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Behavioral Sleep Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107032/the-longitudinal-and-cross-sectional-associations-of-grief-and-complicated-grief-with-sleep-quality-in-older-adults
#1
Jelena Milic, Heidi Saavedra Perez, Lisette A Zuurbier, Paul A Boelen, Judith A Rietjens, Albert Hofman, Henning Tiemeier
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: About 15% of grievers experience complicated grief. We determined cross-sectional and longitudinal relations of grief and complicated grief with sleep duration and quality in the general population of elderly adults. PARTICIPANTS: We included 5,421 men and women from the prospective population-based Rotterdam Study. METHODS: The Inventory of Complicated Grief was used to define grief and complicated grief. We assessed sleep with the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index...
January 20, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098495/psychometric-characteristics-of-the-insomnia-severity-index-in-veterans-with-history-of-traumatic-brain-injury
#2
Christopher N Kaufmann, Henry J Orff, Raeanne C Moore, Lisa Delano-Wood, Colin A Depp, Dawn M Schiehser
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: The Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) is a widely used self-report measure of insomnia symptoms. However, to date this measure has not been validated or well-characterized in veterans who have experienced traumatic brain injury (TBI). This study assessed the psychometric properties and convergent, divergent, construct, and discriminate validity of the ISI in veterans with a history of TBI. PARTICIPANTS: Eighty-three veterans with history of TBI were seen in the VA San Diego Healthcare System as part of a research protocol...
January 18, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098492/insomnia-management-in-the-australian-primary-care-setting
#3
Fatema-Tun-Naher Sake, Keith Wong, Delwyn J Bartlett, Bandana Saini
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Insomnia is one of the most prevalent and costly sleep disorders presenting in general practice, and when left untreated, has major health consequences. However, studies are limited on how general practitioners respond to this health issue, especially since the reconceptualization of insomnia in DSM 5. Therefore, the aim of this study was to explore how insomnia is diagnosed and treated in Australian general practices. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-four (54% male) general practitioners were recruited throughout the greater Sydney metropolitan area in New South Wales using the professional network of research team members and snowballing technique...
January 18, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098478/the-work-family-interface-and-sleep-quality
#4
Christopher A Magee, Laura D Robinson, Alisha McGregor
OBJECTIVE: This article investigated whether work-to-family conflict (WFC) and work-to-family enrichment (WFE) were associated with employee sleep quality. WFC and WFE reflect the potential for experiences at work to negatively and positively influence nonworking life respectively, and may have implications for sleep quality. In this article, we examined whether WFC and WFE were linked with sleep quality via hedonic balance (i.e., positive affect relative to negative affect). PARTICIPANTS: The sample included 3,170 employed Australian parents involved in the Household Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) Survey...
January 18, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067547/barriers-and-enablers-to-modifying-sleep-behavior-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-a-qualitative-investigation
#5
Jessica L Paterson, Amy C Reynolds, Mitch Duncan, Corneel Vandelanotte, Sally A Ferguson
OBJECTIVE: Many young adults obtain less than the recommended sleep duration for healthy and safe functioning. Behavior change interventions have had only moderate success in increasing sleep duration for this cohort. This may be because the way young adults think about sleep, including their willingness and ability to change sleep behavior, is unknown. The purpose of the present study was to determine what changes, if any, young adults are willing to make to their sleep behavior, and to identify factors that may enable or prevent these changes...
January 9, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060531/poor-sleep-quality-psychological-distress-and-the-buffering-effect-of-mindfulness-training-during-pregnancy
#6
Jennifer N Felder, Barbara Laraia, Kimberly Coleman-Phox, Nicole Bush, Madhuvanthi Suresh, Melanie Thomas, Nancy Adler, Elissa Epel, Aric A Prather
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Poor sleep quality is common in pregnancy and associated with increased psychological distress, which has adverse consequences for families. Emerging theory suggests that mindfulness-based interventions may help reduce cognitive and emotional reactivity to stressful events. The current study examines the effects of a mindfulness-based intervention on the relationship between poor sleep quality and increased depression symptom severity and perceived stress during pregnancy...
January 6, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001432/avi-sadeh-dsc-1957-2016
#7
Jodi A Mindell, Lisa J Meltzer, Liat Tikotzky
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 21, 2016: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27967237/brain-reactivity-and-selective-attention-to-sleep-related-words-in-patients-with-chronic-insomnia
#8
Kai Spiegelhalder, Chiara Baglioni, Wolfram Regen, Simon D Kyle, Christoph Nissen, J├╝rgen Hennig, John-Peter Doerr, Bernd Feige, Dieter Riemann
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Sleep-related attentional bias has been suggested to represent an important factor for the maintenance of chronic insomnia. However, little is known about potentially underlying psychological mechanisms such as threat or craving. As these are associated with distinguishable brain activation patterns, we performed a functional neuroimaging study. PARTICIPANTS/METHODS: Functional magnetic resonance imaging was used to investigate brain reactivity to sleep-related words in 20 patients with primary insomnia according to DSM-IV criteria and 35 good sleeper controls according to Research Diagnostic Criteria...
December 14, 2016: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935323/changes-in-subjective-sleep-quality-before-a-competition-and-their-relation-to-competitive-anxiety
#9
Felix Ehrlenspiel, Daniel Erlacher, Matthias Ziegler
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to examine the effects of competitions on subjective sleep quality. Previous studies have been inconclusive and lack differentiated and standardized measurements of subjective sleep quality. Furthermore the temporal relation between precompetitive anxiety and sleep quality was investigated. Anxiety and nervousness associated with competitions are considered to cause sleep impairments. PARTICIPANTS: A convenience sample of N = 79 elite male athletes from various sports participated...
