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Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607871/herpes-zoster-induced-acute-urinary-retention-two-cases-and-literature-review
#1
H He, C Tang, X Yi, W Zhou
We report two uncommon cases of acute urinary retention in Chinese patients caused by reactivation of sacral herpes zoster and requiring bladder drainage. Indwelling urinary catheterization, antiviral medication (ganciclovir), and physiotherapy with infrared light (830 nm) led to successful recovery of the micturition reflex in both cases.
April 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607870/usefulness-of-c1-esterase-inhibitor-protein-concentrate-in-the-management-of-hereditary-angioedema-of-oropharyngeal-tissue
#2
M Yigit, O Sogut, H Lisar, E Yigit
Hereditary angioedema is an autosomal-dominant disorder caused by mutation of the gene encoding the C1 esterase inhibitor (C1-INH). It manifests as painless, nonpruritic, nonpitting episodic swelling of the subcutaneous tissues, gastrointestinal, and upper respiratory tracts in the absence of urticaria. An attack typically takes 24 h to peak and resolves over 48-72 h. The most serious manifestation is a laryngeal attack associated with upper airway swelling. The aim of this case report is to describe the lifesaving use of a novel C1-INH protein concentrate in a patient with mild-to-moderate dyspnea caused by swelling of the upper airway (larynx) and tongue...
April 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607869/fracture-resistance-force-of-primary-molar-crowns-milled-from-polymeric-computer-aided-design-computer-assisted-manufactured-resin-blocks
#3
A Mete, Y Yilmaz, S S Derelioglu
Purpose: To compare fracture resistance force (FRF) and failure types of crowns milled from resin nanoceramic (Lava Ultimate)-, and modified polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) (Vita computer-aided design (CAD)-Temp)-, and PMMA (Telio CAD)-based CAD/computer-assisted manufactured (CAM) blocks. Materials and Methods: Three experimental groups of 10 milled crowns were arranged: Group-1 (Lava Ultimate), Group-2 (Vita CAD-Temp), and Group-3 (Telio CAD). Crowns were machined in sizes similar to a primary second molar stainless steel crown (SSC) and stored in water at 37°C for 30 days...
April 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607868/three-dimensional-evaluation-of-alveolar-bone-thickness-of-mandibular-anterior-teeth-in-different-dentofacial-types
#4
F Eraydın, D Germec-Cakan, M Tozlu, F Isık Ozdemir
Aim: The aim of this randomized study was to compare the alveolar bone thickness (ABT) of the mandibular incisor teeth of dental and skeletal Class I, II, and III adult patients at labial and lingual aspects of the bone and develop recommendations for the associated movements of teeth in this region, taking vertical facial type into consideration. Material and Methods: : Sixty-two Class I, 74 Class II, and 63 Class III patients - aged between 20 and 45 - were assigned to three subgroups - high (H), low (L), and normal (N) growth patterns...
April 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607867/effects-of-varying-entry-points-and-trendelenburg-positioning-degrees-in-internal-jugular-vein-area-measurements-of-newborns
#5
P Karaaslan, K Darcın, T Ormecı, M A Karakaya, A Ince, N A Aslan, A Tastekın
Background: Recent guidelines from the National Institute for Clinical Excellence recommend the use of ultrasonography in the central venous catheterization of children. In this study, we aimed to compare area measurements using ultrasonography and efficiency of varying Trendelenburg degrees on the area measurements, for two different entry points used as internal jugular vein (IJV) cannulation points in newborns. Methods: Fifty-eight healthy newborns, weighing between 3000 and 3500 g, were recruited for this prospective study...
April 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607866/shear-bond-strength-of-a-novel-porcelain-repair-system-for-different-computer-aided-design-computer-assisted-manufacturing-ceramic-materials
#6
M Karcı, N Demir, M G Subaşı, M Gökkaya
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to compare the shear bond strength of a novel repair system, Nova Compo SF with Ceramic Repair, Ivoclar, to computer-aided design/computer-assisted manufacturing (CAD/CAM) restorative materials (IPS e.max CAD and Empress CAD). Materials and Methods: The specimens of each CAD/CAM restorative material were randomly divided into two subgroups of nine specimens, using one of two repair systems. All specimens were etched with hydrofluoric acid and rinsed under a water spray for 10 s, then air-dried for 10 s...
