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Lipids in Health and Disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420383/ppbp-and-defa1-defa3-genes-in-hyperlipidaemia-as-feasible-synergistic-inflammatory-biomarkers-for-coronary-heart-disease
#1
Yaowapa Maneerat, Kriengchai Prasongsukarn, Surachet Benjathummarak, Wilanee Dechkhajorn
BACKGROUND: Coronary heart disease (CHD) is an important complication of atherosclerosis. Biomarkers, which associate with CHD development, are potential to predict CHD risk. To determine whether genes showing altered expression in hyperlipidaemia (H) and coronary heart disease (CHD) patients compared with controls could be CHD risk biomarkers. METHODS: Control, H, and CHD groups represented atherosclerosis to CHD development. Gene profiling was investigated in peripheral blood mononuclear cells using DNA microarrays...
April 19, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410612/milk-protein-based-formulas-containing-different-oils-affect-fatty-acids-balance-in-term-infants-a-randomized-blinded-crossover-clinical-trial
#2
Carolina Oliveira de Souza, Maria Efigênia Q Leite, John Lasekan, Geraldine Baggs, Lorena Silva Pinho, Janice Izabel Druzian, Tereza Cristina M Ribeiro, Ângela P Mattos, José A Menezes-Filho, Hugo Costa-Ribeiro
BACKGROUND: Palm olein is used in infant formula fat blends in order to match the fatty acid profile of human milk. While the effects on fatty acid balance have been evaluated, the use of palm olein in combination with palm kernel oil and supplementation with docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and arachidonic acid (ARA) has not been similarly assessed in infants. This study evaluated the effects of infant formulas containing different fat compositions on the balance of fat, fatty acids, and calcium...
April 14, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410598/prevalence-of-overweight-and-obesity-among-police-officers-in-riyadh-city-and-risk-factors-for-cardiovascular-disease
#3
Abdullah S Alghamdi, Mohammed A Yahya, Ghedeir M Alshammari, Magdi A Osman
BACKGROUND: Despite the prevalence of overweight and obesity and increases in associated diseases such as diabetes and heart disease in the Saudi population, no studies have addressed the spread of obesity among Saudi police officers. Therefore, the present study aimed to assess the prevalence of overweight and obesity and associations with biochemical parameters among the police in Riyadh. METHOD: The study involved a cross-sectional survey of 160 police officers in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia...
April 14, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407767/e167k-polymorphism-of-tm6sf2-gene-affects-cell-cycle-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cell-hepa-1-6
#4
Shuixian Du, Linlin Lu, Yingxia Miao, Wenwen Jin, Changfei Li, Yongning Xin, Shiying Xuan
BACKGROUND: Some studties reported that the polymorphism of TM6SF2 gene E167K affects the occurrence and the progression of hepatocytes carcinoma (hepatocellular, HCC). In oeder to investigate the effects of the polymorphism of TM6SF2 gene E167K in the pathogenesis of HCC, we explored its influence on the cell cycle in hepatocellular carcinoma cell HEPA1-6. METHODS: HEPA 1-6 cells which could respectively overexpress TM6SF2 wild type and E167K variant were cultured and HEPA 1-6 cells with zero load plasmids were used as matched control...
April 13, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407763/klotho-ameliorates-oxidized-low-density-lipoprotein-ox-ldl-induced-oxidative-stress-via-regulating-lox-1-and-pi3k-akt-enos-pathways
#5
Yansheng Yao, Yanbing Wang, Yibo Zhang, Chang Liu
BACKGROUND: Atherosclerosis is a common cardiovascular disease that causes myocardial infarction, heart failure, and stroke. Increased oxidized low density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) in the sub-endothelium is the characteristic origin of atherogenesis. Klotho, an anti-aging protein, has been reported to protect against atherosclerosis and ameliorate endothelial dysfunction in vivo. The aim of this study is to investigatethe anti-oxidative activity of Klothoin ox-LDL-treated human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs)...
