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Cognitive Behaviour Therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440699/effect-of-treatments-for-depression-on-quality-of-life-a-meta-analysis
#1
Stefan G Hofmann, Joshua Curtiss, Joseph K Carpenter, Shelley Kind
Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are the two first-line treatments for depression, but little is known about their effects on quality of life (QOL). A meta-analysis was conducted to examine changes in QOL in adults with major depressive disorder who received CBT (24 studies examining 1969 patients) or SSRI treatment (13 studies examining 4286 patients) for their depression. Moderate improvements in QOL from pre to post-treatment were observed in both CBT (Hedges' g = ...
April 25, 2017: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270059/creating-state-of-the-art-next-generation-virtual-reality-exposure-therapies-for-anxiety-disorders-using-consumer-hardware-platforms-design-considerations-and-future-directions
#2
Philip Lindner, Alexander Miloff, William Hamilton, Lena Reuterskiöld, Gerhard Andersson, Mark B Powers, Per Carlbring
Decades of research and more than 20 randomized controlled trials show that Virtual Reality exposure therapy (VRET) is effective in reducing fear and anxiety. Unfortunately, few providers or patients have had access to the costly and technical equipment previously required. Recent technological advances in the form of consumer Virtual Reality (VR) systems (e.g. Oculus Rift and Samsung Gear), however, now make widespread use of VRET in clinical settings and as self-help applications possible. In this literature review, we detail the current state of VR technology and discuss important therapeutic considerations in designing self-help and clinician-led VRETs, such as platform choice, exposure progression design, inhibitory learning strategies, stimuli tailoring, gamification, virtual social learning and more...
March 8, 2017: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27791532/rational-emotive-behaviour-therapy-in-high-schools-to-educate-in-mental-health-and-empower-youth-health-a-randomized-controlled-study-of-a-brief-intervention
#3
Gry Anette Sælid, Hans M Nordahl
Rational emotive behaviour therapy (REBT) is effective in reducing distress in several target groups. No other study has tested the mental health effects on adolescents in a high school setting while expanding a Cognitive Behaviour-based therapy, REBT, into the concept of mental health literacy. The format of the ABC model, which is an important element of REBT, functioned as a working manual in and between three sessions. This study tested whether knowledge and practical use of the ABC model increased self-esteem and hope, and reduced symptoms of anxiety and depression, and dysfunctional thinking...
April 2017: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879176/focus-of-attention-behavioral-experiment-an-examination-of-a-therapeutic-procedure-to-reduce-social-anxiety
#4
Kerry A Renner, David P Valentiner, Jacob B Holzman
A clinical protocol based on contemporary cognitive behavioral treatment for social anxiety was developed and examined. Previously published instructions for conducting a focus-of-attention behavioral experiment targeting self-focused attention and safety behaviors during exposure were used to create a structured protocol. Individuals (n = 45) with high levels of social anxiety and public-speaking anxiety were randomly assigned to either a focus-of-attention behavioral experiment (FABE) or an Exposure-Only Control (EOC) condition...
January 2017: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27712544/internet-delivered-transdiagnostic-and-tailored-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-anxiety-and-depression-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#5
Costina Ruxandra Păsărelu, Gerhard Andersson, Lise Bergman Nordgren, Anca Dobrean
Anxiety and depressive disorders are often comorbid. Transdiagnostic and tailored treatments seem to be promising approaches in dealing with comorbidity. Although several primary studies have examined the effects of Internet-delivered cognitive behavior therapy (iCBT) for anxiety and depression, no meta-analysis including different types of iCBT that address comorbidity has been conducted so far. We conducted systematic searches in databases up to 1 July 2016. Only randomized trials comparing transdiagnostic/tailored iCBT for adult anxiety and/or depression with control groups were included...
January 2017: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004984/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-in-practice-therapist-perceptions-of-techniques-outcome-measures-practitioner-qualifications-and-relation-to-research
#6
Benjamin Bohman, Alberto Santi, Gerhard Andersson
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has a strong evidence base for several psychiatric disorders, however, it may be argued that currently there is no overall agreement on what counts as 'CBT'. One reason is that CBT is commonly perceived as encompassing a broad range of treatments, from purely cognitive to purely behavioral, making it difficult to arrive at a clear definition. The purpose of the present study was to explore practicing therapists' perceptions of CBT. Three hundred fifty members of two multi-disciplinary interest groups for CBT in Sweden participated...
December 22, 2016: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004982/intrusive-thoughts-in-patients-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-and-non-clinical-participants-a-comparison-using-the-international-intrusive-thought-interview-schedule
#7
Martine Bouvard, Nathalie Fournet, Anne Denis, Adelaide Sixdenier, David Clark
The International Intrusive Thought Interview Schedule (IITIS) was used to assess and compare the unwanted intrusive thoughts (UITs) reported in a group of patients with obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) and a non-clinical group. Although all participants reported at least one type of intrusion, OCD patients experienced more intrusive thoughts than non-clinical participants, and this difference was statistically significant. In the OCD group, intrusive thoughts were more frequent, interfered more with daily life, were considered to be more important to get out of the mind, and were more difficult to stop than in non-clinical participants...
