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Cytogenetic and Genome Research

Changru Fan, Jinju Liu, Jianhai Tian, Yuliang Zhang, Maojun Yan, Chaoyu Zhu
The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of synuclein-γ (SNCG) silencing on gastric cancer SGC7901 cells and to elucidate the associated mechanisms. pGCSIL-lentiviral siRNA targeting of the SNCG gene was employed to inhibit SNCG expression. Several experiments such as quantitative real-time PCR, Western blotting, MTT, colony formation, migration assay, and flow cytometry were performed to investigate the biological behavior of infected SGC7901 cells. BALB/c nude mice were used as tumor xenograft models to assess the effects of SNCG silencing on tumor growth...
June 15, 2018: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
Elifcan Taşdelen, Ceren D Durmaz, Halil G Karabulut
Oculodentodigital dysplasia (ODDD) is a rare condition characterized by a typical facial appearance and variable findings of the eyes, teeth, and fingers. ODDD is caused by mutations in the GJA1 gene in chromosome 6q22 and inherited in an autosomal dominant manner in the majority of the patients. However, in recent clinical reports, autosomal recessive ODDD cases due to by GJA1 mutations were also described. Here, we report on a 14-year-old boy with microphthalmia, microcornea, narrow nasal bridge, hypoplastic alae nasi, prominent columnella, hypodontia, dental caries, and partial syndactyly of the 2nd and 3rd toes...
June 15, 2018: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
Federica Baldan, Chiara Gnan, Alessandra Franzoni, Lucia Ferino, Lorenzo Allegri, Nadia Passon, Giuseppe Damante
Mutations/deletions of the IMMP2L gene have been associated with different cognitive/behavioral disturbances, including autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The penetrance of these defects is not complete since they often are inherited from a healthy parent. Using array-CGH in a cohort of 37 ASD patients, we found 2 subjects harboring a deletion inside the IMMP2L gene. In both cases, the IMMP2L gene deletion was inherited: from a healthy mother in one case and from a dyslectic father in the other. In the latter family, the IMMP2L deletion was also detected in the patient's brother, who showed delayed language development...
May 23, 2018: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
Nicolas Mary, Stéphane Ferchaud, Harmonie Barasc, Anne Calgaro, Nathalie Bonnet, Alain Ducos, Alain Pinton
Meiotic recombination parameters like crossover (CO) rate or synaptonemal complex (SC) length are known to vary strongly between individuals and between cells from the same individual. The origins of this variability remain elusive, and little is known about the variations that might occur between different samples and/or over time within the same individual. To document this question, pachytene cells from 3 boars of the Large White breed were analyzed twice, at a 1-year interval, using immunocytological techniques...
May 23, 2018: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
Ang Li, Ying-Xia Cui, Xing Lv, Jian-Hong Liu, Er-Zhi Gao, Xiu-Xiu Wei, Xin-Yi Xia, Chun-Lin Gao, Feng-Xia Liu, Zheng-Kun Xia, Asan, Zhi-Hong Liu, Xiao-Jun Li
Mutations in the COL4A5 gene result in X-linked Alport syndrome, homozygous or compound heterozygous mutations in COL4A3 or COL4A4 are responsible for autosomal recessive Alport syndrome, and heterozygous mutations in COL4A3 or COL4A4 cause autosomal dominant Alport syndrome or benign familial hematuria. Recently, the existence of a digenic inheritance in Alport syndrome has been demonstrated. We here report heterozygous COL4A3 and COL4A4 digenic mutations in cis responsible for benign familial hematuria. Using bioinformatics analyses and pedigree verification, we showed that COL4A4 c...
May 9, 2018: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
Pavel Tesner, Marketa Vlckova, Jana Drabova, Jan Vseticka, Anna Klimova, Jana Lastuvkova, Jana Zidovska, Radka Kremlikova Pourova, Miroslava Hancarova, Zdenek Sedlacek, Eduard Kocarek
The prenatal finding of a small supernumerary marker chromosome (sSMC) is a challenge for genetic counseling. Our analytic algorithm is based on sSMC frequencies and multicolor FISH to accelerate the procedure. The chromosomal origin, size, and degree of mosaicism of the sSMC then determine the prognosis. We illustrate the effectiveness on 4 prenatally identified de novo mosaic sSMCs derived from chromosomes 13/21, X, 3, and 17. Three sSMC carriers had a good prognosis and apparently healthy children were born, showing no abnormality till the last examination at the age of 4 years...
