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Cognitive Behaviour Therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650777/a-transdiagnostic-examination-of-decreased-intolerance-of-uncertainty-and-treatment-outcome
#1
Kimberly Stevens, Travis Rogers, Moselle Campbell, Thröstur Björgvinsson, Sarah Kertz
Intolerance of uncertainty (IU) is characterized by negative beliefs and reactions to uncertainty. IU is present in emotional disorders and may be a mechanism of change in treatment . There are two components of IU, prospective and inhibitory IU, that may be differentially associated with outcome. The current study tested associations between pre- and post-treatment changes in the components of IU, symptoms of anxiety and depression, and treatment outcome in a large diagnostically heterogeneous partial hospital sample...
June 26, 2017: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644740/efficacy-of-guided-self-help-behavioural-activation-and-physical-activity-for-depression-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Isabelle Soucy, Martin Provencher, Michelle Fortier, Taylor McFadden
Behavioural activation and physical activity have received empirical support that highlight their efficacy in reducing depression. Even though both behavioural activation and physical activity share the common goal of reactivating the individual, limited research has directly compared these interventions, and more research is required to evaluate their efficacy when offered in low-intensity formats. The present study involves a randomized controlled clinical trial comparing the efficacy of two guided self-help interventions for the treatment of depression: behavioural activation and physical activity...
June 23, 2017: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641059/the-latent-structure-of-social-anxiety-disorder-and-the-performance-only-specifier-a-taxometric-analysis
#3
Grace B Boyers, Joshua J Broman-Fulks, David P Valentiner, Kathleen McCraw, Lisa Curtin, Kurt D Michael
Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is often treated as a discrete diagnostic entity that represents a naturally occurring class, though empirical evidence largely supports a dimensional conceptualization of social fears. Further, the inclusion of a "performance only" specifier in the DSM-5 implies that individuals who experience intense social anxiety exclusively in performance situations are distinct from those with broader social fears. The purpose of the present research was to examine the latent structure of SAD and the DSM-5 "performance only" specifier in a large nonclinical sample (n = 2019)...
June 22, 2017: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641047/the-interaction-of-distress-tolerance-and-intolerance-of-uncertainty-in-the-prediction-of-symptom-reduction-across-cbt-for-social-anxiety-disorder
#4
Danielle Katz, Neil A Rector, Judith M Laposa
Distress tolerance (DT) and intolerance of uncertainty (IU) have been identified as transdiagnostic processes that predict symptom severity across a range of distinct anxiety disorders. However, the joint effect of these two variables on therapeutic outcome has not yet been examined. It is possible that DT and IU may both impact on treatment response to cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) in clients with anxiety, as clients with weak DT and strong IU may be less likely to engage in exposure and cognitive restructuring tasks across treatment due to their associated distress...
June 22, 2017: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621202/is-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-effective-in-reducing-suicidal-ideation-and-behaviour-when-delivered-face-to-face-or-via-e-health-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Katie Leavey, Russell Hawkins
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is a widely used psychotherapeutic intervention for suicide prevention despite its efficacy for suicide prevention in adults remaining ambiguous. Reluctance or inability to access face-to-face help suggests that e-health delivery may be a valuable resource for suicidal people. The aim of this study was to systematically review and conduct meta-analysis on research assessing the efficacy of CBT delivered via face-to-face and e-health for suicidal ideation and behaviour. A comprehensive literature search of MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Scopus, PubMed and The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials was conducted...
June 16, 2017: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28565937/app-guided-exposure-and-response-prevention-for-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-an-open-pilot-trial
#6
Christina L Boisseau, Carly M Schwartzman, Jessica Lawton, Maria C Mancebo
Although effective treatments for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) exist, there are significant barriers to receiving evidence-based care. Mobile health applications (Apps) offer a promising way of overcoming these barriers by increasing access to treatment. The current study investigated the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary efficacy of LiveOCDFree, an App designed to help OCD patients conduct exposure and response prevention (ERP). Twenty-one participants with mild to moderate symptoms of OCD were enrolled in a 12-week open trial of App-guided self-help ERP...
June 1, 2017: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485687/therapeutic-response-to-cognitive-processing-therapy-in-white-and-black-female-veterans-with-military-sexual-trauma-related-ptsd
#7
Ryan P Holliday, Nicholas D Holder, Meredith L C Williamson, Alina Surís
Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT) is an evidence-based treatment (EBT) for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) which has been validated for female veterans with military-related PTSD. Existing trials have enrolled predominantly White veterans with some studies documenting higher rates of early termination from EBTs among Black females when compared to White females. Data from a previously published randomized clinical trial were used to evaluate the effectiveness of CPT for Black female veterans with military sexual trauma (MST)-related PTSD...
