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Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160740/effects-of-regular-physical-activity-on-the-cognitive-performance-of-type-2-diabetic-patients-a-systematic-review
#1
Natalie Podolski, Klara Brixius, Hans G Predel, Christian Brinkmann
BACKGROUND: Cognitive decline has been shown to be associated with long-term type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). This review analyzes the present literature to ascertain the role of regular physical activity (PA) for the functioning of the diabetic brain. METHODS: PubMed was systematically searched for relevant publications up to July 2017. RESULTS: Four cross-sectional, one longitudinal observational, and nine interventional studies with a total of ∼7000 T2DM subjects are included in this review...
November 21, 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154726/comparison-of-apolipoprotein-apob-apoa-1-and-lipoprotein-total-cholesterol-hdl-ratios-in-obese-adolescents
#2
Ramin Alemzadeh, Jessica Kichler
BACKGROUND: Serum (ApoB/ApoA-1) ratio is considered a stronger predictor of systemic inflammation and atherosclerosis than serum total cholesterol/HDL (TC/HDL) ratio among adults. We evaluated the relationships between ApoB/ApoA-1 and TC/HDL ratios with surrogate markers of inflammation and insulin resistance (IR) among obese adolescents. METHODS: Body mass index z-score (BMI-z), body composition, fasting glucose, insulin, lipids, high-sensitive c-reactive protein (hs-CRP), hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), and homeostatic model assessment for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) were evaluated in 143 obese adolescents...
November 20, 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154722/association-of-kidney-function-and-waist-circumference-with-uric-acid-levels-in-south-africans
#3
Nomandla Daphne Madala, Thozama Dubula, Alain Guy Honoré Assounga, Saraladevi Naicker
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence that hyperuricemia is associated with incident chronic kidney disease (CKD) provides a potential therapeutic target for CKD that has not been explored in Africans. With hyperuricemia and gout increasing globally, we sought to determine their prevalence in South Africans with varying kidney function levels. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of ambulatory adult patients presenting at a General Internal Medicine Outpatients Clinic between September 2012 and March 2014...
November 20, 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148894/metabolic-profile-in-patients-with-mild-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#4
Luciana Oliveira E Silva, Thais M Guimarães, Gabriela P Luz, Glaury Coelho, Luciana Badke, Ildonete R Almeida, Aline Millani-Carneiro, Sergio Tufik, Lia Bittencourt, Sonia M Togeiro
BACKGROUND: Mild obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a highly prevalent disorder in adults. However, it is not clear whether mild OSA has significant metabolic complications. This study examined the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS) in patients with mild OSA compared to control group. METHODS: Adults (18-65 years of age) of both genders with a body mass index (BMI) ≤35 kg/m(2) were included. The mild OSA group comprised of patients with an apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) score of ≥5 but ≤15 events/hr of sleep, independent of other symptoms...
November 17, 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125808/monocyte-derived-procoagulant-microvesicles-induced-by-high-glucose-can-be-attenuated-by-the-antioxidant-n-acetyl-l-cysteine-partly-through-the-p38-mapk-pathway
#5
Mingzhen Li, Xiao Zhang, Jing Yu, Xin Wu, Lirong Sun
BACKGROUND: Microvesicles (MVs) are small membrane vesicles that are derived from many different cell types by a process of exocytic budding of the plasma membrane. MVs may be associated with a higher incidence of vascular disease in diabetic patients, but the mechanism of this association is unclear. Diabetic patients also show hypercoagulability and platelet hyperaggregability. In this study, we investigated the generation and activity of high glucose (HG)-induced MVs from monocytes to elucidate the potential mechanism of such MVs in diabetes...
November 10, 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099655/multimarker-assessment-of-diastolic-dysfunction-in-metabolic-syndrome-patients
#6
Mihaela Mocan, Florin Anton, Șoimița Suciu, Rodica Răhăian, Sorin Nicu Blaga, Anca Daniela Fărcaș
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) has been associated with left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (LVDD) with preserved systolic function. This study aims at identifying the predictive factors for LVDD in MetS patients. METHODS: The studied group comprised 72 consecutive hospitalized patients (2010-2011) diagnosed with MetS based on AHA/NHLBI/IDF 2009 definition, free of cardiovascular disease (36.11% males, age 59.19 ± 5.26 years), who underwent echocardiographic examination...
November 3, 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064743/dipeptidyl-peptidase-4-inhibitor-sitagliptin-prevented-weight-regain-in-obese-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-previously-treated-with-liraglutide-a-pilot-randomized-study
#7
Simona Ferjan, Andrej Janez, Mojca Jensterle
BACKGROUND: Weight loss is often nonsustainable after liraglutide cessation. The present study is the first insight into the potential prevention of weight regain in obese subjects who have been withdrawn from liraglutide. We evaluated whether dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor sitagliptin in adjunct to metformin prevents body weight regain more effectively than metformin alone in obese polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) previously treated with liraglutide. METHODS: A 12-week prospective randomized open-label study was conducted with 24 obese women with PCOS who had been pretreated with liraglutide 3...
