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Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347948/prenatal-exposure-to-persistent-organic-pollutants-and-child-overweight-obesity-at-5-year-follow-up-a-prospective-cohort-study
#1
Hilde B Lauritzen, Tricia L Larose, Torbjørn Øien, Torkjel M Sandanger, Jon Ø Odland, Margot van de Bor, Geir W Jacobsen
BACKGROUND: Prenatal exposure to persistent organic pollutants (POPs), may influence offspring weight gain. More prospective epidemiological studies are needed to compliment the growing body of evidence from animal studies. METHODS: Serum from 412 pregnant Norwegian and Swedish women participating in a Scandinavian prospective cohort study were collected in 1986-88, and analyses of two perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) and five organochlorines (OCs) were conducted...
January 18, 2018: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343261/prenatal-exposure-to-perfluoroalkyl-and-polyfluoroalkyl-substances-and-childhood-atopic-dermatitis-a-prospective-birth-cohort-study
#2
Qian Chen, Rong Huang, Li Hua, Yifeng Guo, Lisu Huang, Yanjun Zhao, Xia Wang, Jun Zhang
BACKGROUND: Perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) have been reported to suppress immune function. However, previous studies on prenatal exposure to PFASs and allergic disorders in offspring provided inconsistent results. We aimed to examine the association between prenatal exposure to PFASs and childhood atopic dermatitis (AD) in offspring up to 24 months of age. METHODS: A prospective birth cohort study involving 1056 pregnant women was conducted in two hospitals in Shanghai from 2012 to 2015...
January 17, 2018: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338787/correction-to-health-effects-of-milder-winters-a-review-of-evidence-from-the-united-kingdom
#3
Shakoor Hajat
After publication of the article [1], it has been brought to our attention that there is an error in the abstract. The line that reads "a 1 °C fall during winter months led to reductions of 4.5%, 3.9% and 11.2%" should say "a 1 °C fall during winter months led to increases of 4.5%, 3.9% and 11.2%".
January 16, 2018: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334987/representative-survey-on-idiopathic-environmental-intolerance-attributed-to-electromagnetic-fields-in-taiwan-and-comparison-with-the-international-literature
#4
Po-Chang Huang, Meng-Ting Cheng, How-Ran Guo
BACKGROUND: Electromagnetic hypersensitivity refers to health effects attributed to electromagnetic fields (EMF) exposure and has been formally named "idiopathic environmental intolerance attributed to electromagnetic fields" (IEI-EMF) by the World Health Organization. Because of the growing use of cell phones, IEI-EMF has become a global public health concern. A survey in 2007 in Taiwan showed that the prevalence rate of IEI-EMF was 13.3%, which is higher than rates in studies conducted previously...
January 15, 2018: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334960/arsenic-exposure-and-risk-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-nafld-among-u-s-adolescents-and-adults-an-association-modified-by-race-ethnicity-nhanes-2005-2014
#5
Jennifer K Frediani, Eric A Naioti, Miriam B Vos, Janet Figueroa, Carmen J Marsit, Jean A Welsh
BACKGROUND: While associated with obesity, the cause of the rapid rise in prevalence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in children, which is highest among Hispanics, is not well understood. Animal experiments have demonstrated that arsenic exposure contributes to liver injury. Our objective was to examine the association between arsenic exposure and NAFLD in humans and to determine if race/ethnicity modifies the association. METHODS: Urinary inorganic arsenic concentrations among those ≥12 years in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2005-2014 were used to assess the cross-sectional association with serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels, a marker of liver dysfunction...
January 15, 2018: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321054/the-association-between-daily-concentrations-of-air-pollution-and-visits-to-a-psychiatric-emergency-unit-a-case-crossover-study
#6
Anna Oudin, Daniel Oudin Åström, Peter Asplund, Steinn Steingrimsson, Zoltan Szabo, Hanne Krage Carlsen
BACKGROUND: Air pollution is one of the leading causes of mortality and morbidity worldwide. Experimental studies, and a few epidemiological studies, suggest that air pollution may cause acute exacerbation of psychiatric disorders, and even increase the rate of suicide attempts, but epidemiological studies on air pollution in association with psychiatric disorders are still few. Our aim was to investigate associations between daily fluctuations in air pollution concentrations and the daily number of visits to a psychiatric emergency unit...
