFPs) of food consumption patterns among Lebanese adults. METHODS: For this study, data for adults aged > 18 years (n = 337) were drawn from a previous national survey conducted in Lebanon (2008-2009), where dietary intake was assessed using a 61-item Food Frequency Questionnaire...
September 12, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30193589/a-systematic-search-and-qualitative-review-of-reporting-bias-of-lifestyle-interventions-in-randomized-controlled-trials-of-diabetes-prevention-and-management
#7
Natalie D Riediger, Andrea E Bombak, Adriana Mudryj, Jackson Bensley, Samuel Ankomah
BACKGROUND: Scholars have documented presumptions regarding the relationships between diet, exercise, weight, and type 2 diabetes. However, it is unclear to what extent researchers contribute to these presumptions, and how often these relationships are thoroughly delineated within the context of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Thus, the aim was to conduct a systematic search and qualitative, thematic analysis of RCTs focusing on lifestyle interventions for diabetes prevention or management, to examine how researchers discuss body weight in 1) the rationale and design of their RCTs; and 2) their presentation and interpretation of their findings...
September 7, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30149812/role-of-milk-and-dairy-intake-in-cognitive-function-in-older-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Jounghee Lee, Zhuxuan Fu, Mei Chung, Dai-Ja Jang, Hae-Jeung Lee
BACKGROUND: As aging populations increase across the globe, research on lifestyle factors that prevent cognitive decline and dementia is urgently needed. Therefore, a systematic review was conducted to examine the effects of varying levels of milk intake alone or in combination with other dairy products on the outcomes of cognitive function and disorders in adults. METHODS: A comprehensive search was conducted across 3 databases (PUBMED, CINAHL, and EMBASE) from their inception through October 2017...
August 27, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30134909/ethnic-disparities-of-beverage-consumption-in-infants-and-children-0-5-years-of-age-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2011-to-2014
#9
Elieke Demmer, Christopher J Cifelli, Jenny A Houchins, Victor L Fulgoni
BACKGROUND: Dietary patterns, including beverage consumption, that are developed during a child's first few years of life have been shown to impact dietary choices made later in life. Authoritative sources provide beverage recommendations for infants and children; however, it is unclear if these guidelines are followed and what, if any, the differences are among races/ethnicities. The objective of this study was to examine beverage consumption to recommendations among children 0-5 months, 6-11 months, 12-23 months, 2-3 years, and 4-5 years...
August 22, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30134901/dietary-patterns-are-associated-with-blood-lipids-at-18-year-olds-a-cross-sectional-analysis-nested-in-the-1993-pelotas-brazil-birth-cohort
#10
Juliana Dos Santos Vaz, Romina Buffarini, Gilberto Kac, Renata Moraes Bielemann, Isabel Oliveira, Ana Baptista Menezes, Maria Cecilia Formoso Assunção
BACKGROUND: Evidence regarding the deleterious effects of diet on blood lipids in adolescence has been inconsistent, and few studies have investigated this association using a dietary pattern approach. We examined whether dietary pattern of adolescents are associated with blood lipid concentrations. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of 3524 18-year-old participants in the 1993 Pelotas (Brazil) Birth Cohort Study. A semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire was administered...
August 22, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30103735/fortified-food-supplementation-in-children-with-reduced-dietary-energy-and-micronutrients-intake-in-southern-mexico
#11
Gabriela Añorve-Valdez, Amado David Quezada-Sánchez, Fabiola Mejía-Rodríguez, Armando García-Guerra, Lynnette Marie Neufeld
BACKGROUND: Nutritional supplements are an important source of complementary food for young children, since they may either complement or substitute nutrients obtained from other food sources. Assessing how the introduction of different types of supplements modifies the consumption of other food sources may help in designing supplementation programs that aim to improve the nutrition of vulnerable populations. The objetive is to quantify dietary energy and nutrient intake among children aged 6-12 months who received one of three nutritional supplements...
August 13, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30098591/ramadan-fasting-alters-food-patterns-dietary-diversity-and-body-weight-among-ghanaian-adolescents
#12
Zakari Ali, Abdul-Razak Abizari
BACKGROUND: Ramadan is a monthlong fast for healthy adolescents and adult Muslims. The quality of foods eaten and eating patterns in Ramadan may be different from other months of the year. Food intake of adolescents is a concern as energy and nutrient requirements are higher and needed to support the growth spurt of this stage. The objective of the present study was to describe the food patterns, dietary diversity and body weight changes among adolescents during Ramadan. METHODS: A prospective cohort study design with four measurement points (baseline, midline, endline and post endline) was conducted among 366 adolescents in Junior High Schools...
August 11, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30071855/family-based-intervention-using-face-to-face-sessions-and-social-media-to-improve-malay-primary-school-children-s-adiposity-a-randomized-controlled-field-trial-of-the-malaysian-reduce-programme
#13
Norliza Ahmad, Zalilah Mohd Shariff, Firdaus Mukhtar, Munn-Sann Lye
BACKGROUND: Social media may be an effective medium by which parents could be trained to promote healthy eating behaviour and physical activity for their children. This trial evaluates the effectiveness of a family-based intervention using social media in combination with face-to-face sessions - the REDUCE (REorganise Diet, Unnecessary sCreen time and Exercise) programme - on adiposity of Malay children. METHODS: Five primary schools in an urban area in Selangor, Malaysia participated in this two-arm randomized controlled field trial...
