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Behavioral Sleep Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657361/sleep-deprivation-and-chronic-health-conditions-among-sexual-minority-adults
#1
Hongying Dai, Jianqiang Hao
Objectives - To examine associations between sleep duration and health outcomes among distinct groups of sexual minority adults. Methods - Using data from the 2014 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, we compared sleep duration (very short: ≤5 hours, short: 6 hours, normal: 7-8 hours, and long: ≥9 hours per day) between cisgender straight adults and distinct groups of sexual minorities. We further examined associations between sleep duration and 10 chronic health conditions among sexual minorities...
June 28, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617043/eveningness-is-associated-with-greater-depressive-symptoms-in-type-2-diabetes-patients-a-study-in-two-different-ethnic-cohorts
#2
Sunee Saetung, Hataikarn Nimitphong, Nantaporn Siwasaranond, Areesa Manodpitipong, Stephanie J Crowley, Megan M Hood, Sirimon Reutrakul
BACKGROUND: Eveningness is associated with greater depressive symptoms in the general population. Depression and type 2 diabetes (T2D) commonly coexist. We aimed to explore the association between morningness-eveningness and depressive symptoms in T2D patients in the United States and in Thailand. PARTICIPANTS: T2D patients (n = 182) from an endocrinology clinic in Chicago, Illinois, and six hospitals in Thailand (n = 251) were enrolled. METHODS: Diabetes history was collected...
June 15, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613954/comparison-of-sleep-characteristics-patterns-and-problems-in-young-children-within-the-southeast-asian-region
#3
Kim D Y Daban, Daniel Y T Goh
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Optimal sleeping habits are important for health development of infants. The role of culture in sleep habits cannot be underestimated. We aimed to characterize sleep patterns, sleep practices, and sleep problems; and assess the sleep settings and parental perceptions of sleep problems in children from birth to 36 months in countries in the Southeast Asian (SEA) region. PARTICIPANTS: Parents and caregivers of infants and toddlers (birth to 36 months old) from countries in Southeast Asia participated in this study...
June 14, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609150/caffeine-use-in-military-personnel-with-ptsd-prevalence-and-impact-on-sleep
#4
Carmen P McLean, Laurie Zandberg, John D Roache, Hayley Fitzgerald, Kristi E Pruiksma, Daniel J Taylor, Katherine A Dondanville, Brett T Litz, Jim Mintz, Stacey Young-McCaughan, Jeffrey S Yarvis, Alan L Peterson, Edna B Foa
BACKGROUND: Caffeine use is highly prevalent among active duty military personnel and can be beneficial to performance in the short term. However, regular caffeine use has been found to contribute to sleep disturbances, which are elevated among the significant number of military personnel with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The current study is the first to examine caffeine use and its relationship with sleep disturbances in military personnel seeking treatment for PTSD. PARTICIPANTS: Active duty military personnel (N = 366) who had returned from deployments to Afghanistan or Iraq and were seeking treatment for PTSD...
June 13, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609122/insomnia-symptoms-subjective-appraisals-and-fatigue-a-multiple-mediation-model
#5
Crystal J Hare, Cassandra J Crangle, Colleen E Carney, Tae L Hart
OBJECTIVE AND BACKGROUND: Fatigue and insomnia are common debilitating symptoms associated with multiple sclerosis (MS). Negative subjective appraisals of symptoms may influence both insomnia and fatigue severity, but this relationship has not been examined among those with MS. The relationship between insomnia symptoms and both physical and cognitive fatigue were examined. Health-related self-efficacy, fatigue catastrophization, and rumination were examined as potential mediators of the relationship between insomnia symptoms and fatigue...
June 13, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557633/implementing-a-school-based-sleep-intervention-in-the-first-year-of-elementary-school-voices-of-the-school-nurses-as-intervention-deliverers
#6
Kate Paton, Kah-Ling Sia, Rebecca Peat, Julie Stecher, Jon Quach
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Elementary school nurses are an important component of health care systems. However, translational research of their role in interventions is limited. This study aimed to determine the feasibility, acceptability and sustainability of training the school nursing workforce to deliver a brief behavioral sleep intervention and the associated delivery costs. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-four primary school nurses from the Victorian Department of Education and Training, Melbourne, Australia, involved in delivering the school-based sleep intervention as part of the Sleep Well - Be Well trial participated in three surveys and a focus group over 30 months...
