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OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649939/participation-patterns-of-preschool-children-with-intellectual-developmental-disabilities
#1
Yafit Gilboa, Reut Fuchs
We aim to examine the pattern of participation of children with intellectual developmental disabilities (IDD) or global developmental delay (GDD) in comparison with typically developing preschoolers. In addition, to identify environmental and personal factors associated with their participation, 20 children with mild to moderate GDD or IDD, and 24 age- and gender-matched controls, aged 3 to 6 years, were assessed using the Assessment of Preschool Children's Participation and the Environmental Restriction Questionnaire...
April 1, 2018: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29592605/a-systematic-review-of-caregiver-implemented-mealtime-interventions-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#2
Julie Diaz, Joanna Cosbey
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) frequently have difficult mealtimes. A systematic review analyzed current evidence relevant to occupational therapy (OT) and mealtime interventions (a) for children with ASD, (b) occurring in the natural contexts, and (c) with parents/caregivers as interventionists. Database search identified 13 relevant articles. Each article was reviewed for practicality of implementation through a modified Feasibility, Appropriateness, Meaningfulness and Effectiveness (FAME) scale and for quality of research design using three measures specifically designed for single-case experimental design research...
March 1, 2018: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542375/client-perceptions-of-task-oriented-training-at-home-i-forgot-i-was-sick
#3
Veronica T Rowe, Marsha Neville
Task-oriented training is a contemporary intervention based on behavioral neuroscience and recent models of motor learning. It can logically be guided by the theory of occupational adaptation. This report presents the perceptions of four participants who underwent task-oriented training at home (TOTE Home) for upper extremity hemiparesis following a stroke. Guided by principles of motor learning and the theory of occupational adaptation, a directed content analysis was used with field notes recorded during the TOTE Home...
March 1, 2018: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514544/a-pilot-study-of-the-%C3%A2-vivir-mi-vida-lifestyle-intervention-for-rural-dwelling-late-midlife-latinos-study-design-and-protocol
#4
Stacey L Schepens Niemiec, Jeanine Blanchard, Cheryl L P Vigen, Jenny Martínez, Laura Guzmán, Michelle Fluke, Mike Carlson
Older, rural-dwelling Latinos face multiple health disparities. We describe the protocol of a pilot study of a community health worker-occupational therapist-led lifestyle program, ¡Vivir Mi Vida! ( ¡VMV!), designed for delivery in primary care and adapted for late-midlife, Latino rural-living patients. Using mixed methods, we collected feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary efficacy data on ¡VMV!. Forty 50- to 64-year-old Latinos participated in a 16-week lifestyle intervention led by a community health worker-occupational therapist team...
March 1, 2018: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29495909/occupational-therapy-practitioners-perspectives-of-mental-health-practices-with-clients-in-stroke-rehabilitation
#5
Emily K Simpson, Narissa M Ramirez, Brittany Branstetter, Aileen Reed, Evan Lines
Following a stroke, depression and anxiety may negatively affect recovery and decrease quality of life. Occupational therapy (OT) practitioners are distinctly qualified to address both the physical and psychosocial sequelae of a stroke, including clients' mental and emotional health. This study explored the ways in which OT practitioners address the mental health needs of clients post stroke. A sequential explanatory mixed-methods design was used to collect both survey and focus group data. In all, 754 OT practitioners across the United States completed an online survey, and 10 practitioners participated in focus groups...
March 1, 2018: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338570/a-novel-rubric-to-evaluate-wearable-cameras-for-assessment-of-interrater-reliability
#6
Amanda C Jozkowski, Echo A Presgraves, Krista L Hodges, Erica N Wirth, Nicole E Brandstetter, Molly T Thayer
Research has reported on traditional methods of assessing interrater reliability but, currently, no such standard protocol exists for selection of alternative methods of assessing interrater reliability, such as wearable video cameras. The professions of occupational therapy and occupational science take a unique ecological perspective when evaluating individuals, which focuses on the naturalistic perspective of an individual, ideally resulting in optimal performance. Given current advancements in technology, wearable, low-cost, unobtrusive, first-person view digital video cameras are readily available for use in research...
