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OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891377/executive-function-measures-for-children-a-scoping-review-of-ecological-validity
#1
Anna Wallisch, Lauren M Little, Evan Dean, Winnie Dunn
Children use executive function (EF) skills within everyday occupations; however, EF poses a difficult and complex construct to measure. Currently, many measures of EF lack applicability to daily life, or ecological validity. The aim of this scoping review was to examine two aspects of ecological validity across measures, assessments, and tasks of EF in children. A scoping review of 355 peer-reviewed articles published between 1996 and 2016 was performed. Searching revealed 43 articles addressing the ecological validity of EF measures for children and 40 measures addressing ecological validity...
September 1, 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874097/analyzing-state-autism-private-insurance-mandates-for-allied-health-services-a-pilot-study
#2
Megan D Douglas, Teal W Benevides, Henry Carretta
Due to the prevalence, severity, and costs associated with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), it has become a public health issue. In response, state governments have adopted ASD-specific private insurance mandates requiring coverage of ASD screening, diagnosis, and treatment. Despite rapid uptake of these laws, differences exist in the type and levels of coverage, especially for allied health services including occupational therapy. We piloted a structured legal research methodology to code ASD insurance mandates that impact allied health service provisions...
September 1, 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856969/an-embodied-and-intersubjective-practice-of-occupational-therapy
#3
Cathrine Arntzen
The literature on clinical reasoning tends to ignore the context and the interaction between patient and therapist. This article outlines a theoretical foundation for an extended mode of clinical reasoning in occupational therapy. Cognitive theories of human action, as well as narrative and instrumental approaches, provide an insufficient picture of the nature of clinical reasoning in occupational therapy practice. An embodied intersubjective clinical reasoning can function as an adjunct to traditional clinical reasoning in occupational therapy practice and is discussed through the concepts of the ambiguous body, incorporation of things, and the process of shared meaning-making...
August 1, 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856960/task-oriented-training-and-evaluation-at-home
#4
Veronica T Rowe, Marsha Neville
Principles of experience-dependent plasticity, motor learning theory, and the theory of Occupational Adaptation coalesce into a translational model for practice in neurorehabilitation. The objective of this study was to explore the effectiveness of a Task Oriented Training and Evaluation at Home (TOTE Home) program completed by people with subacute stroke, and whether effects persisted 1 month after this training. A single-subject design included a maximum of 30, 1hour sessions of training conducted in participants' homes...
August 1, 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856958/understanding-social-isolation-among-urban-aging-adults-informing-occupation-based-approaches
#5
Carri Hand, Jessica Retrum, George Ware, Patricia Iwasaki, Gabe Moaalii, Deborah S Main
Socially isolated aging adults are at risk of poor health and well-being. Occupational therapy can help address this issue; however, information is needed to guide such work. National surveys characterize social isolation in populations of aging adults but fail to provide meaningful information at a community level. The objective of this study is to describe multiple dimensions of social isolation and related factors among aging adults in diverse urban neighborhoods. Community-based participatory research involving a door-to-door survey of adults 50 years and older was used...
August 1, 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28849999/approaches-for-building-community-participation-a-qualitative-case-study-of-canadian-food-security-programs
#6
Nerida Hyett, Amanda Kenny, Virginia Dickson-Swift
There is increasing opportunity and support for occupational therapists to expand their scope of practice in community settings. However, evidence is needed to increase occupational therapists' knowledge, confidence, and capacity with building community participation and adopting community-centered practice roles. The purpose of this study is to improve occupational therapists' understanding of an approach to building community participation, through case study of a network of Canadian food security programs...
August 1, 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821218/establishing-fidelity-of-occupational-performance-coaching
#7
Winnie Dunn, Lauren M Little, Ellen Pope, Anna Wallisch
As the call for evidence-based practices has risen, discussions about the fidelity of those practices have received increased attention. Although research suggests that Occupational Performance Coaching (OPC) is effective, a systematic evaluation of the fidelity of OPC is needed. The purpose of this study was to test fidelity of OPC intervention through study design, training, monitoring, and intervention receipt, and to offer the structure from this study as a guide for other programs of research and practice...
