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Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment

Qiang Li, Keke Wang, Chang Su, Jieyu Fang
Colorectal cancer is one of the most frequent causes of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Thus, there is a need for timely diagnosis and effective treatment. Our aim in the present study was to detect the serum level of trefoil factor 3 protein and evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of trefoil factor 3 in patients with colorectal cancer. We collected serum samples from 204 participants (127 patients with colorectal cancer, 35 patients with polyps, and 42 healthy controls). The levels of serum trefoil factor 3 and carcinoembryonic antigen expression were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay...
August 2017: Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment
Lasse L Nonboe, Tommy K Nielsen, Søren Høyer, Ole Graumann, Jørgen Frøkiær, Michael Borre
INTRODUCTION: The minimally invasive treatment of small renal masses with cryoablation has become increasingly widespread during the past 15 years. Studies with long-term follow-up are beginning to emerge, showing good oncological control, however, tumors with a central and endophytic location seem to possess an increased risk of treatment failure. Such tumors are likely to be subjected to a high volume of blood giving thermal protection to the cancerous cells. Arterial clamping during freezing might reduce this effect but at the same time subject the kidney to ischemia...
August 2017: Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment
Jing Bian, Xiaoxu Sun, Bo Li, Liang Ming
PURPOSE: Serum markers with increased sensitivity and specificity for endometrial cancer are required. To date, no good marker has met this standard. The aims of our study were to evaluate the utility of tumor markers HE4, CA125, CA724, and CA19-9 as potential markers in patients diagnosed with endometrial cancer. METHODS: Blood samples from 105 patients with endometrial cancer and 87 healthy women were analyzed by Roche electrochemiluminescent immunoassay, and serum values were measured for the following biomarkers: HE4, CA125, CA724, and CA19-9...
August 2017: Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment
Xiaoxuan Zheng, Hongkai Xiong, Yong Li, Baohui Han, Jiayuan Sun
Autofluorescence bronchoscopy shows good sensitivity and poor specificity in detecting dysplasia and cancer of the bronchus. Through quantitative analysis on the target area of autofluorescence bronchoscopy image, determine the optimal identification index and reference value for identifying different types of diseases and explore the value of autofluorescence bronchoscopy in diagnosis of lung cancer. Patients with 1 or more preinvasive bronchial lesions were enrolled and followed up by white-light bronchoscope and autofluorescence bronchoscopy...
August 2017: Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment
Xian Li, Jing Guo, Ai-Ping Ding, Wei-Wei Qi, Pei-Hua Zhang, Jing Lv, Wen-Sheng Qiu, Zhen-Qing Sun
BACKGROUND: The mixed lineage kinase domain-like protein has recently been identified as a key downstream component of tumor necrosis factor-induced necroptosis, which is an important pathway of cancer cell death. The goal of the current study is to explore the expression of mixed lineage kinase domain-like protein in colon cancer tissues and evaluate the prognostic value in patients with colon cancer. METHODS: We collected normal and cancer colon tissues from 135 patients diagnosed with colon cancer after radical operation during July 2007 to April 2009 at The Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University...
August 2017: Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment
J Hartmann, J Gellermann, T Brandt, M Schmidt, S Pyatykh, J Hesser, O Ott, R Fietkau, C Bert
OBJECTIVE: The difference in the resonance frequency of water and methylene moieties of lipids quantifies in magnetic resonance spectroscopy the absolute temperature using a predefined calibration curve. The purpose of this study was the investigation of peak evaluation methods and the magnetic resonance spectroscopy sequence (point-resolved spectroscopy) parameter optimization that enables thermometry during deep hyperthermia treatments. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Different Lorentz peak-fitting methods and a peak finding method using singular value decomposition of a Hankel matrix were compared...
August 2017: Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment
Tommy Kjærgaard Nielsen, Øyvind Østraat, Ole Graumann, Bodil Ginnerup Pedersen, Gratien Andersen, Søren Høyer, Michael Borre
The present study investigates how computed tomography perfusion scans and magnetic resonance imaging correlates with the histopathological alterations in renal tissue after cryoablation. A total of 15 pigs were subjected to laparoscopic-assisted cryoablation on both kidneys. After intervention, each animal was randomized to a postoperative follow-up period of 1, 2, or 4 weeks, after which computed tomography perfusion and magnetic resonance imaging scans were performed. Immediately after imaging, open bilateral nephrectomy was performed allowing for histopathological examination of the cryolesions...
