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Journal of Negative Results in Biomedicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841828/blink-rate-is-associated-with-drug-induced-parkinsonism-in-patients-with-severe-mental-illness-but-does-not-meet-requirements-to-serve-as-a-clinical-test-the-curacao-extrapyramidal-syndromes-study-xiii
#1
Charlotte L Mentzel, P Roberto Bakker, Jim van Os, Marjan Drukker, Glenn E Matroos, Marina A J Tijssen, Peter N van Harten
BACKGROUND: Drug-induced parkinsonism (DIP) has a high prevalence and is associated with poorer quality of life. To find a practical clinical tool to assess DIP in patients with severe mental illness (SMI), the association between blink rate and drug-induced parkinsonism (DIP) was assessed. METHODS: In a cohort of 204 SMI patients receiving care from the only mental health service of the previous Dutch Antilles, blink rate per minute during conversation was assessed by an additional trained movement disorder specialist...
August 25, 2017: Journal of Negative Results in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830560/in-vitro-aggregating-%C3%AE-lactamase-polyq-chimeras-do-not-induce-toxic-effects-in-an-in-vivo-caenorhabditis-elegans-model
#2
Roel Van Assche, Charline Borghgraef, Jonathan Vaneyck, Mireille Dumoulin, Liliane Schoofs, Liesbet Temmerman
BACKGROUND: A series of human diseases are caused by the misfolding and aggregation of specific proteins or peptides into amyloid fibrils; nine of these diseases, referred to as polyglutamine diseases, are associated with proteins carrying an expanded polyglutamine (polyQ) region. While the presence of this latter is thought to be the determinant factor for the development of polyQ diseases, the non-polyQ regions of the host proteins are thought to play a significant modulating role. METHOD: In order to better understand the role of non-polyQ regions, the toxic effects of model proteins bearing different polyQ regions (containing up to 79 residues) embedded at two distinct locations within the β-lactamase (BlaP) host enzyme were evaluated in Caenorhabditis elegans...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Negative Results in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830555/work-focused-cognitive-behavioral-intervention-for-psychological-complaints-in-patients-on-sick-leave-due-to-work-related-stress-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Vita Ligaya Dalgaard, Lars Peter Sønderbo Andersen, Johan Hviid Andersen, Morten Vejs Willert, Ole Carstensen, David John Glasscock
BACKGROUND: Work-related stress is a global problem with negative implications for individuals and society. The purpose of the current study was to evaluate a stress management intervention for patients on sick leave due to work-related stress complaints using a three-armed randomized controlled design. METHODS: Participants were patients referred from three municipalities to the regional Department of Occupational Medicine. Inclusion criteria were: 1) sick leave due to work-related stress complaints, 2) a diagnosis of adjustment disorder or reactions to severe stress (ICD 10 code: F43,2 - F 43,9 not PTSD) or mild depressive episode (F 32...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Negative Results in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648143/polymorphism-rs547984-on-human-chromosome-1q43-is-not-associated-with-primary-open-angle-glaucoma-in-a-saudi-cohort
#4
Taif A Azad, Nikhil B Edward, Altaf A Kondkar, Hatem Kalantan, Saleh Altuwaijri, Tahira Sultan, Faisal A Al-Mobarak, Saleh A Al-Obeidan, Khaled K Abu-Amero
BACKGROUND: To investigate the association between polymorphism rs547984, located in close proximity to the Zona Pellucida Glycoprotein 4 (ZP4) gene on human chromosome 1q43 and primary open angle glaucoma (POAG). METHOD: Polymorphism rs547984 was genotyped using Taq-Man® assay in 185 subjects comprising of 90 unrelated POAG cases and 95 controls of Saudi origin. RESULTS: Association analysis between cases and controls revealed no significant genotype distribution under additive (p = 0...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Negative Results in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610582/behavioral-and-neural-adaptations-in-response-to-five-weeks-of-balance-training-in-older-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Jan Ruffieux, Audrey Mouthon, Martin Keller, Michael Wälchli, Wolfgang Taube
