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Cytogenetic and Genome Research

Elisa Tassano, Sara Uccella, Thea Giacomini, Pasquale Striano, Mariasavina Severino, Simona Porta, Giorgio Gimelli, Patrizia Ronchetto
ULK4 and BRWD3 deletions have been identified in patients with developmental/language delay and intellectual disability. Both genes play pivotal roles in brain development. In particular, ULK4 encodes serine/threonine kinases that are critical for the development and function of the nervous system, while BRWD3 plays a crucial role in ubiquitination, as part of the ubiquitin/proteasome system. We report on 2 brothers, aged 7.6 and 20 years, presenting with cognitive impairment, epilepsy, autistic features, hearing loss, and obesity...
August 8, 2018: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
Filomena Adega, Raquel Matoso Silva, Helena J Kjöllerström, Paul Vercammen, Terje Raudsepp, Maria J Collares-Pereira, Carlos Fernandes, Maria do Mar Oom, Raquel Chaves
Mammalian carnivores have been extensively studied by cross-species chromosome painting, which indicated a high degree of karyotypic conservatism in the cat-like suborder Feliformia relative to the ancestral carnivore karyotype (ACK). The first exception to this high degree of karyotypic conservation in feliforms was recently confirmed in genets, mesocarnivores belonging to the basal family Viverridae. Here, we present a comparative analysis of the chromosome rearrangements among 2 subspecies of the small-spotted genet Genetta genetta (the Iberian nominate and the Arabian grantii) and the panther genet G...
August 8, 2018: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
Blake C Ballif, Christina J Ramirez, Casey R Carl, Kyle Sundin, Melissa Krug, Adam Zahand, Lisa G Shaffer, Helen Flores-Smith
Merle is a distinct coat color and pattern found in numerous species, including the domestic dog, characterized by patches of diluted eumelanin (black pigment) interspersed among areas of normal pigmentation. In dogs, this variegated pattern is caused by an insertion of a SINE element into the canine PMEL gene. Although variation in the length of the SINE insertion - due to a variable-length poly(A) tail - has been observed to be associated with variation in merle coat color and patterning, no systematic evaluation of this correlation has been conducted and published in the scientific literature...
August 3, 2018: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
Leonardo G Goll, Roberto F Artoni, Maria C Gross, Lucas R A Mello, Maria P B Coelho, Mara C Almeida, Carlos H Schneider
The chromosomes of 2 flea beetle species from central Amazonia, Omophoita abbreviata and O. aequinoctialis (Alticini), were investigated through analysis of meiotic and mitotic cells. These species belong to the subtribe Oedionychina, a taxon that has unique cytogenetic features, such as giant sex chromosomes which are aligned at a distance during meiosis I (asynaptic). O. abbreviata and O. aequinoctialis have a meiotic formula of 10II + X + y, which is predominant in this subtribe. While the species of the genus Omophoita possess a relatively stable karyotype, a typical feature for Oedionychina, the present study identified inter- and intrapopulational variation in chromosome morphology, constitutive heterochromatin, and the presence and number of B chromosomes in O...
July 20, 2018: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
Nuria C Bramswig, Karin Buiting, Natalie Bechtel, Bernhard Horsthemke, Kevin Rostasy, Dagmar Wieczorek
Angelman syndrome (AS) is a neurodevelopmental disorder caused by deletion of the maternally inherited 15q11q13 region, paternal uniparental disomy 15 [upd(15)pat], an imprinting defect of the maternal chromosome region 15q11q13, or a pathogenic mutation of the maternal UBE3A allele. Predisposing factors for upd(15)pat, such as nonhomologous robertsonian translocation involving chromosome 15, have been discussed, but no evidence for this predisposition has been published. In the present study, chromosomal analysis was performed in a child with AS, both parents, and the maternal grandparents...
July 18, 2018: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
Akash Sookdeo, Manuel Ruiz-García, Horacio Schneider, Stéphane Boissinot
LINE-1 (L1) retrotransposons constitute the dominant category of transposons in mammalian genomes. L1 elements are active in the vast majority of mammals, and only a few cases of L1 extinction have been documented. The only possible case of extinction in primates was suggested for South American spider monkeys. However, these previous studies were based on a single species. We revisited this question with a larger phylogenetic sample, covering all 4 genera of Atelidae and 3 species of spider monkeys. We used an enrichment method to clone recently inserted L1 elements and performed an evolutionary analysis of the sequences...
