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Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice

H O Olasoji
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
K Pradeep, Adarsh Kudva, Vidya Narayanamoorthy, K M Cariappa, M Vidya Saraswathi
Radicular cysts are inflammatory jaw cysts confined to the apices of teeth with infected and necrotic pulp. They arise from the epithelial residues in the periodontal ligament as a result of inflammation, following the death of pulp. The treatment of such lesions vary with regard to their sizes; the small cystic lesions heal after an endodontic therapy, but larger lesions, may require additional treatment. Apical surgery for radicular cysts generally involves apical root resection and sealing with endodontic material...
September 2016: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
A Oguz, D Tuzun, M Sahin, K Gul
Prolactinomas are the most common pituitary tumors but rarely seen in adolescent males. There is no indication for surgery both in micro- and macro-adenomas unless an urgent treatment is necessary. First line treatment is always medical with dopamine agonists. In this report, we presented a patient with pubertal arrest and giant prolactinoma that disappeared in a short time with cabergoline treatment.
September 2016: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
O B Akintububo, O K Ogundipe, Z Y Kaltungo, M I Guduf, U H Pindiga, Y M Abdullahi
Pleomorphic adenoma (PA) is the most common benign salivary gland tumor, accounting for up to 60% of all tumors of the salivary gland and 75-80% of all parotid tumors. It has a slow but progressive growth pattern and if untreated can become greatly enlarged in size. However, giant PA is uncommon. We report a case of giant parotid PA of more than 10 years duration in a 60-year-old male Nigerian. A 60-year-old male patient with 10-year history of painless, massive, and pedunculated swelling in the left side of lower face measuring 25 cm × 23 cm × 17 cm in dimension...
September 2016: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
Y Wu, J Zhang, Y Chai
Schwannoma is a type of neurogenic tumor usually found in the posterior mediastinum. Most schwannomas range in size from 2 to 3 cm; some can exceed 10 cm. We herein report a case of a rare, large mediastinal schwannoma whose size is 20 cm × 15 cm × 12 cm, which has rarely reported before. Computed tomography scan showed a huge mass filling the lower right side of the chest and was compressing the right lower lobe of the lung. Subsequently, the tumor was completely resected using a right posterior lateral thoracotomy approach...
September 2016: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
E B Cakici, E Yildirim, F Cakici, A S Erdogan
AIM: The purpose of this study is to use cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) to describe the prevalence of apical health, the quality of root canal filling, and coronal restorations of endodontically treated teeth in the east Anatolian subpopulation of Turkey. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CBCT scans were taken from 748 patients attending for the 1st time to the clinic at the Oral Diagnosis and Radiology Department at Ataturk University's Faculty of Dentistry in Erzurum, Turkey...
September 2016: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
O Q Bakare, M R Akinyinka, O Goodman, Y A Kuyinu, O K Wright, A Adeniran, O O Odusanya, A Osibogun
INTRODUCTION: Hypertension has been reported as the strongest modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. AIMS: The aim of the study was to identify the most prescribed antihypertensive drugs, its patterns, comorbidities, cost of medications, and laboratory investigations. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This study was a cross-sectional, descriptive study of hypertensive patients conducted at the Lagos State University Teaching Hospital, Ikeja...
September 2016: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
C N Ezekwesili, C J Ononamadu, O F Onyeukwu, N C Mefoh
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a major public health problem worldwide. Estimating the prevalence of disease in populations of Nigeria would be useful in developing intervention programs to control it and prevent its consequences. OBJECTIVE: This survey was carried out to assess the prevalence, awareness, treatment, detection and risk factors of hypertension in three major populations - Onitsha, Nnewi and Awka cities of Anambra State. METHODS: The study was a church based cross sectional study involving 912 participants randomly selected from the three major zones in Anambra State...
September 2016: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
F Alshail, A Aljohar, M Alshehri
OBJECTIVES: It is hypothesized that soccer players with periodontal disease exhibit raised serum creatine kinase (CK) levels as compared to those without periodontal disease. We assessed the clinical gingival status and serum CK levels among young soccer players. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Demographic data were collected through a structured questionnaire. Full mouth bleeding on probing (BOP) and probing pocket depth (PPD) were assessed. Blood samples (4 mL) were collected for measurement of serum CK levels...
September 2016: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
S N Uwaezuoke, C V Okoli, A C Ubesie, A N Ikefuna
AIM: To assess the prevalence of primary hypertension and its correlation with anthropometric indices among a population of Nigerian adolescents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study of secondary school adolescents aged 10-19 years in Enugu, Nigeria, using multi-staged sampling method. Anthropometry and blood pressures were measured using standardized instruments. Data analysis was with the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) Version 20.0 (Chicago, IL, USA)...
September 2016: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
A O Daramola, O A Oguntunde, N A Awolola
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Fibroepithelial lesions are the most common lesions of the breast seen in our laboratory consisting of fibroadenomas (FAs) and phyllodes tumors (PT). The aim of the study was to audit all fibroepithelial lesions and to reclassify all confirmed cases of PTs seen in the study period according to standard criteria. METHODOLOGY: Records and slides of fibroepithelial lesions of the breast received at the department between January 2008 and December 2013 were retrieved and reviewed by the authors...
