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International Journal of Orthodontics

Sumit Goel, B C Karunakara, Nilanjana Sarkar, G S Shwetha
Active tiebacks using elastomeric modules are preferred for space closure in most cases. Elastomeric ring should be stretched by equal amount on both sides for equalforce delivery and to avoid unwanted complication like shift in mid-line, asymmetric space closure. Elastic tiebacks were originally described using an elastomeric module, stretched to twice its normal size but in clinical situations, stretch of elastomeric rings are diffcult to measure intraorally. This paper introduces a manually fabricated guiding system that will allow the clinician to accurately activate active tie-back bilaterally without fear of over/under stretching the module to twice its original size...
July 2016: International Journal of Orthodontics
Stephane Reinhardt
Since its arrival in the orthodontic world, Invisalign has changed the way orthodontic is practiced With more than 3 million patients treated worldwide the evidence is ''nvisalign is here to stay''. Align Technology did such a good marketing job that they developed a branding with the name "Invisalign''. People now ask/or it by its name. Still some practitioner think that the final results with this technique are not as good as those with braces. This article explains that there are ways to use this tool to produce results that are comparable to those achieved with braces...
July 2016: International Journal of Orthodontics
Catherine M Sherry
This case history is an adult patient with a compromised upper airway, soft tissue dysfunction, and atypicalfacial growth. The nasal deviation and enlarged turbinates resulted in mouth-breathing and soft tissue dysfunction. Atypical growth occurs when the biological balance between bone remodeling and positional displacement is disrupted Following septoplasty and turbinate reduction to reestablish nasal respiration and myofunctional therapy to retrain the muscles, the atypical growth was redirected to normal...
July 2016: International Journal of Orthodontics
Sandra H Earl
This paper describes a combination of cephalometric analyses that the author uses to identify cranial, skeletal, and dental concerns for an individual. The method of tracing and analyzing the lateral cephalogram is outlined and discussed. This analysis combination is easy for patients to follow and helps in understanding a treatment plan.
July 2016: International Journal of Orthodontics
Doug Musseau
This is part one ofa two-part partial literature review on the impact of mouth breathing. Mouth breathing is defined as breathing through the mouth instead of the nose. In this review, we will shed some light on the causes, symptoms, and diseases correlated with mouth breathing. The second article, defined as part-two, will introduce forms of therapy to encourage nasal breathing, one of which will focus on the Butevko® breathing method.
July 2016: International Journal of Orthodontics
Maria-Cristina Lova
The tongue is a vital human organ that needs to be checked before beginning a dental treatment, especially one in orthodontics or sleep apnea. The size of the tongue is an issue because there is not yet a clear definition of what a normal-sized tongue is. This leads to further problems in defining macroglossia. The current article aims to define macroglossia and bringforth more information about the two different types: pseudo macroglossia and true macroglossia. It further discusses treatment solutions available, such as partial glossectomies, coblation technique, and radiofrequency waves treatment...
July 2016: International Journal of Orthodontics
Ankit Shah, Eustaquio Araujo
Orthodontic treatment for a case with hyperdivergent growth pattern, moderate mandibular arch crowding, and maxillary incisor proclination was undertaken. Segmented arch mechanics with a three piece intrusion arch were used for simultaneous intrusion and retraction of maxillary incisors. Miniscrew implants were used to reinforce anchorage.
July 2016: International Journal of Orthodontics
Mauricio de Almeida Cardoso, Fabio Pinto Guedes, Maiara da Silva Goulart, Luciana Martinex, Luiz Henrique Squillace, Leopoldino Capelozza Filho
Consistently performed by most orthodontists, the orthopedic treatment involves rapid maxillary expansion (RME) combined with maxillary protraction (MP). When this treatment protocol is performed up to the intertransitional period of the mixed dentition (around 9 years of age), it allows a positive influence on the maxilla and zygomatic projection, even though there are also effects on the dentition. The ideal orthopedic treatment should influence the growth and spatial arrangement of bone bases (maxilla and mandible), so as to achieve balance and maintain it until growth completion...
July 2016: International Journal of Orthodontics
Tulika Tripathi, Navneet Singh, Priyank Rai, Shilpa Kalra
In this article we describe a modified clear aligner with z spring for correction ofsingle tooth crossbite. It serves as an esthetic alternative to conventional removable appliance and at the same time, it is an inexpensive alternative to clear aligner technology.
July 2016: International Journal of Orthodontics
Pulkit Lakhani, Vishav Kirti Sharma, Vikas Sehgal, Apoorva Sharma
Class II Subdivision refers to the asymmetric molar relationship that can be commonly accounted to dental and occasionally to the skeletal disharmony. Furthermore, the discrepancy may be present in the maxilla or the mandible. To put it differently, Class II subdivisio) is a heterogeneous group of malocclusions and cannot be considered as a discrete entity to be treated with predefined specific strategies. Treatment goals encompass the usual cook-book approach and entail the orthodontists to think-before-act strategy considering all the parameters that may be affected favorably or deleteriously while executing a specifie plan...