BACKGROUND: While the positive effect of balance training on age-related impairments in postural stability is well-documented, the neural correlates of such training adaptations in older adults remain poorly understood. This study therefore aimed to shed more light on neural adaptations in response to balance training in older adults. METHODS: Postural stability as well as spinal reflex and cortical excitability was measured in older adults (65-80 years) before and after 5 weeks of balance training (n = 15) or habitual activity (n = 13)...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Negative Results in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535819/does-the-placebo-effect-modulate-drug-bioavailability-randomized-cross-over-studies-of-three-drugs
#6
Muhammad M Hammami, Ahmed Yusuf, Faduma S Shire, Rajaa Hussein, Reem Al-Swayeh
BACKGROUND: Medication effect is the sum of its drug, placebo, and drug*placebo interaction effects. It is conceivable that the interaction effect involves modulating drug bioavailability; it was previously observed that being aware of caffeine ingestion may prolong caffeine plasma half-life. This study was set to evaluate such concept using different drugs. METHODS: Balanced single-dose, two-period, two-group, cross-over design was used to compare the pharmacokinetics of oral cephalexin, ibuprofen, and paracetamol, each described by its name (overt) or as placebo (covert)...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Negative Results in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412940/absence-of-the-dermatan-sulfate-chain-of-decorin-does-not-affect-mouse-development
#7
Pierre Moffatt, Yeqing Geng, Lisa Lamplugh, Antonio Nanci, Peter J Roughley
BACKGROUND: In vitro studies suggest that the multiple functions of decorin are related to both its core protein and its dermatan sulfate chain. To determine the contribution of the dermatan sulfate chain to the functional properties of decorin in vivo, a mutant mouse whose decorin lacked a dermatan sulfate chain was generated. RESULTS: Homozygous mice expressing only the decorin core protein developed and grew in a similar manner to wild type mice. In both embryonic and postnatal mice, all connective tissues studied, including cartilage, skin and cornea, appeared to be normal upon histological examination, and their collagen fibrils were of normal diameter and organization...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Negative Results in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366172/the-effects-of-phosphanegold-i-thiolates-on-the-biological-properties-of-acanthamoeba-castellanii-belonging-to-the-t4-genotype
#8
Ruqaiyyah Siddiqui, Farhat Abjani, Chien Ing Yeo, Edward R T Tiekink, Naveed Ahmed Khan
BACKGROUND: Gold compounds have shown promise in the treatment of non-communicable diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and cancer, and are considered of value as anti-microbial agents against Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria, and have anti-parasitic properties against Schistosoma mansoni, Trypanosoma brucei, Plasmodium falciparum, Leishmania infantinum, Giardia lamblia, and Entamoeba histolytica. They are known to affect enzymatic activities that are required for the cellular respiration processes...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Negative Results in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316284/facial-cutaneo-mucosal-venous-malformations-can-develop-independently-of-mutation-of-tek-gene-%C3%AF-but-may-be-associated-with-excessive-expression-of-src-and-p-src
#9
Nabila Brahami, Selvakumar Subramaniam, Moudjahed Saleh Al-Ddafari, Cecile Elkaim, Pierre-Olivier Harmand, Badr-Eddine Sari, Gérard Lefranc, Mourad Aribi
We aimed to search for mutations in the germline and somatic DNA of the TEK gene and to analyze the expression level of Src and phospho-Src (p-Src) in tumor and healthy tissues from patients with facial cutaneo-mucosal venous malformations (VMCM). Eligible patients from twelve families and thirty healthy controls were recruited respectively at the Departments of Stomatology and Oral Surgery, and Transfusion Medicine of Tlemcen University Medical Centre. Immunoblot analyses of Src and p-Src were performed after direct DNA sequencing...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Negative Results in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285600/experimental-silicosis-does-not-aggravate-collagen-induced-arthritis-in-mice
#10
Robby Engelmann, Brigitte Müller-Hilke
