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Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318405/the-association-between-age-related-hearing-impairment-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-korean-women-5-year-follow-up-observational-study
#1
Tae Su Kim, Eun Hui Kim, Jong Woo Chung
BACKGROUND: Although several observational studies showed a relationship between various conditions of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and hearing threshold, there are no studies about longitudinal audiometric results related MetS. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between MetS and age-related hearing impairment (ARHI) through a large, average 5-year longitudinal follow-up, clinical comparative analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We recruited 1381 women older than 50 years who were enrolled in 2007 and reevaluated in 2012...
March 20, 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318384/increased-adipose-and-muscle-insulin-sensitivity-without-changes-in-serum-adiponectin-in-young-female-collegiate-athletes
#2
Kaori Kitaoka, Mika Takeuchi, Ayaka Tsuboi, Satomi Minato, Miki Kurata, Shigehiro Tanaka, Tsutomu Kazumi, Keisuke Fukuo
BACKGROUND: Effects of endurance training on adipose insulin sensitivity in association with body composition, circulating adipokines, and markers of inflammation have been studied less in young Asian subjects. METHODS: Adipose insulin sensitivity/resistance was compared between 170 female Japanese collegiate athletes and 311 nonathletes (18-24 years), who underwent measurements of serum adipokines, markers of insulin sensitivity, inflammation, and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry...
March 20, 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287907/relationship-between-types-of-exercise-and-quality-of-life-in-a-korean-metabolic-syndrome-population-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Sang Ho Oh, Sun Han Son, Si Hyun Kang, Don-Kyu Kim, Kyung Mook Seo, Sang Yoon Lee
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) significantly correlates with exercise. MetS also has an independent and inverse correlation to quality of life (QoL). However, few studies have examined the association between exercise and QoL in people with MetS. The aim of this study was to ascertain the relationship between exercise and QoL in a MetS population. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study using public data from the Sixth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in 2014 (n = 7550)...
March 13, 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287900/increased-coagulation-and-decreased-fibrinolysis-as-measured-with-overall-hemostatic-potential-are-dependent-on-bmi-and-not-associated-with-pcos
#4
Matej Rakusa, Mojca Jensterle, Mojca Božič-Mijovski, Andrej Janez
BACKGROUND: Overall hemostatic potential (OHP) captures all factors that affect coagulation and fibrinolysis cascade. It has not yet been assessed in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). The aim of the study was to identify the relationship of OHP with a syndrome per se and body mass index (BMI). METHODS: In 90 women with PCOS aged 30.9 ± 8.1 years (50 obese, 13 overweight, and 27 lean) and 21 healthy age-matched controls (11 obese and 10 lean), OHP with overall coagulation potential (OCP) and overall fibrinolytic potential (OFP) was determined spectrophotometrically...
March 13, 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075222/expression-of-myd88-in-adipose-tissue-of-obese-people-is-there-some-role-in-the-development-of-metabolic-syndrome
#5
Ada M Cuevas, Mariana Lazo, Isabel Zuñiga, Fernando Carrasco, Jim J Potter, Veronica Alvarez, Marcos Berry, Fernando Maluenda, Mario Ferrario, Jeanne M Clark
BACKGROUND: The mechanism leading to the development of metabolic complications in obese individuals is not fully understood. Thus, the objective of this study was to examine differences in insulin resistance, inflammation, cytokine and adipokine levels, and expression of selected genes across obese individuals with different number of metabolic syndrome (MetS) components. METHODS: Forty obese individuals who underwent bariatric surgery, divided in three groups based on the number of components of MetS, in addition to abdominal obesity (0, 1, and 2-3 additional components), were studied...
January 11, 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026999/the-association-of-sleep-duration-and-morbid-obesity-in-a-working-population-the-baptist-health-south-florida-employee-study
#6
Muhammad Aziz, Chukwuemeka U Osondu, Adnan Younus, Rehan Malik, Maribeth Rouseff, Sankalp Das, Henry Guzman, Wasim Maziak, Salim Virani, Theodore Feldman, Arthur S Agatston, Emir Veledar, Ehimen C Aneni, Khurram Nasir
BACKGROUND: The current study aimed to determine the relationship between self-reported sleep duration and morbid obesity in an employee population. METHODS: Baptist Health South Florida conducts an annual Health Risk Assessment (HRA) for its employees. Data for this cross-sectional study was collected via this HRA in 2014, and included information on self-reported sleep duration, height and weight for body mass index (BMI), and other biometric measures. Average sleep duration was categorized as short sleep (<6 hr), optimal sleep (6-7...
