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Behavioral Sleep Medicine

M S Goelema, M Regis, R Haakma, E R Van Den Heuvel, P Markopoulos, S Overeem
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to establish the determinants of perceived sleep quality over a longer period of time, taking into account the separate contributions of actigraphy-based sleep measures and self-reported sleep indices. METHODS: Fifty participants (52 ± 6.6 years; 27 females) completed two consecutive weeks of home monitoring, during which they kept a sleep-wake diary while their sleep was monitored using a wrist-worn actigraph. The diary included questions on perceived sleep quality, sleep-wake information, and additional factors such as well-being and stress...
September 20, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Mirja Quante, Rui Wang, Jia Weng, Emily R Kaplan, Michael Rueschman, Elsie M Taveras, Sheryl L Rifas-Shiman, Matthew W Gillman, Susan Redline
BACKGROUND: Understanding variation in physical activity (PA) and sleep is necessary to develop novel intervention strategies targeting adolescents' health behaviors. We examined the extent to which PA and sleep vary by aspects of the physical environment. PARTICIPANTS: We performed a cross-sectional analysis of 669 adolescents in the Project Viva cohort. METHODS: We estimated total PA, sleep duration, sleep efficiency and sleep midpoint timing from wrist accelerometers...
September 18, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Isabelle Lucas, Melissa Mulraney, Emma Sciberras
BACKGROUND: Sleep problems and daytime sleepiness are common in children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and are associated with poor parent-reported functional outcomes. However, the potential impact of sleep problems or daytime sleepiness on the school functioning of children with ADHD remains unknown. We aimed to determine if sleep problems and daytime sleepiness were associated with the social, emotional, and behavioral school-based functioning of children with ADHD and comorbid sleep problems...
September 18, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Soohyun Kim, Sooyeon Suh
OBJECTIVES/BACKGROUND: Despite findings that insomnia and depression have a bidirectional relationship, the exact psychological mechanisms that link these disorders are largely unknown. The goal of this study was to identify whether social support mediates the relationship between insomnia and depression. METHODS: The study sample (N = 115) consisted of females only, and all participants (mean age 21.77 ± 1.80) completed self-report measures of insomnia severity, depression, and social support...
August 7, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Yun-Han Jiang, Cheng Tan, Shuai Yuan
BACKGROUND: Baduanjin exercise is thought to improve sleep quality and relieve insomnia. This study therefore aimed to assess the effects of Baduanjin on the management of insomnia. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted using PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library,, WANFANG, the Chinese Scientific Journal Database (VIP), Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Chinese Biomedical and Medical Database (CBM), and the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry to identify all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and prospective controlled trials on the efficacy of Baduanjin for insomnia...
August 4, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
James J McGuffin, Shelley A Riggs, Daniel J Taylor
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Since 2002, the number of college student veterans has nearly doubled, although 30-40% of veterans fail to complete their degree. Few research efforts to understand the challenges veterans face transitioning to college in recent years have looked beyond the effects of posttraumatic stress disorder. Insomnia is the most frequently reported symptom of combat veterans and can have serious implications for college students. The purpose of this study was to examine the role of insomnia in student veteran adaptation to college relative to civilian students...
August 4, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Yi-Lung Chen, Wan-Ling Tseng, Li-Kuang Yang, Susan Shur-Fen Gau
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: This study aimed to identify subtypes of sleep problems in children and to examine whether these patterns differed between gender and age groups. PARTICIPANTS: There were 3052 children (951 elementary school boys, 943 elementary school girls, 603 junior high school boys, and 555 junior high school girls) aged 7-16 years from two school-based epidemiological samples. METHODS: Sleep problems were measured by the Sleep Habit Questionnaire based on parent reports...
July 28, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Patricia A Goodhines, Les A Gellis, Jueun Kim, Lisa M Fucito, Aesoon Park
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: College students are at an increased risk for poor sleep and associated sleep problems. Emerging evidence suggests that a substantial subset of college students self-medicate with alcohol, marijuana, or over-the-counter medications to help sleep. The current study identified demographic, psychosocial, and sleep- and alcohol-related correlates of self-medication for sleep, and assessed its concurrent and prospective associations with insomnia symptoms, alcohol drinking, and negative drinking consequences...
July 27, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Garrett Hisler, Zlatan Krizan
BACKGROUND: Although sleep loss has been implicated in risk-taking behavior, it is unclear how individuals' current propensity to fall asleep, known as sleepiness, influences risk-taking. Because sleepiness is not only driven by recent sleep but also by factors such as circadian rhythm and current stimulation, it may be an important contributor to risk-taking as it reflects the more immediate sleep-wake state. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred thirty participants were recruited from a large Midwestern U...
July 26, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Włodzimierz Oniszczenko, Marcin Rzeszutek, Ewa Stanisławiak
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to understand the relationship between affective temperaments and insomnia symptoms and to examine mood state as a mediator in this relationship. PARTICIPANTS: The sample consisted of 659 adults (428 women and 231 men), aged between 18-77 years old, derived from a nonclinical population. METHODS: Affective temperaments were assessed using the Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris, and San Diego Autoquestionnaire (TEMPS-A)...
