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Cytogenetic and Genome Research

Yo Niida, Hitoshi Sato, Mamoru Ozaki, Masatsune Itoh, Kanju Ikeno, Etsuko Takase
Less than 1% of the cases with Angelman syndrome (AS) are caused by chromosomal rearrangements. This category of AS is not well defined and may manifest atypical phenotypes. Here, we report a girl with AS due to der(13)t(13;15)(q14.1;q12)mat. SNP array detected the precise deletion/duplication points and the parental origin of the 15q deletion. Multicolor FISH confirmed a balanced translocation t(13;15)(q14.1;q12) in her mother. Her facial appearance showed some features of dup(13)(pter→q14). Also, she lacked the most characteristic and unique behavioral symptoms of AS, i...
October 22, 2016: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
Michail Rovatsos, Martina Johnson Pokorná, Marie Altmanová, Lukáš Kratochvíl
Geckos in general show extensive variability in sex determining systems, but only male heterogamety has been demonstrated in the members of their legless family Pygopodidae. In the pioneering study published more than 45 years ago, multiple sex chromosomes of the type X1X1X2X2/X1X2Y were described in Burton's legless lizard (Lialisburtonis) based on conventional cytogenetic techniques. We conducted cytogenetic analyses including comparative genomic hybridization and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) with selected cytogenetic markers in this species and the previously cytogenetically unstudied Papua snake lizard (Lialis jicari) to better understand the nature of these sex chromosomes and their differentiation...
October 21, 2016: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
Maelin da Silva, Patricia Barbosa, Roberto F Artoni, Eliana Feldberg
Gymnotidae is a family of electric fish endemic to the Neotropics consisting of 2 genera: Electrophorus and Gymnotus. The genus Gymnotus is widely distributed and is found in all of the major Brazilian river systems. Physical and molecular mapping data for the ribosomal DNA (rDNA) in this genus are still scarce, with its chromosomal location known in only 11 species. As other species of Gymnotus with 2n = 54 chromosomes from the Paraná-Paraguay basin, G. mamiraua was found to have a large number of 5S rDNA sites...
October 18, 2016: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
Sebastian Maciak, Katarzyna Michalak, Shiv D Kale, Pawel Michalak
Nucleolar dominance is a dramatic disruption in the formation of nucleoli and the expression of ribosomal RNA (rRNA) genes, characteristic of some plant and animal hybrids. Here, we report that F1 hybrids produced from reciprocal crosses between 2 sister species of Xenopus clawed frogs, X. muelleri and X. borealis, undergo nucleolar dominance somewhat distinct from a pattern previously reported in hybrids between phylogenetically more distant Xenopus species. Patterns of nucleolar development, 45S rRNA expression, and gene copy inheritance were investigated using a combination of immunostaining, pyrosequencing, droplet digital PCR, flow cytometry, and epigenetic inhibition...
October 12, 2016: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
Petr Ráb, Cassia F Yano, Sébastien Lavoué, Oladele I Jegede, Luiz A C Bertollo, Tariq Ezaz, Zuzana Majtánová, Ezequiel A de Oliveira, Marcelo B Cioffi
The monophyletic order Osteoglossiformes represents one of the most ancestral groups of teleosts and has at least 1 representative in all continents of the southern hemisphere, with the exception of Antarctica. However, despite its phylogenetic and biogeographical importance, cytogenetic data in Osteoglossiformes are scarce. Here, karyotype and chromosomal characteristics of the lower Niger River population of the African butterfly fish Pantodon buchholzi, the sole species of the family Pantodontidae (Osteoglossiformes), were examined using conventional and molecular cytogenetic approaches...
October 7, 2016: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
Anne-Marie Dutrillaux, Baptiste Carton, Lauriane Cacheux, Bernard Dutrillaux
In the present study, the origin of recurrent rearrangements involving chromosome 6 in 3.2% of cells of Melolontha melolontha (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae) was investigated. Various chromosome staining techniques, including C-banding, Giemsa and silver staining, as well as fluorescence in situ hybridization with a human 28S rDNA probe, were applied to M. melolontha chromosome spreads. In addition, related species of the genera Melolontha and Protaetia were studied. On chromosome 6 of M. melolontha, there is a fragile site-like structure which corresponds to an interstitial nucleolus organizer region (NOR)...
