Read by QxMD icon Read

Molecular Cancer

Jesus Gonzalez Bosquet, Andreea M Newtson, Rebecca K Chung, Kristina W Thiel, Timothy Ginader, Michael J Goodheart, Kimberly K Leslie, Brian J Smith
BACKGROUND: Nearly one-third of serous ovarian cancer (OVCA) patients will not respond to initial treatment with surgery and chemotherapy and die within one year of diagnosis. If patients who are unlikely to respond to current standard therapy can be identified up front, enhanced tumor analyses and treatment regimens could potentially be offered. Using the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) serous OVCA database, we previously identified a robust molecular signature of 422-genes associated with chemo-response...
October 19, 2016: Molecular Cancer
Valentina Kovaleva, Anna-Lena Geissler, Lisa Lutz, Ralph Fritsch, Frank Makowiec, Sebastian Wiesemann, Ulrich T Hopt, Bernward Passlick, Martin Werner, Silke Lassmann
BACKGROUND: Targeted next generation sequencing (tNGS) has become part of molecular pathology diagnostics for determining RAS mutation status in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients as predictive tool for decision on EGFR-targeted therapy. Here, we investigated mutation profiles of case-matched tissue specimens throughout the disease course of CRC, to further specify RAS-status dynamics and to identify de novo mutations associated with distant metastases. METHODS: Case-matched formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded (FFPE) resection specimens (n = 70; primary tumours, synchronous and/or metachronous liver and/or lung metastases) of 14 CRC cases were subjected to microdissection of normal colonic epithelial, primary and metastatic tumour cells, their DNA extraction and an adapted library protocol for limited DNA using the 48 gene TruSeq Amplicon Cancer Panel(TM), MiSeq sequencing and data analyses (Illumina)...
October 18, 2016: Molecular Cancer
Rashi Arora, Sharad Sawney, Vikas Saini, Chris Steffi, Manisha Tiwari, Daman Saluja
BACKGROUND: A handful of studies have exploited antitumor potential of esculetin, a dihydroxy coumarine derivative; the targets to which it binds and the possible downstream mechanism for its cytotoxicity in cancer cells remain to be elucidated. Using pancreatic cancer cell lines as a model system, herein the study was initiated to check the efficacy of esculetin in inhibiting growth of these cancer cells, to decipher mechanism of its action and to predict its direct binding target protein...
October 18, 2016: Molecular Cancer
Mario A Cepeda, Jacob J H Pelling, Caitlin L Evered, Karla C Williams, Zoey Freedman, Ioana Stan, Jessica A Willson, Hon S Leong, Sashko Damjanovski
BACKGROUND: Membrane Type-1 Matrix Metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) is a multifunctional protease implicated in metastatic progression ostensibly due to its ability to degrade extracellular matrix (ECM) components and allow migration of cells through the basement membrane. Despite in vitro studies demonstrating this principle, this knowledge has not translated into the use of MMP inhibitors (MMPi) as effective cancer therapeutics, or been corroborated by evidence of in vivo ECM degradation mediated by MT1-MMP, suggesting that our understanding of the role of MT1-MMP in cancer progression is incomplete...
October 18, 2016: Molecular Cancer
Ada W Y Leung, Tanya de Silva, Marcel B Bally, William W Lockwood
Lung cancer is a heterogeneous disease consisting of multiple histological subtypes each driven by unique genetic alterations. Despite the development of targeted therapies that inhibit the oncogenic mutations driving a subset of lung cancer cases, there is a paucity of effective treatments for the majority of lung cancer patients and new strategies are urgently needed. In recent years, the concept of synthetic lethality has been established as an effective approach for discovering novel cancer-specific targets as well as a method to improve the efficacy of existing drugs which provide partial but insufficient benefits for patients...
September 29, 2016: Molecular Cancer
Chunyang Jiang, Xin Li, Hui Zhao, Huibin Liu
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play important roles in malignant neoplasia. Indeed, many hallmarks of cancer define that the malignant phenotype of tumor cells are controlled by lncRNAs. Despite a growing number of studies highlighting their importance in cancer, there has been no systematic review of metastasis-associated lncRNAs in various cancer types. Accordingly, we focus on the key metastasis-related lncRNAs and outline their expression status in cancer tissues by reviewing the previous stuides, in order to summarize the nowadays research achivements for lncRNAs related to cancer metastasis...
September 29, 2016: Molecular Cancer
Sarah Schrödter, Martin Braun, Isabella Syring, Niklas Klümper, Mario Deng, Doris Schmidt, Sven Perner, Stefan C Müller, Jörg Ellinger
BACKGROUND: Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is among the most common human malignancies. METHODS: In order to provide better understanding of the molecular biology of ccRCC and to identify potential diagnostic/prognostic biomarker and therapeutic targets, we utilized a microarray to profile mRNA expression of corresponding normal and malignant renal tissues. Real-time PCR, Western Blot and immunohistochemistry were applied to study the expression of candidate biomarkers...