May 9, 2017: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452256/secondary-traumatic-stress-in-emergency-medicine-clinicians
#8
Jacob W Roden-Foreman, Monica M Bennett, Evan E Rainey, John S Garrett, Mark B Powers, Ann Marie Warren
Previously called Secondary Traumatic Stress (STS), secondary exposure to trauma is now considered a valid DSM-5 Criterion A stressor for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Previous studies have found high rates of STS in clinicians who treat traumatically injured patients. However, little research has examined STS among Emergency Medicine (EM) physicians and advanced practice providers (APPs). The current study enrolled EM providers (N = 118) working in one of 10 hospitals to examine risk factors, protective factors, and the prevalence of STS in this understudied population...
April 28, 2017: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440699/effect-of-treatments-for-depression-on-quality-of-life-a-meta-analysis
#9
Stefan G Hofmann, Joshua Curtiss, Joseph K Carpenter, Shelley Kind
Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are the two first-line treatments for depression, but little is known about their effects on quality of life (QOL). A meta-analysis was conducted to examine changes in QOL in adults with major depressive disorder who received CBT (24 studies examining 1969 patients) or SSRI treatment (13 studies examining 4286 patients) for their depression. Moderate improvements in QOL from pre to post-treatment were observed in both CBT (Hedges' g = ...
June 2017: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004982/intrusive-thoughts-in-patients-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-and-non-clinical-participants-a-comparison-using-the-international-intrusive-thought-interview-schedule
#10
Martine Bouvard, Nathalie Fournet, Anne Denis, Adelaide Sixdenier, David Clark
The International Intrusive Thought Interview Schedule (IITIS) was used to assess and compare the unwanted intrusive thoughts (UITs) reported in a group of patients with obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) and a non-clinical group. Although all participants reported at least one type of intrusion, OCD patients experienced more intrusive thoughts than non-clinical participants, and this difference was statistically significant. In the OCD group, intrusive thoughts were more frequent, interfered more with daily life, were considered to be more important to get out of the mind, and were more difficult to stop than in non-clinical participants...
June 2017: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876443/are-we-certain-about-which-measure-of-intolerance-of-uncertainty-to-use-yet
#11
Vincenzo G Roma, Debra A Hope
Intolerance of Uncertainty (IU) has been understood as a dispositional tendency to view the presence of negative events as unacceptable and threatening, regardless of the likelihood of those events occurring. The preference over the 12-item vs. 27-item of the IUS has been central to debate. The goals of the present study were to evaluate two competing models of measuring IU with model-fitting analyses and explore model invariance of gender (e.g. men vs. women). A sample of 980 individuals completed an online IUS survey...
June 2017: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27791532/rational-emotive-behaviour-therapy-in-high-schools-to-educate-in-mental-health-and-empower-youth-health-a-randomized-controlled-study-of-a-brief-intervention
#12
Gry Anette Sælid, Hans M Nordahl
Rational emotive behaviour therapy (REBT) is effective in reducing distress in several target groups. No other study has tested the mental health effects on adolescents in a high school setting while expanding a Cognitive Behaviour-based therapy, REBT, into the concept of mental health literacy. The format of the ABC model, which is an important element of REBT, functioned as a working manual in and between three sessions. This study tested whether knowledge and practical use of the ABC model increased self-esteem and hope, and reduced symptoms of anxiety and depression, and dysfunctional thinking...
April 2017: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27690746/cognitive-risk-factors-explain-the-relations-between-neuroticism-and-social-anxiety-for-males-and-females
#13
Nicholas P Allan, Mary E Oglesby, Aubree Uhl, Norman B Schmidt
The hierarchical model of vulnerabilities to emotional distress contextualizes the relation between neuroticism and social anxiety as occurring indirectly through cognitive risk factors. In particular, inhibitory intolerance of uncertainty (IU; difficulty in uncertain circumstances), fear of negative evaluation (FNE; fear of being judged negatively), and anxiety sensitivity (AS) social concerns (fear of outwardly observable anxiety) are related to social anxiety. It is unclear whether these risk factors uniquely relate to social anxiety, and whether they account for the relations between neuroticism and social anxiety...
April 2017: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682415/overcoming-procrastination-one-year-follow-up-and-predictors-of-change-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-internet-based-cognitive-behavior-therapy
#14
Alexander Rozental, Erik Forsell, Andreas Svensson, Gerhard Andersson, Per Carlbring
Procrastination is a common self-regulatory failure that can have a negative impact on well-being and performance. However, few clinical trials have been conducted, and no follow-up has ever been performed. The current study therefore aimed to provide evidence for the long-term benefits and investigate predictors of a positive treatment outcome among patients receiving Internet-based cognitive behavior therapy (ICBT). A total of 150 self-recruited participants were randomized to guided or unguided ICBT. Self-report measures of procrastination, depression, anxiety, and quality of life were distributed at pre-treatment assessment, post-treatment assessment, and one-year follow-up...
