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Cognitive Behaviour Therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929863/the-effects-of-clinical-supervision-on-supervisees-and-patients-in-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-a-systematic-review
#1
Sven Alfonsson, Thomas Parling, Åsa Spännargård, Gerhard Andersson, Tobias Lundgren
BACKGROUND: Clinical supervision is a central part of psychotherapist training but the empirical support for specific supervision theories or features is unclear. The aims of this study were to systematically review the empirical research literature regarding the effects of clinical supervision on therapists' competences and clinical outcomes within Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT). METHOD: A comprehensive database search resulted in 4103 identified publications...
September 20, 2017: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895787/internet-based-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-for-psychological-distress-experienced-by-people-with-hearing-problems-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Peter Molander, Hugo Hesser, Sandra Weineland, Kajsa Bergwall, Sonia Buck, Johan Jäder Malmlöf, Henning Lantz, Thomas Lunner, Gerhard Andersson
Psychological distress is common among people with hearing problems, but treatments that specifically target this aspect have been almost non-existent. In this pilot randomized controlled trial, an eight-week long Internet-based treatment, informed by Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, was administered to explore the feasibility and efficacy of such a treatment. Included participants were randomized to either treatment (n = 31) or wait-list control (n = 30) condition. All participants were measured prior to randomization and immediately after treatment ended using standardized self-report instruments measuring hearing-related emotional and social adjustment (Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly - S, HHIE-S), quality of life (Quality of Life Inventory, QOLI), and symptoms of depression and anxiety (Patient health Questionnaire, PHQ-9 and Generalized Anxiety Disorder scale, GAD-7)...
September 12, 2017: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871896/adherence-predictors-in-an-internet-based-intervention-program-for-depression
#3
Adoración Castro, Yolanda López-Del-Hoyo, Christian Peake, Fermín Mayoral, Cristina Botella, Javier García-Campayo, Rosa María Baños, Raquel Nogueira-Arjona, Miquel Roca, Margalida Gili
Internet-delivered psychotherapy has been demonstrated to be effective in the treatment of depression. Nevertheless, the study of the adherence in this type of the treatment reported divergent results. The main objective of this study is to analyze predictors of adherence in a primary care Internet-based intervention for depression in Spain. A multi-center, three arm, parallel, randomized controlled trial was conducted with 194 depressive patients, who were allocated in self-guided or supported-guided intervention...
September 5, 2017: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826327/positive-memory-enhancement-training-for-individuals-with-major-depressive-disorder
#4
Kimberly A Arditte Hall, Rudi De Raedt, Kiara R Timpano, Jutta Joormann
When in a negative mood state, individuals with major depressive disorder (MDD) may have difficulties recalling positive autobiographical memories in a manner that repairs that negative mood. Using cognitive bias modification techniques, investigators have successfully altered different aspects of cognition among individuals with MDD. However, little has been done to investigate the modification of positive autobiographical memory recall. This study examined the impact of a novel positive memory enhancement training (PMET) on the memories and subjective affective experiences of individuals with MDD (N = 27)...
August 22, 2017: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793834/a-preliminary-examination-of-the-role-of-psychotherapist-fidelity-on-outcomes-of-cognitive-processing-therapy-during-an-rct-for-military-sexual-trauma-related-ptsd
#5
Nicholas Holder, Ryan Holliday, Rush Williams, Kacy Mullen, Alina Surís
While cognitive processing therapy (CPT) is an effective evidence-based treatment for many veterans with military-related post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), not all veterans experience therapeutic benefit. To account for the discrepancy in outcomes, researchers have investigated patient- and research design-related factors; however, therapist factors (e.g. fidelity) have received less attention. The present study is a preliminary examination of the effect of psychotherapists' fidelity during CPT on clinical outcomes during a randomized clinical trial (RCT) for military sexual trauma-related PTSD...
August 10, 2017: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791887/anxiety-sensitivity-moderates-the-painful-effects-of-feeling-burdensome-to-others
#6
Angie S LeRoy, Qian Lu, Michael J Zvolensky, Jeffrey Ramirez, Christopher P Fagundes
Perceived burdensomeness (PB), the perception of being a burden to others, is associated with pain and physical symptoms. Anxiety sensitivity (AS), the fear of arousal-related sensations, arising from beliefs that the sensations may have adverse personal consequences (physical, cognitive, and social), may increase risk for pain responding, particularly in anxiety-provoking (e.g. socially threatening) contexts. Accordingly, individuals high in AS may have a stronger pain response when experiencing PB than those low in AS...