January 10, 2018: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316937/estimate-of-incidence-and-cost-of-recreational-waterborne-illness-on-united-states-surface-waters
#7
Stephanie DeFlorio-Barker, Coady Wing, Rachael M Jones, Samuel Dorevitch
BACKGROUND: Activities such as swimming, paddling, motor-boating, and fishing are relatively common on US surface waters. Water recreators have a higher rate of acute gastrointestinal illness, along with other illnesses including respiratory, ear, eye, and skin symptoms, compared to non-water recreators. The quantity and costs of such illnesses are unknown on a national scale. METHODS: Recreational waterborne illness incidence and severity were estimated using data from prospective cohort studies of water recreation, reports of recreational waterborne disease outbreaks, and national water recreation statistics...
January 9, 2018: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304819/heavy-metal-exposure-and-nasal-staphylococcus-aureus-colonization-analysis-of-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-nhanes
#8
Shoshannah Eggers, Nasia Safdar, Kristen Mc Malecki
BACKGROUND: Heavy metals including lead and cadmium can disrupt the immune system and the human microbiota. and are increasingly of concern with respect to the propogation of antibiotic-resistence. Infection by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a major cause of global morbidity and mortality. Heavy metal exposure may be associated with increased MRSA colonization and infection, and a decrease in methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) through co-selection mechanisms and natural selection of antibiotic resistance in the presence of heavy metals...
January 5, 2018: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301538/hair-product-use-age-at-menarche-and-mammographic-breast-density-in-multiethnic-urban-women
#9
Jasmine A McDonald, Parisa Tehranifar, Julie D Flom, Mary Beth Terry, Tamarra James-Todd
BACKGROUND: Select hair products contain endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) that may affect breast cancer risk. We hypothesize that, if EDCs are related to breast cancer risk, then they may also affect two important breast cancer risk factors: age at menarche and mammographic breast density. METHODS: In two urban female cohorts (N = 248): 1) the New York site of the National Collaborative Perinatal Project and 2) the New York City Multiethnic Breast Cancer Project, we measured childhood and adult use of hair oils, lotions, leave-in conditioners, root stimulators, perms/relaxers, and hair dyes using the same validated questionnaire...
January 4, 2018: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29268751/exposure-to-ambient-air-pollution-and-calcification-of-the-mitral-annulus-and-aortic-valve-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis-mesa
#10
Martin Tibuakuu, Miranda R Jones, Ana Navas-Acien, Di Zhao, Eliseo Guallar, Amanda J Gassett, Lianne Sheppard, Matthew J Budoff, Joel D Kaufman, Erin D Michos
BACKGROUND: Long-term exposure to high ambient air pollution has been associated with coronary artery calcium (CAC), a marker of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Calcifications of left-sided heart valves are also markers of CVD risk. We investigated whether air pollution was associated with valvular calcification and its progression. METHODS: We studied 6253 MESA participants aged 45-84 years who underwent two cardiac CT scans 2.5 years apart to quantify aortic valve calcium (AVC) and mitral annular calcium (MAC)...
December 21, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29254490/aerospace-medical-association-letter-to-the-editor
#11
LETTER
Philip J Scarpa, Jeffrey C Sventek
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 18, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237504/a-multivariate-analysis-of-calenviroscreen-comparing-environmental-and-socioeconomic-stressors-versus-chronic-disease
#12
Ben K Greenfield, Jayant Rajan, Thomas E McKone
BACKGROUND: The health-risk assessment paradigm is shifting from single stressor evaluation towards cumulative assessments of multiple stressors. Recent efforts to develop broad-scale public health hazard datasets provide an opportunity to develop and evaluate multiple exposure hazards in combination. METHODS: We performed a multivariate study of the spatial relationship between 12 indicators of environmental hazard, 5 indicators of socioeconomic hardship, and 3 health outcomes...
December 13, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212512/correction-to-parma-consensus-statement-on-metabolic-disruptors
#13
Jerrold J Heindel, Frederick S Vom Saal, Bruce Blumberg, Patrizia Bovolin, Gemma Calamandrei, Graziano Ceresini, Barbara A Cohn, Elena Fabbri, Laura Gioiosa, Christopher Kassotis, Juliette Legler, Michele La Merrill, Laura Rizzi, Ronit Machtinger, Alberto Mantovani, Michelle A Mendez, Luisa Montanini, Laura Molteni, Susan C Nagel, Stefano Parmigiani, Giancarlo Panzica, Silvia Paterlini, Valentina Pomatto, Jérôme Ruzzin, Giorgio Sartor, Thaddeus T Schug, Maria E Street, Alexander Suvorov, Riccardo Volpi, R Thomas Zoeller, Paola Palanza
After publication of the article [1], it has been brought to our attention that the thirteenth author of this article has had their name spelt incorrectly. In the original article the spelling "Laura Rizzir" was used. In fact the correct spelling should be "Laura Rizzi".
