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OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343175/activity-based-goals-generated-by-older-adults-with-mild-cognitive-impairment
#1
Juleen Rodakowski, Amanda M Becker, Katlyn W Golias
Client-centered care is one promising rehabilitation model that may support the unique needs of older adults with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). This secondary analysis examined (a) whether older adults with MCI generated activity-based goals using a client-centered model and (b) the types of goals generated. Thirteen older adults with MCI addressed 55 goals. Using client-centered care, the participants generated goals despite subtle limitations in activities and participation. Participants generated the greatest number of goals related to instrumental activities of daily living...
January 1, 2018: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338570/a-novel-rubric-to-evaluate-wearable-cameras-for-assessment-of-interrater-reliability
#2
Amanda C Jozkowski, Echo A Presgraves, Krista L Hodges, Erica N Wirth, Nicole E Brandstetter, Molly T Thayer
Research has reported on traditional methods of assessing interrater reliability but, currently, no such standard protocol exists for selection of alternative methods of assessing interrater reliability, such as wearable video cameras. The professions of occupational therapy and occupational science take a unique ecological perspective when evaluating individuals, which focuses on the naturalistic perspective of an individual, ideally resulting in optimal performance. Given current advancements in technology, wearable, low-cost, unobtrusive, first-person view digital video cameras are readily available for use in research...
January 1, 2018: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281930/the-effect-of-sensory-integration-therapy-on-occupational-performance-in-children-with-autism
#3
Babak Kashefimehr, Hülya Kayihan, Meral Huri
Sensory processing problems and related dysfunctions are among the most common conditions in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This study examined the effect of sensory integration therapy (SIT) on different aspects of occupational performance in children with ASD. The study was conducted on an intervention group ( n = 16) receiving SIT and a control group ( n = 15) with 3- to 8-year-old children with ASD. The Short Child Occupational Profile (SCOPE) was used to compare the two groups in terms of the changes in their occupational performance and the Sensory Profile (SP) was used to assess sensory problems...
December 1, 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251558/validity-of-the-turkish-occupational-self-assessment-for-elderly-individuals
#4
Serkan Pekçetin, Sinem Salar, Özgü İnal, Hülya Kayıhan
Occupational therapy practices in Turkey are increasing each year, but rehabilitation practitioners working in the occupational therapy field have limited instruments. The aim of this study was to analyze the validity of the Turkish version of the Occupational Self Assessment (OSA), which is based on the Model of Human Occupation. The data were analyzed using exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses to determine construct validity. The Turkish OSA was administered with the World Health Organization Quality of Life-Old (WHOQOL-OLD) and the Functional Autonomy Measurement System (SMAF) to 117 elderly individuals to determine convergent validity...
December 1, 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251546/examining-anosognosia-of-neglect
#5
Emily S Grattan, Elizabeth R Skidmore, Michelle L Woodbury
Unilateral neglect (neglect) and anosognosia often co-occur post stroke. It is unknown whether anosognosia of neglect varies for different types of daily activities. The objective is to examine the frequency of anosognosia of neglect for items on the Catherine Bergego Scale (CBS) and to determine the level of agreement between participant/assessor item ratings and total scores. Secondary analysis of data was carried out. We conducted descriptive analyses and interrater reliability analyses (Cohen's kappa) to determine the level of agreement between assessor and participant item ratings...
December 1, 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171339/fidelity-of-occupational-performance-coaching-importance-of-accuracy-in-intervention-identification
#6
Fiona Graham, Jenny Ziviani, Ann Kennedy-Behr, Dorothy Kessler, Caroline Hui
Establishing fidelity processes and measures is an important step in the development of interventions. Accurate referencing, naming of interventions and robust discussion of deviations from the theories, methods or terminology underpinning interventions support the fidelity of future applications of interventions in research and clinical settings. This commentary clarifies the establishment of fidelity for Occupational Performance Coaching (OPC) in relation to a recent article on this topic by Dunn and colleagues...
November 1, 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126376/constructing-the-32-item-fitness-to-drive-screening-measure
#7
Shabnam Medhizadah, Sherrilene Classen, Andrew M Johnson
The Fitness-to-Drive Screening Measure(©) (FTDS) enables proxies to identify at-risk older drivers via 54 driving-related items, but may be too lengthy for widespread uptake. We reduced the number of items in the FTDS and validated the shorter measure, using 200 caregiver responses. Exploratory factor analysis and classical test theory techniques were used to determine the most interpretable factor model and the minimum number of items to be used for predicting fitness to drive. The extent to which the shorter FTDS predicted the results of the 54-item FTDS was evaluated through correlational analysis...
November 1, 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29254459/editorial-growth-and-advances-of-otjr
#8
Sherrilene Classen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083265/the-cognitive-orientation-to-daily-occupational-performance-approach-and-transfer-a-scoping-review
#9
Adina Houldin, Sara E McEwen, Mackenzie W Howell, Helene J Polatajko
Transferring learning from therapy to everyday life skills is a necessary step for successful therapy outcomes, yet rarely addressed and achieved. However, a cognitive approach to skill acquisition, and the Cognitive Orientation to daily Occupational Performance (CO-OP), explicitly identifies transfer as an objective and incorporates elements into the intervention to support transfer. A scoping review was undertaken to explore the nature and extent of the research regarding CO-OP and transfer. An online search of 10 databases was conducted to identify and examine research studies reporting on CO-OP and transfer...
October 1, 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069968/corrigendum
#10
(no author information available yet)
Eglseder, K., & Demchick, B. (2017). Sexuality and Spinal Cord Injury: The Lived Experiences of Intimate Partners. Occupation, Participation and Health, 37, 5-16. doi: 10.1177/1539449217701394 This article that appeared in Issue 37:3 of Occupation, Participation and Health has the following corrected information: On p. 126, in the first sentence of the last paragraph under Procedures, the text "The current study was approved by the BLIND University" should instead read, "The current study was approved by the Towson University" On p...
