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Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source

Samantha Huo Yung Kai, Jean-Bernard Ruidavets, Camille Carles, Jean-Claude Marquie, Vanina Bongard, Damien Leger, Jean Ferrieres, Yolande Esquirol
BACKGROUND: The role of occupational stressors (OS) on blood pressure (BP) is often suspected, but asserting its impact remains uncertain. Our goal was to evaluate their impact on BP increase and on incident cases of hypertension over a 5-year period. METHODS: One thousand, one hundred and fifty-six men and women from the French prospective VISAT study were followed up over five-years (T1 to T2). Exposures to a large panel of OS (physical, organizational, psychosocial and employment categories) were collected...
November 16, 2018: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
Axel Mie, Christina Rudén, Philippe Grandjean
Authorization of pesticides for market release requires toxicity testing on animals, typically performed by test laboratories on contract with the pesticide producer. The latter provides the results and summary to the regulatory authorities. For the commonly used pesticide chlorpyrifos, an industry-funded toxicity study concludes that no selective effects on neurodevelopment occur even at high exposures. In contrast, the evidence from independent studies points to adverse effects of current exposures on cognitive development in children...
November 16, 2018: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
Christie A Cole, Christopher Carlsten, Michael Koehle, Michael Brauer
BACKGROUND: Cycling and other forms of active transportation provide health benefits via increased physical activity. However, direct evidence of the extent to which these benefits may be offset by exposure and intake of traffic-related air pollution is limited. The purpose of this study is to measure changes in endothelial function, measures of oxidative stress and inflammation, and lung function in healthy participants before and after cycling along a high- and low- traffic route. METHODS: Participants (n = 38) bicycled for 1 h along a Downtown and a Residential designated bicycle route in a randomized crossover trial...
November 14, 2018: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
David M Wright, Katherine Newell, Aideen Maguire, Dermot O'Reilly
BACKGROUND: Limited evidence suggests that residential exposure to aircraft noise negatively influences population mental health around large airports, but it is not known whether the same is true for smaller airports. We investigated whether residential exposure to aircraft noise near a regional urban airport was associated with risk of chronic self-assessed mental ill health. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of 198,532 people aged 18 years and over living in Belfast, United Kingdom, enumerated at the 2011 Census...
November 11, 2018: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
Itai Kloog, Lena Novack, Offer Erez, Allan C Just, Raanan Raz
BACKGROUND: The increase in ambient temperatures (Ta) and emissions of greenhouse gases over the last century has focused attention on the effects of ambient temperatures on health outcomes. We aimed to investigate the association between Ta and the clinical measures of term low birth weight (tLBW) and small for gestational age (SGA) in singleton term infants using a decade of regional hospital data in southern Israel. METHODS: We linked all births in Soroka University Medical Center in the southern district of Israel insured by Clalit Health Services with pregnancy Ta estimated by our novel hybrid spatio-temporally resolved prediction model...
November 9, 2018: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
Ann Aschengrau, Lisa G Gallagher, Michael Winter, Lindsey Butler, M Patricia Fabian, Veronica M Vieira
BACKGROUND: Residents of Massachusetts and Rhode Island were exposed to tetrachloroethylene-contaminated drinking water from 1968 through the early 1990s when it leached from the vinyl lining of asbestos cement water distribution pipes. While occupational exposure to solvents during pregnancy has consistently been linked to an increased risk of certain birth defects, mixed results have been observed for environmental sources of exposure, including contaminated drinking water. The present case-control study was undertaken to examine further the association between prenatal exposure to tetrachloroethylene-contaminated drinking water and the risk of central nervous system defects, oral clefts and hypospadias...
November 6, 2018: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
Michelle A Gordy, Tyler P Cobb, Patrick C Hanington
BACKGROUND: Cercarial dermatitis, colloquially "swimmer's itch", is a rash contracted in natural bodies of water, when people are exposed to skin-penetrating, larval flatworm parasites of the family Schistosomatidae, that emerge from aquatic snails. Swimmer's itch is a globally-distributed, allergic condition, of which we know very little regarding local dynamics of transmission. This study aims to gather relevant information on swimmer's itch in Canada, from multiple perspectives, including the human experience, parasite and host presence and distributions, and insight from historical perspectives...
