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Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy

Christian Werner, Stefanie Wiloth, Nele Christin Lemke, Florian Kronbach, Klaus Hauer
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: People with dementia show disease-specific sit-to-stand (STS) movement disorders, which relate to deficits of integrating cognitive aspects of motor processes into motor action organization. During STS training in rehabilitation therapy, compensatory STS movement maneuvers are taught aiming to improve patients' STS ability. Previous clinical STS measures do not address these maneuvers or assess cognitive aspects of their motor action organization. The purpose of this study was to develop and validate a motor-cognitive STS assessment instrument for people with dementia (Assessment of Compensatory Sit-to-Stand Maneuvers in People With Dementia, ACSID)...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
Robert W Motl, Gioella Chaparro, Manuel E Hernandez, Julia M Balto, Brian M Sandroff
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There is a growing prevalence of older persons living with multiple sclerosis (MS), and this cohort likely undergoes changes in physical function associated with MS and its progression as well as those associated with normal aging. This cross-sectional study examined physical function in a community-dwelling sample of older adults with MS compared with matched controls using the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB). METHODS: The sample (N = 40) included 20 older adults with MS and 20 older adults without MS who were matched on sex and age...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
Estelle Gallo, Maria Stelmach, Fernanda Frigeri, Dong-Hyun Ahn
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The development and implementation of effective interventions to prevent falls in older adults is a public health priority. The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of a new practice model, incorporating Shubert's evidence-based fall prevention recommendations, with the usual ambulatory physical therapy (PT) at Rusk Rehabilitation, to decrease fall risk among older adults living in the community. The hypotheses were (1) the proposed program would decrease participants' fall risk, (2) it would be more effective than our usual PT, and (3) the addition of 4 consults after discharge would improve compliance with a home exercise program...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
Susan S Levy, Katie J Thralls, Shiloah A Kviatkovsky
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Falls are the leading cause of disability, injury, hospital admission, and injury-related death among older adults. Balance limitations have consistently been identified as predictors of falls and increased fall risk. Field measures of balance are limited by issues of subjectivity, ceiling effects, and low sensitivity to change. The gold standard for measuring balance is the force plate; however, its field use is untenable due to high cost and lack of portability...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
Giovanni Giorgi, Francesco Ferrarello, Francesca Merlo, Stefano Fumagalli, Niccolò Marchionni, Mauro Di Bari
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Action observation training (AOT) consists of the observing of actions performed by others, followed by imitation. Physical therapy techniques based on action observation may influence motor performance in individuals with idiopathic Parkinson's disease (IPD). OBJECTIVES: The aim of this pilot study was to provide a preliminary approach to assess AOT in anatomical first-person perspective (FPP) as a rehabilitation technique to improve body function and activity in individuals with disability due to IPD...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
Lynn Freeman, Geetanjali Gera, Fay B Horak, Mary T Blackinton, Mark Besch, Laurie King
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Abnormal postural sway is associated with an increase in risk of falls but is difficult for clinicians to accurately quantify without access to laboratory equipment. Instrumenting clinical outcome measures using body-worn movement monitors is a low-cost alternative. This is the first study to compare the modified Clinical Test of Sensory Integration for Balance (i-mCTSIB) to the laboratory test of the Sensory Organization Test (SOT) with dynamic posturography in a group of participants with Parkinson's disease (PD) and subtle balance limitations...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
Ping-Lun Hsieh, Chin-Hsiao Tseng, Yufeng Jane Tseng, Wei-Shiung Yang
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: In older people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), the effects of aging and T2DM may compromise the function of skeletal muscle, deteriorate metabolic status, and jeopardize physical performance, aerobic capacity, and quality of life (QoL). The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of 12 weeks of resistance training (RT) on muscle function, physical performance, cardiometabolic risks, and QoL in older people with T2DM. METHODS: This study was a randomized controlled trial that employed block randomization, assessor blinding, and the intention-to-treat principle...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
Alda Marques, Alexandre Silva, Ana Oliveira, Joana Cruz, Ana Machado, Cristina Jácome
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The Berg Balance Scale (BBS), the Balance Evaluation Systems Test (BESTest), the Mini-BESTest, and the Brief-BESTest are useful tests to assess balance; however, their psychometric properties have not been studied well in older adults with type 2 diabetes (T2D). This study compared the validity and relative ability of the BBS, BESTest, Mini-BESTest, and Brief-BESTest to identify fall status in older adults with T2D. METHODS: This study was a cross-sectional design...
November 7, 2016: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
Katja Stoever, Anke Heber, Sabine Eichberg, Klara Brixius
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Sarcopenic obesity is associated with disability, gait problems, and falls. Activities of daily living such as walking and climbing stairs are physically difficult or impossible for the individual with severe obesity. These aspects also limit participation in recreational activities or exercise programs. However, good muscle function is crucial to maintain functional independence. The objective of this study was to investigate the influence of resistance training on physical function in older, obese persons with sarcopenia...
November 7, 2016: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
Amy Wagner, Sarah Luna
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Lower extremity osteoarthritis (OA) is a common condition among older adults; given the risks of surgical and pharmaceutical interventions, conservative, lower-cost management options such as footwear warrant further investigation. This systematic review investigated the effects of footwear, including shoe inserts, in reducing lower extremity joint pain and improving gait, mobility, and quality of life in older adults with OA. METHODS: The CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, PubMed, RECAL, and Web of Knowledge databases were searched for publications from January 1990 to September 2014, using the terms "footwear," "shoes," "gait," "pain," and "older adult...
