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Lipids in Health and Disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738905/visceral-fat-mass-is-it-the-link-between-uric-acid-and-diabetes-risk
#1
Neda Seyed-Sadjadi, Jade Berg, Ayse A Bilgin, Ross Grant
BACKGROUND: Uric acid (UA) has been suggested as a novel risk factor for diabetes. However, its definite role in this prevalent disease is still the subject of much discussion because it is always accompanied with other major risk factors such as obesity and high visceral adiposity. In order to clarify the role of UA in diabetes, this study aimed to investigate the associations between plasma UA and fasting plasma glucose, HbA1c, lipid profile and inflammatory markers after accounting for the contribution of other diabetes risk factors such as BMI and VAT fat mass...
July 24, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738856/acute-changes-in-blood-lipid-profiles-and-metabolic-risk-factors-in-collegiate-elite-taekwondo-athletes-after-short-term-de-training-a-prospective-insight-for-athletic-health-management
#2
Yu-Chi Sung, Yi-Hung Liao, Chung-Yu Chen, Yu-Liang Chen, Chun-Chung Chou
BACKGROUND: This study used a short-term de-training model to mimic the physiological weight changes during the early retirement stage in Taekwondo (TKD) athletes. This study investigates whether the negative changes in body composition, blood lipid profiles, and metabolic biomarkers occur in elite collegiate TKD athletes when experiencing a two-months de-training period. METHODS: Fourteen collegiate Division Ι elite TKD athletes (age: 21.1 ± 0.2 years, BMI: 22...
July 24, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738813/efficacy-and-safety-of-proprotein-convertase-subtilisin-kexin-type-9-pcsk9-inhibitors-alirocumab-and-evolocumab-a-post-commercialization-study
#3
Joshua Choi, Amir M Khan, Michael Jarmin, Naila Goldenberg, Charles J Glueck, Ping Wang
BACKGROUND: Efficacy-safety of proprotein convertase subtilisin-kexin type 9 (PCSK9) inhibitors, alirocumab (ALI) and evolocumab (EVO), have previously been evaluated through controlled clinical trials with selective patient groups. Post-commercially, in 69 patients with heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (HeFH) and/or cardiovascular disease (CVD) with suboptimal LDL cholesterol (LDLC) lowering on maximal tolerated LDLC therapy, we assessed efficacy and safety of ALI and EVO. METHODS: Post-commercially, we started 29 patients on ALI 75 mg, 18 on ALI 150 mg, and 22 on EVO 140 mg every 2 weeks added to a maximally tolerated LDLC-lowering regimen...
July 24, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732508/lysophosphatidic-acid-plasma-concentrations-in-healthy-subjects-circadian-rhythm-and-associations-with-demographic-anthropometric-and-biochemical-parameters
#4
Anna Michalczyk, Marta Budkowska, Barbara Dołęgowska, Dariusz Chlubek, Krzysztof Safranow
BACKGROUND: Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is a bioactive lipid with a wide biological activity. Previous studies have shown its potential usefulness as a diagnostic marker for ovarian cancer. The aim of the study was to investigate which factors may influence plasma LPA concentrations in healthy subjects and to propose reference values. METHODS: The study group consisted of 100 healthy subjects. From all of them the blood samples were taken at 7 a.m. (fasting state)...
July 21, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732499/association-between-serum-osteocalcin-and-glucose-lipid-metabolism-in-chinese-han-and-uygur-populations-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-xinjiang-two-cross-sectional-studies
#5
Yuan Chen, Qiang Zhao, Guoli Du, Yancheng Xu
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have shown osteocalcin (OC) plays an important role in regulating glucose and lipid metabolism. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the association of OC with glucose and lipid metabolism in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in the Chinese Han and Uygur population. METHODS: A total of 1397 T2DM patients (705 Han and 692 Uygur T2DM patients) were enrolled in the present study. Lipid profile, glucose metabolic indices and total OC (TOC) were measured...
July 21, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701173/15-oxoeicosatetraenoic-acid-mediates-monocyte-adhesion-to-endothelial-cell
#6
Guohua Ma, Bing Pan, Sufen Ren, Caixia Guo, Yansong Guo, Lixin Wei, Lemin Zheng, Buxing Chen
BACKGROUND: A great number of studies reported that 12/15-lipoxygenase (12/15-LO) played an important role in atherosclerosis. And its arachidonic acid(AA) metabolite, 15(S)-hydroperoxy-5,8,11,13-(Z,Z,Z,E)-eicosatetraenoic acid (15(S)-HETE), is demonstrated to mediate endothelial dysfunction. 15-oxo-5,8,11,13-(Z,Z,Z,E)-eicosatetraenoic acid (15-oxo-ETE) was formed from 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase (PGDH)-mediated oxidation of 15(S)-HETE. However, relatively little is known about the biological effects of 15-oxo-ETE in cardiovascular disease...
