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Cognitive Behaviour Therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894213/factor-solutions-of-the-social-phobia-scale-sps-and-the-social-interaction-anxiety-scale-sias-in-a-swedish-population
#1
Ewa Mörtberg, Lena Reuterskiöld, Maria Tillfors, Tomas Furmark, Lars-Göran Öst
Culturally validated rating scales for social anxiety disorder (SAD) are of significant importance when screening for the disorder, as well as for evaluating treatment efficacy. This study examined construct validity and additional psychometric properties of two commonly used scales, the Social Phobia Scale and the Social Interaction Anxiety Scale, in a clinical SAD population (n = 180) and in a normal population (n = 614) in Sweden. Confirmatory factor analyses of previously reported factor solutions were tested but did not reveal acceptable fit...
November 29, 2016: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876443/are-we-certain-about-which-measure-of-intolerance-of-uncertainty-to-use-yet
#2
Vincenzo G Roma, Debra A Hope
Intolerance of Uncertainty (IU) has been understood as a dispositional tendency to view the presence of negative events as unacceptable and threatening, regardless of the likelihood of those events occurring. The preference over the 12-item vs. 27-item of the IUS has been central to debate. The goals of the present study were to evaluate two competing models of measuring IU with model-fitting analyses and explore model invariance of gender (e.g. men vs. women). A sample of 980 individuals completed an online IUS survey...
November 23, 2016: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871214/a-measure-of-perceived-pain-and-tobacco-smoking-interrelations-pilot-validation-of-the-pain-and-smoking-inventory
#3
Joseph W Ditre, Emily L Zale, Bryan W Heckman, Peter S Hendricks
Mounting evidence indicates that pain can motivate cigarette smoking behavior, smokers have reliably endorsed the use of tobacco to cope with pain, and there is reason to suspect that pain may impede smoking cessation. Smoking-related outcome expectancies are among the best predictors of cigarette consumption and relapse, and the goal of this pilot study was to develop a standardized measure of how tobacco smokers perceive their pain and smoking behavior to be interrelated (i.e. pain as a motivator of smoking, expectancies for smoking as a means of coping with pain, and pain as a barrier to quitting)...
November 22, 2016: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855562/associations-between-lower-order-anxiety-sensitivity-dimensions-and-dsm-5-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms
#4
Amanda M Raines, Jessica L Walton, Eliza S McManus, Lisa-Ann J Cuccurullo, Jessica Chambliss, Madeline Uddo, C Laurel Franklin
Anxiety sensitivity (AS), a well-established individual difference variable reflecting a tendency to fear bodily sensations associated with arousal, has been implicated in the development and maintenance of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Despite these associations, little research has examined the relations between AS subfactors (eg physical, cognitive, and social) and PTSD symptoms and none have examined these associations in the context of DSM-5 (Diagnostic Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition) PTSD clusters (ie intrusion, avoidance, negative alterations in cognitions/mood, and arousal)...
November 18, 2016: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844502/therapist-empathy-homework-compliance-and-outcome-in-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-generalized-anxiety-disorder-partitioning-within-and-between-therapist-effects
#5
Kimberley M Hara, Adi Aviram, Michael J Constantino, Henny A Westra, Martin M Antony
Although client-perceived therapist empathy relates to positive therapy outcomes, including in cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), little is known about how empathy exerts its ameliorative effect. One possible way is by promoting clients' subsequent homework compliance, a variable that also predicts positive outcomes in CBT. The present study sought to investigate simultaneously, in the context of 43 therapist-client dyads receiving 15 sessions of CBT for generalized anxiety disorder, (1) the association of early client-perceived therapist empathy (averaged over sessions 1, 3, 5) with mid-treatment client homework compliance (averaged over sessions 6, 8, 10); (2) the association of mid-treatment homework compliance on client posttreatment worry severity; and (3) the indirect effect of early perceived therapist empathy on posttreatment worry through mid-treatment homework compliance...
November 15, 2016: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27791532/rational-emotive-behaviour-therapy-in-high-schools-to-educate-in-mental-health-and-empower-youth-health-a-randomized-controlled-study-of-a-brief-intervention
#6
Gry Anette Sælid, Hans M Nordahl
Rational emotive behaviour therapy (REBT) is effective in reducing distress in several target groups. No other study has tested the mental health effects on adolescents in a high school setting while expanding a Cognitive Behaviour-based therapy, REBT, into the concept of mental health literacy. The format of the ABC model, which is an important element of REBT, functioned as a working manual in and between three sessions. This study tested whether knowledge and practical use of the ABC model increased self-esteem and hope, and reduced symptoms of anxiety and depression, and dysfunctional thinking...
