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Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research

Charles S Greene
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 14, 2018: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
B Fischer, C Masucci, A Ruellas, L Cevidanes, V Giuntini, M Nier, C Nardi, L Franchi, J A McNamara, E Defraia
OBJECTIVES: To compare the three-dimensional maxillary dentoskeletal effects of a modified alternate rapid maxillary expansion and constriction facemask protocol (Alt-RAMEC/FM) with the traditional rapid maxillary expansion facemask protocol (RME/FM) performed in deciduous or early mixed dentition Class III patients. SETTING AND SAMPLE POPULATION: Orthodontic Clinic of the Section of Dentistry of the Department of. Thirty-Four Class III patients were enrolled and allocated by alternating assignment to either Alt-RAMEC/FM or RME/FM therapy...
September 25, 2018: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
Dimitrios Michelogiannakis, Deema Al-Shammery, P Emile Rossouw, Hameeda Bashir Ahmed, Zohaib Akram, Georgios E Romanos, Fawad Javed
The aim was to assess the influence of corticosteroid therapy (CST) on orthodontic tooth movement (OTM). A narrative review of studies performed in animal models. Indexed databases were searched up to and including May 2018 to address the following focused question: "Does CST affect OTM?" The following eligibility criteria were imposed: (a) original studies; (b) presence of a control group (OTM without CST); (c) intervention: effect of CST on OTM; and (d) statistical analysis. Quality assessment was performed using the Animal Research Reporting In Vivo Experiment (ARRIVE) guidelines...
September 24, 2018: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
Sonia Magruder, Emily Carter, Meredith A Williams, Jeryl English, Sercan Akyalcin, Ariadne Letra
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of single nucleotide variants in the candidate genes WNT10A, WNT10B and GREM2 with isolated tooth agenesis. SETTING AND SAMPLE POPULATION: A total of 435 Caucasian individuals (88 cases with isolated tooth agenesis and 347 unrelated controls) were ascertained at the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston School of Dentistry. Clinical and radiographic examination by orthodontists confirmed the diagnosis of tooth agenesis...
September 24, 2018: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
R Cannavale, P Chiodini, L Perillo, M G Piancino
OBJECTS: Rapid Palatal Expansion (RPE) is a widespread orthopedic procedure used in several clinical situations. Aim of the study is to provide a systematic review and meta-analysis of transverse intercanine and intermolar width changes after RPE and long-term effects. SETTING AND SAMPLE POPULATION: A systematic literature search was conducted until January 2018 on original studies with RPE treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Intercanine and intermolar distance was measured at the start of RPE (T1, median age 9,2years) and at the end of treatment(T2)...
September 12, 2018: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
Rafaela Scariot, Paola F C L Corso, Aline M Sebastiani, Alexandre R Vieira
OBJECTIVES: The aim was to review the literature regarding genetic contributions to temporomandibular joint disorder (TMD) after our 2008 publication. SETTING AND SAMPLE POPULATION: Literature review. MATERIAL AND METHODS: PubMed and MEDLINE were used to obtain literature in any language regarding genes and TMD, using the keywords "temporomandibular joint disorder" and "temporomandibular joint dysfunction" for studies published from 2009 to 2017...
September 11, 2018: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
Nuno V Hermann, Tron A Darvann, Anders Munch, Sven Kreiborg
OBJECTIVE: To investigate parental age in relation to the severity of cleft diagnosis in a population-based consecutive sample of individuals with clefts. SETTING/SAMPLE: Retrospective, consecutive. MATERIAL/METHODS: The sample comprised 545 consecutive cases with nonsyndromic clefts (437 individuals with cleft lip with/without cleft palate [CL ± P] and 106 individuals with isolated cleft palate [CP]) and parental ages recorded. The groups were subdivided according to the extent/severity of cleft...
