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African Health Sciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29977275/health-issues-of-concern-to-africa-and-beyond-infections-ncds-and-health-systems-inertia
#1
EDITORIAL
James K Tumwine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29977274/responsible-conduct-of-research
#2
Beuy Joob, Viroj Wiwanitkit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29977273/approaches-and-strategies-used-in-the-training-and-supervision-of-health-extension-workers-hews-delivering-integrated-community-case-management-iccm-of-childhood-illness-in-ethiopia-a-qualitative-rapid-appraisal
#3
Duduzile Nsibande, Marian Loveday, Karen Daniels, David Sanders, Tanya Doherty, Wanga Zembe
Background: Globally, preventable and treatable childhood conditions such as pneumonia, diarrhoea, malaria, malnutrition and newborn conditions still account for 75% of under-five mortality. To reduce the mortality rate from these conditions, Ethiopia launched an ambitious Health Extension Programme (HEP) in 2003. Trained Community Health Workers (CHWs), named Health Extension Workers (HEWs) were deployed to deliver a package of care which includes integrated Community Case-Management (iCCM) of common childhood diseases...
March 2018: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29977272/behavioural-risk-factors-for-sexually-transmitted-infections-and-health-seeking-behaviour-of-street-youths-in-ibadan-nigeria
#4
Adeyimika Titilayo Desmennu, Musibau Ayoade Titiloye, Eme Theodora Owoaje
Background: Street youths are faced with a number of health challenges that could be linked to their exposure to the risk elements, accessing medical care including motivation and /or ignorance to utilise available health care. Objective: This qualitative study therefore aimed at determining the behavioural risks for sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and health seeking behaviour of street youths in Ibadan. Methods: Sixteen focus group discussion (FGD) sessions were conducted among 160 street youths aged between 15-24 years...
March 2018: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29977271/turkish-university-seniors-knowledge-of-and-opinions-on-fertility-and-expectations-of-having-children
#5
Nebahat Özerdoğan, Burcu Yilmaz
Background: In recent years the trend of postponement of child bearing has been increasing. Aim: To assess knowledge on fertility and expectations of having children in seniors at a Turkish University. Methods: The cross-sectional study sample (n=485) comprised senior students of the University in the branches of medicine, social sciences, and life sciences. Data were collected via a self-administered questionnaire in 2015. Results: The mean age of the students was 23...
March 2018: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29977270/teaching-obstetric-ultrasound-at-mulago-hospital-kampala-uganda
#6
Homa Ahmadzia, Sarah Cigna, Imelda Namagembe, Charles Macri, France Galerneau, Urania Magriples
Background: Mulago Hospital is a high volume referral hospital under the Makerere University School of Medicine and Health Sciences. Basic obstetric ultrasound is a useful skill that can aid patient care. Objectives: The purpose of the study was to assess the effectiveness of an intervention implemented to teach basic ultrasound skills to medical students and house officers at Mulago Hosptial, Kampala, Uganda. Methods: Forty participants, including medical students, junior house officers (JHOs), and senior house officers (SHOs) were enrolled in the study...
March 2018: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29977269/outcome-of-caesarean-section-at-the-edward-francis-small-teaching-hospital-banjul-the-gambia
#7
Patrick Idoko, Matthew Anyanwu
Background: Caesarean section is a very important procedure to decrease maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. Anecdotal evidence suggests that more than half of all caesarean sections done in The Gambia are done at the Edward Francis Small Teaching Hospital. Objective: The aim of the study was to determine the caesarean section rate at the Edward Francis Small teaching Hospital. The study also aimed to determine the socio-demographic factors associated with caesarean section and maternal and fetal outcomes of caesarean section at the hospital...
March 2018: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29977268/-truncus-arteriosus-communis-report-of-three-cases-and-review-of-literature
#8
Henriette Poaty, Fanny Pelluard, Gwenaelle André, Brigitte Maugey-Laulom, Dominique Carles
Background: Truncus arteriosus communis (TAC) is a congenital heart defect in which the physiologic arterial common trunk was not divided into aorta and pulmonary artery trunk. Objectives: In this paper, we report on three observed cases from which we looked for (in conjunction with literature review) the different causes of TAC many of which have genetic origins. Methods: We collected three clinical files of fetuses having a TAC. Two of them were examinated after a medical termination of pregnancy motivated by severe cardiopathy...