April 2017: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270059/creating-state-of-the-art-next-generation-virtual-reality-exposure-therapies-for-anxiety-disorders-using-consumer-hardware-platforms-design-considerations-and-future-directions
#15
Philip Lindner, Alexander Miloff, William Hamilton, Lena Reuterskiöld, Gerhard Andersson, Mark B Powers, Per Carlbring
Decades of research and more than 20 randomized controlled trials show that Virtual Reality exposure therapy (VRET) is effective in reducing fear and anxiety. Unfortunately, few providers or patients have had access to the costly and technical equipment previously required. Recent technological advances in the form of consumer Virtual Reality (VR) systems (e.g. Oculus Rift and Samsung Gear), however, now make widespread use of VRET in clinical settings and as self-help applications possible. In this literature review, we detail the current state of VR technology and discuss important therapeutic considerations in designing self-help and clinician-led VRETs, such as platform choice, exposure progression design, inhibitory learning strategies, stimuli tailoring, gamification, virtual social learning and more...
March 8, 2017: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632107/linking-attentional-control-and-ptsd-symptom-severity-the-role-of-rumination
#16
Rebecca C Cox, Bunmi O Olatunji
Although deficits in attentional control have been linked to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), the mechanism that may account for this association has not been fully elucidated. The present study examined rumination as a mediator of the relationship between attentional control and PTSD symptoms. Veterans with PTSD and trauma-exposed veterans without PTSD completed measures of attentional control, rumination, and PTSD symptom severity. As predicted, the findings showed that veterans with PTSD reported significantly lower levels of attentional control than veterans without PTSD...
March 3, 2017: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684470/what-s-in-a-name-intolerance-of-uncertainty-other-uncertainty-relevant-constructs-and-their-differential-relations-to-worry-and-generalized-anxiety-disorder
#17
Naomi Koerner, Teresa Mejia, Andrea Kusec
A number of studies have examined the association of intolerance of uncertainty (IU) to trait worry and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). However, few studies have examined the extent of overlap between IU and other psychological constructs that bear conceptual resemblance to IU, despite the fact that IU-type constructs have been discussed and examined extensively within psychology and other disciplines. The present study investigated (1) the associations of IU, trait worry, and GAD status to a negative risk orientation, trait curiosity, indecisiveness, perceived constraints, self-oriented and socially prescribed perfectionism, intolerance of ambiguity, the need for predictability, and the need for order and structure and (2) whether IU is a unique correlate of trait worry and of the presence versus absence of Probable GAD, when overlap with other uncertainty-relevant constructs is accounted for...
March 2017: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879176/focus-of-attention-behavioral-experiment-an-examination-of-a-therapeutic-procedure-to-reduce-social-anxiety
#18
Kerry A Renner, David P Valentiner, Jacob B Holzman
A clinical protocol based on contemporary cognitive behavioral treatment for social anxiety was developed and examined. Previously published instructions for conducting a focus-of-attention behavioral experiment targeting self-focused attention and safety behaviors during exposure were used to create a structured protocol. Individuals (n = 45) with high levels of social anxiety and public-speaking anxiety were randomly assigned to either a focus-of-attention behavioral experiment (FABE) or an Exposure-Only Control (EOC) condition...
January 2017: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27712544/internet-delivered-transdiagnostic-and-tailored-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-anxiety-and-depression-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#19
Costina Ruxandra Păsărelu, Gerhard Andersson, Lise Bergman Nordgren, Anca Dobrean
Anxiety and depressive disorders are often comorbid. Transdiagnostic and tailored treatments seem to be promising approaches in dealing with comorbidity. Although several primary studies have examined the effects of Internet-delivered cognitive behavior therapy (iCBT) for anxiety and depression, no meta-analysis including different types of iCBT that address comorbidity has been conducted so far. We conducted systematic searches in databases up to 1 July 2016. Only randomized trials comparing transdiagnostic/tailored iCBT for adult anxiety and/or depression with control groups were included...
January 2017: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004984/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-in-practice-therapist-perceptions-of-techniques-outcome-measures-practitioner-qualifications-and-relation-to-research
#20
Benjamin Bohman, Alberto Santi, Gerhard Andersson
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has a strong evidence base for several psychiatric disorders, however, it may be argued that currently there is no overall agreement on what counts as 'CBT'. One reason is that CBT is commonly perceived as encompassing a broad range of treatments, from purely cognitive to purely behavioral, making it difficult to arrive at a clear definition. The purpose of the present study was to explore practicing therapists' perceptions of CBT. Three hundred fifty members of two multi-disciplinary interest groups for CBT in Sweden participated...
December 22, 2016: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
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