September 2016: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
S Gunsoy, M Ulusoy
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the internal and marginal fit of chrome cobalt (Co-Cr) crowns were fabricated with laser sintering, computer-aided design (CAD) and computer-aided manufacturing, and conventional methods. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Polyamide master and working models were designed and fabricated. The models were initially designed with a software application for three-dimensional (3D) CAD (Maya, Autodesk Inc.). All models were fabricated models were produced by a 3D printer (EOSINT P380 SLS, EOS)...
September 2016: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
A N Aksoy, F Aydin, S K Kucur, I Gözükara
AIM: This study aimed to investigate maternal and fetal Doppler flow parameters in term pregnant women diagnosed with fear of childbirth (FOC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Women between 20 and 40 years with full-term singleton pregnancies (≥37 gestational weeks) were included in the study. All patients were questioned with Turkish form of Wijma Delivery Expectancy/Experience Questionnaire (W-DEQ) version A. Women with W-DEQ scores ≥85 were defined as FOC. Forty women diagnosed with FOC (FOC group) and 45 women with W-DEQ scores <85 (control group) underwent Doppler waveform analysis and the pulsatility index (PI) and resistance index (RI) values for uterine, umbilical, and mid cerebral arteries were recorded...
September 2016: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
Aom Oyefabi, B S Yahuza
INTRODUCTION: Patient relatives are a significant part of the health care team in any hospital setting. This study determines their knowledge, perceptions, and factors responsible for their exposure to health hazards at the Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital (ABUTH), Zaria, Kaduna State. The outcome of this study is intended to help the hospital managers to have a reference to make plans for the patient relatives' welfare and also address the ethical issues regarding patients' relatives safety while in the hospital...
September 2016: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
A Esen, K Isik, S Findik, D Suren
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Surgical removal of impacted teeth is a common operation in oral surgery. Thus, pathological potential of impacted third molars is extensively studied. However, many of those studies based on data collected from analysis of radiographs only. The purpose of this retrospective study was to compare the follicles of symptomatic and asymptomatic impacted third molars histopathologically for a number of characteristics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Records of the patients who had been previously operated for impacted third molars were reviewed...
September 2016: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
G Batmaz, A N Aksoy, S Aydın, N K Ay, B Dane
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare the QT interval changes in women with term pregnancy living at moderately high altitude (1890 m in Erzurum, Turkey) with those of women living at sea level (31 m in İstanbul, Turkey). MATERIALS AND METHODS: One-hundred ten women (n = 55, for each group) with full-term and single child pregnancies. Two different locations in that state were selected: İstanbul, Turkey, which is at 31 m above sea level (Group 1) and Erzurum, Turkey, at 1890 m above sea level (Group 2)...
September 2016: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
U Barahmand, E Tavakolian, A Khazaee, K Mohammadi
CONTEXT: Methadone maintenance is a standard treatment for opiate-dependent individuals. However, deficits in cognitive functioning have been associated with this treatment. AIM: This study aimed to determine the dose and treatment duration-related effects of methadone on executive functions. SETTING AND DESIGN: Pure male opioid users with no considerable history of other drug abuse, undergoing methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) were recruited from a major government-run de-addiction center...
September 2016: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
Kmc Topcu, D Ö Kırıcı, M S Evcil
AIM: To evaluate catalase (CAT, EC activity in healthy and inflamed dental pulp of young patient's teeth and to investigate if an active defense system oxidizing agents is present as a response to bacterial invasion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty young patients between 15 and 25 ages, who were diagnosed to be healthy, were the source of the pulp tissue. The situation of the dental pulps was evaluated using clinical and radiographic assessments. The patients were divided two groups from healthy, and inflamed pulp tissues were obtained; each participant provided one pulp tissue specimens...
September 2016: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
C N Nwoga, M D Audu, A Obembe
CONTEXT: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is the most common consequence of traumatic experiences. The North Central Nigeria to which Plateau State belongs has witnessed many ethno-religious crises. While previous studies suggested a high prevalence of PTSD among students, to the best of our knowledge, no such study has been reported in Nigeria. AIMS: The study aimed to determine the prevalence and correlates of PTSD among medical students in a university. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional systematic random sampling was used to select 200 medical students...
September 2016: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
I H Shambe, N Dikkol, K N Ozoilo
BACKGROUND: The need for nonobstetric abdominal surgical interventions in pregnant females arises periodically in practice and can be a source for concern for both the patient and the surgeon because of the risk of adverse outcome. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To determine the indications for, and assess maternal and fetal outcome following nonobstetric abdominal surgeries in Jos University Teaching Hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective cross-sectional study analyzing clinical records of pregnant women, who had nonobstetric abdominal surgeries in Jos University Teaching Hospital between January 2007 and December 2011...
September 2016: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
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