December 27, 2016: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339345/alanine-aminotransferase-is-a-marker-of-lipotoxicity-consequences-and-hyperandrogenemia-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#7
Matea Belan, Chloé Pelletier, Jean-Patrice Baillargeon
BACKGROUND: Several studies have reported higher levels of Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) compared with control subjects. Plasma ALT levels are considered a marker of hepatic lipotoxicity because of their significant associations with different hepatic metabolic dysfunctions, such as hepatic steatosis and hepatic insulin resistance. METHODS: Retrospective chart review aiming to assess, in PCOS women, the relationship between ALT levels and measures of lipotoxicity consequences that are available clinically, both during fasting and using the oral glucose tolerance test...
April 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339344/correlation-of-leptin-adiponectin-and-resistin-levels-in-different-types-of-lipodystrophy-in-hiv-aids-patients
#8
Danica Srdic, Al Musalhi Khawla, Ivan Soldatovic, Jelena Nikolic, Djordje Jevtovic, Devaki Nair, Gordana Dragovic
BACKGROUND: Leptin, adiponectin, and resistin may play an important role in the development of lipodystrophy (LD) in HIV/AIDS patients. The aim of this study was to correlate levels of leptin, adiponectin, and resistin between HIV/AIDS patients with LD and without lipodystrophy (non-LD), as well as between subgroups of LD [lipoatrophy (LA), lipohypertrophy (LH), and mixed fat redistribution (MFR)] and non-LD patients. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of 66 HIV/AIDS patients...
April 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339343/alterations-in-multiple-lifestyle-factors-in-subjects-with-the-metabolic-syndrome-independently-of-obesity
#9
Vendela Roos, Sölve Elmståhl, Erik Ingelsson, Johan Sundström, Johan Ärnlöv, Lars Lind
BACKGROUND: Many lifestyle factors have been associated with the metabolic syndrome (MetS). However, most of these studies have not considered the potential impact of obesity and have often only investigated one lifestyle factor at the time. We aimed to investigate the interplay between body mass index (BMI) and MetS with respect to multiple lifestyle factors. METHODS: BMI and MetS [National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP)/Adult Treatment Panel III criteria] were assessed in a sample of 18,880 subjects aged 45-75 years from the population-based EpiHealth study...
April 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339342/change-in-body-weight-from-age-20-years-is-a-powerful-determinant-of-the-metabolic-syndrome
#10
Lars Lind, Sölve Elmståhl, Johan Ärnlöv
BACKGROUND: Higher body weight is a well-known determinant of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components. It is however less well studied how the change in weight from age 20 years to middle age or old age affects MetS development. METHODS: In the community-based EpiHealth (n = 19,000, age range 45 to 75 years, 56% females) and PIVUS (n = 1000, all aged 70 years, 50% females) studies, the participants were asked about their body weight at age 20 years...
April 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135128/associations-between-adiposity-and-metabolic-syndrome-over-time-the-healthy-twin-study
#11
Yun-Mi Song, Joohon Sung, Kayoung Lee
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the association between changes in adiposity traits including anthropometric and fat mass indicators and changes in metabolic syndrome traits including metabolic syndrome clustering and individual components over time. We also assessed the shared genetic and environmental correlations between the two traits. METHODS: Participants were 284 South Korean twin individuals and 279 nontwin family members had complete data for changes in adiposity traits and metabolic syndrome traits of the Healthy Twin study...
April 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135122/secular-trend-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-components-in-a-cohort-of-iranian-adults-from-2001-to-2013
#12
Hossein Khosravi-Boroujeni, Nizal Sarrafzadegan, Masoumeh Sadeghi, Hamidreza Roohafza, Mohammad Talaei, Shu-Kay Ng, Hai Phung, Ali Pourmogaddas, Faruk Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components increase the risk of developing cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes, and all-cause mortality. Reports on the trends of MetS and its components in longitudinal studies are scarce, especially in low- and middle-income countries. This study was designed to investigate the prevalence and trends of MetS and its components in a cohort of Iranian adults from 2001 to 2013. METHODS: Participants were followed up for 12 years in a longitudinal population-based study of 6500 adults aged 35 years and older in 2001...
