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International Journal of Health Geographics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592255/developing-a-data-driven-spatial-approach-to-assessment-of-neighbourhood-influences-on-the-spatial-distribution-of-myocardial-infarction
#1
Wahida Kihal-Talantikite, Christiane Weber, Gaelle Pedrono, Claire Segala, Dominique Arveiler, Clive E Sabel, Séverine Deguen, Denis Bard
BACKGROUND: There is a growing understanding of the role played by 'neighbourhood' in influencing health status. Various neighbourhood characteristics-such as socioeconomic environment, availability of amenities, and social cohesion, may be combined-and this could contribute to rising health inequalities. This study aims to combine a data-driven approach with clustering analysis techniques, to investigate neighbourhood characteristics that may explain the geographical distribution of the onset of myocardial infarction (MI) risk...
June 7, 2017: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587623/intersection-of-neighborhood-dynamics-and-socioeconomic-status-in-small-area-walkability-the-heart-healthy-hoods-project
#2
Pedro Gullón, Usama Bilal, Alba Cebrecos, Hannah M Badland, Iñaki Galán, Manuel Franco
BACKGROUND: Previous studies found a complex relationship between area-level socioeconomic status (SES) and walkability. These studies did not include neighborhood dynamics. Our aim was to study the association between area-level SES and walkability in the city of Madrid (Spain) evaluating the potential effect modification of neighborhood dynamics. METHODS: All census sections of the city of Madrid (n = 2415) were included. Area-level SES was measured using a composite index of 7 indicators in 4 domains (education, wealth, occupation and living conditions)...
June 6, 2017: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558782/systematic-literature-review-of-reproductive-outcome-associated-with-residential-proximity-to-polluted-sites
#3
REVIEW
Wahida Kihal-Talantikite, Denis Zmirou-Navier, Cindy Padilla, Séverine Deguen
This study aims to assess the evidence on adverse pregnancy outcome associated with living close to polluted industrial sites, and identify the strengths and weaknesses of published epidemiological studies. A systematic literature search has been performed on all epidemiological studies published in developed countries since 1990, on the association between residential proximity to industrial sites (hazardous waste sites, industrial facilities and landfill sites) and adverse pregnancy outcome (low birth weight, preterm birth, small for gestational age, intrauterine growth retardation, infant mortality, congenital malformation)...
May 30, 2017: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506288/visualizing-statistical-significance-of-disease-clusters-using-cartograms
#4
Barry J Kronenfeld, David W S Wong
BACKGROUND: Health officials and epidemiological researchers often use maps of disease rates to identify potential disease clusters. Because these maps exaggerate the prominence of low-density districts and hide potential clusters in urban (high-density) areas, many researchers have used density-equalizing maps (cartograms) as a basis for epidemiological mapping. However, we do not have existing guidelines for visual assessment of statistical uncertainty. To address this shortcoming, we develop techniques for visual determination of statistical significance of clusters spanning one or more districts on a cartogram...
May 15, 2017: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482842/contextual-influences-affecting-patterns-of-overweight-and-obesity-among-university-students-a-50-universities-population-based-study-in-china
#5
Tingzhong Yang, Lingwei Yu, Ross Barnett, Shuhan Jiang, Sihui Peng, Yafeng Fan, Lu Li
BACKGROUND: Many studies have examined childhood and adolescent obesity, but few have examined young adults and the effect of their home and current living environments on prevalence rates. The present study explores contextual factors affecting overweight and obesity among university students in China and, in particular, focuses on how the SES-obesity relationship varies across different geographical contexts. METHODS: Participants were 11,673 students, who were identified through a multistage survey sampling process conducted in 50 universities...
May 8, 2017: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446215/erratum-to-influence-of-pok%C3%A3-mon-go-on-physical-activity-levels-of-university-players-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Fiona Y Wong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 26, 2017: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446187/characterisation-of-the-natural-environment-quantitative-indicators-across-europe
#7
Graham Smith, Marta Cirach, Wim Swart, Audrius Dėdelė, Christopher Gidlow, Elise van Kempen, Hanneke Kruize, Regina Gražulevičienė, Mark J Nieuwenhuijsen
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization recognises the importance of natural environments for human health. Evidence for natural environment-health associations comes largely from single countries or regions, with varied approaches to measuring natural environment exposure. We present a standardised approach to measuring neighbourhood natural environment exposure in cities in different regions of Europe. METHODS: The Positive Health Effects of the Natural Outdoor environment in TYPical populations of different regions in Europe (PHENOTYPE) study aimed to explore the mechanisms linking natural environment exposure and health in four European cities (Barcelona, Spain; Doetinchem, the Netherlands; Kaunas, Lithuania; and Stoke-on-Trent, UK)...