October 24, 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040050/latent-autoimmune-diabetes-in-adults-in-north-indian-region-assessment-of-%C3%AE-cell-function-metabolic-and-immunological-features
#8
Alok Kumar, Alberto de Leiva
BACKGROUND: We undertook a study to assess β-cell function metabolic and immunological features of patients with latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA) and assess heterogeneity within LADA based on low and high glutamic acid decarboxylase autoantibodies (GADA) titers. METHODS: A total of 139 patients with adult-onset diabetes were examined cross-sectionally in the National capital region of Northern India. Medical history of all subjects was reviewed with the aim of collecting clinical data...
October 17, 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072982/adipose-triglyceride-lipase-gene-polymorphisms-is-not-associated-with-free-fatty-acid-levels-in-chinese-han-population
#9
Na Liu, Guihua Yang, Mei Hu, Jing Han, Yuyu Cai, Zhiying Hu, Chundi Jia, Man Zhang
BACKGROUND: Elevated levels of free fatty acids (FFAs) play a role in the pathogenesis of insulin resistance and atherosclerosis. Adipose triglyceride lipase (also defined as patatin-like phospholipase domain containing 2 or PNPLA2) has been demonstrated to contribute to the release of FFA. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of PNPLA2 gene variations with FFA levels in healthy Chinese Han population. METHODS: Single-nucleotide polymorphisms of PNPLA2 were genotyped using TaqMan method to perform association studies with serum level of FFA and other lipid parameters in 1765 subjects among healthy Chinese Han population...
November 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035677/effectiveness-of-a-smartphone-application-for-the-management-of-metabolic-syndrome-components-focusing-on-weight-loss-a-preliminary-study
#10
Tatiana Toro-Ramos, Dong-Hwa Lee, Youngin Kim, Andreas Michaelides, Tae Jung Oh, Kyoung Min Kim, Hak Chul Jang, Soo Lim
BACKGROUND: There are inconsistent results for the effectiveness of using smartphone applications (apps) or websites on weight loss. We investigated the efficacy of a smartphone intervention using a designated app that utilizes a lifestyle intervention-focused approach, including a human coaching element, toward weight loss in overweight or obese Korean adults. METHODS: One hundred four adults aged 20-60 years with a body mass index ≥23 kg/m(2), who signed up for a smartphone program for weight loss (using the Noom app), were recruited...
November 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022831/nuclear-magnetic-resonance-assisted-metabolic-analysis-of-plasma-for-mild-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-patients
#11
Bai Jin, Liping Liu, Shuxuan Zhang, Xiaohui Cao, Yuhong Xu, Junsong Wang, Lizhou Sun
AIMS: This study aimed at detecting the difference of metabolic profile in mild gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) patients, and at identifying the correlation between the disturbed metabolites and insulin resistance pathway induced by the inflammation factors secreted by the placenta and adipocytes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Blood samples were collected from 36 pregnant women diagnosed with mild GDM and 36 normal glucose-tolerant (NGT) pregnant women. Metabolic profiles were acquired by using proton nuclear magnetic resonance ((1)H-NMR) spectroscopy, and the data were analyzed by multivariate statistical data analysis...
November 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934021/browning-of-abdominal-aorta-perivascular-adipose-tissue-inhibits-adipose-tissue-inflammation
#12
Run-Mei Li, Sui-Qing Chen, Ning-Xi Zeng, Shu-Hui Zheng, Li Guan, Hai-Mei Liu, Le-Quan Zhou, Jin-Wen Xu
BACKGROUND: Perivascular adipose tissue (PVAT) can regulate vascular homeostasis by secreting various adipokines. This study investigated the effects of PVAT browning on its endocrine function. METHODS: In the first section of our study, male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into cold exposure (8°C) and 24°C acclimation groups. After cold exposure for 7 days, interscapular brown adipose tissue (iBAT), subcutaneous white adipose tissue, thoracic aortic PVAT, and abdominal aortic PVAT (aPVAT) were harvested for histological and brown marker gene expression analysis...
November 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829247/distinct-predictors-and-comorbidities-in-early-onset-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-among-asian-indians
#13
Gadadharan Vijayakumar, Ganapathy K Sreehari, Aswathi Vijayakumar, Abdul Jaleel
BACKGROUND: The incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is increasing worldwide, and the age of disease onset is falling. Although there is rising prevalence of early onset T2DM in India, little is known about their clinical characteristics and cardiovascular risks profiles. The aim of this study was to address this knowledge gap by comparing the characteristics of early onset T2DM and usual onset T2DM patients from our clinic population in India. METHODS: We studied the clinical and biochemical parameters of 98 consecutive early onset T2DM patients of age <45 and <5 years of disease duration and compared those parameters with 86 consecutive usual onset T2DM patients of age >50 years and similar disease duration...
