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Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324510/reliability-and-validity-of-computerized-force-platform-measures-of-balance-function-in-healthy-older-adults
#1
Cathy C Harro, Chelsea Garascia
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Postural control declines with aging and is an independent risk factor for falls in older adults. Objective examination of balance function is warranted to direct fall prevention strategies. Force platform (FP) systems provide quantitative measures of postural control and analysis of different aspects of balance. The purpose of this study was to examine the reliability and validity of FP measures in healthy older adults. METHODS: This study enrolled 46 healthy elderly adults, mean age 67...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324509/investigating-the-relationship-of-the-functional-gait-assessment-to-spatiotemporal-parameters-of-gait-and-quality-of-life-of-individuals-with-stroke
#2
Richard Price, Nancy Low Choy
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Walking in the community is an important aspect of independence and quality of life (QOL) that poses challenges for individuals with stroke. This study investigated whether performance on the Functional Gait Assessment (FGA) differentiated spatiotemporal gait parameters, QOL, and fall history of community-ambulating individuals with stroke. We hypothesized that those scoring higher on the FGA would present with better gait speed and cadence, stride width and length, and improved load time on the paretic limb, report a higher QOL, and be less likely to have a fall history than those who scored lower on the FGA...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298174/reduced-walking-speed-in-subjective-and-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Mari Kalland Knapstad, Ole Martin Steihaug, Mona Kristin Aaslund, Arne Nakling, Ingvill Fjell Naterstad, Tormod Fladby, Dag Aarsland, Lasse Melvaer Giil
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Walking speed is reduced in people with dementia, but less is known about predementia conditions. We, therefore, studied the relationship between walking speed, cognition, and cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers in persons with subjective (SCI) and mild cognitive impairment (MCI). METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 22 healthy controls, 30 SCI and 17 MCI (N = 69). Walking speed was measured by a 10-m gait test at usual and fast pace...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286983/aerobic-exercise-sustains-performance-of-instrumental-activities-of-daily-living-in-early-stage-alzheimer-disease
#4
Eric D Vidoni, Jaime Perales, Mohammed Alshehri, Abdul-Mannaan Giles, Catherine F Siengsukon, Jeffrey M Burns
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Individuals with Alzheimer disease (AD) experience progressive loss of independence-performing activities of daily living. Identifying interventions to support independence and reduce the economic and psychosocial burden of caregiving for individuals with AD is imperative. The purpose of this analysis was to examine functional disability and caregiver time in individuals with early-stage AD. METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial of 26 weeks of aerobic exercise (AEx) versus stretching and toning (ST)...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286982/concurrent-validity-of-the-zeno-walkway-for-measuring-spatiotemporal-gait-parameters-in-older-adults
#5
Srikant Vallabhajosula, Sarah K Humphrey, Alys J Cook, Jane E Freund
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Previous studies have shown that older adults at high fall risk exhibit altered spatiotemporal gait parameters such as lesser gait speed, shorter step length, and greater step width compared with their healthy counterparts. Measurement of these gait parameters for older adults can play a pivotal role in clinical evaluation. While the GAITRite walkway has been previously validated and used extensively for research purposes, the Zeno walkway validity has not been established...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286981/age-related-changes-in-postural-control-in-physically-inactive-older-women
#6
Juliana Teles Tavares, Daniela Aparecida Biasotto-Gonzalez, Nárlon Cássio Boa Sorte Silva, Frank Shiguemitsu Suzuki, Paulo Roberto Garcia Lucareli, Fabiano Politti
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The maintenance of postural control is influenced by the complexity of a given task. Tasks that require greater attention and cognitive involvement increase the risk of falls among older adults. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the adaptation of the postural control system to different levels of task complexity in physically inactive young and older women. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with adult women classified as physically inactive based on the results of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29252932/assessment-of-mobility-in-older-people-hospitalized-for-medical-illness-using-de-morton-mobility-index-and-cumulated-ambulation-score-validity-and-minimal-clinical-important-difference
#7
Jeanette Trøstrup, Helle Andersen, Charlotte Agger Meiner Kam, S Peter Magnusson, Nina Beyer
