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Traffic Injury Prevention

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053374/pedestrian-crossing-behavior-an-observational-study-in-the-city-of-ushuaia-argentina
#1
Fernando Martín Poó, Ruben Daniel Ledesma, Roberto Trujillo
OBJECTIVES: Pedestrian crashes are a critical problem in Latin American countries. However, little research has been published about pedestrians and even less about their behaviors in a naturalistic context. The objective of the present research was to explore risky pedestrian crossing behaviors in traffic intersections in an argentine city (Ushuaia). It is focused in different stages of the crossing process, traffic code violations, and other potentially risky behaviors such as distractions...
October 20, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045166/driver-injury-in-near-and-far-side-impacts-update-on-the-effect-of-front-passenger-belt-use
#2
Chantal S Parenteau, David C Viano
PURPOSE: This is a study that updates earlier research on the influence of a front passenger on the risk for severe driver injury in near-side and far-side impacts. It includes the effects of belt use by the driver and passenger, identifies body regions involved in driver injury and identifies the sources for severe, driver head injury. METHODS: 1997-2015 NASS-CDS data was used to investigate the risk for MAIS 4+F driver injury in near-side and far-side impacts by front-passenger belt use and as a sole occupant in the driver seat...
October 18, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045160/taxi-driver-speeding-who-when-where-and-how-a-comparative-study-between-shanghai-and-new-york
#3
Yizhe Huang, Daniel Jian Sun, Juanyu Tang
OBJECTIVE: The three objectives of this study are: 1) To identify the driving style characteristics of taxi drivers in Shanghai and NYC using taxi GPS data and make a comparative analysis; 2) To explore the influence of different driving style characteristics on the frequency of speeding (who and how?) 3) To explore the influence of driving style characteristics, road attributes and environmental factors on the speeding rate (when, where and how?) Methods: This study proposes a Driver-Road-Environment Identification (DREI) method to investigate the determinant factors of taxi speeding violations...
October 18, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981367/a-study-of-fatal-pedestrian-crashes-at-rural-low-volume-road-intersections-in-southwest-china
#4
Xiaoli Xie, Alexandros Nikitas, Hongqi Liu
OBJECTIVE: Although intersections correspond to a small proportion of the entire roadway system, they account for a disproportionally high number of fatal pedestrian crashes, especially in rural roads situated in low- and middle-income countries. This paper examines pedestrian safety at rural intersections and suggests applicable accident prevention treatments by providing an in-depth analysis of 28 fatal pedestrian crashes from eight low volume roads in Southwest China. METHODS: The Driving Reliability and Error Analysis Method (DREAM) is a method to support a systematic classification of accident causation information and to facilitate aggregation of that information into patterns of contributing factors...
October 5, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952791/state-helmet-laws-and-helmet-use-among-fatally-injured-moped-riders-in-the-united-states-2011-2015
#5
Elizabeth M Boone, Matthew E Rossheim, Jenna R Krall, Robert M Weiler
OBJECTIVE: Research has found that mandatory motorcycle helmet laws increase helmet use and reduce motorcycle-related fatalities. However, the association between state moped helmet laws and helmet use in the United States has not been examined. This study investigated this association among a census of fatally injured moped riders in the United States. METHODS: A logistic regression model was constructed to analyze data extracted from the Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) to examine risk factors for helmet non-use among 572 moped riders fatally injured between 2011 and 2015...
September 27, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933560/unintentional-nontraffic-injury-and-fatal-events-threats-to-children-in-and-around-vehicles
#6
Mark R Zonfrillo, Mackenzie L Ramsay, Janette E Fennell, Amber Rollins
Objective There have been substantial reductions in motor vehicle crash-related child fatalities due to advances in legislation, public safety campaigns, and engineering. Less is known about nontraffic injuries and fatalities to children in and around motor vehicles. The objective of this study was to describe the frequency of various nontraffic incidents, injuries, and fatalities to children using a unique surveillance system and database. Methods Instances of nontraffic injuries and fatalities in the United States to children 0-14 years were tracked from January 1990 - December 2014 using a compilation of sources including media reports, individual accounts from families of affected children, medical examiner reports, police reports, child death review teams, coroner reports, medical professionals, legal professionals, and other various modes of publication...
