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Behavioral Sleep Medicine

Dietmar Winkler, Marie Spies, Yasmin Al-Resheg, Joseph C Wu, William E Bunney, Blynn G Bunney, Siegfried Kasper, Edda Pjrek
OBJECTIVE: Therapeutic sleep deprivation (SD) is a nonpharmacological treatment that is used most often for depression. The aim of this study was to examine the pattern of use of SD in psychiatric hospitals in Austria, Germany, and Switzerland. METHODS: A questionnaire about perceived usage of SD was sent by mail to all 511 psychiatric hospitals in the three countries. Nonresponders were asked to answer the questionnaire by phone. We achieved a response rate of 75...
May 18, 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Harriet Hiscock, Jon Quach, Kate Paton, Rebecca Peat, Lisa Gold, Sarah Arnup, Kah-Ling Sia, Elizabeth Nicolaou, Melissa Wake
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Determine the effects and costs of a brief behavioral sleep intervention, previously shown to improve child social-emotional functioning, sleep, and parent mental health, in a translational trial. PARTICIPANTS: Three hundred thirty-four school entrant children from 47 primary schools in Melbourne, Australia, with parent-reported moderate to severe behavioral sleep problems. METHODS: intervention group received sleep hygiene practices and standardized behavioral strategies delivered by trained school nurses in 2013 and 2014...
May 14, 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Tyish S Hall Brown, E'leyna Garcia, Ameenat Akeeb, Angelique C Lynch-Jiles, Davene White, Michal Young
OBJECTIVE: Nocturnal fears are associated with trauma-related sleep disturbance in adults, yet research is limited addressing this relationship in adolescents. This study evaluated the validity of the Fear of Sleep Inventory (FoSI) as a measure of nocturnal fears broadly and in relation to trauma exposure in adolescents. PARTICIPANTS: Students ages 14-18 from two urban school-based health centers were the participants. METHODS: De-identified clinical data were utilized from a mental health screening battery...
May 14, 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Katherine B Bevans, Lisa J Meltzer, Anna De La Motte, Amy Kratchman, Dominique Viél, Christopher B Forrest
OBJECTIVE: To develop the Patient Reported Outcome Measurement Information System (PROMIS) Pediatric Sleep Health item pool and evaluate its content validity. PARTICIPANTS: Participants included 8 expert sleep clinician-researchers, 64 children ages 8-17 years, and 54 parents of children ages 5-17 years. METHODS: We started with item concepts and expressions from the PROMIS Sleep Disturbance and Sleep Related Impairment adult measures. Additional pediatric sleep health concepts were generated by expert (n = 8), child (n = 28), and parent (n = 33) concept elicitation interviews and a systematic review of existing pediatric sleep health questionnaires...
April 25, 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Andrea Ballesio, Cristina Ottaviani, Caterina Lombardo
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: According to the Cognitive Model of Insomnia disorder, rumination about lack of sleep and its diurnal consequences plays a crucial role in maintaining insomnia. Consolidated evidence shows that rumination is related to poor executive functions, which are cognitive control processes impacted by insomnia. Despite this evidence, no studies so far investigated the relationship between executive functions and rumination in individuals with insomnia. The aim of this pilot study was to cover this gap by investigating whether poor executive functions are associated with rumination in a sample of individuals with a diagnosis of insomnia disorder...
April 20, 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Nicole Papadopoulos, Vasileios Stavropoulos, Jennifer McGinley, Mark Bellgrove, Bruce Tonge, Anna Murphy, Kim Cornish, Nicole Rinehart
OBJECTIVES/BACKGROUND: A high proportion of children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder- Combined type (ADHD-CT) experience sleep and motor problems. This study investigated (a) whether motor proficiency moderated the relationship between ADHD symptoms and sleep problems in children with and without ADHD-CT and (b) whether this moderation differed as a function of ADHD diagnosis. PARTICIPANTS: A sample of 70 primary school male children between 8-15 years were recruited; children with ADHD-CT (n = 38; mean age 10 years, 2 months [SD = 1 year, 6 months]) and a typically developing (TD) (n = 32; mean age 9 years, 6 months [SD = 1 year, 5 months]) group...
March 12, 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Eric A Dedert, Paul A Dennis, Katherine C Cunningham, Christi S Ulmer, Patrick S Calhoun, Nathan Kimbrel, Terrell A Hicks, Julia M Neal, Jean C Beckham
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Despite a well-established role of guilt cognitions in the maintenance and treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), relationships of guilt cognitions to nightmares are not well understood. This study investigated the ways in which guilt cognitions, related to traumatic events, influenced the relationship between combat exposure and trauma-related sleep disturbance in military Veterans with PTSD. PARTICIPANTS: We recruited a sample of 50 Veterans with PTSD who completed study measures at a screening session...
February 26, 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Judith A Owens
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Melissa S Xanthopoulos, Lisa J Meltzer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Josée Savard, Marie-Hélène Savard, Hans Ivers
PURPOSE: To assess the moderating role of demographic and clinical variables on the efficacy of a video-based cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (VCBT-I) among breast cancer patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: As part of a randomized controlled trial, 80 women received VCBT-I. RESULTS: Patients with a more advanced breast cancer were less likely to show reductions on the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) and increased sleep efficiency at posttreatment...