April 2018: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281930/the-effect-of-sensory-integration-therapy-on-occupational-performance-in-children-with-autism
#7
Babak Kashefimehr, Hülya Kayihan, Meral Huri
Sensory processing problems and related dysfunctions are among the most common conditions in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This study examined the effect of sensory integration therapy (SIT) on different aspects of occupational performance in children with ASD. The study was conducted on an intervention group ( n = 16) receiving SIT and a control group ( n = 15) with 3- to 8-year-old children with ASD. The Short Child Occupational Profile (SCOPE) was used to compare the two groups in terms of the changes in their occupational performance and the Sensory Profile (SP) was used to assess sensory problems...
April 2018: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251558/validity-of-the-turkish-occupational-self-assessment-for-elderly-individuals
#8
Serkan Pekçetin, Sinem Salar, Özgü İnal, Hülya Kayıhan
Occupational therapy practices in Turkey are increasing each year, but rehabilitation practitioners working in the occupational therapy field have limited instruments. The aim of this study was to analyze the validity of the Turkish version of the Occupational Self Assessment (OSA), which is based on the Model of Human Occupation. The data were analyzed using exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses to determine construct validity. The Turkish OSA was administered with the World Health Organization Quality of Life-Old (WHOQOL-OLD) and the Functional Autonomy Measurement System (SMAF) to 117 elderly individuals to determine convergent validity...
April 2018: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251546/examining-anosognosia-of-neglect
#9
Emily S Grattan, Elizabeth R Skidmore, Michelle L Woodbury
Unilateral neglect (neglect) and anosognosia often co-occur post stroke. It is unknown whether anosognosia of neglect varies for different types of daily activities. The objective is to examine the frequency of anosognosia of neglect for items on the Catherine Bergego Scale (CBS) and to determine the level of agreement between participant/assessor item ratings and total scores. Secondary analysis of data was carried out. We conducted descriptive analyses and interrater reliability analyses (Cohen's kappa) to determine the level of agreement between assessor and participant item ratings...
April 2018: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126376/constructing-the-32-item-fitness-to-drive-screening-measure
#10
Shabnam Medhizadah, Sherrilene Classen, Andrew M Johnson
The Fitness-to-Drive Screening Measure© (FTDS) enables proxies to identify at-risk older drivers via 54 driving-related items, but may be too lengthy for widespread uptake. We reduced the number of items in the FTDS and validated the shorter measure, using 200 caregiver responses. Exploratory factor analysis and classical test theory techniques were used to determine the most interpretable factor model and the minimum number of items to be used for predicting fitness to drive. The extent to which the shorter FTDS predicted the results of the 54-item FTDS was evaluated through correlational analysis...
April 2018: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821218/establishing-fidelity-of-occupational-performance-coaching
#11
Winnie Dunn, Lauren M Little, Ellen Pope, Anna Wallisch
As the call for evidence-based practices has risen, discussions about the fidelity of those practices have received increased attention. Although research suggests that Occupational Performance Coaching (OPC) is effective, a systematic evaluation of the fidelity of OPC is needed. The purpose of this study was to test fidelity of OPC intervention through study design, training, monitoring, and intervention receipt, and to offer the structure from this study as a guide for other programs of research and practice...
April 2018: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793846/health-literacy-and-written-communication-in-skilled-nursing-subacute-facilities
#12
Christopher Galati, Rachel Adams, Kay Graham, Katharyn Reynolds, Julia Zametin
Health literacy is a concern for older adults. Low health literacy can lead to adverse health outcomes; therefore, practitioners should address health literacy with clients. There is limited research addressing occupational therapy (OT) practitioners' knowledge of health literacy and its implementation in written communication in skilled nursing facility (SNF)/subacute settings. Researchers explored practitioners' knowledge and current practices when using written communication with older adult clients in skilled nursing and subacute settings...
April 2018: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457535/examining-driving-and-participation-5-years-after-traumatic-brain-injury
#13
Kimberly S Erler, Shannon B Juengst, Diane L Smith, Therese M O'Neil-Pirozzi, Thomas A Novack, Jennifer A Bogner, Jamie Kaminski, Joseph T Giacino, Gale G Whiteneck
Participation is often considered a primary goal of traumatic brain injury (TBI) rehabilitation, but little is known about the influence of driving on participation after TBI. The objective of this study was to examine the independent contribution of driving status to participation at 5 years post TBI, after controlling for demographic, psychosocial, and functional factors. Participants ( N = 2,456) were community-dwelling individuals with moderate to severe TBI, age 18 to 65 at time of injury, and enrolled in the TBI Model Systems (TBIMS) National Database (NDB)...