April 26, 2017: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431545/optimising-spatial-accessibility-to-inform-rationalisation-of-specialist-health-services
#8
Catherine M Smith, Hannah Fry, Charlotte Anderson, Helen Maguire, Andrew C Hayward
BACKGROUND: In an era of budget constraints for healthcare services, strategies for provision of services that improve quality whilst saving costs are highly valued. A proposed means to achieve this is consolidation of services into fewer specialist centres, but this may lead to reduced spatial accessibility. We describe a methodology which includes implementing a combinatorial optimisation algorithm to derive combinations of services which optimise spatial accessibility in the context of service rationalisation, and demonstrate its use through the exemplar of tuberculosis clinics in London...
April 21, 2017: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420404/development-of-a-spatial-sampling-protocol-using-gis-to-measure-health-disparities-in-bobo-dioulasso-burkina-faso-a-medium-sized-african-city
#9
Daouda Kassié, Anna Roudot, Nadine Dessay, Jean-Luc Piermay, Gérard Salem, Florence Fournet
BACKGROUND: Many cities in developing countries experience an unplanned and rapid growth. Several studies have shown that the irregular urbanization and equipment of cities produce different health risks and uneven exposure to specific diseases. Consequently, health surveys within cities should be carried out at the micro-local scale and sampling methods should try to capture this urban diversity. METHODS: This article describes the methodology used to develop a multi-stage sampling protocol to select a population for a demographic survey that investigates health disparities in the medium-sized city of Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso...
April 18, 2017: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420391/interactive-open-source-travel-time-scenario-modelling-tools-to-facilitate-participation-in-health-service-access-analysis
#10
Rohan Fisher, Jonatan Lassa
BACKGROUND: Modelling travel time to services has become a common public health tool for planning service provision but the usefulness of these analyses is constrained by the availability of accurate input data and limitations inherent in the assumptions and parameterisation. This is particularly an issue in the developing world where access to basic data is limited and travel is often complex and multi-modal. Improving the accuracy and relevance in this context requires greater accessibility to, and flexibility in, travel time modelling tools to facilitate the incorporation of local knowledge and the rapid exploration of multiple travel scenarios...
April 18, 2017: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403888/the-relationship-between-ethnic-composition-of-the-residential-environment-and-self-reported-health-among-turks-and-moroccans-in-amsterdam
#11
Eleonore M Veldhuizen, Umar Z Ikram, Sjoerd de Vos, Anton E Kunst
BACKGROUND: Previous studies from the US and UK suggest that neighbourhood ethnic composition is associated with health, positive or negative, depending on the health outcome and ethnic group. We examined the association between neighbourhood ethnic composition and self-reported health in these groups in Amsterdam, and we aimed to explore whether there is spatial variation in this association. METHODS: We used micro-scale data to describe the ethnic composition in buffers around the home location of 2701 Turks and 2661 Moroccans...
April 12, 2017: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359282/a-modification-to-geographically-weighted-regression
#12
Yin-Yee Leong, Jack C Yue
BACKGROUND: Geographically weighted regression (GWR) is a modelling technique designed to deal with spatial non-stationarity, e.g., the mean values vary by locations. It has been widely used as a visualization tool to explore the patterns of spatial data. However, the GWR tends to produce unsmooth surfaces when the mean parameters have considerable variations, partly due to that all parameter estimates are derived from a fixed- range (bandwidth) of observations. In order to deal with the varying bandwidth problem, this paper proposes an alternative approach, namely Conditional geographically weighted regression (CGWR)...
March 31, 2017: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359269/the-role-of-the-built-environment-in-explaining-educational-inequalities-in-walking-and-cycling-among-adults-in-the-netherlands
#13
Daniël C van Wijk, Joost Oude Groeniger, Frank J van Lenthe, Carlijn B M Kamphuis
BACKGROUND: This study examined whether characteristics of the residential built environment (i.e. population density, level of mixed land use, connectivity, accessibility of facilities, accessibility of green) contributed to educational inequalities in walking and cycling among adults. METHODS: Data from participants (32-82 years) of the 2011 survey of the Dutch population-based GLOBE study were used (N = 2375). Highest attained educational level (independent variable) and walking for transport, cycling for transport, walking in leisure time and cycling in leisure time (dependent variables) were self-reported in the survey...
March 31, 2017: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270150/where-do-people-purchase-food-a-novel-approach-to-investigating-food-purchasing-locations
#14
Lukar E Thornton, David A Crawford, Karen E Lamb, Kylie Ball
BACKGROUND: Studies exploring associations between food environments and food purchasing behaviours have been limited by the absence of data on where food purchases occur. Determining where food purchases occur relative to home and how these locations differ by individual, neighbourhood and trip characteristics is an important step to better understanding the association between food environments and food behaviours. METHODS: Conducted in Melbourne, Australia, this study recruited participants within sixteen neighbourhoods that were selected based on their socioeconomic characteristics and proximity to supermarkets...