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Older adults acutely hospitalized for medical illness typically have comorbidity and disability, and inhospital physical inactivity greatly increases the likelihood of developing new disability. Thus, assessment of the patients' mobility status is crucial for planning and carrying out targeted interventions that ensure mobilization during hospital admission. The aim of this study was to determine convergent validity, known group validity, floor and ceiling effects, and anchor-based minimal clinically important difference (MCID) of the more time-consuming de Morton Mobility Index (DEMMI) and the less time-consuming Cumulated Ambulation Score (CAS) in older adults acutely hospitalized for medical illness...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227413/the-association-between-body-adiposity-measures-postural-balance-fear-of-falling-and-fall-risk-in-older-community-dwelling-women
#8
Silvia Gonçalves Ricci Neri, André Bonadias Gadelha, Ana Cristina de David, Aparecido Pimentel Ferreira, Marisete Peralta Safons, Anne Tiedemann, Ricardo M Lima
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Recent investigations demonstrate an association between obesity and the propensity of older adults to fall. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between body adiposity measures, postural balance, fear of falling, and risk of falls in older women. METHODS: One hundred forty-seven volunteers took part in this cross-sectional study. Participants underwent body composition assessment using dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry and had body mass index, waist circumference (WC), and body adiposity index measured...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227412/validity-and-responsiveness-to-change-of-the-30-second-chair-stand-test-in-older-adults-admitted-to-an-emergency-department
#9
Inge Hansen Bruun, Christian B Mogensen, Birgitte Nørgaard, Berit Schiøttz-Christensen, Thomas Maribo
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Few physical performance measurement tools are validated for acutely admitted older adults, and for this reason we aimed to examine the validity and responsiveness to change of the 30-second Chair-Stand Test (30s-CST) used to assess physical performance in older adults admitted to a short-stay unit in an emergency department. METHODS: Construct validity of the 30s-CST, using 8 as a cutoff point for dependency in activities of daily living, was examined using 207 patients...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200085/physical-and-cognitive-functions-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-in-older-adults-with-multiple-sclerosis
#10
Rachel E Bollaert, Robert W Motl
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Older adults with multiple sclerosis (MS) experience age-related declines in physical and cognitive functions that may be compounded by the disease and its progression and worsened by physical inactivity and sedentary behavior. However, the extent to which impairments in physical and cognitive functions are manifestations of MS and disease progression, reflective of the general aging process, or perhaps 2 detrimental processes exacerbating the synergistic effects of the other is relatively unknown...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200084/gait-speed-characteristics-and-its-spatiotemporal-determinants-in-nursing-home-residents-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Samantha Fien, Timothy Henwood, Mike Climstein, Evelyne Rathbone, Justin William Leslie Keogh
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Low and slowing gait speeds among nursing home residents are linked to a higher risk of disability, cognitive impairment, falls, and mortality. A better understanding of the spatiotemporal parameters of gait that influence declining mobility could lead to effective rehabilitation and preventative intervention. The aims of this study were to objectively quantify the spatiotemporal characteristics of gait in the nursing home setting and define the relationship between these parameters and gait speed...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210935/performance-of-different-timed-up-and-go-subtasks-in-frailty-syndrome
#12
Juliana Hotta Ansai, Ana Claudia Silva Farche, Paulo Giusti Rossi, Larissa Pires de Andrade, Theresa Helissa Nakagawa, Anielle Cristhine de Medeiros Takahashi
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Gait speed, mobility, and postural transitions should be taken into account in older adults with frailty syndrome and can be assessed by the Timed Up and Go (TUG) Test. However, it is unclear which TUG subtasks have greater influence in identifying frail people and whether prefrail individuals present with any reduced subtask performance. The objective of this study was to investigate the differences in performance of TUG subtasks between frail, prefrail, and nonfrail older adults...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210934/a-scoping-review-of-physical-performance-outcome-measures-used-in-exercise-interventions-for-older-adults-with-alzheimer-disease-and-related-dementias
#13
Ellen L McGough, Shih-Yin Lin, Basia Belza, Katie M Becofsky, Dina L Jones, Minhui Liu, Sara Wilcox, Rebecca G Logsdon
