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Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research

Spyridon N Papageorgiou, Guilherme M Xavier, Martyn T Cobourne, Theodore Eliades
The aim of this systematic review was to assess qualitative changes induced by fixed appliance orthodontic treatment on the subgingival microbiota. Seven databases were searched up to August 2017 for randomized and nonrandomized clinical studies assessing the effect of orthodontic appliances on the subgingival bacteria in human patients. After elimination of duplicate studies, data extraction and risk of bias assessment according to the Cochrane guidelines, random-effects meta-analyses of relative risks (RR) and their 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were performed...
July 20, 2018: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
A Launonen, M Maikku, V Vuollo, P Pirttiniemi, A M Valkama, T Heikkinen, C H Kau, V Harila
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the change in facial asymmetry among subjects treated for developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) from childhood to adolescence. SETTING AND SAMPLE POPULATION: A total of 39 adolescents (26 females and 13 males), born and treated for DDH during 1997-2001, participated in the first examination in 2007 (T1; at the age of 8.2) and in the follow-up in 2016 (T2; at the age of 16.6). MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this longitudinal study, three-dimensional (3D) images were taken using a 3DMD face system based on a stereophotogrammetric method...
July 4, 2018: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
M F Abid, M A Simpson, I A Barbosa, M Seppala, M Irving, P T Sharpe, M T Cobourne
OBJECTIVES: To identify the genetic basis of severe tooth agenesis in a family of three affected sisters. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A family of three sisters with severe tooth agenesis was recruited for whole-exome sequencing to identify potential genetic variation responsible for this penetrant phenotype. The unaffected father was tested for specific mutations using Sanger sequencing. Gene discovery was supplemented with in situ hybridization to localize gene expression during human tooth development...
June 21, 2018: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
R Fastuca, A Campobasso, P A Zecca, A Caprioglio
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present randomized controlled trial (RCT) was therefore the tridimensional evaluation of soft tissue changes after rapid maxillary expansion in growing patients. SETTING AND SAMPLE POPULATION: Treated group comprised 17 patients (10 males and 7 females) with a mean age of 9.8 ± 1.2 years, and control group comprised 17 patients (13 males and 4 females) with a mean age of 9.1 ± 2.1 years. MATERIAL & METHODS: All patients of the treated group underwent maxillary expansion with Haas-type expander while patients of the control group underwent no treatment...
June 21, 2018: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
M G Cesur, K Gülle, F B Şirin, M Akpolat, G Öğrenim, A Alkan, G Cesur
OBJECTS: To investigate the effects of curcumin (CUR) and melatonin (MEL) on new bone formation following rapid maxillary expansion (RME) in rats. SETTING AND SAMPLE POPULATION: For this study, 24 12-week-old adult male Wistar albino rats from the Animal Laboratory at Adnan Menderes University, Faculty of Medicine, were used. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The rats were randomly divided into the following 3 groups (n = 8 each): only expansion (OE), expansion plus MEL (MEL) and expansion plus CUR (CUR)...
June 21, 2018: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
A J Kim, D Gu, R Chandiramani, I Linjawi, I C K Deutsch, V Allareddy, M I Masoud
OBJECTIVES: Craniofacial assessments often involve three-dimensional facial imaging using an expensive camera with 6 SLR lenses to analyse the positions and relations of anatomic landmarks. Recently, a 3D small-format, handheld camera was developed; however, the accuracy and reliability of this system are largely unknown. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy and reliability of this system. MATERIALS & METHODS: A total of 30 sets of evaluations were completed by 2 examiners on 5 human subjects, using 3 different methods: direct callipers, 3D handheld camera and conventional tripod 3D camera images...
June 4, 2018: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
A A Alhasyimi, P P Pudyani, W Asmara, I D Ana
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of carbonated hydroxyapatite-incorporated advanced platelet-rich fibrin on relapse and bone remodelling in rabbits. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-five rabbits were divided into 3 groups (n = 15): a control group, carbonated hydroxyapatite (CHA) and carbonated hydroxyapatite-incorporated advanced platelet-rich fibrin (CHA-aPRF) group. The lower incisors were subjected to an orthodontic force of 50 cN. During the retention period, CHA and CHA-aPRF hydrogel were gently injected in the mesial gingival sulcus every 7 days...
May 2018: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
M A Cassis, R R de Almeida, G Janson, A Aliaga-Del Castillo, M R de Almeida
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the stability of anterior open bite (AOB) treatment with bonded spurs associated with high-pull chincup (BS/HPCC). METHODS: The experimental group consisted of 25 Class I AOB patients (15 female, 10 male) treated with BS/HPCC for 1 year. Cephalograms were analysed at pre-treatment (T1), post-treatment (T2) and at the 3-year post-treatment (T3) stage with the patients mean ages of 8.10, 9.14 and 12.18 years, respectively. The control group consisted of 23 subjects (13 female, 10 male) with normal occlusion, with comparable ages at the 3 stages (8...
May 2018: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
G Begnoni, G Serrao, F Musto, G Pellegrini, F M Triulzi, C Dellavia
INTRODUCTION: The development of skeletal structures (cranial base, upper and lower) and upper airways spaces (oropharyngeal and nasopharyngeal) of the skull has always been an issue of great interest in orthodontics. Foetal MRI images obtained as screening exam during pregnancy can help to understand the development of these structures using a sample cephalometric analysis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 28 MRI images in sagittal section of foetuses from 20th to 32th weeks of gestation were obtained to dispel doubts about the presence of skeletal malformations...
