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Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855765/nonsurgical-endodontic-treatment-of-teeth-associated-with-large-periapical-lesion-using-triple-antibiotic-paste-and-mineral-trioxide-aggregate-apical-plug-a-case-series
#1
Sanjeev Kunhappan, Neerja Kunhappan, K K Saraf, Vaibhav Kridutt
Periapical diseases are induced as a result of the direct or indirect involvement of oral bacteria. The etiologic factor being the degenerating pulp tissue. A periapical lesion is formed within an area of apical periodontitis which cannot form by itself and is inflammatory in origin. If the microbial etiology of periapical lesions and in the root canal is removed by nonsurgical root canal therapy the lesions regress. Mere surgical removal of the periapical lesions without proper root canal disinfection and obturation will not result in the healing of periapical tissues...
March 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855764/endodontic-management-of-mandibular-first-molars-with-mid-mesial-canal-a-case-series
#2
Pradnya Sunil Nagmode, Ankit Vasant Patel, Archana Bhaskar Satpute, Pooja L Gupta
The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the importance of knowledge of the internal anatomy of root canals for the success of endodontic treatment. Lack of knowledge of anatomic variations and their characteristics in different teeth has been pointed out as one of the main cause of endodontic therapy failure. Dental operating microscope plays a key role in the identification of canal and success of endodontic treatment. This case series describes the endodontic treatment of mandibular first molars with extra root canals, evaluate the occurrence of this extra canal, and discuss the importance of their identification and treatment...
March 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855763/effect-of-dried-sunflower-seeds-on-incisal-edge-abrasion-a-rare-case-report
#3
Avita Rath, Priyadarshini H Ramamurthy, Bennete Aloysius Fernandes, Preena Sidhu
Tooth surface loss (TSL) is a complex phenomenon characterized by the loss of hard tooth structure at various locations of the teeth, usually due to more than one factor. TSL due to abrasion can be significant in patients consuming coarse, abrasive diet. The present case reports an interesting incisal edge abrasion in a female patient, attributed to a particular dietary behavior of long-term consumption of sunflower seeds. All her family members and most of the people from her native place were also reported to have similar lesions by the patient...
March 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855762/a-comparison-of-human-dental-pulp-response-to-calcium-hydroxide-and-biodentine-as-direct-pulp-capping-agents
#4
Anushka Lalit Jalan, Manjusha M Warhadpande, Darshan M Dakshindas
CONTEXT: Direct pulp capping involves the placement of a biocompatible agent on pulp tissue that has been inadvertently exposed from traumatic injury or by iatrogenic means. AIM: To compare the human pulp response to calcium hydroxide and Biodentine as direct pulp-capping agents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pulp exposures were performed on the pulpal floor of forty human permanent premolars. The exposure sites were dressed with either Dycal or Biodentine as pulp-capping materials...
March 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855761/effect-of-conventional-irrigation-and-photoactivated-disinfection-on-enterococcus-faecalis-in-root-canals-an-in-vitro-study
#5
Niyati Balakrishna, Prashant Moogi, G Vinay Kumar, B R Prashanth, Nithin Kumar Shetty, Kaushal R Rao
AIMS: A study was done to evaluate the antimicrobial efficacy of sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) and photoactivated disinfection (PAD) on Enterococcus faecalis. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Random sampling, in-vitro study. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Access opening and biomechanical preparation were performed on fifty freshly extracted mandibular second premolars. The specimens were sterilized; 15 μm of E. faecalis was inoculated into each canal and incubated at 36°C for 24 h...
March 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855760/comparative-evaluation-of-chlorhexidine-grape-seed-extract-riboflavin-chitosan-modification-on-microtensile-bond-strength-of-composite-resin-to-dentin-after-polymerase-chain-reaction-thermocycling-an-in-vitro-study
#6
Rani Samyukta Gajjela, R Kalyan Satish, Girija S Sajjan, K Madhu Varma, T Rambabu, B H Vijaya Lakshmi
AIM: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of chlorhexidine (CHX), grape seed extract (GSE), riboflavin/chitosan modification on microtensile bond strength (μTBS) of composite resin to dentin after polymerase chain reaction (PCR) thermocycling. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty extracted human molars were used and a flat surface was then prepared by removing the occlusal one-third. The teeth were randomly assigned into four groups - Group I in which self-etch adhesive (Adper Easy One) was applied and Groups II, III, IV were pretreated with 2% CHX, 6...
March 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855759/effect-of-obturating-materials-on-fracture-resistance-of-simulated-immature-teeth
#7
Karri Girish, Jyothi Mandava, R Ravi Chandra, K Ravikumar, Anupreeta Anwarullah, Mounika Athaluri
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the fracture resistance of simulated immature teeth, when the root canals were completely filled either with mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) or Biodentine, comparing with that of roots filled with apexification procedure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty mandibular premolar teeth with single, straight canals decoronated at cementoenamel junction were divided into five groups (n = 12 each). Group 1 samples served as negative control and remaining four groups root samples were shaped and cleaned using ProTaper rotary files...