July 2016: International Journal of Orthodontics
Rajesh Gyawali
INTRODUCTION: Although ratated teeth are easier to correct and difficult to retain, sometimes they pose a great challenge to the clinician. Play between the arch wire and the bracket slot, and the method of ligation affect full correction of rotation. Various techniques have been described for correction of rotation, but this paper describes a simpler approach with resilient arch wire, elastic module, and metallic ligature wire. TECHNIQUE: The effective correction of rotation is achieved with figure-8 tie in one of the wings under the resilient archwire which is further ligated to the bracket in the other wing giving wedging effect correcting minor rotations easily with over-correction...
July 2016: International Journal of Orthodontics
E A Vishwanath, Sandesh S Pai, Roopa R Tubaki, Amir Beladi, Anandu, Nadini S Nelivigi
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this case report is to introduce an appliance that can be used for correcting severe bilateral symmetric rotation (more than 900) ofsecondpremolars in adult patient. Appliance design and testing: This is a case report ofa 27-year-old female patient with permanent dentition having Class I malocclusion with bi-alveolar dentoalveolar protrusion defined by a severe bilateral rotation (more than 90-) of upper second premolars. Since it was a case of maximum anchorage, we decided to extract upper and lower arch first premolars, and the upper and lower arch were strapped with fixed orthodontic appliance with MBT 0...
July 2016: International Journal of Orthodontics
Gagan Deep Kochar, Sanjay Londhe, B Jayan, S S Chopra, Sarvraj Kohli, Munish Verma, Amrit Thapa
This case report describes the interdisciplinary management of an adult patient with sleep disorder breathing i.e. snoring. Treatment involved combined ortho-surgical management. Marked improvement in general health, good esthetic results, and dental relationships were achieved by the treatment.
July 2016: International Journal of Orthodontics
Steve Galella
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: International Journal of Orthodontics
Keri Do
The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and airway are two factors that should be addressed when diagnosing patents for orthodontic treatment. Temporal mandibular joint disorders (TMD) can be improved or corrected in conjunction with orthodontics. A narrow airway is an early sign to developing obstructive sleep apnea and can be remedied if diagnosed early prior to the start of treatment. These case reports describe patients with a history of upper bicuspid extractions that have TMD and a constricted airway. Treatment included functional appliances prior to traditional orthodontic treatment to improve patients' TMD symptoms and narrow airway...
January 2016: International Journal of Orthodontics
Nurharnani Harun, Nur Fazilah Mohd Tahir, Lukman Auzair, Siew Wui Chan, Firstine Kelsi Hartanto, Kee Peng Ng, Chong Huat Siar
Oral candidiasis is a well-recognized opportunistic fungal infection whereas orthodontic therapy is a well-established treatment with few risks. We report here an unusual case of oral thrush of tongue with erythematous palatal 'kissing lesion' in an otherwise healthy 16-year-old girl, complicated by her fixed orthodontic appliance and low salivary pH.
January 2016: International Journal of Orthodontics
Beata Holowko
Deliberations are presented on the cause of human jawbones shrinking. It is argued that an interplay of the geometry of the sphenoid bone and the MYH16 gene mutation is the likely reason of decreasing ofhuman faces. The basicranial-flexion angle distribution of the new sample of 337 Central European patients is analyzed and compared with existing data from other continents.
January 2016: International Journal of Orthodontics
Jyoti Pandhare, Gulshan Kumar Singh, Pradeep Tandon
This case report summarizes the use of asymmetric extraction to smartly relieve crowding without increasing the total treatment time, with the added advantage of not using any complicated mechanics.
January 2016: International Journal of Orthodontics
Suiala Ganavati Durcekar, Vagaraj Kolur
After distalization of maxillary molars, retaining it in the new position is ofat most importance. There are various methods available to avoid taxingfreshly distilized molars. We have discussed various methods to reinforce anchorage post-molar ditalization. We have introduced a new appliance that is modified Nance palatal button for continuous distally directed force on the molars.
January 2016: International Journal of Orthodontics
Marcos Fernando Xisto Braga Cavalcanti, Fabio Tieri, Priscila Yumi Seino, Renato da Silva Paulos
In this article, we will describe the modus operandi ofdirect dental tracks to intercept some maocclusions. These tracks are accessible to orthodontists, pediatric dentists, and general practitioners and can be implemented as soon a malocclusion is detected, thus restoring bilateral occlusal balance and normal individual growth and development.
January 2016: International Journal of Orthodontics
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