October 7, 2016: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
Yadav Sapkota, Ashok Narasimhan, Mahalakshmi Kumaran, Badan S Sehrawat, Sambasivarao Damaraju
Breast cancer (BC) predisposition in populations arises from both genetic and nongenetic risk factors. Structural variations such as copy number variations (CNVs) are heritable determinants for disease susceptibility. The primary objectives of this study are (1) to identify CNVs associated with sporadic BC using a genome-wide association study (GWAS) design; (2) to utilize 2 distinct CNV calling algorithms to identify concordant CNVs as a strategy to reduce false positive associations in the hypothesis-generating GWAS discovery phase, and (3) to identify potential candidate CNVs for follow-up replication studies...
September 27, 2016: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
Gil M Novo-Filho, Marília M Montenegro, Évelin A Zanardo, Roberta L Dutra, Alexandre T Dias, Flavia B Piazzon, Taís V M M Costa, Amom M Nascimento, Rachel S Honjo, Chong A Kim, Leslie D Kulikowski
The most prevalent structural variations in the human genome are copy number variations (CNVs), which appear predominantly in the subtelomeric regions. Variable sizes of 4p/4q CNVs have been associated with several different psychiatric findings and developmental disability (DD). We analyzed 105 patients with congenital anomalies (CA) and developmental and/or intellectual disabilities (DD/ID) using MLPA subtelomeric specific kits (P036 /P070) and 4 of them using microarrays. We found abnormal subtelomeric CNVs in 15 patients (14...
September 24, 2016: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
Tyl H Taylor, Darren K Griffin, Seth L Katz, Jack L Crain, Lauren Johnson, Susan Gitlin
The purpose of this study was to identify a technique that allows for comprehensive chromosome screening (CCS) of individual cells within human blastocysts along with the approximation of their location in the trophectoderm relative to the inner cell mass (ICM). This proof-of-concept study will allow for a greater understanding of chromosomal mosaicism at the blastocyst stage and the mechanisms by which mosaicism arises. One blastocyst was held by a holding pipette and the ICM was removed. While still being held, the blastocyst was further biopsied into quadrants...
September 22, 2016: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
Anna Soler, Cèlia Badenas, Ester Margarit, Irene Madrigal, Míriam Muñoz, Virginia Borobio, Aurora Sánchez
The patient was referred for prenatal diagnosis due to the sonographic finding of a polymalformed male fetus, and an amniocentesis was performed before termination of pregnancy. The pathological study of the placenta did not show morphological alterations. In her next pregnancy, sonographic examination disclosed a missed abortion with a visible embryo, and a chorionic villi sample was obtained for cytogenetic analysis before evacuation. Macroscopic examination of the villi sample did not reveal molar vesicular appearance...
September 22, 2016: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
Sudarath Baicharoen, Yuriko Hirai, Kornsorn Srikulnath, Urarikha Kongprom, Hirohisa Hirai
Slow lorises are a cryptic species complex, and thus genetic markers are needed to identify distinct evolutionary lineages or species. We examined the nucleolus organizer regions (NORs) of Bengal slow lorises (Nycticebus bengalensis) using FISH with 18S rDNA (rDNA-FISH) and silver nitrate staining (Ag-NOR stain). Ten individuals of the putatively single species N. bengalensis showed higher variability in localization than 3 other congeners, though their overall karyotypes were similar. The rDNA-FISH analysis detected a total of 18 loci, in contrast to previous studies of other slow loris species that revealed far fewer (6-10) loci...
September 21, 2016: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
Yi Zhan, Yu Guo, Qianjin Lu
Great progress has been made in the last decades in understanding the complex immune dysregulation in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), yet the efforts to pursue an effective treatment of SLE proved to be futile. The pathoetiology of SLE involves extremely complicated and multifactorial interaction among various genetic and epigenetic factors. Multiple gene loci predispose to disease susceptibility, and the interaction with epigenetic modifications mediated through sex, hormones, and the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis complicates susceptibility and manifestations of this disease...
September 9, 2016: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
Katsuya Yamamoto, Shinichiro Kawamoto, Yu Mizutani, Kimikazu Yakushijin, Tomoe Yamashita, Yuji Nakamachi, Seiji Kawano, Yoshitake Hayashi, Hiroshi Matsuoka, Hironobu Minami
The t(12;17)(p13;q11∼21) translocation is a very rare but recurrent cytogenetic aberration observed predominantly in early pre-B acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) with CD19+CD10-CD33+ phenotype. This translocation was shown to form a fusion gene between TAF15 at 17q12 and ZNF384 at 12p13. On the other hand, der(1;18)(q10;q10) has been detected as a rare unbalanced whole-arm translocation leading to trisomy 1q in myeloid malignancies. We describe here the first case of mixed phenotype acute leukemia (MPAL) with a t(12;17)(p13;q21)/TAF15-ZNF384, which also had der(1;18)(q10;q10) as an additional abnormality...