May 30, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557581/quality-of-life-in-youth-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-osas-treated-with-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-cpap-therapy
#7
Mary K Lynch, Lindsey C Elliott, Kristin T Avis, David C Schwebel, Burel R Goodin
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Improvement is sought for youth with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) who have poor quality of life (QoL), which resolves somewhat following treatment. One mitigating factor in improved QoL following treatment may be adherence to the CPAP protocol, which presents a barrier to most youth. This study explored relations between CPAP adherence and QoL in youth with OSAS. PARTICIPANTS: We recruited 42 youth-caregiver dyads in which youth between the ages of 8 and 16 years were diagnosed with OSAS and required CPAP use as part of their treatment plan...
May 30, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557538/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-and-obsessive-compulsive-symptoms-in-adult-patients-with-primary-restless-legs-syndrome-different-phenotypes-of-the-same-disease
#8
Imad Ghorayeb, Ashley Gamas, Zoé Mazurie, Willy Mayo
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) symptoms in adult patients with primary restless legs syndrome (RLS) and to determine the iron biological correlates of these comorbidities. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: We obtained demographic and clinical data from consecutive 105 outpatients with idiopathic RLS who answered validated questionnaires designed to assess the presence of ADHD and OCD symptoms...
May 30, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463021/identifying-the-demographic-and-mental-health-factors-that-influence-insomnia-treatment-recommendations-within-a-veteran-population
#9
Adam D Bramoweth, Jenna G Renqvist, Barbara H Hanusa, Jon D Walker, Anne Germain, Charles W Atwood
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Insomnia is a pervasive and costly disorder that is particularly prevalent within the U.S. Veteran population. Although Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia (CBT-I) is the recommended first-line treatment for insomnia, high rates of sedative-hypnotic prescribing continue. There is little research investigating the rates and factors impacting insomnia treatment recommendations, both behavioral and pharmacological. PARTICIPANTS: A cohort of 5,254 Veterans referred for either CBT-I or prescribed a sedative-hypnotic medication at a single VA Medical Center composed the group of participants...
May 2, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463015/effectiveness-of-group-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-insomnia-cbt-i-in-a-primary-care-setting
#10
Judith R Davidson, Samantha Dawson, Adrijana Krsmanovic
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Primary care is where many patients with insomnia first ask for professional help. Cognitive-behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) is the recommended treatment for chronic insomnia. Although CBT-I's efficacy is well established, its effectiveness in real-life primary care has seldom been investigated. We examined the effectiveness of CBT-I as routinely delivered in a Canadian primary care setting. PARTICIPANTS: The patients were 70 women and 11 men (mean age = 57...
May 2, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362173/conference-announcements
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27116617/associations-of-subjective-sleep-quality-and-daytime-sleepiness-with-cognitive-impairment-in-adults-and-elders-with-heart-failure
#12
Eeeseung Byun, Jinyoung Kim, Barbara Riegel
This study examined the association of subjective nighttime sleep quality and daytime sleepiness with cognitive impairment in 105 adults (< 60 years old) and 167 elders (≥ 60 years old) with heart failure. Nighttime sleep quality and daytime sleepiness were measured by the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and the Epworth Sleepiness Scale. Cognitive impairment was assessed using a neuropsychological battery measuring attention, memory, and processing speed. Multivariate logistic regression was used. In adults, daytime sleepiness was associated with cognitive impairment, whereas poor nighttime sleep quality was associated with cognitive impairment in elders...
July 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27110636/does-improving-marital-quality-improve-sleep-results-from-a-marital-therapy-trial
#13
Wendy M Troxel, Scott R Braithwaite, Jonathan G Sandberg, Julianne Holt-Lunstad
For most adults, sleep is a dyadic behavior. Only recently have studies explored the dynamic association between sleep and relationship functioning among bed partners. The current study is the first to examine bidirectional associations between changes in insomnia and changes in marital quality over time, in the context of a marital therapy trial. Among husbands, improvements in marital satisfaction were associated with a 36% decreased risk of insomnia at follow-up. Regarding the reverse direction, counter-intuitively, wife baseline insomnia was associated with improvements in husbands' marital satisfaction, but only among the non-treatment-seeking comparison group...