August 2017: Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment
Felicia S Manciu, John D Ciubuc, Karla Parra, Marian Manciu, Kevin E Bennet, Paloma Valenzuela, Emma M Sundin, William G Durrer, Luis Reza, Giulio Francia
Although not yet ready for clinical application, methods based on Raman spectroscopy have shown significant potential in identifying, characterizing, and discriminating between noncancerous and cancerous specimens. Real-time and accurate medical diagnosis achievable through this vibrational optical method largely benefits from improvements in current technological and software capabilities. Not only is the acquisition of spectral information now possible in milliseconds and analysis of hundreds of thousands of data points achieved in minutes, but Raman spectroscopy also allows simultaneous detection and monitoring of several biological components...
August 2017: Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment
Kenneth W Baumann, John M Baust, Kristi K Snyder, John G Baust, Robert G Van Buskirk
One of the most lethal carcinomas is pancreatic cancer. As standard treatment using chemotherapy and radiation has shown limited success, thermal regimens (cryotherapy or heat ablation) are emerging as viable alternatives. Although promising, our understanding of pancreatic cancer response to thermal ablation remains limited. In this study, we investigated the thermal responses of 2 pancreatic cancer cell lines in an effort to identify the minimum lethal temperature needed for complete cell death to provide guidance for in vivo applications...
August 2017: Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment
Chunhao Wang, Fang-Fang Yin, John P Kirkpatrick, Zheng Chang
PURPOSE: To investigate the feasibility of using undersampled k-space data and an iterative image reconstruction method with total generalized variation penalty in the quantitative pharmacokinetic analysis for clinical brain dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging. METHODS: Eight brain dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging scans were retrospectively studied. Two k-space sparse sampling strategies were designed to achieve a simulated image acquisition acceleration factor of 4...
August 2017: Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment
Saffiyeh Saboor-Maleki, Fatemeh B Rassouli, Maryam M Matin, Mehrdad Iranshahi
The high incidence of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma has been reported in selected ethnic populations including North of Iran. Low survival rate of esophageal carcinoma is partially due to the presence of stem-like cancer cells with chemotherapy resistance. In the current study, we aimed to determine the effects of auraptene, an interesting dietary coumarin with various biological activities, on malignant properties of stem-like esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, in terms of sensitivity to anticancer drugs and expression of specific markers...
August 2017: Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment
Chunxiang Li, Xiaofu Li, Linfeng Wu, Zheng Jiang
BACKGROUND: Hilar cholangiocarcinomas are malignant tumors with a poor prognosis. An early prediction of prognosis for patients may help us determine treatment strategies. Aquaporin 1 is a cell membrane channel involved in water transport, cell motility, and proliferation. Increasing evidences showed that aquaporin 1 played a role in tumor prognosis and diagnosis. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the role of aquaporin 1 in hilar cholangiocarcinoma. METHODS: Here, we analyzed messenger RNA expression data of genes function as bile secretion in a data set of 169 samples using the R2 bioinformatic platform ( http://r2...
August 2017: Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment
Ru-Sen Zhao, Wei Wang, Jun-Ping Li, Chun-Mei Liu, Liya He
Gelsolin is an actin-binding protein and acts as an important regulator of cell survival. This study aimed to determine the function of gelsolin in the radioresistance of non-small cell lung cancer cells. We examined the expression of gelsolin in radioresistant A549 and H460 cells and their parental cells. The effects of gelsolin overexpression and knockdown on the clonogenic survival and apoptosis of non-small cell lung cancer cells after irradiation were studied. The involvement of phosphoinositide 3-kinase/Akt signaling in the action of gelsolin was checked...
August 2017: Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment
Chang Kyu Sung, Hong Bae Kim, Jong Hyun Jung, Ku Youn Baik, Kee Wook Moon, Hyung-Sik Kim, Jeong-Han Yi, Jong Hoon Chung
Irreversible electroporation has clinically been used to treat various types of cancer. A plan on how to apply irreversible electroporation before practicing is very important to increase the ablation area and reduce the side effects. Several electrical models have been developed to predict the ablation area with applied electric energy. In this experiment, the static relationship between applied electric energy and ablated area was mathematically and experimentally investigated at 10 hours after applying irreversible electroporation...