October 25, 2018: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
Olivier Blanchard, Séverine Deguen, Wahida Kihal-Talantikite, Romain François, Denis Zmirou-Navier
BACKGROUND: Prenatal exposure to outdoor air pollution has been shown to have health effects in many studies; low birth weight, preterm delivery, small for gestational age, and stillbirth are the most often cited. However, exposure of pregnant women is difficult to quantify, especially with regard to their mobility, which is rarely taken into account in epidemiological studies. This study aimed to assess the impact of mobility of pregnant women living in Paris, France, on their exposure estimates to nitrogen dioxide (NO2 )...
October 19, 2018: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
Jeniffer S Kim, Tanya L Alderete, Zhanghua Chen, Fred Lurmann, Ed Rappaport, Rima Habre, Kiros Berhane, Frank D Gilliland
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that childhood near-roadway air pollution (NRAP) exposures contribute to increased body mass index (BMI); however, effects of NRAP exposure during the vulnerable periods including in utero and first year of life have yet to be established. In this study, we examined whether exposure to elevated concentrations of NRAP during in utero and/or first year of life increase childhood BMI growth. METHODS: Participants in the Children's Health Study enrolled from 2002 to 2003 with annual visits over a four-year period and who changed residences before study entry were included (n = 2318)...
September 14, 2018: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
Nathalie Costet, Rémi Béranger, Ronan Garlantézec, Florence Rouget, Christine Monfort, Sylvaine Cordier, Fabienne Pelé, Cécile Chevrier
Following publication of the original article [1], the author asked to replace Table 2 with the correct version.
September 4, 2018: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
Amy M Padula, Hongtai Huang, Rebecca J Baer, Laura M August, Marta M Jankowska, Laura L Jellife-Pawlowski, Marina Sirota, Tracey J Woodruff
BACKGROUND: Environmental pollution exposure during pregnancy has been identified as a risk factor for preterm birth. Most studies have evaluated exposures individually and in limited study populations. METHODS: We examined the associations between several environmental exposures, both individually and cumulatively, and risk of preterm birth in Fresno County, California. We also evaluated early (< 34 weeks) and spontaneous preterm birth. We used the Communities Environmental Health Screening Tool and linked hospital discharge records by census tract from 2009 to 2012...
August 29, 2018: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
Jean Strelitz, Lawrence S Engel, Richard K Kwok, Aubrey K Miller, Aaron Blair, Dale P Sandler
BACKGROUND: Workers involved in the response and clean-up of the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill faced possible exposures to crude oil, burning oil, dispersants and other pollutants in addition to physical and emotional stress. These exposures may have increased risk of myocardial infarction (MI) among oil spill workers. METHODS: Gulf Long-term Follow-up (GuLF) STUDY participants comprise individuals who either participated in the Deepwater Horizon response efforts or registered for safety training but were not hired...
August 25, 2018: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
Sipeng Shen, Ruyang Zhang, Jinming Zhang, Yongyue Wei, Yichen Guo, Li Su, Feng Chen, David C Christiani
BACKGROUND: Increasing evidence suggests that welding fume exposure is associated with systemic inflammation. Although celluar metabolites may be associated with inflammation, there is limited information on metabolomic changes during welding fume exposure. Such changes may play an important role in the occurrence, development, and prevention of metal-associated diseases. We aim to investigate human metabolomics changes pre- and post-welding fume exposure. METHODS: This study included 52 boilermakers totally...
August 22, 2018: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
Jennifer F Bobb, Birgit Claus Henn, Linda Valeri, Brent A Coull
BACKGROUND: Estimating the health effects of multi-pollutant mixtures is of increasing interest in environmental epidemiology. Recently, a new approach for estimating the health effects of mixtures, Bayesian kernel machine regression (BKMR), has been developed. This method estimates the multivariable exposure-response function in a flexible and parsimonious way, conducts variable selection on the (potentially high-dimensional) vector of exposures, and allows for a grouped variable selection approach that can accommodate highly correlated exposures...
