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Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259369/endodontic-management-of-contralateral-mandibular-first-molars-with-six-root-canals
#1
Kambhampati Bhargav, Kantheti Sirisha, Mandava Jyothi, Mohan Rao Boddeda
The knowledge of variations in root canal morphology is essential for a successful endodontic outcome. Contralateral mandibular molar with six root canals is a rare entity. Root canal treatment of mandibular molars with aberrant canal configuration can be diagnostically and technically challenging. While dealing with variant mandibular molars, mishaps may happen. This case report describes variations in contralateral mandibular molars and also an endodontic mishap while managing them.
July 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259368/clinical-applications-of-ferric-sulfate-in-dentistry-a-narrative-review
#2
REVIEW
Madhuri Bandi, Sreekanth Kumar Mallineni, Sivakumar Nuvvula
Ferric sulfate (FS) has been commonly used as a local hemostatic agent for more than three decades in dentistry. Even though the hemostatic mechanism of FS is questioned, it seems that agglutination of blood proteins occurs due to the reaction of blood with ferric and sulfate ions in acidic pH. FS has gained widespread importance as a pulpotomy medicament in contemporary dentistry; nevertheless, it has several applications in different fields of dentistry which was paid little attention. Hence, the purpose of this paper is to review the various applications of FS in dentistry, along with restorative dentistry and endodontics...
July 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259367/cone-beam-computed-tomography-as-advanced-diagnostic-aid-in-endodontic-treatment-of-molars-with-multiple-canals-two-case-reports
#3
Amit Pralhad Kamble, Rohini Rangarao Pawar, Sudha Mattigatti, T M Mangala, Saleem Makandar
The purpose of these case reports is to emphasize the importance of knowledge regarding the root canal morphology and current diagnostic aids one should have as both of these important factors going to affect the prognosis of the endodontic treatment. These two case reports describe the maxillary and mandibular first molars with multiple canals. After clinical and radiographic diagnosis, additional help of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) of mandibular molar has been taken to evaluate the morphology and canal pattern; while maxillary molar was evaluated using CBCT scan to evaluate the canal configuration and obturation...
July 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259366/comparing-the-effectiveness-of-four-desensitizing-toothpastes-on-dentinal-tubule-occlusion-a-scanning-electron-microscope-analysis
#4
Amit Jena, Soumik Kala, Govind Shashirekha
Introduction: Dentin hypersensitivity (DH) is a sudden short sharp pain best explained by hydrodynamic theory. Several agents are available throughout the market that can treat DH either by blocking the nerves that helps in conducting pain or by blocking the open dentinal tubules. The aim of the present study was to compare the tubule occluding efficacy of four different desensitizing dentifrices under scanning electron microscope (SEM). Materials and Methods: Sixty-two dentin blocks measuring 5 mm × 5 mm × 3 mm were obtained from extracted human molar teeth and were randomly divided into five groups: Group 1 - no treatment (control, n = 2); Group 2 - Pepsodent Pro-sensitive relief and repair (n = 15); Group 3 - Sensodyne repair and protect (n = 15); Group 4 - Remin Pro (n = 15); Group 5 - Test toothpaste containing 15% nano-hydroxyapatite (n-HA) crystals (n = 15)...
July 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259365/a-comparative-clinical-evaluation-of-accuracy-of-six-apex-locators-with-intraoral-periapical-radiograph-in-multirooted-teeth-an-in-vivo-study
#5
Prahlad A Saraf, P Ratnakar, Thimmanagowda N Patil, Raghavendra Penukonda, Laxmikant Kamatagi, Sneha S Vanaki
Aim: The purpose of this clinical study was to compare and clinically, to evaluate the accuracy of six apex locators with intra oral periapical (IOPA) radiograph in multirooted teeth. Materials and Methods: A total of 90 multirooted teeth (maxillary and mandibular molars) with irreversible, infected or necrotic pulp tissue and completely formed roots were included in this study and were divided randomly into six groups (Root ZX II, Raypex 6, I-Root, Romiapex A-15, Sybron Endo Mini and Root ZX mini)...
July 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259364/effect-of-protective-coating-on-microhardness-of-a-new-glass-ionomer-cement-nanofilled-coating-versus-unfilled-resin
#6
Foad Faraji, Haleh Heshmat, Sepideh Banava
Background and Objectives: EQUIATM is a new gastrointestinal (GI) system with high compressive strength, surface microhardness (MH), and fluoride release potential. This in vitro study aimed to assess the effect of aging and type of protective coating on the MH of EQUIATM GI cement. Materials and Methods: A total of 30 disc-shaped specimens measuring 9 mm in diameter and 2 mm in thickness were fabricated of EQUIATM GI and divided into three groups of G-Coat nanofilled coating (a), no coating (b) and margin bond (c)...