March 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855758/effect-of-glide-path-preparation-on-apical-extrusion-of-debris-in-root-canals-instrumented-with-three-single-file-systems-an-ex-vivo-comparative-study
#8
Ajinkya M Pawar, Mansing Pawar, Anda Kfir, Bhagyashree Thakur, Pooja Mutha, Kulwinder Singh Banga
AIM: The aim of this study was to test the effect of new protocol of glide path preparation by 20/0.04 rotary file on apical extrusion of debris when instrumenting fine curved mesial canals in mandibular molars with Self-adjusting File (SAF) and compare it to a glide path prepared by 20/0.02 hand K-file and rotary OneShape (OS) and reciprocating WaveOne (WO) file instrumentation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty mandibular molars with curved mesial roots were selected and randomly divided into three groups (n = 20) for instrumentation...
March 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855757/canal-transportation-and-centering-ability-of-protaper-and-self-adjusting-file-system-in-long-oval-canals-an-ex-vivo-cone-beam-computed-tomography-analysis
#9
Dipali Yogesh Shah, Swati Ishwara Wadekar, Ashwini Manish Dadpe, Ganesh Ranganath Jadhav, Lalit Jayant Choudhary, Dheeraj Deepak Kalra
CONTEXT AND AIMS: The purpose of this study was to compare and evaluate the shaping ability of ProTaper (PT) and Self-Adjusting File (SAF) system using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) to assess their performance in oval-shaped root canals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-two mandibular premolars with single oval canals were divided into two experimental groups (n = 31) according to the systems used: Group I - PT and Group II - SAF. Canals were evaluated before and after instrumentation using CBCT to assess centering ratio and canal transportation at three levels...
March 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855756/remineralization-ability-of-sodium-fluoride-on-the-microhardness-of-enamel-dentin-and-dentinoenamel-junction-an-in-vitro-study
#10
Elangovan Sivapriya, Krishnamoorthy Sridevi, Ravishankar Periasamy, Lakshmikanthanbharathi Lakshminarayanan, Angambakkam Rajasekaran Pradeepkumar
AIM: Dental tissues such as enamel, dentinoenamel junction (DEJ), dentin, and root dentin can react differently to demineralization and remineralization. The aim of this study was to evaluate the remineralization ability of sodium fluoride on the microhardness of enamel, dentin, and dentinoenamel junction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten extracted third molar teeth were sectioned mesiodistally to form control and test groups. For the test group, initial demineralization was done with acetic acid for 24 h followed by remineralization for 28 days by application of sodium fluoride (226 ppm) for 2 min twice a day...
March 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855755/comparison-of-apical-debris-extrusion-during-root-canal-preparation-using-instrumentation-techniques-with-two-operating-principles-an-in-vitro-study
#11
Mudita Verma, N Meena, R Anitha Kumari, Sudhanva Mallandur, R Vikram, Vishwas Gowda
AIMS: The aim of this study was to quantify the debris extruded apically from teeth using rotary and reciprocation instrumentation systems. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Eighty extracted human mandibular premolars with single canals and similar lengths were instrumented using ProTaper Universal (40, 06; Dentsply Maillefer, Ballaigues, Switzerland), ProTaper Next (40, 06; Dentsply Maillefer, Ballaigues, Switzerland), WaveOne (40, 06; Dentsply Maillefer, Ballaigues, Switzerland), and Reciproc (R40; VDW GmbH, Munich, Germany)...
March 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855754/clinical-evaluation-of-mineral-trioxide-aggregate-and-biodentine-as-direct-pulp-capping-agents-in-carious-teeth
#12
Swaroop Hegde, B Sowmya, Sylvia Mathew, Shilpa H Bhandi, Shruthi Nagaraja, K Dinesh
BACKGROUND: Root canal treatment has been a routine treatment option for carious exposure of the dental pulp. In the context of minimally invasive dentistry, direct pulp capping (DPC) procedure with a reliable biomaterial may be considered as an alternative provided the pulp status is favorable. Mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), a bioactive cement with excellent sealing ability and biocompatibility is capable of regenerating relatively damaged pulp and formation of dentin bridge when used as DPC agent...
March 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855753/comparative-evaluation-of-apical-microleakage-in-immediate-and-delayed-postspace-preparation-using-four-different-root-canal-sealers-an-in-vitro-study
#13
Prabeesh Padmanabhan, Joydeep Das, R Veena Kumari, P R Pradeep, Ankur Kumar, Sneha Agarwal
BACKGROUND: Endodontically treated teeth often lack sufficient support for a permanent restoration. During post space preparation, it is important not to disturb the integrity of the apical seal. AIM: This study compared the effect of immediate versus delayed post space preparation on the apical seal using four different sealers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and thirty single rooted teeth were biomechanically prepared and obturated with single cone gutta-percha and 4 sealers: Endoflas FS, AH Plus, Gutta flow and MTA...
