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Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30417858/extrusion-of-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt-cathether-through-a-herniotomy-wound-in-an-infant-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#1
REVIEW
K E Ibebuike
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) diversion through the insertion of ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS) is the standard treatment for hydrocephalus. Many complications have been reported following VPS insertion. A case of extrusion of a VPS through a herniotomy wound is reported in a 4-month old male infant, who had a herniotomy performed on him by a General Practitioner (GP) for scrotal swelling. The extruded VPS was first externalized to the chest to aid healing of the groin wound and maintain CSF diversion. Later the VPS was removed to aid sepsis control...
November 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30417857/comparison-of-serum-concentration-of-ca-p-mg-and-fe-between-hemifacial-spasm-patients-and-healthy-controls-prospective-randomized-controlled-study
#2
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
E K Ulusoy, D M Ulusoy, S Kilic
Purpose: In this study, we aimed to measure the serum vitamin D level in hemifacial spasmic (HFS) patients and show the role of HFS in the pathogenesis and place in etiology. Materials and Methods: This study included 43 prospective newly diagnosed HFS patients and 43 healthy volunteers in the neurology clinic. The serum (Ca, P, Mg, Fe) concentration of 4 essential elements was measured with a biochemical device. The groups were correlated in terms of four essential element concentrations...
November 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30417856/diagnostic-values-of-diffusion-tensor-parameters-in-3-t-breast-magnetic-resonance-imaging-differentiation-of-breast-tumors-from-bilateral-healthy-breast-parenchyma
#3
S T Ozal, E Inci
Purpose: Our aim is to search diagnostic value of diffusion tensor parameters in the breast cancer. Materials and Methods: We included 46 patients with contrast enhanced magnetic resonance imaging of the breast between the dates of July 2015 and December 2016. We measured fractional anisotropy (FA), apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), relative anisotropy (RA) and volume ratio (VR) values of the malignant mass, ipsilateral and contralateral healthy breast parenchyma in each patient...
November 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30417855/perceived-social-support-and-depression-levels-of-women-in-the-postpartum-period-in-hatay-turkey
#4
H Tambag, Z Turan, S Tolun, R Can
Objectives: Postpartum depression is one of the major problems affecting the mother and baby's health. Inadequate social support system may affect the occurrence of this problem. This study was performed to determine the depression and social support in women at the postpartum period. Materials and Methods: This study was designed as a cross-sectional study. The research was conducted in Narlıca No. 2 family health center located in the city center of Hatay with 177 women who have given birth at least 2-4 months before and agreed to participate in the study...
November 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30417854/the-distribution-and-pattern-of-neurological-disease-in-a-neurology-clinic-in-ile-ife-nigeria
#5
M A Komolafe, O F Owagbemi, T I Alimi
Background: Neurological disorders are common and contribute significantly to disease burden, disability-adjusted life years and death. Objective: To assess the distribution of neurological disease in patients presenting to our hospital. Methods: The records of the Adult Neurology Clinic in Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex, Ile-Ife, Osun state, Nigeria were reviewed retrospectively for the years 2003-2005 and 2010-2014, and diagnoses as made by the Consultant were obtained and analyzed...
November 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30417853/evaluation-of-content-and-cost-of-traditional-eye-medication-in-a-resource-poor-country-implications-for-eye-care-practice-and-policy
#6
A E Aghaji, I V Ezeome, E R Ezeome
Background: Cataract, glaucoma, and conjunctivitis are common causes of ocular morbidity in Nigeria. A major obstacle in reducing the burden of ocular morbidity in rural areas is access to eye care services. Up to 80% of the population in developing countries use traditional medications for their primary healthcare needs because they are accessible, available, and affordable. The aim of this study is to evaluate the content and cost of commercialized traditional medications used in the treatment of common eye conditions in Nigeria...
November 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30417852/tubal-sterilization-during-cesarean-section-at-a-training-hospital-in-turkey-a-clinical-and-demographic-analysis
#7
S Arlier
Background: The total fertility rate is 2.1 children per women in Turkey. The population is expected to increase to 84 million by 2023. Maternal (19/100,000 live births), infant, and child mortality rates (20/100,000 live births) are still higher than desired levels in Turkey. We investigated factors affecting the choice of tubal sterilization (TS) after cesarean sections (CSs) and determined intraoperative and short-term postoperative maternal effects of this procedure. Materials and Methods: We compared 1,849 CSs for demographic characteristics and clinical parameters including obstetric outcomes between two patient groups who underwent CSs with or without TS...