September 21, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910537/analysis-of-mechanics-of-side-impact-test-defined-in-un-ece-regulation-129
#7
Pawel Baranowski, Krzysztof Damaziak, Lukasz Mazurkiewicz, Jerzy Malachowski, Artur Muszynski, Dario Vangi
OBJECTIVE: This article discusses differences between a side impact procedure described in UN/ECE Regulation 129 and scenarios observed in real world cases. METHODS: Numerical simulations of side impact tests utilizing different boundary conditions are used to compare the severity of the Regulation 129 test and the other tests with different kinematics of child resistant systems (CRS). In the simulations, the authors use a validated finite element (FE) model of real world CRS together with a fully deformable numerical model of the Q3 anthropomorphic test device (ATD) by Humanetics Innovative Solution, Inc...
September 14, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898116/adaptive-response-criteria-in-road-hazard-detection-among-older-drivers
#8
Jing Feng, HeeSun Choi, Fergus I M Craik, Brian Levine, Sylvain Moreno, Gary Naglie, Motao Zhu
OBJECTIVES: The majority of existing investigations on attention, aging, and driving have focused on the negative impacts of age-related declines in attention on hazard detection and driver performance. However, driving skills and behavioral compensation may accommodate the negative effects that age-related attentional decline places on driving performance. In this study, we examined an important question that had been largely neglected in the literature linking attention, aging, and driving: can top-down factors such as behavioral compensation, specifically adaptive response criteria, accommodate the negative impacts from age-related attention declines on hazard detection during driving? METHODS: In the experiment, we used the Drive Aware Task, a task combining the driving context with well-controlled laboratory procedures measuring attention...
September 12, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898110/the-perception-of-malaysian-pedestrians-towards-the-use-of-footbridges
#9
Razi Hasan, Madzlan Napiah
OBJECTIVE: The footbridge is a vital structure in the road network and a cornerstone among crossing facilities. Yet, it suffers from the low usage by pedestrians as they try to cross the street on the level. This study is aimed to analyse the perceptions of Malaysian pedestrians towards the use of footbridges with the consideration of different factors. METHOD: The study was carried out by collecting data from the field observation and the questionnaire distribution on the street among the public...
September 12, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837362/investigation-of-hit-and-run-crash-occurrence-and-severity-using-real-time-loop-detector-data-and-hierarchical-bayesian-binary-logit-model-with-random-effects
#10
Meiquan Xie, Wen Cheng, Gurdiljot Singh Gill, Jiao Zhou, Xudong Jia, Simon Choi
OBJECTIVE: Most of the extensive research dedicated to identifying the influential factors of hit-and-run (HR) crashes has utilized the typical Maximum Likelihood Estimation Binary Logit models, and none of them have employed the real-time traffic data. To fill this gap, this study focused on investigating contributing factors of HR crashes, as well as the severity levels of HR. METHODS: This study analyzed four-year crash and real time loop detector data by employing the hierarchical Bayesian models with random effects within a sequential Logit structure...
August 24, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837359/young-females-attention-towards-road-safety-images-an-erp-study-of-the-revised-reinforcement-sensitivity-theory
#11
Sherrie-Anne Kaye, Melanie J White, Ioni Lewis
OBJECTIVE: This study examined whether reward and punishment sensitivities, as conceptualised by Gray and McNaughton's revised Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory (RST), influenced young female drivers' attention towards a series of positive and negative anti-speeding advertisement images. Young females' increasing crash risk is associated with their engagement in risky behaviours which, in turn, has been associated with a stronger Behavioural Approach System (BAS; sensitive to rewards)...
August 24, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829627/prevalence-of-alcohol-among-non-fatally-injured-road-accident-casualties-in-two-level-iii-trauma-centres-in-nothern-ghana
#12
James Damsere-Derry, Gavan Palk, Mark King
Background Alcohol use is pervasive among motorists on the roadside in Ghana, however we do not know the extent this behaviour is implicated in road accidents in this country. Objectives The main objective of this research was to establish the prevalence of alcohol in the blood of non-fatally injured casualties in the emergency departments (EDs) in Northern Ghana. Method Participants were injured road traffic crash victims namely pedestrians, cyclists, motorcyclists and drivers seeking treatment at the EDs...
