journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Traffic Injury Prevention

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429962/predictors-of-restraint-use-among-child-occupants
#1
Marco Benedetti, Kathleen D Klinich, Miriam A Manary, Carol A Flannagan
OBJECTIVES: Identify factors that predict restraint use and optimal restraint use among children aged 0 to 13 years. METHODS: The dataset is a national sample of police-reported crashes for years 2010-2014 in which type of child restraint is recorded. The dataset was supplemented with demographic census data linked by driver zip code, as well as a score for the state child restraint law during the year of the crash relative to best practice recommendations for protecting child occupants...
April 21, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414545/modular-use-of-human-body-models-of-varying-levels-of-complexity-validation-of-head-kinematics
#2
William Decker, Bharath Koya, Matthew L Davis, F Scott Gayzik
Objective The significant computational resources required to execute detailed human body finite element models has motivated the development of faster running simplified models (e.g. GHBMC M50-OS). Previous studies have demonstrated the ability to modularly incorporate the validated GHBMC M50-O brain model into the simplified model (GHBMC M50-OS+B), which allows for localized analysis of the brain in a fraction of the computation time required for the detailed model. The objective of this study is to validate the head and neck kinematics of the GHBMC M50-O and M50-OS (detailed and simplified versions of the same model) against human volunteer test data in frontal and lateral loading...
April 17, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409675/the-relation-between-driving-violations-and-health-promotion-behaviors-among-undergraduate-students-self-report-of-road-behavior
#3
Liat Korn, Yossi Weiss, Tova Rosenbloom
Introduction The purposes of this study are to characterize the Israeli undergraduate students' driving violations in the terms of Problem Behavior Theory and to identify if there is any relationship between driving violations and health risk behaviors, daring behaviors, excitement-seeking, and health promotion behaviors. Methods This study is based on a structured self-reported anonymous questionnaire distributed to undergraduate students in an academic institution. The sample included 533 undergraduate students (374 females and 159 males)...
April 14, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402687/seatbelt-pre-pretensioner-effect-on-child-sized-dummies-during-run-off-road-events
#4
Isabelle Stockman, Katarina Bohman, Lotta Jakobsson
Objective Run-off road events occur frequently and can result in severe consequences. Several potential injury causing mechanisms can be observed in the diverse types of run-off road events. Real world data shows that different types of environments, such as rough terrain, ditch types and whether multiple events occur, may be important contributing factors to the occupant injury. While countermeasures addressing front seat occupants have been presented, studies on rear seat occupant retention in situations such as run-off road events are lacking...
April 12, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402136/survey-of-discomfort-glare-from-the-headlamps-of-cars-widely-used-in-iran
#5
Ahmad Mehri, Somayeh Farhang Dehghan, Roohalah Hajizadeh, Seyed Abolfazl Zakerian, Hamzeh Mohammadi, Milad Abbasi
OBJECTIVE: In two-lane roads, a discomfort glare can cause annoyance, discomfort and inconvenience, stress and fatigue to drivers on the front line. This can cause accidents. The aim of this study is to evaluate the discomfort glare from the headlamps of cars widely used in Iran. METHODS: The discomfort glare of new vehicles including Pride Saba model GTX, Pride Model 131SL, Samand Soren, Peugeot 405, Megan, and Peugeot Pars was examined at distances of 5 to 100 metres and in background luminance of 50 cd/m(2) (late twilight / early dawn lighting) and 1 cd/m(2) (night time) by Schmidt-Clausen and Bindels model and de Boer subjective scale...
April 12, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399658/evaluation-of-a-coplanar-6a3%C3%AF-configuration-in-the-hybrid-iii-50-th-percentile-male-head
#6
Yun-Seok Kang, Sam Goldman, Kevin Moorhouse, John Bolte
OBJECTIVES: In order to understand the mechanisms of TBI and develop proper safety measures, it is essential that accurate instrumentation methods are utilized. The Brain Injury Criterion (BrIC) has been developed and validated to predict brain injuries in combination with the head injury criterion (Takhounts et al., 2011 ; Takhounts et al., 2013 ). Being that the validated BrIC is heavily dependent on angular motion, the accuracy of any head instrumentation technique should be judged in part by its ability to measure angular motion...
April 11, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394639/the-safety-potential-of-lane-departure-warning-systems-a-descriptive-real-world-study-of-fatal-lane-departure-passenger-car-crashes-in-sweden
#7
Simon Sternlund
OBJECTIVE: Lane departure crashes account for a significant proportion of passenger car occupant fatalities and serious injuries. Utilising real-world data involving fatal passenger car crashes in Sweden, the characteristics of lane departure crashes were identified and the safety potential of Lane Departure Warning (LDW) systems was quantified. METHODS: The material consisted of 104 in-depth studies of fatal passenger car crashes in 2010. The crashes were classified as single vehicle (n = 48), head-on (n = 52) and overtaking (n = 4) crashes...