February 2, 2016: Molecular Cancer
Xiaoqiang Zhu, Xianglong Tian, Chenyang Yu, Chaoqin Shen, Tingting Yan, Jie Hong, Zheng Wang, Jing-Yuan Fang, Haoyan Chen
BACKGROUND: Increasing evidence suggests long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are frequently aberrantly expressed in cancers, however, few related lncRNA signatures have been established for prediction of cancer prognosis. We aimed at developing alncRNA signature to improve prognosis prediction of gastric cancer (GC). METHODS: Using a lncRNA-mining approach, we performed lncRNA expression profiling in large GC cohorts from Gene Expression Ominus (GEO), including GSE62254 data set (N = 300) and GSE15459 data set (N = 192)...
2016: Molecular Cancer
Niranjan Jeganathan, Dan Predescu, Jin Zhang, Fei Sha, Cristina Bardita, Monal Patel, Stephen Wood, Jeffrey A Borgia, Robert A Balk, Sanda Predescu
BACKGROUND: The mechanisms involved in lung cancer (LC) progression are poorly understood making discovery of successful therapies difficult. Adaptor proteins play a crucial role in cancer as they link cell surface receptors to specific intracellular pathways. Intersectin-1s (ITSN-1s) is an important multidomain adaptor protein implicated in the pathophysiology of numerous pulmonary diseases. To date, the role of ITSN-1s in LC has not been studied. METHODS: Human LC cells, human LC tissue and A549 LC cells stable transfected with myc-ITSN-1s construct (A549 + ITSN-1s) were used in correlation with biochemical, molecular biology and morphological studies...
2016: Molecular Cancer
Denis Lane, Isabelle Matte, Claude Laplante, Perrine Garde-Granger, Alex Carignan, Paul Bessette, Claudine Rancourt, Alain Piché
BACKGROUND: Ovarian cancer (OC) ascites consist in a proinflammatory tumor environment that is characterized by the presence of various cytokines, chemokines and growth factors. The presence of these inflammatory-related factors in ascites is associated with a more aggressive tumor phenotype. CCL18 is a member of CCL chemokines and its expression has been associated with poor prognosis in some cancers. However, its role in OC progression has not been established. Therefore, the aim of the current study was to elucidate the role of ascites CCL18 in OC progression...
2016: Molecular Cancer
Bo Tang, Guangying Qi, Xiaoyu Sun, Fang Tang, Shengguang Yuan, Zhenran Wang, Xingsi Liang, Bo Li, Shuiping Yu, Jie Liu, Qi Huang, Yangchao Wei, Run Zhai, Biao Lei, Xinjin Guo, Songqing He
BACKGROUND: Liver cancer is one of the main causes of cancer-related death in human. HOXA7 has been proved to be related with several cancers. METHOD: The expression levels of HOXA7 were examined by Western blot, qRT-PCR or ICH. MTT was used to detect the proliferative rate of liver cancer cells. The invasive abilities were examined by matrigel and transwell assay. The metastatic abilities of liver cancer cells were revealed in BALB/c nude mice. RESULTS: In this report, we revealed that HOXA7 promoted metastasis of HCC patients...
2016: Molecular Cancer
Emenike K Onyido, Eloise Sweeney, Abdolrahman Shams Nateri
Over the past few years, microRNAs (miRNAs) have not only emerged as integral regulators of gene expression at the post-transcriptional level but also respond to signalling molecules to affect cell function(s). miRNAs crosstalk with a variety of the key cellular signalling networks such as Wnt, transforming growth factor-β and Notch, control stem cell activity in maintaining tissue homeostasis, while if dysregulated contributes to the initiation and progression of cancer. Herein, we overview the molecular mechanism(s) underlying the crosstalk between Wnt-signalling components (canonical and non-canonical) and miRNAs, as well as changes in the miRNA/Wnt-signalling components observed in the different forms of cancer...
2016: Molecular Cancer
Yaqi Li, Lei Liang, Weixing Dai, Guoxiang Cai, Ye Xu, Xinxiang Li, Qingguo Li, Sanjun Cai
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is 3rd most commonly diagnosed cancer in males and the second in females. PD-1/PD-L1 axis, as an immune checkpoint, is up-regulated in many tumors and their microenvironment. However, the prognostic value of PD-1/PD-L1 in CRC remains unclear. METHODS: The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database (N = 356) and Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center (FUSCC) cohort of patients (N = 276) were adopted to analyze the prognostic value of PD-L1 in colorectal tumor cells (TCs) and of PD-1 in tumor infiltrating cells (TILs) for CRC...
