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Cognitive Behaviour Therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30392449/better-with-age-a-comparison-of-geriatric-and-non-geriatric-trauma-patients-psychological-outcomes-6-months-post-injury
#1
Brittney L Culp, Jacob W Roden-Foreman, Estrella V Thomas, Evan Elizabeth McShan, Monica M Bennett, Katherine Riley Martin, Mark B Powers, Michael L Foreman, Laura B Petrey, Ann Marie Warren
This is the first study to compare both physical and psychological outcomes in geriatric and non-geriatric patients (n = 268) at baseline and 6 months post-trauma. Demographic, clinical, and psychological data, including screens for alcohol use, depressive symptoms, and post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) were collected from 67 geriatric patients (70.7 ± 8.0 years) and 201 non-geriatric patients (40.2 ± 12.8 years) admitted to a Level I trauma center for ≥ 24 h. Geriatric patients were significantly less likely to screen positive for alcohol use at baseline, and depression, PTSS, and alcohol use at follow-up...
November 5, 2018: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30372653/working-alliance-as-a-predictor-of-change-in-depression-during-blended-cognitive-behaviour-therapy
#2
Kristofer Vernmark, Hugo Hesser, Naira Topooco, Thomas Berger, Heleen Riper, Liisa Luuk, Lisa Backlund, Per Carlbring, Gerhard Andersson
Blended Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (bCBT) is a new form of treatment, mixing internet-based modules and face-to-face therapist sessions. How participants rate the therapeutic alliance in bCBT has not yet been thoroughly explored, and neither is it clear whether therapist- and patient-rated alliances are predictors of change in depression during treatment. Depression and alliance ratings from 73 participants in a treatment study on bCBT (part of the E-COMPARED project) were analysed using growth curve models...
October 29, 2018: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30354911/worry-and-anxiety-account-for-unique-variance-in-the-relationship-between-intolerance-of-uncertainty-and-depression
#3
Michaela B Swee, Thomas M Olino, Richard G Heimberg
The evidence supporting the relationship between intolerance of uncertainty (IU), a cognitive construct well established in the anxiety literature, and depression is mixed. Some research has demonstrated a direct association between IU and depression, whereas other studies suggest that IU is either unrelated or indirectly related to depression through other pathways, including anxiety. The present study aimed to further elucidate the relationship between IU and depression in an undergraduate sample (N = 221)...
October 25, 2018: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30332919/a-meta-analytic-review-of-cognitive-processing-therapy-for-adults-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#4
Gordon J G Asmundson, Audur S Thorisdottir, Jacob W Roden-Foreman, Scarlett O Baird, Sara M Witcraft, Aliza T Stein, Jasper A J Smits, Mark B Powers
Numerous studies have demonstrated the efficacy of cognitive processing therapy (CPT) for treating posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Two prior meta-analyses of studies are available but used approaches that limit conclusions that can be drawn regarding the impact of CPT on PTSD outcomes. The current meta-analysis reviewed outcomes of trials that tested the efficacy of CPT for PTSD in adults and evaluated potential moderators of outcomes. All published trials comparing CPT against an inactive control condition (i...
October 18, 2018: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30311850/mediation-analyses-of-internet-facilitated-cognitive-behavioral-intervention-for-maternal-depression
#5
John R Seeley, Lisa B Sheeber, Edward G Feil, Craig Leve, Betsy Davis, Erik Sorensen, Steve Allan
This study evaluated the putative mediating mechanisms of an Internet-facilitated cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) intervention for depression tailored to economically disadvantaged mothers of preschool-age children. The CBT mediators were tested across two previously published randomized controlled trials which included the same measures of behavioral activation, negative thinking, and savoring of positive events. Trial 1 included 70 mothers with elevated depressive symptoms who were randomized to either the eight-session, Internet-facilitated intervention (Mom-Net) or to treatment as usual...