August 1, 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793846/health-literacy-and-written-communication-in-skilled-nursing-subacute-facilities
#8
Christopher Galati, Rachel Adams, Kay Graham, Katharyn Reynolds, Julia Zametin
Health literacy is a concern for older adults. Low health literacy can lead to adverse health outcomes; therefore, practitioners should address health literacy with clients. There is limited research addressing occupational therapy (OT) practitioners' knowledge of health literacy and its implementation in written communication in skilled nursing facility (SNF)/subacute settings. Researchers explored practitioners' knowledge and current practices when using written communication with older adult clients in skilled nursing and subacute settings...
August 1, 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770646/ms-people-s-performance-and-satisfaction-with-daily-occupations-implications-for-occupational-therapy
#9
Eman J Abdullah, Hanan E Badr, Fahad Manee
People with multiple sclerosis (MS) face difficulties in performing daily occupations. The objectives of this study were to assess the performance of and level of satisfaction with daily occupations among people with MS, and to explore factors associated with their performance and satisfaction. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 200 MS individuals. The Arabic version of Satisfaction With Daily Occupations (SDO) scale was used. Mann-Whitney U, Kruskal-Wallis, Chi-square tests, and binary logistic regression were used for data analysis...
August 1, 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766462/visual-correlates-of-fitness-to-drive-in-adults-with-multiple-sclerosis
#10
Sherrilene Classen, Sarah Krasniuk, Sarah A Morrow, Liliana Alvarez, Miriam Monahan, Tim Danter, Heather Rosehart
The impact of visual and visual-cognitive impairments on fitness to drive in persons with multiple sclerosis (PwMS) are not well studied. We quantified visual correlates of fitness to drive in 30 PwMS. PwMS completed visual ability and visual attention assessments, and a standardized on-road assessment, and were compared with 145 older volunteer drivers. PwMS (vs. older volunteer drivers) made more total ( W = 12,139, p = .03) and critical driving errors (predictive of crashes) in adjustment to stimuli ( W = 11,352, p < ...
August 1, 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737079/menstrual-education-and-personal-hygiene-supplies-to-empower-young-women-in-haiti
#11
Patricia Coker-Bolt, Annika Jansson, Sherridan Bigg, Elizabeth Hammond, Harmony Hudson, Sarah Hunkler, Jana Kitch, Heather Richardson, Erica Tiedemann, Janet O'Flynn, Marie Dominque Laurent
Recent studies report that Haitian women are concerned about unmet women's health issues. The Days for Girls (DfG) International program features women's health education and personal hygiene kits to ensure women understand the process of menstruation and sanitary hygiene practices. The aim was to train Haitian seamstresses to produce the DfG kits during an in-country workshop and investigate the perceived benefit of the DfG program in young women who used the DfG kits. Posttest only design was used to measure the effectiveness of DfG workshop and postsurvey to study perception of women using DfG kits...
July 1, 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731374/trait-emotional-intelligence-related-to-bullying-in-elementary-school-children-and-to-victimization-in-boys
#12
Andrew A Peachey, Jeanne Wenos, Stephanie Baller
While Healthy People 2020 calls for a reduction of bullying among high school students as a public health priority, earlier intervention supported by Occupational Therapists may be warranted. The current study investigated the prevalence of bullying behaviors within an elementary school, compared the experiences of victims with those of perpetrators, and determined when and for whom Trait Emotional Intelligence is a predictor of bullying and victimization. Elementary school children ( n = 235) in Grades 3 to 5 completed the Forms of Bullying Scale-Victim, the Forms of Bullying Scale-Perpetrator, and the Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire-Child Short Form...
July 1, 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709392/african-american-fathers-occupational-participation-keeping-the-mothers-in-a-positive-vibe
#13
Kris Pizur-Barnekow, David Pate, Katie Lazar, Nelly Paul, Kathleen Pritchard, George Morris
Infant mortality is a major public health issue in the United States that disproportionally affects African Americans. Evidence suggests reducing stress on African American women and engaging African American fathers may improve health and social outcomes for families. This study sought to understand the experiences of African American fathers through a positivistic lens and to inform future interventions that support father engagement. A descriptive, qualitative study using the Person, Environment, Occupation-Performance (PEO-P) model as a framework for analysis was conducted involving 45 fathers participating in four focus groups and one member-checking group...
