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Behavioral Sleep Medicine

Natalia Rusnac, Florence Spitzenstetter, Patricia Tassi
BACKGROUND: Many adolescents and young adults get insufficient sleep. A link between sleep loss and risk-taking behavior has been consistently found in the literature, but surprisingly, the role played by the origin of sleep loss in this link has never been investigated. Sleep loss can be voluntary (instead of sleeping, a significant amount of time is devoted to other activities) or involuntary (caused by a sleep disorder, for example, insomnia). The aim of this research was to investigate whether both types of sleep loss are associated to the same extent with risky behavior...
June 20, 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Megan E Petrov, Sarah E Emert, Kenneth L Lichstein
OBJECTIVE: To compare therapeutic response to behavioral therapy for insomnia (BT-I) among hypnotic-dependent insomnia (HDI) patients with and without Cluster C personality disorders. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-three adults with HDI (17 females), aged between 33 and 68 (M = 53; SD = 9.9) were included in the study. METHODS: Participants completed a personality disorder assessment (baseline), as well as sleep diaries, polysomnography (PSG), and an insomnia severity assessment (baseline, posttreatment, and one-year follow-up)...
June 5, 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Li Lu, Shi-Bin Wang, Wenwang Rao, Qinge Zhang, Gabor S Ungvari, Chee H Ng, Changgui Kou, Fu-Jun Jia, Yu-Tao Xiang
OBJECTIVE: This is a meta-analysis of the pooled prevalence of insomnia-specific sleep disturbances (sleep disturbances thereafter) and sleep quality in older Chinese adults. METHOD: Both English (PubMed, Embase and PsycINFO) and Chinese (Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure [CNKI], WanFang and SinoMed) databases were systematically searched. Data extraction and quality assessment were independently performed by two investigators. Random-effects model was performed to pool the prevalence of sleep disturbances and sleep quality...
May 31, 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Dietmar Winkler, Marie Spies, Yasmin Al-Resheg, Joseph C Wu, William E Bunney, Blynn G Bunney, Siegfried Kasper, Edda Pjrek
OBJECTIVE: Therapeutic sleep deprivation (SD) is a nonpharmacological treatment that is used most often for depression. The aim of this study was to examine the pattern of use of SD in psychiatric hospitals in Austria, Germany, and Switzerland. METHODS: A questionnaire about perceived usage of SD was sent by mail to all 511 psychiatric hospitals in the three countries. Nonresponders were asked to answer the questionnaire by phone. We achieved a response rate of 75...
May 18, 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Harriet Hiscock, Jon Quach, Kate Paton, Rebecca Peat, Lisa Gold, Sarah Arnup, Kah-Ling Sia, Elizabeth Nicolaou, Melissa Wake
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Determine the effects and costs of a brief behavioral sleep intervention, previously shown to improve child social-emotional functioning, sleep, and parent mental health, in a translational trial. PARTICIPANTS: Three hundred thirty-four school entrant children from 47 primary schools in Melbourne, Australia, with parent-reported moderate to severe behavioral sleep problems. METHODS: intervention group received sleep hygiene practices and standardized behavioral strategies delivered by trained school nurses in 2013 and 2014...
May 14, 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Tyish S Hall Brown, E'leyna Garcia, Ameenat Akeeb, Angelique C Lynch-Jiles, Davene White, Michal Young
OBJECTIVE: Nocturnal fears are associated with trauma-related sleep disturbance in adults, yet research is limited addressing this relationship in adolescents. This study evaluated the validity of the Fear of Sleep Inventory (FoSI) as a measure of nocturnal fears broadly and in relation to trauma exposure in adolescents. PARTICIPANTS: Students ages 14-18 from two urban school-based health centers were the participants. METHODS: De-identified clinical data were utilized from a mental health screening battery...
May 14, 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Katherine B Bevans, Lisa J Meltzer, Anna De La Motte, Amy Kratchman, Dominique Viél, Christopher B Forrest
OBJECTIVE: To develop the Patient Reported Outcome Measurement Information System (PROMIS) Pediatric Sleep Health item pool and evaluate its content validity. PARTICIPANTS: Participants included 8 expert sleep clinician-researchers, 64 children ages 8-17 years, and 54 parents of children ages 5-17 years. METHODS: We started with item concepts and expressions from the PROMIS Sleep Disturbance and Sleep Related Impairment adult measures. Additional pediatric sleep health concepts were generated by expert (n = 8), child (n = 28), and parent (n = 33) concept elicitation interviews and a systematic review of existing pediatric sleep health questionnaires...
April 25, 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Pablo Franquelo-Morales, Mairena Sánchez-López, Blanca Notario-Pacheco, José Miota-Ibarra, Noelia Lahoz-García, Manuel Ángel Gómez-Marcos, Vicente Martínez-Vizcaíno
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to examine in university students: (a) the mean differences in the HRQoL among fat mass percentage, cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and sleep quality categories; and (b) the independent associations among fat mass percentage, CRF, and sleep quality with HRQoL. PARTICIPANTS: 376 students, 18-30 years old, from the University of Castilla-La Mancha in Cuenca, Spain (during 2009-2010). METHOD: Cross-sectional study measuring % fat mass (DXA), CRF (20-m shuttle run test), sleep quality (Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index), and HRQoL (SF-12 questionnaire)...
July 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Daniel Ruivo Marques, Ana Cardoso Allen Gomes, Christopher Lawrence Drake, Thomas Roth, Maria Helena Pinto de Azevedo
OBJECTIVE AND BACKGROUND: Over the past few years, the comprehensive models of insomnia have exhibited impressive developments. However, there is scarce knowledge on predisposing or vulnerability factors for insomnia. One of the most promising constructs to aid in filling this gap is stress-induced sleep reactivity assessed through self-report. Our aim was to study the psychometric properties of the European Portuguese version of the Ford Insomnia Response to Stress Test (FIRST). PARTICIPANTS: We recruited a large sample of students attending medical school (N = 699)...
