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Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice

D E Imasogie, P I Agbonrofo, M I Momoh, D E Obaseki, I Obahiagbon, A T Azeke
Endometriosis of the gastrointestinal tract is rare and occurs in <1% of all patients undergoing major gynecological surgeries. Bowel involvement has been reported in 3%-37% of all women of childbearing age with endometriosis. Total obstruction of the gastrointestinal tract occurs in <1% of cases of endometriosis with bowel obstruction. This case report is that of a 42-year-old female who presented with a 6-month history of change in bowel habits in favor of increasing constipation. This was associated with cyclical lower abdominal pains, abdominal swelling, and weight loss...
August 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
D Krasic, M Stojanovic, V Petrovic, Z Pesic
Meningiomas constitute a large group of tumors of the central nervous system, with the prevalence of 18%-20%. Extracranial localization of meningeomas could appear due to their extracranial origin or due to the spreading of intracranial meningeomas. In this paper, we present our 15 years' experience in the diagnosis and treatment of extra- and intracranial meningiomas invading the head-and-neck region. In the period from 2001 to 2016 at our clinic, there were five patients (three men and two women), with meningiomas of extracranial origin or meningiomas of intracranial origin, spreading into the head-and-neck region...
August 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
Y Tamer, Z O Pektas
The surgical removal of impacted third molars is one of the most common procedures performed in both oral surgery and general dentistry. Accidental displacement of the impacted tooth or root fragments to the adjacent anatomical spaces is a rare but serious complication with even life-threatening complications. This case report presents the diagnosis and surgical management of an accidentally displaced right mandibular third molar root via an intraoral approach.
August 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
Meshref A Al-Ruwaili
Background: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a bacterial pathogen that is frequently isolated in both hospital and community environments. MRSA is considered a major nosocomial pathogen that causes severe morbidity and mortality. Materials and Methods: Two hundred and twenty-five nasal swabs were collected (100 from health-care workers and 125 from patients). S. aureus was identified by colony morphology in both blood and mannitol salt agars, catalase and coagulase productions, and also by standard biochemical tests...
August 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
M Calisir, B Ege
Background: The aim of the present study was to compare the level of postoperative discomfort between labial frenectomy done by neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Nd: YAG) laser and the conventional technique and evaluate the differences in the levels of postoperative pain and functional complications such as eating and speaking between these two methods. Materials and Methods: Forty patients requiring labial frenectomy in both jaws were included in the study...
August 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
Z Z Yurdabakan, O Okumus, F N Pekiner
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship of the maxillary third molars to the maxillary sinus using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) in a Turkish population. Materials and Methods: A total of 300 right and 307 left maxillary third molars were examined using CBCT images obtained from 394 patients. Data including the age, gender, the angulation type, depth of the third molars, and horizontal and vertical positions of the maxillary sinus relative to the third molars were examined...
August 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
W A Adegbiji, G T Olajide, O A Olajuyin, F Olatoke, C C Nwawolo
Background/Objectives: Tympanic membrane perforation is a common otological disorder with associated hearing impairment. This study aimed at determining the clinicoepidemiological pattern, etiological factors, clinical presentation, and management of tympanic membrane perforation in a tertiary hospital in Nigeria. Materials and Methods: This was a prospective, hospital-based study of patients with the clinical finding of perforated tympanic membrane. The study was carried out over a period of 5 years (September 2012 to August 2017)...
August 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
K T Aboalshamat, A O Alsiyud, R A Al-Sayed, R S Alreddadi, S S Faqiehi, S A Almehmadi
Objectives: Few studies have investigated positive psychological health among medical and dental students. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between resilience, satisfaction with life, and happiness among medical and dental students in private colleges in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Materials and Methods: A total of 607 participants, from 3rd -year students to interns, were involved in a cross-sectional study. Data were collected through a self-reported questionnaire...
August 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
B Ayna, S Celenk, O Atas, E C Tümen, E Uysal, I R Toptanci
Aim: Using AutoCAD, we examined the microleakage of dye at the edges of primary-teeth restorations using three glass ionomer-based restorative materials. Materials and Methods: A total of 30 extracted noncarious primary molars were used. Class V cavities were adjusted on the buccal surfaces. The teeth were randomly divided into three groups of 10 teeth each as follows: Group A (Ketac Molar), Group B (Photac Fil), and Group C (Dyract XP). All specimens were stored for 24 h at 37°C in distilled water...
August 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
S Kumar, B S Thomas, K Gupta, V Guddattu, Mohan Alexander
Aim and objectives: The aim and the objectives were. (1) to assess the efficacy of a desensitizing toothpaste containing 8.0% arginine-calcium carbonate (Colgate® Sensitive Pro-Relief™), (2) to assess the efficacy of a desensitizing toothpaste containing 8.0% arginine-calcium carbonate (Colgate® Sensitive Pro-Relief™) used in combination with iontophoresis, and (3) to compare the effectiveness of the above methods. Subjects and Methods: Two groups of 40 patients each having dentinal hypersensitivity were treated using 8% proarginine and iontophoresis...
August 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
S Sungur, U Bilge, N Acar, I Unluoglu
Objective: We aimed to evaluate demographic, etiological, clinical features, and prognosis of poisoning cases applied to a tertiary emergency department retrospectively. Materials and Methods: The recordings of poisoning cases aged 18 years old and over which applied to the department of emergency medicine between the dates of 2010-2015 were examined. Age, gender, admission date, amount of time passed since exposure to the poisonous substance, application method, cause of poisoning, laboratory findings at arrival, vital signs, type of poisonous substance, the way of taking, treatment method in urgent care, consultation need, and the outcome of cases were recorded...