September 6, 2018: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
Angela Galeotti, Paola Festa, Valeria Viarani, Vincenzo D'Antò, Emanuela Sitzia, Simone Piga, Martino Pavone
OBJECTIVES: To describe the prevalence of malocclusions in 2- to 10-year-old children suffering from obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) and to evaluate the association between occlusal variables and OSA. SETTING AND SAMPLE POPULATION: A total of 2101 consecutive patients referred to an otorhinolaryngology unit were considered for the study. One hundred and fifty-six children (range 2-10 years) with suspected OSA were selected for a sleep study. The final sample consisted of 139 children suffering from OSA and a control group of 137 children...
September 6, 2018: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
Despina Koletsi, Margarita Makou, Nikolaos Pandis
The aim of this review was to evaluate available evidence on the effect of early orthodontic management and myofunctional treatment in the developing dentition children, on anterior open bite correction, as well as on normalization of patterns of mouth breathing, swallowing and tongue resting position and pressure. Electronic searches in MEDLINE, Cochrane and LILACS, without language restrictions were conducted. Additionally, unpublished literature was identified. Randomized controlled trials, or controlled clinical trials, comparing interventions applied to manage anterior open bite and other muscle functions such as breathing/swallowing pattern and tongue resting position and pressure, were considered...
August 27, 2018: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
Spyridon N Papageorgiou, Guilherme M Xavier, Martyn T Cobourne, Theodore Eliades
The aim of this systematic review was to assess qualitative changes induced by fixed appliance orthodontic treatment on the subgingival microbiota. Seven databases were searched up to August 2017 for randomized and nonrandomized clinical studies assessing the effect of orthodontic appliances on the subgingival bacteria in human patients. After elimination of duplicate studies, data extraction and risk of bias assessment according to the Cochrane guidelines, random-effects meta-analyses of relative risks (RR) and their 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were performed...
July 20, 2018: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
A Launonen, M Maikku, V Vuollo, P Pirttiniemi, A M Valkama, T Heikkinen, C H Kau, V Harila
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the change in facial asymmetry among subjects treated for developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) from childhood to adolescence. SETTING AND SAMPLE POPULATION: A total of 39 adolescents (26 females and 13 males), born and treated for DDH during 1997-2001, participated in the first examination in 2007 (T1; at the age of 8.2) and in the follow-up in 2016 (T2; at the age of 16.6). MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this longitudinal study, three-dimensional (3D) images were taken using a 3DMD face system based on a stereophotogrammetric method...
July 4, 2018: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
M F Abid, M A Simpson, I A Barbosa, M Seppala, M Irving, P T Sharpe, M T Cobourne
OBJECTIVES: To identify the genetic basis of severe tooth agenesis in a family of three affected sisters. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A family of three sisters with severe tooth agenesis was recruited for whole-exome sequencing to identify potential genetic variation responsible for this penetrant phenotype. The unaffected father was tested for specific mutations using Sanger sequencing. Gene discovery was supplemented with in situ hybridization to localize gene expression during human tooth development...
June 21, 2018: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
R Fastuca, A Campobasso, P A Zecca, A Caprioglio
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present randomized controlled trial (RCT) was therefore the tridimensional evaluation of soft tissue changes after rapid maxillary expansion in growing patients. SETTING AND SAMPLE POPULATION: Treated group comprised 17 patients (10 males and 7 females) with a mean age of 9.8 ± 1.2 years, and control group comprised 17 patients (13 males and 4 females) with a mean age of 9.1 ± 2.1 years. MATERIAL & METHODS: All patients of the treated group underwent maxillary expansion with Haas-type expander while patients of the control group underwent no treatment...
June 21, 2018: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
M G Cesur, K Gülle, F B Şirin, M Akpolat, G Öğrenim, A Alkan, G Cesur
OBJECTS: To investigate the effects of curcumin (CUR) and melatonin (MEL) on new bone formation following rapid maxillary expansion (RME) in rats. SETTING AND SAMPLE POPULATION: For this study, 24 12-week-old adult male Wistar albino rats from the Animal Laboratory at Adnan Menderes University, Faculty of Medicine, were used. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The rats were randomly divided into the following 3 groups (n = 8 each): only expansion (OE), expansion plus MEL (MEL) and expansion plus CUR (CUR)...