August 9, 2017: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28784037/advancing-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-for-older-adults-with-comorbid-insomnia-and-depression
#7
Paul Sadler, Suzanne McLaren, Britt Klein, Megan Jenkins
Insomnia and depression are two of the most common mental health problems that negatively impact older adults. The burden associated with these highly comorbid conditions requires an innovative approach to treatment. There have been significant advancements in the field of cognitive behaviour therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) over recent years. CBT-I has evolved from targeting homogenous insomnia samples to now showing promising results for comorbid insomnia. CBT-I is not only effective at treating comorbid insomnia, but can also have a positive impact on depression severity...
August 8, 2017: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758545/a-topographical-map-approach-to-representing-treatment-efficacy-a-focus-on-positive-psychology-interventions
#8
Eugenia I Gorlin, Josephine Lee, Michael W Otto
A recent meta-analysis by Bolier et al. indicated that positive psychology interventions have overall small to moderate effects on well-being, but results were quite heterogeneous across intervention trials. Such meta-analytic research helps condense information on the efficacy of a broad psychosocial intervention by averaging across many effects; however, such global averages may provide limited navigational guidance for selecting among specific interventions. Here, we introduce a novel method for displaying qualitative and quantitative information on the efficacy of interventions using a topographical map approach...
July 31, 2017: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678618/synergistic-effects-of-pain-and-alcohol-use-in-relation-to-depressive-and-anxiety-symptoms-among-latinos-in-primary-care
#9
Daniel J Paulus, Andres G Viana, Joseph W Ditre, Jafar Bakhshaie, Monica Garza, Jodi Berger Cardoso, Jeanette Valdivieso, Melissa Ochoa-Perez, Chad Lemaire, Michael J Zvolensky
Although past work has shown that alcohol use co-occurs with anxiety/depression among Latinos, little work has examined the variables that qualify such associations. The present investigation sought to address whether pain severity (i.e. pain intensity and/or pain-related disability, respectively) moderated relations between hazardous drinking and depressive/anxious arousal symptoms among an economically disadvantaged Latino sample recruited from a primary care medical setting. Participants included 253 adult Latinos (Mage = 38...
November 2017: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644740/efficacy-of-guided-self-help-behavioural-activation-and-physical-activity-for-depression-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Isabelle Soucy, Martin Provencher, Michelle Fortier, Taylor McFadden
Behavioural activation and physical activity have received empirical support that highlight their efficacy in reducing depression. Even though both behavioural activation and physical activity share the common goal of reactivating the individual, limited research has directly compared these interventions, and more research is required to evaluate their efficacy when offered in low-intensity formats. The present study involves a randomized controlled clinical trial comparing the efficacy of two guided self-help interventions for the treatment of depression: behavioural activation and physical activity...
November 2017: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641059/the-latent-structure-of-social-anxiety-disorder-and-the-performance-only-specifier-a-taxometric-analysis
#11
Grace B Boyers, Joshua J Broman-Fulks, David P Valentiner, Kathleen McCraw, Lisa Curtin, Kurt D Michael
Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is often treated as a discrete diagnostic entity that represents a naturally occurring class, though empirical evidence largely supports a dimensional conceptualization of social fears. Further, the inclusion of a "performance only" specifier in the DSM-5 implies that individuals who experience intense social anxiety exclusively in performance situations are distinct from those with broader social fears. The purpose of the present research was to examine the latent structure of SAD and the DSM-5 "performance only" specifier in a large nonclinical sample (n = 2019)...
November 2017: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641047/the-interaction-of-distress-tolerance-and-intolerance-of-uncertainty-in-the-prediction-of-symptom-reduction-across-cbt-for-social-anxiety-disorder
#12
Danielle Katz, Neil A Rector, Judith M Laposa
Distress tolerance (DT) and intolerance of uncertainty (IU) have been identified as transdiagnostic processes that predict symptom severity across a range of distinct anxiety disorders. However, the joint effect of these two variables on therapeutic outcome has not yet been examined. It is possible that DT and IU may both impact on treatment response to cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) in clients with anxiety, as clients with weak DT and strong IU may be less likely to engage in exposure and cognitive restructuring tasks across treatment due to their associated distress...
November 2017: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28565937/app-guided-exposure-and-response-prevention-for-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-an-open-pilot-trial
#13
Christina L Boisseau, Carly M Schwartzman, Jessica Lawton, Maria C Mancebo
Although effective treatments for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) exist, there are significant barriers to receiving evidence-based care. Mobile health applications (Apps) offer a promising way of overcoming these barriers by increasing access to treatment. The current study investigated the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary efficacy of LiveOCDFree, an App designed to help OCD patients conduct exposure and response prevention (ERP). Twenty-one participants with mild to moderate symptoms of OCD were enrolled in a 12-week open trial of App-guided self-help ERP...
