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Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS

N Settembre, T Kagayama, P Kauhanen, P Vikatmaa, Y Inoue, M Venermo
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The toe skin temperature in vascular patients can be low, making reliable toe pressure measurements difficult to obtain. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of heating on the toe pressure measurements. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 86 legs were examined. Brachial pressure and toe pressure were measured at rest in a supine position using a laser Doppler device that also measured skin temperature. After heating the toes for 5 min with a heating pad, we re-measured the toe pressure...
May 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
J Park, B Gessler, M Block, E Angenete
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Loop ileostomies are frequently used as diversion of the fecal stream to protect a distal anastomosis. The aim of this study was to identify complications and morbidity related to loop ileostomies in patients with ulcerative colitis at a nonemergent setting. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Consecutive patients with ulcerative colitis who received a loop ileostomy at a tertiary referral center in Sweden from January 2006 until December 2012 were included and studied retrospectively...
May 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
A Venara, J Barbieux, S Mucci, M F Talbot, E Lermite, A Hamy
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Early rehabilitation protocols should be assessed in elderly. We aimed to study the outcomes of colorectal surgery and the observance of the modalities of an early rehabilitation protocol in patients over 80 years. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All consecutive patients who underwent surgery for colorectal cancer in our center over a 19-month period were included. All of these patients were managed using the same early rehabilitation protocol. Patients older than 80 were compared to younger patients...
May 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
J Knifsund, J Hatakka, H Keemu, K Mäkelä, M Koivisto, T Niinimäki
BACKGROUND: Patient selection for either total knee arthroplasty or unicompartmental knee arthroplasty remains controversial. The latter has several reported advantages over total knee arthroplasty, but it also appears to have significant drawbacks in terms of revision rates. AIMS: This study aimed to determine the influence of the preoperative degree of osteoarthritis on the risk of reoperation following unicompartmental knee arthroplasty. METHODS: Surgery was carried out on 294 knees in 241 patients between 2001 and 2012 at a single institute, using cemented Oxford phase III unicompartmental knee arthroplasty...
April 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
N Brück, I Koskivuo, P Boström, J Saunavaara, R Aaltonen, R Parkkola
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Preoperative magnetic resonance imaging has become an important complementary imaging technique in patients with breast cancer, providing additional information for preoperative local staging. Magnetic resonance imaging is recommended selectively in lobular breast cancer and in patients with dense breast tissue in the case when mammography and ultrasound fail to fully evaluate the lesion, but the routine use of magnetic resonance imaging in all patients with invasive ductal carcinoma is controversial...
April 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
S Nobaek, P Rogmark, U Petersson
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Treatment of synthetic mesh infections has previously often resulted in mesh explantation. Negative pressure wound therapy has been used in these situations with encouraging results. The aims of this study were to evaluate wound healing, mesh preservation, and patient-reported outcome after negative pressure wound therapy of mesh infections. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Medical records of patients treated with negative pressure wound therapy for mesh infection and age-matched mesh-operated controls without postoperative complications were scrutinized in a retrospective study...
April 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
C E Watson, E A Clous, M Jaeger, S K D'Amours
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Mild traumatic brain injury is a common presentation to Emergency Departments. Early identification of patients with cognitive deficits and provision of discharge advice are important. The Abbreviated Westmead Post-traumatic Amnesia Scale provides an early and efficient assessment of post-traumatic amnesia for patients with mild traumatic brain injuries, compared with the previously used assessment, the Modified Oxford Post-traumatic Scale. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This retrospective cohort study reviewed 270 patients with mild traumatic brain injury assessed for post-traumatic amnesia over a 2-year period between February 2011 and February 2013...
April 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
A I Koivusalo, M P Pakarinen
PURPOSE: Clinical and endoscopic assessment of the outcome after fundoplication for pediatric gastroesophageal reflux. BASIC PROCEDURES: Hospital records of 279 consecutive patients who underwent fundoplication for gastroesophageal reflux from 1991 to 2014 were reviewed. Underlying disorders, clinical and endoscopic findings, imaging studies, pH monitoring, and surgical technique were assessed. Main outcome measures were patency of fundoplication, control of symptoms and esophagitis, complications, redo operations, and predictive factors of failures...
April 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
F Gallé, A Cirella, A M Salzano, V Di Onofrio, P Belfiore, G Liguori
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Personality disorders are frequently associated with eating disorders in obese patients and may negatively affect weight loss and maintenance after bariatric surgery. This non-randomized study aimed to assess the effects of different psychotherapeutic interventions on weight loss in a sample of patients with borderline personality disorder who underwent laparoscopic gastric bypass or laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 153 bariatric patients meeting borderline personality disorder criteria were chosen voluntarily and consecutively to undergo an interpersonal individual treatment (n = 50), a dialectical behavioral group treatment (n = 50), or treatment as usual (n = 53) for a year after surgery...
April 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
N Dusch, A Lietzmann, F Barthels, M Niedergethmann, F Rückert, T J Wilhelm
INTRODUCTION: The perioperative morbidity following pancreas surgery remains high due to various specific complications: postoperative pancreatic fistula, postpancreatectomy hemorrhage, and delayed gastric emptying. The International Study Group of Pancreatic Surgery has defined these complications. The aim of this study is to evaluate the clinical applicability, to validate the International Study Group of Pancreatic Surgery definition, and to evaluate the postoperative morbidity. METHODS: Between 2004 and 2014, 769 patients underwent resection...