December 6, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219105/impact-of-extreme-weather-events-and-climate-change-for-health-and-social-care-systems
#14
REVIEW
Sarah Curtis, Alistair Fair, Jonathan Wistow, Dimitri V Val, Katie Oven
This review, commissioned by the Research Councils UK Living With Environmental Change (LWEC) programme, concerns research on the impacts on health and social care systems in the United Kingdom of extreme weather events, under conditions of climate change. Extreme weather events considered include heatwaves, coldwaves and flooding. Using a structured review method, we consider evidence regarding the currently observed and anticipated future impacts of extreme weather on health and social care systems and the potential of preparedness and adaptation measures that may enhance resilience...
December 5, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219103/climate-change-impacts-on-human-health-over-europe-through-its-effect-on-air-quality
#15
REVIEW
Ruth M Doherty, Mathew R Heal, Fiona M O'Connor
This review examines the current literature on the effects of future emissions and climate change on particulate matter (PM) and O3 air quality and on the consequent health impacts, with a focus on Europe. There is considerable literature on the effects of climate change on O3 but fewer studies on the effects of climate change on PM concentrations. Under the latest Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) 5th assessment report (AR5) Representative Concentration Pathways (RCPs), background O3 entering Europe is expected to decrease under most scenarios due to higher water vapour concentrations in a warmer climate...
December 5, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219101/health-effects-of-milder-winters-a-review-of-evidence-from-the-united-kingdom
#16
REVIEW
Shakoor Hajat
Cold-related mortality and morbidity remains an important public health problem in the UK and elsewhere. Health burdens have often reported to be higher in the UK compared to other countries with colder climates, however such assessments are usually based on comparison of excess winter mortality indices, which are subject to biases. Daily time-series regression or case-crossover studies provide the best evidence of the acute effects of cold exposure. Such studies report a 6% increase in all-cause deaths in England & Wales for every 1 °C fall in daily mean temperature within the top 5% of the coldest days...
December 5, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219100/food-borne-disease-and-climate-change-in-the-united-kingdom
#17
REVIEW
Iain R Lake
This review examined the likely impact of climate change upon food-borne disease in the UK using Campylobacter and Salmonella as example organisms. Campylobacter is an important food-borne disease and an increasing public health threat. There is a reasonable evidence base that the environment and weather play a role in its transmission to humans. However, uncertainty as to the precise mechanisms through which weather affects disease, make it difficult to assess the likely impact of climate change. There are strong positive associations between Salmonella cases and ambient temperature, and a clear understanding of the mechanisms behind this...
December 5, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219099/scoping-the-proximal-and-distal-dimensions-of-climate-change-on-health-and-wellbeing
#18
REVIEW
George Paterson Morris, Stefan Reis, Sheila Anne Beck, Lora Elderkin Fleming, William Neil Adger, Timothy Guy Benton, Michael Harold Depledge
The impacts of climate on health and wellbeing occur in time and space and through a range of indirect, complicated mechanisms. This diversity of pathways has major implications for national public health planning and influence on interventions that might help to mitigate and adapt to rapidly changing environmental conditions, nationally and internationally. This paper draws upon evidence from public health and adverse impact studies across climate science, hydrology, agriculture, public health, and the social sciences...
December 5, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219091/potential-impact-of-climate-change-on-emerging-vector-borne-and-other-infections-in-the-uk
#19
Matthew Baylis
Climate is one of several causes of disease emergence. Although half or more of infectious diseases are affected by climate it appears to be a relatively infrequent cause of human disease emergence. Climate mostly affects diseases caused by pathogens that spend part of their lifecycle outside of the host, exposed to the environment. The most important routes of transmission of climate sensitive diseases are by arthropod (insect and tick) vectors, in water and in food. Given the sensitivity of many diseases to climate, it is very likely that at least some will respond to future climate change...
December 5, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219089/health-impacts-of-climate-change-and-health-and-social-inequalities-in-the-uk
#20
REVIEW
Jouni Paavola
This article examines how social and health inequalities shape the health impacts of climate change in the UK, and what the implications are for climate change adaptation and health care provision. The evidence generated by the other articles of the special issue were interpreted using social justice reasoning in light of additional literature, to draw out the key implications of health and social inequalities for health outcomes of climate change. Exposure to heat and cold, air pollution, pollen, food safety risks, disruptions to access to and functioning of health services and facilities, emerging infections and flooding are examined as the key impacts of climate change influencing health outcomes...
December 5, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
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