April 13, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403877/a-comparison-of-effects-of-dpp-4-inhibitor-and-sglt2-inhibitor-on-lipid-profile-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#6
Seon-Ah Cha, Yong-Moon Park, Jae-Seung Yun, Tae-Seok Lim, Ki-Ho Song, Ki-Dong Yoo, Yu-Bae Ahn, Seung-Hyun Ko
BACKGROUND: Previous studies suggest that dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors and sodium glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors have different effects on the lipid profile in patients with type 2 diabetes. We investigated the effects of DPP-4 inhibitors and SGLT2 inhibitors on the lipid profile in patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: From January 2013 to December 2015, a total of 228 patients with type 2 diabetes who were receiving a DPP-4 inhibitor or SGLT2 inhibitor as add-on therapy to metformin and/or a sulfonylurea were consecutively enrolled...
April 13, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403892/lipids-bearing-extruded-spheronized-pellets-for-extended-release-of-poorly-soluble-antiemetic-agent-meclizine-hcl
#7
Faaiza Qazi, Muhammad Harris Shoaib, Rabia Ismail Yousuf, Muhammad Iqbal Nasiri, Kamran Ahmed, Mansoor Ahmad
BACKGROUND: Antiemetic agent Meclizine HCl, widely prescribed in vertigo, is available only in immediate release dosage forms. The approved therapeutic dose and shorter elimination half-life make Meclizine HCl a potential candidate to be formulated in extended release dosage form. This study was aimed to develop extended release Meclizine HCl pellets by extrusion spheronization using natural and synthetic lipids. Influence of lipid type, drug/lipid ratio and combinations of different lipids on drug release and sphericity of pellets were evaluated...
April 12, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399852/association-of-classical-markers-and-establishment-of-the-dyslipidemic-sub-phenotype-of-sickle-cell-anemia
#8
Milena Magalhães Aleluia, Caroline Conceição da Guarda, Rayra Pereira Santiago, Teresa Cristina Cardoso Fonseca, Fábia Idalina Neves, Regiana Quinto de Souza, Larissa Alves Farias, Felipe Araújo Pimenta, Luciana Magalhães Fiuza, Thassila Nogueira Pitanga, Júnia Raquel Dutra Ferreira, Elisângela Vitória Adorno, Bruno Antônio Veloso Cerqueira, Marilda de Souza Gonçalves
BACKGROUND: Sickle cell anemia (SCA) patients exhibit sub-phenotypes associated to hemolysis and vaso-occlusion. The disease has a chronic inflammatory nature that has been also associated to alterations in the lipid profile. This study aims to analyze hematological and biochemical parameters to provide knowledge about the SCA sub-phenotypes previously described and suggest a dyslipidemic sub-phenotype. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted from 2013 to 2014, and 99 SCA patients in steady state were enrolled...
April 11, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395666/hydroxytyrosol-prevents-reduction-in-liver-activity-of-%C3%AE-5-and-%C3%AE-6-desaturases-oxidative-stress-and-depletion-in-long-chain-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-content-in-different-tissues-of-high-fat-diet-fed-mice
#9
Rodrigo Valenzuela, Francisca Echeverria, Macarena Ortiz, Miguel Ángel Rincón-Cervera, Alejandra Espinosa, María Catalina Hernandez-Rodas, Paola Illesca, Alfonso Valenzuela, Luis A Videla
BACKGROUND: Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, C20:5n-3), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, C22:6n-3) and arachidonic acid (AA, C20:4n-6) are long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFAs) with relevant roles in the organism. EPA and DHA are synthesized from the precursor alpha-linolenic acid (ALA, C18:3n-3), whereas AA is produced from linoleic acid (LA, C18:2n-6) through the action of Δ5 and Δ6-desaturases. High-fat diet (HFD) decreases the activity of both desaturases and LCPUFA accretion in liver and other tissues...
April 11, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388900/surface-enhanced-raman-spectroscopy-of-blood-serum-based-on-gold-nanoparticles-for-the-diagnosis-of-the-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#10
Yingyun Tan, Bing Yan, Lili Xue, Yi Li, Xianyang Luo, Ping Ji
BACKGROUND: Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is becoming more common across the globe. The prognosis of OSCC is largely dependent on the early detection. But the routine oral cavity examination may delay the diagnosis because the early oral malignant lesions may be clinically indistinguishable from benign or inflammatory diseases. In this study, the new diagnostic method is developed by using the surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) to detect the serum samples from the cancer patients...
