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Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411736/depression-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-among-road-traffic-accident-victims-managed-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-southern-nigeria-the-methodological-issue
#1
LETTER
R Ramazani, A Fayaz-Bakhsh, F Moradpor, M Khaledian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411735/the-importance-of-early-diagnosis-of-gardner-s-syndrome-in-dental-examination
#2
M Z Adisen, A Okkesim, M Misirlioglu
Gardner syndrome (GS) is a rare genetic disorder. Dentists play an important role in diagnosis considering that craniomaxillofacial osteomas are a major criteria for GS. We report a 26-year-old male patient who referred to our department with toothache. On routine panoramic radiographic examination, multiple radiopaque masses were detected incidentally. In addition, on extraoral examination, a soft tissue tumor was detected on his shoulder. The patient was referred to the gastroenterology department and intestinal polyps were detected in the colon...
January 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411734/giant-pericardial-cyst-with-a-growing-feature
#3
S Çetin, G Heper, M G Vural, T Hazirolan, F Tanrikulu, E Gülhan
Pericardial cysts are rare and benign lesions of the heart. They are usually asymptomatic and diagnosed incidentally on echocardiography or chest X-ray. In this report, we present an extremely rare case of a symptomatic giant pericardial cyst (11.6 cm × 10.6 cm × 8 cm) of a 55-year-old male patient who was admitted to our cardiology clinic. A thoracic computed tomography (CT) in 2013 revealed a giant pericardial cyst. However, at that time, the patient was asymptomatic and follow-up was recommended. Recent thoracic CT and magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated a significantly growing feature of this cyst with impending possible complications...
January 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411733/preoperative-platelettolymphocyte-ratio-as-a-prognostic-factor-in-geriatric-patients-with-proximal-femoral-fractures
#4
H Göcer, A Çıraklı, I Büyükceren, M Kılıç, A S Genç, N Dabak
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to investigate whether the platelet to lymphocyte ratio is a prognostic factor in geriatric patients who underwent surgery for proximal femoral fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical and laboratory data of 288 patients who underwent surgery for proximal femoral fracture were analysed. The patients were divided into six groups on the basis of sex (male and female) and survival duration after the operation (death within the first 6 months, death between the 6 and 12 months, survival for more than 12 months)...
January 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411732/street-drug-use-among-emergency-patients-in-a-public-hospital-in-turkey
#5
F T Caliskan, I Toker, R Toktas, Z Temizyurek, O Unek, B Zirek, O Karcioglu
BACKGROUND: Country-specific numbers of street drug (SD) users are well documented. However, little data exists regarding these patients' clinical presentations and outcomes in the emergency department (ED). Therefore, management of these patients in the emergency setting is still a subject of debate. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to determine the symptoms and signs of SD users presenting to the ED, and to report the substances, treatments, and outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this single-center study, symptoms, clinical findings, diagnoses, and outcomes of patients who reported to have used SDs or were diagnosed as SD users were investigated within a 1-year study period...
January 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411731/bonding-strength-of-universal-adhesives-to-er-cr-ysgg-laser-irradiated-dentin
#6
M K Ayar, F Erdermir
OBJECTIVES: Universal adhesives have been recently introduced for use as self-etch or etch-and-rinse adhesives depending on the dental substrate and clinical condition. However, their bonding effectiveness to laser-irradiated dentin is still not well known. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare the shear bond strength (SBS) of two universal adhesives (Single Bond Universal, Nova Compo-B Plus) applied following laser-etching with SBS of the same adhesives applied in self-etch and acid-etch modes, respectively...
January 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411730/where-we-are-in-the-fight-against-hepatitis-b-infection-trends-in-hepatitis-b-virus-seroprevalence-in-black-sea-region-of-turkey
#7
F A Igde, H Taskin, M Igde, Z Yazici, A Atilla
CONTEXT: To determine new strategies for complete coverage of hepatitis B virus (HBV) vaccination, every country needs to take into concern factors of infection transmission in its own region. AIMS: The aim of this study was to investigate the seroprevalence of hepatitis B among all age groups in northern Turkey using HBsAg and anti-HBs serological markers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The laboratory records of a total of 101648 patients of all ages attending a tertiary level hospital in Samsun, a Black Sea coastal city, between January 2014 and May 2016 were evaluated retrospectively...