October 28, 2016: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27712544/internet-delivered-transdiagnostic-and-tailored-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-anxiety-and-depression-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#7
Costina Ruxandra Păsărelu, Gerhard Andersson, Lise Bergman Nordgren, Anca Dobrean
Anxiety and depressive disorders are often comorbid. Transdiagnostic and tailored treatments seem to be promising approaches in dealing with comorbidity. Although several primary studies have examined the effects of Internet-delivered cognitive behavior therapy (iCBT) for anxiety and depression, no meta-analysis including different types of iCBT that address comorbidity has been conducted so far. We conducted systematic searches in databases up to 1 July 2016. Only randomized trials comparing transdiagnostic/tailored iCBT for adult anxiety and/or depression with control groups were included...
October 7, 2016: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27712458/acceptability-of-a-brief-computerized-intervention-targeting-anxiety-sensitivity
#8
Nicole A Short, Kelly Fuller, Aaron M Norr, Norman B Schmidt
Despite the well-documented efficacy of cognitive behavioral treatments for anxiety disorders, the acceptability of these treatments remains an under-researched area. A better understanding of acceptability could help to improve the initiation of, and engagement in, these effective interventions. Recent research has suggested computerized interventions of anxiety-related risk factors may be one way to improve acceptability and overcome several common barriers to treatment. Considering this, the current study tested the acceptability of a computerized, anxiety sensitivity (AS)-focused treatment among a sample of treatment-seeking community participants and military veterans (N = 58)...
October 7, 2016: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27705086/transdiagnostic-group-cbt-for-anxiety-disorders-the-unified-protocol-in-mental-health-services
#9
Nina Reinholt, Ruth Aharoni, Clas Winding, Nicole Rosenberg, Bent Rosenbaum, Sidse Arnfred
Comorbidity among the anxiety disorders is common and may negatively impact treatment outcome. Potentially, transdiagnostic cognitive-behavioral treatments (CBT) deal more effectively with comorbidity than standard CBT. The present study tested the effectiveness of The Unified Protocol (UP) applied to Mental Health Services. Pre-post-treatment effects were examined for psychiatric outpatients with anxiety disorders receiving UP treatment in groups. Forty-seven patients (mean-age = 34.1 (SD = 9.92), 77% females) with a principal diagnosis of anxiety were included...
October 5, 2016: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27690746/cognitive-risk-factors-explain-the-relations-between-neuroticism-and-social-anxiety-for-males-and-females
#10
Nicholas P Allan, Mary E Oglesby, Aubree Uhl, Norman B Schmidt
The hierarchical model of vulnerabilities to emotional distress contextualizes the relation between neuroticism and social anxiety as occurring indirectly through cognitive risk factors. In particular, inhibitory intolerance of uncertainty (IU; difficulty in uncertain circumstances), fear of negative evaluation (FNE; fear of being judged negatively), and anxiety sensitivity (AS) social concerns (fear of outwardly observable anxiety) are related to social anxiety. It is unclear whether these risk factors uniquely relate to social anxiety, and whether they account for the relations between neuroticism and social anxiety...
October 3, 2016: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687294/the-influence-of-the-menstrual-cycle-on-reactivity-to-a-co2-challenge-among-women-with-and-without-premenstrual-symptoms
#11
Yael I Nillni, Suzanne L Pineles, Kelly J Rohan, Michael J Zvolensky, Ann M Rasmusson
Clinically significant premenstrual symptoms (PMS) is conceptualized as a depressive disorder in DSM-5, however, it may share pathophysiological processes with anxiety- and fear-related disorders. Specifically, women with PMS panic at higher rates during biological challenge procedures. It is unclear if this increased interoceptive sensitivity is a general vulnerability or specific to the premenstrual phase. The current study examined the role of menstrual cycle phase on reactivity to a CO2 challenge among women with (n = 11) and without (n = 26) clinically significant PMS (N = 37)...
September 30, 2016: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682415/overcoming-procrastination-one-year-follow-up-and-predictors-of-change-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-internet-based-cognitive-behavior-therapy
#12
Alexander Rozental, Erik Forsell, Andreas Svensson, Gerhard Andersson, Per Carlbring
Procrastination is a common self-regulatory failure that can have a negative impact on well-being and performance. However, few clinical trials have been conducted, and no follow-up has ever been performed. The current study therefore aimed to provide evidence for the long-term benefits and investigate predictors of a positive treatment outcome among patients receiving Internet-based cognitive behavior therapy (ICBT). A total of 150 self-recruited participants were randomized to guided or unguided ICBT. Self-report measures of procrastination, depression, anxiety, and quality of life were distributed at pre-treatment assessment, post-treatment assessment, and one-year follow-up...