April 7, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376899/effects-of-3%C3%A2-g-of-soluble-fiber-from-oats-on-lipid-levels-of-asian-indians-a-randomized-controlled-parallel-arm-study
#11
Seema Gulati, Anoop Misra, Ravindra M Pandey
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases are more prevalent and severe in Asian Indians. Simple diet-based strategies are important for prevention of cardiovascular diseases.The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of oats consumption on lipid parameters in mildly hypercholesterolemic Asian Indians living in India. METHODS: A short-term, prospective, open-labeled, randomized controlled, parallel group study was conducted. Mildly hypercholesterolemic (total cholesterol >200 mg/dL and <240 mg/dL) subjects (n = 80) were randomized into two groups: intervention (n = 40) and usual diet (n = 40)...
April 4, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376804/estrogen-lowers-triglyceride-via-regulating-hepatic-apoa5-expression
#12
Fei Luo, Yuan Guo, Gui-Yun Ruan, Ran Peng, Xiang-Ping Li
Estrogen had been found to be negatively associated with serum triglyceride (TG) levels. Apolipoprotein A5 (APOA5), a novel member of apolipoprotein family, was reported to have a strong ability to decrease serum concentrations of TG. Clinical data found concentrations of APOA5 were higher in woman than that in men, and the negative relationship between APOA5 and TG levels was more significant in woman. These suggests APOA5 may involve in estrogen actions. Therefore, we hypothesize estrogen up-regulates serum concentrations of APOA5 and subsequently decreases serum TG levels...
April 4, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376799/new-association-of-bone-morphogenetic-protein-4-concentrations-with-fat-distribution-in-obesity-and-exenatide-intervention-on-it
#13
Xingchun Wang, Jiaqi Chen, Liang Li, Cui Ling Zhu, Jingyang Gao, Sharvan Rampersad, Le Bu, Shen Qu
BACKGROUND: Bone morphogenetic protein 4 (BMP-4) has been proven to regulate white adipogensis. We aimed to demonstrate the correlation of BMP-4 with fat distribution and Exenatide treatment on it. METHODS: We enrolled 69 obese patients. Anthropometric and metabolic indexes were collected. Fat distribution was measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. BPM-4 levels were assessed using enzyme-link immunosorbent assay kit. 30 obese patients were treated with Exenatide twice a day...
April 4, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372564/low-apoa-i-is-associated-with-insulin-resistance-in-patients-with-impaired-glucose-tolerance-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Xiaomeng Feng, Xia Gao, Zhi Yao, Yuan Xu
BACKGROUND: Low apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) is an independent risk factor for atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases. Insulin resistance predicts the progression of abnormal glucose metabolism, which is the main cause of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. In this study, we assessed the potential association between apoA-I levels and insulin resistance in patients with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and the possible link between apoA-I and IGT. METHODS: This study evaluated a cross-sectional study of 108 participants with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT group) and 84 controls (control group)...
April 4, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372558/fatty-acid-composition-in-serum-cholesterol-esters-and-phospholipids-is-linked-to-visceral-and-subcutaneous-adipose-tissue-content-in-elderly-individuals-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Fredrik Rosqvist, Helena Bjermo, Joel Kullberg, Lars Johansson, Karl Michaëlsson, Håkan Ahlström, Lars Lind, Ulf Risérus
BACKGROUND: Visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and truncal fat predict cardiometabolic disease. Intervention trials suggest that saturated fatty acids (SFA), e.g. palmitic acid, promote abdominal and liver fat storage whereas polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), e.g. linoleic acid, prevent fat accumulation. Such findings require investigation in population-based studies of older individuals. We aimed to investigate the relationships of serum biomarkers of PUFA intake as well as serum levels of palmitic acid, with abdominal and total adipose tissue content...