August 20, 2018: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
Matteo Scortichini, Francesca de'Donato, Manuela De Sario, Michela Leone, Christofer Åström, Ferran Ballester, Xavier Basagaña, Janos Bobvos, Antonio Gasparrini, Klea Katsouyanni, Timo Lanki, Bettina Menne, Mathilde Pascal, Paola Michelozzi
BACKGROUND: The association between heat and daily mortality and its temporal variation are well known. However, few studies have analyzed the inter-annual variations in both the risk estimates and impacts of heat. The aim is to estimate inter-annual variations in the effect of heat for a fixed temperature range, on mortality in 9 European cities included in the PHASE (Public Health Adaptation Strategies to Extreme weather events) project for the period 1990-2010. The second aim is to evaluate overall summer effects and heat-attributable deaths for each year included in the study period, considering the entire air temperature range (both mild and extreme temperatures)...
August 8, 2018: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
Jae-Woo Kwon, Hee-Won Park, Woo Jin Kim, Man-Goo Kim, Seung-Joon Lee
BACKGROUND: Exposure to low levels of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in ordinary life is suspected to be related to oxidative stress and decreased lung function. This study evaluated whether exposure to ambient VOCs in indoor air affects airway inflammation. METHODS: Thirty-four subjects from the hospital that had moved to a new building were enrolled. Symptoms of sick building syndrome, pulmonary function tests, and fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) were evaluated, and random urine samples were collected 1 week before and after the move...
August 7, 2018: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
Philippe Grandjean
Identification and characterization of environmental hazards that impact human health must rely on the best possible science to inform and inspire appropriate public health intervention. The perfluorinated alkylate substances (PFASs) are persistent emerging pollutants that are now being recognized as important human health hazards. Although the PFASs have been produced for over 60 years, academic research on environmental health aspects has appeared only in the most recent 10 years or so. In the meantime, these persistent chemicals accumulated in the global environment...
July 31, 2018: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
Nathalie Costet, Rémi Béranger, Ronan Garlantézec, Florence Rouget, Christine Monfort, Sylvaine Cordier, Fabienne Pelé, Cécile Chevrier
BACKGROUND: Numerous industries use organic solvents, and many workers from various occupational sectors are exposed to these known neurotoxicants, including pregnant women. Our objective is to explore whether occupational exposure of pregnant women to solvents may impair the neurodevelopment of their babies and consequently affect their behavior in childhood. METHODS: Within the French birth cohort PELAGIE, parents assessed their children's internalizing and externalizing behaviors using items from the Child Behavior Checklist and the Preschool Social Behavior Questionnaire at age 2, and the Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire at age 6...
July 27, 2018: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
Isabelle Finke, Johan C de Jongste, Henriette A Smit, Alet H Wijga, Gerard H Koppelman, Judith Vonk, Bert Brunekreef, Ulrike Gehring
BACKGROUND: Air pollution has been found to adversely affect children's lung function. Forced expiratory volume in 1 s and forced vital capacity from spirometry have been studied most frequently, but measurements of airway resistance may provide additional information. We assessed associations of long-term air pollution exposure with airway resistance. METHODS: We measured airway resistance at age 8 with the interrupter resistance technique (Rint ) in participants of the Dutch PIAMA birth cohort study...
July 17, 2018: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
Qiwen Zheng, Hui Liu, Jun Zhang, Dafang Chen
BACKGROUND: The relationship between particle matters (PMs) and cardiac arrhythmia has been investigated in numerous studies. However, evidence from developing countries is limited. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between ambient PMs and hospital admissions for cardiac arrhythmia in China and to examine the potential effect modifiers. METHODS: A time-stratified case-crossover analysis was conducted in 26 large Chinese cities. In total, we identified 175,265 hospital admissions for cardiac arrhythmia between January 2014 and December 2015 from electronic hospitalization summary reports...
July 16, 2018: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
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