March 7, 2017: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228102/influence-of-pok%C3%A3-mon-go-on-physical-activity-levels-of-university-players-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Fiona Y Wong
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of overweight is increasing and the effectiveness of various weight management and exercise programs varied. An augmented reality smartphone game, Pokémon Go, appears to increase activity levels of players. This study assessed the players and ex-players' frequencies and durations of staying outdoors, and walking/jogging before and during the time they played Pokémon Go, evaluated the physical activity levels of players, ex-players and non-players, and investigated the potential factors which determined their play statuses...
February 22, 2017: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219378/from-urban-planning-and-emergency-training-to-pok%C3%A3-mon-go-applications-of-virtual-reality-gis-vrgis-and-augmented-reality-gis-argis-in-personal-public-and-environmental-health
#16
EDITORIAL
Maged N Kamel Boulos, Zhihan Lu, Paul Guerrero, Charlene Jennett, Anthony Steed
The latest generation of virtual and mixed reality hardware has rekindled interest in virtual reality GIS (VRGIS) and augmented reality GIS (ARGIS) applications in health, and opened up new and exciting opportunities and possibilities for using these technologies in the personal and public health arenas. From smart urban planning and emergency training to Pokémon Go, this article offers a snapshot of some of the most remarkable VRGIS and ARGIS solutions for tackling public and environmental health problems, and bringing about safer and healthier living options to individuals and communities...
February 20, 2017: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209210/a-direct-observation-method-for-auditing-large-urban-centers-using-stratified-sampling-mobile-gis-technology-and-virtual-environments
#17
Sean J V Lafontaine, M Sawada, Elizabeth Kristjansson
BACKGROUND: With the expansion and growth of research on neighbourhood characteristics, there is an increased need for direct observational field audits. Herein, we introduce a novel direct observational audit method and systematic social observation instrument (SSOI) for efficiently assessing neighbourhood aesthetics over large urban areas. METHODS: Our audit method uses spatial random sampling stratified by residential zoning and incorporates both mobile geographic information systems technology and virtual environments...
February 16, 2017: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173815/spatial-identification-of-potential-health-hazards-a-systematic-areal-search-approach
#18
Alina Svechkina, Marina Zusman, Natalya Rybnikova, Boris A Portnov
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Large metropolitan areas often exhibit multiple morbidity hotspots. However, the identification of specific health hazards, associated with the observed morbidity patterns, is not always straightforward. In this study, we suggest an empirical approach to the identification of specific health hazards, which have the highest probability of association with the observed morbidity patterns. METHODS: The morbidity effect of a particular health hazard is expected to weaken with distance...
February 7, 2017: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114945/international-comparison-of-observation-specific-spatial-buffers-maximizing-the-ability-to-estimate-physical-activity
#19
Lawrence D Frank, Eric H Fox, Jared M Ulmer, James E Chapman, Suzanne E Kershaw, James F Sallis, Terry L Conway, Ester Cerin, Kelli L Cain, Marc A Adams, Graham R Smith, Erica Hinckson, Suzanne Mavoa, Lars B Christiansen, Adriano Akira F Hino, Adalberto A S Lopes, Jasper Schipperijn
BACKGROUND: Advancements in geographic information systems over the past two decades have increased the specificity by which an individual's neighborhood environment may be spatially defined for physical activity and health research. This study investigated how different types of street network buffering methods compared in measuring a set of commonly used built environment measures (BEMs) and tested their performance on associations with physical activity outcomes. METHODS: An internationally-developed set of objective BEMs using three different spatial buffering techniques were used to evaluate the relative differences in resulting explanatory power on self-reported physical activity outcomes...
January 23, 2017: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086974/ovarian-cancer-density-equalizing-mapping-of-the-global-research-architecture
#20
Dörthe Brüggmann, Katharina Pulch, Doris Klingelhöfer, Celeste Leigh Pearce, David A Groneberg
BACKGROUND: Despite its impact on female health worldwide, no efforts have been made to depict the global architecture of ovarian cancer research and to understand the trends in the related literature. Hence, it was the objective of this study to assess the global scientific performance chronologically, geographically and in regards to economic benchmarks using bibliometric tools and density equalizing map projections. METHODS: The NewQIS platform was employed to identify all ovarian cancer related articles published in the Web of Science since 1900...
January 13, 2017: International Journal of Health Geographics
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