April 10, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394632/effects-of-rearview-cameras-and-rear-parking-sensors-on-police-reported-backing-crashes
#8
Jessica B Cicchino
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effectiveness of rearview cameras, rear parking sensors, and both systems combined in preventing police-reported backing crashes. METHODS: Negative binomial regression was used to compare rates of police-reported backing crash involvements per insured vehicle year in 22 U.S. states during 2009-2014 between passenger vehicle models with backing technologies and the same vehicle models where the optional systems were not purchased, controlling for other factors affecting crash risk...
April 10, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384074/risk-of-serious-injury-of-occupants-involved-in-frontal-crashes-of-cab-over-type-trucks
#9
Hyeok-Jin Jeon, Sang-Chul Kim, Jae-Ho Shin, Jae-Yoon Jeong, Kang-Hyun Lee, Hee-Young Lee, Ho-Joong Kim
OBJECTIVES: Truck vehicles (TVs) have a different structure and stiffness from non-TV and are used commercially for transporting goods. This study aimed to analyze whether truck occupants have a greater risk of serious injury than those of other types of vehicles. METHODS: Crash data were obtained from the Korean In-depth Data Analysis Study (KIDAS) for calendar years 2011-2016. Vehicles involved in frontal crash were included and classified into TVs and non-TVs (passenger cars and sports utility vehicles)...
April 6, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384071/estimate-of-mortality-reduction-with-implementation-of-advanced-automatic-collision-notification
#10
Ellen Lee, Jingshu Wu, Thomas Kang, Matthew Craig
OBJECTIVE: Advanced Automatic Collision Notification (AACN) is a system on a motor vehicle that notifies a Public Safety Answering Point (PSAP), either directly or through a third party that the vehicle has had a crash. AACN systems enable earlier notification of a motor vehicle crash and provide an injury prediction that can help dispatchers and first responders make better decisions about how and where to transport the patient, thus getting the patient to definitive care sooner. The purpose of the current research is to identify the target population that could benefit from AACN, and develop a reasonable estimate range of potential lives saved with implementation of AACN within the vehicle fleet...
April 6, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384034/difficulties-in-emotion-regulation-and-risky-driving-among-lithuanian-drivers
#11
Laura Šeibokaitė, Auksė Endriulaitienė, Mark J M Sullman, Rasa Markšaitytė, Kristina Žardeckaitė-Matulaitienė
BACKGROUND: Risky driving is a common cause of traffic accidents and injuries. However, there is no clear evidence of how difficulties in emotion regulation contribute to risky driving behaviour, particularly in small Post-Soviet countries. The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between difficulties in emotion regulation and self-reported risky driving behaviour in a sample of Lithuanian drivers. METHODS: A total of 246 non-professional Lithuanian drivers participated in a cross-sectional survey...
April 6, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383999/energy-attenuation-performance-of-impact-protection-worn-by-motorcyclists-in-real-world-crashes
#12
Bianca Albanese, Tom Gibson, Tom Whyte, Lauren Meredith, Giovanni Savino, Liz De Rome, Matthew Baldock, Michael Fitzharris, Julie Brown
Objective Laboratory studies have demonstrated that impact protectors (IP) used in motorcycle clothing can reduce fracture severities. While crash studies have reported IP are associated with reduced likelihood of soft tissue injury, there is little evidence of their effectiveness in reducing fracture likelihood. This discrepancy might be related to IP quality. There are mandatory requirements for IP supplied with protective clothing in Europe, but not elsewhere. This study examines the energy attenuation performance of IP used by Australian riders...
April 6, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379077/perils-of-using-speed-zone-data-to-assess-real-world-compliance-to-speed-limits
#13
Anna Chevalier, Elizabeth Clarke, Aran John Chevalier, Julie Brown, Kristy Coxon, Rebecca Ivers, Lisa Keay
OBJECTIVE: Real world driving studies, including those involving speeding alert devices and autonomous vehicles, can gauge an individual vehicle's speeding behaviour by comparing measured speed with mapped speed zone data. However, there are complexities with developing and maintaining a database of mapped speed zones over a large geographic area that may lead to inaccuracies within the dataset. When this approach is applied to large-scale real world driving data or speeding alert device data to determine speeding behaviour, these inaccuracies may result in invalid identification of speeding...