2016: Molecular Cancer
Franziska Mußbach, Hendrik Ungefroren, Bernd Günther, Kathrin Katenkamp, Petra Henklein, Martin Westermann, Utz Settmacher, Lennart Lenk, Susanne Sebens, Jörg P Müller, Frank-Dietmar Böhmer, Roland Kaufmann
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have established that proteinase-activated receptor 2 (PAR2) promotes migration and invasion of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells, suggesting a role in HCC progression. Here, we assessed the impact of PAR2 in HCC stromal cells on HCC growth using LX-2 hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) and Hep3B cells as model. METHODS: PAR2 expression and function in LX-2 cells was analysed by RT-PCR, confocal immunofluorescence, electron microscopy, and [Ca(2+)]i measurements, respectively...
2016: Molecular Cancer
Agustí Toll, Rocío Salgado, Blanca Espinet, Angel Díaz-Lagares, Eugenia Hernández-Ruiz, Evelyn Andrades, Juan Sandoval, Manel Esteller, Ramón M Pujol, Inmaculada Hernández-Muñoz
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) is the second most common skin cancer and frequently progresses from an actinic keratosis (AK), a sun-induced keratinocyte intraepithelial neoplasia (KIN). Epigenetic mechanisms involved in the phenomenon of progression from AK to cSCC remain to be elicited. METHODS: Expression of microRNAs in sun-exposed skin, AK and cSCC was analysed by Agilent microarrays. DNA methylation of miR-204 promoter was determined by bisulphite treatment and pyrosequencing...
2016: Molecular Cancer
Mei Xu, Zhenhua Ren, Xin Wang, Ashley Comer, Jacqueline A Frank, Zun-Ji Ke, Yi Huang, Zhuo Zhang, Xianglin Shi, Siying Wang, Jia Luo
BACKGROUND: Both epidemiological and experimental studies suggest that excessive alcohol exposure increases the risk for breast cancer and enhances metastasis/recurrence. We have previously demonstrated that alcohol enhanced the migration/invasion of breast cancer cells and cancer cells overexpressing ErbB2/HER2 were more sensitive to alcohol exposure. However, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. This study was designed to investigate the mechanisms underlying alcohol-enhanced aggressiveness of breast cancer...
2016: Molecular Cancer
Zhenyue He, Jun Yi, Xiaolong Liu, Jing Chen, Siqi Han, Li Jin, Longbang Chen, Haizhu Song
BACKGROUND: Dysregulation of microRNAs (miRNAs) have been demonstrated to contribute to carcinogenesis. MiR-143-3p has been identified to function as a tumor suppressor in several tumors, but the role of miR-143-3p in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) has not been intensively investigated. Our aim was to evaluate the potential role of miR-143-3p in the progression of ESCC. METHODS: The expression levels of miR-143-3p and QKI-5 protein were measured in 80 resected ESCC tumor specimens and the clinicopathological significance of these levels determined...
2016: Molecular Cancer
Stylianos Serghiou, Aikaterini Kyriakopoulou, John P A Ioannidis
BACKGROUND: Expression of various long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) may affect cancer prognosis. Here, we aim to gather and examine all evidence on the potential role of lncRNAs as novel predictors of survival in human cancer. METHODS: We systematically searched through PubMed, to identify all published studies reporting on the association between any individual lncRNA or group of lncRNAs with prognosis in human cancer (death or other clinical outcomes). Where appropriate, we then performed quantitative synthesis of those results using meta-analytic methods to identify the true effect size of lncRNAs on cancer prognosis...
2016: Molecular Cancer
Yumi Miyazaki, Shyuichirou Matsubara, Qiang Ding, Koichiro Tsukasa, Makoto Yoshimitsu, Ken-Ichiro Kosai, Sonshin Takao
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic cancer is one of the most lethal malignancies. The innovative treatments are required and now the cancer stem cells (CSCs) are expected to be an effective target for novel therapies. Therefore we investigated the significance of hedgehog (Hh) signaling in the maintenance of CSC-like properties of pancreatic cancer cells, in order to discover the key molecules controlling their unique properties. METHODS: Human pancreatic cancer cell lines, Capan-1, PANC-1, MIA PaCa-2 and Capan-1 M9 were used for our experiments in DMEM/F12 medium containing 10 % fetal bovine serum...
2016: Molecular Cancer
Koji Nakamura, Kenjiro Sawada, Akihiko Yoshimura, Yasuto Kinose, Erika Nakatsuka, Tadashi Kimura
Ovarian cancer is the leading cause of death among gynecologic malignancies. Since ovarian cancer develops asymptomatically, it is often diagnosed at an advanced and incurable stage. Despite many years of research, there is still a lack of reliable diagnostic markers and methods for early detection and screening. Recently, it was discovered that cell-free microRNAs (miRNAs) circulate in the body fluids of healthy and diseased patients, suggesting that they may serve as a novel diagnostic marker. This review summarizes the current knowledge regarding the potential clinical relevance of circulating cell-free miRNA for ovarian cancer diagnosis, prognosis, and therapeutics...
2016: Molecular Cancer
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"