December 22, 2016: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931161/swedish-acceptance-and-action-questionnaire-saaq-a-psychometric-evaluation
#8
Tobias Lundgren, Thomas Parling
Psychological inflexibility and experiential avoidance are equivalent (with somewhat different connotations) concepts and refer to an unwillingness to remain in contact with particular private events. This concept is most often measured by the Acceptance and Action Questionnaire (AAQ-II) and is strongly related to psychopathology and behavioral effectiveness. In this study, the preliminary psychometric properties of the Swedish version of the AAQ-II (Swedish Acceptance and Action Questionnaire-SAAQ) are presented...
December 9, 2016: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894213/factor-solutions-of-the-social-phobia-scale-sps-and-the-social-interaction-anxiety-scale-sias-in-a-swedish-population
#9
Ewa Mörtberg, Lena Reuterskiöld, Maria Tillfors, Tomas Furmark, Lars-Göran Öst
Culturally validated rating scales for social anxiety disorder (SAD) are of significant importance when screening for the disorder, as well as for evaluating treatment efficacy. This study examined construct validity and additional psychometric properties of two commonly used scales, the Social Phobia Scale and the Social Interaction Anxiety Scale, in a clinical SAD population (n = 180) and in a normal population (n = 614) in Sweden. Confirmatory factor analyses of previously reported factor solutions were tested but did not reveal acceptable fit...
November 29, 2016: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876443/are-we-certain-about-which-measure-of-intolerance-of-uncertainty-to-use-yet
#10
Vincenzo G Roma, Debra A Hope
Intolerance of Uncertainty (IU) has been understood as a dispositional tendency to view the presence of negative events as unacceptable and threatening, regardless of the likelihood of those events occurring. The preference over the 12-item vs. 27-item of the IUS has been central to debate. The goals of the present study were to evaluate two competing models of measuring IU with model-fitting analyses and explore model invariance of gender (e.g. men vs. women). A sample of 980 individuals completed an online IUS survey...
November 23, 2016: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871214/a-measure-of-perceived-pain-and-tobacco-smoking-interrelations-pilot-validation-of-the-pain-and-smoking-inventory
#11
Joseph W Ditre, Emily L Zale, Bryan W Heckman, Peter S Hendricks
Mounting evidence indicates that pain can motivate cigarette smoking behavior, smokers have reliably endorsed the use of tobacco to cope with pain, and there is reason to suspect that pain may impede smoking cessation. Smoking-related outcome expectancies are among the best predictors of cigarette consumption and relapse, and the goal of this pilot study was to develop a standardized measure of how tobacco smokers perceive their pain and smoking behavior to be interrelated (i.e. pain as a motivator of smoking, expectancies for smoking as a means of coping with pain, and pain as a barrier to quitting)...
November 22, 2016: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855562/associations-between-lower-order-anxiety-sensitivity-dimensions-and-dsm-5-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms
#12
Amanda M Raines, Jessica L Walton, Eliza S McManus, Lisa-Ann J Cuccurullo, Jessica Chambliss, Madeline Uddo, C Laurel Franklin
Anxiety sensitivity (AS), a well-established individual difference variable reflecting a tendency to fear bodily sensations associated with arousal, has been implicated in the development and maintenance of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Despite these associations, little research has examined the relations between AS subfactors (eg physical, cognitive, and social) and PTSD symptoms and none have examined these associations in the context of DSM-5 (Diagnostic Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition) PTSD clusters (ie intrusion, avoidance, negative alterations in cognitions/mood, and arousal)...
November 18, 2016: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844502/therapist-empathy-homework-compliance-and-outcome-in-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-generalized-anxiety-disorder-partitioning-within-and-between-therapist-effects
#13
Kimberley M Hara, Adi Aviram, Michael J Constantino, Henny A Westra, Martin M Antony
Although client-perceived therapist empathy relates to positive therapy outcomes, including in cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), little is known about how empathy exerts its ameliorative effect. One possible way is by promoting clients' subsequent homework compliance, a variable that also predicts positive outcomes in CBT. The present study sought to investigate simultaneously, in the context of 43 therapist-client dyads receiving 15 sessions of CBT for generalized anxiety disorder, (1) the association of early client-perceived therapist empathy (averaged over sessions 1, 3, 5) with mid-treatment client homework compliance (averaged over sessions 6, 8, 10); (2) the association of mid-treatment homework compliance on client posttreatment worry severity; and (3) the indirect effect of early perceived therapist empathy on posttreatment worry through mid-treatment homework compliance...