July 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259363/alternating-versus-continuous-rotation-root-canal-transportation-and-centering-ratio-with-the-protaper-next
#7
Juan González-Chapela, Pablo Castelo-Baz, Purificación Varela-Patiño, Benjamín Martín-Biedma, Manuel Ruíz-Piñón
Background: The technique of alternating rotation has been used with NiTi rotary instruments to increase the resistance to fracture compared with conventional continuous rotation. However, it is still not clear what type of instrumentation could provide better results in the preservation of the original canal anatomy. Aim: The aim of this study is to determine the influence of the type of rotation on canal transportation and centering ability using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) imaging...
July 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259362/a-comparative-evaluation-of-accuracy-of-three-electronic-apex-locators-using-histological-section-as-gold-standard-an-ex-vivo-study
#8
Divya Saxena, Suparna Ganguly Saha, Anuj Bharadwaj, Neelam Vijaywargiya, Sandeep Dubey, Shubham Kala
Introduction: The aim of the present study was to comparatively evaluate the accuracy of iRoot, iPex II, and Propex pixi apex locator using histological sections as the gold standard. Materials and Methods: Thirty patients indicated for extraction of single-rooted permanent teeth with single canal system were selected. Working lengths (WLs) of teeth were determined using iRoot, iPex II, and Propex pixi. Teeth were then extracted, and the files were reintroduced to the anatomic apex to measure anatomic canal length (ACL) and fixed at the ACL using flowable composite...
July 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259361/comparative-evaluation-of-smear-layer-removal-by-chitosan-and-ethylenediaminetetraacetic-acid-when-used-as-irrigant-and-its-effect-on-root-dentine-an-in-vitro-atomic-force-microscopic-and-energy-dispersive-x-ray-analysis
#9
Sijo Pazhayahottathil Mathew, Veena Suresh Pai, G Usha, Roopa R Nadig
Aim: This study was undertaken to evaluate the efficacy of smear layer removal and nanostructural and chemical changes caused by chitosan and ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) on tooth surface using atomic force microscopic analysis and energy-dispersive X-ray (EDX) analysis. Methodology: Forty single-rooted premolars were decoronated to a standard length of 15 mm and enlarged to Protaper F3 with irrigation of 1 mL 1% NaOCl and deionized water. Specimens were then divided into 4 groups with 10 samples each and subjected to final rinse with 17% EDTA solution, 0...
July 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259360/influence-of-root-canal-obturation-using-gutta-percha-with-three-different-sealers-on-root-reinforcement-of-endodontically-treated-teeth-an-in-vitro-comparative-study-of-mandibular-incisors
#10
Pravin Patil, Kulwinder Singh Banga, Ajinkya M Pawar, Sandeep Pimple, Raguram Ganeshan
Aim: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the vertical force required to fracture mandibular incisor teeth, obturated using gutta-percha with three different sealers. Materials and Methods: Seventy-five extracted mandibular incisors with intact and fully formed apices, exhibiting single root and canal were acquired. The teeth were decoronated obtaining a root segments of 15 mm and were divided into five groups (n = 15). Group 1: left uninstrumented and unfilled (negative control)...
July 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259359/spectrophotometric-analysis-of-coronal-discoloration-induced-by-white-mineral-trioxide-aggregate-and-biodentine-an-in-vitro-study
#11
B Bhavya, Mohammed Sadique, Elsy P Simon, S V Ravi, Sandeep Lal
Aims: The aim of this study was to evaluate the specific chromatic alterations in tooth crowns induced by two different endodontic restorative materials. Settings and Design: This in vitro study was conducted at the Department of Conservative Dentistry, KMCT Dental College, Kozhikode, Kerala. Subjects and Methods: Forty-five freshly extracted, fully developed, single-rooted teeth were prepared and randomly assigned to two experimental groups (n = 15 each) and one negative control group (n = 15)...
July 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259358/effect-of-instrument-speed-when-used-in-reciprocating-motion-on-root-canal-transportation-and-centering-ability
#12
Ezgi Doganay Yildiz, Hakan Arslan, Meltem Sumbullu, Ibrahim Sevki Bayrakdar, Muhammed Akif Sumbullu, Ertugrul Karatas
Aim: This study aims to evaluate the root canal transportation, centering ability, and instrumentation times after root canal preparation using reciprocating motion at 300 rotations per minute (rpm) and 600 rpm. Materials and Methods: Twenty mesial root canals of mandibular first molars with curvature angles of 35°-70° and radii of 2-6 mm were included in the study. Root canal instrumentation was performed using R25 according to the manufacturer's instructions at 300 rpm or 600 rpm (n = 10)...
