journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

International Journal of Health Geographics

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209210/a-direct-observation-method-for-auditing-large-urban-centers-using-stratified-sampling-mobile-gis-technology-and-virtual-environments
#1
Sean J V Lafontaine, M Sawada, Elizabeth Kristjansson
BACKGROUND: With the expansion and growth of research on neighbourhood characteristics, there is an increased need for direct observational field audits. Herein, we introduce a novel direct observational audit method and systematic social observation instrument (SSOI) for efficiently assessing neighbourhood aesthetics over large urban areas. METHODS: Our audit method uses spatial random sampling stratified by residential zoning and incorporates both mobile geographic information systems technology and virtual environments...
February 16, 2017: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173815/spatial-identification-of-potential-health-hazards-a-systematic-areal-search-approach
#2
Alina Svechkina, Marina Zusman, Natalya Rybnikova, Boris A Portnov
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Large metropolitan areas often exhibit multiple morbidity hotspots. However, the identification of specific health hazards, associated with the observed morbidity patterns, is not always straightforward. In this study, we suggest an empirical approach to the identification of specific health hazards, which have the highest probability of association with the observed morbidity patterns. METHODS: The morbidity effect of a particular health hazard is expected to weaken with distance...
February 7, 2017: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114945/international-comparison-of-observation-specific-spatial-buffers-maximizing-the-ability-to-estimate-physical-activity
#3
Lawrence D Frank, Eric H Fox, Jared M Ulmer, James E Chapman, Suzanne E Kershaw, James F Sallis, Terry L Conway, Ester Cerin, Kelli L Cain, Marc A Adams, Graham R Smith, Erica Hinckson, Suzanne Mavoa, Lars B Christiansen, Adriano Akira F Hino, Adalberto A S Lopes, Jasper Schipperijn
BACKGROUND: Advancements in geographic information systems over the past two decades have increased the specificity by which an individual's neighborhood environment may be spatially defined for physical activity and health research. This study investigated how different types of street network buffering methods compared in measuring a set of commonly used built environment measures (BEMs) and tested their performance on associations with physical activity outcomes. METHODS: An internationally-developed set of objective BEMs using three different spatial buffering techniques were used to evaluate the relative differences in resulting explanatory power on self-reported physical activity outcomes...
January 23, 2017: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086974/ovarian-cancer-density-equalizing-mapping-of-the-global-research-architecture
#4
Dörthe Brüggmann, Katharina Pulch, Doris Klingelhöfer, Celeste Leigh Pearce, David A Groneberg
BACKGROUND: Despite its impact on female health worldwide, no efforts have been made to depict the global architecture of ovarian cancer research and to understand the trends in the related literature. Hence, it was the objective of this study to assess the global scientific performance chronologically, geographically and in regards to economic benchmarks using bibliometric tools and density equalizing map projections. METHODS: The NewQIS platform was employed to identify all ovarian cancer related articles published in the Web of Science since 1900...
January 13, 2017: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086910/identifying-youth-friendly-service-practices-associated-with-adolescents-use-of-reproductive-healthcare-services-in-post-conflict-burundi-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Imelda K Moise, Jaclyn F Verity, Joseph Kangmennaang
BACKGROUND: Very little is known about reproductive health service (RHS) availability and adolescents' use of these services in post-conflict settings. Such information is crucial for targeted community interventions that aim to improve quality delivery of RHS and outcomes in post-conflict settings. The objectives of this study therefore was to examine the density of RHS availability; assess spatial patterns of RHC facilities; and identify youth-friendly practices associated with adolescents' use of services in post-conflict Burundi...
January 13, 2017: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086893/seasonal-variation-in-geographical-access-to-maternal-health-services-in-regions-of-southern-mozambique
#6
Prestige Tatenda Makanga, Nadine Schuurman, Charfudin Sacoor, Helena Edith Boene, Faustino Vilanculo, Marianne Vidler, Laura Magee, Peter von Dadelszen, Esperança Sevene, Khátia Munguambe, Tabassum Firoz
BACKGROUND: Geographic proximity to health facilities is a known determinant of access to maternal care. Methods of quantifying geographical access to care have largely ignored the impact of precipitation and flooding. Further, travel has largely been imagined as unimodal where one transport mode is used for entire journeys to seek care. This study proposes a new approach for modeling potential spatio-temporal access by evaluating the impact of precipitation and floods on access to maternal health services using multiple transport modes, in southern Mozambique...
January 13, 2017: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978838/confidence-intervals-for-rate-ratios-between-geographic-units
#7
Li Zhu, Linda W Pickle, James B Pearson
BACKGROUND: Ratios of age-adjusted rates between a set of geographic units and the overall area are of interest to the general public and to policy stakeholders. These ratios are correlated due to two reasons-the first being that each region is a component of the overall area and hence there is an overlap between them; and the second is that there is spatial autocorrelation between the regions. Existing methods in calculating the confidence intervals of rate ratios take into account the first source of correlation...