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of chronic lung inflammation on the incidence and severity of collagen-induced arthritis in mice. METHODS: Chronic lung inflammation in the form of silicosis was induced via intranasal application of silica particles. Immunization with collagen Type II commenced one week later and mice were sacrificed six weeks after booster immunization. Thereafter, silicosis was confirmed via flow cytometry and arthritis was evaluated performing knee and paw histology...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Negative Results in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274242/erratum-to-do-anti-amyloid-beta-protein-antibody-cross-reactivities-confound-alzheimer-disease-research
#11
Sally Hunter, Carol Brayne
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 8, 2017: Journal of Negative Results in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245857/the-diagnostic-value-of-the-bronchoalveolar-lavage-in-interstitial-lung-diseases
#12
Boubacar Efared, G Ebang-Atsame, Sani Rabiou, Abdoulsalam S Diarra, Layla Tahiri, Nawal Hammas, Mohamed Smahi, Bouchra Amara, Mohamed C Benjelloun, Mounia Serraj, Laila Chbani, Hinde El Fatemi
OBJECTIVE: Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) is a diagnostic tool often used during the management of interstitial lung diseases (ILD). However, its diagnostic value in discrimination between entities comprising the very heterogenous group of ILD, is still a controversial issue. The objective of our study is to assess the diagnostic value of BAL in the management of ILD, by comparing the cytological findings in BAL fluid among the different diseases of this group. METHODS: It was a retrospective, observational study of 151 patients between January 2012 and December 2015...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Negative Results in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214466/antimicrobial-activity-of-hl-60-cells-compared-to-primary-blood-derived-neutrophils-against-staphylococcus-aureus
#13
Ragheda Yaseen, Stefanie Blodkamp, Petra Lüthje, Friederike Reuner, Lena Völlger, Hassan Y Naim, Maren von Köckritz-Blickwede
BACKGROUND: The human leukemia cell line HL-60 is considered an alternative cell culture model to study neutrophil differentiation and migration. The aim of this study was to characterize the suitability of HL-60 cells differentiated to neutrophil-like cells (nHL-60) as substitute for blood-derived human neutrophils to investigate the interaction of neutrophils with Staphylococcus aureus. METHODS: For this purpose, antimicrobial activity, bacterial uptake, production of reactive oxygen species and the release of neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) by nHL-60 cells were analyzed and compared to primary blood-derived neutrophils using Staphylococcus aureus as important human and animal pathogen...
February 19, 2017: Journal of Negative Results in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153016/lack-of-association-between-polymorphism-rs540782-and-primary-open-angle-glaucoma-in-saudi-patients
#14
Altaf A Kondkar, Nikhil B Edward, Hatem Kalantan, Abdullah S Al-Kharashi, Saleh Altuwaijri, Gamal Mohamed, Tahira Sultan, Taif A Azad, Khaled K Abu-Amero
BACKGROUND: To investigate whether polymorphism rs540782 on chromsome 1, in close proximity to the Zona Pellucida Glycoprotein 4 (ZP4) gene, is a risk factor for primary open angle glaucoma (POAG). METHOD: The study genotyped 92 unrelated POAG cases and 95 control subjects from Saudi Arabia using Taq-Man® assay. RESULTS: The genotype frequency distribution did not deviate significantly from the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (p > 0.05)...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Negative Results in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126004/do-anti-amyloid-beta-protein-antibody-cross-reactivities-confound-alzheimer-disease-research
#15
REVIEW
Sally Hunter, Carol Brayne
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer disease (AD) research has focussed mainly on the amyloid beta protein (Aβ). However, many Aβ-and P3-type peptides derived from the amyloid precursor protein (APP) and peptides thought to derive from Aβ catabolism share sequence homology. Additionally, conformations can change dependent on aggregation state and solubility leading to significant uncertainty relating to interpretations of immunoreactivity with antibodies raised against Aβ. We review evidence relating to the reactivities of commonly used antibodies including 6F3D, 6E10 and 4G8 and evaluate their reactivity profiles with respect to AD diagnosis and research...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Negative Results in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978824/unspecific-binding-of-crna-probe-to-plaques-in-two-mouse-models-for-alzheimer-s-disease
