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Behavioral Sleep Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783373/social-support-as-a-mediator-between-insomnia-and-depression-in-female-undergraduate-students
#1
Soohyun Kim, Sooyeon Suh
OBJECTIVES: Despite findings that insomnia and depression have a bidirectional relationship, the exact psychological mechanisms that link these disorders are largely unknown. The goal of this study was to identify whether social support mediates the relationship between insomnia and depression. METHODS: The study sample (N = 115) consisted of females only, and all participants (mean age 21.77 ± 1.80) completed self-report measures of insomnia severity, depression and social support...
August 7, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777659/baduanjin-exercise-for-insomnia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Yun-Han Jiang, Cheng Tan, Shuai Yuan
Background Baduanjin exercise is thought to improve sleep quality and relieve insomnia. This study therefore aimed to assess the effects of Baduanjin on the management of insomnia. Methods A systematic literature search was conducted using PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, Clinicaltrials.gov, WANFANG, the Chinese Scientific Journal Database (VIP), Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Chinese Biomedical and Medical Database (CBM) and the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry to identify all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and prospective controlled trials on the efficacy of Baduanjin for insomnia...
August 4, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777658/role-of-combat-exposure-and-insomnia-in-student-veterans-adaptation-to-college
#3
James J McGuffin, Shelley A Riggs, Daniel J Taylor
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Since 2002, the number of college student veterans has nearly doubled, although 30-40% of veterans fail to complete their degree. Few research efforts to understand the challenges veterans face transitioning to college in recent years have looked beyond the effects of post-traumatic stress disorder. Insomnia is the most frequently reported symptom of combat veterans and can have serious implications for college students. The purpose of this study was to examine the role of insomnia in student veteran adaptation to college relative to civilian students...
August 4, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753086/gender-and-age-differences-in-sleep-problems-in-children-person-oriented-approach-with-multi-group-analysis
#4
Yi-Lung Chen, Wan-Ling Tseng, Li-Kuang Yang, Susan Shur-Fen Gau
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: This study aimed to identify subtypes of sleep problems in children and to examine whether these patterns differed between gender and age groups. PARTICIPANTS: There were 3052 children (951 elementary school boys, 943 elementary school girls, 603 junior high school boys, and 555 junior high school girls) aged 7-16 years from two school-based epidemiological samples. METHODS: Sleep problems were measured by the Sleep Habit Questionnaire based on parent reports...
July 28, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749704/self-medication-for-sleep-in-college-students-concurrent-and-prospective-associations-with-sleep-and-alcohol-behavior
#5
Patricia A Goodhines, Les A Gellis, Jueun Kim, Lisa M Fucito, Aesoon Park
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: College students are at an increased risk for poor sleep and associated sleep problems. Emerging evidence suggests that a substantial subset of college students self-medicate with alcohol, marijuana, and/or over-the-counter medications to help sleep. The current study identified demographic, psychosocial, and sleep- and alcohol-related correlates of self-medication for sleep, and assessed its concurrent and prospective associations with insomnia symptoms, alcohol drinking and negative drinking consequences...
July 27, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745529/sleepiness-and-behavioral-risk-taking-do-sleepy-people-take-more-or-less-risk
#6
Garrett Hisler, Zlatan Krizan
BACKGROUND: Although sleep loss has been implicated in risk-taking behavior, it is unclear how individuals' current propensity to fall asleep, known as sleepiness, influences risk-taking. Because sleepiness is not only driven by recent sleep but also by factors such as circadian rhythm and current stimulation, it may be an important contributor to risk-taking as it reflects the more immediate sleep-wake state. PARTICIPANTS: 130 participants were recruited from a large Midwestern U...
July 26, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745523/affective-temperaments-mood-and-insomnia-symptoms-in-a-non-clinical-sample
#7
Włodzimierz Oniszczenko, Marcin Rzeszutek, Ewa Stanisławiak
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to understand the relationship between affective temperaments and insomnia symptoms and to examine mood state as a mediator in this relationship. PARTICIPANTS: The sample consisted of 659 adults (428 women and 231 men), aged between 18-77 years old, derived from a nonclinical population. METHODS: Affective temperaments were assessed using the Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris, and San Diego Autoquestionnaire (TEMPS-A)...
