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African Health Sciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917228/infections-interplay-with-non-communicable-diseases
#1
EDITORIAL
James K Tumwine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917227/letter-to-the-editor
#2
Olufemi S Akodu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917226/iron-deficiency-anaemia-among-apparently-healthy-pre-school-children-in-lagos-nigeria
#3
Anirban Mandal, Puneet Kaur Sahi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917225/abdominal-epilepsy-as-an-unusual-cause-of-abdominal-pain-a-case-report
#4
Yilmaz Yunus, Ustebay Sefer, Ulker Ustebay Dondu, Ozanli Ismail, Ehi Yusuf
INTRODUCTION: Abdominal pain, in etiology sometimes difficult to be defined, is a frequent complaint in childhood. Abdominal epilepsy is a rare cause of abdominal pain. OBJECTIVES: In this article, we report on 5 year old girl patient with abdominal epilepsy. METHODS: Some investigations (stool investigation, routine blood tests, ultrasonography (USG), electrocardiogram (ECHO) and electrocardiograpy (ECG), holter for 24hr.) were done to understand the origin of these complaints; but no abnormalities were found...
September 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917224/rectal-inflammatory-fibroid-polyp-in-a-nigerian-case-report-brief-review-of-literature
#5
Oluyemi Aderemi, Awolola Nicholas
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory fibroid polyps are very unusual gastrointestinal tumours. Furthermore, their occurrence in the rectum is a rarity indeed. OBJECTIVE: To document this very rare pathologic entity in a patient from our region of Africa and highlight some pertinent clinical and pathologic aspects of the disease. CASE REPORT: We present a 59 year old Nigerian who had neither significant previous medical history nor current complaint and had a routine colonoscopy done...
September 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917223/relationship-between-il-10-gene-819c-t-polymorphism-and-the-risk-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-meta-analysis
#6
Haien Wu, JingJing Guo, Yajun He, Hekun Yin, Jianchang Shu
BACKGROUND: The -819C/T polymorphism in interleukin 10 (IL-10) gene has been reported to be associated with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), but the previous results are conflicting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study aimed at investigating the association between this polymorphism and risk of IBD using a meta-analysis.PubMed, Web of Science,EMBASE,google scholar and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) databases were systematically searched to identify relevant publications from their inception to April 2016...
September 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917222/access-attitudes-and-training-in-information-technologies-and-evidence-based-medicine-among-medical-students-at-university-of-zimbabwe-college-of-health-sciences
#7
Swapnil Parve, Ali Ershadi, Alexandr Karimov, Anne Dougherty, Chiratidzo E Ndhlovu, Midion M Chidzonga, Majid Sadigh
BACKGROUND: The Medical Education Partnership Initiative, has helped to mitigate the digital divide in Africa. The aim of the study was to assess the level of access, attitude, and training concerning meaningful use of electronic resources and EBM among medical students at an African medical school. METHODS: The study involved medical students at the University of Zimbabwe College of Health Sciences, Harare. The needs assessment tool consisted of a 21-question, paper-based, voluntary and anonymous survey...
September 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917221/the-influence-of-apoe-genotype-on-the-lipid-profile-and-lipoproteins-during-normal-pregnancy-in-a-southern-african-population
#8
Donald Moshen Tanyanyiwa, Adrian David Marais, Pamela Byrnes, Sheena Jones
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy is associated with increases in fasting triglycerides and total cholesterol.1 ApoE isoforms are known to influence the concentration of cholesterol, with apoE2 homozygosity lowering and apoE4 homozygosity raising the cholesterol concentration compared with E3 homozygosity.2 The lipid profiles ApoE status and prevalence of small dense LDL species were evaluated for subjects attending an antenatal clinic. RESULTS: Samples from 690 women aged between 16 and 42 years of age were analyzed during and after pregnancy...