February 1, 2018: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444624/examining-guided-and-directed-cues-in-strategy-training-and-usual-rehabilitation
#14
Stephanie Rouch, Elizabeth R Skidmore
Therapist approach and feedback during rehabilitation may influence patient outcomes. It is unclear how much guided cueing, the approach used in strategy training, is present in usual rehabilitation care. We compared the frequency of guided and directed cueing in strategy training sessions with cueing in usual care occupational and physical therapy. We videotaped strategy training, occupational therapy, and physical therapy sessions among 20 patients admitted to inpatient rehabilitation after stroke. Using a standardized coding scheme, we coded and analyzed frequencies of therapists' cues (guided or directed)...
February 1, 2018: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444623/interpreting-action-research-arm-test-assessment-scores-to-plan-treatment
#15
Emily S Grattan, Craig A Velozo, Elizabeth R Skidmore, Stephen J Page, Michelle L Woodbury
Rasch keyforms can help interpret clinical assessment scores. The Action Research Arm Test (ARAT) is a commonly used assessment, yet no keyform currently exists. The aim is to provide a keyform for the ARAT and demonstrate how a clinician can use the keyform to design optimally challenging rehabilitation sessions. Secondary analysis of ARAT data ( n = 122) using confirmatory factor and Rasch analyses were used to examine the measurement properties and generate a keyform. The item standardized factor loadings were >0...
February 1, 2018: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343175/activity-based-goals-generated-by-older-adults-with-mild-cognitive-impairment
#16
Juleen Rodakowski, Amanda M Becker, Katlyn W Golias
Client-centered care is one promising rehabilitation model that may support the unique needs of older adults with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). This secondary analysis examined (a) whether older adults with MCI generated activity-based goals using a client-centered model and (b) the types of goals generated. Thirteen older adults with MCI addressed 55 goals. Using client-centered care, the participants generated goals despite subtle limitations in activities and participation. Participants generated the greatest number of goals related to instrumental activities of daily living...
January 1, 2018: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29254459/editorial-growth-and-advances-of-otjr
#17
Sherrilene Classen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171339/fidelity-of-occupational-performance-coaching-importance-of-accuracy-in-intervention-identification
#18
Fiona Graham, Jenny Ziviani, Ann Kennedy-Behr, Dorothy Kessler, Caroline Hui
Establishing fidelity processes and measures is an important step in the development of interventions. Accurate referencing, naming of interventions and robust discussion of deviations from the theories, methods or terminology underpinning interventions support the fidelity of future applications of interventions in research and clinical settings. This commentary clarifies the establishment of fidelity for Occupational Performance Coaching (OPC) in relation to a recent article on this topic by Dunn and colleagues...
January 2018: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929925/content-analysis-of-a-participant-directed-intervention-to-optimize-activity-engagement-of-older-adult-cancer-survivors
#19
Kathleen Doyle Lyons, Robin Newman, Anna M Adachi-Mejia, Jessica Whipple, Mark T Hegel
Many older adult cancer survivors reduce their activity level during and after cancer treatment. Occupational therapy interventions need to flexibly address various obstacles to occupational engagement that survivors may face. The aim of this analysis was to describe the content of a participant-directed occupational therapy intervention for older adults with cancer. Content analysis was used to describe the treatment session data from the experimental arm of a pilot randomized controlled trial in terms of activities addressed, obstacles reported, and treatment strategies utilized...
January 2018: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891377/executive-function-measures-for-children-a-scoping-review-of-ecological-validity
#20
Anna Wallisch, Lauren M Little, Evan Dean, Winnie Dunn
Children use executive function (EF) skills within everyday occupations; however, EF poses a difficult and complex construct to measure. Currently, many measures of EF lack applicability to daily life, or ecological validity. The aim of this scoping review was to examine two aspects of ecological validity across measures, assessments, and tasks of EF in children. A scoping review of 355 peer-reviewed articles published between 1996 and 2016 was performed. Searching revealed 43 articles addressing the ecological validity of EF measures for children and 40 measures addressing ecological validity...
January 2018: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
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