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Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment

Ning Wu, Zunguo Du, Yongjun Zhu, Yang Song, Liewen Pang, Zhiming Chen
The abnormal phosphatase and tensin homolog expression and activated phosphoinositide-3 kinase/Protein kinase B (AKT)/mammalian target of rapamycin signaling pathway are involved in the progression of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. By assessing the expression pattern of key components in the phosphoinositide-3 kinase/AKT/mammalian target of rapamycin signaling pathway by immunohistochemistry in tumor and nontumor esophageal mucosa from patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinomas, we aimed to carefully explore the relationship between the various protein expressions and clinicopathological factors, as well as patient outcome...
January 1, 2018: Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment
Yun Zhang, Yu Zhou, Tian Xu, Wei Tian, Chong Yang, Xiaoxiao Wang, Shan Zhong, Qin Ran, Hongji Yang, Shikai Zhu
HOX transcript antisense intergenic RNA has been reported to serve as an important prognostic biomarker in several types of cancers. However, the clinical value of HOX transcript antisense intergenic RNA in digestive cancers remains unclear. Therefore, we tried to investigate the clinical role of expression of HOX transcript antisense intergenic RNA as a prognostic indicator in digestive cancers by a meta-analysis. Literature collection was performed by searching the PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library databases (up to October 7, 2017)...
January 1, 2018: Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment
Weimin Liu, Zhiyong Dong, Ruixiang Hu, Cunchuan Wang
The relationship between vascular endothelial growth factor gene polymorphism and gastric cancer risk and its development, prognosis, and survival are still being debated. This meta-analysis was performed to assess these relationships. The association reports were identified from PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, and CBM-disc (China Biological Medicine Database), and eligible studies were included and calculated using the meta-analysis method. VEGF+936C/T, VEGF+405 G>C, VEGF-460 T>C, VEGF-1498 T>C, and VEGF-2578 C>A gene polymorphisms were found to be unassociated with gastric cancer risk for the overall population in this meta-analysis, whereas the VEGF-634 G>C GG genotype was associated with gastric cancer risk in the overall population...
January 1, 2018: Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment
Evgeniya V Dolgova, Sergey V Mishinov, Anastasiya S Proskurina, Ekaterina A Potter, Yaroslav R Efremov, Sergey I Bayborodin, Tamara V Tyrinova, Vyacheslav V Stupak, Alexandr A Ostatin, Elena R Chernykh, Sergey S Bogachev
Poorly differentiated cell populations including tumor-initiating stem cells have been demonstrated to display a unique ability to natively internalize fragmented double-stranded DNA. Using this feature as a marker, we show that 0.1% to 6% of human glioblastoma cells from the bioptates can effectively internalize a fluorescently labeled DNA probe. Of these, using samples from 3 patients, 66% to 100% cells are also positive for CD133, a well-established surface marker of tumor-initiating glioma stem cells. Using the samples from primary malignant brain lesions (33 patients), we demonstrate that tumor grading significantly correlates ( R = ...
January 1, 2018: Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment
Siavash Rahimi, Carla Marani, Francis Gardner, Chit Cheng Yeoh, Iolia Akaev, Sergio Votano
The aim of this study was to investigate the practical utility of endocervicoscopy and targeted biopsy in high-risk human papilloma virus-positive women with abnormal squamous cells on cervical cytology and unsatisfactory colposcopy with nonvisible squamocolumnar junction. Seventy-seven high-risk human papilloma virus-positive patients with abnormal cervical cytology for squamous cells bearing type 3 transformation zone were enrolled. Endoscopic examination of the endocervical epithelium, with office-based continuous-flow hysteroscopy after application of acetic acid 5%, followed by targeted biopsies and consequent large loop excision of the transformation zone was carried out...
January 1, 2018: Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment
Li Liao, Wen-Jing Yan, Chun-Mei Tian, Mao-Yu Li, Yong-Quan Tian, Gu-Qing Zeng
Radiotherapy is the primary treatment for nasopharyngeal carcinoma while radioresistance can hinder efficient treatment. To explore the role of annexin A1 and its potential mechanisms in radioresistance of nasopharyngeal carcinoma, human nasopharyngeal carcinoma cell line CNE2-sh annexin A1 (knockdown of annexin A1) and the control cell line CNE2-pLKO.1 were constituted and CNE2-sh annexin A1 xenograft mouse model was generated. The effect of annexin A1 knockdown on the growth of xenograft tumor after irradiation and radiation-induced DNA damage and repair was analyzed...
