Read by QxMD icon Read

Molecular Cancer

Fengting Huang, Wenying Chen, Juanfei Peng, Yuanhua Li, Yanyan Zhuang, Zhe Zhu, Chunkui Shao, Wanling Yang, Herui Yao, Shineng Zhang
BACKGROUND: Defective autophagy is thought to contribute to the pathogenesis of many diseases, including cancer. Human plasmacytoma variant translocation 1 (PVT1) is an oncogenic long non-coding RNA that has been identified as a prognostic biomarker in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, but how PVT1 operates in the regulation of autophagy in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA) is unclear. METHODS: PVT1 expression level was detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and hybridization in situ (ISH)...
July 12, 2018: Molecular Cancer
Haihai Liang, Xiaoguang Zhao, Chengyu Wang, Jian Sun, Yingzhun Chen, Guoyuan Wang, Lei Fang, Rui Yang, Mengxue Yu, Yunyan Gu, Hongli Shan
BACKGROUND: A deeper mechanistic understanding of epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) regulation is needed to improve current anti-metastasis strategies in ovarian cancer (OvCa). This study was designed to investigate the role of lncRNAs in EMT regulation during process of invasion-metastasis in serous OvCa to improve current anti-metastasis strategies for OvCa. METHODS: We systematically analyzes high-throughput gene expression profiles of both lncRNAs and protein-coding genes in OvCa samples with integrated epithelial (iE) subtype and integrated mesenchymal (iM) subtype labels...
June 21, 2018: Molecular Cancer
Demi S Houg, Maarten F Bijlsma
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) remains one of the most aggressive malignancies to date, largely because it is associated with high metastatic risk. Pancreatic tumors have a characteristic tendency to metastasize preferentially to the liver. Over the past two decades, it has become evident that the otherwise hostile milieu of the liver is selectively preconditioned at an early stage to render it more conducive to the engraftment and growth of disseminated cancer cells, a concept defined as pre-metastatic niche (PMN) formation...
June 14, 2018: Molecular Cancer
Xiaoru Xin, Mengying Wu, Qiuyu Meng, Chen Wang, Yanan Lu, Yuxin Yang, Xiaonan Li, Qidi Zheng, Hu Pu, Xin Gui, Tianming Li, Jiao Li, Song Jia, Dongdong Lu
BACKGROUND: Long noncoding RNA HULC is highly up-regulation in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the functions of HULC in hepatocarcinogenesis remains unclear. METHODS: RT-PCR, Western blotting, Chromatin immunoprecipitation (CHIP) assay, RNA Immunoprecipitation (RIP) and tumorignesis test in vitro and in vivo were performed. RESULTS: HULC is negatively associated with expression of PTEN or miR15a in patients of human liver cancer...
June 12, 2018: Molecular Cancer
Jin-Lan Huang, Shun-Wang Cao, Qi-Shui Ou, Bin Yang, Shi-Hao Zheng, Jing Tang, Jing Chen, Yan-Wei Hu, Lei Zheng, Qian Wang
BACKGROUND: Dysfunctions of long non-coding RNA (lncRNAs) have been associated with the initiation and progression of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), but the clinicopathologic significance and potential role of lncRNA PTTG3P (pituitary tumor-transforming 3, pseudogene) in HCC remains largely unknown. METHODS: We compared the expression profiles of lncRNAs in 3 HCC tumor tissues and adjacent non-tumor tissues by microarrays. In situ hybridization (ISH) and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) were applied to assess the level of PTTG3P and prognostic values of PTTG3P were assayed in two HCC cohorts (n = 46 and 90)...
May 26, 2018: Molecular Cancer
Dandan Yin, Xiyi Lu, Jun Su, Xuezhi He, Wei De, Jinsong Yang, Wei Li, Liang Han, Erbao Zhang
BACKGROUND: Mounting evidence indicates that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) could play a pivotal role in cancer biology. However, the role and molecular mechanism and global genes that were mediated by lncRNA AFAP1-AS1 in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remain largely unknown. METHODS: Expression of AFAP1-AS1 was analyzed in 92 NSCLC tissues and cell lines by Quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). The effect of AFAP1-AS1 on proliferation was evaluated by function assays both in in vitro and in vivo...
May 24, 2018: Molecular Cancer
Yanyu Pang, Xiaoyang Hou, Chunsheng Yang, Yanqun Liu, Guan Jiang
Tumor treatment is still complicated in the field of medicine. Tumor immunotherapy has been the most interesting research field in cancer therapy. Application of chimeric antigen receptor T (CAR-T) cell therapy has recently achieved excellent clinical outcome in patients, especially those with CD19-positive hematologic malignancies. This phenomenon has induced intense interest to develop CAR-T cell therapy for cancer, especially for solid tumors. However, the performance of CAR-T cell treatment in solid tumor is not as satisfactory as that in hematologic disease...
