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Behavioral Sleep Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463021/identifying-the-demographic-and-mental-health-factors-that-influence-insomnia-treatment-recommendations-within-a-veteran-population
#1
Adam D Bramoweth, Jenna G Renqvist, Barbara H Hanusa, Jon D Walker, Anne Germain, Charles W Atwood
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Insomnia is a pervasive and costly disorder that is particularly prevalent within the U.S. Veteran population. Although Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia (CBT-I) is the recommended first-line treatment for insomnia, high rates of sedative-hypnotic prescribing continue. There is little research investigating the rates and factors impacting insomnia treatment recommendations, both behavioral and pharmacological. PARTICIPANTS: A cohort of 5,254 Veterans referred for either CBT-I or prescribed a sedative-hypnotic medication at a single VA Medical Center composed the group of participants...
May 2, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463015/effectiveness-of-group-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-insomnia-cbt-i-in-a-primary-care-setting
#2
Judith R Davidson, Samantha Dawson, Adrijana Krsmanovic
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Primary care is where many patients with insomnia first ask for professional help. Cognitive-behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) is the recommended treatment for chronic insomnia. Although CBT-I's efficacy is well established, its effectiveness in real-life primary care has seldom been investigated. We examined the effectiveness of CBT-I as routinely delivered in a Canadian primary care setting. PARTICIPANTS: The patients were 70 women and 11 men (mean age = 57...
May 2, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418727/poor-sleep-is-associated-with-greater-marital-aggression-the-role-of-self-control
#3
Peggy S Keller, Eric A Haak, C Nathan DeWall, Claire Renzetti
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Although sleep problems are linked to relationship difficulties, the mechanisms involved have not been empirically demonstrated. The present study considers self-control as such a mechanism. PARTICIPANTS: Data were collected from 342 predominantly white, middle-class, married adults. METHOD: Participants completed online questionnaires about sleep, marital aggression, and self-control, and a virtual voodoo doll task. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: Sleep problems were associated with higher levels of aggression on all measures, and lower self-control mediated these associations...
April 18, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388220/participant-experiences-of-attending-a-community-cbt-workshop-for-insomnia-a-qualitative-six-year-follow-up
#4
Georgina L Barnes, Vanessa Lawrence, Mizanur Khondoker, Robert Stewart, June S L Brown
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Our aim was to qualitatively explore the experiences of people who attended a one-day sleep workshop six years previously. PARTICIPANTS: Of the 95 people who originally attended the workshop and a three-month follow-up, 14 individuals (mean age = 63.6 years) participated. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were used to explore: participants' experiences of insomnia since the workshop, memories of the techniques and information provided and the perceived impact of the workshop on their lives...
April 7, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345961/the-short-term-efficacy-of-an-unguided-internet-based-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-insomnia-a-randomized-controlled-trial-with-a-six-month-nonrandomized-follow-up
#5
Susanne Hagatun, Øystein Vedaa, Tine Nordgreen, Otto R F Smith, Ståle Pallesen, Odd E Havik, Bjørn Bjorvatn, Frances P Thorndike, Lee M Ritterband, Børge Sivertsen
OBJECTIVE: Insomnia is a major health problem, and the need for effective and accessible treatment is urgent. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the short-term efficacy of an unguided Internet-based cognitive-behavioral treatment program for insomnia (CBTi), called SHUTi (Sleep Healthy Using the Internet). METHODS: This study used a parallel arm randomized controlled trial in Norway. Participants were randomly allocated to the SHUTi condition or a Web-based patient education condition...
March 27, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332861/treatment-of-nightmares-in-psychiatric-inpatients-with-imagery-rehearsal-therapy-an-open-trial-and-case-series
#6
Thomas E Ellis, Katrina A Rufino, Michael R Nadorff
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to assess the utility of Imagery Rehearsal Therapy (IRT) for nightmares in an inpatient psychiatric setting. Although IRT enjoys a substantial evidence base for efficacy in various populations, data with psychiatric inpatients are lacking. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were 20 adult psychiatric inpatients (11 male, 9 female; mean age=43.4), in an extended stay psychiatric inpatient facility. All participants were diagnosed with multiple, treatment resistant, comorbid conditions, including mood disorders, anxiety disorders, personality disorders, and substance-related disorders...
