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OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health

Jennifer L Womack, Margareta Lilja, Virginia Dickie, Gunilla Isaksson
Although numerous studies have examined provider-caregiver interactions and their influence on care outcomes, few represent the perspective of the provider or specifically consider occupational therapy practitioners. The aim of this article is to explore the perspectives of occupational therapists regarding interactions with older adult caregivers in geriatric practice settings. The study was conducted using a constructivist grounded theory approach based on data obtained from repeated focus group sessions and subsequent individual reflections...
September 12, 2018: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
Orit Segev-Jacubovski, Hagit Magen, Adina Maeir
Hip fracture is prevalent among older adults impacting on all aspects of daily life. The gaols of this study were: (a) Examine the trajectory of activities of daily living (ADL)/instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) functioning and participation among older adults with hip fracture from prefracture to 6-months postrehabilitation; (b) determine the relationship between health-related quality of life (HRQoL), functional abilities, and participation 6-months postrehabilitation; and (c) examine whether functional outcomes can predict HRQoL...
September 5, 2018: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
Liliana Alvarez, Sherrilene Classen, Shabnam Medhizadah, Melissa Knott, Kwesi Asantey, Wenqing He, Anita Feher, Marc S Moulin
Motor vehicle collisions are the leading cause of death among North American youth, with a high prevalence of distraction-related fatalities. Youth-focused interventions must address detecting (visual scanning) and responding (adjustment to stimuli) to critical roadway information. In this repeated measures study, we investigated the feasibility (i.e., recruitment and sample characteristics; data collection procedures; acceptability of the intervention; resources; and preliminary effects) of a DriveFocus™ app intervention on youth's driving performance...
July 1, 2018: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
Jun-Ichi Uemura, Miki Tanikaga, Masahiro Tanaka, Manae Shimose, Aiko Hoshino, Go Igarashi
The Activity Card Sort (ACS) can both record the clients' participation and any changes, which is a useful tool for practitioners to establish tailored occupation-focused goals. However, there is a limitation to apply the ACS to Japanese older adults as it consists of culturally relevant activities in the United States. The aim of this study was to select activity items reflecting Japanese older adults' lifestyles and opinions to develop the Activity Card Sort-Japan Version (ACS-JPN). In the item selection process, a two-round questionnaire survey was conducted for community-dwelling Japanese older adults (Round 1: n = 177, M age = 69...
July 1, 2018: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
Melissa Knott
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
Nicole Schiavone, David Szczepanik, John Koutras, Beth Pfeiffer, Laura Slugg
Participation is necessary for childhood development, however, children with disabilities participate in fewer activities than their nondisabled peers. This study identified strategies caregivers use to increase participation in home- and community-based activities for children with autism spectrum disorder. Survey responses of 44 caregivers were analyzed through open and axial coding to develop a central theme and five broad themes. Caregiver strategies which produce a participation outcome fell into five themes: (a) adapters/facilitators, (b) pragmatic considerations, (c) social reframing, (d) sensory adjustments, and (e) desperate measures...
October 2018: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
Lindsay Rosenfeld, Jessica M Kramer, Melissa Levin, Kimberly Barrett, Dolores Acevedo-Garcia
Optimal child development is supported by services, policies, a social determinants of health (SDOH) frame, and meaningful participation (as defined by the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health-Children and Youth [ICF-CY]). This scoping review describes the social determinants that may affect the participation of young children aged 0 to 3 years with developmental disabilities (DD) in the United States. Scoping review of studies including U.S. children with DD aged 0 to 3 years, from 2000 to 2016, were used...
October 2018: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
Jessica Muesbeck, Brittany M St John, Shannon Kant, Karla K Ausderau
Mealtime is an important family routine commonly affected for families with children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Limited research is available regarding strategies families incorporate to support mealtime engagement. The purpose of this study was to explore the frequency and characterize the purpose of Props used during mealtimes with children with ASD. A total of 12 families with a child(ren), N = 14, aged 2 to 7 years, with ASD and mealtime challenges or eating difficulties participated in video-recorded mealtimes in their home...
October 2018: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
(no author information available yet)
Classen, S. (2018). Editorial: Growth and Advances of OTJR. OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health, 38, 3-5. DOI: 10.1177/1539449217747419 On page 3 of OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health Volume 38(1), the core editorial team was incorrectly identified. The corrected sentence is provided below: Specifically-we have doubled the size of the core editorial team (which consists of editor-in-chief, assistant editor, and editorial fellow), more than doubled the size of the editorial board members (which consists of associate editors and review board members), and created and filled 13 new positions on the editorial board...
July 2018: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
(no author information available yet)
Pekçetin, S., Salar, S., İnal, Ö., & Kayıhan, H. (2018). Validity of the Turkish Occupational Self Assessment for Elderly Individuals. Occupation, Participation and Health, 38, 105-112. DOI: 10.1177/1539449217743457 On page 106 of the above-mentioned article, the institutional details were removed at two instances and left as "removed for blinding purposes." The updated correct sentences are: Ethical approval was obtained from the Trakya University Scientific Research Ethics Committee prior to the study...