October 12, 2018: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30307377/meta-analysis-of-the-effects-of-third-wave-behavioural-interventions-on-disordered-eating-and-body-image-concerns-implications-for-eating-disorder-prevention
#6
Jake Linardon, John Gleeson, Keong Yap, Kylie Murphy, Leah Brennan
Third-wave behavioural interventions are increasingly popular for treating and preventing mental health conditions. Recently, researchers have begun testing whether these interventions can effectively targeting eating disorder risk factors (disordered eating, body image concerns). This meta-analysis examined whether third-wave behavioural interventions (acceptance and commitment therapy; dialectical behaviour therapy; mindfulness-based interventions; compassion-focused therapy) show potential for being effective eating disorder prevention programs, by testing their effects on eating disorder risk factors in samples without an eating disorder...
October 11, 2018: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30239259/the-predictive-capacity-of-self-reported-motivation-vs-early-observed-motivational-language-in-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-generalized-anxiety-disorder
#7
Lauren E Poulin, Melissa L Button, Henny A Westra, Michael J Constantino, Martin M Antony
Client motivation to change is often considered a key factor in psychotherapy. To date, research on this client construct has largely relied on self-report, which is prone to response bias and ceiling effects. Moreover, self-reported motivation has been inconsistently related to treatment outcome. Early observed client in-session language may be a more valid measure of initial motivation and thus a promising predictor of outcome. The predictive ability of motivational factors has been examined in addiction treatment but has been limited in other populations...
September 21, 2018: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30230428/comparing-cognitive-fusion-and-cognitive-reappraisal-as-predictors-of-college-student-mental-health
#8
Jennifer Krafft, Jack A Haeger, Michael E Levin
Transdiagnostic cognitive behavioral interventions target different cognitive processes to promote mental health, including cognitive fusion and cognitive reappraisal. Determining the relative impact of cognitive fusion and reappraisal on a range of student mental health concerns could help interventions target psychopathological cognitive processes more effectively. Therefore, this study examined the longitudinal impact of cognitive fusion and reappraisal on mental health and functioning outcomes. A series of hierarchical regression models tested the effects of cognitive fusion and reappraisal in a sample of college students (n = 339)...
September 19, 2018: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30230425/look-before-you-leap-the-role-of-negative-urgency-in-appraisals-of-ambiguous-and-unambiguous-scenarios-in-individuals-high-in-generalized-anxiety-disorder-symptoms
#9
Bailee L Malivoire, Michelle Marcos, Elizabeth J Pawluk, Kathleen Tallon, Andrea Kusec, Naomi Koerner
Negative interpretation bias, the propensity to make threatening interpretations of ambiguous information, is associated with symptoms of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). Apart from its relationship with intolerance of uncertainty (IU), little is known about what explains the presence of this cognitive bias in GAD. One factor may be negative urgency (NU), the tendency to take rash action when distressed, which is related to GAD symptoms and to cognitive biases in nonclinical populations. The aim of the present study was to examine the relationship between NU and interpretation bias in individuals high in GAD symptoms (N = 111)...
September 19, 2018: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30230412/predictors-of-improvement-in-an-open-trial-multisite-evaluation-of-emotion-regulation-group-therapy
#10
Hanna Sahlin, Johan Bjureberg, Kim L Gratz, Matthew T Tull, Erik Hedman-Lagerlöf, Jonas Bjärehed, Jussi Jokinen, Lars-Gunnar Lundh, Clara Hellner, Brjánn Ljótsson
Emotion regulation group therapy (ERGT) is a novel treatment specifically targeting deliberate non-suicidal self-harm (DSH) in individuals with borderline personality disorder (BPD). Identifying robust predictors of positive response to ERGT could aid clinicians in treatment selection; however, to date, only one such study has been conducted. Thus, we aimed to replicate previously identified predictors of treatment response to ERGT by investigating demographic, clinical, and diagnostic predictors in 95 women with BPD or subclinical BPD who had participated in an open-trial evaluation of ERGT...