July 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259357/evaluation-of-canal-transportation-after-preparation-with-reciproc-single-file-systems-with-or-without-glide-path-files
#13
Ugur Aydin, Emrah Karataslioglu
Background: Canal transportation is a common sequel caused by rotary instruments. Aims: The purpose of the present study is to evaluate the degree of transportation after the use of Reciproc single-file instruments with or without glide path files. Methods: Thirty resin blocks with L-shaped canals were divided into three groups (n = 10). Group 1 - canals were prepared with Reciproc-25 file. Group 2 - glide path file-G1 was used before Reciproc...
July 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259356/in-vitro-fracture-resistance-of-composite-resin-veneered-zirconia-crowns
#14
Chaimongkon Peampring, Juthatip Aksornmuang, Sasiwimol Sanohkan
Aims: The aim of this study is to investigate the fracture load to failure and damage mode of the composite resin-veneered zirconia crowns preparing with two different zirconia surface treatments compared conventional porcelain-veneered zirconia crowns. Materials and Methods: Metallic molar-shape dies prepared with 10° convergence angle a 1.5 mm deep chamfer finish line were used. Two groups of composite-resin-veneered zirconia crowns were prepared using different surface treatment (Group A - sandblasting and Group B - glaze-on technique)...
July 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259355/comparative-study-of-protaper-gold-reciproc-and-protaper-universal-for-root-canal-preparation-in-severely-curved-root-canals
#15
Hakan Arslan, Ezgi Doganay Yildiz, Hicran Ates Gunduz, Meltem Sumbullu, Ibrahim Sevki Bayrakdar, Ertugrul Karatas, Muhammed Akif Sumbullu
Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate the root canal transportation, centering ability, and instrumentation times with the ProTaper Gold (Dentsply Tulsa Dental, Tulsa, OK, USA), Reciproc (VDW, Munich, Germany), and ProTaper Universal (Dentsply Maillefer, Ballaigues, Switzerland) using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). Materials and Methods: Thirty mesial root canals of mandibular first molars with curvature angles of 35°-70° and radii of 2-6 mm were included in the study...
July 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259354/greetings-from-the-editorial-committee
#16
EDITORIAL
Aditya Mitra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279630/erratum-root-canal-treatment-of-a-fused-mandibular-incisor-using-cone-beam-computed-tomography-as-a-diagnostic-aid
#17
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. 58 in vol. 20, PMID: 28761256.].
May 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279629/management-of-invasive-cervical-resorption-using-a-surgical-approach-followed-by-an-internal-approach-after-2-months-due-to-pulpal-involvement
#18
Marina Fernandes, Lilian Menezes, Ida De Ataide
Invasive cervical resorption (ICR) is an aggressive and invasive form of external tooth resorption that commences in the cervical region which can be managed using either a nonsurgical, surgical or a combination of nonsurgical and surgical approach. The restoration of resorptive defects having a coronal and radicular extent can be challenging as a single material cannot be used to restore the entire defect. This case presented with Heithersay's Class 3 ICR lesion in tooth #12, which was managed initially using a surgical approach and restoration of ICR defect with a combination of resin modified glass ionomer cement, composite resin and mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA)...
May 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279628/providing-a-harmonious-smile-with-laminate-veneers-for-a-patient-with-peg-shaped-lateral-incisors
#19
Simone Beatriz Alberton, Victória Alberton, Rodrigo Varella de Carvalho
The most common discrepancy concerning tooth size is the presence of peg-shaped lateral incisors, which can cause teeth with reduced size, anterior diastema, and consequently an unpleasant smile. The development of the adhesive dentistry and ceramic veneers allowed all ceramic-bonded restorations to become an esthetic and functional approach to reestablish the smile harmony. The purpose of this clinical report is to describe a conservative treatment approach to recover an esthetic disharmony caused by bilateral peg-shaped lateral incisors...
May 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279627/one-year-comparative-evaluation-of-ketac-nano-with-resin-modified-glass-ionomer-cement-and-giomer-in-noncarious-cervical-lesions-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#20
Bollu Indira Priyadarshini, Thumu Jayaprakash, Bolla Nagesh, Chukka Ram Sunil, Varri Sujana, Velagala L Deepa
Aim: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical performance of Ketac Nano (Ketac™ N100), RMGIC (Fuji Filling™ LC), and Giomer (Beautifil® II) in noncarious cervical lesions (NCCLs). Materials and Methods: One operator restored 120 NCCLs in 20 subjects, with at least two lesions restored with one of the restorative materials: RMGIC (control group), Giomer and Ketac Nano (experimental groups). Two observers evaluated retention, marginal discoloration, marginal adaptation, color match, surface roughness, and postoperative sensitivity using modified USPHS criteria at baseline, 6, and 12 months...
May 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
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