May 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Margaret H Bublitz, Ghada Bourjeily, Christina D'Angelo, Laura R Stroud
Poor sleep in pregnancy is related to adverse neonatal health. Elevated maternal cortisol has been proposed as a pathway, yet the association in pregnancy is not well understood. The goals of the current study were to examine associations between (a) sleep and cortisol, (b) sleep, cortisol, and neonatal outcomes, and (c) variables that could explain these associations. Two hundred pregnant women completed the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI; Buysse, Reynolds, Monk, Berman, & Kupfer, 1989) and provided diurnal salivary cortisol samples at two times over pregnancy...
May 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
David G Ingram, Jodi A Mindell, Kristina Puzino, Russel M Walters
BACKGROUND: Sleep coaches are individuals of various backgrounds who offer services to families struggling with behavioral childhood sleep problems. We conducted a survey of coaches to further elucidate scope of practice, practice patterns, geographic distribution, education, training, and beliefs regarding qualification requirements. METHODS: A Web-based survey was completed by 142 individuals who identified as a sleep coach. RESULTS: Coaches were distributed across 17 countries and 5 continents...
May 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Diana Taibi Buchanan, Susan M McCurry, Kristi Eilers, Shauna Applin, Ellita T Williams, Joachim G Voss
This study examined the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of brief behavioral treatment for insomnia (BBTI) for persons living with HIV (PLWH). Of the 22 persons enrolled, 9 were lost before starting treatment, and one dropped out after starting BBTI. Acceptability was rated favorably by those completing the treatment (n = 12). The most common problems pertained to sleep hygiene: variable bedtimes and rise times, watching television, or consuming caffeine. Improvements on sleep outcomes at posttreatment were clinically and statistically significant on questionnaire and sleep diary outcomes...
May 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Fatanah Ramlee, Esther F Afolalu, Nicole K Y Tang
People with chronic pain often report sleep of "poor quality." However, it is unclear what defines sleep quality and whether their sleep quality judgment is influenced by factors other than sleep. We purposively interviewed 17 participants with and without chronic pain and thematically analyzed their interview transcripts. Four salient criteria for judging sleep quality were (a) memories of night-time sleep disruptions, (b) feelings on waking and cognitive functioning during the day, (c) ability to engage in daytime physical and social activity, and (d) changes in physical symptoms (and pain intensity among participants with chronic pain)...
May 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Alexander R Bogdan, Katherine W Reeves
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental condition being diagnosed in increasing numbers. While the link between sleep and ADHD is of increasing interest, the relationship between sleep duration and ADHD remains largely uninvestigated in adult populations. We evaluated the association between self-reported sleep duration and ADHD in a cohort of American adults using data from the 2012 National Health Interview Survey (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2012). Of the 30,858 participants eligible for our analyses, there were 1,122 cases of ADHD...
May 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Wendy M Troxel, Joan S Tucker, Brett Ewing, Jeremy N V Miles, Elizabeth J D'Amico
This study examines the association between use of energy drinks or products (EP), EP expectancies, and the association between EP use and sleep in a racially and ethnically diverse sample (N = 2,485) of adolescents. Prevalence of EP use was approximately 18%, with no statistically significant racial or ethnic differences in prevalence. There were significant racial and ethnic differences in EP expectancies; Hispanic and Multiracial or Other groups endorsed less positive expectancies than Whites and Asians...
May 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Katherine A Duggan, Elizabeth A McDevitt, Lauren N Whitehurst, Sara C Mednick
Although napping has received attention because of its associations with health and use as a method to understand the function of sleep, to our knowledge no study has systematically and statistically assessed reasons for napping. Using factor analysis, we determined the underlying structure of reasons for napping in diverse undergraduates (N = 430, 59% female) and examined their relationships with self-reported sleep, psychological health, and physical health. The five reasons for napping can be summarized using the acronym DREAM (Dysregulative, Restorative, Emotional, Appetitive, and Mindful)...
March 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Amy I Nathanson, Ine Beyens
This study investigated the relation between preschoolers' mobile electronic device (MED) use and sleep disturbances. A national sample of 402 predominantly college-educated and Caucasian mothers of 3-5-year-olds completed a survey assessing their preschoolers' MED use, bedtime resistance, sleep duration, and daytime sleepiness. Heavier evening and daily tablet use (and to some extent, smartphone use) were related to sleep disturbances. Other forms of MED use were not consistently related to sleep disturbances...
March 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Jennifer J Doering, Sirin Dogan
The purpose of this pilot study was to evaluate the feasibility, acceptability, and cost of a self-management intervention for postpartum fatigue and sleep in socioeconomically disadvantaged urban women. Helping U Get Sleep (HUGS) is a theory-guided intervention developed from the Individual and Family Self-Management Theory. Medicaid-enrolled participants in the United States were recruited from an inpatient postpartum unit. Treatment and attention control interventions were delivered (15 HUGS, 12 comparison) at a week 3 postpartum home visit and 4 follow-up phone calls...
March 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Mara E J Bouwmans, Nicole A M Oude Oosterik, Elisabeth H Bos, Izaäk W de Groot, Albertine J Oldehinkel, Peter de Jonge
Epidemiological studies have shown an association between physical activity and sleep, but it is unclear what the temporal order of this association is and whether it differs for depressed patients and healthy controls. Using a multiple repeated observations design, 27 depressed and 27 pair-matched nondepressed participants completed daily measurements of subjective sleep quality and duration during 30 consecutive days while an accelerometer continuously registered their physical activity. Changes in sleep duration, not quality, predicted next-day changes in physical activity (B = -0...
March 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
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