August 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
U U Aniebue, T O Nwankwo, M I Nwafor
Background: Clinical diagnosis of acute vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) depends on evidence of clinical symptoms, but symptomatic treatment widely practiced in low-resource area may lead to overdiagnosis and treatment. Objective: The objective of the study is to determine the prevalence of VVC among women attending gynecological clinic in University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital (UNTH) Enugu and the accuracy of clinical-based diagnosis versus laboratory test supported diagnosis and patients' characteristics that affect accuracy...
August 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
S F Celik, E Celik
Objective: Homocysteine (Hcy) is an independent risk factor for predisposing to atherosclerosis and endothelial dysfunction. Hcy levels increase with Vitamin B12 deficiency. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) and the autonomic modulation of heart rate variability (HRV) in early detection of atherosclerosis and impaired cardiac autonomic control in pediatric patients with Vitamin B12 deficiency. Materials and Methods: Sixty patients with Vitamin B12 deficiency (14...
August 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
E Hazar Bodrumlu, E Bodrumlu
Objective: This study aimed to assess the coronal-sealing ability of two different root canal obturation materials: gutta-percha with AH Plus and Resilon with Epiphany SE between radiated and nonirradiated groups. Materials and Methods: Fifty-six extracted premolar teeth were randomly divided into two main groups according to the presence or absence of radiotherapy. Specimens were divided into two equal groups. In the radiotherapy group, a total dose of 60 Gy was delivered with 1...
August 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
I Caglar, S M Ates, Y Boztoprak, Y U Aslan, Z Yesil Duymus
Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the different surface treatments on the bond strength of self-adhesive resin cement to high-strength ceramic. Materials and Methods: Ninety aluminum oxide ceramic (Turkom-Ceramic Sdn. Bhd., Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia) specimens were produced and divided into nine groups to receive the following surface treatments: control group, no treatment (Group C), sandblasting (Group B), silica coating (Group S), erbium: yttrium-aluminum-garnet (Er:YAG) laser irradiation at 150 mJ 10 Hz (Group L1), Er:YAG laser irradiation at 300 mJ 10 Hz (Group L2), sandblasting + L1 (Group BL1), sandblasting + L2 (Group BL2), silica coating + L1 (Group SL1), and silica coating + L2 (Group SL2)...
August 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
N Z Nwachukwu, O I Okoye, Obiekwe Okoye, C C Eze, D C Nwachukwu, U I Nwagha, R E Umeh
Objective: In Nigeria, many pregnant women as well as health-care providers are unaware of the effect of pregnancy on the eye. The present study investigated the changes in central corneal thickness (CCT), corneal sensitivity (CS), and intraocular pressure (IOP) among pregnant women in a tertiary hospital in Nigeria and the relationship between them. Materials and Methods: A prospective longitudinal study was used. One hundred and thirty-four pregnant women attending the Obstetric Clinic of the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu, were consecutively recruited in their second trimester for the study...
August 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
J Osaikhuwuomwan, A Osemwenkha, O Iribhogbe, M Aziken, A Orhue
Objective: The objective of the study is to evaluate the effect of female age on the outcome of ovarian stimulation (OS) and intrauterine insemination (IUI) treatment. Methodology: This was a 36 months' retrospective analysis of all IUI treatment cycles with prior OS. Based on the age of the women, 4 groups were identified for comparative analysis, namely women below 30 years, between 30 and 34; 35-39 years, and women aged 40 years and beyond. Results: Two hundred and seventeen IUI procedures were conducted during the study and 39 had a positive pregnancy test outcome (a pregnancy rate of 18%)...
August 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
C Macit, P M Clark, N Taner, C Bingol, G Mercanoglu, G Yuksel
Background and Aim: Epilepsy is one of the most common chronic neurological disorders with a high prevalence. Epileptic people and their family members suffer more from social stigma than the disorder itself. Among various complex reasons knowledge and awareness about epilepsy are the two important factors underlying discriminatory attitudes towards epileptic people. Community pharmacists play a major role in the care of these patients. In this study we mainly aimed to gain insights into the knowledge and awareness of and attitudes (AKA) towards epilepsy both in epileptic and healthy individuals in an urban community...
August 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
M Balevi, S Ozturk
Background/Aim: Ulnar compressive neuropathy is the second most common nerve compression in the upper extremity. Although numerous operative procedures have been defined for the treatment of cubital tunnel syndrome (CuTS), the best operative intervention remains controversial. The aim of this study is to discuss the efficacy of a modified simple decompression (MSD) of the ulnar nerve in the treatment of CuTS. Materials and Methods: Each patient was preoperatively examined, and the following data were recorded: initial complaint, duration of symptoms, and presence of Tinel's sign around the elbow, results of provocation by the elbow flexion test, and results of electrodiagnostic studies...
August 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
E Burhanoglu, M C Aksoy, P A Kosar
Background and Purpose: The investigators designed and implemented a prospective cohort study composed of smoking and nonsmoking patients with asymptomatic fully impacted mandibular third molars. The objective of the paper was to evaluate 21 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) on the TP53 gene in smokers' (S) and nonsmokers' (NS) pericoronal follicles of asymptomatic impacted third molars. Materials and Methods: Matrix-assisted desorption/ionization time of the flight mass spectrometry was used for SNP analysis of 21 regions in the TP53 gene...
August 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
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