March 23, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332858/modified-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-insomnia-in-depressed-adolescents-a-pilot-study
#7
Deirdre A Conroy, Alison M Czopp, Dawn M Dore-Stites, Richard R Dopp, Roseanne Armitage, Timothy F Hoban, J Todd Arnedt
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to pilot a five-week insomnia treatment in adolescents with major depressive disorder (MDD) and insomnia. This was an open-label trial of a modified-group cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBTI). PARTICIPANTS: Adolescents with MDD (n = 16; mean age = 17.3 +/- 1.7), characterized by the Children's Depression Rating Scale-Revised T-score ≥ 55 and insomnia, characterized by > 30 min to fall or return to sleep and an Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) score of ≥ 7 participated...
March 23, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323455/the-sleep-of-the-ring-comparison-of-the-%C3%A5-ura-sleep-tracker-against-polysomnography
#8
Massimiliano de Zambotti, Leonardo Rosas, Ian M Colrain, Fiona C Baker
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: To evaluate the performance of a multisensor sleep-tracker (ŌURA ring) against polysomnography (PSG) in measuring sleep and sleep stages. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-one healthy adolescents and young adults (13 females; Age: 17.2 ± 2.4 years). METHODS: Sleep data were recorded using the ŌURA ring and standard PSG on a single laboratory overnight. Metrics were compared using Bland-Altman plots and epoch-by-epoch (EBE) analysis...
March 21, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323439/patient-perceptions-of-treatment-delivery-platforms-for-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-insomnia
#9
Janet M Y Cheung, Delwyn J Bartlett, Carol L Armour, Tracey-Lea Laba, Bandana Saini
OBJECTIVE: Stepped care has given rise to the proliferation of abbreviated CBT-I programs and delivery formats. This includes interventions delivered by allied health professionals and those delivered electronically through the Internet. This article aims to explore patient perceptions between electronic and face-to-face (FTF) delivery platforms for (abbreviated) CBT-I. PARTICIPANTS: Patients with insomnia from specialist sleep or psychology clinics and those from the general community in Sydney, Australia...
March 21, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362173/conference-announcements
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27110636/does-improving-marital-quality-improve-sleep-results-from-a-marital-therapy-trial
#11
Wendy M Troxel, Scott R Braithwaite, Jonathan G Sandberg, Julianne Holt-Lunstad
For most adults, sleep is a dyadic behavior. Only recently have studies explored the dynamic association between sleep and relationship functioning among bed partners. The current study is the first to examine bidirectional associations between changes in insomnia and changes in marital quality over time, in the context of a marital therapy trial. Among husbands, improvements in marital satisfaction were associated with a 36% decreased risk of insomnia at follow-up. Regarding the reverse direction, counter-intuitively, wife baseline insomnia was associated with improvements in husbands' marital satisfaction, but only among the non-treatment-seeking comparison group...
July 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296540/american-academy-of-pediatrics-2016-safe-sleep-practices-implications-for-pediatric-behavioral-sleep-medicine
#12
Kelly C Byars, Stacey L Simon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26789207/emerging-adults-text-message-use-and-sleep-characteristics-a-multimethod-naturalistic-study
#13
Karla Klein Murdock, Mikael Horissian, Caroline Crichlow-Ball
Emerging adults use text messaging as a principal form of social communication, day and night, and this may compromise their sleep. In this study, a hypothetical model was tested linking daytime and nighttime text message use with multiple sleep characteristics. Subjective and objective measures of texting and sleep were utilized to assess 83 college students over a seven-day period during an academic term. Greater number of daily texts, awareness of nighttime cell phone notifications, and compulsion to check nighttime notifications were significantly associated with poorer subjective sleep quality...
May 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26789082/east-meets-west-adopted-chinese-girls-nighttime-sleep-problems-and-adoptive-parents-self-judgment-about-parenting
#14
Tony Tan, Emily Mahoney, Andrea Jackson, Jessica Rice
We investigated the association between adopted Chinese girls' nighttime sleep problems and adoptive parents' self-judgment about their parenting. The girls were 1.7-6.9 years old (M = 4.6 years, SD = 1.0) and were adopted at 7-56 months (M = 13.9 months, SD = 6.6) by families in North America. At Wave 2 of a longitudinal study on adopted Chinese children's development, the adoptive parents provided survey data on bedtime resistance or anxiety and parasomnias in their daughters and their own parental sense of entitlement and parenting competence...