August 22, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812374/an-evaluation-scheme-for-assessing-the-effectiveness-of-intersection-movement-assist-ima-on-improving-traffic-safety
#13
Kun-Feng Wu, Nashir Ardiansyah, Wei-Jyun Ye
OBJECTIVE: Intersection Movement Assist (IMA) has been recognized as one of the prominent countermeasures to reduce angle crashes at intersections, which constitute 22 percent of total crashes in the US. Utilizing vehicle-based sensors, vehicle-to-vehicle (V2░V), and vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I) communications, IMA offers extended vision to provide early warning for an imminent crash. However, most of IMA related research implements their methods and strategies only in simulations, test tracks, or driving simulator studies that have quite a few assumptions and limitations, and hence the effectiveness evaluations reported may not be transferable or comparable...
August 16, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771038/classification-of-driving-workload-affected-by-highway-alignment-conditions-based-on-classification-and-regression-tree-algorithm
#14
Jiangbi Hu, Ronghua Wang
OBJECTIVE: Guaranteeing a safe and comfortable driving workload can contribute to reducing traffic injuries. In order to provide safe and comfortable threshold values, this study attempted to classify driving workload from the aspects of human factors mainly affected by highway geometric conditions, and to determine the thresholds of different workload classifications. This paper stated a hypothesis that the values of driver workload change within a certain range. METHODS: Driving workload scales were stated based on a comprehensive literature review...
August 3, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759268/relationship-between-neuropsychological-tests-and-driver-s-license-renewal-tests-in-parkinson-s-disease
#15
Dolors Badenes, Maite Garolera, Laura Casas, Juan Carlos Cejudo-Bolivar, Silvia Zaragoza, Noemi Calzado, Miquel Aguilar
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the standard Spanish driving test (ASDE test) was able to identify patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) at risk of unsafe driving and to examine the relationship between the ASDE test and the Useful Field of View (UFOV) as well as with a battery of neuropsychological tests in drivers with PD. METHODS: Thirty-seven patients with PD and 33 controls matched by age and education level were included in an observational study. All participants were active drivers and patients with PD underwent study procedures after taking the medication in the "on" period...
July 31, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758801/using-medico-legal-data-to-investigate-fatal-older-road-user-crash-circumstances-and-risk-factors
#16
Sjaan Koppel, Lyndal Bugeja, Daisy Smith, Ashne Lamb, Jeremy Dwyer, Michael Fitzharris, Stuart Newstead, Angelo D'Elia, Judith Charlton
OBJECTIVE: This study used medico-legal data to investigate fatal older road user (ORU, aged 65 years and older) crash circumstances and risk factors relating to 4 key components of the Safe System approach (e.g., roads and roadsides, vehicles, road users, and speeds) to identify areas of priority for targeted prevention activity. METHOD: The Coroners' Court of Victoria's (CCOV) Surveillance Database was searched to identify and describe the frequency and rate per 100,000 population of fatal ORU crashes in the Australian state of Victoria for 2013-2014...
July 31, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758794/helmet-retention-system-types-as-a-risk-factor-to-properly-attach-the-chin-strap
#17
C A Freitas, A M Furtado, R R Petterle, S K Pimentel, F H Carvalho
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the factors associated with the incorrect use of a helmet retention system (loose or open) and how often this happens. METHODS: This was an observational transversal study conducted in Curitiba, Brazil. Trained observers positioned at traffic lights collected information about the helmet fixation mode, the helmet model (full-face, open-face, modular, half), and the helmet retention system model (micrometric, double-D, fast-release)...
July 31, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750169/ticketing-aggressive-cars-and-trucks-tact-how-does-it-work-on-city-streets
#18
Russell Telford, Lawrence J Cook, Lenora M Olson
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the feasibility of modifying the Ticking Aggressive Cars and Trucks (TACT) program, originally designed to work on state highways, within a metropolitan area to reduce unsafe interactions and their related crashes between drivers of large trucks and passenger vehicles. METHODS: Using crash data, the driving behaviors most commonly associated with large truck and passenger vehicle crashes were identified. A public awareness campaign using media messaging and increased law enforcement was created targeting these associated behaviors...
July 27, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035084/traffic-injury-prevention
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902530/corrigendum
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
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