January 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411729/fecal-carriage-of-extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-and-ampc-beta-lactamase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-in-a-turkish-community
#8
G Hazirolan, I Mumcuoglu, G Altan, B B Özmen, N Aksu, Z C Karahan
BACKGROUND: Community-acquired infection caused by extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing microorganisms has an increasing frequency. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the fecal carriage of ESBL and AmpC beta-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae in community and to investigate cefotaxime-M (CTX-M) genes among ESBL isolates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 1402 fecal specimens which were collected from outpatients included in the study...
January 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411728/a-comparative-scanning-electron-microscopy-evaluation-of-smear-layer-removal-with-chitosan-and-mtad
#9
H Zhou, Q Li, L Wei, S Huang, S Zhao
The aim of the present study was to compare the efficacy of chitosan and MTAD for the smear layer removal from the root canal through a scanning electron microscope (SEM). Thirty teeth were randomly divided into three groups according to the final irrigants: 0.2% chitosan, MTAD, saline (control group). After the mechanical preparation, the samples were irrigated with saline (control group), 0.2% chitosan and MTDA respectively. Then, the samples were split and the smear layer at the apical, middle, and coronal thirds of each root canal was imaged using SEM...
January 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411727/effect-of-titanium-prepared-platelet-rich-fibrin-treatment-on-the-angiogenic-biomarkers-in-gingival-crevicular-fluid-in-infrabony-defects-of-patients-with-chronic-periodontitis-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#10
H G Pirebas, M K Hendek, U Kisa, M Yalim, E O Erdemir
AIM: The aim of this double-blinded, randomized, controlled clinical study was to investigate the effect of titanium-prepared platelet-rich fibrin (T-PRF) treatment on the angiogenic biomarkers in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) in infrabony defects of patients with chronic periodontitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty five systemically healthy participants who complied with inclusion criteria with periodontal infrabony defects were recruited. In each patient, the infrabony defect of one side of arch was designated as control group (allograft), whereas the infrabony defect on the contralateral side of same arch was designated as test group (allograft + T-PRF)...
January 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411726/association-between-the-oxidative-status-vitamin-d-levels-and-respiratory-function-in-asthmatic-children
#11
M Igde, P Baran, B G Oksuz, S Topcuoglu, G Karatekin
AIM: We studied the relationship between plasma concentrations of oxidative system markers, vitamin D, and respiratory functions in children with asthma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety one children aged 6-17 years with stable asthma seen in the clinic had the serum concentrations of oxidative system markers [total antioxidant capacity (TAC), total oxidative status (TOS), paraoxonase-1 activity (PON-1), and 25-hydroxyvitamin D3] and respiratory functions were measured...
January 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411725/vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-in-pleural-effusions-and-correlation-with-radiologic-and-biochemical-parameters
#12
N Bayram, Y Karakan, M Uyar, B Ozyurt, A Filiz
INTRODUCTION: Pleural effusion is a common clinical problem with management difficulties. The aim of this study is to evaluate vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in differential diagnosis of pleural effusions and the presence of correlation between radiological features and biochemical properties. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included patients with pleural effusion. VEGF levels in the pleural fluid were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. RESULTS: A total of 97 patients who had exudative pleural effusion related to lung cancer (n = 17), nonpulmonary malignancies (n = 25), mesothelioma (n = 9), pneumonia (n = 14), tuberculosis (n = 8), miscellaneous causes (n = 6), and transudative effusion (n = 18) were included...
January 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411724/a-prospective-randomized-study-comparing-7-day-and-14-day-quadruple-therapies-as-first-line-treatments-for-helicobacter-pylori-infection-in-patients-with-functional-dyspepsia
#13
A Yagbasan, D Ö Coşkun, Ö Özbakir, K Deniz, Ş Gürsoy, M Yücesoy
OBJECTIVE: Standard triple therapy for Helicobacter pylori has a low eradication rate in Turkey. The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the effectiveness of 7-day and 14-day lansoprazole, amoxicillin, clarithromycin, and bismuth subsalicylate (LACB) treatment regimens as first-line H. pylori eradication therapies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included 70 patients with symptoms of dyspepsia and a positive H. pylori stool antigen test (SAT). Thirty-five patients received the modified quadruple therapy regimen for 7 days (LACB-7) whereas the remaining 35 patients received the treatment for 14 days (LACB-14)...
January 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411723/diagnostic-role-of-neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-in-oral-cavity-cancers
#14
M D Zl, R Karamert, H Tutar, M Şahin, A Türkcan, M Yılmaz
AIM: In this study, we aimed to evaluate the diagnostic role of neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and other hemogram parameters in differentiating nonmalignant oral cavity lesions from oral cavity cancers. METHODS: Ninety-five patients who were performed oral cavity biopsy between the years 2013 and 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. The control group comprised consecutive 70 patients who underwent septoplasty/septorhinoplasty procedures. Inclusion criteria were to be available with common blood count (CBC) just prior to procedure...