May 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26788969/examining-the-role-of-anxiety-sensitivity-in-sleep-dysfunction-across-anxiety-disorders
#15
Amanda W Baker, Aparna Keshaviah, Elizabeth M Goetter, Eric Bui, Michaela Swee, Peter L Rosencrans, Naomi M Simon
Anxiety Sensitivity (AS) has been associated with sleep difficulties in certain anxiety disorder populations, but no studies have examined cross-diagnostically the role of anxiety sensitivity in sleep dysfunction. Three hundred one participants with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), social anxiety disorder (SAD), and panic disorder (PD) completed an ancillary questionnaire-based study. Linear regression was used to examine AS and sleep dysfunction, and mediation analyses were used to examine whether AS was a mediator of the effect of primary diagnosis on sleep...
May 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26744783/sleep-duration-and-sleep-quality-associations-with-depressive-symptoms-across-adolescence
#16
Monika B Raniti, Nicholas B Allen, Orli Schwartz, Joanna M Waloszek, Michelle L Byrne, Michael J Woods, Bei Bei, Christian L Nicholas, John Trinder
This study explored whether short sleep duration and sleep quality mediate the relationship between age and depressive symptoms. For comparison, we also explored whether depressive symptoms mediate the relationship between age and short sleep duration and sleep quality. The sample comprised 741 adolescents (63.5% female, mean age 15.78 years, range 11.92-19.67 years) in grades 7-12 from 11 secondary schools in metropolitan Melbourne, Australia. Students completed the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D)...
May 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26670949/management-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-comorbid-insomnia-a-mixed-methods-evaluation
#17
Jason C Ong, Megan R Crawford, Allison Kong, Margaret Park, Jamie A Cvengros, M Isabel Crisostomo, Ewa I Alexander, James K Wyatt
The purpose of this study was to examine the process of care in an interdisciplinary sleep clinic for patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and comorbid insomnia. A mixed-methods approach was used to examine clinical and patient-centered measures for 34 patients who received positive-airway pressure for OSA or cognitive-behavior therapy for insomnia. The results revealed baseline-to-follow-up improvements on several self-reported sleep parameters and measures of daytime functioning. Qualitative analyses from patient interviews revealed three themes: conceptual distinctions about each sleep disorder, importance of treating both sleep disorders, and preferences with regard to the sequence of treatment...
May 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26788889/behavioral-sleep-medicine-services-for-hypersomnia-disorders-a-survey-study
#18
Ariel B Neikrug, Megan R Crawford, Jason C Ong
Patients with hypersomnia disorders (HD) suffer from debilitating symptoms that result in reduced functioning, depression, anxiety, and overall worse quality of life. Little is known about the need and desire of this population to utilize behavioral sleep medicine (BSM) interventions that focus on psychosocial functioning and quality of life, and there have been limited attempts to develop such interventions. The purpose of this survey study was to gather patient-centered data on engagement in pharmacological and nonpharmacological interventions, the psychosocial impact of HD symptoms on quality of life and mental health, and potential interest in BSM services, such as cognitive behavioral therapy, mindfulness or yoga, and support groups...
March 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26751779/mandatory-nap-times-and-group-napping-patterns-in-child-care-an-observational-study
#19
Sally L Staton, Simon S Smith, Cameron Hurst, Cassandra L Pattinson, Karen J Thorpe
Policy provision for naps is typical in child care settings, but there is variability in the practices employed. One practice that might modify children's early sleep patterns is the allocation of a mandatory nap time in which all children are required to lie on their beds without alternate activity permitted. There is currently limited evidence of the effects of such practices on children's napping patterns. This study examined the association between duration of mandatory nap times and group-level napping patterns in child care settings...
March 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26745822/family-chaos-and-child-functioning-in-relation-to-sleep-problems-among-children-at-risk-for-obesity
#20
Richard E Boles, Ann C Halbower, Stephen Daniels, Thrudur Gunnarsdottir, Nancy Whitesell, Susan L Johnson
This study evaluated the influence of child and family functioning on child sleep behaviors in low-income minority families who are at risk for obesity. A cross-sectional study was utilized to measure child and family functioning from 2013 to 2014. Participants were recruited from Head Start classrooms while data were collected during home visits. A convenience sample of 72 low-income Hispanic (65%) and African American (32%) families of preschool-aged children were recruited for this study. We assessed the association of child and family functioning with child sleep behaviors using a multivariate multiple linear regression model...
March 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
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