#16
Anne Schaarschuch, Christoph Redies, Nicole Hertel
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by the pathological deposition of amyloid-β (Aβ) protein-containing plaques. Microglia and astrocytes are commonly attracted to the plaques by an unknown mechanism that may involve cell adhesion. One cell adhesion family of proteins, the cadherins, are widely expressed in the central nervous system. Therefore, our study was designed to map the expression of cadherins in AD mouse brains. A particular focus was on plaques because diverse mRNA-species were found in plaques and their surrounding area in brains of AD patients...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Negative Results in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938391/false-data-positive-results-in-neurobiology-moving-beyond-the-epigenetics-of-blood-and-saliva-samples-in-mental-disorders
#17
REVIEW
A Cariaga-Martinez, R Alelú-Paz
Many psychiatric diseases are influenced by a set of several genetic and environmental factors that genetics alone cannot explain. Specifically, in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder the absence of consistently replicated genetic effects together with evidence for lasting changes in gene expression after environmental exposures suggest a role of epigenetic mechanisms in its pathophysiological mechanisms. In this field, the presence of positive results could potentially uncover molecular mechanisms of deregulated gene expression in these complex disorders...
December 12, 2016: Journal of Negative Results in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916002/long-term-effect-of-stents-eluting-6-mercaptopurine-in-porcine-coronary-arteries
#18
Matthijs S Ruiter, Albert Doornbos, Vivian de Waard, Robbert J de Winter, Nico J M Attevelt, Rob Steendam, Carlie J M de Vries
BACKGROUND: Drug-eluting stents (DES) have dramatically reduced restenosis rates compared to bare metal stents and are widely used in coronary artery angioplasty. The anti-proliferative nature of the drugs reduces smooth muscle cell (SMC) proliferation effectively, but unfortunately also negatively affects endothelialization of stent struts, necessitating prolonged dual anti-platelet therapy. Cell-type specific therapy may prevent this complication, giving rise to safer stents that do not require additional medication...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Negative Results in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802801/examining-if-being-overweight-really-confers-protection-against-dementia-sixty-four-year-follow-up-of-participants-in-the-glasgow-university-alumni-cohort-study
#19
G David Batty, Bruna Galobardes, John M Starr, Mona Jeffreys, George Davey Smith, Tom C Russ
BACKGROUND: Recent large-scale studies suggest that obesity and overweight may confer protection against future dementia. This observation could, however, be generated by reverse causality. That is, weight loss in the incipient phase of dementia ascribed to diminished self-care, including sub-optimal nutrition, would have the effect of generating such an inverse association. One approach to circumventing this problem would be to measure weight in a population which is young enough to be free of the symptoms of dementia which is then followed up for dementia occurrence over many decades...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Negative Results in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784318/dietary-phosphate-supplement-does-not-rescue-skeletal-phenotype-in-a-mouse-model-for-craniometaphyseal-dysplasia
#20
Yaling Liu, Eliane H Dutra, Ernst J Reichenberger, I-Ping Chen
BACKGROUND: Mutations in the human progressive ankylosis gene (ANKH; Mus musculus ortholog Ank) have been identified as cause for craniometaphyseal dysplasia (CMD), characterized by progressive thickening of craniofacial bones and flared metaphyses of long bones. We previously reported a knock-in (KI) mouse model (Ank (KI/KI)) for CMD and showed transiently lower serum phosphate (Pi) as well as significantly higher mRNA levels of fibroblast growth factor 23 (Fgf23) in Ank (KI/KI) mice...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Negative Results in Biomedicine
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