June 21, 2018: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
A J Kim, D Gu, R Chandiramani, I Linjawi, I C K Deutsch, V Allareddy, M I Masoud
OBJECTIVES: Craniofacial assessments often involve three-dimensional facial imaging using an expensive camera with 6 SLR lenses to analyse the positions and relations of anatomic landmarks. Recently, a 3D small-format, handheld camera was developed; however, the accuracy and reliability of this system are largely unknown. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy and reliability of this system. MATERIALS & METHODS: A total of 30 sets of evaluations were completed by 2 examiners on 5 human subjects, using 3 different methods: direct callipers, 3D handheld camera and conventional tripod 3D camera images...
June 4, 2018: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
A A Alhasyimi, P P Pudyani, W Asmara, I D Ana
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of carbonated hydroxyapatite-incorporated advanced platelet-rich fibrin on relapse and bone remodelling in rabbits. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-five rabbits were divided into 3 groups (n = 15): a control group, carbonated hydroxyapatite (CHA) and carbonated hydroxyapatite-incorporated advanced platelet-rich fibrin (CHA-aPRF) group. The lower incisors were subjected to an orthodontic force of 50 cN. During the retention period, CHA and CHA-aPRF hydrogel were gently injected in the mesial gingival sulcus every 7 days...
May 2018: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
M A Cassis, R R de Almeida, G Janson, A Aliaga-Del Castillo, M R de Almeida
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the stability of anterior open bite (AOB) treatment with bonded spurs associated with high-pull chincup (BS/HPCC). METHODS: The experimental group consisted of 25 Class I AOB patients (15 female, 10 male) treated with BS/HPCC for 1 year. Cephalograms were analysed at pre-treatment (T1), post-treatment (T2) and at the 3-year post-treatment (T3) stage with the patients mean ages of 8.10, 9.14 and 12.18 years, respectively. The control group consisted of 23 subjects (13 female, 10 male) with normal occlusion, with comparable ages at the 3 stages (8...
May 2018: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
G Begnoni, G Serrao, F Musto, G Pellegrini, F M Triulzi, C Dellavia
INTRODUCTION: The development of skeletal structures (cranial base, upper and lower) and upper airways spaces (oropharyngeal and nasopharyngeal) of the skull has always been an issue of great interest in orthodontics. Foetal MRI images obtained as screening exam during pregnancy can help to understand the development of these structures using a sample cephalometric analysis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 28 MRI images in sagittal section of foetuses from 20th to 32th weeks of gestation were obtained to dispel doubts about the presence of skeletal malformations...
May 2018: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
Y K Lian, A M C Hsieh, M S Tsai, H R Jiang, C Y Yen, Y J Hsia, S Y Lee
OBJECTIVES: To compare treatment duration in skeletal Class III malocclusion patients managed with a 2-step treatment (surgery-first approach, SFA) and conventional 3-step treatment, and to compare stability of surgical outcomes between segmentation and non-segmentation in the 2-step treatment group. SETTING AND SAMPLE POPULATION: The sample population consisted of 37 patients who completed orthognathic surgery (OGS) and orthodontic correction at the Charm Aesthetic Surgery Clinic (Taipei, Taiwan) between 2012 and 2015...
May 2018: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
E Cesur, A T Altug, U Toygar-Memikoglu, D Gumru-Celikel, B Tagrikulu, E Erbay
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this case-control study was to assess sella turcica area and skeletal maturity in children with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) and compare with those of non-cleft children. SETTING AND SAMPLE POPULATION: A total of 85 UCLP patients aged 7.5-17.08 years (Group 1: age 7-11 years, Group 2: age 11-14 years and Group 3: age 14-18 years) were compared with 85 control subjects without clefts who were divided into similar age groups. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Hand-wrist radiographs and cervical vertebra maturation stages (CVMS) were used to evaluate growth...
May 2018: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
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