May 9, 2018: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
Shu Liu, Zhiqing Wang, Sisi Wei, Jinqun Liang, Nuan Chen, Haimei OuYang, Weihong Zeng, Liying Chen, Xunjie Xie, Jianhui Jiang
Ring chromosome 6, r(6), is an extremely rare cytogenetic abnormality with clinical heterogeneity which arises typically de novo. The phenotypes of r(6) can be highly variable, ranging from almost normal to severe malformations and neurological defects. Up to now, only 33 cases have been reported in the literature. In this 10-year follow-up study, we report a case presenting distinctive facial features, severe developmental delay, and gray matter heterotopia with r(6) and terminal deletions of 6p25.3 (115426-384174, 268 kb) and 6q26-27 (168697778-170732033, 2...
April 14, 2018: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
Ceren D Durmaz, John McGrath, Lu Liu, Halil G Karabulut
Focal dermal hypoplasia (FDH), also known as Goltz-Gorlin syndrome, is a rare, multisystemic, X-linked dominant genodermatosis characterized by defective development of mesodermal and ectodermal tissues. Major clinical features of the disorder are skin manifestations, skeletal defects, and developmental eye abnormalities. FDH is caused by heterozygous mutations in the PORCN gene located at Xp11.23, and 90% of individuals with FDH are females. Here, we report a female patient with cutaneous changes, multiple eye anomalies, short stature, and ectrodactyly of the right foot...
March 10, 2018: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
Ang Li, Er-Zhi Gao, Ying-Xia Cui, Jian-Hong Liu, Xing Lv, Xiu-Xiu Wei, Xin-Yi Xia, Chun-Lin Gao, Feng-Xia Liu, Zheng-Kun Xia, Asan, Zhi-Hong Liu, Xiao-Jun Li
Thin basement membrane nephropathy (TBMN), autosomal dominant Alport syndrome (ADAS), and focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) are kidney diseases that differ in clinical diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis. Nevertheless, they may result from the same causative genes. Here, we report 3 COL4A4 heterozygous mutations (p.Gly208Arg, p.Ser513Glufs*2, and p.Met1617Cysfs*39) that lead to 3 different collagen type IV kidney disease phenotypes, manifesting as TBMN, ADAS, and FSGS. Using bioinformatics analyses and pedigree verification, we show that these novel variants are pathogenetic and cosegregate with TBMN, ADAS, and FSGS...
2018: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
Yo Niida, Mamoru Ozaki, Masaki Shimizu, Kazuyuki Ueno, Tomomi Tanaka
Patients with autosomal recessive (AR) disorders are usually born to parents both of whom are heterozygous carriers of the disease. However, in some instances only one of the parents is a carrier and a mutation is segregated to the patient through uniparental isodisomy (UPiD). Recently, an increasing number of such case reports has been published, and it has become clear that there are several different UPiD patterns that cause AR disorders. In this article, we report 3 remarkable patients with different patterns of UPiD...
2018: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
Mirela P Valeri, Iara M Tomazella, José M B Duarte
Mazama gouazoubira is a small deer species widely distributed in South America. Previous studies have shown that this species presents intraspecific chromosomal polymorphisms, which could affect fertility due to the effects of chromosomal rearrangements on gamete formation. Important aspects regarding the karyotype evolution of this species and the genus remain undefined due to the lack of information concerning the causes of this chromosomal variation. Nineteen individuals belonging to the Mazama gouazoubira population located in the Pantanal were cytogenetically evaluated...
2018: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
Janay A Santos-Serejo, José R Gardingo, Mateus Mondin, Margarida L R Aguiar-Perecin
The meiotic and mitotic behavior of regenerated plants derived from a long-term callus culture, designated 12-F, was analyzed. This culture was heterozygous for an amplification of the heterochromatic knob on the long arm of chromosome 7 (K7L). We aimed to investigate if the amplification resulted from a breakage-fusion-bridge (BFB) cycle or from unequal sister chromatid recombination. Therefore, C-banded mitotic metaphases and pachytene, diakinesis, and anaphase I of regenerated plants were analyzed. Additionally, the occurrence of alterations in K7L was investigated in C-banded metaphases from short-term callus cultures derived from lines related to the donor genotype of the 12-F culture...
2018: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
Geovana C Malimpensa, Josiane B Traldi, Danyelle Toyama, Flávio Henrique-Silva, Marcelo R Vicari, Orlando Moreira-Filho
The occurrence of repetitive DNA in autosomes and B chromosomes of Bergiaria westermanni was examined using conventional and molecular cytogenetic techniques. This species exhibited 2n = 56 chromosomes, with intra- and interindividual variation in the number of heterochromatic B chromosomes (from 0 to 4). The 5S rDNA was localized in pairs 1 and 5, and histone probes (H1, H3, and H4) and U2 small nuclear RNA were syntenic with 5S rDNA in pair 5. Histone sequences were also located in chromosome pair 14. The (GATA)n sequence was dispersed throughout the autosomes and B chromosomes, with clusters (microsatellite accumulation) in some chromosome regions...