August 2017: Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment
Hong Wang, Xi Yan, Li-Ya Ji, Xi-Tuan Ji, Ping Wang, Shi-Wen Guo, San-Zhong Li
Gliomas are the most common primary malignant brain tumor with poor prognosis, characterized by a highly heterogeneous cell population, extensive proliferation, and migration. A lot of molecular mechanisms regulate gliomas development and invasion, including abnormal expression of oncogenes and variation of epigenetic modification. MicroRNAs could affect cell growth and functions. Several reports have demonstrated that miR-139 plays multifunctions in kinds of solid tumors through different pathways. However, the antitumor mechanisms of this miR-139 are not unveiled in detail...
August 2017: Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment
Jun Li, Wenyin Shi, David Andrews, Maria Werner-Wasik, Bo Lu, Yan Yu, Adam Dicker, Haisong Liu
PURPOSE: The study was aimed to compare online 6 degree-of-freedom image registrations of TrueBeam cone-beam computed tomography and BrainLab ExacTrac X-ray imaging systems for intracranial radiosurgery. METHODS: Phantom and patient studies were performed on a Varian TrueBeam STx linear accelerator (version 2.5), which is integrated with a BrainLab ExacTrac imaging system (version 6.1.1). The phantom study was based on a Rando head phantom and was designed to evaluate isocenter location dependence of the image registrations...
June 2017: Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment
Sukran Ulger, Eren Cetin, Serap Catli, Hilal Sarac, Diclehan Kilic, Huseyin Bora
PURPOSE: To investigate high conformality on target coverage and the ability on creating strict lung dose limitation of intensity-modulated radiation therapy in malignant pleural mesothelioma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-four radiation therapy plannings were evaluated and compared with dosimetric outcomes of conformal radiation therapy and intensity-modulated radiation therapy. Hemithoracal radiation therapy was performed on 12 patients with a fraction of 1.8 Gy to a total dose of 50...
June 2017: Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment
Michael W Nolan, Tracy L Gieger, Alexander A Karakashian, Mariana N Nikolova-Karakashian, Lysa P Posner, Donald M Roback, Judith N Rivera, Sha Chang
GRID directs alternating regions of high- and low-dose radiation at tumors. A large animal model mimicking the geometries of human treatments is needed to complement existing rodent systems (eg, microbeam) and clarify the physical and biological attributes of GRID. A pilot study was undertaken in pet dogs with spontaneous soft tissue sarcomas to characterize responses to GRID. Subjects were treated with either 20 Gy (3 dogs) or 25 Gy (3 dogs), delivered using 6 MV X-rays and a commercial GRID collimator. Acute toxicity and tumor responses were assessed 2, 4, and 6 weeks later...
June 2017: Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment
Andrzej P Wojcieszynski, Patrick M Hill, Stephen A Rosenberg, Craig R Hullett, Zacariah E Labby, Bhudatt Paliwal, Mark W Geurts, R Adam Bayliss, John E Bayouth, Paul M Harari, Michael F Bassetti, Andrew M Baschnagel
PURPOSE: Magnetic resonance imaging-guided radiation therapy has entered clinical practice at several major treatment centers. Treatment of early-stage non-small cell lung cancer with stereotactic body radiation therapy is one potential application of this modality, as some form of respiratory motion management is important to address. We hypothesize that magnetic resonance imaging-guided tri-cobalt-60 radiation therapy can be used to generate clinically acceptable stereotactic body radiation therapy treatment plans...
June 2017: Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment
Omar Iskanderani, Dominique Béliveau-Nadeau, Robert Doucet, Geneviève Coulombe, Deborah Pascale, David Roberge
PURPOSE: Our preferred treatment for juxtapapillary choroidal melanoma is stereotactic radiotherapy. We aim to describe our immobilization system and quantify its reproducibility. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients were identified in our radiosurgery database. Patients were imaged at computed tomography simulator with an in-house system which allows visual monitoring of the eye as the patient fixates a small target. All patients were reimaged at least once prior to and/or during radiotherapy...
June 2017: Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment
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