November 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922061/alanine-aminotransferase-and-total-bilirubin-are-synergistically-associated-with-metabolic-syndrome-among-middle-aged-and-elderly-japanese-women
#14
Ryuichi Kawamoto, Daisuke Ninomiya, Kensuke Senzaki, Teru Kumagi
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is associated with an increased risk of major cardiovascular events. Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) at high levels and total bilirubin (T-BiL) at low levels were oxidative potentials, but it was uncertain whether ALT and T-BiL had an additive interaction for the risk of MetS. METHODS: From a single community, we recruited 864 women (70 ± 8 years) during their annual health examination. We cross-sectionally investigated whether ALT and T-BiL are associated with MetS and its components based on the modified criteria of the National Cholesterol Education Program's Adult Treatment Panel (NCEP-ATP) III report...
October 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922059/the-currency-of-science
#15
Adrian Vella
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910195/elevated-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-in-metabolic-syndrome-is-associated-with-increased-risk-of-colorectal-adenoma
#16
Jae Hyun Kim, Kyoung Im Cho, Young A Kim, Seun Ja Park
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is an important cardiovascular risk factor for insulin resistance and has been linked to colorectal adenoma via inflammation. The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has been suggested as an important inflammatory marker. We initiated this investigation to determine the relationship between colorectal adenoma and NLR in patients with MetS. METHODS: We examined participants who visited the Health Promotion Center at Kosin University Gospel Hospital, Busan, Korea...
October 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846061/obstetric-outcomes-in-women-with-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#17
Yeon Woo Lee, Christina D Yarrington
BACKGROUND: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is one of the most common chronic liver diseases in the Western world and yet there is little research into its impact on pregnancy. METHODS: A literature review was conducted in the database PubMed, with articles published between 1990 and 2017. The selected studies addressed features specifically attributed to NAFLD and associated obstetric and neonatal outcomes. Nine studies met criteria. Our aim was to consolidate the limited literature and identify trends...
October 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832275/association-between-obesity-and-chronic-kidney-disease-defined-by-both-glomerular-filtration-rate-and-albuminuria-in-korean-adults
#18
Yoon Ji Kim, Seun Deuk Hwang, Tae Jung Oh, Kyoung Min Kim, Hak Chul Jang, Heejin Kimm, Hyeon Chang Kim, Sun Ha Jee, Soo Lim
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has often been defined based on glomerular filtration rate (GFR) alone. The Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes guideline highlights albuminuria in the CKD definition. Thus, we investigated the association between obesity and CKD, as defined by both GFR and albuminuria, in Korean adults. METHODS: We used Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011-2014 data (N = 19,331, ≥19 years old) representing the national Korean population...
October 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829223/metabolic-syndrome-in-hispanic-youth-results-from-the-hispanic-community-children-s-health-study-study-of-latino-youth
#19
Samantha A Reina, Maria M Llabre, Denise C Vidot, Carmen R Isasi, Krista Perreira, Mercedes Carnethon, Christina M Parrinello, Linda C Gallo, Guadalupe X Ayala, Alan Delamater
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS), a cluster of cardiovascular risk factors, is being diagnosed in youth. Specific diagnostic criteria used to define MetS influence prevalence estimates and populations considered at risk for cardiovascular disease. The National Cholesterol Education Program's Adult Treatment Panel III (ATP), the World Health Organization (WHO), and the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) provide three MetS definitions used in medical research. This study examined concordance among these definitions in 1137 children 10-16 years of age, who participated in the Hispanic Community Children's Health Study/Study of Latino Youth...
October 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749722/association-between-plasma-proprotein-convertase-subtilisin-kexin-type-9-and-the-presence-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-a-predominantly-rural-based-sub-saharan-african-population
#20
Martine Paquette, Yascara Grisel Luna Saavedra, Ann Chamberland, Annik Prat, Dirk Lund Christensen, Fannie Lajeunesse-Trempe, Lydia Kaduka, Nabil G Seidah, Robert Dufour, Alexis Baass
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) has increased dramatically in low- and middle-income countries. Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) plays a major role in low-density lipoprotein receptor degradation, but its relationship with metabolic parameters is still poorly understood. We aimed to investigate the association between plasma PCSK9 and metabolic parameters in a Kenyan cohort. METHODS: Total plasma PCSK9 levels were measured in 2016 by an in-house enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using a polyclonal antibody...
October 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
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