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Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738404/validity-of-visual-assessment-of-sit-to-stand-after-hip-fracture
#1
Cynthia Zablotny, Tiffany Hilton, Linda Riek, Janet Kneiss, Joshua Tome, Jeff Houck
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: When treating older adults post-hip fracture, physical therapists routinely assess the sit-to-stand (STS) task using observational analysis. Studies have demonstrated that significant movement asymmetries in ground reaction force production of the fractured lower limb persist during STS, even though individuals may rise independently. To date, the validity of therapist judgments of lower limb force during STS has not been addressed. The purpose of this observational cohort study was to determine the accuracy of physical therapists' observational assessments of STS for detecting the involved limb and its ground reaction force contribution in older adults post-hip fracture...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738406/water-immersion-affects-episodic-memory-and-postural-control-in-healthy-older-adults
#2
Eadric Bressel, Talin J Louder, Adam C Raikes, Sushma Alphonsa, Anastasia Kyvelidou
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Previous research has reported that younger adults make fewer cognitive errors on an auditory vigilance task while in chest-deep water compared with on land. The purpose of this study was to extend this previous work to include older adults and to examine the effect of environment (water vs land) on linear and nonlinear measures of postural control under single- and dual-task conditions. METHODS: Twenty-one older adult participants (age = 71...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738405/effect-of-exercise-on-cognition-conditioning-muscle-endurance-and-balance-in-older-adults-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Chandra da Silveira Langoni, Thais de Lima Resende, Andressa Bombardi Barcellos, Betina Cecchele, Mateus Soares Knob, Tatiane do Nascimento Silva, Juliana Nunes da Rosa, Tamiris de Souza Diogo, Irenio Gomes da Silva Filho, Carla Helena Augustin Schwanke
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) may be a precursor to dementia; however, its progression may be prevented or slowed with exercise. This study aimed at determining the effects of group aerobic and strength training on cognition, conditioning, muscle endurance, and balance in underprivileged community-dwelling older adults with MCI. METHODS: This was a single-blind, randomized, and matched-pair controlled (gender, age, body mass index, and Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination-Revised for MCI diagnosis) clinical trial...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698252/examining-the-effects-of-an-otago-based-home-exercise-program-on-falls-and-fall-risks-in-an-assisted-living-facility
#4
Morris Beato, Nicole Dawson, Lana Svien, Tracy Wharton
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The Otago exercise program is a strengthening, balance, and walking program designed to decrease falls among community-dwelling older adults. Few studies have examined the effects of the Otago program in an assisted living environment. The purpose of the current study was to assess the effects of an Otago-based home exercise program in decreasing falls and the risk of falls among older adults living in an assisted living facility. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of 30 individuals residing at either of 2 assisted living facilities in central Florida was undertaken...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29630006/reliability-and-validity-of-the-patient-specific-functional-scale-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#5
Ruth Ann Mathis, J David Taylor, Brian H Odom, Chad Lairamore
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Clinical measurement of physical function that is both specific to the individual and generates comparable outcome data is a fundamental need in physical therapy examination. The Patient-Specific Functional Scale (PSFS) has been found to be a reliable and valid measure of physical function in patients with musculoskeletal disorders and may have applications for other patient populations. However, the reliability and the validity of the PSFS have not been evaluated in older adults...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29630005/an-exploration-of-equine-assisted-therapy-to-improve-balance-functional-capacity-and-cognition-in-older-adults-with-alzheimer-disease
#6
Thais Borges de Araujo, Wagner Rodrigues Martins, Marco Polo Freitas, Einstein Camargos, Jéssica Mota, Marisete Peralta Safons
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Alzheimer disease (AD) is a chronic, progressive dementia syndrome that features cognitive and behavioral symptoms, as well as physical and functional limitations that develop over the course of the disease. As an activity that involves physical and cognitive aspects, equine-assisted therapy (EAT) could be a useful therapeutic approach in conditions that involve physical and cognitive decline. However, to date, there are no reports of the use of this therapy in participants with AD...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29630004/characteristics-of-older-adults-who-are-unable-to-perform-a-floor-transfer-considerations-for-clinical-decision-making
#7
Gunay Ardali, Rebecca A States, Lori T Brody, Ellen M Godwin