January 1, 2018: Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment
Nikolai N Korpan, Kecheng Xu, Philipp Schwarzinger, Masashi Watanabe, Gerhard Breitenecker, Le Pivert Patrick
The aim of the study was to perform cryosurgery on a primary breast tumor, coupled with simultaneous peritumoral and intratumoral tracer injection of a blue dye, to evaluate lymphatic mapping. We explored the ability of our strategy to prevent tumor cells, but not that of injected tracers, to migrate to the lymphovascular drainage during conventional resection of frozen breast malignancies. Seventeen patients aged 51 (14) years (mean [standard deviation]), presenting primary breast cancer with stage I to IV, were randomly selected and treated in The Rudolfinerhaus Private Clinic in Vienna, Austria, and included in this preliminary clinical study...
January 1, 2018: Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment
Mingxiu Guan, Yingna Tong, Minghua Guan, Xiaobin Liu, Meng Wang, Ruifang Niu, Fei Zhang, Dong Dong, Jie Shao, Yunli Zhou
Pyruvate kinase type M2, which is expressed in multiple tumor cell types and plays a key role in aerobic glycolysis, also has nonglycolytic functions and can regulate transcription and cell proliferation. The results of this study show that epidermal growth factor receptor activation induces pyruvate kinase type M2 nuclear translocation. To further determine the relationship between pyruvate kinase type M2 and epidermal growth factor receptor, we analyzed pathological data from mammary glands and performed epidermal growth factor receptor/human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 knockdown to reveal that pyruvate kinase type M2 is associated with epidermal growth factor receptor and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2...
January 1, 2018: Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment
Sijie Hao, Lie Yao, Jiaxin Huang, Hang He, Feng Yang, Yang Di, Chen Jin, Deliang Fu
BACKGROUND: Long noncoding RNAs have been shown to play crucial roles in cancer biology, while the long noncoding RNA landscapes of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma have not been completely characterized. We aimed to determine whether long noncoding RNA could serve as early diagnostic biomarkers for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. METHOD: We conducted a genome-wide microarray analysis on pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma and their adjacent noncancerous tissues from 8 Chinese patients...
January 1, 2018: Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment
Martin King, William F Sensakovic, Peter Maxim, Maximilian Diehn, Billy W Loo, Lei Xing
PURPOSE: The deformable registration of pulmonary computed tomography images before and after radiation therapy is challenging due to anatomic changes from radiation fibrosis. We hypothesize that a line-enhanced registration algorithm can reduce landmark error over the entire lung, including the irradiated regions, when compared to an intensity-based deformable registration algorithm. MATERIALS: Two intensity-based B-spline deformable registration algorithms of pre-radiation therapy and post-radiation therapy images were compared...
January 1, 2018: Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment
Qian Luo, Lan Luo, Liang Tang
PURPOSE: We performed this network meta-analysis to compare the diagnostic value of 4 imaging methods (magnetic resonance imaging, positron emission tomography, computed tomography, and diffusion-weighted imaging) for diagnosing lymph node metastases in cervical cancer. METHOD: Diagnostic tests regarding different imaging methods to diagnose lymph node metastases in cervical cancer were retrieved from the Cochrane Library, PubMed, and Embase electronic databases from inception to December 2016...
January 1, 2018: Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment
Nicolas Meillan, Jean-Emmanuel Bibault, Julien Vautier, Caroline Daveau-Bergerault, Sarah Kreps, Hélène Tournat, Catherine Durdux, Philippe Giraud
INTRODUCTION: Stereotactic hypofractionated radiotherapy is an effective treatment for brain metastases in oligometastatic patients. Its planning is however time-consuming because of the number of organs at risk to be manually segmented. This study evaluates 2 automated segmentation commercial software. METHODS: Patients were scanned in the treatment position. The computed tomography scan was registered on a magnetic resonance imaging and volumes were manually segmented by a clinician...
January 1, 2018: Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment
Yoshiyuki Katsuta, Noriyuki Kadoya, Yukio Fujita, Eiji Shimizu, Kenichi Matsunaga, Kinya Sawada, Haruo Matsushita, Kazuhiro Majima, Keiichi Jingu
Log file-based methods are attracting increasing interest owing to their ability to validate volumetric-modulated arc therapy outputs with high resolution in the leaf and gantry positions and in delivered dose. Cross-validation of these methods for comparison with measurement-based methods using the ionization chamber/ArcCHECK-3DVH software (version 3.2.0) under the same conditions of treatment anatomy and plan enables an efficient evaluation of this method. In this study, with the purpose of cross-validation, we evaluate the accuracy of a log file-based method using Elekta log files and an X-ray voxel Monte Carlo dose calculation technique in the case of leaf misalignment during prostate volumetric-modulated arc therapy...