April 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056187/temporal-effect-of-bariatric-surgery-on-predicted-10-year-and-lifetime-cardiovascular-risk-at-1-month-6-months-and-5-years-following-surgery-a-pilot-study
#13
Thinzar Min, Sarah L Prior, Scott Caplin, Jonathan D Barry, Jeffrey W Stephens
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Cardiovascular (CV) risk equations are routinely used to predict risk in nonbariatric populations, but have not been studied in depth in patients undergoing bariatric surgery and specifically those with impaired glucose regulation. The aim of this pilot study was to investigate changes in the 10-year and lifetime predicted CV risk in subjects with impaired glucose regulation before, 1 month, 6 months, and 5 years after bariatric surgery. METHOD AND RESULTS: A nonrandomized prospective study was conducted of 45 participants with impaired glucose regulation undergoing temporal assessments during follow-up...
April 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869528/the-association-between-measures-of-fitness-and-metabolic-health-in-treatment-seeking-youth-with-obesity
#14
Emily Hill Guseman, Samuel P Cauffman, Jared M Tucker, Lucie Smith, Joey C Eisenmann, William Stratbucker
BACKGROUND: Both cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and measures of muscular fitness are associated with metabolic syndrome in adults. However, limited information exists about these relationships in youth with severe obesity who are at increased risk of metabolic dysfunction. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between fitness and metabolic health in treatment-seeking youth with obesity. METHODS: Data for this analysis were collected at the time of baseline visits at a stage 3 pediatric weight management center...
April 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080219/adipose-tissue-insulin-resistance-in-gestational-diabetes
#15
Batbayar Tumurbaatar, Aaron T Poole, Gayle Olson, Michel Makhlouf, Hanaa S Sallam, Shwetha Thukuntla, Sucharitha Kankanala, Obos Ekhaese, Guillermo Gomez, Manisha Chandalia, Nicola Abate
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a metabolic disorder characterized by insulin resistance (IR) and altered glucose-lipid metabolism. We propose that ectonucleotide pyrophosphate phosphodiesterase-1 (ENPP1), a protein known to induce adipocyte IR, is a determinant of GDM. Our objective was to study ENPP1 expression in adipose tissue (AT) of obese pregnant women with or without GDM, as well as glucose tolerance in pregnant transgenic (Tg) mice with AT-specific overexpression of human ENPP1...
March 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051354/effect-of-almond-supplementation-on-glycemia-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-asian-indians-in-north-india-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-24-week-study
#16
Seema Gulati, Anoop Misra, Ravindra M Pandey
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes (T2D) statistics have reached menacing proportions in India. Appropriate dietary intervention, as part of healthy lifestyle, is imperative to curb further spread of this disease. OBJECTIVES: This pre-post intervention study was conducted in New Delhi, India, to investigate the effects of daily consumption of almonds for 24 weeks in T2D subjects, specifically on measures of glycemia and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: In this study, the 24-week intervention period was preceded by a control diet and exercise run-in period of 3 weeks...
March 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165301/response-to-if-the-metabolic-winter-is-coming-when-will-it-be-summer-metab-syndr-relat-disord-2017-15-3
#17
Raymond J Cronise, David A Sinclair, Andrew A Bremer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045599/if-the-metabolic-winter-is-coming-when-will-it-be-summer
#18
Thomas Wood
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27937806/association-between-hyperuricemia-and-major-adverse-cardiac-events-in-patients-with-acute-myocardial-infarction
#19
Naresh Ranjith, Nomcebo N Myeni, Ben Sartorius, Chamsanqua Mayise
BACKGROUND: To investigate the association between hyperuricemia and major adverse cardiac events (MACE) in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). METHODS: Consecutive patients admitted with AMI to the Coronary Care Unit at R. K. Khan Hospital (Durban, South Africa) between the years 2006 and 2014 were included. Demographic data, including clinical and biochemical information stored in an electronic database, were obtained from all patients. RESULTS: A total of 2683 patients were studied, of whom 65% were males...
February 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929741/cerebral-microvascular-dysfunction-and-inflammation-are-improved-by-centrally-acting-antihypertensive-drugs-in-metabolic-syndrome
#20
Vanessa Estato, Alessandro Nascimento, Barbara Antunes, Fabiana Gomes, Laura Coelho, Raquel Rangel, Luciana Garzoni, Anissa Daliry, Pascal Bousquet, Eduardo Tibiriçá
BACKGROUND: We aimed to investigate the effects of chronic oral treatment with centrally acting antihypertensive drugs, such as clonidine (CLO), an α2-adrenoceptor agonist, or LNP599, a selective I1 imidazoline receptor agonist, on brain microvascular function in rats with high-fat diet (HFD)-induced metabolic syndrome. METHODS: Male Wistar Kyoto rats were maintained on a normal diet (CON) or a HFD for 20 weeks. After this period, the HFD group received oral CLO (0...
February 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
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