November 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30417851/comparison-of-three-different-ketofol-proportions-in-children-undergoing-dental-treatment
#8
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
G Kip, D Atabek, M Bani
Aim and Background: Sedation is gaining popularity among dental procedures in children. Ketamine and propofol mixture, known as ketofol, is one of the promising choices in sedation protocols; however, there is no consensus on the exact ratio of ketamine plus propofol especially in dental practice. The aim of present study was to compare perioperative side effect profiles, recovery profiles, and satisfaction rates of both parents' and dentists' following three different ratio of ketofol mixtures in children undergoing dental treatment...
November 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30417850/radiographic-features-associated-with-temporomandibular-joint-disorders-among-african-white-chinese-hispanic-and-indian-racial-groups
#9
S Obamiyi, S Malik, Z Wang, S Singh, E P Rossouw, L Fishman, C Feng, D Michelogiannakis, R H Tallents
Context: Various radiographic features have been associated with temporomandibular joint disorders (TMDs); however, these characteristics have not been compared among different racial groups. Aims: To radiographically evaluate and compare craniofacial patterns and condylar findings suggestive of TMD among African, White, Chinese, Hispanic, and Indian racial groups. Settings and Design: This multicenter retrospective study used data from three private orthodontic practices and a University Orthodontic Clinic...
November 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30417849/anisakiasis-the-risks-of-seafood-consumption
#10
K Furuya, H Nakajima, Y Sasaki, Y Urita
Context and Aims: Japanese cuisine is now popular worldwide, and consumption of raw fish has thus increased at sushi bars and Japanese restaurants outside Japan. Anisakiasis, also known as herring-worm disease, is caused by ingesting larval nematodes in raw seafood and is a common illness in Japan. However, due to the rising popularity of Japanese food, gastroenterologists outside Japan need to be familiar with this disease. Subjects and Methods and Results: We treated 158 patients presenting with acute gastrointestinal manifestations caused by anisakiasis from April 1991 to April 2000...
November 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30417848/preliminary-data-on-clinical-performance-of-bulk-fill-restorations-in-primary-molars
#11
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
B Oter, K Deniz, S B Cehreli
Context: In pediatric clinic practice, bulk fill composite is gaining importance for shortened clinical time with a limited shrinkage. Aims: The present study evaluated the 1 year clinical performance of bulk fill composite and conventional composite material in occlusal caries of primary molars. Settings and Design: The study was designed as randomized single blind clinical trial and a total of 160 restorations were placed in the cavities of the 80 patients...
November 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30417847/knowledge-risk-perception-and-practices-related-to-antibiotic-resistance-among-patent-medicine-vendors-in-sokoto-metropolis-nigeria
#12
K J Awosan, P K Ibitoye, A K Abubakar
Background: Resistance to antibiotics is now a serious threat to global health, and inappropriate use of drugs has been identified as a major contributing factor in the developing countries. Objectives: The aim of this study is to assess the knowledge, risk perception, and practices related to antibiotic resistance among patent medicine vendors (PMVs) in Sokoto metropolis, Nigeria. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 200 PMVs selected by multi-stage sampling technique...
November 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30417846/parental-monitoring-and-substance-use-among-youths-a-survey-of-high-school-adolescents-in-lagos-state-nigeria
#13
O O Odukoya, O O Sobande, A Adeniran, A Adesokan
Background: Risk behaviours including marijuana use, alcohol consumption and cigarette smoking have a significant impact on the present and future health of adolescents. There are limited studies in sub-Saharan Africa to show evidence, if it exists, of the relationship between parental monitoring practices and the prevalence of substance use among adolescents. The aim of this study is to assess the relationship between parental monitoring practices and alcohol consumption, cigarette smoking and marijuana use among in-school adolescents in Mushin Local Government Area of Lagos State, South-Western Nigeria...