September 19, 2018: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30221589/moderators-and-predictors-of-outcomes-in-telephone-delivered-compared-to-face-to-face-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-for-paediatric-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-preliminary-evidence-from-a-non-inferiority-rct
#11
A Nair, C Turner, I Heyman, D Mataix-Cols, K Lovell, G Krebs, K Lang, S Byford, R O'Kearney
This study provides a preliminary exploration of factors which differentially predict treatment response to telephone-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy (TCBT) compared to face-to-face CBT (CBT) in a randomised non-inferiority controlled trial of 72 children (aged 11-18 years) with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Potential moderator variables, their interaction with treatment group (CBT, TCBT) and baseline levels of OCD severity were entered into separate regression models where the primary outcome measure was the post-intervention Children's Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale total score (CYBOCS)...
September 17, 2018: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30211672/predictors-and-consequences-of-sudden-gains-in-transdiagnostic-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-anxiety-disorders
#12
Lisa Vincent, Peter J Norton
Sudden gains-substantial stable symptom improvements between consecutive therapy sessions-are a common phenomenon. As condensed points of change, examination of sudden gains can provide insight into mechanisms of therapeutic change. This study investigated the association between sudden gains and cognitive change, therapeutic alliance, and/or client engagement in transdiagnostic group cognitive-behavioural therapy for anxiety disorders. Of 58 treatment initiators, 21% (n = 12) exhibited a sudden gain. Consistent with previous research, sudden gainers demonstrated significantly greater pre- to post-treatment symptom improvement than non-sudden gainers...
September 13, 2018: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30192705/exposure-based-cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-atopic-dermatitis-an-open-trial
#13
Erik Hedman-Lagerlöf, Anna Bergman, Nils Lindefors, Maria Bradley
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common and debilitating inflammatory dermatological disorder and is marked by itch and inflamed skin. Scratching, sleep loss, and avoidance of situations associated with more AD symptoms are central hypothesized mechanisms that perpetuate the disorder and cause reduced quality of life. We developed an exposure-based cognitive behavioral treatment (CBT) that entailed mindfulness practice as a means to increase tolerance for aversive experiences during exposure. The aim of the present study was to test the treatment's acceptability and preliminary efficacy in adults with AD...
September 7, 2018: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893182/influence-of-adjuvant-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-mbct-on-symptoms-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd-in-veterans-results-from-a-randomized-control-study
#14
Mostafa Jasbi, Dena Sadeghi Bahmani, Gholamreza Karami, Maryam Omidbeygi, Maryam Peyravi, Ailin Panahi, Jafar Mirzaee, Edith Holsboer-Trachsler, Serge Brand
Even 30 or more years after the end of a war, veterans can suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). In the present study, we explored the influence on symptoms of PTSD among Iranian veterans of the Iran-Iraq war of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) as add-on to a standard treatment with citalopram. Forty-eight male veterans with PTSD (mean age: 52.97 years) took part in this eight-week intervention study. Standard treatment for all patients consisted of citalopram (30-50 mg/day at therapeutic dosages)...
September 2018: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714106/meta-analysis-of-the-efficacy-and-acceptability-of-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-arab-adult-populations-experiencing-anxiety-depression-or-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#15
Rony Kayrouz, Blake F Dear, Bechara Kayrouz, Eyal Karin, Milena Gandy, Nickolai Titov
A meta-analysis of the literature of cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) with Arab adult populations experiencing anxiety, depression or post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) was conducted. Nine studies (n = 536) met the eligibility criteria. Three of the nine studies (33%) were randomised control trials using waitlist control groups. All studies (100%) reported a statistically significant reduction in psychological symptoms at post-treatment with large effect sizes for anxiety (effect size, 95% confidence interval) (1...