April 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
Y Zhou, J-G Cui, F Huang, A Zhang, C Li, Z-C Zhao, W-D Li, W-H Fu
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Lymph node involvement is the strongest prognostic factor for patients with gastric cancer; patients with node-negative gastric cancer present with better survival. However, some patients develop recurrent gastric cancer. The aim of this study was to review the clinicopathological characteristics and factors for prognosis in patients with node-negative gastric cancer who underwent curative resection. METHODS: Between January 2004 and December 2015, the clinicopathological characteristics of 302 patients with node-negative gastric cancer who underwent curative gastrectomy in our hospital were retrospectively analyzed...
April 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
H Eyjolfsdottir, B Haraldsdottir, M Ragnarsdottir, K S Asgeirsson
BACKGROUND: To prospectively assess the functional effect of using the extended latissimus dorsi flap in immediate breast reconstructions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 15 consecutive patients undergoing breast reconstruction with extended latissimus dorsi flap participated. Shoulder range of motion, muscle strength, lateral flexion of the torso, and position of scapula were measured pre-operatively and 1, 6, and 12 months post-operatively, in addition to donor-site post-operative complications...
June 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
M Fagevik Olsén, G Kjellby Wendt, E Hammerlid, U Smedh
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: There is a risk of decreased physical function, quality of life and persistent pain after open surgery for esophageal cancer. There are currently no studies that evaluate the effect of any postoperative intervention, including physical exercises, after this type of surgery. The aim of the study was therefore to evaluate the effect of a training intervention after Ivor-Lewis resection of the esophagus. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients scheduled for esophagus resection according to Ivor-Lewis were randomized to an intervention group or a control group...
June 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
M Zimmermann, M Hoffmann, T Jungbluth, H P Bruch, T Keck, E Schloericke
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Esophageal perforation is a life-threatening disease. Factors impacting morbidity and mortality include the cause and site of the perforation, the time to diagnosis, and the therapeutic procedure. This study aimed to identify risk factors for morbidity and mortality after esophageal perforation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This retrospective study analyzed data collected from all patients treated for esophageal perforation at the Department of Surgery, University of Schleswig-Holstein, Luebeck Campus, from January 1986 through December 2011...
June 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
P Björkman, E Peltola, A Albäck, M Venermo
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The objective of this study is to analyze outcomes of the first experiences with drug-eluting balloons in native arteries, vein grafts, and vascular accesses. The study is also a pilot for our future prospective, randomized, and controlled studies regarding the use of drug-eluting balloons in the treatment of the stenosis in bypass vein graft and dialysis access. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 93 consecutive patients were retrospectively analyzed and in the end 81 were included in the study...
June 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
S Upala, A Sanguankeo, V Jaruvongvanich
OBJECTIVES: Gallstone disease shares certain risk factors with cardiovascular disease, particularly metabolic risk factors. Patients with gallstone disease may be at increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Several recent studies exploring the effect of gallstone disease on cardiovascular disease outcomes demonstrated inconsistent results. DESIGN: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of cohort, case-control, and cross-sectional studies that compared the risk of developing cardiovascular disease events in patients with gallstone disease versus non-gallstone disease controls...
March 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
H Seppänen, A Juuti, H Mustonen, C Haapamäki, S Nordling, M Carpelan-Holmström, J Sirén, J Luettges, C Haglund, T Kiviluoto
OBJECTIVES: Since the early 1990s, low long-term survival rates following pancreatic surgery for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma have challenged us to improve treatment. In this series, we aim to show improved survival from pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma during the era of centralized pancreatic surgery. METHODS: Analysis of all pancreatic resections performed at Helsinki University Hospital and survival of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma patients during 2000-2013 were included...
March 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
E K Aahlin, G Tranø, N Johns, A Horn, J A Søreide, K C Fearon, A Revhaug, K Lassen
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Major upper abdominal surgery is often associated with reduced health-related quality of life and reduced survival. Patients with upper abdominal malignancies often suffer from cachexia, represented by preoperative weight loss and sarcopenia (low skeletal muscle mass) and this might affect both health-related quality of life and survival. We aimed to investigate how health-related quality of life is affected by cachexia and how health-related quality of life relates to long-term survival after major upper abdominal surgery...
March 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
M Kääriäinen, K Salonen, M Helminen, U Karhunen-Enckell
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Chest-wall contouring surgery is an important part of the gender reassignment process that contributes to strengthening the self-image and facilitating living in the new gender role. Here, we analyze the surgical techniques used in our clinic and report the results. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Female-to-male transgender patients (n = 57) undergoing chest-wall contouring surgery at Tampere University Hospital between January 2003 and April 2015 were enrolled in the study...
March 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
T Hackenberg, P Mentula, A Leppäniemi, V Sallinen
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The laparoscopic approach has been increasingly used to treat adhesive small-bowel obstruction. The aim of this study was to compare the outcomes of a laparoscopic versus an open approach for adhesive small-bowel obstruction. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data were retrospectively collected on patients who had surgery for adhesive small-bowel obstruction at a single academic center between January 2010 and December 2012. Patients with a contraindication for the laparoscopic approach were excluded...
March 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
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