November 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30417845/comparison-of-sleep-quality-and-quality-of-life-indexes-with-sociodemographic-characteristics-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#14
A Karatas, E Canakci, E Turkmen
Aims: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a serious health problem due to high mortality and morbidity, negative impact on the patients' quality of life (QOL), high diagnostic and therapeutic cost, and the burden on society. Sleep, which is one of the main needs of the human body, is important regarding the health and QOL in all ages. The objective of our study was to plan the quality of sleep and life quality in adults with CKD. Materials and Methods: Total 240 cases (91 healthy volunteers, 75 predialysis patients, and 74 hemodialysis (HD) patients) were included in our study...
November 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30417844/dental-fear-in-primary-school-children-and-its-relation-to-dental-caries
#15
F A Alsadat, A A El-Housseiny, N M Alamoudi, D A Elderwi, A M Ainosa, F M Dardeer
Background: Successful management of dental fear in children prevents its progression into adulthood. This study aimed to assess the level of dental fear among school children and to determine its relationship with dental caries. The study design was a cross-sectional analytical study. Materials and Methods: A sample of 1,546 primary school children were randomly selected. The Children's Fear Survey Schedule-Dental Subscale (CFSS-DS) was completed in class to assess child dental fear...
November 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30417843/incidence-of-pyramidal-thyroid-lobe-in-the-university-college-hospital-ibadan
#16
O O Ayandipo, O O Afuwape, O Y Soneye
Introduction: The pyramidal lobe of the thyroid gland is derived from remnant of the thyroglossal duct. Its presence may be missed clinically; however radiologic and intra-operative findings reveal its presence in up to 50% of cases. The incidence of pyramidal lobe is however not clearly known in Sub-Saharan Africa, particularly in Nigeria. Our aim is to determine the incidence and histological variation of pyramidal lobe of the thyroid gland among surgical patients who underwent thyroid surgery in the University College Hospital, Ibadan...
November 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30417842/the-efficacy-of-resin-infiltrate-on-the-treatment-of-white-spot-lesions-and-developmental-opacities
#17
Z Z Ciftci, S Hanimeli, H Karayilmaz, O E Gungor
Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the changes in opacities by applying resin infiltrate to developmental enamel opacities and applying resin infiltrate or fluoride varnish to white spot lesions (WSLs). Materials and Methods: A total of 132 teeth with WSLs and developmental enamel opacities were included in the study. WSLs were treated with resin infiltrate (Group 1) and fluoride varnish (Group 2), and developmental enamel opacities were treated with only resin infiltrate (Group 3)...
November 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30417841/pattern-of-blood-donation-and-characteristics-of-blood-donors-in-enugu-southeast-nigeria
#18
A O Ugwu, A J Madu, C C Efobi, O G Ibegbulam
Background: Despite increasing need for blood donation in medical practice, little is known about pattern of blood donation and characteristics of blood donors in some African populations like Nigeria. This information is necessary in designing strategies and policies for improving blood transfusion services in Africa. Aim: The aim of this study is to determine the pattern of blood donation and characteristics of blood donors in Enugu, Southeast, Nigeria. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study of 3377 blood donors at a tertiary hospital in Enugu, Nigeria from May 1, 2016 to April 30, 2017...
November 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30417840/the-prevalence-of-microalbuminuria-and-associated-factors-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-botswana
#19
O J Molefe-Baikai, M Molefi, F Cainelli, G M Rwegerera
Background: Microalbuminuria (MA) has been established as an early marker of both diabetic nephropathy and vascular disease in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). Aims: This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of MA and associated factors among patients with type 2 DM in Botswana. Settings and Design: Outpatient tertiary clinic. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study involving 289 patients with type 2DM was conducted from January 2013 to June 2013 in Block 6 Reference Clinic, a tertiary clinic in Gaborone, Botswana...
November 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30417839/determination-of-the-relationship-between-patient-satisfaction-and-some-global-economic-indicators-using-multidimensional-scaling
#20
O Gorgulu
Context: The importance of labor that contributes to the economy and economic power of the country is increasing recently. There is a strong link between health and economy. People are happier, more productive, and provide more contribution to the economy in communities of healthy individuals. In countries with strong economy, serious economic investments are made in the field of health to grow healthy individuals. Aim: The purpose of this study is to determine whether patient satisfaction in primary healthcare services is related to economic strength of countries...
November 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
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