April 5, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368684/concept-of-an-enhanced-v2x-pedestrian-collision-avoidance-system-with-a-cost-function-based-pedestrian-model
#14
Jens Kotte, Carsten Schmeichel, Adrian Zlocki, Hauke Gathmann, Lutz Eckstein
Objective State-of-the-art collision avoidance and collision mitigation systems predict the behavior of pedestrians based on trivial models that assume a constant acceleration or velocity. New sources of sensor information, for example smart devices (smartphones, tablets, smartwatches, …), can support enhanced pedestrian behavior models. The objective of this paper is the development and implementation of a V2X pedestrian collision avoidance system that uses new information sources. Methods A literature review of existing state-of-the-art pedestrian collision avoidance systems, pedestrian behavior models in Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS), and traffic simulations is conducted together with an analysis of existing studies on typical pedestrian patterns in traffic...
April 3, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368660/passive-in-vehicle-driver-breath-alcohol-detection-using-advanced-sensor-signal-acquisition-and-fusion
#15
Jonas Ljungblad, Bertil Hök, Amin Allalou, Håkan Pettersson
The research objective of the present investigation is to demonstrate the present status of passive in-vehicle driver breath alcohol detection and highlighting the necessary conditions for large scale implementation of such a system. Completely passive detection has remained a challenge mainly because of the requirements on signal resolution combined with the constraints of vehicle integration. The work is part of the DADSS (driver alcohol detection system for safety) program aiming at massive deployment of alcohol sensing systems which could potentially save thousands of American lives annually...
April 3, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340317/opportunities-for-crash-and-injury-reduction-a-multi-harm-approach-for-crash-data-analysis
#16
Ann Mallory, Allison Kender, Kevin Moorhouse
OBJECTIVE: A multi-harm approach for analyzing crash and injury data was developed for the ultimate purpose of getting a richer picture of motor vehicle crash outcomes identifying research opportunities in crash safety. METHODS: Methods were illustrated using a retrospective analysis of 69,597 occupant cases from NASS CDS (National Automotive Sampling System Crashworthiness Data System) from 2005 to 2015. Occupant cases were analyzed by frequency and severity of outcome: fatality, injury by AIS (Abbreviated Injury Scale), number of cases, attributable fatality, disability, and injury costs...
March 24, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340303/epidemiology-and-patterns-of-facial-fractures-due-to-road-traffic-accidents-in-taiwan-a-15%C3%A2-years-retrospective-study
#17
Cheng-San Yang, Solomon Chih-Cheng Chen, Yung-Cheng Yang, Li-Chung Huang, How-Ran Guo, Hsin-Yi Yang
OBJECTIVE: The facial region is a commonly fractured site, but the etiology varies widely by country and geographic region. To date, there are no population-based studies of facial fractures in Taiwan. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of patients diagnosed with facial fracture and registered in the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan between 1997 and 2011. The epidemiological characteristics of this cohort were analyzed, including the etiology, fracture site, associated injuries, and sex and age distributions...
March 24, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332869/perceived-enjoyment-concentration-intention-and-speed-violation-behavior-using-flow-theory-and-theory-of-planned-behavior
#18
Charles Atombo, Chaozhong Wu, Hui Zhang, Tina D Wemegah
OBJECTIVE: Road accidents are an important public health concern and speeding is a major contributor. Although, flow theory (FLT) is a valid model for understanding behavior, currently the nature of the roles and interplay, of FLT constructs within the theory of planned behavior (TPB) framework when attempting to explain the determinants of motivations for intention to speed and speeding behavior of car drivers is not yet known. The study aims to synthesize TPB and FLT in explaining drivers of advanced vehicles intention to speed and speed violation behavior and evaluate factors which are critical for explaining intention and behavior...
March 23, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332867/age-related-changes-in-thoracic-skeletal-geometry-of-elderly-females
#19
Sven A Holcombe, Stewart C Wang, James B Grotberg
OBJECTIVE: Both females and the elderly have been identified as vulnerable populations with increased injury and mortality risk in multiple crash scenarios. Particularly in frontal impacts, older females show higher risk to the chest and thorax than their younger or male counterparts. Thoracic geometry plays a role in this increase, and this study aims to quantify key parts of that geometry in a way that can directly inform human body models that incorporate the concept of person age...
March 23, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332863/male-and-female-worldsid-and-post-mortem-human-subject-responses-in-full-scale-vehicle-tests
#20
Narayan Yoganandan, John Humm, Frank Pintar, Heather Rhule, Kevin Moorhouse, Brian Suntay, Jim Stricklin, Rodney Rudd, Matthew Craig
Structured ABSTRACT Objective: To compare the responses of male and female WorldSID dummies with post mortem human subject (PMHS) responses in full-scale vehicle tests. METHODS: Tests were conducted according to the FMVSS-214 protocols and using the United States Side impact New Car Assessment Program change in velocity to match PMHS experiments, published earlier. Moving deformable barrier (MDB) tests were conducted with the male and female surrogates in the left front and left rear seats...
March 23, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
journal
journal
40175
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"