December 2017: Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment
Jie Zhang, Ying Chen, Yunxia Chen, Chenchen Wang, Jing Cai, Kaiyue Chu, Jianhua Jin, Yun Ge, Xiaolin Huang, Yue Guan, Weifeng Li
PURPOSE: To minimize the mismatch error between patient surface and immobilization system for tumor location by a noninvasive patient setup method. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The method, based on a point set registration, proposes a shift for patient positioning by integrating information of the computed tomography scans and that of optical surface landmarks. An evaluation of the method included 3 areas: (1) a validation on a phantom by estimating 100 known mismatch errors between patient surface and immobilization system...
December 2017: Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment
Metha Maenhout, Max Peters, Marco van Vulpen, Marinus A Moerland, Richard P Meijer, Maurice A A J van den Bosch, Paul L Nguyen, Steven J Frank, Jochem R N van der Voort van Zyp
INTRODUCTION: Whole-gland salvage treatment of radiorecurrent prostate cancer has a high rate of severe toxicity. The standard of care in case of a biochemical recurrence is androgen deprivation treatment, which is associated with morbidity and negative effects on quality of life. A salvage treatment with acceptable toxicity might postpone the start of androgen deprivation treatment, might have a positive influence on the patients' quality of life, and might even be curative. Here, toxicity and biochemical outcome are described after magnetic resonance imaging-guided focal salvage high-dose-rate brachytherapy in patients with radiorecurrent prostate cancer...
December 2017: Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment
Lingyan Wang, Shaolei Guo, Heng Zhang
The inhibitor of kappa B kinase epsilon is overexpressed in glioma and plays antiapoptotic role via activating nuclear factor-kappa B. microRNA-98 can suppress glioma, modulate the activities of nuclear factor-kappa B, and bind to the 3'-untranslated region of inhibitor of kappa B kinase epsilon messenger RNA. This study was aimed to investigate the modulation of inhibitor of kappa B kinase epsilon/nuclear factor-kappa B by microRNA-98 in glioma. The results indicated that microRNA-98 was downregulated in glioma cell lines and human glioma tissues...
December 2017: Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment
Jing Peng, Honglei Liu, Cuihong Liu
MicroRNAs refer to small RNA molecules that destroy the messenger RNA by binding on them inhibiting the production of protein. However, the role of miR-155 in uveal melanoma metastasis remains largely unknown. In this study, we found that miR-155 was upregulated in both uveal melanoma cells and tissues. Transfection of miR-155 mimic into uveal melanoma cells led to an increase in cell growth and invasion; in contrast, inhibition of miR-155 resulted in opposite effects. Also, we identified Nedd4-family interacting protein 1 as a direct target of miR-155, and the expression of Nedd4-family interacting protein 1 was inhibited by miR-155...
December 2017: Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment
Cong Han, Baocun Sun, Xiulan Zhao, Yanhui Zhang, Qiang Gu, Fang Liu, Nan Zhao, Lili Wu
Vasculogenic mimicry refers to the process by which highly invasive cancer cells mimic endothelial cells by forming blood channels. Vasculogenic mimicry is important for the invasion and metastasis of tumor cells in colorectal cancer. STAT3 was initially identified as a mediator of the inflammation-associated acute phase response. The phosphorylation of Signal Transducers and Activators of Transcription 3 (p-STAT3) is closely related to tumor invasion and migration. We analyzed the relationship between p-STAT3 and vasculogenic mimicry formation in 65 human colorectal cancer samples, and the results showed that the expression of p-STAT3 is significantly correlated with vasculogenic mimicry, tumor metastasis, Tumor, Lymph Node and Metastasis Stage (TNM Stage), and poor prognosis...
December 2017: Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment
Peng Wang, Guoqing Liu, Weimin Xu, Haixia Liu, Qingao Bu, Diwen Sun
Thyroid cancer is a common endocrine gland malignancy which exhibited rapid increased incidence worldwide in recent decades. This study was aimed to investigate the role of long noncoding RNA H19 in thyroid cancer. Long noncoding RNA H19 was overexpressed or knockdown in thyroid cancer cells SW579 and TPC-1, and the expression of long noncoding RNA H19 was detected by real-time polymerase chain reaction. The cell viability, migration, and invasion were determined by 3-(4, 5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2, 5-diphenyl-2-H-tetrazolium bromide assay, Transwell assay, and wound healing assay, respectively...
December 2017: Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment
Ronghu Mao, Lingling Tian, You Zhang, Lei Ren, Renqi Gao, Fang-Fang Yin, Hong Ge
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to theoretically and experimentally evaluate the dosimetry in the microscopic disease regions surrounding the tumor under stereotactic body radiation therapy of lung cancer. METHODS: For simplicity, the tumor was considered moving along 1 dimension with a periodic function. The probability distribution function of the tumor position was generated according to the motion pattern and was used to estimate the delivered dose in the microscopic disease region...
December 2017: Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment
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