September 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917220/analysis-of-personality-traits-as-a-risk-factor-in-crash-related-trauma
#9
Vineet Kumar, Rahul Goyal, Ajai Singh, Vineet Sharma, Rajeshwer Nath Srivastava, Santosh Kumar, Ashish Kumar
BACKGROUND: Due to increasing stress, individual personality traits are becoming a significant contributor to CRT (Crash Related Trauma). In the present study, we hypothesized that there will be no difference in personality characteristics of CRT patients and control subjects and there will be no association between trauma and personality characteristics of CRT patients. METHOD: A total of 119 cases and 112 controls of age >18 years were selected as per criteria decided...
September 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917219/experience-of-collaboration-between-a-dutch-surgical-team-in-a-ghanaian-orthopaedic-teaching-hospital
#10
T K Timmers, E Kortekaas, Bpc Beyer, E Huizinga, S M V Hezik van, E Twagirayezu, M Bemelman
BACKGROUND: Surgery is an indivisible, indispensable part of healthcare. In Africa, surgery may be thought of as the neglected stepchild of global public health. We describe our experience over a 3-year period of intensive collaboration between specialized teams from a Dutch hospital and local teams of an orthopaedic hospital in Effiduase-Koforidua, Ghana. INTERVENTION: During 2010-2012, medical teams from our hospital were deployed to St. Joseph's Hospital. These teams were completely self-supporting...
September 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917218/can-we-predict-agitation-in-patients-with-suicide-attempts-in-the-emergency-department
#11
Ayhan Akoz, Sultan Tuna Akgol Gur, Elif Oral, Ummu Zeynep Avsar, Mucahit Emet
BACKGROUND: The agitation in patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) after suicide attempts is common and an important problem. OBJECTIVE: To establish whether we can predict agitated patients among suicide attempt patients in ED. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional observational study of adult suicide attempt events in ED. Information was collected prospectively on a specially designed data-collection form. Patients aged 16 years old and above who presented to the ED for care due to suicide attempts were included in the study...
September 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917217/determinants-of-alcohol-use-and-khat-chewing-among-hawassa-university-students-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Andargachew Kassa, Negash Wakgari, Fiker Taddesse
BACKGROUND: Students' alcohol and khat use have been associated with various health related problems. However, its magnitude and associated factors among Ethiopian students are not yet well documented. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to assess the prevalence of alcohol use, khat chewing and its associated factors among Hawassa University students. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted from June to July 2011. Multistage stratified sampling technique was employed to select 590 students...
September 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917216/the-revolving-door-of-mental-neurological-and-substance-use-disorders-re-hospitalization-in-rural-kwazulu-natal-province-south-africa
#13
Andrew Tomita, Yoshan Moodley
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about the extent of mental, neurological and substance-use (MNS) disorders re-hospitalization in South Africa. We examined the extent of one-year MNS re-hospitalization (MNS-R) in a rural South African primary health care facility (PHCF). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of hospital administrative data from 10,525 adults discharged from a rural PHCF in KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa. Chi-squared tests were utilized to describe MNS-R within one year of an index hospital admission in individuals with MNS, with a sub-analysis also being conducted to describe schizophrenia re-hospitalization (S-R)...
September 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917215/prevalence-of-asthma-among-school-children-in-gaborone-botswana
#14
Andrew Kiboneka, Michael Levin, Thembisile Mosalakatane, Ishmael Makone, Eric Wobudeya, Boikanyo Makubate, Russell Hopp, Loeto Mazhani, Shiang-Ju Kung
BACKGROUND: Asthma prevalence is high (>10%) in developed countries and although data is still missing for most of Africa, rates are increasing in developing regions as they become more westernized. We investigated the prevalence of asthma in school children in Gaborone, Botswana. METHODS: This was a cross sectional descriptive study. ISAAC methodology was used. A representative proportionate size random sample of two age groups of children (13-14 year olds and 6-7 year olds) was consecutively enrolled from 10 schools...