September 29, 2016: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682225/examining-the-specific-dimensions-of-distress-tolerance-that-prospectively-predict-perceived-stress
#13
Joseph R Bardeen, Thomas A Fergus, Holly K Orcutt
We examined five dimensions of distress tolerance (i.e. uncertainty, ambiguity, frustration, negative emotion, physical discomfort) as prospective predictors of perceived stress. Undergraduate students (N = 135) completed self-report questionnaires over the course of two assessment sessions (T1 and T2). Results of a linear regression in which the five dimensions of distress tolerance and covariates (i.e. T1 perceived stress, duration between T1 and T2) served as predictor variables and T2 perceived stress served as the outcome variable showed that intolerance of uncertainty was the only dimension of distress tolerance to predict T2 perceived stress...
September 28, 2016: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659199/violent-obsessions-are-associated-with-suicidality-in-an-ocd-analog-sample-of-college-students
#14
Terence H W Ching, Monnica Williams, Jedidiah Siev
The picture of suicide in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is unclear because previous research did not uniformly control for depressive symptoms when examining the relationship between OCD and suicidality. Specific links between OC symptom dimensions and suicidality were also not adequately studied. As such, we investigated specific associations between OC symptom dimensions and suicidality, beyond the contribution of depressive symptoms, in an OCD analog sample of college students, a group traditionally at risk for suicide...
September 23, 2016: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647353/group-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-act-for-bipolar-disorder-and-co-existing-anxiety-an-open-pilot-study
#15
Sara Pankowski, Mats Adler, Gerhard Andersson, Nils Lindefors, Cecilia Svanborg
Previous studies have supported acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) for reducing impairment related to various chronic conditions. ACT may possibly be beneficial for bipolar disorder (BD) with co-existing anxiety, which is associated with a poorer treatment outcome. Efforts are needed to identify suitable psychological interventions for BD and co-existing anxiety. In this open clinical trial, we included 26 patients with BD type 1 or 2 at an outpatient psychiatric unit specializing in affective disorders...
September 19, 2016: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879176/focus-of-attention-behavioral-experiment-an-examination-of-a-therapeutic-procedure-to-reduce-social-anxiety
#16
Kerry A Renner, David P Valentiner, Jacob B Holzman
A clinical protocol based on contemporary cognitive behavioral treatment for social anxiety was developed and examined. Previously published instructions for conducting a focus-of-attention behavioral experiment targeting self-focused attention and safety behaviors during exposure were used to create a structured protocol. Individuals (n = 45) with high levels of social anxiety and public-speaking anxiety were randomly assigned to either a focus-of-attention behavioral experiment (FABE) or an Exposure-Only Control (EOC) condition...
January 2017: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27454077/developing-a-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-manual-for-delayed-sleep-wake-phase-disorder
#17
Markus Jansson-Fröjmark, Katarina Danielsson, Agneta Markström, Jan-Erik Broman
This article reports the development of a treatment protocol, based on cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) principles, for delayed sleep-wake phase disorder (DSWPD). The protocol consists of psycho-education, presenting a CBT model for DSWPD, case formulation, motivational interviewing, registering sleep in a diary, strategies to improve the rhythm of sleep and wakefulness, relaxation training, cognitive restructuring, strategies to cope with daytime symptoms, constructing an individualized CBT program, and learning how to deal with relapses...
November 2016: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27448042/acculturative-stress-and-experiential-avoidance-relations-to-depression-suicide-and-anxiety-symptoms-among-minority-college-students
#18
Michael J Zvolensky, Charles Jardin, Lorra Garey, Zuzuky Robles, Carla Sharp
Although college campuses represent strategic locations to address mental health disparity among minorities in the US, there has been strikingly little empirical work on risk processes for anxiety/depression among this population. The present investigation examined the interactive effects of acculturative stress and experiential avoidance in relation to anxiety and depressive symptoms among minority college students (n = 1,095; 78.1% female; Mage = 21.92, SD = 4.23; 15.1% African-American (non-Hispanic), 45...
November 2016: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27438753/effect-of-regulating-anger-and-sadness-on-decision-making
#19
Paul Lucian Szasz, Stefan G Hofmann, Renata M Heilman, Joshua Curtiss
The aim of the current study was to investigate the effects of reappraisal, acceptance, and rumination for regulating anger and sadness on decision-making. Participants (N = 165) were asked to recall two autobiographical events in which they felt intense anger and sadness, respectively. Participants were then instructed to reappraise, accept, ruminate, or not use any strategies to regulate their feelings of anger and sadness. Following this manipulation, risk aversion, and decision-making strategies were measured using a computer-based measure of risk-taking and a simulated real-life decision-making task...
November 2016: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27438655/clicking-away-at-co-rumination-co-rumination-correlates-across-different-modalities-of-communication
#20
Ani C Keshishian, Melanie A Watkins, Michael W Otto
Co-rumination is associated with positive friendship quality (thought to buffer against anxiety and depression) but paradoxically higher levels of anxiety and depression. With the increasing use of technology for communication among adults, there is little known about co-rumination effects across different modalities of communication. In the current study, we examined co-rumination through four methods (i.e. in person, phone calls, text messaging, and social media) in two separate samples - college students and participants from the community...
November 2016: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
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