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The ability to get down and up from the floor or to perform a floor transfer (FT) is a vital and useful skill for older adults at risk of falling. Little is known about the health-related factors that separate older adults who can perform FT independently from those who cannot. Therefore, the specific aims of this cross-sectional study are to (1) describe and compare health-related factors among older adults who were independent, assisted, or dependent in FT performance; and (2) establish the parallel reliability between self-reported and actual performance of FT...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578939/diminished-dynamic-physical-performance-is-associated-with-orthostatic-hypotension-in-geriatric-outpatients
#8
Eline S de Bruïne, Esmee M Reijnierse, Marijke C Trappenburg, Jantsje H Pasma, Oscar J de Vries, Carel G M Meskers, Andrea B Maier
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Orthostatic hypotension (OH), a blood pressure drop after postural change, is a highly prevalent and disabling syndrome in older adults. Yet, the association between physical performance and OH is not clearly established. The aim of this study was to determine whether different types of physical performance are associated with OH in a clinically relevant population of geriatric outpatients. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 280 geriatric outpatients (mean age: 82...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533283/involvement-of-acute-care-physical-therapists-in-care-transitions-for-older-adults-following-acute-hospitalization-a-cross-sectional-national-survey
#9
Jason R Falvey, Robert E Burke, Kyle J Ridgeway, Daniel J Malone, Jeri E Forster, Jennifer E Stevens-Lapsley
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Recent evidence has suggested physical therapist involvement in care transitions after hospitalization is associated with reduced rates of hospital readmissions. However, little is known about how physical therapists participate in care transitions for older adults, the content of care communications, and the facilitators and barriers of implementing evidence-based care transition strategies into practice. Thus, the purpose of this article is to evaluate participation in care transition activities known to influence readmission risk among older adults, and understand perceptions of and barriers to participation in these activities...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533282/acute-effects-of-walking-on-the-deformation-of-femoral-articular-cartilage-in-older-adults
#10
Kai-Yu Ho, Jayson McClaren, Skyler Sudweeks
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Although discomfort during walking is a common complaint in individuals with knee osteoarthritis (OA), how an acute bout of walking affects femoral cartilage remains unclear. Current literature has suggested that frontal plane knee malalignment (ie, varus and valgus) is associated with the initiation and/or progression of knee OA. However, the association between knee alignment and femoral cartilage deformation after an acute bout of loading has not yet been investigated...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521666/dual-task-performance-influence-of-frailty-level-of-physical-activity-and-cognition
#11
Paulo Giusti Rossi, Larissa Pires de Andrade, Juliana Hotta Ansai, Ana Claudia Silva Farche, Leticia Carnaz, Daniela Dalpubel, Eduardo Ferriolli, Francisco Assis Carvalho Vale, Anielle Cristhine de Medeiros Takahashi
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cognition and level of physical activity have been associated with frailty syndrome. The development of tools that assess deficits related to physical and cognitive frailties simultaneously are of common interest. However, little is known about how much these aspects influence the performance of dual-task tests. Our aims were (a) to verify the influence of frailty syndrome and objectively measured physical activity and cognition on the Timed Up and Go (TUG) test and Timed Up and Go associated with dual-task (TUG-DT) performances; and (b) to compare TUG and TUG-DT performances between older adults who develop frailty syndrome...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494377/age-group-differences-in-the-performance-of-selected-tests-of-physical-function-and-association-with-lower-extremity-strength
#12
Peter Francis, William Mc Cormack, Mark Lyons, Philip Jakeman
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: It is not known whether short functional performance tests used in aging research are appropriate for use in healthy older adults. The purpose of this study was to investigate age-group differences (sixth decade vs seventh decade) in selected functional performance tests and the association between lower extremity strength and functional performance. METHODS: One hundred fifty-nine (18.2% [n = 29] male) healthy older, mean (standard deviation) age: 60...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557892/editor-s-message-journal-status-and-thanks-2018
#13
Richard W Bohannon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461340/attitudes-about-cognitive-screening-a-survey-of-home-care-physical-therapists
#14
Jean D Miles, William H Staples, Daniel J Lee