December 15, 2016: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884135/online-platform-for-applying-space-time-scan-statistics-for-prospectively-detecting-emerging-hot-spots-of-dengue-fever
#8
Chien-Chou Chen, Yung-Chu Teng, Bo-Cheng Lin, I-Chun Fan, Ta-Chien Chan
BACKGROUND: Cases of dengue fever have increased in areas of Southeast Asia in recent years. Taiwan hit a record-high 42,856 cases in 2015, with the majority in southern Tainan and Kaohsiung Cities. Leveraging spatial statistics and geo-visualization techniques, we aim to design an online analytical tool for local public health workers to prospectively identify ongoing hot spots of dengue fever weekly at the village level. METHODS: A total of 57,516 confirmed cases of dengue fever in 2014 and 2015 were obtained from the Taiwan Centers for Disease Control (TCDC)...
November 25, 2016: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846889/using-expert-decision-making-to-establish-indicators-of-urban-friendliness-for-walking-environments-a-multidisciplinary-assessment
#9
Yen-Cheng Chiang, Han-Yu Lei
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have suggested that friendly walking environments positively affect physical activity and health. Creating friendly walking environments in urban areas is a complex and wide-ranging topic, and no study has yet established a set of assessment indicators by drawing on the expertise of various disciplines. This study uses a multiple-criteria decision-making technique to elucidate the environmental factors that affect the friendliness of the walking environment...
November 15, 2016: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846881/using-an-audit-tool-maps-global-to-assess-the-characteristics-of-the-physical-environment-related-to-walking-for-transport-in-youth-reliability-of-belgian-data
#10
Griet Vanwolleghem, Ariane Ghekiere, Greet Cardon, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Sara D'Haese, Carrie M Geremia, Matthieu Lenoir, James F Sallis, Hannah Verhoeven, Delfien Van Dyck
BACKGROUND: The aim was to examine inter-rater and alternate-form reliability of the Microscale Audit of Pedestrian Streetscapes (MAPS) Global tool to assess the physical environment along likely walking routes in Belgium. METHODS: For 65 children participating in the BEPAS-children study, routes between their individual homes and the nearest pre-defined destination were defined. Using MAPS Global, physical environmental characteristics of the routes were audited by 4 trained auditors (2 on-site, 2 online using Google Street View)...
November 15, 2016: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846880/residential-area-characteristics-and-disabilities-among-dutch-community-dwelling-older-adults
#11
Astrid Etman, Carlijn B M Kamphuis, Frank H Pierik, Alex Burdorf, Frank J Van Lenthe
BACKGROUND: Living longer independently may be facilitated by an attractive and safe residential area, which stimulates physical activity. We studied the association between area characteristics and disabilities and whether this association is mediated by transport-related physical activity (TPA). METHODS: Longitudinal data of 271 Dutch community-dwelling adults aged 65 years and older participating in the Elderly And their Neighbourhood (ELANE) study in 2011-2013 were used...
November 15, 2016: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825351/determining-the-spatial-heterogeneity-underlying-racial-and-ethnic-differences-in-timely-mammography-screening
#12
Joseph Gibbons, Melody K Schiaffino
BACKGROUND: The leading cause of cancer death for women worldwide continues to be breast cancer. Early detection through timely mammography has been recognized to increase the probability of survival. While mammography rates have risen for many women in recent years, disparities in screening along racial/ethnic lines persist across nations. In this paper, we argue that the role of local context, as identified through spatial heterogeneity, is an unexplored dynamic which explains some of the gaps in mammography utilization by race/ethnicity...
November 8, 2016: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809861/do-the-risk-factors-for-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-vary-by-location-a-spatial-analysis-of-health-insurance-claims-in-northeastern-germany-using-kernel-density-estimation-and-geographically-weighted-regression
#13
Boris Kauhl, Jürgen Schweikart, Thomas Krafft, Andrea Keste, Marita Moskwyn
BACKGROUND: The provision of general practitioners (GPs) in Germany still relies mainly on the ratio of inhabitants to GPs at relatively large scales and barely accounts for an increased prevalence of chronic diseases among the elderly and socially underprivileged populations. Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) is one of the major cost-intensive diseases with high rates of potentially preventable complications. Provision of healthcare and access to preventive measures is necessary to reduce the burden of T2DM...