September 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917214/treadmill-walking-exercise-modulates-bone-mineral-status-and-inflammatory-cytokines-in-obese-asthmatic-patients-with-long-term-intake-of-corticosteroids
#15
Shehab M Abd El-Kader, Osama H Al-Jiffri, Eman M Ashmawy, Riziq Allah M Gaowgzeh
BACKGROUND: Obesity and asthma are an important public health problem in Saudi Arabia. An increasing body of data supports the hypothesis that obesity is a risk factor for asthma. Asthma appears to be associated with low bone mineral density (BMD) due to long-term use of corticosteroids. Studies recently showed that weight bearing exercise training can increase mineral bone density, reduce weight and improve metabolic control. OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to measure the effects of treadmill walking exercises on bone mineral status and inflammatory cytokines in obese asthmatic patients treated with long term intake of corticosteroids...
September 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917213/efficacy-of-early-skin-to-skin-contact-on-the-rate-of-exclusive-breastfeeding-in-term-neonates-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Amit Sharma
BACKGROUND: Despite multiple benefits of breast milk, the rates of exclusive breastfeeding in developing countries are low. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of early skin -to -skin contact (SSC) on the rate of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) at 6 weeks of age among term neonates born by vaginal delivery. METHODS: Term neonates born by vaginal delivery and did not require any resuscitation were randomized at birth to SSC (n=100) and control (n=100) group...
September 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917212/stroke-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-a-study-from-north-western-nigeria
#17
Lukman Owolabi, Mansur Nagode, Aliyu Ibrahim, Andrew Uloko, Ibrahim Gezawa, Mohammad Datti
BACKGROUND: Stroke is one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide and apart from being exceedingly harmful in diabetics, stroke is a disabling disorder. The study was undertaken to describe the clinical characteristics, outcome pattern and predictors of mortality in a cohort of diabetic patients presenting with stroke in two tertiary health facilities in North Western Nigeria. METHOD: Out of all stroke patients seen from June 2007 to February 2011, persons with diabetes mellitus presenting with stroke in the emergency unit of the two tertiary hospitals in Kano were consecutively recruited for the study...
September 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917211/community-reintegration-and-related-factors-in-a-nigerian-stroke-sample
#18
Christopher Akosile, Chioma Nworah, Emmanuel Okoye, Babatunde Adegoke, Joseph Umunnah, Ayodeji Fabunmi
BACKGROUND: The goal of stroke rehabilitation has shifted from mere survival of a victim to how well a survivor can be effectively reintegrated back into the community. OBJECTIVES: The present study determined the level of satisfaction with community reintegration (CR) and related factors among Nigerian community-dwelling stroke survivors (CDSS). METHODS: This was a cross-sectional survey of 71 volunteering CDSS (35 males, 36 females) from selected South-Eastern Nigerian communities...
September 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917210/association-of-interleukin-17-angiotensin-ii-with-refractory-hypertension-risk-in-hemodialysis-patients
#19
Zebin Wang, Wei Shi, Xinling Liang, Wenjian Wang, Jianbo Liang
OBJECTIVE: The study was performed to investigate the association of interleukin 17 (IL 17) or angiotensin II (Ang II) with refractory hypertension risk in hemodialysis patients. METHODS: Ninety hemodialysis patients were enrolled into this study, and those with hypertension were divided into two groups. The Easy-to-Control Hypertension group (ECHG) had fifty patients, while the refractory hypertension group (RHG) had forty patients. Twenty healthy individuals were recruited as the control group...
September 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917209/left-ventricular-systolic-function-in-sickle-cell-anaemia-an-echocardiographic-evaluation-in-adult-nigerian-patients
#20
Emmanuel Ejim, Nelson Oguanobi
BACKGROUND: Reliable diagnostic measures for the evaluation of left ventricular systolic performance in the setting of altered myocardial loading characteristics in sickle cell anaemia remains unresolved. OBJECTIVE: The study was designed to assess left ventricular systolic function in adult sickle cell patients using non-invasive endsystolic stress - end-systolic volume index ratio. METHODS: A descriptive cross sectional comparative study was done using 52 patients recruited at the adult sickle cell anaemia clinic of the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital Enugu...
September 2016: African Health Sciences
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