September 2018: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29508645/identifying-the-role-of-sociodemographic-factors-in-major-depressive-disorder-and-suicidality-among-spanish-speaking-latino-patients-in-a-federally-qualified-health-center
#16
Andrew H Rogers, Nicole A Short, Zuzuky Robles, Jafar Bakhshaie, Andres Viana, Norman B Schmidt, Monica Garza, Melissa Ochoa-Perez, Chad Lemaire, Daniel Bogiaizian, Angela Medvedeva, Michael J Zvolensky
Rates of suicide and major depressive disorder (MDD) are currently at the highest point in the history of the United States (US). However, these rates are not distributed evenly among the population and Latinos show disproportionately high rates of both suicide and MDD. Yet, past research has infrequently explored factors related to suicide and MDD in primary care settings that serve as the major community portal for mental health among the Latino population. Thus, the current study investigated sociodemographic variables (marital status, nativity, education, employment, primary language, age, and gender) in terms of their relations with suicidal ideation, suicide risk, MDD, and MDD symptom severity among Latino primary care patients in a Federally Qualified Health Center (N = 634, M age  = 39...
September 2018: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482460/pain-related-anxiety-and-opioid-misuse-in-a-racially-ethnically-diverse-young-adult-sample-with-moderate-severe-pain
#17
Andrew H Rogers, Jafar Bakhshaie, Hantin Lam, Kirsten J Langdon, Joseph W Ditre, Michael J Zvolensky
Pain problems are of significant public health concern, and with opioid-related problems and death due to overdose at an all-time high, there is significant public health importance to identify risk factors that link instances of pain to opioid misuse among persons with pain whether or not they have been prescribed opioids for pain management. Severe pain and pain-related problems have been associated with increased risk for opioid misuse, and recent research indicates that pain-related anxiety (worry about the negative consequences of pain) may contribute to a more debilitating pain experience...
September 2018: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468940/phone-coaching-in-dialectical-behavior-therapy-frequency-and-relationship-to-client-variables
#18
Pedro N Oliveira, Shireen L Rizvi
Telephone coaching is a treatment mode in Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) that is designed to help clients generalize skills, prevent suicidal behaviors, and repair therapeutic ruptures. To date, phone coaching has received scant empirical investigation. The aims of this study were to (1) describe patterns in frequency of telephone calls and text messaging in DBT and (2) investigate whether demographic factors, baseline severity, suicidal behaviors, and therapeutic alliance are associated with phone and text frequency...
September 2018: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448886/augmenting-treatment-efficiency-in-exposure-therapy-for-ptsd-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial-of-yohimbine-hcl
#19
Peter W Tuerk, Bethany C Wangelin, Mark B Powers, Jasper A J Smits, Ron Acierno, Ursula S Myers, Scott P Orr, Edna B Foa, Mark B Hamner
The alpha-2 adrenergic receptor antagonist, yohimbine, can facilitate fear extinction in animals and humans. One potential mechanism is increased noradrenergic activity and associated arousal in the presence of conditioned stimuli. Accordingly, yohimbine might augment prolonged exposure (PE) therapy for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), where heightened exposure-oriented arousal is a theorized driver and empirical predictor of treatment success. A double-blind placebo-controlled randomized trial (NCT 01031979) piloted yohimbine augmentation in 26 males with combat-related PTSD...
September 2018: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30117784/comparing-in-the-moment-skill-coaching-effects-from-tailored-versus-non-tailored-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-mobile-apps-in-a-non-clinical-sample
#20
Michael E Levin, Cynthia Navarro, Rick A Cruz, Jack Haeger
Mobile apps are promising for teaching how to practice psychological skills in high-risk and in vivo momentary situations, but there has been minimal research on the immediate effects of app-based skill coaching on mental health in-the-moment. This study analyzed the mobile app data in a non-clinical sample of 39 adults participating in a larger randomized controlled trial, with participants randomized to an acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) mobile app that tailors skill coaching based on in-the-moment variables (n = 17) or an app that provides randomly selected skill coaching (n = 22)...
August 17, 2018: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
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