July 26, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745520/effects-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-insomnia-on-sleep-related-cognitions-among-patients-with-stable-heart-failure
#8
Nancy S Redeker, Sangchoon Jeon, Laura Andrews, John Cline, Vahid Mohsenin, Daniel Jacoby
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) improves insomnia and fatigue among chronic heart failure (HF) patients, but the extent to which sleep-related cognitions explain CBT-I outcomes in these patients is unknown. We examined the effects of CBT-I on sleep-related cognitions, associations between changes in sleep-related cognitions and changes in sleep and symptoms after CBT-I, and the extent to which cognitions mediated the effects of CBT-I. PARTICIPANTS: Stable New York Heart Association Class II-III HF patients (total n = 51; n = 26/51...
July 26, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745518/a-qualitative-study-of-how-pre-schoolers-problematic-sleep-impacts-mothers
#9
Laurelle Smith, Barbara Galland, Julie Lawrence
BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbances are common among pre-school aged children. As children's problematic sleep is commonly defined by subjective reports from parents as to how the issue affects them, we took a qualitative approach to explore the perceptions and experiences of mothers/main caregivers of pre-schoolers with problematic sleep. The aim was to understand their first-hand experiences. METHODS: Purposive sampling was used to identify mothers of 3 to 4 year-olds whose sleep was a problem for them...
July 26, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657361/sleep-deprivation-and-chronic-health-conditions-among-sexual-minority-adults
#10
Hongying Dai, Jianqiang Hao
OBJECTIVES: To examine associations between sleep duration and health outcomes among distinct groups of sexual minority adults. METHODS: Using data from the 2014 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, we compared sleep duration (very short: ≤ 5 hr; short: 6 hr; normal: 7-8 hr; and long: ≥ 9 hr per day) between cisgender straight adults and distinct groups of sexual minorities. We further examined associations between sleep duration and 10 chronic health conditions among sexual minorities...
June 28, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617043/eveningness-is-associated-with-greater-depressive-symptoms-in-type-2-diabetes-patients-a-study-in-two-different-ethnic-cohorts
#11
Sunee Saetung, Hataikarn Nimitphong, Nantaporn Siwasaranond, Areesa Manodpitipong, Stephanie J Crowley, Megan M Hood, Sirimon Reutrakul
BACKGROUND: Eveningness is associated with greater depressive symptoms in the general population. Depression and type 2 diabetes (T2D) commonly coexist. We aimed to explore the association between morningness-eveningness and depressive symptoms in T2D patients in the United States and in Thailand. PARTICIPANTS: T2D patients (n = 182) from an endocrinology clinic in Chicago, Illinois, and six hospitals in Thailand (n = 251) were enrolled. METHODS: Diabetes history was collected...
June 15, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613954/comparison-of-sleep-characteristics-patterns-and-problems-in-young-children-within-the-southeast-asian-region
#12
Kim D Y Daban, Daniel Y T Goh
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Optimal sleeping habits are important for health development of infants. The role of culture in sleep habits cannot be underestimated. We aimed to characterize sleep patterns, sleep practices, and sleep problems; and assess the sleep settings and parental perceptions of sleep problems in children from birth to 36 months in countries in the Southeast Asian (SEA) region. PARTICIPANTS: Parents and caregivers of infants and toddlers (birth to 36 months old) from countries in Southeast Asia participated in this study...
June 14, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609150/caffeine-use-in-military-personnel-with-ptsd-prevalence-and-impact-on-sleep
#13
Carmen P McLean, Laurie Zandberg, John D Roache, Hayley Fitzgerald, Kristi E Pruiksma, Daniel J Taylor, Katherine A Dondanville, Brett T Litz, Jim Mintz, Stacey Young-McCaughan, Jeffrey S Yarvis, Alan L Peterson, Edna B Foa
BACKGROUND: Caffeine use is highly prevalent among active duty military personnel and can be beneficial to performance in the short term. However, regular caffeine use has been found to contribute to sleep disturbances, which are elevated among the significant number of military personnel with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The current study is the first to examine caffeine use and its relationship with sleep disturbances in military personnel seeking treatment for PTSD. PARTICIPANTS: Active duty military personnel (N = 366) who had returned from deployments to Afghanistan or Iraq and were seeking treatment for PTSD...