September 9, 2016: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
Pan-Feng Wu, Shuai Guo, Xue-Feng Fan, Liang-Liang Fan, Jie-Yuan Jin, Ju-Yu Tang, Rong Xiang
Preaxial polydactyly (PPD; OMIM 603596), which is characterized as having supernumerary fingers, is an unusual congenital hand abnormality. Triphalangeal thumb (TPT; OMIM 190600) is identified by an extra phalangeal bone and is often found in association with PPD. When in combination, the disease is referred to as PPD type II (PPD II; OMIM 174500). Previous studies have demonstrated that variations in the zone of polarizing activity regulatory sequence (ZRS; chr7:156,583,796-156,584,569; hg19) region are associated with PPD II...
September 3, 2016: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
Mauro Mandrioli, Veronica Rivi, Andrea Nardelli, Gian Carlo Manicardi
Data published in the scientific literature suggests a possible link between chromosomal rearrangements involving autosomes 1 and 3 and the presence of red morphs in the peach-potato aphid Myzus persicae (Sulzer). In order to begin a study of this relationship, we analysed the genomic and chromosomal location of genes involved in carotenoid biosynthesis in M. persicae and the pea aphid, Acyrthosiphon pisum (Harris), since carotenoids are the basis of the colour in many aphid species. Genomic analysis identified a DNA sequence containing carotenoid genes in synteny between the 2 species...
September 2, 2016: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
Olutobi A Oluwole, Tamas Revay, Kiana Mahboubi, Laura A Favetta, W Allan King
Somatic mosaicism has become a focus in human research due to the implications of individual genetic variability in disease. Here, we assessed somatic copy number variations (CNVs) in Holstein bulls in 2 respects. We estimated genome-wide CNVs and assayed CNVs of the TSPY gene, the most variable bovine gene from the Y chromosome. Somatic tissues (blood, lung, heart, muscle, testis, and brain) of 4 bulls were arrayed on the Illumina Bovine SNP50k chip and qPCR tested for TSPY copy numbers. Our results showed extensive copy number divergence in tissues within the same animal as well as significant copy number alterations of TSPY...
August 18, 2016: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
Juliana F Martinez, Roberto L Lui, Josiane B Traldi, Daniel R Blanco, Orlando Moreira-Filho
Chromosomal characteristics of Hoplerythrinus unitaeniatus populations from 5 Brazilian river basins, namely Arinos (Amazonas basin), Araguaia, Paraguai, Alto Paraná, and São Francisco were analyzed by conventional Giemsa staining, C-banding, silver nitrate impregnation, and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) with 18S and 5S rDNA and telomeric sequence (TTAGGG)n probes. The diploid chromosome number was 2n = 48 in representatives of the populations from Paraguai and Alto Paraná River basins and 2n = 52 for those from the Arinos and Araguaia River basins...
August 13, 2016: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
Marcela B Pucci, Patricia Barbosa, Viviane Nogaroto, Mara C Almeida, Roberto F Artoni, Priscila C Scacchetti, José C Pansonato-Alves, Fausto Foresti, Orlando Moreira-Filho, Marcelo R Vicari
Sex chromosome evolution involves the accumulation of repeat sequences such as multigenic families, noncoding repetitive DNA (satellite, minisatellite, and microsatellite), and mobile elements such as transposons and retrotransposons. Most species of Characidium exhibit heteromorphic ZZ/ZW sex chromosomes; the W is characterized by an intense accumulation of repetitive DNA including dispersed satellite DNA sequences and transposable elements. The aim of this study was to analyze the distribution pattern of 18 different tandem repeats, including (GATA)n and (TTAGGG)n, in the genomes of C...
August 10, 2016: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
Xiao-Liu Ding, Ting-Liang Xu, Jing Wang, Le Luo, Chao Yu, Gui-Min Dong, Hui-Tang Pan, Qi-Xiang Zhang
To elucidate the evolutionary dynamics of the location and number of rDNA loci in the process of polyploidization in the genus Rosa, we examined 45S rDNA sites in the chromosomes of 6 modern rose cultivars (R. hybrida), 5 R. rugosa cultivars, and 20 hybrid progenies by fluorescence in situ hybridization. Variation in the number of rDNA sites in parents and their interspecific hybrids was detected. As expected, 4 rDNA sites were observed in the genomes of 4 modern rose cultivars, while 3 hybridization sites were observed in the 2 others...
August 6, 2016: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
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