July 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Katarina Danielsson, Markus Jansson-Fröjmark, Jan-Erik Broman, Agneta Markström
Clinical trials with light therapy (LT) for delayed sleep phase disorder (DSPD) are sparse and little is known about factors that are favorable for improvements. In this study, LT with scheduled rise times was conducted at home for 14 days by 44 participants with DSPD aged 16-26 years. Primary outcomes were sleep onset and sleep offset. Potential predictors were demographic characteristics, chronotype, dim light melatonin onset, the number of days the LT lamp was used, the daily duration of LT, daytime sleepiness, anxiety, depression, worry, and rumination...
July 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Yeonsu Song, Donna L Washington, Elizabeth M Yano, Susan M McCurry, Constance H Fung, Joseph M Dzierzewski, Juan Carlos Rodriguez, Stella Jouldjian, Michael N Mitchell, Cathy A Alessi, Jennifer L Martin
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: To identify caregiving-related sleep problems and their relationship to mental health and daytime function in female Veterans. PARTICIPANTS: Female Veterans (N = 1,477) from cross-sectional, nationwide, postal survey data. METHODS: The survey respondent characteristics included demographics, comorbidity, physical activity, health, use of sleep medications, and history of sleep apnea. They self-identified caregiving- related sleep problems (i...
July 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Yan Ma, Alicia Yeung, Albert C Yang, Chung-Kang Peng, Alisabet Clain, Jonathan Alpert, Maurizio Fava, Albert S Yeung
OBJECTIVE: This pilot study evaluated the effects of Tai Chi training on sleep quality (primary outcomes), and depression and social functioning levels (secondary outcomes) among patients with depression. PARTICIPANTS: Sixteen depressed Chinese patients. METHODS: Participants received 1-hr Tai Chi training sessions 2 times per week for 10 weeks. Patients' subjective sleep quality ratings, objective sleep quality measurements, and depression and social functioning levels were measured before, during, and after the intervention...
July 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Angelika A Schlarb, Isabel Bihlmaier, Kerstin Velten-Schurian, Christian F Poets, Martin Hautzinger
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: This intervention study evaluates the short- and long-term effects of cognitive behavior therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) in groups for school-age children and their parents, named the KiSS-program. CBT-I was implemented in three sessions for children and three sessions for parents. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: All in all, 112 children with chronic childhood insomnia were randomly assigned to a wait-list (WL) control or treatment condition. RESULTS: According to subjective measures as well as objective wrist actigraphy, children in the CBT-I condition reported greater improvements in sleep behavior immediately after the treatment compared to the WL group...
July 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Efrosini A Papaconstantinou, Ellen Hodnett, Robyn Stremler
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Hospitalization can contribute to common sleep difficulties in children. Interventions aimed at hospitalized children need to be developed and piloted with rigorous evaluative methods. The primary purpose of this study was to examine the feasibility and acceptability of a behavioral-educational intervention aimed at increasing nighttime sleep for hospitalized children. PARTICIPANTS: Hospitalized children aged 4-10 years and their caregivers...
July 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Leslie M Swanson, Edward D Huntley, Holli Bertram, Ann Mooney, Richard Dopp, Robert Hoffmann, Roseanne Armitage, J Todd Arnedt
BACKGROUND: There are complex, bidirectional associations between major depressive disorder and insomnia. In the present study, we evaluated insomnia as a moderator of response to antidepressant therapy in the context of a sleep manipulation (time in bed restriction) for major depressive disorder. METHODS: Fifty-eight adults with major depressive disorder received 8 weeks of fluoxetine 20-40 mgs and were randomized to 8 hr time in bed (8h TIB) or 6 hr time in bed (6h TIB) for the first 2 weeks (participants in the 6h TIB condition were further randomized to a delayed bedtime (Late Bedtime) or advanced rise time (Early Rise Time) group)...
July 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Judith A Owens
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Melissa S Xanthopoulos, Lisa J Meltzer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Josée Savard, Marie-Hélène Savard, Hans Ivers
PURPOSE: To assess the moderating role of demographic and clinical variables on the efficacy of a video-based cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (VCBT-I) among breast cancer patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: As part of a randomized controlled trial, 80 women received VCBT-I. RESULTS: Patients with a more advanced breast cancer were less likely to show reductions on the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) and increased sleep efficiency at posttreatment...
May 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Margaret H Bublitz, Ghada Bourjeily, Christina D'Angelo, Laura R Stroud
Poor sleep in pregnancy is related to adverse neonatal health. Elevated maternal cortisol has been proposed as a pathway, yet the association in pregnancy is not well understood. The goals of the current study were to examine associations between (a) sleep and cortisol, (b) sleep, cortisol, and neonatal outcomes, and (c) variables that could explain these associations. Two hundred pregnant women completed the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI; Buysse, Reynolds, Monk, Berman, & Kupfer, 1989) and provided diurnal salivary cortisol samples at two times over pregnancy...
May 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
David G Ingram, Jodi A Mindell, Kristina Puzino, Russel M Walters
BACKGROUND: Sleep coaches are individuals of various backgrounds who offer services to families struggling with behavioral childhood sleep problems. We conducted a survey of coaches to further elucidate scope of practice, practice patterns, geographic distribution, education, training, and beliefs regarding qualification requirements. METHODS: A Web-based survey was completed by 142 individuals who identified as a sleep coach. RESULTS: Coaches were distributed across 17 countries and 5 continents...
May 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
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