2018: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
Changru Fan, Jinju Liu, Jianhai Tian, Yuliang Zhang, Maojun Yan, Chaoyu Zhu
The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of synuclein-γ (SNCG) silencing on gastric cancer SGC7901 cells and to elucidate the associated mechanisms. pGCSIL-lentiviral siRNA targeting of the SNCG gene was employed to inhibit SNCG expression. Several experiments such as quantitative real-time PCR, Western blotting, MTT, colony formation, migration assay, and flow cytometry were performed to investigate the biological behavior of infected SGC7901 cells. BALB/c nude mice were used as tumor xenograft models to assess the effects of SNCG silencing on tumor growth...
2018: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
Elifcan Taşdelen, Ceren D Durmaz, Halil G Karabulut
Oculodentodigital dysplasia (ODDD) is a rare condition characterized by a typical facial appearance and variable findings of the eyes, teeth, and fingers. ODDD is caused by mutations in the GJA1 gene in chromosome 6q22 and inherited in an autosomal dominant manner in the majority of the patients. However, in recent clinical reports, autosomal recessive ODDD cases due to by GJA1 mutations were also described. Here, we report on a 14-year-old boy with microphthalmia, microcornea, narrow nasal bridge, hypoplastic alae nasi, prominent columnella, hypodontia, dental caries, and partial syndactyly of the 2nd and 3rd toes...
2018: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
Federica Baldan, Chiara Gnan, Alessandra Franzoni, Lucia Ferino, Lorenzo Allegri, Nadia Passon, Giuseppe Damante
Mutations/deletions of the IMMP2L gene have been associated with different cognitive/behavioral disturbances, including autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The penetrance of these defects is not complete since they often are inherited from a healthy parent. Using array-CGH in a cohort of 37 ASD patients, we found 2 subjects harboring a deletion inside the IMMP2L gene. In both cases, the IMMP2L gene deletion was inherited: from a healthy mother in one case and from a dyslectic father in the other. In the latter family, the IMMP2L deletion was also detected in the patient's brother, who showed delayed language development...
2018: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
Nicolas Mary, Stéphane Ferchaud, Harmonie Barasc, Anne Calgaro, Nathalie Bonnet, Alain Ducos, Alain Pinton
Meiotic recombination parameters like crossover (CO) rate or synaptonemal complex (SC) length are known to vary strongly between individuals and between cells from the same individual. The origins of this variability remain elusive, and little is known about the variations that might occur between different samples and/or over time within the same individual. To document this question, pachytene cells from 3 boars of the Large White breed were analyzed twice, at a 1-year interval, using immunocytological techniques...
2018: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
Ang Li, Ying-Xia Cui, Xing Lv, Jian-Hong Liu, Er-Zhi Gao, Xiu-Xiu Wei, Xin-Yi Xia, Chun-Lin Gao, Feng-Xia Liu, Zheng-Kun Xia, Asan, Zhi-Hong Liu, Xiao-Jun Li
Mutations in the COL4A5 gene result in X-linked Alport syndrome, homozygous or compound heterozygous mutations in COL4A3 or COL4A4 are responsible for autosomal recessive Alport syndrome, and heterozygous mutations in COL4A3 or COL4A4 cause autosomal dominant Alport syndrome or benign familial hematuria. Recently, the existence of a digenic inheritance in Alport syndrome has been demonstrated. We here report heterozygous COL4A3 and COL4A4 digenic mutations in cis responsible for benign familial hematuria. Using bioinformatics analyses and pedigree verification, we showed that COL4A4 c...
2018: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
Pavel Tesner, Marketa Vlckova, Jana Drabova, Jan Vseticka, Anna Klimova, Jana Lastuvkova, Jana Zidovska, Radka Kremlikova Pourova, Miroslava Hancarova, Zdenek Sedlacek, Eduard Kocarek
The prenatal finding of a small supernumerary marker chromosome (sSMC) is a challenge for genetic counseling. Our analytic algorithm is based on sSMC frequencies and multicolor FISH to accelerate the procedure. The chromosomal origin, size, and degree of mosaicism of the sSMC then determine the prognosis. We illustrate the effectiveness on 4 prenatally identified de novo mosaic sSMCs derived from chromosomes 13/21, X, 3, and 17. Three sSMC carriers had a good prognosis and apparently healthy children were born, showing no abnormality till the last examination at the age of 4 years...