October 1, 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934921/occupational-therapy-and-public-health-advancing-research-to-improve-population-health-and-health-equity
#11
Julie D Bass, Nancy A Baker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28849999/approaches-for-building-community-participation-a-qualitative-case-study-of-canadian-food-security-programs
#12
Nerida Hyett, Amanda Kenny, Virginia Dickson-Swift
There is increasing opportunity and support for occupational therapists to expand their scope of practice in community settings. However, evidence is needed to increase occupational therapists' knowledge, confidence, and capacity with building community participation and adopting community-centered practice roles. The purpose of this study is to improve occupational therapists' understanding of an approach to building community participation, through case study of a network of Canadian food security programs...
October 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929925/content-analysis-of-a-participant-directed-intervention-to-optimize-activity-engagement-of-older-adult-cancer-survivors
#13
Kathleen Doyle Lyons, Robin Newman, Anna M Adachi-Mejia, Jessica Whipple, Mark T Hegel
Many older adult cancer survivors reduce their activity level during and after cancer treatment. Occupational therapy interventions need to flexibly address various obstacles to occupational engagement that survivors may face. The aim of this analysis was to describe the content of a participant-directed occupational therapy intervention for older adults with cancer. Content analysis was used to describe the treatment session data from the experimental arm of a pilot randomized controlled trial in terms of activities addressed, obstacles reported, and treatment strategies utilized...
September 1, 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891377/executive-function-measures-for-children-a-scoping-review-of-ecological-validity
#14
Anna Wallisch, Lauren M Little, Evan Dean, Winnie Dunn
Children use executive function (EF) skills within everyday occupations; however, EF poses a difficult and complex construct to measure. Currently, many measures of EF lack applicability to daily life, or ecological validity. The aim of this scoping review was to examine two aspects of ecological validity across measures, assessments, and tasks of EF in children. A scoping review of 355 peer-reviewed articles published between 1996 and 2016 was performed. Searching revealed 43 articles addressing the ecological validity of EF measures for children and 40 measures addressing ecological validity...
September 1, 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874097/analyzing-state-autism-private-insurance-mandates-for-allied-health-services-a-pilot-study
#15
Megan D Douglas, Teal W Benevides, Henry Carretta
Due to the prevalence, severity, and costs associated with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), it has become a public health issue. In response, state governments have adopted ASD-specific private insurance mandates requiring coverage of ASD screening, diagnosis, and treatment. Despite rapid uptake of these laws, differences exist in the type and levels of coverage, especially for allied health services including occupational therapy. We piloted a structured legal research methodology to code ASD insurance mandates that impact allied health service provisions...
September 1, 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856969/an-embodied-and-intersubjective-practice-of-occupational-therapy
#16
Cathrine Arntzen
The literature on clinical reasoning tends to ignore the context and the interaction between patient and therapist. This article outlines a theoretical foundation for an extended mode of clinical reasoning in occupational therapy. Cognitive theories of human action, as well as narrative and instrumental approaches, provide an insufficient picture of the nature of clinical reasoning in occupational therapy practice. An embodied intersubjective clinical reasoning can function as an adjunct to traditional clinical reasoning in occupational therapy practice and is discussed through the concepts of the ambiguous body, incorporation of things, and the process of shared meaning-making...
August 1, 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856960/task-oriented-training-and-evaluation-at-home
#17
Veronica T Rowe, Marsha Neville
Principles of experience-dependent plasticity, motor learning theory, and the theory of Occupational Adaptation coalesce into a translational model for practice in neurorehabilitation. The objective of this study was to explore the effectiveness of a Task Oriented Training and Evaluation at Home (TOTE Home) program completed by people with subacute stroke, and whether effects persisted 1 month after this training. A single-subject design included a maximum of 30, 1hour sessions of training conducted in participants' homes...
August 1, 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856958/understanding-social-isolation-among-urban-aging-adults-informing-occupation-based-approaches
#18
Carri Hand, Jessica Retrum, George Ware, Patricia Iwasaki, Gabe Moaalii, Deborah S Main
Socially isolated aging adults are at risk of poor health and well-being. Occupational therapy can help address this issue; however, information is needed to guide such work. National surveys characterize social isolation in populations of aging adults but fail to provide meaningful information at a community level. The objective of this study is to describe multiple dimensions of social isolation and related factors among aging adults in diverse urban neighborhoods. Community-based participatory research involving a door-to-door survey of adults 50 years and older was used...
August 1, 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821218/establishing-fidelity-of-occupational-performance-coaching
#19
Winnie Dunn, Lauren M Little, Ellen Pope, Anna Wallisch
As the call for evidence-based practices has risen, discussions about the fidelity of those practices have received increased attention. Although research suggests that Occupational Performance Coaching (OPC) is effective, a systematic evaluation of the fidelity of OPC is needed. The purpose of this study was to test fidelity of OPC intervention through study design, training, monitoring, and intervention receipt, and to offer the structure from this study as a guide for other programs of research and practice...
August 1, 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793846/health-literacy-and-written-communication-in-skilled-nursing-subacute-facilities
#20
Christopher Galati, Rachel Adams, Kay Graham, Katharyn Reynolds, Julia Zametin
Health literacy is a concern for older adults. Low health literacy can lead to adverse health outcomes; therefore, practitioners should address health literacy with clients. There is limited research addressing occupational therapy (OT) practitioners' knowledge of health literacy and its implementation in written communication in skilled nursing facility (SNF)/subacute settings. Researchers explored practitioners' knowledge and current practices when using written communication with older adult clients in skilled nursing and subacute settings...
August 1, 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
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