March 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855752/preservation-of-root-canal-anatomy-using-self-adjusting-file-instrumentation-with-glide-path-prepared-by-20-0-02-hand-files-versus-20-0-04-rotary-files
#14
Niharika Jain, Ajinkya M Pawar, Piyush D Ukey, Prashant K Jain, Bhagyashree Thakur, Abhishek Gupta
OBJECTIVES: To compare the relative axis modification and canal concentricity after glide path preparation with 20/0.02 hand K-file (NITIFLEX(®)) and 20/0.04 rotary file (HyFlex™ CM) with subsequent instrumentation with 1.5 mm self-adjusting file (SAF). MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and twenty ISO 15, 0.02 taper, Endo Training Blocks (Dentsply Maillefer, Ballaigues, Switzerland) were acquired and randomly divided into following two groups (n = 60): group 1, establishing glide path till 20/0...
March 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855751/comparative-evaluation-of-three-methods-to-measure-working-length-manual-tactile-sensation-digital-radiograph-and-multidetector-computed-tomography-an-in-vitro-study
#15
Kaushik Dutta, Priti D Desai, Utapal Kumar Das, Soumayabrata Sarkar
AIM: Compare the measurement of working length with three different methods manual tactile sensation, digital radiography and Mutidetector computed tomography(MDCT). MATERIALS AND METHOD: 40 human premolar extracted for orthodontic purpose were selected. Teeth were store in sodium chloride (0.9%) during the study. Access cavity was prepared and canal patency was seen with no 10 file in each tooth. Manually no 15 K file was inserted from access cavity until the tip was visible at the foramen, a silicon stopper was adjusted to the corresponding buccal cusp tip and the root canal length was measured...
March 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855750/evaluation-of-different-fibers-and-biodentine-as-alternates-to-crown-coverage-for-endodontically-treated-molars-an-in-vitro-study
#16
Hemalatha Hiremath, Sadanand Kulkarni, Vishwanath Hiremath, Madhavi Kotipalli
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to evaluate the fracture resistance of newer restorative materials that could serve as an alternate to crown coverage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty extracted human mandibular molar teeth were selected for this study and were divided into four groups (n = 10). All the teeth in the experimental groups (Group 2-4) were subjected to access cavity preparation with roughly 1.5 mm of tooth structure remaining throughout the circumference...
March 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855749/a-cone-beam-computed-tomography-assessment-of-the-efficacy-of-different-irrigation-devices-for-removal-of-silicone-oil-based-calcium-hydroxide-from-root-canal-system
#17
Pradeep Kumar, Ida de Noronha de Ataide, Marina Fernandes, Rajan Lambor
BACKGROUND: Most often used intracanal medicament is calcium hydroxide (Ca(OH)2). Removal of Ca(OH)2 before obturation is mandatory. Different irrigation solutions and devices were tested in the previous study for this purpose. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the comparative efficacy of different irrigation techniques in removing intracanal medicament using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cleaning and shaping was carried out in 42 freshly extracted single-rooted mandibular first premolars using Protaper Rotary Files...
March 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855748/comparative-evaluation-of-apically-extruded-debris-during-root-canal-instrumentation-using-two-ni-ti-single-file-rotary-systems-an-in-vitro-study
#18
Kiran Singbal, Disha Jain, Kranthi Raja, Tan Ming Hoe
BACKGROUND: Apical extrusion of debris during instrumentation is detrimental to the patient. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the apical extrusion of debris during root canal instrumentation using two single file rotary Ni-Ti systems. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty freshly extracted mandibular premolars with straight roots were sterilized and divided into two groups instrumented using: One Shape rotary Ni-Ti system with Endoflare orifice shaper (Group 1) and Neo-Niti rotary Ni-Ti system with C1 orifice shaper (Group 2)...
March 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855747/editorial-message
#19
EDITORIAL
Aditya Mitra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761256/root-canal-treatment-of-a-fused-mandibular-incisor-using-cone-beam-computed-tomography-as-a-diagnostic-aid
#20
Maura Cristiane Orçati Dorielo, Alcides Gonini-Junior, Durvalino de Oliveira, Renata Tarnoschi Bordignon, Alvaro Henrique Borges
Tooth fusion consists of the union of crowns by the enamel and/or dentin. We describe a case of a patient who presented with a fistula in the apical portion of teeth 32 and 33. Clinically, tooth 32 showed increased crown width in relation to other teeth in the same arch. Radiographic examination evidenced fusion of tooth 32 with a possible supernumerary tooth. Cone-beam computed tomography was used to confirm the radiographic findings and revealed incomplete apex formation of the supernumerary tooth. The fused tooth was subjected to root canal treatment...
January 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
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