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OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355972/occupational-therapists-with-oncology-exposure
#1
Sara S Ulfers, Christine Berg
Cancer-related cognitive impairments (CRCI) can limit participation in meaningful activities before, during, and after cancer treatment. This study explored occupational therapists' perceived knowledge gaps and needs regarding CRCI in adults and older adults. An online survey was sent to a convenience sample of 60 practitioners at facilities throughout the continuum of care and 176 directors and faculty in accredited occupational therapy programs. Using a snowball sampling approach, recipients were asked to forward the survey to other occupational therapists...
March 1, 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355966/sexuality-and-spinal-cord-injury
#2
Kate Eglseder, Barbara Demchick
Although sexuality is an integral aspect of the human experience, individuals who sustain a spinal cord injury (SCI) often receive inadequate education to facilitate successful participation in sexual activities. Intimate partners are often not included in discussions related to sexuality during the rehabilitative process. The purpose of this study was to identify the lived experiences of intimate partners of individuals with SCI related to sexuality. Four intimate partners were selected to participate in semistructured interviews related to their lived experiences of sexuality...
March 1, 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326984/editorial-otjr-s-journey-in-becoming-a-world-class-journal
#3
Sherrilene Classen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196449/qualitative-experience-of-sleep-in-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injury
#4
Donald J Fogelberg, Natalie E Leland, Jeanine Blanchard, Timothy J Rich, Florence A Clark
Poor sleep contributes to adverse health outcomes making it important to understand sleep in medically vulnerable populations, including those with spinal cord injury (SCI). However, little attention has been paid to circumstances specific to SCI that may negatively affect sleep, or to consequences of poor sleep in this population. The objective of this study was to examine the experience of sleep among individuals with SCI. Secondary analysis using thematic coding of qualitative data from an ethnographic study of community-dwelling adults with SCI was conducted...
April 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103759/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-occupation-centered-intervention-assessment
#5
Vanessa Jewell, Noralyn Pickens
A challenge of intervention research is the lack of a means to identify and measure clinical practice from an occupation-centered approach. The objective of this study is to establish basic psychometric properties of the Occupation-Centered Intervention Assessment (OCIA). The study is approached by establishing content validity and utility through expert panel and two focus groups. Interrater reliability (IRR) was determined through standardized video analysis and Krippendorff's alpha. Results from the expert panel and focus groups indicated an overall agreement that the OCIA was able to capture the full range of elements of rehabilitation-focused interventions for older adults (occupational, contextual, and personal relevance) and a good fit with the occupational therapy intervention process model...
January 1, 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093039/clarifying-the-construct-of-occupational-engagement-for-occupational-therapy-practice
#6
Jennifer Kennedy, Jane A Davis
Occupational engagement (OE) has been presented as a core construct in occupational therapy; however, its broad conceptualization and confounding definitions are problematic. Clarifying the construct of OE would help occupational therapists to explicate the nature of their practice. The purpose of this study was to explore occupational therapists' perspectives of the construct of OE. Qualitative descriptive methodology was used to collect data using semistructured interviews with nine practicing occupational therapists in the Greater Toronto Area...
January 1, 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081694/international-occupational-therapy-research-priorities
#7
Lynette Mackenzie, Susan Coppola, Liliana Alvarez, Lolita Cibule, Sergey Maltsev, Siew Yim Loh, Tecla Mlambo, Moses N Ikiugu, Zdenka Pihlar, Sarinya Sriphetcharawut, Sue Baptiste, Richard Ledgerd
Occupational therapy is a global profession represented by the World Federation of Occupational Therapists (WFOT). International research priorities are needed for strategic guidance on global occupational therapy practice. The objective of this study was to develop international research priorities to reflect global occupational therapy practice. A Delphi study using three rounds of electronic surveys, distributed to WFOT member organizations and WFOT accredited universities, was conducted. Data were analyzed after each round, and priorities were presented for rating and ranking in order of importance...
January 1, 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940924/evidence-based-interventions-for-increasing-work-participation-for-persons-with-various-disabilities
#8
Diane L Smith, Katie Atmatzidis, Marisa Capogreco, Dominic Lloyd-Randolfi, Victoria Seman
Title I of the Americans With Disabilities Act prohibits discrimination in employment; however, 26 years later, employment rates for persons with disabilities hover at 34%. This systematic review investigates the effectiveness of evidence-based interventions to increase employment for people with various disabilities. Forty-six articles met the inclusion criteria for evidence-based interventions. The majority of studies assessed interventions for persons with mental health disabilities. Strong evidence was found for ongoing support and work-related social skills training prior to and during competitive employment for persons with mental health disabilities...
December 1, 2016: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830643/driving-intervention-for-returning-combat-veterans-interim-analysis-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Sherrilene Classen, Sandra Winter, Miriam Monahan, Abraham Yarney, Amanda Link Lutz, Kyle Platek, Charles Levy
Increased crash incidence following deployment and veterans' reports of driving difficulty spurred traffic safety research for this population. We conducted an interim analysis on the efficacy of a simulator-based occupational therapy driving intervention (OT-DI) compared with traffic safety education (TSE) in a randomized controlled trial. During baseline and post-testing, OT-Driver Rehabilitation Specialists and one OT-Certified Driver Rehabilitation Specialist measured driving performance errors on a DriveSafety CDS-250 high-fidelity simulator...