November 15, 2016: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27454077/developing-a-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-manual-for-delayed-sleep-wake-phase-disorder
#14
Markus Jansson-Fröjmark, Katarina Danielsson, Agneta Markström, Jan-Erik Broman
This article reports the development of a treatment protocol, based on cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) principles, for delayed sleep-wake phase disorder (DSWPD). The protocol consists of psycho-education, presenting a CBT model for DSWPD, case formulation, motivational interviewing, registering sleep in a diary, strategies to improve the rhythm of sleep and wakefulness, relaxation training, cognitive restructuring, strategies to cope with daytime symptoms, constructing an individualized CBT program, and learning how to deal with relapses...
November 2016: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27448042/acculturative-stress-and-experiential-avoidance-relations-to-depression-suicide-and-anxiety-symptoms-among-minority-college-students
#15
Michael J Zvolensky, Charles Jardin, Lorra Garey, Zuzuky Robles, Carla Sharp
Although college campuses represent strategic locations to address mental health disparity among minorities in the US, there has been strikingly little empirical work on risk processes for anxiety/depression among this population. The present investigation examined the interactive effects of acculturative stress and experiential avoidance in relation to anxiety and depressive symptoms among minority college students (n = 1,095; 78.1% female; Mage = 21.92, SD = 4.23; 15.1% African-American (non-Hispanic), 45...
November 2016: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27438753/effect-of-regulating-anger-and-sadness-on-decision-making
#16
Paul Lucian Szasz, Stefan G Hofmann, Renata M Heilman, Joshua Curtiss
The aim of the current study was to investigate the effects of reappraisal, acceptance, and rumination for regulating anger and sadness on decision-making. Participants (N = 165) were asked to recall two autobiographical events in which they felt intense anger and sadness, respectively. Participants were then instructed to reappraise, accept, ruminate, or not use any strategies to regulate their feelings of anger and sadness. Following this manipulation, risk aversion, and decision-making strategies were measured using a computer-based measure of risk-taking and a simulated real-life decision-making task...
November 2016: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27438655/clicking-away-at-co-rumination-co-rumination-correlates-across-different-modalities-of-communication
#17
Ani C Keshishian, Melanie A Watkins, Michael W Otto
Co-rumination is associated with positive friendship quality (thought to buffer against anxiety and depression) but paradoxically higher levels of anxiety and depression. With the increasing use of technology for communication among adults, there is little known about co-rumination effects across different modalities of communication. In the current study, we examined co-rumination through four methods (i.e. in person, phone calls, text messaging, and social media) in two separate samples - college students and participants from the community...
November 2016: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27426432/no-site-unseen-predicting-the-failure-to-control-problematic-internet-use-among-young-adults
#18
Tetsuhiro Yamada, Samantha J Moshier, Michael W Otto
Problematic Internet use has been associated with the neglect of valued activities such as work, exercise, social activities, and relationships. In the present study, we expanded the understanding of problematic Internet use by identifying an important predictor of the inability to curb Internet use despite the desire to do so. Specifically, in a college student sample reporting a mean of 27.8 h of recreational Internet use in the past week, we investigated the role of distress intolerance (DI)-an individual difference variable that refers to the inability of an individual to tolerate emotional discomfort and to engage in goal-directed behavior when distressed-to predict the failure to meet personal restrictions on Internet use...
November 2016: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27352993/national-attitudes-towards-mental-health-treatment-the-importance-of-research-evidence
#19
Alex Kirk, Joshua Broman-Fulks, John Bergquist
Most conceptualizations of evidence-based practice view it as a "three legged stool" consisting of: the use of best available research evidence, clinical expertise, and client preferences. Although empirical evidence and clinical expertise have received greater empirical attention, relatively little research has systematically explored client preferences. The present study analyzed self-reported treatment preferences for various clinical and non-clinical presentations. Adult participants (n = 1262) residing in the United States were presented with diagnostic vignettes and rated their relative preferences among 5 treatment variables, including: use of an empirically supported treatment (EST), quality of the client-therapist relationship, therapist empathy, therapist experience, and client speaking for the majority of therapy sessions...
November 2016: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27314213/clarifying-the-unique-associations-among-intolerance-of-uncertainty-anxiety-and-depression
#20
Dane Jensen, Jonah N Cohen, Douglas S Mennin, David M Fresco, Richard G Heimberg
Increasing evidence suggests that intolerance of uncertainty (IU) may be a transdiagnostic factor across the anxiety disorders, and to a lesser extent, unipolar depression. Whereas anxiety inherently involves uncertainty regarding threat, depression has traditionally been associated with certainty (e.g. the hopelessness theory of depression). Some theorists posit that the observed relationship between depression and IU may be due to the relationship between depression and anxiety and the relationship between anxiety and IU...
November 2016: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
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