July 12, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701171/identification-and-characterization-of-single-nucleotide-polymorphism-markers-in-fads2-gene-associated-with-olive-oil-fatty-acids-composition
#7
Rayda Ben Ayed, Karim Ennouri, Hajer Ben Hlima, Slim Smaoui, Mohsen Hanana, Rim Mzid, Sezai Ercişli, Ahmed Rebai
BACKGROUND: Genotyping of the FAD2.1 and FAD2.3 polymorphisms in the fatty acid desaturase 2 gene (FADS2) shows that they are associated with the fatty acids composition of olive oil samples. However, these associations require further confirmation in the Tunisian olive oil cultivars, and little is known about the effect of polymorphisms in fatty acid-related genes on olive oil mono- and poly- unsaturated fatty acids distribution. METHODS: A set of olive oils from 12 Tunisian cultivars was chosen...
July 12, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697730/dietary-supplementation-of-%C3%AE-linolenic-acid-induced-conversion-of-n-3-lcpufas-and-reduced-prostate-cancer-growth-in-a-mouse-model
#8
Jingjing Li, Zhennan Gu, Yong Pan, Shunhe Wang, Haiqin Chen, Hao Zhang, Wei Chen, Yong Q Chen
BACKGROUND: α-linolenic acid (ALA) is an n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) and the substrate for long-chain n-3 PUFAs. The beneficial effects of ALA on chronic diseases are still in dispute, unlike those of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). METHODS: The primary objective of this investigation was to evaluate the efficiency of ALA uptake from a vegetable oil source and its subsequent conversion to n-3 long-chain PUFAs (LCPUFAs) in the tissues of growing mice, and to investigate its protective role in a prostate cancer animal model...
July 11, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693506/intracellular-high-cholesterol-content-disorders-the-clock-genes-apoptosis-related-genes-and-fibrinolytic-related-genes-rhythmic-expressions-in-human-plaque-derived-vascular-smooth-muscle-cells
#9
Changpo Lin, Xiao Tang, Lirong Xu, Ruizhe Qian, Zhenyu Shi, Lixin Wang, Tingting Cai, Dong Yan, Weiguo Fu, Daqiao Guo
BACKGROUND: The clock genes are involved in regulating cardiovascular functions, and their expression disorders would lead to circadian rhythm disruptions of clock-controlled genes (CCGs), resulting in atherosclerotic plaque formation and rupture. Our previous study revealed the rhythmic expression of clock genes were attenuated in human plaque-derived vascular smooth muscle cells (PVSMCs), but failed to detect the downstream CCGs expressions and the underlying molecular mechanism. In this study, we examined the difference of CCGs rhythmic expression between human normal carotid VSMCs (NVSMCs) and PVSMCs...
July 10, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687076/baccaurea-angulata-fruit-juice-reduces-atherosclerotic-lesions-in-diet-induced-hypercholesterolemic-rabbits
#10
Muhammad Ibrahim, Idris Adewale Ahmed, Maryam Abimbola Mikail, Afeez Adekunle Ishola, Samsul Draman, Muhammad Lokman Md Isa, Afzan Mat Yusof
BACKGROUND: Atherosclerosis is the most common disease of large and medium-sized arteries linked to oxidative stress, dyslipidemia as well as chronic inflammation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential health benefits of Baccaurea angulata (BA) fruit juice on the aorta of diet-induced hypercholesterolemic rabbits, to detect an accumulation of fatty streak and evaluate the percentage of atherosclerotic lesion accrued. METHODS: Thirty-five healthy male adults New Zealand White rabbits were assigned to seven different groups...
July 7, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679444/erratum-to-hypercholesterolemia-downregulates-autophagy-in-the-rat-heart
#11
Zoltán Giricz, Gábor Koncsos, Tomáš Rajtík, Zoltán V Varga, Tamás Baranyai, Csaba Csonka, Adrián Szobi, Adriana Adameová, Roberta A Gottlieb, Péter Ferdinandy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 5, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679436/effects-of-aerobic-exercise-on-lipids-and-lipoproteins
#12
REVIEW
Yating Wang, Danyan Xu
Dyslipidemia is the risk of cardiovascular disease, and their relationship is clear. Lowering serum cholesterol can reduce the risk of coronary heart disease. At present, the main treatment is taking medicine, however, drug treatment has its limitations. Exercise not only has a positive effect on individuals with dyslipidemia, but can also help improve lipids profile. This review is intending to provide information on the effects of exercise training on both tranditional lipids, for example, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides and new lipids and lipoproteins such as non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and postprandial lipoprotein...
July 5, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673352/fish-oil-supplementation-and-insulin-sensitivity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Huanqing Gao, Tingting Geng, Tao Huang, Qinghua Zhao
BACKGROUND: Fish oil supplementation has been shown to be associated with a lower risk of metabolic syndrome and benefit a wide range of chronic diseases, such as cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes and several types of cancers. However, the evidence of fish oil supplementation on glucose metabolism and insulin sensitivity is still controversial. This meta-analysis summarized the exist evidence of the relationship between fish oil supplementation and insulin sensitivity and aimed to evaluate whether fish oil supplementation could improve insulin sensitivity...