2018: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
Mami Miyado, Koji Muroya, Momori Katsumi, Kazuki Saito, Masafumi Kon, Maki Fukami
Isodicentric Y chromosome [idic(Y)] represents a relatively common subtype of Y chromosomal rearrangements in the germline; however, limited evidence supports the postzygotic occurrence of idic(Y). Here, we report a boy with hypospadias and somatically acquired idic(Y). The 3.5-year-old boy has been identified in our previous study for patients with hypospadias. In the present study, cytogenetic analysis including FISH revealed a 45,X[5]/46,X,idic(Y)[7]/46,XY[8] karyotype. MLPA showed a mosaic deletion involving PPP1R12BP1 and RBMY2DP...
2018: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
Agapi Ioannidou, Sophia Zachaki, Maria Karakosta, Aggeliki Daraki, Paraskevi Roussou, Kalliopi N Manola
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is the most common type of leukemia in adults and is characterized by the presence of specific cytogenetic abnormalities. CLL research has been focused on epigenetic processes like gene promoter methylation of CpG islands. In the present study, the methylation status of the RAD21 gene is studied and associated with cytogenetic findings in CLL patients in order to investigate its possible implication in CLL pathogenesis and the formation of CLL chromosomal abnormalities.
2018: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
Michael Schmid, Claus Steinlein
A detailed cytogenetic study on anurans belonging to the unranked taxon Terraranae revealed the existence of microscopically recognizable XY♂/XX♀ or ZZ♂/ZW♀ sex chromosomes in 11 species. Furthermore, in some species Y-autosome translocations were found, of which 5 could be confirmed. The male individuals carrying the Y-autosome translocations still coexist with the males showing the original karyotypes. The present report gives an overview on the mitotic and meiotic structure, staining and banding properties, functional importance, and similarities and differences of these Y-autosome translocations which are very rare in vertebrates...
2018: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
Milton Rego de Paula Junior, Alexandre Nonino, Juliana Minuncio Nascimento, Raphael S Bonadio, Aline Pic-Taylor, Silviene F de Oliveira, Rinaldo Wellerson Pereira, Cintia do Couto Mascarenhas, Juliana Forte Mazzeu
Myelofibrosis is the rarest and most severe type of Philadelphia-negative classical myeloproliferative neoplasms. Although mutually exclusive driver mutations in JAK2, MPL, or CALR that activate JAK-STAT pathway have been related to the pathogenesis of the disease, chromosome abnormalities have also been associated with the phenotype and prognosis of the disease. Here, we report the use of a chromosomal microarray platform consisting of both oligo and SNP probes to improve the detection of chromosome abnormalities in patients with myelofibrosis...
2018: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
Michael Schmid, Claus Steinlein
A detailed cytogenetic study on the leaf litter frog Eleutherodactylus johnstonei from 14 different Caribbean islands and the mainlands of Venezuela and Guyana revealed the existence of multimorphic XY♂/XX♀ sex chromosomes 14. Their male sex determination and development depends either on the presence of 2 telocentric chromosomes 14 (XtYt), or on 1 submetacentric chromosome 14 (Xsm) plus 1 telocentric chromosome 14 (Yt), or on the presence of 2 submetacentric chromosomes 14 (XsmYsm). The female sex determination and development requires either the presence of 2 telocentric chromosomes 14 (XtXt) or 2 submetacentric chromosomes 14 (XsmXsm)...
2018: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
Huihui Sun, Naijun Wan, Xinli Wang, Liang Chang, Dazhi Cheng
18p deletion syndrome is a rare chromosomal disease caused by deletion of the short arm of chromosome 18. By using cytogenetic and SNP array analysis, we identified a girl with 18p deletion syndrome exhibiting craniofacial anomalies, intellectual disability, and short stature. G-banding analysis of metaphase cells revealed an abnormal karyotype 46,XX,del(18)(p10). Further, SNP array detected a 15.3-Mb deletion at 18p11.21p11.32 (chr18:12842-15375878) including 61 OMIM genes. Genotype-phenotype correlation analysis showed that clinical manifestations of the patient were correlated with LAMA1, TWSG1, and GNAL deletions...
2018: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
Amanda A Soares, Jonathan P Castro, Pedro Balieiro, Sidnei Dornelles, Tiago M Degrandi, Ives J Sbalqueiro, Roberto Ferreira Artoni, Iris Hass
B chromosomes are supernumerary chromosomes found in the karyotypes of approximately 15% of all eukaryotic species. They present parasitic behavior and do not follow the standard Mendelian pattern of inheritance, resulting in an imbalance in gametogenesis. The evolutionary dynamics of B chromosomes is still unknown for many species, but studies indicate that the accumulation of repetitive sequences plays an important role in the differentiation of these elements. We analyzed morphology, frequency, and possible homologies amongst different B chromosomes found in an isolated Akodon montensis population in southern Brazil...
2018: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
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