July 26, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Nancy S Redeker, Sangchoon Jeon, Laura Andrews, John Cline, Vahid Mohsenin, Daniel Jacoby
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) improves insomnia and fatigue among chronic heart failure (HF) patients, but the extent to which sleep-related cognitions explain CBT-I outcomes in these patients is unknown. We examined the effects of CBT-I on sleep-related cognitions, associations between changes in sleep-related cognitions and changes in sleep and symptoms after CBT-I, and the extent to which cognitions mediated the effects of CBT-I. PARTICIPANTS: Stable New York Heart Association Class II-III HF patients (total n = 51; n = 26/51...
July 26, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Laurelle Smith, Barbara Galland, Julie Lawrence
BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbances are common among pre-school aged children. As children's problematic sleep is commonly defined by subjective reports from parents as to how the issue affects them, we took a qualitative approach to explore the perceptions and experiences of mothers/main caregivers of pre-schoolers with problematic sleep. The aim was to understand their first-hand experiences. METHODS: Purposive sampling was used to identify mothers of 3 to 4 year-olds whose sleep was a problem for them...
July 26, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Judith Owens
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
F Ferre Navarrete, M Pérez Páramo, J Fermin Ordoño, V López Gómez
Sleep disturbance is one of the key diagnostic criteria for generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). In this cross-sectional, prospective, observational, and multicenter study, factors associated with the prevalence of insomnia and the impact of insomnia-associated factors on quality of life were evaluated. Using multivariate analyses, the factor most strongly associated with the presence of insomnia (ISI ≥ 8) was the severity of the disorder (Odds Ratio [OR]: 9.253 for severe GAD; 95% Confidence Interval [CI]: 1...
November 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Ilona Croy, Michael Gerard Smith, Anita Gidlöf-Gunnarsson, Kerstin Persson-Waye
Epidemiological studies on sleep often use questionnaires, and measurement of validity provides necessary guidance in selection of valid single sleep questions. Twenty-five items assessing different aspects of sleep, including overall sleep quality, specific sleep parameters, nocturnal restoration, and exposure-related questions, were tested. This involved coherence with objective polysomnographic (PSG) laboratory measurements of sleep in 47 participants and application of selected items under field conditions in over 3,000 participants...
November 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Masaki Okamoto, Yasuki Kobayashi, Fumiaki Nakamura, Terunaga Musha
Although insufficient sleep or poor sleep quality has been reported to be associated with the development of type 2 diabetes, the relation of type 2 diabetes with nonrestorative sleep (NRS), a subjective feeling, has been overlooked. We used a large-scale medical checkup database to investigate whether there is a cross-sectional association between NRS and type 2 diabetes risk in Japanese individuals. We extracted data for 14,476 individuals who were not receiving therapeutic drugs for diabetes. About 36.8% of individuals were identified as having NRS...
November 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Gabriela G Werner, Brett Q Ford, Iris B Mauss, Manuel Schabus, Jens Blechert, Frank H Wilhelm
Lower cardiac vagal control (CVC) has been linked to greater depression. However, this link has not been consistently demonstrated, suggesting the presence of key moderators. Sleep plausibly is one such factor. Therefore, we investigated whether sleep quality moderates the link between CVC (quantified by high-frequency heart rate variability, HF-HRV) and depressive symptoms (assessed using established questionnaires) in 29 healthy women. Results revealed a significant interaction between HF-HRV and sleep quality in predicting depressive symptoms: participants with lower HF-HRV reported elevated depressive symptoms only when sleep quality was also low...
November 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Constance H Fung, Cathy Alessi, Cindy Truong, Karen Josephson, Ron D Hays, Nananda Col, Emily S Patterson, Jennifer L Martin
Patient-provider communication impacts adherence to therapy. We explored older adults' communication with their providers, preferences for communication, and views on communication attributes and decision aid characteristics, by conducting four focus groups. Several participants reported they had received insufficient information about their sleep apnea diagnosis and treatment options. Most participants felt that it would be helpful to have treatment information tailored to their needs, including information on the negative impact of treatment on comfort and convenience and disclosure about common barriers to adherence...
November 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Jeff Boissoneault, Karlyn Vatthauer, Andrew O'Shea, Jason G Craggs, Michael Robinson, Roland Staud, Richard B Berry, William Perlstein, Lori Waxenberg, Christina S McCrae
Fibromyalgia and chronic insomnia are frequently comorbid conditions with heightened sensitivity to painful stimuli, potentially subserved by the hippocampus. Recent evidence suggests moderate alcohol consumption is associated with reduced fibromyalgia symptom severity. We examined the relationship among alcohol use, hippocampal morphology, fibromyalgia, and insomnia symptom severity in 41 fibromyalgia patients (19 with insomnia). A 14-day diary of sleep, pain, and alcohol consumption was followed by structural MRI...
November 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Jordan Watling, Bartholomew Pawlik, Kelly Scott, Stephen Booth, Michelle A Short
Empirical evidence supports an intimate link between sleep and affective functioning. While the bidirectional relationship between sleep duration and mood is well documented, limited research targets other aspects of affective functioning, such as emotion and emotion regulation, or considers their interrelationships. The present review summarizes research examining the relationship between sleep and emotion, emotion regulation, and mood, and presents a theoretical model representing the relationships between these constructs...
September 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
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