November 2017: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452256/secondary-traumatic-stress-in-emergency-medicine-clinicians
#14
Jacob W Roden-Foreman, Monica M Bennett, Evan E Rainey, John S Garrett, Mark B Powers, Ann Marie Warren
Previously called Secondary Traumatic Stress (STS), secondary exposure to trauma is now considered a valid DSM-5 Criterion A stressor for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Previous studies have found high rates of STS in clinicians who treat traumatically injured patients. However, little research has examined STS among Emergency Medicine (EM) physicians and advanced practice providers (APPs). The current study enrolled EM providers (N = 118) working in one of 10 hospitals to examine risk factors, protective factors, and the prevalence of STS in this understudied population...
November 2017: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724338/increased-skills-usage-statistically-mediates-symptom-reduction-in-self-guided-internet-delivered-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-depression-and-anxiety-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
Matthew D Terides, Blake F Dear, Vincent J Fogliati, Milena Gandy, Eyal Karin, Michael P Jones, Nickolai Titov
Cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) is an effective treatment for clinical and subclinical symptoms of depression and general anxiety, and increases life satisfaction. Patients' usage of CBT skills is a core aspect of treatment but there is insufficient empirical evidence suggesting that skills usage behaviours are a mechanism of clinical change. This study investigated if an internet-delivered CBT (iCBT) intervention increased the frequency of CBT skills usage behaviours and if this statistically mediated reductions in symptoms and increased life satisfaction...
July 20, 2017: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714775/the-implementation-of-guided-internet-based-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-for-panic-disorder-in-a-routine-care-setting-effectiveness-and-implementation-efforts
#16
Tine Nordgreen, Rolf Gjestad, Gerhard Andersson, Per Carlbring, Odd E Havik
Panic disorder is a common mental disorder. Guided Internet-based cognitive behavioural therapy (Guided Internet-based cognitive behaviour therapy (ICBT)) is a promising approach to reach more people in need of help. In the present effectiveness study, we investigated the outcome of guided ICBT for panic disorder after implementation in routine care. A total of 124 patients were included in the study, of which 114 started the treatment. Large within-group effect sizes were observed on the primary panic disorder symptoms (post-treatment: d = 1...
July 17, 2017: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681684/association-splitting-of-the-sexual-orientation-ocd-relevant-semantic-network
#17
Terence H W Ching, Monnica T Williams
There is little research on treating symptoms of sexual orientation-obsessive-compulsive disorder (SO-OCD). Semantic networks represent a new cognitive approach for understanding cognitive mechanisms of SO-OCD. Specifically, we tested whether the self-help cognitive technique of association splitting (AS) developed from this approach would be efficacious in reducing SO-OCD symptoms and thought suppression. One hundred and twenty heterosexual undergraduates (82 females, 38 males) were randomly assigned to either the AS or waitlist control group...
July 6, 2017: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650777/a-transdiagnostic-examination-of-decreased-intolerance-of-uncertainty-and-treatment-outcome
#18
Kimberly Stevens, Travis Rogers, Moselle Campbell, Thröstur Björgvinsson, Sarah Kertz
Intolerance of uncertainty (IU) is characterized by negative beliefs and reactions to uncertainty. IU is present in emotional disorders and may be a mechanism of change in treatment . There are two components of IU, prospective and inhibitory IU, that may be differentially associated with outcome. The current study tested associations between pre- and post-treatment changes in the components of IU, symptoms of anxiety and depression, and treatment outcome in a large diagnostically heterogeneous partial hospital sample...
June 26, 2017: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621202/is-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-effective-in-reducing-suicidal-ideation-and-behaviour-when-delivered-face-to-face-or-via-e-health-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Katie Leavey, Russell Hawkins
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is a widely used psychotherapeutic intervention for suicide prevention despite its efficacy for suicide prevention in adults remaining ambiguous. Reluctance or inability to access face-to-face help suggests that e-health delivery may be a valuable resource for suicidal people. The aim of this study was to systematically review and conduct meta-analysis on research assessing the efficacy of CBT delivered via face-to-face and e-health for suicidal ideation and behaviour. A comprehensive literature search of MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Scopus, PubMed and The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials was conducted...
June 16, 2017: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440699/effect-of-treatments-for-depression-on-quality-of-life-a-meta-analysis
#20
Stefan G Hofmann, Joshua Curtiss, Joseph K Carpenter, Shelley Kind
Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are the two first-line treatments for depression, but little is known about their effects on quality of life (QOL). A meta-analysis was conducted to examine changes in QOL in adults with major depressive disorder who received CBT (24 studies examining 1969 patients) or SSRI treatment (13 studies examining 4286 patients) for their depression. Moderate improvements in QOL from pre to post-treatment were observed in both CBT (Hedges' g = ...
June 2017: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
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