March 2018: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29977267/early-diagnosis-and-intervention-for-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-africa-insights-from-a-case-study
#9
Nicola Wannenburg, Roelf van Niekerk
Background: Globally the prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has become more apparent. Prevalence on the African continent remains unknown. There is a call for further research into ASD in Africa as well as means to make early diagnosis and intervention possible. Objectives: The study aimed to raise awareness about ASD in Africa and encourage dialogue on possible intervention strategies for ASD in low resource settings. Methods: This was a qualitative mixed method case study...
March 2018: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29977266/illicit-drug-use-and-violence-in-acute-psychosis-among-acute-adult-admissions-at-a-south-african-psychiatric-hospital
#10
Robert Wicomb, Lyndall Jacobs, Naasika Ebrahim, Megan Rensburg, Muiruri Macharia
Background and objective: The prevalence of mental illness and illicit substance use has increased markedly in South Africa's Western Cape Province, over the last 2 decades; potentially increasing demand for psychiatric care. This paper describes the demographic and substance use profile of patients admitted to Lentegeur (LGH), the largest of the four psychiatric hospitals in the Province. Methods: Medical records, patient interviews and other clinical notes were used to collect data on demographics, illicit substance use, violent behaviour and utilization of rehabilitative services for patients (n=535) admitted to LGH between 1 August 2012 and 31 January 2013...
March 2018: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29977265/inflammatory-cytokines-and-immune-system-modulation-by-aerobic-versus-resisted-exercise-training-for-elderly
#11
Shehab M Abd El-Kader, Fadwa M Al-Shreef
Background: Aging is characterized with immunosenescence associated with a hyper-inflammatory state, characterized by elevated circulating levels of pro-inflammatory mediators. Physical exercise is a potential strategy for improving the immune system dysfunction and chronic inflammation that accompanies aging. However, there is a need to differentiate between aerobic and resistance exercise training regarding human immune system and systemic inflammation among the elderly Saudi population...
March 2018: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29977264/impact-of-aerobic-exercises-on-selected-inflammatory-markers-and-immune-system-response-among-patients-with-sickle-cell-anemia-in-asymptomatic-steady-state
#12
Shehab M Abd El-Kader, Fadwa M Al-Shreef
Background & objective: Sickle cell anemia (SCA) is well recognized as a chronic inflammatory disease. Despite progress in therapy, SCA remains a cause of significant morbidity and mortality. The relationship between exercise and immune function has been of great interest to the scientific community and the lay public. The aim of this study was to measure the impact of aerobic exercise training on the immunologic parameters and inflammatory cytokines of patients with sickle cell anemia (SCA) in asymptomatic steady state...
March 2018: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29977263/clinical-implication-of-smoking-among-patients-with-schizophrenia-at-a-tertiary-institution-in-south-east-nigeria
#13
Chinyere Aguocha, Richard Uwakwe, Emmanuel Olose, Kennedy Amadi, Gabriel Onyeama, Chukwuma Duru
Background: The chronic and debilitating nature of schizophrenia creates a disease with marked clinical and economic consequences. Smoking in schizophrenia appears to be associated with increased psychopathology and disability. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine if cigarette smoking in schizophrenia is associated with increased disability and psychopathology. Materials and methods: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study in which 367 out-patients with International Classification of Diseases (ICD) 10 diagnosis of schizophrenia were recruited...
March 2018: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29977262/characteristics-of-copd-phenotypes-classified-according-to-the-findings-of-hrct-and-spirometric-indices-and-its-correlation-to-clinical-characteristics
#14
Ravi Bhaskar, Seema Singh, Pooja Singh
Introduction: In recent years, there has been increasing interest in diagnosing various components of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) using high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT). The present study was undertaken to evaluate HRCT features in patients with COPD. Materials and methods: Fifty patients of COPD (confirmed on Spirometry as per the GOLD guidelines 2014 guidelines) were enrolled, out of which 35 patients got a HRCT done. The Philips computer program for lung densitometry was used with these limits (-800/-1, 024 Hounsfield unit [HU]) to calculate densities, after validating densitometry values with phantoms...