April 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607865/the-relationship-of-erythropoietin-receptor-expression-and-prognosis-in-glioblastoma-multiforme-patients
#7
S Cevik, S Kitis, S Evran, E Akkaya, Z Tosuner, H Hanimoglu
Background: Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common primary brain tumor characterized with poor prognosis and short survival. In addition to the standard treatment protocols, targeted molecular treatment options are under trial. In the recent trials, erythropoietin and erythropoietin receptor were found to be linked with the progression of GBM cells. Aim: In this study, we compared the expression of EPOR with survival in GBM patients with mortality. Materials and Methods: Twenty-six patients operated for GBM in 2012-2014 were enrolled in this study...
April 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607864/retreatability-of-root-canals-obturated-using-mineral-trioxide-aggregate-based-and-two-resin-based-sealers
#8
M A Ekici, A Ekici, S Sağıroğlu, S Keyfiala, B Helvacıoğlu Kıvanç
Background: The aim of this study was to compare the retreatment time and the removal efficiency of different root canal sealers using WaveOne Gold reciproc file system by measuring required time. Materials and Methods: Forty-five mandibular premolars were prepared and randomly divided into three groups (n = 15). In Groups 1-3, the canals were filled with gutta-percha and mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) Fillapex, EndoREZ, and AH26, respectively. After 7 days, root canal filling materials (RCFM) were removed with WaveOne Gold reciproc files by measuring time...
April 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607863/total-hip-replacement-in-sickle-cell-disorder-a-preliminary-report-of-challenges-and-early-outcome-of-21-consecutive-patients
#9
A U Katchy, U E Anyaehie, C U Nwadinigwe, G O Eyichukwu
Objective: The aim of this study is to describe the pattern of presentation osteoarthritic patients with sickle cell disorder (SCD) in our environment, determine the implant sizes taking the peculiar nature of the pathology and our operating environment into consideration, highlight the challenges and technical difficulties encountered during the procedure, measure the functional outcome and observe complications of treatment, recommend ways of improving outcome. Patients and Methods: Between November 2008 and November 2012, 29 consecutive primary total hip replacements (THRs) were performed on 21 patients with avascular necrosis of the head of femur secondary to SCD...
April 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607862/an-analysis-of-patients-in-palliative-care-with-pressure-injuries
#10
M Dincer, C Doger, S Sen Tas, D Karakaya
Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the factors that are effective for the treatment, recovery of pressure injury (PI) and costs in palliative care (PC) patients. Materials and Methods: From a retrospective review of patient records, the PI localization, the presence of infection, PI stage on admission, discharge and treatment costs were recorded. Patients were grouped according to diagnoses, and PI localizations (sacrum, trochanter, ischium, and heel). The comparison was made of changes in wound stage in the groups...
April 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607861/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-of-diabetic-retinopathy-among-physicians-in-northwestern-nigeria
#11
S Abdulsalam, A Ibrahim, H Saidu, M Muazu, U T Aliyu, H I Umar, I D Gezawa, L F Owolabi
Background: Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is the leading cause of preventable blindness in the productive population that poses a considerable global public health burden. Objective: The objective of this study is to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice of DR screening among physicians in Northwestern Nigeria. Materials and Methods: Survey responses were obtained from 105 physicians in 4 tertiary hospitals using a Likert scale questionnaire. The internal consistency of the questionnaire was calculated using Cronbach's alpha coefficient...
April 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607860/buccal-infiltration-versus-inferior-alveolar-nerve-block-in-mandibular-2-nd-premolars-with-irreversible-pulpitis
#12
K Yilmaz, U Tunga, T Ozyurek
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to compare the success rates of inferior alveolar nerve block (IANB) and buccal infiltration anesthesia of mandibular second premolar with irreversible pulpitis and to evaluate the level of patient discomfort with these methods. Matherials and Methods: Forty patients, who had irreversible pulpitis in the mandibular 2nd premolar teeth, were included in the study. Patients were randomly distributed in two groups. In one group IANB, in the other group buccal infiltration anesthesia were performed...
April 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607859/challenges-in-the-management-of-bleeding-disorders-in-nigeria
#13
H C Okoye, K I Korubo, B Nwogoh, C C Efobi, N I Ugwu, A J Madu
Background: Bleeding disorders (BDs) are characterized by abnormal bleeding for which effective management requires a combination of skill, workforce, diagnostic facilities, and adequate therapeutic options. Objectives: The objectives of this study were to determine the capacity of Nigerian hematologists to handle BDs and to assess availability of required infrastructure, equipment, and treatment options. Materials and Methods: This descriptive study was conducted during the 2016 scientific conference of the Nigerian Society for Hemetology and Blood Transfusion...
