Read by QxMD icon Read

African Health Sciences

James K Tumwine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: African Health Sciences
Daniel O Oluwayelu, Adebowale I Adebiyi
BACKGROUND: Antibodies are essential part of vertebrates' adaptive immune system; they can now be produced by transforming plants with antibody-coding genes from mammals/humans. Although plants do not naturally make antibodies, the plant-derived antibodies (plantibodies) have been shown to function in the same way as mammalian antibodies. METHODS: PubMed and Google search engines were used to download relevant publications on plantibodies in medical and veterinary fields; the papers were reviewed and findings qualitatively described...
June 2016: African Health Sciences
Mubo A Sonibare, Oluwafunmilola T Aremu, Patricia N Okorie
BACKGROUND: Vernonia cinerea (L.) Less is used in folk medicine as a remedy for various diseases. OBJECTIVES: The present study reports antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of solvent fractions of Vernonia cinerea. METHODS: The antioxidant properties of solvent fractions of V. cinerea were evaluated by determining radicals scavenging activity, total flavonoid and phenolic contents measured with the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picryl hydrazyl (DPPH) test, the aluminum chloride and the Folin-ciocalteau methods, respectively...
June 2016: African Health Sciences
Olufunke B Shittu, Olusola L Ajayi, Samuel O Bankole, Temitope Os Popoola
BACKGROUND: Cholera, a severe acute watery diarrhea caused by Vibrio cholerae is endemic in Nigeria with most cases occurring in the rural areas. In South West Nigeria, some individuals resort to alternative treatments such as Ogi-tutu, Psidium guajava and Vernonia amygdalina during infections. The effectiveness of these alternatives in the prevention and treatment of V. cholerae infection requires experimental investigation. OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to investigate the ameliorative effects of Ogi-tutu, Vernonia amygdalina and Psidium guajava on intestinal histopathology of experimental mice infected with V...
June 2016: African Health Sciences
Timothy N A Archampong, Richard H Asmah, Edwin K Wiredu, Richard K Gyasi, Kofi N Nkrumah
BACKGROUND: There is a high prevalence of gastro-duodenal disease in sub-Saharan Africa. Peptic ulcer disease in dyspeptic patients, 24.5%, was comparable to prevalence of gastro-duodenal disease among symptomatic individuals in developed countries (12 - 25%). Limited data exists regarding its associated risk factors despite accumulating evidence indicating that gastroduodenal disease is common in Ghana. OBJECTIVES: This study investigates risk factors associated with gastro-duodenal disease at the Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital, Accra, Ghana...
June 2016: African Health Sciences
Magloire Ondounda, Chinenye Ilozue, Caroline Magne
BACKGROUND: Cerebro-meningeal pathology is common in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and the aetiology is often difficult to ascertain with certainty. OBJECTIVE: To describe the major suspected and identified causes of meningeal or encephalitic syndromes in HIV infection in Libreville, Gabon. METHODS: A descriptive study using clinical records of patients hospitalised in the Department of Medicine in the Military Hospital of Libreville (Gabon) between January 2006 and May 2010...
June 2016: African Health Sciences
Olusoji Mayowa Ige, Kehinde Sola Akinlade, Sheu Kadiri Rahamon, Victory Fabian Edem, Olatunbosun Ganiyu Arinola
BACKGROUND: Mycobacterium tuberculosis and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are known to cause abnormal thyroid function. There is little information on whether HIV infection aggravates alteration of thyroid function in patients with MDR-TB. OBJECTIVES: This study was carried out to determine if HIV co-infection alters serum levels of thyroid hormones (T3, T4) and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) in patients with MDR-TB patients and to find out the frequency of subclinical thyroid dysfunction before the commencement of MDR-TB therapy...
June 2016: African Health Sciences
Aweke Abebaw Mitku, Zelalem Getahun Dessie, Essey Kebede Muluneh, Demeke Lakew Workie
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis is one of the world's most common causes of death in the era of Human immunodeficiency virus. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence and associated factors of TB/HIV co-infection. METHODS: Hospital based retrospective studies were conducted among adult HIV-positive patients. Logistic regression method and Chi square test were applied. RESULTS: A total of 571 HIV positive study participants were enrolled...
June 2016: African Health Sciences
Jean Joel R Bigna
The World Health Organization aims to eradicate wild poliovirus worldwide by the end of 2018. Cameroon and Nigeria, neighboring countries, have been affected by the terrorist and militant activities of the Islamist sect Boko Haram. Impacted regions are mainly the far North of Cameroon and Northern Nigeria. Targets of Boko Haram aggression in these zones include violence against polio workers, disruption of polio immunization campaigns, with consequent reduced access to health care and immunization. In addition to this significant problem, Northern Nigeria has historically seen rejection of polio virus vaccine initiatives...
June 2016: African Health Sciences
David M Dairo, Oyarebu E Osizimete
BACKGROUND: Improper handling has been identified as one of the major reasons for the decline in vaccine potency at the time of administration. Loss of potency becomes evident when immunised individuals contract the diseases the vaccines were meant to prevent. OBJECTIVE: Assessing the factors associated with vaccine handling and storage practices. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study. Three-stage sampling was used to recruit 380 vaccine handlers from 273 health facilities from 11 Local Government areas in Ibadan...
June 2016: African Health Sciences
Muhammad Ehsanul Hoque
BACKGROUND: In South Africa, HPV vaccination programme has been incorporated recently in the school health system. Since doctors are the most trusted people regarding health issues in general, their knowledge and attitudes regarding HPV infections and vaccination are very important for HPV vaccine program nationally. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate factors contributing to recommendation of HPV vaccines to the patients. METHODS: This was a quantitative cross-sectional study conducted among 320 doctors, using a self-administered anonymous questionnaire...