August 2, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30068342/evaluation-of-the-online-beverage-frequency-questionnaire-bfq
#14
Lana Vanderlee, Jessica L Reid, Christine M White, Erin P Hobin, Rachel B Acton, Amanda C Jones, Meghan O'Neill, Sharon I Kirkpatrick, David Hammond
BACKGROUND: The contribution of beverages to overall diet is of increasing interest to researchers and policymakers, particularly in terms of consumption of drinks high in added sugars; however, few tools to assess beverage intake have been developed and evaluated. This study aimed to evaluate the relative validity of a new online Beverage Frequency Questionnaire (BFQ) among young adults in Canada. METHODS: A cross-sectional relative validation study was conducted among young adults aged 16-30 years (n = 50)...
August 1, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30060746/role-of-whole-grains-versus-fruits-and-vegetables-in-reducing-subclinical-inflammation-and-promoting-gastrointestinal-health-in-individuals-affected-by-overweight-and-obesity-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Julianne C Kopf, Mallory J Suhr, Jennifer Clarke, Seong-Il Eyun, Jean-Jack M Riethoven, Amanda E Ramer-Tait, Devin J Rose
BACKGROUND: Whole grains (WG) and fruits and vegetables (FV) have been shown to reduce the risk of metabolic disease, possibly via modulation of the gut microbiota. The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of increasing intake of either WG or FV on inflammatory markers and gut microbiota composition. METHODS: A randomized parallel arm feeding trial was completed on forty-nine subjects with overweight or obesity and low intakes of FV and WG. Individuals were randomized into three groups (3 servings/d provided): WG, FV, and a control (refined grains)...
July 30, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30045719/maternal-dietary-patterns-during-pregnancy-and-preterm-delivery-a-large-prospective-cohort-study-in-china
#16
Min-Shan Lu, Jian-Rong He, Qiaozhu Chen, Jinhua Lu, Xueling Wei, Qianling Zhou, Fanfan Chan, Lifang Zhang, Niannian Chen, Lan Qiu, Mingyang Yuan, Kar Keung Cheng, Huimin Xia, Xiu Qiu
BACKGROUND: Evidence about the associations between maternal dietary patterns and preterm delivery is scarce in Eastern countries. The purpose of this study was to examine the associations between maternal dietary patterns during pregnancy and preterm delivery in a Chinese population. METHODS: A total of 7352 mothers were included in the Born in Guangzhou Cohort Study, a prospective study in China. A validated self-administered food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) was used to assess maternal diet at 24-27 weeks of gestation...
July 25, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30025518/erythrocyte-dha-and-aa-in-infancy-is-not-associated-with-developmental-status-and-cognitive-functioning-five-years-later-in-nepalese-children
#17
Sigrun Henjum, Ingrid Kvestad, Merina Shrestha, Manjeswori Ulak, Ram K Chandyo, Andrew L Thorne-Lyman, Prakash S Shrestha, Marian Kjellevold, Mari Hysing, Tor A Strand
BACKGROUND: Long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) especially docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and arachidonic acid (AA) are crucial for normal brain development in utero and in early infancy. Data on fatty acid status and cognitive development in infants and children from low-income countries are scarce. METHODS: We examined the association between the DHA and AA status in infancy (n = 320) and developmental status and cognitive functioning five years later...
July 19, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30021572/progress-of-children-with-severe-acute-malnutrition-in-the-malnutrition-treatment-centre-rehabilitation-program-evidence-from-a-prospective-study-in-jharkhand-india
#18
Anuraag Chaturvedi, Ashok K Patwari, Deepa Soni, Shivam Pandey, Audrey Prost, Raj Kumar Gope, Jyoti Sharma, Prasanta Tripathy
BACKGROUND: In Jharkhand, Malnutrition Treatment Centres (MTCs) have been established to provide care to children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM). The study examined the effects of facility- and community based care provided as part the MTC program on children with severe acute malnutrition. METHOD: A cohort of 150 children were enrolled and interviewed by trained investigators at admission, discharge, and after two months on the completion of the community-based phase of the MTC program...
July 18, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29996840/dietary-pattern-is-associated-with-obesity-in-chinese-children-and-adolescents-data-from-china-health-and-nutrition-survey-chns
#19
Shihan Zhen, Yanan Ma, Zhongyi Zhao, Xuelian Yang, Deliang Wen
BACKGROUND: Associations of dietary patterns in Chinese adolescents and children with later obesity have not previously been investigated. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the associations between dietary patterns and the risk of obesity in Chinese adolescents and children by using a longitudinal design. METHODS: Data from the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS), a nationally representative survey, were used for our analysis. 489 participants 6-14 years of age were followed from 2006 to 2011...
July 11, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29991345/greater-vegetable-variety-and-amount-are-associated-with-lower-prevalence-of-coronary-heart-disease-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-1999-2014
#20
Zach Conrad, Susan Raatz, Lisa Jahns
BACKGROUND: The 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGA) provides specific intake recommendations for vegetable variety and amount in order to protect against chronic disease. However, to the best of our knowledge, no studies have examined the link between DGA recommended vegetable variety and cardiometabolic disease. To address this research gap, our aim was to estimate the relationship between vegetable variety, vegetable amount, and prevalent cardiometabolic disease subtypes, and to assess potential determinants of vegetable variety...
July 10, 2018: Nutrition Journal
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