November 8, 2016: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760887/comparative-effectiveness-of-three-occupational-therapy-sleep-interventions-a-randomized-controlled-study
#10
Sharon A Gutman, Kristin A Gregory, Megan M Sadlier-Brown, Marcy A Schlissel, Allison M Schubert, Lee Ann Westover, Richard C Miller
Although sleep intervention is within the domain of occupational therapy, few studies exist supporting practice. Effectiveness of three sleep interventions was compared: Dreampad Pillow®, iRest® meditation, and sleep hygiene. Twenty-nine participants were randomly assigned to the Dreampad Pillow® (n = 10), iRest® meditation (n = 9), and sleep hygiene (n = 10) groups. In Phase 1, all participants used a 7-day sleep hygiene regimen to reduce poor sleep habits. In Phase 2 (14 days), 10 participants used the Dreampad Pillow® and sleep hygiene, nine used the iRest meditation and sleep hygiene, and 10 continued sleep hygiene only...
October 18, 2016: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744272/development-and-validity-of-western-university-s-on-road-assessment
#11
Sherrilene Classen, Sarah Krasniuk, Liliana Alvarez, Miriam Monahan, Sarah A Morrow, Tim Danter
Although used across North America, many on-road studies do not explicitly document the content and metrics of on-road courses and accompanying assessments. This article discusses the development of the University of Western Ontario's on-road course, and elucidates the validity of its accompanying on-road assessment. We identified main components for developing an on-road course and used measurement theory to establish face, content, and initial construct validity Five adult volunteer drivers and 30 drivers with multiple sclerosis participated in the study...
October 14, 2016: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733452/mapping-the-evolving-ideas-of-occupational-justice-a-critical-analysis
#12
Jyothi Gupta
The values of occupational therapy are grounded in justice, and its origins in activism and advocacy. Enabling individuals to participate in meaningful occupations to enhance health and well-being was the genesis of the profession that answered a call to justice. Occupational science brought focus to understand humans as occupational beings and made justice more visible in the discourse. A systematic mapping review was undertaken to deconstruct how notions of occupational justice (OJ) have been woven in the literature...
October 12, 2016: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27758834/a-wellness-program-for-men-with-spinal-cord-injury-participation-and-meaning
#13
Beth A Ekelman, Darcy L Allison, Dario Duvnjak, Dorothy R DiMarino, John Jodzio, Paolo V Iannarelli
Little is known about how participating in a wellness program influences the well-being of individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). The purpose of this study is to explore how men with SCI describe their experiences and meaning of participating in a wellness center program, how they perceived these experiences as influencing their well-being, and how these experiences relate to co-occupations and occupational spin-off concepts. Investigators employed a descriptive qualitative design. Four adult males with an SCI participated in the study...
October 6, 2016: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856838/otjr-journal-special-issue-on-occupational-therapy-and-public-health-call-for-papers
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856837/occupational-justice-and-its-related-concepts-an-historical-and-thematic-scoping-review
#15
Ana Paula Serrata Malfitano, Rosangela Gomes da Mota de Souza, Roseli Esquerdo Lopes
The concept of occupational justice relates to social inequality focusing on the needs of humans as occupational beings in their contexts. This article aims to examine the scholarly evolution of the term occupational justice and its related concepts. The article reports (a) the historical development of the term and (b) a thematic mapping of issues addressed by articles that used the occupational justice concept and its related terms. A scoping review was performed where 553 articles were found. We found the first article in 1974, and it was described as the first article that used the term...
October 2016: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682831/occupational-justice-moral-imagination-critical-reflection-and-political-praxis
#16
Elizabeth Anne Kinsella, Evelyne Durocher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 27, 2016: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647111/critical-reflections-on-participatory-action-research-in-a-prison-setting-toward-occupational-justice
#17
Jeffrey L Crabtree, Jarrod M Wall, David Ohm
There is little information about prison-related occupational deprivation, and about doing research in prison. To document an occupational therapist and two prisoners' critical reflections on an informal occupational therapy education program using participatory action research (PAR), we reflect on our combined experiences of evaluating an occupational therapy program. The reflections include articulation of power differentials and examples of occupational deprivation and injustice at every stage of the program evaluation process...
September 19, 2016: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647110/occupational-experiences-of-refugees-and-asylum-seekers-resettling-in-australia-a-narrative-review
#18
Jacinta Mayne, Daniel Lowrie, Jessie Wilson
The contexts into which refugees and asylum seekers resettle, particularly the socio-political context as represented through various discourses, shape their occupational opportunities, health, and well-being. This article explores current literature in regard to the contemporary Australian discursive climate, particularly in relation to the way it may shape the occupational experiences of refugees and asylum seekers. In addition, a synthesis of current research regarding the occupational experiences of refugees and asylum seekers during their period of resettlement is presented...
September 19, 2016: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647109/occupational-justice-and-its-related-concepts-an-historical-and-thematic-scoping-review
#19
Ana Paula Serrata Malfitano, Rosangela Gomes da Mota de Souza, Roseli Esquerdo Lopes
The concept of occupational justice relates to social inequality focusing on the needs of humans as occupational beings in their contexts. This article aims to examine the scholarly evolution of the term occupational justice and its related concepts. The article reports (a) the historical development of the term and (b) a thematic mapping of issues addressed by articles that used the occupational justice concept and its related terms. A scoping review was performed where 553 articles were found. We found the first article in 1974, and it was described as the first article that used the term...
September 19, 2016: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27591435/ethical-tensions-related-to-systemic-constraints-occupational-alienation-in-occupational-therapy-practice
#20
Evelyne Durocher, Elizabeth Anne Kinsella, Lisa McCorquodale, Shanon Phelan
Ethical tensions arise daily in health care practice and are frequently related to health care system structures or policies. Collective case study methodology was adopted to examine ethical tensions reported by occupational therapists practicing in different settings in Southwestern Ontario, Canada. Inductive analysis involving multiple layers of coding was conducted. This article focuses on tensions related to systemic constraints. Participants reported ethical tensions related to balancing client priorities with those of health care services...
September 3, 2016: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
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