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Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD

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[This corrects the article on p. 307 in vol. 20, PMID: 29386776.].
November 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
Priyal Naresh Shah, Ankit V Arora, Sonali V Kapoor
The aim of this study was to recognize the importance of canalis sinuosus in Endodontics. A 60-year-old male patient reported with the chief complaint of pain and swelling in upper front tooth region for 2 weeks with a history of trauma 21 years back. Clinical examination revealed fractured tooth 21 (maxillary left central incisor) with an associated sinus tract. Radiographic examination revealed diffuse periapical radiolucency in relation to tooth 21 and external resorptive defect in apical third of the root of tooth 11 (maxillary right central incisor)...
November 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
Dhanalaxmi Karre, Radhika Muppa, Mahesh Kumar Duddu, Sreenivas Nallachakrava
Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare relatively less explored fragment reattachment methods following traumatic injury. Materials and Methods: Eighty sound permanent maxillary incisors were selected and mounted in acrylic blocks. Teeth were sectioned using the diamond disc and randomly divided into 4 groups (n = 20), Group A, B, C, D. In Group A, after reattachment with composite, a 1 mm-depth circumferential chamfer was placed in the fracture line using a diamond disc bur and filled with composite...
November 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
Arunajatesan Subbiya, Pavel S Cherkas, Paramasivam Vivekanandhan, Nagarajan Geethapriya, Dhakshinamoorthy Malarvizhi, Suresh Mitthra
Background: Endodontic instrumentation is liable to cause some postinstrumentation pain (PIP). Rotary endodontic instruments differ in their design, metallurgy, surface treatment, etc. Aim: This randomized clinical trial aimed to assess the incidence of PIP after root canal instrumentation with three different rotary endodontic systems which differ in their design, namely, ProTaper, Mtwo, and K3. Materials and Methods: A total of 150 patients between the ages of 25 and 50 were chosen for the study...
November 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
Rahul Rao, Ashish Jain, Meenakshi Verma, Deepak Langade, Amol Patil
Background: Remineralization of noncavitated enamel is dependent on the bioavailability of calcium, phosphate, and hydroxyl ions in saliva. However, it is enhanced by the presence of fluoride. This study compared the remineralizing potential of three different topical fluoride agents. Materials and Methods: Fifteen extracted premolars were selected for the study. The crown of each tooth was longitudinally sectioned buccolingually and mesiodistally using a diamond disc so as to obtain sixty specimens which were embedded in acrylic molds...
November 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
Ruchi Singla, Swaty Jhamb, Amandeep Kaur, Ruchi Vashisht
Introduction: The purpose of this in vitro study was to compare the incidence of dentinal defects during root canal preparation with hand files using different irrigants. Materials and Methods: A total of 120 extracted mandibular incisors were randomly divided into onecontrol group and five experimental groups (n = 20) depending on the irrigant used. Biomechanical preparation was not done in control group. Teeth in experimental groups were prepared with hand K-files to a master apical file #35 with 1-mm increments step-back up to #50...
November 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
M M Jimna, T S Ashwini, H K Sowmya
Aim: To compare and evaluate the cleaning ability of two reciprocating systems, that is, WaveOne (WO) and self-adjusting files (SAF) in terms of removal of smear layer using sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) and chlorhexidine gluconate (CHX) at apical one-third of the root canal. Materials and Methods: Forty-three human maxillary anterior teeth were selected. The canal was instrumented manually up to a number 25 K-file size. WO and SAF were used to prepare the root canals...
November 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
Mansi Punjabi, Ruchika Gupta Dewan, Rohit Kochhar
Aim and Objectives: The aim of this study is to evaluate and compare the fracture resistance of root canals obturated with four different obturating systems in endodontically treated teeth. Materials and Methods: One hundred and twenty single-rooted teeth were selected and decoronated at cementoenamel junction. Instrumentation of teeth (except control group) was done with Mtwo rotary files up to size 25/0.06 using a step-back technique. All teeth were divided into four experimental groups ( n = 25) and two control groups ( n = 10)...
November 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
Evriklia Kourti, Ourania Pantelidou
Aim: This ex vivo study compared the efficiency of different irrigations systems to remove calcium hydroxide from root canal walls, especially from the apical third by using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Materials and Methods: Eighty-four single-rooted teeth were divided into 4 groups of 20 teeth each, according to different irrigation protocols using a 30-gauge slot-tipped needle, ultrasonic irrigation system, erbium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet laser (Er: YAG) laser, and EndoVac system...
November 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
Saritha Vallabhaneni, Kainath Fatima, Twino H Kumar
Introduction: The aim of this study was to compare canal transportation of two single-file systems, WaveOne Gold and Neoniti, using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). Methodology: A total of 40 mesiobuccal canals of maxillary first molars with curvatures of 15°-30° were chosen and randomly divided into two experimental groups (n = 20). In both groups, glide path was established using ProGlider. In group 1, canals were shaped with WaveOne Gold and in group 2 with Neoniti A1, respectively...
November 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
Ajay Chhabra, Aarushi Dogra, Nisha Garg, Ruhani Bhatia, Shruti Sharma, Savita Thakur
Objective: The objective of the study was to compare and evaluate the clinical and radiographic outcome of single- versus multivisit endodontic treatment in teeth with periapical pathology at the end of 1, 3, and 6 months. Materials and Methods: Sixty single- and multi-rooted teeth indicated for root canal treatment with periapical pathology were included in the study. The teeth were assigned randomly into two groups Group I and Group II (n = 30 each), which were further subdivided into subgroup IA, subgroup IB and subgroup IIA, subgroup IIB (n = 15 each), respectively...