2018: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
Ang Li, Er-Zhi Gao, Ying-Xia Cui, Jian-Hong Liu, Xing Lv, Xiu-Xiu Wei, Xin-Yi Xia, Chun-Lin Gao, Feng-Xia Liu, Zheng-Kun Xia, Asan, Zhi-Hong Liu, Xiao-Jun Li
Thin basement membrane nephropathy (TBMN), autosomal dominant Alport syndrome (ADAS), and focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) are kidney diseases that differ in clinical diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis. Nevertheless, they may result from the same causative genes. Here, we report 3 COL4A4 heterozygous mutations (p.Gly208Arg, p.Ser513Glufs*2, and p.Met1617Cysfs*39) that lead to 3 different collagen type IV kidney disease phenotypes, manifesting as TBMN, ADAS, and FSGS. Using bioinformatics analyses and pedigree verification, we show that these novel variants are pathogenetic and cosegregate with TBMN, ADAS, and FSGS...
2018: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
Shu Liu, Zhiqing Wang, Sisi Wei, Jinqun Liang, Nuan Chen, Haimei OuYang, Weihong Zeng, Liying Chen, Xunjie Xie, Jianhui Jiang
Ring chromosome 6, r(6), is an extremely rare cytogenetic abnormality with clinical heterogeneity which arises typically de novo. The phenotypes of r(6) can be highly variable, ranging from almost normal to severe malformations and neurological defects. Up to now, only 33 cases have been reported in the literature. In this 10-year follow-up study, we report a case presenting distinctive facial features, severe developmental delay, and gray matter heterotopia with r(6) and terminal deletions of 6p25.3 (115426-384174, 268 kb) and 6q26-27 (168697778-170732033, 2...
2018: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
Yo Niida, Mamoru Ozaki, Masaki Shimizu, Kazuyuki Ueno, Tomomi Tanaka
Patients with autosomal recessive (AR) disorders are usually born to parents both of whom are heterozygous carriers of the disease. However, in some instances only one of the parents is a carrier and a mutation is segregated to the patient through uniparental isodisomy (UPiD). Recently, an increasing number of such case reports has been published, and it has become clear that there are several different UPiD patterns that cause AR disorders. In this article, we report 3 remarkable patients with different patterns of UPiD...
2018: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
Mirela P Valeri, Iara M Tomazella, José M B Duarte
Mazama gouazoubira is a small deer species widely distributed in South America. Previous studies have shown that this species presents intraspecific chromosomal polymorphisms, which could affect fertility due to the effects of chromosomal rearrangements on gamete formation. Important aspects regarding the karyotype evolution of this species and the genus remain undefined due to the lack of information concerning the causes of this chromosomal variation. Nineteen individuals belonging to the Mazama gouazoubira population located in the Pantanal were cytogenetically evaluated...
2018: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
Janay A Santos-Serejo, José R Gardingo, Mateus Mondin, Margarida L R Aguiar-Perecin
The meiotic and mitotic behavior of regenerated plants derived from a long-term callus culture, designated 12-F, was analyzed. This culture was heterozygous for an amplification of the heterochromatic knob on the long arm of chromosome 7 (K7L). We aimed to investigate if the amplification resulted from a breakage-fusion-bridge (BFB) cycle or from unequal sister chromatid recombination. Therefore, C-banded mitotic metaphases and pachytene, diakinesis, and anaphase I of regenerated plants were analyzed. Additionally, the occurrence of alterations in K7L was investigated in C-banded metaphases from short-term callus cultures derived from lines related to the donor genotype of the 12-F culture...
2018: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
Geovana C Malimpensa, Josiane B Traldi, Danyelle Toyama, Flávio Henrique-Silva, Marcelo R Vicari, Orlando Moreira-Filho
The occurrence of repetitive DNA in autosomes and B chromosomes of Bergiaria westermanni was examined using conventional and molecular cytogenetic techniques. This species exhibited 2n = 56 chromosomes, with intra- and interindividual variation in the number of heterochromatic B chromosomes (from 0 to 4). The 5S rDNA was localized in pairs 1 and 5, and histone probes (H1, H3, and H4) and U2 small nuclear RNA were syntenic with 5S rDNA in pair 5. Histone sequences were also located in chromosome pair 14. The (GATA)n sequence was dispersed throughout the autosomes and B chromosomes, with clusters (microsatellite accumulation) in some chromosome regions...
2018: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
Mami Miyado, Koji Muroya, Momori Katsumi, Kazuki Saito, Masafumi Kon, Maki Fukami
Isodicentric Y chromosome [idic(Y)] represents a relatively common subtype of Y chromosomal rearrangements in the germline; however, limited evidence supports the postzygotic occurrence of idic(Y). Here, we report a boy with hypospadias and somatically acquired idic(Y). The 3.5-year-old boy has been identified in our previous study for patients with hypospadias. In the present study, cytogenetic analysis including FISH revealed a 45,X[5]/46,X,idic(Y)[7]/46,XY[8] karyotype. MLPA showed a mosaic deletion involving PPP1R12BP1 and RBMY2DP...
2018: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
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