January 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411722/gabapentin-pretreatment-for-propofol-and-rocuronium-injection-pain-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#15
M Y Cakirgöz, I Demirel, E Duran, A B Özer, U A Türkmen, A Ersoy, A Aksu, V Hancı
AIM: This prospectively-planned, randomized, double-blind and placebo-controlled study aims to evaluate the effect of 1200 mg gabapentin premedication on the incidence and severity of propofol and rocuronium injection pain. METHOD: One hundred patients, between 18-60 years of age and ASA I-II for elective surgery planned under general anaesthetic, were randomized and divided into two groups. Two hours before the operation, the patients were given either a placebo tablet (Group P, n = 50) or 1200 mg gabapentin tablet (Group G, n = 50)...
January 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411721/effect-of-a-galactagogue-herbal-tea-on-breast-milk-production-and-prolactin-secretion-by-mothers-of-preterm-babies
#16
E Özalkaya, Z Aslandoğdu, A Özkoral, S Topcuoğlu, G Karatekin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Poor breast milk production is the most frequent cause of breastfeeding failure in preterm babies. The aim of our study is to evaluate the effect of herbal tea mixture containing stinging nettle (Natal, Hipp) on breast milk production and serum prolactin levels of mothers, and weight gain of preterm babies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We enrolled mothers and their babies who were less than 37 gestational week and less than 2000 g, fed with orogastric tube without any contraindication of enteral feeding in neonatal intensive care unit between November 2010 and June 2011...
January 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411720/evaluation-of-candida-albicans-biofilm-formation-on-various-parts-of-implant-material-surfaces
#17
C Gökmenoglu, N B Kara, M Beldüz, A Kamburoğlu, I Tosun, E Sadik, C Kara
AIMS: Candida albicans adhesion to any oral substrata is the first and essential stage in forming a pathogenic fungal biofilm. In general, yeast cells have remarkable potential to adhere to host surfaces, such as teeth or mucosa, and to artificial, non-biological surfaces, such as dental materials. C. albicans adhesion to denture materials is widely recognized as the main reason for the development of stomatitis. This study compared the susceptibility of different parts of the implant system with C...
January 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411719/gender-differences-and-demographics-and-type-of-cardiac-device-over-a-10-year-period
#18
M Aktoz, M F Uçar, M A Yılmaztepe, G Taylan, S Altay
AIMS: This study aims to review the influence of gender-specific differences and patient demographics on cardiac device and pacing mode selection over a 10-year period. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients who underwent first implantation of the cardiac device between January 1, 2006 and June 31, 2016. RESULTS: During the study period, 704 patients underwent first cardiac device implantation. Number of patients undergoing pacemaker was 452 and number of patients undergoing implantable cardioverter defibrillator/cardiac resynchronization therapy and defibrillator (ICD/CRT-D) was 252...
January 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411718/glucose-pump-test-can-be-used-to-measure-blood-flow-rate-of-native-arteriovenous-fistula-in-chronic-hemodialysis
#19
Y C Yavuz, N Y Selcuk, L Altıntepe, I Güney, S Yavuz
PURPOSE: In chronic hemodialysis patients, the low flow of vascular access may leads to inadequate dialysis, increased rate of hospitalization, morbidity, and mortality. It was found that surveillance should be performed for native arteriovenous (AV) should not be performed for AV graft in various studies. However, surveillance was done in graft AV fistulas in most studies. Doppler ultrasonography (US) was suggested for surveillance of AV fistulas by the last vascular access guideline of National Kidney Foundation Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative (NKF KDOQI)...
January 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411717/evaluation-of-two-different-rapid-maxillary-expansion-surgical-techniques-and-their-effects-on-the-malar-complex-based-on-3d-cone-beam-computed-tomography
#20
P Aktop, S Biren, S Aktop, M Motro, C Delilbasi, G Gurler, G Dergin
We compared and evaluated the effects of two techniques used for surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion (SARME) using three-dimensional (3D) cone-beam computed tomography, focusing on changes in soft and hard tissue in the malar region. A conventional Le Fort I osteotomy group (10 patients, mean age: 19.3 years) and a high Le Fort I group (12 patients, mean age: 20.4 years) underwent 3D analyses. Changes in hard and soft tissue of the malar region were compared. The average increases in the bone malar width and soft malar width in the high Le Fort I group between the pre- and postoperative periods were 1...
January 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
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