July 1, 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709384/beyond-words-using-qualitative-video-methods-for-researching-occupation-with-young-children
#14
Helen Lynch, Mandy Stanley
Researching with children is fundamental for furthering our understanding of children's occupational worlds. Furthermore, researching occupation from a transactional perspective is important for gaining a deeper understanding. However historically, most approaches to researching with children do not capture the transactional nature of occupation. The use of video methods in qualitative research is proposed as a potential solution. This article illustrates how videography can be used as an effective, inclusive qualitative research method, and uses a study of infant play occupation to illuminate video techniques...
July 1, 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685660/recovery-from-substance-abuse-among-zimbabwean-men-an-occupational-transition
#15
Clement Nhunzvi, Roshan Galvaan, Liesl Peters
Substance abuse is a rising global problem, associated with medical, psychiatric, family, occupational, legal, political, financial, and spiritual problems. Recovery is an important area of consideration in occupational therapy's quest to promoting health and well-being. This narrative inquiry explored the journey of recovery from substance abuse among young adult Zimbabwean men. Three men were purposively selected to participate in in-depth narrative interviews about their occupations during recovery. Data were analyzed using a narrative analysis...
July 1, 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621221/sexuality-and-spinal-cord-injury-the-lived-experiences-of-intimate-partners
#16
Kate Eglseder, Barbara Demchick
Although sexuality is an integral aspect of the human experience, individuals who sustain a spinal cord injury (SCI) often receive inadequate education to facilitate successful participation in sexual activities. Intimate partners are often not included in discussions related to sexuality during the rehabilitative process. The purpose of this study was to identify the lived experiences of intimate partners of individuals with SCI related to sexuality. Four intimate partners were selected to participate in semistructured interviews related to their lived experiences of sexuality...
July 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621220/2016-17-pi-theta-epsilon-honor-society-inductees
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621219/manualization-of-occupational-therapy-using-ayres-sensory-integration%C3%A2-for-autism
#18
Joanne Hunt, Elke van Hooydonk, Patricia Faller, Zoe Mailloux, Roseann Schaaf
This article reports on the development of a Stage 3 manual (following pilot effectiveness study) for implementing occupational therapy using Ayres Sensory Integration® (OT/ASI) for children with autism spectrum disorders to enhance participation in daily occupations. Three stakeholder groups were surveyed to aid in translation of manual from research to practice (i.e., Stage 3 manual) and an expert consensus meeting was held to finalize recommendations. Data indicated that the manuals usability could be improved by including a section on frequently encountered problems and solutions, and by including video case examples...
July 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621218/measuring-disability-in-patients-with-cervical-dystonia-according-to-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health
#19
Joke De Pauw, Kevin van der Velden, Reen Cox, Steven Truijen, Patrick Cras, Rudy Mercelis, Willem De Hertogh
Cervical Dystonia (CD) is a rare movement disorder characterized by an abnormal head position. This cross-sectional study describes the health status and severity of disability using an internationally agreed language by applying the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). Two disease-specific rating scales were administered to 30 patients with CD. By linking the individual answers to the ICF model, the frequency and severity of reported impairments and restrictions were estimated using a count-based method...
July 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621217/occupational-therapists-with-oncology-exposure-perceived-needs-on-adults-and-older-adults-with-cancer-related-cognitive-impairments
#20
Sara S Ulfers, Christine Berg
Cancer-related cognitive impairments (CRCI) can limit participation in meaningful activities before, during, and after cancer treatment. This study explored occupational therapists' perceived knowledge gaps and needs regarding CRCI in adults and older adults. An online survey was sent to a convenience sample of 60 practitioners at facilities throughout the continuum of care and 176 directors and faculty in accredited occupational therapy programs. Using a snowball sampling approach, recipients were asked to forward the survey to other occupational therapists...
July 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
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