April 4, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359317/a-single-nucleotide-polymorphism-in-the-fads1-gene-is-associated-with-plasma-fatty-acid-and-lipid-profiles-and-might-explain-gender-difference-in-body-fat-distribution
#16
Huilan Guo, Lichao Zhang, Chaonan Zhu, Fei Yang, Shanshan Wang, Shankuan Zhu, Xiaoguang Ma
BACKGROUND: Genotyping of the rs174547 polymorphism in the fatty acid desaturase 1 gene (FADS1) shows that it is associated with the FA composition of plasma phospholipids and lipid metabolic indices among several ethnic groups. However, this association requires further confirmation in the Chinese population, and little is known about the effect of polymorphisms in fatty acid-related genes on body fat distribution. METHODS: Anthropometric measurements of 951 Chinese adults aged 18-79 were obtained and body fat distribution was estimated using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry...
March 31, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359281/17%C3%AE-estradiol-regulates-the-expression-of-apolipoprotein-m-through-estrogen-receptor-%C3%AE-specific-binding-motif-in-its-promoter
#17
Jiang Wei, Yang Yu, Guang-Hua Luo, Yue-Hua Feng, Yuan-Ping Shi, Jun Zhang, Qin-Feng Mu, Miao-Mei Yu, Li-Li Pan, Maria Berggren-Söderlund, Peter Nilsson-Ehle, Xiao-Ying Zhang, Ning Xu
BACKGROUND: We have previously demonstrated that estrogen could significantly enhance expression of apolipoprotein M (apoM), whereas the molecular basis of its mechanism is not fully elucidated yet. To further investigate the mechanism behind the estrogen induced up-regulation of apoM expression. RESULTS: Our results demonstrated either free 17β-estradiol (E2) or membrane-impermeable bovine serum albumin-conjugated E2 (E2-BSA) could modulate human apoM gene expression via the estrogen receptor alpha (ER-α) pathway in the HepG2 cells...
March 31, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356106/protective-effects-of-various-ratios-of-dha-epa-supplementation-on-high-fat-diet-induced-liver-damage-in-mice
#18
Tingting Shang, Liang Liu, Jia Zhou, Mingzhen Zhang, Qinling Hu, Min Fang, Yongning Wu, Ping Yao, Zhiyong Gong
BACKGROUND: A sedentary lifestyle and poor diet are risk factors for the progression of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. However, the pathogenesis of hepatic lipid accumulation is not completely understood. Therefore, the present study explored the effects of dietary supplementation of various ratios of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) on a high-fat diet-induced lipid metabolism disorder and the concurrent liver damage. METHODS: Using high-fat diet-fed C57BL/6 J mice as the animal model, diets of various ratios of DHA/EPA (2:1, 1:1, and 1:2) with an n-6/n-3 ratio of 4:1 were prepared using fish and algae oils enriched in DHA and/or EPA and sunflower seed oils to a small extent instead of the high-fat diet...
March 29, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335787/risk-factors-of-atherosclerotic-tissue-types-in-single-vessel-and-intermediate-coronary-lesions-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Xianjin Wang, Qun Chen, Yu Xu, Yanqing Wang, Yang Yang, Ming Gu, Haihua Xu, Yanfang Zhao
BACKGROUND: Few data exist that correlate lesion-related risk factors such as conventional cardiovascular risks or lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) with tissue types within atherosclerotic plaques in patients with single-vessel and intermediate coronary lesions. METHODS: One hundred and ninety-two patients with single-vessel and intermediate coronary lesions were enrolled in a cross-sectional study and divided into two groups: stable angina pectoris (SAP) and acute coronary syndrome (ACS) groups...
March 23, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335773/oral-administration-of-propionic-acid-during-lactation-enhances-the-colonic-barrier-function
#20
Zhaobo Xia, Yijiang Han, Ke Wang, Shikun Guo, Dazhou Wu, Xiaozhong Huang, Zhongrong Li, Libin Zhu
BACKGROUND: Propionic acid is a three-carbon short chain fatty acid (SCFA) that has various effects on colonic functions. Although several studies have shown the effects of propionic acid on intestinal mucosal barrier function, studies of the promotion effect during pre-weaning are rare in the literature as far as we know. METHODS: Pre-weaning male Sprague-Dawley rats 7 days after birth were given an oral 0.2 mL/10 g of 200 mM propionic acid solution in the propionic acid group or normal saline solution in the control group by gavage twice a day for ten days...
March 23, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
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