June 2016: African Health Sciences
Taye J Lasisi, Ade F Adeniyi
BACKGROUND: Saliva analysis is rapidly developing as a tool for the assessment of biomarkers of sports training. It remains poorly understood whether a short bout of sport training can alter some salivary immune biomarkers. AIM: To investigate the effect of acute exercise using football training session on salivary flow rate, salivary free Insulin-like Growth Factor-1 (IGF-1) and Interleukin 10 (IL-10). METHODS: Saliva samples were collected before and immediately after a football session...
June 2016: African Health Sciences
Ashraf F Hefny, Alaa K Abbas, Fikri M Abu-Zidan
BACKGROUND: Falls are the leading cause of geriatric injury. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to study the anatomical distribution, severity, and outcome of geriatric fall-related injuries in order to give recommendations regarding their prevention. METHODS: All injured patients with an age ≥ 60 years who were admitted to Al-Ain Hospital or died in the Emergency Department due to falls were prospectively studied over a four year period. RESULTS: We studied 92 patients...
June 2016: African Health Sciences
Peng Wang, Li-Zhu Jiang, Bin Xue
BACKGROUND: Recombinant human endostatin (Endostar) has been widely used to suppress angiogenesis in carcinoma patients. Hypertrophic scar (HS) tissue, much like a carcinoma, is often associated with angiogenesis. However, there have been few studies conducted on the effects of Endostar on HS or its mechanism. OBJECTIVE: This paper investigated the effects Endostar on the HS of rabbit ears and studied the effects of Endostar on VEGF and TIMP-1 expression. METHODS: Sixteen New Zealand white rabbits were used to establish HS models...
June 2016: African Health Sciences
Shehab Mahmoud Abd El-Kader, Mohammed H Saiem Al-Dahr
BACKGROUND: Although postmenopausal associated disorders are important public health problems worldwide, to date limited studies evaluated the endothelial function and systemic inflammation response to weight loss in obese postmenopausal women. OBJECTIVE: This study was done to evaluate the endothelial function and systemic inflammation response to weight loss in obese postmenopausal Saudi women. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighty postmenopausal obese Saudi women (mean age 52...
June 2016: African Health Sciences
Oghenetejiri Ubrurhe Enaworu, Ranjit Khutan
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer is a major cause of cancer death in Nigerian men. Attempts to reduce mortality from prostate cancer have focused mainly on early detection of the disease by the use of PSA testing. As a result of the increased incidence of prostate cancer in Nigeria despite the widespread availability of testing facilities, it became pertinent to understand the salient factors that prompt Nigerian men to go for prostate cancer testing. OBJECTIVE: This study explores the factors that influence a group of Nigerian men's decision to go for Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) testing...
June 2016: African Health Sciences
Paul Dienye, Alex Akani, Ita Okokon
BACKGROUD: The aim was to study the prevalence of respiratory symptoms and assess the lung function of fish smokers in Nigeria. METHODS: A case control study was done among fish smokers in Nigeria. Women aged 15 years or older (n=210) involved in fish smoking and equal number of matched controls were interviewed on respiratory symptoms and their peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) measured. Data was analysed using chi square test, student's t-test and odd ratios. RESULTS: Both groups were similar in their personal characteristics...
June 2016: African Health Sciences
Shehab M Abd El-Kader, Osama H Al-Jiffri, Fadwa M Al-Shreef
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a main risk for morbidity, associated with alterations in systemic inflammation. Recent studies proved that morbidity and mortality of COPD is related to systemic inflammation as it contributes to the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease. However, increase of inflammatory cytokines adversely affects quality of life, alteration in ventilatory and skeletal muscles functions. Moreover, exercise training has many beneficial effects in correction of the adverse effects of COPD...
June 2016: African Health Sciences
Kennedy U Amadi, Richard Uwakwe, Appolos C Ndukuba, Paul C Odinka, Monday N Igwe, Nicodemus K Obayi, Mark S Ezeme
BACKGROUND: Religion is a powerful coping strategy. Diabetes and depression are common conditions in our environment that induce psychological distress, thus requiring coping for better outcome. Studies indicate that increased religiosity is associated with better outcome in clinical and general populations. Therefore, studies of the distribution of religiosity and religious coping among these populations are essential to improve outcome. OBJECTIVES: To assess the association between religiosity, religious coping in depression and diabetes mellitus, and selected sociodemographic variables (age, gender and occupational status)...
June 2016: African Health Sciences
Madu Anazoeze, Galadincci Najibah, Umar Garba, Abdulahi Shehu, Fowodu Florence, Hassan Abdulaziz, Inyama Marcus, Akinpelu Oluwaseun, Nwagha Theresa, Ibegbulam Obike, Ocheni Sunday, Emodi Ifeoma, Ikefuna Anthony, Chukwu Barth, Okocha Chide, Orkuma Joseph, Iheanacho Malachy, Korubo Kaladada, Anike Uche, Agu Kingsley, Nonyelu Charles, Ugwu Angela, Duru Augustin, Anigbo Chikwudi, Eze Alozie, Ololo Uchenna, Omoti Caroline, Agwu Obineche, Okpala Iheanyi
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies had enlisted renal medullary carcinoma (RMC) as the seventh nephropathy in sickle cell disease (SCD). Clinical experience has contradicted this claim and this study is targeted at refuting or supporting this assumption. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of RMC and describe other renal complications in SCD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 14 physicians (haematologists and urologists) in 11 tertiary institutions across the country were collated from patients' case notes and hospital SCD registers...
June 2016: African Health Sciences
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"