May 16, 2018: Molecular Cancer
Xirui Liu, Yingjian Liang, Ruipeng Song, Guangchao Yang, Jihua Han, Yaliang Lan, Shangha Pan, Mingxi Zhu, Yao Liu, Yan Wang, Fanzheng Meng, Yifeng Cui, Jiabei Wang, Bo Zhang, Xuan Song, Zhaoyang Lu, Tongsen Zheng, Lianxin Liu
BACKGROUND: Abnormal metabolism, including abnormal lipid metabolism, is a hallmark of cancer cells. Some studies have demonstrated that the lipogenic pathway might promote the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the role of the lipolytic pathway in HCC has not been elucidated. METHODS: We compared levels of adipose triglyceride lipase (ATGL) in human HCC and healthy liver tissues by real time PCR, western blot and immunohistochemistry. We measured diacylglycerol(DAG) and free fatty acid (FFA) levels in HCC cells driven by the NEAT1-ATGL axis and in HCC tissues...
May 15, 2018: Molecular Cancer
Mengqin Shen, Xiaoping Zhao, Li Zhao, Liang Shi, Shuxian An, Gang Huang, Jianjun Liu
TIGAR is a p53 target gene that is known to protect cells from ROS-induced apoptosis by promoting the pentose phosphate pathway. The role of TIGAR in tumor cell invasion and metastasis remains elusive. Here we found that downregulation of TIGAR reduced the invasion and metastasis of NSCLC cells in vitro and in vivo. Immunohistochemical analysis of 72 NSCLC patients showed that TIGAR and Met protein expression was positively correlated with late stages of lung cancer. Besides, patients with high co-expression of TIGAR and Met presented a significantly worse survival...
May 12, 2018: Molecular Cancer
Yong Wang, Xiandong Zeng, Ningning Wang, Wei Zhao, Xi Zhang, Songling Teng, Yueyan Zhang, Zhi Lu
BACKGROUND: Accumulating evidences indicate that non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) including long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) and microRNAs (miRNAs) acting as crucial regulators in osteosarcoma (OS). Previously, we reported that Rho associated coiled-coil containing protein kinase 1 (ROCK1), a metastatic-related gene was negatively regulated by microRNA-335-5p (miR-335-5p) and work as an oncogene in osteosarcoma. Whether any long non-coding RNAs participate in the upstream of miR-335-5p/ROCK1 axial remains unclear...
May 12, 2018: Molecular Cancer
Gang Zhang, Shuwei Li, Jiafei Lu, Yuqiu Ge, Qiaoyan Wang, Gaoxiang Ma, Qinghong Zhao, Dongdong Wu, Weida Gong, Mulong Du, Haiyan Chu, Meilin Wang, Aihua Zhang, Zhengdong Zhang
BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence has shown that dysregulation function of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) implicated in gastric cancer (GC). However, the role of the differentially expressed lncRNAs in GC has not fully explained. METHODS: LncRNA expression profiles were determined by lncRNA microarray in five pairs of normal and GC tissues, further validated in another 75 paired tissues by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). Overexpression of lncRNA MT1JP was conducted to assess the effect of MT1JP in vitro and in vivo...
May 2, 2018: Molecular Cancer
Cheng Lu, Xi Shi, Amanda Y Wang, Yuan Tao, Zhenxiao Wang, Chaoping Huang, Yuehua Qiao, Hongyi Hu, Liangfa Liu
Abnormal expression of non-coding circular RNAs (circRNAs) have been reported in many types of tumors. circRNA have been suggested to be an ideal candidate biomarker for diagnostic and therapeutic implications in cancers. The aim of this study was to assess the circRNA expression profile of laryngeal squamous cell carcinomas (LSCC). The biopsy samples from patients with LSCC were obtained intra-operatively. The circRNA expression was performed using secondary sequencing. Among 10 patients with LSCC, 2 were well differentiated, 3 were moderately differentiated and 5 were adjunctive samples with normal and LSCC tissues...
May 1, 2018: Molecular Cancer
Joëlle El Hajj, Eric Nguyen, Qingyuan Liu, Claire Bouyer, Eric Adriaenssens, George Hilal, Evelyne Ségal-Bendirdjian
BACKGROUND: Since tumor growth requires reactivation of telomerase (hTERT), this enzyme is a challenging target for drug development. Therefore, it is of great interest to identify telomerase expression and activity regulators. Retinoids are well-known inducers of granulocytic maturation associated with hTERT repression in acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) blasts. In a maturation-resistant APL cell line, we have previously identified a new pathway of retinoid-induced hTERT transcriptional repression independent of differentiation...