November 7, 2016: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
Takashi Saito, Kazuhiro P Izawa, Shuichiro Watanabe
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The Functional Independence and Difficulty Scale (FIDS), a newly developed basic activities of daily living (BADL) assessment tool, assesses both independence and subjective difficulty of BADL performance. This patient-reported outcome measure has been shown to have acceptable internal consistency, concurrent validity, and reliability. However, little is known about the relationship between FIDS and objective measures of physical function among older Japanese adults using long-term care insurance services...
November 7, 2016: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
Jessica Maxwell, Molly Vaughan, Aileen Ledingham, David Felson, Julie Keysor
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Evidence suggests that more than 30% of patients post-total knee replacement (TKR) are living with participation restrictions, yet little is known about their perceptions of and factors contributing to these restrictions. The purpose of this study was to identify emergent or recurring themes behind participation restrictions after TKR. METHODS: Nineteen participants between 50 and 85 years old reporting participation restrictions 1 to 5 years post-TKR completed semistructured qualitative interviews about their participation experience after TKR...
November 7, 2016: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
Cheryl Petersen, Teresa Steffen, Elizabeth Paly, Leah Dvorak, Reid Nelson
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This study examined test-retest relative (intraclass correlation coefficient [ICC]) and absolute (minimum detectable change [MDC]) reliabilities for the 5 times sit-to-stand (5×STS), 30-second sit-to-stand (30sSTS), and the functional gait assessment (FGA) tests in people with Parkinson disease (PD). In addition, correlation of these functional tests with a history of falls was examined over a 6-month period, and the internal consistency of the FGA was established...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
Deborah Doerfler, Burke Gurney, Christine Mermier, Mitchell Rauh, Liza Black, Ron Andrews
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Despite improvement in pain and perceived function in older adults following total knee arthroplasty (TKA), objective outcome measures of muscular impairment and ambulatory function demonstrate significant deficits. Evidence suggests that quadriceps power may play a greater role in ambulatory function than measures of strength alone following TKA. The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of high-velocity (HV) quadriceps exercises with that of slow-velocity (SV) quadriceps exercises on functional outcomes and quadriceps power following TKA...
October 2016: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
Jesse T Lang, Thomas O Kassan, Laurie Lee Devaney, Cristina Colon-Semenza, Michael F Joseph
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Measurement of gait performance in individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD) can be challenging because of the daily fluctuations in performance and the progressive nature of the condition. The 10-Meter Walk Test (10MWT) is commonly used to measure gait speed of individuals with gait limitations. Existing research on the 10MWT in individuals with PD controls for many variables inherent to this condition, rendering the results of this test in settings where these variables are not controlled questionable...
October 2016: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
Emi Narai, Hiroshi Hagino, Taiki Komatsu, Fumiharu Togo
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Use of the affected extremity during daily life is important if disuse atrophy is to be prevented after stroke. This study examined whether objectively measured real-world upper limb movement is associated with the amount of use of the affected upper limb, as assessed by a standardized assessment tool in older adults with acute or subacute stroke. This study also examined whether the real-world upper limb movement is associated with the extent of impairment of upper and lower extremities...
October 2016: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
Marie A Kelly, Margaret Finley, Steven W Lichtman, Matthew R Hyland, Ayse Ozcan Edeer
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: High-velocity (HV) exercise is defined as performing a concentric muscle contraction as fast as possible, or in 1 second or less. Low-velocity (LV) exercise is defined as using 2 seconds to complete the contraction. A comparison of HV to LV exercise performed by community dwelling older adults indicates that HV exercise produces greater gains in power and scores for the 8-ft up-and-go, 30-seond chair stand, and continuous scale physical function performance tests...
October 2016: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
Hikaru Ihira, Hyuma Makizako, Atsushi Mizumoto, Keitarou Makino, Kiyoji Matsuyama, Taketo Furuna
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: In dual-task situations, postural control is closely associated with attentional cost. Previous studies have reported age-related differences between attentional cost and postural control, but little is known about the association in conditions with a one-legged standing posture. The purpose of this study was to determine age-related differences in postural control and attentional cost while performing tasks at various difficulty levels in a one-legged standing posture...
October 2016: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
Rini Varghese, Christina W Y Hui-Chan, Tanvi Bhatt
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Recent dual-task studies suggest that Tai Chi practitioners displayed better control of standing posture and maintained a quicker response time of postural muscle activation during a stepping down activity. Whether this effect extends to voluntary balance control, specifically the limits of excursion of the center of pressure, remains to be examined. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the cognitive-motor interference pattern by examining the effects of a concurrently performed cognitive task on attention of voluntary balance control in older adults who are long-term practitioners of Tai Chi...
October 2016: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
Javier Jerez-Roig, Jéssica Fernandes de Medeiros, Kalyne do Nascimento Moreira Fidélis, Bartolomeu Fagundes de Lima Filho, Nayara Priscila Dantas de Oliveira, Fabienne Louise Juvêncio Paes de Andrade, Lidiane Maria de Brito Macedo Ferreira, Dyego Leandro Bezerra Souza, Kenio Costa Lima
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Although functional assessments and programs to prevent activity limitations are fundamental for efficient geriatric evaluations and interventions, these procedures have not been satisfactorily explored at nursing homes in Brazil. Literature is scarce on the evaluation of disability in Brazilian institutionalized older people. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 10 nursing homes in the city of Natal (Northeast Brazil). Sociodemographic and health data were collected and activity limitations were assessed by the Katz Index...
August 17, 2016: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
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