April 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607858/evaluation-of-root-canal-morphology-of-human-primary-mandibular-second-molars-by-using-cone-beam-computed-tomography
#14
L Demiriz, E Hazar Bodrumlu, M Icen
Objectives: The aim of the present study was to investigate the root canal configurations of primary mandibular second molars (PMSMs) using Vertucci classification. Materials and Methods: The root canal types of 228 PMSMs (228 mesial and 228 distal roots) were evaluated. In addition, the relationship between external root morphology and Vertucci classification was investigated. The Chi-square test or Fisher Exact Chi-square test was used for the evaluations, and P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant for all tests...
April 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607857/analysis-of-corneal-astigmatism-with-nidek-axial-length-scan-in-caucasian-cataract-surgery-candidates
#15
R Duman, R Duman, E Cetinkaya, M C Sabaner, S Inan, M Doğan, I Doğan
Aims and Objectives: The aim of the study was to analyze and quantify the pattern of corneal astigmatism in Caucasian cataract surgery patients using a new optical biometer (axial length [AL] Scan, NIDEK Co., Gamagori, Japan). Patients and Methods: The datasets of cataract surgery patients acquired between March 1, 2014, and April 15, 2016, were collected and analyzed. The corneal power (flat keratometry, steep keratometry, and mean keratometry), negative cylinder power, and axis of astigmatism were recorded...
April 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607856/hybrid-contact-lenses-for-visual-management-of-patients-after-keratoplasty
#16
Y Altay, O Balta, A Burcu, F Ornek
Aim: This study aims to report the outcomes of new-generation hybrid contact lenses for visual rehabilitation of postkeratoplasty patients. Materials and Methods: Twenty eyes of twenty postkeratoplasty patients were fitted with hybrid lenses. Each patient's keratometric values, ocular surface irregularity indices, central corneal thickness (CCT), uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA), spectacle-corrected visual acuity, contact lens-corrected visual acuity, contact lens fitting data, and contact lens daily wearing time were recorded...
April 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607855/factors-associated-with-sarcopenia-among-older-patients-attending-a-geriatric-clinic-in-nigeria
#17
L A Adebusoye, A M Ogunbode, O O Olowookere, S A Ajayi, M M Ladipo
Context: Aging is characterized by progressive and generalized loss of skeletal muscle mass and strength called sarcopenia which causes poor health and disability. There is paucity of data on this syndrome of public health importance among older Nigerians. Aim: This study determined the prevalence and factors associated with sarcopenia among persons aged 60 years and above at a geriatric center in Nigeria. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study of 642 persons aged ≥60 years who attended the geriatric center between March and July 2014...
April 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607854/risk-factors-for-breast-cancer-among-indian-women-a-case-control-study
#18
M P Antony, B Surakutty, T A Vasu, M Chisthi
Background: Breast cancer is the most common malignancy among females all over the world. The incidence of breast cancer is persistently on the rise due to urbanization and lifestyle changes. Although various risk factors have been suggested for estimating the risk of developing breast cancer, most of these have been studied in the Western population. A better understanding of local characteristics of risk factors may help in devising locally effective prevention strategies for breast cancer...
April 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607853/evaluation-of-oral-health-status-and-influential-factors-in-children-with-autism
#19
S Onol, Z Kırzıoğlu
Aims: The aim of the present study was to comparatively analyze oral health status and influential factors in children with autism living in the Western Mediterranean Region of Turkey. Subjects and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in two steps: 1 - questionnaire and 2 - interview. This study was conducted at the Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Süleyman Demirel University, Isparta, Turkey, within the period from March to July 2016...
April 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607852/beliefs-perceptions-and-views-of-pregnant-women-about-cesarean-section-and-reproductive-decision-making-in-a-specialist-health-facility-in-enugu-southeast-nigeria
#20
I V Ezeome, J O Ezugworie, P C Udealor
Context: Through the process of socialization, women and men are conditioned to behave and play different roles in society. While the African culture "rewards" women who have vaginal birth despite the cost to their health, the burden of reproductive decision-making is placed on the menfolk. However, these seem to be changing. Aims: Our aim was to assess the beliefs and perceptions of pregnant women about cesarean section (CS), including their views regarding decision-making on the mode of delivery, in Enugu, Southeast Nigeria...
April 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
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