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Home care physical therapists (PTs) are inconsistent regarding cognitive screening, possibly because screening tools were traditionally considered the domain of other home care disciplines, or because therapists perceive their dementia training to be inadequate. A cross sectional study was designed to survey home care therapists' attitudes and beliefs about the management of persons with dementia and to find out whether any specific cognitive tools or measures are currently used...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443867/effects-of-whole-body-vibration-versus-pilates-exercise-on-bone-mineral-density-in-postmenopausal-women-a-randomized-and-controlled-clinical-trial
#15
Laís Campos de Oliveira, Raphael Gonçalves de Oliveira, Deise Aparecida de Almeida Pires-Oliveira
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Decreased bone mineral density (BMD) is a common condition in postmenopausal women that can be managed with impact activities. Among the activities studied are the whole-body vibration (WBV) and muscle-strengthening exercises. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of WBV versus Pilates exercise on BMD in postmenopausal women. METHODS: In this study, 51 postmenopausal women were randomized into 3 groups: vibration (n = 17), Pilates (n = 17), and control (n = 17)...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406322/gait-speed-and-dynamic-stability-decline-accelerates-only-in-late-life-a-cross-sectional-study-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#16
Anna Lee, Tanvi Bhatt, Renae L Smith-Ray, Edward Wang, Yi-Chung Clive Pai
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Incidence of falls increases with age whereas gait speed declines. The purposes of this study were to examine (1) whether gait speed and center-of-mass (COM) velocity declined steadily across ages in a linear fashion among community-dwelling older adults, and (2) whether such decline corresponded to the similar decline in dynamic stability, which is governed by the control of their COM position and COM velocity relative to base of support (BOS). METHODS: A total of 184 community-dwelling older adults (≥65 years) participated in the cross-sectional study...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394208/caring-interactions-in-secondary-prevention-programs-a-qualitative-inquiry-of-individuals-with-parkinson-s-disease
#17
Lindsey E Greviskes, Leslie Podlog, Maria Newton, Leland E Dibble, Ryan D Burns, Wanda Pillow, Morgan S Hall, Christopher Hammer
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: With Parkinson's disease (PD) prevalence rates steadily increasing and long-term adherence to regular physical activity and exercise often difficult to achieve, it is imperative to investigate factors promoting adherence to secondary prevention programs (SPP) that help limit the progression of motor and nonmotor signs and symptoms of the disease. Caring interactions between patients and their rehabilitation team may be particularly germane to individuals with PD, given the physical and psychosocial issues that often accompany this disease (eg, loss of physical function, depression, apathy, and cognitive impairments)...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394209/dynamic-handgrip-strength-endurance-a-reliable-measurement-in-older-women
#18
Konstantina Karatrantou
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Dynamic handgrip strength endurance is essential for daily activities that require repetitive gripping movements for a sustained period. At this time, there is no information about the reliability of measurement of dynamic handgrip strength endurance in older individuals. Thus, the purpose of this study was to investigate the test-retest reliability of dynamic handgrip strength endurance in older women. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384813/detection-of-near-falls-using-wearable-devices-a-systematic-review
#19
Ivan Pang, Yoshiro Okubo, Daina Sturnieks, Stephen R Lord, Matthew A Brodie
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Falls among older people are a serious health issue. Remote detection of near falls may provide a new way to identify older people at high risk of falling. This could enable exercise and fall prevention programs to target the types of near falls experienced and the situations that cause near falls before fall-related injuries occur. The purpose of this systematic review was to summarize and critically examine the evidence regarding the detection of near falls (slips, trips, stumbles, missteps, incorrect weight transfer, or temporary loss of balance) using wearable devices...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381526/the-modified-otago-exercises-prevent-grip-strength-deterioration-among-older-fallers-in-the-malaysian-falls-assessment-and-intervention-trial-myfait
#20
Lin Kiat Liew, Maw Pin Tan, Pey June Tan, Sumaiyah Mat, Lokman A Majid, Keith D Hill, Mazlina Mazlan
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Exercise-based interventions, such as the Otago Exercise Program (OEP), are effective in preventing falls in the older adult. Previous studies evaluating the OEP have determined falls, lower limb strength, or balance outcomes but with lack of assessment of hand grip strength. The objective of this study is to evaluate the effect of OEP on hand grip strength alongside mobility and balance outcomes. METHODS: This was a single-center, prospective, and single-blind randomized controlled trial conducted at the University Malaya Medical Centre...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
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