July 3, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673294/lipid-management-in-india-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-physician-survey
#14
Gurpreet S Wander, Uday M Jadhav, Amruta Chemburkar, Meena Lopez, Jaideep Gogtay
BACKGROUND: Current international guidelines on dyslipidemia are not concordant on various aspects of management. Also, there are no uniformly accepted Indian guidelines. We, therefore, performed a physician survey to understand lipid management practices in India. METHODS: An anonymous survey questionnaire was administered to gauge physicians' self-reported behavior regarding lipid management aspects. Results were expressed in terms of percentages based on the number of responses obtained...
July 3, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666456/effect-of-cholecystectomy-on-hepatic-fat-accumulation-and-insulin-resistance-in-non-obese-hispanic-patients-a-pilot-study
#15
Víctor Cortés, Nicolás Quezada, Sergio Uribe, Marco Arrese, Flavio Nervi
BACKGROUND: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is highly prevalent worldwide. Experimental studies have shown that cholecystectomy (XGB) increases hepatic fat content in mice and appears associated to NAFLD in large retrospective population-based studies. The aim of this study was to prospectively assess the effects of XGB on hepatic fat content (HFC) and insulin resistance (IR) in non-obese, middle aged Hispanic subjects. METHODS: Twenty-six gallstone patients undergoing elective XGB and 16 control subjects with normal livers and gallbladders at ultrasonography were prospectively followed 24 months for changes in HFC and IR...
June 30, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662670/lipid-droplets-in-health-and-disease
#16
REVIEW
Gizem Onal, Ozlem Kutlu, Devrim Gozuacik, Serap Dokmeci Emre
Lipids are essential building blocks synthesized by complex molecular pathways and deposited as lipid droplets (LDs) in cells. LDs are evolutionary conserved organelles found in almost all organisms, from bacteria to mammals. They are composed of a hydrophobic neutral lipid core surrounding by a phospholipid monolayer membrane with various decorating proteins. Degradation of LDs provide metabolic energy for divergent cellular processes such as membrane synthesis and molecular signaling. Lipolysis and autophagy are two main catabolic pathways of LDs, which regulate lipid metabolism and, thereby, closely engaged in many pathological conditons...
June 29, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659153/advanced-glycation-end-products-ages-increase-renal-lipid-accumulation-a-pathogenic-factor-of-diabetic-nephropathy-dn
#17
Yang Yuan, Hong Sun, Zilin Sun
BACKGROUND: Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) are pathogenic factors of diabetic nephropathy (DN), causing renal damage in various ways. The aim of this study is to investigate the ectopic lipid accumulation caused by AGEs in human renal tubular epithelial cell line (HK-2) cells and the kidney of type 2 diabetic rats. METHODS: In vivo study, diabetes was induced in male Sprague-Dawley rats through intraperitoneal injection of high-fat/high-sucrose diet and low-dose streptozocin (STZ)...
June 28, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659142/association-of-bud13-polymorphisms-with-metabolic-syndrome-in-chinese-population-a-case-control-study
#18
Lili Zhang, Yueyue You, Yanhua Wu, Yangyu Zhang, Mohan Wang, Yan Song, Xinyu Liu, Changgui Kou
BACKGROUND: BUD13 homolog (BUD13), one of submits of the retention and splicing complex, was identified in yeast as a splicing factor that affected nuclear pre-mRNA retention. While more and more studies demonstrated that BUD13 played a potential role in the pathogenesis of metabolic syndrome (MetS). This objective was to reassess whether novel locus of BUD13 were linked to MetS and individual complements in the northeast of China. METHODS: A total of 3850 individuals were recruited in this case-control study, including 1813 MetS cases and 2037 healthy controls...
June 28, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655321/stratified-analysis-and-clinical-significance-of-elevated-serum-triglyceride-levels-in-early-acute-pancreatitis-a-retrospective-study
#19
Jianhua Wan, Wenhua He, Yin Zhu, Yong Zhu, Hao Zeng, Pi Liu, Liang Xia, Nonghua Lu
BACKGROUND: Hypertriglyceridemia is one of the three most common causes of AP, which is associated with the AP prognosis that has not been clearly defined. METHODS: In this retrospective study, 1539 AP patients, who had serum triglyceride (TG) levels measured within the first 72 h, were assessed. The study groups consisted of patients with normal, mild, moderate, and severe/very severe HTG levels based on the Endocrine Society Clinical Practice Guidelines. We collected baseline demographic information, laboratory values, complications, and clinical outcome data in different HTG severity groups to analyze the clinical significance of elevated TG levels in AP...
June 27, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655313/lipids-characterization-of-ultrasound-and-microwave-processed-germinated-sorghum
#20
Sadia Hassan, Muhammad Imran, Nazir Ahmad, Muhammad Kamran Khan
BACKGROUND: Cereal crops and oilseeds provide diverse pool of fatty acids with characteristic properties. Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) provides the staple food with serving as main source of energy and protein. Germination of sorghum generally increases the nutritive value of seeds and the effects of germination on lipids composition of seeds vary greatly with processing conditions. Therefore, the current study was conducted to compare the effect of emerging processing techniques such as ultrasound (US) and microwave (MW) on fatty acids composition and oil yield of sorghum seeds before and after germination...
June 27, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
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