June 13, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609122/insomnia-symptoms-subjective-appraisals-and-fatigue-a-multiple-mediation-model
#14
Crystal J Hare, Cassandra J Crangle, Colleen E Carney, Tae L Hart
OBJECTIVE AND BACKGROUND: Fatigue and insomnia are common debilitating symptoms associated with multiple sclerosis (MS). Negative subjective appraisals of symptoms may influence both insomnia and fatigue severity, but this relationship has not been examined among those with MS. The relationship between insomnia symptoms and both physical and cognitive fatigue were examined. Health-related self-efficacy, fatigue catastrophization, and rumination were examined as potential mediators of the relationship between insomnia symptoms and fatigue...
June 13, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557633/implementing-a-school-based-sleep-intervention-in-the-first-year-of-elementary-school-voices-of-the-school-nurses-as-intervention-deliverers
#15
Kate Paton, Kah-Ling Sia, Rebecca Peat, Julie Stecher, Jon Quach
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Elementary school nurses are an important component of health care systems. However, translational research of their role in interventions is limited. This study aimed to determine the feasibility, acceptability and sustainability of training the school nursing workforce to deliver a brief behavioral sleep intervention and the associated delivery costs. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-four primary school nurses from the Victorian Department of Education and Training, Melbourne, Australia, involved in delivering the school-based sleep intervention as part of the Sleep Well - Be Well trial participated in three surveys and a focus group over 30 months...
May 30, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557581/quality-of-life-in-youth-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-osas-treated-with-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-cpap-therapy
#16
Mary K Lynch, Lindsey C Elliott, Kristin T Avis, David C Schwebel, Burel R Goodin
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Improvement is sought for youth with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) who have poor quality of life (QoL), which resolves somewhat following treatment. One mitigating factor in improved QoL following treatment may be adherence to the CPAP protocol, which presents a barrier to most youth. This study explored relations between CPAP adherence and QoL in youth with OSAS. PARTICIPANTS: We recruited 42 youth-caregiver dyads in which youth between the ages of 8 and 16 years were diagnosed with OSAS and required CPAP use as part of their treatment plan...
May 30, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557538/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-and-obsessive-compulsive-symptoms-in-adult-patients-with-primary-restless-legs-syndrome-different-phenotypes-of-the-same-disease
#17
Imad Ghorayeb, Ashley Gamas, Zoé Mazurie, Willy Mayo
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) symptoms in adult patients with primary restless legs syndrome (RLS) and to determine the iron biological correlates of these comorbidities. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: We obtained demographic and clinical data from consecutive 105 outpatients with idiopathic RLS who answered validated questionnaires designed to assess the presence of ADHD and OCD symptoms...
May 30, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362173/conference-announcements
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27116617/associations-of-subjective-sleep-quality-and-daytime-sleepiness-with-cognitive-impairment-in-adults-and-elders-with-heart-failure
#19
Eeeseung Byun, Jinyoung Kim, Barbara Riegel
This study examined the association of subjective nighttime sleep quality and daytime sleepiness with cognitive impairment in 105 adults (< 60 years old) and 167 elders (≥ 60 years old) with heart failure. Nighttime sleep quality and daytime sleepiness were measured by the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and the Epworth Sleepiness Scale. Cognitive impairment was assessed using a neuropsychological battery measuring attention, memory, and processing speed. Multivariate logistic regression was used. In adults, daytime sleepiness was associated with cognitive impairment, whereas poor nighttime sleep quality was associated with cognitive impairment in elders...
July 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27110636/does-improving-marital-quality-improve-sleep-results-from-a-marital-therapy-trial
#20
Wendy M Troxel, Scott R Braithwaite, Jonathan G Sandberg, Julianne Holt-Lunstad
For most adults, sleep is a dyadic behavior. Only recently have studies explored the dynamic association between sleep and relationship functioning among bed partners. The current study is the first to examine bidirectional associations between changes in insomnia and changes in marital quality over time, in the context of a marital therapy trial. Among husbands, improvements in marital satisfaction were associated with a 36% decreased risk of insomnia at follow-up. Regarding the reverse direction, counter-intuitively, wife baseline insomnia was associated with improvements in husbands' marital satisfaction, but only among the non-treatment-seeking comparison group...
July 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
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