November 3, 2016: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776514/optimal-health-and-disease-management-using-spatial-uncertainty-a-geographic-characterization-of-emergent-artemisinin-resistant-plasmodium-falciparum-distributions-in-southeast-asia
#14
Eric P M Grist, Jennifer A Flegg, Georgina Humphreys, Ignacio Suay Mas, Tim J C Anderson, Elizabeth A Ashley, Nicholas P J Day, Mehul Dhorda, Arjen M Dondorp, M Abul Faiz, Peter W Gething, Tran T Hien, Tin M Hlaing, Mallika Imwong, Jean-Marie Kindermans, Richard J Maude, Mayfong Mayxay, Marina McDew-White, Didier Menard, Shalini Nair, Francois Nosten, Paul N Newton, Ric N Price, Sasithon Pukrittayakamee, Shannon Takala-Harrison, Frank Smithuis, Nhien T Nguyen, Kyaw M Tun, Nicholas J White, Benoit Witkowski, Charles J Woodrow, Rick M Fairhurst, Carol Hopkins Sibley, Philippe J Guerin
BACKGROUND: Artemisinin-resistant Plasmodium falciparum malaria parasites are now present across much of mainland Southeast Asia, where ongoing surveys are measuring and mapping their spatial distribution. These efforts require substantial resources. Here we propose a generic 'smart surveillance' methodology to identify optimal candidate sites for future sampling and thus map the distribution of artemisinin resistance most efficiently. METHODS: The approach uses the 'uncertainty' map generated iteratively by a geostatistical model to determine optimal locations for subsequent sampling...
October 24, 2016: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717358/smokesalud-exploring-the-effect-of-demographic-change-on-the-smoking-prevalence-at-municipality-level-in-austria
#15
Melanie Tomintz, Bernhard Kosar, Graham Clarke
BACKGROUND: Reducing the smoking population is still high on the policy agenda, as smoking leads to many preventable diseases, such as lung cancer, heart disease, diabetes, and more. In Austria, data on smoking prevalence only exists at the federal state level. This provides an interesting overview about the current health situation, but for regional planning authorities these data are often insufficient as they can hide pockets of high and low smoking prevalence in certain municipalities...
October 7, 2016: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716312/characterizing-physical-activity-and-food-urban-environments-a-gis-based-multicomponent-proposal
#16
Alba Cebrecos, Julia Díez, Pedro Gullón, Usama Bilal, Manuel Franco, Francisco Escobar
BACKGROUND: Healthier urban environments influence the distribution of cardiovascular risk factors. Our aim was to design and implement a multicomponent method based on Geographic Information Systems to characterize and evaluate environmental correlates of obesity: the food and the physical activity urban environments. METHODS: Study location comprised a socio-demographically average urban area of 12 contiguous census sections (≈16,000 residents), in Madrid, Spain...
October 4, 2016: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678070/geographic-dimensions-of-a-health-network-dedicated-to-occupational-and-work-related-diseases
#17
Marie Delaunay, Vincent Godard, Mélina Le Barbier, Annabelle Gilg Soit Ilg, Cédric Aubert, Anne Maître, Damien Barbeau, Vincent Bonneterre
BACKGROUND: Although introduced nearly 40 years ago, Geographic Information Systems (GISs) have never been used to study Occupational Health information regarding the different types, scale or sources of data. The geographic distribution of occupational diseases and underlying work activities were always analyzed independently. Our aim was to consider the French Network of Occupational Disease (OD) clinics, namely the "French National OD Surveillance and Prevention Network" (rnv3p) as a spatial object in order to describe its catchment...
September 27, 2016: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27121615/implications-of-construction-method-and-spatial-scale-on-measures-of-the-built-environment
#18
Julie Strominger, Rebecca Anthopolos, Marie Lynn Miranda
BACKGROUND: Research surrounding the built environment (BE) and health has resulted in inconsistent findings. Experts have identified the need to examine methodological choices, such as development and testing of BE indices at varying spatial scales. We sought to examine the impact of construction method and spatial scale on seven measures of the BE using data collected at two time points. METHODS: The Children's Environmental Health Initiative conducted parcel-level assessments of 57 BE variables in Durham, NC (parcel N = 30,319)...
April 28, 2016: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27097526/dynamic-assessment-of-exposure-to-air-pollution-using-mobile-phone-data
#19
Bart Dewulf, Tijs Neutens, Wouter Lefebvre, Gerdy Seynaeve, Charlotte Vanpoucke, Carolien Beckx, Nico Van de Weghe
BACKGROUND: Exposure to air pollution can have major health impacts, such as respiratory and cardiovascular diseases. Traditionally, only the air pollution concentration at the home location is taken into account in health impact assessments and epidemiological studies. Neglecting individual travel patterns can lead to a bias in air pollution exposure assessments. METHODS: In this work, we present a novel approach to calculate the daily exposure to air pollution using mobile phone data of approximately 5 million mobile phone users living in Belgium...
April 21, 2016: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27072128/geography-and-social-distribution-of-malaria-in-indonesian-papua-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Wulung Hanandita, Gindo Tampubolon
BACKGROUND: Despite being one of the world's most affected regions, only little is known about the social and spatial distributions of malaria in Indonesian Papua. Existing studies tend to be descriptive in nature; their inferences are prone to confounding and selection biases. At the same time, there remains limited malaria-cartographic activity in the region. Analysing a subset (N = 22,643) of the National Basic Health Research 2007 dataset (N = 987,205), this paper aims to quantify the district-specific risk of malaria in Papua and to understand how socio-demographic/economic factors measured at individual and district levels are associated with individual's probability of contracting the disease...
April 12, 2016: International Journal of Health Geographics
journal
journal
40254
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"