May 2018: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
Y K Lian, A M C Hsieh, M S Tsai, H R Jiang, C Y Yen, Y J Hsia, S Y Lee
OBJECTIVES: To compare treatment duration in skeletal Class III malocclusion patients managed with a 2-step treatment (surgery-first approach, SFA) and conventional 3-step treatment, and to compare stability of surgical outcomes between segmentation and non-segmentation in the 2-step treatment group. SETTING AND SAMPLE POPULATION: The sample population consisted of 37 patients who completed orthognathic surgery (OGS) and orthodontic correction at the Charm Aesthetic Surgery Clinic (Taipei, Taiwan) between 2012 and 2015...
May 2018: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
E Cesur, A T Altug, U Toygar-Memikoglu, D Gumru-Celikel, B Tagrikulu, E Erbay
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this case-control study was to assess sella turcica area and skeletal maturity in children with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) and compare with those of non-cleft children. SETTING AND SAMPLE POPULATION: A total of 85 UCLP patients aged 7.5-17.08 years (Group 1: age 7-11 years, Group 2: age 11-14 years and Group 3: age 14-18 years) were compared with 85 control subjects without clefts who were divided into similar age groups. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Hand-wrist radiographs and cervical vertebra maturation stages (CVMS) were used to evaluate growth...
May 2018: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
T Sato, M Yamaguchi, Y Murakami, Y Horigome, S Negishi, K Kasai
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of release of experimentally introduced nasal obstruction on maxillofacial morphology and percutaneous arterial oxygen saturation (SpO2 ) in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six-week-old male Wistar rats (n = 36) were divided into a control group (n = 6) and a nasal obstruction group (n = 30). In the nasal obstruction group, the right nostril was occluded with silicon, which was subsequently removed after a given experimental period (days 7, 21, 35, 49 and 63)...
May 2018: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
Z Jabbour, A Al-Khateeb, H Eimar, J M Retrouvey, J Rizkallah, F H Glorieux, F Rauch, F Tamimi
OBJECTS: To investigate the relationship between genotype and severity of malocclusion in osteogenesis imperfecta (OI). SETTING AND SAMPLE POPULATION: A total of 49 patients participated in this cross-sectional study (age range: 5-19 years; 28 females; diagnoses: OI type I, N = 7; OI type III, N = 11; OI type IV, N = 27; OI type V, N = 2; OI type VI, N = 2). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sequence analysis of COL1A1/COL1A2 and other OI-related genes was compared to the Peer Assessment Rating (PAR), an index reflecting the severity of malocclusion...
May 2018: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
H S Lee, H A Heo, S H Park, W Lee, S W Pyo
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of parathyroid hormone (PTH) on tooth movement in ovariectomized (OVX) rats by comparing the tooth movement distance and relapse and by examining the alveolar bone microstructure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty 8-week-old female rats were classified into 3 groups: sham-operated, OVX and ovariectomized rats injected with PTH (PTH). Eight weeks later, a closed-coil spring appliance was placed between the maxillary incisor and the first molar and then activated with 50 cN of force...
April 19, 2018: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
G R Oliver, K Grimes, N Pandis, P S Fleming
OBJECTIVES: To compare the relationship between Riedel and Wits appraisal in skeletal III malocclusions and to assess the effect of variation in the vertical skeletal measurements. SETTING AND SAMPLE POPULATION: One-hundred and twenty consecutive subjects with Class III malocclusions attending orthognathic clinics were analysed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Lateral cephalograms were hand-traced under standardized conditions. Cephalometric measurements included Riedel analysis, Wits appraisal, A point/B point to Frankfurt plane (AF-BF) and vertical measurements...
April 6, 2018: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
Ambra Michelotti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
A M Kuijpers-Jagtman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
P A Brunton, C Loch, J N Waddell, H J Bodansky, R Hall, A Gray
OBJECTIVES: To estimate maximum jaw-opening forces in healthy participants of diverse ancestry and to estimate whether opening forces are associated with sex, age and anthropometric parameters such as height, weight and BMI. SETTING AND SAMPLE POPULATION: One hundred and forty-nine participants aged 20-60 years with overall good oral and general health. Exclusion criteria included myofascial or neck pain, symptomatic temporomandibular joint disorders (TMD), current orthodontic treatment or the absence of a natural dentition...
February 2018: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
W-C Lee, Y-K Tu, C-S Huang, R Chen, M-W Fu, E Fu
The aim of this meta-analysis was to investigate the changes in airway dimensions after rapid maxillary expansion (RME) and facemask (FM) protraction. Using PubMed, Medline, ScienceDirect and Web of Science, only controlled clinical trials, published up to November 2016, with RME and/or FM as keywords that had ≥6 months follow-up period were included in this meta-analysis. The changes in pharyngeal airway dimension in both two-dimensional and three-dimensional images were included in the analysis. Nine studies met the criteria...
February 2018: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
B Dhamo, M A R Kuijpers, I Balk-Leurs, C Boxum, E B Wolvius, E M Ongkosuwito
OBJECTIVE: To investigate phenotypic differences in dental development between isolated oligodontia and oligodontia-ectodermal dysplasia (ED). SETTING AND SAMPLE POPULATION: A total of 129 patients diagnosed with isolated oligodontia and 22 patients with oligodontia as part of ED were eligible. METHODS: The phenotype of dental development was assessed for the frequency of missing a certain tooth, dental age, development of each tooth present, abnormal size and abnormal shape of teeth...
February 2018: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
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