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There is growing evidence that exercise interventions can mitigate functional decline and reduce fall risk in older adults with Alzheimer disease and related dementias (ADRD). Although physical performance outcome measures have been successfully used in older adults without cognitive impairment, additional research is needed regarding their use with individuals who have ADRD, and who may have difficulty following instructions regarding performance of these measures...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210933/two-minute-step-test-of-exercise-capacity-systematic-review-of-procedures-performance-and-clinimetric-properties
#14
Richard W Bohannon, Rebecca H Crouch
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The 2-minute step test (TMST) is one of many alternatives for measuring exercise capacity. First introduced in 1999 as part of the Senior Fitness Test, the TMST has the advantage of requiring limited space, only a few minutes' time, and no expensive equipment. These advantages notwithstanding, the test must be clinimetrically sound if it is to be recommended. We sought therefore to summarize the literature addressing TMST performance and measurement properties...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210932/score-distributions-of-the-balance-outcome-measure-for-elder-rehabilitation-boomer-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-with-vertebral-fracture
#15
Zachary M Brown, Jenna C Gibbs, Jonathan D Adachi, Maureen C Ashe, Keith D Hill, David L Kendler, Aliya Khan, Alexandra Papaioannou, Sadhana Prasad, John D Wark, Lora M Giangregorio
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We sought to evaluate the Balance Outcome Measure for Elder Rehabilitation (BOOMER) in community-dwelling women 65 years and older with vertebral fracture and to describe score distributions and potential ceiling and floor effects. METHODS: This was a secondary data analysis of baseline data from the Build Better Bones with Exercise randomized controlled trial using the BOOMER. A total of 141 women with osteoporosis and radiographically confirmed vertebral fracture were included...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210931/phase-angle-is-moderately-associated-with-muscle-quality-and-functional-capacity-independent-of-age-and-body-composition-in-older-women
#16
Crisieli M Tomeleri, Edilaine F Cavalcante, Melissa Antunes, Hellen C G Nabuco, Mariana F de Souza, Denilson C Teixeira, Luis A Gobbo, Analiza M Silva, Edilson S Cyrino
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There is a growing body of evidence indicating that phase angle (PhA) can be used as an indicator of nutritional status, disease prognosis, and mortality risk; however, it is still unknown whether PhA can be used as an explanator of functional capacity and muscle quality in older women. The main purpose of this cross-sectional study was to explore whether PhA is associated with muscle quality and functional capacity in older women, regardless of total and regional body composition...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135600/balance-and-functional-outcomes-for-older-community-dwelling-adults-who-practice-tai-chi-and-those-who-do-not-a-comparative-study
#17
Deborah Bubela, Laddie Sacharko, Judy Chan, Maegen Brady
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: A growing body of literature substantiates that Tai Chi is a form of exercise that may help older adults increase strength, improve balance, lower fall rates, and experience less fear of falling. Few studies, however, offer controlled experimental design and simultaneously investigate multiple factors known to contribute to fall risk. The purpose of this study was to compare performance on measures relating to fall risk (strength, balance, functional mobility, and fear of falling) in older community-dwelling adults who participated in a community-based Tai Chi program with a control group of their peers who had no Tai Chi training over the same time period...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095771/the-3-m-backwards-walk-and-retrospective-falls-diagnostic-accuracy-of-a-novel-clinical-measure
#18
Valerie Carter, Tarang Jain, Jodi James, Mark Cornwall, Anne Aldrich, Hendrik D de Heer
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Several measures of fall risk have been previously developed and include forward walking, turning, and stepping motions. However, recent research has demonstrated that backwards walking is more sensitive at identifying age-related changes in mobility and balance compared with forward walking. No clinical test of backwards walking currently exists. Therefore, this article describes a novel clinical test of backwards walking, the 3-m backwards walk (3MBW), and assessed whether it was associated with 1-year retrospective falls in a population of healthy older adults...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303814/the-academy-of-geriatric-physical-therapy-csm-2018-research-special-interest-poster-abstracts
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303813/the-academy-of-geriatric-physical-therapy-csm-2018-research-special-interest-platform-presentations
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
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