December 9, 2016: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935322/physical-activity-and-cognition-a-mediating-role-of-efficient-sleep
#10
Kristine A Wilckens, Kirk I Erickson, Mark E Wheeler
OBJECTIVE: Physical activity benefits executive control, but the mechanism through which this benefit occurs is unclear. Sleep is a candidate mechanism given that it improves with exercise and has restorative effects on the prefrontal cortex. The present cross-sectional study examined the mediating role of sleep in the relationship between physical activity and executive control in young and older adults. PARTICIPANTS: Young (n = 59) and older (n = 53) community-dwelling adults ages 21-30 and 55-80...
December 9, 2016: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935321/neighborhood-economic-deprivation-and-social-fragmentation-associations-with-children-s-sleep
#11
Erika J Bagley, Thomas E Fuller-Rowell, Ekjyot K Saini, Lauren E Philbrook, Mona El-Sheikh
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: A growing body of work indicates that experiences of neighborhood disadvantage place children at risk for poor sleep. This study aimed to examine how both neighborhood economic deprivation (a measure of poverty) and social fragmentation (an index of instability) are associated with objective measures of the length and quality of children's sleep. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were 210 children (54.3% boys) living predominantly in small towns and semirural communities in Alabama...
December 9, 2016: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911080/corrigendum
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2, 2016: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849365/improving-the-comprehensive-care-of-patients-with-hypersomnia-disorders-a-commentary-on-behavioral-sleep-medicine-services-for-hypersomnia-disorders-a-survey-study
#13
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26788889/behavioral-sleep-medicine-services-for-hypersomnia-disorders-a-survey-study
#14
Ariel B Neikrug, Megan R Crawford, Jason C Ong
Patients with hypersomnia disorders (HD) suffer from debilitating symptoms that result in reduced functioning, depression, anxiety, and overall worse quality of life. Little is known about the need and desire of this population to utilize behavioral sleep medicine (BSM) interventions that focus on psychosocial functioning and quality of life, and there have been limited attempts to develop such interventions. The purpose of this survey study was to gather patient-centered data on engagement in pharmacological and nonpharmacological interventions, the psychosocial impact of HD symptoms on quality of life and mental health, and potential interest in BSM services, such as cognitive behavioral therapy, mindfulness or yoga, and support groups...
March 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26751779/mandatory-nap-times-and-group-napping-patterns-in-child-care-an-observational-study
#15
Sally L Staton, Simon S Smith, Cameron Hurst, Cassandra L Pattinson, Karen J Thorpe
Policy provision for naps is typical in child care settings, but there is variability in the practices employed. One practice that might modify children's early sleep patterns is the allocation of a mandatory nap time in which all children are required to lie on their beds without alternate activity permitted. There is currently limited evidence of the effects of such practices on children's napping patterns. This study examined the association between duration of mandatory nap times and group-level napping patterns in child care settings...
March 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26745822/family-chaos-and-child-functioning-in-relation-to-sleep-problems-among-children-at-risk-for-obesity
#16
Richard E Boles, Ann C Halbower, Stephen Daniels, Thrudur Gunnarsdottir, Nancy Whitesell, Susan L Johnson
This study evaluated the influence of child and family functioning on child sleep behaviors in low-income minority families who are at risk for obesity. A cross-sectional study was utilized to measure child and family functioning from 2013 to 2014. Participants were recruited from Head Start classrooms while data were collected during home visits. A convenience sample of 72 low-income Hispanic (65%) and African American (32%) families of preschool-aged children were recruited for this study. We assessed the association of child and family functioning with child sleep behaviors using a multivariate multiple linear regression model...
March 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26745754/sleep-variability-among-older-adults-with-insomnia-associations-with-sleep-quality-and-cardiometabolic-disease-risk
#17
Kelly Glazer Baron, Kathryn J Reid, Roneil G Malkani, Joseph Kang, Phyllis C Zee
Sleep variability has been linked to poor subjective sleep quality, but few studies have investigated effects on physical health. In this study, we evaluated cross sectional associations and change over time in objective sleep variability of adults with insomnia and short sleep duration who were participating in a non-pharmacologic intervention study. Results indicated greater variability in objective sleep measures were associated with poorer subjective sleep quality (p < 0.05). Higher sleep duration variability was associated with higher HbA1c (p < 0...
March 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26681411/person-centered-dementia-care-and-sleep-in-assisted-living-residents-with-dementia-a-pilot-study
#18
Junxin Li, Michael A Grandner, Yu-Ping Chang, Carla Jungquist, Davina Porock
The sleep of people with dementia living in long-term care is known to be disturbed. This pre-post controlled pilot study examined the effects of a person-centered dementia care intervention on sleep in assisted living residents with dementia. The three-month intervention included in-class staff training plus supervision and support in practice. The sleep-wake patterns were measured using actigraphy for three consecutive days at baseline and postintervention. Sixteen residents from the intervention and six from the control groups completed the study...
March 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26681294/your-place-or-mine-does-the-sleep-location-matter-in-young-couples
#19
Kai Spiegelhalder, Wolfram Regen, Franziska Siemon, Simon D Kyle, Chiara Baglioni, Bernd Feige, Christoph Nissen, Dieter Riemann
This study sought to characterize the impact of sleep location (own sleeping environment vs. partner's sleeping environment), social setting (sleeping in pairs vs. sleeping alone), and sex on sleep. An experimental 2 x 2 (sleep location x social setting) within-subject design was employed with 15 young heterosexual couples. The results suggest that sleep location does not appear to have a strong and consistent effect on sleep quantity or quality. The social setting had a specific effect in heterosexual young men, who were found to sleep longer and rise later when cosleeping with their partner...
March 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27551961/editorial-board-eov
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
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