July 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27088561/control-over-anxiety-and-dispositional-coping-tendencies-are-associated-with-presleep-arousal-among-children-referred-for-anxiety-problems
#14
Julia H Parker, Scott A Van Lenten, Armando A Pina
Anxious youth typically experience sleep-related difficulties, but little is known about the role children's coping and perceived control over anxiety may play in these relations. We examined children's perceived levels of control over external anxiety-provoking events and internal anxious emotional reactions, as well as two dispositional coping tendencies (avoidant, support-seeking), and whether these were associated with anxious children's (N = 86) presleep arousal. Low perceived control over anxiety was significantly associated with high levels of presleep arousal...
July 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27078714/temporal-relationships-between-napping-and-nocturnal-sleep-in-healthy-adolescents
#15
Karen P Jakubowski, Martica H Hall, Laisze Lee, Karen A Matthews
Many adolescents do not achieve the recommended 9 hr of sleep per night and report daytime napping, perhaps because it makes up for short nocturnal sleep. This article tests temporal relationships between daytime naps and nighttime sleep as measured by actigraphy and diary among 236 healthy high school students during one school week. Mixed model analyses adjusted for age, race, and gender demonstrated that shorter actigraphy-assessed nocturnal sleep duration predicted longer napping (measured by actigraphy and diary) the next day...
July 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27077395/is-insomnia-a-risk-factor-for-decreased-influenza-vaccine-response
#16
Daniel J Taylor, Kimberly Kelly, Marian L Kohut, Kai-Sheng Song
Healthy young adult college students (N = 133) with Insomnia (n = 65) or No Insomnia (n = 68) were compared on influenza serum antibody levels pre- and four weeks postvaccination. Volunteers underwent structured clinical interviews for sleep disorders to ensure insomnia diagnoses, as well as psychiatric interviews, physical examinations, and drug testing to ensure comorbid health problems were not potential confounds. There were significant time (both groups had increases in antibody levels pre- to postvaccination) and group (Insomnia group had lower HI antibody levels overall) main effects, but the time × group interaction was nonsignificant...
July 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27077226/adapted-delivery-of-cognitive-behavioral-treatment-for-insomnia-in-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-survivors-a-pilot-study
#17
Eric S Zhou, Lynda M Vrooman, Peter E Manley, Valerie M Crabtree, Christopher J Recklitis
Adolescent and young adult cancer survivors (AYACS) are at risk for the development of insomnia, though it remains vastly undertreated. Limited research has evaluated cognitive-behavioral treatment for insomnia (CBT-I) in AYACS. The present study piloted adapted CBT-I designed to improve treatment accessibility by delivering a three-session intervention in person and via videoconference. AYACS with insomnia (N = 12) enrolled in the study. Ten AYACS completed the intervention, with six in person and four via videoconference...
July 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296540/american-academy-of-pediatrics-2016-safe-sleep-practices-implications-for-pediatric-behavioral-sleep-medicine
#18
Kelly C Byars, Stacey L Simon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26789207/emerging-adults-text-message-use-and-sleep-characteristics-a-multimethod-naturalistic-study
#19
Karla Klein Murdock, Mikael Horissian, Caroline Crichlow-Ball
Emerging adults use text messaging as a principal form of social communication, day and night, and this may compromise their sleep. In this study, a hypothetical model was tested linking daytime and nighttime text message use with multiple sleep characteristics. Subjective and objective measures of texting and sleep were utilized to assess 83 college students over a seven-day period during an academic term. Greater number of daily texts, awareness of nighttime cell phone notifications, and compulsion to check nighttime notifications were significantly associated with poorer subjective sleep quality...
May 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26789082/east-meets-west-adopted-chinese-girls-nighttime-sleep-problems-and-adoptive-parents-self-judgment-about-parenting
#20
Tony Tan, Emily Mahoney, Andrea Jackson, Jessica Rice
We investigated the association between adopted Chinese girls' nighttime sleep problems and adoptive parents' self-judgment about their parenting. The girls were 1.7-6.9 years old (M = 4.6 years, SD = 1.0) and were adopted at 7-56 months (M = 13.9 months, SD = 6.6) by families in North America. At Wave 2 of a longitudinal study on adopted Chinese children's development, the adoptive parents provided survey data on bedtime resistance or anxiety and parasomnias in their daughters and their own parental sense of entitlement and parenting competence...
May 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
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