July 2018: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
Julie Diaz, Joanna Cosbey
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) frequently have difficult mealtimes. A systematic review analyzed current evidence relevant to occupational therapy (OT) and mealtime interventions (a) for children with ASD, (b) occurring in the natural contexts, and (c) with parents/caregivers as interventionists. Database search identified 13 relevant articles. Each article was reviewed for practicality of implementation through a modified Feasibility, Appropriateness, Meaningfulness and Effectiveness (FAME) scale and for quality of research design using three measures specifically designed for single-case experimental design research...
July 2018: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
Veronica T Rowe, Marsha Neville
Task-oriented training is a contemporary intervention based on behavioral neuroscience and recent models of motor learning. It can logically be guided by the theory of occupational adaptation. This report presents the perceptions of four participants who underwent task-oriented training at home (TOTE Home) for upper extremity hemiparesis following a stroke. Guided by principles of motor learning and the theory of occupational adaptation, a directed content analysis was used with field notes recorded during the TOTE Home...
July 2018: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
Emily K Simpson, Narissa M Ramirez, Brittany Branstetter, Aileen Reed, Evan Lines
Following a stroke, depression and anxiety may negatively affect recovery and decrease quality of life. Occupational therapy (OT) practitioners are distinctly qualified to address both the physical and psychosocial sequelae of a stroke, including clients' mental and emotional health. This study explored the ways in which OT practitioners address the mental health needs of clients post stroke. A sequential explanatory mixed-methods design was used to collect both survey and focus group data. In all, 754 OT practitioners across the United States completed an online survey, and 10 practitioners participated in focus groups...
July 2018: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
Kimberly S Erler, Shannon B Juengst, Diane L Smith, Therese M O'Neil-Pirozzi, Thomas A Novack, Jennifer A Bogner, Jamie Kaminski, Joseph T Giacino, Gale G Whiteneck
Participation is often considered a primary goal of traumatic brain injury (TBI) rehabilitation, but little is known about the influence of driving on participation after TBI. The objective of this study was to examine the independent contribution of driving status to participation at 5 years post TBI, after controlling for demographic, psychosocial, and functional factors. Participants ( N = 2,456) were community-dwelling individuals with moderate to severe TBI, age 18 to 65 at time of injury, and enrolled in the TBI Model Systems (TBIMS) National Database (NDB)...
July 2018: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
Stephanie Rouch, Elizabeth R Skidmore
Therapist approach and feedback during rehabilitation may influence patient outcomes. It is unclear how much guided cueing, the approach used in strategy training, is present in usual rehabilitation care. We compared the frequency of guided and directed cueing in strategy training sessions with cueing in usual care occupational and physical therapy. We videotaped strategy training, occupational therapy, and physical therapy sessions among 20 patients admitted to inpatient rehabilitation after stroke. Using a standardized coding scheme, we coded and analyzed frequencies of therapists' cues (guided or directed)...
July 2018: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
Adina Houldin, Sara E McEwen, Mackenzie W Howell, Helene J Polatajko
Transferring learning from therapy to everyday life skills is a necessary step for successful therapy outcomes, yet rarely addressed and achieved. However, a cognitive approach to skill acquisition, and the Cognitive Orientation to daily Occupational Performance (CO-OP), explicitly identifies transfer as an objective and incorporates elements into the intervention to support transfer. A scoping review was undertaken to explore the nature and extent of the research regarding CO-OP and transfer. An online search of 10 databases was conducted to identify and examine research studies reporting on CO-OP and transfer...
July 2018: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
Cathrine Arntzen
The literature on clinical reasoning tends to ignore the context and the interaction between patient and therapist. This article outlines a theoretical foundation for an extended mode of clinical reasoning in occupational therapy. Cognitive theories of human action, as well as narrative and instrumental approaches, provide an insufficient picture of the nature of clinical reasoning in occupational therapy practice. An embodied intersubjective clinical reasoning can function as an adjunct to traditional clinical reasoning in occupational therapy practice and is discussed through the concepts of the ambiguous body, incorporation of things, and the process of shared meaning-making...
July 2018: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
Patricia J Scott, Kelsey G McKinney, Jeff M Perron, Emily G Ruff, Jessica L Smiley
The Role Checklist is used by occupational therapists across the globe. Developed in 1981 and consistent with the Model of Human Occupation (MOHO), until recently, the Role Checklist was not updated. This is of concern as the Role Checklist originally was established to measure role performance. In 2008, Kielhofner, in the fourth edition of A Model of Human Occupation, differentiated occupational performance in 10 roles which clearly fall into occupational participation in the Role Checklist Version 3. The objective of the study was to describe changes and establish utility, feasibility, and reliability of the Role Checklist Version 3...
June 1, 2018: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
Ickpyo Hong, Catherine C Hay, Timothy A Reistetter
We tested if a propensity score (PS) matching method supports the unidimensionality assumption of the Rasch model which is critical to link similar rehabilitation instruments. We obtained 1,013 respondents from the 2009 Hispanic Established Populations for Epidemiologic Studies of the Elderly Frailty study. We used a unidimensional item pool of 10 SF-36 physical function and nine activities of daily living items. Subjects were matched based on their functionality (high and low), and exploratory factor analysis was used to test if the item pool in the matched sample holds the unidimensionality assumption...
June 1, 2018: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
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