November 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
Priyanka Ramdas Zinge, Jayaprakash Patil
Aim and Objective: The aim of this study is to evaluate and compare the effect of one shape, Neolix rotary single-file systems and WaveOne, Reciproc reciprocating single-file systems on pericervical dentin (PCD) using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). Materials and Methods: A total of 40 freshly extracted mandibular premolars were collected and divided into two groups, namely, Group A - Rotary: A1 - Neolix and A2 - OneShape and Group B - Reciprocating: B1 - WaveOne and B2 - Reciproc...
November 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
Aleem Mohammad, Srinidhi V Ballullaya, Jayaprakash Thumu, Sohani Maroli, Pushpa Shankarappa
Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of ultrasonic activation of photosensitizer (PS) drug Foscan in the elimination of endodontic pathogen from root canal system. Materials and Methods: The minimal bactericidal concentration of "Foscan" was determined using disc diffusion and broth dilution method. Forty-eight extracted single-rooted premolars with periapical pathology were used for the study. After access opening, the first microbial sample was taken...
November 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
Ketaki Dinkar Jawale, Sharad Basavraj Kamat, Jayakumar Appasaheb Patil, Girish Shankar Nanjannawar, Rutuja Vijay Chopade
Aim: The aim of this study was to determine remineralizing potential of grape seed extract (GSE) compared to casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) and calcium glycerophosphate (CaGP) through pH-cycling model and subsequent evaluation using polarized light microscope (PLM). Subjects and Methods: Twenty sound human teeth fragments of ten teeth were obtained from the cervical portion of the roots and were stored in demineralizing solution for 96 h at 37°C to induce artificial root carious lesion...
November 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
Vidhi Prabhakar Shetty, Balaram Damodar Naik, Amit Kashinath Pachlag, Mahantesh Mrityunjay Yeli
Aim: The aim of this study is to compare the effects of conventional syringe, passive ultrasonic irrigation (PUI), and EndoIrrigator Plus on the amount of apically extruded debris. Materials and Methods: Thirty extracted human mandibular premolars were selected and randomly assigned to three groups ( n = 10). The root canals were irrigated with conventional syringe, PUI, and EndoIrrigator Plus. Sodium hypochlorite was used as an irrigant, and debris was collected in a previously described experimental model (Myers and Montgomery 1991)...
November 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
G Anuradha Reddy, E Sridevi, A J Sai Sankar, K Pranitha, M J S Pratap Gowd, C Vinay
Aim: Maintenance of primary dentition is imperative for the development of arch form, esthetics, function, mastication, and normal eruption of permanent teeth. Premature loss can cause various problems such as ectopic eruption, space loss for the successor permanent teeth, alterations in speech, and impairment of function. Hence, decayed primary teeth should not be extracted and treated whenever possible. Pulpectomy is generally recommended as a treatment of choice in such cases. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiographic success of pulpectomized primary teeth with chronic infection using a mixture of metronidazole, ciprofloxacin, and minocycline (3MIX)-MP as an intracanal medicament before the obturation...
November 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
Kiran Rahul Halkai, Jayashree A Mudda, Vasundhara Shivanna, Vandana Rathod, Rahul S Halkai
Background: Even after rapid progress in contemporary dental practice, we encounter the failures due to endodontic, periodontal, or combined lesions. Complex anatomy of tooth and resistant microbes demands the development of new treatment strategies. Aim: The aim of this study is to biosynthesize silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) using fungi and determine the antibacterial efficacy against Porphyromonas gingivalis, Bacillus pumilus, and Enterococcus faecalis. Materials and Methods: Fungi isolated from healthy leaves of Withania somnifera were used to biosynthesize AgNPs...
November 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
Ana Beatriz Vilela Teixeira, Carla Larissa Vidal, Denise Tornavoi de Castro, Mariana Lima da Costa Valente, Christiano Oliveira-Santos, Oswaldo Luis Alves, Andréa Cândido Dos Reis
Objectives: The objective of the study is to incorporate the nanostructured silver vanadate (AgVO3) decorated with silver nanoparticles at endodontic sealers AH Plus, Sealapex, Sealer 26, and Endofill, at concentrations of 2.5%, 5%, and 10%, and to evaluate physical-chemical properties. Materials and Methods: The study was to evaluate the radiopacity using digital radiography (n = 5), the tooth color change in 48 incisors (n = 3) for 7, 30, 90, and 180 days in a spectrophotometer, and the topographic distribution in a confocal laser (n = 5)...
November 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
Veeramachaneni Chandrasekhar, Laharika Rudrapati, Vijetha Badami, Muralidhar Tummala
Polymerization shrinkage is one of the dental clinician's main entanglements when placing resin-based composite restorations. None of the method can assure a perfectly sealed restoration for adhesive restorative materials; clinicians must abode problems of polymerization shrinkage and its possible ill effects. The objective of this article is to review different incremental techniques that can ruin the polymerization shrinkage stress of direct composite restoration.
November 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
Omar Osama Shaalan, Eman Abou-Auf, Amira Farid El Zoghby
The purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate clinical performance of flowable composite in carious and noncarious lesions. An electronic search was conducted using specific databases (PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, and LILACS) through March 2017. Clinical trials for restoration of carious and noncarious lesions were included with no date restrictions; follow-up was 6 months at least and dental restorations were evaluated using the United States Public Health Service criteria. The systematic search generated 908 papers, of which 35 papers were included for full-text review...
November 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
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