April 27, 2018: Molecular Cancer
Ling-Yun Lin, Li Yang, Qiang Zeng, Lin Wang, Mao-Li Chen, Ze-Hang Zhao, Guo-Dong Ye, Qi-Cong Luo, Pei-Yu Lv, Qi-Wei Guo, Bo-An Li, Jian-Chun Cai, Wang-Yu Cai
Conventional tumor markers for non-invasive diagnosis of gastric cancer (GC) exhibit insufficient sensitivity and specificity to facilitate detection of early gastric cancer (EGC). We aimed to identify EGC-specific exosomal lncRNA biomarkers that are highly sensitive and stable for the non-invasive diagnosis of EGC. Hence, in the present study, exosomes from the plasma of five healthy individuals and ten stage I GC patients and from culture media of four human primary stomach epithelial cells and four gastric cancer cells (GCCs) were isolated...
April 24, 2018: Molecular Cancer
Cheng-Fei Jiang, Zhu-Mei Shi, Dong-Mei Li, Ying-Chen Qian, Yi Ren, Xiao-Ming Bai, Yun-Xia Xie, Lin Wang, Xin Ge, Wei-Tao Liu, Lin-Lin Zhen, Ling-Zhi Liu, Bing-Hua Jiang
BACKGROUND: Estrogen plays a critical role in breast cancer (BC) progression through estrogen receptor (ER)-mediated gene regulation. Emerging studies suggest that the malignant progress of BC cells is influenced by the cross talk between microRNAs (miRNAs) and ER-α signaling. However, the mechanism and functional linkage between estrogen and miRNAs remain unclear. METHODS: The expression levels of miR-196a and SPRED1 in BC were tested by qRT-PCR in 46 paired BC and adjacent tissues and by the GEO datasets...
April 23, 2018: Molecular Cancer
Zhenqiang Sun, Shuaixi Yang, Quanbo Zhou, Guixian Wang, Junmin Song, Zhen Li, Zhiyong Zhang, Jizhong Xu, Kunkun Xia, Yuan Chang, Jinbo Liu, Weitang Yuan
Exosomes are extracellular vesicles released by many cell types and have been attributed for their roles in many diseases including cancer. Exosomes secreted by tumor cells and stromal cells are critical mediators of intercellular communication in tumor microenvironments. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are selectively sorted into exosomes and can regulate cancer onset and progression in a variety of ways. In this review, we summarize the characteristics of exosomal lncRNAs and their dysregulation in multiple types of cancer...
April 20, 2018: Molecular Cancer
José M García-Heredia, Amancio Carnero
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 12, 2018: Molecular Cancer
Liang Liu, Jimmy Ruiz, Stacey S O'Neill, Stefan C Grant, W Jeffrey Petty, Meng Yang, Kexin Chen, Umit Topaloglu, Boris Pasche, Wei Zhang
Mutations in polymerase ε (POLE) confer favorable prognosis and outcomes in various cancer types, but their role in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is unknown. Utilizing the data of 513 patients with adenocarcinoma (LUAD) and 497 patients with squamous cell carcinoma (LUSC) from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) cohort, we tested the prognostic value of POLE mutations and programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression in the two main subtypes of NSCLC. POLE mutation is a favorable biomarker for the improved overall survival (OS) of the LUSC patients (P = 0...
April 12, 2018: Molecular Cancer
Yaxian Zhong, Yajun Du, Xue Yang, Yongzhen Mo, Chunmei Fan, Fang Xiong, Daixi Ren, Xin Ye, Chunwei Li, Yumin Wang, Fang Wei, Can Guo, Xu Wu, Xiaoling Li, Yong Li, Guiyuan Li, Zhaoyang Zeng, Wei Xiong
Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are connected at the 3' and 5' ends by exon or intron cyclization, forming a complete ring structure. circRNA is more stable and conservative than linear RNA and abounds in various organisms. In recent years, increasing numbers of reports have found that circRNA plays a major role in the biological functions of a network of competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA). circRNAs can compete together with microRNAs (miRNAs) to influence the stability of target RNAs or their translation, thus, regulating gene expression at the transcriptional level...
April 7, 2018: Molecular Cancer
Chunling Ma, Fang Wang, Bing Han, Xiaoli Zhong, Fusheng Si, Jian Ye, Eddy C Hsueh, Lynn Robbins, Susan M Kiefer, Yanping Zhang, Pamela Hunborg, Mark A Varvares, Michael Rauchman, Guangyong Peng
BACKGROUND: SALL1 is a multi-zinc finger transcription factor that regulates organogenesis and stem cell development, but the role of SALL1 in tumor biology and tumorigenesis remains largely unknown. METHODS: We analyzed SALL1 expression levels in human and murine breast cancer cells as well as cancer tissues from different types of breast cancer patients. Using both in vitro co-culture system and in vivo breast tumor models, we investigated how SALL1 expression in breast cancer cells affects tumor cell growth and proliferation, metastasis, and cell fate...
April 6, 2018: Molecular Cancer
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"