March 2018: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29977261/human-bite-as-a-weapon-of-assault
#15
Samuel Ohayi Robsam, Emeka Udeh Ihechi, William Odesanmi Olufemi
Background: Human bite is a growing public health concern. It may be seen in both victims and aggressors following assault. Effects of human bite are both social and medical. Objectives: This study aims to determine the prevalence and characteristics of assault-related human bite injuries in Enugu, Nigeria. Methods: In this prospective study, an objective structured questionnaire was administered to assault victims attending the Forensic unit of ESUT Teaching Hospital between November 2013 and October 2014...
March 2018: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29977260/knowledge-awareness-and-practice-of-infection-control-by-health-care-workers-in-the-intensive-care-units-of-a-tertiary-hospital-in-nigeria
#16
Majeed Babajide Adegboye, Suleiman Zakari, Bola Abdulkadir Ahmed, Gbenga Habeeb Olufemi
Background: Hospital-acquired infections (HAIs), one of the leading causes of, morbidity and mortality, are common in developing countries. Methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), commonest cause of HAIs, has been isolated from the hands of more than half of health care workers. Practice of hand hygiene may help in the control of nosocomial infections. We evaluated the practice of infection control among health care workers in the intensive care unit (ICU) of our hospital...
March 2018: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29977259/predictors-of-esophageal-candidiasis-among-patients-attending-endoscopy-unit-in-a-tertiary-hospital-tanzania-a-retrospective-cross-sectional-study
#17
Martha F Mushi, Nathaniel Ngeta, Mariam M Mirambo, Stephen E Mshana
Background: Esophageal candidiasis is a common disease among patients with impaired cell mediated immunity. In the current study, we report esophageal candidiasis among patients with various co-morbidities attending the endoscopic unit at the Bugando Medical Centre. Methods: This retrospective study was conducted from June to September 2015. All data of the patients who attended the endoscopic unit between 2009 and 2014 were retrieved and analyzed. Results: A total of 622 patients who underwent oesophagogastroduodenoscopy were analyzed...
March 2018: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29977258/ebola-virus-disease-assessment-of-knowledge-attitude-and-practice-of-nursing-students-of-a-nigerian-university
#18
Aniekan J Etokidem, Boniface U Ago, Mary Mgbekem, Affiong Etim, Eno Usoroh, Anastasia Isika
Background: Ebola virus disease has a high case fatality rate. Health care providers have a key role to play in its management and prevention. Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the knowledge, attitude and practice regarding Ebola virus disease (EVD) among students of Nursing in the University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria. Methods: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study. A semi-structured,self-administered questionnaire was administered to 178 nursing students...
March 2018: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29977257/first-study-of-susceptibility-and-resistance-status-to-pyrethroids-insecticides-in-anopheles-cellia-sergentii-theobald-1907-from-southern-tunisia
#19
Ahmed Tabbabi, Jabeur Daaboub
Background: Insecticide resistance is an important threat to malaria control. Anopheles (An.) sergentii proved to be the number one vector in the oases and may be of a particular interest in projection of the future trends of the disease in Tunisia. Objectives: Resistance status to pyrethroids insecticides in An. sergentii was evaluated for the first time in Tunisia. Methods: Diagnostic resistance tests to pyrethroids insecticides were conducted on late third and early fourth larvae of An...
March 2018: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29977256/first-studies-showing-high-temephos-resistance-in-anopheles-labranchiae-diptera-culicidae-from-tunisia
#20
Ahmed Tabbabi, Jabeur Daaboub
Background: Despite the public health importance of Anopheles (An.) labranchiae , their resistance status to temephos insecticide has not, to our knowledge, been explored. Objectives: The present study was carried out to determine the temephos resistance status of field populations of An. labranchiae from Tunisia. Methods: Six field populations of An. labranchiae were collected as larvae from breeding sites of Northern and Central Tunisia...
March 2018: African Health Sciences
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